forensic pathology

Summary

Summary: The application of pathology to questions of law.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Determination of death mechanisms in forensic-medical examination of a corpse]
    D V Bogomolov
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:9-12. 2005
  2. ncbi Forensic medicine in Bangladesh
    Muhammad Nurul Islam
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S357-9. 2003
  3. ncbi Investigation of cardiac troponins in postmortem subjects: comparing antemortem and postmortem levels
    Susan J Davies
    Histopathology Department, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:213-5. 2005
  4. ncbi Suicide in children and adolescents: a 10-year retrospective review
    Danielle Shaw
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, McMaster University Medical Center, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:309-15. 2005
  5. ncbi Tissue and organ donation for research in forensic pathology: the MRC Sudden Death Brain and Tissue Bank
    T Millar
    Neuropathology Unit, University of Edinburgh, Alexander Donald Building, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU, UK
    J Pathol 213:369-75. 2007
  6. ncbi Heart fatty acid binding protein as a marker for postmortem detection of early myocardial damage
    Xiangzhi Meng
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, PR China
    Forensic Sci Int 160:11-6. 2006
  7. ncbi Sudden cardiac death and myocardial ischemia indicators: a comparative study of four immunohistochemical markers
    Carlo P Campobasso
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:154-61. 2008
  8. ncbi Histopathological differentiation of skin lesions caused by electrocution, flame burns and abrasion
    Ibrahim Uzun
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul, Turkey
    Forensic Sci Int 178:157-61. 2008
  9. ncbi Factors and processes causing accelerated decomposition in human cadavers - An overview
    Chong Zhou
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 18:6-9. 2011
  10. ncbi Differential decomposition patterns in charred versus un-charred remains
    Ariel Gruenthal
    School of Forensic and Investigative Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
    J Forensic Sci 57:12-8. 2012

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Determination of death mechanisms in forensic-medical examination of a corpse]
    D V Bogomolov
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:9-12. 2005
    ..The method is illustrated by cases from expert practice...
  2. ncbi Forensic medicine in Bangladesh
    Muhammad Nurul Islam
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S357-9. 2003
    ..It includes clinical forensic medicine and forensic pathology. In Bangladesh all unnatural deaths are to be reported at the nearest police station and an appointed police ..
  3. ncbi Investigation of cardiac troponins in postmortem subjects: comparing antemortem and postmortem levels
    Susan J Davies
    Histopathology Department, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:213-5. 2005
    ..In addition, the results of our study support the view that elevated cardiac troponins are a marker of serious morbidity and are not specific for cardiac injury as the primary cause of morbidity or mortality...
  4. ncbi Suicide in children and adolescents: a 10-year retrospective review
    Danielle Shaw
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, McMaster University Medical Center, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:309-15. 2005
    ..All of the pediatric cases that were referred to the Hamilton Regional Forensic Pathology Unit from 1993 to 2002 were reviewed...
  5. ncbi Tissue and organ donation for research in forensic pathology: the MRC Sudden Death Brain and Tissue Bank
    T Millar
    Neuropathology Unit, University of Edinburgh, Alexander Donald Building, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU, UK
    J Pathol 213:369-75. 2007
    ..The potential for acquisition of normal CNS and non-CNS tissues and of various hard-to-get CNS disorders suggests that efforts to access the forensic post mortem service for research material are eminently worthwhile...
  6. ncbi Heart fatty acid binding protein as a marker for postmortem detection of early myocardial damage
    Xiangzhi Meng
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, PR China
    Forensic Sci Int 160:11-6. 2006
    ..The results suggest that H-FABP staining can detect very early ischemic damages in human myocardium and the elevated plasma concentration of H-FABP in rat was an indicator of AMI, which was not affected by autolysis...
  7. ncbi Sudden cardiac death and myocardial ischemia indicators: a comparative study of four immunohistochemical markers
    Carlo P Campobasso
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:154-61. 2008
    ..However, the interpretation of data obtained in each individual cannot be isolated from the overall assessment of the factors (cardiopulmonary resuscitation and/or agonal artifacts) that can affect the expression of each marker...
  8. ncbi Histopathological differentiation of skin lesions caused by electrocution, flame burns and abrasion
    Ibrahim Uzun
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul, Turkey
    Forensic Sci Int 178:157-61. 2008
    ..The results of this study revealed that certain morphological changes determined under a light microscope could help the differential diagnoses of electrical lesions, flame burns and abrasions...
  9. ncbi Factors and processes causing accelerated decomposition in human cadavers - An overview
    Chong Zhou
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 18:6-9. 2011
    ..When these factors or conditions are identified at autopsy less significance should, therefore, be attached to changes of decomposition as markers of time since death...
  10. ncbi Differential decomposition patterns in charred versus un-charred remains
    Ariel Gruenthal
    School of Forensic and Investigative Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
    J Forensic Sci 57:12-8. 2012
    ..Body regions displaying significant charring decomposed at a faster rate (p < 0.001), while areas with very light levels of charring decomposed at a significantly slower rate (p < 0.001)...
  11. ncbi Is there progress in the autopsy diagnosis of sudden unexpected death in adults?
    Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison
    Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Hopital Raymond Poincare, Faculte de Medecine Paris Ile de France Ouest, 104 boulevard Raymond Poincaré, F 92380 Garches, France
    Forensic Sci Int 156:138-44. 2006
    ..Moreover, new syndromes have been described by cardiologists, such as short-QT syndrome and revealed in some cases by a sudden death. Molecular biology is now needed when limits of morphological diagnosis have been reached...
  12. ncbi Times have changed! Forensic radiology--a new challenge for radiology and forensic pathology
    Patricia M Flach
    1 Institute of Forensic Medicine and Imaging, University of Zurich, Wintherthurerstrasse 190 52, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 202:W325-34. 2014
    ..these two disciplines first by direct and intense communications and second by a basic understanding of forensic pathology by radiologists as well as a foundational knowledge of postmortem imaging by forensic pathologists, in ..
  13. ncbi Diagnostic value of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and procalcitonin for sepsis diagnosis in forensic pathology
    Marc Augsburger
    University Centre of Legal Medicine, Rue du Bugnon 21, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int J Legal Med 127:427-35. 2013
    ..No relationship was observed between postmortem serum and pericardial fluid LBP levels in either septic or non-septic groups, or between pericardial fluid PCT and LBP levels...
  14. ncbi Analysis of mRNA from human heart tissue and putative applications in forensic molecular pathology
    Sara Partemi
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Catholic University, Largo Francesco Vito 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int 203:99-105. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi Is postmortem biochemistry really useful? Why is it not widely used in forensic pathology?
    A Luna
    Department of Forensic and Legal Medicine, University of Murcia, Espinardo, Medical School, 30100 Murcia, Spain
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 11:S27-30. 2009
    ..be solved and higher requirements for quality it is necessary that new diagnostic tools are introduced into forensic pathology. In Forensic Pathology the scientific and technological evolution has been subsidiary to other disciplines: ..
  16. ncbi Determination of the early time of death by computerized image analysis of DNA degradation: which is the best quantitative indicator of DNA degradation?
    Lijiang Liu
    Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
    J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 27:362-6. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Width as an alternative measurement to length for post-mortem interval estimations using Calliphora augur (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae
    Donnah M Day
    Institute for Conservation Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 159:158-67. 2006
    ..augur grown at these temperatures. Furthermore, conversion of width to length can be done with 95% accuracy from a simple linear model...
  18. ncbi Postmortem mRNA profiling II: Practical considerations
    Marielle Vennemann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Freiburg, Albertstr 9, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 203:76-82. 2010
    ..In this article practical issues are discussed to address some of the problems occurring in the work with postmortem human samples obtained during medico-legal autopsy...
  19. ncbi Histopathology mapping of biochemical changes in myocardial infarction by Fourier transform infrared spectral imaging
    Tian T Yang
    Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law, Ministry of Education, Beijing, China
    Forensic Sci Int 207:e34-9. 2011
    ..In this study, myocardial infarction is presented as an illustrative example of the wide potential of FTIR imaging for biomedical applications...
  20. ncbi An alternative approach to computerized tomography (CT) in forensic pathology
    Asser H Thomsen
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupsgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
    Forensic Sci Int 183:87-90. 2009
    Computerized Tomography (CT) is used by some forensic pathology departments as a supplement to the forensic autopsy. Departments with a limited number of autopsies may find it relatively expensive to acquire and operate a CT-scanner...
  21. ncbi The effects of larval crowding and food type on the size and development of the blowfly, Calliphora vomitoria
    Sarah Ireland
    Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, King s College London, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK
    Forensic Sci Int 159:175-81. 2006
    ..Variation in the extent of these effects was observed on each of the three body tissues, highlighting the importance of documenting the positions from which entomological evidence is recovered from a corpse...
  22. ncbi Cutting crime: the analysis of the "uniqueness" of saw marks on bone
    P A Saville
    Forensic Pathology Unit, University of Leicester, Robert Kilpatrick Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, LE2 7LX, UK
    Int J Legal Med 121:349-57. 2007
    ..6, different individual saws could be successfully identified even if different people used the saw. We discuss ways in which these results can be extended to bone and how this may assist in the investigation of the act of dismemberment...
  23. ncbi Post-mortem forensic neuroimaging: correlation of MSCT and MRI findings with autopsy results
    Kathrin Yen
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Forensic Sci Int 173:21-35. 2007
    ..In consideration of these facts, MRI and CT have the power to play an important role in future forensic neuropathological examination...
  24. ncbi Postmortem quantitative mRNA analyses of death investigation in forensic pathology: an overview and prospects
    Dong Zhao
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, 545 8585 Osaka, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 11:S43-5. 2009
    ..that systemic postmortem quantitative mRNA analyses from multi-faceted aspects of molecular biology can be developed and incorporated into death investigations in forensic pathology, to support and reinforce morphological evidence.
  25. ncbi Fire-related fatalities in Istanbul, Turkey: analysis of 320 forensic autopsy cases
    Yalcin Buyuk
    The Ministry of Justice, Council of Forensic Medicine of Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:449-54. 2009
    ..The internal findings and laboratory data of the study population were discussed particularly on the basis of the decision of vitality in burned cases...
  26. ncbi Multi-element screening by ICP-MS of two specimens of Napoleon's hair
    Pascal Kintz
    Laboratoire ChemTox, 3 rue Gruninger, F 67400 Illkirch, France
    J Anal Toxicol 30:621-3. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi Post-mortem radiology--a new sub-speciality?
    C O'DONNELL
    Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, Southbank, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Radiol 63:1189-94. 2008
    ..resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of deceased individuals are increasingly being utilized in the field of forensic pathology. However, there are differences in the interpretation of post-mortem and clinical imaging...
  28. ncbi Autopsy-proven determinants of immediate fire death in lungs
    Luiz A S de Paiva
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:323-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that these determinants should be included in the routine of forensic pathology.
  29. ncbi Differential accumulation of pulmonary and cardiac mast cell-subsets and eosinophils between fatal anaphylaxis and asthma death: a postmortem comparative study
    N Perskvist
    National Board of Forensic Medicine, Linköping Division, Department of Forensic Medicine, Artillerigatan 12, SE 58133 Linköping, Sweden
    Forensic Sci Int 169:43-9. 2007
    ..The practical consequence of our study will be that it is now possible to confirm a suspicion of anaphylaxis death not only by measurements of serum mast cell tryptase, but also by immunohistochemical methods...
  30. ncbi Radiographs interpretation by forensic pathologists: a word of warning
    Célia Kremer
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Edifice Wilfrid Derome, Montreal Quebec, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:295-6. 2008
    ..In a general context of financing problems, it can be appealing to management team to restrict access to external consultants. This study is important in reminding that such money savings do not come without a decrease in quality...
  31. ncbi Mast cell tryptase in postmortem serum-reference values and confounders
    Erik Edston
    Institution for Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Linkoping University, Linköping 581 85, Sweden
    Int J Legal Med 121:275-80. 2007
    ..It is concluded that asphyxia premortem seems to affect tryptase concentrations, that postmortem tryptase measurements should be done in serum from femoral blood, and that the normal upper limit, covering 95%, is 44.3 microg/l...
  32. ncbi [Circumstances and toxicological characteristics of deadly opiates poisoning]
    S V Shigeev
    Sud Med Ekspert 49:24-8. 2006
    ..It is found that information about the victim and facts of his/her death suggest cause of death and help in directions of post-mortem examination and choice of diagnostic procedures...
  33. ncbi [Fatal pulmonary thromoembolism]
    Peter Mygind Leth
    Syddansk Universitet, Retsmedicinsk Institut, Odense C
    Ugeskr Laeger 168:3998-4000. 2006
    ..The aim of this investigation is to describe the magnitude of the problem in an autopsy material and factors of prophylactic importance and to discuss the importance of the autopsy...
  34. ncbi Adipocere in postmortem imaging using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    Christian Jackowski
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:360-4. 2005
    ..The loss of signal in MRI and hyperdensities in MSCT up to 1000 Hounsfield units, as well as the increased assessment of the intracranial structures compared with traditional autopsy, are presented...
  35. ncbi Representation of cerebral bridging veins in infants by postmortem computed tomography
    Kirsten Marion Stein
    Institut für Rechts und Verkehrsmedizin der Universitätsklinik Heidelberg, Abteilung Postmortale Computertomographie, Vossstrasse 2, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 163:93-101. 2006
    ..Ruptures appear as extravasation of contrast medium, which helps to locate them at autopsy and examine them histologically, whenever necessary...
  36. ncbi [A comparative analysis of types, causes and circumstances of deaths based on autopsy reports from the periods of 1945-50 and 1990-1993]
    Radosław Minias
    Z Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lodzi
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 56:71-9. 2006
    ..traffic accidents: 57,62% and other accidents: 42,38% of all accidents in the second period)...
  37. ncbi Forensic autopsy performance standards
    Garry F Peterson
    N A M E Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:200-25. 2006
  38. ncbi Comparison between computed tomography (CT) and autopsy findings in cases of abdominal injury and disease
    Kentaro Yamazaki
    Department of Experimental and Forensic Pathology, Yamagata University, Faculty of Medicine, 2 2 2 Iidanishi Yamagata city, Yamagata 9909585, Japan
    Forensic Sci Int 162:163-6. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi [Investigation of pericardial fluid and blood from the left and right heart ventricles in forensic medical examination of drowning]
    A Zh Altaeva
    Sud Med Ekspert 49:28-9. 2006
  40. ncbi Cardiac troponin T (cTn T) and the postmortem diagnosis of sudden death
    A Ben Khalifa
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:175-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the increase of postmortem cardiac troponin T (cTn T) in acute disease-related deaths...
  41. ncbi Postmortem radiology of fatal hemorrhage: measurements of cross-sectional areas of major blood vessels and volumes of aorta and spleen on MDCT and volumes of heart chambers on MRI
    Emin Aghayev
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Buehlstrasse 20, Bern 3012, Switzerland
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:209-15. 2006
    ..Autopsy determination of fatal hemorrhage as the cause of death is often a difficult diagnosis in forensic medicine. No quantitative system for accurately measuring the blood volume in a corpse has been developed...
  42. ncbi Differences in postmortem urea nitrogen, creatinine and uric acid levels between blood and pericardial fluid in acute death
    Bao Li Zhu
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, 545 8585 Osaka, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 9:115-22. 2007
    ..Similar findings were often observed for other acute and subacute deaths. These findings suggest that a comparison between blood and pericardial nitrogenous compounds would be useful for investigating the cause and process of death...
  43. ncbi Postmortem determination of concentrations of stress hormones in various body fluids--is there a dependency between adrenaline/noradrenaline quotient, cause of death and agony time?
    N Wilke
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical School Hannover, Hanover, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 121:385-94. 2007
    ..07 +/- 0.09) and asphyxiated (0.09 +/- 0.11) are lower than 1 (p < 0.001). The spread of data for the adrenaline/noradrenaline quotient did not allow for any conclusions about cause of death and length of agony in individual cases...
  44. ncbi Forensic considerations in cases of neurofibromatosis--an overview
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 52:1164-70. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi [Biochemical criteria in diagnosis of some causes of death]
    O Iu Klimova
    Sud Med Ekspert 50:19-20. 2007
    ..The article presents biochemical indices of blood and tissues obtained at autopsy which can be used for diagnosis of strangulation asphyxia, poisoning with alcohol substitutes, hyperglycemic coma and hepatic insufficiency...
  46. ncbi [Diagnostic usefulness of the beta-hydroxybutyrate/acetone ratio in medico-legal diagnostics of sudden deaths]
    Grzegorz Buszewicz
    Z Katedry i Zakfadu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Lublinie
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:289-93. 2007
    ..In some cases, thus, the use of beta-HBA as an additional diagnostic criterion allows for explaining the pathomechanism of premortal metabolic disturbances...
  47. ncbi Time of death of victims found in cold water environment
    Pekka J Karhunen
    Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine University of Tampere, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
    Forensic Sci Int 176:e17-22. 2008
    ..1-1.2), suggesting that wet clothing acted like dry clothing in slowing down body cooling. In the second case, the right correction factor was between 0.3 and 0.5, similar to the recommended 0.35 for naked bodies in flowing water...
  48. ncbi [Only every 20th deceased will be autopsied. Too many dead persons keep their secret]
    Christina Berndt
    MMW Fortschr Med 149:6-7. 2007
  49. ncbi [Medico-legal autopsy]
    R Hauri
    Kantonsärztlicher Dienst, Kanton Zug
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 96:1673-6. 2007
    ..Thus, neither can clinical autopsy be replaced by medico-legal one nor is it in any way accurate to perform clinical autopsy in possibly forensic cases...
  50. ncbi Free amino acid concentrations in vitreous humor and cerebrospinal fluid in relation to the cause of death and postmortem interval
    Eloy Girela
    Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cordoba, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
    J Forensic Sci 53:730-3. 2008
    ..A statistically significant increase with postmortem interval was observed in vitreous taurine (r = 0.3191, p = 0.01461), glutamate (r = 0.4323, p = 0.0007) and particularly in aspartate (r = 0.4508, p = 0.0003)...
  51. ncbi Postmortem changes mistaken for traumatic lesions: a highly prevalent reason for coroner's autopsy request
    Anny Sauvageau
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:145-7. 2008
    ..Hence, in a context of forensic pathologist shortage, the improvement of coroner continuous training may reduce the workload...
  52. ncbi Airway obstruction by laryngeal masses in sudden and homicidal deaths
    Andrea Porzionato
    Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology, University of Padova, Via Gabelli 65, 35127 Padova, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int 171:e15-20. 2007
    ..Damage to laryngeal/hypopharyngeal masses should be considered as a possible sign of manual strangulation, as well as neck skin bruises/abrasions and laryngeal haemorrhages...
  53. ncbi Severe brainstem compression by an unruptured giant vertebral aneurysm--an autopsy case
    Takahito Hayashi
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811 1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641 8509, Wakayama, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 9:322-5. 2007
    ..Collectively, we considered that some triggers in his daily life, including head rotation, might have caused the rapid onset of respiratory disturbance due to severe brainstem compression by a giant vertebral aneurysm...
  54. ncbi [Coronary artery anomalies as a cause of sudden death in young people]
    Olav A Haugen
    Institutt for laboratoriemedisin, kvinne og barnesykdommer Norges teknisk naturvitenskapelige universitet, og Avdeling for patologi og medisinsk genetikk, St Olavs Hospital, 7006 Trondheim
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:190-2. 2007
    ..In contrast to older persons, where atherosclerotic heart disease is the most common cause; cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, commotio cordis and coronary artery anomalies are more common in the young...
  55. ncbi Early diagnosis of diffuse brain damage resulting from a blunt head injury
    Mamoru Ogata
    Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8 35 1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890 8544, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 9:105-8. 2007
    ....
  56. ncbi Is routine histopathologic examination beneficial in all medicolegal autopsies?
    D Kimberly Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:1-3. 2007
    ..Microscopic examination should be used, as needed, in certain circumstances but is not necessary as a matter of routine...
  57. ncbi Postmortem noninvasive virtual autopsy: extrapleural hemorrhage after blunt thoracic trauma
    Stephan A Bolliger
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Berne, Bern, Switzerland
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:44-7. 2007
    ..A traditional autopsy confirmed the very rare diagnosis of a traumatic extrapleural hemorrhage with a delayed rupture...
  58. ncbi Sudden death during worker transportation due to massive pulmonary thromboembolism: a case report
    Hélèn Yapo Etté
    Department of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Abidjan Cocody, Cote d Ivoire
    Med Sci Law 47:79-85. 2007
    ..We emphasize the importance of focusing research on genetic factors and the impact of traditional medicine in African people...
  59. ncbi Postmortem cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase MB levels in the blood and pericardial fluid as markers of myocardial damage in medicolegal autopsy
    Bao Li Zhu
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 9:241-50. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi [Determination of identification signs--tattooing on decomposed exhumed corpse]
    N V Chernov
    Sud Med Ekspert 50:37-8. 2007
  61. ncbi Sickle cell lung disease and sudden death: a retrospective/prospective study of 21 autopsy cases and literature review
    Jason K Graham
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:168-72. 2007
    ..3%), with right ventricular hypertrophy (33.3%). Therefore, we propose a simple and high-yield autopsy algorithm of ancillary procedures that should be applied on all known and suspected autopsy cases of sickle cell disease...
  62. ncbi Vertebral artery rupture in a sudden death case after mild trauma
    Hiroshi Ikegaya
    Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba shi, Chiba, Japan
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:276-8. 2008
    ..We show that this method is particularly useful for cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage at the skull base in which there may be rupture of a vertebral artery...
  63. ncbi [Significance of changes in the myocardium for the forensic-medical diagnosis of death as a result of alcoholic cardiomyopathy]
    A V Kapustin
    Sud Med Ekspert 47:22-5. 2004
    ..Lethality of ACMP can be diagnosed only in those who die in the sober condition or with an insignificant level of alcohol...
  64. ncbi [Death due to fatal hypothermia in victims dissected in Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové between 1992-2003]
    P Hottmar
    Ustav soudního lékarství, Lekárska Fakulta UK, Hradec Kralove
    Soud Lek 50:38-41. 2005
    ..We must know the anamnestic settings and the results of laboratory tests for final complete evaluation. Fatal hypothermia is under climate condition of our country quite often with the exception of summer months...
  65. ncbi Fatty degeneration of myocardial cells as a sign of death due to hypothermia versus degenerative deposition of lipofuscin
    J Preuss
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Bonn, Stiftsplatz 12, D 53111 Bonn, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 159:1-5. 2006
    ..It was the aim of the study to clarify the conceivable causal relationship between death due to hypothermia and lipid-deposits apart from lipofuscin and fatty degeneration, respectively, in cardiomyocytes...
  66. ncbi Effects of perimortem physical factors associated with death on exogenous ethanol concentrations in cardiac blood
    Fumio Moriya
    Department of Legal Medicine, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Kohasu, Oko cho, Nankoku City, Kochi 783 8505, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 7:213-6. 2005
    ..However, special attention is required for cases that received CPR after massive bleeding...
  67. ncbi The presence of trace amines in postmortem cerebrospinal fluid in humans
    Tiziana Balbi
    Pathological Anatomy, Via Marconi 19, 35045 Monselice, Italy
    J Forensic Sci 50:630-2. 2005
    ....
  68. ncbi Postmortem cardiac troponin T levels in the blood and pericardial fluid. Part 2: analysis for application in the diagnosis of sudden cardiac death with regard to pathology
    Bao Li Zhu
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, 545 8585 Osaka, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 8:94-101. 2006
    ....
  69. ncbi [Ascertainment of the cause and tempo of death in forensic medical practice]
    L N Iskhizova
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:8-12. 2005
    ....
  70. ncbi Possible factors contributing to the postmortem lung weight in fire fatalities
    Bao Li Zhu
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 7:139-43. 2005
    ..In addition, elderly females appear to be most susceptible among fire casualties, and extreme cardiomegaly may also be a potential fatal risk factor...
  71. ncbi [ABO blood group typing in forensic autopsies]
    Katsuji Nishi
    Department of Social Medicine, Division of Legal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu 520 2192, Japan
    Nihon Hoigaku Zasshi 59:111-7. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi [Medicolegal aspects of witnessed suicide due to gunshot to the head. II. Legal medicine aspects and examination of the firing hand]
    Stephan A Padosch
    Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Bonn
    Arch Kriminol 214:149-62. 2004
    ..On the basis of the reported cases recommendations are finally given for a differentiated approach in the medicolegal evaluation of alleged witnessed suicide by gunshot (to the head)...
  73. ncbi What is the incidence and significance of "dry-lungs" in bodies found in water?
    Philippe Lunetta
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:291-301. 2004
    ..Drowning without aspiration of liquid, generally attributed to death from asphyxia while submerged and in laryngospasm, has been reported to occur in approximately 10% to 15% of drowning victims...
  74. ncbi [Methodology of determination of the time of death and outlooks for the further development]
    P I Novikov
    Sud Med Ekspert 47:9-11. 2004
    ..The traditional empiric and the adaptive approaches are comparatively analyzed in modeling the postmortem processes for the PDC diagnosis. A variety of promising trends for further related research is outlined...
  75. ncbi Dumping after homicide using setting in concrete and/or sealing with bricks--six case reports
    J Preuss
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Bonn, Stiftsplatz 12, D 53111 Bonn, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 159:55-60. 2006
    ..Setting corpses in concrete and/or sealing with bricks does not prevent smell, slows decomposition and therefore complicates the estimation of the post mortem interval...
  76. ncbi [Determination of a mechanism of the coming of death by morphological methods in strangulation mechanical asphyxia]
    A V Luzin
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:3-7. 2005
    ..The results of determination of a degree of hydration of the brain by drying its samples are described. Medullary substance was demonstrated to be hypohydrated in such death...
  77. ncbi Haemolytic staining of the intima of the aortic root-- a useful pathological marker of freshwater drowning?
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, 5000 SA, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:125-8. 2006
    ..Of the other 44 non-putrefied cases (31 controls, 9 saltwater drownings, and 4 freshwater drownings), only one (a freshwater drowning) showed marked staining of the aortic root with no staining of the intima of the pulmonary trunk...
  78. ncbi Sudden death with clinically undiagnosed pulmonary hypertension
    Jocelyn A Srigley
    Forensic Pathology Unit, Office of the Chief Coroner for Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:264-7. 2005
    ..These cases indicate that the forensic pathologist must be aware of occult pulmonary hypertension as a cause of sudden unexpected death in a variety of age groups...
  79. ncbi Fatal positional asphyxia associated with rollover crashes
    Carol Conroy
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:330-2. 2007
    ..Although this is a rare cause of motor vehicle related death, our results suggest that these are potentially preventable deaths...
  80. pmc Pathogenic role of cardiac mast cell activation/degranulation,TNF-alpha, and cell death in acute drug-related fatalities
    Nasrin Perskvist
    National Board of Forensic Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, Linkoping, Sweden
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 3:1053-62. 2007
    ..In this study, we examined and compared the participation of MCs, TNF-alpha, apoptosis and necrosis in the heart of drug-related fatalities and the victims of sudden death due to the cardiac failure or aortic dissection...
  81. ncbi Biochemical blood markers and sampling sites in forensic autopsy
    Koichi Uemura
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:312-7. 2008
    ..For clinical forensic diagnosis of biochemical blood markers, we must determine the "forensic abnormal value" after collecting more cases by known causes with more information about the population...
  82. ncbi Esophageal variceal hemorrhage presenting as sudden death in outpatients
    M Tsokos
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Hamburg, Germany
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 126:1197-200. 2002
    ..However, to the best of our knowledge, no reports have been published describing outpatient characteristics that are associated with fatal esophageal variceal hemorrhage in a medicolegal autopsy population...
  83. ncbi Selecting forensic pathology as a career: a survey of the past with an eye on the future
    Randy Hanzlick
    Fulton County Medical Examiner s Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:114-22. 2008
    Each year there are about 30 to 40 physicians who train and become board-certified in the specialty area of forensic pathology, compared with hundreds or thousands in other disciplines...
  84. ncbi Pathologic features of suicidal deaths caused by explosives
    M Tsokos
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Hamburg, Butenfeld 34, 22529 Hamburg, Germany
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:55-63. 2003
    Suicidal explosions that lack a terrorist background are only rarely encountered in the field of forensic pathology. The investigation of explosion-related fatalities can be a substantial challenge in medicolegal casework...
  85. ncbi Vertebral artery laceration mimicking elder abuse
    Kim A Collins
    Medical University of South Carolina, Forensic Section, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:150-4. 2005
    ..The presentation of signs and symptoms can be helpful in assessing the decedent; however, in the practice of forensic pathology such a history is more often lacking.
  86. ncbi Forensic ethnic identification of crania: the role of the maxillary sinus--a new approach
    Carmen Lee Fernandes
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine at the University of Kwa Zulu Natal, Natal, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:302-13. 2004
    ..predict the gender and ethnic group from an unknown cranium to make this research valuable to the fields of forensic pathology and anthropology. Helical, multislice computed tomography was performed using 1-mm coronal slices...
  87. ncbi A 25-year retrospective review of deaths due to pediatric neglect
    Laura D Knight
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Forensic Pathology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:221-8. 2005
    ..review of pediatric deaths (age 18 years or less) referred to the Medical University of South Carolina Forensic Pathology Office for autopsy over the past 25 years revealed 16 deaths due to some type of pediatric neglect...
  88. ncbi The detection of microscopic markers of hemorrhaging and wound age on dry bone: a pilot study
    Cristina Cattaneo
    Laboratorio di Antropologia ed Odontologia Forense, Istituto di Medicina Legale, Universita degli Studi, Milano, Italy
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 31:22-6. 2010
    ..as determination of the time elapsed between the production of the wound and death is a crucial issue in forensic pathology. In fresh skin, the red-purplish coloration of a cut or bruise will reveal its vitality, whereas the change ..
  89. ncbi Lectin-histochemical detection of degenerative glycoconjugate deposits in human brain
    A Nishimura
    Department of Legal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Setatsukinowa cho, Ohtsu 520 2192, Shiga, Japan
    Forensic Sci Int 113:265-9. 2000
    ..The lectin staining with GS-I is useful in the forensic pathology to diagnose brain disorders at postmortem examination, since these lectin were able to detect five types of ..
  90. ncbi [Role of experts in forensic medicine in opinioning for courts and insurance agencies]
    Jarosław Berent
    Katedra Medycyny Sadowej, Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lodzi, Zakład Medycyny, ul Sedziowska 18a, 91 304 Lodz
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:247-50. 2005
    ..medicine practiced in Poland and in some European countries represents a much broader specialty than forensic pathology practiced in the USA and some English-speaking countries...
  91. ncbi Histological findings and immunohistochemical surfactant protein A (SP-A) expression in asphyxia: its application in the diagnosis of drowning
    M D Perez-Carceles
    Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, University of Murcia, Spain
    Histol Histopathol 23:1061-8. 2008
    ..The postmortem diagnosis of drowning, particularly, continues to be one of the most difficult in forensic pathology. The aim of this study is to jointly evaluate microscopic findings and immunohistochemical surfactant ..
  92. ncbi Practical pathology of gunshot wounds
    J Scott Denton
    Cook County Medical Examiners Office, Chicago, IL 60612 3705, USA
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 130:1283-9. 2006
    ..Additionally, for pathology residents, it is an integral aspect of their training during their rotations at medical examiner or coroner offices...
  93. ncbi Pesticide intoxications in the Centre of Portugal: three years analysis
    Helena Teixeira
    Delegation of Coimbra, National Institute of Legal Medicine, Portugal
    Forensic Sci Int 143:199-204. 2004
    ..examined the cases of pesticide poisoning in the Centre of Portugal, from autopsies performed in the Forensic Pathology Service of Coimbra's Delegation of the National Institute of Legal Medicine (NILM) and from other autopsies ..
  94. ncbi Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein A as a marker of respiratory distress in forensic pathology: assessment of the immunohistochemical and biochemical findings
    Hitoshi Maeda
    Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi machi 1 4 3, Abeno, 545 8585 Osaka, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S318-21. 2003
    ..9%), freshwater drowning (n=7/9, 77.7%), fire and MA fatalities (n=20/35, 57.1% and n=8/10, 80.0%). These findings suggested the usefulness of SP-A as a marker of asphyxiation, respiratory distress and alveolar injury...
  95. ncbi Histology aging workforce and what to do about it
    René J Buesa
    Histology Manager Supervisor, Retired, Miramar, FL 33029 5926, USA
    Ann Diagn Pathol 13:176-84. 2009
    There are 28,400 histotechs now working in human surgical and forensic pathology, half of whom will reach retirement age within the next 4 years, and to compensate for those retiring and to increase their number to the 31,200 needed in ..
  96. ncbi Immunohistochemical surfactant protein-A expression: fatal drowning vs. postmortem immersion
    Valter Stemberga
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University Rijeka, Brace Branchetta 20, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
    Med Hypotheses 72:413-5. 2009
    The postmortem diagnosis of drowning continues to be one of the most difficult in forensic pathology because of unspecific autopsy findings. It must be always remembered that disposal of a victim body in water is not unknown in homicide...
  97. ncbi Forensic and police identification of "X" bodies. A 6-years French experience
    S Cavard
    Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, University Hospital R Poincaré AP HP, UVSQ, R Poincaré Boulevard, F 92380 Garches, France
    Forensic Sci Int 204:139-43. 2011
    The identification of X bodies is an everyday preoccupation in forensic pathology. This retrospective analysis studied all methods of identification and characteristics of unidentified bodies arrived in the Department of Forensic Medicine ..
  98. ncbi Study of the diagnostic value of iron in fresh water drowning
    Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison
    Department of Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Raymond Poincare Hospital, Paris Ouest Medical University, 104 boulevard Raymond Poincaré, F 92380 Garches, France
    Forensic Sci Int 157:117-20. 2006
    ..typical fresh water drowning cases were selected from 128 immersion cases autopsied in our Department of Forensic Pathology between 1998 and 2004...
  99. ncbi Forensic pathology on the threshold of the 21st century and the need for harmonization of current practice and training: the Greek concept
    Anna Mavroforou
    Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:19-25. 2002
    ..In addition, revision of training in forensic pathology and forensic sciences is essential if harmonizing the forensic systems is to succeed...
  100. ncbi Current trends in drug abuse associated fatalities - Jordan, 2000-2004
    Mu men S Hadidi
    National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
    Forensic Sci Int 186:44-7. 2009
    ..Postmortem forensic pathology reports for all autopsies examined in the National Institute of Forensic Medicine were reviewed over a 5-..
  101. ncbi Bio-medicolegal guidelines and protocols: survey and future perspectives in Europe
    Santo Davide Ferrara
    Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Padua, Via Falloppio, 50, 35121 Padua, Italy
    Int J Legal Med 124:345-50. 2010
    ..process shows differences with regard to various fields of knowledge such as forensic genetics, toxicology, forensic pathology or forensic psychiatry, especially if different European countries are compared...

Research Grants12

  1. Biomarkers of hyperthermia in sudden infant death
    David Jardine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If some SIDS victims have died from lethal hyperthermia, public health campaigns specifically directed at diminishing the risk of hyperthermia should substantially reduce the incidence of SIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Femtosecond Infrared Laser Ablation Platform
    Lee E Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cancer biology, micronutrient physiology, sepsis and inflammation, biometallomic osteoarcheology, forensic pathology, military medicine, and nanotherapeutics...
  3. CNS Involvement in the HIV Population in Ethiopia: A Post-mortem Forensic Study
    TERESA LANGFORD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For this purpose, post-mortem CNS tissues will be collected from 200 Medico-legal Forensic Pathology adult autopsy cases that consist of a broad cross-section of the Ethiopian population in Addis Ababa and ..
  4. |
    MICHAEL DUIGNAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Such a detector will have a broad array of applications such as genetic testing and engineering, pharmaceutical purity testing, as well as forensic pathology and DNA fingerprinting.
  5. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  6. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  7. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  8. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Cadmium, Metallothionein and Breast Cancer Progression
    MARY SENS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. PREVENTION OF NEURONAL APOPTOSIS BY HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN
    David Jardine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These measures will provide the skills and background necessary for his planned career an independent investigator in translational research. ..
  12. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....