Summary: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
Publications266 found, 100 shown here
- Molecular identification of some forensically important blowflies of southern Africa and AustraliaM L Harvey
Centre for Forensic Science, University of Western Australia, Australia
Med Vet Entomol 17:363-9. 2003..This region therefore appears to provide southern African forensic entomologists with a new technique for providing accurate identification for application to estimation of PMI...
- Analysis of latent fingerprint deposits by infrared microspectroscopyDiane K Williams
Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit, FBI Academy, Quantico, Virginia 22135, USA
Appl Spectrosc 58:313-6. 2004..The method holds promise for probing the difference between latent fingerprints of adults and children...
- All the evidencePhilip Hunter
EMBO Rep 7:352-4. 2006
- DNA test--a forensic boonNayan Kishore Mohanty
Deparment of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack
J Indian Med Assoc 104:90-2, 94. 2006..It can help in crime prevention by giving the information of potential criminals. Reliability of DNA technique is very important. In paternity and maternity identification, when called for, DNA testing plays very much positive role...
- Age estimation in forensic sciences: application of combined aspartic acid racemization and radiocarbon analysisKanar Alkass
Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Nobel Institute, Karolinska Institute, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Mol Cell Proteomics 9:1022-30. 2010..We show how these methods in combination can also assist in the estimation of date of death of an unidentified victim. This strategy can be of significant assistance in forensic casework involving dead victim identification...
- Recent advances in the applications of CE to forensic sciences (2005-2007)Franco Tagliaro
Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Forensic Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Electrophoresis 29:260-8. 2008....
- The International Forensic Summit: vision and missionS C Leung
Forensic Sci Int 162:2-5. 2006
- A perspective on errors, bias, and interpretation in the forensic sciences and direction for continuing advancementBruce Budowle
FBI Laboratory, 2501 Investigation Parkway, Quantico, VA 22135, USA
J Forensic Sci 54:798-809. 2009The forensic sciences are under review more so than ever before. Such review is necessary and healthy and should be a continuous process. It identifies areas for improvement in quality practices and services...
- Validity of low copy number typing and applications to forensic scienceBruce Budowle
Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics, Institute of Investigative Genetics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Ft Worth, TX 76107, USA
Croat Med J 50:207-17. 2009....
- Race and genetics: controversies in biomedical, behavioral, and forensic sciencesPilar Ossorio
Department of Medical History and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706 1399, USA
Am Psychol 60:115-28. 2005..If genetic studies of criminalized behavior use forensic DNA databanks or forensic genetic profiles, they will be confounded by the many racial biases of the law enforcement and penal system...
- The identification of newborns using messenger RNA profiling analysisMichelle Alvarez
Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, 32816, USA
Anal Biochem 357:21-34. 2006..The results indicate that the assays provide the ability to determine whether a bloodstain originated from a newborn...
- 'Wonderment and dread': representations of DNA in ethical disputes about forensic DNA databasesRobin Williams
University of Durham, 32 Old Elvet, Durham, DH1 3HN, UK
New Genet Soc 23:205-23. 2004..It is argued that key ideas about DNA have become central to everyday assertions about the benefits and dangers of this forensic technology...
- Decomposition and dipteran succession in pig carrion in central Argentina: ecological aspects and their importance in forensic scienceM Battán Horenstein
Department of Biodiversity and Ecology, National Center for Scientific and Technological Research CONICET, National University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina
Med Vet Entomol 24:16-25. 2010..Other species, such as Musca domestica L. and Ophyra aenescens (Wiedemann), were also considered to represent potential forensic indicators...
- Questions about forensic scienceGlenn Langenburg
Science 311:607-10; author reply 607-10. 2006
- Contaminated evidenceElizabeth F Loftus
Science 304:959. 2004
- Forensically important calliphoridae (diptera) associated with pig carrion in rural north-central FloridaSusan V Gruner
Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, P O Box 110620, Gainesville, FL 32611 0620, USA
J Med Entomol 44:509-15. 2007..macellaria, C. rufifaces, and P. regina were found during the entire year, two C. vicina specimens and 11 C. livida specimens were collected from December to March, whereas C. megacephala was collected only from June through September...
- Morphology and developmental rate of blowflies Chrysomya megacephala and Chrysomya rufifacies in Thailand: application in forensic entomologyKom Sukontason
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Parasitol Res 102:1207-16. 2008..megacephala initiated pupariation at 156 h. This information is potentially useful for estimating the postmortem interval of a corpse in forensic investigations, where the corpse becomes infesting with these fly species...
- Identifying fly puparia by clearing technique: application to forensic entomologyKabkaew L Sukontason
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
Parasitol Res 101:1407-16. 2007..This provides a key to identifying the puparia of these seven fly species...
- Flight activity of the blowflies, Calliphora vomitoria and Lucilia sericata, in the darkJ Wooldridge
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Forensic Sci Int 172:94-7. 2007..The results presented here suggest that in darkness, the probability of oriented flight leading to oviposition on a corpse by either species, is relatively low...
- Forensic entomology cases in Thailand: a review of cases from 2000 to 2006Kom Sukontason
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
Parasitol Res 101:1417-23. 2007..nigripes was commonly discovered in forested places. S. nudiseta was collected only from corpses found in an indoor death scene...
- Morphology of immature stages of Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for use in forensic entomology applicationsKabkaew L Sukontason
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Parasitol Res 103:877-87. 2008..ligurriens. Information presented can aid in forensic investigations involving this fly species...
- Forensic science and academic scienceChristopher S Palenik
Science 303:1136. 2004
- [Bibliography of Polish literature on forensic medicine, criminology and related fields published in 2001]Erazm Baran
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 52:127-41. 2002
- Forensic science: ghost busterDeclan Butler
Nature 445:811. 2007
- [A case of chloropicrin detection by purge and trap gas chromatography/mass spectrometry]Fujio Ishizawa
Scientific Criminal Investigation Laboratory, Ibaraki Prefectural Police Headquarters
Chudoku Kenkyu 16:339-43. 2003..However, it is very difficult to detect a trace of CP by routine GC/MS. The present paper describes a criminal case, in which GC/MS equipped with curie point purge and trap sampler was successfully applied to detect a small amount of CP...
- Social isolation and delayed discovery of bodies in houses: the value of forensic pathology, anthropology, odontology and entomology in the medico-legal investigationM S Archer
Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 57 83 Kavanagh Street, Southbank, VIC 3006, Australia
Forensic Sci Int 151:259-65. 2005..Entomologists may estimate minimum death time and/or season of death. Entomological examination of insect remains may also confirm that a body has lain in situ for a considerable period...
- Best practice in forensic entomology--standards and guidelinesJens Amendt
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Frankfurt, Kennedyallee 104, 60596, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Int J Legal Med 121:90-104. 2007....
- Psychiatric evidence on trialJoanmarie Ilaria Davoli
Notre Dame Law School, USA
SMU Law Rev 56:2191-234. 2003
- Questions about forensic scienceRockne Harmon
Science 311:607-10; author reply 607-10. 2006
- The truth about lyingJonathan Knight
Nature 428:692-4. 2004
- The (near) irrelevance of Daubert to criminal justice and some suggestions for reformPeter J Neufeld
The Innocence Project, Benjamin N Cardozo School of Law, 100 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10011, USA
Am J Public Health 95:S107-13. 2005..The only way to guard against the misapplication of forensic science is to impose controls and reforms long before the cases come to court...
- Identification of necrophagous fly species using ISSR and SCAR markersLin He
Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
Forensic Sci Int 168:148-53. 2007....
- Investigation into the usefulness of DNA profiling of earprintsE A M Graham
Forensic Pathology Unit, University of Leicester, Robert Kilpatrick Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, LE2 7LX, UK
Sci Justice 47:155-9. 2007..The source of these non-donor alleles is investigated and the impact that their presence within the profile may have on the use of this technique is discussed...
- Forensic scienceT A Brettell
Office of Forensic Sciences, New Jersey State Police, New Jersey Forensic Science and Technology Complex, 1200 Negron Road, Horizon Center, Hamilton, New Jersey 08691, USA
Anal Chem 77:3839-60. 2005
- CSI: realityMax M Houck
West Virginia University s Forensic Science Initiative, USA
Sci Am 295:84-9. 2006
- Multiresidue analytical method using dispersive solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry to determine pharmaceuticals in whole bloodFlorian Plössl
Department Pharmazie Zentrum für Pharmaforschung, Ludwig Maximilans Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5 13, 81377 Munich, Germany
J Chromatogr A 1135:19-26. 2006..The method is simple, rapid, cheap and very effective for therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic chemistry...
- Chemometric analysis of diesel fuel for forensic and environmental applicationsAmber M Hupp
Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Anal Chim Acta 606:159-71. 2008..The relative amount of aliphatic versus aromatic components was found to cause the greatest discrimination among samples in the data set...
- DNA--what's next?N Nic Daeid
Sci Justice 47:149. 2007
- The tendency of individuals to transfer DNA to handled itemsMatthew Phipps
Forensic Biology Group, The Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Mt Albert Science Centre, Private Bag 92 021, Auckland, New Zealand
Forensic Sci Int 168:162-8. 2007..Given these results, it seems that rather than being applied to individual forensic cases, knowledge of shedding characteristics will be most useful in providing general background data for the interpretation of trace DNA evidence...
- A GC/MS study of the drying of ballpoint pen ink on paperCéline Weyermann
Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Schuberstr 60, Bldg 16, D 35392 Giessen, Germany
Forensic Sci Int 168:119-27. 2007..age of an ink entry from a questioned document is often an essential problem and a controversial issue in forensic sciences. Therefore, it is important to understand the aging process of the different components found in ink...
- Investigating investigators: examining witnesses' influence on investigatorsLeora C Dahl
University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Law Hum Behav 30:707-32. 2006..Performance of participants acting as witnesses in two baseline studies was at chance. Therefore, participant-investigators greatly overestimated the amount of information gain provided by eyewitness identifications...
- Anti-collusion forensics of multimedia fingerprinting using orthogonal modulationZ Jane Wang
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
IEEE Trans Image Process 14:804-21. 2005..We also propose a likelihood-based approach to estimate the number of colluders. Finally, we demonstrate the performance for detecting colluders through experiments using real images...
- Identification of recently handled materials by analysis of latent human fingerprints using infrared spectromicroscopyAshleigh Grant
Advanced Light Source Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Appl Spectrosc 59:1182-7. 2005..Using fingerprints to not only identify who was present at a crime scene, but also to link who was handling key materials, will be a powerful investigative tool...
- Attenuated total internal reflection infrared microspectroscopic imaging using a large-radius germanium internal reflection element and a linear array detectorBrian M Patterson
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
Appl Spectrosc 60:1256-66. 2006..This technique has been successfully applied to the FT-IR imaging of polydimethylsiloxane foam cross-sections, latent human fingerprints, and a model inorganic mixture, which demonstrates the usefulness of the method for pharmaceuticals...
- Biological variability of the minutiae in the fingerprints of a sample of the Spanish populationEsperanza Gutiérrez
University of Alcala, Dpto Zoologia y Antropologia Fisica Carretera Madrid Barcelona, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
Forensic Sci Int 172:98-105. 2007..In the study of minutiae statistically significant differences were found between the sexes, and between the different types of general pattern (arches, loops, and whorls)...
- Vacuum metal deposition: visualisation of gold agglomerates using TEM imagingXuejing Dai
Criminal Science and Technology, China Criminal Police College, 83 Tawan St, Huang Gu Shenyang, China
Forensic Sci Int 168:219-22. 2007....
- Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grains--a commentK Pye
Sci Justice 47:34-6. 2007
- Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grains--a responsePeter A Bull
Sci Justice 47:141-4. 2007
- Detection and mapping of latent fingerprints by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopyM T Taschuk
University of Alberta, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4, Canada
Appl Spectrosc 60:1322-7. 2006..A two-dimensional image of a latent fingerprint can be successfully collected using these techniques...
- The recovery of finger marks from soot-covered glass fire debrisK M Stow
Sci Justice 46:3-14. 2006..Results from this study lead to the conclusion that the NaOH wash solution is ideally suited for soot removal to reveal latent and blood-contaminated marks both within the laboratory and at crime scenes...
- Use of gold nanoparticles as molecular intermediates for the detection of fingermarksAndy Becue
Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Institut de Police Scientifique, Université de Lausanne Bâtiment Batochime, CH 1015 Lausanne Dorigny, Switzerland
Forensic Sci Int 168:169-76. 2007..If the new formulation behaves very similarly to the old one, in terms of experimental conditions, it offers the additional advantage to develop fingermarks after immersing them in only one bath. The goal is thus reached...
- Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grainsP A Bull
Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford
Sci Justice 46:107-24. 2006..The technique also highlights the potential for computer image recognition analysis...
- Effect of investigator disturbance in experimental forensic entomology: succession and community compositionG D De Jong
Chadwick Ecological Consultants, Inc, Littleton, Colorado 80120, USA
Med Vet Entomol 20:248-58. 2006..These results indicate that the methods used historically for community composition determination in experimental forensic entomology are generally adequate...
- Scientific inferences in the laboratory and the lawCarl Cranor
Department of Philosophy, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Am J Public Health 95:S121-8. 2005..The public health community can assist courts to understand ranges of scientific evidence and to recognize the reasonableness of scientific disagreements...
- Will the law come running? The potential role of "brain fingerprinting" in crime investigation and adjudication in AustraliaKelly Dickson
School of Law, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
J Law Med 13:204-22. 2005..However, the technique potentially offers other benefits to the criminal justice system, thereby warranting its consideration as a "criminal and investigative tool of the future"...
- Insightlessness and an unscientific forensic expertIan Freckelton
J Law Med 14:176-81. 2006..The author analyses and evaluates the considerations determined by Collins J to have justified the imposition of conditions rather than erasure of the practitioner from the Medical Register...
- Expert evidence law reformIan Freckelton
J Law Med 12:393-401. 2005
- The forensic expert witness--an issue of competencyJehuda Hiss
National Centre of Forensic Medicine, 67 Ben Zvi Street P O Box 8495, Tel Aviv 61085, Israel
Forensic Sci Int 168:89-94. 2007..The competence of scientists providing expert opinions in forensic cases is reviewed here. Three examples of the perils of uninformed "expertise" in forensic biology, medicine and anthropology are presented...
- Natural justice and the coronerIan Freckelton
J Law Med 14:169-76. 2006..More generally, though, the decision will lend significant assistance for the recurrent difficulty of evaluating when matters sought to be traversed are outside the proper parameters of a coroner's inquest...
- Ten years after Daubert: the status of the statesJoseph A Keierleber
MTC Forensics, Peaks Island, ME 04108, USA
J Forensic Sci 50:1154-63. 2005..Finally, the authors offer some predictions for the scientific evidence trends of the states...
- [Organization of expert support of criminal investigation under condition of hostilities]E G Dmitriev
Sud Med Ekspert 51:31-5. 2008
- Equal prior probabilities: can one do any better?A Biedermann
Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Institut de Police Scientifique, The University of Lausanne, le Batochime, Lausanne Dorigny, Switzerland
Forensic Sci Int 172:85-93. 2007....
- Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as a routine method in forensic sciences: a proof of maturityM J Bogusz
Institute of Forensic Medicine, Aachen University of Technology, Germany
J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 748:3-19. 2000..The use of this technique for general, broad applicable screening depends on the establishing of interlaboratory database of standardized mass spectra...
- Women's rights in Pakistan: a forensic perspectiveSibte Hadi
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Centre, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Med Sci Law 43:148-52. 2003..This paper examines these laws and the interaction they have with forensic medicine and proposes that the laws need revision in accordance with modern science, incorporating forensic sciences as well as the injunctions of Islam.
- Feasibility of contactless 3D optical measurement for the analysis of bone and soft tissue lesions: new technologies and perspectives in forensic sciencesGiovanna Sansoni
Laboratorio di Optoelettronica, Dipartimento di Elettronica per l Automazione, Universit degli Studi di Brescia, via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy
J Forensic Sci 54:540-5. 2009..Results confirm that 3D optical digitizing technology is a crucial tool in the immortalization of wound morphology in the medico-legal context even on "difficult" substrates such as cut marks and saw marks on bone...
- Forensic age estimation on digital X-ray images: Medial epiphyses of the clavicle and first rib ossification in relation to chronological agePedro M Garamendi
Forensic Pathology Department, Institute of Legal Medicine of Huelva, Plaza Isabel La Católica, Spain
J Forensic Sci 56:S3-12. 2011In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in forensic sciences about forensic age estimation in living subjects by means of radiological methods...
- Forensic pathology on the threshold of the 21st century and the need for harmonization of current practice and training: the Greek conceptAnna Mavroforou
Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:19-25. 2002..b>Forensic sciences remain an integral part of the system against crime...
- SNPs and MALDI-TOF MS: tools for DNA typing in forensic paternity testing and anthropologyElizabet Petkovski
Institute of Legal Medicine, University Louis Pasteur, 67085 Strasbourg Cedex, France
J Forensic Sci 50:535-41. 2005DNA markers used for individual identification in forensic sciences are based on repeat sequences in nuclear DNA and the mitochondrial DNA hypervariable regions 1 and 2...
- A roadmap for bridging basic and applied research in forensic entomologyJ K Tomberlin
Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 56:401-21. 2011The National Research Council issued a report in 2009 that heavily criticized the forensic sciences. The report made several recommendations that if addressed would allow the forensic sciences to develop a stronger scientific foundation...
- Accuracy and reliability of forensic latent fingerprint decisionsBradford T Ulery
Noblis, 3150 Fairview Park Drive, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7733-8. 2011..The National Research Council of the National Academies and the legal and forensic sciences communities have called for research to measure the accuracy and reliability of latent print examiners' ..
- Development of two multiplex mini-sequencing panels of ancestry informative SNPs for studies in Latin Americans: an application to populations of the State of Minas Gerais (Brazil)M C F Silva
Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Genet Mol Res 9:2069-85. 2010..Currently, interest in measuring biogeographic ancestry has spread from anthropology to forensic sciences, direct-to-consumers personal genomics, and civil rights issues of minorities, and it is critical for ..
- Medical aspects of malpractice crisis in Greece: medical responsibility: a doctor's viewEmmanuel Michalodimitrakis
Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:76-9. 2003Malpractice and medical liability have been introduced into Greek reality over the last decade. Forensic sciences hold a key role in the investigation of medical liability cases...
- Road traffic injuries in ColombiaDeysi Yasmin Rodríguez
Research Program on Traffic and Transport, National University of Colombia, Ciudad Universitaria, Edificio 214 Antonio Nariño oficina 418, Bogota D C, Colombia
Inj Control Saf Promot 10:29-35. 2003..report include official statistics from the National Police and the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences for 1996-2000, and results of a study conducted at the National University of Colombia in 2000...
- The importance of tenascin and ubiquitin in estimation of wound ageHulya Guler
Dokuz Eylul University Institute of Oncology, Izmir, Turkey
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 32:83-9. 2011Human wound age determination is of prime importance in forensic sciences. Ubiquitin is a small protein required for ATP-dependent, nonlysosomal intracellular protein degradation, which eliminates most of the intracellular defective ..
- Micro-solid phase extraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of stimulants, hallucinogens, ketamine and phencyclidine in oral fluidsManuel Sergi
Department of Food Science, University of Teramo, Via Carlo Lerici 1, 64023 Mosciano Stazione, Teramo, Italy
Anal Chim Acta 675:132-7. 2010..9 ng mL(-1) for psilocybine, with coefficients of determination (r(2)) >0.99 for all the analytes as recommended in the guidelines of Society of Forensic Toxicologists-American Association Forensic Sciences.
- Cadaveric volatile organic compounds released by decaying pig carcasses (Sus domesticus L.) in different biotopesJ Dekeirsschieter
Department of Functional and Evolutionary Entomology, Gembloux Agricultural University, 2 Passage des Deportes, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
Forensic Sci Int 189:46-53. 2009..The main cadaveric VOCs are acids, cyclic hydrocarbons, oxygenated compounds, sulfur and nitrogen compounds. A better knowledge of the smell of death and their volatile constituents may have many applications in forensic sciences.
- Forensic application of the luminol reaction as a presumptive test for latent blood detectionFilippo Barni
Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit, Carabinieri Scientific Investigation Department of Rome, Viale di Tor di Quinto 119, 00191 Rome, Italy
Talanta 72:896-913. 2007..and, for this reason, has been considered one of the most important and well-known assays in the field of forensic sciences. This review provides an historical overview of the forensic use of luminol, and the current understanding ..
- DNA evidence uncompromised by active oxygenAna Castelló
Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Spain
ScientificWorldJournal 10:387-92. 2010Currently, forensic sciences can make use of the potential of instrumental analysis techniques to obtain information from the smallest, even invisible, samples...
- LC-MS: a powerful tool in workplace drug testingE Gallardo
Centro de Investigacao em Ciencias da Saude, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6201 001 Covilha, Portugal
Drug Test Anal 1:109-15. 2009..of liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has brought a new light into bioanalytical and forensic sciences as it allows the detection of drugs and metabolites at concentrations that are difficult to analyse using ..
- Prediction and preliminary standardization of fire debris constituents with the advanced distillation curve method*Thomas J Bruno
Thermophysical Properties Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, MS 838 00, Boulder, CO 80305
J Forensic Sci 56:S192-202. 2011The recent National Academy of Sciences report on forensic sciences states that the study of fire patterns and debris in arson fires is in need of additional work and eventual standardization...
- Development of a sexual assault evidence collection kit - the need for standardization in TurkeyM R Gökdoğan
Kirklareli University, Health College 39020, Kirklareli, Turkey
Nurse Educ Today 30:285-90. 2010..In comparison, a one-semester course of basic forensic sciences proved to be sufficient to recognize the amount of knowledge required to work as a forensic professional...
- A comprehensive analysis of forensic science training in forensic pathology fellowship programsJ Keith Pinckard
Department of Pathology and Immunology, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
J Forensic Sci 48:362-7. 2003..The results show a considerable diversity in the forensic sciences training in forensic pathology programs, ranging from one to ten weeks, with an average of 4.1 weeks...
- [Mild brain injury: forensic sciences and indemnification]M A Ceccaldi
Cabinet d Avocats Preziosi Ceccaldi, Marseille, France
Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 107:312-6. 2006..It is particularly important to improve the nomenclature of the different kinds of injuries to reach a better indemnification for those patients who suffer from their trauma their entire life...
- Black powder handgun deaths remain an uncommon eventSven Hartwig
Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 30:350-3. 2009..handguns in shooting deaths in Berlin, Germany, review of the files of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin was conducted over a 10-year period from 1997 to 2006...
- Basic research in evolution and ecology enhances forensicsJeffery K Tomberlin
Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 26:53-5. 2011In 2009, the National Research Council recommended that the forensic sciences strengthen their grounding in basic empirical research to mitigate against criticism and improve accuracy and reliability...
- Multiple isotope forensics of nitrate in a wild horse poisoning incidentGreg Michalski
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2051, USA
Forensic Sci Int 198:103-9. 2010Multiple stable isotope analysis can be a powerful technique in forensic sciences. Oxygen and nitrogen isotopes were used to determine the source of nitrate that was responsible for the poisoning deaths of 71 wild horses in the Nevada ..
- Accidental sharp force injury fatalitiesJ A Prahlow
South Bend Medical Foundation and Indiana University School of Medicine, South Bend Center for Medical Education at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46601, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:358-66. 2001The authors review all accidental sharp force injury deaths investigated at the Southwestern Institute of Forensic Sciences from 1990 to 1999. Twenty-two cases of accidental sharp force injury were identified, accounting for 0...
- Forensic identification science evidence since Daubert: Part I--A quantitative analysis of the exclusion of forensic identification science evidenceMark Page
University of Newcastle, School of Health Sciences, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia
J Forensic Sci 56:1180-4. 2011..because of a lack of demonstrable reliability suggests that there is a continuing need for the forensic sciences to pursue research validating their underlying theories and techniques of identification to ensure their ..
- Forensics in dermatology: part IKalpana Reddy
The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 64:801-8; quiz 809-10. 2011Examination of the skin and adnexae is a critical part of the forensic examination. Little information on forensic sciences has been published in the dermatologic literature...
- Distributions of HLA-A and -B alleles and haplotypes in the Yi ethnic minority of Yunnan, China: relationship to other populationsBo Feng Zhu
Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Xi an Jiaotong University, Xi an 710061, China
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 11:127-35. 2010..To investigate the distributions of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and -B alleles and HLA-A-B haplotypes in the Yi ethnic minority of the Yunnan Province, situated in southwestern China...
- Population genetic analysis of 15 autosomal STR loci in the Russian population of northeastern Inner-Mongolia, ChinaBo Feng Zhu
Mobile post doctoral station, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi an, 710062, China
Mol Biol Rep 37:3889-95. 2010..This study may increase our understanding of the genetic background of the Russian population in Eerguna, China as such providing useful information for anthropological research, forensic sciences as well as disease-association studies.
- Medical examiner samples: a source for dengue surveillanceJosé G Rigau-Pérez
Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, PR
P R Health Sci J 25:67-9. 2006..IgG positivity in 77% (597/777) of sera obtained at the Puerto Rico medical examiner (Institute of Forensic Sciences) in December 2000, April 2001, and October 2001...
- Simultaneous determination of opiates, cocaine and major metabolites of cocaine in human hair by gas chromotography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)P Kintz
Institut de Medecine Legale, Strasbourg, France
Forensic Sci Int 73:93-100. 1995..4-78.4 ng/mg (COC), 0.0-36.3 ng/mg (BZE), 0.0-1.6 ng/mg (EME), 0.0-2.1 ng/mg (CE), 0.0-84.3 ng/mg (6-MAM), 0.2-27.1 ng/mg (MOR) and 0.1-19.6 ng/mg (COD). An application in forensic sciences, involving multi-sectional analysis, is given.
- From abstract to publication: the fate of research presented at an annual forensic meetingSilvia Tambuscio
Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Canada
J Forensic Sci 55:1494-8. 2010In forensic sciences, the fate of abstracts presented at international meetings has not yet been assessed...
- Application of forensic DNA testing in the legal systemD Primorac
Laboratory for Clinical and Forensic Genetics, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, Spinciceva 1, 21000 Split, Croatia
Croat Med J 41:32-46. 2000DNA technology has taken an irreplaceable position in the field of the forensic sciences. Since 1985, when Peter Gill and Alex Jeffreys first applied DNA technology to forensic problems, to the present, more than 50,000 cases worldwide ..
- Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP MS): a versatile toolAdrian A Ammann
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, CH Duebendorf, Switzerland
J Mass Spectrom 42:419-27. 2007..spectrometry (MS) is routinely used in many diverse research fields such as earth, environmental, life and forensic sciences and in food, material, chemical, semiconductor and nuclear industries...
- Gene-gene interactions contribute to eye colour variation in humansEwelina Pośpiech
Section of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Research, Krakow, Poland
J Hum Genet 56:447-55. 2011..application of data gained from association studies, with potential importance for medicine and the forensic sciences. Multiple genes and polymorphisms have been found to be associated with variation in human pigmentation...
- Further characterization and population data for the pentanucleotide STR polymorphism D10S2325Y P Hou
Institute of Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu 610041, PR China
Forensic Sci Int 123:107-10. 2001Pentanucleotide tandem repeat markers are interesting for forensic sciences, because they may present less stutter on the electrophoretic pattern...
- Evaluation of novel forensic DNA storage methodologiesChristophe Frippiat
National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology, Chaussée de Vilvoorde 100, 1120 Brussels, Belgium
Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:386-92. 2011An issue in forensic sciences is the secure storage of extracted DNA. Most of the time, DNA is frozen at -20°C or -80°C. Recently, new room temperature DNA storage technologies have been developed based on anhydrobiosis...
- Paternal contribution: new insights and future challengesStephen A Krawetz
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Institute for Scientific Computing, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
Nat Rev Genet 6:633-42. 2005..They are also beginning to appear in the forensic sciences and, within the next decade, might appear in the environmental sciences.
- Dental diagnostic radiology in the forensic sciences: two case presentationsK Nicopoulou-Karayianni
Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Dental School, University of Athens, Greece
J Forensic Odontostomatol 25:12-6. 2007..We present the contribution of dentomaxillofacial radiology to the forensic sciences through two cases of deceased persons, where identification was based on information provided by radiographs...
- LOW-LIGHT, SMALL, FAST, HIGH-RES HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERHenryk Malak; Fiscal Year: 2001..analysis, spacecraft or satellite borne instrumentation, remote sensing, astronomy, defense applications, forensic sciences, life sciences, agriculture, food safety, industrial process, quality control, security, and any application ..
- ANTHRAX MOLECULAR EVOLUTION, DIVERSITY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYPaul Keim; Fiscal Year: 2003..3) Using Monte Carlo simulations, they will ascertain how the distribution of these markers within and between populations of Bacillus anthracis will be affected by geographic, genetic and ecological processes. ..
- Criminal Justice Applications of Genetic InformationSimon Cole; Fiscal Year: 2006..Data gathered will be drawn from legal, scientific, medical, and popular literatures. The project will employ the methods of science and technology studies, socio-legal studies, risk studies, history, and sociology. ..
- EFFECTS OF GENE PATENTS ON GENETIC TESTING AND RESEARCHMildred Cho; Fiscal Year: 2002..Our analysis will form inform public policy by indicating whether intellectual property policies or their implementation should be changed to encourage research and technology transfer, and if so, how. ..
- JUDGEMENT OF CAUSAL EFFICACYBARBARA SPELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..This research also has practical implications for education, the legal system, and cognitive therapy techniques. ..
- Community Consultation as an Ethics MethodPilar Ossorio; Fiscal Year: 2006..This project wilt yield several manuscripts aimed at professional, policy and public (non-expert) audiences. ..
- MEMORY FOR VISUAL MATERIALGEOFFREY LOFTUS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, the proposed work on theory, methodology, statistics, and data interpretation is applicable to virtually every aspect of research in experimental psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
- GENETIC MECHANISMS THAT POTENTIATE HUMAN SPERMATOGENESISSTEPHEN KRAWETZ; Fiscal Year: 2009..This milestone provides the foundation to isolate and functionally characterize the associated agents that open chromatin domains. ..
- In-Situ Sediment Remediation Using Benthic Waterjet Amendment PlacementJoel G Burken; Fiscal Year: 2010..This range of experiences and expertise is unique and will certainly help in making success in this research endeavor highly likely. ..