forensic sciences

Summary

Summary: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Molecular identification of some forensically important blowflies of southern Africa and Australia
    M L Harvey
    Centre for Forensic Science, University of Western Australia, Australia
    Med Vet Entomol 17:363-9. 2003
  2. ncbi Analysis of latent fingerprint deposits by infrared microspectroscopy
    Diane K Williams
    Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit, FBI Academy, Quantico, Virginia 22135, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 58:313-6. 2004
  3. pmc All the evidence
    Philip Hunter
    EMBO Rep 7:352-4. 2006
  4. ncbi DNA test--a forensic boon
    Nayan Kishore Mohanty
    Deparment of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack
    J Indian Med Assoc 104:90-2, 94. 2006
  5. pmc Age estimation in forensic sciences: application of combined aspartic acid racemization and radiocarbon analysis
    Kanar Alkass
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Nobel Institute, Karolinska Institute, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Mol Cell Proteomics 9:1022-30. 2010
  6. ncbi Recent advances in the applications of CE to forensic sciences (2005-2007)
    Franco Tagliaro
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Forensic Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Electrophoresis 29:260-8. 2008
  7. ncbi The International Forensic Summit: vision and mission
    S C Leung
    Forensic Sci Int 162:2-5. 2006
  8. ncbi A perspective on errors, bias, and interpretation in the forensic sciences and direction for continuing advancement
    Bruce Budowle
    FBI Laboratory, 2501 Investigation Parkway, Quantico, VA 22135, USA
    J Forensic Sci 54:798-809. 2009
  9. pmc Validity of low copy number typing and applications to forensic science
    Bruce Budowle
    Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics, Institute of Investigative Genetics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Ft Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Croat Med J 50:207-17. 2009
  10. ncbi Race and genetics: controversies in biomedical, behavioral, and forensic sciences
    Pilar Ossorio
    Department of Medical History and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706 1399, USA
    Am Psychol 60:115-28. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications266 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Molecular identification of some forensically important blowflies of southern Africa and Australia
    M L Harvey
    Centre for Forensic Science, University of Western Australia, Australia
    Med Vet Entomol 17:363-9. 2003
    ..This region therefore appears to provide southern African forensic entomologists with a new technique for providing accurate identification for application to estimation of PMI...
  2. ncbi Analysis of latent fingerprint deposits by infrared microspectroscopy
    Diane K Williams
    Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit, FBI Academy, Quantico, Virginia 22135, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 58:313-6. 2004
    ..The method holds promise for probing the difference between latent fingerprints of adults and children...
  3. pmc All the evidence
    Philip Hunter
    EMBO Rep 7:352-4. 2006
  4. ncbi DNA test--a forensic boon
    Nayan Kishore Mohanty
    Deparment of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack
    J Indian Med Assoc 104:90-2, 94. 2006
    ..It can help in crime prevention by giving the information of potential criminals. Reliability of DNA technique is very important. In paternity and maternity identification, when called for, DNA testing plays very much positive role...
  5. pmc Age estimation in forensic sciences: application of combined aspartic acid racemization and radiocarbon analysis
    Kanar Alkass
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Nobel Institute, Karolinska Institute, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Mol Cell Proteomics 9:1022-30. 2010
    ..We show how these methods in combination can also assist in the estimation of date of death of an unidentified victim. This strategy can be of significant assistance in forensic casework involving dead victim identification...
  6. ncbi Recent advances in the applications of CE to forensic sciences (2005-2007)
    Franco Tagliaro
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Forensic Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Electrophoresis 29:260-8. 2008
    ....
  7. ncbi The International Forensic Summit: vision and mission
    S C Leung
    Forensic Sci Int 162:2-5. 2006
  8. ncbi A perspective on errors, bias, and interpretation in the forensic sciences and direction for continuing advancement
    Bruce Budowle
    FBI Laboratory, 2501 Investigation Parkway, Quantico, VA 22135, USA
    J Forensic Sci 54:798-809. 2009
    The forensic sciences are under review more so than ever before. Such review is necessary and healthy and should be a continuous process. It identifies areas for improvement in quality practices and services...
  9. pmc Validity of low copy number typing and applications to forensic science
    Bruce Budowle
    Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics, Institute of Investigative Genetics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Ft Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Croat Med J 50:207-17. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi Race and genetics: controversies in biomedical, behavioral, and forensic sciences
    Pilar Ossorio
    Department of Medical History and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706 1399, USA
    Am Psychol 60:115-28. 2005
    ..If genetic studies of criminalized behavior use forensic DNA databanks or forensic genetic profiles, they will be confounded by the many racial biases of the law enforcement and penal system...
  11. ncbi The identification of newborns using messenger RNA profiling analysis
    Michelle Alvarez
    Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, 32816, USA
    Anal Biochem 357:21-34. 2006
    ..The results indicate that the assays provide the ability to determine whether a bloodstain originated from a newborn...
  12. ncbi 'Wonderment and dread': representations of DNA in ethical disputes about forensic DNA databases
    Robin Williams
    University of Durham, 32 Old Elvet, Durham, DH1 3HN, UK
    New Genet Soc 23:205-23. 2004
    ..It is argued that key ideas about DNA have become central to everyday assertions about the benefits and dangers of this forensic technology...
  13. ncbi Decomposition and dipteran succession in pig carrion in central Argentina: ecological aspects and their importance in forensic science
    M Battán Horenstein
    Department of Biodiversity and Ecology, National Center for Scientific and Technological Research CONICET, National University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina
    Med Vet Entomol 24:16-25. 2010
    ..Other species, such as Musca domestica L. and Ophyra aenescens (Wiedemann), were also considered to represent potential forensic indicators...
  14. ncbi Questions about forensic science
    Glenn Langenburg
    Science 311:607-10; author reply 607-10. 2006
  15. ncbi Contaminated evidence
    Elizabeth F Loftus
    Science 304:959. 2004
  16. ncbi Forensically important calliphoridae (diptera) associated with pig carrion in rural north-central Florida
    Susan V Gruner
    Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, P O Box 110620, Gainesville, FL 32611 0620, USA
    J Med Entomol 44:509-15. 2007
    ..macellaria, C. rufifaces, and P. regina were found during the entire year, two C. vicina specimens and 11 C. livida specimens were collected from December to March, whereas C. megacephala was collected only from June through September...
  17. ncbi Morphology and developmental rate of blowflies Chrysomya megacephala and Chrysomya rufifacies in Thailand: application in forensic entomology
    Kom Sukontason
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
    Parasitol Res 102:1207-16. 2008
    ..megacephala initiated pupariation at 156 h. This information is potentially useful for estimating the postmortem interval of a corpse in forensic investigations, where the corpse becomes infesting with these fly species...
  18. ncbi Identifying fly puparia by clearing technique: application to forensic entomology
    Kabkaew L Sukontason
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
    Parasitol Res 101:1407-16. 2007
    ..This provides a key to identifying the puparia of these seven fly species...
  19. ncbi Flight activity of the blowflies, Calliphora vomitoria and Lucilia sericata, in the dark
    J Wooldridge
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Forensic Sci Int 172:94-7. 2007
    ..The results presented here suggest that in darkness, the probability of oriented flight leading to oviposition on a corpse by either species, is relatively low...
  20. ncbi Forensic entomology cases in Thailand: a review of cases from 2000 to 2006
    Kom Sukontason
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
    Parasitol Res 101:1417-23. 2007
    ..nigripes was commonly discovered in forested places. S. nudiseta was collected only from corpses found in an indoor death scene...
  21. ncbi Morphology of immature stages of Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for use in forensic entomology applications
    Kabkaew L Sukontason
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
    Parasitol Res 103:877-87. 2008
    ..ligurriens. Information presented can aid in forensic investigations involving this fly species...
  22. ncbi Forensic science and academic science
    Christopher S Palenik
    Science 303:1136. 2004
  23. ncbi [Bibliography of Polish literature on forensic medicine, criminology and related fields published in 2001]
    Erazm Baran
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 52:127-41. 2002
  24. ncbi Forensic science: ghost buster
    Declan Butler
    Nature 445:811. 2007
  25. ncbi [A case of chloropicrin detection by purge and trap gas chromatography/mass spectrometry]
    Fujio Ishizawa
    Scientific Criminal Investigation Laboratory, Ibaraki Prefectural Police Headquarters
    Chudoku Kenkyu 16:339-43. 2003
    ..However, it is very difficult to detect a trace of CP by routine GC/MS. The present paper describes a criminal case, in which GC/MS equipped with curie point purge and trap sampler was successfully applied to detect a small amount of CP...
  26. ncbi Social isolation and delayed discovery of bodies in houses: the value of forensic pathology, anthropology, odontology and entomology in the medico-legal investigation
    M S Archer
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 57 83 Kavanagh Street, Southbank, VIC 3006, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 151:259-65. 2005
    ..Entomologists may estimate minimum death time and/or season of death. Entomological examination of insect remains may also confirm that a body has lain in situ for a considerable period...
  27. ncbi Best practice in forensic entomology--standards and guidelines
    Jens Amendt
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Frankfurt, Kennedyallee 104, 60596, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 121:90-104. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi Psychiatric evidence on trial
    Joanmarie Ilaria Davoli
    Notre Dame Law School, USA
    SMU Law Rev 56:2191-234. 2003
  29. ncbi Questions about forensic science
    Rockne Harmon
    Science 311:607-10; author reply 607-10. 2006
  30. ncbi The truth about lying
    Jonathan Knight
    Nature 428:692-4. 2004
  31. ncbi The (near) irrelevance of Daubert to criminal justice and some suggestions for reform
    Peter J Neufeld
    The Innocence Project, Benjamin N Cardozo School of Law, 100 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10011, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:S107-13. 2005
    ..The only way to guard against the misapplication of forensic science is to impose controls and reforms long before the cases come to court...
  32. ncbi Identification of necrophagous fly species using ISSR and SCAR markers
    Lin He
    Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    Forensic Sci Int 168:148-53. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi Investigation into the usefulness of DNA profiling of earprints
    E A M Graham
    Forensic Pathology Unit, University of Leicester, Robert Kilpatrick Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, LE2 7LX, UK
    Sci Justice 47:155-9. 2007
    ..The source of these non-donor alleles is investigated and the impact that their presence within the profile may have on the use of this technique is discussed...
  34. ncbi Forensic science
    T A Brettell
    Office of Forensic Sciences, New Jersey State Police, New Jersey Forensic Science and Technology Complex, 1200 Negron Road, Horizon Center, Hamilton, New Jersey 08691, USA
    Anal Chem 77:3839-60. 2005
  35. ncbi CSI: reality
    Max M Houck
    West Virginia University s Forensic Science Initiative, USA
    Sci Am 295:84-9. 2006
  36. ncbi Multiresidue analytical method using dispersive solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry to determine pharmaceuticals in whole blood
    Florian Plössl
    Department Pharmazie Zentrum für Pharmaforschung, Ludwig Maximilans Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5 13, 81377 Munich, Germany
    J Chromatogr A 1135:19-26. 2006
    ..The method is simple, rapid, cheap and very effective for therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic chemistry...
  37. ncbi Chemometric analysis of diesel fuel for forensic and environmental applications
    Amber M Hupp
    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Anal Chim Acta 606:159-71. 2008
    ..The relative amount of aliphatic versus aromatic components was found to cause the greatest discrimination among samples in the data set...
  38. ncbi DNA--what's next?
    N Nic Daeid
    Sci Justice 47:149. 2007
  39. ncbi The tendency of individuals to transfer DNA to handled items
    Matthew Phipps
    Forensic Biology Group, The Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Mt Albert Science Centre, Private Bag 92 021, Auckland, New Zealand
    Forensic Sci Int 168:162-8. 2007
    ..Given these results, it seems that rather than being applied to individual forensic cases, knowledge of shedding characteristics will be most useful in providing general background data for the interpretation of trace DNA evidence...
  40. ncbi A GC/MS study of the drying of ballpoint pen ink on paper
    Céline Weyermann
    Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Schuberstr 60, Bldg 16, D 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 168:119-27. 2007
    ..age of an ink entry from a questioned document is often an essential problem and a controversial issue in forensic sciences. Therefore, it is important to understand the aging process of the different components found in ink...
  41. ncbi Investigating investigators: examining witnesses' influence on investigators
    Leora C Dahl
    University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Law Hum Behav 30:707-32. 2006
    ..Performance of participants acting as witnesses in two baseline studies was at chance. Therefore, participant-investigators greatly overestimated the amount of information gain provided by eyewitness identifications...
  42. ncbi Anti-collusion forensics of multimedia fingerprinting using orthogonal modulation
    Z Jane Wang
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:804-21. 2005
    ..We also propose a likelihood-based approach to estimate the number of colluders. Finally, we demonstrate the performance for detecting colluders through experiments using real images...
  43. ncbi Identification of recently handled materials by analysis of latent human fingerprints using infrared spectromicroscopy
    Ashleigh Grant
    Advanced Light Source Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 59:1182-7. 2005
    ..Using fingerprints to not only identify who was present at a crime scene, but also to link who was handling key materials, will be a powerful investigative tool...
  44. ncbi Attenuated total internal reflection infrared microspectroscopic imaging using a large-radius germanium internal reflection element and a linear array detector
    Brian M Patterson
    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 60:1256-66. 2006
    ..This technique has been successfully applied to the FT-IR imaging of polydimethylsiloxane foam cross-sections, latent human fingerprints, and a model inorganic mixture, which demonstrates the usefulness of the method for pharmaceuticals...
  45. ncbi Biological variability of the minutiae in the fingerprints of a sample of the Spanish population
    Esperanza Gutiérrez
    University of Alcala, Dpto Zoologia y Antropologia Fisica Carretera Madrid Barcelona, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Forensic Sci Int 172:98-105. 2007
    ..In the study of minutiae statistically significant differences were found between the sexes, and between the different types of general pattern (arches, loops, and whorls)...
  46. ncbi Vacuum metal deposition: visualisation of gold agglomerates using TEM imaging
    Xuejing Dai
    Criminal Science and Technology, China Criminal Police College, 83 Tawan St, Huang Gu Shenyang, China
    Forensic Sci Int 168:219-22. 2007
    ....
  47. doi Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grains--a comment
    K Pye
    Sci Justice 47:34-6. 2007
  48. ncbi Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grains--a response
    Peter A Bull
    Sci Justice 47:141-4. 2007
  49. ncbi Detection and mapping of latent fingerprints by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
    M T Taschuk
    University of Alberta, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4, Canada
    Appl Spectrosc 60:1322-7. 2006
    ..A two-dimensional image of a latent fingerprint can be successfully collected using these techniques...
  50. ncbi The recovery of finger marks from soot-covered glass fire debris
    K M Stow
    Derbyshire Police
    Sci Justice 46:3-14. 2006
    ..Results from this study lead to the conclusion that the NaOH wash solution is ideally suited for soot removal to reveal latent and blood-contaminated marks both within the laboratory and at crime scenes...
  51. ncbi Use of gold nanoparticles as molecular intermediates for the detection of fingermarks
    Andy Becue
    Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Institut de Police Scientifique, Université de Lausanne Bâtiment Batochime, CH 1015 Lausanne Dorigny, Switzerland
    Forensic Sci Int 168:169-76. 2007
    ..If the new formulation behaves very similarly to the old one, in terms of experimental conditions, it offers the additional advantage to develop fingermarks after immersing them in only one bath. The goal is thus reached...
  52. ncbi Sediment fingerprints: a forensic technique using quartz sand grains
    P A Bull
    Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford
    Sci Justice 46:107-24. 2006
    ..The technique also highlights the potential for computer image recognition analysis...
  53. ncbi Effect of investigator disturbance in experimental forensic entomology: succession and community composition
    G D De Jong
    Chadwick Ecological Consultants, Inc, Littleton, Colorado 80120, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 20:248-58. 2006
    ..These results indicate that the methods used historically for community composition determination in experimental forensic entomology are generally adequate...
  54. ncbi Scientific inferences in the laboratory and the law
    Carl Cranor
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:S121-8. 2005
    ..The public health community can assist courts to understand ranges of scientific evidence and to recognize the reasonableness of scientific disagreements...
  55. ncbi Will the law come running? The potential role of "brain fingerprinting" in crime investigation and adjudication in Australia
    Kelly Dickson
    School of Law, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
    J Law Med 13:204-22. 2005
    ..However, the technique potentially offers other benefits to the criminal justice system, thereby warranting its consideration as a "criminal and investigative tool of the future"...
  56. ncbi Insightlessness and an unscientific forensic expert
    Ian Freckelton
    J Law Med 14:176-81. 2006
    ..The author analyses and evaluates the considerations determined by Collins J to have justified the imposition of conditions rather than erasure of the practitioner from the Medical Register...
  57. ncbi Expert evidence law reform
    Ian Freckelton
    J Law Med 12:393-401. 2005
  58. ncbi The forensic expert witness--an issue of competency
    Jehuda Hiss
    National Centre of Forensic Medicine, 67 Ben Zvi Street P O Box 8495, Tel Aviv 61085, Israel
    Forensic Sci Int 168:89-94. 2007
    ..The competence of scientists providing expert opinions in forensic cases is reviewed here. Three examples of the perils of uninformed "expertise" in forensic biology, medicine and anthropology are presented...
  59. ncbi Natural justice and the coroner
    Ian Freckelton
    J Law Med 14:169-76. 2006
    ..More generally, though, the decision will lend significant assistance for the recurrent difficulty of evaluating when matters sought to be traversed are outside the proper parameters of a coroner's inquest...
  60. ncbi Ten years after Daubert: the status of the states
    Joseph A Keierleber
    MTC Forensics, Peaks Island, ME 04108, USA
    J Forensic Sci 50:1154-63. 2005
    ..Finally, the authors offer some predictions for the scientific evidence trends of the states...
  61. ncbi [Organization of expert support of criminal investigation under condition of hostilities]
    E G Dmitriev
    Sud Med Ekspert 51:31-5. 2008
  62. ncbi Equal prior probabilities: can one do any better?
    A Biedermann
    Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Institut de Police Scientifique, The University of Lausanne, le Batochime, Lausanne Dorigny, Switzerland
    Forensic Sci Int 172:85-93. 2007
    ....
  63. ncbi Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as a routine method in forensic sciences: a proof of maturity
    M J Bogusz
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Aachen University of Technology, Germany
    J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 748:3-19. 2000
    ..The use of this technique for general, broad applicable screening depends on the establishing of interlaboratory database of standardized mass spectra...
  64. ncbi Women's rights in Pakistan: a forensic perspective
    Sibte Hadi
    Louisiana State University Health Sciences Centre, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Med Sci Law 43:148-52. 2003
    ..This paper examines these laws and the interaction they have with forensic medicine and proposes that the laws need revision in accordance with modern science, incorporating forensic sciences as well as the injunctions of Islam.
  65. ncbi Feasibility of contactless 3D optical measurement for the analysis of bone and soft tissue lesions: new technologies and perspectives in forensic sciences
    Giovanna Sansoni
    Laboratorio di Optoelettronica, Dipartimento di Elettronica per l Automazione, Universit degli Studi di Brescia, via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy
    J Forensic Sci 54:540-5. 2009
    ..Results confirm that 3D optical digitizing technology is a crucial tool in the immortalization of wound morphology in the medico-legal context even on "difficult" substrates such as cut marks and saw marks on bone...
  66. ncbi Forensic age estimation on digital X-ray images: Medial epiphyses of the clavicle and first rib ossification in relation to chronological age
    Pedro M Garamendi
    Forensic Pathology Department, Institute of Legal Medicine of Huelva, Plaza Isabel La Católica, Spain
    J Forensic Sci 56:S3-12. 2011
    In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in forensic sciences about forensic age estimation in living subjects by means of radiological methods...
  67. ncbi Forensic pathology on the threshold of the 21st century and the need for harmonization of current practice and training: the Greek concept
    Anna Mavroforou
    Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:19-25. 2002
    ..b>Forensic sciences remain an integral part of the system against crime...
  68. ncbi SNPs and MALDI-TOF MS: tools for DNA typing in forensic paternity testing and anthropology
    Elizabet Petkovski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Louis Pasteur, 67085 Strasbourg Cedex, France
    J Forensic Sci 50:535-41. 2005
    DNA markers used for individual identification in forensic sciences are based on repeat sequences in nuclear DNA and the mitochondrial DNA hypervariable regions 1 and 2...
  69. ncbi A roadmap for bridging basic and applied research in forensic entomology
    J K Tomberlin
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 56:401-21. 2011
    The National Research Council issued a report in 2009 that heavily criticized the forensic sciences. The report made several recommendations that if addressed would allow the forensic sciences to develop a stronger scientific foundation...
  70. pmc Accuracy and reliability of forensic latent fingerprint decisions
    Bradford T Ulery
    Noblis, 3150 Fairview Park Drive, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7733-8. 2011
    ..The National Research Council of the National Academies and the legal and forensic sciences communities have called for research to measure the accuracy and reliability of latent print examiners' ..
  71. ncbi Development of two multiplex mini-sequencing panels of ancestry informative SNPs for studies in Latin Americans: an application to populations of the State of Minas Gerais (Brazil)
    M C F Silva
    Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
    Genet Mol Res 9:2069-85. 2010
    ..Currently, interest in measuring biogeographic ancestry has spread from anthropology to forensic sciences, direct-to-consumers personal genomics, and civil rights issues of minorities, and it is critical for ..
  72. ncbi Medical aspects of malpractice crisis in Greece: medical responsibility: a doctor's view
    Emmanuel Michalodimitrakis
    Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:76-9. 2003
    Malpractice and medical liability have been introduced into Greek reality over the last decade. Forensic sciences hold a key role in the investigation of medical liability cases...
  73. ncbi Road traffic injuries in Colombia
    Deysi Yasmin Rodríguez
    Research Program on Traffic and Transport, National University of Colombia, Ciudad Universitaria, Edificio 214 Antonio Nariño oficina 418, Bogota D C, Colombia
    Inj Control Saf Promot 10:29-35. 2003
    ..report include official statistics from the National Police and the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences for 1996-2000, and results of a study conducted at the National University of Colombia in 2000...
  74. ncbi The importance of tenascin and ubiquitin in estimation of wound age
    Hulya Guler
    Dokuz Eylul University Institute of Oncology, Izmir, Turkey
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 32:83-9. 2011
    Human wound age determination is of prime importance in forensic sciences. Ubiquitin is a small protein required for ATP-dependent, nonlysosomal intracellular protein degradation, which eliminates most of the intracellular defective ..
  75. ncbi Micro-solid phase extraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of stimulants, hallucinogens, ketamine and phencyclidine in oral fluids
    Manuel Sergi
    Department of Food Science, University of Teramo, Via Carlo Lerici 1, 64023 Mosciano Stazione, Teramo, Italy
    Anal Chim Acta 675:132-7. 2010
    ..9 ng mL(-1) for psilocybine, with coefficients of determination (r(2)) >0.99 for all the analytes as recommended in the guidelines of Society of Forensic Toxicologists-American Association Forensic Sciences.
  76. ncbi Cadaveric volatile organic compounds released by decaying pig carcasses (Sus domesticus L.) in different biotopes
    J Dekeirsschieter
    Department of Functional and Evolutionary Entomology, Gembloux Agricultural University, 2 Passage des Deportes, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    Forensic Sci Int 189:46-53. 2009
    ..The main cadaveric VOCs are acids, cyclic hydrocarbons, oxygenated compounds, sulfur and nitrogen compounds. A better knowledge of the smell of death and their volatile constituents may have many applications in forensic sciences.
  77. ncbi Forensic application of the luminol reaction as a presumptive test for latent blood detection
    Filippo Barni
    Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit, Carabinieri Scientific Investigation Department of Rome, Viale di Tor di Quinto 119, 00191 Rome, Italy
    Talanta 72:896-913. 2007
    ..and, for this reason, has been considered one of the most important and well-known assays in the field of forensic sciences. This review provides an historical overview of the forensic use of luminol, and the current understanding ..
  78. ncbi DNA evidence uncompromised by active oxygen
    Ana Castelló
    Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Spain
    ScientificWorldJournal 10:387-92. 2010
    Currently, forensic sciences can make use of the potential of instrumental analysis techniques to obtain information from the smallest, even invisible, samples...
  79. ncbi LC-MS: a powerful tool in workplace drug testing
    E Gallardo
    Centro de Investigacao em Ciencias da Saude, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6201 001 Covilha, Portugal
    Drug Test Anal 1:109-15. 2009
    ..of liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has brought a new light into bioanalytical and forensic sciences as it allows the detection of drugs and metabolites at concentrations that are difficult to analyse using ..
  80. doi Prediction and preliminary standardization of fire debris constituents with the advanced distillation curve method*
    Thomas J Bruno
    Thermophysical Properties Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, MS 838 00, Boulder, CO 80305
    J Forensic Sci 56:S192-202. 2011
    The recent National Academy of Sciences report on forensic sciences states that the study of fire patterns and debris in arson fires is in need of additional work and eventual standardization...
  81. ncbi Development of a sexual assault evidence collection kit - the need for standardization in Turkey
    M R Gökdoğan
    Kirklareli University, Health College 39020, Kirklareli, Turkey
    Nurse Educ Today 30:285-90. 2010
    ..In comparison, a one-semester course of basic forensic sciences proved to be sufficient to recognize the amount of knowledge required to work as a forensic professional...
  82. ncbi A comprehensive analysis of forensic science training in forensic pathology fellowship programs
    J Keith Pinckard
    Department of Pathology and Immunology, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    J Forensic Sci 48:362-7. 2003
    ..The results show a considerable diversity in the forensic sciences training in forensic pathology programs, ranging from one to ten weeks, with an average of 4.1 weeks...
  83. ncbi [Mild brain injury: forensic sciences and indemnification]
    M A Ceccaldi
    Cabinet d Avocats Preziosi Ceccaldi, Marseille, France
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 107:312-6. 2006
    ..It is particularly important to improve the nomenclature of the different kinds of injuries to reach a better indemnification for those patients who suffer from their trauma their entire life...
  84. ncbi Black powder handgun deaths remain an uncommon event
    Sven Hartwig
    Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 30:350-3. 2009
    ..handguns in shooting deaths in Berlin, Germany, review of the files of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin was conducted over a 10-year period from 1997 to 2006...
  85. ncbi Basic research in evolution and ecology enhances forensics
    Jeffery K Tomberlin
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 26:53-5. 2011
    In 2009, the National Research Council recommended that the forensic sciences strengthen their grounding in basic empirical research to mitigate against criticism and improve accuracy and reliability...
  86. ncbi Multiple isotope forensics of nitrate in a wild horse poisoning incident
    Greg Michalski
    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2051, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 198:103-9. 2010
    Multiple stable isotope analysis can be a powerful technique in forensic sciences. Oxygen and nitrogen isotopes were used to determine the source of nitrate that was responsible for the poisoning deaths of 71 wild horses in the Nevada ..
  87. ncbi Accidental sharp force injury fatalities
    J A Prahlow
    South Bend Medical Foundation and Indiana University School of Medicine, South Bend Center for Medical Education at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46601, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:358-66. 2001
    The authors review all accidental sharp force injury deaths investigated at the Southwestern Institute of Forensic Sciences from 1990 to 1999. Twenty-two cases of accidental sharp force injury were identified, accounting for 0...
  88. ncbi Forensic identification science evidence since Daubert: Part I--A quantitative analysis of the exclusion of forensic identification science evidence
    Mark Page
    University of Newcastle, School of Health Sciences, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 56:1180-4. 2011
    ..because of a lack of demonstrable reliability suggests that there is a continuing need for the forensic sciences to pursue research validating their underlying theories and techniques of identification to ensure their ..
  89. ncbi Forensics in dermatology: part I
    Kalpana Reddy
    The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 64:801-8; quiz 809-10. 2011
    Examination of the skin and adnexae is a critical part of the forensic examination. Little information on forensic sciences has been published in the dermatologic literature...
  90. pmc Distributions of HLA-A and -B alleles and haplotypes in the Yi ethnic minority of Yunnan, China: relationship to other populations
    Bo Feng Zhu
    Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Xi an Jiaotong University, Xi an 710061, China
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 11:127-35. 2010
    ..To investigate the distributions of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and -B alleles and HLA-A-B haplotypes in the Yi ethnic minority of the Yunnan Province, situated in southwestern China...
  91. ncbi Population genetic analysis of 15 autosomal STR loci in the Russian population of northeastern Inner-Mongolia, China
    Bo Feng Zhu
    Mobile post doctoral station, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi an, 710062, China
    Mol Biol Rep 37:3889-95. 2010
    ..This study may increase our understanding of the genetic background of the Russian population in Eerguna, China as such providing useful information for anthropological research, forensic sciences as well as disease-association studies.
  92. ncbi Medical examiner samples: a source for dengue surveillance
    José G Rigau-Pérez
    Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, PR
    P R Health Sci J 25:67-9. 2006
    ..IgG positivity in 77% (597/777) of sera obtained at the Puerto Rico medical examiner (Institute of Forensic Sciences) in December 2000, April 2001, and October 2001...
  93. ncbi Simultaneous determination of opiates, cocaine and major metabolites of cocaine in human hair by gas chromotography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)
    P Kintz
    Institut de Medecine Legale, Strasbourg, France
    Forensic Sci Int 73:93-100. 1995
    ..4-78.4 ng/mg (COC), 0.0-36.3 ng/mg (BZE), 0.0-1.6 ng/mg (EME), 0.0-2.1 ng/mg (CE), 0.0-84.3 ng/mg (6-MAM), 0.2-27.1 ng/mg (MOR) and 0.1-19.6 ng/mg (COD). An application in forensic sciences, involving multi-sectional analysis, is given.
  94. ncbi From abstract to publication: the fate of research presented at an annual forensic meeting
    Silvia Tambuscio
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Canada
    J Forensic Sci 55:1494-8. 2010
    In forensic sciences, the fate of abstracts presented at international meetings has not yet been assessed...
  95. ncbi Application of forensic DNA testing in the legal system
    D Primorac
    Laboratory for Clinical and Forensic Genetics, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, Spinciceva 1, 21000 Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 41:32-46. 2000
    DNA technology has taken an irreplaceable position in the field of the forensic sciences. Since 1985, when Peter Gill and Alex Jeffreys first applied DNA technology to forensic problems, to the present, more than 50,000 cases worldwide ..
  96. ncbi Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP MS): a versatile tool
    Adrian A Ammann
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, CH Duebendorf, Switzerland
    J Mass Spectrom 42:419-27. 2007
    ..spectrometry (MS) is routinely used in many diverse research fields such as earth, environmental, life and forensic sciences and in food, material, chemical, semiconductor and nuclear industries...
  97. ncbi Gene-gene interactions contribute to eye colour variation in humans
    Ewelina Pośpiech
    Section of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Research, Krakow, Poland
    J Hum Genet 56:447-55. 2011
    ..application of data gained from association studies, with potential importance for medicine and the forensic sciences. Multiple genes and polymorphisms have been found to be associated with variation in human pigmentation...
  98. ncbi Further characterization and population data for the pentanucleotide STR polymorphism D10S2325
    Y P Hou
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu 610041, PR China
    Forensic Sci Int 123:107-10. 2001
    Pentanucleotide tandem repeat markers are interesting for forensic sciences, because they may present less stutter on the electrophoretic pattern...
  99. ncbi Evaluation of novel forensic DNA storage methodologies
    Christophe Frippiat
    National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology, Chaussée de Vilvoorde 100, 1120 Brussels, Belgium
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:386-92. 2011
    An issue in forensic sciences is the secure storage of extracted DNA. Most of the time, DNA is frozen at -20°C or -80°C. Recently, new room temperature DNA storage technologies have been developed based on anhydrobiosis...
  100. ncbi Paternal contribution: new insights and future challenges
    Stephen A Krawetz
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Institute for Scientific Computing, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Nat Rev Genet 6:633-42. 2005
    ..They are also beginning to appear in the forensic sciences and, within the next decade, might appear in the environmental sciences.
  101. ncbi Dental diagnostic radiology in the forensic sciences: two case presentations
    K Nicopoulou-Karayianni
    Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Dental School, University of Athens, Greece
    J Forensic Odontostomatol 25:12-6. 2007
    ..We present the contribution of dentomaxillofacial radiology to the forensic sciences through two cases of deceased persons, where identification was based on information provided by radiographs...

Research Grants9

  1. LOW-LIGHT, SMALL, FAST, HIGH-RES HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGER
    Henryk Malak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..analysis, spacecraft or satellite borne instrumentation, remote sensing, astronomy, defense applications, forensic sciences, life sciences, agriculture, food safety, industrial process, quality control, security, and any application ..
  2. ANTHRAX MOLECULAR EVOLUTION, DIVERSITY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Paul Keim; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) Using Monte Carlo simulations, they will ascertain how the distribution of these markers within and between populations of Bacillus anthracis will be affected by geographic, genetic and ecological processes. ..
  3. Criminal Justice Applications of Genetic Information
    Simon Cole; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data gathered will be drawn from legal, scientific, medical, and popular literatures. The project will employ the methods of science and technology studies, socio-legal studies, risk studies, history, and sociology. ..
  4. EFFECTS OF GENE PATENTS ON GENETIC TESTING AND RESEARCH
    Mildred Cho; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our analysis will form inform public policy by indicating whether intellectual property policies or their implementation should be changed to encourage research and technology transfer, and if so, how. ..
  5. JUDGEMENT OF CAUSAL EFFICACY
    BARBARA SPELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This research also has practical implications for education, the legal system, and cognitive therapy techniques. ..
  6. Community Consultation as an Ethics Method
    Pilar Ossorio; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project wilt yield several manuscripts aimed at professional, policy and public (non-expert) audiences. ..
  7. MEMORY FOR VISUAL MATERIAL
    GEOFFREY LOFTUS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, the proposed work on theory, methodology, statistics, and data interpretation is applicable to virtually every aspect of research in experimental psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
  8. GENETIC MECHANISMS THAT POTENTIATE HUMAN SPERMATOGENESIS
    STEPHEN KRAWETZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This milestone provides the foundation to isolate and functionally characterize the associated agents that open chromatin domains. ..
  9. In-Situ Sediment Remediation Using Benthic Waterjet Amendment Placement
    Joel G Burken; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This range of experiences and expertise is unique and will certainly help in making success in this research endeavor highly likely. ..