Summary: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.
Publications251 found, 100 shown here
- An inappropriate tool: criminal law and HIV in AsiaJoanne Csete
Department of Population and Family Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York 10032, USA
AIDS 24:S80-5. 2010..This criminalization may impede universal access to HIV prevention and treatment services in Asia and undermine vulnerable people's ability to be part of the HIV response...
- Incapacitation and just deserts as motives for punishmentJ M Darley
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
Law Hum Behav 24:659-83. 2000....
- The global costs of schizophreniaMartin Knapp
Centre for the Economics of Mental Health, Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London
Schizophr Bull 30:279-93. 2004..Such information helps us to understand the health, health care, economic, and policy importance of schizophrenia, and to better interpret and explain the large within- and across-country differences that exist...
- Criminal law, policing policy, and HIV risk in female street sex workers and injection drug usersKim M Blankenship
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, USA
J Law Med Ethics 30:548-59. 2002
- Racial bias in mock juror decision-making: a meta-analytic review of defendant treatmentTara L Mitchell
Department of Psychology, Lock Haven University, PA 17745, USA
Law Hum Behav 29:621-37. 2005..The state of the research will be discussed in light of these findings...
- Violent offender research and implications for the criminal justice systemM E Rice
Research Department, Mental Health Centre, Penetanguishene, Ontario, Canada
Am Psychol 52:414-23. 1997..Implications for the criminal justice system pertain to release following insanity acquittal, offender sentencing and parole, preventive detention, offender treatment, and program evaluation...
- Legal system involvement and costs for persons in treatment for severe mental illness and substance use disordersR E Clark
New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Hanover 03755 3862, USA
Psychiatr Serv 50:641-7. 1999....
- Involvement with the criminal justice system among new clients at outpatient mental health agenciesMatthew T Theriot
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 3333, USA
Psychiatr Serv 56:179-85. 2005..Such information has implications for improving the care available for persons with mental illness who have been involved with the criminal justice system...
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and correctional health careRobert F Eme
American School of Professional Psychology, Argosy University, Schaumburg, Illinois 60173, USA
J Correct Health Care 15:5-18. 2009..It also examines the major mechanisms whereby ADHD increases the risk for crime and recidivism...
- Civil liability, criminal law, and other policies and alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities in the United States: 1984-1995K Whetten-Goldstein
Center for Health Policy, Law and Management, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Accid Anal Prev 32:723-33. 2000..Many other public policies evaluated were not associated with lower fatality rates...
- Treatment inside the drug treatment court: the who, what, where, and how of treatment servicesFaye S Taxman
University of Maryland, Bureau of Governmental Research, College Park, Maryland 20720, USA
Subst Use Misuse 37:1665-88. 2002..The paper then identifies some research questions for the future...
- Status hearings in drug court: when more is less and less is moreDavid S Festinger
Treatment Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, 600 Public Ledger Building, 150 South Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106 3475, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 68:151-7. 2002..These findings lend useful guidance to drug courts. Status hearings are expensive and time consuming and should be targeted to clients who would benefit most from them...
- Drug treatment courts are popular but do they work and are they ethical and appropriate for Canada?Timothy Christie
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS and Providence Health Care
Health Law Can 23:70-9. 2003..The purpose of this article is to take a critical look at this phenomenon and to discuss whether the drug court model is suitable for Canada...
- Introduction: Progress and issues in drug treatment courtsLana D Harrison
Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, 77 E Main St, Newark, DE 19716, USA
Subst Use Misuse 37:1441-67. 2002..The primary focus is the evaluation research conducted to date, which identifies some of the critical unresolved issues facing drug treatment courts...
- Mental health courts and the lesson learned in juvenile courtAlbert J Grudzinskas
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:223-7. 2004
- The American Psychiatric Association's resource document on mental retardation and capital sentencing: implementing Atkins v. VirginiaRichard J Bonnie
Psychiatry and Public Policy, University of Virginia Schools of Law and Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:304-8. 2004....
- Federal demonstration funds at the interface of mental health and criminal justiceRichard K Sherman
Lane County Sheriffs Office, Corrections Division, Eugene, OR 97401, USA
Adm Policy Ment Health 32:17-29. 2004..The researchers also interpreted the results as evidence of the efficacy of using research to promote change...
- A healer or an executioner? The proper role of a psychiatrist in a criminal justice systemGregory Dolin
J Law Health 17:169-216. 2002
- [Depression and legal capacity to stand trial]Filip Bolechała
Z Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Collegium Medicum UJ
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 56:48-55. 2006The criteria for assessment of legal capacity to stand trial have long been a significant issue in the Polish criminal law. The main problem in opinionating practice is the fact that the code of penal procedure and the executive penal ..
- Substance use disorder patients who are mandated to treatment: characteristics, treatment process, and 1- and 5-year outcomesJohn F Kelly
Center for Health Care Evaluation, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System and Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 28:213-23. 2005..Treatment perceptions and satisfaction were also comparable across groups. These findings appear to support the idea that judicial mandates can provide an opportunity for offenders with SUDs to access and benefit from needed treatment...
- The challenge of fetal alcohol syndrome in the criminal legal systemDiane K Fast
B C s Children s Hospital, Youth Forensic Psychiatric Services, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Addict Biol 9:161-6; discussion 167-8. 2004..The person with FASD can be misunderstood in court, victimized in jails, and mismanaged in the transition back to the community, unless those working with the individual are aware of FASD and its implications...
- Sexual offender commitment in the United States: legislative and policy concernsW Lawrence Fitch
Forensic Services, Department of Health Mental Hygiene, Jessup, Maryland 20794 1000, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 989:489-501. 2003..S. Supreme Court's 2002 decision in Kansas v. Crane indicating that, absent a finding that an offender has "serious difficulty controlling behavior" (not an explicit commitment criterion in any state), commitment is invalid...
- Volitional impairment and the sexually violent predatorBradley D Grinage
Western Missouri Mental Health Center, Forensic Department, 600 East 22nd St, Kansas City, MO, USA
J Forensic Sci 48:861-8. 2003..However, further study is needed to operationally define volitional capacity and address issues of assessment validity and reliability...
- The criminalization of the addictions. Toward a unified approachSana Loue
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 4945, USA
J Leg Med 24:281-330. 2003
- Competency to stand trial in preadjudicated and petitioned juvenile defendantsDana Royce Baerger
Mental Health Services and Policy Program, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:314-20. 2003..These results are consistent with those of prior research in this area. Implications for treatment planning and system reform are discussed...
- Drug policy by popular referendum: This, too, shall passDouglas B Marlowe
Treatment Research Institute at the University of Pennsylvania, 600 Public Ledger Bldg, 150 S Independence Mall West, 19106 3475, Philadelphia, PA, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 25:213-21. 2003....
- Adapting a substance abuse court diversion model for felony offenders with co-occurring disorders: initial implementationNahama Broner
Research Triangle Institute RTI International, New York, NY 10003, USA
Psychiatr Q 74:361-85. 2003..The majority of these clients tested drug-free during this six-month period...
- Stalking and serious violenceDavid V James
North London Forensic Service, Chase Farm Hospital, Enfield, UK
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:432-9. 2003..Different degrees of violence have different associations. This has implications for the development of violence prediction instruments and for violence prevention in stalking...
- Confessions and expert testimonyKenneth J Weiss
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at Camden, Camden, NJ, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:451-8. 2003..The conditions are: Mental illness, Intoxication, Retardation, Acquiescence, Narcotic withdrawal, Deception, and Abuse. These are discussed, supported by examples from the author's practice...
- Forcible medication for courtroom competence--the case of Charles SellGeorge J Annas
Department of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 350:2297-301. 2004
- [False forensic expertise--analysis of occurrences]Janusz Heitzman
Psychiatr Pol 38:385-94. 2004..Giving forensic expertise is not only part of the diagnostics in forensic psychiatry. An even layout of protection, treatment and rehabilitation of psychiatrically ill criminals has to be present in this system...
- Sexually violent predator evaluations: empirical evidence, strategies for professionals, and research directionsHolly A Miller
College of Criminal Justice, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas 77341 2296, USA
Law Hum Behav 29:29-54. 2005....
- Criminal and civil community-based "detention": some parallelsChris Corns
School of Law, La Trobe University, Melboume
J Law Med 12:462-77. 2005..It is argued that a number of striking similarities can be found in the respective legislative schemes and policy considerations...
- Mental illness and violent death: major issues for public healthThomas B Cole
JAMA 294:623-4. 2005
- Research note: ethics of drug treatment research with court-supervised subjectsGordon Duval
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Department of Psychiatry, and Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada
J Drug Issues 34:991-1005. 2004..In this paper, we explore the ethical issues arising in this research and offer some suggestions for approaches to address these concerns...
- Prisons and mental healthScott A Allen
N Engl J Med 356:197-8. 2007
- [Investigation of verdicts in lawsuits involving competency to stand trial]Naoshi Nakajima
Tama Aoba Hospital
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 108:1128-41. 2006..The author also introduced some assessment tools used for assessing competency to stand trial in the United States...
- Reclaiming futures: communities helping teens overcome drugs, alcohol and crime--a new practice framework for juvenile justiceLaura Burney Nissen
Portland State University s Graduate School of Social Work, Portland, OR 97201 5271, USA
J Psychoactive Drugs 39:51-8. 2007....
- Factors in disproportionate representation among persons recommended by programs and accepted by courts for jail diversionMichelle Naples
Policy Research Associates, 345 Delaware Avenue, Delmar, NY 12054, USA
Psychiatr Serv 58:1095-101. 2007..Factors associated with program recommendation decisions and court acceptance decisions were also examined...
- Development and validation of a brief mental health screening instrument for newly incarcerated adultsJulian D Ford
Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
Assessment 14:279-99. 2007..Analyses of internal consistency, interrater, and retest reliability and convergent, discriminant, and criterion validity supported the psychometric status of the CMHS...
- Evaluations of capacity to waive Miranda rights: a survey of practitioners' use of the Grisso instrumentsNancy L Ryba
Psychology Department, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York, 445 W 59th Street, New York, NY 10019, USA
Assessment 14:300-9. 2007..Practitioners' responses regarding the ways the instruments are used are reported. Suggestions are offered for informed practice, and related strengths and weaknesses of the instruments are identified...
- Examining Harry Thaw's "brain-storm" defense: APA and ANA presidents as expert witnesses in a 1907 trialEmil R Pinta
Department of Psychiatry, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Psychiatr Q 79:83-9. 2008..In spite of a strict test for mental nonresponsibility, the jury did not return a murder verdict...
- Is the death of the death penalty near? The impact of Atkins and Roper on the future of capital punishment for mentally ill defendantsHelen Shin
Fordham Law Rev 76:465-516. 2007..This Note examines the feasibility of such an exemption for the mentally ill and considers its possible repercussions...
- Neuroimaging techniques for memory detection: scientific, ethical, and legal issuesDaniel V Meegan
University of Guelph
Am J Bioeth 8:9-20. 2008..Ethical issues, including rights to privacy and against self-incrimination, are discussed. A discussion of legal issues concludes that current memory detection techniques do not yet meet United States standards of legal admissibility...
- Mental health court outcomes: a comparison of re-arrest and re-arrest severity between mental health court and traditional court participantsMarlee E Moore
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 8107, USA
Law Hum Behav 30:659-74. 2006..Similar analysis of mental health court completers and non-completers supports the prediction that a "full dose" of mental health treatment and court monitoring produce even fewer re-arrests...
- Ethical issues in the evaluation and treatment of death row inmatesDaryl Matthews
Department of Psychiatry, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Curr Opin Psychiatry 19:518-21. 2006..To summarize recent ethical analyses of psychiatrists' participation in the evaluation and treatment of death row inmates...
- Speaking out to improve the health of inmates. Interview by Vivienne HeinesMelanie Spector
Am J Public Health 95:1685-8. 2005..Their efforts have had a positive impact both on prisoners themselves and on the overall health of their communities...
- [Crime and insanity. 1932]Helgi Tomasson
Laeknabladid 91:23-8. 2005
- Sell v. U.S.: involuntary treatment case or catalyst for change?Gregory B Leong
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:292-4. 2005
- Commentary: getting at the truth about pathological lyingDon Grubin
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, St Nicholas Hospital, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK NE3 3XT
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:350-3. 2005....
- Asperger's disorder and murderDonna M Schwartz-Watts
University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 15 Medical Park, Suite 102, Columbia, SC, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:390-3. 2005..Three cases are presented in which defendants with diagnosed Asperger's disorder were charged with murder. Specific symptoms in this disorder are discussed as they relate to issues of diminished capacity and criminal responsibility...
- Reducing HIV/AIDS and criminal justice involvement in African Americans as a consequence of drug abuseLula A Beatty
Special Populations Office, National Institue on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:1-5. 2005
- A comparative analysis of media reports of U.S. parricide cases with officially reported national crime data and the psychiatric and psychological literatureKathleen M Heide
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620 8100, USA
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 51:646-75. 2007..The limitations and directions for future research are discussed at length...
- Impact of assertive community treatment and client characteristics on criminal justice outcomes in dual disorder homeless individualsRobert J Calsyn
University of Missouri St Louis, 63121, USA
Crim Behav Ment Health 15:236-48. 2005..People with severe mental illness and substance use disorders (dual disorder) often have considerable contact with the criminal justice system...
- Collaborations between criminal justice and mental health systems for prisoner reentryAmy Blank Wilson
University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice, 3701 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Psychiatr Serv 57:875-8. 2006....
- [Complex expertise on the psychiatric health of a criminal]Józef Krzysztof Gierowski
Instytut Ekspertyz Sadowych w Krakowie, Zakład Psychologii Lekarskiej Katedry Psychiatrii Collegium Medicum UJ
Psychiatr Pol 40:5-17. 2006..The model of psychiatric-psychological cooperation taken up by the law-giver does not pertain fully to the essential competencies of psychiatry and psychology and is not a compact consequential solution...
- Teleconferencing model for forensic consultation, court testimony, and continuing educationThomas W Miller
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40509 1810, USA
Behav Sci Law 26:301-13. 2008..Finally, changing patterns are addressed in clinically based health-care delivery for criminal justice, social services, and forensic mental health...
- Drug user treatment within a criminal justice contextMike Hough
South Bank University, London, England
Subst Use Misuse 37:985-96. 2002..It draws on experience in Britain, though it is also informed by the English-language research literature, especially that carried out in the United States...
- Drug treatment courts and the disease paradigmJames L Nolan
Williams College, Stetson Hall, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
Subst Use Misuse 37:1723-50. 2002..This article examines the application of the disease model to drug and non-drug-related crimes in the context of drug treatment courts, and considers the significance of these developments as it concerns the meaning of criminal justice...
- Juvenile drug treatment courts in the United States: initial lessons learned and issues being addressedCaroline S Cooper
OJP Drug Court Clearinghouse and Technical Assistance Project, American Univeristy, 4100 Massachusetts Ave, N W, Washington, D C 20016, USA
Subst Use Misuse 37:1689-722. 2002....
- The concept of severe mental disorder and the amended law of reduced punishment for murderYuval Melamed
Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Tel Aviv
Med Law 22:259-66. 2003..We suggest that, from the psychiatrist's point of view, the law be used only for people suffering from mental disorders which are very closely associated with psychotic mental illness...
- Trial rights and psychotropic drugs: the case against administering involuntary medications to a defendant during trialDora W Klein
Vanderbilt University Law School, USA
Vanderbilt Law Rev 55:165-218. 2002
- Multiple contacts with diversion at the point of arrestSharon Riordan
The University of Birmingham and South Birmingham Mental Health NHS Trust, Reaside Clinic, Birmingham Great Park, Bristol Road South, Birmingham B45 9BE
Med Sci Law 43:105-10. 2003..This research highlights the need for a re-evaluation of service provision and associated education of police officers and relevant mental health care professionals...
- Elements of well-being affected by criminalizing the drug userMartin Y Iguchi
Drug Policy Research Center, RAND, 1700 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
Public Health Rep 117:S146-50. 2002..The authors examine the possible adverse consequences of incarceration on drug offenders, their families, and their communities...
- Competency to stand trial: rationalism, "contextualism" and other modest theoriesS Jan Brakel
The Isaac Ray Forensic Group, LLC, 231 South Jefferson Street, Suite 701, Chicago, IL 60661, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:285-95. 2003..The conclusion that emerges is that the level of capacity and rationality required of the defendant depends much on context-the type of case, its relative complexity, and the values and stakes implicated in the outcome...
- Forensic psychiatry and the internet: practical perspectives on sexual predators and obsessional harassers in cyberspaceMichael G McGrath
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Unity Health System, Rochester, NY, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:81-94. 2002..Aspects of the Internet, such as on-line dating and cybersex also are covered, because they relate to sexual predation and stalking...
- Drug courts: a primer for the family physicianJames E Lessenger
Family Practice Department, Kern Medical Center, Bakersfield, Calif, USA
J Am Board Fam Pract 15:298-303. 2002..This article is intended to familiarize physicians with the reasons why drug courts exist, what they are, and how physicians can assist their patients who are clients of a drug court...
- Beyond Dusky and Godinez: competency before and after trialMichael L Perlin
New York Law School, 57 Worth Street, New York, NY 10013, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:297-310. 2003..This article discusses this range of issues, assesses the factors relied upon by courts in deciding these cases and attempts to offer an agenda for future scholarly developments in this area...
- Forensic DNA data banks: considerations for the health sectorRekha Lakra
Health Law Can 22:57-70. 2002
- Involuntary competenceStephen J Morse
University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6204, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:311-28. 2003....
- Conviction for addiction: states are reconsidering whether no-nonsense drug policy should mean prison or treatmentDonna Lyons
State Legis 28:18-21. 2002
- Pre-adjudicative and adjudicative competence in juveniles and young adultsAllison D Redlich
Policy Research Associates, Inc, 345 Delaware Avenue, Delmar, NY 12054, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:393-410. 2003..Patterns of findings often diverged for juveniles and young adults. Implications for legal policy are discussed...
- Hospitalization of criminal defendants for evaluation of competence to stand trial or for restoration of competence: clinical and legal issuesRobert D Miller
Colorado Health Sciences Center, Campus Box C 249 27, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:369-91. 2003....
- Brain death, states of impaired consciousness, and physician-assisted death for end-of-life organ donation and transplantationJoseph L Verheijde
Bioethics, Policy, and Law Program, Arizona State University, 300 East University Drive, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA
Med Health Care Philos 12:409-21. 2009..consciousness is de facto a concealed practice of physician-assisted death, and therefore, violates both criminal law and the central tenet of medicine not to do harm to patients...
- Unborn children as constitutional personsGregory J Roden
Issues Law Med 25:185-273. 2010..The states did exercise this power and held unborn children to be persons under the property, tort, and criminal law of the several states at the time Roe was decided...
- China's criminal penalty for medical malpractice: too lenient or not?Sun Zhu
The second Female Labor Camp, Labor Reeducation Branch Bureau, Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Justice, Chongqing, China
Leg Med (Tokyo) 13:116-9. 2011..They also deemed that, too lenient penalties of this crime had broken the internal harmony of Criminal Law, and violated the basic principles of law...
- "Too stubborn to ever be governed by enforced insanity": Some therapeutic jurisprudence dilemmas in the representation of criminal defendants in incompetency and insanity casesMichael L Perlin
New York Law School, USA
Int J Law Psychiatry 33:475-81. 2010..This paper examines the literature that seeks to apply TJ principles to the criminal law process in general, drawing mostly on the work of Professor David Wexler...
- Adolescent development and the regulation of youth crimeElizabeth S Scott
Columbia Law School, USA
Future Child 18:15-33. 2008..that such an approach is not only more compatible than the current regime with basic principles of fairness at the heart of the criminal law, but also more likely to promote social welfare by reducing the social cost of juvenile crime.
- Forensic psychiatry in nineteenth-century Saxony: the case of WoyzeckHolger Steinberg
Archives for the History of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Harv Rev Psychiatry 15:169-80. 2007..In that context, his vote and analysis can be seen a part of the conceptual development not only of forensic psychiatry, but also of German psychiatry and criminal law.
- [Asbestos fibre lung burden and exposure indices in asbestos-cement workers]P G Barbieri
Servizio Prevenzione e Sicurezza Ambienti di Lavoro, ASL Brescia, UO Medicina del Lavoro
Med Lav 100:21-8. 2009..Twelve workers suffering from asbestos-related diseases and had been employed in an asbestos-cement factory operating from 1961 to 1994 underwent post mortem investigations in the course of a criminal law suit.
- [Legislative initiatives concerning euthanasia]Hans Ludwig Schreiber
Institut für Kriminalwissenschaften, Abt für Arzt und Arzneimittelrecht des Juristischen Seminars, Universitat Gottingen
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:208-14. 2008..from the political parties represented in the German Bundestag as well as an alternative draft issued by criminal law teachers and a decision of the German Lawyers and Law Teachers Association (Deutscher Juristentag) all seek to ..
- [Legal developments--from taboo to sexual self-determination for handicapped patients?]Theresia Degener
Fachhochschule Rheinland Westfalen Lippe, Immanuel Kant Str 18 20, 44803 Bochum
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 51:598-609. 2002..legislative reforms but points to the fact that the judiciary has yet failed to implement particularly the criminal law reform. In addition she shows that the new criminal law does not fill all former protection gaps...
- Personality disorders and criminal law: an international perspectiveLandy F Sparr
Department of Psychiatry OP02, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 37:168-81. 2009..Mental incapacity defenses based on personality disorders are more often used in The Netherlands, England, Germany and Belgium, but seldom in Canada and rarely in the United States and Sweden...
- Mental incapacity defenses at the War Crimes Tribunal: questions and controversyLandy F Sparr
Department of Psychiatry OP02, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97201, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:59-70. 2005..Chamber thus became the first legal body to consider reduced mental capacity as it applies to international criminal law. This article is an examination of the application of the affirmative defense of diminished responsibility at ..
- [Forensic implications of rape]Milan Novakovic
Medicinski fakultet, Foca
Med Pregl 59:567-71. 2006Rape is a sexual act of violence in which physical strength is used. Criminal law imposes strict punishments for such crimes as rape...
- Pain management: a fundamental human rightFrank Brennan
Department of Palliative Care, Calvary Hospital, Kogarah, NSW, Australia
Anesth Analg 105:205-21. 2007..as a legal right, providing constitutional guarantees and statutory regulations that span negligence law, criminal law, and elder abuse; defining pain management as a fundamental human right, categorizing failure to provide pain ..
- The Canadian Criminal Code provisions for mentally disordered offenders: a survey of experiences, attitudes, and knowledgeA S Crisanti
Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Kealakekua, Hawaii, USA
Can J Psychiatry 45:816-21. 2000....
- [The application of the theory of narcissism in criminal proceedings (forensic theory of narcissism)]Thomas G Gabbert
Landesinstitut für gerichtliche und soziale Medizin Berlin, Berlin
Arch Kriminol 224:116-26. 2009..led to a state of severely impaired consciousness, the applicability of the forensic theory of narcissism in criminal law is illustrated and discussed...
- [Automatism and the law in Norway 1981-2000]Pål Hartvig
Kompetansesenter for sikkerhets, fengsels og rettspsykiatri for Helseregion Øst og Helseregion Sør, Aker universitetssykehus, 0320 Oslo
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:1831-4. 2003..In Norway it is also a semantic problem; the term "unconsciousness" is used in criminal law in a meaning that differs from its normal sense of coma.
- [Legal problems in an elective cesarean section]K Becker-Schwarze
Institut für Gesundheits und Medizinrecht der Universität Bremen
Zentralbl Gynakol 123:111-6. 2001..The problem of indication is of particular relevance under the aspect of criminal law. Even if one takes the view that a Caesarean section on request is an operation without indication this does ..
- [Forensic evaluation of persons with destructive behavior in the postwar Bosnia and Hertzegovina]Milan Novakovic
Univerzitet Istocno Sarajevo, Medicinski fakultet Foca, Bosna i Hercegovina
Vojnosanit Pregl 64:183-8. 2007....
- Bioethics for clinicians: 11. Euthanasia and assisted suicideJ V Lavery
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Ont
CMAJ 156:1405-8. 1997..Euthanasia and assisted suicide are punishable offences under Canadian criminal law, despite increasing public pressure for a more permissive policy...
- Medical-legal issues in headache: penal and civil Italian legislation, working claims, social security, off-label prescriptionM Aguggia
Neurological Department, Novi Ligure, Italy
Neurol Sci 27:S198-202. 2006..Headache has seldom been considered in the criminal law, except when it represents a typical symptom of a disease whose existence can be objectively assessed (i. e...
- Medico-legal aspects of mesotheliomaSara Partemi
Institute of Legal Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, School of Medicine, Rome, Italy
Ann Ital Chir 78:401-3. 2007..In criminal law, the current approach of the Supreme Court is to demand evidence of strong causality, with a high logical ..
- Neuroimaging techniques in modern forensic psychiatrySanja Radeljak
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Hospital Dr Ivan Barbot, Popovaca, Croatia
Coll Antropol 34:287-90. 2010..Advances in the neuroimaging techniques bring specificity to the problems underlying the application of neuroscience to criminal law.
- Automatisms: bridging clinical neurology with criminal lawJoshua Rolnick
Laboratory of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Epilepsy Behav 20:423-7. 2011....
- The informed consent for surgery. Update for Belgium in 2008F J M P Somville
Dept of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Wilrijk, Belgium
Acta Chir Belg 108:487-91. 2008..There is always a risk for sanctions in several procedures like criminal law and civil law until the no-fault system comes into action on 01/01/2009.
- Characteristics of female child sexual abuse in Hungary between 1986 and 2001: a longitudinal, prospective studyRoland Csorba
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical and Health Science Center Nagyerdei krt 98, Debrecen, 4012 Hungary
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 120:217-21. 2005..To summarize the characteristics of female child sexual abuse and to explore common features that may be utilized as targets for possible methods of prevention...
- Avoidable breaches of confidentiality: a study among students of medicine and of lawBernice S Elger
Institut Universitaire de Medecine Legale, University Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Med Educ 39:333-7. 2005..The aim of this study was to explore whether participants were able to identify violations of confidentiality and how serious these violations were...
- Ethical and legal acceptability of the use of neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) in connection with abstention decisions in Dutch NICUs: interviews with neonatologistsSofia Moratti
University of Groningen, The Netherlands, P O Box 716, 9700 AS Groningen, The Netherlands
J Med Ethics 37:29-33. 2011..These boundaries are of paramount importance because, of all end-of-life decisions, only 'deliberate ending of life' must be reported by the responsible doctor and exposes him to the risk of being prosecuted...
- [Physician-assisted suicide in dementia?]H Lauter
Beltweg 6, Munich, Germany
Nervenarzt 82:50-6. 2011Physician-assisted suicide in Germany is limited by criminal law and disapproved by professional authorities...
- A Multi-State Analysis of the Impact of HIV Exposure LawsCarol L Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2013..Results will also inform policy discussions on the role of the criminal law in disease containment efforts...
- Exploring the Impact of Criminal HIV Disclosure LawCarol Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings of this study will be disseminated in academic journals and through conference presentations, and will be summarized in a written report and presentation to policy makers in Michigan. ..
- Services Research on Sanctions & Rewards in Drug CourtDOUGLAS MARLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2005..By isolating the specific effects of various components of drug courts, we will determine the optimum manner in which to structure and deliver services for this promising intervention. ..
- Peer Effects on Neural and Behavioral Markers of Risk-TakingLaurence Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ph IV NICHD Study of Early ChildCare & Youth Developme*Laurence Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..These data, in concert with data from earlier Phases, will be used to test four models of developmental processes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Trazodone for Sleep Disturbance - Early Alcohol RecoveryPeter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our extensive contacts with community agencies and substance abuse treatment facilities should enhance follow-up rates. ..
- LINKAGE TO HEALTH SERVICES IN DRUG ABUSE TREATMENTPeter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..This work will improve our understanding of linkage mechanisms and of problem-service matching, and quantify the extent to which medical and psychosocial services are important components of effective drug abuse treatment. ..
- Stabilize Addiction/Affect, Begin Inmates' Interferon for HCV of Liver (STAABIHL)Peter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2009..Such increased access to therapy would benefit public health and public safety. ..
- Measuring Confrontation During RecoveryDouglas Polcin; Fiscal Year: 2008..g., criminal justice and mental health). Findings will help clarify the types of confrontations that facilitate recovery from addiction and those that are counterproductive. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An Evaluation of Sober Living HousesDouglas Polcin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, it will demonstrate whether sober living residents have better outcomes than a comparison group of similar individuals. ..
- Modeling CJ Involvemment Among PMIWilliam Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Arrest Patterns Among Youth in Mental Health SystemsMaryann Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gender Differences in a Follow-up of Opiate Users in CAChristine Grella; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study findings have the potential to develop interventions aimed at opiate users that address the specific needs of males and females over the life course. ..
- Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience AnalysisMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007..Neurocognitive systems mediating resilience and successful adolescence will also be sought. ..
- THE IMPACT OF AMPHETAMINE ABUSE ON HEALTH AND CRIMENANCY NICOSIA; Fiscal Year: 2006..The implementation of these goals will inform the literature on the negative health and social effects of methamphetamines and will generate indirect evidence on the efficacy of prevention mechanisms targeting price. ..
- Lofexidine to Prevent Stress-Related Opiate RelapseRajita Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- PS06-011, HIV Prevention Research with HIV+ Incarcerated PopulationsFrederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CENTER FOR RESEARCH IN OLDER PEOPLE WITH PSYCHOSESDilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Time-to-event analysis of drug court health outcomesRandall Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008..Application of policy based upon rigorous research has the potential to reduce the incidence of health problems associated with the cycle of drug use and criminal activity. ..
- Mental Health Systems and Juvenile Justice OutcomesAlison Evans Cuellar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of Manualized Treatment in a Seamless SystemFaye S Taxman; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further the study will address a gap in the field regarding the use of holistic approach to treatment services that addresses both substance abuse and criminal thinking behaviors. ..
- Four Models of Telephone Support for Stimulant RecoveryDavid Farabee; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- A Family-Genetic Study of Pathological GamblingDonald Black; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Service Use, ATI Program Outcomes, and Pro-Social ChangeElwin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed study will be conducted by Dr. Elwin Wu and Dr. Nabila EI-Bassel of the Social Intervention Group at the Columbia University School of Social Work. ..
- Gender-Responsive Treatment for Women OffendersMichael Prendergast; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Linking Services to Patient Needs for Improved OutcomesDeni Carise; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this low-cost, user-friendly technology enhancement could be an important addition to the meager clinical tools currently available to drug counselors. ..
- Computer Assisted System for Patient Assessment/ReferralDeni Carise; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this low-cost, user-friendly technology enhancement could be an important addition to the meager clinical tools currently available to alcohol treatment providers. ..
- Preventing Violence Against Women: A Web-Based ApproachLaura Salazar; Fiscal Year: 2008..These outcomes[unreadable] will be assessed via web-administered interviews at baseline, postintervention, and at 6 months. ..
- Substance Abuse Treatment in Criminal Justice SettingsKathryn McCollister; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Sex-Specific Pathways Linking Stress and Drug AbuseRajita Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2008..Such an understanding will have important implications for the development of gender-specific treatments for cocaine dependence that will ultimately improve the health of cocaine-addicted women and their families. ..
- IMPACT OF INTIMATE ASSAULT ARREST ON BATTERED WOMENS SAFETY AND SERVICE NEEDSMELISSA DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..Validated [unreadable] measures of risk will be used in combination with women's own perceptions of need. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mental Health Services /Criminal Justice Research CenterNancy Wolff; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF SCHIZOPHRENIADonald Black; Fiscal Year: 2006..The goal of the study is to identify one or more SZ susceptibility genes whose subsequent characterization inmolecular and functional studies will elucidate the pathophysiology and treatment of SZ. ..
- NIDA SWRD Programs' Promising New Investigators MeetingElwin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- EVALUATING VOUCHER-BASED CONTINGENCIES IN A DRUG COURTMichael Prendergast; Fiscal Year: 2003..4) To provide a qualitative assessment of the impact on court operations and costs of introducing a voucher-based contingency management protocol into a drug court treatment program. ..
- Cocaine & Chest Pain in the Ed: Service & OutcomesBrenda Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Vicarious Dissonance, Attitude Change & Social IdentityJoel Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2004..The work is directed toward convincing people at risk of skin cancer to use sun block more frequently and effectively. ..
- Testing explicit theoretical models of drinking/drivingSandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- NEUROLEPTIC-INDUCED MOVEMENT DISORDERS IN OLDER PATIENTSDilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2003..We believe that our findings will have major therapeutic implications for the use of antipsychotics, particularly in older patients. ..
- TECHNOLOGY AND STRUCTURE IN CHILDRENS SERVICE SYSTEMSCharles Glisson; Fiscal Year: 2003..The effectiveness of the intervention is assessed by comparing the treatment and control casework units on the quality of their work environments and the outcomes of services provided to 1600 children. ..
- A 12 YEAR FOLLOW UP OF A COCAINE DEPENDENT SAMPLEYih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- MEASURING OUTCOMES OF YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH SERVICESAnn Garland; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- PHARMACOGENOMICS AND MINORITY POPULATIONSMark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- CROSS NATIONAL STUDY OF THE YOUTH DRUG/VIOLENCE NEXUSLana Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2001..In addition, these data will allow consideration of crucial policy questions about what forms of personal and social interventions might be effective in preventing or reducing drug-related violence among youth. ..
- Development of the Trauma Appraisal QuestionnaireANNE DEPRINCE; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- DIRECTLY OBSERVED ANTI RETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG ACTIVE DFrederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2004..Secondary measures of interest include quality of life measures, health care utilization and entry into drug treatment. ..
- SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASEMartha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
- Disruptive Disorders & STD/HIV Risk in Adolescent DyadsMatthew Aalsma; Fiscal Year: 2006..The career development plan and supervised research experiences will provide the candidate with the necessary research skills for a career as an independent research investigator. ..
- Ethics of Participant Payment in Drug Abuse ResearchDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., contingency management protocols; employment, public assistance), and to determine whether higher magnitudes of payments contribute to higher follow-up rates. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving JailNicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
- Education in Genetic Ethics ('EDGE')Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project includes a curriculum steering committee comprised of experts in the field of genetics research and genetics education, as well as select project team members, to provide on-going advance to the project. ..
- Concept Mapping of Readiness for Evidence-Based PracticeGREGORY AARONS; Fiscal Year: 2005..Develop a theoretical model of readiness for EBPs that can be tested in subsequent studies; 5. Develop a preliminary measure of organizational readiness for EBP for use in subsequent studies. ..
- EVALUATION OF THE HIDTA SEAMLESS SYSTEM FOR OFFENDERSFaye Taxman; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed research will advance the scientific field by providing an experimental examination of a systematic approach on offender outcomes and cost- effectiveness and benefits of such an approach. ..
- Integrating Evidence and Practice of Youth PsychotherapyAnn Garland; Fiscal Year: 2006..Data will be analyzed using mixed effects regression models to examine how variations in treatment elements are related to outcome trajectories. ..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HIV/AIDS and Diverted OffendersNahama Broner; Fiscal Year: 2005..The proposed study, which will produce many useful findings and products, builds on existing collaborations among RTI International, the proposed Principal Investigator, and the TASC programs in New York City. ..
- Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse ResearchDavid S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2010..Importantly, this study will also assist in achieving ARRA aims by stimulating economic growth through the hiring and continued funding of entry and upper level personnel in Philadelphia, PA and Wilmington, DE. ..
- ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS IN YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH SERVICESGREGORY AARONS; Fiscal Year: 2004..The research project will include agencies serving adolescents (ages 12-18) representing those most commonly used by youth with co-morbid disorders. ..
- Mental Health & Criminal Justice Post-doctoral TrainingNancy Wolff; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CONTEXT AND EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO MODELS OF SVC DELIVERYChristine Grella; Fiscal Year: 2002..These data will provide a multilevel context in which to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the two models of service delivery. ..
- PHOTOREGULATORY SIGNAL TRANSDUCTIONANTHONY CASHMORE; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Psychiatric Morbidity and Intimate Partner ViolenceMARY KERNIC; Fiscal Year: 2008..Additionally, the study will examine whether these effects differ based on whether or not the non-custodial parent adheres to the established restrictions. ..
- LATE ONSET SCHIZOPHRENIA--A NEUROPSYCHIATRIC STUDYDilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2002..g., MRI quantitative analysis, outcome and functioning measures) to the new questions being asked. Our studies should have a major impact on the understanding of schizophrenia and aging. ..
- Assessment and Referral Technologies in Juvenile JusticeFaye Taxman; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Maximizing CBT's Efficacy with Medication & CMKathleen Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2009..Variables assessing theoretical mechanisms of action will be assessed monthly during treatment. ..
- DVD Consent for Research in Older Schizophrenia PatientsDilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2008..The DVD-based consent is not intended to supplant, but rather to supplement, the researcher-participant in-person interaction involved in consent process. ..
- Metabolic Effects of Newer Antipsychotics in Older PtsDilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..