war crimes

Summary

Summary: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder and memory: prescient medicolegal testimony at the International War Crimes Tribunal?
    Landy F Sparr
    Department of Psychiatry OP02, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97201, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:71-8. 2005
  2. ncbi Duty and 'euthanasia': the nurses of Meseritz-Obrawalde
    Susan Benedict
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Nurs Ethics 14:781-94. 2007
  3. ncbi The origins of informed consent: the International Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes, and the Nuremburg code
    P Weindling
    School of Humanitites, Oxfrod Brookes University, UK
    Bull Hist Med 75:37-71. 2001
  4. ncbi Exposure to war crimes and implications for peace building in northern Uganda
    Patrick Vinck
    Payson Center for International Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    JAMA 298:543-54. 2007
  5. ncbi Forensic psychiatric evaluation of perpetrators of crimes committed during the war in Croatia (1991-1995)
    Miroslav Goreta
    Clinical Department for Forensic Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospital Vrapce, Bolnicka 32, 10090 Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Law Psychiatry 27:207-14. 2004
  6. ncbi University faces up to wartime use of slaves
    Alison Abbott
    Nature 422:792. 2003
  7. ncbi A darker shade of green: medical botany, homeopathy, and cultural politics in interwar Germany
    Michael G Kenny
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    Soc Hist Med 15:481-504. 2002
  8. ncbi Hans Reiter and the politics of remembrance
    Robert Zaller
    Department of History and Politics, College of Arts and Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:237-41. 2003
  9. ncbi The tainted legacy of Hans Reiter
    Richard S Panush
    Department of Medicine, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, NJ 07039, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:231-6. 2003
  10. ncbi Eponyms and the Nazi era: time to remember and time for change
    Rael D Strous
    Be er Yaakov Mental Health Center, Be er Yaakov, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 9:207-14. 2007

Detail Information

Publications143 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder and memory: prescient medicolegal testimony at the International War Crimes Tribunal?
    Landy F Sparr
    Department of Psychiatry OP02, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97201, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:71-8. 2005
    ..In 1998, at the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague, The Netherlands, a Bosnian-Croatian soldier was tried for aiding and abetting the rape of ..
  2. ncbi Duty and 'euthanasia': the nurses of Meseritz-Obrawalde
    Susan Benedict
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Nurs Ethics 14:781-94. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi The origins of informed consent: the International Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes, and the Nuremburg code
    P Weindling
    School of Humanitites, Oxfrod Brookes University, UK
    Bull Hist Med 75:37-71. 2001
    ..to the Trial, involving the physiologist Andrew Conway Ivy and an inter-Allied Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes. The paper traces the formulation of the concept of a medical war crime by the physiologist John West Thompson, ..
  4. ncbi Exposure to war crimes and implications for peace building in northern Uganda
    Patrick Vinck
    Payson Center for International Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    JAMA 298:543-54. 2007
    ..In this context, it is important to examine population-based data on exposure to war crimes to understand how survivors perceive mechanisms aimed at achieving a lasting peace.
  5. ncbi Forensic psychiatric evaluation of perpetrators of crimes committed during the war in Croatia (1991-1995)
    Miroslav Goreta
    Clinical Department for Forensic Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospital Vrapce, Bolnicka 32, 10090 Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Law Psychiatry 27:207-14. 2004
  6. ncbi University faces up to wartime use of slaves
    Alison Abbott
    Nature 422:792. 2003
  7. ncbi A darker shade of green: medical botany, homeopathy, and cultural politics in interwar Germany
    Michael G Kenny
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    Soc Hist Med 15:481-504. 2002
    ....
  8. ncbi Hans Reiter and the politics of remembrance
    Robert Zaller
    Department of History and Politics, College of Arts and Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:237-41. 2003
  9. ncbi The tainted legacy of Hans Reiter
    Richard S Panush
    Department of Medicine, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, NJ 07039, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:231-6. 2003
    ..We cannot forget that Reiter and others like him violated the precepts of the Hippocratic oath. The legacy of Hans Reiter should be that we remember only this and resolve that such transgressions never again occur...
  10. ncbi Eponyms and the Nazi era: time to remember and time for change
    Rael D Strous
    Be er Yaakov Mental Health Center, Be er Yaakov, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 9:207-14. 2007
    ..Since the greatest accolade a physician can earn is praise from his colleagues as expressed in an eponym entrenched in one's name, the medical profession should remove any honor given to physicians involved in crimes to humanity...
  11. pmc Tracking gender-based human rights violations in postwar Kosovo
    Sapna Desai
    Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1304-7. 2004
    ..A centralized surveillance system focused on tracking human rights abuses needs to be established to address this critical need for empirically based reports and to ultimately guide reform efforts...
  12. ncbi Psychosocial healing and post-conflict social reconstruction in the former Yugoslavia
    Paula Gutlove
    Institute for Resource and Security Studies, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Med Confl Surviv 20:136-50. 2004
    ..These programmes have demonstrated that psychosocial healing can be an effective way to heal post-conflict societal trauma and contribute to rebuilding society with an improved quality of life...
  13. ncbi Gender differences in war-related disappearance in Croatia (1991-1995)
    Slavica Jurcevic
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 20:53-62. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi [Influence of the Nuremberg physicians' trials--beginning a new era in the ethical judging of human experiments]
    Sándor Kerpel-Fronius
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Farmakológiai és Farmakoterápiás Intézet Budapest Pf 370 1445
    Orv Hetil 149:195-201. 2008
    ..In the final analysis the safety and ethical protection of research subjects remain the joint responsibility of society and of the experimenting physicians...
  15. ncbi [Story of three SS dentists during World War II: Pr Hugo Blaschke, Dr Hermann Pook and Dr Willy Frank]
    Xavier Riaud
    Vesalius 12:79-93. 2006
    ..His participation in the collection of gold from the mouths of the dead was also established. These three men were sentenced to prison for War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.
  16. ncbi [Remembrance and denial. A critical look into correspondence of Adolf Butenandt, MPG president 1960-1972]
    Benno Müller-Hill
    Institut für Genetik der Universität zu Köln, Weyertal 121, D 50931 Köln, Germany
    Hist Philos Life Sci 24:493-521. 2002
    ..Injustice he knew nothing about did not exist. So he became the perfect model for the postwar generation of German scientists. Is he still a model today?..
  17. pmc Should eponyms be abandoned? Yes
    Alexander Woywodt
    Renal Unit, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Preston, Lancashire PR2 9HT
    BMJ 335:424. 2007
  18. ncbi The nadir of nursing: nurse-perpetrators of the Ravensbrück concentration camp
    Susan Benedict
    Medical University of South Carolina, USA
    Nurs Hist Rev 11:129-46. 2003
  19. ncbi Darwinism and death: devaluing human life in Germany 1859-1920
    Richard Weikart
    California State University, Stanislaus
    J Hist Ideas 63:323-44. 2002
  20. ncbi Nazi medicine and research on human beings
    Volker Roelcke
    Institute for the History of Medicine, University of Giessen, Jheringstrasse 6, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Lancet 364:s6-7. 2004
  21. ncbi Human rights: from accountability to rebuilding
    Robin Mejia
    Science 313:289. 2006
    ..Read more.)...
  22. ncbi Srebrenica tragedy forces Dutch government to resign
    Haroon Ashraf
    Lancet 359:1409. 2002
  23. pmc Cultural context in medical ethics: lessons from Japan
    Tia Powell
    New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, New York, NY, USA
    Philos Ethics Humanit Med 1:E4. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi Ethics seminars: physician complicity in the Holocaust: historical review and reflections on emergency medicine in the 21st century, part I
    Joel Martin Geiderman
    Ruth and Harry Roman Emergency Department, Burns and Allen Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:223-31. 2002
    ..It also explores the role of professionalism then and now. In particular, ethical issues presently confronting emergency physicians are examined through this prism...
  25. ncbi The United States cover-up of Japanese wartime medical atrocities: complicity committed in the national interest and two proposals for contemporary action
    Jing Bao Nie
    Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago
    Am J Bioeth 6:W21-33. 2006
    ..731, immediately after the war the United States (US) government secretly granted those involved immunity from war crimes prosecution, withdrew vital information from the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and publicly ..
  26. ncbi [Soviet politics of breaking international war law. Representatives of medical professions among the victims of the Katyń crime]
    Marek Dutkiewicz
    Instytut Historii Filia Akademii Swietokrzyskiej, ul Slowackiego 114 118, 97 300 Piotrków Trybunalski
    Arch Hist Filoz Med 68:329-40. 2005
    ..Publication of the partial and incomplete data is necessary to complete estimative information found in literature. The author considers that wider research works on the subject will deepen reflections on effects of the Katyń Crime...
  27. pmc Beyond consent: the potential for atrocity
    Allan Gaw
    Clinical Trials Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 0SF, Scotland, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:175-7. 2006
  28. ncbi Russian medicine and the Nuremberg trials
    Vasiliy Vlassov
    Eur J Public Health 16:229. 2006
  29. ncbi Changing the name of Reiter's syndrome: a psychiatric perspective
    Herbert S Gross
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 20852, USA
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:242-3. 2003
  30. ncbi The Holocaust and medical ethics: the voices of the victims
    A Jotkowitz
    Prywess Center for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, BGU, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Med Ethics 34:869-70. 2008
    ..by physicians, the Nuremberg military tribunal, which investigated and prosecuted the perpetrators of the Nazi war crimes, established ten principles of ethical conduct in medical research in 1949...
  31. ncbi Reframing violence against women as a human rights violation: Evan Stark's Coercive Control
    Kathryn Libal
    University of Connecticut, School of Social Work, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA
    Violence Against Women 15:1477-89. 2009
    ..to scrutiny or justice-oriented processes under international law on issues of human rights and especially war crimes, and the consequent U.S. legacy of refusal to participate meaningfully in the international human rights process...
  32. pmc Mortality associated with use of weapons in armed conflicts, wartime atrocities, and civilian mass shootings: literature review
    R M Coupland
    Unit of the Chief Medical Officer, International Committee of the Red Cross, 19 avenue de la Paix, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
    BMJ 319:407-10. 1999
    ..To determine the implications of variation in mortality associated with use of weapons in different contexts...
  33. ncbi Proposed classes of morphological autopsy findings for decomposed and skeletal remains in mass death investigations
    Debra Komar
    Office of the Medical Investigator and daggerDepartment of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:290-4. 2008
    ..Prosecution of war crimes typically requires that victims be categorized according to the injuries sustained...
  34. ncbi Copper vapour laser ID labelling on metal dentures and restorations
    B C Ling
    Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Forensic Odontostomatol 21:17-22. 2003
    ..Very fine markings of a few microns width can be produced enabling the storage of detailed information of the deceased person on a metal surface for the purpose of rapid identification...
  35. ncbi War, gender and culture: Mozambican women refugees
    Tina Sideris
    Masisukumeni Women s Crisis Centre, P O Box 5529, Nelspruit 1200, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 56:713-24. 2003
    ....
  36. ncbi Canadian soldiers and doctors face torture allegations
    Paul Webster
    Lancet 369:1419-20. 2007
  37. ncbi The Nazis and medical ethics: the context
    Patricia Heberer
    Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC, USA
    Isr Med Assoc J 9:192-3. 2007
  38. ncbi Doctors, pregnancy, childbirth and abortion during the Third Reich
    Tessa Chelouche
    Clalit Health Services, Shomron District, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 9:202-6. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi Relations between ethnic Croats and ethnic Serbs at Vukovar General Hospital in wartime and peacetime
    Joshua D Bloom
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1 7HT
    Med Confl Surviv 22:110-31. 2006
    ..These experiences can still serve as a model for the rest of Croatia and for other countries emerging from civil conflicts...
  40. ncbi Phases in the postwar German reception of the "Euthanasia Program" (1939-1945) involving the killing of the mentally disabled and its exploitation by neuroscientists
    Jürgen Peiffer
    Institute for Brain Research, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen
    J Hist Neurosci 15:210-44. 2006
    ..I attempt to distinguish five phases in the debate in light of the political background between 1945 until the present...
  41. ncbi The use of forensic botany and geology in war crimes investigations in NE Bosnia
    A G Brown
    Palaeoenvironmental Research Group, School of Geography, Archaeology and Earth Resources, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK
    Forensic Sci Int 163:204-10. 2006
    ..Tribune for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) undertook the exhumation of mass graves in NE Bosnia as part of the war crimes investigations aimed at providing evidence for the prosecution of war criminals in The Hague...
  42. ncbi The psychiatric defence and international criminal law
    John Tobin
    St Bricins Military Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Med Confl Surviv 23:111-24. 2007
    ..International Criminal Court (ICC) the mental state of the perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes will become a more important issue in regard to defence and mitigating factors...
  43. ncbi Croatian war veterans in print media in 1996 and in 2006
    Tanja Franciskovic
    School of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Department of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Rijeka, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 23:171-7. 2011
    ..Our aim was to analyze Croatian newspaper reports about Croatian war veterans and to determine the differences in ways of dealing with the subject during 1996 and 2006...
  44. ncbi Anatomical departments in Bavaria and the corpses of executed victims of National Socialism
    Thorsten Noack
    Institute for the History of Medicine, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Ann Anat 194:286-92. 2012
    ..These conflicting interests created a situation full of tension, in which Philipp Auerbach, state commissioner for religious, political and racial victims of the Nazis in Bavaria, played a crucial role...
  45. ncbi Late-life mortality in older Jews exposed to the Nazi regime
    Liat Ayalon
    School of Social Work, Bar Ilan University, Israel
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1380-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate the mortality risk associated with exposure to the Nazi regime 6 decades after the war...
  46. ncbi The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism - A preliminary analysis based on the society proceedings
    Andreas Winkelmann
    Institute of Vegetative Anatomy, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Chariteplatz 1, D 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Ann Anat 194:243-50. 2012
    ..More archival sources need to be uncovered to elucidate the external influences and internal negotiations behind the published documents...
  47. ncbi "Cleansing" anatomical collections: The politics of removing specimens from German anatomical and medical collections 1988-92
    Paul Weindling
    Oxford Brookes University, Centre for Health, Medicine and Society, Dept of History, Philosophy and Religion, Gypsy Lane, Oxford OX3 0BP, United Kingdom
    Ann Anat 194:237-42. 2012
    ..The aim was to achieve closure on this issue by a rapid "cleansing" of collections. However, identification of victims was left unresolved amidst the heated debates at the time...
  48. ncbi The use of executed Nazi victims in anatomy: Findings from the Institute of Anatomy at Gießen University, pre- and post-1945
    Sigrid Oehler-Klein
    Institute for the History of Medicine, Gießen University, Jheringstrasse 6, D 35392 Gießen, Germany
    Ann Anat 194:293-7. 2012
    ..It is argued that this mental attitude is not specific for the Nazi period, but that it has been brought to an extreme manifestation in this specific context...
  49. ncbi The women on Stieve's list: Victims of national socialism whose bodies were used for anatomical research
    Sabine Hildebrandt
    Division of Anatomical Sciences, Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Clin Anat 26:3-21. 2013
    ....
  50. ncbi The silence of South-Sudanese women: social risks in talking about experiences of sexual violence
    Marian T A Tankink
    Department of Research and Development, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cult Health Sex 15:391-403. 2013
    ..What is most at stake for the South Sudanese women is the prevention of further humiliation or social exclusion in their everyday lives as a result of sexual violence...
  51. ncbi Controlled trial of psychotherapy for Congolese survivors of sexual violence
    Judith K Bass
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
    N Engl J Med 368:2182-91. 2013
    ..Although treatment for symptoms related to sexual violence has been shown to be effective in high-income countries, evidence is lacking in low-income, conflict-affected countries...
  52. ncbi [The infectious diseases experiments conducted on human guinea pigs by Nazis in concentration camps]
    Sergio Sabbatani
    U O di Malattie Infettive, Policlino S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Infez Med 21:151-66. 2013
    ..At the end of the war several physicians were charged with war crimes in two trials (Nuremberg and Dachau), and those found guilty were sentenced to death, or years of imprisonment...
  53. ncbi August Hirt and "extraordinary opportunities for cadaver delivery" to anatomical institutes in National Socialism: a murderous change in paradigm
    Hans Joachim Lang
    Gerokstraße 63, D 72131 Ofterdingen, Germany Electronic address
    Ann Anat 195:373-80. 2013
    ..A suitable memorial to the victims must go beyond mere quantification. ..
  54. ncbi The use of medical evidence in British trials of suspected Japanese war criminals
    Charles G Roland
    History of Medicine, McMaster University
    Can Bull Med Hist 27:385-402. 2010
    b>War crimes trial records are a little-used but fertile source of medical-historical information...
  55. ncbi The impossibility of bearing witness: wartime rape and the promise of justice
    Nicola Henry
    Legal Studies, School of Social Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
    Violence Against Women 16:1098-119. 2010
    ..the inherent limitations of language for bearing witness to wartime rape, specifically focusing on international war crimes tribunals...
  56. ncbi [Identification of the site of skeletal remains from World War II]
    Andrzej Ossowski
    Z Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 59:243-7. 2009
    ..In many similar cases, it is impossible to employ genetic methods because of lack of samples for comparison. The shown procedure proved to be efficient in spite of the fact that more than 60 years passed since the date of death...
  57. doi Sexual violence increasing in Democratic Republic of Congo
    Wairagala Wakabi
    Lancet 371:15-6. 2008
  58. doi [The controversy concerning Friedrich Wegener]
    Bernard Gilquin
    Presse Med 37:799-801. 2008
  59. doi Sudanese doctor describes "hell on earth" in Darfur
    Peter Moszynski
    BMJ 337:a951. 2008
  60. ncbi Suicide ideation and victimization among refugee women along the Thai-Burma border
    Kathryn L Falb
    Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Trauma Stress 26:631-5. 2013
    ..Understanding each form of violence victimization and their relationships to suicide ideation may be important for targeting psychosocial services and violence prevention programs within protracted refugee settings. ..
  61. ncbi Application of novel "mini-amplicon" STR multiplexes to high volume casework on degraded skeletal remains
    Thomas J Parsons
    International Commission on Missing Persons, 45A Alipasina, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 1:175-9. 2007
    ..The miniplexes, however, also have a very powerful use in DNA testing to support large scale reassociation of commingled, partial skeletons recovered from secondary mass graves...
  62. pmc Returning home: forced conscription, reintegration, and mental health status of former abductees of the Lord's Resistance Army in northern Uganda
    Phuong N Pham
    Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 9:23. 2009
    ..This study examines the types of violence to which former abductees have been exposed and the extent to which these acts have affected their psychological well-being...
  63. ncbi Commentary: personality disorder and diminished responsibility--the significance of priorities and objectives
    John A Baird
    Leverndale Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 37:186-7. 2009
    ..The in-depth description of a recent case from the International War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia forms the basis of the paper...
  64. ncbi Mental health consequences in men exposed to sexual abuse during the war in Croatia and Bosnia
    Mladen Loncar
    University Clinic for Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
    J Interpers Violence 25:191-203. 2010
    ..In addition to rape and different methods of sexual abuse, most of the victims were heavily beaten. The conclusion is made that the number of sexually abused men during the war must have been much higher than reported...
  65. pmc Tradition or change? Sources of body procurement for the Anatomical Institute of the University of Cologne in the Third Reich
    Stephanie Kaiser
    Institute of History, Theory and Ethics in Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    J Anat 223:410-8. 2013
    ..Thus, the anatomical institute of Cologne collaborated and benefited from the policies of the NS regime, especially during WWII, like all other already explored anatomical institutes in Germany to varying degrees. ..
  66. ncbi Civilian exposure to toxic agents: emergency medical response
    David Baker
    SAMU de Paris Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, 49 rue de Sèvres, 75574 Paris 15, France
    Prehosp Disaster Med 19:174-8. 2004
    ..Casualties from terrorist attacks also may suffer physical as well as toxic trauma and the medical response also should be capable of dealing with mixed injuries...
  67. ncbi Apologizing for the past: German science and Nazi medicine
    Damian Grace
    School of Social Work, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052
    Sci Eng Ethics 8:31-42. 2002
    ..Markl's position is considered and rejected in favour of the view that apologies by proxy for historical wrongs are justifiable and should be made by institutions that have the authority to do so...
  68. pmc Palestine: the assault on health and other war crimes: response from Israel Medical Association
    Yoram Blachar
    BMJ 330:254-5. 2005
  69. ncbi [Psychiatric examination of accused for the "United Nations International Tribunal for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of International Humanitarian Law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia" (ICTY)]
    M Soyka
    Psychiatrische Klinik der Universität München
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 70:84-7. 2002
    ..After a brief description of a case report relevant aspects of psychiatric evaluation of persons responsible for war crimes are outlined and possible implications for forensic research are discussed.
  70. ncbi Dispersion of the corrected QT interval in the electrocardiogram of the ex-prisoners of war
    Naima Corović
    Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Cardiol 88:279-83. 2003
    ..In conclusion, persons exposed to long-term maltreatment in detention camps have significantly greater QT(c) dispersion, as well as a higher relative risk of prolonged QT(c) interval and greater QT(c) dispersion than a control group...
  71. ncbi The old faith and the new science: the Nuremberg Code and human experimentation ethics in Britain, 1946-73
    Jenny Hazelgrove
    School of Nursing, University of Nottingham, UK
    Soc Hist Med 15:109-35. 2002
    ..In a similar move, their predecessors had helped to negotiate the Nuremberg Code in anticipation of public criticism of experimentation arising from the Nuremberg Medical Trial...
  72. ncbi Scientific misconduct and unethical human experimentation: historic parallels and moral implications
    Alan T Lefor
    Department of Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Nutrition 21:878-82. 2005
    ..Education may be the best way to prevent these activities that may have similar motivating factors...
  73. ncbi Explaining wartime rape
    Jonathan Gottschall
    St Lawrence University, 23 Romoda Dr, Canton, NY 13617, USA
    J Sex Res 41:129-36. 2004
    ..The paper concludes that the biosocial theory is the only one capable of bringing all the phenomena associated with wartime rape into a single explanatory context...
  74. ncbi [Contribution of forensic medical examiners to exposure of the nazi crimes against humanity]
    G A Pashinian
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:3-5. 2005
  75. ncbi [The civil war in Liberia hard particularly to women. Rapes, devastated homes, divided families have left deep wounds]
    Margareta Sidenvall
    Kvinnokliniken, Hudiksvalls sjukhus
    Lakartidningen 103:541-2, 544-5. 2006
  76. ncbi Russian soldiers blamed for civilian rape in Chechnya
    Tom Parfitt
    Lancet 363:1291. 2004
  77. ncbi The development of human rights investigations since 1945
    R Ferllini
    Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 31 34 Gordon Square, London CW1H OPY, United Kingdom
    Sci Justice 43:219-24. 2003
  78. ncbi Dead bodies for the anatomical institute in the Third Reich: An investigation at the University of Jena
    Christoph Redies
    Institute of Anatomy I, University of Jena School of Medicine, Jena University Hospital, Teichgraben 7, D 07743 Jena, Germany
    Ann Anat 194:298-303. 2012
    ..This and other recent investigations demonstrate that a new generation of German anatomists has begun to uncover the role of their institutes during the Third Reich, finally overcoming the phase of silence in postwar German anatomy...
  79. ncbi [Coping skills and social support in German long-time survivors of rape in the end of World War II]
    Svenja Eichhorn
    Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Universitat Leipzig, Philipp Rosenthal Straße 55, Leipzig
    Psychiatr Prax 39:169-73. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to document perceived social support in a sample of German war-raped women in World War II. Furthermore the impact of this potential resource on today's posttraumatic symptoms should be pointed out...
  80. ncbi Biological weapons, war crimes, and WWI
    Frederick H Kasten
    Science 296:1235-7; author reply 1235-7. 2002
  81. ncbi An exploration of how film portrays psychopathology: the animated documentary film Waltz with Bashir, the depiction of PTSD and cultural perceptions
    Ahmed Hankir
    The Royal Oldham Hospital, Oldham England, Acute Pennine NHS Trust, UK
    Psychiatr Danub 24:S70-6. 2012
    ..The purpose of this presentation is to explore how the film Waltz with Bashir portrays PTSD and how it has influenced cultural perceptions...
  82. ncbi Clauberg's eponym and crimes against humanity
    Frederick Sweet
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Isr Med Assoc J 14:719-23. 2012
    ..We propose that journals and books printing the eponym Clauberg cite its derivation and reference to the convicted Nazi criminal. The present article can serve for such citations...
  83. ncbi Monitoring, reporting and addressing child rights and protection violations in 'non-listed' countries
    Christine Mc Cormick
    Save the Children, United Kingdom
    Disasters 37:S121-38. 2013
    ....
  84. ncbi Pathways to human experimentation, 1933-1945: Germany, Japan, and the United States
    Gerhard Baader
    Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Klingsorstr 119, D 12203, Berlin, Germany
    Osiris 20:205-31. 2005
    ..the prosecution of twenty-three high-ranking National Socialist physicians and medical administrators for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Nuremberg Medical Trial (United States v. Karl Brandt et al...
  85. ncbi Medicine in a world gone mad: Stanislaw Lem's novel Hospital of the transfiguration
    Melanie G Krob
    Med Humanit Rev 16:9-24. 2002
  86. ncbi The big ideas of Edgar Alexander Pask (1912-66)
    I D Conacher
    J Med Biogr 18:44-8. 2010
    ..processes conducted by the opposing Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL) research establishments, but it is evident these were known and had shocked the Farnborough Team (including Pask) before revelation at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.
  87. ncbi Responsibility for protection of medical workers and facilities in armed conflict
    Leonard S Rubenstein
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:329-40. 2010
    ..WHO needs to lead robust and systematic documentation of these violations, and countries and the medical community need to take steps to improve compliance, protection, and accountability...
  88. ncbi The harsh life on the 15th century Croatia-Ottoman empire military border: analyzing and identifying the reasons for the massacre in Cepin
    Mario Slaus
    Department of Archaeology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Am J Phys Anthropol 141:358-72. 2010
    ....
  89. ncbi The Korean experience: vignettes from cloister to chaos--and back
    Robert H Moser
    Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc 65:40-7. 2002
  90. ncbi Massive trauma and the healing role of reparative justice
    Yael Danieli
    Group Project for Holocaust Survivors and Their Children, New York, NY 10075 0643, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:351-7. 2009
    ..Although not sufficient in itself, reparative justice is a necessary component among the healing processes after massive trauma...
  91. ncbi [Identification operations in the Republic of Croatia]
    V V Shcherbakov
    Voen Med Zh 323:66-9. 2002
  92. ncbi Commentary: personality disorders and criminal law
    Ralph Slovenko
    Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 37:182-5. 2009
    ..Jurisdictions around the world are divided on the impact of the diagnosis on criminal responsibility or on sentencing...
  93. ncbi Truth and reconciliation commissions: problems in transitional justice and the reconstruction of identity
    Kevin Avruch
    Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University, 3330 Washington Blvd, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 47:33-49. 2010
    ....
  94. pmc Human trafficking: the role of the health care provider
    Tiffany Dovydaitis
    The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Center for Health Equity Research, Claire M Fagin Hall, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 55:462-7. 2010
    ..The role of the health care provider is outlined through a case study and clinical practice tools are provided. Suggestions for future research are also briefly addressed...
  95. ncbi Independent forensic autopsies in an armed conflict: investigation of the victims from Racak, Kosovo
    J Rainio
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, P O Box 40, Kytosuontie 11, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Forensic Sci Int 116:171-85. 2001
    ....
  96. ncbi Genetics of susceptibility to tuberculosis: Mengele's experiments in Auschwitz
    B Müller-Hill
    Institut für Genetik der Universität zu Köln, Weyertal 121, 50931 Koln, Germany
    Nat Rev Genet 2:631-4. 2001
    ..I highlight an experiment that was conducted during the Nazi regime in Germany. Not only did the experiment fail, it was also linked to fraud and crimes against humanity. This failed experiment will never be forgotten...
  97. ncbi Serious misapplications of military research: dysfunction between conception and implementation
    J G Richardson
    Decision Communication Consultants, Authon la Plaine, France
    Sci Eng Ethics 7:347-64. 2001
    ..An analysis is proffered, attributing blame, and indicating efforts to correct the situation. The ethics involved are "complexified",a moral boundaries are exceeded, and humanity is transgressed as it develops solutions to the problem...
  98. ncbi Thought Field Therapy-soothing the bad moments of Kosovo
    C Johnson
    Global Institute of Thought Field Therapy, Winchester, VA 22601, USA
    J Clin Psychol 57:1237-40. 2001
    ..Treatment was given to 105 patients with 249 separate traumas. Total relief was reported by 103 of the patients, and for 247 of the separate traumas. Follow-up data averaging five months revealed no instance of relapse...
  99. ncbi The end of the Strecknitz asylum at Lübeck - a contribution to the social history of psychiatry during National Socialism
    P Delius
    Department of Psychiatry, , Germany
    Hist Psychiatry 6:267-81. 1995
    ..The long-term effects beyond the end of the NS-regime vary a lot. Some of the relatives' coping strategies are portrayed. In some cases the murder of close family members continues to have its effects in the form of family secrets...
  100. ncbi History of the terror of the communist regime of the Soviet Union in relation to doctors of Soviet Ukraine
    Yoroslav Hanitkevych
    Danylo Halytsky National Medical University, Lviv
    Vesalius 16:68-74. 2010
    ..It describes the repression of Ukrainian medical scientists, of whom nearly 50 were arrested and 7 were shot. It also gives details of the "Doctors' Plot" of 1952-53, which was initiated by Stalin...
  101. ncbi Mobile autopsy teams in the investigation of war crimes in Kosovo 1999
    S Sprogøe-Jakobsen
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C
    J Forensic Sci 46:1392-6. 2001
    ..A total of 308 bodies, mainly males, were examined. The age varied greatly with a mean age of 47 years. The most common cause of death was gun shot wounds and the most common manner of death was homicide...