Genomes and Genes
Summary: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Publications263 found, 100 shown here
- Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of TraumaN Breslau
Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Mich 48202 3450, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:626-32. 1998..The study estimates the relative importance of specific types of traumas experienced in the community in terms of their prevalence and risk of leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- The world report on violence and healthEtienne G Krug
Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, Non Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 360:1083-8. 2002In 1996, the World Health Assembly declared violence a major public health issue. To follow up on this resolution, on Oct 3 this year, WHO released the first World Report on Violence and Health...
- Transactional sex with casual and main partners among young South African men in the rural Eastern Cape: prevalence, predictors, and associations with gender-based violenceKristin L Dunkle
Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
Soc Sci Med 65:1235-48. 2007..The most consistent predictors of all four types of transaction were perpetration of intimate partner violence and rape against women other than a main partner...
- Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of researchDavid F Tolin
Anxiety Disorders Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
Psychol Bull 132:959-92. 2006..Thus, sex differences in risk of exposure to particular types of PTE can only partially account for the differential PTSD risk in male and female participants...
- Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violenceR J Davidson
Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience and W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 289:591-4. 2000..We posit that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation...
- Neurobiology of aggression and violenceLarry J Siever
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY, USA
Am J Psychiatry 165:429-42. 2008Acts of violence account for an estimated 1.43 million deaths worldwide annually. While violence can occur in many contexts, individual acts of aggression account for the majority of instances...
- Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infectionKristin L Dunkle
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004..Private face-to-face interviews covered socio-demographics, sexual history and experience of gender-based violence. 21...
- The intersections of HIV and violence: directions for future research and interventionsS Maman
Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Soc Sci Med 50:459-78. 2000The purpose of this paper is to review the available literature on the intersections between HIV and violence and present an agenda for future research to guide policy and programs...
- Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention programTara S H Beattie
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010b>Violence against female sex workers (FSWs) can impede HIV prevention efforts and contravenes their human rights...
- Quality of life among women living with HIV: the importance violence, social support, and self care behaviorsA C Gielen
Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Soc Sci Med 52:315-22. 2001..abuse and child sexual abuse reported by this sample underscores the importance of screening for domestic violence when providing services to HIV-positive women...
- Intimate partner violence and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based studyPatricia A Janssen
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1341-7. 2003The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of exposure to intimate partner violence during pregnancy and to determine whether such exposure is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
- Prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence among a prospective cohort of female sex workersKate Shannon
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
BMJ 339:b2939. 2009To examine the prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence against female sex workers in an environment of criminalised prostitution.
- The predictive value of risk categorization in schizophreniaMatthew M Large
University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Harv Rev Psychiatry 19:25-33. 2011..Risk assessment is increasingly used to inform decisions regarding the psychiatric treatment of patients with schizophrenia and other serious mental disorders...
- Domestic violence and severe psychiatric disorders: prevalence and interventionsL M Howard
Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
Psychol Med 40:881-93. 2010The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence in women is 20-25%. There is increasing recognition of the increased vulnerability of psychiatric populations to domestic violence...
- Violence and injuries in Brazil: the effect, progress made, and challenges aheadMichael Eduardo Reichenheim
Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Lancet 377:1962-75. 2011..Domestic violence might not lead to as many deaths, but its share of violence-related morbidity is large...
- Gender and violence against people with severe mental illnessHind Khalifeh
Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London Royal Free Hospital campus, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London, UK
Int Rev Psychiatry 22:535-46. 2010..at higher risk of overall and physical victimisation, whilst women are at increased risk of domestic and sexual violence. We re-examined published victimisation studies from a gender perspective, and found that, compared to the ..
- The context of economic insecurity and its relation to violence and risk factors for HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, IndiaElizabeth Reed
George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Prevention and Community Health, 2175 K St NW, Ste 700, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Public Health Rep 125:81-9. 2010We examined the context of economic insecurity and debt among female sex workers (FSWs), how this context varies among FSWs, and its association with experiences of violence and sexual risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Neurobiology of aggression and violence in schizophreniaMichael Soyka
Psychiatric Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
Schizophr Bull 37:913-20. 2011..than valine (Val)/Val homozygotes, and some but not all studies have found an association with aggression and violence. Recently, a new functional single-nucleotide polymorphism in the COMT gene, Ala72Ser, was found to be associated ..
- Physical activity among elderly people in a city population: the influence of neighbourhood level violence and self perceived safetyFredrik N Piro
Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, PO Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:626-32. 2006To study the associations between neighbourhood level violence/fear of violence and physical activity among elderly people, accounting for somatic health.
- Sexual and physical violence against female sex workers in Kenya: a qualitative enquiryJerry Okal
International Centre for Reproductive Health ICRH, Mombasa, Kenya
AIDS Care 23:612-8. 2011..in Africa provide detailed descriptions of the vulnerabilities of female sex workers (FSW) to sexual and physical violence, and how this impacts on their HIV risk...
- Candidate-gene approach in posttraumatic stress disorder after urban violence: association analysis of the genes encoding serotonin transporter, dopamine transporter, and BDNFNina Leão Marques Valente
Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 431, Vila Clementino, Sao Paulo, CEP 04023 061, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Mol Neurosci 44:59-67. 2011..5-HTTPRL) short/long variants are associated with the development of PTSD in a group of victims of urban violence. All polymorphisms were genotyped in 65 PTSD patients as well as in 34 victims of violence without PTSD and in a ..
- Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV in IndiaSubadra Panchanadeswaran
Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, New York, NY, USA
Int J Drug Policy 19:106-12. 2008..This study documents street-based female sex workers' experiences of client and intimate partners, examines the intersections of violence, alcohol use in condom use, and highlights survival strategies used to avert harm.
- Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based surveyCatherine Panter-Brick
Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK
Lancet 374:807-16. 2009..Studies in Afghanistan have shown substantial mental health problems in adults. We did a survey of young people (11-16 years old) in the country to assess mental health, traumatic experiences, and social functioning...
- High mortality in a cholera outbreak in western Kenya after post-election violence in 2008O Tipo Shikanga
Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1085-90. 2009..Cholera mortality was under-reported and very high, in part because of factors exacerbated by widespread post-election violence.
- "Nobody gives a damn if I live or die": violence, drugs, and street-level prostitution in inner-city Hartford, ConnecticutNancy Romero-Daza
Hispanic Health Council, Hartford, CT, USA
Med Anthropol 22:233-59. 2003Drawing on the tenets of critical medical anthropology, this article illustrates the relation between violence, drug use, prostitution, and HIV risk in a group of 35 impoverished women living in inner-city Hartford, Connecticut...
- Cruelty's rewards: the gratifications of perpetrators and spectatorsVictor Nell
Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Behav Brain Sci 29:211-24; discussion 224-57. 2006..Effective violence prevention must begin with perpetrators, not victims...
- Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization SurveyLinda A Teplin
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:911-21. 2005..Since deinstitutionalization, most persons with severe mental illness (SMI) now live in the community, where they are at great risk for crime victimization...
- Structural violence and clinical medicinePaul E Farmer
Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 3:e449. 2006
- Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated childrenAvshalom Caspi
Medical Research Council Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London SE5 8AF, UK
Science 297:851-4. 2002..These findings may partly explain why not all victims of maltreatment grow up to victimize others, and they provide epidemiological evidence that genotypes can moderate children's sensitivity to environmental insults...
- Effects of a brief intervention for reducing violence and alcohol misuse among adolescents: a randomized controlled trialMaureen A Walton
Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
JAMA 304:527-35. 2010Emergency department (ED) visits present an opportunity to deliver brief interventions to reduce violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk of future injury.
- Neurobiology of escalated aggression and violenceKlaus A Miczek
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
J Neurosci 27:11803-6. 2007Psychopathological violence in criminals and intense aggression in fruit flies and rodents are studied with novel behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic approaches that characterize the escalation from adaptive aggression to violence...
- Violence and injuries in South Africa: prioritising an agenda for preventionMohamed Seedat
Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Lancet 374:1011-22. 2009b>Violence and injuries are the second leading cause of death and lost disability-adjusted life years in South Africa. The overall injury death rate of 157...
- The sequelae of political violence: assessing trauma, suffering and dislocation in the Peruvian highlandsDuncan Pedersen
McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Boulevard, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Soc Sci Med 67:205-17. 2008..emotions, symptoms and specific disorders when confronted with an adverse environment of sustained political violence, multiple stressors and massive exposure to traumatic experiences...
- Cumulative violence exposure and self-rated health: longitudinal study of adolescents in the United StatesRenée Boynton-Jarrett
Division of General Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
Pediatrics 122:961-70. 2008The goal was to determine whether cumulative exposure to violence in childhood and adolescence contributes to disparities in self-rated health among a nationally representative sample of US adolescents.
- Transgenerational impact of intimate partner violence on methylation in the promoter of the glucocorticoid receptorK M Radtke
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, Konstanz, Germany
Transl Psychiatry 1:e21. 2011..We combine these data with a retrospective evaluation of maternal exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Methylation of the mother's GR gene was not affected by IPV...
- Evidence for biological roots in the transgenerational transmission of intimate partner violenceM I Cordero
Laboratory of Behavioral Genetics, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Sciences, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Geneva, CH, Switzerland
Transl Psychiatry 2:e106. 2012Intimate partner violence is a ubiquitous and devastating phenomenon for which effective interventions and a clear etiological understanding are still lacking...
- Correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men in Chennai, IndiaP A Newman
University of Toronto, Centre for Applied Social Research, Faculty of Social Work, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S1A1
Sex Transm Infect 84:434-8. 2008..To assess correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chennai, India...
- Structured assessment of violence risk in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders: a systematic review of the validity, reliability, and item content of 10 available instrumentsJay P Singh
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, OX3 7JX, UK
Schizophr Bull 37:899-912. 2011To undertake a systematic review on structured violence risk assessment tools in individuals with schizophrenia.
- Pathways to aggression in schizophrenia affect results of treatmentJan Volavka
Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Schizophr Bull 37:921-9. 2011..Treatment adherence has a crucial role in the prevention of aggressive behavior in schizophrenia patients...
- National five-year examination of inequalities and trends in emergency hospital admission for violence across EnglandMark A Bellis
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, UK
Inj Prev 17:319-25. 2011To examine relationships between violence, age (0-74 years), and deprivation, and to explore in which communities, age groups, and gender the potential for transmission of violent tendencies between individuals is greatest.
- Mental disorder and violence: is there a relationship beyond substance use?Richard Van Dorn
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:487-503. 2012A general consensus exists that severe mental illness (SMI) increases violence risk. However, a recent report claimed that SMI "alone was not statistically related to future violence in bivariate or multivariate analyses...
- Frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type: physical, sexual, and psychological batteringA L Coker
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Am J Public Health 90:553-9. 2000This study estimated the frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type (physical, sexual, battering, or emotional abuse) among women seeking primary health care.
- Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism as a risk factor for PTSD after urban violenceNina Leão Marques Valente
Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 431 Villa Clementino, CEP 04023 061, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
J Mol Neurosci 43:516-23. 2011PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that requires a traumatic event as diagnostic criteria. Brazil has high rates of violence, and it is expected that urban victims of violence would be at risk to the development of PTSD...
- Identification of women exposed to acute physical intimate partner violence in an emergency department setting in FinlandTuija Leppäkoski
Department of Nursing Science, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Scand J Caring Sci 24:638-47. 2010Intimate partner violence (IPV) is seen as a serious health risk factor for women with significant acute and long-term health consequences and it affects women from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups...
- Assessing the violent offending and violent victimization overlap among discharged psychiatric patientsEric Silver
Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA
Law Hum Behav 35:49-59. 2011..Implications for theory, research, and policy are highlighted...
- Trauma and violence: are women the weaker sex?Laura C Pratchett
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY, USA
Psychiatr Clin North Am 33:465-74. 2010..Risk and resilience can perhaps more appropriately be considered specific to symptom picture rather than merely development of pathology...
- Integrated gender-based violence and HIV Risk reduction intervention for South African men: results of a quasi-experimental field trialSeth C Kalichman
Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Prev Sci 10:260-9. 2009..of one of the world's most devastating HIV/AIDS epidemics and there is a well-documented association between violence against women and HIV transmission...
- Daily stressors, war experiences, and mental health in AfghanistanKenneth E Miller
Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights at Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Transcult Psychiatry 45:611-38. 2008..city of Kabul, the authors assessed the relative contribution of daily stressors and war-related experiences of violence and loss to levels of depression, PTSD, impaired functioning, and a culturally specific measure of general ..
- Toxoplasma gondii infection and self-directed violence in mothersMarianne G Pedersen
Department of Economics and Business, National Centre for Register Based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark
Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:1123-30. 2012..Two studies based on clinical samples have found an association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and history of suicide attempt. To our knowledge, these findings have never been replicated in a prospective cohort study...
- Drug sharing with clients as a risk marker for increased violence and sexual and drug-related harms among survival sex workersK Shannon
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
AIDS Care 20:228-34. 2008Previous studies have described links between violence, decreased condom use and drug sharing among intimate partners, though limited information exists about the predictors of drug sharing among female sex workers and their clients...
- A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: a systematic review and metaregression analysis of 68 studies involving 25,980 participantsJay P Singh
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
Clin Psychol Rev 31:499-513. 2011..A tool designed to detect violence risk in juveniles, the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), produced the highest rates of ..
- Legal provisions and practice in the management of violent patients. a case vignette study in 16 European countriesTilman Steinert
Centre for Psychiatry Weissenau, Ulm University, Department of Psychiatric Care Research, Weingartshofer Strasse 2, 88214 Ravensburg Weissenau, Germany
Eur Psychiatry 24:135-41. 2009..To compare the clinical management of typical scenarios by using three case vignettes in a substantial number of European countries...
- Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on NepalWietse A Tol
HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 70:35-44. 2010..This paper presents a multi-disciplinary review of reported findings regarding the relations between political violence, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing in Nepal...
- Physical violence during pregnancy: maternal complications and birth outcomesV E Cokkinides
Institute for Families in Society, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Obstet Gynecol 93:661-6. 1999To assess the association between physical violence during the 12 months before delivery and maternal complications and birth outcomes.
- ERN varies with degree of psychopathy in an emotion discrimination taskGillian E S Munro
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Biol Psychol 76:31-42. 2007..Source modelling of the ERN also indicated an atypical response for psychopaths when error monitoring required the discrimination of affectively based information...
- Early and late components of error monitoring in violent offenders with psychopathyInti A Brazil
Department of Psychiatry, Donders Centre for Neurosciences, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands Pompestichting, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 65:137-43. 2009..One of the most recognizable features of psychopathy is the reduced ability to successfully learn and adapt overt behavior. This might be due to deficient processing of error information indicating the need to adapt controlled behavior...
- Long-term impact of adolescent dating violence on the behavioral and psychological health of male and female youthDiann M Ackard
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
J Pediatr 151:476-81. 2007To evaluate the long-term impact of adolescent dating violence (ADV) on behavioral and psychological health.
- The effectiveness of early childhood home visitation in preventing violence: a systematic reviewOleg Bilukha
Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:11-39. 2005
- Genesis of suicide terrorismScott Atran
CNRS Institut Jean Nicod, 1 bis Avenue Lowendal, 75007 Paris, France, and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Science 299:1534-9. 2003..A first line of defense is to get the communities from which suicide attackers stem to stop the attacks by learning how to minimize the receptivity of mostly ordinary people to recruiting organizations...
- Trauma and bereavement: examining the impact of sudden and violent deathsStacey Kaltman
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, VA Capitol Healthcare Network, MIRECC, 10 N Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
J Anxiety Disord 17:131-47. 2003..The current investigation assessed PTSD symptoms over time following the death of a spouse, using violence and the suddenness of the loss as potential outcome predictors...
- Bridging the gap between prevention research and practice: the interactive systems framework for dissemination and implementationAbraham Wandersman
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Am J Community Psychol 41:171-81. 2008..It provides a heuristic for understanding the needs, barriers, and resources of the different systems, as well as a structure for summarizing existing research and for illuminating priority areas for new research and action...
- Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crimeSeena Fazel
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, England
JAMA 301:2016-23. 2009..Despite this uncertainty, current guidelines recommend that violence risk assessment should be conducted for all patients with schizophrenia.
- Workplace violence. A focus on verbal abuse and intent to leave the organizationLaura Sofield
Meridian Institute for Aging, Senior Health Center, Meridian Health System, USA
Orthop Nurs 22:274-83. 2003..To describe the experience of verbal abuse in a large multihospital system and determine the relationship of verbal abuse with intent to leave the organization...
- Global pattern formation and ethnic/cultural violenceMay Lim
New England Complex Systems Institute, 24 Mt Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Science 317:1540-4. 2007We identify a process of global pattern formation that causes regions to differentiate by culture. Violence arises at boundaries between regions that are not sufficiently well defined...
- Effects on criminal violence of different beverage types and private and public drinkingT Norstrom
Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Sweden
Addiction 93:689-99. 1998..The latter include private and public drinking with a further disaggregation into beverage-specific drinking...
- The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and womenMazeda Hossain
Gender, Violence and Health Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Am J Public Health 100:2442-9. 2010..We explored the association between traumatic events and mental health among girls and women trafficked for sexual exploitation...
- Schizophrenia and violence: systematic review and meta-analysisSeena Fazel
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 6:e1000120. 2009Although expert opinion has asserted that there is an increased risk of violence in individuals with schizophrenia and other psychoses, there is substantial heterogeneity between studies reporting risk of violence, and uncertainty over ..
- Violence against women during the Liberian civil conflictS Swiss
Women s Rights International, Laramie, Wyo 82073, USA
JAMA 279:625-9. 1998..Liberian health care workers played a crucial role in documenting violence against women by soldiers and fighters during the war...
- A systematic review of school-based interventions to prevent bullyingRachel C Vreeman
Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, 699 West Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:78-88. 2007..To conduct a systematic review of rigorously evaluated school-based interventions to decrease bullying...
- Violence, homelessness, and HIV risk among crack-using African-American womenWendee M Wechsberg
Substance Abuse Treatment Formulations and Interventions, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2194, USA
Subst Use Misuse 38:669-700. 2003..Risk factors that were examined include adverse childhood experiences, psychological distress, physical health, violence and victimization, drug use, and risky sex behaviors...
- School bullying and tackling strategies in Hong KongDennis S W Wong
Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 48:537-53. 2004..This article highlights some typical incidences of school violence and reports research results of school bullying...
- Bullying behaviors among US youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustmentT R Nansel
Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 7B05, MSC 7510, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
JAMA 285:2094-100. 2001Although violence among US youth is a current major concern, bullying is infrequently addressed and no national data on the prevalence of bullying are available.
- Mental health symptoms following war and repression in eastern AfghanistanWillem F Scholte
Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
JAMA 292:585-93. 2004..Its Eastern province of Nangarhar is part of the region that originated the Taliban movement. This may have had a distinct impact on the living circumstances and mental health condition of the province's population...
- Multistate analysis of factors associated with intimate partner violenceJoshua R Vest
Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Department of Community Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1314, USA
Am J Prev Med 22:156-64. 2002Reports on prevalence estimates and risk factors of intimate partner violence (IPV) are limited in that they (1) focus on specific subgroup populations that are not representative of all women or (2) involve long questionnaires that are ..
- A national study of violent behavior in persons with schizophreniaJeffrey W Swanson
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:490-9. 2006Violent behavior is uncommon, yet problematic, among schizophrenia patients. The complex effects of clinical, interpersonal, and social-environmental risk factors for violence in this population are poorly understood.
- The intricate link between violence and mental disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related ConditionsEric B Elbogen
Forensic Psychiatry Program and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:152-61. 2009The relationship between mental illness and violence has a significant effect on mental health policy, clinical practice, and public opinion about the dangerousness of people with psychiatric disorders.
- Structural violence against Kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India: a qualitative investigationVenkatesan Chakrapani
Indian Network of People Living with HIV AIDS, Chennai, India
AIDS Educ Prev 19:346-64. 2007..multiple intersecting social and institutional contexts and experiences of stigmatization, discrimination, and violence across police, community, family, and health care systems, as well as illuminating consequences for MSM...
- Developmental trajectories of male physical violence and theft: relations to neurocognitive performanceEdward D Barker
Research Unit on Children s Psychosocial Maladjustment, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:592-9. 2007..However, studies examining this association tend to aggregate a variety of problem behaviors that may be differently affected by neurocognitive deficits...
- The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa: an overviewRachel Jewkes
Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 55:1231-44. 2002..International comparison needs to be approached with caution because most developing countries lack the infrastructure for accurate crime reporting and do not have such a substantial body of survey data...
- Gender, social support, and PTSD in victims of violent crimeBernice Andrews
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
J Trauma Stress 16:421-7. 2003..The findings are consistent with previous studies of predominantly female assault victims concerning the stronger impact of negative over positive support, and might help explain women's higher PTSD risk in civilian samples...
- Cross national study of injury and social determinants in adolescentsW Pickett
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Angada 3, 76 Stuart Street, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
Inj Prev 11:213-8. 2005..To compare estimates of the prevalence of injury among adolescents in 35 countries, and to examine the consistency of associations cross nationally between socioeconomic status then drunkenness and the occurrence of adolescent injury...
- Post-traumatic stress reactions among Rwandan children and adolescents in the early aftermath of genocideRichard Neugebauer
Division of Epidemiology, NYS Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
Int J Epidemiol 38:1033-45. 2009Epidemiological investigations of post-traumatic stress reactions in Sub-Saharan Africa, where atrocious violence against civilians is endemic, are rare...
- Alcohol prevention targeting licensed premises: a study of effects on violenceEva Wallin
Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Stud Alcohol 64:270-7. 2003..The project has been led by an action group consisting of members from the hospitality industry and the authorities...
- Poverty, violence and depression during pregnancy: a survey of mothers attending a public hospital in BrazilGiovanni Marcos Lovisi
Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro State Medical School, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Psychol Med 35:1485-92. 2005Depression in women is associated with social deprivation and violence. We describe the prevalence and risk factors for depression during pregnancy, in particular the association with poverty and violence, in a Brazilian setting.
- Family violence, war, and natural disasters: a study of the effect of extreme stress on children's mental health in Sri LankaClaudia Catani
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
BMC Psychiatry 8:33. 2008The consequences of war violence and natural disasters on the mental health of children as well as on family dynamics remain poorly understood...
- Alcohol, nightlife and violence: the relative contributions of drinking before and during nights out to negative health and criminal justice outcomesKaren Hughes
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Faculty of Health and Applied Social Sciences, Liverpool, UK
Addiction 103:60-5. 2008..To explore differences in alcohol consumption and negative nightlife experiences between young people who drink prior to attending city nightlife venues and those who do not drink until reaching bars and nightclubs...
- Association of prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations with criminal arrests in early adulthoodJohn Paul Wright
Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
PLoS Med 5:e101. 2008..The objective of this study was to determine if prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations are associated with arrests for criminal offenses...
- Neural mechanisms of anger regulation as a function of genetic risk for violenceNelly Alia-Klein
Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 5000, USA
Emotion 9:385-96. 2009....
- A longitudinal investigation of interpersonal violence in relation to mental health and substance useKristina A Hedtke
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical Universityof South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:633-47. 2008..the mental health status of women as a function of different types and combinations of exposure to interpersonal violence. A structured telephone interview was administered to a household probability sample of 4,008 women (18-89 years ..
- Violent deaths of Iraqi civilians, 2003-2008: analysis by perpetrator, weapon, time, and locationMadelyn Hsiao Rei Hicks
Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 8:e1000415. 2011Armed violence is a major public health and humanitarian problem in Iraq...
- An integrated structural intervention to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south IndiaVandana Gurnani
Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Rajajinagar, Bangalore 560 044, India
BMC Public Health 11:755. 2011..The purpose of the interventions was to address context-specific factors (social inequity, violence and harassment, and stigma and discrimination) contributing to HIV vulnerability...
- School-based mental health intervention for children affected by political violence in Indonesia: a cluster randomized trialWietse A Tol
HealthNet TPO, Department of Public Health and Research, Tolstraat 127, 1074 VJ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
JAMA 300:655-62. 2008..Childhood mental health problems are difficult to address in situations of ongoing poverty and political instability...
- The effect of restricting opening hours on alcohol-related violenceSergio Duailibi
Unidade de Pesquisa em Alcool e outras Drogas UNIAD, Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Am J Public Health 97:2276-80. 2007We investigated whether limiting the hours of alcoholic beverage sales in bars had an effect on homicides and violence against women in the Brazilian city of Diadema...
- Traumatic brain injury in a prison population: prevalence and risk for re-offendingW Huw Williams
School of Psychology, Washington Singer Labs, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
Brain Inj 24:1184-8. 2010..In this study the aims were to establish the rate of TBI of various severities in a representative sample of adult offenders and patterns of custody associated with TBI...
- Effects of restricting pub closing times on night-time assaults in an Australian cityKypros Kypri
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
Addiction 106:303-10. 2011..m., and later 3.30 a.m., in the central business district (CBD) of Newcastle, Australia. We sought to determine whether the restriction reduced the incidence of assault...
- [Homicide mortality, socioeconomic development, and police violence in the city of São Paulo, Brazil]Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Universidade de Sao Paulo, Núcleo de Estudos da Violência, Sao Paulo, Brasil
Rev Panam Salud Publica 23:268-76. 2008To analyze the association between police violence and homicide mortality rates taking into consideration the effect of contextual variables.
- Incremental validity of the Psychopathy Checklist facet scores: predicting release outcome in six samplesGlenn D Walters
Federal Correctional Institution, Schuylkill, Minersville, Pennsylvania 17954 0700, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 117:396-405. 2008..The implications of these findings for the psychopathy construct in general and the PCL-R/SV in particular are discussed...
- The predictive value of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms for quality of life: a longitudinal study of physically injured victims of non-domestic violenceVenke A Johansen
Faculty of Health Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway
Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:26. 2007..associations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and quality of life (QoL) after exposure to violence. The aims of the current study were to examine quality of life (QoL) and the predictive value of post-traumatic ..
- Randomized controlled trial of intramuscular droperidol versus midazolam for violence and acute behavioral disturbance: the DORM studyGeoffrey K Isbister
Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Ann Emerg Med 56:392-401.e1. 2010..We determine whether droperidol, midazolam, or the combination is more effective for intramuscular sedation in violent and acute behavioral disturbance in the emergency department (ED)...
- HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health, and the lawLance Gable
Wayne State University Law School, 471 W Palmer, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1779-86. 2008..Laws against sexual violence and exploitation, which perpetuate the spread of HIV and its negative effects, should be enforced...
- Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflictOlivier Degomme
Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Institute of Health and Society, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Lancet 375:294-300. 2010..We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates...
- Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women (Polaris DV-MH)LINDA TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006..system, Polaris-DV-MH aims to address 1 of the most destructive social problems for women and families: domestic violence and the co-morbidity of mental health problems...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Community violence is a major public health concern (CDC, 1990) most visible in urban low-income communities. Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al...
- Community-based Family Planning Intervention to Reduce Partner ViolenceElizabeth Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009..Young adult women ages 18-29 years attending family planning clinics report higher rates of intimate partner violence and sexual assault (IPV/SA) as compared to their same-age peers;however, standard-of-care family planning ..
- Workplace Violence Training for NursesLISA MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..provided by applicant): Research has shown that nurses are at very high risk of being victims of workplace violence. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) issued a "Position Paper" in 1999 emphasizing the ..
- Workplace Violence Training for NursesLISA A contact MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..provided by applicant): Research has shown that nurses are at very high risk of being victims of workplace violence. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing issued a Position Paper in 1999 emphasizing the inclusion of ..
- Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community KnowledgeKAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge Intimate partner violence (IPV), which includes physical, sexual, or psychological abuse, is a major public health concern...
- Engaging Teen Bystanders to Prevent Sexual Violence: A Web-based ApproachLINDA S BAIR; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sexual violence perpetrated against women is a serious public health problem. Among female adolescents rates as high as 53% for some types of sexual violence have been reported...
- Mental Health Outcomes in Abused WomenLINDA L TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Domestic violence is a pervasive problem in our society that impacts women and their families as well as the multiple social institutions and agencies that must grapple with its effects: Child Welfare,..
- Risk for Workplace Violence in Long-Haul TruckersDebra Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2004DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and distribution of workplace violence among female and male long-haul truck drivers and the effects of violence on their mental health...
- Keys to Successful Implementation of Street Outreach for Violence PreventionJENNIFER MENDEL; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Gun violence is a leading threat to the health and safety of young people in the United States, especially racial minorities in urban areas...
- Intimate partner violence in Colombia: Do the effects of relative spousal resourcMichelle Hynes; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed research project, "Intimate partner violence in Colombia: Do the effects of relative spousal resources vary by community context?", is a secondary data analysis regarding intimate partner ..
- Impact of Emotional Cues on Family ViolenceGORDON DAHL; Fiscal Year: 2009Family violence is an increasingly recognized problem in the U.S. and other countries, with substantial physical, psychological, and societal costs. Although overall rates of family violence are difficult to measure, estimates for the U...
- Help Seeking Behavior in College WomenANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A significant problem with health implications is intimate partner violence (IPV)...
- Encouraging Safe Dates: Reducing Intimate Partner Violence in South African YouthPAMELA KAY CUPP; Fiscal Year: 2010..promote safer sexual practices in this vulnerable population may be undermined by high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
- Middle school bullying and sexual violence: Measurement issues & etiological modDOROTHY ESPELAGE; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schools have taken up bullying prevention as the panacea for school violence. This bullying prevention approach ignores sexual violence / harassment, but has gained momentum as a more palatable topic ..
- Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate PovertyJens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010Description (Provided by Applicant): Statement of the Problem: Rates of youth violence perpetration and victimization vary dramatically across neighborhoods, contributing to health disparities within the U.S...
- Alcohol and intentional injury in the U.S ArmyNicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2004Alcohol use has been linked to family violence, assaults, and suicides...
- Cost-Effectiveness of Domestic Violence InterventionsMary Zachary; Fiscal Year: 2003..in five women between the ages of 18 and 45 who seek care in primary care medical settings experience domestic violence. There are numerous guidelines from national medical associations that promote routine screening and intervention,..
- Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug UsersVictoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010..to identify the neighborhood-level factors associated with the "informal social control" of intimate partner violence (i.e...
- VIOLENCE AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN INNER CITY WOMENDeborah Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002..from Investigator's Abstract) Spontaneous abortion (SAB) is the most common adverse outcome of pregnancy, and violence may be the most prevalent reproductive risk factor among urban, low-income women...
- Workplace Violence Nursing Health & Employment OutcomesJacquelyn Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2007Workplace Violence: Nursing Health & Employment Outcomes Workplace violence, including workplace intimate partner violence, has major Iongterm health and employment outcomes and affects nursing personnel in significant numbers...
- WORKSITE INTERVENTION TO REDUCE ASSAULT INJURYJess Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2000This competitive continuation will expand on the Workplace Violence Prevention Project (WVPP), which was highly successful in its goals of designing, implementing, and evaluating a workplace violence prevention program in small retail ..