violence

Summary

Summary: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Mich 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:626-32. 1998
  2. ncbi The world report on violence and health
    Etienne G Krug
    Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, Non Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 360:1083-8. 2002
  3. pmc Transactional sex with casual and main partners among young South African men in the rural Eastern Cape: prevalence, predictors, and associations with gender-based violence
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1235-48. 2007
  4. ncbi Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of research
    David F Tolin
    Anxiety Disorders Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:959-92. 2006
  5. ncbi Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence
    R J Davidson
    Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience and W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 289:591-4. 2000
  6. pmc Neurobiology of aggression and violence
    Larry J Siever
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:429-42. 2008
  7. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004
  8. ncbi The intersections of HIV and violence: directions for future research and interventions
    S Maman
    Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:459-78. 2000
  9. pmc Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program
    Tara S H Beattie
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010
  10. ncbi Quality of life among women living with HIV: the importance violence, social support, and self care behaviors
    A C Gielen
    Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 52:315-22. 2001

Detail Information

Publications263 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Mich 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:626-32. 1998
    ..The study estimates the relative importance of specific types of traumas experienced in the community in terms of their prevalence and risk of leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  2. ncbi The world report on violence and health
    Etienne G Krug
    Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, Non Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 360:1083-8. 2002
    In 1996, the World Health Assembly declared violence a major public health issue. To follow up on this resolution, on Oct 3 this year, WHO released the first World Report on Violence and Health...
  3. pmc Transactional sex with casual and main partners among young South African men in the rural Eastern Cape: prevalence, predictors, and associations with gender-based violence
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1235-48. 2007
    ..The most consistent predictors of all four types of transaction were perpetration of intimate partner violence and rape against women other than a main partner...
  4. ncbi Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of research
    David F Tolin
    Anxiety Disorders Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:959-92. 2006
    ..Thus, sex differences in risk of exposure to particular types of PTE can only partially account for the differential PTSD risk in male and female participants...
  5. ncbi Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence
    R J Davidson
    Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience and W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 289:591-4. 2000
    ..We posit that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation...
  6. pmc Neurobiology of aggression and violence
    Larry J Siever
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:429-42. 2008
    Acts of violence account for an estimated 1.43 million deaths worldwide annually. While violence can occur in many contexts, individual acts of aggression account for the majority of instances...
  7. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004
    ..Private face-to-face interviews covered socio-demographics, sexual history and experience of gender-based violence. 21...
  8. ncbi The intersections of HIV and violence: directions for future research and interventions
    S Maman
    Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:459-78. 2000
    The purpose of this paper is to review the available literature on the intersections between HIV and violence and present an agenda for future research to guide policy and programs...
  9. pmc Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program
    Tara S H Beattie
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010
    b>Violence against female sex workers (FSWs) can impede HIV prevention efforts and contravenes their human rights...
  10. ncbi Quality of life among women living with HIV: the importance violence, social support, and self care behaviors
    A C Gielen
    Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 52:315-22. 2001
    ..abuse and child sexual abuse reported by this sample underscores the importance of screening for domestic violence when providing services to HIV-positive women...
  11. ncbi Intimate partner violence and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based study
    Patricia A Janssen
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1341-7. 2003
    The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of exposure to intimate partner violence during pregnancy and to determine whether such exposure is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
  12. pmc Prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence among a prospective cohort of female sex workers
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 339:b2939. 2009
    To examine the prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence against female sex workers in an environment of criminalised prostitution.
  13. ncbi The predictive value of risk categorization in schizophrenia
    Matthew M Large
    University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 19:25-33. 2011
    ..Risk assessment is increasingly used to inform decisions regarding the psychiatric treatment of patients with schizophrenia and other serious mental disorders...
  14. ncbi Domestic violence and severe psychiatric disorders: prevalence and interventions
    L M Howard
    Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychol Med 40:881-93. 2010
    The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence in women is 20-25%. There is increasing recognition of the increased vulnerability of psychiatric populations to domestic violence...
  15. ncbi Violence and injuries in Brazil: the effect, progress made, and challenges ahead
    Michael Eduardo Reichenheim
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Lancet 377:1962-75. 2011
    ..Domestic violence might not lead to as many deaths, but its share of violence-related morbidity is large...
  16. ncbi Gender and violence against people with severe mental illness
    Hind Khalifeh
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London Royal Free Hospital campus, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 22:535-46. 2010
    ..at higher risk of overall and physical victimisation, whilst women are at increased risk of domestic and sexual violence. We re-examined published victimisation studies from a gender perspective, and found that, compared to the ..
  17. pmc The context of economic insecurity and its relation to violence and risk factors for HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Elizabeth Reed
    George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Prevention and Community Health, 2175 K St NW, Ste 700, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:81-9. 2010
    We examined the context of economic insecurity and debt among female sex workers (FSWs), how this context varies among FSWs, and its association with experiences of violence and sexual risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  18. pmc Neurobiology of aggression and violence in schizophrenia
    Michael Soyka
    Psychiatric Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Schizophr Bull 37:913-20. 2011
    ..than valine (Val)/Val homozygotes, and some but not all studies have found an association with aggression and violence. Recently, a new functional single-nucleotide polymorphism in the COMT gene, Ala72Ser, was found to be associated ..
  19. pmc Physical activity among elderly people in a city population: the influence of neighbourhood level violence and self perceived safety
    Fredrik N Piro
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, PO Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:626-32. 2006
    To study the associations between neighbourhood level violence/fear of violence and physical activity among elderly people, accounting for somatic health.
  20. ncbi Sexual and physical violence against female sex workers in Kenya: a qualitative enquiry
    Jerry Okal
    International Centre for Reproductive Health ICRH, Mombasa, Kenya
    AIDS Care 23:612-8. 2011
    ..in Africa provide detailed descriptions of the vulnerabilities of female sex workers (FSW) to sexual and physical violence, and how this impacts on their HIV risk...
  21. ncbi Candidate-gene approach in posttraumatic stress disorder after urban violence: association analysis of the genes encoding serotonin transporter, dopamine transporter, and BDNF
    Nina Leão Marques Valente
    Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 431, Vila Clementino, Sao Paulo, CEP 04023 061, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Mol Neurosci 44:59-67. 2011
    ..5-HTTPRL) short/long variants are associated with the development of PTSD in a group of victims of urban violence. All polymorphisms were genotyped in 65 PTSD patients as well as in 34 victims of violence without PTSD and in a ..
  22. pmc Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV in India
    Subadra Panchanadeswaran
    Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:106-12. 2008
    ..This study documents street-based female sex workers' experiences of client and intimate partners, examines the intersections of violence, alcohol use in condom use, and highlights survival strategies used to avert harm.
  23. pmc Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based survey
    Catherine Panter-Brick
    Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK
    Lancet 374:807-16. 2009
    ..Studies in Afghanistan have shown substantial mental health problems in adults. We did a survey of young people (11-16 years old) in the country to assess mental health, traumatic experiences, and social functioning...
  24. ncbi High mortality in a cholera outbreak in western Kenya after post-election violence in 2008
    O Tipo Shikanga
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1085-90. 2009
    ..Cholera mortality was under-reported and very high, in part because of factors exacerbated by widespread post-election violence.
  25. ncbi "Nobody gives a damn if I live or die": violence, drugs, and street-level prostitution in inner-city Hartford, Connecticut
    Nancy Romero-Daza
    Hispanic Health Council, Hartford, CT, USA
    Med Anthropol 22:233-59. 2003
    Drawing on the tenets of critical medical anthropology, this article illustrates the relation between violence, drug use, prostitution, and HIV risk in a group of 35 impoverished women living in inner-city Hartford, Connecticut...
  26. ncbi Cruelty's rewards: the gratifications of perpetrators and spectators
    Victor Nell
    Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
    Behav Brain Sci 29:211-24; discussion 224-57. 2006
    ..Effective violence prevention must begin with perpetrators, not victims...
  27. pmc Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization Survey
    Linda A Teplin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:911-21. 2005
    ..Since deinstitutionalization, most persons with severe mental illness (SMI) now live in the community, where they are at great risk for crime victimization...
  28. pmc Structural violence and clinical medicine
    Paul E Farmer
    Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e449. 2006
  29. ncbi Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children
    Avshalom Caspi
    Medical Research Council Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Science 297:851-4. 2002
    ..These findings may partly explain why not all victims of maltreatment grow up to victimize others, and they provide epidemiological evidence that genotypes can moderate children's sensitivity to environmental insults...
  30. pmc Effects of a brief intervention for reducing violence and alcohol misuse among adolescents: a randomized controlled trial
    Maureen A Walton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    JAMA 304:527-35. 2010
    Emergency department (ED) visits present an opportunity to deliver brief interventions to reduce violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk of future injury.
  31. pmc Neurobiology of escalated aggression and violence
    Klaus A Miczek
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
    J Neurosci 27:11803-6. 2007
    Psychopathological violence in criminals and intense aggression in fruit flies and rodents are studied with novel behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic approaches that characterize the escalation from adaptive aggression to violence...
  32. ncbi Violence and injuries in South Africa: prioritising an agenda for prevention
    Mohamed Seedat
    Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 374:1011-22. 2009
    b>Violence and injuries are the second leading cause of death and lost disability-adjusted life years in South Africa. The overall injury death rate of 157...
  33. ncbi The sequelae of political violence: assessing trauma, suffering and dislocation in the Peruvian highlands
    Duncan Pedersen
    McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Boulevard, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 67:205-17. 2008
    ..emotions, symptoms and specific disorders when confronted with an adverse environment of sustained political violence, multiple stressors and massive exposure to traumatic experiences...
  34. ncbi Cumulative violence exposure and self-rated health: longitudinal study of adolescents in the United States
    Renée Boynton-Jarrett
    Division of General Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Pediatrics 122:961-70. 2008
    The goal was to determine whether cumulative exposure to violence in childhood and adolescence contributes to disparities in self-rated health among a nationally representative sample of US adolescents.
  35. pmc Transgenerational impact of intimate partner violence on methylation in the promoter of the glucocorticoid receptor
    K M Radtke
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, Konstanz, Germany
    Transl Psychiatry 1:e21. 2011
    ..We combine these data with a retrospective evaluation of maternal exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Methylation of the mother's GR gene was not affected by IPV...
  36. pmc Evidence for biological roots in the transgenerational transmission of intimate partner violence
    M I Cordero
    Laboratory of Behavioral Genetics, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Sciences, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Geneva, CH, Switzerland
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e106. 2012
    Intimate partner violence is a ubiquitous and devastating phenomenon for which effective interventions and a clear etiological understanding are still lacking...
  37. ncbi Correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men in Chennai, India
    P A Newman
    University of Toronto, Centre for Applied Social Research, Faculty of Social Work, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S1A1
    Sex Transm Infect 84:434-8. 2008
    ..To assess correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chennai, India...
  38. pmc Structured assessment of violence risk in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders: a systematic review of the validity, reliability, and item content of 10 available instruments
    Jay P Singh
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, OX3 7JX, UK
    Schizophr Bull 37:899-912. 2011
    To undertake a systematic review on structured violence risk assessment tools in individuals with schizophrenia.
  39. pmc Pathways to aggression in schizophrenia affect results of treatment
    Jan Volavka
    Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Schizophr Bull 37:921-9. 2011
    ..Treatment adherence has a crucial role in the prevention of aggressive behavior in schizophrenia patients...
  40. ncbi National five-year examination of inequalities and trends in emergency hospital admission for violence across England
    Mark A Bellis
    Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, UK
    Inj Prev 17:319-25. 2011
    To examine relationships between violence, age (0-74 years), and deprivation, and to explore in which communities, age groups, and gender the potential for transmission of violent tendencies between individuals is greatest.
  41. ncbi Mental disorder and violence: is there a relationship beyond substance use?
    Richard Van Dorn
    University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:487-503. 2012
    A general consensus exists that severe mental illness (SMI) increases violence risk. However, a recent report claimed that SMI "alone was not statistically related to future violence in bivariate or multivariate analyses...
  42. pmc Frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type: physical, sexual, and psychological battering
    A L Coker
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:553-9. 2000
    This study estimated the frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type (physical, sexual, battering, or emotional abuse) among women seeking primary health care.
  43. ncbi Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism as a risk factor for PTSD after urban violence
    Nina Leão Marques Valente
    Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 431 Villa Clementino, CEP 04023 061, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Mol Neurosci 43:516-23. 2011
    PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that requires a traumatic event as diagnostic criteria. Brazil has high rates of violence, and it is expected that urban victims of violence would be at risk to the development of PTSD...
  44. ncbi Identification of women exposed to acute physical intimate partner violence in an emergency department setting in Finland
    Tuija Leppäkoski
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Caring Sci 24:638-47. 2010
    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is seen as a serious health risk factor for women with significant acute and long-term health consequences and it affects women from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups...
  45. ncbi Assessing the violent offending and violent victimization overlap among discharged psychiatric patients
    Eric Silver
    Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA
    Law Hum Behav 35:49-59. 2011
    ..Implications for theory, research, and policy are highlighted...
  46. ncbi Trauma and violence: are women the weaker sex?
    Laura C Pratchett
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 33:465-74. 2010
    ..Risk and resilience can perhaps more appropriately be considered specific to symptom picture rather than merely development of pathology...
  47. pmc Integrated gender-based violence and HIV Risk reduction intervention for South African men: results of a quasi-experimental field trial
    Seth C Kalichman
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Prev Sci 10:260-9. 2009
    ..of one of the world's most devastating HIV/AIDS epidemics and there is a well-documented association between violence against women and HIV transmission...
  48. ncbi Daily stressors, war experiences, and mental health in Afghanistan
    Kenneth E Miller
    Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights at Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 45:611-38. 2008
    ..city of Kabul, the authors assessed the relative contribution of daily stressors and war-related experiences of violence and loss to levels of depression, PTSD, impaired functioning, and a culturally specific measure of general ..
  49. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection and self-directed violence in mothers
    Marianne G Pedersen
    Department of Economics and Business, National Centre for Register Based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:1123-30. 2012
    ..Two studies based on clinical samples have found an association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and history of suicide attempt. To our knowledge, these findings have never been replicated in a prospective cohort study...
  50. ncbi Drug sharing with clients as a risk marker for increased violence and sexual and drug-related harms among survival sex workers
    K Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 20:228-34. 2008
    Previous studies have described links between violence, decreased condom use and drug sharing among intimate partners, though limited information exists about the predictors of drug sharing among female sex workers and their clients...
  51. ncbi A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: a systematic review and metaregression analysis of 68 studies involving 25,980 participants
    Jay P Singh
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:499-513. 2011
    ..A tool designed to detect violence risk in juveniles, the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), produced the highest rates of ..
  52. ncbi Legal provisions and practice in the management of violent patients. a case vignette study in 16 European countries
    Tilman Steinert
    Centre for Psychiatry Weissenau, Ulm University, Department of Psychiatric Care Research, Weingartshofer Strasse 2, 88214 Ravensburg Weissenau, Germany
    Eur Psychiatry 24:135-41. 2009
    ..To compare the clinical management of typical scenarios by using three case vignettes in a substantial number of European countries...
  53. ncbi Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal
    Wietse A Tol
    HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 70:35-44. 2010
    ..This paper presents a multi-disciplinary review of reported findings regarding the relations between political violence, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing in Nepal...
  54. ncbi Physical violence during pregnancy: maternal complications and birth outcomes
    V E Cokkinides
    Institute for Families in Society, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 93:661-6. 1999
    To assess the association between physical violence during the 12 months before delivery and maternal complications and birth outcomes.
  55. ncbi ERN varies with degree of psychopathy in an emotion discrimination task
    Gillian E S Munro
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Biol Psychol 76:31-42. 2007
    ..Source modelling of the ERN also indicated an atypical response for psychopaths when error monitoring required the discrimination of affectively based information...
  56. ncbi Early and late components of error monitoring in violent offenders with psychopathy
    Inti A Brazil
    Department of Psychiatry, Donders Centre for Neurosciences, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands Pompestichting, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 65:137-43. 2009
    ..One of the most recognizable features of psychopathy is the reduced ability to successfully learn and adapt overt behavior. This might be due to deficient processing of error information indicating the need to adapt controlled behavior...
  57. ncbi Long-term impact of adolescent dating violence on the behavioral and psychological health of male and female youth
    Diann M Ackard
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Pediatr 151:476-81. 2007
    To evaluate the long-term impact of adolescent dating violence (ADV) on behavioral and psychological health.
  58. ncbi The effectiveness of early childhood home visitation in preventing violence: a systematic review
    Oleg Bilukha
    Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:11-39. 2005
  59. ncbi Genesis of suicide terrorism
    Scott Atran
    CNRS Institut Jean Nicod, 1 bis Avenue Lowendal, 75007 Paris, France, and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Science 299:1534-9. 2003
    ..A first line of defense is to get the communities from which suicide attackers stem to stop the attacks by learning how to minimize the receptivity of mostly ordinary people to recruiting organizations...
  60. ncbi Trauma and bereavement: examining the impact of sudden and violent deaths
    Stacey Kaltman
    Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, VA Capitol Healthcare Network, MIRECC, 10 N Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 17:131-47. 2003
    ..The current investigation assessed PTSD symptoms over time following the death of a spouse, using violence and the suddenness of the loss as potential outcome predictors...
  61. ncbi Bridging the gap between prevention research and practice: the interactive systems framework for dissemination and implementation
    Abraham Wandersman
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 41:171-81. 2008
    ..It provides a heuristic for understanding the needs, barriers, and resources of the different systems, as well as a structure for summarizing existing research and for illuminating priority areas for new research and action...
  62. ncbi Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crime
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, England
    JAMA 301:2016-23. 2009
    ..Despite this uncertainty, current guidelines recommend that violence risk assessment should be conducted for all patients with schizophrenia.
  63. ncbi Workplace violence. A focus on verbal abuse and intent to leave the organization
    Laura Sofield
    Meridian Institute for Aging, Senior Health Center, Meridian Health System, USA
    Orthop Nurs 22:274-83. 2003
    ..To describe the experience of verbal abuse in a large multihospital system and determine the relationship of verbal abuse with intent to leave the organization...
  64. ncbi Global pattern formation and ethnic/cultural violence
    May Lim
    New England Complex Systems Institute, 24 Mt Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 317:1540-4. 2007
    We identify a process of global pattern formation that causes regions to differentiate by culture. Violence arises at boundaries between regions that are not sufficiently well defined...
  65. ncbi Effects on criminal violence of different beverage types and private and public drinking
    T Norstrom
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Sweden
    Addiction 93:689-99. 1998
    ..The latter include private and public drinking with a further disaggregation into beverage-specific drinking...
  66. pmc The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and women
    Mazeda Hossain
    Gender, Violence and Health Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 100:2442-9. 2010
    ..We explored the association between traumatic events and mental health among girls and women trafficked for sexual exploitation...
  67. pmc Schizophrenia and violence: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 6:e1000120. 2009
    Although expert opinion has asserted that there is an increased risk of violence in individuals with schizophrenia and other psychoses, there is substantial heterogeneity between studies reporting risk of violence, and uncertainty over ..
  68. ncbi Violence against women during the Liberian civil conflict
    S Swiss
    Women s Rights International, Laramie, Wyo 82073, USA
    JAMA 279:625-9. 1998
    ..Liberian health care workers played a crucial role in documenting violence against women by soldiers and fighters during the war...
  69. ncbi A systematic review of school-based interventions to prevent bullying
    Rachel C Vreeman
    Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, 699 West Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:78-88. 2007
    ..To conduct a systematic review of rigorously evaluated school-based interventions to decrease bullying...
  70. ncbi Violence, homelessness, and HIV risk among crack-using African-American women
    Wendee M Wechsberg
    Substance Abuse Treatment Formulations and Interventions, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2194, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 38:669-700. 2003
    ..Risk factors that were examined include adverse childhood experiences, psychological distress, physical health, violence and victimization, drug use, and risky sex behaviors...
  71. ncbi School bullying and tackling strategies in Hong Kong
    Dennis S W Wong
    Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 48:537-53. 2004
    ..This article highlights some typical incidences of school violence and reports research results of school bullying...
  72. pmc Bullying behaviors among US youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment
    T R Nansel
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 7B05, MSC 7510, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    JAMA 285:2094-100. 2001
    Although violence among US youth is a current major concern, bullying is infrequently addressed and no national data on the prevalence of bullying are available.
  73. ncbi Mental health symptoms following war and repression in eastern Afghanistan
    Willem F Scholte
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 292:585-93. 2004
    ..Its Eastern province of Nangarhar is part of the region that originated the Taliban movement. This may have had a distinct impact on the living circumstances and mental health condition of the province's population...
  74. ncbi Multistate analysis of factors associated with intimate partner violence
    Joshua R Vest
    Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Department of Community Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1314, USA
    Am J Prev Med 22:156-64. 2002
    Reports on prevalence estimates and risk factors of intimate partner violence (IPV) are limited in that they (1) focus on specific subgroup populations that are not representative of all women or (2) involve long questionnaires that are ..
  75. ncbi A national study of violent behavior in persons with schizophrenia
    Jeffrey W Swanson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:490-9. 2006
    Violent behavior is uncommon, yet problematic, among schizophrenia patients. The complex effects of clinical, interpersonal, and social-environmental risk factors for violence in this population are poorly understood.
  76. ncbi The intricate link between violence and mental disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Eric B Elbogen
    Forensic Psychiatry Program and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:152-61. 2009
    The relationship between mental illness and violence has a significant effect on mental health policy, clinical practice, and public opinion about the dangerousness of people with psychiatric disorders.
  77. ncbi Structural violence against Kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India: a qualitative investigation
    Venkatesan Chakrapani
    Indian Network of People Living with HIV AIDS, Chennai, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:346-64. 2007
    ..multiple intersecting social and institutional contexts and experiences of stigmatization, discrimination, and violence across police, community, family, and health care systems, as well as illuminating consequences for MSM...
  78. pmc Developmental trajectories of male physical violence and theft: relations to neurocognitive performance
    Edward D Barker
    Research Unit on Children s Psychosocial Maladjustment, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:592-9. 2007
    ..However, studies examining this association tend to aggregate a variety of problem behaviors that may be differently affected by neurocognitive deficits...
  79. ncbi The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa: an overview
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 55:1231-44. 2002
    ..International comparison needs to be approached with caution because most developing countries lack the infrastructure for accurate crime reporting and do not have such a substantial body of survey data...
  80. ncbi Gender, social support, and PTSD in victims of violent crime
    Bernice Andrews
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 16:421-7. 2003
    ..The findings are consistent with previous studies of predominantly female assault victims concerning the stronger impact of negative over positive support, and might help explain women's higher PTSD risk in civilian samples...
  81. pmc Cross national study of injury and social determinants in adolescents
    W Pickett
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Angada 3, 76 Stuart Street, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Inj Prev 11:213-8. 2005
    ..To compare estimates of the prevalence of injury among adolescents in 35 countries, and to examine the consistency of associations cross nationally between socioeconomic status then drunkenness and the occurrence of adolescent injury...
  82. ncbi Post-traumatic stress reactions among Rwandan children and adolescents in the early aftermath of genocide
    Richard Neugebauer
    Division of Epidemiology, NYS Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1033-45. 2009
    Epidemiological investigations of post-traumatic stress reactions in Sub-Saharan Africa, where atrocious violence against civilians is endemic, are rare...
  83. ncbi Alcohol prevention targeting licensed premises: a study of effects on violence
    Eva Wallin
    Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Stud Alcohol 64:270-7. 2003
    ..The project has been led by an action group consisting of members from the hospitality industry and the authorities...
  84. ncbi Poverty, violence and depression during pregnancy: a survey of mothers attending a public hospital in Brazil
    Giovanni Marcos Lovisi
    Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro State Medical School, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Psychol Med 35:1485-92. 2005
    Depression in women is associated with social deprivation and violence. We describe the prevalence and risk factors for depression during pregnancy, in particular the association with poverty and violence, in a Brazilian setting.
  85. pmc Family violence, war, and natural disasters: a study of the effect of extreme stress on children's mental health in Sri Lanka
    Claudia Catani
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 8:33. 2008
    The consequences of war violence and natural disasters on the mental health of children as well as on family dynamics remain poorly understood...
  86. ncbi Alcohol, nightlife and violence: the relative contributions of drinking before and during nights out to negative health and criminal justice outcomes
    Karen Hughes
    Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Faculty of Health and Applied Social Sciences, Liverpool, UK
    Addiction 103:60-5. 2008
    ..To explore differences in alcohol consumption and negative nightlife experiences between young people who drink prior to attending city nightlife venues and those who do not drink until reaching bars and nightclubs...
  87. pmc Association of prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations with criminal arrests in early adulthood
    John Paul Wright
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e101. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations are associated with arrests for criminal offenses...
  88. pmc Neural mechanisms of anger regulation as a function of genetic risk for violence
    Nelly Alia-Klein
    Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 5000, USA
    Emotion 9:385-96. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi A longitudinal investigation of interpersonal violence in relation to mental health and substance use
    Kristina A Hedtke
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical Universityof South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:633-47. 2008
    ..the mental health status of women as a function of different types and combinations of exposure to interpersonal violence. A structured telephone interview was administered to a household probability sample of 4,008 women (18-89 years ..
  90. pmc Violent deaths of Iraqi civilians, 2003-2008: analysis by perpetrator, weapon, time, and location
    Madelyn Hsiao Rei Hicks
    Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1000415. 2011
    Armed violence is a major public health and humanitarian problem in Iraq...
  91. pmc An integrated structural intervention to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India
    Vandana Gurnani
    Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Rajajinagar, Bangalore 560 044, India
    BMC Public Health 11:755. 2011
    ..The purpose of the interventions was to address context-specific factors (social inequity, violence and harassment, and stigma and discrimination) contributing to HIV vulnerability...
  92. ncbi School-based mental health intervention for children affected by political violence in Indonesia: a cluster randomized trial
    Wietse A Tol
    HealthNet TPO, Department of Public Health and Research, Tolstraat 127, 1074 VJ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 300:655-62. 2008
    ..Childhood mental health problems are difficult to address in situations of ongoing poverty and political instability...
  93. pmc The effect of restricting opening hours on alcohol-related violence
    Sergio Duailibi
    Unidade de Pesquisa em Alcool e outras Drogas UNIAD, Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 97:2276-80. 2007
    We investigated whether limiting the hours of alcoholic beverage sales in bars had an effect on homicides and violence against women in the Brazilian city of Diadema...
  94. ncbi Traumatic brain injury in a prison population: prevalence and risk for re-offending
    W Huw Williams
    School of Psychology, Washington Singer Labs, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Brain Inj 24:1184-8. 2010
    ..In this study the aims were to establish the rate of TBI of various severities in a representative sample of adult offenders and patterns of custody associated with TBI...
  95. pmc Effects of restricting pub closing times on night-time assaults in an Australian city
    Kypros Kypri
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 106:303-10. 2011
    ..m., and later 3.30 a.m., in the central business district (CBD) of Newcastle, Australia. We sought to determine whether the restriction reduced the incidence of assault...
  96. ncbi [Homicide mortality, socioeconomic development, and police violence in the city of São Paulo, Brazil]
    Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
    Universidade de Sao Paulo, Núcleo de Estudos da Violência, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 23:268-76. 2008
    To analyze the association between police violence and homicide mortality rates taking into consideration the effect of contextual variables.
  97. ncbi Incremental validity of the Psychopathy Checklist facet scores: predicting release outcome in six samples
    Glenn D Walters
    Federal Correctional Institution, Schuylkill, Minersville, Pennsylvania 17954 0700, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:396-405. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings for the psychopathy construct in general and the PCL-R/SV in particular are discussed...
  98. pmc The predictive value of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms for quality of life: a longitudinal study of physically injured victims of non-domestic violence
    Venke A Johansen
    Faculty of Health Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:26. 2007
    ..associations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and quality of life (QoL) after exposure to violence. The aims of the current study were to examine quality of life (QoL) and the predictive value of post-traumatic ..
  99. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of intramuscular droperidol versus midazolam for violence and acute behavioral disturbance: the DORM study
    Geoffrey K Isbister
    Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 56:392-401.e1. 2010
    ..We determine whether droperidol, midazolam, or the combination is more effective for intramuscular sedation in violent and acute behavioral disturbance in the emergency department (ED)...
  100. pmc HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health, and the law
    Lance Gable
    Wayne State University Law School, 471 W Palmer, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1779-86. 2008
    ..Laws against sexual violence and exploitation, which perpetuate the spread of HIV and its negative effects, should be enforced...
  101. ncbi Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict
    Olivier Degomme
    Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Institute of Health and Society, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Lancet 375:294-300. 2010
    ..We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates...

Research Grants22

  1. Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women (Polaris DV-MH)
    LINDA TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..system, Polaris-DV-MH aims to address 1 of the most destructive social problems for women and families: domestic violence and the co-morbidity of mental health problems...
  2. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Community violence is a major public health concern (CDC, 1990) most visible in urban low-income communities. Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al...
  3. Community-based Family Planning Intervention to Reduce Partner Violence
    Elizabeth Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Young adult women ages 18-29 years attending family planning clinics report higher rates of intimate partner violence and sexual assault (IPV/SA) as compared to their same-age peers;however, standard-of-care family planning ..
  4. Workplace Violence Training for Nurses
    LISA MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): Research has shown that nurses are at very high risk of being victims of workplace violence. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) issued a "Position Paper" in 1999 emphasizing the ..
  5. Workplace Violence Training for Nurses
    LISA A contact MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Research has shown that nurses are at very high risk of being victims of workplace violence. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing issued a Position Paper in 1999 emphasizing the inclusion of ..
  6. Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge
    KAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge Intimate partner violence (IPV), which includes physical, sexual, or psychological abuse, is a major public health concern...
  7. Engaging Teen Bystanders to Prevent Sexual Violence: A Web-based Approach
    LINDA S BAIR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sexual violence perpetrated against women is a serious public health problem. Among female adolescents rates as high as 53% for some types of sexual violence have been reported...
  8. Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women
    LINDA L TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Domestic violence is a pervasive problem in our society that impacts women and their families as well as the multiple social institutions and agencies that must grapple with its effects: Child Welfare,..
  9. Risk for Workplace Violence in Long-Haul Truckers
    Debra Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and distribution of workplace violence among female and male long-haul truck drivers and the effects of violence on their mental health...
  10. Keys to Successful Implementation of Street Outreach for Violence Prevention
    JENNIFER MENDEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Gun violence is a leading threat to the health and safety of young people in the United States, especially racial minorities in urban areas...
  11. Intimate partner violence in Colombia: Do the effects of relative spousal resourc
    Michelle Hynes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed research project, "Intimate partner violence in Colombia: Do the effects of relative spousal resources vary by community context?", is a secondary data analysis regarding intimate partner ..
  12. Impact of Emotional Cues on Family Violence
    GORDON DAHL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Family violence is an increasingly recognized problem in the U.S. and other countries, with substantial physical, psychological, and societal costs. Although overall rates of family violence are difficult to measure, estimates for the U...
  13. Help Seeking Behavior in College Women
    ANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A significant problem with health implications is intimate partner violence (IPV)...
  14. Encouraging Safe Dates: Reducing Intimate Partner Violence in South African Youth
    PAMELA KAY CUPP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..promote safer sexual practices in this vulnerable population may be undermined by high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
  15. Middle school bullying and sexual violence: Measurement issues & etiological mod
    DOROTHY ESPELAGE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schools have taken up bullying prevention as the panacea for school violence. This bullying prevention approach ignores sexual violence / harassment, but has gained momentum as a more palatable topic ..
  16. Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate Poverty
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Description (Provided by Applicant): Statement of the Problem: Rates of youth violence perpetration and victimization vary dramatically across neighborhoods, contributing to health disparities within the U.S...
  17. Alcohol and intentional injury in the U.S Army
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Alcohol use has been linked to family violence, assaults, and suicides...
  18. Cost-Effectiveness of Domestic Violence Interventions
    Mary Zachary; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in five women between the ages of 18 and 45 who seek care in primary care medical settings experience domestic violence. There are numerous guidelines from national medical associations that promote routine screening and intervention,..
  19. Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug Users
    Victoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to identify the neighborhood-level factors associated with the "informal social control" of intimate partner violence (i.e...
  20. VIOLENCE AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN INNER CITY WOMEN
    Deborah Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..from Investigator's Abstract) Spontaneous abortion (SAB) is the most common adverse outcome of pregnancy, and violence may be the most prevalent reproductive risk factor among urban, low-income women...
  21. Workplace Violence Nursing Health & Employment Outcomes
    Jacquelyn Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Workplace Violence: Nursing Health & Employment Outcomes Workplace violence, including workplace intimate partner violence, has major Iongterm health and employment outcomes and affects nursing personnel in significant numbers...
  22. WORKSITE INTERVENTION TO REDUCE ASSAULT INJURY
    Jess Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2000
    This competitive continuation will expand on the Workplace Violence Prevention Project (WVPP), which was highly successful in its goals of designing, implementing, and evaluating a workplace violence prevention program in small retail ..