rape

Summary

Summary: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The relationship between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV amongst South African men: a cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e24256. 2011
  2. pmc Gender inequity norms are associated with increased male-perpetrated rape and sexual risks for HIV infection in Botswana and Swaziland
    Kate Shannon
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e28739. 2012
  3. pmc Sexual violence against intimate partners in Cape Town: prevalence and risk factors reported by men
    Naeemah Abrahams
    Gender and Health Research Group, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070 Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 82:330-7. 2004
  4. ncbi Sexual revictimization: a review of the empirical literature
    Catherine C Classen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Trauma Violence Abuse 6:103-29. 2005
  5. ncbi The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa: an overview
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 55:1231-44. 2002
  6. ncbi Investigation of telomere length and psychological stress in rape victims
    Stefanie Malan
    Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Depress Anxiety 28:1081-5. 2011
  7. ncbi A prospective assessment of auditory startle alterations in rape and physical assault survivors
    Michael G Griffin
    Department of Psychology and Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:91-9. 2008
  8. pmc Medico-legal findings, legal case progression, and outcomes in South African rape cases: retrospective review
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    PLoS Med 6:e1000164. 2009
  9. ncbi The uptake of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis within a sexual assault setting in Sydney, Australia
    David J Templeton
    Eastern and Central Sexual Assault Service, Sydney, Australia correction
    Int J STD AIDS 16:108-11. 2005
  10. pmc HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health, and the law
    Lance Gable
    Wayne State University Law School, 471 W Palmer, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1779-86. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications304 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The relationship between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV amongst South African men: a cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e24256. 2011
    To investigate the associations between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV among South African men.
  2. pmc Gender inequity norms are associated with increased male-perpetrated rape and sexual risks for HIV infection in Botswana and Swaziland
    Kate Shannon
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e28739. 2012
    ..This study is among the first to directly evaluate the adherence to gender inequity norms and epidemiological relationships with violence and sexual risks for HIV infection...
  3. pmc Sexual violence against intimate partners in Cape Town: prevalence and risk factors reported by men
    Naeemah Abrahams
    Gender and Health Research Group, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070 Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 82:330-7. 2004
    ..To describe the prevalence of and risk factors for the perpetration of sexual violence by men against female intimate partners...
  4. ncbi Sexual revictimization: a review of the empirical literature
    Catherine C Classen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Trauma Violence Abuse 6:103-29. 2005
    ..Existing research on prevention efforts and treatment is discussed. More longitudinal studies on sexual revictimization are needed...
  5. ncbi The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa: an overview
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 55:1231-44. 2002
    During 1999 the issue of rape in South Africa was debated at the highest levels...
  6. ncbi Investigation of telomere length and psychological stress in rape victims
    Stefanie Malan
    Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Depress Anxiety 28:1081-5. 2011
    Women are at an increased risk of depression and other mental health problems following rape. Various etiological factors for depression, including predisposing genetic factors, have been identified...
  7. ncbi A prospective assessment of auditory startle alterations in rape and physical assault survivors
    Michael G Griffin
    Department of Psychology and Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:91-9. 2008
    ..The findings lend support to a sensitization model of trauma reactivity in which startle response develops over time along with PTSD symptoms...
  8. pmc Medico-legal findings, legal case progression, and outcomes in South African rape cases: retrospective review
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    PLoS Med 6:e1000164. 2009
    Health services for victims of rape are recognised as a particularly neglected area of the health sector internationally. Efforts to strengthen these services need to be guided by clinical research...
  9. ncbi The uptake of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis within a sexual assault setting in Sydney, Australia
    David J Templeton
    Eastern and Central Sexual Assault Service, Sydney, Australia correction
    Int J STD AIDS 16:108-11. 2005
    ..In this study, HIV PEP, when prescribed, was in accord with existing guidelines. Future studies should aim to better document HIV seroconversions in victims of sexual assault and HIV seroprevalence in assailants...
  10. pmc HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health, and the law
    Lance Gable
    Wayne State University Law School, 471 W Palmer, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1779-86. 2008
    ..Laws against sexual violence and exploitation, which perpetuate the spread of HIV and its negative effects, should be enforced. Finally, a human rights framework should inform the drafting of laws to more effectively protect health...
  11. ncbi Rape and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis: addressing the dual epidemics in South Africa
    Julia C Kim
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme RADAR, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 11:101-12. 2003
    ..AIDS epidemic and high levels of sexual violence, the issue of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) following rape has recently come to the fore, and a policy supporting provision of PEP has been approved by the national ..
  12. ncbi Analysis of DNA evidence recovered from epithelial cells in penile swabs
    Katja Drobnic
    Forensic Lab and Research Center, Ministry of Interior, Vodovodna 95, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Croat Med J 44:350-4. 2003
    In the rape case presented here, no semen, hair, or other biological evidence were left by the perpetuator at the crime scene or on the victim. The alleged assailant was arrested soon after the crime...
  13. ncbi The use of fluorescence in situ hybridisation and laser microdissection to identify and isolate male cells in an azoospermic sexual assault case
    Colin McAlister
    The Forensic Science Service, Birmingham Business Park, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:69-73. 2011
    ..This technique has been used successfully by The Forensic Science Service® in a sexual assault case providing evidence for the assertion that the suspect had vaginal intercourse with the victim rather than he had not...
  14. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder: findings from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being
    M Creamer
    National Centre for PTSD, Mental Health Research Institute, University of Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Psychol Med 31:1237-47. 2001
    ..For both men and women, rape and sexual molestation were the traumatic events most likely to be associated with PTSD...
  15. ncbi "Showing roughness in a beautiful way": talk about love, coercion, and rape in South African youth sexual culture
    Kate Wood
    Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London
    Med Anthropol Q 21:277-300. 2007
    ..This article offers an ethnographic exploration of the spectrum of practices relating to sexual coercion and rape among young people in a township in the former Transkei region of South Africa...
  16. ncbi Perpetration of partner violence and HIV risk behaviour among young men in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    AIDS 20:2107-14. 2006
    ..To examine associations between the perpetration of intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviour among young men in rural South Africa...
  17. ncbi Automatic detection of spermatozoa for laser capture microdissection
    Mado Vandewoestyne
    Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Ghent University, Harelbekestraat 72, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Legal Med 123:169-75. 2009
    ..Robust DNA profiles without allelic dropout could be obtained from as little as 30 spermatozoa recovered from postcoital samples, showing that the staining had no significant influence on DNA recovery...
  18. ncbi Prolonged Exposure versus Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for PTSD rape victims
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:607-16. 2005
    ..Reprocessing (EMDR) compared to a no-treatment wait-list control (WAIT) in the treatment of PTSD in adult female rape victims (n = 74)...
  19. ncbi HIV risk behaviours and their relationship to intimate partner violence (IPV) among men who have multiple female sexual partners in Cape Town, South Africa
    Loraine Townsend
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, P O Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 15:132-41. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi Date violence and date rape among adolescents: associations with disordered eating behaviors and psychological health
    Diann M Ackard
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 26:455-73. 2002
    The goal of the study was to assess the prevalence of date violence and rape in adolescents, to examine associations between date violence and rape and disordered eating behaviors and psychopathology, and to determine if these ..
  21. ncbi Rape of girls in South Africa
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Lancet 359:319-20. 2002
    Child rape violates human rights and causes immediate and long-term health problems for the child...
  22. ncbi HIV post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual assault: the experience of a sexual assault service in London
    S Limb
    Ambrose King Center, Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 13:602-5. 2002
    ..To review the provision, uptake and outcome of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV-PEP) after sexual assault...
  23. ncbi HIV postexposure prophylaxis in sexual assault: current practice and patient adherence to treatment recommendations in a large urban teaching hospital
    Judith A Linden
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, MA 02118, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:640-6. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi A Congolese-US participatory action research partnership to rebuild the lives of rape survivors and their families in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    Nancy Glass
    Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University Center for Global Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Glob Public Health 7:184-95. 2012
    ..The last decade has seen the use of rape as a weapon of war in the DRC, where rebels and soldiers subject women and girls to brutalising attacks, rape, ..
  25. ncbi Emerging issues in the measurement of rape victimization
    Sarah L Cook
    Georgia State University, Department of Psychology, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA
    Violence Against Women 17:201-18. 2011
    We provide an overview of emerging directions in the measurement of rape, the most extreme form of sexual victimization...
  26. ncbi [Coping skills and social support in German long-time survivors of rape in the end of World War II]
    Svenja Eichhorn
    Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Universitat Leipzig, Philipp Rosenthal Straße 55, Leipzig
    Psychiatr Prax 39:169-73. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to document perceived social support in a sample of German war-raped women in World War II. Furthermore the impact of this potential resource on today's posttraumatic symptoms should be pointed out...
  27. ncbi Tonic immobility and childhood sexual abuse: a preliminary report evaluating the sequela of rape-induced paralysis
    Jennifer M Heidt
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall 265 66, Philadelphia, PA 19122 6085, USA
    Behav Res Ther 43:1157-71. 2005
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed, and suggestions for future research are offered...
  28. ncbi Domestic violence and rape
    Julianne S Toohey
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, 101 The City Drive, Bldg 56, Orange, CA 92868, USA
    Med Clin North Am 92:1239-52, xii. 2008
    ..One in five American women also reported being raped during their lifetime. Careful assessment and universal screening are important tools for the primary care physician...
  29. ncbi Music videos, pro wrestling, and acceptance of date rape among middle school males and females: an exploratory analysis
    Christine Elizabeth Kaestle
    Department of Human Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:185-7. 2007
    Exposure to televised music videos and pro wrestling were associated with rape acceptance (lower levels of agreeing with the statement "forcing a partner to have sex is never OK") among males, but not females, in a sample of 904 ..
  30. pmc Gender inequitable masculinity and sexual entitlement in rape perpetration South Africa: findings of a cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council and School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Pretoria, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e29590. 2011
    To describe the prevalence and patterns of rape perpetration in a randomly selected sample of men from the general adult population, to explore factors associated with rape and to describe how men explained their acts of rape.
  31. ncbi Attitude towards rape: a comparative study among prospective physicians of Malaysia
    G Sivagnanam
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology, Sungai Petani, Kedah
    Med J Malaysia 60:286-93. 2005
    The global statistics reveal that at least one in every five women experiences rape or attempted rape during her lifetime. Rape myths encompass a set of (false) beliefs...
  32. pmc Prevalence and risk of psychiatric disorders as a function of variant rape histories: results from a national survey of women
    Heidi M Zinzow
    Department of Psychology, Clemson University, 418 Brackett Hall, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:893-902. 2012
    b>Rape is an established risk factor for mental health disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive episodes (MDE), and substance use disorders...
  33. ncbi Comprehensive response to rape needed in conflict settings
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Lancet 369:2140-1. 2007
  34. ncbi Correlates of rape while intoxicated in a national sample of college women
    Meichun Mohler-Kuo
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 65:37-45. 2004
    Heavy alcohol use is widespread among college students, particularly in those social situations where the risk of rape rises. Few studies have provided information on rapes of college women that occur when they are intoxicated...
  35. ncbi Comparing sexual assault prevalence estimates obtained with direct and indirect questioning techniques
    Christopher P Krebs
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Violence Against Women 17:219-35. 2011
    ..The results suggest that either direct questioning yields reasonably valid estimates of the prevalence of sexual assault or that the item count technique does not produce estimates that are any more valid...
  36. ncbi Impact of childhood rape and aggravated assault on adult mental health
    R F Hanson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 71:108-19. 2001
    Associations among childhood assault (rape, aggravated assault, or both) and indices of adult mental health (posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode) were examined in a national probability sample of 4,008 (weighted) women...
  37. ncbi Sexual assault victims in the emergency department: analysis by demographic and event characteristics
    Jennifer Avegno
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Louisiana State University New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    J Emerg Med 37:328-34. 2009
    ..Differences between patients according to demographic and event characteristics may have important implications for ED management and treatment plans...
  38. ncbi DYS STR analysis with epithelial cells in a rape case
    A Betz
    Landeskriminalamt Baden Württemberg, KTI, Taubenheimstrasse 85, 70372, Stuttgart, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 118:126-30. 2001
    We report here the application of Y-chromosomal DNA analysis in a rape case, which occurred in Stuttgart, Germany. Microscopic examination of the victim's vaginal swabs and her underwear showed no sperm cells...
  39. pmc Self-rated health in relation to rape and mental health disorders in a national sample of college women
    Heidi M Zinzow
    Department of Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
    J Am Coll Health 59:588-94. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to employ a multivariate approach to examine the correlates of self-rated health in a college sample of women, with particular emphasis on sexual assault history and related mental health outcomes...
  40. pmc Borderline personality characteristics and treatment outcome in cognitive-behavioral treatments for PTSD in female rape victims
    Stephanie B Clarke
    National Center for PTSD and VA Boston Healthcare System, USA
    Behav Ther 39:72-8. 2008
    ..This study examined the effects of borderline personality characteristics (BPC) on 131 female rape victims receiving cognitive-behavioral treatment for PTSD...
  41. pmc Prospective study of rape perpetration by young South African men: incidence & risk factors
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 7:e38210. 2012
    There has been very little prospective research on rape perpetration among men. This paper describes the incidence and risk factors for new rape and attempted rape events among young South African men in an HIV prevention trial.
  42. pmc Prior interpersonal trauma: the contribution to current PTSD symptoms in female rape victims
    P Nishith
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri St Louis 63121, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 109:20-5. 2000
    ..sexual and physical victimization in predicting current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in recent rape victims...
  43. ncbi A multiple case study of rape victim advocates' self-care routines: the influence of organizational context
    Sharon M Wasco
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607 7137, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 30:731-60. 2002
    This study assumes that rape victim advocates who provide community outreach services to victimized women must adjust to a heightened awareness of sexual violence to do their jobs...
  44. ncbi Don't let the suffering make you fade away: an ethnographic study of resilience among survivors of genocide-rape in southern Rwanda
    Maggie Zraly
    School of Public Health, National University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
    Soc Sci Med 70:1656-64. 2010
    b>Rape has been used in contemporary armed conflicts to inflict physical, psychological, cultural and social damage...
  45. ncbi Rape perpetration by young, rural South African men: Prevalence, patterns and risk factors
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Medical Research Council Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 63:2949-61. 2006
    ..The objectives of this paper are to describe the prevalence, patterns and factors associated with rape of an intimate partner and a woman who was not a partner with men aged 15-26 years in rural South Africa...
  46. pmc Health of homeless women with recent experience of rape
    S L Wenzel
    Department of Family Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:265-8. 2000
    ..This study documents the association of rape with health and substance use or abuse characteristics reported by a probability sample of 974 homeless women in ..
  47. ncbi Barriers to services for rural and urban survivors of rape
    T K Logan
    Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, USA
    J Interpers Violence 20:591-616. 2005
    A significant proportion of survivors of rape do not utilize formal services to cope with the aftermath of rape...
  48. ncbi Evaluation of three rapid detection methods for the forensic identification of seminal fluid in rape cases
    Nadia Khaldi
    Forensic Science Laboratory, Pellegrin Hospital, University Teaching Hospital Bordeaux, Bordeaux Cedex, France
    J Forensic Sci 49:749-53. 2004
    ..Unlike cytology, results obtained with AP and PSA were not influenced by spermatozoa concentration. PSA detection results remained constant up to 72 h and were more reliable after 48 h than those obtained by AP detection...
  49. ncbi Understanding rape and sexual assault: 20 years of progress and future directions
    Rebecca Campbell
    Michigan State University, USA
    J Interpers Violence 20:127-31. 2005
    During the past 20 years, researchers have documented the widespread problem of rape in American society...
  50. ncbi Factors associated with women's risk of rape in the military environment
    Anne G Sadler
    Psychology Service, Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52246, USA
    Am J Ind Med 43:262-73. 2003
    Health hazards specific to women workers have not been adequately documented. This study assessed military environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service, while controlling for pre-military trauma experiences.
  51. ncbi Birth outcomes in primiparous women who were raped as adults: a matched controlled study
    H Nerum
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway
    BJOG 117:288-94. 2010
    ..To compare the duration of labour and the birth outcome in a group of primiparous women who had been raped after the age of 16, with a control group from the same birth cohort...
  52. pmc Assessing the impact of mass rape on the incidence of HIV in conflict-affected countries
    Virginie Supervie
    Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    AIDS 24:2841-7. 2010
    To quantify the potential impact of mass rape on HIV incidence in seven conflict-afflicted countries (CACs), with severe HIV epidemics, in sub-Saharan Africa.
  53. ncbi Rape, sex partnership, and substance use consequences in women veterans
    Brenda M Booth
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    J Trauma Stress 24:287-94. 2011
    The association of rape history and sexual partnership with alcohol and drug use consequences in women veterans is unknown...
  54. ncbi Physical health status of female veterans: contributions of sex partnership and in-military rape
    Brenda M Booth
    HSR and D Center for Mental Healthcare Outcomes and Research, Central Arkansas Healthcare System, Little Rock, AR, USA
    Psychosom Med 74:916-24. 2012
    The aim of this study was to determine whether current physical health status in female veterans is associated with rape during military service and same-sex partnership.
  55. pmc Drug- or alcohol-facilitated, incapacitated, and forcible rape in relationship to mental health among a national sample of women
    Heidi M Zinzow
    Department of Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    J Interpers Violence 25:2217-36. 2010
    b>Rape is a well-established risk factor for mental health disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression...
  56. ncbi Engendering health sector responses to sexual violence and HIV in Kenya: results of a qualitative study
    N Kilonzo
    Liverpool VCT, Treatment and Care, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS Care 20:188-90. 2008
    ..Despite this, the uptake of post-rape care services in health facilities is low and health care providers felt ill-prepared to deal with the consequences ..
  57. ncbi Characteristics, treatment, and antiretroviral prophylaxis adherence of South African rape survivors
    Stanley Carries
    Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Pietermaritzburg Hospitals Complex, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:68-71. 2007
    To assess the characteristics, treatment received, and adherence to antiretroviral prophylaxis among South African rape survivors.
  58. pmc Prevalence and correlates of service utilization and help seeking in a national college sample of female rape victims
    Ananda B Amstadter
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 24:900-2. 2010
    This study examines prevalence and correlates of help seeking for emotional problems among undergraduate female rape victims...
  59. pmc Racial targeting of sexual violence in Darfur
    John Hagan
    Department of Sociology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 1330, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1386-92. 2009
    ..We used the Atrocities Documentation Survey to determine whether Sudanese government forces were involved in racially targeting sexual victimization toward ethnically African women in the Darfur region of western Sudan...
  60. ncbi Rape blame as a function of alcohol presence and resistance type
    Calvin M Sims
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, USA
    Addict Behav 32:2766-75. 2007
    Attributions of rape blame may be related to variables such as alcohol presence and resistance type used during a sexual assault...
  61. ncbi The Haven: a pilot referral centre in London for cases of serious sexual assault
    Evelyn Kerr
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    BJOG 110:267-71. 2003
    Several schemes have been reported to improve treatment of rape and to encourage reporting...
  62. pmc "Other patients are really in need of medical attention"--the quality of health services for rape survivors in South Africa
    Nicola J Christofides
    Medical Research Council, Gender and Health Group, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 83:495-502. 2005
    To investigate in the South African public health sector where the best services for rape survivors were provided, who provided them, what the providers' attitudes were towards women who had been raped and whether there were problems in ..
  63. ncbi 'If your husband doesn't humiliate you, other people won't': gendered attitudes towards sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    Jocelyn Kelly
    Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Glob Public Health 7:285-98. 2012
    ..We conclude that for many survivors, rape has consequences far beyond the physiological and psychological trauma associated with the attack...
  64. ncbi Childhood abuse and premilitary sexual assault in male Navy recruits
    L L Merrill
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186-5122, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:252-61. 2001
    ..whether a history of childhood physical abuse (CPA) or childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was predictive of premilitary rape of women and whether these relationships were mediated by alcohol problems and number of sex partners...
  65. ncbi Premilitary adult sexual assault victimization and perpetration in a Navy recruit sample
    Valerie A Stander
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Interpers Violence 23:1636-53. 2008
    ..a survey assessing their premilitary histories of adult sexual assault (SA), defined as attempted or completed rape since the age of 14. The survey was completed under anonymous or identified conditions...
  66. pmc Rape treatment outcome research: empirical findings and state of the literature
    Katrina A Vickerman
    University of Southern California, Department of Psychology, SGM 501, MSC 1061, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:431-48. 2009
    ..Discussion highlights the paucity of research in this area, methodological limitations of examined studies, generalizability of findings, and important directions for future research at various stages of trauma recovery...
  67. ncbi Predictors of post-rape medical care in a national sample of women
    H S Resnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425 0742, USA
    Am J Prev Med 19:214-9. 2000
    b>Rape has a negative impact on physical and mental health, health-related behaviors, and health service utilization. Timely medical care is important for preventive services.
  68. pmc Psychological consequences of rape on women in 1991-1995 war in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Mladen Loncar
    Medical Center for Human Rights, Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 47:67-75. 2006
    To explore the short- and long-term psychological consequences of rape on women victims of rape during the 1992-1995 war against Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  69. ncbi Expedited, chemically enhanced sperm cell recovery from cotton swabs for rape kit analysis
    Jessica V Norris
    Department of Chemistry, McCormick Road, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    J Forensic Sci 52:800-5. 2007
    ..The results indicate that the exclusive use of SDS enhances the release of sperm and epithelial cells from a cotton swab as compared with DE buffer, providing for a more effective DNA analysis...
  70. ncbi Genitoanal injury in adult female victims of sexual assault
    Malene Hilden
    Center for Victims of Sexual Assault 4031, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Denmark
    Forensic Sci Int 154:200-5. 2005
    ..To evaluate the presence and extFent of genitoanal injury among sexually assaulted women and to estimate the risk of injury in subgroups according to the type of assault and to the sexually assaulted women's susceptibility to injury...
  71. ncbi Genital injuries in women reporting sexual assault
    Cheryn M Palmer
    Sexual Health Clinic, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Sex Health 1:55-9. 2004
    ..Genital injury related to sexual assault is often an issue in court proceedings, with the expectation that injuries will be found in 'genuine' cases. Conviction rates are higher when the complainant has genital injuries...
  72. ncbi Flunitrazepam and its involvement in date or acquaintance rape
    D Anglin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, USC Medical Center, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 4:323-6. 1997
    ..Due to the amnestic effects of flunitrazepam, historical clues of the rape event are difficult to obtain...
  73. ncbi HIV post-exposure prophylaxis for child rape survivors in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: who qualifies and who complies?
    Steven J Collings
    School of Psychology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban 4041, South Africa
    Child Abuse Negl 32:477-83. 2008
    Our objective was to audit the provision and utilization of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to child rape survivors in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
  74. ncbi Social reactions to rape: experiences and perceptions of women rape survivors and their potential support providers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Projestine S Muganyizi
    Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Violence Vict 24:607-26. 2009
    Social reactions to rape are socioculturally determined and have a strong influence on the coping and recovery of the survivor...
  75. pmc Service utilization and help seeking in a national sample of female rape victims
    Ananda B Amstadter
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, National Crime Victims Center, 165 Cannon St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1450-7. 2008
    ..of help seeking, little is known about factors associated with help seeking in at-risk populations (for example, rape victims)...
  76. ncbi Effect of cognitive behavioral therapy on heart rate variability during REM sleep in female rape victims with PTSD
    Pallavi Nishith
    Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:247-50. 2003
    Six female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assessed for sleep disturbances. Five responded to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and one did not complete treatment...
  77. ncbi Cognitive-behavior therapy for PTSD in rape survivors
    Lisa H Jaycox
    RAND, Arlington, VA 22202 5050, USA
    J Clin Psychol 58:891-906. 2002
    ..In this article, we present a model of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for PTSD in rape survivors...
  78. ncbi Identification and isolation of male cells using fluorescence in situ hybridisation and laser microdissection, for use in the investigation of sexual assault
    Caroline Murray
    The Forensic Science Service, Trident Court, 2960 Solihull Parkway, Birmingham Business Park, Solihull B37 7YN, UK
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 1:247-52. 2007
    ..Useful DNA profiles were generated from samples taken up to 24h after intercourse...
  79. pmc Association of various reproductive rights, domestic violence and marital rape with depression among Pakistani women
    Faridah A Ali
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Psychiatry 9:77. 2009
    ..Therefore we designed this study to determine the association of depression with lack of various reproductive rights and domestic violence among married women in Karachi, Pakistan...
  80. ncbi Retrospective study of alleged rape victims attended at Forensic Medicine Department of Dhaka Medical College, Bangladesh
    Muhammad Nurul Islam
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S351-3. 2003
    ..We carried out a retrospective study of 675 alleged rape victims out of total examined 1665 cases during 1994-2000...
  81. ncbi [Sexual violence in Brazzaville]
    S F Buambo-Bamanga
    Service Gynécologie Obstétrique B, CHU Brazzaville, BP 32, Brazzaville, Congo
    Sante 15:31-5. 2005
    ..the perpetrator (age, occupation, residence); their relationship, if any; type of contact; injuries caused by the rape. Of a total of 102 cases, we observed an important peak in 1998 (35.5%) and a significant fall in 2003 (5.9%)...
  82. ncbi Delay in disclosure of childhood rape: results from a national survey
    D W Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 24:273-87. 2000
    ..This study sought to gather representative data regarding the length of time women who were raped before age 18 delayed prior to disclosing such rapes, whom they disclosed to, and variables that predicted disclosure within 1 month...
  83. ncbi Piloting post-exposure prophylaxis in Kenya raises specific concerns for the management of childhood rape
    C G Speight
    Liverpool VCT and Care, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:14-8. 2006
    Thika District, Kenya, is the site of an operational research study on the provision of comprehensive post-rape care, including the free provision of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)...
  84. ncbi Psychopathology after rape
    Carlo Faravelli
    Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Florence University Medical School, Italy
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1483-5. 2004
    This study evaluated the psychopathological consequences of a single rape occurring in adult women.
  85. ncbi Enhanced elution of sperm from cotton swabs via enzymatic digestion for rape kit analysis
    Jessica C Voorhees
    Department of Chemistry, McCormick Road, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    J Forensic Sci 51:574-9. 2006
    ..These results indicate that cellulose-digesting enzymes enhance the release of sperm and epithelial cells from a cotton swab over buffer alone, providing for efficient DNA analysis...
  86. ncbi The effects of suppressing trauma-related thoughts on women with rape-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    J C Shipherd
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo 14260, USA
    Behav Res Ther 37:99-112. 1999
    ..This investigation examined the effects of deliberate suppression of rape-related thoughts on female sexual assault survivors, in order to explore this facet of PTSD...
  87. ncbi Learning and memory in rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder
    M A Jenkins
    Department of Neurology Research, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 155:278-9. 1998
    ..In this study the authors examined memory functioning among rape survivors without alcoholism or substance abuse but with PTSD.
  88. pmc Offering HIV prophylaxis to people who have been sexually assaulted: 16 months' experience in a sexual assault service
    E R Wiebe
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    CMAJ 162:641-5. 2000
    ..This targeting of services is expected to make the service providers' jobs easier and to make the program more cost-effective while still protecting sexual assault victims against HIV infection...
  89. ncbi Attentional dysfunction associated with posttraumatic stress disorder among rape survivors
    M A Jenkins
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02906, United States of America
    Clin Neuropsychol 14:7-12. 2000
    ..The present study examined neuropsychological functioning among rape survivors with PTSD, a patient population with comparatively low rates of psychiatric co-morbidity...
  90. pmc Do condoms cause rape and mayhem? The long-term effects of condoms in New South Wales' prisons
    Lorraine Yap
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Robert Webster Building, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 83:219-22. 2007
    ....
  91. pmc Incapacitated rape and alcohol use: a prospective analysis
    Debra Kaysen
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Box 356560, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1820-32. 2006
    This study examined timing of alcohol-related sexual assaults (incapacitated rape) in relation to both alcohol consumption and alcohol-related negative consequences...
  92. pmc Rape and sexual assault
    Jan Welch
    Haven Camberwell, King s College Hospital, London SE5 9RS
    BMJ 334:1154-8. 2007
  93. ncbi "AIDS is rape!" gender and sexuality in children's responses to HIV and AIDS
    Deevia Bhana
    Faculty of Education, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X03, Ashwood, Durban, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 69:596-603. 2009
    ....
  94. pmc A comparison of cognitive-processing therapy with prolonged exposure and a waiting condition for the treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder in female rape victims
    Patricia A Resick
    Center for Trauma Recovery, Department of Psychology, University of Missouri St Louis, 63121, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:867-79. 2002
    ..One hundred seventy-one female rape victims were randomized into 1 of the 3 conditions, and 121 completed treatment...
  95. ncbi Risk factors for rape, physical assault, and posttraumatic stress disorder in women: examination of differential multivariate relationships
    R Acierno
    National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425 0142, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 13:541-63. 1999
    ..employed a national probability sample of 3,006 adult women to: (a) identify separate risk factors for rape and physical assault, and (b) identify separate risk factors associated with post-rape posttraumatic stress ..
  96. ncbi Impunity or immunity: wartime male rape and sexual torture as a crime against humanity
    Hilmi M Zawati
    International Legal Advocacy Foundation, Montreal, Canada
    Torture 17:27-47. 2007
    This paper seeks to analyze the phenomenon of wartime rape and sexual torture of Croatian and Iraqi men and to explore the avenues for its prosecution under international humanitarian and human rights law...
  97. ncbi Testing the utility of a geographical profiling approach in three rape series of a single offender: a case study
    Pekka Santtila
    Department of Psychology at Abo Akademi University, Police College of Finland, P O Box 13, 02151 Espoo, Finland
    Forensic Sci Int 131:42-52. 2003
    ..The functions used showed less predictive ability when the offender was a commuter. Explanations for the variations in the findings as well as suggestions for improvements were outlined in the discussion...
  98. ncbi Rape of individuals with disability: AIDS and the folk belief of virgin cleansing
    Nora Ellen Groce
    Global Health Division, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Lancet 363:1663-4. 2004
  99. ncbi Physicians' agreement with and willingness to provide abortion services in the case of pregnancy from rape in Mexico
    Martha Silva
    Center for Health Services Research and Policy, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Contraception 79:56-64. 2009
    In Mexico, abortion is not penalized when a woman gets pregnant as a result of rape, yet access to abortion services is limited...
  100. ncbi The virgin cleansing myth: cases of child rape are not exotic
    Rachel Jewkes
    Lancet 359:711. 2002
  101. pmc Sleep difficulties and alcohol use motives in female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder
    P Nishith
    Department of Psychology, Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri St Louis, 63121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 14:469-79. 2001
    The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between sleep difficulties and drinking motives in female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...

Research Grants19

  1. The Sexual Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in Institutions
    Pamela Teaster; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Sexual abuse runs the gamut from kissing and fondling to forcible rape, and, validated by earlier studies, results in a diminished quality of life and, often, premature death...
  2. Neurobehavioral effects of adolescent GHB
    Ratna Sircar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..GHB belongs to the class of substances referred to as "club drugs", and, like them, has been reorted to be a "date rape drug"...
  3. Risk for Workplace Violence in Long-Haul Truckers
    Debra Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S. Data will be collected on violence-related variables (e.g., harassment, weapons, assault, rape, robbery, worksite security, fatigue, psychological strain, and substance abuse)...
  4. Enzyme & Receptor Antagonists of GHB, GBL & 1, 4-BD
    Lawrence Quang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Although GHB and GBL were made illegal by the Hillary J. Farias and Samantha Reed Date Rape Prohibition Act of 2000 (the former is now a federal schedule I drug, and the latter is a federal list I chemical), ..
  5. Help Seeking Behavior in College Women
    ANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..College women are at greater risk for intimate partner violence, rape and other forms of sexual assault, usually in dating experiences, than women in the general population or in a ..
  6. Encouraging Safe Dates: Reducing Intimate Partner Violence in South African Youth
    PAMELA KAY CUPP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..High rates of rape and coerced sex are associated with early initiation of sex, failure to use condoms, and multiple, risky sexual ..
  7. Markers of Semen Exposure in Trials of Vaginal Barrier
    Charlotte Ellertson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in trials of such devices (validating coital logs or other self-reports with biological evidence), for prosecuting rape cases, for evaluating ways to protect the cervix following cryotherapy or other trauma, and for understanding the ..
  8. TEENAGE MALE SEXUALITY--ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
    Caesar Pacifici; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..In response to the alarming rise in the reported incidence of "date rape," teen pregnancy, AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases, psychologists and educators are compelled to address ..
  9. Rapid, Accurate, and Simple-to-Use Test Strip for GHB
    Scott Novick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..At higher levels, unconsciousness and coma can result making this the drug of choice in "date-rape" crimes...
  10. COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN PTSD: TREATMENT
    Patricia Resick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..with prolonged exposure and a minimal attention waiting-list condition for the treatment of PTSD among victims of rape. The goal of the proposed study is to examine the individual procedural elements of CPT by using a dismantling ..
  11. GROUP INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT HIV IN HIGH RISK WOMEN
    David Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., community health clinics, rape crisis centers)...
  12. Sexual Aggression and HIV Risk in Young Heterosexual Men
    ZOE PETERSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rape and sexual assault are highly prevalent, and sexual aggression potentially places men and their unwilling female partners at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  13. TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PTSD SECONDARY TO TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
    Edward Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..controlled evaluations of treatment of PTSD have focused on very chronic cases such as Vietnam veterans and on rape victims...
  14. ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN ALCOHOL USE PRIOR TO DATE RAPE
    VAUGHN RICKERT; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..are 1) to evaluate the contributing role of concurrent alcohol and polydrug use in the reported occurrence of date rape and other sexual violence within a large sample of sexually active females attending primary care clinics; 2) to ..
  15. VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE--FAMILY RISK FOR PTSD FOLLOWING RAPE
    Jonathan Davidson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    b>Rape trauma is often followed by persistent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a form of chronic anxiety which causes significant distress, morbidity and suicidality; it may also impair recovery after rape...
  16. THE EMERGENCE OF BRITISH FORENSIC MEDICINE
    Thomas Forbes; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..dressers, apothecaries, midwives, and empirics from records of trials for homicide, infanticide, assault, rape, etc...
  17. Mechanisms of Signal Transduction of GHB Action
    Godfrey Tunnicliff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..S. and has a reputation as being used as a "date-rape" drug, particularly in the presence of alcohol...
  18. IMPACT OF VIOLENCE ON WOMENS DRUG USE AND AIDS RISK
    BRANDY BRITTON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Interpersonal violence against women, including childhood sexual abuse, rape, and domestic violence are also emerging as major health problems for women in the U.S...
  19. BIOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN CRIME RELATED PTSD
    Michael Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This will be done by examining the biologically understudied population of female rape and physical assault victims...