physical anthropology

Summary

Summary: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Long bone articular and diaphyseal structure in Old World monkeys and apes. II: Estimation of body mass
    Christopher B Ruff
    Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 120:16-37. 2003
  2. ncbi Orangutan positional behavior and the nature of arboreal locomotion in Hominoidea
    Susannah K S Thorpe
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:384-401. 2006
  3. pmc Locomotion and posture from the common hominoid ancestor to fully modern hominins, with special reference to the last common panin/hominin ancestor
    R H Crompton
    School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Sherrington Buildings, Ashton Street, Liverpool L69 3GE, UK
    J Anat 212:501-43. 2008
  4. ncbi The energetic costs of load-carrying and the evolution of bipedalism
    J C Watson
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, H Floor, Jackson s Mill, P O Box 88, Sackville Street, Manchester, M60 1QD, UK
    J Hum Evol 54:675-83. 2008
  5. pmc No evidence of Neandertal mtDNA contribution to early modern humans
    David Serre
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS Biol 2:E57. 2004
  6. ncbi Vertebrae numbers of the early hominid lumbar spine
    Martin Haeusler
    Anthropologisches Institut und Museum der Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich, Switzerland
    J Hum Evol 43:621-43. 2002
  7. ncbi Natural history of Homo erectus
    Susan C Antón
    Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol . 2003
  8. ncbi New discoveries and interpretations of hominid fossils and artifacts from Vindija Cave, Croatia
    James C M Ahern
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Box 3431, Room 123, Anthropology Bld, Laramie, WY 82071 3431, USA
    J Hum Evol 46:27-67. 2004
  9. ncbi Oreopithecus bambolii: an unlikely case of hominid-like grip capability in a Miocene ape
    Randall L Susman
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8081, USA
    J Hum Evol 46:105-17. 2004
  10. pmc Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium
    Franck Guy
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18836-41. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications172 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Long bone articular and diaphyseal structure in Old World monkeys and apes. II: Estimation of body mass
    Christopher B Ruff
    Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 120:16-37. 2003
    ..The techniques are illustrated by estimating the body masses of four fossil anthropoid specimens of Proconsul nyanzae, Proconsul heseloni, Morotopithecus bishopi, and Theropithecus oswaldi...
  2. ncbi Orangutan positional behavior and the nature of arboreal locomotion in Hominoidea
    Susannah K S Thorpe
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:384-401. 2006
    ..This study suggests that it is orthogrady in general, rather than forelimb suspend specifically, that characterizes the positional behavior of hominoids...
  3. pmc Locomotion and posture from the common hominoid ancestor to fully modern hominins, with special reference to the last common panin/hominin ancestor
    R H Crompton
    School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Sherrington Buildings, Ashton Street, Liverpool L69 3GE, UK
    J Anat 212:501-43. 2008
    ..Derivation of habitual terrestrial bipedality from arboreal hand-assisted bipedality requires fewer transitions, and is also kinematically and kinetically more parsimonious...
  4. ncbi The energetic costs of load-carrying and the evolution of bipedalism
    J C Watson
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, H Floor, Jackson s Mill, P O Box 88, Sackville Street, Manchester, M60 1QD, UK
    J Hum Evol 54:675-83. 2008
    ....
  5. pmc No evidence of Neandertal mtDNA contribution to early modern humans
    David Serre
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS Biol 2:E57. 2004
    ..In combination with current mtDNA data, this excludes any large genetic contribution by Neandertals to early modern humans, but does not rule out the possibility of a smaller contribution...
  6. ncbi Vertebrae numbers of the early hominid lumbar spine
    Martin Haeusler
    Anthropologisches Institut und Museum der Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich, Switzerland
    J Hum Evol 43:621-43. 2002
    ..All this raises doubts about previous conclusions for the presence of six lumbar vertebrae in early hominids. The most parsimonious explanation is that they did not differ from modern humans in the segmentation of the vertebral column...
  7. ncbi Natural history of Homo erectus
    Susan C Antón
    Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol . 2003
    ..A number of issues remain unresolved, including the significance of diversity in size and shape in the early African and Georgian records...
  8. ncbi New discoveries and interpretations of hominid fossils and artifacts from Vindija Cave, Croatia
    James C M Ahern
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Box 3431, Room 123, Anthropology Bld, Laramie, WY 82071 3431, USA
    J Hum Evol 46:27-67. 2004
    ..When interpreted within a larger regional framework, the Vindija archaeological and hominid fossil remains demonstrate a complex, mosaic pattern of biocultural change in the Late Pleistocene of south-central Europe...
  9. ncbi Oreopithecus bambolii: an unlikely case of hominid-like grip capability in a Miocene ape
    Randall L Susman
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8081, USA
    J Hum Evol 46:105-17. 2004
    ....
  10. pmc Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium
    Franck Guy
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18836-41. 2005
    ..Further research is needed to determine the evolutionary relationships between Sahelanthropus and the known Miocene and Pliocene hominids...
  11. ncbi Beyond leopards: tooth marks and the contribution of multiple carnivore taxa to the accumulation of the Swartkrans Member 3 fossil assemblage
    Travis Rayne Pickering
    Department of Anthropology and CRAFT Research Center, Indiana University, 130 Student Building, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Hum Evol 46:595-604. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi Geometric morphometric analysis of allometric variation in the mandibular morphology of the hominids of Atapuerca, Sima de los Huesos site
    Antonio Rosas
    Department of Paleobiology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Spain
    Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol 278:551-60. 2004
    ..The results of this study support the hypothesis that allometry contributes to the organization of variation in complex morphological structures...
  13. ncbi Adolescent archaics or adult moderns? Le Moustier 1 as a model for estimating the age at death of fragmentary supraorbital fossils in the modern human origins debate
    J C M Ahern
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Homo 55:1-19. 2004
    ..Both the Vindija and Klasies River Mouth cases highlight the need to be wary of confusing adolescent anatomy with modernity...
  14. ncbi Explaining the end of the hominoid experiment in Europe
    J Agusti
    Institute of Paleontology M Crusafont D Barcelona Unidad Asociada CSIC, E 08201 Sabadell, Spain
    J Hum Evol 45:145-53. 2003
    ..It is suggested that the extinction of the late Miocene Western European hominoids was not related to the spread of grasses, but to a significant increase of a floral association dominated by deciduous trees...
  15. ncbi Ancient teeth and modern human origins: an expanded comparison of African Plio-Pleistocene and recent world dental samples
    Joel D Irish
    Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 7720, USA
    J Hum Evol 45:113-44. 2003
    ....
  16. ncbi Increased cranial capacity in hominid evolution and preeclampsia
    Jean Chaline
    UMR CNRS 5561 Biogeosciences, Univesité de Bourgogne, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000, Dijon, France
    J Reprod Immunol 59:137-52. 2003
    ..neanderthalensis some 30000 years ago related to the possible appearance of preeclampsia as a factor affecting the survival of the species...
  17. ncbi Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l'Aubesier
    Serge Lebel
    Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l Atmosphère, Université de Québec à Montréal, Casse Postale 8888, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada
    J Hum Evol 43:659-85. 2002
    ....
  18. ncbi An ecomorphological model of the initial hominid dispersal from Africa
    S C Anton
    Center for Human Evolutionary Studies, Department of Anthropology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    J Hum Evol 43:773-85. 2002
    ..erectus facilitated by changes in ecosystem structure during the Plio-Pleistocene...
  19. ncbi U-Series dating of Liujiang hominid site in Guangxi, Southern China
    Guanjun Shen
    Institute for Coastal and Quaternary Studies, Nanjing Normal University, P R China
    J Hum Evol 43:817-29. 2002
    ..Parallel studies on other Chinese localities have provided supporting evidence for the redating of Liujiang, which may have important implications for the origin of modern humans...
  20. ncbi Speciosity in the early Homo lineage: too many, too few, or just about right?
    Glenn C Conroy
    J Hum Evol 43:759-66. 2002
  21. ncbi Numerical description of selected endo- and ectocranial dimensions in Homo sapiens and the three Homo heidelbergensis: Kabwe, Atapuerca and Petralona
    M Bernhard
    Institute for Anthropology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Anthropol Anz 60:321-32. 2002
    ....
  22. ncbi Enamel thickness, microstructure and development in Afropithecus turkanensis
    Tanya M Smith
    Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 4364, USA
    J Hum Evol 44:283-306. 2003
    ....
  23. ncbi Internal nasal floor configuration in Homo with special reference to the evolution of Neandertal facial form
    Robert G Franciscus
    Department of Anthropology and The Neuroscience Graduate Program, 114 Macbride Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Hum Evol 44:701-29. 2003
    ..e., cladistically), but do phenetically differentiate groups, in particular the Neandertals, especially when considered in combination with other nasofacial features...
  24. ncbi Uranium series dates from Qesem Cave, Israel, and the end of the Lower Palaeolithic
    R Barkai
    Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
    Nature 423:977-9. 2003
    ....
  25. pmc Sexual dimorphism in Australopithecus afarensis was similar to that of modern humans
    Philip L Reno
    Matthew Ferrini Institute of Human Evolutionary Research, Department of Anthropology and Division of Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9404-9. 2003
    ..afarensis was principally monogamy...
  26. ncbi Historical evidence of the 1936 Mojokerto skull discovery, East Java
    O Frank Huffman
    Department of Anthropology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    J Hum Evol 48:321-63. 2005
    ..By WWII the scientific community accepted the skull as an early hominid. Although von Koenigswald's "surface-find" comment remains a source of doubt in the record, we consider in situ discovery for the Mojokerto skull to be very likely...
  27. ncbi Discovery of a second human molar and cranium fragment in the late Middle to Late Pleistocene cave of Ma U'Oi (Northern Vietnam)
    Fabrice Demeter
    Laboratoire de Paléoanthropologie et Préhistoire, College de France, 11 Place Marcellin Berthelot, 75005 Paris, France
    J Hum Evol 48:393-402. 2005
    ..Geobios. 37 (2004) 305). The layer from which this material comes is the same as that in which a human lower molar was found in 2001. Both molars can be attributed to archaic Homo, and both exhibit archaic and modern traits...
  28. ncbi Is the late Neandertal mandibular sample from Vindija Cave (Croatia) biased?
    Matthew J Kesterke
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Coll Antropol 31:365-73. 2007
    ..The results indicate that the metric differences between the Krapina and Vindija mandibular samples are not due to sample bias. This conclusion is consistent with an earlier analysis of sample bias for the Vindija supraorbital sample...
  29. ncbi Strong postcranial size dimorphism in Australopithecus afarensis: results from two new resampling methods for multivariate data sets with missing data
    Adam D Gordon
    Department of Anthropology, Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:311-28. 2008
    ..afarensis. However, the results of this and past studies strongly suggest behavioral and mating strategies differed between A. afarensis and modern humans...
  30. ncbi Paleoneurology of an "early" Neandertal: endocranial size, shape, and features of Saccopastore 1
    Emiliano Bruner
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Hum Evol 54:729-42. 2008
    ..Therefore, it may be hypothesized that the Neandertal neurocranial architecture was present since at least OIS 5, as already suggested on the basis of ectocranial morphology...
  31. ncbi Artificial cranial deformation in Pleistocene Australians: the Coobool Creek sample
    Arthur C Durband
    Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 1012, USA
    J Hum Evol 54:795-813. 2008
    ..This project provides added support for the argument that at least some Pleistocene Australian groups were practicing artificial cranial deformation...
  32. ncbi Cladistic analysis of early Homo crania from Swartkrans and Sterkfontein, South Africa
    Heather F Smith
    School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, P O Box 872402, Tempe, AZ 85287 2402, United States
    J Hum Evol 54:684-704. 2008
    ..In no case was an exclusive sister relationship between either South African OTU and a particular species of Homo supported statistically. Both South African OTUs differ from H. habilis in the fewest number of cladistic characters...
  33. pmc Cosmogenic nuclide dating of Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Australopithecus bahrelghazali: Mio-Pliocene hominids from Chad
    Anne Elisabeth Lebatard
    Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:3226-31. 2008
    ..8 and 7.2 Ma. This chronological constraint is an important cornerstone both for establishing the earliest stages of hominid evolution and for new calibrations of the molecular clock...
  34. pmc Cranial base evolution within the hominin clade
    L Nevell
    The George Washington University, Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, Department of Anthropology, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    J Anat 212:455-68. 2008
    ..This analysis suggests that cranial base morphology has continued to evolve in the hominin clade, both before and after the emergence of the genus Homo...
  35. ncbi Hominin-carnivore interactions during the Chinese Early Paleolithic: taphonomic perspectives from Xujiayao
    Christopher J Norton
    Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xizhimenwai Street, Beijing 100044, China
    J Hum Evol 55:164-78. 2008
    ..Since the age of Xujiayao is still in question, we can only conclude that archaic Homo sapiens were successful predators of large game in Northeast Asia some time during the latter part of the Early Paleolithic...
  36. ncbi New evidence for hominin carcass processing strategies at 1.5 Ma, Koobi Fora, Kenya
    Briana L Pobiner
    Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 112, 10th and Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20560 0112, USA
    J Hum Evol 55:103-30. 2008
    ..These assemblages increase our knowledge of the dietary behavior and ecology of Homo erectus, and provide support for variability in early Pleistocene hominin carcass foraging patterns...
  37. ncbi Comparative morphometrics of the primate apical tuft
    Erik S Mittra
    Division of Nuclear Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:449-59. 2007
    ..The implications of these findings for hypotheses about the association of apical tuft size and tool making in the hominin fossil record are discussed...
  38. ncbi The 'human revolution' in lowland tropical Southeast Asia: the antiquity and behavior of anatomically modern humans at Niah Cave (Sarawak, Borneo)
    Graeme Barker
    McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3ER, UK
    J Hum Evol 52:243-61. 2007
    ..The Niah evidence demonstrates the sophisticated nature of the subsistence behavior developed by modern humans to exploit the tropical environments that they encountered in Southeast Asia, including rainforest...
  39. ncbi Unique ramus anatomy for Neandertals?
    Milford H Wolpoff
    Paleoanthropology Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
    Am J Phys Anthropol 128:245-51. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi A Neandertal mandible from the Cova del Gegant (Sitges, Barcelona, Spain)
    J Daura
    Grup de Recerca del Quaternari, SERP Seminari d Estudis i Recerques Prehistòriques, Dpto Prehistoria, Historia Antiga i Arqueologia, Universitaat de Barcelona, c Baldiri i Reixach s n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    J Hum Evol 49:56-70. 2005
    ..This represents an important new addition to the human fossil record from the Iberian Peninsula and joins the Bañolas mandible in documenting the course of human evolution in the northern Mediterranean region of Spain...
  41. ncbi Are the differences between Stw 431 (Australopithecus africanus) and A.L. 288-1 (A. afarensis) significant?
    Seth D Dobson
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 49:143-54. 2005
    ..africanus. Low statistical power in the present study may account for the discrepancy. Further research is needed to illuminate the functional implications of variation in relative lumbosacral joint size in early hominins...
  42. ncbi Paleoanthropology. New 'hobbits' bolster species, but origins still a mystery
    Elizabeth Culotta
    Science 310:208-9. 2005
  43. ncbi Human encephalization and developmental timing
    Lucio Vinicius
    Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, United Kingdom
    J Hum Evol 49:762-76. 2005
    ..The rejection of the "brain allometry extension" model may require a reevaluation of the adaptive scenarios proposed to explain how human encephalization evolved...
  44. ncbi Anatomical descriptions, comparative studies and evolutionary significance of the hominin skulls from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia
    G Philip Rightmire
    Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University SUNY, P O Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
    J Hum Evol 50:115-41. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, the evidence from anatomical analysis and measurements supports the hypothesis that Dmanisi is close to the stem from which H. erectus evolved...
  45. ncbi New reconstruction of Krapina 5, a male Neandertal cranial vault from Krapina, Croatia
    Rachel Caspari
    Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, 48859, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 130:294-307. 2006
    ....
  46. ncbi Khoratpithecus piriyai, a Late Miocene hominoid of Thailand
    Yaowalak Chaimanee
    Paleontological Section, Department of Mineral Resources, Bureau of Geological Survey, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:311-23. 2006
    ..Thus Khoratpithecus represents a new lineage of Southeast Asian hominoids, closely related to extant great ape ancestors...
  47. ncbi New Neandertal remains from Cova Negra (Valencia, Spain)
    J L Arsuaga
    Centro de Investigación UCM ISCIII de Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos, c Sinesio, Delgado, 4, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    J Hum Evol 52:31-58. 2007
    ..The archaeological evidence from Cova Negra indicates sporadic, short-term occupations of the site, suggesting a high degree of mobility among Neandertals...
  48. ncbi Mandibular fossa morphology in the Ngandong and Sambungmacan fossil hominids
    Arthur C Durband
    Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 1012, USA
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 291:1212-20. 2008
    ..In addition, if this apparent autapomorphy is confirmed, then it is also unlikely that the Ngandong hominids contributed to the gene pool of modern humans...
  49. ncbi Backed tools in Middle Pleistocene central Africa and their evolutionary significance
    Lawrence Barham
    Department of Archaeology, University of Bristol, 43 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UU, UK
    J Hum Evol 43:585-603. 2002
    ..Some modern-like behaviours appear to have emerged by the later Middle Pleistocene in south central Africa...
  50. ncbi Testing the taxonomic integrity of Paranthropus boisei sensu stricto
    N Silverman
    Hominid Paleobiology Doctoral Program, Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 115:167-78. 2001
    ..boisei s.s., despite the substantial geological time embraced by the mandibular corpus hypodigm, the predicted value of lnISD, when corrected for taphonomic factors, is comparable to the sexual dimorphism observed within Gorilla...
  51. ncbi Pairwise difference analysis in modern human origins research
    Mark Collard
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Hum Evol 43:323-52. 2002
    ..The corollary of this is that the results of published pairwise difference analyses of hominid fossils are not informative regarding the origin of modern humans...
  52. ncbi A new skull of early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia
    Abesalom Vekua
    Georgian State Museum, Georgian Academy of Sciences, 3 Purtseladze Street, Tbilisi 380007, Georgia
    Science 297:85-9. 2002
    ..We suggest that the ancestors of the Dmanisi population dispersed from Africa before the emergence of humans identified broadly with the H. erectus grade...
  53. ncbi New Sivapithecus postcranial specimens from the Siwaliks of Pakistan
    Sandra I Madar
    Department of Biology, Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio, 44234, U S A
    J Hum Evol 42:705-52. 2002
    ..They suggest a locomotor repertoire dominated by pronograde activities and also such antipronograde activities as vertical climbing and clambering, but not by antipronograde suspensory activities as practiced by extant apes...
  54. ncbi Identifying metameric variation in extant hominoid and fossil hominid mandibular molars
    Leslea J Hlusko
    Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois, Urbana, 61801
    Am J Phys Anthropol 118:86-97. 2002
    ..These results demonstrate that data on metameric variation may provide information regarding function or developmental processes previously indiscernible from fossil material...
  55. ncbi Missing Omo L338y-6 occipital-marginal sinus drainage pattern: ground sectioning, computer tomography scanning, and the original fossil fail to show it
    Ralph L Holloway
    Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Anat Rec 266:249-57. 2002
    ..e., the difference between a first-generation cast of the original fossil and a third- or fourth-generation cast of the endocast made two decades ago...
  56. ncbi Origin of human bipedalism: The knuckle-walking hypothesis revisited
    B G Richmond
    Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol . 2001
    ..Existing hypotheses must explain why bipedalism would evolve from an ancestor that was already partly terrestrial. Many food acquisition and carrying hypotheses remain tenable in light of current evidence...
  57. ncbi Morphology-based systematics (MBS) and problems with fossil hominoid and hominid systematics
    Esteban E Sarmiento
    Division of Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA
    Anat Rec 269:50-66. 2002
    ..More in-depth anatomical studies that are in accordance with systematic methodology are likely to hold the key to correctly classifying fossils and unraveling hominoid and hominid phylogeny...
  58. ncbi The costal skeleton of Shanidar 3 and a reappraisal of Neandertal thoracic morphology
    Robert G Franciscus
    Department of Anthropology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242, USA
    J Hum Evol 42:303-56. 2002
    ....
  59. ncbi New cercopithecoids and a hominoid from 12.5 Ma in the Tugen Hills succession, Kenya
    Andrew Hill
    Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Hum Evol 42:75-93. 2002
    ..The site is underlain, and not far removed in time, from one of the best fossil macro-floras in Africa, which indicates lowland rainforest conditions in this portion of the Rift Valley at 12.6 Ma...
  60. ncbi Preliminary description of the Equatorius africanus partial skeleton (KNM-TH 28860) from Kipsaramon, Tugen Hills, Baringo District, Kenya
    Richard J Sherwood
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Hum Evol 42:63-73. 2002
    ..While the anatomy of the wrist, thorax and hindlimb in Equatorius is similar to that of Afropithecus and Proconsul, the morphology of the new skeleton confirms earlier interpretations of greater terrestriality in Equatorius...
  61. ncbi Geology and geochronology of the middle Miocene Kipsaramon site complex, Muruyur Beds, Tugen Hills, Kenya
    Anna K Behrensmeyer
    Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 0121, USA
    J Hum Evol 42:11-38. 2002
    ..Elements of the fauna as well as stable isotopes that indicate both forest and more open environments occurred in proximity to the lake during the time of deposition of Member 1...
  62. ncbi The late Neandertal supraorbital fossils from Vindija Cave, Croatia: a biased sample?
    James C M Ahern
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 3431, USA
    J Hum Evol 43:419-32. 2002
    ..Unless we assume that the Vindija sample is female/young and the Krapina sample is male/old biased, our results falsify the hypothesis that the metric differences between the Krapina and Vindija samples are due to sample bias...
  63. ncbi Paleoanthropology. Were 'little people' the first to venture out of Africa?
    Michael Balter
    Science 297:26-7. 2002
  64. ncbi Estimation of body size and physique from hominin skeletal remains
    A M W Porter
    Homo 53:17-38. 2002
    ..At present both forensic scientists and anthropologists lack adequate data and methods to estimate body size and shape from hominin skeletons. A further large and well-designed study using magnetic resonance imaging is required...
  65. ncbi Forensic anthropology and mortuary archaeology in Lithuania
    Rimantas Jankauskas
    Department of Anatomy, Histology and Anthropology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
    Anthropol Anz 67:391-405. 2009
    ..On one hand, physical anthropology has in its disposition numerous scientifically tested methods, however, their practical value in ..
  66. ncbi Understanding race and human variation: why forensic anthropologists are good at identifying race
    Stephen Ousley
    Department of Applied Forensic Sciences, Mercyhurst College, Erie, PA, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 139:68-76. 2009
    American forensicanthropologists uncritically accepted the biological race concept from classic physical anthropology and applied it to methods of human identification...
  67. ncbi New methods and techniques in anthropology
    W Recheis
    Department of Radiology II, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Coll Antropol 23:495-509. 1999
    ..These techniques enabled dramatically new insights to be gained in the field of physical anthropology. Computed tomography became the ideal research tool to access the internal structures of various precious ..
  68. ncbi Anatomy in the Third Reich: an outline, part 2. Bodies for anatomy and related medical disciplines
    S Hildebrandt
    Division of Anatomical Sciences, Office of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0608, USA
    Clin Anat 22:894-905. 2009
    ..In the late 19th and early 20th century, the fields of anatomy, physical anthropology, and racial hygiene (eugenics) were closely related in their subject matter...
  69. ncbi Which articles and which topics in the forensic sciences are most highly cited?
    A W Jones
    Department of Forensic Toxicology, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Sci Justice 45:175-82. 2005
    ..as coming from toxicology, closely followed by criminalistics (14 articles), pathology (nine articles), physical anthropology (five articles), forensic psychiatry (two articles) and one from odontology...
  70. pmc Antibiotic resistance genes in the vaginal microbiota of primates not normally exposed to antibiotics
    Robert T Jeters
    Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Microb Drug Resist 15:309-15. 2009
    ..were part of a captive colony in Texas that is used for scientific studies of female physiology and physical anthropology topics. Samples from some wild baboons were also tested...
  71. ncbi Virtual reality and anthropology
    W Recheis
    Department of Radiology II, University Hospital, Universitatsklinik, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Radiol 31:88-96. 1999
    ..These techniques opened totally new insights in the field of physical anthropology. Computed tomography became the ideal research tool to access the internal structures of various precious ..
  72. ncbi Sexual dimorphism in deciduous crown traits of a European derived Australian sample
    C J Adler
    Discipline of Anatomy and Histology F13, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 199:29-37. 2010
    Sex determination of juvenile skeletal remains is a problematic area affecting physical anthropology, forensic science and archaeology...
  73. ncbi Changes in biological anthropology: results of the 1998 American Association of Physical Anthropology Membership Survey
    Trudy R Turner
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 118:111-6. 2002
    In response to the results of the 1996 survey of the membership of the American Association of Physical Anthropology (AAPA), the Executive Committee of the Association sponsored a follow-up survey designed to assess gender and specialty ..
  74. ncbi The case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish geneticist, eugenicist, twin researcher, and victim of the Nazis
    James Braund
    Department of German and Slavonic Studies, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Hist Biol 41:1-35. 2008
    ..Poll's intellectual work involved an early transition from morphometric physical anthropology to comparative evolutionary studies, and also found expression in twin research--a field in which he was ..
  75. ncbi [Forensic anthropology]
    Niels Lynnerup
    Københavns Universitet, Retspatologisk Afdeling, Retsmedicinsk Institut, DK 2100 København Ø
    Ugeskr Laeger 171:2643-5. 2009
    Forensic anthropology is the application of biological or physical anthropology in the service of justice. One main area is the analysis of human remains...
  76. ncbi Classification trees as an alternative to linear discriminant analysis
    Marc R Feldesman
    Department of Anthropology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon 97207, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 119:257-75. 2002
    Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is frequently used for classification/prediction problems in physical anthropology, but it is unusual to find examples where researchers consider the statistical limitations and assumptions required for ..
  77. ncbi Estimation of human body built in Egyptians
    Manal M S El-Meligy
    Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Assiut, Assiut, Egypt
    Forensic Sci Int 159:27-31. 2006
    ..body and prediction of growth from specific body measurements are very important tasks in the fields of physical anthropology and forensic medicine...
  78. ncbi Human cold adaptation: an unfinished agenda
    A Theodore Steegmann
    Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14261, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 19:218-27. 2007
    ..Assumptions about cold protective functions of low surface area/body mass ratio are entrenched in physical anthropology, despite lack of experimental validation...
  79. ncbi Estimation of African ape body length from femur length
    S M Hens
    Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996 0720, USA
    J Hum Evol 34:401-11. 1998
    The estimation from long bone lengths of stature in humans or body size in apes has a deep history in physical anthropology. To date, we can enumerate at least five different statistical methods for making such estimations...
  80. pmc Dermatoglyphics from all Chinese ethnic groups reveal geographic patterning
    Hai Guo Zhang
    Department of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
    PLoS ONE 5:e8783. 2010
    ..It is fortunate that data on population dermatoglyphics, a field of physical anthropology, have now been collected for all 56 Chinese ethnic groups, because intermarriage between individuals from ..
  81. ncbi How many mandibles in a mammal? A note on terminology
    U Kierdorf
    Department of Biology, University of Hildesheim, Marienburger Platz 22, Hildesheim, Germany
    Anat Histol Embryol 40:107-11. 2011
    ..In all analysed textbooks of human anatomy and physical anthropology as well as in several veterinary anatomy textbooks, the mandible is viewed as a single (unpaired) skeletal ..
  82. ncbi Variability of the pattern of aging on the human skeleton: evidence from bone indicators and implications on age at death estimation
    Aurore Schmitt
    Centre d Anthropologie, UMR 8555, 39 Allee Jules Guesdes, 31 000 Toulouse, France
    J Forensic Sci 47:1203-9. 2002
    Age at death assessment of adult skeletons is one of the most difficult problems in forensic and physical anthropology. Two fundamental sources of error are described: the complex variability in the process of skeletal aging and ..
  83. ncbi Virtual anthropology: the digital evolution in anthropological sciences
    G W Weber
    Institute for Anthropology, University of Vienna, Austria
    J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 20:69-80. 2001
    ..In physical anthropology, the discrimination of taxa and the qualitative and quantitative description of ontogenetic or ..
  84. ncbi Lessons from Srebrenica: the contributions and limitations of physical anthropology in identifying victims of war crimes
    Debra Komar
    Office of the Medical Investigator, and Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 0001, USA
    J Forensic Sci 48:713-6. 2003
    ..4% were accurately aged and 29.4% had a stature estimate that included their reported height...
  85. ncbi The new biological anthropology: bringing Washburn's new physical anthropology into 2010 and beyond--the 2008 AAPA luncheon lecture
    Agustin Fuentes
    Department of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 143:2-12. 2010
    Nearly 60 years ago, Sherwood Washburn issued a call for a "New Physical Anthropology," a transition from measurement and classification toward a focus on the processes and mechanisms of evolutionary change...
  86. ncbi Determination of male age at death in Chinese Han population: using quantitative variables statistical analysis from pubic bones
    Xiping Chen
    Department of Forensic Sciences, Medical School of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123 Jiangsu, China
    Forensic Sci Int 175:36-43. 2008
    Determination of age at death by skeletal features is difficult, but important, both in forensic and physical anthropology. Pubic symphysis is a widely accepted morphological indicator, which provides the best result for personal age ..
  87. ncbi From ecology to base pairs: nursing and genetic science
    J K Williams
    Gerontological Nursing Interventions Research Center at the University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 3:4-12. 2001
    ..Initially, nursing research on genetic topics originated primarily from physical anthropology and from a clinical, disease-focused perspective...
  88. ncbi The postmortem fate of Pat Gregory: a disinterred Native American
    T A Murad
    Department of Anthropology, California State University, Chico 95929 0400, USA
    J Forensic Sci 45:488-94. 2000
    In late June 1990, the Mono County Sheriffs Department in Bridgeport, CA contacted the Physical Anthropology Human Identification Laboratory (PAHIL) at California State University, Chico to seek assistance in the identification of a ..
  89. ncbi Enthesopathies as occupational stress markers: evidence from the upper limb
    Sébastien Villotte
    Laboratoire d Anthropologie des Populations du Passé, UMR PACEA 5199, CNRS Universite Bordeaux 1, Talence, France
    Am J Phys Anthropol 142:224-34. 2010
    ..Relatively little attention has been paid in physical anthropology to methodological gaps implicit in this approach: almost all methods previously employed neglect current ..
  90. ncbi History in the gene: negotiations between molecular and organismal anthropology
    Marianne Sommer
    ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Hist Biol 41:473-528. 2008
    ..and human phylogeny and evolution vis-à-vis other historical sciences such as evolutionary biology, physical anthropology, and paleoanthropology...
  91. ncbi [Crania, bodies, and measurements: formation of the collection of anthropometric instruments at the Museu Nacional in the late nineteenth/early twentieth century]
    Guilherme José da Silva e Sá
    Departamento de Ciências Sociais Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
    Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 15:197-208. 2008
    ..of scientific instruments at the Museu Nacional's Biological Anthropology Sector (previously known as the Physical Anthropology Division), Brazil. It focuses on the instruments used for anthropometric measurements...
  92. ncbi Prolegomena to a history of radical brains in the nineteenth century: physiognomics, phrenology, brain anatomy
    M Hagner
    Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
    Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 36:321-38. 1999
    ..Late-eighteenth-century physiognomics and physical anthropology established parameters for explaining intellectual differences among human beings...
  93. ncbi Physical anthropology and the description of the 'savage' in the Brazilian Anthropological Exhibition of 1882
    Juanma Sánchez Arteaga
    Filosofia e Ensino de Ciências Biológicas, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia
    Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 17:399-414. 2010
    ..From the analyses of such exhibitions, we derive implications for science popularization and education, concerning the ideological undertones of scientific knowledge...
  94. ncbi The reliability of sex determination of skeletons from forensic context in the Balkans
    Marija Durić
    Laboratory of Anthropology, Department of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, 4 2 Dr Subotica, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
    Forensic Sci Int 147:159-64. 2005
    ..75% of crania. Examination of the sample by an individual with training in physical anthropology, but no case experience, suggests that experience is likely to contribute moderately to the accuracy of ..
  95. ncbi Laterality of manual function in foraging and positional behavior in wild indri (Indri indri)
    Marco M Rigamonti
    Centro di Primatologia HSR, Milan, Italy
    Am J Primatol 65:27-38. 2005
    ..at "level 1 of laterality" in the classification framework proposed by McGrew and Marchant [Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 40:201-232, 1997]...
  96. ncbi Assessing the accuracy of high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of primate trabecular bone by comparisons with histological sections
    Roberto José Fajardo
    Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, State University of New York at Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 118:1-10. 2002
    ..HRXCT represents a valuable analytical tool that should be of interest to a great many researchers in physical anthropology because it allows nondestructive access to internal morphology, thereby preserving valuable and limited ..
  97. ncbi Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus)
    Martin Surbeck
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 71:171-4. 2009
    ..by active hunting, this would challenge current evolutionary models relating the intra-specific aggression and violence seen in chimpanzees and humans to hunting and meat consumption [Wrangham, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 42:1-30].
  98. ncbi Identification of group affinity from cross-sectional contours of the human midfacial skeleton using digital morphometrics and 3D laser scanning technology
    Sabrina B Sholts
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 3210, USA
    J Forensic Sci 56:333-8. 2011
    Identifying group affinity from human crania is a long-standing problem in forensic and physical anthropology. Many craniofacial differences used in forensic skeletal identification are difficult to quantify, although certain ..
  99. ncbi Ontogenetic study of the supraorbital region in modern humans: a longitudinal test of the spatial model
    Gabriela N Fiscella
    Department of Anthropology, Northern Illinois University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Anthropol Anz 64:147-60. 2006
    ..the hominid supraorbital torus and its morphological variation have always been a controversial topic in physical anthropology. Understanding the function of browridge variation in living and fossil human populations is relevant to ..
  100. ncbi Clapping in chimpanzees: evidence of exclusive hand preference in a spontaneous, bimanual gesture
    Alison W Fletcher
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Chester, Chester, United Kingdom
    Am J Primatol 68:1081-8. 2006
    ..bias to the right or the left, the population is placed at level 3 of McGrew and Marchant's [Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 40:201-232, 1997] laterality framework...
  101. ncbi Handedness identification from intertubercular sulcus of the humerus by discriminant function analysis
    K G Selvaraj
    Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
    Forensic Sci Int 98:101-8. 1998
    The accurate determination of skeletal handedness is a critical requirement in physical anthropology and forensic science...

Research Grants9

  1. A 3-D Interactive Atlas of Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint
    William Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..different age and ethnic groups, and a better understanding of comparative anatomy from the perspective of physical anthropology. This opens the door for developing similar high-resolution models in other anatomic sites and organ ..
  2. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Childhood Growth
    Bradford Towne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Growth Study have expertise in genetic epidemiology, auxology, medical sociology, population genetics, and physical anthropology. The proposed study will yield one of the largest familial databases ever collected of serial measures of ..
  3. FORM DIFFERENCE COMPUTATIONS IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY
    MONA MCALARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..sciences; 3) the diagnosis, treatment planning, and prognosis of many clinical problems; and 4) physical anthropology. If the form comparison between two objects is adequately described, the underlying cause of form ..
  4. IDENTIFYING NIDDM GENES USING ADMIXED POPULATIONS
    Mark Shriver; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They will verify any positive associations found using sib-pair linkage analysis and the transmission disequilibrium test. ..
  5. CONSTRUCTION AND APPLICATION OF A US ADMIXTURE MAP
    Mark Shriver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..From simulation studies, we estimate that about 1000 AIMs will be required for genome-wide mapping with two-way admixture, and about 1500 for admixture between three populations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. GENETIC ARCHITECTURE OF THE HUMAN CRANIOFACIAL COMPLEX
    RICHARD SHERWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study of the genetic architecture of the craniofacial complex will provide information critical in characterizing the genetic underpinnings to normal craniofacial development and morphology. ..
  7. MOHAWK CULTURE, BEHAVIOR, TOXICANT EXPOSURE AND HEALTH
    LAWRENCE SCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Inequality, social capital and health in Boliva
    William Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Group and Individual Differences in Audition
    Dennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If so, theory, diagnosis, treatment, and nosology for ADHD could be affected. ..