work schedule tolerance

Summary

Summary: Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Shift work and cancer - considerations on rationale, mechanisms, and epidemiology
    Giovanni Costa
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Milano, Clinica del Lavoro L Devoto, 20122, Milano, Italy
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:163-79. 2010
  2. pmc Shift work and vascular events: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Manav V Vyas
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, ON, Canada
    BMJ 345:e4800. 2012
  3. pmc Shift work and chronic disease: the epidemiological evidence
    X S Wang
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 61:78-89. 2011
  4. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
  5. ncbi Health problems due to long working hours in Japan: working hours, workers' compensation (Karoshi), and preventive measures
    Kenji Iwasaki
    Institute of Industrial Health, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Nagao, Kawasaki, Japan
    Ind Health 44:537-40. 2006
  6. ncbi Case-control study of shift-work and breast cancer risk in Danish nurses: impact of shift systems
    Johnni Hansen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Cancer 48:1722-9. 2012
  7. ncbi Biological clocks and shift work: circadian dysregulation and potential long-term effects
    Erhard Haus
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Health Partners Medical Group, Regions Hospital, St Paul, Minnesota 55101, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:489-500. 2006
  8. ncbi Night work and risk of breast cancer
    Eva S Schernhammer
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 17:108-11. 2006
  9. pmc Rotating night shift work and risk of type 2 diabetes: two prospective cohort studies in women
    An Pan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001141. 2011
  10. ncbi Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study
    E S Schernhammer
    E S Schernhammer, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:1563-8. 2001

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Shift work and cancer - considerations on rationale, mechanisms, and epidemiology
    Giovanni Costa
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Milano, Clinica del Lavoro L Devoto, 20122, Milano, Italy
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:163-79. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc Shift work and vascular events: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Manav V Vyas
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, ON, Canada
    BMJ 345:e4800. 2012
    ..To synthesise the association of shift work with major vascular events as reported in the literature...
  3. pmc Shift work and chronic disease: the epidemiological evidence
    X S Wang
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 61:78-89. 2011
    ..Recent reviews of evidence relating to these hypotheses have focussed on specific diseases or potential mechanisms, but no general summary of the current data on shift work and chronic disease has been published...
  4. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
    ..Although sleep deprivation has been shown to impair neurobehavioral performance, few studies have measured its effects on medical errors...
  5. ncbi Health problems due to long working hours in Japan: working hours, workers' compensation (Karoshi), and preventive measures
    Kenji Iwasaki
    Institute of Industrial Health, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Nagao, Kawasaki, Japan
    Ind Health 44:537-40. 2006
    ..It is obvious that we need to continue research regarding the impact on worker health and the management of long working hours...
  6. ncbi Case-control study of shift-work and breast cancer risk in Danish nurses: impact of shift systems
    Johnni Hansen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Cancer 48:1722-9. 2012
    ..Existing studies had crude definitions of shift-work and did not discriminate between shift-work systems (e.g. permanent versus rotating or evening versus night)...
  7. ncbi Biological clocks and shift work: circadian dysregulation and potential long-term effects
    Erhard Haus
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Health Partners Medical Group, Regions Hospital, St Paul, Minnesota 55101, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:489-500. 2006
    ..The implications of the pathophysiology of phase shift are discussed for long-term health effects and for the design of ergonomic work schedules minimizing the adverse health effects upon the worker...
  8. ncbi Night work and risk of breast cancer
    Eva S Schernhammer
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 17:108-11. 2006
    ..Melatonin shows potential oncostatic activity and is acutely suppressed by light exposure. Some evidence suggests an association between night work and breast cancer risk, possibly through the melatonin pathway...
  9. pmc Rotating night shift work and risk of type 2 diabetes: two prospective cohort studies in women
    An Pan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001141. 2011
    ..However, its association with type 2 diabetes remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate this association in two cohorts of US women...
  10. ncbi Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study
    E S Schernhammer
    E S Schernhammer, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:1563-8. 2001
    ..There is little information, however, about the direct effect of night work on the risk of cancer. We investigated the effect of night work in breast cancer...
  11. ncbi Effect of shift work on body mass index and metabolic parameters
    Yuko Morikawa
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, 1 1 Daigaku, Uchinada machi, Kahoku gun, Ishikawa 920 0293, Japan
    Scand J Work Environ Health 33:45-50. 2007
    ..The aim of this cohort study was to investigate the effects of shift work on changes in parameters related to metabolic disturbances...
  12. ncbi Health disorders of shift workers
    Anders Knutsson
    Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Public Health, Mid Sweden University, 851 70 Sundsvall, Sweden
    Occup Med (Lond) 53:103-8. 2003
    ..The strongest evidence exists for an association with peptic ulcer disease, coronary heart disease and compromised pregnancy outcome...
  13. ncbi Circadian phase, sleepiness, and light exposure assessment in night workers with and without shift work disorder
    Valentina Gumenyuk
    Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA
    Chronobiol Int 29:928-36. 2012
    ..In contrast, individuals with SWD maintain a circadian phase position similar to day workers, leading to a mismatch/conflict between their endogenous rhythms and their sleep-wake schedule...
  14. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
    ..Long work hours and work shifts of an extended duration (> or =24 hours) remain a hallmark of medical education in the United States. Yet their effect on health and safety has not been evaluated with the use of validated measures...
  15. ncbi Before and after resident work hour limitations: an objective assessment of the well-being of surgical residents
    Thomas Stamp
    Department of Surgery, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45409, USA
    Curr Surg 62:117-21. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of resident work hour limitations on how surgical residents feel about their training, patient care, and their overall well-being...
  16. pmc Overtime work and incident coronary heart disease: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise for Work Organizations, Topeliuksenkatu 41 aA, FIN 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Heart J 31:1737-44. 2010
    ..To examine the association between overtime work and incident coronary heart disease (CHD) among middle-aged employees...
  17. ncbi Shift and night work and long working hours--a systematic review of safety implications
    Anthony Sverre Wagstaff
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:173-85. 2011
    ..The aim of this report is to provide a systematic, updated overview and scientific review of empirical research regarding accidents in relation to long work hours and shift work, primarily based on epidemiological studies...
  18. ncbi Nightshift work and risk of breast cancer and other cancers--a critical review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Henrik A Kolstad
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Occupational Medicine, Norrebrogade 44, DK 8000 Arhus C, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:5-22. 2008
    ..This systematic review concerns the role of nightshift work in the risk of breast cancer or other cancers...
  19. ncbi Shift work and the risk of ischemic heart disease - a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Poul Frost
    Danish Ramazzini Center, Department of Occupational Medicine, Arhus University Hospital, Arhus Sygehus, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 2C, 8000 Arhus C, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 35:163-79. 2009
    ..The objective of this review was to evaluate the epidemiologic evidence for a causal relation -between shift work and ischemic heart disease...
  20. ncbi Gender differences in the effects from working conditions on mental health: a 4-year follow-up
    Carina Bildt
    National Institute for Working Life, 112 79 Stockholm, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:252-8. 2002
    ..Also, the relative importance of other living conditions in relation to poor mental health in 1997 was examined...
  21. ncbi Night work and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sarah P Megdal
    Milken Community High School, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Eur J Cancer 41:2023-32. 2005
    ..05). Studies on night shift work and breast cancer risk collectively show an increased breast cancer risk among women. Publication bias is unlikely to have influenced the results...
  22. pmc Using additional information on working hours to predict coronary heart disease: a cohort study
    Mika Kivimäki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 154:457-63. 2011
    ..Long working hours are associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Adding information on long hours to traditional risk factors for CHD may help to improve risk prediction for this condition...
  23. ncbi Rotating shift work and the metabolic syndrome: a prospective study
    D De Bacquer
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium
    Int J Epidemiol 38:848-54. 2009
    ..In order to further explore this relation, we aimed at assessing the association between rotating shift work and the incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
  24. ncbi Effects of work hour reduction on residents' lives: a systematic review
    Kathlyn E Fletcher
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clement J Zablocki VA Medical Center Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53295, USA
    JAMA 294:1088-100. 2005
    ..These limitations are likely to also have an impact on other aspects of the lives of residents...
  25. ncbi Long workhours and health
    Monique van der Hulst
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 29:171-88. 2003
    ..However, the evidence is inconclusive because many studies did not control for potential confounders. Due to the gaps in the current evidence and the methodological shortcomings of the studies in the review, further research is needed...
  26. ncbi Effects of partial circadian adjustments on sleep and vigilance quality during simulated night work
    Simon Chapdelaine
    Chronobiology Laboratory, Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Sacré Coeur Hospital of Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Sleep Res 21:380-9. 2012
    ..These strategies need to be tested in the field, to determine whether they can be adapted to real-life situations and provide effective support to night workers...
  27. ncbi Working on atypical schedules
    Diane B Boivin
    Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, 6875 LaSalle Boulevard, F 1127 Montreal, Que, Canada H4H 1R3
    Sleep Med 8:578-89. 2007
    ..In this manuscript, we review several countermeasures to improve adaptation to shift work...
  28. pmc The impact of a week of simulated night work on sleep, circadian phase, and performance
    N Lamond
    The Centre for Sleep Research, Basil Hetzel Institute, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville, South Australia, Australia
    Occup Environ Med 60:e13. 2003
    ..To investigate factors that may contribute to performance adaptation during permanent night work...
  29. ncbi Breast cancer and night work among Norwegian nurses
    Jenny Anne S Lie
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population Based Cancer Research, N 0310, Oslo, Montebello, Norway
    Cancer Causes Control 17:39-44. 2006
    ..Previous studies have suggested an association between breast cancer and night work. We evaluated the relationship among Norwegian nurses...
  30. pmc Shift work and pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review with meta-analysis of currently available epidemiological studies
    M Bonzini
    Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Research Centre, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy
    BJOG 118:1429-37. 2011
    ..Two independent meta-analyses (from 2000 to 2007) reported a small adverse effect of shift work on the risk of preterm delivery (PTD). However, these reviews were based on few high-quality studies...
  31. ncbi Night work and breast cancer - results from the German GENICA study
    Beate Pesch
    Research Institute of Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance BGFA, 44789 Bochum, Germany
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:134-41. 2010
    ..We have investigated the risk in a German population-based case-control study known as GENICA (gene environment interaction and breast cancer)...
  32. ncbi The effects of shift work on body weight change - a systematic review of longitudinal studies
    Alwin van Drongelen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:263-75. 2011
    ..This systematic review aims to summarize the available evidence to elucidate the effects of shift work, which includes night work, on body weight change...
  33. ncbi Association between workaholism and sleep problems among hospital nurses
    Kazumi Kubota
    Department of Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Ind Health 48:864-71. 2010
    ..However, no significant associations were found between workaholism and insomnia symptoms. These results suggest that workaholic nurses had higher risks for impaired awakening, insufficient sleep, and workplace sleepiness...
  34. ncbi Circadian aspects of postprandial metabolism
    Linda Morgan
    School of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Chronobiol Int 20:795-808. 2003
    ..As both insulin resistance and elevated circulating TAG are independent risk factors for heart disease, it is possible that meals at night may contribute to this risk...
  35. ncbi Extended work hours and risk of acute occupational injury: A case-crossover study of workers in manufacturing
    S Vegso
    Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Am J Ind Med 50:597-603. 2007
    ..This study was designed to determine whether injury risk among manufacturing workers was related to hours worked during the previous week...
  36. ncbi Night-shift work and risk of breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Biren B Kamdar
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1830 E Monument St, 5th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 138:291-301. 2013
    ..Overall, given substantial heterogeneity observed between studies in this meta-analysis, we conclude there is weak evidence to support previous reports that night-shift work is associated with increased breast cancer risk...
  37. ncbi Night work and breast cancer: a population-based case-control study in France (the CECILE study)
    Florence Menegaux
    INSERM, CESP Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, U1018, Environmental Epidemiology of Cancer, Villejuif, France Univ Paris Sud, UMRS 1018, Villejuif, France
    Int J Cancer 132:924-31. 2013
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that night work plays a role in breast cancer, particularly in women who started working at night before first full-term pregnancy...
  38. ncbi Do permanent night workers show circadian adjustment? A review based on the endogenous melatonin rhythm
    Simon Folkard
    Laboratoire d Anthropologie Appliquée LAA Ergonomie, Comportement et Interactions EA 4070, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France
    Chronobiol Int 25:215-24. 2008
    ..It is concluded that in normal environments, permanent night-shift systems are unlikely to result in sufficient circadian adjustment in most individuals to benefit health and safety...
  39. pmc Shift work disorder in nurses--assessment, prevalence and related health problems
    Elisabeth Flo
    Norwegian Competence Center for Sleep Disorders, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 7:e33981. 2012
    ..This study investigates the prevalence of symptoms of shift work disorder in a sample of nurses, and its association to individual, health and work variables...
  40. ncbi Night-shift work and risk of colorectal cancer in the nurses' health study
    Eva S Schernhammer
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:825-8. 2003
    ..84 to 1.19) and 1.35 (95% CI = 1.03 to 1.77), respectively (P(trend) =.04). These data suggest that working a rotating night shift at least three nights per month for 15 or more years may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in women...
  41. ncbi Main and interactive effects of shiftwork, age and work stress on health in an Italian sample of healthcare workers
    P M Conway
    Department of Occupational Health, University of Milan, Via San Barnaba 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Appl Ergon 39:630-9. 2008
    ..Few significant interactions were observed. Shiftwork with nights and high work stress significantly interacted in increasing the risk for poor sleep. The "healthy worker effect" may have played a strong role in study findings...
  42. ncbi Considerations of circadian impact for defining 'shift work' in cancer studies: IARC Working Group Report
    Richard G Stevens
    University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    Occup Environ Med 68:154-62. 2011
    ..The group also recognised that for further domains to be identified, more research needs to be conducted on the impact of various shift schedules and routines on physiological and circadian rhythms of workers in real-world environments...
  43. pmc Long working hours and sleep disturbances: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Sleep 32:737-45. 2009
    ..To examine whether exposure to long working hours predicts various forms of sleep disturbance; short sleep, difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking, early waking and waking without feeling refreshed...
  44. ncbi Gastrointestinal disorders among shift workers
    Anders Knutsson
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, SE 851 70 Sundsvall, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:85-95. 2010
    ..Our aim was to review published literature on the association between shift work and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders...
  45. ncbi Overtime work and its effects on sleep, sleepiness, cortisol and blood pressure in an experimental field study
    Anna Dahlgren
    National Institute for Psychosocial Medicine, PO Box 230, S 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 32:318-27. 2006
    ..In addition, stress is usually a confounder. A within-person design was used to examine the effects of working 8- or 12-hour shifts in the absence of additional stress...
  46. ncbi Rotating night shift work and disparate hypertension risk in African-Americans
    Sung J Lieu
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Hypertens 30:61-6. 2012
    ..Because blood pressure responds differently to sleep alterations in blacks compared with whites, we hypothesized that rotating night shift work may be a stronger risk factor for hypertension among blacks...
  47. ncbi Shift work, risk factors and cardiovascular disease
    H Bøggild
    Centre for Working Time Research, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aalborg Regional Hospital, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 25:85-99. 1999
    ..Suggestions for the direction of future research on this topic are proposed...
  48. pmc Work characteristics predict psychiatric disorder: prospective results from the Whitehall II Study
    S A Stansfeld
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 56:302-7. 1999
    ..The impact of work on the risk of future psychiatric disorder has been examined in few longitudinal studies. This was examined prospectively in a large epidemiological study of civil servants...
  49. ncbi Differential effects of permanent and rotating shifts on self-report sleep length: a meta-analytic review
    J J Pilcher
    Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, Illinois, 61625 USA
    Sleep 23:155-63. 2000
    ..The current study used the meta-analytic technique to quantitatively assess the effects of permanent and rotating shift-work schedules on sleep length...
  50. ncbi Obesity and shift work: chronobiological aspects
    L C Antunes
    Post Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Nutr Res Rev 23:155-68. 2010
    ..The present review demonstrated the adverse cardiometabolic implications of circadian misalignment, as occurs chronically with shift workers...
  51. ncbi Individual differences in tolerance to shift work--a systematic review
    Ingvild B Saksvik
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Christies gate 12, 5015 Bergen, Norway
    Sleep Med Rev 15:221-35. 2011
    ..More longitudinal studies, especially concerning personality, are needed to make conclusions about the predictive power of individual differences for shift work tolerance...
  52. pmc Working hours as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction in Japan: case-control study
    S Sokejima
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, 930 0194, Japan
    BMJ 317:775-80. 1998
    ..To clarify the extent to which working hours affect the risk of acute myocardial infarction, independent of established risk factors and occupational conditions...
  53. pmc Shift work in nurses: contribution of phenotypes and genotypes to adaptation
    Karen L Gamble
    Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18395. 2011
    ..It is unclear how sleep timing, chronotype, and circadian clock gene variation contribute to adaptation to shift work...
  54. ncbi Circadian adaptation to night-shift work by judicious light and darkness exposure
    Diane B Boivin
    Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H4H 1R3, Canada
    J Biol Rhythms 17:556-67. 2002
    ..They also underline the importance of controlling the overall pattern of exposure to light and darkness in circadian adaptation to shifted sleep/wake schedules...
  55. ncbi Shift work and cardiovascular disease - pathways from circadian stress to morbidity
    Sampsa Puttonen
    Centre of Expertise on Human Factors at Work, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FI 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:96-108. 2010
    ..The data provide evidence for possible disease mechanisms between shift work and CVD, but compelling evidence on any specific mechanism is missing...
  56. ncbi Work characteristics and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women
    Candyce H Kroenke
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:175-83. 2007
    ..Job strain was unrelated to risk of type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, working overtime predicted a slightly elevated risk of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged female nurses...
  57. ncbi Shift work and metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and ischaemic heart disease
    Dorota Szosland
    The National Centre for Workplace Health Promotion, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 23:287-91. 2010
    ..Recent data increasingly reveal relations between shift work and plasma resistin, ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin...
  58. ncbi Metabolic syndrome in permanent night workers
    Nicoletta Biggi
    Occupational Health Service, AMSA, Milano, Italy
    Chronobiol Int 25:443-54. 2008
    ..No consistent effect was seen on fasting glucose, hepatic enzymes, and blood pressure, whereas a higher incidence of coronary heart disease was recorded in night workers...
  59. ncbi A longitudinal study on the effect of shift work on weight gain in male Japanese workers
    Yasushi Suwazono
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1887-93. 2008
    ..This study compared the effect of alternating shift work and day work on weight gain in Japanese male workers...
  60. pmc Rotating night shift work and the risk of ischemic stroke
    Devin L Brown
    Stroke Program, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1370-7. 2009
    ..99, 1.07; P(trend) = 0.10) and may be confined to women with a history of 15 or more years of rotating shift work. Women appear to have a modestly increased risk of stroke after extended periods of rotating night shift work...
  61. ncbi Shift work, light at night, and breast cancer on Long Island, New York
    Erin S O'Leary
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8036, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:358-66. 2006
    ..Furthermore, overall and evening shift work were not significant factors, and analyses of overnight shift workers yielded reduced risk estimates. The study thus provides mixed evidence for the light-at-night hypothesis...
  62. ncbi Night shift work and the risk of endometrial cancer
    Akila N Viswanathan
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Res 67:10618-22. 2007
    ..Our results add to growing literature that suggests women who work at night may benefit from cancer prevention strategies...
  63. ncbi Prospective cohort study of the risk of prostate cancer among rotating-shift workers: findings from the Japan collaborative cohort study
    Tatsuhiko Kubo
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan
    Am J Epidemiol 164:549-55. 2006
    ..2, 7.7), whereas fixed-night work was associated with a small and nonsignificant increase in risk. This report is the first known to reveal a significant relation between rotating-shift work and prostate cancer...
  64. ncbi Shift work and the risk of diabetes mellitus among Japanese male factory workers
    Yuko Morikawa
    Department of Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, 1 1 Daigaku, Uchinada machi, Kahoku gun, Ishikawa, Japan 920 0293
    Scand J Work Environ Health 31:179-83. 2005
    ..This study investigated whether shift work is a risk factor for the development of diabetes mellitus...
  65. ncbi Burnout and internal medicine resident work-hour restrictions
    Ravi Gopal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Aurora, CO, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2595-600. 2005
    ..We evaluated rates of burnout in internal medicine residents before and after the implementation of the new work-hour restriction...
  66. pmc Is there an association between shift work and having a metabolic syndrome? Results from a population based study of 27,485 people
    B Karlsson
    Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, University of Umea, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 58:747-52. 2001
    ..Shift work has been associated with an increased risk of CVD. Risk factors and causal pathways for this association are only partly known...
  67. pmc The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States
    A E Dembe
    Center for Health Policy and Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Shrewsbury, MA 01545, USA
    Occup Environ Med 62:588-97. 2005
    ..To analyse the impact of overtime and extended working hours on the risk of occupational injuries and illnesses among a nationally representative sample of working adults from the United States...
  68. ncbi Shift work is a risk factor for increased blood pressure in Japanese men: a 14-year historical cohort study
    Yasushi Suwazono
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chuoku, Chiba, Japan
    Hypertension 52:581-6. 2008
    ..Moreover, the effect of shift work on blood pressure was more pronounced than other well-established factors, such as age and body mass index...
  69. ncbi Night shift work, light at night, and risk of breast cancer
    S Davis
    Program in Epidemiology, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:1557-62. 2001
    ..This study investigated whether such exposure is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in women...
  70. ncbi Shiftwork, job type, and the work environment as joint predictors of health-related outcomes
    K R Parkes
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Occup Health Psychol 4:256-68. 1999
    ..Work perceptions also contributed significantly to each outcome, partially mediating relations between job type and health...
  71. ncbi Phototherapy and orange-tinted goggles for night-shift adaptation of police officers on patrol
    Diane B Boivin
    Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Chronobiol Int 29:629-40. 2012
    ..003), whereas it remained stable in the intervention group. These observations indicate better physiological adaptation in the intervention group compared to the controls...
  72. ncbi Nonstandard shift schedules and the risk of job-related injuries
    Allard E Dembe
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Shrewbury, Massachusetts, USA
    Scand J Work Environ Health 32:232-40. 2006
    ..This study assessed the extent to which working various types of nonstandard shift schedules (eg, night and evening shifts) is associated with the risk of occupational injuries or illnesses...
  73. ncbi Work hours and self-reported hypertension among working people in California
    Haiou Yang
    Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of California, Irvine 92617, USA
    Hypertension 48:744-50. 2006
    ..This analysis provides evidence of a positive association between work hours and hypertension in the California working population...
  74. ncbi Cardiac autonomic imbalance in female nurses with shift work
    Noriko Ishii
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan
    Auton Neurosci 122:94-9. 2005
    ....
  75. pmc Patient safety, resident education and resident well-being following implementation of the 2003 ACGME duty hour rules
    Kathlyn E Fletcher
    Department of Medicine, Milwaukee VAMC Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:907-19. 2011
    ..The ACGME-released revisions to the 2003 duty hour standards...
  76. ncbi The impact of time of waking and concurrent subjective stress on the cortisol response to awakening
    Emily Williams
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:139-48. 2005
    ..We conclude that early waking, stress early in the day, and sleep disturbance often coincide, but need to be distinguished in order accurately to interpret differences in CAR magnitude...
  77. pmc Prognostic factors for duration of sick leave in patients sick listed with acute low back pain: a systematic review of the literature
    I A Steenstra
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine and Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 62:851-60. 2005
    ..The percentages of patients with acute low back pain (LBP) that go on to a chronic state varies between studies from 2% to 34%. In some of these cases low back pain leads to great costs...
  78. ncbi Effects of rotating shift work on biomarkers of metabolic syndrome and inflammation
    S Sookoian
    Cardiologia Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas, A Lanari, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Intern Med 261:285-92. 2007
    ..The present study sought to explore the effect of rotating shift work schedule on leucocyte count and its relationship with risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS)...
  79. ncbi Scheduled napping as a countermeasure to sleepiness in air traffic controllers
    Tracey Leigh Signal
    Sleep Wake Research Centre, Research School of Public Health, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    J Sleep Res 18:11-9. 2009
    ..This study indicates that although sleep taken at work is likely to be short and of poor quality it still results in an improvement in objective measures of alertness and performance...
  80. ncbi Associations of job strain and working overtime with adverse health behaviors and obesity: evidence from the Whitehall II Study, Helsinki Health Study, and the Japanese Civil Servants Study
    Tea Lallukka
    Department of Public Health, P O Box 41 Mannerheimintie 172, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 66:1681-98. 2008
    ..In conclusion, job strain and working overtime had some, albeit mostly weak and inconsistent, associations with adverse health behaviors and obesity in these middle-aged white-collar employee cohorts from Britain, Finland, and Japan...
  81. ncbi Effects of overtime work on blood pressure and body mass index in Japanese male workers
    Koji Wada
    Department of Occupational Health, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
    Occup Med (Lond) 56:578-80. 2006
    ..Effects of overtime work on health is a controversial issue...
  82. ncbi Eating and shift work - effects on habits, metabolism and performance
    Arne Lowden
    Stockholm University, Stress Research Institute, 109 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:150-62. 2010
    ..We conclude with some dietary guidelines as a basis for managing the nutrition of shift workers...
  83. pmc Light-at-night, circadian disruption and breast cancer: assessment of existing evidence
    Richard G Stevens
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030 6325, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:963-70. 2009
    ..The possibility that a portion of the breast cancer burden might be explained by the introduction and increasing use of electricity to light the night was suggested >20 years ago...
  84. ncbi Does evening work predict sickness absence among female carers of the elderly?
    Finn Tuchsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:483-6. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to predict the risk ratio of sickness absence lasting > or = 2 weeks due to shift work among Danish workers caring for the elderly during the evening and at night...
  85. ncbi Aging and shift work: a complex problem to face
    Giovanni Costa
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Milano, IRCCS Maggiore Hospital, Mangiagalli and Regina Elena Foundation, Milano, Italy
    Chronobiol Int 25:165-81. 2008
    ..We discuss aging and human function and, in particular, the impact of aging on the circadian system. In addition, we outline new policy directions in this area and raise several suggestions to assist the well-being of aging workers...
  86. ncbi Naps, cognition and performance
    Gianluca Ficca
    Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, 81100 Caserta, Italy
    Sleep Med Rev 14:249-58. 2010
    ....
  87. pmc Long hours in paid and domestic work and subsequent sickness absence: does control over daily working hours matter?
    L Ala-Mursula
    Centre of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:608-16. 2006
    ..To explore the associations of working hours (paid, domestic, commuting, and total) with sickness absence, and to examine whether these associations vary according to the level of employee control over daily working hours...
  88. ncbi Shift work trends and risk of work injury among Canadian workers
    Imelda S Wong
    University of British Columbia, School of Environmental Health, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:54-61. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the risk of work injury across shift work types in a -representative sample of Canadian workers...
  89. ncbi Shift work at young age is associated with elevated long-term cortisol levels and body mass index
    Laura Manenschijn
    Department of Internal Medicine, Room Ee 542, Erasmus Medical Center, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96:E1862-5. 2011
    ..We compared cortisol levels in scalp hair of shift and day workers to study changes in long-term cortisol due to shift work...
  90. pmc Hours of work and the risk of developing impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese male office workers
    N Nakanishi
    Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Course of Social Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine F2, 2 2 Yamada oka, Suita Shi, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Occup Environ Med 58:569-74. 2001
    ..To investigate the association between duration of overtime and the development of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
  91. ncbi Shiftwork experience, age and cognitive performance
    Isabelle Rouch
    Department of Epidemiology, French National Research and Safety Institute for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases, Vandoeuvre, France
    Ergonomics 48:1282-93. 2005
    ..As found by other authors, neuropsychological performance tends to decrease with the increases in the duration of exposure to SW...
  92. ncbi Job stress, social support at work, and insomnia in Japanese shift workers
    A Nakata
    National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki, Japan
    J Hum Ergol (Tokyo) 30:203-9. 2001
    ..8; adjusted OR 1.5). Our findings suggest the low social support at work independently associated with insomnia in shift workers...
  93. ncbi Retrospective cohort study of the risk of obesity among shift workers: findings from the Industry-based Shift Workers' Health study, Japan
    Tatsuhiko Kubo
    Department of Public Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1 1 Iseigaoka, Yahata nishi ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 807 8555, Japan
    Occup Environ Med 68:327-31. 2011
    ....
  94. ncbi Impact of nightshift work on overweight and abdominal obesity among workers of a poultry processing plant in southern Brazil
    Jamile Macagnan
    Post graduate Programme in Collective Health, University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil
    Chronobiol Int 29:336-43. 2012
    ..Further studies are needed to understand the biological mechanisms involved and the complex behavioral and social adaptations experienced by night-shift workers...
  95. ncbi Exploring sleepiness and entrainment on permanent shift schedules in a physiologically based model
    Svetlana Postnova
    School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Biol Rhythms 27:91-102. 2012
    ..Overall, the model supports experimental observations, providing new insights into the mechanisms and allowing the examination of conditions that are not accessible experimentally...
  96. ncbi Postprandial hormone and metabolic responses amongst shift workers in Antarctica
    J Lund
    British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, UK
    J Endocrinol 171:557-64. 2001
    ..When applied to the 20% of the UK workforce currently employed on shift work, these findings have major significance from an occupational health perspective...
  97. ncbi Does maintaining or changing shift types affect BMI? A longitudinal study
    Isabella Zhao
    University of Queensland, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Occup Environ Med 54:525-31. 2012
    ..To examine the impact of maintaining or changing shift work status on body mass index (BMI) among female nurses and midwives...
  98. ncbi A prospective cohort study of shift work and risk of ischemic heart disease in Japanese male workers
    Yoshihisa Fujino
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan
    Am J Epidemiol 164:128-35. 2006
    ....
  99. pmc Shift work aggravates metabolic syndrome development among early-middle-aged males with elevated ALT
    Yu Cheng Lin
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, China
    World J Gastroenterol 15:5654-61. 2009
    ..To examine whether shift work accelerates metabolic syndrome (MetS) development among early middle-aged males with elevated alanine aminotransferase (e-ALT)...
  100. ncbi Incidence of metabolic syndrome among night-shift healthcare workers
    A Pietroiusti
    Department of Biopathology Occupational Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Via Montpellier 1, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Occup Environ Med 67:54-7. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether a causal relationship exists between night-shift work and the development of MS...
  101. pmc Psychosocial determinants of premature cardiovascular mortality differences within Hungary
    Maria Kopp
    Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, H 1089 Budapest, Nagyvarad ter 4, Hungary
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:782-8. 2006
    ..This study explores the contribution of socioeconomic, work related, psychosocial, and behavioural variables to explaining variations of middle aged male and female CV mortality across 150 sub-regions in Hungary...

Research Grants66

  1. Impact of resident work hour rules on errors and quality
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will be central to any future efforts to reduce errors in teaching hospitals through resident work hour reform. ..
  2. Aspartame Intake and the Risk of Cancer
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. A Pilot Trial of Oral Melatonin Supplementation in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This pilot data could lay the groundwork for a large scale trial to assess the chemopreventive potential of melatonin in women, both with and without a personal history of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer Risk
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from this study could help identify individuals who are more susceptible to night work than others, based on their genetic profile. ..
  5. Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in Nurses
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Intranasal Methamphetamine: A Pharmacotherapy Model
    Carl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  9. Drug Effects on Behavior: Workplace Implications
    Carl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, the data from the proposed studies will have substantial public health impact and will serve both educational and public policy functions. ..
  10. Extended Work Schedules and Workplace Injury in Nurses
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying organizational variables related to nurse's health that, if modified, could reduce the likelihood of worker injury is key to maximizing the quality of health care while maintaining a healthy workforce. ..
  11. Do organizational factors influence both patient and wo*
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. Individual Differences in Response to Sleep Deprivation
    HANS VAN DONGEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  13. TREATMENT OF CIRCADIAN SLEEP DISORDERS WITH BRIGHT LIGHT
    Steven W Lockley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Photic and Nonphotic Input to the Human Circadian System
    STEVEN LOCKLEY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..limits of entrainment for non-photic synchronizers in order to potentially evaluate the efficacy of such time cues for treatment of circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders in both the blind and sighted populations [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Evaluation of Workplace Violence Prevention Intervention
    Jane Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Design and implement a violence prevention intervention within these workplaces. 5) Conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the intervention in sample workplaces one year following program implementation. ..
  16. Sleep Loss, Sleepiness and Fatigue in 12-Hour Nurses
    Jeanne Geiger Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  17. SIESTA NAPS IN OLDER PEOPLE
    Timothy Monk; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  18. EFFECTS OF OSHA GUIDELINES ON VIOLENCE PREVENTION IN MEN
    Jane Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Blood Exposure and Primary Prevention in the Home Care *
    JANE LIPSCOMP; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Workplace Violence Risk in the Home Health Work Place
    Jane Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Evaluation of Organizational Justice Intervention to Alleviate TYPE III Violence
    Jane A Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..4) To evaluate the impact of a workplace violence prevention program on organizational justice climate and the incidences and prevalence of Type III workplace violence by comparing intervention and control agencies. ..
  22. Mechanism Underlying the Effects of Blue Light in Humans
    STEVEN LOCKLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS AND HORMONE LEVELS IN WOMEN
    Scott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Urine samples will be assayed for the primary urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, and levels of LH, FSH, and estradiol. ..
  24. Molecular Change and Thyroid Cancer Risk After Chernobyl
    Scott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g. recurrence) and individual thyroid radiation dose, patient characteristics, and molecular markers of genetic change. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. PRACTICAL CIRCADIAN INTERVENTIONS FOR NIGHT SHIFT WORK
    CHARMANE EASTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will have important implications for the health, safety, and well being of the night shift worker. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Neurological Outcomes Among Pesticide Applicators
    Fredric Gerr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  27. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Chronic Widespread Pain
    David Avery; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..TMS is a technique that non-invasively affects the brain, including areas of the brain involved in pain perception. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. MIPS XII Conference
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Impact of Sleep Disruption on Menstrual Cycle Dynamics
    ELIZABETH KLERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  30. Evaluation of a Hearing Conservation Program for Farm Youth: A 15-Year Follow-up
    BARBARA L MARLENGA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Jonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
  32. Sleep Apnea: Upper Airway Nerve Injury
    Sigrid Veasey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Collectively, the proposed studies will unveil important mechanisms of neuronal injury in obstructive sleep apnea and should reveal diabetes is a risk factor for this neural injury in sleep apnea. ..
  33. Optimized Compression for Telepathology Virtual Slides
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  34. Functional Brain Imaging and Appetite-Related Hormones Pre and Post Obesity Surge
    Allan Geliebter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This may lead to improvements in the surgical procedures and to new insights into basic mechanisms that lead to obesity, which could provide the basis for new less invasive treatments. ..
  35. Database of Functional SNPs in Cancer-Related Environmentally Responsive Genes
    Yong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this study will enhance the use of SNPs in future phenotypic studies and molecular epidemiologic approaches to address questions related to gene-environment interaction in disease risk estimate. ..
  36. Seasonality, Environment, and Infectious Diseases
    David Fisman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The latter aim will be achieved using mathematical modeling. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Economic, Social, and Psychological Burdens of Arthritis
    Edward Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The conference will be one day in duration and will take place the day preceding the formal opening of the Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology. ..
  38. STOMACH CAPACITY AND EMPTYING IN OBESITY
    Allan Geliebter; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Body weight and composition will be assessed at the start and monthly. The studies may enhance knowledge of the etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of BED. ..
  39. Allergic Condition Biomarkers and Glioma Risk
    Judith Schwartzbaum; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assuming a 0.05 significance level and 80 percent power, depending on the polymorphism, the proposed sample is large enough to detect a confounding-adjusted odds ratios of 0.6. ..
  40. Impact of Sleep Disruption on Menstrual Cycle Dynamics
    ELIZABETH KLERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. OPTIMIZING SOFTCOPY DISPLAYS FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The JND metrix model will then be used to systematically explore and optimize CRT design tradeoffs for current and future digital-mammography display systems. ..
  42. Sleep Disturbances in People with Cancer and Caregivers
    Ann Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. EVALUATION OF NAGCAT USING A CASE SERIES OF INJURIES
    Barbara Marlenga; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  44. Conference--Medical Image Perception
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This grant will be used to provide financial support for about 12 graduate students and residents, as well as logistic support for publicity and program printing. ..
  45. OPTIMIZING SOFTCOPY DISPLAYS FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The JND metrix model will then be used to systematically explore and optimize CRT design tradeoffs for current and future digital-mammography display systems. ..
  46. LOW BACK PAIN: PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL JOB FACTORS
    Niklas Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. STRENGTH TRAINING FOLLOWING GASTRIC BYPASS FOR OBESITY
    Allan Geliebter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings should improve understanding of surgical weight loss in morbidly obese patients and have clinical applications in the postoperative care of such patients. ..
  48. DEMOLITION AND ASTHMA IN CHICAGO PUBLIC HOUSING
    Samuel Dorevitch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  49. Removing the HOOA Family Farm Exemption: Impact on Inju*
    Barbara Marlenga; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will also highlight ages, jobs and situations that would not be covered by removing the exemption. ..
  50. fMRI and Ghrelin in Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder
    Allan Geliebter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This may lead to improved diagnosis and treatments to help restore normal appetite hormone levels and brain activity in BED, a disorder which is increasing in prevalence alongside obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. CBT for Insomnia in Patients with Alcohol Dependence
    J Todd Arnedt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Prospective Study of UEMSD and Physical Job Stressors
    Fredric Gerr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Effects of Short and Long Nights on the Circadian Clock
    CHARMANE EASTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work has important implications for the sleep deprived general population and for jet travelers and night shift workers who must phase shift their circadian rhythms in order to adjust to phase shifts in their light/dark cycle. ..
  54. Medical Image Perception Society Confrence XI
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Alcohol in Aviation and Motor Carriers
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from theproposed research couldprovide much-neededscientific evidence for informing important policy decisions relevant to transportation safety andprotection of the traveling public. ..
  56. Interdisciplinary Training-Alcohol, Injury, & Violence
    Susan Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The program aims to develop creative and independent investigators, well prepared to contribute to amelioration of alcohol-related injury. ..
  57. Improving Transfusion Practices Using Decision Support
    Jeffrey Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also examine whether improvements in appropriate transfusion ordering behavior among clinicians using decision support tools will be greater than improvements achieved by educational programs alone. ..
  58. Assessment and prediction of costs and adverse health outcomes in COPD
    Theodore Omachi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Causal Effects of Education on Elder Cognitive Decline
    Lisa Berkman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, we use gestimation to examine the importance of social ties, health behaviors, and cardiovascular risk in mediating the effect of education on cognitive outcomes. ..
  60. Neighborhood Effects on Health and Functioning of Elders
    Lisa Berkman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We hypothesize that frail and economically disadvantaged older men and women may be at particularly high risk. ..
  61. Permeability Changes in Small Bowel Allograft Rejection
    Jonathan Fryer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  62. The Effects of Parental Work on Child Obesity
    Daniel Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from each dataset will be compared to assess whether any stage-specific effect of parental work on child obesity exists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Cognitive Training and Enhanced Supported Employment
    Morris D Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..FU, and 2 yr. FU will focus on cognitive and vocational outcomes, but will also include clinical status, quality of life and community function measures. Predictors of response to training will also be examined. ..
  64. Maternal Employment, Low-Income Youth, and Neighborhoods
    LISA GENNETIAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings will inform both developmental and economic theory as well as policy. ..