work

Summary

Summary: Productive or purposeful activities.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Sedentary behaviour and biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in mid-life: the role of television-viewing and sitting at work
    Snehal M Pinto Pereira
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e31132. 2012
  2. ncbi Diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures
    Scott A Golder
    Department of Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 333:1878-81. 2011
  3. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
  4. pmc Prolonged sedentary time and physical activity in workplace and non-work contexts: a cross-sectional study of office, customer service and call centre employees
    Alicia A Thorp
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Level 4 The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:128. 2012
  5. ncbi The relation between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of depression
    Bo Netterstrøm
    Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Hillerød Hospital, Helsevej 2, DK 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
    Epidemiol Rev 30:118-32. 2008
  6. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009
  7. ncbi Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: a critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship
    J D Haas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 6301, USA
    J Nutr 131:676S-688S; discussion 688S-690S. 2001
  8. pmc Work, obesity, and occupational safety and health
    Paul A Schulte
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:428-36. 2007
  9. ncbi A review of empirical studies on the model of effort-reward imbalance at work: reducing occupational stress by implementing a new theory
    Akizumi Tsutsumi
    Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, 2 5 1 Shikata cho, Okayama, 700 8558, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 59:2335-59. 2004
  10. ncbi Consequences of sickness presence and sickness absence on health and work ability: a Swedish prospective cohort study
    Klas Gustafsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 24:153-65. 2011

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications271 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Sedentary behaviour and biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in mid-life: the role of television-viewing and sitting at work
    Snehal M Pinto Pereira
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e31132. 2012
    ..To clarify whether sedentary behaviour is associated with disease-risk, we examined associations for television-viewing and sitting at work.
  2. ncbi Diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures
    Scott A Golder
    Department of Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 333:1878-81. 2011
    ..People are happier on weekends, but the morning peak in positive affect is delayed by 2 hours, which suggests that people awaken later on weekends...
  3. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
    ..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
  4. pmc Prolonged sedentary time and physical activity in workplace and non-work contexts: a cross-sectional study of office, customer service and call centre employees
    Alicia A Thorp
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Level 4 The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:128. 2012
    To examine sedentary time, prolonged sedentary bouts and physical activity in Australian employees from different workplace settings, within work and non-work contexts.
  5. ncbi The relation between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of depression
    Bo Netterstrøm
    Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Hillerød Hospital, Helsevej 2, DK 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
    Epidemiol Rev 30:118-32. 2008
    ..abstracts, and papers were evaluated by using the following criteria: 1) a longitudinal study, 2) exposure to work-related psychosocial factors, 3) the outcome a measure of depression, 4) relevant statistical estimates, and 5) ..
  6. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009
    This paper systematically reviews the scientific literature on the effects of individual and work-related factors on the Work Ability Index (WAI)...
  7. ncbi Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: a critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship
    J D Haas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 6301, USA
    J Nutr 131:676S-688S; discussion 688S-690S. 2001
    The causal relationship between iron deficiency and physical work capacity is evaluated through a systematic review of the research literature, including animal and human studies...
  8. pmc Work, obesity, and occupational safety and health
    Paul A Schulte
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:428-36. 2007
    There is increasing evidence that obesity and overweight may be related, in part, to adverse work conditions. In particular, the risk of obesity may increase in high-demand, low-control work environments, and for those who work long hours...
  9. ncbi A review of empirical studies on the model of effort-reward imbalance at work: reducing occupational stress by implementing a new theory
    Akizumi Tsutsumi
    Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, 2 5 1 Shikata cho, Okayama, 700 8558, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 59:2335-59. 2004
    The present study reviews empirical studies of a new occupational stress model of effort-reward imbalance at work to examine its validity as an occupational stress measure and the theory-based intervention approach to occupational stress ..
  10. ncbi Consequences of sickness presence and sickness absence on health and work ability: a Swedish prospective cohort study
    Klas Gustafsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 24:153-65. 2011
    To determine whether self-reported sickness presence (SP) and self-reported sickness absence (SA) are specific risk factors for future health problems or reduced work ability in the active workforce.
  11. pmc Prevalence and effects of mood disorders on work performance in a nationally representative sample of U.S. workers
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1561-8. 2006
    ..Bipolar disorder has been overlooked both because of the failure to distinguish between major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder and by the failure to evaluate the workplace costs of mania/hypomania...
  12. ncbi Job burnout
    C Maslach
    Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
    ..and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models...
  13. ncbi A comparison between three rating scales for perceived exertion and two different work tests
    E Borg
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 16:57-69. 2006
    In the present article, three scales developed by Borg are compared on bicycle ergometer work. In the first study, comparing the Borg Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and Category scales with Ratio properties (CR10) scales, 40 healthy ..
  14. ncbi Instantaneous changes in heart rate regulation due to mental load in simulated office work
    Joachim Taelman
    Department of Electrical Engineering ESAT, SCD SISTA BIOMED, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, 3001 Leuven Heverlee, Belgium
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:1497-505. 2011
    The cardiac regulation effects of a mental task added to regular office work are described. More insight into the time evolution during the different tasks is created by using time-frequency analysis (TFA)...
  15. ncbi Common mental disorders and subsequent work disability: a population-based Health 2000 Study
    Kirsi Ahola
    Work Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 134:365-72. 2011
    b>Work disability due to common mental disorders has increased in Western countries during the past decade. The contribution of depressive, anxiety, and alcohol use disorders to all disability pensions at the population level is not known.
  16. pmc Neurocognitive predictors of work outcome in recent-onset schizophrenia
    Keith H Nuechterlein
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Schizophr Bull 37:S33-40. 2011
    ..A modified version of the Social Adjustment Scale was used to assess work outcome...
  17. ncbi Muscle oxygenation and glycolysis in females with trapezius myalgia during stress and repetitive work using microdialysis and NIRS
    Gisela Sjøgaard
    Institute of Sport Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 108:657-69. 2010
    ..Higher relative muscle load during PEG and STR, insufficient muscle blood flow and oxygenation may account for the higher lactate, pyruvate and pain responses among MYA versus CON...
  18. ncbi How children and adolescents spend time across the world: work, play, and developmental opportunities
    R W Larson
    Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 61801, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:701-36. 1999
    ..Age, gender, and socioeconomic differences in activities and with whom time is spent are also considered...
  19. ncbi Nested case-control study of night shift work and breast cancer risk among women in the Danish military
    Johnni Hansen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, Copenhagen DK2100, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 69:551-6. 2012
    Growing but limited evidence suggests that night shift work is associated with breast cancer...
  20. ncbi Comparing the effects on work performance of mental and physical disorders
    Ron de Graaf
    Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Da Costakade 45, 3521 VS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1873-83. 2012
    To estimate work loss days due to absenteeism and presenteeism associated with commonly occurring mental and physical disorders.
  21. pmc Does the benefit on survival from leisure time physical activity depend on physical activity at work? A prospective cohort study
    Andreas Holtermann
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 8:e54548. 2013
    To investigate if persons with high physical activity at work have the same benefits from leisure time physical activity as persons with sedentary work.
  22. pmc Long-term effects of psychosocial work stress in midlife on health functioning after labor market exit--results from the GAZEL study
    Morten Wahrendorf
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, Germany
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 67:471-80. 2012
    To study long-term effects of psychosocial work stress in mid-life on health functioning after labor market exit using two established work stress models.
  23. ncbi Evaluating health-related quality of life, work ability, and disability in pulmonary arterial hypertension: an unmet need
    Melvyn Rubenfire
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Chest 136:597-603. 2009
    ..We also discuss the impact of PAH on work ability and the need for provisions to address medical disability status and Social Security benefit status.
  24. ncbi Differences in predictors of return to work among long-term sick-listed employees with different self-reported reasons for sick leave
    Jenny J J M Huijs
    TNO, Behavioural and Societal Sciences, Participation and Social Cohesion, P O Box 718, 2130 AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 22:301-11. 2012
    The present study aimed to gain insight in the predictors of full return to work (RTW) among employees on long-term sick leave due to three different self-reported reasons for sick leave: physical, mental or co-morbid physical and mental ..
  25. ncbi Sick at work--a risk factor for long-term sickness absence at a later date?
    C D Hansen
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Herning Hospital, Herning, Denmark
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:397-402. 2009
    Little is known about the long-term consequences of sickness presence (ie, going to work despite ill-health), although one study suggests an association with coronary heart disease...
  26. ncbi Health, work, and personal-related predictors of time to return to work among employees with mental health problems
    Maj Britt D Nielsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Disabil Rehabil 34:1311-6. 2012
    To identify health-, personal- and work-related factors predictive of return to work (RTW) in employees sick-listed due to common mental health problems, such as, stress, depression, burnout, and anxiety.
  27. ncbi Behavioral determinants as predictors of return to work after long-term sickness absence: an application of the theory of planned behavior
    Sandra Brouwer
    Department of Health Sciences, Section of Social Medicine, Work and Health, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Building 3217, Room 620, 9713 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 19:166-74. 2009
    ..to analyze the association between the three behavioral determinants of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) model--attitude, subjective norm and self-efficacy--and the time to return-to-work (RTW) in employees on long-term sick leave.
  28. ncbi Occupational performance: comparing normally-hearing and hearing-impaired employees using the Amsterdam Checklist for Hearing and Work
    Sophia E Kramer
    Dept of ENT Audioloy, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Audiol 45:503-12. 2006
    ..The Amsterdam Checklist for Hearing and Work was administered to 150 hearing-impaired employees and 60 normally-hearing colleagues...
  29. ncbi Psychosocial factors at work and in every day life are associated with irritable bowel syndrome
    Ashild Faresjo
    Department of Social Medicine and Public Health Science, Linkoping University, Linkoping, 581 83, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:473-80. 2007
    ..In multivariate analyses, independent associations were found between IBS and lack of influence on work planning, a family history of IBS, anxiety, and sleeping disturbances...
  30. ncbi Arthritis-related work transitions: a prospective analysis of reported productivity losses, work changes, and leaving the labor force
    Monique A M Gignac
    Arthritis Community Research and Evaluation Unit and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Arthritis Rheum 59:1805-13. 2008
    To prospectively examine arthritis-related productivity losses, work changes, and leaving employment, the relationships among these work transitions, and the factors associated with them.
  31. ncbi The concept of work ability
    Per Anders Tengland
    Department of Public Health, Health and Society, Malmo University, Sweden
    J Occup Rehabil 21:275-85. 2011
    The concept of "work ability" is central for many sciences, especially for those related to working life and to rehabilitation. It is one of the important concepts in legislation regulating sickness insurance...
  32. ncbi Work-related psychosocial factors and the development of ischemic heart disease: a systematic review
    Nanna H Eller
    Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Hillerød Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark
    Cardiol Rev 17:83-97. 2009
    The literature on the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) was systematically reviewed: 33 articles presented 51 analyses of studies involving male participants, 18 ..
  33. pmc Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    BMC Med 2:29. 2004
    The study investigated the extent to which approaches to work, workplace climate, stress, burnout and satisfaction with medicine as a career in doctors aged about thirty are predicted by measures of learning style and personality measured ..
  34. pmc Work and common psychiatric disorders
    M Henderson
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, UK
    J R Soc Med 104:198-207. 2011
    ..As a result the area of work and psychiatric disorders is a high priority for policymakers...
  35. ncbi Work-induced pain, trapezius blood flux, and muscle activity in workers with chronic shoulder and neck pain
    Vegard Strøm
    National Institute of Occupational Health, P O Box 8149, Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Pain 144:147-55. 2009
    Pain, trapezius microcirculation, and electromyography (EMG) were recorded during 90 min of simulated office work with time pressure and hand precision demands in 24 full-time working subjects with chronic shoulder and neck pain...
  36. ncbi Vocational interventions for unemployed: effects on work participation and mental distress. A systematic review
    Selwin S Audhoe
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Research Center for Insurance Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 20:1-13. 2010
    ..The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of vocational interventions on work participation and mental distress for unemployed adults and to provide an overview of the characteristics of these ..
  37. pmc Weighing up the benefits of work: behavioral and neural analyses of effort-related decision making
    M E Walton
    Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Neural Netw 19:1302-14. 2006
    ..We present here evidence from rodents and monkeys that demonstrate the degree to which they take into account work and energetic requirements when deciding what responses to make...
  38. ncbi Systematic review of the qualitative literature on return to work after injury
    Ellen MacEachen
    Institute for Work and Health, 481 University Avenue, Suite 800, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2E9, Canada
    Scand J Work Environ Health 32:257-69. 2006
    This paper reports on a systematic review of the international qualitative research literature on return to work. This review was undertaken in order to better understand the dimensions, processes, and practices of return to work...
  39. ncbi Daily sleep, weekly working hours, and risk of work-related injury: US National Health Interview Survey (2004-2008)
    David A Lombardi
    Center for Injury Epidemiology, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, Massachusetts 01748, USA
    Chronobiol Int 27:1013-30. 2010
    ..the authors estimated the effect of total daily self-reported sleep time and weekly working hours on the risk of a work-related injury...
  40. ncbi Psychosocial working conditions and exhaustion in a working population sample of Swedish middle-aged men and women
    Sara I Lindeberg
    Social Medicine and Global Health, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmo, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 21:190-6. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore associations between chronic stressors, in terms of psychosocial working conditions, and exhaustion in a Swedish middle-aged population sample...
  41. pmc Work ability in midlife as a predictor of mortality and disability in later life: a 28-year prospective follow-up study
    Mikaela B von Bonsdorff
    Gerontology Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    CMAJ 183:E235-42. 2011
    Poor work ability correlates with increased morbidity and early retirement from the workforce, but the association in old age is not known...
  42. pmc Work and its role in shaping the social gradient in health
    Jane E Clougherty
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:102-24. 2010
    ..Most recent research on the relationship has been directed at disentangling the pathways through which lower-status work leads to adverse health outcomes...
  43. pmc Work-related exhaustion and telomere length: a population-based study
    Kirsi Ahola
    Work Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e40186. 2012
    Psychological stress is suggested to accelerate the rate of biological aging. We investigated whether work-related exhaustion, an indicator of prolonged work stress, is associated with accelerated biological aging, as indicated by shorter ..
  44. ncbi Development of a work instability scale for rheumatoid arthritis
    Gill Gilworth
    University of Leeds, United Kingdom
    Arthritis Rheum 49:349-54. 2003
    To explore the concept of work instability (WI), a state in which the consequences of a mismatch between an individual's functional abilities and the demands of his or her job could threaten continuing employment if not resolved, in ..
  45. pmc Work and health among immigrants and native Swedes 1990-2008: a register-based study on hospitalization for common potentially work-related disorders, disability pension and mortality
    Bo Johansson
    Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 12:845. 2012
    There are many immigrants in the Swedish workforce, but knowledge of their general and work-related health is limited...
  46. pmc Women's higher likelihood of disability pension: the role of health, family and work. A 5-7 years follow-up of the Hordaland Health Study
    Inger Haukenes
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, NO 5018, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 12:720. 2012
    Women's higher risk of disability pension compared with men is found in countries with high female work participation and universal welfare schemes...
  47. ncbi Return to work expectations of workers on long-term non-work-related sick leave
    Maite Sampere
    Medical and Health Care Services Division, Mutual Midat Cyclops MC MUTUAL, Barcelona, Spain
    J Occup Rehabil 22:15-26. 2012
    Despite suggestions that worker perception might be the best predictor of return to work (RTW), there still is limited research on time to RTW in workers with lengthy non-work-related sick leave.
  48. ncbi Work and neck pain: a prospective study of psychological, social, and mechanical risk factors
    Jan Olav Christensen
    The National Institute of Occupational Health, Norway
    Pain 151:162-73. 2010
    ..Although traditional factors such as quantitative demands and decision control play a part in the etiology of neck pain at work, in this study several new factors emerged as more important.
  49. ncbi Post-stroke fatigue and return to work: a 2-year follow-up
    G Andersen
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
    Acta Neurol Scand 125:248-53. 2012
    Post-stroke fatigue may affect the ability to return to work but quantitative studies are lacking.
  50. pmc Are performance-based measures predictive of work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders? A systematic review
    P P F M Kuijer
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 85:109-23. 2012
    Assessments of whether patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can participate in work mainly consist of case history, physical examinations, and self-reports. Performance-based measures might add value in these assessments...
  51. ncbi The association between work performance and physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity
    Nicolaas P Pronk
    Center for Health Promotion, HealthPartners, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1309, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:19-25. 2004
    ..between lifestyle-related modifiable health risks (physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity) and work performance. Data were obtained from 683 workers...
  52. ncbi The multinational impact of migraine symptoms on healthcare utilisation and work loss
    W C Gerth
    Merck and Co, Inc, Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 19:197-206. 2001
    To compare self-reported healthcare resource utilisation, paid work loss, unpaid work loss and loss of effectiveness at work due to migraine in a clinic-based adult migraine population.
  53. ncbi Measuring and valuing productivity loss due to poor health: A critical review
    Wei Zhang
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, and School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 72:185-92. 2011
    ..We further consider the ramifications of measuring labour input loss due to illness in both paid and unpaid work as well as the inclusion of presenteeism to the more traditional approach of measuring only absenteeism...
  54. pmc Prolonged standing at work and hospitalisation due to varicose veins: a 12 year prospective study of the Danish population
    F Tuchsen
    Department of Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:847-50. 2005
    Recent studies suggest that prolonged standing at work is associated with the development of diseases of varicose veins (VV).
  55. ncbi Quality of work, well-being, and intended early retirement of older employees: baseline results from the SHARE Study
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, Germany
    Eur J Public Health 17:62-8. 2007
    Given the challenge of a high proportion of older employees who retire early from work we analyse associations of indicators of a poor psychosocial quality of work with intended premature departure from work in a large sample of older ..
  56. ncbi Emergent polyethism as a consequence of increased colony size in insect societies
    Jacques Gautrais
    Laboratoire d Ethologie et Cognition Animale, CNRS ERS 2382, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France
    J Theor Biol 215:363-73. 2002
    ..levels, thus explaining the occurrence of elitism (individuals that do a disproportionately large proportion of work) in insect societies...
  57. ncbi How to assess physical work-ability with Functional Capacity Evaluation methods in a more specific and efficient way?
    Vincent Gouttebarge
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Work 37:111-5. 2010
    ..used in the selection of functional tests from any full Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) method in order to assess efficiently physical work-ability in workers with musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) and related functional limitations.
  58. ncbi Return to work and occupational physicians' management of common mental health problems--process evaluation of a randomized controlled trial
    David S Rebergen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:488-98. 2010
    ..OP) to the Dutch guideline on the management of common mental health problems and its effect on return to work as part of the process evaluation of a trial comparing adherence to the guideline to care as usual...
  59. ncbi The continuing effects of substantively complex work on the intellectual functioning of older workers
    C Schooler
    Section on Socio Environmental Studies, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9005, USA
    Psychol Aging 14:483-506. 1999
    ..for another 20 years findings based on 1964 and 1974 data (Kohn & Schooler, 1983) that substantively complex work improves intellectual functioning...
  60. ncbi Sleep deprivation: effects on work capacity, self-paced walking, contractile properties and perceived exertion
    C D Rodgers
    School of Physical and Health Education, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sleep 18:30-8. 1995
    ..study was to examine the effect of a 48-hour period of sleep deprivation on the performance of selected physical work tasks [30-45% of maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max)]...
  61. pmc Influence of efforts of employer and employee on return-to-work process and outcomes
    A Muijzer
    Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 21:513-9. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate 1) the strength and relevance of factors related to RTW-ES and RTW (no/partial RTW), and 2) the comparability of factors associated with RTW-ES and with RTW...
  62. ncbi Factors associated with work, social life and family life disability in bipolar disorder patients
    Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
    Institute of Neurosciences, Center for Biomedical Research, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    Psychiatry Res 186:254-60. 2011
    We analyzed the presence of work, social life and family life disability in 108 outpatients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) diagnosis of bipolar disorder and their association with previous course-..
  63. pmc Potential health impact of switching from car to public transportation when commuting to work
    Alfredo Morabia
    Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11365, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2388-91. 2010
    ..41 μg/M(3)·min; P = .226). Commuting by public transportation rather than by car increased energy expenditure (+124 kcal/day; P < .001) equivalent to the loss of 1 pound of body fat per 6 weeks...
  64. pmc Does work affect personality? A study in horses
    Martine Hausberger
    Universite de Rennes 1, UMR 6552 Ethologie Animale et Humaine, Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e14659. 2011
    ..Demonstrating reciprocal relationships between personality and work remains a challenge though, as in humans, many other influential factors may interfere...
  65. ncbi On functional motor adaptations: from the quantification of motor strategies to the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in the neck-shoulder region
    P Madeleine
    Laboratory for Ergonomics and Work related Disorders, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Aalborg, Denmark
    Acta Physiol (Oxf) 199:1-46. 2010
    Occupations characterized by a static low load and by repetitive actions show a high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) in the neck-shoulder region...
  66. ncbi Mental work demands protect against cognitive impairment: MAAS prospective cohort study
    Hans Bosma
    Maastricht Brain and Behavior Institute, Maastricht University, Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Exp Aging Res 29:33-45. 2003
    ..79; 95% confidence interval: 0.65-0.96). About 1.5% of the persons with high mental work demands developed impairment compared to 4% of the persons with few work demands...
  67. pmc Work characteristics predict psychiatric disorder: prospective results from the Whitehall II Study
    S A Stansfeld
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 56:302-7. 1999
    The impact of work on the risk of future psychiatric disorder has been examined in few longitudinal studies. This was examined prospectively in a large epidemiological study of civil servants.
  68. ncbi Sleepiness as a consequence of shift work
    T Akerstedt
    National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Stockholm, Sweden
    Sleep 11:17-34. 1988
    The results reviewed clearly demonstrate that shift work is associated with increased subjective, behavioral, and physiological sleepiness. Apparently, the effects are due to combined circadian and homeostatic (sleep loss) influences...
  69. pmc Type D personality in the general population: a systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problems
    Floortje Mols
    CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 8:9. 2010
    ..literature concerning Type D (distressed) personality among the general population and to discuss its implications for research on health status, disease-promoting mechanisms and work-related problems in non-clinical populations.
  70. ncbi Would you be happier if you were richer? A focusing illusion
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 312:1908-10. 2006
    ..We argue that people exaggerate the contribution of income to happiness because they focus, in part, on conventional achievements when evaluating their life or the lives of others...
  71. ncbi Cancer, fatigue and the return of patients to work-a prospective cohort study
    E R Spelten
    Coronel Institute, Academic Medical Center, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Cancer 39:1562-7. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the impact of fatigue and other cancer-related symptoms on the return to work of cancer survivors. A prospective inception cohort study with 12 months of follow-up was initiated...
  72. ncbi The impact of diabetes on employment and work productivity
    Kaan Tunceli
    Center for Health Services Research, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2662-7. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the effect of diabetes on labor market outcomes...
  73. ncbi Work-related physical activity is not associated with body mass index and obesity
    Juan L Gutierrez-Fisac
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Consejería de Sanidad de la Comunidad de Madrid, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain
    Obes Res 10:270-6. 2002
    To analyze the association of work-related physical activity (WRPA) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with body mass index (BMI) and obesity in the Spanish adult population aged 20 to 60 years.
  74. ncbi A collisional model of the energetic cost of support work qualitatively explains leg sequencing in walking and galloping, pseudo-elastic leg behavior in running and the walk-to-run transition
    Andy Ruina
    Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Theor Biol 237:170-92. 2005
    ..We estimate the energetic costs of these collisions by assuming a metabolic cost proportional to positive muscle work involved in generating the impulses...
  75. ncbi Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: a review and agenda for future research
    T D Allen
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa 33620 8200, USA
    J Occup Health Psychol 5:278-308. 2000
    A comprehensive review of the outcomes associated with work-to-family conflict was conducted and effect sizes were estimated...
  76. ncbi Work, recovery activities, and individual well-being: a diary study
    S Sonnentag
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 6:196-210. 2001
    This study extends previous research on respite from work and addresses the question of how individuals use their leisure time to recover from work...
  77. ncbi Work-family conflict in Japan: how job and home demands affect psychological distress
    Akihito Shimazu
    Department of Mental Health, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Ind Health 48:766-74. 2010
    ..We expected that job and home demands are partially related to psychological distress through work-to-family conflict (WFC) and family-to-work conflict (FWC), respectively...
  78. ncbi Supervisory experience at work is linked to low rate of hippocampal atrophy in late life
    Chao Suo
    Regenerative Neuroscience Group, Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Australia
    Neuroimage 63:1542-51. 2012
    ..Our results stimulate several questions about the nature of work-related effects on longterm behaviour, structural neuroplasticity and neuroprotection, and may help explain ..
  79. ncbi Work-family conflict and burnout among Chinese doctors: the mediating role of psychological capital
    Yang Wang
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, PR China
    J Occup Health 54:232-40. 2012
    The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between work-family conflict and burnout, and the mediating role of psychological capital (PsyCap) in the relation between work-family conflict and burnout, among Chinese doctors.
  80. pmc Beneficial and limiting factors affecting return to work after total knee and hip arthroplasty: a systematic review
    P P F M Kuijer
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, People and Work Outpatient Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 19:375-81. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to systematically review literature on the beneficial and limiting factors affecting return to work in patients undergoing TKA or THA.
  81. ncbi Do burnout and work engagement predict depressive symptoms and life satisfaction? A three-wave seven-year prospective study
    Jari J Hakanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise for Work Organizations, Finland
    J Affect Disord 141:415-24. 2012
    Burnout and work engagement have been viewed as opposite, yet distinct states of employee well-being. We investigated whether work-related indicators of well-being (i.e...
  82. ncbi Physiological reaction to work in cold microclimate
    Alicja Bortkiewicz
    Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 19:123-31. 2006
    ..1 workers/1000 occupationally active people). Reports on health effects of this exposure are rather scarce. The aim of the study was to evaluate the physiological reaction in workers occupationally exposed to cold microclimate...
  83. ncbi Work hours and incidence of hypertension among Spanish university graduates: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra prospective cohort
    Adriano M Pimenta
    Department of Maternal and Child Nursing and Public Health, Nursing School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
    J Hypertens 27:34-40. 2009
    The aim of this study was to assess the association between work hours and incidence of hypertension in 8779 participants of a Spanish dynamic prospective cohort of university graduates.
  84. ncbi [Gender, paid work, domestic chores and health in Spain]
    Lucia Artazcoz
    Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Espana
    Gac Sanit 18:24-35. 2004
    The present study reviews gender-related differences and inequalities in paid work and domestic chores in Spain...
  85. ncbi Work ability of health care shift workers: What matters?
    Frida Marina Fischer
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Chronobiol Int 23:1165-79. 2006
    This paper aims at identifying variables associated with inadequate work ability among nursing personnel at a public hospital, considering factors related to socio-demographic, lifestyles, working conditions, and health outcomes...
  86. ncbi Chronic pain and reduced work effectiveness: the hidden cost to Australian employers
    Marina T van Leeuwen
    Pain Management and Research Institute, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia
    Eur J Pain 10:161-6. 2006
    Cost estimates of the impact of chronic pain on work have largely focussed on absenteeism, excluding the hidden contribution of reduced work effectiveness to lost productivity...
  87. ncbi Psychosocial work environment, hearing impairment and health
    Berth Danermark
    Ahlsen Research Institute, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden
    Int J Audiol 43:383-9. 2004
    ..A questionnaire about psychosocial work environment (in accordance with the Demand-Control Model), health and wellbeing was sent out and answered by 445 ..
  88. ncbi Benchmark duration of work hours for development of fatigue symptoms in Japanese workers with adjustment for job-related stress
    Yasushi Suwazono
    Department of Ocuupational and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Risk Anal 28:1689-98. 2008
    ..Symptoms Index were decreased vitality, general fatigue, physical disorders, irritability, decreased willingness to work, anxiety, depressive feelings, and chronic tiredness...
  89. ncbi The impact of psychological distress on absence from work
    Gillian E Hardy
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
    J Appl Psychol 88:306-14. 2003
    The aims of this study were to examine the impact of psychological distress on absence from work; to compare psychological distress and job satisfaction as predictors of absence; and to compare the relative effects of 2 components of ..
  90. ncbi Physical work capacity of young underprivileged school girls impact of daily vs intermittent iron folic acid supplementation: a randomized controlled trial
    A Sen
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India
    Indian Pediatr 46:849-54. 2009
    To assess impact of daily and intermittent iron-folate (IFA) supplementation on physical work capacity of underprivileged schoolgirls in Vadodara.
  91. ncbi Work productivity among employed Canadians with arthritis
    Wei Zhang
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Occup Environ Med 52:872-7. 2010
    To compare work productivity among employed people with arthritis to healthy controls.
  92. ncbi Early morning work--prevalence and relation to sleep/wake problems: a national representative survey
    Torbjorn Akerstedt
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, and Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Chronobiol Int 27:975-86. 2010
    Very little is known about the prevalence of morning work and its relationship with sleep and fatigue...
  93. pmc Work-related psychosocial events as triggers of sick leave--results from a Swedish case-crossover study
    Hanna Hultin
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Public Health Epidemiology, Norrbacka 7thfloor, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 11:175. 2011
    ..Yet, there is no empirical support available.The aim was to investigate whether recent exposure to work-related psychosocial events can trigger the decision to report sick when ill.
  94. pmc Associations of occupational tasks with knee and hip osteoarthritis: the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project
    Kelli D Allen
    Health Services Research and Development Service, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    J Rheumatol 37:842-50. 2010
    ..This cross-sectional study examined associations of occupational tasks with radiographic and symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) in a community-based sample...
  95. ncbi Rehabilitation using high-intensity physical training and long-term return-to-work in cancer survivors
    Karin M Thijs
    Department of Sports Medicine, Maxima Medical Centre, De Run 4600, P O Box 7777, 5500 MB, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 22:220-9. 2012
    ..This study examined the relation between a high-intensity physical rehabilitation program and return-to-work in cancer survivors who had received chemotherapy.
  96. pmc Long hours in paid and domestic work and subsequent sickness absence: does control over daily working hours matter?
    L Ala-Mursula
    Centre of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:608-16. 2006
    ..To explore the associations of working hours (paid, domestic, commuting, and total) with sickness absence, and to examine whether these associations vary according to the level of employee control over daily working hours...
  97. pmc Applying the effort-reward imbalance model to household and family work: a population-based study of German mothers
    Stefanie Sperlich
    Medical Sociology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str, 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    BMC Public Health 12:12. 2012
    This paper reports on results of a newly developed questionnaire for the assessment of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) in unpaid household and family work.
  98. ncbi Gender analysis of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion: interactive effects from physical and psychosocial work exposures and engagement in domestic work
    Christina Ahlgren
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umea University, SE 90187, Umea, Sweden
    Ergonomics 55:212-28. 2012
    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between physical and psychosocial work exposures, engagement in domestic work and work-home imbalance in relation to symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional ..
  99. ncbi Comparing current definitions of return to work: a measurement approach
    I A Steenstra
    Institute for Work and Health, 481 University Avenue, Suite 800, Toronto, ON, M5G 2E9, Canada
    J Occup Rehabil 22:394-400. 2012
    Return-to-work (RTW) status is an often used outcome in work and health research. In low back pain, work is regarded as a normal activity a worker should return to in order to fully recover...
  100. ncbi Work stress and work ability: cross-sectional findings from the German sociomedical panel of employees
    Matthias Bethge
    Department of Health Care Research and Quality Management in Rehabilitation, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Disabil Rehabil 31:1692-9. 2009
    Maintenance of work ability and restoration of reduced work ability by prevention and rehabilitation are major aims of disability management...
  101. ncbi Listening to the rural health workers in Papua New Guinea - the social factors that influence their motivation to work
    Husna Razee
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 75:828-35. 2012
    Despite rural health services being situated and integrated within communities in which people work and live, the complex interaction of the social environment on health worker motivation and performance in Low Middle Income Countries has ..

Research Grants74

  1. Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor Force
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    This proposal seeks support for an effectiveness trial to evaluate the impact of depression outreach-treatment on work-related behaviors...
  2. Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH Surveys
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Third, the level of detail in the description of data analysis plans has been substantially expanded in this revised submission in response to reviewer comments. ..
  3. Work injury and young people: A prospective survey
    F Breslin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION: Population-based data from the U.S. and Canada show elevated work injury rates among adolescents (15 to 19 year olds) and young adults (20 to 24 year olds) as compared to their adult counterparts...
  4. MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERS
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..All of the work under this second aim will separately consider the subsample of respondents with primary conduct disorder and the ..
  5. WORK HOURS, MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND CVD RISK
    Paul Landsbergis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION: Stressful features of work organization, including long work hours, have recently been identified as risk factors for blood pressure elevation and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have been suggested as risk factors for work-..
  6. Quantifying the Value of Value-Based Purchasing
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    This application seeks support for an evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of an innovative health and work productivity demonstration project carried out in Atlanta and Chicago by the employer business and health coalitions in those ..
  7. Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group
    Ronald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  8. Treatment with Exercise Augmentation for Depression
    Madhukar Trivedi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  9. Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and Obesity
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
  10. OCULAR DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY/EARLY CHILDHOOD
    Donald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  12. Nutritional Restriction and Activity Thermogenesis
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1 2 Description, ..
  13. TRANSMISSION OF VULNERABILITY FACTORS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Keith Nuechterlein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These goals will be addressed through data collection with schizophrenic probands and their first-degree relatives as well as with demographically matched community controls and their first-degree relatives. ..
  14. Environmental Determinants of Sleep Disturbance: Role of Ambient Air Pollution
    Jiu Chiuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Childhood Predictors and Consequences of Adult Smoking
    Judith Brook; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can lessen or compensate for the impact of tobacco use on later functioning would provide additional aids for effective prevention and treatment efforts. ..
  16. Costs of Preventing Alcohol Problems in Older Adults
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Measuring Active Vision in Toddlers and Young Children
    Linda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..for studying their cascading consequences in social, cognitive and linguistic development, and for developing new therapies and interventions that generalize to the complex natural environment [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Instruments for measuring physical activity
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This should allow us to better define the role of physical activity in health and disease. ..
  19. Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer Risk
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Observational studies have consistently associated night work with an increase in breast cancer risk...
  20. Physical Activity, Nutrition & Built Environment in a Bi-national Border Setting
    George King; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The design and architecture of the physical environments where people live and work, the built environment has been suspected as a contributor to obesity by promoting a reduction in activity and an ..
  21. Impact of the Medicare Part D Benzodiazepine Exclusion on Managed Care Patients
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our findings will inform the ongoing debate over amending Part D legislation to include BZD coverage by providing objective data to guide policymakers on the likely costs and benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in Nurses
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In observational studies, night work has consistently been associated with an increase in breast and colorectal cancer risk, potentially mediated ..
  23. Aspartame Intake and the Risk of Cancer
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Latinos Using Cardio Health Actions to Reduce Risk
    Sheana Bull; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. A cross-linguistic study of nominal category formation
    Linda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the research seeks a fine grained specification of the learning mechanisms involved which have general significance beyond the role of language in early cognitive development. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Natural History of POP-- A Prospective Cohort Study
    Ingrid Nygaard; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Significance of this work: Pelvic organ prolapse affects the health of many American women...
  27. EVALUATION OF OSTEOARTHRITIS-RELATED WORK DISABILITY
    Saralynn Allaire; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION (adapted from investigator's abstract): Although work disability rates associated with osteoarthritis (OA) are high, this problem has received little investigative attention, possibly because it affects older workers, and ..
  28. INTERVENTION RESEARCH TRAINING FOR THE PSYCHOSES
    Keith Nuechterlein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..with intervention trials in which generalization of treatment effects is examined across outcomes including work and social functioning as well as symptom resolution, in different academic and community clinical settings, and ..
  29. Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug Use
    Judith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
  30. IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE OUTCOMES IN ASTHMA PATIENTS
    Carol Mancuso; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. GENETIC MECHANISMS OF ESTROGEN ATHEROPROTECTION
    Amparo Villablanca; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..as a modulator of cardiovascular risk and mortality in women, leads me to now seek to extend my prior research work in a new research direction to investigate mechanisms of hormonal regulation of vascular gene expression in ..
  32. THE PATHOGENESIS OF AUTOIMMUNITY IN A MURINE MODEL OF PRIMARY BILIARY CIRRHOSIS
    MERRILL E GERSHWIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. APPROPRIATENESS AND COMPLIANCE IN DEPRESSION TREATMENT
    Philip Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Through his proposed training and mentored research, the candidate will acquire a set of synergistic skills which will prepare him to become an independent and productive mental health services researcher. ..
  34. BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITY
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight ..
  35. RANDOMIZED TRIAL OF TREATMENT FOR POST-STROKE DEPRESSION
    Linda Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESSES IN SCHIZOPHRENIC DISORDERS
    Keith H Nuechterlein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed new protocol focuses on improving the efficacy of interventions targeting work and school functioning during the early stage of schizophrenia and examining the mediators of their effects...
  37. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  38. Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic Memory
    Richard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
  39. Cardiovascular-Oxytocin Links in Social Interaction
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Explication of the psychobiology of social support and related psychosocial risk factors in personal relationships could guide the refinement of risk reducing, preventive interventions. ..
  40. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Treatment Patterns, Expenditures and Outcomes in MBHOs
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., how psychotherapy visits are associated with outcomes and expenditures. Selection models will be used to estimate this relationship for patients with and without drug use. ..
  42. Bulimic Syndromes: Secular & Longitudinal Trends
    Pamela Keel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  43. Remibursement Limits, Antidepressants, and Outcomes
    Philip Wang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will also use other national and international forums to inform ongoing debates over drug coverage for vulnerable elderly patients with depression. ..
  44. Extended Work Schedules and Workplace Injury in Nurses
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To compensate, nurses are often required to work extended schedules, including > 8 hour days, >40 hour workweeks, mandatory overtime, double shifts, and other ..
  45. Evaluation of California Initiatives to Reduce Violence*
    Corinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The security assessment will evaluate environmental modifications, work practice changes, policies and practices implemented, training, security services, management commitment, use of ..
  46. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
  47. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We examine adult weight change during the period of stabilization into the work force followed into mid-adulthood with the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study [CARDIA] >5,..
  48. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. FUNCTIONAL NEUROANATOMY OF EMOTIONAL VALENCE AND AROUSAL
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A critical next step is to determine how these structures work together to create different kinds of emotional response...
  50. Nurse Staffing, Financial Performance, Quality of Care
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  51. Developing a Score of Communicative Participation
    Kathryn Yorkston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, the PIs will generate a long-term research plan to continue the validation process. This plan will serve as a proposal for a research project grant (R01) funding by NIH. ..
  52. Work-Family Integration and Diets of Multi-Ethnic Adults
    Carol Devine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..will examine the relationship between dietary intake and social processes from employment roles, family roles, and work-family integration (defined as reciprocal adjustment to role demands and benefits at the work-family interface)...
  53. Occupational Medicine Activities and Skills: An Empiric Study
    Philip Harber; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Focusing on occupational medicine as an example, the project will use a work sampling technique complemented by questionnaires and focus groups to define the actual work activities and skills ..
  54. Pragmatic language skills in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD)
    Patrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  55. NEAT & Physical Activity Assessment in the Elderly
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies may potentially guide us to devise novel strategies to prevent sarcopenia and promote physical activity in the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Promoting Mental Health in the Workplace
    Debra Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of research demonstrates that depression places a substantial burden on employees and the firms in which they work. This project's long-term goal is to develop an effective, efficient and sustainable intervention that will ..
  57. A Policy-Oriented History of Newborn Screening for PKU
    Diane Paul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Phylogeny of Sleep
    Patrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Follow-up of the PATS Sample
    Timothy Wigal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Aim 4 is to determine the stability of the ADHD diagnosis and other comorbidities made for study entry at age 3-5 years across subsequent development [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Improving diabetes outcomes: A couples intervention
    Paula Trief; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As an R34, this is a pilot proposal to develop preliminary data on the feasibility and efficacy of he couples approach so that a future full-scale trial may be submitted as an R18 proposal. ..
  61. Biomarkers of Insomnia and Fatigue in HIV/AIDS
    Kathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is hypothesized that the set of biomarkers that best predict the onset of initiation insomnia may differ from the variables that predict maintenance insomnia or daytime quality of life measures. ..
  62. A Model of Patient and Nursing Administration Outomes
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Spectrum of Narcolepsy in the Probands Families
    MAURICE OHAYON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A blood sample (3-5 ml) will be asked also to all participants. This will allow us to link some genetic markers of narcolepsy to specific symptoms even in subjects without the full-fledge manifestation of the disease. ..
  64. DISTRIBUTED OCCUPATIONAL KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM
    Philip Harber; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The process also yields valuable surveillance data including population segments often missed by other methods and describing functional impact of work rather than just occupationally caused disease.
  65. Sleep Disruption in New Parents: An intervention Trial
    Kathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In the prior sample, few mothers returned to work at rigidly scheduled hours...
  66. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We have chosen the first 3 of these disorders because our pilot work suggests that critical privacy concerns arise with all 3 of these genetic diseases, but are related to different ..
  67. REM and NREM Processing Specializations
    Patrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATION
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
  69. 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  70. Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered Approach
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable]..
  71. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..