travel

Summary

Summary: Aspects of health and disease related to travel. It includes the physiologic and psychologic beneficial or adverse effects of travel in general or with regard to specific diseases. It includes also emporiatrics, the specialty devoted to the medical aspects of travel. It excludes study tours.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Travel time to hospital and treatment for breast, colon, rectum, lung, ovary and prostate cancer
    A P Jones
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Eur J Cancer 44:992-9. 2008
  2. pmc Prolonged Plasmodium falciparum infection in immigrants, Paris
    Eric D'Ortenzio
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bichat Claude Bernard, Paris, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:323-6. 2008
  3. ncbi Invasion threshold in heterogeneous metapopulation networks
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Torino, Italy
    Phys Rev Lett 99:148701. 2007
  4. ncbi Malaria surveillance--United States, 2010
    Sonja Mali
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS A 06, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 61:1-17. 2012
  5. ncbi Understanding individual human mobility patterns
    Marta C González
    Center for Complex Network Research and Department of Physics, Biology and Computer Science, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 453:779-82. 2008
  6. pmc Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever
    D J Gubler
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 11:480-96. 1998
  7. ncbi The scaling laws of human travel
    D Brockmann
    Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organisation, Bunsenstr 10, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Nature 439:462-5. 2006
  8. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
  9. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
  10. pmc The role of the airline transportation network in the prediction and predictability of global epidemics
    Vittoria Colizza
    School of Informatics and Center for Biocomplexity, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2015-20. 2006

Detail Information

Publications265 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Travel time to hospital and treatment for breast, colon, rectum, lung, ovary and prostate cancer
    A P Jones
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Eur J Cancer 44:992-9. 2008
    ..in northern England with breast, colon, rectal, lung, ovary and prostate tumours were augmented with estimates of travel time to the nearest hospital providing surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy...
  2. pmc Prolonged Plasmodium falciparum infection in immigrants, Paris
    Eric D'Ortenzio
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bichat Claude Bernard, Paris, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:323-6. 2008
    ..falciparum infection in immigrant travelers. Results suggest that P. falciparum infection should be systematically suspected, even months after travel, especially in pregnant women and first-arrival immigrants.
  3. ncbi Invasion threshold in heterogeneous metapopulation networks
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Torino, Italy
    Phys Rev Lett 99:148701. 2007
    ..The results presented provide a general framework for the understanding of the effect of travel restrictions in epidemic containment.
  4. ncbi Malaria surveillance--United States, 2010
    Sonja Mali
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS A 06, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 61:1-17. 2012
    ..Malaria surveillance is conducted to identify episodes of local transmission and to guide prevention recommendations for travelers...
  5. ncbi Understanding individual human mobility patterns
    Marta C González
    Center for Complex Network Research and Department of Physics, Biology and Computer Science, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 453:779-82. 2008
    ..of temporal and spatial regularity, each individual being characterized by a time-independent characteristic travel distance and a significant probability to return to a few highly frequented locations...
  6. pmc Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever
    D J Gubler
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 11:480-96. 1998
    ..A major challenge for public health officials in all tropical areas of the world is to develop and implement sustainable prevention and control programs that will reverse the trend of emergent dengue hemorrhagic fever...
  7. ncbi The scaling laws of human travel
    D Brockmann
    Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organisation, Bunsenstr 10, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Nature 439:462-5. 2006
    ..It can synchronize populations of interacting species, stabilize them, and diversify gene pools. Human travel, for example, is responsible for the geographical spread of human infectious disease...
  8. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
    ..Policy effectiveness depends critically on how quickly clinical cases are diagnosed and the speed with which antiviral drugs can be distributed...
  9. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
    ..vaccine and non-pharmaceutical (case isolation, household quarantine, school or workplace closure, restrictions on travel) measures...
  10. pmc The role of the airline transportation network in the prediction and predictability of global epidemics
    Vittoria Colizza
    School of Informatics and Center for Biocomplexity, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2015-20. 2006
    ..stochastic computational framework for the forecast of global epidemics that considers the complete worldwide air travel infrastructure complemented with census population data...
  11. pmc Quantifying the impact of human mobility on malaria
    Amy Wesolowski
    Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15221, USA
    Science 338:267-70. 2012
    ..Identifying the sources and sinks of imported infections due to human travel and locating high-risk sites of parasite importation could greatly improve malaria control programs...
  12. pmc Dengue: an escalating problem
    Robert V Gibbons
    Department of Virus Diseases, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    BMJ 324:1563-6. 2002
  13. ncbi Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment
    Audrey de Nazelle
    Center for research in environmental epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 37:766-77. 2011
    ..Transportation and planning policies that promote active travel by walking and cycling can contribute to these goals, potentially yielding further co-benefits...
  14. pmc Foreign travel is a major risk factor for colonization with Escherichia coli producing CTX-M-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases: a prospective study with Swedish volunteers
    Thomas Tängdén
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:3564-8. 2010
    Foreign travel has been suggested to be a risk factor for the acquisition of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. To our knowledge, this has not previously been demonstrated in a prospective study...
  15. pmc Global traffic and disease vector dispersal
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006
    The expansion of global air travel and seaborne trade overcomes geographic barriers to insect disease vectors, enabling them to move great distances in short periods of time...
  16. ncbi Synchrony, waves, and spatial hierarchies in the spread of influenza
    Cecile Viboud
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 312:447-51. 2006
    ..A simple epidemiological model, based on the gravity formulation, captures the observed increase of influenza spatial synchrony with transmissibility; high transmission allows influenza to spread rapidly beyond local spatial constraints...
  17. pmc Pandemic potential of a strain of influenza A (H1N1): early findings
    Christophe Fraser
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Science 324:1557-61. 2009
    ..Transmissibility is therefore substantially higher than that of seasonal flu, and comparable with lower estimates of R0 obtained from previous influenza pandemics...
  18. ncbi Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service
    James Jarrett
    Norwich Medical School, Health Economics Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Lancet 379:2198-205. 2012
    ..that results are invariably positive but sensitive to assumptions about time lag between the increase in active travel and changes in health outcomes...
  19. ncbi Geographic expansion of dengue: the impact of international travel
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University Hospital of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 5, Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore 119074
    Med Clin North Am 92:1377-90, x. 2008
    ..urbanization with substandard living conditions, lack of vector control, virus evolution, and international travel. Of all these factors, urbanization has probably had the most impact on the amplification of dengue within a given ..
  20. pmc Malaria on the move: human population movement and malaria transmission
    P Martens
    Internatonal Centre for Integrative Studies, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:103-9. 2000
    ..These factors are most likely to affect the poor, many of whom live in or near malarious areas. Identifying and understanding the influence of these population movements can improve prevention measures and malaria control programs...
  21. pmc Travel risk, malaria importation and malaria transmission in Zanzibar
    Arnaud Le Menach
    Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy, Washington, DC, USA
    Sci Rep 1:93. 2011
    ..data and ferry traffic between Zanzibar and mainland Tanzania were re-analyzed using a model of heterogeneous travel risk. Second, a dynamic mathematical model of importation and transmission rates was used...
  22. pmc Entry screening to delay local transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:82. 2010
    ..After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transmission...
  23. pmc Human mobility networks, travel restrictions, and the global spread of 2009 H1N1 pandemic
    Paolo Bajardi
    Computational Epidemiology Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Torino, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e16591. 2011
    After the emergence of the H1N1 influenza in 2009, some countries responded with travel-related controls during the early stage of the outbreak in an attempt to contain or slow down its international spread...
  24. pmc The use of mobile phone data for the estimation of the travel patterns and imported Plasmodium falciparum rates among Zanzibar residents
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography, 3141 Turlington Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 7315, USA
    Malar J 8:287. 2009
    ....
  25. pmc Intravenous artesunate for severe malaria in travelers, Europe
    Thomas Zoller
    Charite Universitatsmedizin, Berlin, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:771-7. 2011
    ..IV artesunate was an effective alternative to quinine for treatment of malaria patients in Europe. Patients should be monitored for signs of hemolysis, especially after parasitologic cure...
  26. ncbi Global TravEpiNet: a national consortium of clinics providing care to international travelers--analysis of demographic characteristics, travel destinations, and pretravel healthcare of high-risk US international travelers, 2009-2011
    Regina C LaRocque
    Travelers Advice and Immunization Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:455-62. 2012
    International travel poses a risk of destination-specific illness and may contribute to the global spread of infectious diseases...
  27. pmc First case of detection of Plasmodium knowlesi in Spain by Real Time PCR in a traveller from Southeast Asia
    Tang Thuy Huong Ta
    Malaria and Emerging Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Parasitology Department, National Centre of Microbiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, CRA, Majadahonda Pozuelo Km, 2, Majadahonda, 28220 Madrid, Spain
    Malar J 9:219. 2010
    ..knowlesi is described in a Spanish traveller, who came back to Spain with daily fever after his last overseas travel, which was a six-month holiday in forested areas of Southeast Asia between 2008 and 2009. His P...
  28. ncbi The role of international travel in the worldwide spread of multiresistant Enterobacteriaceae
    Akke K van der Bij
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Reinier de Graaf Hospital, Delft, The Netherlands
    J Antimicrob Chemother 67:2090-100. 2012
    ..International travel and tourism are important modes for the acquisition and spread of antimicrobial-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, ..
  29. pmc Empirical evidence for the effect of airline travel on inter-regional influenza spread in the United States
    John S Brownstein
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e401. 2006
    The influence of air travel on influenza spread has been the subject of numerous investigations using simulation, but very little empirical evidence has been provided...
  30. pmc Risk factors for mortality from imported falciparum malaria in the United Kingdom over 20 years: an observational study
    Anna M Checkley
    HPA Malaria Reference Laboratory and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1B 3DP, UK
    BMJ 344:e2116. 2012
    ..To determine which travellers with malaria are at greatest risk of dying, highlighting factors which can be used to target health messages to travellers...
  31. ncbi Description and burden of travel-related cases caused by enteropathogens reported in a Canadian community
    André Ravel
    Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Pavillon de Santé Publique Vétérinaire, 3190 rue Sicotte, Saint Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada
    J Travel Med 18:8-19. 2011
    Risk of infections by enteropathogens among individuals traveling outside their country of residence is considered important. Such travel-related cases (TRC) have been poorly estimated and described in Canada.
  32. ncbi Dengue in travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    N Engl J Med 353:924-32. 2005
  33. pmc Treatment outcome of intravenous artesunate in patients with severe malaria in the Netherlands and Belgium
    Annemarie R Kreeftmeijer-Vegter
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Malar J 11:102. 2012
    ..Fortunately, artesunate became available in the Netherlands and Belgium through a named patient programme. This is the largest case series of artesunate treated patients with severe malaria in Europe...
  34. pmc Texas lifestyle limits transmission of dengue virus
    Paul Reiter
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:86-9. 2003
    ..We conclude that the low prevalence of dengue in the United States is primarily due to economic, rather than climatic, factors...
  35. ncbi Travel-related imported infections in Europe, EuroTravNet 2009
    S Odolini
    Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:468-74. 2012
    The aim of this study was to investigate travel-associated morbidity in European travellers in 2009 in comparison with 2008, with a particular emphasis on emerging infectious diseases with the potential for introduction into Europe...
  36. ncbi Malaria risk perception, knowledge and prophylaxis practices among travellers of African ethnicity living in Paris and visiting their country of origin in sub-Saharan Africa
    T Pistone
    INSERM U707, F 75012 Paris, France
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:990-5. 2007
    ..The study compared two groups of VFR who had visited a travel clinic (TC; n=122) or a travel agency (TA; n=69) before departure...
  37. pmc Test characteristics of two rapid antigen detection tests (SD FK50 and SD FK60) for the diagnosis of malaria in returned travellers
    Mirna Van der Palen
    Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences FHML, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Malar J 8:90. 2009
    Two malaria rapid diagnostic tests were evaluated in a travel clinic setting: the SD FK50 Malaria Ag Plasmodium falciparum test (a two-band test) and the SD FK60 Malaria Ag P. falciparum/Pan test (a three-band test).
  38. ncbi Associations of children's independent mobility and active travel with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status: a systematic review
    Stephanie Schoeppe
    Central Queensland University, Institute for Health and Social Science Research, Centre for Physical Activity Studies, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 16:312-9. 2013
    Health benefits from children's independent mobility and active travel beyond school travel are largely unexplored.
  39. ncbi Epidemic modeling in metapopulation systems with heterogeneous coupling pattern: theory and simulations
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory CNLL, Institute for Scientific Interchange ISI, Torino, Italy
    J Theor Biol 251:450-67. 2008
    ..The results can be useful in the understanding of recent data driven computational approaches to disease spreading in large transportation networks and the effect of containment measures such as travel restrictions.
  40. pmc Travel history and malaria infection risk in a low-transmission setting in Ethiopia: a case control study
    Joshua O Yukich
    Department of Global Health Systems and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal St, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Malar J 12:33. 2013
    ..The country currently has plans for elimination for specific geographic areas of the country. Human movement may lead to the maintenance of reservoirs of infection, complicating attempts to eliminate malaria...
  41. pmc Walking, cycling and driving to work in the English and Welsh 2011 census: trends, socio-economic patterning and relevance to travel behaviour in general
    Anna Goodman
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e71790. 2013
    ..It also investigates whether commute modal share can serve as a proxy for travel behaviour more generally.
  42. pmc Trends in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of travel risk groups towards prevention of malaria: results from the Dutch Schiphol Airport Survey 2002 to 2009
    Perry J J van Genderen
    Harbor Hospital and Institute for Tropical Diseases, Haringvliet 72, 3011 TG Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Malar J 11:179. 2012
    ..Initiatives to improve such education should target all groups of travellers, including business travellers, those visiting friends and relatives (VFRs), and elderly travellers...
  43. pmc Cost risk benefit analysis to support chemoprophylaxis policy for travellers to malaria endemic countries
    Eduardo Massad
    School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo and LIM 01 HCFMUSP, Brazil
    Malar J 10:130. 2011
    In a number of malaria endemic regions, tourists and travellers face a declining risk of travel associated malaria, in part due to successful malaria control...
  44. ncbi Air travel and vector-borne disease movement
    A J Tatem
    Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Parasitology 139:1816-30. 2012
    Recent decades have seen substantial expansions in the global air travel network and rapid increases in traffic volumes...
  45. ncbi Travel-associated faecal colonization with ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae: incidence and risk factors
    Ase Ostholm-Balkhed
    Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 68:2144-53. 2013
    To study the acquisition of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) among the faecal flora during travel, with a focus on risk factors, antibiotic susceptibility and ESBL-encoding genes.
  46. pmc Management of imported malaria in Europe
    Helena H Askling
    Department of Medicine Solna Unit for Infectious Diseases, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Malar J 11:328. 2012
    ..Malaria is a rare diagnosis in Europe, but it is a medical emergency. A travel history is the key to suspecting malaria and is mandatory in patients with fever...
  47. pmc Severe imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria, France, 1996-2003
    Elise Seringe
    University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:807-13. 2011
    ..8%. Factors independently associated with severe imported P. falciparum malaria were older age, European origin, travel to eastern Africa, absence of chemoprophylaxis, initial visit to a general practitioner, time to diagnosis of 4 to ..
  48. pmc Interventions to promote walking: systematic review
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 334:1204. 2007
    ..To assess the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations...
  49. ncbi Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Karin Leder
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1185-93. 2006
    Travelers returning to their country of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFRs) have increased risk of travel-related health problems...
  50. pmc Imported malaria and high risk groups: observational study using UK surveillance data 1987-2006
    Adrian D Smith
    HPA Malaria Reference Laboratory, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 6AU
    BMJ 337:a120. 2008
    ..To examine temporal, geographic, and sociodemographic trends in case reporting and case fatality of malaria in the United Kingdom...
  51. ncbi Typhoid fever in the United States, 1999-2006
    Michael F Lynch
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS F 22, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    JAMA 302:859-65. 2009
    ..Typhoid fever in the United States has increasingly been due to infection with antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella ser Typhi. National surveillance for typhoid fever can inform prevention and treatment recommendations...
  52. ncbi Brucellosis and international travel
    Ziad A Memish
    Department of Infection Prevention and Control and Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    J Travel Med 11:49-55. 2004
    ..Since travelers may be affected, travel health physicians need to know the clinical presentation of patients with brucellosis and preventive strategies.
  53. ncbi Typhoid and paratyphoid fever in travellers
    Bradley A Connor
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University, and The New York Center for Travel and Tropical Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:623-8. 2005
    ..in the pattern of the disease: a marked decline in its incidence and its characterisation as a predominantly travel-associated disease...
  54. ncbi Predictive factors of malaria in travelers to areas where malaria is endemic
    Enrique Casalino
    Emergency Department, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit A, Bichat Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France
    Arch Intern Med 162:1625-30. 2002
    ..The differentiation of malaria from other causes of fever is difficult. The development of tools for rapid and specific clinical diagnosis is of paramount importance for the identification of individuals infected with malaria...
  55. pmc Modeling the worldwide spread of pandemic influenza: baseline case and containment interventions
    Vittoria Colizza
    School of Informatics and Center for Biocomplexity, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e13. 2007
    ..Here we study the worldwide spread of a pandemic and its possible containment at a global level taking into account all available information on air travel.
  56. pmc Evaluation of a rapid diagnostic test (CareStart Malaria HRP-2/pLDH (Pf/pan) Combo Test) for the diagnosis of malaria in a reference setting
    Jessica Maltha
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences FHML, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Malar J 9:171. 2010
    ....
  57. ncbi Efficacy and safety of exchange transfusion as an adjunct therapy for severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria in nonimmune travelers: a 10-year single-center experience with a standardized treatment protocol
    Perry J J van Genderen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Harbour Hospital and Institute for Tropical Diseases, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Transfusion 50:787-94. 2010
    ..Although exchange transfusion (ET) has been considered as a controversial adjunct therapy, we have not encountered any case fatality since ET was introduced as a standard adjunct therapy for patients with severe malaria...
  58. pmc Seasonality, annual trends, and characteristics of dengue among ill returned travelers, 1997-2006
    Eli Schwartz
    Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1081-8. 2008
    ..b>Travel-related dengue exhibited annual oscillations with several epidemics occurring during the study period...
  59. pmc Human campylobacteriosis in developing countries
    Akitoye O Coker
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:237-44. 2002
    ..National surveillance programs and international collaborations are needed to address the substantial gaps in the knowledge about the epidemiology of campylobacteriosis in developing countries...
  60. pmc The position of mefloquine as a 21st century malaria chemoprophylaxis
    Patricia Schlagenhauf
    University of Zurich Centre for Travel Medicine, Hirschengraben 84, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:357. 2010
    ..Malaria chemoprophylaxis prevents the occurrence of the symptoms of malaria. Travellers to high-risk Plasmodium falciparum endemic areas need an effective chemoprophylaxis...
  61. ncbi Pre-travel health advice-seeking behavior among US international travelers departing from Boston Logan International Airport
    Regina C LaRocque
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Travel Med 17:387-91. 2010
    ..Despite this, data about sources of health information used by international travelers are limited...
  62. pmc Can we use digital life-log images to investigate active and sedentary travel behaviour? Results from a pilot study
    Paul Kelly
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:44. 2011
    Active travel such as walking and cycling has potential to increase physical activity levels in sedentary individuals. Motorised car travel is a sedentary behaviour that contributes to carbon emissions...
  63. ncbi Transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome on aircraft
    Sonja J Olsen
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    N Engl J Med 349:2416-22. 2003
    ..Although many infected persons traveled on commercial aircraft, the risk, if any, of in-flight transmission is unknown...
  64. pmc Assessing the risk of international spread of yellow fever virus: a mathematical analysis of an urban outbreak in Asuncion, 2008
    Michael A Johansson
    Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:349-58. 2012
    ..With the ease of international travel, urban outbreaks could lead to the rapid spread and subsequent transmission of YFV in distant locations...
  65. pmc Molecular detection of Plasmodium knowlesi in a Dutch traveler by real-time PCR
    Lonneke Link
    Department of Internal Medicine, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 50:2523-4. 2012
    ..P. knowlesi malaria in a traveler is described, and real-time PCR is demonstrated to support fast and reliable diagnosis and identification to the species level...
  66. pmc Diversity of individual mobility patterns and emergence of aggregated scaling laws
    Xiao Yong Yan
    1 Web Sciences Center, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, P R China 2 Department of Transportation Engineering, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043, P R China 3 Department of Systems Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, P R China
    Sci Rep 3:2678. 2013
    ..of epidemic spreading, urban transportation and other socioeconomic dynamics embodying spatiality and human travel. According to the direct travel diaries of volunteers, we show the absence of scaling properties in the ..
  67. pmc Serodiagnosis of imported schistosomiasis by a combination of a commercial indirect hemagglutination test with Schistosoma mansoni adult worm antigens and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with S. mansoni egg antigens
    Tom van Gool
    Department of Microbiology, Tropical Medicine and AIDS, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3432-7. 2002
    ..The combined use of these two tests enabled the serological diagnosis of schistosomiasis to be achieved with very high degrees of both sensitivity and specificity...
  68. ncbi Travel-associated dengue infections in the United States, 1996 to 2005
    Hamish P Mohammed
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, PR, USA
    J Travel Med 17:8-14. 2010
    As the incidence of dengue increases globally, US travelers to endemic areas may be at an increased risk of travel-associated dengue.
  69. pmc Chikungunya virus in US travelers returning from India, 2006
    Robert S Lanciotti
    Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory, Arbovirus Disease Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:764-7. 2007
    ..In 2005-2006, CHIKV epidemics were reported in islands in the Indian Ocean and in southern India. We present data on laboratory-confirmed CHIKV infections among travelers returning from India to the United States during 2006...
  70. ncbi Imported malaria in Scotland--an overview of surveillance, reporting and trends
    Holger W Unger
    NHS Lothian, Regional Infectious Diseases Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
    Travel Med Infect Dis 9:289-97. 2011
    ..Imported malaria cases continue to occur and are often underreported. This study assessed reporting of malaria cases and their characteristics in Scotland...
  71. ncbi Inequalities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme: socio-demographic predictors of uptake and usage of the London (UK) cycle hire scheme
    F Ogilvie
    Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Prev Med 55:40-5. 2012
    ..Cycling confers individual and population-level health benefits, but uptake is not always equitable across socio-demographic groups. We sought to examine inequalities in uptake and usage of London's Barclays Cycle Hire (BCH) scheme...
  72. ncbi Association between travel times and food procurement practices among female supplemental nutrition assistance program participants in eastern North Carolina
    Stephanie B Jilcott
    Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 43:385-9. 2011
    To examine associations between self-reported vehicular travel behaviors, perceived stress, food procurement practices, and body mass index among female Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants.
  73. ncbi Modeling the spread of annual influenza epidemics in the U.S.: the potential role of air travel
    R F Grais
    Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 7:127-34. 2004
    The role of air travel in the global spread of influenza has been the subject of a significant body of research, but this question has yet to be explored within the U.S. The goal of this research is to explore whether knowledge of U.S...
  74. ncbi The risk of chikungunya fever in a dengue-endemic area
    Eduardo Massad
    School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, LIM 01 HCFMUSP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Travel Med 15:147-55. 2008
    ..In addition, traveling to these areas is popular, making the potential risk of infections transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes very high...
  75. pmc Estimating travel reduction associated with the use of telemedicine by patients and healthcare professionals: proposal for quantitative synthesis in a systematic review
    Richard Wootton
    Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, University Hospital of North Norway, PO Box 6060, N 9038 Tromsø, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:185. 2011
    A major benefit offered by telemedicine is the avoidance of travel, by patients, their carers and health care professionals. Unfortunately, there is very little published information about the extent of avoided travel...
  76. ncbi Spanish travelers to high-risk areas in the tropics: airport survey of travel health knowledge, attitudes, and practices in vaccination and malaria prevention
    Rogelio Lopez-Velez
    Tropical Medicine and Clinical Parasitology, Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
    J Travel Med 14:297-305. 2007
    To evaluate travel health knowledge, attitudes, and practices on vaccination and malaria prevention among Spanish travelers to the tropics.
  77. ncbi Trends in imported chikungunya virus infections in Germany, 2006-2009
    Christina Frank
    Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:631-6. 2011
    ..Cases reported from 2006 through 2009 were analyzed for travel characteristics and demographic factors. 152 cases of symptomatic CHIKV infection were notified...
  78. ncbi The joint associations of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity, and the Framingham risk score on the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease
    Gang Hu
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Heart J 28:492-8. 2007
    ..To determine joint associations of different kinds of physical activity and the Framingham risk score (FRS) with the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events...
  79. ncbi Validity of three accelerometers during treadmill walking and motor vehicle travel
    Matthew Maddocks
    Division of Physiotherapy Education, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Br J Sports Med 44:606-8. 2010
    To determine the relative accuracy during treadmill walking and motor vehicle travel of the ActivPAL, PALlite and Digi-Walker accelerometers.
  80. ncbi Travel health risk perceptions and prevention behaviors of US study abroad students
    Laurie B Hartjes
    University of Wisconsin Madison School of Nursing, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    J Travel Med 16:338-43. 2009
    ..This study investigated travel health risk perceptions and prevention behaviors to guide interventions that address the emerging health needs of ..
  81. pmc Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in a Chilean patient with recent travel in Bolivia
    R Espinoza
    Clinica Alemana de Santiago, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 4:93-5. 1998
    ..The patient's history included self-reported urban and probable rural rodent exposure during travel in Bolivia...
  82. ncbi Illness in children after international travel: analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Stefan Hagmann
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10457, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1072-80. 2010
    ..By using a large, multicenter database, we investigated the characteristics and morbidities of 1591 children returning from 218 global destinations and presenting for care in 19 countries...
  83. ncbi Hepatitis E in Italy: a long-term prospective study
    Luisa Romano
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Microbiologia Virologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via C Pascal 36, 20133 Milan, Italy
    J Hepatol 54:34-40. 2011
    ..associated with travelling to endemic areas, but a growing number of sporadic cases are also seen in patients with no travel history. The aim of this study was to assess the impact and the molecular epidemiology of hepatitis E in Italy.
  84. pmc Travel and migration associated infectious diseases morbidity in Europe, 2008
    Vanessa Field
    InterHealth and National Travel Health Network and Centre, London, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 10:330. 2010
    Europeans represent the majority of international travellers and clinicians encountering returned patients have an essential role in recognizing, and communicating travel-associated public health risks.
  85. pmc On the treatment of airline travelers in mathematical models
    Michael A Johansson
    Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    PLoS ONE 6:e22151. 2011
    The global spread of infectious diseases is facilitated by the ability of infected humans to travel thousands of miles in short time spans, rapidly transporting pathogens to distant locations...
  86. pmc Imported Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in a French tourist returning from Thailand
    Antoine Berry
    Service de Parasitologie Mycologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, Hopital Rangueil, Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:535-8. 2011
    ..This case shows, first, tourists may contract knowlesi malaria even only staying on the beach and second, the diagnosis remains difficult, even with polymerase chain reaction methods...
  87. ncbi Malaria in paradise: characterization of imported cases in Gran Canaria Island (1993-2006)
    Elizabeth Espinosa-Vega
    Department of Microbiology, Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    J Travel Med 18:165-72. 2011
    ..However, imported malaria cases have been increasing during the last few decades in this country. This study aims to describe the clinical and epidemiological features of patients diagnosed with malaria on Gran Canaria Island...
  88. ncbi Salmonella infections associated with international travel: a Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) study
    Laura R Johnson
    Emory University School of Medicine and Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:1031-7. 2011
    ..In addition, Salmonella is an important cause of travel-associated diarrhea and enteric fever, a systemic illness commonly associated with Salmonella serotypes Typhi and ..
  89. ncbi Rifaximin: a unique gastrointestinal-selective antibiotic for enteric diseases
    Hoonmo L Koo
    Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Curr Opin Gastroenterol 26:17-25. 2010
    ..We review the unique pharmaceutical properties of this antibiotic and the published evidence in the literature regarding the use of rifaximin for different gastrointestinal disorders...
  90. ncbi Variation in the genetic environments of bla(CTX-M-15) in Escherichia coli from the faeces of travellers returning to the United Kingdom
    Hiran Dhanji
    Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring and Reference Laboratory, Health Protection Agency Microbiology Services Colindale, London, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:1005-12. 2011
    ....
  91. pmc The feasibility of age-specific travel restrictions during influenza pandemics
    Elson H Y Lam
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Theor Biol Med Model 8:44. 2011
    Epidemiological studies have shown that imposing travel restrictions to prevent or delay an influenza pandemic may not be feasible...
  92. ncbi Travel and age of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection
    Hiroshi Nishiura
    PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, Japan
    J Travel Med 17:269-70. 2010
    Age distribution of 4,986 cases of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in Japan was analyzed. Cases with a travel history within 10 days preceding the illness onset were significantly older than indigenous cases (p < 0...
  93. pmc Forecast and control of epidemics in a globalized world
    L Hufnagel
    Max Planck Institut für Strömungsforschung, Bunsenstrasse 10, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:15124-9. 2004
    ..The performance of different control strategies is analyzed, and our simulations show that a quick and focused reaction is essential to inhibiting the global spread of epidemics...
  94. pmc Artesunate misuse and Plasmodium falciparum malaria in traveler returning from Africa
    Dea Shahinas
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1608-10. 2010
    ..Isolates had an elevated 50% inhibitory concentration to artemisinin, artesunate, and artemether, compared with that of other African isolates. Inappropriate use of artemisinin derivatives can reduce P. falciparum susceptibility...
  95. pmc Imported malaria in an area in southern Madrid, 2005-2008
    Sonia Rey
    Microbiology and Parasitology Department, Severo Ochoa University Hospital, Avda Orellana s n, Leganes, Madrid, Spain
    Malar J 9:290. 2010
    ..The objective of this work was to describe the malaria cases diagnosed at the Severo Ochoa University Hospital (HUSO) in Leganés in the south of the Madrid Region from 2005 to 2008...
  96. pmc Geographic access to care is not a determinant of child mortality in a rural Kenyan setting with high health facility density
    Jennifer C Moïsi
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:142. 2010
    ..Distance to health facilities is a known determinant of health care utilization and may drive inequalities in health outcomes; we aimed to investigate its effects on childhood mortality...
  97. ncbi Risk factors for sporadic infection with Salmonella enteritidis, Denmark, 1997-1999
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 156:654-61. 2002
    In a prospective case-control study of sporadic Salmonella Enteritidis infection in Denmark (1997-1999), foreign travel was reported by 25% of 455 case patients and 8% of 507 controls (odds ratio (OR) = 3...
  98. ncbi Imported malaria in immigrants to Italy: a changing pattern observed in north eastern Italy
    Marta Mascarello
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    J Travel Med 16:317-21. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, premunition could be progressively lost after a long period of nonexposure. We investigated the changing pattern of malaria in immigrants in two definite 5-year periods one decade apart...
  99. pmc Calculating the potential for within-flight transmission of influenza A (H1N1)
    Bradley G Wagner
    Center for Biomedical Modelling, Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    BMC Med 7:81. 2009
    Clearly air travel, by transporting infectious individuals from one geographic location to another, significantly affects the rate of spread of influenza A (H1N1)...
  100. ncbi Ecology. Protecting China's biodiversity
    Jianguo Liu
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Science 300:1240-1. 2003
  101. ncbi Association of Laribacter hongkongensis in community-acquired gastroenteritis with travel and eating fish: a multicentre case-control study
    Patrick C Y Woo
    Department of Microbiology, University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Lancet 363:1941-7. 2004
    ..We undertook a multicentre case-control study to investigate the association of L hongkongensis with gastroenteritis...

Research Grants64

  1. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..falciparum chitinase, PfCHTI, and provide the scientific basis for developing novel potential approaches to interrupting malaria transmission at the vertebrate host-mosquito vector interface. ..
  2. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..techniques will be used to control for measured confounders, while various instruments including the differential travel time from the residential zip code to regional center and to the nearest delivery hospital will be used to control ..
  3. International Leptospirosis Society Meeting 2007
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Funds requested will used to support trainee travel and accommodations...
  4. Genetics of Innate Immunity in Human Leptospirosis in Brazil
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Medical Anthropology at the Intersections: Celebrating 50 Years of Interdisciplin
    Mark Padilla; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. HIV Risk Behavior in Men Engaged in Recreational Travel
    Eric Benotsch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..interventions are to be developed for leisure travelers, more information is needed about the motivations for travel, intentions to seek new sexual partners while on vacation, information related to HIV risk while traveling, self-..
  7. Online Adaptation of HIV Risk-Reduction Interventions
    Eric Benotsch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed methods will also permit us to collect data needed to provide initial evidence of efficacy needed for a larger-scale trial, including estimates of outcome parameters such as intervention effect sizes. ..
  8. Human Reservoirs of Plasmodium vivax Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..vivax from hypnozoites) or are newly introduced by infected inhabitants returning from travel away from the village...
  9. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  10. Microarray Analysis of Leptospiral Genomes
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  12. Prospective Investigation for Pulmonary Embolism Dx III
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. West Nile Virus: Epidemiology and Mosquito Competence
    Alan D T Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. during the 2006-2011 transmission seasons;3. Investigate the mechanism of attenuation of neuroinvasiveness of mouse attenuated WNV isolates;4. Correlate WNV phenotype in vertebrate cells with mosquito vector infection. ..
  14. Anitviral Activity of Thioaptamers Against West Nile Virus
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Enhancing HIV Prevention Among High-Risk HIV+ Men
    Kenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Participants will then be followed every three months for one year, integrating PCM and/or prevention booster sessions to their HIV care visits. ..
  16. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed aims will cover important gaps in significant areas of alcohol epidemiology. Trends analyses covering the period under focus and contrasting Whites, Blacks and Hispanics have not been reported yet in the alcohol literature. ..
  17. Effectiveness of Selected NPIs in Reducing ILI among University Students
    TOMAS ARAGON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Malaria risk reduction among travelers using web-based simulation tool
    LAURIE BETH HARTJES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..from a study abroad population about risk representations and personal protection measures for malaria and other travel health risks, and feasibility testing for conducting on-line surveys...
  19. PHASE III TRIAL FO SIROLIMUS IN LYMPHANGIOLEIOMYLMATOSIS
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Patient safety will be monitored by an NIH Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). The MILES trial is designed as a pivotal study to determine if sirolimus is effective in stabilizing or improving lung function in patients with LAM. ..
  20. The 2007 LAM Foundation Lymphangioleiomyomatosis International Research Conferenc
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM, including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  21. Targeted DNA extraction for Tuberculosis PCR from sputum
    Eric Houpt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The most sensitive procedure will be taken in Phase II and adapted to high-throughput DNA extraction platforms and compared against the standard E- MTD assay. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. The Precursors and Impacts of Psychiatric Facility Closure
    ANOUK GRUBAUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In contrast, private facility closure occurs when the facility is no longer financially viable and thus may or may not be a function of the quality and quantity of alternatives in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Mouse Strain dependent innate resistance to intestinal amebiasis
    Eric Houpt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  24. HIV PREVENTION TRIAL UNITS
    Kenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will continue our leadership work in community education and the engagement of diverse communities in HIV prevention initiatives. ( ..
  25. HIV/STI Prevention for Drug-Involved Couples
    Louisa Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Sharp from St. Luke's Hospital in New York City, and Dr. Fals-Stewart from the Research Institute on Addictions at the University of Buffalo. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Study of risk factors of tick-borne encephalitis in Poland
    Pawel Stefanoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  27. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Conference 2006
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM, including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  28. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. GROWTH AND DEATH SIGNALS IN THE PROSTATE
    Maria Abreu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..After this three year period of training, I will return to gastrointestinal research with the support of my co-sponsor and begin to develop intestinal models to study normal and pathologic states of apoptosis. ..
  30. PARTNER ABUSE AND HIV IN WOMEN RECEIVING EMERGENCY CARE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  31. A Novel Therapy for Depression with Co-Occurring Panic
    Ellen Frank; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  32. PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM DX-II
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4) The team of investigators is strong, and has collaborated previously in successful research in PE. ..
  33. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Project
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  34. HIV RISK AND PARTNER VIOLENCE--MEN ON METHADONE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the proposed study will help inform assessment, treatment and referral protocols to reduce partner violence and HIV-risk behaviors among men and women in MMTPs. ..
  35. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Project
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  36. Novel Antioxidant Mechanisms of Surfactant Proteins
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results will provide important insights into the roles of the surfactant proteins in preventing oxidative lung disease and may be useful for the design of novel recombinant proteins and peptides of therapeutic value. ..
  37. Emotion Regulation in Relationships during Separation
    Lisa Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will make a significant contribution to research on the multiple biobehavioral processes through which close relationships influence day-to-day emotion regulation and long-term psychological well-being. ..
  38. Role of TLR4 in Acute and Chronic Murine Colitis
    Maria Abreu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will use the support from this R21 to generate robust animal models that establish the requirement for TLR4 in the initiation and perpetuation of intestinal inflammation. ..
  39. Brief Intervention to Reduce Injury in Minorities
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  40. Depression: The Search for Treatment-Relevant Phenotypes
    Ellen Frank; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Signal detection analysis will be used to determine which combination of spectrum assessment scores and other clinical variables describe the profile of patients likely to stabilize or relapse with each of the treatments. ..
  41. Protection from Fas-mediated apoptosis in the gut
    Maria Abreu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The support from this R03 will permit me to successfully compete for an R01 and make the transition to an independent investigator. ..
  42. OVERWINTERING AND TRANSMISSION MECHANISMS OF SLE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Epidemic-causing potential of this virus will be determined by titre and duration of viremia in chickens. Patterns of distribution of virus variants will be determined by SSCP. ..
  43. An Intervention for Migrant Puerto Rican Drug Users
    Sherry Deren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this study will have implications for conducting interventions with migrant drug users, and will enhance our knowledge regarding multi-level interventions to reduce HIV risk. ..
  44. CHONDROPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE
    Constance Chu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will also serve to improve understanding of the relative roles of NO and peroxynitrite on the pathophysiology of arthritis. ..
  45. SURFACTANT PROTEIN A IN PULMONARY HOST DEFENSE
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will elucidate the role of SP-A in the innate immune defense of the lung, and may assist in the design of optimal antimicrobial strategies. ..
  46. New Directions in Migration Modeling
    Joshua Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Agent-based Modeling of migration may assist in this task, and potentially provide public policy leaders an important tool to analyze and possibly test public policy interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Spousal Violence
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..collecting data from both couple members. ..
  48. Health & Other Predictors of Expected & Actual Mobility
    CHARLES LONGINO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..I: To determine the nature of the relationship between 1) resource variables, including and monetary resources, 2) travel experience, and 3) community ties at origin, and mobility, both expected and actual...
  49. 2005 LAM Foundation Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM, including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  50. The Role of Dendritic Cells in Renal Immune Responses
    Karl Nath; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analytic tools will include flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence microscopy, morphometric analysis, cytokine/chemokine ELISA. ..
  51. Acupuncture Treatment for Menopausal Hot Flashes
    Nancy Avis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    Richard Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Furthermore, these analyses will serve to support future developments of prospective clinical trials. ..
  53. Structure-Function of Entamoeba Alcohol Dehydrogenase 2
    Samuel Stanley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Moreover, elucidating the molecular mechanisms by which glucocorticoids enhance NTHi-induced TLR2 up-regulation will provide instructive information regarding how to use glucocorticoids more appropriately in the clinic. ..
  54. Alcohol Epidemiology In Hispanic National Groups
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will fill a major gap in epidemiology among U.S. Hispanics, and will have implications for the development of prevention interventions. ..
  55. Marketing health to Latinos through tiendas
    Guadalupe Ayala; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., increased physical activity, reduction in tobacco use) in a novel setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Mucosal immune regulation in murine amebic colitis
    Eric Houpt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The comprehensive approach in training and research laid out in this research proposal will guide the applicant towards his goal of being an independent investigator in immunoparasitology. ..
  57. Measurement of Alcohol Use Among HIV-Positives in Uganda
    Judith Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will validate novel biomarkers and new and standard self-reported measures of alcohol use among HIV positives in Uganda. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Preventing HIV and other STDs among drug-involved women
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The SWRD Program will be directed by Dr. Nabila El-Bassel and co-directed by Drs. Steven Schinke and Mary McKay, all CUSSW faculty with strong programs of federally funded research related to substance abuse and HIV. ..
  59. AOSSM Post-Joint Injury Osteoarthritis Conference
    Constance Chu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This symposium will bring doctors and scientists together to develop research plans to find new methods to prevent this from happening. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana Use
    Christine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Lymphangioleimyomatosis Research Conference
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Concurrent clinical sessions will explore difficult management issues in LAM, including hormonal therapy, air travel, pregnancy, lung transplantation and pleural complications...
  62. Physical Activity, Obesity and Diabetes Prevention
    Ross Brownson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., computerized tailoring, GIS mapping). Study findings will be disseminated in collaboration with co- investigators, federal agencies, and other public health agencies to a variety of professional audiences. ..
  63. Multiplex bead-PCR diagnosis for AIDS diarrhea
    Eric Houpt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, syndrome-based multiplex diagnosis is the platform of the future for clinical microbiology, and if this assay works on stool it should work on sputum, blood, or spinal fluid. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..