weight lifting

Summary

Summary: A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Creatine supplementation augments the increase in satellite cell and myonuclei number in human skeletal muscle induced by strength training
    Steen Olsen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Build 8, 1 Floor, DK 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Physiol 573:525-34. 2006
  2. ncbi Detraining and tapering effects on hormonal responses and strength performance
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Studies, Research and Sport Medicine Center, Government of Navarra, Navarra, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 21:768-75. 2007
  3. ncbi A study of intragastric and intravesicular pressure changes during rest, coughing, weight lifting, retching, and vomiting
    Atif Iqbal
    Department of Surgery, University of Missouri Columbia, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    Surg Endosc 22:2571-5. 2008
  4. ncbi Consumption of fat-free fluid milk after resistance exercise promotes greater lean mass accretion than does consumption of soy or carbohydrate in young, novice, male weightlifters
    Joseph W Hartman
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:373-81. 2007
  5. ncbi Muscle hypertrophy, hormonal adaptations and strength development during strength training in strength-trained and untrained men
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Neuromuscular Research Center and Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 89:555-63. 2003
  6. ncbi Hormonal responses and adaptations to resistance exercise and training
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269, USA
    Sports Med 35:339-61. 2005
  7. ncbi Muscular adaptations in response to three different resistance-training regimens: specificity of repetition maximum training zones
    Gerson E R Campos
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Irvine Hall, rm 430, Athens, OH 45701, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 88:50-60. 2002
  8. ncbi Effects of weight training on quality of life in recent breast cancer survivors: the Weight Training for Breast Cancer Survivors (WTBS) study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Cancer 106:2076-83. 2006
  9. ncbi Skeletal muscle morphology in power-lifters with and without anabolic steroids
    Anders Eriksson
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Histochem Cell Biol 124:167-75. 2005
  10. pmc Associations of exercise-induced hormone profiles and gains in strength and hypertrophy in a large cohort after weight training
    Daniel W D West
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 112:2693-702. 2012

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Creatine supplementation augments the increase in satellite cell and myonuclei number in human skeletal muscle induced by strength training
    Steen Olsen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Build 8, 1 Floor, DK 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Physiol 573:525-34. 2006
    ....
  2. ncbi Detraining and tapering effects on hormonal responses and strength performance
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Studies, Research and Sport Medicine Center, Government of Navarra, Navarra, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 21:768-75. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi A study of intragastric and intravesicular pressure changes during rest, coughing, weight lifting, retching, and vomiting
    Atif Iqbal
    Department of Surgery, University of Missouri Columbia, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    Surg Endosc 22:2571-5. 2008
    ..Our objective was to quantify intragastric and intravesicular pressures during activities, through the use of manometry catheters...
  4. ncbi Consumption of fat-free fluid milk after resistance exercise promotes greater lean mass accretion than does consumption of soy or carbohydrate in young, novice, male weightlifters
    Joseph W Hartman
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:373-81. 2007
    ..Acute consumption of fat-free fluid milk after resistance exercise promotes a greater positive protein balance than does soy protein...
  5. ncbi Muscle hypertrophy, hormonal adaptations and strength development during strength training in strength-trained and untrained men
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Neuromuscular Research Center and Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 89:555-63. 2003
    ....
  6. ncbi Hormonal responses and adaptations to resistance exercise and training
    William J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269, USA
    Sports Med 35:339-61. 2005
    ..Other factors such as nutrition, overtraining, detraining and circadian patterns of hormone secretion are critical to examining the hormonal responses and adaptations to resistance training...
  7. ncbi Muscular adaptations in response to three different resistance-training regimens: specificity of repetition maximum training zones
    Gerson E R Campos
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Irvine Hall, rm 430, Athens, OH 45701, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 88:50-60. 2002
    ....
  8. ncbi Effects of weight training on quality of life in recent breast cancer survivors: the Weight Training for Breast Cancer Survivors (WTBS) study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Cancer 106:2076-83. 2006
    ..However, the effects of weight training on psychological benefits are unknown. We sought to examine the effects of weight training on changes in QOL and depressive symptoms in recent breast cancer survivors...
  9. ncbi Skeletal muscle morphology in power-lifters with and without anabolic steroids
    Anders Eriksson
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Histochem Cell Biol 124:167-75. 2005
    ..The results of AS on VL morphology in this study were similar to previously reported short-term effects of AS on VL. The initial effects from AS appear to be maintained for several years...
  10. pmc Associations of exercise-induced hormone profiles and gains in strength and hypertrophy in a large cohort after weight training
    Daniel W D West
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 112:2693-702. 2012
    ..We report that the acute exercise-induced systemic hormonal responses of cortisol and GH are weakly correlated with resistance training-induced changes in fibre CSA and LBM (cortisol only), but not with changes in strength...
  11. ncbi New multiple labelling method for improved satellite cell identification in human muscle: application to a cohort of power-lifters and sedentary men
    Mona Lindström
    Section for Anatomy, Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umea University, 901 87, Umea, Sweden
    Histochem Cell Biol 132:141-57. 2009
    ..Our multiple marker method is more reliable for SC identification and quantification and can be used to evaluate other markers of muscle progenitor cells...
  12. ncbi Daughters and mothers exercising together: effects of home- and community-based programs
    Lynda B Ransdell
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 0920, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:286-96. 2003
    ..This pilot study compares the effectiveness of home- and community-based physical activity interventions that target mothers and daughters to increase physical activity and improve health-related fitness...
  13. ncbi Effects of conjugated linoleic acid supplementation during resistance training on body composition, bone density, strength, and selected hematological markers
    Richard B Kreider
    Exercise and Sport Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education, University of Memphis, Tennessee 38152, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:325-34. 2002
    ..These findings indicate that CLA does not appear to possess significant ergogenic value for experienced resistance-trained athletes...
  14. ncbi Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women
    Kevin R Vincent
    Center for Exercise Science, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:17-23. 2002
    ..This investigation examined the effect of 6 months of high- or low-intensity resistance exercise (REX) on bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in adults aged 60-83 yr...
  15. ncbi Effects of resistance versus aerobic training on coronary artery disease risk factors
    William J Banz
    Department of Animal Science, Food and Nutrition, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinoios 62901 4317, USA
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 228:434-40. 2003
    ..Only aerobic training was effective in raising HDL cholesterol. More studies are warranted to assess the effects of exercise on plasma fibrinogen and microalbuminuria...
  16. ncbi Low-volume resistance exercise attenuates the decline in strength and muscle mass associated with immobilization
    Bryan R Oates
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Muscle Nerve 42:539-46. 2010
    ..01). A minimal volume (140 contractions in 14 days) of resistive exercise is an effective countermeasure against immobilization-induced atrophy of the quadriceps femoris but is only partially effective for the triceps surae...
  17. ncbi Effects of anabolic steroids on the muscle cells of strength-trained athletes
    F Kadi
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umea University, Sweden
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1528-34. 1999
    ..Athletes who use anabolic steroids get larger and stronger muscles. How this is reflected at the level of the muscle fibers has not yet been established and was the topic of this investigation...
  18. ncbi Effects of sequential bouts of resistance exercise on androgen receptor expression
    Darryn S Willoughby
    Exercise and Biochemical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of HHPR, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1499-506. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi Lighter or heavier than predicted: neural correlates of corrective mechanisms during erroneously programmed lifts
    Per Jenmalm
    Neuropediatric Unit, Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, SE 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Neurosci 26:9015-21. 2006
    ..These findings show how the parietal cortex, cerebellum, and motor cortex are involved in the signaling of the discrepancy between predicated and actual sensory feedback and the associated corrective mechanisms...
  20. ncbi Progressive isoinertial lifting evaluation. I. A standardized protocol and normative database
    T G Mayer
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 13:993-7. 1988
    ..The isolation of an "Adjusted Weight" (AW) normalizing factor is documented, after which normative data are presented for male and female workers utilizing lumbar (0-30 inches) and cervical (30-54 inches) dynamic protocols...
  21. ncbi Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma following weight lifting
    Aleksander M Vitali
    Can J Neurol Sci 35:262-4. 2008
  22. ncbi Weight lifting in women with breast-cancer-related lymphedema
    Kathryn H Schmitz
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:664-73. 2009
    b>Weight lifting has generally been proscribed for women with breast-cancer-related lymphedema, preventing them from obtaining the well-established health benefits of weight lifting, including increases in bone density.
  23. ncbi Prior endurance exercise attenuates growth hormone response to subsequent resistance exercise
    Kazushige Goto
    Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8574, Japan
    Eur J Appl Physiol 94:333-8. 2005
    ..05). These results indicate that the GH response to resistance exercise is attenuated by prior endurance exercise. This effect might be caused by the increase in blood FFA concentration at the beginning of resistance exercise...
  24. ncbi Similar hormonal responses to concentric and eccentric muscle actions using relative loading
    Robert R Kraemer
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Southeastern Louisiana University, SLU 10845, Hammond, LA 70402, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 96:551-7. 2006
    ..Data suggest that CON and ECC muscle contractions produce similar GH, T, and free testosterone responses with the same relative loading...
  25. ncbi Weight lifting for women at risk for breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized trial
    Kathryn H Schmitz
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Abramson Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 304:2699-705. 2010
    Clinical guidelines for breast cancer survivors without lymphedema advise against upper body exercise, preventing them from obtaining established health benefits of weight lifting.
  26. ncbi Effects of creatine supplementation on body composition, strength, and sprint performance
    R B Kreider
    Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education, The University of Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:73-82. 1998
    ..To determine the effects of 28 d of creatine supplementation during training on body composition, strength, sprint performance, and hematological profiles...
  27. ncbi Intraocular pressure variation during weight lifting
    Geraldo Magela Vieira
    Institute of Specialized Ophthalmology and UNIPLAC School of Medicine, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1251-4. 2006
    To evaluate the effect of weight lifting on intraocular pressure (IOP).
  28. ncbi The effects of competition and the presence of an audience on weight lifting performance
    Matthew R Rhea
    Exercise Science Research Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:303-6. 2003
    ..of this investigation was to examine the effects of the presence of an audience and competition on maximal weight lifting performance. Thirty-two recreationally trained participants (15 men, 17 women; 21 +/- 2...
  29. ncbi Muscle hypertrophy, strength development, and serum hormones during strength training in elderly women with fibromyalgia
    H Valkeinen
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, FIN 40 014, Finland
    Scand J Rheumatol 34:309-14. 2005
    ..To examine the effects of strength training on maximal force, cross-sectional area (CSA), and electromyographic (EMG) activity of muscles and serum hormone concentrations in elderly females with fibromyalgia (FM)...
  30. ncbi Creatine supplementation combined with resistance training in older men
    M J Chrusch
    College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 105 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5C2, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:2111-7. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Creatine supplementation, when combined with resistance training, increases lean tissue mass and improves leg strength, endurance, and average power in men of mean age 70 yr...
  31. ncbi The effects of progressive strength training and aerobic exercise on muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness in women with fibromyalgia: a pilot study
    Daniel S Rooks
    New England Baptist Bone and Joint Institute, New England Baptist Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 47:22-8. 2002
    ..To determine the safety, feasibility and consequences of a program of progressive strength training and cardiovascular exercise in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)...
  32. ncbi Effects of creatine supplementation and exercise training on fitness in men 55-75 yr old
    Bert O Eijnde
    Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, KU Leuvrn, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    J Appl Physiol 95:818-28. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the other measurements were not affected by CR. It is concluded that long-term creatine intake (5 g/day) in conjunction with exercise training does not beneficially impact physical fitness in men between 55 and 75 yr of age...
  33. ncbi Effects of testosterone replacement and/or resistance exercise on the composition of megestrol acetate stimulated weight gain in elderly men: a randomized controlled trial
    Charles P Lambert
    Nutrition, Metabolism, and Exercise Laboratory, Donald W Reynolds Center on Aging, The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and the Geriatric Research, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:2100-6. 2002
    ..Resistance exercise attenuated this reduction in muscle mass and when combined with T had an anabolic effect on muscle mass...
  34. ncbi Perceptions of effort and heaviness during fatigue and during the size-weight illusion
    P R Burgess
    Department of Physiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84108, USA
    Somatosens Mot Res 14:189-202. 1997
    ..The fatigue-weight illusion also has the effect of increasing perceptual acuity as the subject's weight lifting range decreases due to fatigue.
  35. ncbi The effect of heavy resistance exercise on the circadian rhythm of salivary testosterone in men
    W J Kraemer
    Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:13-8. 2001
    ..The results of this investigation indicate that resistance exercise does not affect the circadian pattern of salivary testosterone secretion over a 16-h waking period in resistance-trained men...
  36. ncbi Effects of elevated circulating hormones on resistance exercise-induced Akt signaling
    Barry A Spiering
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1039-48. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that elevated circulating hormones would potentiate the signaling response...
  37. ncbi Effects of weight lifting training combined with plyometric exercises on physical fitness, body composition, and knee extension velocity during kicking in football
    Jorge Perez-Gomez
    Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Island, Spain
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:501-10. 2008
    The effects of a training program consisting of weight lifting combined with plyometric exercises on kicking performance, myosin heavy-chain composition (vastus lateralis), physical fitness, and body composition (using dual-energy X-ray ..
  38. ncbi Comparison between constant and decreasing rest intervals: influence on maximal strength and hypertrophy
    Tácito P de Souza
    Faculty of Physical Education of Santos, Metropolitan University of Santos, Santos, Brazil
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1843-50. 2010
    ....
  39. ncbi The effects of a 12-week strength-training program on strength and functionality in women with fibromyalgia
    J Derek Kingsley
    Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:1713-21. 2005
    ..To determine whether women with fibromyalgia benefit from strength training...
  40. ncbi Influence of weight training exercise and modification of hormonal response on skeletal muscle growth
    K M Tarpenning
    Department of Exercise Sciences, Uniersity of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 4:431-46. 2001
    ..the influence of carbohydrate (CHO) consumption on the acute hormonal response, and chronic adaptation to weight lifting exercise, two studies were conducted. Following a four-hour fast, seven young men (21.3 +/- 3...
  41. ncbi Acute myocardial infarction in a young man using anabolic steroids
    Mariusz Wysoczanski
    Department of Internal Medicine Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Angiology 59:376-8. 2008
    ..We report a case of MI in a young 31-year-old bodybuilder. Because of the serious cardiovascular complications of anabolic steroids, physicians should be aware of their abuse and consequences...
  42. ncbi Resistance exercise in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
    Roanne J Segal
    Department of Medical Oncology, Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre General Site, 503 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 1C4, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 21:1653-9. 2003
    ..These physical changes can negatively affect health-related quality of life. Resistance exercise may help to counter some of these side effects by reducing fatigue, elevating mood, building muscle mass, and reducing body fat...
  43. ncbi The salivary testosterone and cortisol response to three loading schemes
    Blair Crewther
    Health and Food Group, Hort Research, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Strength Cond Res 22:250-5. 2008
    ..Because the acute hormonal responses to resistance exercise contribute to protein metabolism, then load volume may be the most important workout variable activating the endocrine system and stimulating muscle growth...
  44. ncbi Increased premature mortality of competitive powerlifters suspected to have used anabolic agents
    M Pärssinen
    National Public Health Institute, Laboratory of Substance Abuse, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Sports Med 21:225-7. 2000
    ....
  45. ncbi Weight lifting and rupture of silent aortic aneurysms
    John A Elefteriades
    JAMA 290:2803. 2003
  46. ncbi The effect of whey isolate and resistance training on strength, body composition, and plasma glutamine
    Paul J Cribb
    Exercise Metabolism Unit, Center for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sport CARES, Australia
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 16:494-509. 2006
    ..When the strength changes were expressed relative to body weight, the WI group still achieved significantly greater (P < 0.05) improvements in strength compared to the C group...
  47. ncbi Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training
    Monica J Hubal
    Department of Exercise Science, Totman Building, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:964-72. 2005
    ..A secondary purpose was to assess sex differences in size and strength changes after training...
  48. ncbi Hypertrophy with unilateral resistance exercise occurs without increases in endogenous anabolic hormone concentration
    Sarah B Wilkinson
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 98:546-55. 2006
    ..In conclusion, unilateral training induced local muscle hypertrophy only in the exercised limb, which occurred in the absence of changes in systemic hormones that ostensibly play a role in muscle hypertrophy...
  49. ncbi Exercise in fibromyalgia
    Kaisa Mannerkorpi
    Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 17:190-4. 2005
    ..The aim of this article is to review the recent literature relating to exercise in fibromyalgia, specifically articles published between September 2003 and September 2004, to highlight developments in the field...
  50. ncbi Gender influences on spine loads during complex lifting
    William S Marras
    Biodynamics Laboratory, Institute for Ergonomics, 1971 Neil Avenue, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Spine J 3:93-9. 2003
    ..Thus, there is a void in our knowledge in that we do not understand how material handling influences spine loading and potential risk of injury as a function of gender under realistic lifting situations...
  51. ncbi Vastus medialis activation during knee extension exercises: evidence for exercise prescription
    Lori A Bolgla
    Medical College of Georgia, Dept of Phys Therapy, Augusta, GA, USA
    J Sport Rehabil 17:1-10. 2008
    ..Knee extension exercise is an important part of knee rehabilitation. Clinicians prescribe non-weight bearing exercise initially and progress patients to weight bearing exercise once they can perform a straight leg raise (SLR)...
  52. ncbi Weight lifting and aortic dissection: more evidence for a connection
    I Hatzaras
    Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Cardiology 107:103-6. 2007
    ..on a small number of patients in whom acute aortic dissection appeared to be causally related to intense weight lifting. If additional cases could be identified, the phenomenon of weight lifting induced aortic dissection would be ..
  53. ncbi Acute hormonal and neuromuscular responses and recovery to forced vs maximum repetitions multiple resistance exercises
    J P Ahtiainen
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Int J Sports Med 24:410-8. 2003
    ....
  54. ncbi Optimal load for increasing muscle power during explosive resistance training in older adults
    Nathan J de Vos
    School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:638-47. 2005
    ..The optimal training paradigm for improving muscle power in older adults is not known, although some literature suggests high velocity, low load training is optimal in young adults...
  55. ncbi Effects of resistance training on older adults
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Sports Med 34:329-48. 2004
    ..Impairment in strength development may result when aerobic training is added to resistance training but can be avoided with training limited to 3 days/week...
  56. ncbi Training principles: evaluation of modes and methods of resistance training--a coaching perspective
    Michael Stone
    Scottish Centre of Physical Education, Sport and Leisure Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Sports Biomech 1:79-103. 2002
    ..Generally, machines should be used as an adjunct to free weight training and, depending upon the sport, can be used to a greater or lesser extent during various phases of the training period (preparation, pre-competition, competition)...
  57. ncbi A light load eccentric exercise confers protection against a subsequent bout of more demanding eccentric exercise
    Andrew P Lavender
    Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan
    J Sci Med Sport 11:291-8. 2008
    ..It appears that the light eccentric exercise preconditioned the muscles for exposure to the subsequent damaging eccentric exercise bout...
  58. ncbi Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size
    Lena Norrbrand
    Section for Muscle and Exercise Physiology, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:271-81. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Effects of exercise order on upper-body muscle activation and exercise performance
    Paulo Gentil
    College of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1082-6. 2007
    ..In summary, if the coach wants to maximize the athlete performance in 1 specific resistance exercise, this exercise should be placed at the beginning of the training session...
  60. ncbi Time under tension and blood lactate response during four different resistance training methods
    Paulo Gentil
    College of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brazil
    J Physiol Anthropol 25:339-44. 2006
    ..Therefore, the SL method may not be recommended if one wants to provide a high metabolic stimulus. The FI method appeared to be especially effective in promoting both type of stimuli...
  61. ncbi Neural adaptations with sport-specific resistance training in highly skilled athletes
    Larry W Judge
    Department of Athletics, University of Florida, Gainsville, FL 32611, USA
    J Sports Sci 21:419-27. 2003
    ..05). The maximality and pattern of neural drive did not change in the control group...
  62. ncbi Recovery of skeletal muscle contractility and hormonal responses to strength exercise after two weeks of high-volume strength training
    T Raastad
    The Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education, PO Box 4014 US, N 0806 Oslo, Norway, Hormone Laboratory, Aker Hospital, N 0514 Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 13:159-68. 2003
    ..05). In conclusion, two weeks of high volume strength training attenuated neuromuscular fatigue after a test workout with only minor changes in exercised induced hormone response...
  63. ncbi Movement velocity in resistance training
    Marta I R Pereira
    Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health and Graduate Program in Physical Education, Universidade Gama Filho, Rua Manoel Vitorino 625, Piedade, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20748 900, Brazil
    Sports Med 33:427-38. 2003
    ..Movement velocity for resistance training with isotonic equipment needs to be further investigated so that recommendations may be made...
  64. ncbi Efficacy of prior eccentric exercise in attenuating impaired exercise performance after muscle injury in resistance trained men
    Michael J Falvo
    Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1053-60. 2007
    ..It appears that in trained men, performing a strenuous high-volume eccentric exercise bout 2 weeks prior to an identical future bout offers no additional amelioration of impaired exercise performance...
  65. ncbi Early phase changes by concurrent endurance and strength training
    Christos P Balabinis
    Department of Experimental Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece
    J Strength Cond Res 17:393-401. 2003
    ..We conclude that concurrent endurance and strength training is more effective in terms of improving athletic performance than are endurance and strength training apart...
  66. ncbi The effects of combined ballistic and heavy resistance training on maximal lower- and upper-body strength in recreationally trained men
    Gerald T Mangine
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:132-9. 2008
    ..The results of this study support the inclusion of ballistic exercises into a heavy resistance training program for increasing 1RM bench press and enhancing lower-body power...
  67. ncbi Physiological responses using 2 high-speed resistance training protocols
    Carla Werlang Coelho
    Physical Education Graduate Program, Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    J Strength Cond Res 17:334-7. 2003
    ..These findings may help foster long-term adherence to RT in untrained individuals. However, future studies are needed to compare physiological adaptations induced by these 2 RT protocols...
  68. ncbi Spinal reflex plasticity during maximal dynamic contractions after eccentric training
    Julien Duclay
    1INSERM U887, Dijon, France
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:722-34. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to use eccentric strength training of the plantar flexor muscles to investigate the plasticity of the spinal reflexes during maximal voluntary isometric, concentric, and eccentric contractions...
  69. ncbi Effects of complex training on explosive strength in adolescent male basketball players
    Eduardo J A M Santos
    Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
    J Strength Cond Res 22:903-9. 2008
    ..Furthermore, we also conclude that complex training is a useful working tool for coaches, innovative in this strength-training domain, equally contributing to a better time-efficient training...
  70. ncbi Maximizing strength development in athletes: a meta-analysis to determine the dose-response relationship
    Mark D Peterson
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:377-82. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate explicit dose-response trends for maximal strength gains in athletes and may be directly used in strength and conditioning venues to optimize training efficiency and effectiveness...
  71. ncbi Strength training and aerobic exercise: comparison and contrast
    Howard G Knuttgen
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:973-8. 2007
    ..The chronic physiological adaptations and the variables in program design are highly specific to the type of exercise performed...
  72. ncbi BASES position statement on guidelines for resistance exercise in young people
    G Stratton
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 22:383-90. 2004
  73. ncbi Relationship between leg bone mineral values and muscle strength in women with different physical activity
    Terje Sööt
    Institute of Sport Pedagogy and Coaching Science, Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, 18 Ulikooli St, Tartu 50090, Estonia
    J Bone Miner Metab 23:401-6. 2005
    ....
  74. ncbi Different skeletal muscle HSP70 responses to high-intensity strength training and low-intensity endurance training
    Yuefei Liu
    Department of Sports and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Ulm, 89070, Ulm, Germany
    Eur J Appl Physiol 91:330-5. 2004
    ....
  75. ncbi Differential effects of strength training leading to failure versus not to failure on hormonal responses, strength, and muscle power gains
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Studies, Research and Sport Medicine Center, Government of Navarra, Spain
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 100:1647-56. 2006
    ..Elevation in IGFBP-3 after resistance training may have been compensatory to accommodate the reduction in IGF-1 to preserve IGF availability...
  76. ncbi The effect of unilateral and bilateral strength training on the bilateral deficit and lean tissue mass in post-menopausal women
    Cora L Janzen
    College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 87 Campus Dr, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5B2
    Eur J Appl Physiol 97:253-60. 2006
    ..We conclude that the BLD is apparent for some exercises (i.e., the leg press and lat pull-down) but not others (i.e., knee extension). Bilateral training reduces the BLD; whereas unilateral training has minimal effect on the BLD...
  77. ncbi The effect of continuous repetition training and intra-set rest training on bench press strength and power
    T Lawton
    Strength and Conditioning, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen ACT, Australia
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 44:361-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this research was to compare the effects of continuous repetition and intra-set rest training on maximal strength and power output of the upper body...
  78. ncbi Combined lower body endurance and upper body resistance training improves performance and health parameters in healthy active elderly
    Julien Verney
    Unité de Recherche PPEH, EA 3062, Universite de Saint Etienne, Service de Physiologie Clinique et de l Exercice, CHU de Saint Etienne, Médecine du Sport et Myologie, Pav 9, Hopital Bellevue, 42055, Saint Etienne Cedex 2, France
    Eur J Appl Physiol 97:288-97. 2006
    ..Thus, combined LB endurance and UB resistance training can improve endurance, strength, body composition and blood lipid profile even in healthy active elderly...
  79. ncbi The effects of varying time under tension and volume load on acute neuromuscular responses
    Quan T Tran
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 98:402-10. 2006
    ....
  80. ncbi Comparing the performance-enhancing effects of squats on a vibration platform with conventional squats in recreationally resistance-trained men
    Bent R Rønnestad
    Department of Sport and Outdoor Life Studies, Telemark University College, Bø, Norway
    J Strength Cond Res 18:839-45. 2004
    ....
  81. ncbi Acute hormonal responses to heavy resistance exercise in strength athletes versus nonathletes
    Juha P Ahtiainen
    Dept Of Biology of Physical Activity and Neuromuscular Research Center, Univ of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Can J Appl Physiol 29:527-43. 2004
    ..These data suggest that, at least in experienced strength athletes, the forced-repetition protocol is a viable alternative to the more traditional maximum-repetition protocol and may even be a superior approach...
  82. ncbi Muscular strength, aerobic fitness, and metabolic syndrome risk in Flemish adults
    Katrien Wijndaele
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:233-40. 2007
    ..To investigate the association of muscular strength and aerobic fitness with a continuous metabolic syndrome risk score in male and female adults...
  83. ncbi Training volume and strength and power development
    J Cronin
    Sport Performance Research Centre, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
    J Sci Med Sport 7:144-55. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi Power production among different sports with similar maximum strength
    Alper Aşçi
    School of Sport Science and Technology, Human Performance Laboratory, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey
    J Strength Cond Res 21:10-6. 2007
    ..37). In conclusion, long-term sport-specific training adaptations do not play a major role on speed-strength parameters in athletes with similar strength from different sports backgrounds...
  85. ncbi The role of resistance exercise intensity on muscle fibre adaptations
    Andrew C Fry
    Human Performance Laboratories, The University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee 38152, USA
    Sports Med 34:663-79. 2004
    ..These data suggest that maximal hypertrophy occurs with loads from 80-95% 1RM...
  86. ncbi Effect of vibration training in maximal effort (70% 1RM) dynamic bicep curls
    Kieran Moran
    School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:526-33. 2007
    ....
  87. ncbi In vivo human muscle structure and function: adaptations to resistance training in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire, ST7 2HL, UK
    Exp Physiol 89:675-89. 2004
    ..01) after training. The upward displacement of the angle-torque relation was mainly due to a training-induced increase in agonist activation, whilst the shift in the optimal angle was associated with changes in muscle-tendon properties...
  88. ncbi A series of studies--a practical protocol for testing muscular endurance recovery
    John R McLester
    Department of Physical Education and Recreation, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:259-73. 2003
    ..The results suggest that individual recovery testing before exercise prescription is practical, and this protocol may be sensitive to differences in training volume and subject age...
  89. ncbi A comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and intensity for strength
    Matthew R Rhea
    Exercise and Wellness Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:250-5. 2002
    ..Making program alterations on a daily basis was more effective in eliciting strength gains than doing so every 4 weeks...
  90. ncbi Bench/step training with and without extremity loading. Effects on muscular fitness, body composition profile, and psychological affect
    H J Engels
    Division of HPR Exercise Science, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 42:71-8. 2002
    ..To study the effect of bench/step group exercise with and without extremity loading on muscular fitness, body composition, and psychological affect...
  91. ncbi The effects of accentuated eccentric loading on strength, muscle hypertrophy, and neural adaptations in trained individuals
    Jason P Brandenburg
    School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC
    J Strength Cond Res 16:25-32. 2002
    ..However, for trained subjects, neither protocol is effective in eliciting muscle hypertrophy...
  92. ncbi Carbohydrate supplementation and resistance training
    G Gregory Haff
    Human Performance Laboratory, Midwestern State University, Wichita Falls, Texas 76308, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:187-96. 2003
    ..On the basis of the current scientific literature, it may be advisable for athletes who are performing high-volume resistance training to ingest carbohydrate supplements before, during, and immediately after resistance training...
  93. ncbi The effect of heavy- vs. light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed
    Jeffrey M McBride
    Southern Cross University, School of Exercise Science and Sport Management, Lismore, NSW, Australia
    J Strength Cond Res 16:75-82. 2002
    ..This investigation indicates that training with light-load jump squats results in increased movement velocity capabilities and that velocity-specific changes in muscle activity may play a key role in this adaptation...
  94. ncbi Repeated eccentric exercise bouts do not exacerbate muscle damage and repair
    Kazunori Nosaka
    Exercise and Sports Science, Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan
    J Strength Cond Res 16:117-22. 2002
    ..These results suggest that ECC2 and ECC3 did not exacerbate muscle damage or affect the recovery process...
  95. ncbi Concentric or eccentric training effect on eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage
    Kazunori Nosaka
    Exercise and Sports Science, Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:63-9. 2002
    ....
  96. ncbi Muscle damage and soreness after endurance exercise of the elbow flexors
    Kazunori Nosaka
    Exercise and Sports Science, Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Japan
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:920-7. 2002
    ..This study investigated changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after endurance exercise of the elbow flexors and compared the changes with those after maximal eccentric actions (Max-ECC) of the elbow flexors...
  97. ncbi A comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and intensity for local muscular endurance
    Matthew R Rhea
    Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85212, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:82-7. 2003
    ..02) at increasing muscular endurance. Therefore, it was concluded that making gradual increases in volume and gradual decreases in intensity was the most effective program for increasing muscular endurance...
  98. ncbi Resistance training and intra-abdominal adipose tissue in older men and women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1023-8. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of RT on fat distribution in 12 women and 14 men, aged 61-77 yr...
  99. ncbi Resistance exercise and physical performance in adults aged 60 to 83
    Kevin R Vincent
    College of Medicine, University of Florida, PO Box 101012, UFHSC, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1100-7. 2002
    ..This investigation examined the effect of 6 months of high- or low-intensity resistance exercise on muscular strength and endurance and stair climbing ability in adults aged 60 to 83...
  100. pmc The sites of neural adaptation induced by resistance training in humans
    Timothy J Carroll
    Perception and Motor Systems Laboratory, The School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    J Physiol 544:641-52. 2002
    ..These results suggest that resistance training changes the functional properties of spinal cord circuitry in humans, but does not substantially affect the organisation of the motor cortex...
  101. ncbi Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adults
    Tanya A Miszko
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia 30033, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:171-5. 2003
    ..Age-associated reductions in strength and power can affect an older adult's ability to complete daily tasks such as stair climbing and lifting a child...

Research Grants64

  1. Upper Body Strength Training in COPD
    Janet Larson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..research is innovative in that it examines the effects of a comprehensive upper body strength training with weight lifting (8 exercises) and combines it with a theory-based self-efficacy intervention to promote adherence to training...
  2. Excitability of afferents evoking the exercise pressor reflex
    Victor Ruiz-Velasco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Static (i.e., weight lifting) exercise is well known to stimulate thin fiber sensory nerves, which in turn activate the sympathetic nervous ..
  3. COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise
    Wendy M Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The exercise program will be progressive in nature and include high-intensity weight lifting and weight-bearing exercises to stimulate increases in bone mineral density (BMD) and fat-free mass (FFM)...
  4. Disseminating PAL
    Kathryn H Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  5. Loss of fat tissue and functional responses to exercise in older, obese adults
    Barbara J Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE: This study will determine whether older, obese men and women who lose weight by dieting during a weight lifting program will experience greater improvements in muscle strength and physical function as a result of their ..
  6. Dynamic Lumbar-Pelvic Coordination in the Low Back During Lifting
    Sara E Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is hypothesized that those with experience in weight lifting for exercise will preferentially select a more neutral lifting strategy to avoid injury, even though it is ..
  7. INSULIN AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AFTER RESISTANCE EXERCISE
    PETER FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Acute resistance exercise will be weight lifting sessions on 4 separate days...
  8. Acetaminophen and Impaired Musculoskeletal Adaptations to Exercise Training
    CATHERINE JANKOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..aged 60+ yr, will undergo 4 mo of supervised, progressive exercise training that will include high-intensity weight lifting and weight- bearing exercises to stimulate muscle hypertrophy and bone formation...
  9. EXERCISE INTENSITY AND BONE MASS IN YOUNG WOMEN
    Robert Marcus; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Women will be randomized to 4 groups: control, high intensity exercise (weight lifting), low intensity-high repetition exercise (jogging), and combined jogging and weight lifting, each program ..
  10. Weight Control and Weight Change Among Adolescent
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will assess whether self-reported use of dieting, exercise, or weight lifting to gain weight or build muscle predicts weight change over a six-year period...
  11. Resistance Training as an Aid to Standard Smoking Cessation Treatment
    Joseph Ciccolo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Resistance training (i.e., weight lifting), may also offer smokers a beneficial adjunctive strategy to quit smoking, as it too can both improve mood and ..
  12. Neuro-Fuzzy Prediction of Spine Loads in Response to Ri*
    William Marras; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Second, the system will provide insights as to how the various dimensions of risk synergistically impact the musculoskeletal system. Finally, it will facilitate further investigations regarding stability and coactivity. ..
  13. BIOMECHANICAL/PSYCHOSOCIAL RISKS FOR LOW BACK DISORDERS
    William Marras; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also be able to discern when and under what conditions an intervention to improve the psycho social work environment will be likely to reduce LBP and its associated morbidity. ..
  14. MUSCLE OVEREXERTION DURING REPETITIVE LIFTING
    William Marras; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These results will provide quantitative guidance for the mediation of work-related LBDs for the millions of workers performing materials handling tasks in manufacturing and distribution center environments. ..
  15. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  16. Effects of EECP on Arterial Function
    RANDY BRAITH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Only through identification of specific mechanisms behind the efficacy of EECP, will this treatment oDtion receive acceptance by the clinical community in the treatment of svmptomatic CAD. ..
  17. Aging,Gender, and Steadiness of Muscle Contractions
    BRIAN TRACY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The Sponsor, host department, and interactions with other prominent, funded investigators will provide a rich, supportive environment that will substantially enhance the career development of the candidate. ..
  18. Visuomotor contributions to unsteadiness in frail aging
    BRIAN TRACY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Greater knowledge of these changes in the nervous system of aging Americans can lead to the application of more effective intervention strategies to combat frailty and functional disability in the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Texas ICAN! Initial Evaluation of an Active Curriculum
    John Bartholomew; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If shown to impact children's physical activity, the resulting curriculum will provide an easy to disseminate tool to aid in the battle against childhood obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Single Muscle Fiber Contractile Properties With Aging
    Scott Trappe; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..With this information we will be able to determine, for the first time, the interaction of aging, resistance training, and gender on single muscle fiber contractile function. ..
  21. Physical Activity and Lymphedema Project (PAL Trial)
    Kathryn Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The knowledge gained from this study may impact recommendations for therapeutic regimens, participation in activities of daily living, and recommendations for exercise for health promotion in BrCa survivors. ..
  22. North American Congress on Biomechanics (NOCOB) 2008
    Richard Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The next NACOB meeting will be held in Ann Arbor, MI, on August 5-9, 2008. This application requests funds to reduce student registration fees. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Two Diets With Exercise in Abdominal Obesity: Cardiovascular Effects
    Kerry J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will have important clinical implications for the role of different diets combined with exercise for improving CV structure and function and reducing CVD risk ..
  24. Software for stochastic musculoskeletal modeling
    Richard Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Multifactor Risk Reduction for Optimal Management in Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Roberta K Oka; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will examine the effect of a system that assists providers to reduce a patient's CVD risk factors and explores the biological reasons that this system may be effective in improving health. ..
  26. Food Rheology and Exercise in Aging Humans
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Exercise training in type 2 diabetes and hypertension
    Kerry Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Corinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable]..
  29. Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
    Thomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Occupational Trunk Flexion and Neuromuscular Disturbance
    Maury A Nussbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results will guide future studies and/or epidemiologic investigations regarding the mechanism of cumulative risk from flexed working postures. ..
  31. Diet and Exercise in Type 2 Diabetes
    Kerry J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. STN Stimulation - Neural Control of Movement and Posture
    Daniel Corcos; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Quantifying motor tasks that differ in their cognitive requirements will increase our understanding of both the positive and negative consequences of STN stimulation. ..
  33. Exercise training and inflammatory risk factors for disability
    Barbara Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  34. Risk Factors for Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Abuse
    HARRISON POPE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  35. (In)activity-induced regulation of skeletal MHCs
    KENNETH BALDWIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will give insight on regulatory mechanisms and cooperative regulation of the MHC gene locus. ..
  36. Cooperative Lifestyle Intervention Program
    WALTER REJESKI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Analyses will also be conducted to determine whether changes in the primary outcome are mediated by changes in constructs from social cognitive theory. ..
  37. High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia in
    LELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This process will allow us to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of strengthening exercise for persons with Parkinson disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Marijuana use, gender, and adolescent HIV sexual risk
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. CANCER PREVENTION PROGRAM IN RURAL CHURCHES
    Richard Winett; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Measures of SCT determinants will address the theoretical underpinnings of the intervention, and process measures will assess fidelity, dose, and contamination issues. ..
  40. EXERCISE TRAINING AND PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL INSUFFICIENCY
    RONALD TERJUNG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The outcome of these novel, physiologically relevant studies will enhance our understanding of vascular remodeling induced by physical activity and its applicability to managing patients with peripheral arterial insufficiency. ..
  41. Developing Endophenotypes for Responses to Exercise
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The ultimate goal of this research is to develop exercise promotion interventions for sedentary individuals that incorporate knowledge about individual differences in the experience of immediate reward after exercise. ..
  42. ADENINE NUCLEOTIDE METABOLISM IN SKELETAL MUSCLE
    RONALD TERJUNG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These novel studies will contribute fundamental information to understand the control of AMP deamination in muscle, ' its impact on muscle function, and its role as a 'gatekeeper' for And metabolism in muscle. ..
  43. REHABILITATION INTENSIFICATION POST HIP FRACTURE
    ELLEN BINDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If successful, such a model of rehabilitation "intensification" could be applied to outpatient and nursing home settings and targeted at hip fracture patients at high risk for persistent disability and functional decline. ..
  44. GONADAL HORMONES ON BODY COMPOSITION, HIV AND DRUG USE
    Adrian Dobs; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies can provide information to further our understanding of gender differences in disease progression and treatment. ..
  45. PROFILE-BASED, INTERNET-LINKED, OBESITY PREVENTION TRIAL
    Scott Going; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. MUSCLE PROTEIN METABOLISM, EXERCISE AND NUTRITION
    Kevin Tipton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These groups might include the elderly or those in rehabilitation from injuries, illnesses and burns. ..
  47. Prevention of Osteoporosis in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Nancy Waltman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study may provide evidence of an effective alternative to HRT for treatment of osteoporosis in breast cancer survivors who are not candidates for HRT. ..
  48. Structure-Function of the Glenohumeral Joint
    Richard Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project will be a multi-institutional collaboration, although the majority of the work will be performed at the Orthopaedic Research Laboratories of the University of Michigan. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Cognitive Consequences of Endocrine Dysfunction in IDU
    Adrian Dobs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will obtain a better understanding of the relationship between drug use and cognition, and also expand our understanding of the effects of sex steroids on cognitive performance, in an under-studied population. ..
  51. KNEE STABILITY TRAINING IN INDIVDUALS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
    G Fitzgerald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  52. Mutidimensional Intervention in Early Osteoarthritis
    Scott Going; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For this purpose we will randomize 300 early OA patients to: 1) a 24-month intervention combining a multifaceted exercise training plus a self-management program; 2) an exercise program; or 3) a self-management program. ..
  53. A RENEW Intervention for Elderly Cancer Survivors
    Paul Lastayo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Central Adaptations to Creatine Supplementation in Older Men and Women
    ERIC RAWSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Comparative Functional Genomics of Longevity Assurance
    Simon Melov; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In years four and five we will apply the functional genomic approach defined above, as well as statistical methods refined during the first three years, to the analysis of mouse RI lines with differential lifespans. ..
  56. High Throughput Real-Time PCR System for the Microarray Core
    Richard Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. MITOCHONDRIAL OXIDATIVE STRESS AND NEURODEGENERATION
    Simon Melov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  58. Analgesics and resistance training in older individuals
    Todd Trappe; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This investigation will provide important information for clinicians and older individuals with regard to expected benefits from physical activity during periods of analgesic and anti-inflammatory based therapy. ..
  59. Genetic Epidemiology of Aging Skeletal Muscle
    Stephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. DIETARY PROTEIN REQUIREMENTS OF ELDERLY MEN AND WOMEN
    WAYNE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of the study will contribute to our understanding of the metabolism and requirement for protein, and will be critical to establishing a RDA for protein of elderly people. ..
  61. ADAPTATION OF SENESCENT MUSCLE TO EXERCISE TRAINING
    Todd Trappe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....