Genomes and Genes
Summary: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Publications277 found, 100 shown here
- Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationWilliam L Haskell
Stanford University, USA
Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007In 1995 the American College of Sports Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published national guidelines on Physical Activity and Public Health...
- American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacementMichael N Sawka
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:377-90. 2007..After exercise, the goal is to replace any fluid electrolyte deficit. The speed with which rehydration is needed and the magnitude of fluid electrolyte deficits will determine if an aggressive replacement program is merited...
- Sport and exercise as contributors to the health of nationsKarim M Khan
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
Lancet 380:59-64. 2012..Some sports have relatively high injury risk although neuromuscular training programmes can prevent various lower extremity ..
- All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to workL B Andersen
Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
- The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test : a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sportsJens Bangsbo
Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
Sports Med 38:37-51. 2008..Evaluations of elite athletes in various sports involving intermittent exercise showed that the higher the level of competition the better an athlete performs in ..
- Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysisSamuel C Dumith
Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
Int J Epidemiol 40:685-98. 2011..Therefore, the purpose was to systematically review the international literature regarding PA change during adolescence, and to quantify that change according to a series of study variables, exploring gender-and-age differences...
- Contribution of youth sport to total daily physical activity among 6- to 12-yr-old boysEric E Wickel
Exercise and Sport Science, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1493-500. 2007..The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine the contribution of organized youth sport to total daily physical activity (PA), and 2) to examine the contribution of daily recess and physical education (PE) to total daily PA...
- Movement systems as dynamical systems: the functional role of variability and its implications for sports medicineKeith Davids
School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Sports Med 33:245-60. 2003..We examine the implications of these ideas for sports medicine, by: (i) focusing on intra-individual variability in postural control to exemplify within-individual real-..
- Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studiesSteven Allender
Public Health, University of Oxford, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
Health Educ Res 21:826-35. 2006..Challenges to identity such as having to show others an unfit body, lacking confidence and competence in core skills or appearing overly masculine were barriers to participation...
- American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: physical activity and bone healthWendy M Kohrt
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1985-96. 2004
- Direct and indirect associations between the family physical activity environment and sports participation among 10-12 year-old European children: testing the EnRG framework in the ENERGY projectAnna F Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research C PAN, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:15. 2013..Understanding influences on sports participation is important and the family environment is considered key, however few studies have explored the ..
- The acute phase response and exercise: court and field sportsK E Fallon
Department of Sports Medicine, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia
Br J Sports Med 35:170-3. 2001OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence or absence of an acute phase response after training for court and field sports. PARTICIPANTS: All members of the Australian women's soccer team (n = 18) and all members of the Australian Institute of ..
- Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performanceNancy R Rodriguez
University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 109:509-27. 2009It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition...
- Sport-specific nutrition: practical strategies for team sportsFrancis E Holway
Nutrition, Club Atlético River Plate, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Sports Sci 29:S115-25. 2011Implementation of a nutrition programme for team sports involves application of scientific research together with the social skills necessary to work with a sports medicine and coaching staff...
- Validity and reliability of GPS devices for measuring movement demands of team sportsAaron J Coutts
School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 13:133-5. 2010..the validity and reliability of global positioning system (GPS) devices for measuring movement during team sports. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and intra-model reliability of different GPS devices for ..
- Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviourJ Dollman
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005..physical activity in clearly defined contexts such as active transport, school physical education, and organised sports is declining in many countries; young people would like to be active but are often constrained by external factors ..
- Influence of sports, physical education, and active commuting to school on adolescent weight statusKeith M Drake
Hood Center for Children and Families, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, One Medical Center Dr, HB 7465, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
Pediatrics 130:e296-304. 2012..To compare the associations between weight status and different forms of physical activity among adolescents...
- Validity of a physical activity computer questionnaire in 12- to 18-year-old boys and girlsR M Philippaerts
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Int J Sports Med 27:131-6. 2006..Moreover, sport participation (and summed with total transport) and the frequencies of moderate and hard activity provide valid data about adolescents' usual week physical activity, based on CSA comparison...
- Metabolic markers in sports medicineGiuseppe Banfi
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano, Italy
Adv Clin Chem 56:1-54. 2012..reference range, further examinations are ordered or participation in training and competition is discontinued or sports practice loses its appeal...
- Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivoresCraig Packer
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
- School environments and physical activity: The development and testing of an audit toolNatalia R Jones
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
Health Place 16:776-83. 2010..The characteristics of school grounds may influence pupil's physical activity levels...
- An overview of some definitional issues for sports injury surveillanceC F Finch
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Sports Med 24:157-63. 1997..The success of any sports injury surveillance system and its wide scale applicability is dependent upon valid and reliable definitions of ..
- Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities:specific to field-based team sportsMatt Spencer
Team Sport Research Group, School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Sports Med 35:1025-44. 2005Field-based team sports, such as soccer, rugby and hockey are popular worldwide. There have been many studies that have investigated the physiology of these sports, especially soccer...
- American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exertional heat illness during training and competitionLawrence E Armstrong
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:556-72. 2007..Muscle cramping usually responds to rest and replacement of fluid and salt (sodium). Prevention strategies are essential to reducing the incidence of EHS, heat exhaustion, and exercise associated muscle cramping...
- Recommendations for interpretation of 12-lead electrocardiogram in the athleteDomenico Corrado
Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Via Giustiniani 2, Padova, Italy
Eur Heart J 31:243-59. 2010..expression of an underlying heart disease that puts the athlete at risk of arrhythmic cardiac arrest during sports. It is mandatory that ECG changes resulting from intensive physical training are distinguished from abnormalities ..
- Quantifying the performance of individual players in a team activityJordi Duch
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10937. 2010Teamwork is a fundamental aspect of many human activities, from business to art and from sports to science...
- The sports and exercise life-course: a survival analysis of recall data from IrelandPeter D Lunn
Economic and Social Research Institute, Whitaker Square, Sir John Rogerson s Quay, Dublin, Ireland
Soc Sci Med 70:711-9. 2010..of 3080 adults in Ireland in 2003 is used to investigate transitions into and out of regular participation in sports and exercise--an important contributor to overall physical activity...
- Understanding the contexts of adolescent female participation in sport and physical activityRochelle M Eime
School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat, P O Box 663, Ballarat, Vic, 3353, Australia
Res Q Exerc Sport 84:157-66. 2013..This study investigated contexts of PA participation for female adolescents at two life transition points...
- Sports injuries and illnesses during the London Summer Olympic Games 2012Lars Engebretsen
Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland
Br J Sports Med 47:407-14. 2013..Systematic surveillance of injuries and illnesses is the foundation for developing preventive measures in sport...
- Low back pain in childhood and adolescence: assessment of sports activitiesTsuyoshi Sato
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital, 1 2 8 Honchou, Shibata, Japan
Eur Spine J 20:94-9. 2011..The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between sports activities and low back pain (LBP) in childhood and adolescence in Japan...
- Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle functionG L Close
Muscle Metabolism and Physiology Research group, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
J Sports Sci 31:344-53. 2013..Additionally the data suggests that inadequate vitamin D concentration is detrimental to musculoskeletal performance in athletes. Future studies using larger athletic groups are now warranted...
- Cross-sectional geometry of weight-bearing tibia in female athletes subjected to different exercise loadingsR Nikander
Bone Research Group, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Kaupinpuistonkatu 1, 33501, Tampere, Finland
Osteoporos Int 21:1687-94. 2010....
- Day length and weather effects on children's physical activity and participation in play, sports, and active travelAnna Goodman
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
J Phys Act Health 9:1105-16. 2012..Children in primary school are more physically active in the spring/summer. Little is known about the relative contributions of day length and weather, however, or about the underlying behavioral mediators...
- Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacyB Deforche
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy.
- Nutrition for power sports: middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimmingTrent Stellingwerff
Nestle Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
J Sports Sci 29:S79-89. 2011Contemporary training for power sports involves diverse routines that place a wide array of physiological demands on the athlete...
- Sports-related sudden death in the general populationEloi Marijon
Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, INSERM U970, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris Cedex 15, France
Circulation 124:672-81. 2011Although such data are available for young competitive athletes, the prevalence, characteristics, and outcome of sports-related sudden death have not been assessed previously in the general population.
- Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationMiriam E Nelson
Circulation 116:1094-105. 2007..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
- Temporal and environmental patterns of sedentary and active behaviors during adolescents' leisure timeStuart J H Biddle
Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
Int J Behav Med 16:278-86. 2009..There is great interest in young people's overweight and obesity. Few data, however, describe when sedentary and physically active behaviors are likely to occur during the day or how these behaviors are related to location...
- Does sports participation during adolescence prevent later alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use?Tove Wichstrøm
Lade Treatment Centre for Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Trondheim, Norway
Addiction 104:138-49. 2009To study whether participation in organized sports during adolescence predicts increased smoking of tobacco, alcohol intoxication and cannabis use from late adolescence to adulthood when controlling for potential confounders...
- An investigation of the relationship between race performance and superficial digital flexor tendonitis in the Thoroughbred racehorseB O'Meara
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 IQH, Scotland, UK
Equine Vet J 42:322-6. 2010..There is limited information regarding the number of races and the period for evaluation of outcome which is critical for assessment of SDF tendonitis treatments...
- A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sportRochelle M Eime
Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, Victoria 8001, Australia
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:98. 2013..Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model...
- Epidemiology of concussions among United States high school athletes in 20 sportsMallika Marar
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
Am J Sports Med 40:747-55. 2012In the United States (US), an estimated 300,000 sports-related concussions occur annually. Among individuals 15 to 24 years of age, sports are second only to motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of concussions.
- Aging performance for masters records in athletics, swimming, rowing, cycling, triathlon, and weightliftingA Barry Baker
Department of Anaesthesia, University of Sydney at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Exp Aging Res 36:453-77. 2010..and then compared with the authors' previously published results for Masters running, walking, and jumping sports events...
- Parental, socio and cultural factors associated with adolescents' sports participation in four Danish municipalitiesJ Toftegaard-Støckel
Institute of Sport Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:606-11. 2011..Despite the well-documented health effects of physical activity, few studies focus on the correlates of leisure-time sports and exercise participation...
- Using a socioecological approach to examine participation in sport and physical activity among rural adolescent girlsMeghan M Casey
School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Mt Helen, Victoria, Australia
Qual Health Res 19:881-93. 2009..The results showed that adolescent girls were positively influenced when sports or physical activities were fun, when they involved being with friends, and when they were supported by families ..
- Incidence, etiology, and symptomatology of upper respiratory illness in elite athletesLuke Spence
School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:577-86. 2007..The aims of this study were to identify and evaluate the incidence, pathogenic etiology, and symptomatology of acute URI during a 5-month training and competition period...
- Barriers to and suggestions for a healthful, active lifestyle as perceived by rural and urban Costa Rican adolescentsRafael Monge-Rojas
Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education on Nutrition and Health INCIENSA, Ministry of Health, Tres Rios, Costa Rica
J Nutr Educ Behav 41:152-60. 2009..To assess the perceptions of rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents regarding which barriers and motivators affect their adoption of an active lifestyle...
- Influence of sports participation on bone health in the young athlete: a review of the literatureAdam S Tenforde
Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland, CA, USA
PM R 3:861-7. 2011Peak bone mass is attained during the second and third decades of life. Sports participation during the years that peak bone mass is being acquired may lead to adaptive changes that improve bone architecture through increased density and ..
- Sports participation as a protective factor against depression and suicidal ideation in adolescents as mediated by self-esteem and social supportLindsay A Babiss
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
J Dev Behav Pediatr 30:376-84. 2009Participation in sports has been shown to be protective against depression and suicidal ideation, but little is known about what factors mediate these relationships...
- Increased cortical thickness in sports experts: a comparison of diving players with the controlsGaoxia Wei
Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
PLoS ONE 6:e17112. 2011b>Sports experts represent a population of people who have acquired expertise in sports training and competition...
- Dietary supplement use among elite young German athletesHans Braun
Institute of Biochemistry, German Research Center of Elite Sport, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 19:97-109. 2009..The survey shows that supplement use is common and widespread among German elite young athletes. This stands in strong contrast to recommendations by leading sport organizations against supplement use by underage athletes...
- Temporal trends in adults' sports participation patterns in England between 1997 and 2006: the Health Survey for EnglandE Stamatakis
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Br J Sports Med 42:901-8. 2008..To examine temporal trends in participation in sport and exercise activities in England between 1997 and 2006 while taking into account wider societal changes...
- Ten years and 1 master settlement agreement later: the nature and frequency of alcohol and tobacco promotion in televised sports, 2000 through 2002Lara Zwarun
Department of Communication, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
Am J Public Health 96:1492-7. 2006I sought to identify what kinds of promotion for alcohol and tobacco products are found in televised sports programming, as well as how frequently they occur...
- Training and performance characteristics among Norwegian international rowers 1970-2001A Fiskerstrand
Norwegian Rowing Federation, Oslo, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:303-10. 2004..The training organization trends are consistent with data collected on athletes from other sports, suggesting a "polarized" pattern of training organization where a high volume of low intensity training ..
- Wheelchair propulsion biomechanics: implications for wheelchair sportsY Vanlandewijck
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Sports Med 31:339-67. 2001..Biomechanical studies in wheelchair sports mainly aim at optimising sport performance or preventing sport injuries...
- Parental history of myopia, sports and outdoor activities, and future myopiaLisa A Jones
College of Optometry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:3524-32. 2007..To identify whether parental history of myopia and/or parent-reported children's visual activity levels can predict juvenile-onset myopia...
- Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM)Robroy L Martin
Duquesne University, Physical Therapy, 600 Forbes Avenue, 111A RSHS, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA
Foot Ankle Int 26:968-83. 2005..The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to meet this need: the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM). Additionally, this study was designed to provide validity evidence for interpretation of FAAM scores...
- Epidemiology of collegiate injuries for 15 sports: summary and recommendations for injury prevention initiativesJennifer M Hootman
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Athl Train 42:311-9. 2007To summarize 16 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for 15 sports and to identify potential modifiable risk factors to target for injury prevention initiatives.
- Organized youth sport as a predictor of physical activity in adulthoodL Kjønniksen
Faculty of Arts, Folk Culture and Teacher Education, Telemark University College, Porsgrunn, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:646-54. 2009..a high degree of consistency in participation in organized youth sport in terms of reporting to be a member of a sports club, especially from age 13 to 16 years...
- Comparison of the lipid profile and lipoprotein(a) between sedentary and highly trained subjectsGiuseppe Lippi
Istituto di Chimica e Microscopia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze Morfologico Biomediche, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Verona, Italy
Clin Chem Lab Med 44:322-6. 2006....
- Invited Review: Dynamic exercise performance in Masters athletes: insight into the effects of primary human aging on physiological functional capacityHirofumi Tanaka
Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 95:2152-62. 2003..Thus the ability to maintain habitual physical activity levels with advancing age appears to be a critical determinant of changes in PFC in part via modulation of maximal aerobic capacity...
- Comparing perceived and objectively measured access to recreational facilities as predictors of physical activity in adolescent girlsMolly M Scott
THE RAND CORPORATION, 1200 S Hayes St, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
J Urban Health 84:346-59. 2007..The results from this study suggest that raising the profile of existing facilities may help increase physical activity among adolescent girls...
- Assessment of power output in jump tests for applicants to a sports sciences degreeA J Lara
Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:419-24. 2006Our study aimed: 1) to describe the jump performance in a population of male applicants to a Faculty of Sports Sciences, 2) to apply different power equations from the literature to assess their accuracy, and 3) to develop a new ..
- Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sportsMikel Izquierdo
Centro de Investigacion y Medicina del Deporte, Gobierno de Navarra, C Paulino Caballero 13, 31002 Pamplona Navarra, Spain
Eur J Appl Physiol 87:264-71. 2002....
- [Physical activity among children and adolescents in Germany. Results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS)]T Lampert
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:634-42. 2007Regular physical activity has a positive effect on health and wellbeing at any age. For this reason, sports and exercise enhancing measures are inherent parts of public health in Germany...
- Validity of ImPACT for measuring processing speed following sports-related concussionGrant L Iverson
University of British Columbia and Riverview Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:683-9. 2005..Participants were 72 amateur athletes who were seen within 21 days of sustaining a sports-related concussion (Mean = 9.4, SD = 5.4 days)...
- Outcomes in athletes with marked ECG repolarization abnormalitiesAntonio Pelliccia
Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Italian National Olympic Committee, Rome, Italy
N Engl J Med 358:152-61. 2008..We assessed long-term clinical outcomes in athletes with ECGs characterized by marked repolarization abnormalities...
- Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sportsKielan Yarrow
Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009Events like the World Championships in athletics and the Olympic Games raise the public profile of competitive sports. They may also leave us wondering what sets the competitors in these events apart from those of us who simply watch...
- Specific associations between types of physical activity and components of mental healthMelinda Asztalos
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
J Sci Med Sport 12:468-74. 2009..with different contents: housework, leisure active transportation, biking to/from work, walking to/from work, and sports participation, and two dimensions of mental health: perceived stress and psychological distress, in 1919 ..
- The relative influence of individual, social and physical environment determinants of physical activityBillie Giles-Corti
Department of Public Health, The University of Western Australia, Albany, Australia
Soc Sci Med 54:1793-812. 2002..Given the popularity of walking in the community, it is recommended that greater emphasis be placed on creating streetscapes that enhance walking for recreation and transport...
- Is movement variability important for sports biomechanists?Roger Bartlett
School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Sports Biomech 6:224-43. 2007This paper overviews the importance for sports biomechanics of movement variability, which has been studied for some time by cognitive and ecological motor skills specialists but, until quite recently, had somewhat been overlooked by ..
- Identification of risk factors for lameness in dressage horsesRachel C Murray
Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
Vet J 184:27-36. 2010..These factors were included as variables in a final model to provide information for selection of horses, development of safer arenas and more effective training regimens to minimise the onset of lameness...
- Exercise promotes BCAA catabolism: effects of BCAA supplementation on skeletal muscle during exerciseYoshiharu Shimomura
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya 466 8555, Japan
J Nutr 134:1583S-1587S. 2004..before and after exercise has beneficial effects for decreasing exercise-induced muscle damage and promoting muscle-protein synthesis; this suggests the possibility that BCAAs are a useful supplement in relation to exercise and sports.
- Health promotion profile of youth sports clubs in Finland: club officials' and coaches' perceptionsSami Kokko
Research Center for Health Promotion, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä FIN 40014, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Health Promot Int 24:26-35. 2009The purpose of this article is to examine the current health promotion orientation of youth sports clubs in Finland in view of the standards created previously for the health promoting sports club (HPSC)...
- Consistently high sports/exercise activity is associated with better sleep quality, continuity and depth in midlife women: the SWAN sleep studyChristopher E Kline
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Sleep 36:1279-88. 2013..To examine relationships between different physical activity (PA) domains and sleep, and the influence of consistent PA on sleep, in midlife women...
- Body image, perceived and actual physical abilities in normal-weight and overweight boys involved in individual and team sportsMilena Morano
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
J Sports Sci 29:355-62. 2011..e. tennis, fencing, judo) and team (i.e. soccer, handball, volleyball) sports. Altogether, 162 children (12.6 ± 1.0 years) were categorized as normal-weight (n = 85) or overweight (n = 77)...
- A school-based intervention to promote physical activity among adolescent girls: rationale, design, and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised controlled trialAnthony D Okely
Interdisciplinary Educational Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, 2522, Australia
BMC Public Health 11:658. 2011..This report describes the rationale, design and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised trial, which aims to prevent the decline in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) among adolescent girls...
- Return to the preinjury level of competitive sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: two-thirds of patients have not returned by 12 months after surgeryClare L Ardern
Musculoskeletal Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia
Am J Sports Med 39:538-43. 2011..An athlete's desire to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for ACL reconstruction surgery. Typical clearance to return is 6 to 12 months postoperatively...
- Do individual cognitions mediate the association of socio-cultural and physical environmental factors with adolescent sports participation?Klazine van der Horst
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Public Health Nutr 13:1746-54. 2010..facilities in the neighbourhood, neighbourhood pleasantness and safety) and social environmental factors (parental sports behaviour and parental rule regarding sports participation) with adolescent leisure-time sports participation, and ..
- Physical activity and sports team participation: associations with academic outcomes in middle school and high school studentsClaudia K Fox
Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St, 3rd Floor, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
J Sch Health 80:31-7. 2010..However, it remains unclear whether associations are due to the physical activity itself or sports team participation, which may involve requirements for maintaining certain grades, for example...
- Outdoor sports and skin cancerMatthias Moehrle
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Tuebingen, Liebermeisterstr 25, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Clin Dermatol 26:12-5. 2008..Athletes practicing outdoor sports receive considerable UV doses because of training and competition schedules with high sun exposure, and in alpine ..
- The association between high recreational physical activity and physical activity as a part of daily living in adolescents and availability of local indoor sports facilities and sports clubsBirgit Niclasen
Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 40:614-20. 2012..activity) (VPA) and moderate to vigorous physical activity as a part of daily life (MVPA) is associated with structural characteristics (availability of sports facilities and sports clubs with child members) in Greenlandic adolescents.
- School sports opportunities influence physical activity in secondary school and beyondDaniel Fuller
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Sch Health 81:449-54. 2011The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20.
- Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitorsSheleigh Lawler
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland
Aust N Z J Public Health 31:230-4. 2007To explore the relationship between sun protection and physical activity in young adults (18-30 years) involved in four organised sports.
- On the evolution of sportMichael P Lombardo
Department of Biology, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, USA
Evol Psychol 10:1-28. 2012b>Sports have received little attention from evolutionary biologists...
- Impact of alcohol harm reduction strategies in community sports clubs: pilot evaluation of the Good Sports programBosco Rowland
School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Australia
Health Psychol 31:323-33. 2012Approximately 4.5 million Australians are involved in community sports clubs. A high level of alcohol consumption tends to be commonplace in this setting...
- Network approaches for expert decisions in sportsAndreas Glöckner
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn, Germany
Hum Mov Sci 31:318-33. 2012..We conclude that the analyses of complex environments via network approaches can be successfully applied to the field of experts' decision making in sports and provide perspectives for further theoretical developments.
- Do youth sports prevent pediatric obesity? A systematic review and commentaryToben F Nelson
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Curr Sports Med Rep 10:360-70. 2011..It is unclear from these results whether sports programs, as currently offered, protect youth from becoming overweight or obese...
- Benefits of sports participation for executive function in disabled athletesFrancesco Di Russo
Department of Education Sciences for Motor Activity and Sport, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy
J Neurotrauma 27:2309-19. 2010We investigated the effect of sports activity on physically-disabled individuals using behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Visual go/no-go discriminative and simple response tasks were used...
- Sports activity after short-stem hip arthroplastyFlorian Schmidutz
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Munich, Campus Grosshadern, Germany
Am J Sports Med 40:425-32. 2012No data are available about the sports activity of patients with bone-conserving short-stem hip implants.
- Effectiveness of JUMP-in, a Dutch primary school-based community intervention aimed at the promotion of physical activityJudith S B De Meij
Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Municipal Health Service of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Sports Med 45:1052-7. 2011The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the JUMP-in programme on sports participation, overall physical activity (PA), shuttle run score and body composition in 6-12-year-old children.
- Associations of physical activity with smoking and alcohol consumption: a sport or occupation effect?Wouter Poortinga
Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales, CF10 3NB, UK
Prev Med 45:66-70. 2007..It examined whether these associations are due to people participating in organized sports (the sport hypothesis), and/or reflect the concentration of drinking and smoking in manual occupational groups (..
- Alcohol consumption in sport: The influence of sporting idols, friends and normative drinking practicesKerry S O'Brien
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Drug Alcohol Rev 29:676-83. 2010..We examine whether university sportspeople and non-sportspeople's perceptions of high-profile sportspeople's (sports stars) and friends perceived drinking behaviours are related to their own drinking behaviours...
- Comparative analysis of substance use in ballet, dance sport, and synchronized swimming: results of a longitudinal studyNatasa Zenic
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Med Probl Perform Art 25:75-81. 2010..In conclusion, a strong anti-doping campaign within the studied arts is suggested, focusing on the health-related problems of SU&M...
- Does sports club participation contribute to health-related quality of life?Rochelle M Eime
School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:1022-8. 2010Given the social nature of participation in sport, we hypothesized that club sports participants would have greater well-being and quality of life than participants in other forms of physical activity (PA).
- Return to sports participation after articular cartilage repair in the knee: scientific evidenceKai Mithoefer
Harvard Vanguard Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, 291 Independence Drive, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
Am J Sports Med 37:167S-76S. 2009..Despite the importance of returning injured athletes to sports, information is limited on whether full sports participation can be successfully achieved after articular ..
- Annual age-grouping and athlete development: a meta-analytical review of relative age effects in sportStephen Cobley
Carnegie Research Institute, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK
Sports Med 39:235-56. 2009..review of RAEs, aimed to collectively determine (i) the overall prevalence and strength of RAEs across and within sports, and (ii) identify moderator variables...
- The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild landPeter Andrew Lindsey
Mammal Research Institute, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
PLoS ONE 7:e29332. 2012..Such measures could ensure sustainability, while retaining incentives for the conservation of lions and their habitat from hunting...
- Promoting physical activity in children: The stepwise development of the primary school-based JUMP-in intervention applying the RE-AIM evaluation frameworkJ S B De Meij
Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Municipal Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Sports Med 44:879-87. 2010..The stepwise development and study of JUMP-in aims to add knowledge to better understand how, when and for whom intervention effects (or lack of effects) occur...
- Sports and nutritional supplement use in USMC recruits: a pilot studyColin R Young
Department of Family Medicine, Uniformed Services University, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Mil Med 174:158-61. 2009..This is a pilot study to describe patterns of nutritional supplement use by recruits entering the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC)...
- Oxidative stress and nitrite dynamics under maximal load in elite athletes: relation to sport typeDejan Cubrilo
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, PO Box 124, 34000 Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia
Mol Cell Biochem 355:273-9. 2011..The aim of our study was to examine the effects of long-term engagement in sports with different energy requirements (aerobic, anaerobic, and aerobic/anaerobic) on oxidative stress parameters ..
- Transitions in Physical Activity During AdolescenceCheryl Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer. ..
- Emotional Reactivity: A Trigger of Atrial FibrillationRachel Lampert; Fiscal Year: 2008..Determining triggers of AF, and identifying individuals at increased risk of recurrence, may lead to future therapeutic interventions aimed at decreasing the effects of triggers on the individual patient. ..
- PREVENTION THROUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY--PARENTAL INFLUENCECheryl Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing regular physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer. ..
- Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus InitiativesJoseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
- SATELLITE STEM CELL BIOLOGYFrank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2008..The outcomes of the research will provide a more scientific basis to devise therapies to prevent and treat sarcopenia and physical frailty. ..
- Failed rescue of old skeletal muscle from atrophyFrank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004..Identifying the inappropriately expressed mRNAs associated with failed muscle regrowth of old muscles will permit a more scientifically-based growth factor rescue of old atrophied muscle. ..
- EXERCISE INDUCED GROWTH OF SKELETAL MUSCLEFrank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2003..Elucidation of the mechanisms signaling skeletal muscle growth may lead to drugs, gene therapy, or other countermeasures against skeletal muscle wasting in individuals for whom exercise is perhaps impossible. ..
- Proteomics: Inactivity-induced muscle insulin resistanceFrank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2002..Outcomes of this proposal will better establish that healthy active skeletal muscles interact with other organ systems to prevent the metabolic disorders of type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and obesity. ..
- Genetic Architecture of Aging Skeletal MuscleStephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Epidemiology of Jump-landing Movements and ACL InjuryStephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2009..Unlike some of the anatomical and hormonal risk factors discussed in the literature, neuromuscular risk factors are readily modifiable and are amenable to intervention. ..
- Early life antecedents of adult chronic diseaseKaren Remsberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..Completion of this project will yield important new information regarding early detection of subclinical disease in those at risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. ..
- Risk of HTN Young Adult Lifestyle & Parental InfluenceMARGARET SAVOCA; Fiscal Year: 2005..This innovative approach will identify relevant intervention points for reducing the risk of hypertension among young African Americans. ..
- Neuromuscular Fatigue in Older AdultsSandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of exercise on back pain in pregnancyPATRICK O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- 23rd - 27th Annual National Neurotrauma SymposiumW Dietrich; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, there are two sessions for open communications as well as a panel discussions led by Women in Neurotrauma Research. Specific information regarding the organization of future meetings is also discussed. ..
- Genetic Epidemiology of Aging Skeletal MuscleStephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple SclerosisRobert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GTPase Activating Proteins in Aging and OsteoarthritisLisa Fortier; Fiscal Year: 2007..We anticipate that these findings will facilitate identification of target molecules for development of therapeutics modalities for OA. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle CollsionsPAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
- Dairy Products, Calcium, and Risk of Prostate CancerI Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004..We also will examine men aged <65, 65-74, and 75+ years. This large database provides a unique and cost-effective opportunity to answer questions of public health importance. ..
- The Genetics of Infant Growth and Later ObesityEllen W Demerath; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Controversies in Physical Activity and CHDI Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002..We also will examine CHD risk among men cross-classified by both physical activity and body weight. This proposal, at relatively little cost, will provide important information of public health significance. ..
- The Youth Employment Training Pilot ProgramHenry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
- Promoting Healthy Living: Assessing More EffectsDiane Elliot; Fiscal Year: 2009..We welcome the opportunity to continue our collaborations with other health promotion researchers in address compelling questions and advancing these critical aspects of our nation's health. ..
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- RCT Methylphenidate & Memory/Attention Training in Traumatic Brain InjuryThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further, it will help to clarify underlying neural mechanisms and suggest additional treatment possibilities. ..
- COMMUNITY STEPS TO MINORITY YOUTH FITNESSAntronette Yancey; Fiscal Year: 2002..Mediating variables are self-report behaviors and attitudes. 4. Compile and distribute a resource book that includes those behavior change strategies that were observed to work best with this population. ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- PROMOTION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN HIGH SCHOOL GIRLSRussell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed investigation will provide a unique and comprehensive examination of the factors that influence change in physical activity in high school girls. ..
- Genetic Aspects of Vestibular DysfunctionStephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed project will generate important pilot data related to the genetics of vestibular dysfunction, thus fitting within the R21 grant mechanism. ..
- Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in StudentThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): 300,000 individuals sustain sports concussions each year in the U.S. The majority of at-risk athletes are at the high school level...
- Nutritional and Hormonal Determinants of Peak Bone MassMadhusmita Misra; Fiscal Year: 2008..The effects of estrogen in weight recovered vs. non-weight recovered AN will also be studied. ..
- Physical Activity during Pregnancy, Fetal Growth, and Toddler Body SizeLanay Mudd; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Low glycemic diets in Latino children at risk for type 2 diabetesNAZRAT MIRZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..Through this career development award, Dr. Mirza expects to become established as an independent investigator and a leader in pediatric obesity and clinical nutrition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of a SimTK-based framework for hemiparetic walking assessmentRichard R Neptune; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina GirlsThomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010..However, effective prevention programs are lacking. We propose to develop and test a promising and potentially generalizable public health program for Latina girls...
- The Interaction of Mechanical Load and Inflammation in Tendon-Bone HealingScott A Rodeo; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of our studies will allow a scientific basis for the design of post- operative rehabilitation prescription. ..
- Role of Candidate Alleles in Cognitive Outcome After TBIThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SPORT: Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized TrialThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to evaluate the 1-year efficacy of an after school team sports program for reducing weight gain among low-income children whom are at-risk of overweight and overweight...
- Risk Factors for Pancreatic CancerI Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002..Findings from these analyses will have public health significance for a highly fatal disease. ..
- PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THROMBOEMBOLIC STROKEW Dietrich; Fiscal Year: 2003..Neuroprotective strategies that may be given to patients with stroke risk factors to prevent the initiation of stroke will be tested. ..
- CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDYJEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003..The CLAMP Study is the ideal scope and size of study to train Dr. Walline to become an independent investigator and has the potential to change the standard of care for young children who become nearsighted. ..
- BEAT OSTEOPOROSIS: NOURISH & EXERCISE SKELETONS (BONE)Christina Economos; Fiscal Year: 2003..Results from this study will provide an appropriate model for national replication and sustainability of a program to beat osteoporosis by nourishing and exercising skeletons early in life. ..
- DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION WORKING MEMORY TBI--FMRI STUDYThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2003..Performance and fMRI visualized activation of WM circuitry will be characterized at baseline (on placebo) and following administration of a dopamine agonist. ..
- CAN SOCIAL NORMS MARKETING REDUCE HIGH-RISK DRINKING?William DeJong; Fiscal Year: 2003..5) In Year 5, continue and complete data analysis to meet the outlined aims of the study. ..
- Homicide During Robbery: A Case-Control StudyStephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will assist in targeting prevention resources to specific high-risk workplaces and neighborhoods. ..
- PROMOTING HEALTHY LIFESTYLES--ALTERNATIVE MODELS EFFECTDiane Elliot; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study will compare the two health promotion paradigms and provide an understanding of how, and under what conditions behavior change can occur and be maintained. ..
- REDUCING TELEVISION VIEWING TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITYThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity LevelsI Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will provide important information for planning or redesigning communities in order to maximize the potential for physical activity and health. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- College Sports, Gender and Substance UseKathleen Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006Recent research findings indicate strong associations between sports participation and adolescent health-risk behavior; for example, compared to their peers, high school athletes are at lower risk for illicit drug use, cigarette smoking, ..
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLSThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006..4. To conduct analyses to evaluate potential moderators and mediators of intervention effects on primary and secondary outcomes. ..
- Dental Practitioners and Eating Disorder PreventionRita DeBate; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project is unique in that it takes a theoretical approach involving the dental practitioner as a key participant in the secondary and tertiary prevention of eating disorders. ..
- Task Dependence of Muscle Fatigue in Older AdultsSandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2005..These preliminary findings will form the foundation for an RO 1 application that will further explore the mechanisms and task dependency of muscle fatigue in older adults. ..
- Type 2 Diabetes Primary Prevention for At Risk GirlsThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will also perform baseline and prospective risk factor/targeting studies and process studies, to better understand the relevance of the results and the intervention. ..
- Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive BehaviorRobert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and WagesRobert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
- PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF GROWTH HORMONE VARIANTSusan Kirk; Fiscal Year: 2003..Research Plan: will measure 1) the impact of GH-V on pituitary GH secretion in rats; 2) signal transduction pathways activated by GH-V; 3) the effect of GH-V on glomerular structure in mice. ..