sports

Summary

Summary: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
  2. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement
    Michael N Sawka
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:377-90. 2007
  3. ncbi Sport and exercise as contributors to the health of nations
    Karim M Khan
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 380:59-64. 2012
  4. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
  5. ncbi The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test : a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports
    Jens Bangsbo
    Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Sports Med 38:37-51. 2008
  6. ncbi Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis
    Samuel C Dumith
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 40:685-98. 2011
  7. ncbi Contribution of youth sport to total daily physical activity among 6- to 12-yr-old boys
    Eric E Wickel
    Exercise and Sport Science, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1493-500. 2007
  8. ncbi Movement systems as dynamical systems: the functional role of variability and its implications for sports medicine
    Keith Davids
    School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Sports Med 33:245-60. 2003
  9. ncbi Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studies
    Steven Allender
    Public Health, University of Oxford, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
    Health Educ Res 21:826-35. 2006
  10. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: physical activity and bone health
    Wendy M Kohrt
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1985-96. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
    In 1995 the American College of Sports Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published national guidelines on Physical Activity and Public Health...
  2. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement
    Michael N Sawka
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:377-90. 2007
    ..After exercise, the goal is to replace any fluid electrolyte deficit. The speed with which rehydration is needed and the magnitude of fluid electrolyte deficits will determine if an aggressive replacement program is merited...
  3. ncbi Sport and exercise as contributors to the health of nations
    Karim M Khan
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 380:59-64. 2012
    ..Some sports have relatively high injury risk although neuromuscular training programmes can prevent various lower extremity ..
  4. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
    ..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
  5. ncbi The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test : a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports
    Jens Bangsbo
    Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Sports Med 38:37-51. 2008
    ..Evaluations of elite athletes in various sports involving intermittent exercise showed that the higher the level of competition the better an athlete performs in ..
  6. ncbi Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis
    Samuel C Dumith
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 40:685-98. 2011
    ..Therefore, the purpose was to systematically review the international literature regarding PA change during adolescence, and to quantify that change according to a series of study variables, exploring gender-and-age differences...
  7. ncbi Contribution of youth sport to total daily physical activity among 6- to 12-yr-old boys
    Eric E Wickel
    Exercise and Sport Science, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1493-500. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine the contribution of organized youth sport to total daily physical activity (PA), and 2) to examine the contribution of daily recess and physical education (PE) to total daily PA...
  8. ncbi Movement systems as dynamical systems: the functional role of variability and its implications for sports medicine
    Keith Davids
    School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Sports Med 33:245-60. 2003
    ..We examine the implications of these ideas for sports medicine, by: (i) focusing on intra-individual variability in postural control to exemplify within-individual real-..
  9. ncbi Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studies
    Steven Allender
    Public Health, University of Oxford, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
    Health Educ Res 21:826-35. 2006
    ..Challenges to identity such as having to show others an unfit body, lacking confidence and competence in core skills or appearing overly masculine were barriers to participation...
  10. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: physical activity and bone health
    Wendy M Kohrt
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1985-96. 2004
  11. pmc Direct and indirect associations between the family physical activity environment and sports participation among 10-12 year-old European children: testing the EnRG framework in the ENERGY project
    Anna F Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research C PAN, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:15. 2013
    ..Understanding influences on sports participation is important and the family environment is considered key, however few studies have explored the ..
  12. pmc The acute phase response and exercise: court and field sports
    K E Fallon
    Department of Sports Medicine, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 35:170-3. 2001
    OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence or absence of an acute phase response after training for court and field sports. PARTICIPANTS: All members of the Australian women's soccer team (n = 18) and all members of the Australian Institute of ..
  13. ncbi Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance
    Nancy R Rodriguez
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:509-27. 2009
    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition...
  14. ncbi Sport-specific nutrition: practical strategies for team sports
    Francis E Holway
    Nutrition, Club Atlético River Plate, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Sports Sci 29:S115-25. 2011
    Implementation of a nutrition programme for team sports involves application of scientific research together with the social skills necessary to work with a sports medicine and coaching staff...
  15. ncbi Validity and reliability of GPS devices for measuring movement demands of team sports
    Aaron J Coutts
    School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 13:133-5. 2010
    ..the validity and reliability of global positioning system (GPS) devices for measuring movement during team sports. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and intra-model reliability of different GPS devices for ..
  16. pmc Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviour
    J Dollman
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005
    ..physical activity in clearly defined contexts such as active transport, school physical education, and organised sports is declining in many countries; young people would like to be active but are often constrained by external factors ..
  17. pmc Influence of sports, physical education, and active commuting to school on adolescent weight status
    Keith M Drake
    Hood Center for Children and Families, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, One Medical Center Dr, HB 7465, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Pediatrics 130:e296-304. 2012
    ..To compare the associations between weight status and different forms of physical activity among adolescents...
  18. ncbi Validity of a physical activity computer questionnaire in 12- to 18-year-old boys and girls
    R M Philippaerts
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    Int J Sports Med 27:131-6. 2006
    ..Moreover, sport participation (and summed with total transport) and the frequencies of moderate and hard activity provide valid data about adolescents' usual week physical activity, based on CSA comparison...
  19. ncbi Metabolic markers in sports medicine
    Giuseppe Banfi
    IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano, Italy
    Adv Clin Chem 56:1-54. 2012
    ..reference range, further examinations are ordered or participation in training and competition is discontinued or sports practice loses its appeal...
  20. pmc Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores
    Craig Packer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009
    ..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
  21. pmc School environments and physical activity: The development and testing of an audit tool
    Natalia R Jones
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Health Place 16:776-83. 2010
    ..The characteristics of school grounds may influence pupil's physical activity levels...
  22. ncbi An overview of some definitional issues for sports injury surveillance
    C F Finch
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    Sports Med 24:157-63. 1997
    ..The success of any sports injury surveillance system and its wide scale applicability is dependent upon valid and reliable definitions of ..
  23. ncbi Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities:specific to field-based team sports
    Matt Spencer
    Team Sport Research Group, School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Sports Med 35:1025-44. 2005
    Field-based team sports, such as soccer, rugby and hockey are popular worldwide. There have been many studies that have investigated the physiology of these sports, especially soccer...
  24. ncbi American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exertional heat illness during training and competition
    Lawrence E Armstrong
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:556-72. 2007
    ..Muscle cramping usually responds to rest and replacement of fluid and salt (sodium). Prevention strategies are essential to reducing the incidence of EHS, heat exhaustion, and exercise associated muscle cramping...
  25. ncbi Recommendations for interpretation of 12-lead electrocardiogram in the athlete
    Domenico Corrado
    Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Via Giustiniani 2, Padova, Italy
    Eur Heart J 31:243-59. 2010
    ..expression of an underlying heart disease that puts the athlete at risk of arrhythmic cardiac arrest during sports. It is mandatory that ECG changes resulting from intensive physical training are distinguished from abnormalities ..
  26. pmc Quantifying the performance of individual players in a team activity
    Jordi Duch
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10937. 2010
    Teamwork is a fundamental aspect of many human activities, from business to art and from sports to science...
  27. ncbi The sports and exercise life-course: a survival analysis of recall data from Ireland
    Peter D Lunn
    Economic and Social Research Institute, Whitaker Square, Sir John Rogerson s Quay, Dublin, Ireland
    Soc Sci Med 70:711-9. 2010
    ..of 3080 adults in Ireland in 2003 is used to investigate transitions into and out of regular participation in sports and exercise--an important contributor to overall physical activity...
  28. ncbi Understanding the contexts of adolescent female participation in sport and physical activity
    Rochelle M Eime
    School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat, P O Box 663, Ballarat, Vic, 3353, Australia
    Res Q Exerc Sport 84:157-66. 2013
    ..This study investigated contexts of PA participation for female adolescents at two life transition points...
  29. ncbi Sports injuries and illnesses during the London Summer Olympic Games 2012
    Lars Engebretsen
    Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Br J Sports Med 47:407-14. 2013
    ..Systematic surveillance of injuries and illnesses is the foundation for developing preventive measures in sport...
  30. pmc Low back pain in childhood and adolescence: assessment of sports activities
    Tsuyoshi Sato
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital, 1 2 8 Honchou, Shibata, Japan
    Eur Spine J 20:94-9. 2011
    ..The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between sports activities and low back pain (LBP) in childhood and adolescence in Japan...
  31. ncbi Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle function
    G L Close
    Muscle Metabolism and Physiology Research group, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 31:344-53. 2013
    ..Additionally the data suggests that inadequate vitamin D concentration is detrimental to musculoskeletal performance in athletes. Future studies using larger athletic groups are now warranted...
  32. ncbi Cross-sectional geometry of weight-bearing tibia in female athletes subjected to different exercise loadings
    R Nikander
    Bone Research Group, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Kaupinpuistonkatu 1, 33501, Tampere, Finland
    Osteoporos Int 21:1687-94. 2010
    ....
  33. pmc Day length and weather effects on children's physical activity and participation in play, sports, and active travel
    Anna Goodman
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Phys Act Health 9:1105-16. 2012
    ..Children in primary school are more physically active in the spring/summer. Little is known about the relative contributions of day length and weather, however, or about the underlying behavioral mediators...
  34. ncbi Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacy
    B Deforche
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010
    To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy.
  35. ncbi Nutrition for power sports: middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimming
    Trent Stellingwerff
    Nestle Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Sports Sci 29:S79-89. 2011
    Contemporary training for power sports involves diverse routines that place a wide array of physiological demands on the athlete...
  36. ncbi Sports-related sudden death in the general population
    Eloi Marijon
    Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, INSERM U970, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris Cedex 15, France
    Circulation 124:672-81. 2011
    Although such data are available for young competitive athletes, the prevalence, characteristics, and outcome of sports-related sudden death have not been assessed previously in the general population.
  37. ncbi Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    Miriam E Nelson
    Tufts University
    Circulation 116:1094-105. 2007
    ..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
  38. ncbi Temporal and environmental patterns of sedentary and active behaviors during adolescents' leisure time
    Stuart J H Biddle
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:278-86. 2009
    ..There is great interest in young people's overweight and obesity. Few data, however, describe when sedentary and physically active behaviors are likely to occur during the day or how these behaviors are related to location...
  39. ncbi Does sports participation during adolescence prevent later alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use?
    Tove Wichstrøm
    Lade Treatment Centre for Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Trondheim, Norway
    Addiction 104:138-49. 2009
    To study whether participation in organized sports during adolescence predicts increased smoking of tobacco, alcohol intoxication and cannabis use from late adolescence to adulthood when controlling for potential confounders...
  40. ncbi An investigation of the relationship between race performance and superficial digital flexor tendonitis in the Thoroughbred racehorse
    B O'Meara
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 IQH, Scotland, UK
    Equine Vet J 42:322-6. 2010
    ..There is limited information regarding the number of races and the period for evaluation of outcome which is critical for assessment of SDF tendonitis treatments...
  41. pmc A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport
    Rochelle M Eime
    Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, Victoria 8001, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:98. 2013
    ..Secondly, the information arising from the systematic review has been used to develop a conceptual model...
  42. ncbi Epidemiology of concussions among United States high school athletes in 20 sports
    Mallika Marar
    Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
    Am J Sports Med 40:747-55. 2012
    In the United States (US), an estimated 300,000 sports-related concussions occur annually. Among individuals 15 to 24 years of age, sports are second only to motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of concussions.
  43. ncbi Aging performance for masters records in athletics, swimming, rowing, cycling, triathlon, and weightlifting
    A Barry Baker
    Department of Anaesthesia, University of Sydney at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Exp Aging Res 36:453-77. 2010
    ..and then compared with the authors' previously published results for Masters running, walking, and jumping sports events...
  44. ncbi Parental, socio and cultural factors associated with adolescents' sports participation in four Danish municipalities
    J Toftegaard-Støckel
    Institute of Sport Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:606-11. 2011
    ..Despite the well-documented health effects of physical activity, few studies focus on the correlates of leisure-time sports and exercise participation...
  45. ncbi Using a socioecological approach to examine participation in sport and physical activity among rural adolescent girls
    Meghan M Casey
    School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Mt Helen, Victoria, Australia
    Qual Health Res 19:881-93. 2009
    ..The results showed that adolescent girls were positively influenced when sports or physical activities were fun, when they involved being with friends, and when they were supported by families ..
  46. ncbi Incidence, etiology, and symptomatology of upper respiratory illness in elite athletes
    Luke Spence
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:577-86. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to identify and evaluate the incidence, pathogenic etiology, and symptomatology of acute URI during a 5-month training and competition period...
  47. ncbi Barriers to and suggestions for a healthful, active lifestyle as perceived by rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents
    Rafael Monge-Rojas
    Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education on Nutrition and Health INCIENSA, Ministry of Health, Tres Rios, Costa Rica
    J Nutr Educ Behav 41:152-60. 2009
    ..To assess the perceptions of rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents regarding which barriers and motivators affect their adoption of an active lifestyle...
  48. ncbi Influence of sports participation on bone health in the young athlete: a review of the literature
    Adam S Tenforde
    Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland, CA, USA
    PM R 3:861-7. 2011
    Peak bone mass is attained during the second and third decades of life. Sports participation during the years that peak bone mass is being acquired may lead to adaptive changes that improve bone architecture through increased density and ..
  49. ncbi Sports participation as a protective factor against depression and suicidal ideation in adolescents as mediated by self-esteem and social support
    Lindsay A Babiss
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 30:376-84. 2009
    Participation in sports has been shown to be protective against depression and suicidal ideation, but little is known about what factors mediate these relationships...
  50. pmc Increased cortical thickness in sports experts: a comparison of diving players with the controls
    Gaoxia Wei
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17112. 2011
    b>Sports experts represent a population of people who have acquired expertise in sports training and competition...
  51. ncbi Dietary supplement use among elite young German athletes
    Hans Braun
    Institute of Biochemistry, German Research Center of Elite Sport, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 19:97-109. 2009
    ..The survey shows that supplement use is common and widespread among German elite young athletes. This stands in strong contrast to recommendations by leading sport organizations against supplement use by underage athletes...
  52. ncbi Temporal trends in adults' sports participation patterns in England between 1997 and 2006: the Health Survey for England
    E Stamatakis
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Sports Med 42:901-8. 2008
    ..To examine temporal trends in participation in sport and exercise activities in England between 1997 and 2006 while taking into account wider societal changes...
  53. pmc Ten years and 1 master settlement agreement later: the nature and frequency of alcohol and tobacco promotion in televised sports, 2000 through 2002
    Lara Zwarun
    Department of Communication, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1492-7. 2006
    I sought to identify what kinds of promotion for alcohol and tobacco products are found in televised sports programming, as well as how frequently they occur...
  54. ncbi Training and performance characteristics among Norwegian international rowers 1970-2001
    A Fiskerstrand
    Norwegian Rowing Federation, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:303-10. 2004
    ..The training organization trends are consistent with data collected on athletes from other sports, suggesting a "polarized" pattern of training organization where a high volume of low intensity training ..
  55. ncbi Wheelchair propulsion biomechanics: implications for wheelchair sports
    Y Vanlandewijck
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
    Sports Med 31:339-67. 2001
    ..Biomechanical studies in wheelchair sports mainly aim at optimising sport performance or preventing sport injuries...
  56. pmc Parental history of myopia, sports and outdoor activities, and future myopia
    Lisa A Jones
    College of Optometry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:3524-32. 2007
    ..To identify whether parental history of myopia and/or parent-reported children's visual activity levels can predict juvenile-onset myopia...
  57. ncbi Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM)
    Robroy L Martin
    Duquesne University, Physical Therapy, 600 Forbes Avenue, 111A RSHS, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA
    Foot Ankle Int 26:968-83. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to meet this need: the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM). Additionally, this study was designed to provide validity evidence for interpretation of FAAM scores...
  58. pmc Epidemiology of collegiate injuries for 15 sports: summary and recommendations for injury prevention initiatives
    Jennifer M Hootman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Athl Train 42:311-9. 2007
    To summarize 16 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for 15 sports and to identify potential modifiable risk factors to target for injury prevention initiatives.
  59. ncbi Organized youth sport as a predictor of physical activity in adulthood
    L Kjønniksen
    Faculty of Arts, Folk Culture and Teacher Education, Telemark University College, Porsgrunn, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:646-54. 2009
    ..a high degree of consistency in participation in organized youth sport in terms of reporting to be a member of a sports club, especially from age 13 to 16 years...
  60. ncbi Comparison of the lipid profile and lipoprotein(a) between sedentary and highly trained subjects
    Giuseppe Lippi
    Istituto di Chimica e Microscopia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze Morfologico Biomediche, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Verona, Italy
    Clin Chem Lab Med 44:322-6. 2006
    ....
  61. ncbi Invited Review: Dynamic exercise performance in Masters athletes: insight into the effects of primary human aging on physiological functional capacity
    Hirofumi Tanaka
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 95:2152-62. 2003
    ..Thus the ability to maintain habitual physical activity levels with advancing age appears to be a critical determinant of changes in PFC in part via modulation of maximal aerobic capacity...
  62. pmc Comparing perceived and objectively measured access to recreational facilities as predictors of physical activity in adolescent girls
    Molly M Scott
    THE RAND CORPORATION, 1200 S Hayes St, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
    J Urban Health 84:346-59. 2007
    ..The results from this study suggest that raising the profile of existing facilities may help increase physical activity among adolescent girls...
  63. ncbi Assessment of power output in jump tests for applicants to a sports sciences degree
    A J Lara
    Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:419-24. 2006
    Our study aimed: 1) to describe the jump performance in a population of male applicants to a Faculty of Sports Sciences, 2) to apply different power equations from the literature to assess their accuracy, and 3) to develop a new ..
  64. ncbi Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sports
    Mikel Izquierdo
    Centro de Investigacion y Medicina del Deporte, Gobierno de Navarra, C Paulino Caballero 13, 31002 Pamplona Navarra, Spain
    Eur J Appl Physiol 87:264-71. 2002
    ....
  65. ncbi [Physical activity among children and adolescents in Germany. Results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS)]
    T Lampert
    Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:634-42. 2007
    Regular physical activity has a positive effect on health and wellbeing at any age. For this reason, sports and exercise enhancing measures are inherent parts of public health in Germany...
  66. ncbi Validity of ImPACT for measuring processing speed following sports-related concussion
    Grant L Iverson
    University of British Columbia and Riverview Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:683-9. 2005
    ..Participants were 72 amateur athletes who were seen within 21 days of sustaining a sports-related concussion (Mean = 9.4, SD = 5.4 days)...
  67. ncbi Outcomes in athletes with marked ECG repolarization abnormalities
    Antonio Pelliccia
    Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Italian National Olympic Committee, Rome, Italy
    N Engl J Med 358:152-61. 2008
    ..We assessed long-term clinical outcomes in athletes with ECGs characterized by marked repolarization abnormalities...
  68. ncbi Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sports
    Kielan Yarrow
    Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009
    Events like the World Championships in athletics and the Olympic Games raise the public profile of competitive sports. They may also leave us wondering what sets the competitors in these events apart from those of us who simply watch...
  69. ncbi Specific associations between types of physical activity and components of mental health
    Melinda Asztalos
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
    J Sci Med Sport 12:468-74. 2009
    ..with different contents: housework, leisure active transportation, biking to/from work, walking to/from work, and sports participation, and two dimensions of mental health: perceived stress and psychological distress, in 1919 ..
  70. ncbi The relative influence of individual, social and physical environment determinants of physical activity
    Billie Giles-Corti
    Department of Public Health, The University of Western Australia, Albany, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 54:1793-812. 2002
    ..Given the popularity of walking in the community, it is recommended that greater emphasis be placed on creating streetscapes that enhance walking for recreation and transport...
  71. ncbi Is movement variability important for sports biomechanists?
    Roger Bartlett
    School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Sports Biomech 6:224-43. 2007
    This paper overviews the importance for sports biomechanics of movement variability, which has been studied for some time by cognitive and ecological motor skills specialists but, until quite recently, had somewhat been overlooked by ..
  72. ncbi Identification of risk factors for lameness in dressage horses
    Rachel C Murray
    Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
    Vet J 184:27-36. 2010
    ..These factors were included as variables in a final model to provide information for selection of horses, development of safer arenas and more effective training regimens to minimise the onset of lameness...
  73. ncbi Exercise promotes BCAA catabolism: effects of BCAA supplementation on skeletal muscle during exercise
    Yoshiharu Shimomura
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya 466 8555, Japan
    J Nutr 134:1583S-1587S. 2004
    ..before and after exercise has beneficial effects for decreasing exercise-induced muscle damage and promoting muscle-protein synthesis; this suggests the possibility that BCAAs are a useful supplement in relation to exercise and sports.
  74. pmc Health promotion profile of youth sports clubs in Finland: club officials' and coaches' perceptions
    Sami Kokko
    Research Center for Health Promotion, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä FIN 40014, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Health Promot Int 24:26-35. 2009
    The purpose of this article is to examine the current health promotion orientation of youth sports clubs in Finland in view of the standards created previously for the health promoting sports club (HPSC)...
  75. pmc Consistently high sports/exercise activity is associated with better sleep quality, continuity and depth in midlife women: the SWAN sleep study
    Christopher E Kline
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Sleep 36:1279-88. 2013
    ..To examine relationships between different physical activity (PA) domains and sleep, and the influence of consistent PA on sleep, in midlife women...
  76. ncbi Body image, perceived and actual physical abilities in normal-weight and overweight boys involved in individual and team sports
    Milena Morano
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
    J Sports Sci 29:355-62. 2011
    ..e. tennis, fencing, judo) and team (i.e. soccer, handball, volleyball) sports. Altogether, 162 children (12.6 ± 1.0 years) were categorized as normal-weight (n = 85) or overweight (n = 77)...
  77. pmc A school-based intervention to promote physical activity among adolescent girls: rationale, design, and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised controlled trial
    Anthony D Okely
    Interdisciplinary Educational Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, 2522, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:658. 2011
    ..This report describes the rationale, design and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised trial, which aims to prevent the decline in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) among adolescent girls...
  78. ncbi Return to the preinjury level of competitive sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: two-thirds of patients have not returned by 12 months after surgery
    Clare L Ardern
    Musculoskeletal Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia
    Am J Sports Med 39:538-43. 2011
    ..An athlete's desire to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for ACL reconstruction surgery. Typical clearance to return is 6 to 12 months postoperatively...
  79. ncbi Do individual cognitions mediate the association of socio-cultural and physical environmental factors with adolescent sports participation?
    Klazine van der Horst
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Public Health Nutr 13:1746-54. 2010
    ..facilities in the neighbourhood, neighbourhood pleasantness and safety) and social environmental factors (parental sports behaviour and parental rule regarding sports participation) with adolescent leisure-time sports participation, and ..
  80. ncbi Physical activity and sports team participation: associations with academic outcomes in middle school and high school students
    Claudia K Fox
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St, 3rd Floor, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
    J Sch Health 80:31-7. 2010
    ..However, it remains unclear whether associations are due to the physical activity itself or sports team participation, which may involve requirements for maintaining certain grades, for example...
  81. ncbi Outdoor sports and skin cancer
    Matthias Moehrle
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Tuebingen, Liebermeisterstr 25, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Clin Dermatol 26:12-5. 2008
    ..Athletes practicing outdoor sports receive considerable UV doses because of training and competition schedules with high sun exposure, and in alpine ..
  82. ncbi The association between high recreational physical activity and physical activity as a part of daily living in adolescents and availability of local indoor sports facilities and sports clubs
    Birgit Niclasen
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 40:614-20. 2012
    ..activity) (VPA) and moderate to vigorous physical activity as a part of daily life (MVPA) is associated with structural characteristics (availability of sports facilities and sports clubs with child members) in Greenlandic adolescents.
  83. ncbi School sports opportunities influence physical activity in secondary school and beyond
    Daniel Fuller
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Sch Health 81:449-54. 2011
    The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20.
  84. ncbi Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitors
    Sheleigh Lawler
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:230-4. 2007
    To explore the relationship between sun protection and physical activity in young adults (18-30 years) involved in four organised sports.
  85. ncbi On the evolution of sport
    Michael P Lombardo
    Department of Biology, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, USA
    Evol Psychol 10:1-28. 2012
    b>Sports have received little attention from evolutionary biologists...
  86. ncbi Impact of alcohol harm reduction strategies in community sports clubs: pilot evaluation of the Good Sports program
    Bosco Rowland
    School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Australia
    Health Psychol 31:323-33. 2012
    Approximately 4.5 million Australians are involved in community sports clubs. A high level of alcohol consumption tends to be commonplace in this setting...
  87. ncbi Network approaches for expert decisions in sports
    Andreas Glöckner
    Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn, Germany
    Hum Mov Sci 31:318-33. 2012
    ..We conclude that the analyses of complex environments via network approaches can be successfully applied to the field of experts' decision making in sports and provide perspectives for further theoretical developments.
  88. ncbi Do youth sports prevent pediatric obesity? A systematic review and commentary
    Toben F Nelson
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 10:360-70. 2011
    ..It is unclear from these results whether sports programs, as currently offered, protect youth from becoming overweight or obese...
  89. pmc Benefits of sports participation for executive function in disabled athletes
    Francesco Di Russo
    Department of Education Sciences for Motor Activity and Sport, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy
    J Neurotrauma 27:2309-19. 2010
    We investigated the effect of sports activity on physically-disabled individuals using behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Visual go/no-go discriminative and simple response tasks were used...
  90. ncbi Sports activity after short-stem hip arthroplasty
    Florian Schmidutz
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Munich, Campus Grosshadern, Germany
    Am J Sports Med 40:425-32. 2012
    No data are available about the sports activity of patients with bone-conserving short-stem hip implants.
  91. ncbi Effectiveness of JUMP-in, a Dutch primary school-based community intervention aimed at the promotion of physical activity
    Judith S B De Meij
    Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Municipal Health Service of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Sports Med 45:1052-7. 2011
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the JUMP-in programme on sports participation, overall physical activity (PA), shuttle run score and body composition in 6-12-year-old children.
  92. ncbi Associations of physical activity with smoking and alcohol consumption: a sport or occupation effect?
    Wouter Poortinga
    Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales, CF10 3NB, UK
    Prev Med 45:66-70. 2007
    ..It examined whether these associations are due to people participating in organized sports (the sport hypothesis), and/or reflect the concentration of drinking and smoking in manual occupational groups (..
  93. ncbi Alcohol consumption in sport: The influence of sporting idols, friends and normative drinking practices
    Kerry S O'Brien
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:676-83. 2010
    ..We examine whether university sportspeople and non-sportspeople's perceptions of high-profile sportspeople's (sports stars) and friends perceived drinking behaviours are related to their own drinking behaviours...
  94. ncbi Comparative analysis of substance use in ballet, dance sport, and synchronized swimming: results of a longitudinal study
    Natasa Zenic
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
    Med Probl Perform Art 25:75-81. 2010
    ..In conclusion, a strong anti-doping campaign within the studied arts is suggested, focusing on the health-related problems of SU&M...
  95. ncbi Does sports club participation contribute to health-related quality of life?
    Rochelle M Eime
    School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:1022-8. 2010
    Given the social nature of participation in sport, we hypothesized that club sports participants would have greater well-being and quality of life than participants in other forms of physical activity (PA).
  96. ncbi Return to sports participation after articular cartilage repair in the knee: scientific evidence
    Kai Mithoefer
    Harvard Vanguard Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, 291 Independence Drive, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Am J Sports Med 37:167S-76S. 2009
    ..Despite the importance of returning injured athletes to sports, information is limited on whether full sports participation can be successfully achieved after articular ..
  97. ncbi Annual age-grouping and athlete development: a meta-analytical review of relative age effects in sport
    Stephen Cobley
    Carnegie Research Institute, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK
    Sports Med 39:235-56. 2009
    ..review of RAEs, aimed to collectively determine (i) the overall prevalence and strength of RAEs across and within sports, and (ii) identify moderator variables...
  98. pmc The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild land
    Peter Andrew Lindsey
    Mammal Research Institute, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 7:e29332. 2012
    ..Such measures could ensure sustainability, while retaining incentives for the conservation of lions and their habitat from hunting...
  99. ncbi Promoting physical activity in children: The stepwise development of the primary school-based JUMP-in intervention applying the RE-AIM evaluation framework
    J S B De Meij
    Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Municipal Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Sports Med 44:879-87. 2010
    ..The stepwise development and study of JUMP-in aims to add knowledge to better understand how, when and for whom intervention effects (or lack of effects) occur...
  100. ncbi Sports and nutritional supplement use in USMC recruits: a pilot study
    Colin R Young
    Department of Family Medicine, Uniformed Services University, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Mil Med 174:158-61. 2009
    ..This is a pilot study to describe patterns of nutritional supplement use by recruits entering the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC)...
  101. ncbi Oxidative stress and nitrite dynamics under maximal load in elite athletes: relation to sport type
    Dejan Cubrilo
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, PO Box 124, 34000 Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia
    Mol Cell Biochem 355:273-9. 2011
    ..The aim of our study was to examine the effects of long-term engagement in sports with different energy requirements (aerobic, anaerobic, and aerobic/anaerobic) on oxidative stress parameters ..

Research Grants63

  1. Transitions in Physical Activity During Adolescence
    Cheryl Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer. ..
  2. Emotional Reactivity: A Trigger of Atrial Fibrillation
    Rachel Lampert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Determining triggers of AF, and identifying individuals at increased risk of recurrence, may lead to future therapeutic interventions aimed at decreasing the effects of triggers on the individual patient. ..
  3. PREVENTION THROUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY--PARENTAL INFLUENCE
    Cheryl Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing regular physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer. ..
  4. Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus Initiatives
    Joseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
  5. SATELLITE STEM CELL BIOLOGY
    Frank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The outcomes of the research will provide a more scientific basis to devise therapies to prevent and treat sarcopenia and physical frailty. ..
  6. Failed rescue of old skeletal muscle from atrophy
    Frank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying the inappropriately expressed mRNAs associated with failed muscle regrowth of old muscles will permit a more scientifically-based growth factor rescue of old atrophied muscle. ..
  7. EXERCISE INDUCED GROWTH OF SKELETAL MUSCLE
    Frank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Elucidation of the mechanisms signaling skeletal muscle growth may lead to drugs, gene therapy, or other countermeasures against skeletal muscle wasting in individuals for whom exercise is perhaps impossible. ..
  8. Proteomics: Inactivity-induced muscle insulin resistance
    Frank Booth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Outcomes of this proposal will better establish that healthy active skeletal muscles interact with other organ systems to prevent the metabolic disorders of type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and obesity. ..
  9. Genetic Architecture of Aging Skeletal Muscle
    Stephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Epidemiology of Jump-landing Movements and ACL Injury
    Stephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unlike some of the anatomical and hormonal risk factors discussed in the literature, neuromuscular risk factors are readily modifiable and are amenable to intervention. ..
  11. Early life antecedents of adult chronic disease
    Karen Remsberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Completion of this project will yield important new information regarding early detection of subclinical disease in those at risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. ..
  12. Risk of HTN Young Adult Lifestyle & Parental Influence
    MARGARET SAVOCA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This innovative approach will identify relevant intervention points for reducing the risk of hypertension among young African Americans. ..
  13. Neuromuscular Fatigue in Older Adults
    Sandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Effects of exercise on back pain in pregnancy
    PATRICK O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  15. 23rd - 27th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium
    W Dietrich; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, there are two sessions for open communications as well as a panel discussions led by Women in Neurotrauma Research. Specific information regarding the organization of future meetings is also discussed. ..
  16. Genetic Epidemiology of Aging Skeletal Muscle
    Stephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis
    Robert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. GTPase Activating Proteins in Aging and Osteoarthritis
    Lisa Fortier; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that these findings will facilitate identification of target molecules for development of therapeutics modalities for OA. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle Collsions
    PAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
  20. Dairy Products, Calcium, and Risk of Prostate Cancer
    I Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We also will examine men aged <65, 65-74, and 75+ years. This large database provides a unique and cost-effective opportunity to answer questions of public health importance. ..
  21. The Genetics of Infant Growth and Later Obesity
    Ellen W Demerath; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  22. Controversies in Physical Activity and CHD
    I Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also will examine CHD risk among men cross-classified by both physical activity and body weight. This proposal, at relatively little cost, will provide important information of public health significance. ..
  23. The Youth Employment Training Pilot Program
    Henry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
  24. Promoting Healthy Living: Assessing More Effects
    Diane Elliot; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We welcome the opportunity to continue our collaborations with other health promotion researchers in address compelling questions and advancing these critical aspects of our nation's health. ..
  25. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  26. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
  27. RCT Methylphenidate & Memory/Attention Training in Traumatic Brain Injury
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, it will help to clarify underlying neural mechanisms and suggest additional treatment possibilities. ..
  28. COMMUNITY STEPS TO MINORITY YOUTH FITNESS
    Antronette Yancey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Mediating variables are self-report behaviors and attitudes. 4. Compile and distribute a resource book that includes those behavior change strategies that were observed to work best with this population. ..
  29. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  30. PROMOTION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS
    Russell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed investigation will provide a unique and comprehensive examination of the factors that influence change in physical activity in high school girls. ..
  31. Genetic Aspects of Vestibular Dysfunction
    Stephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed project will generate important pilot data related to the genetics of vestibular dysfunction, thus fitting within the R21 grant mechanism. ..
  32. Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in Student
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): 300,000 individuals sustain sports concussions each year in the U.S. The majority of at-risk athletes are at the high school level...
  33. Nutritional and Hormonal Determinants of Peak Bone Mass
    Madhusmita Misra; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The effects of estrogen in weight recovered vs. non-weight recovered AN will also be studied. ..
  34. Physical Activity during Pregnancy, Fetal Growth, and Toddler Body Size
    Lanay Mudd; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Low glycemic diets in Latino children at risk for type 2 diabetes
    NAZRAT MIRZA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Through this career development award, Dr. Mirza expects to become established as an independent investigator and a leader in pediatric obesity and clinical nutrition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Development of a SimTK-based framework for hemiparetic walking assessment
    Richard R Neptune; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  37. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, effective prevention programs are lacking. We propose to develop and test a promising and potentially generalizable public health program for Latina girls...
  38. The Interaction of Mechanical Load and Inflammation in Tendon-Bone Healing
    Scott A Rodeo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of our studies will allow a scientific basis for the design of post- operative rehabilitation prescription. ..
  39. Role of Candidate Alleles in Cognitive Outcome After TBI
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. SPORT: Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized Trial
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to evaluate the 1-year efficacy of an after school team sports program for reducing weight gain among low-income children whom are at-risk of overweight and overweight...
  41. Risk Factors for Pancreatic Cancer
    I Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings from these analyses will have public health significance for a highly fatal disease. ..
  42. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THROMBOEMBOLIC STROKE
    W Dietrich; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Neuroprotective strategies that may be given to patients with stroke risk factors to prevent the initiation of stroke will be tested. ..
  43. CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDY
    JEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The CLAMP Study is the ideal scope and size of study to train Dr. Walline to become an independent investigator and has the potential to change the standard of care for young children who become nearsighted. ..
  44. BEAT OSTEOPOROSIS: NOURISH & EXERCISE SKELETONS (BONE)
    Christina Economos; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results from this study will provide an appropriate model for national replication and sustainability of a program to beat osteoporosis by nourishing and exercising skeletons early in life. ..
  45. DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION WORKING MEMORY TBI--FMRI STUDY
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Performance and fMRI visualized activation of WM circuitry will be characterized at baseline (on placebo) and following administration of a dopamine agonist. ..
  46. CAN SOCIAL NORMS MARKETING REDUCE HIGH-RISK DRINKING?
    William DeJong; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5) In Year 5, continue and complete data analysis to meet the outlined aims of the study. ..
  47. Homicide During Robbery: A Case-Control Study
    Stephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will assist in targeting prevention resources to specific high-risk workplaces and neighborhoods. ..
  48. PROMOTING HEALTHY LIFESTYLES--ALTERNATIVE MODELS EFFECT
    Diane Elliot; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study will compare the two health promotion paradigms and provide an understanding of how, and under what conditions behavior change can occur and be maintained. ..
  49. REDUCING TELEVISION VIEWING TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  50. Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity Levels
    I Min Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide important information for planning or redesigning communities in order to maximize the potential for physical activity and health. ..
  51. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  52. College Sports, Gender and Substance Use
    Kathleen Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Recent research findings indicate strong associations between sports participation and adolescent health-risk behavior; for example, compared to their peers, high school athletes are at lower risk for illicit drug use, cigarette smoking, ..
  53. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4. To conduct analyses to evaluate potential moderators and mediators of intervention effects on primary and secondary outcomes. ..
  55. Dental Practitioners and Eating Disorder Prevention
    Rita DeBate; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project is unique in that it takes a theoretical approach involving the dental practitioner as a key participant in the secondary and tertiary prevention of eating disorders. ..
  56. Task Dependence of Muscle Fatigue in Older Adults
    Sandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These preliminary findings will form the foundation for an RO 1 application that will further explore the mechanisms and task dependency of muscle fatigue in older adults. ..
  57. Type 2 Diabetes Primary Prevention for At Risk Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will also perform baseline and prospective risk factor/targeting studies and process studies, to better understand the relevance of the results and the intervention. ..
  58. Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive Behavior
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  59. Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and Wages
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
  60. PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF GROWTH HORMONE VARIANT
    Susan Kirk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Research Plan: will measure 1) the impact of GH-V on pituitary GH secretion in rats; 2) signal transduction pathways activated by GH-V; 3) the effect of GH-V on glomerular structure in mice. ..