play and playthings

Summary

Summary: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.

Top Publications

  1. doi Increasing school playground physical activity: a mixed methods study combining environmental measures and children's perspectives
    Lisa J Willenberg
    The McCaughey Centre, VicHealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 13:210-6. 2010
  2. ncbi Long-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures on children's recess physical activity levels
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Prev Med 44:393-7. 2007
  3. pmc The characteristics of the outdoor school environment associated with physical activity
    Ellen Haug
    Faculty of Psychology, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Christiesgate 13, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Health Educ Res 25:248-56. 2010
  4. doi Increasing preschoolers' physical activity intensities: an activity-friendly preschool playground intervention
    James C Hannon
    University of Utah, College of Health, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 250 South, 1850 East, Room 206, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Prev Med 46:532-6. 2008
  5. ncbi The effects of increasing outdoor play time on physical activity in Latino preschool children
    Sofiya Alhassan
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine and Division of General Pediatrics, University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 2:153-8. 2007
  6. ncbi Increasing children's physical activity levels during recess periods in elementary schools: the effects of providing game equipment
    Stefanie J M Verstraete
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University and Policy Research Center Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 16:415-9. 2006
  7. pmc Young children in urban areas: links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching
    Rachel Tolbert Kimbro
    Department of Sociology, Rice University, 6100 Main St, MS 28, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Soc Sci Med 72:668-76. 2011
  8. doi Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homes
    Katherine B Gunter
    College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Prev Med 54:131-3. 2012
  9. ncbi Resurrecting free play in young children: looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and affect
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:46-50. 2005
  10. ncbi The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds
    Kenneth R Ginsburg
    Pediatrics 119:182-91. 2007

Detail Information

Publications261 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Increasing school playground physical activity: a mixed methods study combining environmental measures and children's perspectives
    Lisa J Willenberg
    The McCaughey Centre, VicHealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 13:210-6. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi Long-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures on children's recess physical activity levels
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Prev Med 44:393-7. 2007
    ....
  3. pmc The characteristics of the outdoor school environment associated with physical activity
    Ellen Haug
    Faculty of Psychology, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Christiesgate 13, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Health Educ Res 25:248-56. 2010
    ..Therefore, improving the outdoor environment should be considered in physical activity promotion school programs in secondary schools...
  4. doi Increasing preschoolers' physical activity intensities: an activity-friendly preschool playground intervention
    James C Hannon
    University of Utah, College of Health, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 250 South, 1850 East, Room 206, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Prev Med 46:532-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to see if portable play equipment added to a preschool playground resulted in higher intensities of physical activity among 3-5-year-old children...
  5. ncbi The effects of increasing outdoor play time on physical activity in Latino preschool children
    Sofiya Alhassan
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine and Division of General Pediatrics, University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 2:153-8. 2007
    ..A randomized controlled pilot study to test the hypothesis that increasing preschool children's outdoor free play time increases their daily physical activity levels...
  6. ncbi Increasing children's physical activity levels during recess periods in elementary schools: the effects of providing game equipment
    Stefanie J M Verstraete
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University and Policy Research Center Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 16:415-9. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of providing game equipment on children's physical activity levels during morning recess and lunch break in elementary schools...
  7. pmc Young children in urban areas: links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching
    Rachel Tolbert Kimbro
    Department of Sociology, Rice University, 6100 Main St, MS 28, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Soc Sci Med 72:668-76. 2011
    ....
  8. doi Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homes
    Katherine B Gunter
    College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Prev Med 54:131-3. 2012
    ..To determine the relationship between family child care home (FCCH) practices and characteristics, and objectively measured physical activity (PA) among children attending FCCHs...
  9. ncbi Resurrecting free play in young children: looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and affect
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:46-50. 2005
    ..The benefits of play on children's social, emotional, and cognitive development are explored...
  10. ncbi The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds
    Kenneth R Ginsburg
    Pediatrics 119:182-91. 2007
    ....
  11. doi Neighborhood characteristics in relation to diet, physical activity and overweight of Canadian children
    Paul Veugelers
    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:152-9. 2008
    ....
  12. doi Predictors of time spent outdoors among children: 5-year longitudinal findings
    V Cleland
    Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:400-6. 2010
    ..This study aimed to understand individual, social and physical environmental influences on longitudinal changes in urban children's time outdoors...
  13. pmc Prenatal phthalate exposure and reduced masculine play in boys
    S H Swan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Int J Androl 33:259-69. 2010
    ..Our findings suggest that these ubiquitous environmental chemicals have the potential to alter androgen-responsive brain development in humans...
  14. pmc Influence of schoolyard renovations on children's physical activity: the Learning Landscapes Program
    Lois A Brink
    College of Architecture and Planning, Learning Landscapes, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Campus Box 126, PO Box 173364, Denver, CO 80217 3364, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1672-8. 2010
    ..We examined whether schoolyard improvements led to increased physical activity levels among both boys and girls and assessed the aspects of schoolyard design that have an impact on physical activity...
  15. pmc Societal values and policies may curtail preschool children's physical activity in child care centers
    Kristen A Copeland
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Pediatrics 129:265-74. 2012
    ..Children are primarily sedentary in these settings, and are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity. Our objective was to identify potential barriers to children's physical activity in child care centers...
  16. pmc Social and environmental factors associated with preschoolers' nonsedentary physical activity
    William H Brown
    Department of Educational Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Child Dev 80:45-58. 2009
    ..Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed...
  17. doi Places to play: association of park space and facilities with healthy weight status among children
    Luke R Potwarka
    Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Community Health 33:344-50. 2008
    ..Implications for park design are discussed...
  18. ncbi Twelve-month effects of a playground intervention on children's morning and lunchtime recess physical activity levels
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Phys Act Health 7:167-75. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the 12-month effects of a playground intervention on children's moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) during morning and lunchtime recess...
  19. doi Physical activity programming in family child care homes: providers' perceptions of practices and barriers
    Bronwyn Fees
    Kansas State University, Manhattan, 66506, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 41:268-73. 2009
    ..To examine family child care home (FCCH) providers' perceptions of appropriate physical activity (PA), current practices, and perceived barriers to inclusion of PA within their programs...
  20. ncbi Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents' perceptions of influences on children's active free-play
    Jenny Veitch
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 12:383-93. 2006
    ..The study findings have important implications for future urban planning and children's opportunities for active free-play...
  21. doi The neural basis of intuitive best next-move generation in board game experts
    Xiaohong Wan
    Cognitive Brain Mapping Laboratory, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Science 331:341-6. 2011
    ..These results suggest that the precuneus-caudate circuit implements the automatic, yet complicated, processes of board-pattern perception and next-move generation in board game experts...
  22. pmc Early social, imitation, play, and language abilities of young non-autistic siblings of children with autism
    Karen Toth
    UW Autism Center and Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:145-57. 2007
    ..These results suggest that the development of young non-autistic siblings is affected at an early age and, thus, should be closely monitored, with appropriate interventions implemented as needed...
  23. doi Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young people
    E M F Van Sluijs
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB20QQ, UK
    Br J Sports Med 44:747-55. 2010
    ..In this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified...
  24. ncbi School playground facilities as a determinant of children's daily activity: a cross-sectional study of Danish primary school children
    Glen Nielsen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Phys Act Health 9:104-14. 2012
    ..This study investigates the influence of school playground facilities on children's daily physical activity...
  25. pmc Features and amenities of school playgrounds: a direct observation study of utilization and physical activity levels outside of school time
    Natalie Colabianchi
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of School Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:32. 2011
    ..There are no studies that use direct observation and a detailed park assessment to examine these associations...
  26. doi Methodological considerations in using accelerometers to assess habitual physical activity in children aged 0-5 years
    Dylan P Cliff
    Child Obesity Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 12:557-67. 2009
    ..Recommendations for further research are outlined, based on the above findings, which, if undertaken, will enhance the accuracy of accelerometer-based assessments of habitual physical activity in young children...
  27. ncbi A national study of neighborhood safety, outdoor play, television viewing, and obesity in preschool children
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 116:657-62. 2005
    ..To test the hypothesis that preschool children have a higher prevalence of obesity, spend less time playing outdoors, and spend more time watching television (TV) when they live in neighborhoods that their mothers perceive as unsafe...
  28. ncbi Playful interaction: occupational therapy for all children on the school playground
    Anita C Bundy
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Occup Ther 62:522-7. 2008
    ..Our results revealed a potential role for occupational therapists with typically developing children in schools. This finding has clear implications for children with disability...
  29. doi Increasing physical activity in preschool: a pilot study to evaluate animal trackers
    Christine L Williams
    Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 41:47-52. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Permanent play facilities in school playgrounds as a determinant of children's activity
    Glen Nielsen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Phys Act Health 7:490-6. 2010
    ..To investigate whether the number of permanent playground facilities in schools influences objectively measured physical activity...
  31. ncbi Structure and stimulus familiarity: a study of memory in chess-players with functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Guillermo Campitelli
    Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, United Kingdom
    Span J Psychol 8:238-45. 2005
    ..The use of the experts-versus-novices paradigm in brain imaging contributes towards the search for brain systems involved in cognitive processes...
  32. doi Children and video games: addiction, engagement, and scholastic achievement
    Marko M Skoric
    Division of Communication Research, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
    Cyberpsychol Behav 12:567-72. 2009
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  33. pmc Early puzzle play: a predictor of preschoolers' spatial transformation skill
    Susan C Levine
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:530-42. 2012
    ..Implications of these findings as well as future directions for research on the role of puzzle play in the development of spatial skill are discussed...
  34. doi Television viewing, computer game play and book reading during meals are predictors of meal skipping in a cross-sectional sample of 12-, 14- and 16-year-olds
    Kathleen Custers
    Leuven School for Mass Communication Research and Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre LFoRCe, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Public Health Nutr 13:537-43. 2010
    ..To examine whether television viewing, computer game playing or book reading during meals predicts meal skipping with the aim of watching television, playing computer games or reading books (media meal skipping)...
  35. doi Hormone-behavior associations in early infancy
    Gerianne M Alexander
    Deparment of Psychology, TAMU 2435, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
    Horm Behav 56:498-502. 2009
    ..In male infants, higher androgen levels predicted stronger preferences for male-typical stimuli. These data provide the first evidence for a role for hormones in emerging sex-linked behavior in early development...
  36. doi Jumping off and being careful: children's strategies of risk management in everyday life
    Pia Christensen
    Institute of Education, University of Warwick, Coventry
    Sociol Health Illn 30:112-30. 2008
    ..The article critically discusses different sociological frameworks and shows the significance of the study for the growing literature on understanding the meaning of risk in childhood...
  37. pmc Understanding high traffic injury risks for children in low socioeconomic areas: a qualitative study of parents' views
    N Christie
    Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
    Inj Prev 13:394-7. 2007
    ..To gain an in-depth qualitative understanding of parents' views about their children's exposure to road traffic injury risk in low socioeconomic areas...
  38. ncbi Policy issues and risk-benefit trade-offs of 'safer surfacing' for children's playgrounds
    David J Ball
    Centre for Decision Analysis and Risk Management, School of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex University, Queensway, Enfield, Middlesex EN3 4SF, UK
    Accid Anal Prev 36:661-70. 2004
    ....
  39. pmc Pediatric eye injuries related to consumer products in the United States, 1997-2006
    Jennifer Moren Cross
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0009, USA
    J AAPOS 12:626-8. 2008
    ....
  40. ncbi Magnetic toy ingestion: surgical implications
    Natasha Moussouras
    Providence Alaska MC, USA
    Alaska Med 49:117-9. 2008
    ..We describe a case of multiple bowel perforations as a result of fistulization from magnetic attraction across portions of the intestinal wall that demonstrate the importance in acquiring surgical attention...
  41. ncbi A psychometric analysis of chess expertise
    Han L J van der Maas
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 118:29-60. 2005
    ..Incorporating response latencies in test scores is shown to lead to an increase in criterion validity, particularly for easy items...
  42. doi A stronger understanding of magnet-ingestion injuries
    Ramin Jamshidi
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:900; author reply 900. 2008
  43. pmc Object interest in autism spectrum disorder: a treatment comparison
    Andrea S McDuffie
    Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Autism 16:398-405. 2012
    ....
  44. ncbi Media use as a reason for meal skipping and fast eating in secondary school children
    J Van den Bulck
    The Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Van Evenstraat 2A, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Hum Nutr Diet 19:91-100. 2006
    ..This study examined self-reported meal skipping and eating faster than usual with the goal of watching television or playing computer games...
  45. ncbi The effects of gender, motor skills and play area on the free play activities of 8-11 year old school children
    Nathan Harten
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Room C7 41, City East Campus, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Health Place 14:386-93. 2008
    ..01). These results suggest that motor skills and play space are important variables in determining the free play activity of boys, but not of girls. This may be related to widely different play styles among boys and girls...
  46. doi Energy expenditure and enjoyment of common children's games in a simulated free-play environment
    Cheryl A Howe
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
    J Pediatr 157:936-942.e1-2. 2010
    ..To measure the energy expenditure and enjoyment of children's games to be used in developing a school-based intervention for preventing excessive weight gain...
  47. ncbi The risk of infection from toys in the intensive care setting
    Jacqueline Randle
    Postgraduate Division of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Nottingham
    Nurs Stand 20:50-4. 2006
    ..Recommendations for future practice are identified to ensure that toys can still be made available in hospital and are safe in relation to the transmission of infection...
  48. pmc Psychological determinants of risk taking by children: an integrative model and implications for interventions
    Barbara A Morrongiello
    Psychology Department, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 13:20-5. 2007
    ....
  49. pmc The effectiveness of a community playground intervention
    Robin Quigg
    Cancer Society of New Zealand Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand
    J Urban Health 89:171-84. 2012
    ..The effects of such interventions on different subgroups are of importance, especially if the effects differ over levels of BMI...
  50. doi The challenge of understanding and assessing physical activity in preschool-age children: Thinking beyond the framework of intensity, duration and frequency of activity
    Genevieve M Dwyer
    The University of Sydney Discipline of Pediatrics and Child Health, The Children s Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 12:534-6. 2009
    ..Understanding, assessing and promoting physical activity in young children should include identification of contextual factors such as developmental stage and aspects of play...
  51. ncbi Children's risky play from an evolutionary perspective: the anti-phobic effects of thrilling experiences
    Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter
    Department of Physical Education, Queen Maud University College of Early Childhood Education DMMH, Trondheim, Norway
    Evol Psychol 9:257-84. 2011
    ....
  52. doi Toy gun ocular injuries associated with festive holidays in Kuwait
    Manal Bouhaimed
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, State of Kuwait
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 247:463-7. 2009
    ..Prevalence of pediatric ocular trauma associated with toy guns appear to be on the rise, although they are fully preventable. The purpose of this study is to report ocular trauma secondary to toy-gun pellets in Kuwait...
  53. ncbi Universal, developmental, and variable aspects of young children's play: a cross-cultural comparison of pretending at home
    W L Haight
    School of Social Work, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Child Dev 70:1477-88. 1999
    ..These findings raise the theoretical issue of how universal and variable dimensions of pretend play interact in specific communities to create distinctive development pathways...
  54. doi Revisiting play elements and self-handicapping in play: a comparative ethogram of five Old World monkey species
    Milada Petrů
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    J Comp Psychol 123:250-63. 2009
    ..Of 48 patterns observed in langurs, 16 (33%) were totally dissimilar to any serious langur behavior known to us. The authors discuss the possibility that the different types of play elements may have different functions in play...
  55. ncbi Cognitive underpinnings of pretend play in autism
    M D Rutherford
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 33:289-302. 2003
    ..They also had significant deficits in our ToM measure, but not our EF measures. Regression analyses suggested a role for our measure of generativity, one of the EF measures...
  56. ncbi Social skills assessment of children with autism in free-play situations
    Angelika Anderson
    Research Centre for Interventions in Teaching and Learning, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019 Auckland, New Zealand
    Autism 8:369-85. 2004
    ..The adequacy of the provision of services for children with autism in mainstream provision is discussed...
  57. doi The validity and reliability of an instrument to assess children's outdoor play in various locations
    Jenny Veitch
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 12:579-82. 2009
    ..Evidence of the reliability and validity of items assessing where children play is novel and important considering the need to promote children's physical activity in a variety of settings...
  58. doi Best-practice guidelines for physical activity at child care
    Christina McWilliams
    Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1650-9. 2009
    ..Establishing comprehensive guidelines for physical activity at child care could result in higher activity levels and healthier children, but more research is needed...
  59. doi Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study
    Lawrence D Frank
    Schools of Population and Public Health and Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 42:e47-55. 2012
    ..GIS-based walkability measures designed to explain active travel fail to capture "playability" and proximity to healthy food. These constructs should be considered when measuring potential child obesogenic environments...
  60. doi Promoting physical activity at the pre-school playground: the effects of providing markings and play equipment
    Greet Cardon
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    Prev Med 48:335-40. 2009
    ..We aimed to investigate the effects of providing play equipment and markings at the pre-school playground on physical activity engagement levels...
  61. ncbi Active school playgrounds-myth or reality? Results of the "move it groove it" project
    A Zask
    Health Promotion Unit, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
    Prev Med 33:402-8. 2001
    ..School playgrounds during break times provide potential opportunities for children to be active during the school day. However, there is limited research on how active children really are during these breaks...
  62. ncbi The effect of multicolor playground markings on children's physical activity level during recess
    Gareth Stratton
    REACH Group, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster St, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Prev Med 41:828-33. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Early language and communication development of infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder
    Shelley Mitchell
    Autism Research Unit, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 27:S69-78. 2006
    ....
  64. ncbi Mammalian play: training for the unexpected
    M Spinka
    Ethology Group, Research Institute of Animal Production, CZ 104 01 Prague Uhríneves, Czech Republic
    Q Rev Biol 76:141-68. 2001
    ..It may also account for a diversity of individual methods for coping with unexpected misfortunes...
  65. doi Utilization and physical activity levels at renovated and unrenovated school playgrounds
    Natalie Colabianchi
    University of South Carolina, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Prev Med 48:140-3. 2009
    ..This study examined utilization and physical activity levels at renovated compared to unrenovated school playgrounds...
  66. pmc Rapid facial mimicry in geladas
    Giada Mancini
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43125, Parma
    Sci Rep 3:1527. 2013
    ..Moreover, data point to similarities in the modality in which mother-infant synchronous behaviours are expressed among primates, suggesting a common evolutionary root in the basic elements of mother-infant affective exchanges...
  67. ncbi Influences of preschool policies and practices on children's physical activity
    Marsha Dowda
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA
    J Community Health 29:183-96. 2004
    ..Children who attended preschools with lower quality spent more time in sedentary activity. In conclusion, children in preschools which may have more resources and better quality appear to show both more sedentary behavior and more MVPA...
  68. ncbi Neighborhood and developmental differences in children's perceptions of opportunities for play and physical activity
    N L Holt
    Child and Adolescent Sport and Activity Research Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, E 488 Van Vliet, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2H9
    Health Place 14:2-14. 2008
    ..Thus, both the type of urban neighborhood and children's age moderated perceptions of places to play and be physically active...
  69. ncbi Splashpads, swings, and shade: parents' preferences for neighbourhood parks
    Patricia Tucker
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON
    Can J Public Health 98:198-202. 2007
    ..Because children's use of parks is mainly under the influence of their parents, understanding parents' preferences is essential for creating the most inviting and usable park space to facilitate children's physical activity...
  70. ncbi A longitudinal study of pretend play in autism
    M D Rutherford
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S 4K1
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:1024-39. 2007
    ..1 months). Children with autism were profoundly delayed given both competence (prompted) measures as well as performance (spontaneous) measures. Joint attention at time 1 strongly and uniquely predicted pretend play development...
  71. ncbi Children's active free play in local neighborhoods: a behavioral mapping study
    J Veitch
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Health Educ Res 23:870-9. 2008
    ..It is important to collaborate with local governments, urban planners and community groups to improve access to neighborhood parks and to promote a sense of neighborhood safety...
  72. ncbi Occurrence of bacteria and biochemical markers on public surfaces
    Kelly A Reynolds
    The University of Arizona, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, Environmental Research Laboratory, 2601 E Airport Drive, Tucson, AZ 85706, USA
    Int J Environ Health Res 15:225-34. 2005
    ..Children's playground equipment is identified as a priority surface for additional research on the occurrence of and potential exposure to infectious disease causing agents...
  73. ncbi Validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression using home videotapes
    Emily Werner
    UW Autism Center and Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:889-95. 2005
    ..To date, there has been no objective validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression early in life...
  74. doi Language outcome in autism: randomized comparison of joint attention and play interventions
    Connie Kasari
    Psychological Studies in Education, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:125-37. 2008
    ..These findings suggest clinically significant benefits of actively treating JA and SP skills in young children with autism...
  75. doi Multiple magnet ingestion as a source of severe gastrointestinal complications requiring surgical intervention
    Sanjeev Dutta
    FRCSC, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, 780 Welch Rd, Ste 206, Stanford, CA 94305 5733, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:123-5. 2008
    ..To raise awareness of the dangers associated with magnet ingestion in children...
  76. doi Neighborhood disorder, perceived safety, and readiness to encourage use of local playgrounds
    Rebecca Miles
    Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 2280, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:275-81. 2008
    ....
  77. ncbi Where do the children play? The influence of playground equipment on physical activity of children in free play
    Thomas A Farley
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:319-31. 2008
    ..Promotion of physical activity in children depends on an understanding of how children use play equipment...
  78. ncbi Playing it safe: the influence of neighbourhood safety on children's physical activity. A review
    Alison Carver
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Vic, Australia
    Health Place 14:217-27. 2008
    ..A research agenda is suggested for further study of perceived and objective measures of neighbourhood safety and their associations with children's physical activity...
  79. doi The Classroom Observation Schedule to Measure Intentional Communication (COSMIC): an observational measure of the intentional communication of children with autism in an unstructured classroom setting
    Greg Pasco
    Department of Community Health Science, St George s University of London, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1807-18. 2008
    ..Results suggest that the use of observational measures of intentional communication in natural settings is a valuable assessment strategy for research and clinical practice...
  80. ncbi Association of access to parks and recreational facilities with the physical activity of young children
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Prev Med 43:437-41. 2006
    ..To determine associations of the neighborhood and home television environments with young children's physical activity...
  81. doi Environmental determinants of outdoor play in children: a large-scale cross-sectional study
    Marie Jeanne Aarts
    Tilburg University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department Tranzo, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 39:212-9. 2010
    ..Outdoor play is a cheap and natural way for children to be physically active...
  82. pmc A functional imaging study of cooperation in two-person reciprocal exchange
    K McCabe
    Cognition and Neuroimaging Laboratories, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11832-5. 2001
    ..Within the group of five noncooperators, there are no significant differences in prefrontal activation between computer and human conditions...
  83. ncbi Television viewing, computer game playing, and Internet use and self-reported time to bed and time out of bed in secondary-school children
    Jan Van den Bulck
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
    Sleep 27:101-4. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 38:265-85. 2003
    ..To examine longitudinal associations between diagnosis, joint attention, play and imitation abilities and language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder...
  85. pmc The contribution of active play to the physical activity of primary school children
    Rowan Brockman
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Prev Med 51:144-7. 2010
    ..To examine associations between active play and the physical activity of 10- to 11-year-old children...
  86. doi White matter neuroplastic changes in long-term trained players of the game of "Baduk" (GO): a voxel-based diffusion-tensor imaging study
    Boreom Lee
    Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience Center, Neuroscience Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Neuroimage 52:9-19. 2010
    ....
  87. doi Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity located in parks with playgrounds in New Zealand children
    Robin Quigg
    Cancer Society Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Prev Med 50:235-40. 2010
    ..To identify the proportion of children's physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds...
  88. ncbi Play fighting of rats in comparative perspective: a schema for neurobehavioral analyses
    S M Pellis
    Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Canada
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 23:87-101. 1998
    ....
  89. ncbi Social and communication development in toddlers with early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders
    Rebecca J Landa
    Kennedy Krieger Institute, Center for Autism and Related Disorders, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21211, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:853-64. 2007
    ..To our knowledge, no prospective studies of the developmental course of early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders from 14 months of age exist...
  90. doi Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parents
    Jacqueline Kerr
    1Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1244-8. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationships among exercise aids available at home, physical activity, and perceived neighborhood safety...
  91. pmc Effects of perinatal exposure to PCBs and dioxins on play behavior in Dutch children at school age
    Hestien J I Vreugdenhil
    Department of Paediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus University Rotterdam and University Hospital Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 110:A593-8. 2002
    ..048). These effects suggest prenatal steroid hormone imbalances caused by prenatal exposure to environmental levels of PCBs, dioxins, and other related organochlorine compounds...
  92. ncbi Toy magnet ingestion in children: revising the algorithm
    James Butterworth
    Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 42:e3-5. 2007
    ..This would include close observation and early intervention, either with endoscopy or surgical exploration, which would theoretically prevent the more severe complications, reported in the literature...
  93. pmc Stranger to familiar: wild strepsirhines manage xenophobia by playing
    Daniela Antonacci
    Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    PLoS ONE 5:e13218. 2010
    ..In conclusion, play appears to be an ice-breaker mechanism in the critical process that "upgrades" an individual from stranger to familiar...
  94. ncbi Experience and cortical control over the pubertal transition to rougher play fighting in rats
    Afra Foroud
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alta, Canada T1K 3M4
    Behav Brain Res 149:69-76. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that social experience is not needed for this developmental change to occur, and that an intact cortex is needed to regulate this change in behavior...
  95. doi Juvenile peer play experience and the development of the orbitofrontal and medial prefrontal cortices
    Heather C Bell
    Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
    Behav Brain Res 207:7-13. 2010
    ..The results indicated that the neurons of the OFC responded to the number of peers present, not whether those peers engaged in play or not, whereas the neurons of the mPFC responded specifically to the experience of play...
  96. ncbi Playground safety and access in Boston neighborhoods
    Angie L Cradock
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:357-63. 2005
    ..Youth physical activity is partly influenced by access to playgrounds and recreational opportunities. Playgrounds in disadvantaged areas may be less safe...
  97. pmc Severity of playground fractures: play equipment versus standing height falls
    D Fiissel
    The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
    Inj Prev 11:337-9. 2005
    ..To compare the severity of fractures from playground equipment falls to the severity of fractures from standing height falls occurring on the playground...
  98. ncbi Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses
    Lisa J Chamberlain
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, 750 Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:363-8. 2006
    ..To examine children's screen media exposure and requests for advertised toys and food/drinks...
  99. ncbi Who are tomboys and why should we study them?
    J Michael Bailey
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 31:333-41. 2002
    ..We outline some scientific benefits of studying tomboys and describe some goals and initial findings of the Tomboy Project...
  100. ncbi Trends and patterns of playground injuries in United States children and adolescents
    K J Phelan
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 1:227-33. 2001
    ..To determine the prevalence, trends, and severity of injuries attributable to playground falls relative to other common unintentional mechanisms that resulted in an emergency department (ED) visit in the United States...
  101. ncbi The relationship between joint attention and pretend play in autism
    T Charman
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Dev Psychopathol 9:1-16. 1997
    ..It also suggests directions for future work to clarify the relationship between the two skills and to identify the nature of the underlying primary deficit in autism...

Research Grants72

  1. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
  2. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
  3. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Discovery metabolite profiling of the prolyl peptidases
    Alan Saghatelian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, the application of DMP to peptidases will demonstrate the generality of this approach for the future characterization of medically relevant enzymes and signaling pathways. ..
  5. Genetic variation and regulatory networks: Mechanisms and complexity
    DANA PE ER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These tools will be made publicly available, including a friendly graphical user interface and visualization. ..
  6. Variation in M. tuberculosis in response to host selection
    Sarah Fortune; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In these studies, we expect to provide fundamental insights into the mechanisms and targets of diversifying immune selection in M. tuberculosis. ..
  7. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award...
  8. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. NIEHS SUPPORT OF THE AHS COHORT STUDY AT NCI
    Charles Knott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
  11. THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY - FIELD STATIONS
    Charles Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
  12. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  13. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  14. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  15. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Identification of Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations in Spondyloarthritis
    Tibor T Glant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  17. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  18. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  19. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  20. H1R Signaling and Immune Deviation in EAE
    Cory Teuscher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Role of NGF in inflammatory and proliferative cascades of psoriatic disease
    Siba P Raychaudhuri; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The success of this project will help the VA patient population immensely because both psoriasis and arthritis related sickness is a major problem among this group of patients. ..
  22. Role of Chromogranin A in Metabolic Syndrome
    Sushil K Mahata; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2. Evaluate the potential therapeutic effects of CST and its variants on insulin sensitivity and baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability in high fat diet-induced insulin resistant and in db/db diabetic mice. ..
  23. Cross-talk Between Coagulation, Inflammation, and Immunity
    Lawrence L Leung; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We believe that this crosstalk between blood clotting, inflammation and immunity is important and highly relevant to our understanding of many diseases including cancer, inflammatory diseases, and abnormal blood clotting. ..
  24. The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intake
    NILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will address important pathophysiological questions regarding the mechanisms regulating appetite and satiety as well as provide potentially important clinical treatment strategies. ..
  25. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Importance of antigen specific immunoglobulin responses in controlling SIV/SHIV i
    Bapi Pahar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using this approach, we predict that we will be able to correlate SIV specific mucosal immune responses with reduction of viremia and protection from disease progression in macaques infected with pathogenic viruses. ..
  27. FASEB SRC on Lysophospholipd Mediators in Health and Disease
    Julie D Saba; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  28. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate Cancer
    Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Information gleaned from our research may open up new strategies for prevention and clinical management of prostate cancer. ..
  30. Targeting Galectin-3 with novel drugs for treatment of eczema
    Fu Tong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hope the proposed studies will definitively validate galectin-3 as a target for treating atopic dermatitis and lead to the development of a novel therapy for this disease. ..
  31. Role of SAMe on UBC9 and sumolyation in liver cancer and alcoholic liver injury
    Maria Lauda Tomasi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Three aims are proposed in this application to test these hypotheses and elucidate how SAMe affects signaling pathways that are important in hepatocarcinogenesis and development of alcoholic liver injury. ..
  32. ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYS
    Patrice G Guyenet; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research focuses on specific neuronal networks located in the lower part of the brain called the medulla oblongata and its ultimate goal is to uncover novel treatments for OSA and other sleep-related respiratory disorders. ..
  33. CRF-Oxytocin Interaction in the Regulation of Stress and Affect
    Joanna Dabrowska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..My career objective is to conduct independent research to understand how stress and affect interact and elucidate their respective roles in the etiology of mental disorders like depression and anxiety. ..
  34. Structure and function of urea transporters
    Ming Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Compounds that selectively block urea transporter will have diuretic effect but will not interfere with the salt balance. ..
  35. Discovery of Small Molecule MBT Domain Antagonists
    STEPHEN VERNON FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The chemical probes designed, synthesized and validated in this proposal will have applications in the discovery of molecular targets to treat diseases such as cancer and in the development of safe stem cell based therapeutics. ..
  36. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7
    TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Agrin/alpha 3 Na,K-ATPase signaling at the neuromuscular junction
    Martin A Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This novel signal pathway represents a new therapeutic target for the treatment of neuromuscular disease. ..
  38. Sphingolipid Metabolism in Drosophila Development
    Julie D Saba; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, our research plan has potentially broad translational significance. ..
  39. Cellular &Inflammatory Pathways in Ashtma &Allergic Diseases: From IgE to Cells
    LAWRENCE BARRY SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Understanding more precisely the characteristics of and the mechanism(s) behind desensitization will enable physicians to better utilize this approach to reduce mast cell/basophil-mediated contributions to asthma and allergic diseases. ..
  40. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  41. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  42. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  43. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  44. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  45. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  46. Med1 in Liver Metabolism, Regeneration and Cancer
    Janardan K Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. MOLECULAR BASIS OF INSULIN RESISTANCE
    Maureen J Charron; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results of these studies may yield new information for setting guidelines for pregnant and lactating women that may protect offspring from enhanced susceptibility to these metabolic diseases. ..
  48. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Targeted siRNA nanotechnology for intravesical treatment of urologicaldiseases
    Robert M Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our first test of these nanoparticles will use a mouse model of bladder cancer. Thus, we can determine the therapeutic potential of siRNA for treatment of urologic diseases. ..
  50. Functional Genomics of the Mitochondrial Proteome
    Dennis R Winge; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The function of up to 30% of the mitochondrial proteome is unknown. This proposal will elucidate the function of these un-annotated mitochondrial proteins, providing new insights into the role of mitochondria in human disease. ..
  51. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  54. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  55. Insulin Signaling and the Heart in Diabetes
    EVAN DALE ABEL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Moreover, elucidation of the signaling mechanisms that regulate autophagy in cardiomyocytes may lead to novel therapies for preventing or modulating heart injury as occurs in diabetes, cardiac ischemia or cardiac hypertrophy. ..
  56. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  57. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  58. Skeletal Muscle. Ca Release Control Inside the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum.
    Eduardo Rios; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As a result there will be multiple repercussions to their defects or failures. It can be anticipated, therefore, that our research will have consequences outside its field of muscle and exercise. ..
  59. Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in Veterans
    RODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use a murine model of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis with exacerbation by smoke or DEP exposure to determine the efficacy of antiMUC1-SOD/CAT-NPs. ..
  60. Remodeling Neuronal Chromatin in Mouse Models for Depression
    Schahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Then, indirectly, the chromatin changes brought about by Setdb1 result in certain adaptations in the communication between nerve cells, ultimately resulting in an antidepressant-like effect. ..
  61. Hydrodynamic forces modulate renal tubular function
    Rajeev Rohatgi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  62. Role and Regulation of INrf2
    ANIL KUMAR JAISWAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The studies may also provide the basis for further analysis of identified targets (cis- and trans-elements) that could ultimately allow us to increase the chemoprotective capacity of cells. ..
  63. Effect of diet & commensal bacteria on diabetes outcome in NOD mouse
    Li Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Although we use a diabetes model system, the impact of our study is beyond T1D and could potentially apply to allergy, asthma and possibly other diseases that affect by environments. ..
  64. Site-directed Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer using Novel Angiogenesis Inhibitor
    Shaker A Mousa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A novel technology, the use of nanoparticles to encapsulate the test drugs, and direct them to tumors will be tested to determine whether these nanoparticles can improve the delivery of drugs and minimize the associated toxicities. ..
  65. Therapeutic for Intracerebral Hemorrhage
    Dale Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  66. Genetic Control of Axial Patterning in Drosophila Eye
    Amit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will also help to understand the molecular basis of developmental defects caused by mutations in the human homolog of Drosophila. ..
  67. Use of Interactive Gaming for Enhanced Function after Spinal Cord Injury
    BEATRICE JENNY KIRATLI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Health maintenance and prevention of further disablement and chronic illness is a high priority for VHA. ..
  68. Mechanisms of Astrocyte Development
    Teri L Belecky Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  69. Molecular mechanisms of oxidative stress resistance in an animal model of aging w
    Sarah Milton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  70. ALCOHOL AND LIVER ENDOTHELIAL CELLS IN IMMUNE RESPONSES
    Geoffrey Thiele; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies should contribute to the clarification of the role of ethanol modified LEC function and subsequent immune responses in the pathogenesis of alcohol liver injury. ..
  71. Improving Production of Attenuated Malaria Sporozoite Vaccines through Genetic Mo
    Peter Billingsley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Success in this project will significantly decrease the cost of development and production of the vaccine, and reduce the time to market for this malaria vaccine. ..
  72. JAK-3 AND MYELOID CELL DIFFERENTIATION
    E Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....