human activities

Summary

Summary: Activities performed by humans.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems
    Benjamin S Halpern
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 319:948-52. 2008
  2. ncbi Correlation between upstream human activities and riverine antibiotic resistance genes
    Amy Pruden
    Via Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 46:11541-9. 2012
  3. ncbi Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs
    Jason M Tylianakis
    Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
    Nature 445:202-5. 2007
  4. ncbi Human influences on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations
    Andrew P Hendry
    Redpath Museum and Department of Biology, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 2K6
    Mol Ecol 17:20-9. 2008
  5. pmc Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores
    Craig Packer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009
  6. ncbi Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests
    Jochen H Bihn
    Department of Ecology Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl von Frisch Strasse 8, D 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Ecology 91:782-92. 2010
  7. ncbi Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world
    Toby A Gardner
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK mail
    Ecol Lett 12:561-82. 2009
  8. ncbi Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe
    S E Randolph
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 15:24-31. 2010
  9. ncbi Dishwashers--a man-made ecological niche accommodating human opportunistic fungal pathogens
    P Zalar
    Biology Department, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Fungal Biol 115:997-1007. 2011
  10. ncbi Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration
    Richard J Hobbs
    School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:599-605. 2009

Detail Information

Publications279 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems
    Benjamin S Halpern
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 319:948-52. 2008
    ..and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems...
  2. ncbi Correlation between upstream human activities and riverine antibiotic resistance genes
    Amy Pruden
    Via Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 46:11541-9. 2012
    ..River Basin, which originates from a pristine region in the Rocky Mountains and runs through a gradient of human activities. A geospatial database was constructed to delineate surface water pathways from animal feeding operations, ..
  3. ncbi Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs
    Jason M Tylianakis
    Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
    Nature 445:202-5. 2007
    ..Altered interaction structure therefore represents an insidious and functionally important hidden effect of habitat modification by humans...
  4. ncbi Human influences on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations
    Andrew P Hendry
    Redpath Museum and Department of Biology, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 2K6
    Mol Ecol 17:20-9. 2008
    b>Human activities can expose populations to dramatic environmental perturbations, which may then precipitate adaptive phenotypic change...
  5. pmc Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores
    Craig Packer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009
    ..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
  6. ncbi Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests
    Jochen H Bihn
    Department of Ecology Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl von Frisch Strasse 8, D 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Ecology 91:782-92. 2010
    ..The observed loss of both species and functional diversity in secondary forests offers no reason to believe that the ecological functions provided by secondary forests are buffered against species loss through functional redundancy...
  7. ncbi Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world
    Toby A Gardner
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK mail
    Ecol Lett 12:561-82. 2009
    ..Building upon our synthesis we outline a simple adaptive-landscape planning framework that can help guide a new research agenda to enhance biodiversity conservation prospects in the human-modified tropics...
  8. ncbi Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe
    S E Randolph
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 15:24-31. 2010
    ..Variation in human activities that may impact inadvertently but positively on both the enzootic cycles and the degree of human exposure to ..
  9. ncbi Dishwashers--a man-made ecological niche accommodating human opportunistic fungal pathogens
    P Zalar
    Biology Department, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Fungal Biol 115:997-1007. 2011
    ..We conclude that high temperature, high moisture and alkaline pH values typically occurring in dishwashers can provide an alternative habitat for species also known to be pathogenic to humans...
  10. ncbi Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration
    Richard J Hobbs
    School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:599-605. 2009
    ..We suggest that these novel systems will require significant revision of conservation and restoration norms and practices away from the traditional place-based focus on existing or historical assemblages...
  11. pmc Anthropogenic noise affects risk assessment and attention: the distracted prey hypothesis
    Alvin Aaden Yim Hol Chan
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
    Biol Lett 6:458-61. 2010
    ..Anthropogenic sounds may thus distract prey and make them more vulnerable to predation...
  12. ncbi Genetic effects of harvest on wild animal populations
    Fred W Allendorf
    School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:327-37. 2008
    ..We recommend recognizing that some genetic change due to harvest is inevitable. Management plans should be developed by applying basic genetic principles combined with molecular genetic monitoring to minimize harmful genetic change...
  13. ncbi Sexual dimorphism, reproductive strategy, and human activities determine resource use by brown bears
    Karyn D Rode
    Washington State University, School of Biological Sciences, Pullman, Washington 99164 4236, USA
    Ecology 87:2636-46. 2006
    ..between the sexes have important implications, particularly when combined with differential effects of human activities on sex and age classes...
  14. pmc The effect of human activities and their associated noise on ungulate behavior
    Casey L Brown
    Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e40505. 2012
    ..This study investigated potential impacts of a variety of human activities and their associated noise on the behavior of elk (Cervus elaphus) and pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) ..
  15. ncbi Catastrophic ape decline in western equatorial Africa
    Peter D Walsh
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Guyot Hall, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    Nature 422:611-4. 2003
    ..Without aggressive investments in law enforcement, protected area management and Ebola prevention, the next decade will see our closest relatives pushed to the brink of extinction...
  16. pmc The global economic impact of manta ray watching tourism
    Mary P O'Malley
    WildAid, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e65051. 2013
    ....
  17. pmc Human activity helps prey win the predator-prey space race
    Tyler B Muhly
    Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e17050. 2011
    ..We urge scientist and managers to carefully consider and quantify the trait-mediated indirect effects of humans, in addition to direct effects, when assessing human impacts on wildlife and ecosystems...
  18. ncbi Risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Mediterranean semi-enclosed basin affected by human activities (Abu Qir Bay, Egypt)
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Institute of Ecological Chemistry and Waste Analysis, Technical University of Braunschweig, Hagenring 30, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    J Hazard Mater 170:389-97. 2009
    ..Also adverse health effects are not expected to occur from the consumption of the investigated mussels with respect to PAHs in Abu Qir Bay...
  19. ncbi Impact of human activities on the ecology of nontuberculous mycobacteria
    Joseph O Falkinham
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0406, USA
    Future Microbiol 5:951-60. 2010
    ..Owing to the presence of NTM in the human environment, human activities have had direct impacts on their ecology and thereby their epidemiology...
  20. ncbi Terrestrial ecosystem responses to species gains and losses
    David A Wardle
    Department of Forest Vegetation Ecology, Faculty of Forestry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE901 83 Umeå, Sweden
    Science 332:1273-7. 2011
    ..and drivers of global change; thus, explicit integration of research on how both processes simultaneously affect ecosystem functioning is key to determining the response of the Earth system to current and future human activities.
  21. ncbi Impacts of roads and hunting on central African rainforest mammals
    William E Laurance
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Conserv Biol 20:1251-61. 2006
    ..Roads had the greatest impacts on large and small ungulates, with the magnitude of road avoidance increasing with local hunting pressure...
  22. pmc Human activities on the deep seafloor in the North East Atlantic: an assessment of spatial extent
    Angela R Benn
    Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems Group, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12730. 2010
    Environmental impacts of human activities on the deep seafloor are of increasing concern...
  23. ncbi Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
    Heike K Lotze
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 312:1806-9. 2006
    ..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
  24. ncbi Does hunting regulate cougar populations? A test of the compensatory mortality hypothesis
    Hilary S Cooley
    Large Carnivore Conservation Laboratory, Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 6410, USA
    Ecology 90:2913-21. 2009
    ..Managers should not assume the existence of compensatory mortality when developing harvest prescriptions for cougars...
  25. ncbi Impacts of roads, hunting, and habitat alteration on nocturnal mammals in African rainforests
    William F Laurance
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama
    Conserv Biol 22:721-32. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi Conflicts between biodiversity conservation and human activities in the central and eastern European countries
    Juliette Young
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Hill of Brathens, Banchory, Aberdeenshire, UK
    Ambio 36:545-50. 2007
    Conflicts between the conservation of biodiversity and other human activities have been and continue to be of increasing concern in the European Union, often having important political, economic, and environmental repercussions...
  27. ncbi Using human activity data in exposure models: analysis of discriminating factors
    Thomas McCurdy
    Exposure Modeling Research Branch, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13:294-317. 2003
    ....
  28. pmc Microscopic modelling circadian and bursty pattern of human activities
    Jinhong Kim
    Complex System Analysis Team, NHN Corp, Seongnam City, Gyeonggi Do, Korea
    PLoS ONE 8:e58292. 2013
    Recent studies for a wide range of human activities such as email communication, Web browsing, and library visiting, have revealed the bursty nature of human activities...
  29. ncbi Identifying common pressure pathways from a complex network of human activities to support ecosystem-based management
    Antony M Knights
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Nicholson Building, Liverpool L69 3GP, United Kingdom
    Ecol Appl 23:755-65. 2013
    ..g., DPSIR [driver-pressure-state-impact-response]) are commonly used to describe an interaction between human activities and ecological characteristics of the ecosystem, but as each linkage is viewed independently, the diversity ..
  30. ncbi Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?
    Anthony D Barnosky
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Nature 471:51-7. 2011
    ..Our results confirm that current extinction rates are higher than would be expected from the fossil record, highlighting the need for effective conservation measures...
  31. ncbi Domesticated nature: shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfare
    Peter Kareiva
    Nature Conservancy, 4245 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 100, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
    Science 316:1866-9. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
  33. ncbi Ecology. How 'virgin' is virgin rainforest?
    K J Willis
    Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Biodiversity Research Group, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK
    Science 304:402-3. 2004
  34. ncbi Birdsong and anthropogenic noise: implications and applications for conservation
    Hans Slabbekoorn
    Institute of Biology, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
    Mol Ecol 17:72-83. 2008
    The dramatic increase in human activities all over the world has caused, on an evolutionary time scale, a sudden rise in especially low-pitched noise levels...
  35. ncbi On universality in human correspondence activity
    R Dean Malmgren
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Science 325:1696-700. 2009
    ..We confirm the universality of these mechanisms by rescaling letter and e-mail correspondence statistics to reveal their underlying similarity...
  36. ncbi Protecting biostructure
    Kevin McCann
    Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 Canada
    Nature 446:29. 2007
  37. ncbi Developing meaningful cohorts for human exposure models
    Stephen E Graham
    Exposure Modeling Research Branch, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, RTP, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:23-43. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction
    J Alroy
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, 735 State Street, Suite 300, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 292:1893-6. 2001
    ..Results are robust to variation in unconstrained parameters. This fully mechanistic model accounts for megafaunal extinction without invoking climate change and secondary ecological effects...
  39. ncbi The macroecological contribution to global change solutions
    Jeremy T Kerr
    Department of Biology, Canadian Facility for Ecoinformatics Research CFER, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Canada
    Science 316:1581-4. 2007
    ..Such macroecological perspectives will help address the biotic consequences of global change...
  40. ncbi Determining the native/non-native status of newly discovered terrestrial and freshwater species in Antarctica - current knowledge, methodology and management action
    Kevin A Hughes
    British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
    J Environ Manage 93:52-66. 2012
    ....
  41. ncbi Stress physiological responses to tourist pressure in a wild population of European pine marten
    Isabel Barja
    Departamento de Biología y Ciencias del Medio Ambiente, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad SEK, Segovia, Spain
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 104:136-42. 2007
    ..4+/-16.30) and free entry areas (41.59+/-12.73), respectively. Wild populations of European pine marten showed stress physiological response induced by the tourist pressure and this response is higher during reproductive season...
  42. pmc Activity inference for Ambient Intelligence through handling artifacts in a healthcare environment
    Francisco E Martínez-Pérez
    Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Km 103 Carretera Tijuana Ensenada, Ensenada, B C 022860, Mexico
    Sensors (Basel) 12:1072-99. 2012
    ..We discuss how the use of RBs might positively impact the problems faced by designers and developers for recovering information in an easier manner and thus they can develop tools focused on the user...
  43. ncbi Human impacts on regional avian diversity and abundance
    Christopher A Lepczyk
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:405-16. 2008
    ..co-occur with areas of high biodiversity (productivity); biodiversity decreases monotonically with increasing human activities (ecosystem stress); and biodiversity peaks at intermediate levels of human influence (intermediate ..
  44. ncbi Ecology for transformation
    Stephen R Carpenter
    Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:309-15. 2006
    ..As we discuss here, ecology should help formulate positive, plausible visions for relationships of society and ecosystems that can potentially sustain ecosystem services for long periods of time...
  45. ncbi The land ecological evolutional patterns in the source areas of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in the past 15 years, China
    Ju Qian
    Environ Monit Assess 116:137-56. 2006
    ..As a result, land ecological spatial distribution pattern in the region is changing and the state of eco-environment declining...
  46. ncbi Testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis with bird populations as habitat-specific environmental indicators: evidence from Canada
    Van Lantz
    Faculty of Environmental Management and Department of Economics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 6C2, Canada
    Conserv Biol 22:428-38. 2008
    ..Overall our EKC results were consistent with those found for threatened bird species, indicating that economic prosperity does indeed act to benefit some bird populations...
  47. ncbi [Effects of disturbances on plant species diversity of secondary forest in montane regions of eastern Liaoning Province]
    Zhihong Mao
    Qingyuan Experimental Forest, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:1357-64. 2006
    ..At present, anthropogenic disturbance mostly occurred in understory, while snow/wind damage occurred in canopy. Such dissimilarity could make the effects of environmental factors on plant species diversity differed greatly...
  48. ncbi Directional changes in ecological communities and social-ecological systems: a framework for prediction based on Alaskan examples
    F Stuart Chapin
    Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
    Am Nat 168:S36-49. 2006
    ....
  49. ncbi Emergy accounting of the Province of Siena: towards a thermodynamic geography for regional studies
    R M Pulselli
    Department of Chemical and Biosystems Sciences, University of Siena, Via della Diana, 2A 53100 Siena, Italy
    J Environ Manage 86:342-53. 2008
    ..of Siena, Italy, and applies an environmental accounting method to a region with reference to its population, human activities, natural cycles, infrastructures and other settings...
  50. ncbi [Effects of cutting intensity on spatial heterogeneity of topsoil temperature in secondary forest in Maoershan region of Heilongjian Province]
    Jiacun Gu
    College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:2248-54. 2006
    ..In treatments B and C, topsoil temperature fluctuated and had similar distribution patterns in the same seasons; while in treatment A, the temperature had a relatively even distribution within the year...
  51. doi Challenges to the uptake of the ecosystem service rationale for conservation
    Jaboury Ghazoul
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Department of Environmental Sciences, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Conserv Biol 21:1651-2. 2007
  52. ncbi Indigenous, colonist, and government Impacts on Nicaragua's Bosawas Reserve
    Anthony Stocks
    Department of Anthropology, Idaho State University, Box 8005, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:1495-505. 2007
    ....
  53. doi Optimism and hope in a hotter time
    David W Orr
    Environmental Studies, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:1392-5. 2007
  54. ncbi Ecosystem health assessment of the Jinghe River Watershed on the Huangtu Plateau
    An Ning Suo
    MOE Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
    Ecohealth 5:127-36. 2008
    ..This study provided a possible quantitative model for ecological planning and landscape management with respect to topographic conditions in this area...
  55. doi China's environmental challenges. A green fervor sweeps the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Hao Xin
    Science 321:633-5. 2008
  56. ncbi Plant-trait-based modeling assessment of ecosystem-service sensitivity to land-use change
    Fabien Quétier
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, UMR 5553 du CNRS, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F 38042 Grenoble, 09, France
    Ecol Appl 17:2377-86. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi Energy, food, and land-- the ecological traps of humankind
    Wolfgang Haber
    Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan, Technische Universität München Munich, 85350 Freising, Germany
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 14:359-65. 2007
    ..The article concludes with a short reflection on economy and competition as general driving forces, and on the role and reputation of today's ecology...
  58. doi Inadequate assessment of the ecosystem service rationale for conservation: reply to Ghazoul
    Claire Kremen
    University of California, 137 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 3114, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:795-8; discusion 799-801. 2008
  59. ncbi [Human appropriation of net primary production in the middle reach of Heihe River basin]
    Ai hua Long
    Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resource and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 19:853-8. 2008
    ..Comparing with EF, HANPP was more available for the assessment of sustainability in the sight of ecosystem function change...
  60. ncbi Complexity of coupled human and natural systems
    Jianguo Liu
    Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Science 317:1513-6. 2007
    ..They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have legacy effects on present conditions and future possibilities...
  61. ncbi Interaction diversity within quantified insect food webs in restored and adjacent intensively managed meadows
    Matthias Albrecht
    Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Anim Ecol 76:1015-25. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Detection of human influence on twentieth-century precipitation trends
    Xuebin Zhang
    Climate Research Division, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario M3H 5T4, Canada
    Nature 448:461-5. 2007
    ....
  63. ncbi Global change and the ecology of cities
    Nancy B Grimm
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 319:756-60. 2008
    ..Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world...
  64. ncbi An assessment of invasion risk from assisted migration
    Jillian M Mueller
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:562-7. 2008
    ..We conclude that the risk of AM to create novel invasive species is small, but assisted species that do become invasive could have large effects. Past experience with species reintroductions may help inform policy regarding AM...
  65. ncbi Effects of future infrastructure development on threat status and occurrence of Amazonian birds
    Mariana M Vale
    Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708 0328, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:1006-15. 2008
    ..These habitats and the species they hold will be increasingly relevant to conservation as river courses are altered and hydroelectric dams are constructed in the Brazilian Amazon...
  66. ncbi Climate change 2007: spring-time for sinks
    Dave Reay
    School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JN, UK
    Nature 446:727-8. 2007
  67. ncbi Grasslands, people, and conservation: over-the-horizon learning exchanges between African and American pastoralists
    Charles Curtin
    Ecological Policy Design, P O Box 418, North Haven, ME 04853, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:870-7. 2008
    ..grasslands and large migratory populations of wildlife have been disproportionately lost or disrupted by human activities, yet are poorly represented in protected areas...
  68. ncbi 4200 years of pine-dominated upland forest dynamics in west-central Mexico: human or natural legacy?
    Blanca L Figueroa-Rangel
    Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, School of Geography, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
    Ecology 89:1893-907. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Ecology. 25 years of ecological change at Mount St. Helens
    V H Dale
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 6036, USA
    Science 308:961-2. 2005
  70. ncbi Virgin rainforests and conservation
    Bruce M Beehler
    Science 305:943-4; author reply 943-4. 2004
  71. ncbi Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: bridging a widening gap
    Georgina M Mace
    NERC Centre for Population Biology, Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Mol Ecol 17:9-19. 2008
    ..Improved methods for integrating the work of scientists and policymakers is recommended, from the beginning to end of the planning process...
  72. ncbi Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean
    James P M Syvitski
    Environmental Computation and Imaging Facility, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research INSTAAR, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0450, USA
    Science 308:376-80. 2005
    ..African and Asian rivers carry a greatly reduced sediment load; Indonesian rivers deliver much more sediment to coastal areas...
  73. ncbi Coral reef habitats as surrogates of species, ecological functions, and ecosystem services
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, United Kingdom
    Conserv Biol 22:941-51. 2008
    ..In contrast, the representation of species or functional classes ensured inclusion of all processes and services in the reserve network...
  74. ncbi [Landscape pattern change at the upper reaches of Minjiang River and its driving force]
    Zhibin Hu
    Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:1797-803. 2004
    ..The natural disturbances such as the global climatic change also partly influenced the landscape change in this area...
  75. ncbi Tropical ecosystems into the 21st century
    Kamaljit S Bawa
    Science 306:227-8. 2004
  76. ncbi Assessing the causes of late Pleistocene extinctions on the continents
    Anthony D Barnosky
    Department of Integrative Biology and Museums of Paleontology and Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 306:70-5. 2004
    ..Firmer chronologies, more realistic ecological models, and regional paleoecological insights still are needed to understand details of the worldwide extinction pattern and the population dynamics of the species involved...
  77. ncbi [Dynamics of ecological footprints of agricultural region in Hexi oasis of Gansu Province]
    Haiming Lin
    Agricultural Ecology and Engineering Institute, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:827-32. 2004
    ..These results showed that the regional economic development of Hexi region was far away from sustainable development, and was in no-sustainable state...
  78. ncbi Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutions
    James N Galloway
    Environmental Sciences Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Science 320:889-92. 2008
    ..Optimizing the need for a key human resource while minimizing its negative consequences requires an integrated interdisciplinary approach and the development of strategies to decrease nitrogen-containing waste...
  79. ncbi Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
    Cynthia Rosenzweig
    NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Nature 453:353-7. 2008
    ....
  80. ncbi Long-term forecast: key to groundwater protection
    Joachim Gerth
    Arbeitsbereich Umweltschutztechnik, Technische Universitat Hamburg Harburg, Eissendorfer Strasse 40, D 21071 Hamburg, Germany
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 11:49-56. 2004
    ..At higher risk when contaminated substrates are chosen for deposition on a large scale, a thorough characterization of the materials is necessary covering all aspects of stability and possible changes of the environment...
  81. pmc Freshwater as shared between society and ecosystems: from divided approaches to integrated challenges
    Malin Falkenmark
    Stockholm International Water Institute SIWI, Hantverkargatan 5, SE 112 21 Stockholm, Sweden
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:2037-49. 2003
    ..incompatibility of the social imperative of the millennium goals and its environmental sustainability goal, human activities and ecosystems have to be orchestrated for compatibility...
  82. ncbi Ecology. Ecology for a crowded planet
    Margaret Palmer
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Science 304:1251-2. 2004
  83. ncbi [Effects of islanding on plant species diversity in Thousand-island Lake region]
    Jianbo Lu
    Institute of Agroecology, College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 16:1672-6. 2005
    ....
  84. ncbi Human appropriation of photosynthesis products
    S Rojstaczer
    Center for Hydrologic Science and Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Science 294:2549-52. 2001
    ..Improved estimates will require high-resolution global measures within agricultural lands and tropical forests...
  85. ncbi The law of the jungle
    John Whitfield
    Nature 421:8-9. 2003
  86. ncbi Geology of mankind
    Paul J Crutzen
    Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, PO Box 3060, D 55020 Mainz, Germany
    Nature 415:23. 2002
  87. ncbi Reflections in a stock pond: are anthropogenically derived freshwater ecosystems natural, artificial, or something else?
    Robert R Crifasi
    City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
    Environ Manage 36:625-39. 2005
    ..This work stresses the importance of understanding the underlying societal forces and cultural values responsible for the creation of hybrid freshwater ecosystems as a central step in their conservation and management...
  88. ncbi Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world's large river systems
    Christer Nilsson
    Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umea University, SE 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Science 308:405-8. 2005
    ..In view of projected changes in climate and water resource use, these findings can be used to identify ecological risks associated with further impacts on large river systems...
  89. ncbi Brazilian ecosystems: History, management, and preservation. South American landscapes: ancient and modern
    Anne Simon Moffat
    Science 296:1959-61. 2002
  90. ncbi Using a set of strategic indicator systems as a decision-making support implement for establishing a recycling-oriented society. A Taiwanese case study
    I Cheng Chang
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Lan Yang Institute of Technology, No 79, Fushing Rd, Toucheng, Ilan County, Taiwan 261
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:96-108. 2005
    ..ROSAIS, on the one hand, can act as a compass for understanding resource using efficiency and recycling status during city development and, on the other hand, can serve as an implement supporting decision-making for ROS construction...
  91. pmc Using remote sensing and GIS in the analysis of ecosystem decline along the River Niger Basin: the case of Mali and Niger
    Yaw A Twumasi
    Center for Hydrology, Soil Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department of Plant and Soil Science, Alabama A and M University, Normal, AL 35762, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 4:173-84. 2007
    ..Considering the intense ecosystem stress inflicted on River Niger by human activities and natural forces emanating from upstream and downstream nations...
  92. ncbi Distribution, population density, and status of sympatric cercopithecids in the Campo-Ma'an area, Southwestern Cameroon
    Adele Matthews
    Institut fur Anthropologie und Humanbiologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Albrecht Thaer Weg 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Primates 43:155-68. 2002
    ..Guenon densities found inside areas with a high level of human activities did not differ significantly from densities estimated in areas with a lower level of human activities. C...
  93. ncbi The quantitative characterization of free radical sources and traps by electromigration applications
    Gabriella Donáth-Nagy
    University of Medicine and Pharmacy from Targu Mures, Romania
    J Biochem Biophys Methods 70:1317-23. 2008
    Nowadays, very diverse human activities generate urgent demands for fast, sensitive reliable innovative tools capable of detecting major industrial, military, and other dangerous products...
  94. ncbi Recent climate change in the Arctic and its impact on contaminant pathways and interpretation of temporal trend data
    R W Macdonald
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, P O Box 6000, Sydney, BC, Canada V8L 4B2
    Sci Total Environ 342:5-86. 2005
    ..in the physical system (ice cover, permafrost degradation, organic carbon cycling) may be more important than human activities. Organochlorine contaminants offer a surprising array of possibilities for changed pathways...
  95. ncbi Anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle for a sustainable future
    George A Olah
    Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, University Park, Los Angeles, California 90089 1661, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 133:12881-98. 2011
    ..Carbon dioxide is captured by absorption technologies from any natural or industrial source, from human activities, or even from the air itself...
  96. ncbi A population exposure model for particulate matter: case study results for PM(2.5) in Philadelphia, PA
    J M Burke
    US EPA, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 11:470-89. 2001
    ..Variability in human activities, and the presence of indoor-residential sources in particular, contributed to the observed variability in ..
  97. ncbi Host density and human activities mediate increased parasite prevalence and richness in primates threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation
    David N M Mbora
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    J Anim Ecol 78:210-8. 2009
    ..However, these studies have not tested for the ecological mechanism(s) by which human activities or forest fragmentation influence the prevalence and richness of parasites. 3...
  98. ncbi The marine food chain in relation to biodiversity
    A R Price
    Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    ScientificWorldJournal 1:579-87. 2001
    ..Many human activities, including unsustainable fishing and mariculture, lead to erosion of marine biodiversity...
  99. ncbi Relationships between human disturbance and wildlife land use in urban habitat fragments
    Lisa Markovchick-Nicholls
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 98192 1416, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:99-109. 2008
    ..Hence, when considering habitat remnants as conservation refuges it is crucial to understand how human activities and land uses affect wildlife use of those and adjacent areas...
  100. ncbi The United States Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program: a collaborative approach to carbon management
    John T Litynski
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
    Environ Int 32:128-44. 2006
    ..on Climate Change which stated "Greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise...
  101. ncbi Effect of simulated acid rain on the litter decomposition of Quercus acutissima and Pinus massoniana in forest soil microcosms and the relationship with soil enzyme activities
    Congyan Wang
    School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
    Sci Total Environ 408:2706-13. 2010
    With the continuing increase in human activities, ecologists are increasingly interested in understanding the effects of acid rain on litter decomposition...

Research Grants31

  1. Reductive Dehalogenation in Mammals by Iodotyrosine Deiodinase
    Steven E Rokita; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Organohalides are ubiquitous in the environment through natural and human activities. Most organisms detoxify and degrade these compounds by enzyme-mediated hydrolysis, elimination or oxidation...
  2. 2010 Environmental Endocrine Disruptors Gordon Research Conference
    ROBERT THOMAS ZOELLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of this diversity of research is to understand whether - and the mechanisms by which - chemicals derived from human activities impact animal life on the planet so that we can protect our planet and ourselves from adverse consequences...
  3. An Experimental Model of Human Language and Cognition in Drug Dependence
    KENNETH MICHAEL CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Vebal/Cognitive processes are pervasive in most human activities and can alter the effects of direct learning procedures...
  4. Respiratory Health Effects of Global Climate Change Workshop
    KENT ED PINKERTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Panel on Climate Change 2007 Fourth Assessment Report, global climate changes are likely driven by human activities and, unless quickly abated, will likely have severe and prolonged impacts on climate, including higher ..
  5. Investigation of PAH Photodegradation in Solutions
    Krishna L Foster; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Human activities, including the combustion of fossil fuels, contribute to the total abundance of these compounds in the ..
  6. In vivo functional expression system for Drosophila gustatory receptors
    REBECCA DELVENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Insect behaviors driven by chemosensation, such as host-seeking, feeding, and mating, have a major impact on human activities. Insects contribute to the spread of a variety of infectious diseases through feeding on human hosts, and ..
  7. The Role of Expertise in Object Perception
    Isabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Visual expertise is part of many critical human activities, from face perception to reading, as well as the acquisition of the perceptual skills necessary in many ..
  8. ALCOHOL, SLEEP DEPRIVATION & INFORMATION PROCESSING
    OSCAR PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..effects of these two treatment conditions of component cognitive processes, fundamental to a wide range of human activities. Further, little is known about the effects of these two conditions in combination, despite the fact that the ..
  9. DIAZEPAM, ALCOHOL AND HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING
    OSCAR PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..generality to the extent that stimulus input processing and response output processing are ubiquitous to most of the cognitive reaction processes invoked by the discrete performance demands encountered in daily human activities.
  10. TRANSPORT OF PESTICIDES MEDIATED BY MRP1 AND MRP3
    Lisa Bain; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Pesticides continue to enter the environment through human activities and pose a health risk by their presence in the food we eat, runoff into water, and persistence in soils and sediments...
  11. CATARACT, UV AND OZONE LOSS: MODELS USING SEE DATA
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The decrease in ozone associated with human activities results in a significant increase in ultraviolet radiation...
  12. Recruitment of Enzymes to Serve New Functions
    SHELLEY COPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This process continues to be important as bacteria respond to novel selection pressures imposed by human activities. Of particular importance to human health is the emergence of antibiotic resistance, which can arise by ..
  13. ISEE 19th Annual Conference
    Daniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The four plenary sessions will address "The Impact of Human Activities on the Atmosphere," "Urban Design and Public Health," "Global Environmental Change and Human Health," and "..
  14. Genotype-Environment variation in heavy metal tolerance
    ERIC VON WETTBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Both natural processes and human activities can result in environmental toxins. The severity of toxicity varies with both expsoure to toxins and the susceptibility of particular genetic backgrounds...
  15. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, we will share our results with public health organizations and the scientific community in a timely fashion in order to maximize the public good. ..
  16. CANDIDA ALBICANS SURFACE ANTIGENS
    Jim Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  17. PDE3 Inhibitors: Selective Blockers of Oocyte Maturation
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This approach is expected to provide a foundation for future Phase 1 trials of PDE3 inhibitors in humans. ..
  18. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  19. Cross-Protective Vaccines Against Emerging Infectious Agents
    MICHAEL MAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We propose to express Y. pseudotuberculosis LcrV in Salmonella dam mutant vaccines, and test whether vaccinated animals are protected against Y. pseudotuberculosis infection in a mouse model for Yersinia bacteremia. ..
  20. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  21. Epigenetic Control of Bacterial Virulence
    MICHAEL MAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such information is vital toward developing novel antimicrobials and vaccines against biowarfare agents and emerging infectious diseases that currently threaten public health worldwide. ..
  22. PRESERVATION OF GENETIC LINES IN A NON MAMMALIAN SYSTEM
    Mary Hagedorn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Most importantly, these somatic changes will not affect the germ line, so they are ideal for genomic banking to maintain important genetic stocks for biomedical and endangered fish research. ..
  23. BENZODIAZEPINE USE AND RISK OF DISABILITY IN THE ELDERLY
    Shelly Gray; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  24. UTILITY OF MOMENTARY VERSUS RECALLED SELF REPORTS
    Arthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the study will provide practical information for researchers using momentary assessment methods. ..
  25. Effect of a Pain Protocol on Discomfort in Dementia
    Christine R Kovach; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Inferential analyses planned include: mixed models for repeated measures, analysis of variance, Chi square and regression models for testing dose response. ..
  26. Ecological validity in patient-reported chronic disease outcomes(RMI)
    Arthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  27. Non-exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT)
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, these studies may provide information regarding the pathogenesis of obesity and potentially into novel modalities for preventing and treating obesity. ..
  28. Instruments for measuring physical activity
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This should allow us to better define the role of physical activity in health and disease. ..
  29. NEAT & Physical Activity Assessment in the Elderly
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies may potentially guide us to devise novel strategies to prevent sarcopenia and promote physical activity in the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Nutritional Restriction and Activity Thermogenesis
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1 2 Description, ..
  31. Topologic properties of metabolic networks
    Albert Laszlo Barabasi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..