Summary: Activities performed by humans.
Publications279 found, 100 shown here
- A global map of human impact on marine ecosystemsBenjamin S Halpern
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
Science 319:948-52. 2008..and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems...
- Correlation between upstream human activities and riverine antibiotic resistance genesAmy Pruden
Via Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Environ Sci Technol 46:11541-9. 2012..River Basin, which originates from a pristine region in the Rocky Mountains and runs through a gradient of human activities. A geospatial database was constructed to delineate surface water pathways from animal feeding operations, ..
- Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food websJason M Tylianakis
Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
Nature 445:202-5. 2007..Altered interaction structure therefore represents an insidious and functionally important hidden effect of habitat modification by humans...
- Human influences on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populationsAndrew P Hendry
Redpath Museum and Department of Biology, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 2K6
Mol Ecol 17:20-9. 2008b>Human activities can expose populations to dramatic environmental perturbations, which may then precipitate adaptive phenotypic change...
- Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivoresCraig Packer
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
- Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forestsJochen H Bihn
Department of Ecology Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl von Frisch Strasse 8, D 35032 Marburg, Germany
Ecology 91:782-92. 2010..The observed loss of both species and functional diversity in secondary forests offers no reason to believe that the ecological functions provided by secondary forests are buffered against species loss through functional redundancy...
- Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified worldToby A Gardner
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK mail
Ecol Lett 12:561-82. 2009..Building upon our synthesis we outline a simple adaptive-landscape planning framework that can help guide a new research agenda to enhance biodiversity conservation prospects in the human-modified tropics...
- Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in EuropeS E Randolph
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
Euro Surveill 15:24-31. 2010..Variation in human activities that may impact inadvertently but positively on both the enzootic cycles and the degree of human exposure to ..
- Dishwashers--a man-made ecological niche accommodating human opportunistic fungal pathogensP Zalar
Biology Department, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Fungal Biol 115:997-1007. 2011..We conclude that high temperature, high moisture and alkaline pH values typically occurring in dishwashers can provide an alternative habitat for species also known to be pathogenic to humans...
- Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restorationRichard J Hobbs
School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Trends Ecol Evol 24:599-605. 2009..We suggest that these novel systems will require significant revision of conservation and restoration norms and practices away from the traditional place-based focus on existing or historical assemblages...
- Anthropogenic noise affects risk assessment and attention: the distracted prey hypothesisAlvin Aaden Yim Hol Chan
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
Biol Lett 6:458-61. 2010..Anthropogenic sounds may thus distract prey and make them more vulnerable to predation...
- Genetic effects of harvest on wild animal populationsFred W Allendorf
School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Trends Ecol Evol 23:327-37. 2008..We recommend recognizing that some genetic change due to harvest is inevitable. Management plans should be developed by applying basic genetic principles combined with molecular genetic monitoring to minimize harmful genetic change...
- Sexual dimorphism, reproductive strategy, and human activities determine resource use by brown bearsKaryn D Rode
Washington State University, School of Biological Sciences, Pullman, Washington 99164 4236, USA
Ecology 87:2636-46. 2006..between the sexes have important implications, particularly when combined with differential effects of human activities on sex and age classes...
- The effect of human activities and their associated noise on ungulate behaviorCasey L Brown
Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e40505. 2012..This study investigated potential impacts of a variety of human activities and their associated noise on the behavior of elk (Cervus elaphus) and pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) ..
- Catastrophic ape decline in western equatorial AfricaPeter D Walsh
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Guyot Hall, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
Nature 422:611-4. 2003..Without aggressive investments in law enforcement, protected area management and Ebola prevention, the next decade will see our closest relatives pushed to the brink of extinction...
- The global economic impact of manta ray watching tourismMary P O'Malley
WildAid, San Francisco, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e65051. 2013....
- Human activity helps prey win the predator-prey space raceTyler B Muhly
Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e17050. 2011..We urge scientist and managers to carefully consider and quantify the trait-mediated indirect effects of humans, in addition to direct effects, when assessing human impacts on wildlife and ecosystems...
- Risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Mediterranean semi-enclosed basin affected by human activities (Abu Qir Bay, Egypt)Mohammed A Khairy
Institute of Ecological Chemistry and Waste Analysis, Technical University of Braunschweig, Hagenring 30, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
J Hazard Mater 170:389-97. 2009..Also adverse health effects are not expected to occur from the consumption of the investigated mussels with respect to PAHs in Abu Qir Bay...
- Impact of human activities on the ecology of nontuberculous mycobacteriaJoseph O Falkinham
Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0406, USA
Future Microbiol 5:951-60. 2010..Owing to the presence of NTM in the human environment, human activities have had direct impacts on their ecology and thereby their epidemiology...
- Terrestrial ecosystem responses to species gains and lossesDavid A Wardle
Department of Forest Vegetation Ecology, Faculty of Forestry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE901 83 Umeå, Sweden
Science 332:1273-7. 2011..and drivers of global change; thus, explicit integration of research on how both processes simultaneously affect ecosystem functioning is key to determining the response of the Earth system to current and future human activities.
- Impacts of roads and hunting on central African rainforest mammalsWilliam E Laurance
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama
Conserv Biol 20:1251-61. 2006..Roads had the greatest impacts on large and small ungulates, with the magnitude of road avoidance increasing with local hunting pressure...
- Human activities on the deep seafloor in the North East Atlantic: an assessment of spatial extentAngela R Benn
Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems Group, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e12730. 2010Environmental impacts of human activities on the deep seafloor are of increasing concern...
- Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seasHeike K Lotze
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 312:1806-9. 2006..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
- Does hunting regulate cougar populations? A test of the compensatory mortality hypothesisHilary S Cooley
Large Carnivore Conservation Laboratory, Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 6410, USA
Ecology 90:2913-21. 2009..Managers should not assume the existence of compensatory mortality when developing harvest prescriptions for cougars...
- Impacts of roads, hunting, and habitat alteration on nocturnal mammals in African rainforestsWilliam F Laurance
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama
Conserv Biol 22:721-32. 2008....
- Conflicts between biodiversity conservation and human activities in the central and eastern European countriesJuliette Young
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Hill of Brathens, Banchory, Aberdeenshire, UK
Ambio 36:545-50. 2007Conflicts between the conservation of biodiversity and other human activities have been and continue to be of increasing concern in the European Union, often having important political, economic, and environmental repercussions...
- Using human activity data in exposure models: analysis of discriminating factorsThomas McCurdy
Exposure Modeling Research Branch, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13:294-317. 2003....
- Microscopic modelling circadian and bursty pattern of human activitiesJinhong Kim
Complex System Analysis Team, NHN Corp, Seongnam City, Gyeonggi Do, Korea
PLoS ONE 8:e58292. 2013Recent studies for a wide range of human activities such as email communication, Web browsing, and library visiting, have revealed the bursty nature of human activities...
- Identifying common pressure pathways from a complex network of human activities to support ecosystem-based managementAntony M Knights
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Nicholson Building, Liverpool L69 3GP, United Kingdom
Ecol Appl 23:755-65. 2013..g., DPSIR [driver-pressure-state-impact-response]) are commonly used to describe an interaction between human activities and ecological characteristics of the ecosystem, but as each linkage is viewed independently, the diversity ..
- Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?Anthony D Barnosky
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Nature 471:51-7. 2011..Our results confirm that current extinction rates are higher than would be expected from the fossil record, highlighting the need for effective conservation measures...
- Domesticated nature: shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfarePeter Kareiva
Nature Conservancy, 4245 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 100, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
Science 316:1866-9. 2007....
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Ecology. How 'virgin' is virgin rainforest?K J Willis
Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Biodiversity Research Group, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK
Science 304:402-3. 2004
- Birdsong and anthropogenic noise: implications and applications for conservationHans Slabbekoorn
Institute of Biology, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Mol Ecol 17:72-83. 2008The dramatic increase in human activities all over the world has caused, on an evolutionary time scale, a sudden rise in especially low-pitched noise levels...
- On universality in human correspondence activityR Dean Malmgren
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Science 325:1696-700. 2009..We confirm the universality of these mechanisms by rescaling letter and e-mail correspondence statistics to reveal their underlying similarity...
- Protecting biostructureKevin McCann
Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 Canada
Nature 446:29. 2007
- Developing meaningful cohorts for human exposure modelsStephen E Graham
Exposure Modeling Research Branch, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, RTP, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:23-43. 2004....
- A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinctionJ Alroy
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, 735 State Street, Suite 300, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
Science 292:1893-6. 2001..Results are robust to variation in unconstrained parameters. This fully mechanistic model accounts for megafaunal extinction without invoking climate change and secondary ecological effects...
- The macroecological contribution to global change solutionsJeremy T Kerr
Department of Biology, Canadian Facility for Ecoinformatics Research CFER, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Canada
Science 316:1581-4. 2007..Such macroecological perspectives will help address the biotic consequences of global change...
- Determining the native/non-native status of newly discovered terrestrial and freshwater species in Antarctica - current knowledge, methodology and management actionKevin A Hughes
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
J Environ Manage 93:52-66. 2012....
- Stress physiological responses to tourist pressure in a wild population of European pine martenIsabel Barja
Departamento de Biología y Ciencias del Medio Ambiente, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad SEK, Segovia, Spain
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 104:136-42. 2007..4+/-16.30) and free entry areas (41.59+/-12.73), respectively. Wild populations of European pine marten showed stress physiological response induced by the tourist pressure and this response is higher during reproductive season...
- Activity inference for Ambient Intelligence through handling artifacts in a healthcare environmentFrancisco E Martínez-Pérez
Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Km 103 Carretera Tijuana Ensenada, Ensenada, B C 022860, Mexico
Sensors (Basel) 12:1072-99. 2012..We discuss how the use of RBs might positively impact the problems faced by designers and developers for recovering information in an easier manner and thus they can develop tools focused on the user...
- Human impacts on regional avian diversity and abundanceChristopher A Lepczyk
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Conserv Biol 22:405-16. 2008..co-occur with areas of high biodiversity (productivity); biodiversity decreases monotonically with increasing human activities (ecosystem stress); and biodiversity peaks at intermediate levels of human influence (intermediate ..
- Ecology for transformationStephen R Carpenter
Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 21:309-15. 2006..As we discuss here, ecology should help formulate positive, plausible visions for relationships of society and ecosystems that can potentially sustain ecosystem services for long periods of time...
- The land ecological evolutional patterns in the source areas of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in the past 15 years, ChinaJu Qian
Environ Monit Assess 116:137-56. 2006..As a result, land ecological spatial distribution pattern in the region is changing and the state of eco-environment declining...
- Testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis with bird populations as habitat-specific environmental indicators: evidence from CanadaVan Lantz
Faculty of Environmental Management and Department of Economics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 6C2, Canada
Conserv Biol 22:428-38. 2008..Overall our EKC results were consistent with those found for threatened bird species, indicating that economic prosperity does indeed act to benefit some bird populations...
- [Effects of disturbances on plant species diversity of secondary forest in montane regions of eastern Liaoning Province]Zhihong Mao
Qingyuan Experimental Forest, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:1357-64. 2006..At present, anthropogenic disturbance mostly occurred in understory, while snow/wind damage occurred in canopy. Such dissimilarity could make the effects of environmental factors on plant species diversity differed greatly...
- Directional changes in ecological communities and social-ecological systems: a framework for prediction based on Alaskan examplesF Stuart Chapin
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
Am Nat 168:S36-49. 2006....
- Emergy accounting of the Province of Siena: towards a thermodynamic geography for regional studiesR M Pulselli
Department of Chemical and Biosystems Sciences, University of Siena, Via della Diana, 2A 53100 Siena, Italy
J Environ Manage 86:342-53. 2008..of Siena, Italy, and applies an environmental accounting method to a region with reference to its population, human activities, natural cycles, infrastructures and other settings...
- [Effects of cutting intensity on spatial heterogeneity of topsoil temperature in secondary forest in Maoershan region of Heilongjian Province]Jiacun Gu
College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:2248-54. 2006..In treatments B and C, topsoil temperature fluctuated and had similar distribution patterns in the same seasons; while in treatment A, the temperature had a relatively even distribution within the year...
- Challenges to the uptake of the ecosystem service rationale for conservationJaboury Ghazoul
Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Department of Environmental Sciences, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Conserv Biol 21:1651-2. 2007
- Indigenous, colonist, and government Impacts on Nicaragua's Bosawas ReserveAnthony Stocks
Department of Anthropology, Idaho State University, Box 8005, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
Conserv Biol 21:1495-505. 2007....
- Optimism and hope in a hotter timeDavid W Orr
Environmental Studies, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074, USA
Conserv Biol 21:1392-5. 2007
- Ecosystem health assessment of the Jinghe River Watershed on the Huangtu PlateauAn Ning Suo
MOE Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
Ecohealth 5:127-36. 2008..This study provided a possible quantitative model for ecological planning and landscape management with respect to topographic conditions in this area...
- China's environmental challenges. A green fervor sweeps the Qinghai-Tibetan PlateauHao Xin
Science 321:633-5. 2008
- Plant-trait-based modeling assessment of ecosystem-service sensitivity to land-use changeFabien Quétier
Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, UMR 5553 du CNRS, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F 38042 Grenoble, 09, France
Ecol Appl 17:2377-86. 2007....
- Energy, food, and land-- the ecological traps of humankindWolfgang Haber
Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan, Technische Universität München Munich, 85350 Freising, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 14:359-65. 2007..The article concludes with a short reflection on economy and competition as general driving forces, and on the role and reputation of today's ecology...
- Inadequate assessment of the ecosystem service rationale for conservation: reply to GhazoulClaire Kremen
University of California, 137 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 3114, USA
Conserv Biol 22:795-8; discusion 799-801. 2008
- [Human appropriation of net primary production in the middle reach of Heihe River basin]Ai hua Long
Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resource and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 19:853-8. 2008..Comparing with EF, HANPP was more available for the assessment of sustainability in the sight of ecosystem function change...
- Complexity of coupled human and natural systemsJianguo Liu
Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Science 317:1513-6. 2007..They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have legacy effects on present conditions and future possibilities...
- Interaction diversity within quantified insect food webs in restored and adjacent intensively managed meadowsMatthias Albrecht
Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
J Anim Ecol 76:1015-25. 2007....
- Detection of human influence on twentieth-century precipitation trendsXuebin Zhang
Climate Research Division, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario M3H 5T4, Canada
Nature 448:461-5. 2007....
- Global change and the ecology of citiesNancy B Grimm
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
Science 319:756-60. 2008..Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world...
- An assessment of invasion risk from assisted migrationJillian M Mueller
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
Conserv Biol 22:562-7. 2008..We conclude that the risk of AM to create novel invasive species is small, but assisted species that do become invasive could have large effects. Past experience with species reintroductions may help inform policy regarding AM...
- Effects of future infrastructure development on threat status and occurrence of Amazonian birdsMariana M Vale
Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708 0328, USA
Conserv Biol 22:1006-15. 2008..These habitats and the species they hold will be increasingly relevant to conservation as river courses are altered and hydroelectric dams are constructed in the Brazilian Amazon...
- Climate change 2007: spring-time for sinksDave Reay
School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JN, UK
Nature 446:727-8. 2007
- Grasslands, people, and conservation: over-the-horizon learning exchanges between African and American pastoralistsCharles Curtin
Ecological Policy Design, P O Box 418, North Haven, ME 04853, USA
Conserv Biol 22:870-7. 2008..grasslands and large migratory populations of wildlife have been disproportionately lost or disrupted by human activities, yet are poorly represented in protected areas...
- 4200 years of pine-dominated upland forest dynamics in west-central Mexico: human or natural legacy?Blanca L Figueroa-Rangel
Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, School of Geography, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Ecology 89:1893-907. 2008....
- Ecology. 25 years of ecological change at Mount St. HelensV H Dale
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 6036, USA
Science 308:961-2. 2005
- Virgin rainforests and conservationBruce M Beehler
Science 305:943-4; author reply 943-4. 2004
- Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: bridging a widening gapGeorgina M Mace
NERC Centre for Population Biology, Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
Mol Ecol 17:9-19. 2008..Improved methods for integrating the work of scientists and policymakers is recommended, from the beginning to end of the planning process...
- Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal oceanJames P M Syvitski
Environmental Computation and Imaging Facility, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research INSTAAR, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0450, USA
Science 308:376-80. 2005..African and Asian rivers carry a greatly reduced sediment load; Indonesian rivers deliver much more sediment to coastal areas...
- Coral reef habitats as surrogates of species, ecological functions, and ecosystem servicesPeter J Mumby
Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, United Kingdom
Conserv Biol 22:941-51. 2008..In contrast, the representation of species or functional classes ensured inclusion of all processes and services in the reserve network...
- [Landscape pattern change at the upper reaches of Minjiang River and its driving force]Zhibin Hu
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:1797-803. 2004..The natural disturbances such as the global climatic change also partly influenced the landscape change in this area...
- Tropical ecosystems into the 21st centuryKamaljit S Bawa
Science 306:227-8. 2004
- Assessing the causes of late Pleistocene extinctions on the continentsAnthony D Barnosky
Department of Integrative Biology and Museums of Paleontology and Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 306:70-5. 2004..Firmer chronologies, more realistic ecological models, and regional paleoecological insights still are needed to understand details of the worldwide extinction pattern and the population dynamics of the species involved...
- [Dynamics of ecological footprints of agricultural region in Hexi oasis of Gansu Province]Haiming Lin
Agricultural Ecology and Engineering Institute, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:827-32. 2004..These results showed that the regional economic development of Hexi region was far away from sustainable development, and was in no-sustainable state...
- Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutionsJames N Galloway
Environmental Sciences Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
Science 320:889-92. 2008..Optimizing the need for a key human resource while minimizing its negative consequences requires an integrated interdisciplinary approach and the development of strategies to decrease nitrogen-containing waste...
- Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate changeCynthia Rosenzweig
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
Nature 453:353-7. 2008....
- Long-term forecast: key to groundwater protectionJoachim Gerth
Arbeitsbereich Umweltschutztechnik, Technische Universitat Hamburg Harburg, Eissendorfer Strasse 40, D 21071 Hamburg, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 11:49-56. 2004..At higher risk when contaminated substrates are chosen for deposition on a large scale, a thorough characterization of the materials is necessary covering all aspects of stability and possible changes of the environment...
- Freshwater as shared between society and ecosystems: from divided approaches to integrated challengesMalin Falkenmark
Stockholm International Water Institute SIWI, Hantverkargatan 5, SE 112 21 Stockholm, Sweden
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:2037-49. 2003..incompatibility of the social imperative of the millennium goals and its environmental sustainability goal, human activities and ecosystems have to be orchestrated for compatibility...
- Ecology. Ecology for a crowded planetMargaret Palmer
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Science 304:1251-2. 2004
- [Effects of islanding on plant species diversity in Thousand-island Lake region]Jianbo Lu
Institute of Agroecology, College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 16:1672-6. 2005....
- Human appropriation of photosynthesis productsS Rojstaczer
Center for Hydrologic Science and Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Science 294:2549-52. 2001..Improved estimates will require high-resolution global measures within agricultural lands and tropical forests...
- The law of the jungleJohn Whitfield
Nature 421:8-9. 2003
- Geology of mankindPaul J Crutzen
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, PO Box 3060, D 55020 Mainz, Germany
Nature 415:23. 2002
- Reflections in a stock pond: are anthropogenically derived freshwater ecosystems natural, artificial, or something else?Robert R Crifasi
City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
Environ Manage 36:625-39. 2005..This work stresses the importance of understanding the underlying societal forces and cultural values responsible for the creation of hybrid freshwater ecosystems as a central step in their conservation and management...
- Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world's large river systemsChrister Nilsson
Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umea University, SE 901 87 Umea, Sweden
Science 308:405-8. 2005..In view of projected changes in climate and water resource use, these findings can be used to identify ecological risks associated with further impacts on large river systems...
- Brazilian ecosystems: History, management, and preservation. South American landscapes: ancient and modernAnne Simon Moffat
Science 296:1959-61. 2002
- Using a set of strategic indicator systems as a decision-making support implement for establishing a recycling-oriented society. A Taiwanese case studyI Cheng Chang
Department of Environmental Engineering, Lan Yang Institute of Technology, No 79, Fushing Rd, Toucheng, Ilan County, Taiwan 261
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:96-108. 2005..ROSAIS, on the one hand, can act as a compass for understanding resource using efficiency and recycling status during city development and, on the other hand, can serve as an implement supporting decision-making for ROS construction...
- Using remote sensing and GIS in the analysis of ecosystem decline along the River Niger Basin: the case of Mali and NigerYaw A Twumasi
Center for Hydrology, Soil Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department of Plant and Soil Science, Alabama A and M University, Normal, AL 35762, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 4:173-84. 2007..Considering the intense ecosystem stress inflicted on River Niger by human activities and natural forces emanating from upstream and downstream nations...
- Distribution, population density, and status of sympatric cercopithecids in the Campo-Ma'an area, Southwestern CameroonAdele Matthews
Institut fur Anthropologie und Humanbiologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Albrecht Thaer Weg 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Primates 43:155-68. 2002..Guenon densities found inside areas with a high level of human activities did not differ significantly from densities estimated in areas with a lower level of human activities. C...
- The quantitative characterization of free radical sources and traps by electromigration applicationsGabriella Donáth-Nagy
University of Medicine and Pharmacy from Targu Mures, Romania
J Biochem Biophys Methods 70:1317-23. 2008Nowadays, very diverse human activities generate urgent demands for fast, sensitive reliable innovative tools capable of detecting major industrial, military, and other dangerous products...
- Recent climate change in the Arctic and its impact on contaminant pathways and interpretation of temporal trend dataR W Macdonald
Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, P O Box 6000, Sydney, BC, Canada V8L 4B2
Sci Total Environ 342:5-86. 2005..in the physical system (ice cover, permafrost degradation, organic carbon cycling) may be more important than human activities. Organochlorine contaminants offer a surprising array of possibilities for changed pathways...
- Anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle for a sustainable futureGeorge A Olah
Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, University Park, Los Angeles, California 90089 1661, USA
J Am Chem Soc 133:12881-98. 2011..Carbon dioxide is captured by absorption technologies from any natural or industrial source, from human activities, or even from the air itself...
- A population exposure model for particulate matter: case study results for PM(2.5) in Philadelphia, PAJ M Burke
US EPA, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 11:470-89. 2001..Variability in human activities, and the presence of indoor-residential sources in particular, contributed to the observed variability in ..
- Host density and human activities mediate increased parasite prevalence and richness in primates threatened by habitat loss and fragmentationDavid N M Mbora
Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
J Anim Ecol 78:210-8. 2009..However, these studies have not tested for the ecological mechanism(s) by which human activities or forest fragmentation influence the prevalence and richness of parasites. 3...
- The marine food chain in relation to biodiversityA R Price
Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
ScientificWorldJournal 1:579-87. 2001..Many human activities, including unsustainable fishing and mariculture, lead to erosion of marine biodiversity...
- Relationships between human disturbance and wildlife land use in urban habitat fragmentsLisa Markovchick-Nicholls
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 98192 1416, USA
Conserv Biol 22:99-109. 2008..Hence, when considering habitat remnants as conservation refuges it is crucial to understand how human activities and land uses affect wildlife use of those and adjacent areas...
- The United States Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program: a collaborative approach to carbon managementJohn T Litynski
National Energy Technology Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Environ Int 32:128-44. 2006..on Climate Change which stated "Greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise...
- Effect of simulated acid rain on the litter decomposition of Quercus acutissima and Pinus massoniana in forest soil microcosms and the relationship with soil enzyme activitiesCongyan Wang
School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
Sci Total Environ 408:2706-13. 2010With the continuing increase in human activities, ecologists are increasingly interested in understanding the effects of acid rain on litter decomposition...
- Reductive Dehalogenation in Mammals by Iodotyrosine DeiodinaseSteven E Rokita; Fiscal Year: 2012Organohalides are ubiquitous in the environment through natural and human activities. Most organisms detoxify and degrade these compounds by enzyme-mediated hydrolysis, elimination or oxidation...
- 2010 Environmental Endocrine Disruptors Gordon Research ConferenceROBERT THOMAS ZOELLER; Fiscal Year: 2010..of this diversity of research is to understand whether - and the mechanisms by which - chemicals derived from human activities impact animal life on the planet so that we can protect our planet and ourselves from adverse consequences...
- An Experimental Model of Human Language and Cognition in Drug DependenceKENNETH MICHAEL CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2011..Vebal/Cognitive processes are pervasive in most human activities and can alter the effects of direct learning procedures...
- Respiratory Health Effects of Global Climate Change WorkshopKENT ED PINKERTON; Fiscal Year: 2010..Panel on Climate Change 2007 Fourth Assessment Report, global climate changes are likely driven by human activities and, unless quickly abated, will likely have severe and prolonged impacts on climate, including higher ..
- Investigation of PAH Photodegradation in SolutionsKrishna L Foster; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Human activities, including the combustion of fossil fuels, contribute to the total abundance of these compounds in the ..
- In vivo functional expression system for Drosophila gustatory receptorsREBECCA DELVENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 2013..Insect behaviors driven by chemosensation, such as host-seeking, feeding, and mating, have a major impact on human activities. Insects contribute to the spread of a variety of infectious diseases through feeding on human hosts, and ..
- The Role of Expertise in Object PerceptionIsabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2012..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Visual expertise is part of many critical human activities, from face perception to reading, as well as the acquisition of the perceptual skills necessary in many ..
- ALCOHOL, SLEEP DEPRIVATION & INFORMATION PROCESSINGOSCAR PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 1990..effects of these two treatment conditions of component cognitive processes, fundamental to a wide range of human activities. Further, little is known about the effects of these two conditions in combination, despite the fact that the ..
- DIAZEPAM, ALCOHOL AND HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSINGOSCAR PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 1991..generality to the extent that stimulus input processing and response output processing are ubiquitous to most of the cognitive reaction processes invoked by the discrete performance demands encountered in daily human activities.
- TRANSPORT OF PESTICIDES MEDIATED BY MRP1 AND MRP3Lisa Bain; Fiscal Year: 2000Pesticides continue to enter the environment through human activities and pose a health risk by their presence in the food we eat, runoff into water, and persistence in soils and sediments...
- CATARACT, UV AND OZONE LOSS: MODELS USING SEE DATASheila West; Fiscal Year: 2001..The decrease in ozone associated with human activities results in a significant increase in ultraviolet radiation...
- Recruitment of Enzymes to Serve New FunctionsSHELLEY COPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006..This process continues to be important as bacteria respond to novel selection pressures imposed by human activities. Of particular importance to human health is the emergence of antibiotic resistance, which can arise by ..
- ISEE 19th Annual ConferenceDaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..The four plenary sessions will address "The Impact of Human Activities on the Atmosphere," "Urban Design and Public Health," "Global Environmental Change and Human Health," and "..
- Genotype-Environment variation in heavy metal toleranceERIC VON WETTBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009Both natural processes and human activities can result in environmental toxins. The severity of toxicity varies with both expsoure to toxins and the susceptibility of particular genetic backgrounds...
- EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & traThomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, we will share our results with public health organizations and the scientific community in a timely fashion in order to maximize the public good. ..
- CANDIDA ALBICANS SURFACE ANTIGENSJim Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- PDE3 Inhibitors: Selective Blockers of Oocyte MaturationJeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2007..This approach is expected to provide a foundation for future Phase 1 trials of PDE3 inhibitors in humans. ..
- ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIETMartin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Cross-Protective Vaccines Against Emerging Infectious AgentsMICHAEL MAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..We propose to express Y. pseudotuberculosis LcrV in Salmonella dam mutant vaccines, and test whether vaccinated animals are protected against Y. pseudotuberculosis infection in a mouse model for Yersinia bacteremia. ..
- ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCYMartin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
- Epigenetic Control of Bacterial VirulenceMICHAEL MAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Such information is vital toward developing novel antimicrobials and vaccines against biowarfare agents and emerging infectious diseases that currently threaten public health worldwide. ..
- PRESERVATION OF GENETIC LINES IN A NON MAMMALIAN SYSTEMMary Hagedorn; Fiscal Year: 2005..Most importantly, these somatic changes will not affect the germ line, so they are ideal for genomic banking to maintain important genetic stocks for biomedical and endangered fish research. ..
- BENZODIAZEPINE USE AND RISK OF DISABILITY IN THE ELDERLYShelly Gray; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- UTILITY OF MOMENTARY VERSUS RECALLED SELF REPORTSArthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the study will provide practical information for researchers using momentary assessment methods. ..
- Effect of a Pain Protocol on Discomfort in DementiaChristine R Kovach; Fiscal Year: 2010..Inferential analyses planned include: mixed models for repeated measures, analysis of variance, Chi square and regression models for testing dose response. ..
- Ecological validity in patient-reported chronic disease outcomes(RMI)Arthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Non-exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT)James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, these studies may provide information regarding the pathogenesis of obesity and potentially into novel modalities for preventing and treating obesity. ..
- Instruments for measuring physical activityJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008..This should allow us to better define the role of physical activity in health and disease. ..
- NEAT & Physical Activity Assessment in the ElderlyJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies may potentially guide us to devise novel strategies to prevent sarcopenia and promote physical activity in the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Nutritional Restriction and Activity ThermogenesisJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007..1 2 Description, ..
- Topologic properties of metabolic networksAlbert Laszlo Barabasi; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..