schools

Summary

Summary: Educational institutions.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Closure of schools during an influenza pandemic
    Simon Cauchemez
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:473-81. 2009
  2. ncbi A synthesis of existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of school-based behavioural interventions for controlling and preventing obesity
    A Z Khambalia
    Clinical and Population Perinatal Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Obes Rev 13:214-33. 2012
  3. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
  4. pmc Underrecognized mildly symptomatic viremic dengue virus infections in rural Thai schools and villages
    In Kyu Yoon
    Department of Virology, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Infect Dis 206:389-98. 2012
  5. pmc High-resolution measurements of face-to-face contact patterns in a primary school
    Juliette Stehlé
    Centre de Physique Théorique de Marseille, CNRS UMR 6207, Marseille, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e23176. 2011
  6. ncbi Effects of school closure on incidence of pandemic influenza in Alberta, Canada
    David J D Earn
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 156:173-81. 2012
  7. ncbi Obesity-promoting food environments and the spatial clustering of food outlets around schools
    Peter L Day
    Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Am J Prev Med 40:113-21. 2011
  8. pmc Student behavior during a school closure caused by pandemic influenza A/H1N1
    Joel C Miller
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10425. 2010
  9. ncbi Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review
    Guy E J Faulkner
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Prev Med 48:3-8. 2009
  10. ncbi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications271 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Closure of schools during an influenza pandemic
    Simon Cauchemez
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:473-81. 2009
    ..Health officials taking the decision to close schools must weigh the potential health benefits of reducing transmission and thus case numbers against high economic and ..
  2. ncbi A synthesis of existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of school-based behavioural interventions for controlling and preventing obesity
    A Z Khambalia
    Clinical and Population Perinatal Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Obes Rev 13:214-33. 2012
    b>Schools are an attractive and popular setting for implementing interventions for children. There is a growing body of empirical research exploring the efficacy of school-based obesity prevention programs...
  3. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
    ..Estimates of policy effectiveness will change if the characteristics of a future pandemic strain differ substantially from those seen in past pandemics...
  4. pmc Underrecognized mildly symptomatic viremic dengue virus infections in rural Thai schools and villages
    In Kyu Yoon
    Department of Virology, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Infect Dis 206:389-98. 2012
    ..Geographic cluster studies can elucidate these features in greater detail than cohort studies alone...
  5. pmc High-resolution measurements of face-to-face contact patterns in a primary school
    Juliette Stehlé
    Centre de Physique Théorique de Marseille, CNRS UMR 6207, Marseille, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e23176. 2011
    ..would help quantify the transmission opportunities of respiratory infections and identify situations within schools where the risk of transmission is higher...
  6. ncbi Effects of school closure on incidence of pandemic influenza in Alberta, Canada
    David J D Earn
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 156:173-81. 2012
    ..However, investigations of the extent to which these measures actually affect the progression of a pandemic have been limited...
  7. ncbi Obesity-promoting food environments and the spatial clustering of food outlets around schools
    Peter L Day
    Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Am J Prev Med 40:113-21. 2011
    ..in school-aged children is potentially linked to contextual influences such as the food environment around schools. The proximity of fast-food and convenience stores to schools may enhance access to unhealthy foods and have a ..
  8. pmc Student behavior during a school closure caused by pandemic influenza A/H1N1
    Joel C Miller
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10425. 2010
    Many schools were temporarily closed in response to outbreaks of the recently emerged pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus...
  9. ncbi Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review
    Guy E J Faulkner
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Prev Med 48:3-8. 2009
    ..Before implementing such solutions, it is important to demonstrate that active school transport is associated with health-related outcomes...
  10. ncbi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009
    ..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term.
  11. pmc School closure and mitigation of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    The University of Hong Kong School of Public Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:538-41. 2010
    In Hong Kong, kindergartens and primary schools were closed when local transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 was identified. Secondary schools closed for summer vacation shortly afterwards...
  12. ncbi Creating healthy food and eating environments: policy and environmental approaches
    Mary Story
    Healthy Eating Research Program, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:253-72. 2008
    ..The status of measurement and evaluation of nutrition environments and the need for action to improve health are highlighted...
  13. pmc Reduction in the incidence of influenza A but not influenza B associated with use of hand sanitizer and cough hygiene in schools: a randomized controlled trial
    Samuel Stebbins
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:921-6. 2011
    ..Laboratory-based evidence is lacking regarding the efficacy of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) such as alcohol-based hand sanitizer and respiratory hygiene to reduce the spread of influenza...
  14. ncbi Healthy Living Cambridge Kids: a community-based participatory effort to promote healthy weight and fitness
    Virginia R Chomitz
    Institute for Community Health, Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:S45-53. 2010
    ..Cambridge Public Schools (CPS) have monitored BMI and fitness annually since 2000...
  15. pmc Physical Activity Across the Curriculum (PAAC): a randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity and diminish overweight and obesity in elementary school children
    Joseph E Donnelly
    The Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, The Schiefelbusch Institute for Lifespan Studies, 1301 Sunnyside Ave, Rm 100 Robinson Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Prev Med 49:336-41. 2009
    ..Physical Activity Across the Curriculum (PAAC) was a three-year cluster randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity and diminish increases in overweight and obesity in elementary school children...
  16. ncbi Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001
    Noreen C McDonald
    City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:509-16. 2007
    ..Despite this attention, there has been little documentation of trends in school travel over the past 30 years or analysis of what has caused the changes in mode choice for school trips...
  17. pmc Agreement between activPAL and ActiGraph for assessing children's sedentary time
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood 3125 Melbourne, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:15. 2012
    ....
  18. ncbi The role of schools in obesity prevention
    Mary Story
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Future Child 16:109-42. 2006
    Mary Story, Karen Kaphingst, and Simone French argue that U.S. schools offer many opportunities for developing obesity-prevention strategies by providing more nutritious food, offering greater opportunities for physical activity, and ..
  19. pmc Estimating the impact of school closure on social mixing behaviour and the transmission of close contact infections in eight European countries
    Niel Hens
    Interuniversity Institute for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics, Hasselt University, Agoralaan 1, B3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
    BMC Infect Dis 9:187. 2009
    ..Of particular interest is the potential impact of school closure as a means of controlling pandemic influenza (and potentially other pathogens)...
  20. pmc Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity
    Mary Story
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S 2nd Street, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Milbank Q 87:71-100. 2009
    ..As a result, more children are overweight today than at any other time in U.S. history. Schools offer many opportunities to develop strategies to prevent obesity by creating environments in which children eat ..
  21. ncbi Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial
    Matthew C Freeman
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 17:380-91. 2012
    There has been increased attention to access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) at schools in developing countries, but a dearth of empirical studies on the impact...
  22. ncbi Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data
    Simon Cauchemez
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 452:750-4. 2008
    ..School closure is the measure most often considered. The high social and economic costs of closing schools for months make it an expensive and therefore controversial policy, and the current absence of quantitative data ..
  23. ncbi Long-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures on children's recess physical activity levels
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Prev Med 44:393-7. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi Physical activity levels of children during school playtime
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 36:359-71. 2006
    ..Research on children's use of playtime to be physically active and the extent of the contribution of playtime to daily physical activity guidelines is warranted...
  25. ncbi Design of a 20-month comprehensive, multicomponent school-based randomised trial to promote healthy weight development among 11-13 year olds: The HEalth In Adolescents study
    N Lien
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 38:38-51. 2010
    ..The purpose of this paper is to present the development of the intervention, the design of the effectiveness study, and the test-retest reliability of the main outcome measures in the HEalth In Adolescents (HEIA) study...
  26. pmc Analyses of the 1957 (Asian) influenza pandemic in the United Kingdom and the impact of school closures
    E Vynnycky
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 136:166-79. 2008
    Many countries plan to close schools during a future influenza pandemic, although the potential impact is poorly understood...
  27. pmc Effect of school district policy change on consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among high school students, Boston, Massachusetts, 2004-2006
    Angie L Cradock
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A74. 2011
    ..The Boston Public Schools passed a policy restricting sale of sugar-sweetened beverages in Boston schools in June 2004...
  28. pmc Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of hygiene among school children in Angolela, Ethiopia
    A P Vivas
    Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Prev Med Hyg 51:73-9. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the KAP of hygiene among rural school children in Ethiopia and assessed the extent to which proper knowledge of hygiene was associated with personal hygiene characteristics...
  29. ncbi Overview of e-Bug: an antibiotic and hygiene educational resource for schools
    Cliodna A M McNulty
    Health Protection Agency Primary Care Unit, Microbiology Department, Gloucester Royal Hospital, Great Western Road, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, GL1 3NN, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:v3-12. 2011
    ..The resources have been translated, adapted for and disseminated to schools across 10 countries in Europe, and endorsed by the relevant government departments of health and education...
  30. pmc GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies
    Bonny Yee Man Wong
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011
    ..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
  31. ncbi Internet-based prevention for alcohol and cannabis use: final results of the Climate Schools course
    Nicola C Newton
    University of New South Wales, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 105:749-59. 2010
    To establish the long-term efficacy of a universal internet-based alcohol and cannabis prevention programme in schools.
  32. ncbi Effectiveness of school-based interventions in Europe to promote healthy nutrition in children and adolescents: systematic review of published and 'grey' literature
    Eveline Van Cauwenberghe
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Br J Nutr 103:781-97. 2010
    ..Evidence for effectiveness on anthropometrical obesity-related measures is lacking...
  33. pmc Attitudes, social support and environmental perceptions as predictors of active commuting behaviour in school children
    J R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:41-8. 2010
    ..This study examines whether attitudes, social support and environmental perceptions are associated with active commuting behaviour in school children and whether these associations are moderated by the distance to school...
  34. ncbi Non-curricular approaches for increasing physical activity in youth: a review
    Russell Jago
    Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Prev Med 39:157-63. 2004
    ..To prevent obesity, the physical activity of youth should be increased. Since time for school physical education has declined and curricular interventions have had limited effects, alternative non-curriculum approaches need to be tested...
  35. pmc Implementing school malaria surveys in Kenya: towards a national surveillance system
    Caroline W Gitonga
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:306. 2010
    ..To design and implement surveys of malaria infection and coverage of malaria control interventions among school children in Kenya in order to contribute towards a nationwide assessment of malaria...
  36. ncbi School-based interventions promoting both physical activity and healthy eating in Europe: a systematic review within the HOPE project
    I De Bourdeaudhuij
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Obes Rev 12:205-16. 2011
    ..More high-quality studies are needed to assess obesity-related interventions in Europe...
  37. pmc The association of school environments with youth physical activity
    J F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, 103, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:618-20. 2001
    ..This study assessed the association of school environmental characteristics with student physical activity on campus...
  38. ncbi After-school interventions to increase physical activity among youth
    R R Pate
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street Suite 212, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Br J Sports Med 43:14-8. 2009
    ....
  39. ncbi Factors associated with fidelity to substance use prevention curriculum guides in the nation's middle schools
    Christopher L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 3307, USA
    Health Educ Behav 30:375-91. 2003
    ..representative sample of 1,905 lead substance use prevention teachers in the nation's public and private schools. Findings suggest that about one-fifth of teachers of substance use prevention curricula did not use a curriculum ..
  40. ncbi Increasing children's physical activity levels during recess periods in elementary schools: the effects of providing game equipment
    Stefanie J M Verstraete
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University and Policy Research Center Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 16:415-9. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of providing game equipment on children's physical activity levels during morning recess and lunch break in elementary schools.
  41. ncbi Association between the food retail environment surrounding schools and overweight in Canadian youth
    Laura M Seliske
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 12:1384-91. 2009
    There is growing interest in how the physical environment influences obesity. Few studies have considered how the food retail environment surrounding schools influences overweight in students.
  42. pmc Proximity of fast-food restaurants to schools and adolescent obesity
    Brennan Davis
    School of Business and Management, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:505-10. 2009
    We examined the relationship between fast-food restaurants near schools and obesity among middle and high school students in California.
  43. pmc Household responses to pandemic (H1N1) 2009-related school closures, Perth, Western Australia
    Paul V Effler
    Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA paul effl
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:205-11. 2010
    ....
  44. pmc Bullying behaviors among US youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment
    T R Nansel
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 7B05, MSC 7510, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    JAMA 285:2094-100. 2001
    ..Although violence among US youth is a current major concern, bullying is infrequently addressed and no national data on the prevalence of bullying are available...
  45. ncbi School food environments and practices affect dietary behaviors of US public school children
    Ronette R Briefel
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, PO Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543 2393, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:S91-107. 2009
    ..Changes to school food environments and practices that lead to improved dietary behavior are a powerful strategy to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic...
  46. pmc A small community model for the transmission of infectious diseases: comparison of school closure as an intervention in individual-based models of an influenza pandemic
    George J Milne
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 3:e4005. 2008
    ..In the absence of other evidence, modelling has been used extensively to help policy makers plan for a potential future influenza pandemic...
  47. pmc Social contact networks for the spread of pandemic influenza in children and teenagers
    Laura M Glass
    Albuquerque Public Schools, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:61. 2008
    ..We developed a method to characterize the social contact network for the potential transmission of influenza and then applied the method to school aged children and teenagers...
  48. pmc The characteristics of the outdoor school environment associated with physical activity
    Ellen Haug
    Faculty of Psychology, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Christiesgate 13, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Health Educ Res 25:248-56. 2010
    ..Data from 130 schools and 16 471 students (Grades 4-10) in Norway were obtained in 2004 through self-administered questionnaires to ..
  49. ncbi Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren
    Benjamin Caballero
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1030-8. 2003
    ..Childhood obesity is a major public health problem in the United States, particularly among American Indian communities...
  50. ncbi Mental health promotion and problem prevention in schools: what does the evidence say?
    Katherine Weare
    Education, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ, UK
    Health Promot Int 26:i29-69. 2011
    The European Union Dataprev project reviewed work on mental health in four areas, parenting, schools, the workplace and older people...
  51. pmc Strategies for pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccination of schoolchildren in the United States
    Nicole E Basta
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:679-86. 2009
    ..Given the current worldwide threat of novel influenza A (H1N1), with an estimated R of 1.4-1.6, health officials should consider strategies for vaccinating children against novel influenza A (H1N1) as well as seasonal influenza...
  52. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
    ..Patterns of association were similar for boys and girls and for children from high and low socioeconomic backgrounds...
  53. ncbi Outbreak of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) at a New York City school
    Justin Lessler
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:2628-36. 2009
    ..In April 2009, an outbreak of novel swine-origin influenza A (2009 H1N1 influenza) occurred at a high school in Queens, New York. We describe the outbreak and characterize the clinical and epidemiologic aspects of this novel virus...
  54. ncbi Slow progress in changing the school food environment: nationally representative results from public and private elementary schools
    Lindsey Turner
    Health Policy Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, No 558, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    J Acad Nutr Diet 112:1380-9. 2012
    ..However, it is not known whether changes have occurred since the federal wellness policy mandate took effect in 2006-2007...
  55. ncbi Toxicity and elemental composition of particulate matter from outdoor and indoor air of elementary schools in Munich, Germany
    S Oeder
    ZAUM Center of Allergy and Environment, Helmholtz Zentrum München Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany
    Indoor Air 22:148-58. 2012
    ..Indoor and outdoor PM(10) was collected from six schools in Munich during teaching hours and in six homes...
  56. pmc Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviour
    J Dollman
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005
    ....
  57. ncbi Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus outbreak in a school in London, April-May 2009: an observational study
    L Calatayud
    European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training EPIET, European Centre for Disease Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Epidemiol Infect 138:183-91. 2010
    ..Limited spread in the school may have been due to a combination of school closure and mass prophylaxis. However, transmission continued through household contacts to other schools.
  58. pmc The impact of state laws and district policies on physical education and recess practices in a nationally representative sample of US public elementary schools
    Sandy J Slater
    Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:311-6. 2012
    To examine the impact of state- and school district-level policies on the prevalence of physical education (PE) and recess in a nationally representative sample of US public elementary schools.
  59. ncbi Accelerometry-assessed sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels during the segmented school day in 10-14-year-old children: the HAPPY study
    Daniel P Bailey
    Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research, University of Bedfordshire, Polhill Avenue, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK41 9EA, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 171:1805-13. 2012
    ..05), while boys engaged in significantly higher levels of VPA during recess (p < 0.001) and MPA and VPA during lunch break (p < 0.001). PA engagement was similar between sexes during other segments of the day...
  60. ncbi Community-engaged interventions on diet, activity, and weight outcomes in U.S. schools: a systematic review
    Janani Krishnaswami
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:81-91. 2012
    ..This systematic review's purpose is to assess whether incorporating community engagement principles in school-based interventions influences weight-related outcomes...
  61. pmc The contribution of active travel to children's physical activity levels: cross-sectional results from the ALSPAC study
    Esther M F van Sluijs
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Prev Med 48:519-24. 2009
    ..To assess the association between active travel to school and physical activity (PA) in a large population-based sample of 11-year old children...
  62. pmc State but not district nutrition policies are associated with less junk food in vending machines and school stores in US public schools
    Martha Y Kubik
    School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1043-8. 2010
    ..targets the school food environment has been advanced as one way to increase the availability of healthy food at schools and healthy food choice by students...
  63. ncbi Individuals, schools, and neighborhood: a multilevel longitudinal study of variation in incidence of psychotic disorders
    Stanley Zammit
    MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:914-22. 2010
    ..Few studies have examined whether both individual and neighborhood characteristics can explain this association. Furthermore, as has been shown for ethnicity, the effect of individual characteristics may depend on neighborhood context...
  64. ncbi Assessing cost-effectiveness in obesity: active transport program for primary school children--TravelSMART Schools Curriculum program
    Marj Moodie
    Deakin Health Economics, Population Health Strategic Research Centre, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    J Phys Act Health 8:503-15. 2011
    ..To assess from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness of a school program to increase active transport in 10- to 11-year-old Australian children as an obesity prevention measure...
  65. pmc Effects of hand hygiene campaigns on incidence of laboratory-confirmed influenza and absenteeism in schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt
    Maha Talaat
    US Naval Medical Research Unit No 3 NAMRU 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:619-25. 2011
    ..conjunctivitis, and laboratory-confirmed influenza, we conducted a randomized control trial in 60 elementary schools in Cairo, Egypt...
  66. pmc Water and sanitation in schools: a systematic review of the health and educational outcomes
    Christian Jasper
    The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2772-87. 2012
    A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment...
  67. ncbi Knowledge and management of traumatic dental injuries in a group of Saudi primary schools teachers
    Mohammad Al-Obaida
    Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Dent Traumatol 26:338-41. 2010
    ..Twenty-four selected schools were visited and 277 teachers participated in the study of which 5 of them had formal education in dental ..
  68. ncbi Social inequalities in food exposure around schools in an urban area
    Yan Kestens
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and Central Hospital Research Center, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 39:33-40. 2010
    ..Although the positive association between area-level deprivation and fast-food outlets offering high-calorie foods has been well documented, few studies have evaluated food sources around school settings...
  69. ncbi Mandatory handwashing in elementary schools reduces absenteeism due to infectious illness among pupils: a pilot intervention study
    Inge Nandrup-Bus
    Am J Infect Control 37:820-6. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the effect of mandatory, scheduled handwashing on actual absenteeism due to infectious illness in elementary school pupils in Denmark...
  70. ncbi Disparities in the food environments of New York City public schools
    Kathryn M Neckerman
    Center for Health and the Social Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:195-202. 2010
    Studies of the food environment near schools have focused on fast food. Research is needed that describes patterns of exposure to a broader range of food outlet types and that examines the influence of neighborhood built environments.
  71. ncbi Prevalence of internet addiction and comparison of internet addicts and non-addicts in Iranian high schools
    Lily Ghassemzadeh
    Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran
    Cyberpsychol Behav 11:731-3. 2008
    ..Results suggest that Internet addicts are lonelier and have lower self-esteem and poorer social skills than moderate users, but not necessarily than possible addicts or nonusers...
  72. pmc Mediators affecting girls' levels of physical activity outside of school: findings from the trial of activity in adolescent girls
    Leslie A Lytle
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1054, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:124-36. 2009
    ..Providing after school activities is a community level approach for reducing the decline in physical activity of girls as they reach early adolescence...
  73. ncbi Physical activity levels of children who walk, cycle, or are driven to school
    Ashley R Cooper
    Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
    Am J Prev Med 29:179-84. 2005
    ..Active commuting to school by walking or bicycle is widely promoted to increase children's physical activity. However, there is little data to describe the impact that travel mode, and in particular cycling, may have on activity levels...
  74. ncbi Two-year follow-up of an obesity prevention initiative in children: the APPLE project
    Rachael W Taylor
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1371-7. 2008
    ..26 units (95% CI: 0.21, 0.32) lower in intervention than in control children. Few obesity prevention initiatives in children have undertaken follow-up analyses...
  75. pmc Policies and characteristics of the preschool environment and physical activity of young children
    Marsha Dowda
    Departments of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e261-6. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine policies and characteristics of preschools and the extent to which they influence the physical activity of 3- to 5-year-old children during the preschool day...
  76. ncbi The effect of multicolor playground markings on children's physical activity level during recess
    Gareth Stratton
    REACH Group, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster St, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Prev Med 41:828-33. 2005
    ....
  77. ncbi Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey
    Noreen C McDonald
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3140, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:341-4. 2008
    ..g., Safe Routes to School and the CDC's KidsWalk programs). However, little research has looked at differences in behavior across racial/ethnic and income groups...
  78. pmc Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commuting
    Jenna R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010
    ..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors.
  79. ncbi Validity and reliability of a school travel survey
    Kelly R Evenson
    Dept of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:S1-15. 2008
    ..We evaluated the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a questionnaire with a sample of young schoolchildren to assess travel to and from school, including mode, travel companion, and destination after school...
  80. ncbi Do school based food and nutrition policies improve diet and reduce obesity?
    Patricia Constante Jaime
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Prev Med 48:45-53. 2009
    ..To review the effectiveness of school food and nutrition policies world wide in improving the school food environment, student's dietary intake, and decreasing overweight and obesity...
  81. pmc School environments and physical activity: The development and testing of an audit tool
    Natalia R Jones
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Health Place 16:776-83. 2010
    ..A 44 item tool was developed and tested at 92 primary schools in the county of Norfolk, England, during summer term of 2007...
  82. pmc Developing guidelines for school closure interventions to be used during a future influenza pandemic
    Nilimesh Halder
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 10:221. 2010
    ..of school closure interventions, such as when school closure should be initiated (activation trigger), how long schools should be closed (duration) and what type of school closure should be adopted, varied greatly between and within ..
  83. ncbi Evaluations of health promoting schools: a review of nine studies
    Wanjiru Mukoma
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Republic of South Africa
    Health Promot Int 19:357-68. 2004
    The concept of 'health promoting schools' has been embraced internationally as an effective way of promoting the health of children, adolescents, and the wider school community...
  84. pmc The transmissibility and control of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus
    Yang Yang
    Center for Statistics and Quantitative Infectious Diseases, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Science 326:729-33. 2009
    ..If a vaccine were available soon enough, vaccination of children, followed by adults, reaching 70% overall coverage, in addition to high-risk and essential workforce groups, could mitigate a severe epidemic...
  85. pmc Effects of school closures, 2008 winter influenza season, Hong Kong
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1660-2. 2008
    In winter 2008, kindergartens and primary schools in Hong Kong were closed for 2 weeks after media coverage indicated that 3 children had died, apparently from influenza...
  86. ncbi Systematic review of active commuting to school and childrens physical activity and weight
    Murray C Lee
    Habitat Health Impact Consulting Corp, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 5:930-49. 2008
    ..Recent programs have promoted the positive effects of active commuting on physical activity (PA) and overweight. However, the evidence supporting such interventions among schoolchildren has not been previously evaluated...
  87. pmc Clustering of fast-food restaurants around schools: a novel application of spatial statistics to the study of food environments
    S Bryn Austin
    Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1575-81. 2005
    We examined the concentration of fast food restaurants in areas proximal to schools to characterize school neighborhood food environments.
  88. pmc Analysis of the effectiveness of interventions used during the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic
    Nilimesh Halder
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:168. 2010
    ....
  89. ncbi The impact of the availability of school vending machines on eating behavior during lunch: the Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey
    Sohyun Park
    Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1532-6. 2010
    ..Survey using a representative sample of 4,322 students in grades six through eight in 73 Florida public middle schools. Analyses included χ2 tests and logistic regression...
  90. ncbi The physical activity level of Mexican children decreases upon entry to elementary school
    Alejandra Jáuregui
    Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 53:228-36. 2011
    ..To compare the physical activity patterns of a cohort of Mexican children in kindergarten (K), first (1ES) and second grade (2ES) of elementary school...
  91. ncbi The association between overweight and opportunity structures in the built environment: a multi-level analysis among elementary school youth in the PLAY-ON study
    Scott T Leatherdale
    Department of Population Studies and Surveillance, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 2L7, Canada
    Int J Public Health 56:237-46. 2011
    ..To examine school-level opportunity structures of the built environment and student characteristics associated with being overweight...
  92. ncbi Policy options to support healthy eating in schools
    Mary L McKenna
    Department of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3
    Can J Public Health 101:S14-7. 2010
    ..This article reviews policy components that could support healthy eating, examines their evidence base and suggests directions for future research...
  93. ncbi Bullying among middle-school students in low and middle income countries
    Lila C Fleming
    Department of Global and Community Health, College of Health and Human Services, George MasonUniversity, Fairfax, Virginia, USA
    Health Promot Int 25:73-84. 2010
    ..Bullied students also reported higher rates of tobacco use, alcohol use, drug use and sexual intercourse...
  94. pmc Evaluation of the role of school children in the promotion of point-of-use water treatment and handwashing in schools and households--Nyanza Province, Western Kenya, 2007
    Elizabeth Blanton
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS A 38, Atlanta, GA 30030, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:664-71. 2010
    We installed drinking water and handwashing stations in 17 rural schools and trained teachers to promote water treatment and hygiene to pupils. We gave schools flocculent-disinfectant powder and hypochlorite solution for water treatment...
  95. ncbi Hypothesis: Impregnated school uniforms reduce the incidence of dengue infections in school children
    A Wilder-Smith
    National University of Singapore, Department of Medicine, Singapore
    Med Hypotheses 76:861-2. 2011
    ..vulnerable to infection, due to sustained human-vector-human transmission in the close proximity environments of schools. Infection in children has a higher rate of complications, including dengue hemorrhagic fever and shock syndromes,..
  96. ncbi Income inequality and school bullying: multilevel study of adolescents in 37 countries
    Frank J Elgar
    Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 45:351-9. 2009
    To examine the association between income inequality and school bullying in an international sample of preadolescents and to test for mediation of this association by the availability of social support from families, peers, and schools.
  97. pmc Knowledge attitudes and practices of grade three primary schoolchildren in relation to schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminthiasis and malaria in Zimbabwe
    Nicholas Midzi
    National Institute of Health Research, Causeway Harare, Zimbabwe
    BMC Infect Dis 11:169. 2011
    ..This study sought to assess KAP of grade 3 children in relation to schistosomiasis, STHs and malaria in order to establish an effective school based health education for disease transmission control...
  98. ncbi Physical education and physical activity: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006
    Sarah M Lee
    Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE MS K 12, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Sch Health 77:435-63. 2007
    ..This article describes the characteristics of school physical education and physical activity policies and programs in the United States at the state, district, school, and classroom levels...
  99. pmc Change in dietary energy density after implementation of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy
    Jason A Mendoza
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Children s Nutrition Research Center, Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, and Dan L Duncan Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2600, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:434-40. 2010
    ..years of lunch food records were collected from middle school students in Southeast Texas at three public middle schools: baseline (2001-2002) and 1 year after implementation of the Texas Policy (2005-2006)...
  100. ncbi Malnutrition and intestinal parasitic infections in school children of Gondar, North West Ethiopia
    Netsanet Worku
    Department of Nutrition, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P O Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 47:9-16. 2009
    ..In developing countries, malnutrition is a considerable health problem with prevalence ranges of 4-46%, with 1-10% severely malnourished...
  101. ncbi School wellness policies: perceptions, barriers, and needs among school leaders and wellness advocates
    Peggy Agron
    California Department of Public Health, PO Box 997377, MS 7211, Sacramento, CA 95899 7377, USA
    J Sch Health 80:527-35; quiz 570-2. 2010
    ....

Research Grants90

  1. A SCHOOL-BASED PROGRAM TO PREVENT INHALANT USE IN ALASKA
    Knowlton Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..aims are to (a) adapt an evidence-based drug prevention program to be implemented in rural Alaska elementary schools and (b) conduct a pilot test to assess its implementation quality, factors that may be associated with ..
  2. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..promote weight loss among a sample of ethnically and economically diverse adolescents attending alternative high schools. Alternative high schools are public or private schools that offer a nontraditional educational experience for at-..
  3. Memory Errors in Children's Dietary Recalls
    SUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Healthful dietary habits will decrease the risk of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular diseases. ..
  4. Children's Dietary Recalls: Methodology and Accuracy
    SUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results from this methodological project could have major implications for how 24hDRs are obtained from children in future national surveys, NIH-funded studies, and other studies. ..
  5. Evaluating Alternative Retinopathy Screening Approaches
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These interventions are practical, have potential for widespread dissemination, and can translate basic and clinical research to achieve public health benefits. ..
  6. TAILORED COMMUNICATIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposal addresses the need for research assessing tailored communications to increase CRC screening in minority groups. ..
  7. Exploring strategies to increase school breakfast consumption in middle schools
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2, selected SB delivery methods and promotional methods will be implemented and evaluated in three intervention schools. Participation rates between the different intervention schools will be compared, and also compared to one ..
  8. Research to Practice: An Indicated Prevention Program
    Denise Hallfors; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..At the end of three semesters, implementation funding to schools will end; data collection will focus on whether and how schools continue the RY program...
  9. HIV in Young Adulthood: Pathways and Prevention
    Denise Hallfors; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  10. Familys' Web: Cancer Prevention for Daughters
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This feasibility or pilot study will provide the foundation for a full scale intervention focused on dietary change. ..
  11. INCREASING SCHOOL SNACK BAR FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Previous school interventions targeted elementary schools where students only have the choice of the school lunch meal...
  12. Effect of high dairy, high non-dairy and low calcium diet on weight and fat loss
    JANET WHATLEY BLUM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Preschool Based Obesity Prevention Effectiveness Trial
    Marian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research will allow us to address critical gaps in our knowledge concerning how to implement interventions from more experimental studies to more "real world" settings serving minority and disadvantaged populations. ..
  14. Social-Emotional Assessment of Child's School Readiness
    SUSANNE DENHAM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Adverse Outcomes of Dual Use of Health Systems Among Older Male Veterans
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Child Education, Health, and Welfare
    C Raver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Women's Exercise Injuries: Incidence and Risk Factors
    James R Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Juvenile Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse
    Timothy E Wilens; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since BPD is identifiable and treatable, findings from the four-year follow-up will provide valuable information to formulate prevention and early intervention strategies. ..
  19. Health Risk Behavior in Late Childhood: Impact of Longitudinal Randomized Trial
    STEPHANIE contact JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to test the sensitivity of the results after accounting for any take-up of the intervention in the control schools. The 4Rs Program is a whole-school intervention that integrates violence prevention and social and emotional ..
  20. Substance Abuse in ADHD Girls
    Timothy Wilens; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Thus, the research, approach, and goals of this R01 application are consistent with those underscored in the PA and by the Institute of Medicine as being of the highest research priority. ..
  21. Promoting Fidelity Using Remote and Onsite Support
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study results will inform the prevention field concerning the potential for personalized coaching and technical assistance to promote curriculum fidelity and affect key student-level mediating variables. ..
  22. LA Health:Primary and Secondary Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since LA GEAR UP will be implemented in all 18 schools, all of the intervention arms, including no-intervention, will be combined with an academic enhancement program...
  23. Diffusion of Drug Prevention Curricula Nationwide
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..study is to investigate progress in the state of substance use prevention practice in the nation's middle schools. The study will build on an earlier study (NIDA R01 DA11492) that surveyed, in 1999, lead prevention teachers and ..
  24. Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early Adolescence
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Within the MVPP, data on risk and protective factors were obtained from multiple sources for students at 37 schools across multiple waves from the start of the sixth grade through the end of the eighth grade...
  25. The impact of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumonia hospitalizations
    CARLOS GRIJALVA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We propose the use of NIS and SID for the evaluation of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccination program, using an innovative approach. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Substance Use Consequences of School Disengagement
    Kimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Continuity of Care and Health Outcomes: Does It Really Matter?
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Addressing Sexual Behavior Among Disadvantaged Youth
    Karin Coyle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., continuation) schools. This study involves three key activities: (1) developing and implementing a theoretically-based intervention ..
  29. Health and Health Services Use in the HRS/AHEAD
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Linear and non-linear regression and random effects models will also be used where appropriate. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Obestiy Reduction Black Intervention Trial (ORBIT)
    Marian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The theoretical rationale for the aims, development of the interventions, and methodology are based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). ..
  31. Family Based Obesity Prevention in Latino Families
    Marian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The success was among the schools that served predominantly Black children...
  32. SCHOOL BASED DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..While virtually all schools now include some measure of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) programming, little is known about the nature ..
  33. A Joint Attention Intervention with Caregivers and thei*
    Connie Kasari; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The exploratory and pilot research will lay the necessary groundwork leading up to a full-scale randomized and comparative study of the treatment. ..
  34. Identifying Essential Skills for Violence Prevention
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
  35. INTERNET-BASED OBESITY PREVENTION FOR BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, if this approach is successful, the technology lends itself to widespread implementation. ..
  36. IDENTIFICATION OF CLINICALLY RELEVANT CHANGES IN HRQOL
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. PREVENTION OF OVERWEIGHT IN PRESCHOOL MINORITY CHILDREN
    Marian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These changes will be seen following the intervention and at 12 and 24 months later. ..
  38. Enhancing School-Based Services for ADHD Students
    DESIREE MURRAY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..b>Schools lack feasible interventions that can be delivered effectively in a regular education setting...
  39. Wise Mind: Environmental Approach for Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This test of an environmental approach targets a school system for change. Four schools with a total of approximately 1,040 students will be the participants in the study...
  40. LONG TERM DRUG ABUSE IN ADHD
    Timothy Wilens; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological Gambling
    Jon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
  42. International Neuropsychological Study of FASD--U01
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Multi-media Obesity Prevention Program for Adolescents
    Leanne Mauriello; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Social Control and Well-Being Among Older Adults
    Joan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The ultimate goal of this line of research is to design effective and age-appropriate interventions that utilize social networks to encourage engagement in healthy behavior. ..
  45. Rett syndrome: determinants of outcome and burden
    Helen Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Feedback to families on study progress will be given through the study Web site. ..
  46. RURAL FAMILY AND COMMUNITY DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION PROJECT
    Richard Spoth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This trial began with the random assignment of 33 rural schools having a sixth grade and meeting criteria for the federal school lunch program...
  47. Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, the proposed project should provide a rigorous evaluation of this promising brief prevention program and should advance knowledge regarding the prevention of this pernicious psychiatric problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Evaluation of an Integrated Program for School Readiness
    JANIS KUPERSMIDT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The outcomes of the proposed research will inform teachers, program directors, and policymakers as they make important decisions about the directions and expansion of early childhood efforts in the U.S. ..
  49. DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION WORKING MEMORY TBI--FMRI STUDY
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Performance and fMRI visualized activation of WM circuitry will be characterized at baseline (on placebo) and following administration of a dopamine agonist. ..
  50. RRIS II: AGRICULTURAL INJURY SURVEILLANCE
    SUSAN GERBERICH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality from injuries in the agricultural community and can serve as a model for other regions in the nation. ..
  51. Stepped Care for Mandated College Students
    Brian Borsari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Social Isolation, Loneliness, Health & the Aging Process
    John Cacioppo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..There are also two cores that provide broad support to the projects: Core A the administrative core, and Core B the data management and statistical management core. ..
  53. ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES AND MALE GENITAL ANOMALIES
    Rajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. Perinatal Risk of Asthma in Infants of Asthmatic Mothers
    Michael Bracken; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Identification of pregnancy and neonatal risk factors for infant asthma may offer opportunities for early prevention. ..
  55. INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMEN
    Joan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Crack & Health Service Use--A Natural History Approach
    Russel Falck; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  57. SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  58. Evaluation of Stimulant Drugs
    Sharon Wigal; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Within-subject PK variability in time-course of serum concentration for each medication will be analyzed, and the time-response characteristics also will be estimated based on PD measures for methylphenidate. ..
  59. WEB BASED SUPPORT--COMMUNITY TOBACCO CONTROL COALITIONS
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY CHOICE PROCEDURES
    Robert Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. REACH FOR HEALTH--MIDDLE CHILDHOOD RISK PREVENTION STUDY
    LYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Working in continued collaboration with the New York City Public Schools and the Joseph Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, we build this work on a strong foundation ..
  62. Substance Use & Girls: Stress, Hormones & Puberty
    Judy Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..All assessments will be timed to menstruating girls' menstrual cycle, with timing of non-menstruating girls yoked to that of menstruating girls. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Socioeconomic Status, Stress, Air Pollution and Asthma
    Rob McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  64. Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in Student
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Impact parameters will be directly measured using helmet-based accelerometer units. ..
  65. A SCHOOL PROGRAM TO ENHANCE BONE HEALTH IN GIRLS
    Deanna Hoelscher; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Eighteen ethnically diverse middle schools from central Texas will be randomized into control or intervention conditions, with schools serving as the unit ..
  66. Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in Teens
    Dianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project F-EAT will provide a knowledge base at a time when families, health providers, schools, and communities are struggling with how best to help adolescents from diverse backgrounds make healthy eating ..
  67. GROUP DEVIANCE, GROUP LEADERSHIP, AND TEEN AOD OUTCOMES
    MARK MACGOWAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We believe this research is innovative and significant in its approach to understanding factors influencing group treatment effectiveness, and ultimately will improve clinical approaches to adolescents with AOD problems. ..
  68. Reducing Alcohol & Risks Among Young Females
    LYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In continuing collaboration with New York City public schools and a community advisory board, the aims are to: (1) Develop a set of three audio-cds to be delivered at ..
  69. Ethnic Differences in Competence and Adolescent Drug Use
    KENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  70. Competence-Enhancement Prevention Program Effects on Later Risky Sexual Behavior
    KENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..universal school-based prevention program that was delivered to urban minority youth attending middle schools in New York City...
  71. New Moves Obesity Prevention Among Adolescent Girls
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..over an 18-month period using a randomized controlled study design with six intervention and six control high schools from urban and suburban schools in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area of Minnesota...
  72. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  73. Competence Skills and Smoking Among Subgroups of Youth
    KENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long-term goals are to improve our knowledge regarding the development of tobacco use among youth of different backgrounds, and to ultimately refine and improve smoking prevention programs for diverse youth populations...
  74. INNOVATIVE NUTRITION COMMUNICATION FOR LATINOS
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Aggresive cohort maintenance strategies (used extensively in the past by our research team) and incentives are expected to help retain 85% of the study group over time. ..
  75. Transitions in Physical Activity During Adolescence
    Cheryl Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer. ..
  76. Postprandial glycemic response to 4-week low and high glycemic load diets
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  77. Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and Wages
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
  78. Social Messages and Teen Sexual Health: Voices of Urban African American Youth
    Molly Secor Turner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, field notes will be recorded. The proposed study will be conducted with the guidance of established community consultants. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  79. Developing a Culturally-Sensitive Attributional Measure
    Stephen Leff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In response to this need, The Community Schools Program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) proposes to develop a social information processing ..
  80. USE OF ANTIOXIDANT SUPPLEMENTS AND OXIDATIVE DNA DAMAGE
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. Obesity Prevention in Latino Home and Community Environ*
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e. the home environment), but also macro-environments (i.e., apartment complex, schools, grocery stores, parks, and restaurants...
  82. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Each Field Center will recruit six "sets" consisting of middle schools (grades 6-8) with at least two nearby community agencies...
  83. ABSTINENT SOCIAL SUPPORT IN OXFORD HOUSE
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., abstinence status, reduction in symptoms, and quantity of use); and, 2) to examine whether changes in the degree of abstinence support received, moderated by social investment, promote these increases in self-efficacy. ..
  84. TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD: MR, FAMILIES, AND CULTURE
    JANET BLACHER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Systematic and longitudinal study of transitional experiences will provide information that can be utilized by policy makers and service providers, especially to facilitate parents' planning for the future. ..
  85. Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive Behavior
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  86. ACTIVITY INTERVENTION FOR CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  87. THE EFFECTS OF LAWS ON YOUTH PREVALENCE
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If these predicted findings do emerge, they will have an important influence on the ways in which public policy officials and community members consider interventions directed at lowering rates of smoking among their youth. ..
  88. Diet and Genetic Risks for Prostate Cancer
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To date, there are 718 confirmed cases of primary prostatic carcinoma. This proposed study will provide important information about prostate cancer etiology and suggest new strategies for prevention and control. ..
  89. SMOKING PREVENTION FOR LATINO MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..advisors, and the importance of family, we will recruit and train Latino high school students in large urban high schools to communicate to middle school students about dangers of tobacco and ways to prevent peer and other pressure to ..