internship and residency

Summary

Summary: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program
    Tait D Shanafelt
    University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Northwest Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:358-67. 2002
  2. ncbi Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
  3. ncbi Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31
    John Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007
  4. ncbi Defining and assessing professional competence
    Ronald M Epstein
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    JAMA 287:226-35. 2002
  5. doi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
  6. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
  7. ncbi Redesigning residency training in internal medicine: the consensus report of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine Education Redesign Task Force
    Frederick J Meyers
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Med 82:1211-9. 2007
  8. doi Faculty staff perceptions of feedback to residents after direct observation of clinical skills
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Educ 46:201-15. 2012
  9. doi Long-term follow-up on the educational impact of ACGME duty hour limits: a pre-post survey study
    Shimae C Fitzgibbons
    Department of General Surgery, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, MA, USA
    Ann Surg 256:1108-12. 2012
  10. doi Quality of life, burnout, educational debt, and medical knowledge among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 306:952-60. 2011

Detail Information

Publications409 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program
    Tait D Shanafelt
    University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Northwest Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:358-67. 2002
    ..Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and a sense of low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in residents or its relationship to patient care...
  2. ncbi Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
    ..Medical errors are associated with feelings of distress in physicians, but little is known about the magnitude and direction of these associations...
  3. ncbi Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31
    John Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007
    ..This has led to an increasing interest in a variety of formative assessment methods that require observation and offer the opportunity for feedback...
  4. ncbi Defining and assessing professional competence
    Ronald M Epstein
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    JAMA 287:226-35. 2002
    ..However, they may underemphasize some important domains of professional medical practice, including interpersonal skills, lifelong learning, professionalism, and integration of core knowledge into clinical practice...
  5. doi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
    ..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
  6. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
    ..Long work hours and work shifts of an extended duration (> or =24 hours) remain a hallmark of medical education in the United States. Yet their effect on health and safety has not been evaluated with the use of validated measures...
  7. ncbi Redesigning residency training in internal medicine: the consensus report of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine Education Redesign Task Force
    Frederick J Meyers
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Med 82:1211-9. 2007
    ....
  8. doi Faculty staff perceptions of feedback to residents after direct observation of clinical skills
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Educ 46:201-15. 2012
    ..This study explores the factors that underpin faculty members' decisions regarding the feedback they give to residents after directly observing them with patients and the factors that influence how feedback is delivered...
  9. doi Long-term follow-up on the educational impact of ACGME duty hour limits: a pre-post survey study
    Shimae C Fitzgibbons
    Department of General Surgery, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, MA, USA
    Ann Surg 256:1108-12. 2012
    ..To evaluate the long-term impact of the 2003 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hour limits on residents' perception of education...
  10. doi Quality of life, burnout, educational debt, and medical knowledge among internal medicine residents
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 306:952-60. 2011
    ..Physician distress is common and has been associated with negative effects on patient care. However, factors associated with resident distress and well-being have not been well described at a national level...
  11. ncbi Effects of work hour reduction on residents' lives: a systematic review
    Kathlyn E Fletcher
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clement J Zablocki VA Medical Center Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53295, USA
    JAMA 294:1088-100. 2005
    ..These limitations are likely to also have an impact on other aspects of the lives of residents...
  12. doi Surgical residents' perception of the 16-hour work day restriction: concern for negative impact on resident education and patient care
    David Y Lee
    Department of Surgery, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 215:868-77. 2012
    ..Our aim was to assess the attitudes and perception of general surgery residents regarding the new duty hour limitation as well as the transfer of care process under the new guidelines...
  13. doi Effect of the ACGME duty hours restrictions on surgical residents and faculty: a systematic review
    Mohammad H Jamal
    General Surgery, Department of Surgery and Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Med 86:34-42. 2011
    ....
  14. ncbi The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skills
    John J Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research and American Board of Internal Medicine, 3624 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:476-81. 2003
    ..To evaluate the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX), which assesses the clinical skills of residents...
  15. doi Performance goals on simulators boost resident motivation and skills laboratory attendance
    Dimitrios Stefanidis
    Carolinas Simulation Center, Division of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203, USA
    J Surg Educ 67:66-70. 2010
    ..To assess the impact of setting simulator training goals on resident motivation and skills laboratory attendance...
  16. ncbi Student teaching: views of student near-peer teachers and learners
    Carolien Bulte
    University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 29:583-90. 2007
    ..We define a near-peer as a trainee who is one or more years senior to another trainee on the same level of medical education training (i.e. medical students teaching other medical students, residents teaching other residents)..
  17. pmc Factors associated with the subspecialty choices of internal medicine residents in Canada
    Leora Horn
    Department of Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University, 777 Preston Research Building, 2220 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    BMC Med Educ 8:37. 2008
    ..To address the concern about physician imbalances in internal medicine subspecialties, we need to examine the factors that motivate residents when making career decisions...
  18. ncbi Residents' responses to medical error: coping, learning, and change
    Kirsten G Engel
    Section of Emergency Medicine, Yale University, 464 Congress Ave, Suite 260, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
    Acad Med 81:86-93. 2006
    ..To explore the significant emotional challenges facing resident physicians in the setting of medical mishaps, as well as their approaches to coping with these difficult experiences...
  19. ncbi Faculty and the observation of trainees' clinical skills: problems and opportunities
    Eric S Holmboe
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Acad Med 79:16-22. 2004
    ..The author outlines the nature of the problems in clinical skills and their evaluation by faculty and ends with recommendations to improve the current state of faculty skills in evaluation...
  20. ncbi Before and after resident work hour limitations: an objective assessment of the well-being of surgical residents
    Thomas Stamp
    Department of Surgery, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45409, USA
    Curr Surg 62:117-21. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of resident work hour limitations on how surgical residents feel about their training, patient care, and their overall well-being...
  21. ncbi Development and validation of an instrument to measure the postgraduate clinical learning and teaching educational environment for hospital-based junior doctors in the UK
    S Roff
    Centre for Medical Education, Dundee University Medical School, UK
    Med Teach 27:326-31. 2005
    ..The instrument has since returned an alpha reliability >0.91 in two administrations in England and may be a useful instrument in the quality assurance process for postgraduate medical education and training...
  22. pmc Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study
    Amy M Fahrenkopf
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 336:488-91. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence of depression and burnout among residents in paediatrics and to establish if a relation exists between these disorders and medication errors...
  23. ncbi Online access to MEDLINE in clinical settings. A study of use and usefulness
    R B Haynes
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario
    Ann Intern Med 112:78-84. 1990
    ..We introduced self-service access to the medical literature database, MEDLINE, into clinical settings to assess the frequency, patterns, purposes, and success of use...
  24. pmc Feedback and the mini clinical evaluation exercise
    Eric S Holmboe
    Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency, New Haven, CT 06721, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:558-61. 2004
    ..Programs should consider both specific training in feedback and changes to the miniCEX form to facilitate interactive feedback...
  25. doi An adequate level of training for technical competence in screening and diagnostic colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter evaluation of the learning curve
    Suck Ho Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea
    Gastrointest Endosc 67:683-9. 2008
    ..Various training programs in colonoscopy recommend that trainees should perform at least 100 to 200 procedures to be considered technically competent at diagnostic colonoscopy...
  26. doi Use of strategies from high-reliability organisations to the patient hand-off by resident physicians: practical implications
    I Philibert
    Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Chicago, IL 60654, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 18:261-6. 2009
    ..This study analysed attributes that affect hand-off accuracy, including use of data summaries and end-of-shift transfer strategies from high-reliability organisations...
  27. pmc Utilization of the PICO framework to improve searching PubMed for clinical questions
    Connie Schardt
    Medical Center Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 7:16. 2007
    ..Many questions go unanswered, however, due to lack of skills in formulating questions, crafting effective search strategies, and accessing databases to identify best levels of evidence...
  28. doi Improving in-hospital cardiac arrest process and outcomes with performance debriefing
    Dana P Edelson
    Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1063-9. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi Simulation-based mastery learning reduces complications during central venous catheter insertion in a medical intensive care unit
    Jeffrey H Barsuk
    Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
    Crit Care Med 37:2697-701. 2009
    ..To determine the effect of a simulation-based mastery learning model on central venous catheter insertion skill and the prevalence of procedure-related complications in a medical intensive care unit over a 1-yr period...
  30. ncbi Sleep deprivation and fatigue in residency training: results of a national survey of first- and second-year residents
    DeWitt C Baldwin
    Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Association, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Ill, USA
    Sleep 27:217-23. 2004
    ..To examine the relationship between residents' self-reported sleep hours, work hours, and other empirical correlates...
  31. pmc The intersection of online social networking with medical professionalism
    Lindsay A Thompson
    Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:954-7. 2008
    ..To measure the frequency and content of online social networking among medical students and residents...
  32. ncbi Improving patient quality of life with feedback to physicians about functional status
    L V Rubenstein
    Sepulveda VA Medical Center, CA 91343, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 10:607-14. 1995
    ....
  33. ncbi Medical errors involving trainees: a study of closed malpractice claims from 5 insurers
    Hardeep Singh
    Health Policy and Quality Program, Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Houston, Texas, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2030-6. 2007
    ..To describe the characteristics of and factors contributing to trainee errors, we analyzed malpractice claims in which trainees were judged to have played an important role in harmful errors...
  34. ncbi The impact of video games on training surgeons in the 21st century
    James C Rosser
    Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Arch Surg 142:181-6; discusssion 186. 2007
    ..Anecdotal observations of young surgeons suggest that video game play contributes to performance excellence in laparoscopic surgery. Training benefits for surgeons who play video games should be quantifiable...
  35. ncbi Resident burnout
    Niku K Thomas
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    JAMA 292:2880-9. 2004
    ..Subject Heading terms burnout, professional, emotional exhaustion, cynicism, depersonalization and internship and residency, housestaff, intern, resident, or physicians in training and by examining reference lists of retrieved ..
  36. doi Complications and death at the start of the new academic year: is there a July phenomenon?
    Kenji Inaba
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 68:19-22. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the new residents presenting in July at a high volume Level I Academic Trauma Center...
  37. doi Factors influencing residents' evaluations of clinical faculty member teaching qualities and role model status
    Onyebuchi A Arah
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles UCLA, CA, USA
    Med Educ 46:381-9. 2012
    ....
  38. doi How Dutch medical residents perceive their competency as manager in the revised postgraduate medical curriculum
    Lizanne Berkenbosch
    Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Science, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Postgrad Med J 87:680-7. 2011
    ..The goal of this study was to investigate medical residents' understanding of this competency and how they perceive their role as manager...
  39. doi Physiological and psychological impacts on male medical interns during on-call duty
    Yu Hsuan Lin
    School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Stress 15:21-30. 2012
    ..Our study suggests that 10 stressful on-call duties monthly result in reduced sympathetic modulation during duty night work, high anxiety and depression state, and a persistent inattention...
  40. ncbi Burnout and internal medicine resident work-hour restrictions
    Ravi Gopal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Aurora, CO, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2595-600. 2005
    ..We evaluated rates of burnout in internal medicine residents before and after the implementation of the new work-hour restriction...
  41. pmc Determinants of internal medicine residents' choice in the Canadian R4 fellowship match: a qualitative study
    Vijay J Daniels
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 11:44. 2011
    ..Some studies have been published examining factors that influence career choices. However, these were either demographic factors or factors pre-determined by the authors' opinion as possibly being important to incorporate into a survey...
  42. doi Tensions in informed self-assessment: how the desire for feedback and reticence to collect and use it can conflict
    Karen Mann
    Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 86:1120-7. 2011
    ..The purpose of this project was to explore the tensions described by learners and professionals when informing their self-assessments of clinical performance...
  43. doi Adequacy of information transferred at resident sign-out (in-hospital handover of care): a prospective survey
    S M Borowitz
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:6-10. 2008
    ..Few residency training programmes formally teach resident physicians how to sign out or assess their ability to sign out, and little research has examined the sign-out process...
  44. pmc Critical events in the lives of interns
    Alexandra Ackerman
    Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:27-32. 2009
    ..As interns assume primary care for their patients, they take on new responsibilities. The events they find memorable during this time could provide us with insight into their developing professional identities...
  45. pmc Factors associated with medical knowledge acquisition during internal medicine residency
    Furman S McDonald
    General Internal Medicine Hospital Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:962-8. 2007
    ..Knowledge acquisition is a goal of residency and is measurable by in-training exams. Little is known about factors associated with medical knowledge acquisition...
  46. doi Surgical resident performance on a virtual reality simulator correlates with operating room performance
    Eyad M Wohaibi
    Department of Surgery, Baystate Medical Center Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
    J Surg Res 160:67-72. 2010
    ..To define the ability of a virtual reality (VR) simulator to reflect clinical skill in surgical residents, we compared clinical laparoscopic performance and contemporary lab performance during curricular VR skills training...
  47. doi Morbidity in surgery: impact of the 50-hour work-week limitation in Switzerland
    R Kaderli
    Department of Surgery, Spitalzentrum Biel AG, Biel, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 142:w13506. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi The international medical graduate pipeline: recent trends in certification and residency training
    John R Boulet
    Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 25:469-77. 2006
    ..More detailed longitudinal analyses are required to better understand the interwoven issues of physician supply, consumers' needs, and the role of IMGs in the U.S. health care system...
  49. doi Impact of the 80-hour workweek on surgical case exposure within a general surgery residency program
    Daniel R Watson
    Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, Ohio 43214, USA
    J Surg Educ 67:283-9. 2010
    ....
  50. doi Resident physicians' perspectives on effective outpatient teaching: a qualitative study
    John B Kisiel
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 15:357-68. 2010
    ..These findings support learning theories and previous factor analytic studies. However, this qualitative study provided insights that could not be gleaned from assessment scores alone...
  51. doi A crisis of faith? A review of simulation in teaching team-based, crisis management skills to surgical trainees
    Aristithes G Doumouras
    Division of General Surgery, Keenan Research Center of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Surg Educ 69:274-81. 2012
    ..The purpose of this review was to appraise and summarize the design, implementation, and efficacy of peer-reviewed, simulation-based CRM training programs for postgraduate trainees (residents)...
  52. ncbi Required procedural training in family medicine residency: a consensus statement
    Melissa Nothnagle
    Brown University, Department of Family Medicine, Pawtucket, RI 02860, USA
    Fam Med 40:248-52. 2008
    ..Our objective was to develop a standard list of required procedures for family medicine residencies...
  53. doi Toward authentic clinical evaluation: pitfalls in the pursuit of competency
    Shiphra Ginsburg
    Wilson Centre for Research in Education, University Health Network, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 85:780-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to better understand the tensions that exist between competency frameworks and faculty's real-life experiences in evaluating residents...
  54. pmc Development of a new valid, reliable, and internationally applicable assessment tool of residents' competence in ophthalmic surgery (an American Ophthalmological Society thesis)
    C Golnik
    Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati and The Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio Dr Golnik Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, The Methodist Hospital System, Houston, Texas, and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Dr Beaver Department of Ophthalmology, Imperial Healthcare Institute, Dubai Healthcare City, and Department of Clinical Sciences, Dubai Medical College, United Arab Emirates Dr Gauba Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Department of Ophthalmology, The Methodist Hospital System, Houston, Texas, The Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Dr Lee Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina Dr Mayorga and Dr Palis and Moorfields Eye Hospital, South Wing, Bedford, United Kingdom Dr Saleh
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 111:24-33. 2013
    ..Accordingly, a new tool for assessing residents' competence in ophthalmic surgery (phacoemulsification) that could be applicable internationally was developed. We hypothesize that this instrument is valid and reliable...
  55. doi Impact of ACGME work-hour restrictions on the outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in a cohort of 600,000 patients
    Raja R Gopaldas
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Surg Res 163:201-9. 2010
    ..Since the resident physician 80-h/wk restriction was implemented on July 1, 2003, little has been learned about the impact of this reform on patient outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
  56. pmc Patient safety, resident education and resident well-being following implementation of the 2003 ACGME duty hour rules
    Kathlyn E Fletcher
    Department of Medicine, Milwaukee VAMC Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:907-19. 2011
    ..The ACGME-released revisions to the 2003 duty hour standards...
  57. ncbi Efficacy of communication skills training for giving bad news and discussing transitions to palliative care
    Anthony L Back
    Department of Medicine Oncology, University of Washington, 825 Eastlake Ave E, PO Box 19023, Seattle, WA 98109 1023, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:453-60. 2007
    ..This study evaluated the efficacy of Oncotalk in changing observable communication behaviors...
  58. doi Colonoscopy training in gastroenterology fellowships: determining competence
    Bret J Spier
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Gastrointest Endosc 71:319-24. 2010
    ..Although 140 colonoscopies is the recommended minimal requirement for gastroenterology fellows, it is unclear whether this minimum is a surrogate for competence...
  59. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) applied to medical residents
    GetĂșlio R de Oliveira Filho
    Nucleus for Research in Medical Education, Department of Anaesthesiology, Hospital Governador Celso Ramos, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    Med Teach 27:343-7. 2005
    ..G and D coefficients were 0.95 and 0.67, respectively. The instrument proved to be useful for relative comparisons at both resident and program level...
  60. pmc New tools for systematic evaluation of teaching qualities of medical faculty: results of an ongoing multi-center survey
    Onyebuchi A Arah
    Department of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25983. 2011
    ....
  61. doi Interns overestimate the effectiveness of their hand-off communication
    Vivian Y Chang
    5841 S Maryland Ave, MC 2007, AMB B217, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pediatrics 125:491-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess whether postcall pediatric interns can correctly estimate the patient care information and rationale received by on-call interns during hand-off communication...
  62. doi Evaluating obstetrical residency programs using patient outcomes
    David A Asch
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
    JAMA 302:1277-83. 2009
    ..Patient outcomes have been used to assess the performance of hospitals and physicians; in contrast, residency programs have been compared based on nonclinical measures...
  63. pmc Ten-year audit of Lichtenstein hernioplasty under local anaesthesia performed by surgical residents
    Hannu Paajanen
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Kuopio, Puijonlaaksontie 2, 70210 Kuopio, Finland
    BMC Surg 10:24. 2010
    ..To analyse in a prospective trial the long-term results of Lichtenstein hernioplasty performed by surgical trainees...
  64. doi A structured handoff program for interns
    Eugene S Chu
    Division of Hospital Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, Colorado 80204 4507, USA
    Acad Med 84:347-52. 2009
    ..To develop, teach, and supervise a structured process for handing off patient care and to evaluate its effect on interns' knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward handoffs...
  65. doi Results of a multifaceted Intimate Partner Violence training program for pediatric residents
    Maria D McColgan
    Drexel University College of Medicine, St Christopher s Hospital For Children, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 34:275-83. 2010
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of a multifaceted Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) intervention on knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices of pediatric residents...
  66. pmc Supervising the supervisors--procedural training and supervision in internal medicine residency
    Michelle Mourad
    Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:351-6. 2010
    ..Residents' perceptions about supervision or how often peer supervision produces unsafe clinical situations are unknown...
  67. pmc Virtual reality training for endoscopic surgery: voluntary or obligatory?
    K W van Dongen
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, P O Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Surg Endosc 22:664-7. 2008
    ..An important issue is how to create optimal conditions for integration of these types of simulators into the surgical training curriculum. The willingness of surgical residents to train these skills on a voluntary basis was surveyed...
  68. ncbi [Using the SETQ system to evaluate and improve teaching qualities of clinical teachers]
    M J M H Kiki Lombarts
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Afd Kwaliteit en Proces Innovatie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 154:A1222. 2010
    ....
  69. pmc Learning in a virtual world: experience with using second life for medical education
    John Wiecha
    Department of Family Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Med Internet Res 12:e1. 2010
    ..Similarly, the use of virtual worlds for continuing health professional development appears to be largely unreported...
  70. doi Clinical teaching improves with resident evaluation and feedback
    Keith Baker
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Anesthesiology 113:693-703. 2010
    ..This study sought to determine whether resident-provided numerical evaluation and written feedback to clinical teachers improved clinical teaching scores...
  71. pmc Internal medicine resident self-report of factors associated with career decisions
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:946-9. 2009
    ..Little is known about factors contributing to the career decisions of internal medicine residents...
  72. pmc Getting by: underuse of interpreters by resident physicians
    Lisa C Diamond
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:256-62. 2009
    ..Research suggests that physicians underuse interpreters despite evidence of benefits and even when services are readily available. The reasons underlying the underuse of interpreters are poorly understood...
  73. pmc Do absorption and realistic distraction influence performance of component task surgical procedure?
    Jon R Pluyter
    Department of Information Systems and Management, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, 5037 AB Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Surg Endosc 24:902-7. 2010
    ..g., music, conversation, and unadapted use of sophisticated technologies). This study aimed to examine whether such realistic social and technological distracting conditions may influence surgical performance...
  74. pmc Good clinical teachers likely to be specialist role models: results from a multicenter cross-sectional survey
    Kiki M J M H Lombarts
    Department of Quality and Process Innovation, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 5:e15202. 2010
    ..We developed the System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (SETQ) to generate individualized feedback on previously defined teaching qualities and role model status for faculty in (non) academic hospitals...
  75. ncbi Procedural competency in emergency medicine: the current range of resident experience
    S R Hayden
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 92103 8819, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 6:728-35. 1999
    ..To evaluate the recorded range of procedures tracked by emergency medicine (EM) programs, and to determine whether differences in procedural experience occur in various types of residency or hospital settings...
  76. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
    ..Although sleep deprivation has been shown to impair neurobehavioral performance, few studies have measured its effects on medical errors...
  77. doi Impact of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education work-hour regulations on neurosurgical resident education and productivity
    Jay Jagannathan
    Departments of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    J Neurosurg 110:820-7. 2009
    ..The authors have evaluated multiple objective surrogate markers of resident performance and quality of training to determine the impact of the 80-hour workweek...
  78. ncbi The ACGME outcome project: retrospective and prospective
    Susan R Swing
    Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Chicago, IL, USA
    Med Teach 29:648-54. 2007
    ..The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education began an initiative in 1998 to improve resident physicians' ability to provide quality patient care and to work effectively in current and evolving healthcare delivery systems...
  79. ncbi Variation of mood and empathy during internship
    Lisa M Bellini
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    JAMA 287:3143-6. 2002
    ..Internship is a time of great transition, during which mood disturbances are common. However, variations in mood and empathy levels throughout the internship year have not been investigated...
  80. doi Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    JAMA 302:1294-300. 2009
    ..Fatigue and distress have been separately shown to be associated with medical errors. The contribution of each factor when assessed simultaneously is unknown...
  81. ncbi Impact of duty hour limitations on resident and student education in obstetrics and gynecology
    Eve Espey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, 2211 Lomas NE, Albuquerque, NM 87133 USA
    J Reprod Med 52:345-8. 2007
    ..To identify educators' attitudes about the impact of duty hour limitations on resident and student education in obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN)...
  82. ncbi The 80-hour resident workweek does not adversely affect patient outcomes or resident education
    Christian De Virgilio
    Department of Surgery, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90509, USA
    Curr Surg 63:435-9; discussion 440. 2006
    ..To determine whether the 80-hour resident workweek adversely affects patient outcomes or resident education...
  83. pmc Effects of resident duty hour reform on surgical and procedural patient safety indicators among hospitalized Veterans Health Administration and Medicare patients
    Amy K Rosen
    Center for Health Quality, Outcomes, and Economic Research, VA Center of Excellence, 200 Springs Road 152, Bedford, MA 01730, USA
    Med Care 47:723-31. 2009
    ..We investigated whether rates of patient safety indicators (PSIs) changed after these reforms...
  84. ncbi Evolution of sleep quantity, sleep deprivation, mood disturbances, empathy, and burnout among interns
    Ilene M Rosen
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Acad Med 81:82-5. 2006
    ..To explore the relationships between sleep deprivation and the evolution of mood disturbances, empathy, and burnout among a cohort of interns...
  85. ncbi Stress management in medical education: a review of the literature
    S L Shapiro
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
    Acad Med 75:748-59. 2000
    ..To review systematically clinical studies providing empirical data on stress-management programs in medical training...
  86. doi Impact of a structured surgical curriculum on ophthalmic resident cataract surgery complication rates
    Gina M Rogers
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 35:1956-60. 2009
    ..To determine whether institution of a structured surgical curriculum for ophthalmology residents decreased the rate of sentinel surgical complications...
  87. ncbi Teaching evidence-based medicine to internal medicine residents: the efficacy of conferences versus small-group discussion
    Kris G Thomas
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 559005, USA
    Teach Learn Med 17:130-5. 2005
    ..Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a required component of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Practice-Based Learning core competency...
  88. ncbi Changes in hospital mortality associated with residency work-hour regulations
    Kanaka D Shetty
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Ann Intern Med 147:73-80. 2007
    ..In 2002, the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education enacted regulations, effective 1 July 2003, that limited work hours for all residency programs in the United States...
  89. ncbi Gender differences in the self-assessment of surgical residents
    Rebecca M Minter
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Surg 189:647-50. 2005
    ..Despite equivalent performance as assessed by objective external measures, women tend to underestimate their abilities compared with their male counterparts...
  90. ncbi Factors influencing career choice among medical students interested in surgery
    Ali Azizzadeh
    Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Curr Surg 60:210-3. 2003
    ..The number of applicants to general surgery programs has recently declined. We set out to determine factors that influence career choice among medical students...
  91. ncbi Mortality among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries in the first 2 years following ACGME resident duty hour reform
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 298:975-83. 2007
    ..The association of duty hour reform with mortality among patients in teaching hospitals nationally has not been well established...
  92. ncbi Airway management by US and Canadian emergency medicine residents: a multicenter analysis of more than 6,000 endotracheal intubation attempts
    Mark J Sagarin
    University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 46:328-36. 2005
    ..We determine success rates of endotracheal intubation performed in emergency departments (EDs) by North American emergency medicine residents...
  93. ncbi Resident perceptions of the impact of work-hour restrictions on health care delivery and surgical education: time for transformational change
    Kara C Kort
    Department of Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    Surgery 136:861-71. 2004
    ..We surveyed surgical residents from all four State University of New York (SUNY) surgical programs to determine their perceptions of the impact of the 80-hour workweek on patient care, surgical education, and personal life...
  94. doi Predictors of technical skill acquisition among resident trainees in a laparoscopic skills education program
    Corey Van Hove
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University Portland, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, L 223A, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
    World J Surg 32:1917-21. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to identify student characteristics predictive of innate pretraining skill level and response to training during the course of a four-week laparoscopic skills development program...
  95. pmc Health and health care among housestaff in four U.S. internal medicine residency programs
    I M Rosen
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Center for
    J Gen Intern Med 15:116-21. 2000
    ..Program directors should explore these barriers and, at the same time, reevaluate the messages being sent to resident physicians about maintaining their health and health care...
  96. ncbi Trends in career choice by US medical school graduates
    Dale A Newton
    Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    JAMA 290:1179-82. 2003
    ..Most notable is the recent decrease in the percentage of US medical student graduates choosing a primary care career, which has important implications for the US physician workforce...
  97. doi Psychometric properties of an integrated assessment of technical and communication skills
    Vicki R LeBlanc
    Wilson Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 200 Elizabeth St, 1ES 565, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4 Canada
    Am J Surg 197:96-101. 2009
    ..Trainees are required to perform technical skills while engaging with the patient. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an IPPI format examination could discriminate between different levels of trainees...
  98. ncbi Objective structured assessment of cataract surgical skill
    George M Saleh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:363-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate the Objective Structured Assessment of Cataract Surgical Skill scoring system...
  99. doi Lifestyle counseling in primary care: opportunities and challenges for changing practice
    Joan Sargeant
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
    Med Teach 30:185-91. 2008
    ..Specific strategies can enable physicians to more effectively navigate this complex area of communication with patients, improving patient response in adopting healthy behaviours and increasing physician satisfaction with this task...
  100. ncbi Determining standards for laparoscopic proficiency using virtual reality
    William C Brunner
    Department of Surgery, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am Surg 71:29-35. 2005
    ..These data suggest the EXP-C level may be too lenient, whereas the EXP-1 level is more challenging and should result in adequate skill acquisition. Such standards should be further developed and integrated into surgical education...
  101. doi Progress testing in postgraduate medical education
    M G K Dijksterhuis
    Ikaziaziekenhuis, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Med Teach 31:e464-8. 2009
    ..This implies that postgraduate assessment should include knowledge testing. Longitudinal assessment, like progress testing, seems a promising approach for postgraduate progress knowledge assessment...

Research Grants76

  1. Mapping for Specialized Domains for FCeRI Signaling &Internalization
    Bridget S Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results of these analyses will contribute important new insight into the nature and assembly of membrane microdomains controlling immune cell signaling. ..
  2. Pathobiology of Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes in a Ferret Model
    Zoe Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These results are expected to have a significant positive impact on the field of CF research. ..
  3. Adenosine and the Basal Forebrain in the Control of Behavioral State
    Robert E Strecker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In conclusion, there is a direct path from our studies on animal models to related clinical research, which could lead to improved medical care of veterans. ..
  4. Functional Neuroimaging of Individual Differences in Affect and Motivation
    BRIAN JAMES MICKEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..At the same time, the project will address important, testable questions about the neurobiology of genetic vulnerability to MDD, an identified public health priority. ..
  5. Mechanisms of Neutralizing Antibody Resistance in Chronic HCV and HIV Infection
    JUSTIN RICHARD BAILEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, a better understanding of viral escape from nAb and development of broadly nAb responses should facilitate HCV vaccine development. ..
  6. The Role of Interferon-gamma in the Regulation of Hematopoietic Stem Cells
    KATHERINE YUDEH KING; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..My work and future career will focus on how HSCs respond to infection, a basic physiologic response that can be aberrant in disease states, disrupted by infectious pathogens, or co-opted for therapeutic purposes. ..
  7. Use of Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors to Evaluate the Pathobiology of CF
    JENNIFER L TAYLOR-COUSAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..develops during the period of this award, to design a large, multi-center trial to determine if systemic PDEi administration will improve lung function, frequency of exacerbations and exercise tolerance in CF lung disease ..
  8. Roles of RhoA/Rho-kinase Signaling in Cavernous Neurons Following Axonal Injury
    TRINITY JUDE BIVALACQUA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I hope to one day mentor other young surgeon/scientist and provide them with the means and opportunity that my department and K08 funding will afford me. ..
  9. Studying a novel regulator of GBM tumorigeneis: the role of CK2alpha in maintaini
    Gordon Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Iodine Nutrition and Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Lactation
    ANGELA MEI TIN LEUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Transposons in Female Reproductive Health and Disease
    Zev Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine how the oocyte suppresses transposons and the effect of transposons on female reproduction. ..
  12. Best Management of Sigmoid Volvulus: a Prospective Randomized Trial
    JONATHAN CHARLES SAMUEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. PET TUMOR AND PROLIFERATION IMAGING VIA CATIONIC AMINO ACID TRANSPORT
    JONATHAN EDWARD MCCONATHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of the research and training plan would position me to become an independent investigator at the conclusion of the award period. ..
  14. The function and regulation of IL-33 in the airway epithelium in asthma
    ERIN D GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With these resources and support, I will be well positioned to establish a successful independent research career. ..
  15. Immediate and Delayed Effects of Morphine on Brain Circuits: Animal and Human Cor
    Dusica Bajic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Each of these laboratories has a well-established track record in scientific investigation relevant to the hypothesis and specific aims of the proposed study. ..
  16. Surgical Indirect Revascularization For Symptomatic Intracranial Aterial Stenosis
    Nestor Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  17. Activity-dependent phosphorylation of MeCP2
    DANIEL HIGGINS EBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Improved understanding of the mechanism of MeCP2 function may guide the development of new treatments for these disorders in the future. ..
  18. The Role of CRACM1 in the Pathogenesis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    Peter C Chien; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. The effects of dexamethasone on tumor and microglial cells in glioma
    TERREIA SUTTON JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  20. Biological &Environmental Mediators of Vitamin D and Aggressive Prostate Cancer
    ADAM BRYANT MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Syk in Mitochondrial Stress Signaling and Insulin Resistance
    Heide Christine Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BWH is one of the main teaching hospitals of Harvard Medical School. The BWH Department of Pathology has a strong track record of training young physician scientists having mentored 24 K award recipients since 2003. ..
  22. Effects of Extravasated Serum Proteins on Human Glioblastoma Invasion
    HUNTER REEVE UNDERHILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Howard Temin Pathway to Independence Award for Cancer Research (K99/R00) will allow me to complete my post-doctoral training and provide critical support for the transition to a faculty position. ..
  23. The Neurochemistry of Cognitive Therapy: Predicting Treatment Outcome with PET
    Jeffrey M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dileep Kumar;and office space in The New York State Psychiatric Institute. ..
  24. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Karl Deisseroth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Scripps Translational Science Institute (TL1)
    ERIC JEFFREY TOPOL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. RTP801 and ATF4 in Neuronal Death in PD
    OREN ABRAHAM LEVY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As the award draws to a close, I will use the story and findings I have developed as a foundation for obtaining independent research funding. ..
  27. Liver Tissue Engineering Through Three-Dimensional Hepatocyte Culture
    Tammy T Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Support through the K08 Career Development Award will be invaluable in helping me achieve my long-term career goal of becoming an independent surgeon-scientist with a research focus in liver tissue engineering. ..
  28. Characterization of lung cancer radiosensitizers from genome-wide RNAi screens
    David Kozono; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In so doing, I hope to provide rationale for testing proteasome and/or USP9X inhibition in Phase I/II trials, and to identify biomarkers for patient selection. ..
  29. Genetic Instability &Risk for Esophageal Carcinoma
    Xifeng Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ability to rapidly screen individuals for risk, using minimally invasive procedures (blood samples), has immense clinical implication, such as intensive screening and chemopreventive interventions. ..
  30. Repurposing cholinesterase inhibitors for smoking cessation
    REBECCA ASHARE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This comprehensive, interdisciplinary mentored approach will enhance my clinical research skills and my ability to compete successfully for R01 funding and establish an independent program of research. ..
  31. Glioma immunotherapy with strategies based on autonomous parvovirus MVMp
    JUSTIN COBB PAGLINO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Aim 2 I test two parvoviral vectors expressing cytokines. In Aim 3 I test an 'altere self epitope library'engineered into parvoviral vector. I look forward to the research and trainin activities described herein. ..
  32. Conducting Research in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
    Debra L Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Each of the pathways has programmatic goals with an over-riding emphasis to provide a deep research training experience through both didactic teaching and mentored research. ..
  33. Behavioral and Molecular Effects of Antenatal SSRI Exposure
    Lawrence S Quang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Together, they will test the Principal Investigator's hypothesis that antenatal SSRI exposure will lead to behavioral pathogenesis from perturbations in the regulatory programs that govern 5-HT neuron development. ..
  34. Addressing Oral Health Disparities in Individuals with Mental Health Problems
    Lisa J Heaton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of the studies in this proposal will lay the groundwork for future interventions to increase access to oral health resources for individuals in underserved populations. ..
  35. Beta-catenin is a molecular target of the Fanconi anemia core complex
    Kim Hien T Dao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These transitional steps are necessary for her to achieve her long-term career goal of becoming a productive, independent researcher in academic medicine with sustained extramural funding. ..
  36. Non-invasive evaluation of Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis
    Michelle Lai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will give a predictive instrument for NASH as well as answer health policy questions that will have a substantial impact on the national health care budget, clinical practice and on patient health. ..
  37. Targeting Src Signaling Pathways to Promote Cell Cycle Arrest in Ovarian Cancer
    Fiona Simpkins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anti-estrogen treatment of early stage OVCA may prove to prevent or delay recurrence, which has never been explored. ..
  38. Validation of MRI Microvascular Biomarkers in Pancreatic Cancer with Magnetic Nan
    ALEXANDER RAMOS GUIMARAES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Genetic and Environmental Determinants of Food Allergy
    Corinne Keet; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings from this study may inform preventative strategies for food allergy. ..
  40. Training in Sexually Transmitted Diseases Including HIV
    Stanley M Spinola; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Nine resource faculty provide important educational components to our program and have the opportunity to achieve mentor status should they meet certain criteria and are approved by the Executive Board. ..
  41. Postdoc Training in Translational Research in Neural Injury and Neurodegeneration
    Marc A Dichter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Relevance: We propose to teach physicians to conduct laboratory research into causes of neurological diseases. A better understanding will lead to the development of new treatments and cures. ..
  42. Sensimmer Virtual Phaco Trainer for Cataract Surgery
    P Pat Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Following STTR Phases I and II, the SENSIMMER Virtual Phaco Trainer will include well developed modules for the two most difficult part-tasks of cataract surgery: capsulorrhexis and phacoemulsification. ..
  43. Neuromorphometry of Psychosis in Bipolar Disorder
    Daniel Mamah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific biological abnormalities will also help validate psychiatric diagnoses and improve the classification of disorders. ..
  44. The Effect of Low Frequency STN DBS on Sleep and Vigilance in PD Patients
    AMY WILLIS AMARA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. The Impact of Public Reporting on Outcomes and Case Selection for PCI
    KAREN ELLEN JOYNT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  46. Endothelial Ca2+ signals and vasodilatory function after traumatic brain injury
    Kalev Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research environment maximizes the potential for the Candidate to establish a scientific niche from which an academic career can be constructed. ..
  47. Role of Bile Acids in the Initiation of Liver Regeneration
    Willscott E Naugler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  48. Racial Differences in Phosphorus Metabolism in Health and in Kidney Disease
    ORLANDO M GUTIERREZ; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  49. Compartmentalized neurodegeneration of retinal ganglion cells in glaucoma
    Yvonne Ou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  50. Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Women With Gestational Diabetes
    Catherine Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These projects address the growing incidence of GDM, which is increasing due to advancing maternal age and obesity, as well as the increasing rates of DM, a major public health problem. ..
  51. Liver Glucose Flux in Obesity and Diabetes
    Masakazu Shiota; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding how chronic hyperglycemia impairs the action of glucose and/or insulin on the liver in terms of glucose and lipid metabolism will provide the basis for improved treatment of type 2 diabetes. ..
  52. Inflammatory-metabolic Crosstalk in the Myocardium
    JOEL DAVID SCHILLING; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal will evaluate how the inflammatory response affects the heart and how it may contribute to the heart failure that develops in diabetic patients. ..
  53. The Role of Biglycan in Reproduction
    BEATRICE ELIZABETH LECHNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. Prevalence of FMRI Expansions in Movement Disorders
    Deborah A Hall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These illnesses represent an important public health problem as they cause morbidity and mortality in our aging population. ..
  55. The Effect of Saturated Fat Ingestion on the HDL Proteome
    Hussein N Yassine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This discovery could help us understand the composition changes of HDL involved in cardiovascular disease, and serve as a marker to develop novel therapies aimed at decreasing the cardiovascular disease burden. ..
  56. TRAINING IN BIOMOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY
    David H Farb; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This renewal application seeks funding for 8 trainees each year. The requested increase in the number of slots is to leverage the increased interest of highly qualified BME and GPN candidates in pharmacology training. ..
  57. Functions of the Hypoxia-Induced MicroRNA-210 in Pulmonary Vascular Endothelium
    Stephen Y Chan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In doing so, it is expected to improve the current understanding of the mechanisms by which low oxygen conditions affect the pulmonary vessels during normal and disease states and may point to future therapeutic targets. ..
  58. RENAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM
    Lawrence B Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This application is for a program to train young physicians to conduct research into developing new strategies and treatments for kidney disease. ..
  59. Cap binding and gene expression in trypanosomes
    David A Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The UCLA group has an NIH award (AI056034;7/01/09-6/30/14) to study the maturation of the kinetoplastid spliced leader RNA. The goals of this FIRCA application are not related directly to the parent grant. ..
  60. Prenatal Factors and Risk of Schizophrenia in a Finnish National Birth Cohort
    ALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, the research described in this proposal has future potential for the identification of susceptibility genes that interact with the prenatal exposures and other developmental antecedents in the etiology of schizophrenia. ..
  61. Global Health Partnership at UCSD and SDSU
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  62. Functional and Structural Neuroanatomy in Late-Life Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Carmen Andreescu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This developmental program initiates an integrative strategy for the long-term goal of bridging psychopathology and treatment response with the neuroanatomy of late-life anxiety disorders. ..
  63. Clinico-Genomic Assessment of Performance Status in Elderly AML Patients
    Arati V Rao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  64. LYMPHOCYTE-MEDIATED IMMUNITY TO ANAPLASMA MARGINALE
    Reginald Valdez; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These equipment and facilities are, however, assumed to be available in the laboratory of Dr. Knowles based on his research activities. ..
  65. MOLECULAR CLONING OF A NOVEL BASEMENT MEMBRANE COMPONENT
    Lawrence Chan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In addition, the candidate has 80% projective time devoted to research. Together, this environment provides sufficient support for the candidate to succeed in his research effort. ..
  66. CAM Curriculum Project
    Mary Jo Kreitzer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Dr. Kreitzer has extensive experience teaching and designing curricula within academic environments, has conducted CAM-related research and published articles and book chapters on CAM. ..
  67. Postpartum Depression: Omega-3 FA vs Placebo
    Marlene Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These doses should provide an adequate test of the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids while being safe for the mother and breastfeeding baby. ..
  68. Palliative Care Curriculum for Medical Residents
    Charles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the type of training program (university hospital versus community teaching hospital versus military hospital) have any effect on the retention of information? and 6) Is there evidence of yearly interaction among these various factors? ..
  69. Comparative Effectiveness and Feasibility of SBIRT in a General Dental Clinic
    Thomas F Babor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The research described in this application could have significant implications on both clinical science and public health dentistry. ..
  70. Academic Career Development in CAM Research and Education
    ROBERT SAPER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Identifying New Aging and Longevity Genes in Caenorhabditis elegans
    Muneesh Tewari; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..He has returned to the laboratory after a 5 year hiatus spent pursuing clinical training, including internship and residency in Internal Medicine and subspecialty clinical training in Medical Oncology...
  72. NEUROHORMONAL BASES FOR GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PAIN
    Naila Farooq; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. A Canine Model for Human X-Linked Ectodermal Dysplasia
    Margret Casal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, the HED dogs will be examined to demonstrate that a specific immune deficiency is responsible for pulmonary disease rather than the previously thought lack of respiratory mucoid glands. ..
  74. CYCLOPHILIN C FUNCTION
    Jeffrey Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..D. training and in 1993 began Pediatric Internship and Residency at The Children's Hospital in Boston...
  75. YNPRC Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine Residency Program
    JAMES GIBSON ELSE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..After the three year period, residents should be fully prepared for their ACLAM board examinations. We propose a competitive remuneration package to adequately compensate for the extended period of study. ..
  76. Integrating CAM into a Family Medicine Residency Program
    ANN SKELTON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4. Promote an environment conductive to establishing partnerships between physicians and patients regarding the integration of conventional medicine with CAM therapies. ..