Genomes and Genes
physical education and training
Summary: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Publications287 found, 100 shown here
- The role of schools in obesity preventionMary Story
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
Future Child 16:109-42. 2006....
- Environmental interventions for eating and physical activity: a randomized controlled trial in middle schoolsJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
Am J Prev Med 24:209-17. 2003..Our objective was to evaluate the effects of environmental, policy, and social marketing interventions on physical activity and fat intake of middle school students on campus...
- Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviourJ Dollman
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005....
- The impact of state laws and district policies on physical education and recess practices in a nationally representative sample of US public elementary schoolsSandy J Slater
Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:311-6. 2012..To examine the impact of state- and school district-level policies on the prevalence of physical education (PE) and recess in a nationally representative sample of US public elementary schools...
- Dutch obesity intervention in teenagers: effectiveness of a school-based program on body composition and behaviorAmika S Singh
Department of Public Health, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:309-17. 2009....
- Evaluation of a two-year middle-school physical education intervention: M-SPANThomas L McKenzie
Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 7251, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1382-8. 2004..We developed, implemented, and assessed an intervention to increase physical activity during middle-school PE classes...
- Physical activity curricula in medical schoolsJoseph P Garry
Family Medicine, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA
Acad Med 77:818-20. 2002..The authors discuss the need for changing the medical school curriculum to increase knowledge of the benefits of physical activity and develop counseling skills for modifying patients' behaviors...
- Effects of a 2-year school-based daily physical activity intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness: the Sogndal school-intervention studyG K Resaland
Faculty of Teacher Education and Sport, Sogn og Fjordane University College, Sogndal, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:302-9. 2011..The intervention, primarily carried out at a moderate intensity, had the biggest impact in children with low initial CRF levels. In conclusion, a 2-year school-based 60-min daily PA intervention significantly improved CRF in children...
- Effects of health-related physical education on academic achievement: project SPARKJ F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 70:127-34. 1999..Health-related physical education may have favorable effects on students' academic achievement...
- Training and performance characteristics among Norwegian international rowers 1970-2001A Fiskerstrand
Norwegian Rowing Federation, Oslo, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:303-10. 2004....
- Rationale, design and methods of the HEALTHY study physical education intervention componentR G McMurray
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
Int J Obes (Lond) 33:S37-43. 2009..Equipment and PE teacher assistants were provided for each school. An expert in PE at each center trained the PE teachers and assistants, monitored delivery of the intervention and provided ongoing feedback and guidance...
- Physical education and physical activity: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006Sarah M Lee
Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE MS K 12, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Sch Health 77:435-63. 2007..This article describes the characteristics of school physical education and physical activity policies and programs in the United States at the state, district, school, and classroom levels...
- Physical education, obesity, and academic achievement: a 2-year longitudinal investigation of Australian elementary school childrenRichard D Telford
Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Am J Public Health 102:368-74. 2012..We determined whether physical education (PE) taught by specialists contributed to academic development and prevention of obesity in elementary school children...
- Predicting students' physical activity and health-related well-being: a prospective cross-domain investigation of motivation across school physical education and exercise settingsMartyn Standage
Department for Health, University of Bath, United Kingdom
J Sport Exerc Psychol 34:37-60. 2012..Autonomous motivation toward exercise positively predicted step count, HRQoL, and PSC. Results of multisample structural equation modeling supported gender invariance. Suggestions for future work are discussed...
- Acute whole body vibration training increases vertical jump and flexibility performance in elite female field hockey playersD J Cochrane
Massey University, Sport and Exercise, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Br J Sports Med 39:860-5. 2005..To quantify the acute effect of whole body vibration (WBV) training on arm countermovement vertical jump (ACMVJ), grip strength, and flexibility performance...
- The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysisAlicia L Fedewa
Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011..A number of moderator variables were also found to play a significant role in this relationship. Findings are discussed in light of improving children's academic performance and changing school-based policy...
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation during resistance training of the tibialis anterior muscleL Griffin
Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17:446-52. 2007..These data indicate that there may be an increase in cortical excitability during the first few weeks of resistance training of the TA muscle...
- Relationship of physical activity to fundamental movement skills among adolescentsA D Okely
Faculty of Education, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1899-904. 2001..To determine the relationship of participation in organized and nonorganized physical activity with fundamental movement skills among adolescents...
- Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performanceMartin J Gibala
Department of Kinesiology IWC AB122, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4K1, Canada
J Physiol 575:901-11. 2006..05). Given the large difference in training volume, these data demonstrate that SIT is a time-efficient strategy to induce rapid adaptations in skeletal muscle and exercise performance that are comparable to ET in young active men...
- The effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, fall risk, and health services use in community-living older adultsD M Buchner
Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 52:M218-24. 1997..The study tested the effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, physical health status, fall risk, and health services use in older adults...
- Long-term effects of a physical education curriculum and staff development program: SPARKT L McKenzie
Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 68:280-91. 1997..Results support employing specialists and demonstrate the need for extensive professional development for classroom teachers responsible for physical education...
- Patient-cooperative control increases active participation of individuals with SCI during robot-aided gait trainingAlexander Duschau-Wicke
Sensory Motor Systems Lab, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:43. 2010..In this study, we have investigated the immediate effects of patient-cooperative versus non-cooperative robot-aided gait training on individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
- Physical education policy compliance and children's physical fitnessEmma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh
Department of Health Education, San Francisco State University, California, USA
Am J Prev Med 42:452-9. 2012..Although compliance at the school and district levels is likely to be critical for the success of physical education policies, few published studies have focused on this issue...
- Evaluating the sustainability of SPARK physical education: a case study of translating research into practiceMarsha Dowda
Department of Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 76:11-9. 2005..Program sustainability was similar in advantaged and disadvantaged schools. Evidence-based PE programs can be sustained up to 4 years...
- Physical education in elementary school and body mass index: evidence from the early childhood longitudinal studyAshlesha Datar
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1501-6. 2004..We examined the effect of physical education instruction time on body mass index (BMI) change in elementary school...
- Effect of physical education and activity levels on academic achievement in childrenDawn Podulka Coe
Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1515-9. 2006..This study was conducted to determine the effect of physical education class enrollment and physical activity on academic achievement in middle school children...
- Effects of a 2-year school-based daily physical activity intervention on cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Sogndal school-intervention studyG K Resaland
Faculty of Teacher Education and Sport, Sogn og Fjordane University College, Sogndal, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:e122-31. 2011....
- Modifying middle school physical education: piloting strategies to increase physical activityRussell Jago
Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, Centre for Exercise and Health, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TP, UK
Pediatr Exerc Sci 21:171-85. 2009..CB-PE participants spent between 49-58% with a heart rate >140 bpm. Girls' mean heart rate was 3.7 bpm lower than the boys. PE can be readily modified so that students spend more than 50% of time in MVPA...
- Association between ambulatory physical activity and injuries during United States Army Basic Combat TrainingJoseph J Knapik
Department of Injury Prevention, US Army Public Health Command Provisional, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA
J Phys Act Health 8:496-502. 2011..Associations between physical activity and injuries have been previously examined using self-reports. The present investigation examined this association using objective measures of activity and injury...
- The benefits of strength training for older adultsRebecca Seguin
Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The Gerald J and Dorothy R Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Am J Prev Med 25:141-9. 2003....
- Self-determined motivation and students' physical activity during structured physical education lessons and free choice periodsChris Lonsdale
School of Physiotherapy and Performance Science, University College Dublin, Ireland
Prev Med 48:69-73. 2009....
- Cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits and the effects of basic combat trainingStefan M Pasiakos
Military Nutrition Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e31222. 2012..This study examined lifestyle factors and biomarkers associated with cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits (209; 118 male, 91 female, 23 ± 5 yr) before, during, and after basic combat training (BCT)...
- Overview and summary: School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006Laura Kann
Surveillance and Evaluation Research Branch, Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Sch Health 77:385-97. 2007..The School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) 2006 is the largest, most comprehensive assessment of school health programs in the United States ever conducted...
- But I like PE: factors associated with enjoyment of physical education class in middle school girlsDaheia J Barr-Anderson
School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 79:18-27. 2008..Findings suggest that efforts to enhance girls' self-efficacy and perceived benefits and to provide a supportive PE class environment that promotes gender equality can potentially increase PE class enjoyment among young girls...
- Influence of a lifestyle intervention in preschool children on physiological and psychological parameters (Ballabeina): study design of a cluster randomized controlled trialIris Niederer
Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
BMC Public Health 9:94. 2009..In general, the overall effectiveness of school-based programs on health-related outcomes has been disappointing. A special gap exists for younger children and in high risk groups...
- Effects of the CATCH physical education intervention: teacher type and lesson locationT L McKenzie
Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, USA
Am J Prev Med 21:101-9. 2001..Substantial differences exist in how and where physical education (PE) is conducted in elementary schools throughout the United States. Few effectiveness studies of large-scale interventions to improve PE have been reported...
- Physical benefits of expanded physical education in primary school: findings from a 3-year intervention study in SwedenA C Sollerhed
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden
Scand J Med Sci Sports 18:102-7. 2008..The weekly dose of physical activity must be higher than 40 min a day and must start earlier in children's life to be more effective in combating BMI increase...
- Contribution of school programmes to physical activity levels and attitudes in children and adultsFrancois Trudeau
Department of Physical Activity Sciences, University of Quebec at Trois Rivieres, 3351, boul des Forges, CP 500, Trois Rivieres, Quebec G9A 5H7, Canada
Sports Med 35:89-105. 2005..More research is needed to determine the ability of school PE programmes to influence PA behaviour in adult life and to evaluate strategies that will make optimal use of the curricular time allocated to PE...
- The effects of plyometric vs. dynamic stabilization and balance training on power, balance, and landing force in female athletesGregory D Myer
Cincinnati Children s Hospital Research Foundation Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
J Strength Cond Res 20:345-53. 2006..A combination of PLYO and BAL training may further maximize the effectiveness of preseason training for female athletes...
- The effects of a whole-body vibration program on muscle performance and flexibility in female athletesFederica Fagnani
Sports Medicine Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, University of Rome IUSM, Rome, Italy
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 85:956-62. 2006..This randomized controlled study was designed to investigate the short-term effects of an 8-wk whole-body vibration protocol on muscle performance and flexibility in female competitive athletes...
- Ambulatory physical activity during United States Army basic combat trainingJ J Knapik
U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010, USA
Int J Sports Med 28:106-15. 2007..2 +/- 9.7 kilometers/day. Differences among the 10 companies ranged from 14 720 +/- 6649 steps/day to 18 729 +/- 6328 steps/day. This survey provided the first examination of locomotor physical activity during an entire BCT cycle...
- Effects of a life skills intervention for increasing physical activity in adolescent girlsDeborah Rohm Young
Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:1255-61. 2006..Although adolescence is a time when physical activity levels decline, few interventions have targeted high school-aged girls in the school setting...
- Greater cross education following training with muscle lengthening than shorteningT Hortobagyi
Biomechanics Laboratory, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:107-12. 1997....
- Quantifying physical activity via pedometry in elementary physical educationPhilip W Scruggs
Department of Physical Education, Health and Sport Studies, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1065-71. 2003..The objective of this study was to determine a pedometer steps per minute standard for quantifying the lesson time that first- and second-grade physical education students spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
- Sports participation and physical education in American secondary schools: current levels and racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparitiesLloyd D Johnston
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:S195-208. 2007....
- Hemiparetic gait parameters in overground versus treadmill walkingM L Harris-Love
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Maryland-Baltimore, 21201, USA
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 15:105-12. 2001..Further investigation is needed to determine whether TM training leads to motor relearning and neuroplasticity in chronic hemiparetic subjects...
- A school-based intervention can reduce body fat and blood pressure in young adolescentsRobert G McMurray
Department of Exercise and Sport Science R G M, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8700, USA
J Adolesc Health 31:125-32. 2002..To determine the effect of increasing the aerobic component of the school's physical activity program and improving the knowledge about weight control and blood pressure on the blood pressure and body fat of early adolescents...
- Contribution of timetabled physical education to total physical activity in primary school children: cross sectional studyKatie M Mallam
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH
BMJ 327:592-3. 2003
- Physical activity assessment in children and adolescentsJ R Sirard
Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001....
- Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the CoRussell R Pate
Circulation 114:1214-24. 2006
- Vibrations and their applications in sport. A reviewV B Issurin
Institute for Physical Education and Sport, Elite Sport Department of Israel at the Wingate, Israel
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:324-36. 2005..The intensity and duration of vibration used in VT dramatically exceed the standards for occupational vibration established by the International Organization for Standardization...
- Senate Bill 42: implementation and impact on physical activity in middle schoolsCristina S Barroso
Hispanic Health Research Center, Michael and Susan Dell Center for Advancement of Healthy Living, University of Texas School of Public Health, Brownsville Regional Campus, Brownsville, Texas 78520, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S82-90. 2009..The purpose of this study was to assess awareness of and adherence to SB42 in Texas middle schools, and to assess the impact of SB42 on the frequency and quality of structured physical activity...
- Local school policies increase physical activity in Norwegian secondary schoolsEllen Haug
Research Centre for Health Promotion, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Health Promot Int 25:63-72. 2010..The results are encouraging and give scientific support to policy documents recommending the implementation of school policies to increase physical activity...
- Modelling coaching practice: the role of instruction and demonstrationNicola J Hodges
J Sports Sci 20:793-811. 2002..Finally, we suggest some practical implications of this empirical evidence for the teaching of motor skills...
- A school-based physical activity program to improve health and fitness in children aged 6-13 years ("Kinder-Sportstudie KISS"): study design of a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN15360785]Lukas Zahner
Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Brüglingen 33, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
BMC Public Health 6:147. 2006..The purpose of this paper is to outline the design of a school-based randomized, controlled trial (RCT) aiming to increase overall PA and to improve fitness and health in 6- to 13-year-old children...
- Comparison of a high-intensity and a low-intensity lumbar extensor training program as minimal intervention treatment in low back pain: a randomized trialP H Helmhout
Department of Training Medicine and Training Physiology, Occupational Health and Safety Service Royal Netherlands Army, LGen Knoopkazerne, Mineurslaan 500, 3521 AG Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur Spine J 13:537-47. 2004..In further research, emphasis should be put on identifying subgroups of patients that will have the highest success rate with either of these training approaches...
- Girls' activity levels and lesson contexts in middle school PE: TAAG baselineThomas L McKenzie
Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, CA 92182 7251, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1229-35. 2006..To assess girls' physical activity (PA) in middle school physical education (PE) as it relates to field site, lesson context and location, teacher gender, and class composition...
- The effects of exergaming on physical activity in a third-grade physical education classRachel K Shayne
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA
J Appl Behav Anal 45:211-5. 2012..In addition, an evaluation of the exergaming equipment showed that exergaming stations were associated with differential levels of physical activity across participants...
- Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adultsTanya A Miszko
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia 30033, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:171-5. 2003..Age-associated reductions in strength and power can affect an older adult's ability to complete daily tasks such as stair climbing and lifting a child...
- Classroom teachers' perceptions of the impact of barriers to teaching physical education on the quality of physical education programsPhilip J Morgan
Faculty of Education and Arts, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
Res Q Exerc Sport 79:506-16. 2008..The major adverse effects of these barriers were evident in reduced time spent teaching PE and delivering PE lessons of questionable quality...
- Evaluation of a standardized physical training program for basic combat trainingJoseph Knapik
U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010, USA
J Strength Cond Res 19:246-53. 2005..5 (95% CI = 1.2-1.8) times higher than in the EG for men and women, respectively. The newly designed PT program resulted in higher fitness test pass rates and lower injury rates compared to a traditional BCT physical training program...
- Prevention in the first place: schools a setting for action on physical inactivityP J Naylor
School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P1, Canada
Br J Sports Med 43:10-3. 2009....
- School physical activity policy assessmentMonica A F Lounsbery
Dept of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada Las Vegas, USA
J Phys Act Health 10:496-503. 2013..We developed and assessed reliability of items on the School Physical Activity Policy Assessment (S-PAPA), an instrument designed to assess school PA policy related to physical education (PE), recess, and other opportunities...
- The reliability and validity of the Adolescent Physical Activity Recall QuestionnaireMichael L Booth
NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney at The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Locked Bag 4001, Westmead NSW 2124, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1986-95. 2002..This study assessed the test-retest reliability and validity of the Adolescent Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire (APARQ) among 13- and 15-yr-old Australians...
- Is there a long-term health legacy of required physical education?Francois Trudeau
Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universite du Quebec a Trois Rivieres, Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Canada
Sports Med 38:265-70. 2008..Substantial further research is needed to increase our understanding of the long-term impact of school physical education programmes...
- The grade in physical education in adolescence as predictor for musculoskeletal pain diagnoses three decades laterSimon Timpka
Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Pain 150:414-9. 2010..29 (95% CI=0.11-0.78). This study indicates that adolescent girls with a low PE grade could be an important group to target with early interventions to reduce future musculoskeletal illness...
- Physical determinants, emerging concepts, and training approaches in gait of individuals with spinal cord injuryHugues Barbeau
School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Neurotrauma 23:571-85. 2006..This review focuses on relevant literature, and informs rehabilitation specialists and basic scientists about the physical determinants and factors to consider for optimization of gait training in individuals with incomplete SCI...
- Training principles: evaluation of modes and methods of resistance training--a coaching perspectiveMichael Stone
Scottish Centre of Physical Education, Sport and Leisure Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
Sports Biomech 1:79-103. 2002..Generally, machines should be used as an adjunct to free weight training and, depending upon the sport, can be used to a greater or lesser extent during various phases of the training period (preparation, pre-competition, competition)...
- A test of self-determination theory in school physical educationMartyn Standage
Sport and Exercise Research Group, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 75:411-33. 2005..The present work also examined Deci and Ryan's claim that the motivational sequence embraced by their framework is invariant across gender...
- Relation of school environment and policy to adolescent physical activityNefertiti Durant
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, MTC 201, 1600 7th Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
J Sch Health 79:153-9; quiz 205-6. 2009..Physical activity (PA) declines as children and adolescents age. The purpose of this study was to examine how specific school factors relate to youth PA, TV viewing, and body mass index (BMI)...
- Secular trends in sports: participation and attitudes among adolescents in Sweden from 1974 to 1995M Westerstahl
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Physiology, Karolinska Institutet, Hudding University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Paediatr 92:602-9. 2003..To study the secular trend (time changes) in participation in leisure-time sports activities and in attitudes towards sports activities and physical education in a representative sample of Swedish adolescents between 1974 and 1995...
- Effects of basic training in the British Army on regular and reserve army personnelAlum G Williams
Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager, United Kingdom
J Strength Cond Res 19:254-9. 2005..6 vs. 1.6 kg, p = 0.062). Although both training programs improve aerobic fitness and body composition, increasing the volume of physical training in the reserve training program would probably enhance the training adaptations achieved...
- Experimentally based, longitudinally designed, teacher-focused intervention to help physical education teachers be more autonomy supportive toward their studentsSung Hyeon Cheon
Department of Physical Education, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
J Sport Exerc Psychol 34:365-96. 2012....
- Effect of whole body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet studentsGiuseppe Annino
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy
J Strength Cond Res 21:1072-6. 2007..The results of the present study show that WBV training is an effective short-term training methodology for inducing improvements in knee-extensor explosiveness in elite ballerinas...
- Comparing the performance-enhancing effects of squats on a vibration platform with conventional squats in recreationally resistance-trained menBent R Rønnestad
Department of Sport and Outdoor Life Studies, Telemark University College, Bø, Norway
J Strength Cond Res 18:839-45. 2004....
- Structured physical activity and psychosocial correlates in middle-school girlsDaheia J Barr-Anderson
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, MN 55454, USA
Prev Med 44:404-9. 2007..Understanding this, along with examining specific psychosocial correlates of PA, may help guide the development of effective interventions to prevent the decline in PA in female youth...
- Decreasing landing forces in children: the effect of instructionsHarry Prapavessis
Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 33:204-7. 2003..Randomized controlled experimental design...
- Contralateral effects of unilateral resistance training: a meta-analysisJ Munn
School of Physiotherapy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
J Appl Physiol 96:1861-6. 2004..1-11.6%). This was 35.1% (95% confidence interval: 20.9-49.3%) of the effect on the trained limb. Pooling of all available data shows that unilateral strength training produces modest increases in contralateral strength...
- Contralateral effects of unilateral strength training: evidence and possible mechanismsTimothy J Carroll
Health and Exercise Science, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
J Appl Physiol 101:1514-22. 2006..Although the size of the effect is small and may not be clinically significant, study of the phenomenon provides insight into neural mechanisms associated with exercise and training...
- Prevention of the epidemic increase in child risk of overweight in low-income schools: the El Paso coordinated approach to child healthKaren J Coleman
Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92116, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:217-24. 2005..To assess the impact on children's health of translating an evidence-based national intervention trial (Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health [CATCH]) to low-income elementary schools with primarily Hispanic students...
- Exercise induces transient transcriptional activation of the PGC-1alpha gene in human skeletal muscleHenriette Pilegaard
Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre and The August Krogh Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
J Physiol 546:851-8. 2003..Consistent with its role as a transcriptional coactivator, these findings suggest that PGC-1alpha may coordinate the activation of metabolic genes in human muscle in response to exercise...
- The impact of state physical education requirements on youth physical activity and overweightJohn Cawley
Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Health Econ 16:1287-301. 2007..We conclude that raising PE credit requirements may make girls more physically active overall but there is not yet the scientific base to declare raising PE requirements an anti-obesity initiative for either boys or girls...
- Effect of neuromuscular training on proprioception, balance, muscle strength, and lower limb function in female team handball playersInger Holm
Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Clin J Sport Med 14:88-94. 2004..Introduction of a neuromuscular training program will increase muscle strength, balance, and proprioception in elite female handball players...
- Factors related to rapid weight loss practices among international-style wrestlersBrandon L Alderman
Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, Box 870404, Tempe, AZ 85287 0404, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:249-52. 2004..To do this, rapid weight gain (RWG), an index that reflects the degree of rapid weight loss (RWL), was examined...
- Is there a relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement? Positive results from public school children in the northeastern United StatesVirginia R Chomitz
Institute for Community Health, Lecturer on Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02141, USA
J Sch Health 79:30-7. 2009..To determine relationships between physical fitness and academic achievement in diverse, urban public school children...
- Ten-year follow-up of the Cretan Health and Nutrition Education Program on children's physical activity levelsYannis Manios
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70, El Venizelou Ave, 176 71 Kallithea, Athens, Greece
Prev Med 43:442-6. 2006..To examine the effect of a 6-year school-based intervention program, implemented on the island of Crete, on children's physical activity levels at the end of the intervention and at a follow-up examination 4 years after program's cessation...
- After-school interventions to increase physical activity among youthR R Pate
Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street Suite 212, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Br J Sports Med 43:14-8. 2009....
- Children's pedometer-determined physical activity during the segmented school dayCatrine Tudor-Locke
Walking Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ 85212 0180, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1732-8. 2006..To describe the sex-specific patterns of school children's daily pedometer-determined physical (PA) during physical education (PE), recess and lunchtime, and before and after school...
- The effects of a commercially available warm-up program on landing mechanics in female youth soccer playersSara L Grandstrand
Center for Orthopaedic and Biomechanics Research, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, USA
J Strength Cond Res 20:331-5. 2006..No significant changes in knee separation values were observed in the Treatment group after 8 weeks of WIPP training. The results indicate that 8 weeks of WIPP training did not significantly alter landing strategies...
- Neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristic changes in high school athletes: a plyometric versus basic resistance programS M Lephart
Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Br J Sports Med 39:932-8. 2005..However, few have investigated the neuromuscular and biomechanical changes following these training programs. It is also largely unknown what type of program is better for improving the landing mechanics of female athletes...
- Effects of a 12-week physical activity protocol delivered by YMCA after-school counselors (Youth Fit for Life) on fitness and self-efficacy changes in 5-12-year-old boys and girlsJames J Annesi
YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 76:468-76. 2005..The need for replication across ethnic groups was suggested. Limitations and the need for extension of research on supplementation of elementary school PE were discussed...
- Effects of a short-term interval training program on physical fitness in prepubertal childrenGeorges Baquet
Laboratory for the Study of Human Motor Skills, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education Science, Universite de Lille 2, France
J Strength Cond Res 18:708-13. 2004..4%, p < 0.001, F = 14.4), whereas for the control group, no significant changes were observed. It was concluded that a high-intensity, intermittent-running program improved children's aerobic performance and explosive strength...
- Effects of a knee ligament injury prevention exercise program on impact forces in womenBobbie S Irmischer
Center for Orthopaedic and Biomechanics Research, Boise State University, Boise, ID 83725, USA
J Strength Cond Res 18:703-7. 2004..Our results indicate that 9 weeks of KLIP training altered landing strategies in women to lower F(p) and RFD. These changes are considered conducive to a reduced risk of knee injury while landing...
- Cardiovascular health promotion in the schools: a statement for health and education professionals and child health advocates from the Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in Youth (AHOY) of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Laura L Hayman
Circulation 110:2266-75. 2004
- Physical activity levels of children during school playtimeNicola D Ridgers
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
Sports Med 36:359-71. 2006..Research on children's use of playtime to be physically active and the extent of the contribution of playtime to daily physical activity guidelines is warranted...
- Low back pain in physical education teachersApostolos Stergioulas
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Lab of Functional Anatomy and Sports Medicine, Athens, Greece
Folia Med (Plovdiv) 46:51-5. 2004..Our results suggest that PET, under the current working condition, are vulnerable to low back pain. An improvement of these conditions must be taken into account in order to prevent LBP...
- Neuromuscular training improves performance and lower-extremity biomechanics in female athletesGregory D Myer
Cincinnati Children s Hospital Research Foundation Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
J Strength Cond Res 19:51-60. 2005..The results of this study support the hypothesis that the combination of multiple-injury prevention-training components into a comprehensive program improves measures of performance and movement biomechanics...
- A controlled evaluation of a school-based intervention to promote physical activity among sedentary adolescent females: project FABMargaret Schneider Jamner
School of Social Ecology, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA
J Adolesc Health 34:279-89. 2004..To evaluate the effect of a school-based intervention designed to increase physical activity among sedentary adolescent females...
- Development of a Physical Education-Related State Policy Classification System (PERSPCS)Louise C Masse
Centre for Community Child Health Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Am J Prev Med 33:S264-76. 2007....
- Can we skill and activate children through primary school physical education lessons? "Move it Groove it"--a collaborative health promotion interventionE Van Beurden
Health Promotion Unit, Northern Rivers Area Health Service, Lismore, NSW, Australia
Prev Med 36:493-501. 2003..Despite this, few studies have assessed the potential to do both simultaneously. The "Move It Groove It" primary school intervention in New South Wales, Australia, had this opportunity...
- Evaluation of the institutionalization of the coordinated approach to child health (CATCH) in a U.S./Mexico border communityEdward M Heath
Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Utah State University, Logan, USA
Health Educ Behav 29:444-60. 2002..However, some schools were not meeting the fat content goals for school lunches, and no schools met the vigorous physical activity (VPA) goals for PE or the sodium goals for school lunches...
- Impact of a CBPR School Program on Obesity-Related Outcomes in Underserved YouthMICHAEL LEE PRELIP; Fiscal Year: 2012..For Wave I years 1, 2, and 3 and for Wave II, years 2, 3 and 4. ..
- A Study of Ventilatory Homeostasis and Phonatory Behavior During Aerobic ExerciseAARON SCOTT ZIEGLER; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Girls on the Move InterventionLORRAINE BRENDA ROBBINS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our long-term goal is to increase MVPA as a means to address the high overweight and obesity prevalence among adolescent girls, thus reducing their risk for adverse CV health outcomes. ..
- Self Reported Fitness SurveyNICOLE RUTH KEITH; Fiscal Year: 2012..Keith's ability to design and conduct research on health disparities by focusing on issues of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk reduction, including physical activity promotion, among inner-city residents. (End of Abstract) ..
- Feeling States and Heart Rates: A Translational StudyMargaret L Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- The Proyecto Bienestar Laredo: Translating Knowledge and Experience Into PracticeROBERTO P TREVINO; Fiscal Year: 2010..Proven the effectiveness of this program, we can translate this project to other communities along the Texas-Mexico border ..
- Internet Based System for Managing Obesity in Children with DisabilitiesJAMES HOWARD RIMMER; Fiscal Year: 2013..The ICT system has the built-in capability (if proven effective) to be used by researchers and health professionals in addressing obesity disparities with other disabled populations. ..
- Impact of Environmental Changes on Children's BMI and Behaviors: A Panel StudyMICHAEL JOEL YEDIDIA; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Impact of Interactive Video Games on Underserved Children's HealthNIDA RONCESVALLES; Fiscal Year: 2012..Additionally, we are attempting to explore children's perceptions and experiences with interactive video games. ..
- Environmental and Curriculum Change on Children's Obesity Relate behaviorClaudio R Nigg; Fiscal Year: 2013..Over the long term this may result in a significant decrease in childhood obesity. ..
- Preventing Obesity in the Bronx: Impact of the "Moving Smart" Intervention on ProPhilip Ozuah; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- The Science of Healthful LivingCATHERINE DUNNINGTON ENNIS; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Mr. Vetro: A Collective Simulation Framework for Health Science EducationALEXANDER REPENNING; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Development of a Stand-Biased School Desk to Reduce Childhood ObesityEric Wilke; Fiscal Year: 2011..Dynamic classrooms may provide one strategy for targeting childhood obesity, while simultaneously improving educational outcomes for youth. ..
- Neighborhood Characteristics and Childhood Weight Trajectories: An Agent Based MoJoyce Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Evaluation of Yoga for Substance Use Risk Factors in the High School SettingSUNNY H SHIN; Fiscal Year: 2013..E. for preventing substance use initiation and improving substance use trajectories throughout adolescence. ..
- Educating Adults About Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (EACA)CYNTHIA D BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- SCHOOL AND FAMILY BASED OBESITY PREVENTION FOR CHILDRENThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 1999..Finally, we will examine longitudinal changes in height, weight, BMI, triceps skin fold thickness, and waist and hip circumferences in girls and boys. 8 - 12 years of age, with resect to stages of pubertal development. ..
- Development of a Stand-Biased School Desk to Reduce Childhood ObesityHongwei Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Active Bodies: Women's Physical Education in 20th-Century AmericaMARTHA VERBRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)Timothy Lohman; Fiscal Year: 2005..The team brings expertise in PA program design, PA and fitness assessment, formative assessment, behavior theory and curriculum development, intervention delivery, process evaluation, and data management. ..
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS - FIELD CENTERRussell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will uniquely and markedly expand our knowledge of promotion, determinants, and health benefits of physical activity in middle school girls. ..
- BIOBEHAVIORAL FACTORS INFLUENCING WEIGHT IN ADOLESCENTSC Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1990....
- Collective Simulation Framework for Health Science EducaALEXANDER REPENNING; Fiscal Year: 2005..g. connecting physiology with nutrition, physical education and substance abuse), are likely to engage students more and to turn them into better-informed, and consequently healthier citizens. ..
- SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AND CVD IN FAMILIESSHELIA BROYLES; Fiscal Year: 2001..John P. Elder, PhD, MPH, an investigator at UCSD-CP, and Division Head at SDSU-GSPH, will sponsor Dr. Broyles' academic training at SDSU-GSPH. ..
- Integrated Brain, Body and Social Intervention for ADHDBruce E Wexler; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our program is designed for six to eight year old children in order to intervene precisely when the clinically relevant neurofunctional systems are actively developing and when clinical symptoms first appear. ..
- LOADING EXERCISE PROGRAMS AND BONE GAIN IN YOUNG WOMENPeter Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2000..A positive outcome from the proposed study could have a significant public health impact since the proposed intervention could be easily implemented in public schools nationwide. ..
- Web-based 5-A-Day Education for High School StudentsTARA COUSINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2005..If such a program demonstrated effectiveness, school personnel would likely regard it as a cost-effective way to increase F&V consumption among high school students. ..
- Exploring physical activity response to different motivational climates in ruralMARY RUDISILL; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study seeks to examine the effects of two instructional approaches in physical education on students'physical activity participation. ..
- EXERCISE AND CALCIUM EFFECT ON THE GROWING BONECharlotte Sanborn; Fiscal Year: 2001..A secondary objective is to compare the bone mineral accretion of U.S. children to Canadian children undergoing a similar skeletal loading protocol. ..
- School Health Programs: Expanding measurement and evaluation outcomeKatherine Bevans; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results from her proposed studies will guide the development and evaluation of interventions to improve policy, procedures, and the direct delivery of SHPs, and ultimately children's health and school performance. ..
- Prevention of obesity in children with PAACJoseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additionally, PAAC will offer a strategy to increase physical activity during the school day that is complimentary to academics and does not diminish or compete for the time allocated for academic instruction. ..
- ENHANCING EXERCISE ADHERENCE IN COLLEGE STUDENTSJanet Buckworth; Fiscal Year: 2000..a traditional physical education curriculum on physical activity behavior, fitness, and CHD risk factors; and (2) assess the effects of the treatment program on exercise adherence for 2.5 years after the class is over. ..
- Prevention of Obesity in YMCA Daycare CentersRichard Washburn; Fiscal Year: 2004..The YMCA is the largest provider of after-school day care in the United States. Thus, if successful, we have tremendous potential for dissemination of the intervention through the national YMCA network. ..
- A SCHOOL PROGRAM TO ENHANCE BONE HEALTH IN GIRLSDeanna Hoelscher; Fiscal Year: 2002..Secondary hypotheses at the school level are: intervention schools will offer (1) more calcium-containing foods; and (2) more opportunities for weight-bearing activities than control schools. ..
- Exercise & Overweight Children's Cognition & AchievementCatherine Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..If 40 min/d are required to improve children's cognitive function, then larger-scale interventions, such as community, lifestyle and after-school physical activity programs may also be necessary to promote cognitive development. ..
- BEHAVIORAL PREPARATION FOR TREATING FIBROMYALGIAAkiko Okifuji; Fiscal Year: 2009..We expect that results from this study will facilitate better understanding of how motivation enhancement augments clinical benefit of rehabilitative approach for many chronic pain conditions. ..
- A Bridge to Better Health: Developing Adolescent HealthSteven Danish; Fiscal Year: 2005..If successful, we envision this to be the first program of its kind, to introduce health history and to empower students at an early enough age for them to combat the risk. ..
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS - FIELD CENTERLeslie Lytle; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- OBESITY PREVENTION IN BLACK TEENS: GO GIRLS! IIKen Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2003..To control for cluster randomization effects in outcome analyses, we will utilize SAS/PROC MIXED, with church as the unit of analysis. ..
- Obesity Prevention in African American SchoolchildrenYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
- The Effects of Jumping on Growing BonesChristine Snow; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- NEUROENDOCRINE EFFECTS FROM AEROBIC TRAINING IN HUMANSRICHARD DIENSTBIER; Fiscal Year: 1992..To study neuroendocrine-temperament relationships, pre- and post-semester mood and temperament inventories will be completed...
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2005..Assessment of hypothesized intervention mediators and quality of implementation of all intervention components will enhance understanding of intervention effects. ..
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)Larry Webber; Fiscal Year: 2005..TAAG has the potential to provide a sustainable program that can be disseminated to middle schools throughout the country in order to increase physical activity for girls. ..
- Physical Education, Recreation & Community Partners: Promoting Physical ActivityLinda Caldwell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adolescent Physical Activity Decline In GirlsDeborah R Young; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposed study will examine multi-level predictors of physical activity decline in adolescent girls, which will provide information for future intervention design to halt the decline. ..
- INTERVENTIONS TO INCREASE ADOLESCENT PHYSICAL ACTIVITYDeborah Young; Fiscal Year: 2004..This project will determine the ability of comprehensive interventions delivered in a school setting to reduce the rate of decline in physical activity typically observed in adolescent girls. ..
- TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)Deborah Young; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results will determine the ability of a comprehensive school and community-linked intervention to reduce the decline of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness typically observed among adolescent girls. ..
- Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in TeensDianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for ChildrenDianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Study Designs & Analytic Strategies for Environmental & Policy Research in ObesitJames Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2008..New investigators and minority investigators will be invited to participate in the conference. (End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Women's Exercise Injuries: Incidence and Risk FactorsJames R Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Ecological Analysis of Physical ActivityJames Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2004..Results will inform public health, land use, and transportation policies that could have population-wide impacts on physical activity. ..
- New Moves Obesity Prevention Among Adolescent GirlsDianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2009..Paul area of Minnesota. The study population will include 360 girls (an average of 30 girls from each school). The proposed study period is five years. ..
- Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older womenGary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
- Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Aging, physical activity and toll-like receptor 4.Michael Flynn; Fiscal Year: 2003..These experiments will help to determine whether age and physical activity related differences in cytokine production are linked to TLR4 and whether heat shock proteins play a role in TLR4 regulation. ..
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food AdvertisementsJohn Cawley; Fiscal Year: 2007..Together these data allow us to calculate a precise measure of the advertisements to which each youth was exposed. This will allow us to better estimate how food advertising impacts youth consumption. [unreadable] [unreadable]..