educational measurement

Summary

Summary: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Quick assessment of literacy in primary care: the newest vital sign
    Barry D Weiss
    University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tucson 85719, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:514-22. 2005
  2. ncbi A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009
    William C McGaghie
    Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
    Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010
  3. ncbi Association of health literacy with diabetes outcomes
    Dean Schillinger
    University of California, San Francisco, Primary Care Research Center, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    JAMA 288:475-82. 2002
  4. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
  5. pmc Active learning not associated with student learning in a random sample of college biology courses
    T M Andrews
    Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:394-405. 2011
  6. ncbi Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 38:33-42. 1999
  7. pmc Sicily statement on evidence-based practice
    Martin Dawes
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005
  8. pmc The Genetics Concept Assessment: a new concept inventory for gauging student understanding of genetics
    Michelle K Smith
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0347, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 7:422-30. 2008
  9. pmc Use of UKCAT scores in student selection by U.K. medical schools, 2006-2010
    Jane Adam
    UKCAT, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    BMC Med Educ 11:98. 2011
  10. ncbi Increased structure and active learning reduce the achievement gap in introductory biology
    David C Haak
    Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 332:1213-6. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Behavior
    Ronald M Harris-Warrick; Fiscal Year: 2011
  2. Conformance with Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards
    Sandra Craig; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. TUBERCULOSIS ACADEMIC AWARD
    Sandra Willsie; Fiscal Year: 1999
  4. Human Subjects Research Enhancement and Outreach
    DELWOOD COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2003
  5. Long-Term Outcomes of Childhood-Onset Epilepsy
    Anne Berg; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Informal Bioscience Resources
    Karen Graf; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. PAIN/SYMPTOM RESEARCH TRAINING SOFTWARE
    RANDI TRIANT; Fiscal Year: 2001
  8. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
  9. TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTED
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002
  10. PARTNERS IN HEALTH-TEACHERS, STUDENTS, PUBLIC - PHASE 2
    E Burns; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications364 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Quick assessment of literacy in primary care: the newest vital sign
    Barry D Weiss
    University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tucson 85719, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:514-22. 2005
    ..Our objective was to develop a quick and accurate screening test for limited literacy available in English and Spanish...
  2. ncbi A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009
    William C McGaghie
    Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
    Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010
    ..It also presents and discusses 12 features and best practices of SBME that teachers should know in order to use medical simulation technology to maximum educational benefit...
  3. ncbi Association of health literacy with diabetes outcomes
    Dean Schillinger
    University of California, San Francisco, Primary Care Research Center, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    JAMA 288:475-82. 2002
    ..Little is known about the extent to which health literacy affects clinical health outcomes...
  4. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
    ..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
  5. pmc Active learning not associated with student learning in a random sample of college biology courses
    T M Andrews
    Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:394-405. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 38:33-42. 1999
    ..The S-TOFHLA is a practical measure of functional health literacy with good reliability and validity that can be used by health educators to identify individuals who require special assistance to achieve learning goals...
  7. pmc Sicily statement on evidence-based practice
    Martin Dawes
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005
    ..This consensus statement is based on current literature and incorporating the experience of delegates attending the 2003 Conference of Evidence-Based Health Care Teachers and Developers ("Signposting the future of EBHC")...
  8. pmc The Genetics Concept Assessment: a new concept inventory for gauging student understanding of genetics
    Michelle K Smith
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0347, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 7:422-30. 2008
    ....
  9. pmc Use of UKCAT scores in student selection by U.K. medical schools, 2006-2010
    Jane Adam
    UKCAT, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    BMC Med Educ 11:98. 2011
    ..Medical schools were informed of the psychometric qualities of the UKCAT subtests and given some guidance regarding the interpretation of results. Each school then decided how to use the results within its own selection system...
  10. ncbi Increased structure and active learning reduce the achievement gap in introductory biology
    David C Haak
    Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 332:1213-6. 2011
    ..These results support the Carnegie Hall hypothesis: Intensive practice, via active-learning exercises, has a disproportionate benefit for capable but poorly prepared students...
  11. pmc The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) for use in Biology
    Katharine Semsar
    Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:268-78. 2011
    ....
  12. ncbi The devil is in the third year: a longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1182-91. 2009
    ..This longitudinal study was designed to examine changes in medical students' empathy during medical school and to determine when the most significant changes occur...
  13. ncbi Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31
    John Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007
    ..This has led to an increasing interest in a variety of formative assessment methods that require observation and offer the opportunity for feedback...
  14. pmc Biology in bloom: implementing Bloom's Taxonomy to enhance student learning in biology
    Alison Crowe
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 7:368-81. 2008
    ....
  15. ncbi Assessment in medical education
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, and the Rochester Center to Improve Communication in Health Care, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:387-96. 2007
  16. pmc The UKCAT-12 study: educational attainment, aptitude test performance, demographic and socio-economic contextual factors as predictors of first year outcome in a cross-sectional collaborative study of 12 UK medical schools
    I C McManus
    UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med 11:244. 2013
    ....
  17. ncbi Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends
    Geoffrey Norman
    Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005
    ..Research in clinical reasoning has been conducted for over 30 years. Throughout this time there have been a number of identifiable trends in methodology and theory...
  18. pmc Resitting a high-stakes postgraduate medical examination on multiple occasions: nonlinear multilevel modelling of performance in the MRCP(UK) examinations
    I C McManus
    Academic Centre for Medical Education, Division of Medical Education, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med 10:60. 2012
    ..In the UK, the issue of resits has become of particular interest since the General Medical Council issued a consultation and is considering limiting the number of attempts candidates may make at examinations...
  19. pmc The Academic Backbone: longitudinal continuities in educational achievement from secondary school and medical school to MRCP(UK) and the specialist register in UK medical students and doctors
    I C McManus
    UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med 11:242. 2013
    ..Two of the studies used the AH5, a group test of general intelligence (that is, intellectual aptitude). Sex and ethnic differences were also analyzed in light of the changing demographics of medical students over the past decades...
  20. pmc Ethnicity and academic performance in UK trained doctors and medical students: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Katherine Woolf
    Academic Centre for Medical Education, UCL Division of Medical Education, London N19 5LW, UK
    BMJ 342:d901. 2011
    ..To determine whether the ethnicity of UK trained doctors and medical students is related to their academic performance...
  21. pmc A diagnostic assessment for introductory molecular and cell biology
    Jia Shi
    Departments of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 9:453-61. 2010
    ....
  22. ncbi The reliability and validity of a brief diabetes knowledge test
    J T Fitzgerald
    Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Diabetes Care 21:706-10. 1998
    ..To examine the reliability and validity of a brief diabetes knowledge test. The diabetes knowledge test has two components: a 14-item general test and a 9-item insulin-use subscale...
  23. ncbi Validity: on meaningful interpretation of assessment data
    Susan M Downing
    Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612 7309, USA
    Med Educ 37:830-7. 2003
    ..Five sources--content, response process, internal structure, relationship to other variables and consequences--are noted by the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing as fruitful areas to seek validity evidence...
  24. ncbi Programmatic assessment: From assessment of learning to assessment for learning
    Lambert W T Schuwirth
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 33:478-85. 2011
    ..Research into the quality of assessment programmes, how assessment influences learning and teaching, new psychometric models and the role of human judgement is much needed...
  25. ncbi The relationship between competence and performance: implications for assessing practice performance
    J J Rethans
    Skillslab, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 36:901-9. 2002
    ..This paper aims to describe current views of the relationship between competence and performance and to delineate some of the implications of the distinctions between the two areas for the purpose of assessing doctors in practice...
  26. ncbi The predictive validity of three versions of the MCAT in relation to performance in medical school, residency, and licensing examinations: a longitudinal study of 36 classes of Jefferson Medical College
    Clara A Callahan
    Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Med 85:980-7. 2010
    ..With another comprehensive review pending, this study examines changes in the predictive validity of the MCAT's three recent versions...
  27. ncbi Repeated testing improves long-term retention relative to repeated study: a randomised controlled trial
    Douglas P Larsen
    Department of Neurology, Washington University in St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Med Educ 43:1174-81. 2009
    ..Laboratory studies in cognitive psychology with relatively brief final recall intervals suggest that repeated retrieval in the form of tests may result in better retention of information compared with repeated study...
  28. ncbi Assessment steers learning down the right road: impact of progress testing on licensing examination performance
    Geoff Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Med Teach 32:496-9. 2010
    ..The immediate effect of introducing objective tests was a reduction in failure rate on the licensing examination from 19% to 4.5%. Various reasons for this improvement in performance are discussed...
  29. ncbi Portfolios in medical education: why do they meet with mixed success? A systematic review
    Erik Driessen
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 41:1224-33. 2007
    ..The move towards competence-based medical education has created a need for instruments that support and assess competence development. Portfolios seem suitable but mixed reports of their success are emerging...
  30. pmc A levels and intelligence as predictors of medical careers in UK doctors: 20 year prospective study
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 327:139-42. 2003
    ..To assess whether A level grades (achievement) and intelligence (ability) predict doctors' careers...
  31. pmc Clinical experience, performance in final examinations, and learning style in medical students: prospective study
    I C McManus
    Academic Department of Psychiatry, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary s, London
    BMJ 316:345-50. 1998
    ....
  32. ncbi Test-enhanced learning: taking memory tests improves long-term retention
    Henry L Roediger
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, Campus Box 1125, One Brookings Dr, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:249-55. 2006
    ..Testing is a powerful means of improving learning, not just assessing it...
  33. ncbi Assessing clinical reasoning in pediatric emergency medicine: validity evidence for a Script Concordance Test
    Benoit Carrière
    Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 53:647-52. 2009
    ..We gathered validity evidence for the use of a pediatric emergency medicine Script Concordance Test to evaluate residents' reasoning skills...
  34. pmc Providing education on evidence-based practice improved knowledge but did not change behaviour: a before and after study
    Annie McCluskey
    School of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown Campus, Blg 24, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, New South Wales 1797, Australia
    BMC Med Educ 5:40. 2005
    ..The aim of this before and after study was to evaluate the effect of a multifaceted intervention on the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviour of allied health professionals...
  35. ncbi Assessment of clinical competence
    V Wass
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Lancet 357:945-9. 2001
    ..The goal of assessment in medical education remains the development of reliable measurements of student performance which, as well as having predictive value for subsequent clinical competence, also have a formative, educational role...
  36. ncbi Test-enhanced learning in medical education
    Douglas P Larsen
    Department of Neurology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Med Educ 42:959-66. 2008
    ..However, research in cognitive psychology has shown that tests can also directly affect learning by promoting better retention of information, a phenomenon known as the testing effect...
  37. pmc Evidence based practice in postgraduate healthcare education: a systematic review
    Gemma Flores-Mateo
    Unitat d Epidemiologia, Salut Pública i Serveis Sanitaris, IDIAPJordi Gol, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:119. 2007
    ....
  38. pmc Computer game-based and traditional learning method: a comparison regarding students' knowledge retention
    Silmara Rondon
    Department of Physiotherapy, Speech Language and Hearing Sciences and Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    BMC Med Educ 13:30. 2013
    ....
  39. ncbi Educational outcomes of the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge integrated clerkship: a way forward for medical education
    David Hirsh
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, USA
    Acad Med 87:643-50. 2012
    ..The authors compare the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of students completing the CIC with those of students completing traditional third-year clerkships...
  40. ncbi Reducing the gender achievement gap in college science: a classroom study of values affirmation
    Akira Miyake
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
    Science 330:1234-7. 2010
    ..Benefits were strongest for women who tended to endorse the stereotype that men do better than women in physics. A brief psychological intervention may be a promising way to address the gender gap in science performance and learning...
  41. ncbi Student teachers can be as good as associate professors in teaching clinical skills
    Martin G Tolsgaard
    Centre for Clinical Education, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
    Med Teach 29:553-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to compare student teachers and clinical associate professors regarding the quality of procedural skills teaching in terms of participants' technical skills, knowledge and satisfaction with the teaching...
  42. pmc Active learning and student-centered pedagogy improve student attitudes and performance in introductory biology
    Peter Armbruster
    Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 8:203-13. 2009
    ..We discuss the successes and ongoing challenges of our course restructuring and consider issues relevant to institutional change...
  43. pmc In-training assessment using direct observation of single-patient encounters: a literature review
    E A M Pelgrim
    Department of Primary Care and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Postbus 9101, Huispostnummer, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 16:131-42. 2011
    ..Studies on assessor and learner training and studies examining effects beyond 'happiness data' are badly needed...
  44. ncbi A systematic review of the reliability of objective structured clinical examination scores
    Michael T Brannick
    Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 7200, USA
    Med Educ 45:1181-9. 2011
    ..It is often used in high-stakes examinations and therefore it is important to assess its reliability and validity...
  45. ncbi Opening the black box of clinical skills assessment via observation: a conceptual model
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Med Educ 45:1048-60. 2011
    ..This study was intended to develop a conceptual framework of the factors impacting on faculty members' judgements and ratings of resident doctors (residents) after direct observation with patients...
  46. pmc Construct-level predictive validity of educational attainment and intellectual aptitude tests in medical student selection: meta-regression of six UK longitudinal studies
    I C McManus
    UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med 11:243. 2013
    ..That problem of interpretation can be solved by calculating construct-level predictive validity, an estimate of true predictor-outcome correlation across the range of applicant abilities...
  47. ncbi Directed self-regulated learning versus instructor-regulated learning in simulation training
    Ryan Brydges
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto and The Wilson Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 46:648-56. 2012
    ..We evaluated the effectiveness of directed self-regulated learning (DSRL) and instructor-regulated learning (IRL), respectively, for teaching lumbar puncture (LP) using simulation...
  48. pmc Short lesson plan associated with increased acceptance of evolutionary theory and potential change in three alternate conceptions of macroevolution in undergraduate students
    Joel K Abraham
    California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 11:152-64. 2012
    ..51 and 0.19). These mixed results offer guidance on how to improve the lesson and show the potential of instructional approaches for influencing acceptance of evolution...
  49. ncbi Changing PACES: developments to the examination in 2009
    Andrew Elder
    MRCP UK Central Office, Royal College of Physicians of the United Kingdom, London
    Clin Med 11:231-4. 2011
    ..This brief paper explains the rationale for change and summarises the development and implementation process...
  50. ncbi Developing a sustainable electronic portfolio (ePortfolio) program that fosters reflective practice and incorporates CanMEDS competencies into the undergraduate medical curriculum
    Pippa Hall
    Department of Palliative Care, Bruyère Continuing Care, 43 Bruyere St, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 5C8, USA
    Acad Med 87:744-51. 2012
    ....
  51. ncbi Virtual patients for assessment of medical student ability to integrate clinical and laboratory data to develop differential diagnoses: comparison of results of exams with/without time constraints
    William T Gunning
    University of Toledo, USA
    Med Teach 34:e222-8. 2012
    ..We have evaluated medical student ability in a problem-based learning course using a virtual patient (VP)-based exam with variable parameters for assessment purposes...
  52. ncbi The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skills
    John J Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research and American Board of Internal Medicine, 3624 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:476-81. 2003
    ..To evaluate the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX), which assesses the clinical skills of residents...
  53. pmc Graduates of different UK medical schools show substantial differences in performance on MRCP(UK) Part 1, Part 2 and PACES examinations
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med 6:5. 2008
    ....
  54. ncbi How self-determination theory can assist our understanding of the teaching and learning processes in medical education. AMEE guide No. 59
    Th J ten Cate
    Center for Research and Development of Education, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 33:961-73. 2011
    ....
  55. pmc Virtual patients design and its effect on clinical reasoning and student experience: a protocol for a randomised factorial multi-centre study
    James Bateman
    Education and Development Research Team, Warwick Medical School, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    BMC Med Educ 12:62. 2012
    ..These are the branching case pathways (present or absent) and structured clinical reasoning feedback (present or absent)...
  56. ncbi Measurement variation across health literacy assessments: implications for assessment selection in research and practice
    Jolie Haun
    Veterans Administration HSR and D and RR and D Center of Excellence, 8900 Grand Oak Circle 118M, Tampa, FL 33637, USA
    J Health Commun 17:141-59. 2012
    ..When selecting an instrument, one should consider style of administration, purpose for measure, and availability of time and resources...
  57. ncbi Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinations
    David Newble
    Department of Medical Education, The University of Sheffield, 1st Floor Coleridge House, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK
    Med Educ 38:199-203. 2004
    ..Strategies for reducing the practical difficulties this raises are discussed. Standard setting methods for use with OSCEs are described...
  58. ncbi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
    ..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
  59. ncbi Web-based learning: pros, cons and controversies
    David A Cook
    Medical Education Research Group, Mayo Clinical College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Clin Med 7:37-42. 2007
    ..Educators should recognise that high fidelity, multimedia, simulations, and even WBL itself will not always be necessary to effectively facilitate learning...
  60. pmc Development of a 'toolkit' to identify medical students at risk of failure to thrive on the course: an exploratory retrospective case study
    Janet Yates
    Medical Education Unit, B94 Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    BMC Med Educ 11:95. 2011
    ..An exploratory case study was conducted to determine whether there were common indicators in the early years, over and above academic failure, that might aid the identification of students potentially at risk...
  61. ncbi Features of assessment learners use to make informed self-assessments of clinical performance
    Joan Sargeant
    Office of Continuing Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Med Educ 45:636-47. 2011
    ..Education programmes use various activities to promote learners' reflection and self-direction, yet we know little about how effective these activities are in 'informing' learners' self-assessments...
  62. ncbi Physical activity and sports team participation: associations with academic outcomes in middle school and high school students
    Claudia K Fox
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St, 3rd Floor, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
    J Sch Health 80:31-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the associations between sports team participation, physical activity, and academic outcomes in middle and high school students...
  63. ncbi Emotional intelligence in medicine: a systematic review through the context of the ACGME competencies
    Sonal Arora
    Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, London W2 1NY, UK
    Med Educ 44:749-64. 2010
    ..This article aims to systematically review the evidence for EI in medicine through the context of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies...
  64. pmc Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practice
    Dragan Ilic
    Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
    BMC Med Educ 9:53. 2009
    ..This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences...
  65. ncbi When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patients
    Kathryn Bell
    University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
    Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009
    ..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
  66. ncbi Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS): evaluation of a behavioural marker system
    G Fletcher
    Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, King s College, UK
    Br J Anaesth 90:580-8. 2003
    ..A prototype behavioural marker system was developed using human factors research techniques. The aim of this study was to conduct an experimental evaluation to establish its basic psychometric properties and usability...
  67. pmc A systematic review of teamwork training interventions in medical student and resident education
    Chayan Chakraborti
    Division of Hospital Medicine, The George Washington University Hospital, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:846-53. 2008
    ..Teamwork is important for improving care across transitions between providers and for increasing patient safety...
  68. ncbi Physician scores on a national clinical skills examination as predictors of complaints to medical regulatory authorities
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 298:993-1001. 2007
    ..To address this problem, licensure assessment has been reformed in Canada and the United States, including a national standardized assessment of patient-physician communication and clinical history taking and examination skills...
  69. ncbi Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performance
    David Wilkinson
    School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:349-54. 2008
    ..To assess how well prior academic performance, admission tests, and interviews predict academic performance in a graduate medical school...
  70. ncbi Comprehensive undergraduate medical assessments improve prediction of clinical performance
    Tim J Wilkinson
    Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Med Educ 38:1111-6. 2004
    ....
  71. ncbi The assessment of professional competence: building blocks for theory development
    C P M van der Vleuten
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 24:703-19. 2010
    ..These lessons can also be read as general principles of assessment (programmes) and may provide theoretical building blocks to underpin appropriate and state-of-the-art assessment practices...
  72. ncbi The research we still are not doing: an agenda for the study of computer-based learning
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Acad Med 80:541-8. 2005
    ..CBL is not a panacea, but holds great promise. Realization of this potential requires that media-comparative studies be replaced by rigorous, theory-guided comparisons of CBL interventions...
  73. ncbi Medical education in China's leading medical schools
    M Roy Schwarz
    China Medical Board of New York, New York, USA
    Med Teach 26:215-22. 2004
    ....
  74. ncbi Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students
    Darla M Castelli
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed with regards to maximizing school performance and the implications for educational policies...
  75. pmc Combining peer discussion with instructor explanation increases student learning from in-class concept questions
    M K Smith
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology University of Colorado at Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:55-63. 2011
    ..In contrast, the strong performers in both courses were not helped by the instructor-only approach, emphasizing the importance of peer discussion, even among top-performing students...
  76. ncbi A reliable and valid method for evaluating cardiopulmonary resuscitation training outcomes
    R T Brennan
    Harvard University, Graduate School of Education, Department of Administration, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Resuscitation 32:85-93. 1996
    ..92). We urge standardized reporting of CPR training outcomes in order to achieve comparability across studies...
  77. doi Diversity. Culture, gender, and math
    Luigi Guiso
    European University Institute, Villa San Paolo, Via della Piazzuola 43, 50133 Florence, Italy
    Science 320:1164-5. 2008
  78. pmc ABC of learning and teaching in medicine: Written assessment
    Lambert W T Schuwirth
    BMJ 326:643-5. 2003
  79. pmc The meaning and the measure of health literacy
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine and the Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:878-83. 2006
  80. ncbi The use of qualitative research criteria for portfolio assessment as an alternative to reliability evaluation: a case study
    E Driessen
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 39:214-20. 2005
    ..Quality assurance procedures with external auditors were used (dependability audit) and the assessment process was thoroughly documented (audit trail)...
  81. ncbi Assessment of BLS skills: optimizing use of instructor and manikin measures
    Bonnie Lynch
    University of Dundee School of Medicine, Dundee, Tayside Centre for General Practice, Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4BF, United Kingdom
    Resuscitation 76:233-43. 2008
    ..Comparisons of instructors' subjective assessments with objective data from recording manikins provide one means of understanding the magnitude and type of instructor errors in assessment...
  82. ncbi The effect of testing on skills learning
    Charles B Kromann
    Centre for Clinical Education, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark
    Med Educ 43:21-7. 2009
    ..This study was conducted to determine whether testing as the final activity in a skills course increases learning outcome compared with an equal amount of time spent practising the skill...
  83. ncbi An adequate level of training for technical competence in screening and diagnostic colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter evaluation of the learning curve
    Suck Ho Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea
    Gastrointest Endosc 67:683-9. 2008
    ..Various training programs in colonoscopy recommend that trainees should perform at least 100 to 200 procedures to be considered technically competent at diagnostic colonoscopy...
  84. ncbi Sonographic physical diagnosis 101: teaching senior medical students basic ultrasound scanning skills using a compact ultrasound system
    Teresita L Angtuaco
    Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Ultrasound Q 23:157-60. 2007
    ....
  85. pmc Feedback and the mini clinical evaluation exercise
    Eric S Holmboe
    Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency, New Haven, CT 06721, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:558-61. 2004
    ..Programs should consider both specific training in feedback and changes to the miniCEX form to facilitate interactive feedback...
  86. ncbi Influence of open- and closed-book tests on medical students' learning approaches
    Marjolein Heijne-Penninga
    Institute for Medical Education, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 42:967-74. 2008
    ..In this study we test the hypothesis that open-book tests stimulate deep learning more than closed-book tests...
  87. ncbi Systematic video game training in surgical novices improves performance in virtual reality endoscopic surgical simulators: a prospective randomized study
    Marcus Kolga Schlickum
    Department of Clinical Science Intervention and Technology CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
    World J Surg 33:2360-7. 2009
    ..The hypothesis is that systematic video game training with high visual-spatial demands and visual similarity to endoscopy would show a transfer effect on performance in virtual reality endoscopic surgical simulation...
  88. ncbi Evidence-based medicine: discrepancy between perceived competence and actual performance among graduating medical students
    Opher Caspi
    Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
    Med Teach 28:318-25. 2006
    ....
  89. pmc Knowledge and attitudes of family physicians coming to COPD continuing medical education
    Barbara P Yawn
    Olmsted Medical Center, Research Department, Rochester, MN 55904, USA
    Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 3:311-7. 2008
    ..This survey explores the attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge related to COPD recognition, diagnosis, and treatment from family physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) working in primary care...
  90. ncbi Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?
    N J Maran
    Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
    Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003
    ..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
  91. ncbi Effect of physical education and activity levels on academic achievement in children
    Dawn Podulka Coe
    Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1515-9. 2006
    ..This study was conducted to determine the effect of physical education class enrollment and physical activity on academic achievement in middle school children...
  92. ncbi Republished paper: Assuring validity of multisource feedback in a national programme
    Julian Archer
    Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Plymouth, UK
    Postgrad Med J 86:526-31. 2010
    ....
  93. ncbi Script concordance testing: a review of published validity evidence
    Stuart Lubarsky
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Med Educ 45:329-38. 2011
    ..Script concordance test (SCT) scores are intended to reflect respondents' competence in interpreting clinical data under conditions of uncertainty. The validity of inferences based on SCT scores has not been rigorously established...
  94. ncbi Peer teaching: a randomised controlled trial using student-teachers to teach musculoskeletal ultrasound
    Matthias Knobe
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Med Educ 44:148-55. 2010
    ....
  95. ncbi Helping Babies Breathe: global neonatal resuscitation program development and formative educational evaluation
    Nalini Singhal
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Resuscitation 83:90-6. 2012
    ....
  96. ncbi Portfolios for assessment and learning: AMEE Guide no. 45
    Jan van Tartwijk
    Leiden University Graduate School of Teaching, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 31:790-801. 2009
    ....
  97. ncbi Student perspectives on assessment: experience in a competency-based portfolio system
    Faysal Altahawi
    Cleveland Clinic Lerner College, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland OH, USA
    Med Teach 34:221-5. 2012
    ..Four students share personal reflections of their experience to illuminate themes from the subjective experience of the learner and to understand how to align the learners' interests with the requirements of an assessment program...
  98. ncbi Learners' choices and beliefs about self-testing
    Nate Kornell
    UCLA Department of Psychology, 1285 Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Memory 17:493-501. 2009
    ..A post-experimental questionnaire suggested that self-testing was motivated by a desire to diagnose learning rather than a desire to improve learning...
  99. ncbi Development and implementation of a technical and didactical training program for student tutors in the dissection course
    Thomas Shiozawa
    Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Embryology and Tissue Engineering, University of Tuebingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Str 8, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Ann Anat 192:355-60. 2010
    ..The aim of this paper is to report a systematic approach to the development, didactic reasoning and implementation of a curriculum for training student tutors in gross anatomy...
  100. ncbi Are physicians with better clinical skills on licensing examinations less likely to prescribe antibiotics for viral respiratory infections in ambulatory care settings?
    Genevieve Cadieux
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Med Care 49:156-65. 2011
    ..Effective patient-physician communication is critical to address this problem. Recognizing the importance of physician communication skills, licensure examinations were reformed in the United States and Canada to evaluate these skills...
  101. pmc Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate and insulin-dosing knowledge in youth with type 1 diabetes
    Michaela B Koontz
    Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:457-62. 2010
    ..003). CONCLUSIONS The PCQ is a novel, easily administered instrument to assess knowledge about carbohydrates and insulin dosing calculations. Initial analyses support the reliability and validity of the PCQ...

Research Grants79

  1. Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Behavior
    Ronald M Harris-Warrick; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..It should also provide insights into the causes and possible treatments for psychiatric and other behavioral diseases in humans. ..
  2. Conformance with Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards
    Sandra Craig; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..At the conclusion of the project period existing inspection staff will be able to utilize the systems created to audit, verify and maintain conformance to program standards. ..
  3. TUBERCULOSIS ACADEMIC AWARD
    Sandra Willsie; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Baseline data will be collected during the 1994-1995 year to serve in comparison to results achieved following interventions as delineated in the proposal. ..
  4. Human Subjects Research Enhancement and Outreach
    DELWOOD COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Once a program has been selected, a development design consultant will perform a gap analysis and begin development of the web-based IRB system. ..
  5. Long-Term Outcomes of Childhood-Onset Epilepsy
    Anne Berg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This in turn could help lessen the burdens associated with childhood-and adolescent-onset epilepsy for the individual, the family, and society as a whole. ..
  6. Informal Bioscience Resources
    Karen Graf; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Initiate a Web-based data entry site for long-distance inquiry student experiments and data sharing; 4. Teacher and parent Informal Science Education resource workshops. ..
  7. PAIN/SYMPTOM RESEARCH TRAINING SOFTWARE
    RANDI TRIANT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Another objective is to increase the number and quality of research grant applications to NIH and other funders on the subjects relating to symptoms of advanced disease. ..
  8. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  9. TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTED
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  10. PARTNERS IN HEALTH-TEACHERS, STUDENTS, PUBLIC - PHASE 2
    E Burns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  11. Alcohol Use Reduction in Methadone Individuals with HCV
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving Disability
    Lynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. The Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS)
    STUART QUAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Memory Errors in Children's Dietary Recalls
    SUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Healthful dietary habits will decrease the risk of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular diseases. ..
  15. Children's Dietary Recalls: Methodology and Accuracy
    SUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results from this methodological project could have major implications for how 24hDRs are obtained from children in future national surveys, NIH-funded studies, and other studies. ..
  16. Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in India
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Duke Center for Geospatial Medicine (RMI)
    Marie Lynn Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Using neural tube defects as a prototype health endpoint, we will develop a generalized framework for applying these methods to a wide variety of health endpoints, including autism, asthma, ADHD, and obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. MEASURING PATIENT SATISFACTION: LOW LITERACY POPULATIONS
    Judy Shea; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will randomize eligible enrollees to receive the standard form or one of the alternative versions, to determine how the instruments perform in the typical way in which they would be used. ..
  19. Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion
    LEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROME
    Judith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, these data will help determine how to optimize cognitive function in Turner syndrome and will extend knowledge of the mechanisms of male/female cognitive dimorphisms. ..
  21. NFkB Targets and Neural Crest Development
    MICHAEL WILLIAM KLYMKOWSKY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together these observation should have important implications for understanding the behavior of molecular and inductive networks in general and the prevention and/or amelioration of neural crest defects in particular. ..
  22. Early School Progress in <1000g Birthweight Children
    H Gerry Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will inform efforts to identify and treat learning disorders in high-risk children at school entry. ..
  23. Stress Reduction in Therapeutic Community Treatment
    Marianne Marcus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Retention will be measured with facility admission and dropout records. Data will be analyzed using general linear mixed models to address change over time and a standard analysis approach for examining mediation effects. ..
  24. Collegiate Employment and Problem Drinking: Harmful and Protective Factors (AREA)
    Adam Butler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This goal of this project is to understand how college student employment both contributes to and protects against student drinking. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. EARLY PRIMARY PREVENTION OF CONDUCT PROBLEMS
    LAURIE BROTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed follow-up will inform on short-lived versus sustained preventive effects. ..
  26. Testing a video to improve provider-patient interaction
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
  27. Computerized Risk Assessment in an Employee Population
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..6: Identification and evaluation of public health informatics and communication strategies and tools to improve health decisions, health alerting, health literacy, or health assessment among employees and employers ..
  28. The Rural Restaurant Healthy Options Program
    Faryle Nothwehr; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To identify program implementation barriers and supports through process evaluation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Stakeholder's Models of Quality in Assisted Living
    LESLIE MORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings will provide a strong validity base for development of quality assessment tools in AL inclusive of the critically important voice of residents and inform both policy development and practice in this sector. ..
  30. Malaria risk reduction among travelers using web-based simulation tool
    LAURIE BETH HARTJES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This program of research addresses NINR objectives by 1) designing/testing an interactive web-based tool to improve self-management, and '2) using evolving technology for on-line data collection and simulation software [56]. ..
  31. Substance Use Consequences of School Disengagement
    Kimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Health and School Performance Among Youth Ages 9-13
    Christopher Forrest; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our long-term goal for this research is to follow youth into high school and beyond to more fully characterize the evolution of health from childhood to adulthood. ..
  33. Nursing Home Pain Management Algorithm Clinical Trial
    Mary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this study will assist NH staff to assess and treat pain effectively in cognitively intact and impaired residents. Long-term follow-up will establish the persistence of changes in clinical practice and resident outcomes. ..
  34. Promoting CIS Among Black Men in Barbershops
    Laura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Evidence-based Program for the Intergration of Curricula
    John Fantuzzo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Long-term Exercise, Weight Loss and Energy Balance
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe the findings from this study could have important implications for exercise guidelines for weight loss. ..
  37. Implications of Hypothermia on Hepatic Drug Metabolism
    Samuel Poloyac; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Once completed, this research will provide critical information to design future clinical studies to optimize the benefits of this breakthrough therapy. ..
  38. Palliative Care Curriculum for 3rd-Year Medical Students
    Charles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data will be compared with residents who have not been through the course as well as with residents and faculty participating in another study of education. ..
  39. Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical Education
    ADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. Professional Skills for Minority Students in Biomedicine
    MARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..An Advisory Board will guide the project activities and an evaluation component will document progress on the project activities, dissemination of the courses, and impacts on participants. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Conference on the Preventive and Treatment of Obesity
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Targeted recruitment by minority and physically disabled members of our advisory board will help assure a minimum of 50 conference participants. ..
  42. PREVENTION OF OBESITY BY ALTERATION OF DIETARY FAT
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this study should advance our understanding of the role of dietary fat in the prevention of obesity and weight re-gain. ..
  43. Chronic Pain Self-Management for the Elderly
    Mary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. AN ALTERNATIVE FOR INCARCERATED SUBSTANCE ABUSERS
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If such a program could demonstrate clinical efficacy in field trials with this high-risk population, the commercial potential would be extraordinary. ..
  45. IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot Study
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
  46. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  47. APICAL JUNCTIONAL COMPLEXES OF THE RPE
    LAWRENCE RIZZOLO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Recent advances in the development of reagents coupled with this novel culture model will advance our understanding of this essential structure of the outer blood-retinal barrier. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. IMPROVING INFORMED CONSENT IN DIVERSE POPULATIONS
    Marvella Ford; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Study compliance will be included in the analyses as a covariate. Study findings can be used to enhance the quality of future research by improving the informed consent process. ..
  49. Study Plans of Communication and Oral Health Disparities
    Anne Koerber; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  50. INTERNET-BASED ALCOHOL INFORMATION FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We envision that this website would generate revenues through the sale of advertising space and health-related products. ..
  51. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. EXPANDING FRONTIERS:INTEGRATING INQUIRY, EQUITY, & TECH
    MARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Validity and Reliability of ASCA for Native Americans
    GARY CANIVEZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF NEUROENDOCRINE HORMONE SECRETION
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The outcome of this work should enable us to develop a detailed model of cellular mechanisms that link membrane excitation to neurohormone secretion and neurohormone synthesis. ..
  55. A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in Youth
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Language Essentials for Teaching Reading and Spelling
    Louisa Moats; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The primary target market includes classroom teachers at every level, reading specialists, speech/language coordinators and therapists, special education staff, and ELL/ESL specialists. ..
  57. CATENINS, EPITHELIAL BEHAVIOR AND GENE EXPRESSION
    Michael Klymkowsky; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will test whether decreasing the expression of specific SOXs using anti-sense reagents leads to the predicted expansion of TCF regulated target genes and/or increased sensitivity of embryonic cells to Wnt signaling components ..
  58. HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY AND BREAST CANCER
    Patricia Carney; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. ART Adherence: Observed Therapy and Enhanced Counseling
    Kathy Goggin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..and 3) To evaluate the role of potential mediators and moderators on adherence and HIV RNA levels. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Internet-Based Stress Management for College Students
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The final product will be marketed as part of a comprehensive college health website. ..
  61. KNEE SURGERY: MECHANISMS OF RECOVERY AFTER SPORT INJURY
    Jeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY: LOCAL SITE MODEL
    MARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Prevention of obesity in children with PAAC
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Additionally, PAAC will offer a strategy to increase physical activity during the school day that is complimentary to academics and does not diminish or compete for the time allocated for academic instruction. ..
  64. Genetic testing/hearing impairment in African Americans
    NATHANIEL ROBIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Furthermore, these results will determine the role of mutations in GJB2, GJB6, and GJA1 in HI in AA. Together, these results will lead to more efficient genetic testing for HI in this population. ..
  65. Protective Role of Spirituality in Alcohol and HIV Risk
    Kathy Goggin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Conference on Neural Control of Behavior
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. ..
  67. Expert Visual Guidance of Ultrasound for Telemedicine
    Florence Sheehan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specific Aim #4 is to make the guidance easily applicable to different organs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in Aplysia
    Hillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..
  69. Interventions to Control Obesity in Community Colleges
    Laura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. PATIENT AND PUBLIC EDUCATION IN CANCER PAIN MANAGEMENT
    Betty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This course will impact 120 healthcare settings to improve pain management and quality of life in cancer patients and to establish model pain education programs for national dissemination. ..
  71. ROLE OF MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES IN IMMUNITY
    Samuel Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In other words, must cytotoxic lymphocytes reach a critical concentration within a tumor bed to effect a reduction in tumor mass? ..
  72. End of Life Nursing Education through Graduate Programs
    Betty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This proposal includes extensive evaluation planned to monitor individual and institutional dissemination. ..
  73. Permeability Changes in Small Bowel Allograft Rejection
    Jonathan Fryer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  74. Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOME
    Jayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The intervention developed in this project and the preliminary trial results, including formative and process evaluation data, will be used to inform a future full- scale and fully-powered research study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Oncology Nursing Education in End of Life Care
    Betty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal includes extensive evaluation planned to monitor individual and institutional dissemination. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Role(s) of Microglia in Alzheimer's Disease
    Samuel Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5. Determine the effects of fAbeta immunization of CD18 null -/Tg hAPP+/- and Fcgamma receptor null/Tg hAPP+/- mice on AD-like pathology...
  77. Reducing Barriers to Pain and Fatigue Management
    Betty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  78. A Prospective Study of Drinking & Academic Performace
    Dennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will inform both public health and higher education policy by filling knowledge gaps about the nature of the relation between college drinking and academic performance. ..