Genomes and Genes
Summary: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Publications364 found, 100 shown here
- Quick assessment of literacy in primary care: the newest vital signBarry D Weiss
University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tucson 85719, USA
Ann Fam Med 3:514-22. 2005..Our objective was to develop a quick and accurate screening test for limited literacy available in English and Spanish...
- A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009William C McGaghie
Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010..It also presents and discusses 12 features and best practices of SBME that teachers should know in order to use medical simulation technology to maximum educational benefit...
- Association of health literacy with diabetes outcomesDean Schillinger
University of California, San Francisco, Primary Care Research Center, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
JAMA 288:475-82. 2002..Little is known about the extent to which health literacy affects clinical health outcomes...
- Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next stepsDavid A Cook
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
- Active learning not associated with student learning in a random sample of college biology coursesT M Andrews
Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:394-405. 2011....
- Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacyD W Baker
Department of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
Patient Educ Couns 38:33-42. 1999..The S-TOFHLA is a practical measure of functional health literacy with good reliability and validity that can be used by health educators to identify individuals who require special assistance to achieve learning goals...
- Sicily statement on evidence-based practiceMartin Dawes
Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005..This consensus statement is based on current literature and incorporating the experience of delegates attending the 2003 Conference of Evidence-Based Health Care Teachers and Developers ("Signposting the future of EBHC")...
- The Genetics Concept Assessment: a new concept inventory for gauging student understanding of geneticsMichelle K Smith
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0347, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 7:422-30. 2008....
- Use of UKCAT scores in student selection by U.K. medical schools, 2006-2010Jane Adam
UKCAT, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
BMC Med Educ 11:98. 2011..Medical schools were informed of the psychometric qualities of the UKCAT subtests and given some guidance regarding the interpretation of results. Each school then decided how to use the results within its own selection system...
- Increased structure and active learning reduce the achievement gap in introductory biologyDavid C Haak
Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Science 332:1213-6. 2011..These results support the Carnegie Hall hypothesis: Intensive practice, via active-learning exercises, has a disproportionate benefit for capable but poorly prepared students...
- The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) for use in BiologyKatharine Semsar
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:268-78. 2011....
- The devil is in the third year: a longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical schoolMohammadreza Hojat
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
Acad Med 84:1182-91. 2009..This longitudinal study was designed to examine changes in medical students' empathy during medical school and to determine when the most significant changes occur...
- Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31John Norcini
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007..This has led to an increasing interest in a variety of formative assessment methods that require observation and offer the opportunity for feedback...
- Biology in bloom: implementing Bloom's Taxonomy to enhance student learning in biologyAlison Crowe
Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 7:368-81. 2008....
- Assessment in medical educationRonald M Epstein
Department of Family Medicine, and the Rochester Center to Improve Communication in Health Care, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
N Engl J Med 356:387-96. 2007
- The UKCAT-12 study: educational attainment, aptitude test performance, demographic and socio-economic contextual factors as predictors of first year outcome in a cross-sectional collaborative study of 12 UK medical schoolsI C McManus
UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Med 11:244. 2013....
- Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trendsGeoffrey Norman
Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005..Research in clinical reasoning has been conducted for over 30 years. Throughout this time there have been a number of identifiable trends in methodology and theory...
- Resitting a high-stakes postgraduate medical examination on multiple occasions: nonlinear multilevel modelling of performance in the MRCP(UK) examinationsI C McManus
Academic Centre for Medical Education, Division of Medical Education, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Med 10:60. 2012..In the UK, the issue of resits has become of particular interest since the General Medical Council issued a consultation and is considering limiting the number of attempts candidates may make at examinations...
- The Academic Backbone: longitudinal continuities in educational achievement from secondary school and medical school to MRCP(UK) and the specialist register in UK medical students and doctorsI C McManus
UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Med 11:242. 2013..Two of the studies used the AH5, a group test of general intelligence (that is, intellectual aptitude). Sex and ethnic differences were also analyzed in light of the changing demographics of medical students over the past decades...
- Ethnicity and academic performance in UK trained doctors and medical students: systematic review and meta-analysisKatherine Woolf
Academic Centre for Medical Education, UCL Division of Medical Education, London N19 5LW, UK
BMJ 342:d901. 2011..To determine whether the ethnicity of UK trained doctors and medical students is related to their academic performance...
- A diagnostic assessment for introductory molecular and cell biologyJia Shi
Departments of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 9:453-61. 2010....
- The reliability and validity of a brief diabetes knowledge testJ T Fitzgerald
Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
Diabetes Care 21:706-10. 1998..To examine the reliability and validity of a brief diabetes knowledge test. The diabetes knowledge test has two components: a 14-item general test and a 9-item insulin-use subscale...
- Validity: on meaningful interpretation of assessment dataSusan M Downing
Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612 7309, USA
Med Educ 37:830-7. 2003..Five sources--content, response process, internal structure, relationship to other variables and consequences--are noted by the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing as fruitful areas to seek validity evidence...
- Programmatic assessment: From assessment of learning to assessment for learningLambert W T Schuwirth
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Med Teach 33:478-85. 2011..Research into the quality of assessment programmes, how assessment influences learning and teaching, new psychometric models and the role of human judgement is much needed...
- The relationship between competence and performance: implications for assessing practice performanceJ J Rethans
Skillslab, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Med Educ 36:901-9. 2002..This paper aims to describe current views of the relationship between competence and performance and to delineate some of the implications of the distinctions between the two areas for the purpose of assessing doctors in practice...
- The predictive validity of three versions of the MCAT in relation to performance in medical school, residency, and licensing examinations: a longitudinal study of 36 classes of Jefferson Medical CollegeClara A Callahan
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Acad Med 85:980-7. 2010..With another comprehensive review pending, this study examines changes in the predictive validity of the MCAT's three recent versions...
- Repeated testing improves long-term retention relative to repeated study: a randomised controlled trialDouglas P Larsen
Department of Neurology, Washington University in St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Med Educ 43:1174-81. 2009..Laboratory studies in cognitive psychology with relatively brief final recall intervals suggest that repeated retrieval in the form of tests may result in better retention of information compared with repeated study...
- Assessment steers learning down the right road: impact of progress testing on licensing examination performanceGeoff Norman
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Med Teach 32:496-9. 2010..The immediate effect of introducing objective tests was a reduction in failure rate on the licensing examination from 19% to 4.5%. Various reasons for this improvement in performance are discussed...
- Portfolios in medical education: why do they meet with mixed success? A systematic reviewErik Driessen
Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 41:1224-33. 2007..The move towards competence-based medical education has created a need for instruments that support and assess competence development. Portfolios seem suitable but mixed reports of their success are emerging...
- A levels and intelligence as predictors of medical careers in UK doctors: 20 year prospective studyI C McManus
Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
BMJ 327:139-42. 2003..To assess whether A level grades (achievement) and intelligence (ability) predict doctors' careers...
- Clinical experience, performance in final examinations, and learning style in medical students: prospective studyI C McManus
Academic Department of Psychiatry, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary s, London
BMJ 316:345-50. 1998....
- Test-enhanced learning: taking memory tests improves long-term retentionHenry L Roediger
Department of Psychology, Washington University, Campus Box 1125, One Brookings Dr, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Psychol Sci 17:249-55. 2006..Testing is a powerful means of improving learning, not just assessing it...
- Assessing clinical reasoning in pediatric emergency medicine: validity evidence for a Script Concordance TestBenoit Carrière
Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Ann Emerg Med 53:647-52. 2009..We gathered validity evidence for the use of a pediatric emergency medicine Script Concordance Test to evaluate residents' reasoning skills...
- Providing education on evidence-based practice improved knowledge but did not change behaviour: a before and after studyAnnie McCluskey
School of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown Campus, Blg 24, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, New South Wales 1797, Australia
BMC Med Educ 5:40. 2005..The aim of this before and after study was to evaluate the effect of a multifaceted intervention on the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviour of allied health professionals...
- Assessment of clinical competenceV Wass
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
Lancet 357:945-9. 2001..The goal of assessment in medical education remains the development of reliable measurements of student performance which, as well as having predictive value for subsequent clinical competence, also have a formative, educational role...
- Test-enhanced learning in medical educationDouglas P Larsen
Department of Neurology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Med Educ 42:959-66. 2008..However, research in cognitive psychology has shown that tests can also directly affect learning by promoting better retention of information, a phenomenon known as the testing effect...
- Evidence based practice in postgraduate healthcare education: a systematic reviewGemma Flores-Mateo
Unitat d Epidemiologia, Salut Pública i Serveis Sanitaris, IDIAPJordi Gol, Barcelona, Spain
BMC Health Serv Res 7:119. 2007....
- Computer game-based and traditional learning method: a comparison regarding students' knowledge retentionSilmara Rondon
Department of Physiotherapy, Speech Language and Hearing Sciences and Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
BMC Med Educ 13:30. 2013....
- Educational outcomes of the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge integrated clerkship: a way forward for medical educationDavid Hirsh
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, USA
Acad Med 87:643-50. 2012..The authors compare the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of students completing the CIC with those of students completing traditional third-year clerkships...
- Reducing the gender achievement gap in college science: a classroom study of values affirmationAkira Miyake
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
Science 330:1234-7. 2010..Benefits were strongest for women who tended to endorse the stereotype that men do better than women in physics. A brief psychological intervention may be a promising way to address the gender gap in science performance and learning...
- Student teachers can be as good as associate professors in teaching clinical skillsMartin G Tolsgaard
Centre for Clinical Education, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Med Teach 29:553-7. 2007..The aim of this study is to compare student teachers and clinical associate professors regarding the quality of procedural skills teaching in terms of participants' technical skills, knowledge and satisfaction with the teaching...
- Active learning and student-centered pedagogy improve student attitudes and performance in introductory biologyPeter Armbruster
Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 8:203-13. 2009..We discuss the successes and ongoing challenges of our course restructuring and consider issues relevant to institutional change...
- In-training assessment using direct observation of single-patient encounters: a literature reviewE A M Pelgrim
Department of Primary Care and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Postbus 9101, Huispostnummer, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 16:131-42. 2011..Studies on assessor and learner training and studies examining effects beyond 'happiness data' are badly needed...
- A systematic review of the reliability of objective structured clinical examination scoresMichael T Brannick
Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 7200, USA
Med Educ 45:1181-9. 2011..It is often used in high-stakes examinations and therefore it is important to assess its reliability and validity...
- Opening the black box of clinical skills assessment via observation: a conceptual modelJennifer R Kogan
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Med Educ 45:1048-60. 2011..This study was intended to develop a conceptual framework of the factors impacting on faculty members' judgements and ratings of resident doctors (residents) after direct observation with patients...
- Construct-level predictive validity of educational attainment and intellectual aptitude tests in medical student selection: meta-regression of six UK longitudinal studiesI C McManus
UCL Medical School, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Med 11:243. 2013..That problem of interpretation can be solved by calculating construct-level predictive validity, an estimate of true predictor-outcome correlation across the range of applicant abilities...
- Directed self-regulated learning versus instructor-regulated learning in simulation trainingRyan Brydges
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto and The Wilson Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 46:648-56. 2012..We evaluated the effectiveness of directed self-regulated learning (DSRL) and instructor-regulated learning (IRL), respectively, for teaching lumbar puncture (LP) using simulation...
- Short lesson plan associated with increased acceptance of evolutionary theory and potential change in three alternate conceptions of macroevolution in undergraduate studentsJoel K Abraham
California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 11:152-64. 2012..51 and 0.19). These mixed results offer guidance on how to improve the lesson and show the potential of instructional approaches for influencing acceptance of evolution...
- Changing PACES: developments to the examination in 2009Andrew Elder
MRCP UK Central Office, Royal College of Physicians of the United Kingdom, London
Clin Med 11:231-4. 2011..This brief paper explains the rationale for change and summarises the development and implementation process...
- Developing a sustainable electronic portfolio (ePortfolio) program that fosters reflective practice and incorporates CanMEDS competencies into the undergraduate medical curriculumPippa Hall
Department of Palliative Care, Bruyère Continuing Care, 43 Bruyere St, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 5C8, USA
Acad Med 87:744-51. 2012....
- Virtual patients for assessment of medical student ability to integrate clinical and laboratory data to develop differential diagnoses: comparison of results of exams with/without time constraintsWilliam T Gunning
University of Toledo, USA
Med Teach 34:e222-8. 2012..We have evaluated medical student ability in a problem-based learning course using a virtual patient (VP)-based exam with variable parameters for assessment purposes...
- The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skillsJohn J Norcini
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research and American Board of Internal Medicine, 3624 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Ann Intern Med 138:476-81. 2003..To evaluate the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX), which assesses the clinical skills of residents...
- Graduates of different UK medical schools show substantial differences in performance on MRCP(UK) Part 1, Part 2 and PACES examinationsI C McManus
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Med 6:5. 2008....
- How self-determination theory can assist our understanding of the teaching and learning processes in medical education. AMEE guide No. 59Th J ten Cate
Center for Research and Development of Education, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
Med Teach 33:961-73. 2011....
- Virtual patients design and its effect on clinical reasoning and student experience: a protocol for a randomised factorial multi-centre studyJames Bateman
Education and Development Research Team, Warwick Medical School, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
BMC Med Educ 12:62. 2012..These are the branching case pathways (present or absent) and structured clinical reasoning feedback (present or absent)...
- Measurement variation across health literacy assessments: implications for assessment selection in research and practiceJolie Haun
Veterans Administration HSR and D and RR and D Center of Excellence, 8900 Grand Oak Circle 118M, Tampa, FL 33637, USA
J Health Commun 17:141-59. 2012..When selecting an instrument, one should consider style of administration, purpose for measure, and availability of time and resources...
- Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinationsDavid Newble
Department of Medical Education, The University of Sheffield, 1st Floor Coleridge House, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK
Med Educ 38:199-203. 2004..Strategies for reducing the practical difficulties this raises are discussed. Standard setting methods for use with OSCEs are described...
- Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitationsAdrian Harvey
Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
- Web-based learning: pros, cons and controversiesDavid A Cook
Medical Education Research Group, Mayo Clinical College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Clin Med 7:37-42. 2007..Educators should recognise that high fidelity, multimedia, simulations, and even WBL itself will not always be necessary to effectively facilitate learning...
- Development of a 'toolkit' to identify medical students at risk of failure to thrive on the course: an exploratory retrospective case studyJanet Yates
Medical Education Unit, B94 Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
BMC Med Educ 11:95. 2011..An exploratory case study was conducted to determine whether there were common indicators in the early years, over and above academic failure, that might aid the identification of students potentially at risk...
- Features of assessment learners use to make informed self-assessments of clinical performanceJoan Sargeant
Office of Continuing Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Med Educ 45:636-47. 2011..Education programmes use various activities to promote learners' reflection and self-direction, yet we know little about how effective these activities are in 'informing' learners' self-assessments...
- Physical activity and sports team participation: associations with academic outcomes in middle school and high school studentsClaudia K Fox
Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St, 3rd Floor, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
J Sch Health 80:31-7. 2010..The purpose of this study is to examine the associations between sports team participation, physical activity, and academic outcomes in middle and high school students...
- Emotional intelligence in medicine: a systematic review through the context of the ACGME competenciesSonal Arora
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, London W2 1NY, UK
Med Educ 44:749-64. 2010..This article aims to systematically review the evidence for EI in medicine through the context of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies...
- Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practiceDragan Ilic
Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
BMC Med Educ 9:53. 2009..This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences...
- When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patientsKathryn Bell
University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
- Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS): evaluation of a behavioural marker systemG Fletcher
Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, King s College, UK
Br J Anaesth 90:580-8. 2003..A prototype behavioural marker system was developed using human factors research techniques. The aim of this study was to conduct an experimental evaluation to establish its basic psychometric properties and usability...
- A systematic review of teamwork training interventions in medical student and resident educationChayan Chakraborti
Division of Hospital Medicine, The George Washington University Hospital, Washington, DC 20037, USA
J Gen Intern Med 23:846-53. 2008..Teamwork is important for improving care across transitions between providers and for increasing patient safety...
- Physician scores on a national clinical skills examination as predictors of complaints to medical regulatory authoritiesRobyn Tamblyn
Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
JAMA 298:993-1001. 2007..To address this problem, licensure assessment has been reformed in Canada and the United States, including a national standardized assessment of patient-physician communication and clinical history taking and examination skills...
- Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performanceDavid Wilkinson
School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Med J Aust 188:349-54. 2008..To assess how well prior academic performance, admission tests, and interviews predict academic performance in a graduate medical school...
- Comprehensive undergraduate medical assessments improve prediction of clinical performanceTim J Wilkinson
Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand
Med Educ 38:1111-6. 2004....
- The assessment of professional competence: building blocks for theory developmentC P M van der Vleuten
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 24:703-19. 2010..These lessons can also be read as general principles of assessment (programmes) and may provide theoretical building blocks to underpin appropriate and state-of-the-art assessment practices...
- The research we still are not doing: an agenda for the study of computer-based learningDavid A Cook
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Acad Med 80:541-8. 2005..CBL is not a panacea, but holds great promise. Realization of this potential requires that media-comparative studies be replaced by rigorous, theory-guided comparisons of CBL interventions...
- Medical education in China's leading medical schoolsM Roy Schwarz
China Medical Board of New York, New York, USA
Med Teach 26:215-22. 2004....
- Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade studentsDarla M Castelli
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007..The findings are discussed with regards to maximizing school performance and the implications for educational policies...
- Combining peer discussion with instructor explanation increases student learning from in-class concept questionsM K Smith
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology University of Colorado at Boulder, CO 80309, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:55-63. 2011..In contrast, the strong performers in both courses were not helped by the instructor-only approach, emphasizing the importance of peer discussion, even among top-performing students...
- A reliable and valid method for evaluating cardiopulmonary resuscitation training outcomesR T Brennan
Harvard University, Graduate School of Education, Department of Administration, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Resuscitation 32:85-93. 1996..92). We urge standardized reporting of CPR training outcomes in order to achieve comparability across studies...
- Diversity. Culture, gender, and mathLuigi Guiso
European University Institute, Villa San Paolo, Via della Piazzuola 43, 50133 Florence, Italy
Science 320:1164-5. 2008
- ABC of learning and teaching in medicine: Written assessmentLambert W T Schuwirth
BMJ 326:643-5. 2003
- The meaning and the measure of health literacyDavid W Baker
Division of General Internal Medicine and the Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
J Gen Intern Med 21:878-83. 2006
- The use of qualitative research criteria for portfolio assessment as an alternative to reliability evaluation: a case studyE Driessen
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 39:214-20. 2005..Quality assurance procedures with external auditors were used (dependability audit) and the assessment process was thoroughly documented (audit trail)...
- Assessment of BLS skills: optimizing use of instructor and manikin measuresBonnie Lynch
University of Dundee School of Medicine, Dundee, Tayside Centre for General Practice, Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4BF, United Kingdom
Resuscitation 76:233-43. 2008..Comparisons of instructors' subjective assessments with objective data from recording manikins provide one means of understanding the magnitude and type of instructor errors in assessment...
- The effect of testing on skills learningCharles B Kromann
Centre for Clinical Education, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark
Med Educ 43:21-7. 2009..This study was conducted to determine whether testing as the final activity in a skills course increases learning outcome compared with an equal amount of time spent practising the skill...
- An adequate level of training for technical competence in screening and diagnostic colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter evaluation of the learning curveSuck Ho Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea
Gastrointest Endosc 67:683-9. 2008..Various training programs in colonoscopy recommend that trainees should perform at least 100 to 200 procedures to be considered technically competent at diagnostic colonoscopy...
- Sonographic physical diagnosis 101: teaching senior medical students basic ultrasound scanning skills using a compact ultrasound systemTeresita L Angtuaco
Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
Ultrasound Q 23:157-60. 2007....
- Feedback and the mini clinical evaluation exerciseEric S Holmboe
Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency, New Haven, CT 06721, USA
J Gen Intern Med 19:558-61. 2004..Programs should consider both specific training in feedback and changes to the miniCEX form to facilitate interactive feedback...
- Influence of open- and closed-book tests on medical students' learning approachesMarjolein Heijne-Penninga
Institute for Medical Education, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Med Educ 42:967-74. 2008..In this study we test the hypothesis that open-book tests stimulate deep learning more than closed-book tests...
- Systematic video game training in surgical novices improves performance in virtual reality endoscopic surgical simulators: a prospective randomized studyMarcus Kolga Schlickum
Department of Clinical Science Intervention and Technology CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
World J Surg 33:2360-7. 2009..The hypothesis is that systematic video game training with high visual-spatial demands and visual similarity to endoscopy would show a transfer effect on performance in virtual reality endoscopic surgical simulation...
- Evidence-based medicine: discrepancy between perceived competence and actual performance among graduating medical studentsOpher Caspi
Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
Med Teach 28:318-25. 2006....
- Knowledge and attitudes of family physicians coming to COPD continuing medical educationBarbara P Yawn
Olmsted Medical Center, Research Department, Rochester, MN 55904, USA
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 3:311-7. 2008..This survey explores the attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge related to COPD recognition, diagnosis, and treatment from family physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) working in primary care...
- Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?N J Maran
Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
- Effect of physical education and activity levels on academic achievement in childrenDawn Podulka Coe
Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1515-9. 2006..This study was conducted to determine the effect of physical education class enrollment and physical activity on academic achievement in middle school children...
- Republished paper: Assuring validity of multisource feedback in a national programmeJulian Archer
Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Plymouth, UK
Postgrad Med J 86:526-31. 2010....
- Script concordance testing: a review of published validity evidenceStuart Lubarsky
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Med Educ 45:329-38. 2011..Script concordance test (SCT) scores are intended to reflect respondents' competence in interpreting clinical data under conditions of uncertainty. The validity of inferences based on SCT scores has not been rigorously established...
- Peer teaching: a randomised controlled trial using student-teachers to teach musculoskeletal ultrasoundMatthias Knobe
Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
Med Educ 44:148-55. 2010....
- Helping Babies Breathe: global neonatal resuscitation program development and formative educational evaluationNalini Singhal
Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Resuscitation 83:90-6. 2012....
- Portfolios for assessment and learning: AMEE Guide no. 45Jan van Tartwijk
Leiden University Graduate School of Teaching, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Med Teach 31:790-801. 2009....
- Student perspectives on assessment: experience in a competency-based portfolio systemFaysal Altahawi
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland OH, USA
Med Teach 34:221-5. 2012..Four students share personal reflections of their experience to illuminate themes from the subjective experience of the learner and to understand how to align the learners' interests with the requirements of an assessment program...
- Learners' choices and beliefs about self-testingNate Kornell
UCLA Department of Psychology, 1285 Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
Memory 17:493-501. 2009..A post-experimental questionnaire suggested that self-testing was motivated by a desire to diagnose learning rather than a desire to improve learning...
- Development and implementation of a technical and didactical training program for student tutors in the dissection courseThomas Shiozawa
Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Embryology and Tissue Engineering, University of Tuebingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Str 8, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Ann Anat 192:355-60. 2010..The aim of this paper is to report a systematic approach to the development, didactic reasoning and implementation of a curriculum for training student tutors in gross anatomy...
- Are physicians with better clinical skills on licensing examinations less likely to prescribe antibiotics for viral respiratory infections in ambulatory care settings?Genevieve Cadieux
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Med Care 49:156-65. 2011..Effective patient-physician communication is critical to address this problem. Recognizing the importance of physician communication skills, licensure examinations were reformed in the United States and Canada to evaluate these skills...
- Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate and insulin-dosing knowledge in youth with type 1 diabetesMichaela B Koontz
Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Diabetes Care 33:457-62. 2010..003). CONCLUSIONS The PCQ is a novel, easily administered instrument to assess knowledge about carbohydrates and insulin dosing calculations. Initial analyses support the reliability and validity of the PCQ...
- Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of BehaviorRonald M Harris-Warrick; Fiscal Year: 2011..It should also provide insights into the causes and possible treatments for psychiatric and other behavioral diseases in humans. ..
- Conformance with Manufactured Food Regulatory Program StandardsSandra Craig; Fiscal Year: 2013..At the conclusion of the project period existing inspection staff will be able to utilize the systems created to audit, verify and maintain conformance to program standards. ..
- TUBERCULOSIS ACADEMIC AWARDSandra Willsie; Fiscal Year: 1999..Baseline data will be collected during the 1994-1995 year to serve in comparison to results achieved following interventions as delineated in the proposal. ..
- Human Subjects Research Enhancement and OutreachDELWOOD COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2003..Once a program has been selected, a development design consultant will perform a gap analysis and begin development of the web-based IRB system. ..
- Long-Term Outcomes of Childhood-Onset EpilepsyAnne Berg; Fiscal Year: 2006..This in turn could help lessen the burdens associated with childhood-and adolescent-onset epilepsy for the individual, the family, and society as a whole. ..
- Informal Bioscience ResourcesKaren Graf; Fiscal Year: 2005..Initiate a Web-based data entry site for long-distance inquiry student experiments and data sharing; 4. Teacher and parent Informal Science Education resource workshops. ..
- PAIN/SYMPTOM RESEARCH TRAINING SOFTWARERANDI TRIANT; Fiscal Year: 2001..Another objective is to increase the number and quality of research grant applications to NIH and other funders on the subjects relating to symptoms of advanced disease. ..
- Cultural Competency Training in Latino HealthDesiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
- TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTEDAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- PARTNERS IN HEALTH-TEACHERS, STUDENTS, PUBLIC - PHASE 2E Burns; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Alcohol Use Reduction in Methadone Individuals with HCVAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving DisabilityLynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- The Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS)STUART QUAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Memory Errors in Children's Dietary RecallsSUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Healthful dietary habits will decrease the risk of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular diseases. ..
- Children's Dietary Recalls: Methodology and AccuracySUZANNE BAXTER; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results from this methodological project could have major implications for how 24hDRs are obtained from children in future national surveys, NIH-funded studies, and other studies. ..
- Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in IndiaAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Duke Center for Geospatial Medicine (RMI)Marie Lynn Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2006..Using neural tube defects as a prototype health endpoint, we will develop a generalized framework for applying these methods to a wide variety of health endpoints, including autism, asthma, ADHD, and obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MEASURING PATIENT SATISFACTION: LOW LITERACY POPULATIONSJudy Shea; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, we will randomize eligible enrollees to receive the standard form or one of the alternative versions, to determine how the instruments perform in the typical way in which they would be used. ..
- Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter InsertionLEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROMEJudith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, these data will help determine how to optimize cognitive function in Turner syndrome and will extend knowledge of the mechanisms of male/female cognitive dimorphisms. ..
- NFkB Targets and Neural Crest DevelopmentMICHAEL WILLIAM KLYMKOWSKY; Fiscal Year: 2010..Together these observation should have important implications for understanding the behavior of molecular and inductive networks in general and the prevention and/or amelioration of neural crest defects in particular. ..
- Early School Progress in <1000g Birthweight ChildrenH Gerry Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will inform efforts to identify and treat learning disorders in high-risk children at school entry. ..
- Stress Reduction in Therapeutic Community TreatmentMarianne Marcus; Fiscal Year: 2007..Retention will be measured with facility admission and dropout records. Data will be analyzed using general linear mixed models to address change over time and a standard analysis approach for examining mediation effects. ..
- Collegiate Employment and Problem Drinking: Harmful and Protective Factors (AREA)Adam Butler; Fiscal Year: 2007..This goal of this project is to understand how college student employment both contributes to and protects against student drinking. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EARLY PRIMARY PREVENTION OF CONDUCT PROBLEMSLAURIE BROTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed follow-up will inform on short-lived versus sustained preventive effects. ..
- Testing a video to improve provider-patient interactionDeborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
- Computerized Risk Assessment in an Employee PopulationDeborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006..6: Identification and evaluation of public health informatics and communication strategies and tools to improve health decisions, health alerting, health literacy, or health assessment among employees and employers ..
- The Rural Restaurant Healthy Options ProgramFaryle Nothwehr; Fiscal Year: 2008..To identify program implementation barriers and supports through process evaluation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Stakeholder's Models of Quality in Assisted LivingLESLIE MORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings will provide a strong validity base for development of quality assessment tools in AL inclusive of the critically important voice of residents and inform both policy development and practice in this sector. ..
- Malaria risk reduction among travelers using web-based simulation toolLAURIE BETH HARTJES; Fiscal Year: 2010..This program of research addresses NINR objectives by 1) designing/testing an interactive web-based tool to improve self-management, and '2) using evolving technology for on-line data collection and simulation software . ..
- Substance Use Consequences of School DisengagementKimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Health and School Performance Among Youth Ages 9-13Christopher Forrest; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our long-term goal for this research is to follow youth into high school and beyond to more fully characterize the evolution of health from childhood to adulthood. ..
- Nursing Home Pain Management Algorithm Clinical TrialMary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this study will assist NH staff to assess and treat pain effectively in cognitively intact and impaired residents. Long-term follow-up will establish the persistence of changes in clinical practice and resident outcomes. ..
- Promoting CIS Among Black Men in BarbershopsLaura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Evidence-based Program for the Intergration of CurriculaJohn Fantuzzo; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Long-term Exercise, Weight Loss and Energy BalanceJoseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2009..We believe the findings from this study could have important implications for exercise guidelines for weight loss. ..
- Implications of Hypothermia on Hepatic Drug MetabolismSamuel Poloyac; Fiscal Year: 2009..Once completed, this research will provide critical information to design future clinical studies to optimize the benefits of this breakthrough therapy. ..
- Palliative Care Curriculum for 3rd-Year Medical StudentsCharles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2007..Data will be compared with residents who have not been through the course as well as with residents and faculty participating in another study of education. ..
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Professional Skills for Minority Students in BiomedicineMARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2007..An Advisory Board will guide the project activities and an evaluation component will document progress on the project activities, dissemination of the courses, and impacts on participants. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Conference on the Preventive and Treatment of ObesityJoseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2004..Targeted recruitment by minority and physically disabled members of our advisory board will help assure a minimum of 50 conference participants. ..
- PREVENTION OF OBESITY BY ALTERATION OF DIETARY FATJoseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this study should advance our understanding of the role of dietary fat in the prevention of obesity and weight re-gain. ..
- Chronic Pain Self-Management for the ElderlyMary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- AN ALTERNATIVE FOR INCARCERATED SUBSTANCE ABUSERSEmil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2002..If such a program could demonstrate clinical efficacy in field trials with this high-risk population, the commercial potential would be extraordinary. ..
- IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot StudyDavid Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
- KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTPHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- APICAL JUNCTIONAL COMPLEXES OF THE RPELAWRENCE RIZZOLO; Fiscal Year: 2006..Recent advances in the development of reagents coupled with this novel culture model will advance our understanding of this essential structure of the outer blood-retinal barrier. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMPROVING INFORMED CONSENT IN DIVERSE POPULATIONSMarvella Ford; Fiscal Year: 2003..Study compliance will be included in the analyses as a covariate. Study findings can be used to enhance the quality of future research by improving the informed consent process. ..
- Study Plans of Communication and Oral Health DisparitiesAnne Koerber; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- INTERNET-BASED ALCOHOL INFORMATION FOR COLLEGE STUDENTSEmil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2002..We envision that this website would generate revenues through the sale of advertising space and health-related products. ..
- PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTSRonald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- EXPANDING FRONTIERS:INTEGRATING INQUIRY, EQUITY, & TECHMARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Validity and Reliability of ASCA for Native AmericansGARY CANIVEZ; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF NEUROENDOCRINE HORMONE SECRETIONNANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2003..The outcome of this work should enable us to develop a detailed model of cellular mechanisms that link membrane excitation to neurohormone secretion and neurohormone synthesis. ..
- A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in YouthDONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Language Essentials for Teaching Reading and SpellingLouisa Moats; Fiscal Year: 2003..The primary target market includes classroom teachers at every level, reading specialists, speech/language coordinators and therapists, special education staff, and ELL/ESL specialists. ..
- CATENINS, EPITHELIAL BEHAVIOR AND GENE EXPRESSIONMichael Klymkowsky; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will test whether decreasing the expression of specific SOXs using anti-sense reagents leads to the predicted expansion of TCF regulated target genes and/or increased sensitivity of embryonic cells to Wnt signaling components ..
- HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY AND BREAST CANCERPatricia Carney; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- ART Adherence: Observed Therapy and Enhanced CounselingKathy Goggin; Fiscal Year: 2008..and 3) To evaluate the role of potential mediators and moderators on adherence and HIV RNA levels. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Internet-Based Stress Management for College StudentsEmil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2004..The final product will be marketed as part of a comprehensive college health website. ..
- KNEE SURGERY: MECHANISMS OF RECOVERY AFTER SPORT INJURYJeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY: LOCAL SITE MODELMARSHA MATYAS; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Prevention of obesity in children with PAACJoseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additionally, PAAC will offer a strategy to increase physical activity during the school day that is complimentary to academics and does not diminish or compete for the time allocated for academic instruction. ..
- Genetic testing/hearing impairment in African AmericansNATHANIEL ROBIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Furthermore, these results will determine the role of mutations in GJB2, GJB6, and GJA1 in HI in AA. Together, these results will lead to more efficient genetic testing for HI in this population. ..
- Protective Role of Spirituality in Alcohol and HIV RiskKathy Goggin; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Conference on Neural Control of BehaviorNANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2004..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. ..
- Expert Visual Guidance of Ultrasound for TelemedicineFlorence Sheehan; Fiscal Year: 2006..Specific Aim #4 is to make the guidance easily applicable to different organs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in AplysiaHillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2008..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..
- Interventions to Control Obesity in Community CollegesLaura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- PATIENT AND PUBLIC EDUCATION IN CANCER PAIN MANAGEMENTBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2002..This course will impact 120 healthcare settings to improve pain management and quality of life in cancer patients and to establish model pain education programs for national dissemination. ..
- ROLE OF MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES IN IMMUNITYSamuel Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2009..In other words, must cytotoxic lymphocytes reach a critical concentration within a tumor bed to effect a reduction in tumor mass? ..
- End of Life Nursing Education through Graduate ProgramsBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2006..This proposal includes extensive evaluation planned to monitor individual and institutional dissemination. ..
- Permeability Changes in Small Bowel Allograft RejectionJonathan Fryer; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOMEJayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007..The intervention developed in this project and the preliminary trial results, including formative and process evaluation data, will be used to inform a future full- scale and fully-powered research study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oncology Nursing Education in End of Life CareBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2007..This proposal includes extensive evaluation planned to monitor individual and institutional dissemination. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Role(s) of Microglia in Alzheimer's DiseaseSamuel Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..5. Determine the effects of fAbeta immunization of CD18 null -/Tg hAPP+/- and Fcgamma receptor null/Tg hAPP+/- mice on AD-like pathology...
- Reducing Barriers to Pain and Fatigue ManagementBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- A Prospective Study of Drinking & Academic PerformaceDennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed study will inform both public health and higher education policy by filling knowledge gaps about the nature of the relation between college drinking and academic performance. ..