visual fields

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Independent resources for attentional tracking in the left and right visual hemifields
    George A Alvarez
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:637-43. 2005
  2. pmc Visual field maps, population receptive field sizes, and visual field coverage in the human MT+ complex
    Kaoru Amano
    Biological Complex Systems Laboratory, Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5 1 5, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa shi, Chiba 277 8561, Japan
    J Neurophysiol 102:2704-18. 2009
  3. pmc Synaptic and network mechanisms of sparse and reliable visual cortical activity during nonclassical receptive field stimulation
    Bilal Haider
    Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Neuron 65:107-21. 2010
  4. pmc Population receptive field estimates in human visual cortex
    Serge O Dumoulin
    Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 39:647-60. 2008
  5. ncbi The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: a randomized trial determines that topical ocular hypotensive medication delays or prevents the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma
    Michael A Kass
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:701-13; discussion 829-30. 2002
  6. ncbi Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortex
    Alessandra Angelucci
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8633-46. 2002
  7. ncbi False-negative responses in glaucoma perimetry: indicators of patient performance or test reliability?
    B Bengtsson
    Department of Ophthalmology, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2201-4. 2000
  8. ncbi The retinotopic organization of the human middle temporal area MT/V5 and its cortical neighbors
    Hauke Kolster
    Laboratorium voor Neurofysiologie en Psychofysiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Medical School, Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Neurosci 30:9801-20. 2010
  9. pmc Cell-type-specific synchronization of neural activity in FEF with V4 during attention
    Georgia G Gregoriou
    Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete 71003, Greece
    Neuron 73:581-94. 2012
  10. pmc Topographic maps in human frontal and parietal cortex
    Michael A Silver
    School of Optometry, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, and Henry H Wheeler, Jr Brain Imaging Center, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:488-95. 2009

Research Grants

  1. GENETICS OF RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 1 (RP1)
    Jian Zuo; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. SHORT WAVELENGTH AUTOMATED PERIMETRY IN THE OHTS TRIAL
    Chris Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. IONDT FOLLOW-UP STUDY
    Kay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. Depth Maps From Stereo Images of the Optic Disc-Phase II
    GILBERTO ZAMORA; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. Phase 2 Study of High Dose DHA for the Treatment of X-Linked Retinitis Pigmentosa
    Dennis R Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. Oxidative damage and cone cell death in RP
    Peter A Campochiaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. Glaucoma and Visual Function
    ANJALI MARUTI BHORADE; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. STRUCTURAL BASIS OF AMBLYOPIA AND STRABISMUS
    Jonathan C Horton; Fiscal Year: 2012
  9. Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Area in Aging and Glaucoma
    NIMESH BHIKHU PATEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
  10. Phase 1/2 Trial of rAAV2-CB-hRPE65 (BB-IND 13848, 11 Sep 2009) for Leber Congenit
    Jeffrey D Chulay; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications295 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Independent resources for attentional tracking in the left and right visual hemifields
    George A Alvarez
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:637-43. 2005
    ..We now show that this tracking capacity is independently constrained in the left and right visual fields as if separate tracking systems were engaged, one in each field...
  2. pmc Visual field maps, population receptive field sizes, and visual field coverage in the human MT+ complex
    Kaoru Amano
    Biological Complex Systems Laboratory, Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5 1 5, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa shi, Chiba 277 8561, Japan
    J Neurophysiol 102:2704-18. 2009
    ..The TO maps provide a functional segmentation of human motion-sensitive cortex that enables a more complete characterization of processing in human motion-selective cortex...
  3. pmc Synaptic and network mechanisms of sparse and reliable visual cortical activity during nonclassical receptive field stimulation
    Bilal Haider
    Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Neuron 65:107-21. 2010
    ..Our experimental observations were replicated with a simple computational model, suggesting that network interactions among neuronal subtypes ultimately sharpen recurrent excitation, producing specific and reliable visual responses...
  4. pmc Population receptive field estimates in human visual cortex
    Serge O Dumoulin
    Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 39:647-60. 2008
    ..Also, we quantify the amount of input from ipsi- and contralateral visual fields. The human pRF size estimates in V1-V3 agree well with electrophysiological receptive field measurements at a ..
  5. ncbi The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: a randomized trial determines that topical ocular hypotensive medication delays or prevents the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma
    Michael A Kass
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:701-13; discussion 829-30. 2002
    ..There is no consensus on the efficacy of medical treatment in delaying or preventing the onset of POAG in individuals with elevated IOP. Therefore, we designed a randomized clinical trial, the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study...
  6. ncbi Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortex
    Alessandra Angelucci
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8633-46. 2002
    ..V1 isotropic connectivity demonstrates that anisotropic horizontal connections are not necessary to generate orientation selectivity. Anisotropic feedback connections may play a role in contour completion...
  7. ncbi False-negative responses in glaucoma perimetry: indicators of patient performance or test reliability?
    B Bengtsson
    Department of Ophthalmology, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2201-4. 2000
    ..To study whether false-negative answers in computerized glaucoma perimetry indicate the patient's ability to perform perimetry or test result reliability...
  8. ncbi The retinotopic organization of the human middle temporal area MT/V5 and its cortical neighbors
    Hauke Kolster
    Laboratorium voor Neurofysiologie en Psychofysiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Medical School, Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Neurosci 30:9801-20. 2010
    ..Together with similarities in retinotopic organization and topological neighborhood, the functional properties suggest that MT/V5 in human and macaque cortex are homologous...
  9. pmc Cell-type-specific synchronization of neural activity in FEF with V4 during attention
    Georgia G Gregoriou
    Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete 71003, Greece
    Neuron 73:581-94. 2012
    ..These findings support the idea that the attentional modulation of visual processing is not mediated by movement neurons...
  10. pmc Topographic maps in human frontal and parietal cortex
    Michael A Silver
    School of Optometry, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, and Henry H Wheeler, Jr Brain Imaging Center, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:488-95. 2009
    ..The study of higher-order topographic cortex promises to yield unprecedented insights into the neural mechanisms of cognitive processes and, in conjunction with parallel studies in non-human primates, into the evolution of cognition...
  11. ncbi Adaptable mechanisms that regulate the contrast response of neurons in the primate lateral geniculate nucleus
    Aaron J Camp
    Discipline of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    J Neurosci 29:5009-21. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi Visual field representations and locations of visual areas V1/2/3 in human visual cortex
    Robert F Dougherty
    Department of Psychology and Stanford Institute for Reading and Learning, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Vis 3:586-98. 2003
    ....
  13. ncbi Compulsory averaging of crowded orientation signals in human vision
    L Parkes
    Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nat Neurosci 4:739-44. 2001
    ..Our results imply that crowding is distinct from ordinary masking, and is perhaps related to texture perception. Under crowded conditions, the orientation signals in primary visual cortex are pooled before they reach consciousness...
  14. ncbi Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons
    Alessandra Angelucci
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, 50 North Medical Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
    Prog Brain Res 154:93-120. 2006
    ..We show physiological data in support of the model's predictions, revealing that modulation from the "far" surround is not always suppressive, but can be facilitatory under specific stimulus conditions...
  15. ncbi Visual field defects and the risk of motor vehicle collisions among patients with glaucoma
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0009, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4437-41. 2005
    ..To evaluate the association between visual field defects in the central 24 degrees field and the risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) among patients with glaucoma...
  16. ncbi Selectivity and spatial distribution of signals from the receptive field surround in macaque V1 neurons
    James R Cavanaugh
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2547-56. 2002
    ..We suggest that the underlying mechanism of this complexity may involve interactions between relatively simple center and surround mechanisms...
  17. ncbi Nature and interaction of signals from the receptive field center and surround in macaque V1 neurons
    James R Cavanaugh
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2530-46. 2002
    ..Input to the suppressive surround may come in part from feedback signals from higher areas...
  18. ncbi Wide-field retinotopy defines human cortical visual area v6
    Sabrina Pitzalis
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7962-73. 2006
    ....
  19. pmc Visual crowding: a fundamental limit on conscious perception and object recognition
    David Whitney
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:160-8. 2011
    ..Here we define six diagnostic criteria for what counts as crowding, and further describe factors that both escape and break crowding. All of these lead to the conclusion that crowding occurs at multiple stages in the visual hierarchy...
  20. ncbi Visual topography of human intraparietal sulcus
    Jascha D Swisher
    Perceptual Neuroimaging Laboratory, Program in Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Neurosci 27:5326-37. 2007
    ..These visual maps may provide a practical framework in which to characterize the functional organization of human IPS...
  21. ncbi Time course and time-distance relationships for surround suppression in macaque V1 neurons
    Wyeth Bair
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 23:7690-701. 2003
    ..We offer refinements to circuits for surround suppression that account for these results and describe how feedback from cells with large CRFs can account for the rapid propagation of suppression within V1...
  22. ncbi The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 24:87-114; discussion 114-85. 2001
    ..Reasons why pure capacity estimates fall within a narrow range are discussed and a capacity limit for the focus of attention is proposed...
  23. ncbi Asymmetrical visual fields distribution of attention in dyslexic children: a neuropsychological study
    A Facoetti
    Neuropsychology Unit, Scientific Institute E Medea, Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy
    Neurosci Lett 290:216-8. 2000
    ..Right over-distractibility and left inattention suggest an impairment of the right parietal functions as supported by the magnocellular theory of dyslexia...
  24. pmc A combined index of structure and function for staging glaucomatous damage
    Felipe A Medeiros
    Hamilton Glaucoma Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0946, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 130:1107-16. 2012
    ..To present and evaluate a new combined index of structure and function (CSFI) for staging and detecting glaucomatous damage...
  25. ncbi Quantitative characterization of visual response properties in the mouse dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus
    Matthew S Grubb
    University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford OX1 3PT, United Kingdom
    J Neurophysiol 90:3594-607. 2003
    ..We looked for evidence of parallel processing in the mouse dLGN and found it only in a functional difference between ON- and OFF-center cells: ON-center cells were more sensitive to stimulus contrast than their OFF-center neighbors...
  26. ncbi Spatial structure of complex cell receptive fields measured with natural images
    Jon Touryan
    Group in Vision Science, School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Neuron 45:781-91. 2005
    ..The subunit RF model provides a useful basis for understanding cortical processing of natural stimuli...
  27. ncbi Prediction of glaucomatous visual field loss by extrapolation of linear trends
    Boel Bengtsson
    Departments of Clinical Sciences and Ophthalmology, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE 20502 Malmo, Sweden
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:1610-5. 2009
    ..To investigate how well short-term progression rates can predict long-term visual field outcomes in patients with glaucoma...
  28. pmc Neuronal mechanisms of visual stability
    Robert H Wurtz
    Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bldg 49, Rm 2A50, Bethesda, MD 20892 4435, USA
    Vision Res 48:2070-89. 2008
    ..For the second problem, saccadic suppression, visual masking and corollary discharge are well established mechanisms, and possible neuronal correlates have been identified for each...
  29. pmc Metamers of the ventral stream
    Jeremy Freeman
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:1195-201. 2011
    ..The model also explains deficits of peripheral vision known as crowding, and provides a quantitative framework for assessing the capabilities and limitations of everyday vision...
  30. ncbi Spatiotemporal elements of macaque v1 receptive fields
    Nicole C Rust
    Center for Neural Science and New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Neuron 46:945-56. 2005
    ..Suppressive signals are especially potent in direction-selective cells, where they reduce responses to stimuli moving in the nonpreferred direction...
  31. pmc A framework for comparing structural and functional measures of glaucomatous damage
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 116th and Broadway, New York, NY, 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 26:688-710. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Estimating receptive field size from fMRI data in human striate and extrastriate visual cortex
    A T Smith
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, UK
    Cereb Cortex 11:1182-90. 2001
    ..In all these areas, receptive fields increase in size with increasing stimulus eccentricity. The results are qualitatively in line with those obtained by others in macaque monkeys using neurophysiological methods...
  33. pmc Practical recommendations for measuring rates of visual field change in glaucoma
    B C Chauhan
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, 2nd Floor Centennial Building, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, Canada
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:569-73. 2008
    ..Recommendations on other issues such as examination type, strategy and quality are also made...
  34. ncbi Where is 'dorsal V4' in human visual cortex? Retinotopic, topographic and functional evidence
    R B Tootell
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 11:298-311. 2001
    ..Because striking differences were found between the retinotopy and functional properties of the human topologues of 'V4v' and 'V4d', it is unlikely that these two cortical regions are subdivisions of a singular human area 'V4'...
  35. ncbi Attentional cueing improves vision restoration therapy in patients with visual field defects
    Dorothe A Poggel
    Institute of Medical Psychology, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany
    Neurology 63:2069-76. 2004
    ..In these partially defective regions, the elevated perceptual thresholds can be acutely reduced by attentional cueing...
  36. pmc Topographic maps of visual spatial attention in human parietal cortex
    Michael A Silver
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Neurophysiol 94:1358-71. 2005
    ..The two proposed cortical areas exhibited relatively little response to passive visual stimulation in comparison with early visual areas. These results provide evidence for multiple topographic maps in human parietal cortex...
  37. ncbi Membrane potential and firing rate in cat primary visual cortex
    M Carandini
    Institute for Neuroinformatics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 20:470-84. 2000
    ..Because gain and threshold are unaffected by visual stimulation and by adaptation, we suggest that they are constant under all conditions...
  38. ncbi Anatomical evidence of multimodal integration in primate striate cortex
    Arnaud Falchier
    Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U371, Cerveau et Vision, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
    J Neurosci 22:5749-59. 2002
    ..Direct projections from auditory and STP cortex to peripheral area 17 have important consequences for higher visual functions of area 17, including multimodal integration at early stages of the visual cortical pathway...
  39. ncbi Intraocular pressure fluctuation a risk factor for visual field progression at low intraocular pressures in the advanced glaucoma intervention study
    Joseph Caprioli
    Glaucoma Division, Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1123-1129.e3. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationship of intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation and mean IOP to visual field (VF) progression in patients enrolled in the Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study (AGIS)...
  40. pmc Control of eye movements and spatial attention
    T Moore
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:1273-6. 2001
    ..We found that we could improve the monkey's performance with microstimulation when, but only when, the object to be attended was positioned in the space represented by the cortical stimulation site...
  41. ncbi Cortical magnification within human primary visual cortex correlates with acuity thresholds
    Robert O Duncan
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory B, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 38:659-71. 2003
    ..We also found a within-observer correlation between cortical magnification and Vernier acuity, further supporting claims that Vernier acuity is limited by cortical magnification in V1...
  42. ncbi Electrophysiological measures of maintaining representations in visual working memory
    Andrew W McCollough
    University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Cortex 43:77-94. 2007
    ..Together, these results appear to indicate an electrophysiological index of the maintained representations in visual WM...
  43. pmc Two retinotopic visual areas in human lateral occipital cortex
    Jonas Larsson
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 26:13128-42. 2006
    ..The topography, stimulus selectivity, and anatomical location of LO1 and LO2 indicate that they integrate shape information from multiple visual submodalities in retinotopic coordinates...
  44. ncbi Glaucoma and on-road driving performance
    Sharon A Haymes
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:3035-41. 2008
    ..To investigate the on-road driving performance of patients with glaucoma...
  45. ncbi Inner retinal layer thinning in Parkinson disease
    Mohammedyusuf E Hajee
    Department of Neurology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:737-41. 2009
    ..To quantify retinal thickness in patients with Parkinson disease (PD)...
  46. ncbi Natural history of open-angle glaucoma
    Anders Heijl
    Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Ophthalmology 116:2271-6. 2009
    ..This article, based on the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial (EMGT), provides prospective natural history data on progression of glaucomatous field defects in 3 of the most common glaucoma types...
  47. ncbi Risk factors for visual field progression in treated glaucoma
    Carlos Gustavo V De Moraes
    Einhorn Clinical Research Center, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 310 E 14th St, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 129:562-8. 2011
    ..To determine intraocular pressure (IOP)-dependent and IOP-independent variables associated with visual field (VF) progression in treated glaucoma...
  48. ncbi Visual-field asymmetry in dual-stream RSVP
    Antje Holländer
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Neuropsychologia 43:35-40. 2005
    ..When the target and probe were in opposite visual fields, probe detection was again reduced when it was in the left visual field, and there was no Lag 1 sparing...
  49. ncbi Receptive field shift and shrinkage in macaque middle temporal area through attentional gain modulation
    Thilo Womelsdorf
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 28:8934-44. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Multifocal VEP and ganglion cell damage: applications and limitations for the study of glaucoma
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 22:201-51. 2003
    ..are described for directly comparing these mfVEP probability plots to the probability plots for Humphrey visual fields (HVFs). The interocular mfVEP test described in will not be sensitive to bilateral damage...
  51. ncbi Quantifying the spatial resolution of the gradient echo and spin echo BOLD response at 3 Tesla
    Laura M Parkes
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Magn Reson Med 54:1465-72. 2005
    ..The spin echo response shows a 13% reduction in the width of the PSF, but at a cost of at least 3-fold reduction in contrast to noise ratio...
  52. ncbi Large-scale gamma-band phase synchronization and selective attention
    Sam M Doesburg
    Psychophysics and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 18:386-96. 2008
    ....
  53. pmc Reorganization of visual processing in macular degeneration is not specific to the "preferred retinal locus"
    Daniel D Dilks
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurosci 29:2768-73. 2009
    ..This finding suggests that reorganization is driven by passive, not use-dependent mechanisms...
  54. ncbi The blindsight saga
    Alan Cowey
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Exp Brain Res 200:3-24. 2010
    ..Whether blindsight is, or could be, useful in everyday life is the next unsolved problem...
  55. ncbi Canadian Glaucoma Study: 3. Impact of risk factors and intraocular pressure reduction on the rates of visual field change
    Balwantray C Chauhan
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Victoria, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 2Y9, Canada
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:1249-55. 2010
    ....
  56. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the left visual-field advantage in the dual stream RSVP task: evidence from N2pc, P3, and distractor-evoked VEPs
    Rolf Verleger
    Department of Neurology, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany
    Psychophysiology 48:1096-106. 2011
    ..The faster VEP latencies at the right hemisphere from the very beginning of the stimulus series may reflect an advantage in structuring fast sequences, which may cause the left visual-field advantage...
  57. ncbi Upper and lower visual field differences in perceptual asymmetries
    Nicole A Thomas
    School of Psychology, Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Brain Res 1387:108-15. 2011
    ..Results showed a relation between the lower and left visual fields and the upper and right visual fields, which has not previously been shown in perceptual asymmetries...
  58. ncbi Properties of the statpac visual field index
    Paul H Artes
    Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:4030-8. 2011
    ..88, P < 0.001). The relationship between both indices appeared linear, except in visual fields with MDs better than -5.0 dB where 29 (22%) of 129 eyes exhibited a ceiling effect (VFI = 100%)...
  59. pmc Functional elimination of excitatory feedforward inputs underlies developmental refinement of visual receptive fields in zebrafish
    Min Zhang
    Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute, Graduate Program, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    J Neurosci 31:5460-9. 2011
    ..Together, our results demonstrate that the functional refinement of tectal visual RFs results primarily from a selective elimination of feedforward retinotectal inputs...
  60. ncbi Simulation of longitudinal threshold visual field data
    P G Spry
    Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon 97232, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2192-200. 2000
    ..To describe and evaluate a computer model that simulates longitudinal visual field data...
  61. ncbi Mathematical analysis of the accordion grating illusion: a differential geometry approach to introduce the 3D aperture problem
    Arash Yazdanbakhsh
    Cognitive and Neural Systems Department, Boston University, MA 02215, United States
    Neural Netw 24:1093-101. 2011
    ..in this issue)). We suggest that our approach may generalize to other motion illusions visible in 2D displays...
  62. pmc Integration and fusion of standard automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography data for improved automated glaucoma diagnostics
    Dimitrios Bizios
    Department of Clinical Sciences Malmoe, Ophthalmology, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, SE 205 02 Malmoe, Sweden
    BMC Ophthalmol 11:20. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi The relationship between variability and sensitivity in large-scale longitudinal visual field data
    Richard A Russell
    Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:5985-90. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize VF variability by the level of sensitivity using a statistical method to quantify heteroscedasticity...
  64. pmc Glaucomatous damage of the macula
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 32:1-21. 2013
    ....
  65. pmc Driving with hemianopia, I: Detection performance in a driving simulator
    Alex R Bowers
    Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5137-47. 2009
    ..This study was designed to examine the effect of homonymous hemianopia (HH) on detection of pedestrian figures in multiple realistic and hazardous situations within the controlled environment of a driving simulator...
  66. ncbi Combining visual rehabilitative training and noninvasive brain stimulation to enhance visual function in patients with hemianopia: a comparative case study
    Ela B Plow
    Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    PM R 3:825-35. 2011
    ..To standardize a protocol for promoting visual rehabilitative outcomes in post-stroke hemianopia by combining occipital cortical transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with Vision Restoration Therapy (VRT)...
  67. pmc A three-dimensional spatiotemporal receptive field model explains responses of area MT neurons to naturalistic movies
    Shinji Nishimoto
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    J Neurosci 31:14551-64. 2011
    ..However, models fit using naturalistic stimuli reveal several novel properties of MT receptive fields that had not been shown in prior experiments...
  68. ncbi Visual system: how does blindsight arise?
    Alan Cowey
    University of Oxford, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Curr Biol 20:R702-4. 2010
    ..The pathways for this 'blindsight' have never been established, but recent studies implicate hitherto overlooked cells in the thalamic LGN...
  69. ncbi Area summation in human visual system: psychophysics, fMRI, and modeling
    Lauri Nurminen
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, and Advanced Magnetic Imaging Centre, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    J Neurophysiol 102:2900-9. 2009
    ..The current study shows that contextual modulation arises from similar spatially antagonistic and overlapping excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms, both in single cells and in human vision...
  70. ncbi Peripapillary choroidal thickness in glaucoma measured with optical coherence tomography
    Joshua R Ehrlich
    Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1305 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Exp Eye Res 92:189-94. 2011
    ..POAG (n = 31) and suspect eyes (n = 39) had two reliable and repeatable Humphrey 24-2 visual fields with glaucoma hemifield test outside or within normal limits, respectively...
  71. ncbi Microstimulation of the frontal eye field and its effects on covert spatial attention
    Tirin Moore
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 1010, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:152-62. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that transient, but potent improvements in the deployment of covert spatial attention can be obtained by microstimulation of FEF sites from which saccadic eye movements are also evoked...
  72. ncbi Modeling center-surround configurations in population receptive fields using fMRI
    Wietske Zuiderbaan
    Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Vis 12:10. 2012
    ..Using non-invasive fMRI techniques, this method gives the possibility to examine assumptions about center-surround receptive fields in human subjects...
  73. ncbi Patients have two eyes!: binocular versus better eye visual field indices
    Ryo Asaoka
    Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:7007-11. 2011
    ..To test the hypothesis that better eye measures overestimate binocular visual field (VF) defect severity in glaucoma...
  74. ncbi Initial parafoveal versus peripheral scotomas in glaucoma: risk factors and visual field characteristics
    Sung Chul Park
    Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 310 East 14th Street, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Ophthalmology 118:1782-9. 2011
    ..To assess risk factors for an initial parafoveal scotoma (IPFS) compared with an initial nasal step (INS) in glaucoma...
  75. pmc Distributed representations of the "preparatory set" in the frontal oculomotor system: a TMS study
    M Nagel
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Luebeck, Germany
    BMC Neurosci 9:89. 2008
    ..This preparatory activity can be examined using the gap-paradigm in which a temporal gap is introduced between the disappearance of a central fixation target and the appearance of an eccentric target...
  76. pmc The role of the parietal lobe in visual extinction studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Lorella Battelli
    Harvard Medical School Berenson Allen Center for Nonvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Boston, MA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1946-55. 2009
    ..a severe impairment in visual tracking that was selective for conditions of simultaneous tracking in both visual fields. Our data show that the parietal lobe is essential for visual tracking and that the two hemispheres compete ..
  77. ncbi Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography compared with Stratus optical coherence tomography in glaucoma diagnosis
    Javier Moreno-Montañés
    Department of Ophthalmology, Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:335-43. 2010
    ..To compare the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) evaluation using Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Stratus OCT in glaucoma diagnosis...
  78. ncbi Sensitivity and specificity of time-domain versus spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in diagnosing early to moderate glaucoma
    Robert T Chang
    Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2294-9. 2009
    ....
  79. ncbi Impairments of Gestalt perception in the intact hemifield of hemianopic patients are reflected in gamma-band EEG activity
    Jeanette Schadow
    Department of Biological Psychology, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 47:556-68. 2009
    ..This effect was not manifested in patients. The present findings indicate deficits in the early and late visual processing of Gestalt patterns even in the intact hemifield of hemianopic patients compared to healthy participants...
  80. ncbi Preliminary findings on the effects of occupational exposure to mercury vapor below safety levels on visual and neuropsychological functions
    Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni
    Neuroscience and Behavior, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1403-12. 2009
    ..To evaluate whether there are visual and neuropsychological decrements in workers with low exposure to Hg vapor...
  81. ncbi Evaluation of quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma
    Peter A Aspinall
    Visual Impairment Research Group, School of the Built Environment, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:1907-15. 2008
    ..To investigate the quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma...
  82. ncbi Damage to the right superior longitudinal fasciculus in the inferior parietal lobe plays a role in spatial neglect
    N Shinoura
    Department of Neurosurgery, Komagome Metropolitan Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    Neuropsychologia 47:2600-3. 2009
    ..These results suggest that damage to the right SLF in the inferior parietal lobe plays a critical role in the development of spatial neglect...
  83. pmc A neurophysiologically plausible population code model for feature integration explains visual crowding
    Ronald van den Berg
    Institute of Mathematics and Computing Science, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    PLoS Comput Biol 6:e1000646. 2010
    ..Altogether, these results suggest that crowding has little immediate bearing on object recognition but is a by-product of a general, elementary integration mechanism in early vision aimed at improving signal quality...
  84. pmc Driving with hemianopia, II: lane position and steering in a driving simulator
    Alex R Bowers
    Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:6605-13. 2010
    ..The hypothesis that drivers with homonymous hemianopia (HH) would take a lane position that increased the safety margin on their blind side was tested with a driving simulator...
  85. ncbi Quantitative multifocal fMRI shows active suppression in human V1
    Miika Pihlaja
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 29:1001-14. 2008
    ..Our results also demonstrate that the extent of the signal spreading is commensurate with the extent of the horizontal connections in primate V1...
  86. ncbi Vision restoration after brain and retina damage: the "residual vision activation theory"
    Bernhard A Sabel
    Institute of Medical Psychology, Medical Faculty, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
    Prog Brain Res 192:199-262. 2011
    ..By becoming again engaged in everyday vision, (re)activation of areas of residual vision outlasts the stimulation period, thus contributing to lasting vision restoration and improvements in quality of life...
  87. ncbi Monitoring and control of action by the frontal lobes
    Jeffrey D Schall
    Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 36:309-22. 2002
    ..These signals form the core of current models of supervisory control of sensorimotor processes...
  88. ncbi Visual field abnormalities in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: their pattern and prevalence at initial examination
    Sohan Singh Hayreh
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1554-62. 2005
    ..To evaluate the pattern of various types of visual field defects and their prevalence at initial examination of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION)...
  89. ncbi Population receptive fields of ON and OFF thalamic inputs to an orientation column in visual cortex
    Jianzhong Jin
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:232-8. 2011
    ..These results support developmental models of orientation maps that are based on the receptive field arrangement of ON and OFF visual inputs to cortex...
  90. ncbi Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: effects of retinal eccentricity on hemispheric dominance
    Timothy R Jordan
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychology 22:738-45. 2008
    ....
  91. ncbi Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: a critical assessment of recent research
    Timothy R Jordan
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:2341-53. 2009
    ..The assessment reveals shortcomings and errors that are likely to impact on an accurate understanding of research in this area and, therefore, on an accurate understanding of the viability of SFT...
  92. ncbi Processing of horizontal optic flow in three visual interneurons of the Drosophila brain
    B Schnell
    Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Department of Systems and Computational Neurobiology, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
    J Neurophysiol 103:1646-57. 2010
    ..This long-awaited functional characterization of HS cells in Drosophila provides the basis for the future dissection of optomotor behavior and the underlying neural circuitry by combining genetics, physiology, and behavior...
  93. ncbi ERP evidence for the split fovea theory
    Clara D Martin
    Laboratoire Langage Cerveau et Cognition, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS, 67 Bd Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
    Brain Res 1185:212-20. 2007
    ..IHTT was marginally shorter in control participants as compared to participants with developmental dyslexia, and the faster transfer to the left hemisphere seen in the former was not found in the latter...
  94. ncbi The role of feedback in shaping the extra-classical receptive field of cortical neurons: a recurrent network model
    Lars Schwabe
    Fakultät IV, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Technische Universitat Berlin, 10587 Berlin, Germany
    J Neurosci 26:9117-29. 2006
    ..Our model provides a general mechanism of how top-down feedback signals directly contribute to generating cortical neuron responses to simple sensory stimuli...
  95. pmc Visual stability based on remapping of attention pointers
    Patrick Cavanagh
    Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Universite Paris Descartes, 45, rue des Saints Pères, 75006 Paris, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:147-53. 2010
    ....
  96. ncbi Local signals from beyond the receptive fields of striate cortical neurons
    JAMES R MULLER
    Center for Visual Science and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, 14623, USA
    J Neurophysiol 90:822-31. 2003
    ....
  97. ncbi Ranking of optic disc variables for detection of glaucomatous optic nerve damage
    J B Jonas
    Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nurnberg, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:1764-73. 2000
    ..photographs and to compare sensitivity and specificity of these optic disc parameters in identifying patients with ocular hypertension who have nerve fiber layer defects and normal visual fields and patients with visual field defects.
  98. ncbi Glaucoma and mobility performance: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
    David S Friedman
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USAaryland
    Ophthalmology 114:2232-7. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of glaucoma on mobility in a population-based cohort...
  99. pmc Sensory transformations and the use of multiple reference frames for reach planning
    Leah M M McGuire
    W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, and the Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:1056-61. 2009
    ..Furthermore, the presence of multiple reference frames allows for optimal use of available sensory information and explains task-dependent reweighting of sensory signals...
  100. pmc Reaching activity in parietal area V6A of macaque: eye influence on arm activity or retinocentric coding of reaching movements?
    Nicoletta Marzocchi
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, I 40126 Bologna, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 27:775-89. 2008
    ....
  101. ncbi Observation alone after transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma
    O M Dekkers
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1796-801. 2006
    ..In this study we evaluated the long-term effects of a treatment strategy in which postoperative radiotherapy was not routinely applied to patients with NFMA...

Research Grants63

  1. GENETICS OF RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 1 (RP1)
    Jian Zuo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..by night blindness and progressive degeneration of the peripheral retina, culminating in severe reduction of visual fields and in blindness...
  2. SHORT WAVELENGTH AUTOMATED PERIMETRY IN THE OHTS TRIAL
    Chris Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..mm Hg in at least one eye (with an intraocular pressure of 21 mm Hg or greater in the fellow eye), and normal visual fields and normal optic discs in both eyes were randomly assigned to receive stepped medical treatment to both eyes ..
  3. IONDT FOLLOW-UP STUDY
    Kay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An additional goal of the Followup Study will be to analyze all visual fields and fundus photographs accumulated during the IONDT and IONDT Followup Study...
  4. Depth Maps From Stereo Images of the Optic Disc-Phase II
    GILBERTO ZAMORA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..fundus photography, digital stimultaneous photography, GDx nerve fiber analyzer, HRT,Goldman and Humphrey visual fields, and Inter Occular Pressure...
  5. Phase 2 Study of High Dose DHA for the Treatment of X-Linked Retinitis Pigmentosa
    Dennis R Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as the primary functional outcome, rod ERGs, a-wave rod and cone ERG photoreceptor assessment, visual acuity, visual fields, fundus photography, dark-adapted thresholds, ocular coherence tomography (OCT) and comprehensive eye exams...
  6. Oxidative damage and cone cell death in RP
    Peter A Campochiaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..leads to death of rods resulting in night blindness followed by gradual death of cones causing constriction of visual fields and eventual blindness...
  7. Glaucoma and Visual Function
    ANJALI MARUTI BHORADE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As clinicians, we evaluate the progression of glaucoma using visual fields, intraocular pressure and optic disc appearance;however, the relationship between these measures and ..
  8. STRUCTURAL BASIS OF AMBLYOPIA AND STRABISMUS
    Jonathan C Horton; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The first specific aim in this grant is to map the visual fields in a large population of human subjects with common forms of strabismus: infantile esotropia, accommodative ..
  9. Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Area in Aging and Glaucoma
    NIMESH BHIKHU PATEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the RNFL that occur with normal ageing;3) investigate RNFL measures and the functional relationship to visual fields in glaucoma patients...
  10. Phase 1/2 Trial of rAAV2-CB-hRPE65 (BB-IND 13848, 11 Sep 2009) for Leber Congenit
    Jeffrey D Chulay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Efficacy will be measured by evaluation of visual fields, visual acuity and electroretinography.
  11. FACTORS PREDICTIVE OF RAPID VISUAL FIELD LOSS IN EARLY GLAUCOMA
    Mae O Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Conversely, for patients whose visual fields remain stable the use of limited healthcare resources could be reduced and the morbidity associated with over-..
  12. Measuring and predicting visual field progression with longitudinal-survival CART
    Richard A Levine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in creating glaucomatous visual field progression classification systems, definitive measures for detecting visual field progression from follow-up visual fields and for predicting visual field progression from baseline observations.
  13. Street-Crossing Decision Making in Low Vision
    Shirin E Hassan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..decision making performance changes as a function of vision (visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and visual fields), and a pedestrian's characteristics (age and walking speed)...
  14. MECHANISMS OF VISUAL PERFORMANCE
    Wilson S Geisler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The third aim is to examine the effects of practice when the subjects'visual fields are altered using gaze-contingent software;these studies will provide insight into how human observers should, ..
  15. Effects of visual fields on standing balance
    Amy C Nau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  16. CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL PROCESSES IN VISUAL ADAPTATION
    Steven K Shevell; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Matching, discrimination and appearance of color and brightness have been studied extensively with simple visual fields but little is known about the color perception of objects within complex, dynamic scenes typical of natural ..
  17. RX FOR DENTAL PATIENTS AT RISK FOR ENDOCARDITIS
    Donald Sadowsky; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Both interventions will be a) designed for maximum impact by experts in the biomedical and audio-visual fields; b) mailed to respondents "packaged" in a laminate form, less likely to be discarded...
  18. Autoregulation and Systemic Blood Pressure: A New View of Normal Tension Glaucoma
    Mary Charlson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..scanning tomography (Heidelberg Retinal tomography), optical coherence tomography, stereo photographs and visual fields (Humphrey 24-2) performed at 6 and 12 months...
  19. A comparative study of visual cortex in diurnal and nocturnal rodents.
    KATHARINE CAMPI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the extrastriate visual cortex of rodents in which as few as one visual field and as many as five visual fields have been proposed to border V1 or striate cortex laterally in mice and rats...
  20. 5-FLUOROURACIL FILTERING SURGERY STUDY
    Jacob Wilensky; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Visual acuities, visual fields, and intraocular pressure measurements were performed in a uniform fashion at all seven centers: University of ..
  21. Neurotoxicity of Methylmercury in the Visual Cortex
    Yukun Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This is characterized by a concentric constriction of the visual fields - the peripheral visual sensitivity is lost whereas the central vision is virtually unaffected...
  22. THINNER AND OPTICALLY SUPERIOR DEVICES FOR LOW VISION
    RANJANA PANDYA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They may also be helpful for patients with restricted visual fields resulting from strokes or other conditions such as glaucoma and retinitis pigmentosa...
  23. IONDT FOLLOW-UP STUDY
    Shalom Kelman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..An additional goal of the Followup Study will be to analyze all visual fields and fundus photographs accumulated during the IONDT and IONDT Followup Study...
  24. OPTIC NEURITIS TREATMENT TRIAL VISUAL FIELD READIND CTR
    John Keltner; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Specific aims of the project are: (1) To receive the visual fields from all the clinical centers and transfer and compact the data into a format that can be used by the Data ..
  25. ORBITAL RADIOTHERAPY FOR GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY
    Colum Gorman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..visual acuity, volume of extraocular muscle and retrobulbar connective tissue, extraocular muscle function, visual fields, relevant thyroid hormones and thyroid antibodies. Each evaluation will include, an orbital CT scan...
  26. STUDIES ON THE VISUAL INPUTS TO THE OPTIC TECTUM
    Edward Gruberg; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Animals will be tested to determine if visual deficits are global or primarily restricted to monocular visual fields. 4) To study the synaptic anatomy of horseradish peroxidase labeled isthmotectal and tectoisthmal axons...
  27. VISUAL IMPAIRMENT & PHYSICAL DISABILITY IN OLDER PERSONS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to previous population-based studies, by including tests of contrast sensitivity, glare, stereoacuity, and visual fields. These tests of static visual function account for 33% to 50% of the variance for some tasks, such as reading ..
  28. TWO OPTOKINETIC SYSTEMS
    JOSHUA WALLMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Second, we will examine the effects of restricting the field of view to one eye and to restricted parts of the visual fields of both eyes on responses to translational and rotational stimuli...
  29. FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF HYSTERICAL AMBLYOPIA
    Terry Cox; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Hysterical amblyopia is a diagnosis generally made by identifying contracted visual fields and fluctuating visual acuity in the absence of organic pathology...
  30. NEUROMAGNETIC MAPPING OF MULTIPLE VISUAL AREAS
    CHERYL AINE; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..small circular sinusoid stimuli ("bulls-eye" patterns) to 3 eccentricities in the upper/lower and left/right visual fields. Automated source localization procedures will be applied to these neuromagnetic measures to identify and ..
  31. DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES OF SUPERIOR COLLICULUS
    BARBARA GORDON LICKEY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..animal's willingness to jump from a tower; visual acuity will be measured with a grating discrimination task, visual fields will be assessed with visual perimetry...
  32. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF VISUAL FIELDS IN HUMAN INFANTS
    M Dobson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Young human infants, however, show limited responsiveness to peripheral stimuli, yielding measured visual fields that extend temporally to only about 30 deg at birth and 45 deg at age three months...
  33. VISION CHANGES IN DIABETES
    Anthony J Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..change even in the early stages of retinopathy, and none tests multiple local retinal locations except visual fields. We have successfully revealed such specific local retinal functional changes with the multifocal ..
  34. DETERMINANTS OF PERCEPTUAL ORIENTATION
    SHELDON EBENHOLTZ; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..4) Adaptation to optically rotated visual fields. Studies are proposed on the locus of the adaptation aftereffect, on the relation between the vestibular ..
  35. Early-onset retinal degenerations
    Samuel Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  36. PATHOGENESIS OF RETINAL DEGENERATIONS
    Samuel Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of this research will lead to the formulation of hypotheses about the underlying molecular events in these diseases and may evolve into recommendations for treatment paradigms in these blinding retinal degenerations. ..
  37. Biological Substrates for Language
    Christine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Hence, the study of individual differences in uninjured populations can provide a critical bridge between the basic science of cerebral lateralization and its clinical application. ..
  38. Female Hormones and Vision
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. VISUAL ADAPTATION LIMITS AND AGE-RELATED DISEASE
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  40. LANGUAGE PROCESSING DURING READING
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The research should be useful in further understanding the process of skilled reading and also help to reveal the relationship between skilled and poor reading. ..
  41. Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma: Clinical Electrophysiology
    Christopher Bowd; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings will be important to the clinical community for determining future evidence-based changes in standard of care for glaucoma diagnosis and monitoring. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Reading Enhancement for Patients with Visual Field Loss
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  44. RETINAL PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF INFANTS AND ADULTS
    David Birch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In the mouse models, cone measures will necessarily focus on the b-wave, using monochromatic stimuli, long-duration flashes, and flicker to optimize isolation of cone from rod responses. ..
  45. GLAUCOMA SURGICAL OUTCOMES STUDY
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of the study may allow physicians to reduce the morbidity of glaucoma surgery by altering their indications for surgery, surgical technique, and postoperative follow-up. ..
  46. EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGE
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This assessment of the RTA and NFA will help to establish their utility as outcome measures for clinical management of glaucoma, epidemiological research, and clinical trials. ..
  47. Effects of Anxiety on Interhemispheric Processing
    REBECCA COMPTON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Application of the ERP methodology for measuring interhemispheric transmission is expected to produce a detailed picture of how emotional relevance affects the spread of information from one hemisphere to another. ..
  48. Melanopsin-based form vision in photoreceptor disease
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. CLINICAL CHARACTERIZATION&GENETICS OF OPTIC NERVE DRUSEN
    Bradley Katz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data may suggest novel therapies to prevent the visual field loss associated with OND. In addition, these data may yield information about other diseases of the optic nerve. ..
  50. Visual outcomes & quality of life in CMV retinitis
    Jennifer Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Beta-B1 Crystallin - a New Candidate Uveitis Autoantigen
    Lynn Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUALLY GUIDED EYE MOVEMENTS
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. PARALLEL INFORMATION PROCESSING OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed work has important clinical relevance as it will serve characterize the functions of various visual cortical areas. ..
  54. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Philip Chen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  55. EXCITATORY AMINO ACIDS IN GLAUCOMA
    Alan Laties; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments will help test the central hypothesis--for if one can block the effects of IOP elevation with glutamate antagonists, then elevated 10P may toxic glutamate levels ganglion cell loss. ..
  56. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  57. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
  58. Functional Imaging of Decision Networks
    VINCENT FERRERA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Studies of the Oculomotor Systems
    EDWARD KELLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This data will help to differentiate between two currentmodels that attempt to explain the neural mechanisms underlying choice response. ..
  60. The Role of Areas V1 and V2 in Target Selection
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Study of Carotid Occlusion and Neurocognition (RECON)
    RANDOLPH MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  62. CELLULAR SIGNAL PROCESSING IN FLY MOTION VISION
    Alexander Borst; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The experimental data undergo an information theoretic analysis and compared to the performance of biophysically realistic computer models of the cells. ..