- Independent resources for attentional tracking in the left and right visual hemifields
George A Alvarez
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Psychol Sci 16:637-43. 2005
..We now show that this tracking capacity is independently constrained in the left and right visual fields as if separate tracking systems were engaged, one in each field...
- Visual field maps, population receptive field sizes, and visual field coverage in the human MT+ complex
Biological Complex Systems Laboratory, Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5 1 5, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa shi, Chiba 277 8561, Japan
J Neurophysiol 102:2704-18. 2009
..The TO maps provide a functional segmentation of human motion-sensitive cortex that enables a more complete characterization of processing in human motion-selective cortex...
- Synaptic and network mechanisms of sparse and reliable visual cortical activity during nonclassical receptive field stimulation
Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
Neuron 65:107-21. 2010
..Our experimental observations were replicated with a simple computational model, suggesting that network interactions among neuronal subtypes ultimately sharpen recurrent excitation, producing specific and reliable visual responses...
- Population receptive field estimates in human visual cortex
Serge O Dumoulin
Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Neuroimage 39:647-60. 2008
..Also, we quantify the amount of input from ipsi- and contralateral visual fields. The human pRF size estimates in V1-V3 agree well with electrophysiological receptive field measurements at a ..
- The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: a randomized trial determines that topical ocular hypotensive medication delays or prevents the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma
Michael A Kass
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 120:701-13; discussion 829-30. 2002
..There is no consensus on the efficacy of medical treatment in delaying or preventing the onset of POAG in individuals with elevated IOP. Therefore, we designed a randomized clinical trial, the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study...
- Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortex
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
J Neurosci 22:8633-46. 2002
..V1 isotropic connectivity demonstrates that anisotropic horizontal connections are not necessary to generate orientation selectivity. Anisotropic feedback connections may play a role in contour completion...
- False-negative responses in glaucoma perimetry: indicators of patient performance or test reliability?
Department of Ophthalmology, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2201-4. 2000
..To study whether false-negative answers in computerized glaucoma perimetry indicate the patient's ability to perform perimetry or test result reliability...
- The retinotopic organization of the human middle temporal area MT/V5 and its cortical neighbors
Laboratorium voor Neurofysiologie en Psychofysiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Medical School, Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
J Neurosci 30:9801-20. 2010
..Together with similarities in retinotopic organization and topological neighborhood, the functional properties suggest that MT/V5 in human and macaque cortex are homologous...
- Cell-type-specific synchronization of neural activity in FEF with V4 during attention
Georgia G Gregoriou
Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete 71003, Greece
Neuron 73:581-94. 2012
..These findings support the idea that the attentional modulation of visual processing is not mediated by movement neurons...
- Topographic maps in human frontal and parietal cortex
Michael A Silver
School of Optometry, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, and Henry H Wheeler, Jr Brain Imaging Center, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 13:488-95. 2009
..The study of higher-order topographic cortex promises to yield unprecedented insights into the neural mechanisms of cognitive processes and, in conjunction with parallel studies in non-human primates, into the evolution of cognition...
- Adaptable mechanisms that regulate the contrast response of neurons in the primate lateral geniculate nucleus
Aaron J Camp
Discipline of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia
J Neurosci 29:5009-21. 2009
- Visual field representations and locations of visual areas V1/2/3 in human visual cortex
Robert F Dougherty
Department of Psychology and Stanford Institute for Reading and Learning, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
J Vis 3:586-98. 2003
- Compulsory averaging of crowded orientation signals in human vision
Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Nat Neurosci 4:739-44. 2001
..Our results imply that crowding is distinct from ordinary masking, and is perhaps related to texture perception. Under crowded conditions, the orientation signals in primary visual cortex are pooled before they reach consciousness...
- Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, 50 North Medical Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
Prog Brain Res 154:93-120. 2006
..We show physiological data in support of the model's predictions, revealing that modulation from the "far" surround is not always suppressive, but can be facilitatory under specific stimulus conditions...
- Visual field defects and the risk of motor vehicle collisions among patients with glaucoma
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0009, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4437-41. 2005
..To evaluate the association between visual field defects in the central 24 degrees field and the risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) among patients with glaucoma...
- Selectivity and spatial distribution of signals from the receptive field surround in macaque V1 neurons
James R Cavanaugh
Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
J Neurophysiol 88:2547-56. 2002
..We suggest that the underlying mechanism of this complexity may involve interactions between relatively simple center and surround mechanisms...
- Nature and interaction of signals from the receptive field center and surround in macaque V1 neurons
James R Cavanaugh
Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
J Neurophysiol 88:2530-46. 2002
..Input to the suppressive surround may come in part from feedback signals from higher areas...
- Wide-field retinotopy defines human cortical visual area v6
Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00179 Rome, Italy
J Neurosci 26:7962-73. 2006
- Visual crowding: a fundamental limit on conscious perception and object recognition
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 15:160-8. 2011
..Here we define six diagnostic criteria for what counts as crowding, and further describe factors that both escape and break crowding. All of these lead to the conclusion that crowding occurs at multiple stages in the visual hierarchy...
- Visual topography of human intraparietal sulcus
Jascha D Swisher
Perceptual Neuroimaging Laboratory, Program in Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Neurosci 27:5326-37. 2007
..These visual maps may provide a practical framework in which to characterize the functional organization of human IPS...
- Time course and time-distance relationships for surround suppression in macaque V1 neurons
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
J Neurosci 23:7690-701. 2003
..We offer refinements to circuits for surround suppression that account for these results and describe how feedback from cells with large CRFs can account for the rapid propagation of suppression within V1...
- The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Behav Brain Sci 24:87-114; discussion 114-85. 2001
..Reasons why pure capacity estimates fall within a narrow range are discussed and a capacity limit for the focus of attention is proposed...
- Asymmetrical visual fields distribution of attention in dyslexic children: a neuropsychological study
Neuropsychology Unit, Scientific Institute E Medea, Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy
Neurosci Lett 290:216-8. 2000
..Right over-distractibility and left inattention suggest an impairment of the right parietal functions as supported by the magnocellular theory of dyslexia...
- A combined index of structure and function for staging glaucomatous damage
Felipe A Medeiros
Hamilton Glaucoma Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0946, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 130:1107-16. 2012
..To present and evaluate a new combined index of structure and function (CSFI) for staging and detecting glaucomatous damage...
- Quantitative characterization of visual response properties in the mouse dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus
Matthew S Grubb
University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford OX1 3PT, United Kingdom
J Neurophysiol 90:3594-607. 2003
..We looked for evidence of parallel processing in the mouse dLGN and found it only in a functional difference between ON- and OFF-center cells: ON-center cells were more sensitive to stimulus contrast than their OFF-center neighbors...
- Spatial structure of complex cell receptive fields measured with natural images
Group in Vision Science, School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Neuron 45:781-91. 2005
..The subunit RF model provides a useful basis for understanding cortical processing of natural stimuli...
- Prediction of glaucomatous visual field loss by extrapolation of linear trends
Departments of Clinical Sciences and Ophthalmology, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE 20502 Malmo, Sweden
Arch Ophthalmol 127:1610-5. 2009
..To investigate how well short-term progression rates can predict long-term visual field outcomes in patients with glaucoma...
- Neuronal mechanisms of visual stability
Robert H Wurtz
Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bldg 49, Rm 2A50, Bethesda, MD 20892 4435, USA
Vision Res 48:2070-89. 2008
..For the second problem, saccadic suppression, visual masking and corollary discharge are well established mechanisms, and possible neuronal correlates have been identified for each...
- Metamers of the ventral stream
Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York, USA
Nat Neurosci 14:1195-201. 2011
..The model also explains deficits of peripheral vision known as crowding, and provides a quantitative framework for assessing the capabilities and limitations of everyday vision...
- Spatiotemporal elements of macaque v1 receptive fields
Nicole C Rust
Center for Neural Science and New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
Neuron 46:945-56. 2005
..Suppressive signals are especially potent in direction-selective cells, where they reduce responses to stimuli moving in the nonpreferred direction...
- A framework for comparing structural and functional measures of glaucomatous damage
Donald C Hood
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 116th and Broadway, New York, NY, 10027 7004, USA
Prog Retin Eye Res 26:688-710. 2007
- Estimating receptive field size from fMRI data in human striate and extrastriate visual cortex
A T Smith
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, UK
Cereb Cortex 11:1182-90. 2001
..In all these areas, receptive fields increase in size with increasing stimulus eccentricity. The results are qualitatively in line with those obtained by others in macaque monkeys using neurophysiological methods...
- Practical recommendations for measuring rates of visual field change in glaucoma
B C Chauhan
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, 2nd Floor Centennial Building, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, Canada
Br J Ophthalmol 92:569-73. 2008
..Recommendations on other issues such as examination type, strategy and quality are also made...
- Where is 'dorsal V4' in human visual cortex? Retinotopic, topographic and functional evidence
R B Tootell
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Cereb Cortex 11:298-311. 2001
..Because striking differences were found between the retinotopy and functional properties of the human topologues of 'V4v' and 'V4d', it is unlikely that these two cortical regions are subdivisions of a singular human area 'V4'...
- Attentional cueing improves vision restoration therapy in patients with visual field defects
Dorothe A Poggel
Institute of Medical Psychology, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany
Neurology 63:2069-76. 2004
..In these partially defective regions, the elevated perceptual thresholds can be acutely reduced by attentional cueing...
- Topographic maps of visual spatial attention in human parietal cortex
Michael A Silver
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
J Neurophysiol 94:1358-71. 2005
..The two proposed cortical areas exhibited relatively little response to passive visual stimulation in comparison with early visual areas. These results provide evidence for multiple topographic maps in human parietal cortex...
- Membrane potential and firing rate in cat primary visual cortex
Institute for Neuroinformatics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
J Neurosci 20:470-84. 2000
..Because gain and threshold are unaffected by visual stimulation and by adaptation, we suggest that they are constant under all conditions...
- Anatomical evidence of multimodal integration in primate striate cortex
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U371, Cerveau et Vision, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
J Neurosci 22:5749-59. 2002
..Direct projections from auditory and STP cortex to peripheral area 17 have important consequences for higher visual functions of area 17, including multimodal integration at early stages of the visual cortical pathway...
- Intraocular pressure fluctuation a risk factor for visual field progression at low intraocular pressures in the advanced glaucoma intervention study
Glaucoma Division, Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Ophthalmology 115:1123-1129.e3. 2008
..To investigate the relationship of intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation and mean IOP to visual field (VF) progression in patients enrolled in the Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study (AGIS)...
- Control of eye movements and spatial attention
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:1273-6. 2001
..We found that we could improve the monkey's performance with microstimulation when, but only when, the object to be attended was positioned in the space represented by the cortical stimulation site...
- Cortical magnification within human primary visual cortex correlates with acuity thresholds
Robert O Duncan
Systems Neurobiology Laboratory B, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Neuron 38:659-71. 2003
..We also found a within-observer correlation between cortical magnification and Vernier acuity, further supporting claims that Vernier acuity is limited by cortical magnification in V1...
- Electrophysiological measures of maintaining representations in visual working memory
Andrew W McCollough
University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
Cortex 43:77-94. 2007
..Together, these results appear to indicate an electrophysiological index of the maintained representations in visual WM...
- Two retinotopic visual areas in human lateral occipital cortex
Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
J Neurosci 26:13128-42. 2006
..The topography, stimulus selectivity, and anatomical location of LO1 and LO2 indicate that they integrate shape information from multiple visual submodalities in retinotopic coordinates...
- Glaucoma and on-road driving performance
Sharon A Haymes
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:3035-41. 2008
..To investigate the on-road driving performance of patients with glaucoma...
- Inner retinal layer thinning in Parkinson disease
Mohammedyusuf E Hajee
Department of Neurology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 127:737-41. 2009
..To quantify retinal thickness in patients with Parkinson disease (PD)...
- Natural history of open-angle glaucoma
Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
Ophthalmology 116:2271-6. 2009
..This article, based on the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial (EMGT), provides prospective natural history data on progression of glaucomatous field defects in 3 of the most common glaucoma types...
- Risk factors for visual field progression in treated glaucoma
Carlos Gustavo V De Moraes
Einhorn Clinical Research Center, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 310 E 14th St, New York, NY 10003, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 129:562-8. 2011
..To determine intraocular pressure (IOP)-dependent and IOP-independent variables associated with visual field (VF) progression in treated glaucoma...
- Visual-field asymmetry in dual-stream RSVP
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
Neuropsychologia 43:35-40. 2005
..When the target and probe were in opposite visual fields, probe detection was again reduced when it was in the left visual field, and there was no Lag 1 sparing...
- Receptive field shift and shrinkage in macaque middle temporal area through attentional gain modulation
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Neurosci 28:8934-44. 2008
- Multifocal VEP and ganglion cell damage: applications and limitations for the study of glaucoma
Donald C Hood
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
Prog Retin Eye Res 22:201-51. 2003
..are described for directly comparing these mfVEP probability plots to the probability plots for Humphrey visual fields (HVFs). The interocular mfVEP test described in will not be sensitive to bilateral damage...
- Quantifying the spatial resolution of the gradient echo and spin echo BOLD response at 3 Tesla
Laura M Parkes
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Magn Reson Med 54:1465-72. 2005
..The spin echo response shows a 13% reduction in the width of the PSF, but at a cost of at least 3-fold reduction in contrast to noise ratio...
- Large-scale gamma-band phase synchronization and selective attention
Sam M Doesburg
Psychophysics and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, Canada
Cereb Cortex 18:386-96. 2008
- Reorganization of visual processing in macular degeneration is not specific to the "preferred retinal locus"
Daniel D Dilks
McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
J Neurosci 29:2768-73. 2009
..This finding suggests that reorganization is driven by passive, not use-dependent mechanisms...
- The blindsight saga
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
Exp Brain Res 200:3-24. 2010
..Whether blindsight is, or could be, useful in everyday life is the next unsolved problem...
- Canadian Glaucoma Study: 3. Impact of risk factors and intraocular pressure reduction on the rates of visual field change
Balwantray C Chauhan
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Victoria, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 2Y9, Canada
Arch Ophthalmol 128:1249-55. 2010
- Mechanisms underlying the left visual-field advantage in the dual stream RSVP task: evidence from N2pc, P3, and distractor-evoked VEPs
Department of Neurology, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany
Psychophysiology 48:1096-106. 2011
..The faster VEP latencies at the right hemisphere from the very beginning of the stimulus series may reflect an advantage in structuring fast sequences, which may cause the left visual-field advantage...
- Upper and lower visual field differences in perceptual asymmetries
Nicole A Thomas
School of Psychology, Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Brain Res 1387:108-15. 2011
..Results showed a relation between the lower and left visual fields and the upper and right visual fields, which has not previously been shown in perceptual asymmetries...
- Properties of the statpac visual field index
Paul H Artes
Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:4030-8. 2011
..88, P < 0.001). The relationship between both indices appeared linear, except in visual fields with MDs better than -5.0 dB where 29 (22%) of 129 eyes exhibited a ceiling effect (VFI = 100%)...
- Functional elimination of excitatory feedforward inputs underlies developmental refinement of visual receptive fields in zebrafish
Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute, Graduate Program, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
J Neurosci 31:5460-9. 2011
..Together, our results demonstrate that the functional refinement of tectal visual RFs results primarily from a selective elimination of feedforward retinotectal inputs...
- Simulation of longitudinal threshold visual field data
P G Spry
Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon 97232, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2192-200. 2000
..To describe and evaluate a computer model that simulates longitudinal visual field data...
- Mathematical analysis of the accordion grating illusion: a differential geometry approach to introduce the 3D aperture problem
Cognitive and Neural Systems Department, Boston University, MA 02215, United States
Neural Netw 24:1093-101. 2011
..in this issue)). We suggest that our approach may generalize to other motion illusions visible in 2D displays...
- Integration and fusion of standard automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography data for improved automated glaucoma diagnostics
Department of Clinical Sciences Malmoe, Ophthalmology, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, SE 205 02 Malmoe, Sweden
BMC Ophthalmol 11:20. 2011
- The relationship between variability and sensitivity in large-scale longitudinal visual field data
Richard A Russell
Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, UK
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:5985-90. 2012
..The aim of this study was to characterize VF variability by the level of sensitivity using a statistical method to quantify heteroscedasticity...
- Glaucomatous damage of the macula
Donald C Hood
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
Prog Retin Eye Res 32:1-21. 2013
- Driving with hemianopia, I: Detection performance in a driving simulator
Alex R Bowers
Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5137-47. 2009
..This study was designed to examine the effect of homonymous hemianopia (HH) on detection of pedestrian figures in multiple realistic and hazardous situations within the controlled environment of a driving simulator...
- Combining visual rehabilitative training and noninvasive brain stimulation to enhance visual function in patients with hemianopia: a comparative case study
Ela B Plow
Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
PM R 3:825-35. 2011
..To standardize a protocol for promoting visual rehabilitative outcomes in post-stroke hemianopia by combining occipital cortical transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with Vision Restoration Therapy (VRT)...
- A three-dimensional spatiotemporal receptive field model explains responses of area MT neurons to naturalistic movies
Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
J Neurosci 31:14551-64. 2011
..However, models fit using naturalistic stimuli reveal several novel properties of MT receptive fields that had not been shown in prior experiments...
- Visual system: how does blindsight arise?
University of Oxford, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
Curr Biol 20:R702-4. 2010
..The pathways for this 'blindsight' have never been established, but recent studies implicate hitherto overlooked cells in the thalamic LGN...
- Area summation in human visual system: psychophysics, fMRI, and modeling
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, and Advanced Magnetic Imaging Centre, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
J Neurophysiol 102:2900-9. 2009
..The current study shows that contextual modulation arises from similar spatially antagonistic and overlapping excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms, both in single cells and in human vision...
- Peripapillary choroidal thickness in glaucoma measured with optical coherence tomography
Joshua R Ehrlich
Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1305 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
Exp Eye Res 92:189-94. 2011
..POAG (n = 31) and suspect eyes (n = 39) had two reliable and repeatable Humphrey 24-2 visual fields with glaucoma hemifield test outside or within normal limits, respectively...
- Microstimulation of the frontal eye field and its effects on covert spatial attention
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 1010, USA
J Neurophysiol 91:152-62. 2004
..These results demonstrate that transient, but potent improvements in the deployment of covert spatial attention can be obtained by microstimulation of FEF sites from which saccadic eye movements are also evoked...
- Modeling center-surround configurations in population receptive fields using fMRI
Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Vis 12:10. 2012
..Using non-invasive fMRI techniques, this method gives the possibility to examine assumptions about center-surround receptive fields in human subjects...
- Patients have two eyes!: binocular versus better eye visual field indices
Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, London, United Kingdom
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:7007-11. 2011
..To test the hypothesis that better eye measures overestimate binocular visual field (VF) defect severity in glaucoma...
- Initial parafoveal versus peripheral scotomas in glaucoma: risk factors and visual field characteristics
Sung Chul Park
Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 310 East 14th Street, New York, NY 10003, USA
Ophthalmology 118:1782-9. 2011
..To assess risk factors for an initial parafoveal scotoma (IPFS) compared with an initial nasal step (INS) in glaucoma...
- Distributed representations of the "preparatory set" in the frontal oculomotor system: a TMS study
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Luebeck, Germany
BMC Neurosci 9:89. 2008
..This preparatory activity can be examined using the gap-paradigm in which a temporal gap is introduced between the disappearance of a central fixation target and the appearance of an eccentric target...
- The role of the parietal lobe in visual extinction studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation
Harvard Medical School Berenson Allen Center for Nonvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Boston, MA
J Cogn Neurosci 21:1946-55. 2009
..a severe impairment in visual tracking that was selective for conditions of simultaneous tracking in both visual fields. Our data show that the parietal lobe is essential for visual tracking and that the two hemispheres compete ..
- Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography compared with Stratus optical coherence tomography in glaucoma diagnosis
Department of Ophthalmology, Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:335-43. 2010
..To compare the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) evaluation using Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Stratus OCT in glaucoma diagnosis...
- Sensitivity and specificity of time-domain versus spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in diagnosing early to moderate glaucoma
Robert T Chang
Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
Ophthalmology 116:2294-9. 2009
- Impairments of Gestalt perception in the intact hemifield of hemianopic patients are reflected in gamma-band EEG activity
Department of Biological Psychology, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany
Neuropsychologia 47:556-68. 2009
..This effect was not manifested in patients. The present findings indicate deficits in the early and late visual processing of Gestalt patterns even in the intact hemifield of hemianopic patients compared to healthy participants...
- Preliminary findings on the effects of occupational exposure to mercury vapor below safety levels on visual and neuropsychological functions
Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni
Neuroscience and Behavior, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Occup Environ Med 51:1403-12. 2009
..To evaluate whether there are visual and neuropsychological decrements in workers with low exposure to Hg vapor...
- Evaluation of quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma
Peter A Aspinall
Visual Impairment Research Group, School of the Built Environment, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:1907-15. 2008
..To investigate the quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma...
- Damage to the right superior longitudinal fasciculus in the inferior parietal lobe plays a role in spatial neglect
Department of Neurosurgery, Komagome Metropolitan Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Neuropsychologia 47:2600-3. 2009
..These results suggest that damage to the right SLF in the inferior parietal lobe plays a critical role in the development of spatial neglect...
- A neurophysiologically plausible population code model for feature integration explains visual crowding
Ronald van den Berg
Institute of Mathematics and Computing Science, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
PLoS Comput Biol 6:e1000646. 2010
..Altogether, these results suggest that crowding has little immediate bearing on object recognition but is a by-product of a general, elementary integration mechanism in early vision aimed at improving signal quality...
- Driving with hemianopia, II: lane position and steering in a driving simulator
Alex R Bowers
Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:6605-13. 2010
..The hypothesis that drivers with homonymous hemianopia (HH) would take a lane position that increased the safety margin on their blind side was tested with a driving simulator...
- Quantitative multifocal fMRI shows active suppression in human V1
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
Hum Brain Mapp 29:1001-14. 2008
..Our results also demonstrate that the extent of the signal spreading is commensurate with the extent of the horizontal connections in primate V1...
- Vision restoration after brain and retina damage: the "residual vision activation theory"
Bernhard A Sabel
Institute of Medical Psychology, Medical Faculty, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
Prog Brain Res 192:199-262. 2011
..By becoming again engaged in everyday vision, (re)activation of areas of residual vision outlasts the stimulation period, thus contributing to lasting vision restoration and improvements in quality of life...
- Monitoring and control of action by the frontal lobes
Jeffrey D Schall
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Neuron 36:309-22. 2002
..These signals form the core of current models of supervisory control of sensorimotor processes...
- Visual field abnormalities in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: their pattern and prevalence at initial examination
Sohan Singh Hayreh
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 123:1554-62. 2005
..To evaluate the pattern of various types of visual field defects and their prevalence at initial examination of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION)...
- Population receptive fields of ON and OFF thalamic inputs to an orientation column in visual cortex
Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, New York, USA
Nat Neurosci 14:232-8. 2011
..These results support developmental models of orientation maps that are based on the receptive field arrangement of ON and OFF visual inputs to cortex...
- Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: effects of retinal eccentricity on hemispheric dominance
Timothy R Jordan
School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
Neuropsychology 22:738-45. 2008
- Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: a critical assessment of recent research
Timothy R Jordan
School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Neuropsychologia 47:2341-53. 2009
..The assessment reveals shortcomings and errors that are likely to impact on an accurate understanding of research in this area and, therefore, on an accurate understanding of the viability of SFT...
- Processing of horizontal optic flow in three visual interneurons of the Drosophila brain
Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Department of Systems and Computational Neurobiology, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
J Neurophysiol 103:1646-57. 2010
..This long-awaited functional characterization of HS cells in Drosophila provides the basis for the future dissection of optomotor behavior and the underlying neural circuitry by combining genetics, physiology, and behavior...
- ERP evidence for the split fovea theory
Clara D Martin
Laboratoire Langage Cerveau et Cognition, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS, 67 Bd Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
Brain Res 1185:212-20. 2007
..IHTT was marginally shorter in control participants as compared to participants with developmental dyslexia, and the faster transfer to the left hemisphere seen in the former was not found in the latter...
- The role of feedback in shaping the extra-classical receptive field of cortical neurons: a recurrent network model
Fakultät IV, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Technische Universitat Berlin, 10587 Berlin, Germany
J Neurosci 26:9117-29. 2006
..Our model provides a general mechanism of how top-down feedback signals directly contribute to generating cortical neuron responses to simple sensory stimuli...
- Visual stability based on remapping of attention pointers
Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Universite Paris Descartes, 45, rue des Saints Pères, 75006 Paris, France
Trends Cogn Sci 14:147-53. 2010
- Local signals from beyond the receptive fields of striate cortical neurons
JAMES R MULLER
Center for Visual Science and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, 14623, USA
J Neurophysiol 90:822-31. 2003
- Ranking of optic disc variables for detection of glaucomatous optic nerve damage
J B Jonas
Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nurnberg, Germany
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:1764-73. 2000
..photographs and to compare sensitivity and specificity of these optic disc parameters in identifying patients with ocular hypertension who have nerve fiber layer defects and normal visual fields and patients with visual field defects.
- Glaucoma and mobility performance: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project
David S Friedman
Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USAaryland
Ophthalmology 114:2232-7. 2007
..To determine the impact of glaucoma on mobility in a population-based cohort...
- Sensory transformations and the use of multiple reference frames for reach planning
Leah M M McGuire
W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, and the Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Nat Neurosci 12:1056-61. 2009
..Furthermore, the presence of multiple reference frames allows for optimal use of available sensory information and explains task-dependent reweighting of sensory signals...
- Reaching activity in parietal area V6A of macaque: eye influence on arm activity or retinocentric coding of reaching movements?
Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, I 40126 Bologna, Italy
Eur J Neurosci 27:775-89. 2008
- Observation alone after transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma
O M Dekkers
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1796-801. 2006
..In this study we evaluated the long-term effects of a treatment strategy in which postoperative radiotherapy was not routinely applied to patients with NFMA...