vision

Summary

Summary: The sensation of sight.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Vision as Bayesian inference: analysis by synthesis?
    Alan Yuille
    Department of Statistics, UCLA, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:301-8. 2006
  2. pmc Melanopsin cells are the principal conduits for rod-cone input to non-image-forming vision
    Ali D Guler
    Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 453:102-5. 2008
  3. ncbi Natural vision reveals regional specialization to local motion and to contrast-invariant, global flow in the human brain
    A Bartels
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Department of Physiology of Cognitive Processes, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 18:705-17. 2008
  4. ncbi Vision-specific instruments for the assessment of health-related quality of life and visual functioning: a literature review
    Mary Kay Margolis
    MEDTAP International, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 20:791-812. 2002
  5. ncbi Vision in the deep sea
    Eric J Warrant
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, University of Lund, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 79:671-712. 2004
  6. ncbi Vision modulates somatosensory cortical processing
    Marisa Taylor-Clarke
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, 17, Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 12:233-6. 2002
  7. ncbi A neural network to improve dim-light vision? Dendritic fields of first-order interneurons in the nocturnal bee Megalopta genalis
    Birgit Greiner
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Cell Tissue Res 322:313-20. 2005
  8. ncbi Retinal and optical adaptations for nocturnal vision in the halictid bee Megalopta genalis
    Birgit Greiner
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Cell Tissue Res 316:377-90. 2004
  9. pmc Single-neuron correlates of subjective vision in the human medial temporal lobe
    Gabriel Kreiman
    Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology 139 74, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:8378-83. 2002
  10. ncbi Will retinal implants restore vision?
    Eberhart Zrenner
    University Eye Hospital Tubingen, Department of Pathophysiology of Vision and Neuro ophthalmology, Schleichstr 12, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 295:1022-5. 2002

Research Grants

  1. NEUROGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF MATURATION
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Biophysical limitations to signal transmission in the mammalian retina
    William Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Synchronized Firing in the Retina
    EDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. Female Hormones and Vision
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGE
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004
  7. Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and Growth
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. ENSEMBLE CODING OF VISUAL INFORMATION IN THE RETINA
    EDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2004
  9. Locating and Reading Informational Signs
    Alan Yuille; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications266 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Vision as Bayesian inference: analysis by synthesis?
    Alan Yuille
    Department of Statistics, UCLA, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:301-8. 2006
    We argue that the study of human vision should be aimed at determining how humans perform natural tasks with natural images...
  2. pmc Melanopsin cells are the principal conduits for rod-cone input to non-image-forming vision
    Ali D Guler
    Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 453:102-5. 2008
    ..These retinal outputs support not only pattern vision but also non-image-forming (NIF) functions, which include circadian photoentrainment and pupillary light reflex (..
  3. ncbi Natural vision reveals regional specialization to local motion and to contrast-invariant, global flow in the human brain
    A Bartels
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Department of Physiology of Cognitive Processes, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 18:705-17. 2008
    ..The function, connectivity, and anatomical neighborhood of mPPC imply several parallels to monkey ventral intraparietal area (VIP)...
  4. ncbi Vision-specific instruments for the assessment of health-related quality of life and visual functioning: a literature review
    Mary Kay Margolis
    MEDTAP International, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 20:791-812. 2002
    ..This review examines the development and psychometric properties of 22 vision-specific instruments assessing visual functioning and/or the impact of visual impairment on HR-QOL or daily ..
  5. ncbi Vision in the deep sea
    Eric J Warrant
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, University of Lund, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 79:671-712. 2004
    ..These and many other aspects of light and vision in the deep sea are reviewed in support of the following conclusion: it is not only the intensity of light at ..
  6. ncbi Vision modulates somatosensory cortical processing
    Marisa Taylor-Clarke
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, 17, Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 12:233-6. 2002
    ..Here, we show that vision modulates somatosensory cortex activity, as measured by somatosensory event-related potentials (ERPs)...
  7. ncbi A neural network to improve dim-light vision? Dendritic fields of first-order interneurons in the nocturnal bee Megalopta genalis
    Birgit Greiner
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Cell Tissue Res 322:313-20. 2005
    ..Theoretical and future physiological work should further elucidate the roles that this lateral spreading plays to improve dim-light vision in nocturnal insects.
  8. ncbi Retinal and optical adaptations for nocturnal vision in the halictid bee Megalopta genalis
    Birgit Greiner
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Cell Tissue Res 316:377-90. 2004
    ..genalis shows specific retinal and optical adaptations for vision in dim light...
  9. pmc Single-neuron correlates of subjective vision in the human medial temporal lobe
    Gabriel Kreiman
    Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology 139 74, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:8378-83. 2002
    ..Therefore, the activity of most individual neurons in the medial temporal lobe of naive human subjects directly correlates with the phenomenal visual experience...
  10. ncbi Will retinal implants restore vision?
    Eberhart Zrenner
    University Eye Hospital Tubingen, Department of Pathophysiology of Vision and Neuro ophthalmology, Schleichstr 12, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 295:1022-5. 2002
    ..groups are developing electrical implants that can be attached directly to the retina in an attempt to restore vision to patients suffering from retinal degeneration...
  11. pmc Two distinct mechanisms of suppression in human vision
    Yury Petrov
    The Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    J Neurosci 25:8704-7. 2005
    ..Surprisingly, we find that, unlike overlay suppression, surround suppression is only strong in the periphery (> 1 degree eccentricity). This result argues for a new functional distinction between foveal and peripheral operations...
  12. ncbi Vision following extended congenital blindness
    Yuri Ostrovsky
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1009-14. 2006
    ..They have implications for current conceptions of cortical plasticity and provide an argument for treating congenital blindness even in older children...
  13. ncbi Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touch
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:397-402. 2004
    ..This disambiguation of vision by touch occurs only when the two modalities are stimulated concurrently, however...
  14. pmc Extrageniculate mediation of unconscious vision in transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced blindsight
    Tony Ro
    Department of Psychology, MS 25, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:9933-5. 2004
    ....
  15. ncbi Does articulation contribute to modifications of postural control during dual-task paradigms?
    Mylène C Dault
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research, 410 Laurier Avenue West, 9th Floor, Address Locator 4209A, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:434-40. 2003
    ..b>Vision and postural task difficulty were manipulated...
  16. ncbi Multisensory fusion: simultaneous re-weighting of vision and touch for the control of human posture
    Kelvin S Oie
    Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science and the Department of Kinesiology, 2242 Health and Human Performance Bldg, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 14:164-76. 2002
    ..These techniques may be able to resolve the source of balance control deficits across populations with far more certainty than currently possible...
  17. ncbi Spatiochromatic properties of natural images and human vision
    C A Párraga
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 12:483-7. 2002
    ..This is contrary to the prevailing assumption that the spatial properties of human vision ought to reflect the structure of natural scenes...
  18. ncbi Regulation of retinal cone bipolar cell differentiation and photopic vision by the CVC homeobox gene Vsx1
    Akihira Ohtoshi
    Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Curr Biol 14:530-6. 2004
    Cone bipolar cells of the vertebrate retina connect photoreceptors with ganglion cells to mediate photopic vision. Despite this important role, the mechanisms that regulate cone bipolar cell differentiation are poorly understood...
  19. ncbi Intersubject synchronization of cortical activity during natural vision
    Uri Hasson
    Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Science 303:1634-40. 2004
    ..The results reveal a surprising tendency of individual brains to "tick collectively" during natural vision. The intersubject synchronization consisted of a widespread cortical activation pattern correlated with ..
  20. ncbi Zic2 patterns binocular vision by specifying the uncrossed retinal projection
    Eloisa Herrera
    Department of Pathology and Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Cell 114:545-57. 2003
    ..cell (RGC) axons at the optic chiasm to the appropriate hemisphere, a pattern critical for proper binocular vision, have not been identified...
  21. ncbi Auditory capture of vision: examining temporal ventriloquism
    Sharon Morein-Zamir
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:154-63. 2003
    ..The results suggest a 'temporal ventriloquism' phenomenon analogous to spatial ventriloquism...
  22. ncbi The importance of interhemispheric transfer for foveal vision: a factor that has been overlooked in theories of visual word recognition and object perception
    Marc Brysbaert
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
    Brain Lang 88:259-67. 2004
    ..I then briefly discuss the suggestions made by the different authors on how to integrate the foveal split within current models of visual word recognition...
  23. pmc Developmental vision determines the reference frame for the multisensory control of action
    Brigitte Röder
    Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 11, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4753-8. 2007
    ..frame is innately determined or instead acquired during development because of the increasing dominance of vision over manual control...
  24. ncbi Ageing and vision: structure, stability and function of lens crystallins
    Hans Bloemendal
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Nijmegen, 6500HB, The Netherlands
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 86:407-85. 2004
    ..Understanding the structural basis of protein stability and interactions in the healthy eye lens is the route to solve the enormous medical and economical problem of cataract...
  25. ncbi Realignment of temporal simultaneity between vision and touch
    Kohske Takahashi
    Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Neuroreport 19:319-22. 2008
    ..Here, we investigated the effects of adaptation to temporal asynchrony between vision and touch...
  26. ncbi Shared computational mechanism for tilt compensation accounts for biased verticality percepts in motion and pattern vision
    M De Vrijer
    Department of Biophysics, Institute of Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurophysiol 99:915-30. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi Vision and the statistics of the visual environment
    Eero P Simoncelli
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 13:144-9. 2003
    ..As such, specific instances of this theory have been tested experimentally, and have been used to motivate and constrain models for early visual processing...
  28. ncbi Color vision
    Karl R Gegenfurtner
    Department of Psychology, Giessen University, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 26:181-206. 2003
    Color vision starts with the absorption of light in the retinal cone photoreceptors, which transduce electromagnetic energy into electrical voltages...
  29. ncbi Analysis of pathways mediating preserved vision after striate cortex lesions
    Mircea Ariel Schoenfeld
    Department of Neurology II, University of Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
    Ann Neurol 52:814-24. 2002
    ....
  30. ncbi Multisensory reweighting of vision and touch is intact in healthy and fall-prone older adults
    Leslie K Allison
    Department of Physical Therapy, East Carolina University, LAHS Building, Room 2405 E, Greeenville, NC 27858 4353, USA
    Exp Brain Res 175:342-52. 2006
    ..No group differences in overall levels of vision and touch gain were found...
  31. ncbi Effects of vestibular rotatory accelerations on covert attentional orienting in vision and touch
    Francesca Figliozzi
    Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, Rome
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1638-51. 2005
    ..e., "left" or "right" first). These findings suggest that during passive rotatory head-body accelerations, covert attention is shifted toward the direction of rotation and the direction of the fast phases of the VOR...
  32. ncbi Fixational eye movements in normal and pathological vision
    Susana Martinez-Conde
    Department of Neurobiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, 350 W Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
    Prog Brain Res 154:151-76. 2006
    ..perception, physiology, and computational modeling of fixational eye movements is critical to our understanding of vision in general, and also to the understanding of the neural computations that work to overcome neural adaptation in ..
  33. ncbi A dissociation of motion and spatial-pattern vision in the avian telencephalon: implications for the evolution of "visual streams"
    Angela P Nguyen
    Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E9
    J Neurosci 24:4962-70. 2004
    ..Specifically, we suggest that the principle of parallel visual streams originated in the tectofugal pathway rather than the thalamofugal pathway...
  34. ncbi Role of limb and target vision in the online control of memory-guided reaches
    Matthew Heath
    Dept of Kinesiology and Program in Neural Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Motor Control 9:281-311. 2005
    ..Additionally, trials were performed with (i.e., limb visible) and without (i.e., limb occluded) vision of the reaching limb...
  35. ncbi Contributions of the mouse UV photopigment to the ERG and to vision
    Gerald H Jacobs
    Neuroscience Research Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 115:137-44. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi Human walking along a curved path. I. Body trajectory, segment orientation and the effect of vision
    Gregoire Courtine
    INSERM Motricité and Plasticité, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
    Eur J Neurosci 18:177-90. 2003
    ..Head yaw anticipated body yaw by approximately 200 ms. Despite the minor effect of vision on the behaviour of all other segments, a difference in head pitch occurred between EO and BF; with EO, the head ..
  37. ncbi The role of vision on hand preshaping during reach to grasp
    Sara A Winges
    Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Exp Brain Res 152:489-98. 2003
    ..We asked subjects to reach and grasp objects with different shapes under five vision conditions (VCs)...
  38. ncbi Vision in the southern hemisphere lamprey Mordacia mordax: spatial distribution, spectral absorption characteristics, and optical sensitivity of a single class of retinal photoreceptor
    Shaun P Collin
    Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Vis Neurosci 21:765-73. 2004
    ..receptor packing, the large width of the ellipsosome-bearing inner segment, together with the presence of a retinal tapetum in the photophobic Mordacia, all represent adaptations for low light vision and optimizing photon capture.
  39. ncbi Terminal nerve and vision
    U Behrens
    Anatomisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen, Osterbergstr 3, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    Microsc Res Tech 65:25-32. 2004
    ..The terminal nerve complex is therefore a model system for the analysis of local information processing which is influenced by a distinct fiber projection...
  40. ncbi Pattern recognition using a device substituting audition for vision in blindfolded sighted subjects
    C Poirier
    Neural Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Neuropsychologia 45:1108-21. 2007
    ..study, we investigated the neural substrates of pattern recognition through a device substituting audition for vision in blindfolded sighted subjects, before and after a short training period...
  41. ncbi ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCA4: molecular properties and role in vision and macular degeneration
    Robert S Molday
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Centre for Macular Research, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada
    J Bioenerg Biomembr 39:507-17. 2007
    ..have been linked to Stargardt macular degeneration and related retinal degenerative diseases that cause severe vision loss in affected individuals...
  42. ncbi Vision improvement by correcting higher-order aberrations with customized soft contact lenses in keratoconic eyes
    Ramkumar Sabesan
    Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Opt Lett 32:1000-2. 2007
    Higher-order aberration correction in abnormal eyes can result in significant vision improvement, especially in eyes with abnormal corneas...
  43. ncbi Spatial resolution for feature binding is impaired in peripheral and amblyopic vision
    Peter Neri
    School of Optometry and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
    J Neurophysiol 96:142-53. 2006
    ..Our results in persons with amblyopia indicate that the ability of the fovea to compensate for this poor co-registration is consolidated by visual experience during postnatal development...
  44. pmc Motion vision is independent of color in Drosophila
    Satoko Yamaguchi
    Department of Genetics and Neurobiology, Biozentrum, University of Wurzburg, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4910-5. 2008
    Whether motion vision uses color contrast is a controversial issue that has been investigated in several species, from insects to humans...
  45. ncbi Zap! Magnetic tricks on conscious and unconscious vision
    Victor A F Lamme
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB, Amsterdam
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:193-5. 2006
    ..Combined with other work, this opens new vistas towards understanding mechanisms of conscious and unconscious vision.
  46. ncbi Vision: how to catch fast signals with slow detectors
    Gian Carlo Demontis
    Dipartimento di Psichiatria e Neurobiologia, Universita di Pisa, I 56126 Pisa, Italy
    News Physiol Sci 17:110-4. 2002
    ....
  47. pmc Macaque V1 activity during natural vision: effects of natural scenes and saccades
    Sean P MacEvoy
    Department of Neuroscience, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Neurophysiol 99:460-72. 2008
    ..that even responses to standard optimal stimuli are difficult to predict under conditions similar to natural vision, and further demonstrate the importance of naturalistic experimental paradigms to the study of visual processing ..
  48. ncbi The magnitude of the effect of calf muscles fatigue on postural control during bipedal quiet standing with vision depends on the eye-visual target distance
    Nicolas Vuillerme
    Laboratoire de Modelisation des Activites Sportives, Universite de Savoie, Domaine Universitaire, 73 376 Le Bourget du Lac Cedex, France
    Gait Posture 24:169-72. 2006
    The purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether, with vision, the magnitude of the effect of calf muscles fatigue on postural control during bipedal quiet standing depends on the eye-visual target distance...
  49. ncbi A mutation in the silver gene leads to defects in melanosome biogenesis and alterations in the visual system in the zebrafish mutant fading vision
    Helia B Schonthaler
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, and Brain Research Institute of the University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Dev Biol 284:421-36. 2005
    ..The zebrafish mutant fading vision (fdv) has been identified in such a screen due to defects in vision accompanied by hypopigmentation in the retinal ..
  50. ncbi The effect of letter spacing on reading speed in central and peripheral vision
    Susana T L Chung
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:1270-6. 2002
    ..due to proximity of adjacent letters, has been suggested as an explanation for slow reading in peripheral vision. The purpose of this study was to examine whether reading speed can be improved in normal peripheral vision by ..
  51. ncbi Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sites
    Felice A Dunn
    Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 449:603-6. 2007
    ..The effectiveness of daylight vision under these conditions relies on at least two retinal mechanisms that adjust sensitivity in the approximately 200 ..
  52. ncbi The functional role of central and peripheral vision in the control of posture
    Andrea Berencsi
    Department of Kinesiology, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1 1 Minami Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0397, Japan, and National Institute for Medical Rehabilitation, Budapest, Hungary
    Hum Mov Sci 24:689-709. 2005
    Three experiments were conducted to investigate the role of central and peripheral vision (CV and PV) in postural control...
  53. ncbi Restoration of vision in RPE65-deficient Briard dogs using an AAV serotype 4 vector that specifically targets the retinal pigmented epithelium
    G Le Meur
    INSERM U649, CHU Hotel Dieu, Nantes Cedex, France
    Gene Ther 14:292-303. 2007
    ..evaluate a rAAV2/4 vector carrying a human RPE65cDNA driven by a human RPE65 promoter, for the ability to restore vision in RPE65-/- purebred Briard dogs and to assess the safety of gene transfer with respect to retinal morphology and ..
  54. ncbi Vision in the peafowl (Aves: Pavo cristatus)
    Nathan S Hart
    Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Exp Biol 205:3925-35. 2002
    ..6 cycles degrees(-1). These properties of the peafowl eye are discussed with respect to its visual ecology and are compared with those of other closely related species...
  55. pmc Direct neurophysiological evidence for spatial suppression surrounding the focus of attention in vision
    J M Hopf
    Department of Neurology II, Otto von Guericke University, D 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1053-8. 2006
    ..These results indicate that neural enhancement and suppression coexist in a spatially structured manner that is optimal to attenuate the most deleterious noise during visual object identification...
  56. pmc Drosophila tan encodes a novel hydrolase required in pigmentation and vision
    John R True
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 1:e63. 2005
    ..This is, to our knowledge, the first molecular genetic characterization of NBAD hydrolase and carcinine hydrolase activity in any organism and is central to the understanding of pigmentation and photoreceptor function...
  57. ncbi Vision complements echolocation in an aerial-hawking bat
    Jens Rydell
    Zoology Department, Goteborg University, Box 463, 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Naturwissenschaften 90:481-3. 2003
    ..We therefore investigated the minimum size of prey that the bats could distinguish by using vision, by presenting the bats with different sized dead and spread moths...
  58. ncbi In utero gene therapy rescues vision in a murine model of congenital blindness
    Nadine S Dejneka
    F M Kirby Center and Scheie Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pennsylvania, 51 N 39th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2689, USA
    Mol Ther 9:182-8. 2004
    ..from human studies of LCA indicates that earlier rather than later intervention may be more likely to restore vision. We determined the impact of in utero delivery of the human RPE65 cDNA to retinal pigment epithelium cells in a ..
  59. ncbi Feedback to V1: a reverse hierarchy in vision
    Chi Hung Juan
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Exp Brain Res 150:259-63. 2003
    ..The effects in both tasks are consistent with early and repeated iterations of feed forward and feedback loops as hypothesised in recent neurophysiological experiments (see Foxe and Simpson 2002)...
  60. ncbi What constitutes an efficient reference frame for vision?
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1010-5. 2002
    b>Vision requires a reference frame...
  61. ncbi Visual prey capture in larval zebrafish is controlled by identified reticulospinal neurons downstream of the tectum
    Ethan Gahtan
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    J Neurosci 25:9294-303. 2005
    ..These results suggest that MeLc and MeLr function in series with the tectum, as part of a circuit that coordinates prey capture movements...
  62. ncbi Effects of suppression of blinking on quality of vision in borderline cases of evaporative dry eye
    Shizuka Koh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan
    Cornea 27:275-8. 2008
    To study the effects of suppression of blinking on quality of vision in borderline cases of evaporative dry eye.
  63. ncbi Viewing geometry determines how vision and haptics combine in size perception
    Sergei Gepshtein
    University of California, Berkeley, Vision Science Program, School of Optometry, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
    Curr Biol 13:483-8. 2003
    b>Vision and haptics have different limitations and advantages because they obtain information by different methods...
  64. pmc The Medawar Lecture 2001 knowledge for vision: vision for knowledge
    Richard L Gregory
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1231-51. 2005
    ..or misapplied knowledge produces rich cognitive phenomena of illusions, revealing normally hidden processes of vision, tentatively classified here in a 'periodic table'...
  65. ncbi Early vision impairs tactile perception in the blind
    Brigitte Röder
    Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 11, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Curr Biol 14:121-4. 2004
    ..It has been argued that because of the dominant role of vision in motor planning and execution, tactile stimuli are remapped into externally defined coordinates (predominantly ..
  66. ncbi Vision and cortical map development
    Leonard E White
    Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Neuron 56:327-38. 2007
    ..Direction maps have a greater dependence on early vision, while orientation maps remain sensitive to experience for a longer period of cortical maturation...
  67. ncbi Insect vision: controlling actions through optic flow
    Thomas S Collett
    Sussex Center for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Curr Biol 12:R615-7. 2002
    ..Many insects use translational flow to measure the distance of objects from themselves. A recent study has provided new insights into the way Drosophila use optic flow to pick out a close target to approach...
  68. pmc Direction-dependent integration of vision and proprioception in reaching under the influence of the mirror illusion
    Hendrikus J Snijders
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychologia 45:496-505. 2007
    ..This direction-dependent weighting account suggests a heavier weighting for vision in the azimuthal (left-right) direction and a heavier weighting for proprioception in the radial (near-far) ..
  69. ncbi Adaptations for nocturnal vision in insect apposition eyes
    Birgit Greiner
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Int Rev Cytol 250:1-46. 2006
    ..eyes, on the other hand, the aperture consists of a single lens resulting in a poor photon catch and unreliable vision in dim light. Apposition eyes are therefore typically found in day-active insects...
  70. ncbi Vision in children with hydrocephalus
    Susann Andersson
    Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, The Sahlgrenska Academy of Göteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Dev Med Child Neurol 48:836-41. 2006
    ..In this study, children with hydrocephalus associated with myelomeningocele were least commonly affected. Visual disorders were most frequent in those with epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and/or cognitive disability...
  71. ncbi Learning to integrate arbitrary signals from vision and touch
    Marc O Ernst
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    J Vis 7:7.1-14. 2007
    ..Here, we ask whether such a mapping between two arbitrary sensory signals from vision and touch can be learned from their statistical co-occurrence such that they become integrated...
  72. ncbi Active vision and visual activation in area V4
    Charles E Connor
    Department of Neuroscience and Krieger Mind Brain Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Neuron 40:1056-8. 2003
    During normal vision, the focus of gaze continually jumps from one important image feature to the next...
  73. ncbi Vision and mobility performance of subjects with age-related macular degeneration
    Shirin E Hassan
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 79:697-707. 2002
    To investigate the effects of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) on mobility performance and to identify the vision determinants of mobility in subjects with ARMD.
  74. ncbi The role of vision in maintaining heading direction: effects of changing gaze and optic flow on human gait
    M Schubert
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 150:163-73. 2003
    ..However, the systematic increase in lateral sway induced by high flow velocities indicates that motion parallax has an effect on heading during locomotion...
  75. ncbi Color vision: mice see hue too
    Bevil R Conway
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Curr Biol 17:R457-60. 2007
    ..Remarkably, some of these mice use the extra cone to make trichromatic color discriminations similar to those that are the basis of human color vision.
  76. ncbi Influence of vision on head stabilization strategies in older adults during walking
    Ronita L Cromwell
    Department of Physical Therapy, Center for Rehabilitation Sciences, and Sealy Center on Aging, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555 1144, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 57:M442-8. 2002
    ..Head stabilization contributes to dynamic balance, especially during the functional task of walking. Head stability and the role of vision in this process have not been studied during walking in older adults.
  77. ncbi Dynamic and predictive links between touch and vision
    Rob Gray
    Cambridge Basic Research, Nissan Technical Center North America Inc, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Exp Brain Res 145:50-5. 2002
    We investigated crossmodal links between vision and touch for moving objects. In experiment 1, observers discriminated visual targets presented randomly at one of five locations on their forearm...
  78. ncbi Vision and eating behavior
    Yvonne Linné
    Obesity Unit, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obes Res 10:92-5. 2002
    Eating behavior is influenced by internal and external factors. Vision is one part of the complex pattern of factors influencing the amount of food consumed during a meal...
  79. ncbi Prevalence of non-vision-impairing conditions in a village in Chakwal district, Punjab, Pakistan
    Arif Hussain
    Munawwar Memorial Hospital, Rawalpindi Road, Chakwal Pakistan
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11:413-26. 2004
    To determine the prevalence of non-vision-impairing ocular conditions (NVIC) and estimate the number of primary eye care treatments per 1000 population per month.
  80. ncbi Nonaccidental properties underlie shape recognition in Mammalian and nonmammalian vision
    Brett M Gibson
    Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Conant Hall, 10 Library Way, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
    Curr Biol 17:336-40. 2007
    ..This result reveals that a nonmammalian visual system that is different anatomically from the human visual system is also biased to recognize objects from nonaccidental statistics...
  81. ncbi Nocturnal vision and landmark orientation in a tropical halictid bee
    Eric J Warrant
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Zoology Building, University of Lund, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Curr Biol 14:1309-18. 2004
    ..The insensitive optics of apposition eyes are not well suited for nocturnal vision. How well then do nocturnal bees and wasps see? What optical and neural adaptations have they evolved for ..
  82. ncbi Is there interaction between vision and local fatigue of the lower limbs on postural control and postural stability in human posture?
    Olivier Caron
    Laboratoire Ergonomie Sport et Performance, Universite de Toulon et du Var, UFR STAPS, Av de l Universite, BP 132, 83957, La Garde Cedex, France
    Neurosci Lett 363:18-21. 2004
    An investigation of the interaction between local fatigue and vision on postural control and postural stability was carried out...
  83. ncbi Is vision function related to physical functional ability in older adults?
    Catherine G West
    Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:136-45. 2002
    To assess the relationship between a broad range of vision functions and measures of physical performance in older adults.
  84. ncbi Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency
    Andrew Stockman
    Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London EC1V 9EL, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26:225-39. 2006
    ..because of the substantial and often rapid visual changes that accompany the transition from scotopic to photopic vision. These are caused not only by the switch from rod to cone photoreceptors, but also by switches between different ..
  85. ncbi Age-related differences in stepping performance during step cycle-related removal of vision
    G J Chapman
    Human Movement Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Exp Brain Res 174:613-21. 2006
    ..of the present study was to investigate whether there are age-related changes in the ability of individuals to use vision to plan (feedforward control) and guide (on-line control) foot placement during locomotion...
  86. ncbi Toward a CIE supplementary system of photometry: brightness at any level including mesopic vision
    Ken Sagawa
    National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8566, Japan
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26:240-5. 2006
    Photometry for brightness at any level including mesopic vision is described on the basis of the work conducted towards the development of a Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) supplementary system of photometry in CIE ..
  87. ncbi Vision and quality of life: the development of a utility measure
    RoseAnne Misajon
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4007-15. 2005
    To identify the content for a vision and quality of life-related utility measure (Vision Quality of Life Index [VisQoL]) for the economic evaluation of eye care and rehabilitation programs.
  88. ncbi Vision abnormalities in young children exposed prenatally to organic solvents
    Christine Till
    Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5G 2A2
    Neurotoxicology 26:599-613. 2005
    ..025) and controls (p=0.02). Regarding color vision, 26...
  89. ncbi The relative contributions of colour and luminance signals towards the visuomotor localisation of targets in human peripheral vision
    Hiroshi Ashida
    Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Kyoto 6068501, Japan
    Exp Brain Res 183:425-34. 2007
    ..We discuss the neural pathways that may be involved with visuomotor localization...
  90. ncbi Encoding, learning, and spatial updating of multiple object locations specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, and vision
    Roberta L Klatzky
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Exp Brain Res 149:48-61. 2003
    ..origin learned the distance and azimuth of target objects that were specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, or vision. We tested whether the ensuing target representations functioned equivalently across modalities for purposes of ..
  91. pmc Ultraviolet vision and foraging in dip and plunge diving birds
    Olle Hastad
    Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Biol Lett 1:306-9. 2005
    ..We used a molecular method to survey the colour vision tuning of five families of dip or plunge divers and compared the results with those from sister taxa of other ..
  92. ncbi Vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the developed world and their effect on the eye and vision
    Andrew Whatham
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 28:1-12. 2008
    ..A knowledge of these effects is important as individuals with consequent poor ocular health and reduced visual function may present for ophthalmic care...
  93. pmc Spatial grouping in human vision: temporal structure trumps temporal synchrony
    Sharon E Guttman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Vision Res 47:219-30. 2007
    ..Here, we show that observers prefer temporal structure for determining perceptual organization. That is, human vision groups elements that change according to the same global pattern, even if the changes themselves are not ..
  94. ncbi Associations of presbyopia with vision-targeted health-related quality of life
    Peter J McDonnell
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Irvine, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:1577-81. 2003
    To evaluate the associations of presbyopia and its correction, particularly monovision optical correction, with vision-targeted health-related quality of life.
  95. pmc Bone marrow-derived stem cells preserve cone vision in retinitis pigmentosa
    Lois E H Smith
    Department of Ophthalmology, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Clin Invest 114:755-7. 2004
    ..diseases resulting from loss of photoreceptors, primarily rods and secondarily cones, that mediate central vision. Loss of retinal vasculature is a presumed metabolic consequence of photoreceptor degeneration...
  96. ncbi Spatial vision in the echinoid genus Echinometra
    Erin Blevins
    Biology Department, Box 90338, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:4249-53. 2004
    ..Two species of the echinoid genus Echinometra were tested for spatial vision by examining their ability to locate and move towards targets of different sizes...
  97. ncbi Relationship of cataract symptoms of preoperative patients and vision-related quality of life
    Jae Eun Lee
    Mississippi State Department of Health, 570 East Woodrow Wilson Avenue, P O Box 1700, Jackson, MS 39215 1700, USA
    Qual Life Res 14:1845-53. 2005
    This study was conducted in an attempt to describe the status of cataract symptoms of preoperative cataract patients, as well as to determine the relationship between cataract symptom and vision-related quality of life measures.
  98. ncbi Vision in the nocturnal wandering spider Leucorchestris arenicola (Araneae: Sparassidae)
    Thomas Nørgaard
    Department of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Biol 211:816-23. 2008
    ..By disabling all or pairs of the spiders' eight eyes we found that homing ability was severely reduced when vision was fully abolished. Vision, therefore, seems to play a key role in the nocturnal navigational performances of L...
  99. ncbi Neuroarchitecture of the color and polarization vision system of the stomatopod Haptosquilla
    Sonja Kleinlogel
    Vision, Touch, and Hearing Research Centre, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
    J Comp Neurol 467:326-42. 2003
    ..of stomatopod crustaceans contain a morphologically distinct eye region specialized for color and polarization vision, called the mid-band...
  100. ncbi Active vision and receptive field development in evolutionary robots
    Dario Floreano
    Laboratory of Intelligent Systems, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne EPFL, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Evol Comput 13:527-44. 2005
    ..We also show that the formation of visual receptive fields is significantly and consistently affected by active vision as compared to the formation of receptive fields with grid sample images in the environment of the robot...
  101. ncbi The role of memory in guiding attention during natural vision
    Ran Carmi
    Neuroscience Program, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Vis 6:898-914. 2006
    ..that perceptual memory traces play an important role in guiding attention across several saccades during natural vision. We propose novel hypotheses and experiments using hybrid natural-artificial stimuli to further elucidate ..

Research Grants67

  1. NEUROGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Since in our retinal model new rod photoreceptors are integrated into fully functional retinal tissue, this may serve as a particularly useful model for understanding adult neurogenesis. ..
  2. SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF MATURATION
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..are active in the transition between dominant and non-dominant states? 4) What are the anatomical connections to the GnRH neurons? 5) Are the neuronal firing patterns different between dominant and non-dominant males? ..
  3. Biophysical limitations to signal transmission in the mammalian retina
    William Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..evolutionary advantages both for predators and prey, and many mammals, including humans, have excellent night vision. Humans can perceive dim light flashes that produce single photon absorption in about 1 in 100 rods, which ..
  4. Synchronized Firing in the Retina
    EDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the primate retina, very little is known about synchrony in large groups of cells, and the impact of synchrony for vision is controversial...
  5. Female Hormones and Vision
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The long-term goal is to elucidate the roles that female hormones have on the eye and vision. The information gained is expected to provide quantitative means of assessing duration-dependent effects of medications that affect estrogen ..
  6. EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGE
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The National Eye Institute, in its "Vision Research: A National Plan", states that the development of "improved diagnostic techniques encompassing measures ..
  7. Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and Growth
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
  8. ENSEMBLE CODING OF VISUAL INFORMATION IN THE RETINA
    EDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Aim 3. Does retinal signaling limit accuracy of behavioral and cortical motion sensing? This part will include psychophysical studies as well as correlation with recordings in MT obtained from other investigators. ..
  9. Locating and Reading Informational Signs
    Alan Yuille; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Our goal is to construct computer vision systems to enable the blind and severely visually impaired to detect and read informational text in city scenes...
  10. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..together with computational modeling, to study binocular rivalry, the breakdown in stable binocular single vision resulting from discordant monocular inputs...
  11. MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from applicant's abstract): How does vision specify the objects and events that guide our actions? How does vision interact with other brain systems in this specification? These broad questions motivate the ..
  12. RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITION
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Role of Visual Cortex in Tactile Object Processing
    Lotfi Merabet; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in the blind will help uncover the adaptive mechanisms allowing perceptual object representation in the absence of vision. These results are likely to have implications for the rehabilitation and education of the blind and visually ..
  14. EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY IN BRAIN IMAGING OF VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..have been described in the literature (Buchel & Friston, 1995) but have been rarely employed in studies of vision, despite their potential for significantly extending the range of conclusions drawn from brain imaging studies...
  15. Retinal Inputs to the Mammalian Circadian Pacemaker
    KWOON WONG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These experiments may enable a better understanding of how the mammalian circadian pacemaker is regulated, which in turn may lead to better therapies and workplace policies combating/preventing jet lag problems. ..
  16. RECOGNITION OF OBJECTS UNDER VARIABLE ILLUMINATION
    Alan Yuille; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We have assembled a team of researchers with interdisciplinary skills in computer and biological vision. who will divide their efforts on the project based on their expertise...
  17. DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTH
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Influence of vision on dynamic balance during walking
    Ronita Cromwell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data will provide information on the role of vision and gaze stabilization in maintaining dynamic balance while walking...
  19. VISUAL ADAPTATION LIMITS AND AGE-RELATED DISEASE
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  20. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  21. Caloric Restriction and Aging in Eyes
    Peter Gouras; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because many of these primates are near the end of their lifespan, there is an element of urgency in our goal to correlate noninvasive clinical testing prior with post mortem histology. ..
  22. CRCNS: Complete functional characterization of a population of retinal ganglion c
    EDUARDO J CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the brain, understanding how they collectively encode visual information is a fundamental aspect of understanding vision, in health and in disease...
  23. WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITY
    GERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..from native and transgenic photopigments and their combinations, and (3) examine to what extent functional vision has been altered by the addition of a novel photopigment, including the possibility that a new dimension of color ..
  24. GLAUCOMA SURGICAL OUTCOMES STUDY
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..specific aim of determining the risk factors for endophthalmitis, suprachoroidal hemorrhage, hypotony and severe vision loss following filtration surgery, drainage device surgery, and cyclodestructive procedures...
  25. Cyclic GMP Phosphodiesterase in Signaling
    Hsien Yu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies are highly relevant to signaling as well as to elucidation of basis for human diseases in which alterations in signaling pathways translate into aberrant biology. ..
  26. RESPIRATORY VIRUS ION CHANNELS
    LAWRENCE PINTO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..5. In a separate set of experiments we will use a sensitive method to test the NB protein of influenza B virus for ion channel activity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Optical Imaging of S1 Cortex in the Awake Primate
    ANNA ROE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Further, this type of functional imaging in behaving monkeys will provide a much needed link between bodies of single-unit physiology, fMRI, and behavioral studies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Neuromodulatory Effects of Ginkgolides and Bilobalide
    Koji Nakanishi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies can potentially provide new targets for terpene trilactones in the central nervous system that require the synthesis of new ginkgolide and bilobalide ligands. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Calibration Tools For PC-Based Vision Enhancement
    Gislin Dagnelie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..toolkit will be created to will allow personal computers to be used as accurately calibrated and controlled vision test instruments...
  30. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. KAN-DO: A Family-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity
    Truls Ostbye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Participants will be surveyed at baseline (3 months postpartum), 12 and 24 months post-baseline. Extended follow-up will enable evaluation of long-term benefits, and if effective, the KAN-DO intervention can be disseminated broadly. ..
  32. IMPROVEMENT OF VISUAL PROCESSING IN OLDER ADULTS
    Karlene K Ball; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results of this study can be used to inform the design of clinic-based and home-based interventions for delaying or reversing the physical and cognitive declines that accompany normal aging. ..
  33. Multimodally encoded spatial images in sighted and blind
    JACK M contact LOOMIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We call this representation a "spatial image." Humans can perceive surrounding space through vision, hearing, and touch...
  34. OLYMPUS FLUOVIEW CONFOCAL LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPE
    Steven Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The enhanced multi-labeling capabilities and capacity to support living cell studies will allow investigators to explore novel research avenues that are unapproachable with our current instrumentation. ..
  35. Genetics of coordinately evolving patterns and behavior
    John R True; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. Attentional Modulation of Receptive Field Structure
    John Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, the proposed research promises to provide a much deeper understanding of the cortical circuits that mediate attentional selection, than has been achieved to date. ..
  37. Towards the neuronal correlates of visual awareness
    Gabriel Kreiman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthering our understanding of the link between brains and minds in the context of vision will pave the way for addressing other aspects of consciousness and may have profound implications in changing how ..
  38. Conference on Retinal Neurobiology and Visual Processing
    Malcolm Slaughter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..biennial conferences that have established a unique forum for researchers with varied backgrounds to discuss vision. The participants are drawn from many areas of neurobiology, computational neuroscience, ophthalmology and vision ..
  39. Drew Minority Research Infrastructure Support Program
    Richard Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Delivery systems of special importance include safety net environments such as public hospitals and community health centers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS: FRONTAL LOBE
    Adele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Hypotheses will be considered that suggest that memory for space, and/or time, or for relational information in general is dissociable from memory for other information and dependent upon frontal cortex function. ..
  41. International Congress of Neuroethology
    SARAH BOTTJER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, benefits to American scientists in general, and to young investigators in particular, will be the opportunity for exposure to cutting-edge research and techniques from around the World. ..
  42. RETINAL GANGLION CELL PROCESSING OF SPATIAL INFORMATION
    JOHN TROY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information is essential if we hope to restore vision, either through synthetic or biological means, to those blinded through retinal diseases...
  43. Implicit and Explicit Attention Capture
    Daniel Simons; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., as in people with attention deficit disorder). ..
  44. Novel vision tests: data analysis from a RP Lutein trial
    Gislin Dagnelie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..pigmentosa (RP) affects over 100,000 individuals in the US, and causes nightblindness, gradual loss of peripheral vision, and eventually total vision loss...
  45. Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of Cataract
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..
  46. OCULAR MELANOMA
    Paul Finger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Standardized clinical and data collection procedures will be employed, and standardized forms will be used in all centers. Central training and certification of all study staff will be required. ..
  47. Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention Network
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
  48. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  49. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  50. METABOLIC ORGANIZATION & REGULATION IN THE VISUAL CORTEX
    Margaret Wong Riley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results from these studies are expected to provide insight into the molecular basis of metabolic responses of visual cortical neurons to changing functional demands. ..
  51. AMPHETAMINE-LIKE STIMULANTS: NOREPINEPHRINE & BEHAVIOR
    CRAIG BERRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information obtained in these studies may provide insight into mechanisms subserving, and treatment of, stimulant drug abuse. ..
  52. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  53. Improved Acoustic Detection of Coronary Blockages
    John Semmlow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specifically, a successful outcome of Phase I will be the ability to detect blockages of 30% to 85% with a sensitivity greater than > 90 % and a specificity greater than 80% in a retrospective data analysis. ..
  54. Brain, Behavior and Biological Rhythms
    LAWRENCE MORIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall goal of the project is to further elucidate the contribution of the visual system to the regulation of circadian rhythm response to light with particular emphasis on phase control. ..
  55. Clinical Vision Research Unit at UAB
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Abstract) Clinical vision research is a high priority at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)...
  56. Linkage Studies of Quantitative Ocular Traits
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..about one diopter on either side of emmetropia, often requires the use of spectacles or lens correction for best vision, and may limit professional opportunities and influence quality of life; and retinal vessel diameters, which has ..
  57. Function of fixation instability during natural viewing
    Michele Rucci; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Portable EEG Recorder for Household Surveys
    DANIEL HEDIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed miniature portable EEG recorder with easily applied dry electrode technology can be applied in the home to collect data for longitudinal surveys of the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Inter-Areal Cooperativity During Perception of Visual Contours
    Anna W Roe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will elucidate the neural circuitries underlying visual behavior and attention, understanding that will have clinical relevance for conditions such as cortical strokes, attention deficit disorder, and schizophrenia. ..
  60. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Binocular imbalance during visual development has the potential to cause amblyopia and abnormalities in binocular vision. Over 90% of patients with congenital and early onset binocular imbalance require occlusion therapy, spectacle ..
  61. TRANSDUCTION AND RETINAL DEGENERATION IN DROSOPHILA
    Patrick Dolph; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The fourth aim is to pursue the characterization of the other mutations recovered in the screens. ..
  62. Fast Optical Imaging of Cortical Signals in the Behaving Primate
    ANNA ROE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..for studying spatial (functional organizational) and temporal aspects of cortical processing relating to vision, attention, memory, and cognitive function...
  63. Vision Research Infrastructure Development
    Henry Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences at the University of Louisville has a large cadre of NEI funded vision scientists, it has not previously had funding for core module services...
  64. Photoreceptor cell degeneration in D. melanogaster
    Patrick Dolph; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Gene products involved in coupling rhodopsin/arrestin complex formation with the cell death machinery will be identified and characterized. ..
  65. Wireless Digital Link Between Hearing Aids
    DANIEL HEDIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results will allow us to develop antenna structures suitable for hearing aids that are in close proximity to the body. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..