Genomes and Genes
Summary: The sensation of sight.
Publications266 found, 100 shown here
- Vision as Bayesian inference: analysis by synthesis?Alan Yuille
Department of Statistics, UCLA, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 10:301-8. 2006We argue that the study of human vision should be aimed at determining how humans perform natural tasks with natural images...
- Melanopsin cells are the principal conduits for rod-cone input to non-image-forming visionAli D Guler
Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Nature 453:102-5. 2008..These retinal outputs support not only pattern vision but also non-image-forming (NIF) functions, which include circadian photoentrainment and pupillary light reflex (..
- Natural vision reveals regional specialization to local motion and to contrast-invariant, global flow in the human brainA Bartels
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Department of Physiology of Cognitive Processes, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Cereb Cortex 18:705-17. 2008..The function, connectivity, and anatomical neighborhood of mPPC imply several parallels to monkey ventral intraparietal area (VIP)...
- Vision-specific instruments for the assessment of health-related quality of life and visual functioning: a literature reviewMary Kay Margolis
MEDTAP International, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
Pharmacoeconomics 20:791-812. 2002..This review examines the development and psychometric properties of 22 vision-specific instruments assessing visual functioning and/or the impact of visual impairment on HR-QOL or daily ..
- Vision in the deep seaEric J Warrant
Department of Cell and Organism Biology, University of Lund, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 79:671-712. 2004..These and many other aspects of light and vision in the deep sea are reviewed in support of the following conclusion: it is not only the intensity of light at ..
- Vision modulates somatosensory cortical processingMarisa Taylor-Clarke
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, 17, Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 12:233-6. 2002..Here, we show that vision modulates somatosensory cortex activity, as measured by somatosensory event-related potentials (ERPs)...
- A neural network to improve dim-light vision? Dendritic fields of first-order interneurons in the nocturnal bee Megalopta genalisBirgit Greiner
Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
Cell Tissue Res 322:313-20. 2005..Theoretical and future physiological work should further elucidate the roles that this lateral spreading plays to improve dim-light vision in nocturnal insects.
- Retinal and optical adaptations for nocturnal vision in the halictid bee Megalopta genalisBirgit Greiner
Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, 22362 Lund, Sweden
Cell Tissue Res 316:377-90. 2004..genalis shows specific retinal and optical adaptations for vision in dim light...
- Single-neuron correlates of subjective vision in the human medial temporal lobeGabriel Kreiman
Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology 139 74, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:8378-83. 2002..Therefore, the activity of most individual neurons in the medial temporal lobe of naive human subjects directly correlates with the phenomenal visual experience...
- Will retinal implants restore vision?Eberhart Zrenner
University Eye Hospital Tubingen, Department of Pathophysiology of Vision and Neuro ophthalmology, Schleichstr 12, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Science 295:1022-5. 2002..groups are developing electrical implants that can be attached directly to the retina in an attempt to restore vision to patients suffering from retinal degeneration...
- Two distinct mechanisms of suppression in human visionYury Petrov
The Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
J Neurosci 25:8704-7. 2005..Surprisingly, we find that, unlike overlay suppression, surround suppression is only strong in the periphery (> 1 degree eccentricity). This result argues for a new functional distinction between foveal and peripheral operations...
- Vision following extended congenital blindnessYuri Ostrovsky
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Psychol Sci 17:1009-14. 2006..They have implications for current conceptions of cortical plasticity and provide an argument for treating congenital blindness even in older children...
- Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touchRandolph Blake
Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Psychol Sci 15:397-402. 2004..This disambiguation of vision by touch occurs only when the two modalities are stimulated concurrently, however...
- Extrageniculate mediation of unconscious vision in transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced blindsightTony Ro
Department of Psychology, MS 25, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:9933-5. 2004....
- Does articulation contribute to modifications of postural control during dual-task paradigms?Mylène C Dault
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, 410 Laurier Avenue West, 9th Floor, Address Locator 4209A, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:434-40. 2003..b>Vision and postural task difficulty were manipulated...
- Multisensory fusion: simultaneous re-weighting of vision and touch for the control of human postureKelvin S Oie
Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science and the Department of Kinesiology, 2242 Health and Human Performance Bldg, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 14:164-76. 2002..These techniques may be able to resolve the source of balance control deficits across populations with far more certainty than currently possible...
- Spatiochromatic properties of natural images and human visionC A Párraga
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 12:483-7. 2002..This is contrary to the prevailing assumption that the spatial properties of human vision ought to reflect the structure of natural scenes...
- Regulation of retinal cone bipolar cell differentiation and photopic vision by the CVC homeobox gene Vsx1Akihira Ohtoshi
Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Curr Biol 14:530-6. 2004Cone bipolar cells of the vertebrate retina connect photoreceptors with ganglion cells to mediate photopic vision. Despite this important role, the mechanisms that regulate cone bipolar cell differentiation are poorly understood...
- Intersubject synchronization of cortical activity during natural visionUri Hasson
Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Science 303:1634-40. 2004..The results reveal a surprising tendency of individual brains to "tick collectively" during natural vision. The intersubject synchronization consisted of a widespread cortical activation pattern correlated with ..
- Zic2 patterns binocular vision by specifying the uncrossed retinal projectionEloisa Herrera
Department of Pathology and Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
Cell 114:545-57. 2003..cell (RGC) axons at the optic chiasm to the appropriate hemisphere, a pattern critical for proper binocular vision, have not been identified...
- Auditory capture of vision: examining temporal ventriloquismSharon Morein-Zamir
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:154-63. 2003..The results suggest a 'temporal ventriloquism' phenomenon analogous to spatial ventriloquism...
- The importance of interhemispheric transfer for foveal vision: a factor that has been overlooked in theories of visual word recognition and object perceptionMarc Brysbaert
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
Brain Lang 88:259-67. 2004..I then briefly discuss the suggestions made by the different authors on how to integrate the foveal split within current models of visual word recognition...
- Developmental vision determines the reference frame for the multisensory control of actionBrigitte Röder
Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 11, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4753-8. 2007..frame is innately determined or instead acquired during development because of the increasing dominance of vision over manual control...
- Ageing and vision: structure, stability and function of lens crystallinsHans Bloemendal
Department of Biochemistry, University of Nijmegen, 6500HB, The Netherlands
Prog Biophys Mol Biol 86:407-85. 2004..Understanding the structural basis of protein stability and interactions in the healthy eye lens is the route to solve the enormous medical and economical problem of cataract...
- Realignment of temporal simultaneity between vision and touchKohske Takahashi
Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Neuroreport 19:319-22. 2008..Here, we investigated the effects of adaptation to temporal asynchrony between vision and touch...
- Shared computational mechanism for tilt compensation accounts for biased verticality percepts in motion and pattern visionM De Vrijer
Department of Biophysics, Institute of Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Neurophysiol 99:915-30. 2008....
- Vision and the statistics of the visual environmentEero P Simoncelli
Curr Opin Neurobiol 13:144-9. 2003..As such, specific instances of this theory have been tested experimentally, and have been used to motivate and constrain models for early visual processing...
- Color visionKarl R Gegenfurtner
Department of Psychology, Giessen University, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
Annu Rev Neurosci 26:181-206. 2003Color vision starts with the absorption of light in the retinal cone photoreceptors, which transduce electromagnetic energy into electrical voltages...
- Analysis of pathways mediating preserved vision after striate cortex lesionsMircea Ariel Schoenfeld
Department of Neurology II, University of Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
Ann Neurol 52:814-24. 2002....
- Multisensory reweighting of vision and touch is intact in healthy and fall-prone older adultsLeslie K Allison
Department of Physical Therapy, East Carolina University, LAHS Building, Room 2405 E, Greeenville, NC 27858 4353, USA
Exp Brain Res 175:342-52. 2006..No group differences in overall levels of vision and touch gain were found...
- Effects of vestibular rotatory accelerations on covert attentional orienting in vision and touchFrancesca Figliozzi
Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, Rome
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1638-51. 2005..e., "left" or "right" first). These findings suggest that during passive rotatory head-body accelerations, covert attention is shifted toward the direction of rotation and the direction of the fast phases of the VOR...
- Fixational eye movements in normal and pathological visionSusana Martinez-Conde
Department of Neurobiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, 350 W Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
Prog Brain Res 154:151-76. 2006..perception, physiology, and computational modeling of fixational eye movements is critical to our understanding of vision in general, and also to the understanding of the neural computations that work to overcome neural adaptation in ..
- A dissociation of motion and spatial-pattern vision in the avian telencephalon: implications for the evolution of "visual streams"Angela P Nguyen
Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E9
J Neurosci 24:4962-70. 2004..Specifically, we suggest that the principle of parallel visual streams originated in the tectofugal pathway rather than the thalamofugal pathway...
- Role of limb and target vision in the online control of memory-guided reachesMatthew Heath
Dept of Kinesiology and Program in Neural Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
Motor Control 9:281-311. 2005..Additionally, trials were performed with (i.e., limb visible) and without (i.e., limb occluded) vision of the reaching limb...
- Contributions of the mouse UV photopigment to the ERG and to visionGerald H Jacobs
Neuroscience Research Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Doc Ophthalmol 115:137-44. 2007....
- Human walking along a curved path. I. Body trajectory, segment orientation and the effect of visionGregoire Courtine
INSERM Motricité and Plasticité, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
Eur J Neurosci 18:177-90. 2003..Head yaw anticipated body yaw by approximately 200 ms. Despite the minor effect of vision on the behaviour of all other segments, a difference in head pitch occurred between EO and BF; with EO, the head ..
- The role of vision on hand preshaping during reach to graspSara A Winges
Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Exp Brain Res 152:489-98. 2003..We asked subjects to reach and grasp objects with different shapes under five vision conditions (VCs)...
- Vision in the southern hemisphere lamprey Mordacia mordax: spatial distribution, spectral absorption characteristics, and optical sensitivity of a single class of retinal photoreceptorShaun P Collin
Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
Vis Neurosci 21:765-73. 2004..receptor packing, the large width of the ellipsosome-bearing inner segment, together with the presence of a retinal tapetum in the photophobic Mordacia, all represent adaptations for low light vision and optimizing photon capture.
- Terminal nerve and visionU Behrens
Anatomisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen, Osterbergstr 3, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
Microsc Res Tech 65:25-32. 2004..The terminal nerve complex is therefore a model system for the analysis of local information processing which is influenced by a distinct fiber projection...
- Pattern recognition using a device substituting audition for vision in blindfolded sighted subjectsC Poirier
Neural Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Neuropsychologia 45:1108-21. 2007..study, we investigated the neural substrates of pattern recognition through a device substituting audition for vision in blindfolded sighted subjects, before and after a short training period...
- ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCA4: molecular properties and role in vision and macular degenerationRobert S Molday
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Centre for Macular Research, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada
J Bioenerg Biomembr 39:507-17. 2007..have been linked to Stargardt macular degeneration and related retinal degenerative diseases that cause severe vision loss in affected individuals...
- Vision improvement by correcting higher-order aberrations with customized soft contact lenses in keratoconic eyesRamkumar Sabesan
Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
Opt Lett 32:1000-2. 2007Higher-order aberration correction in abnormal eyes can result in significant vision improvement, especially in eyes with abnormal corneas...
- Spatial resolution for feature binding is impaired in peripheral and amblyopic visionPeter Neri
School of Optometry and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
J Neurophysiol 96:142-53. 2006..Our results in persons with amblyopia indicate that the ability of the fovea to compensate for this poor co-registration is consolidated by visual experience during postnatal development...
- Motion vision is independent of color in DrosophilaSatoko Yamaguchi
Department of Genetics and Neurobiology, Biozentrum, University of Wurzburg, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4910-5. 2008Whether motion vision uses color contrast is a controversial issue that has been investigated in several species, from insects to humans...
- Zap! Magnetic tricks on conscious and unconscious visionVictor A F Lamme
Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB, Amsterdam
Trends Cogn Sci 10:193-5. 2006..Combined with other work, this opens new vistas towards understanding mechanisms of conscious and unconscious vision.
- Vision: how to catch fast signals with slow detectorsGian Carlo Demontis
Dipartimento di Psichiatria e Neurobiologia, Universita di Pisa, I 56126 Pisa, Italy
News Physiol Sci 17:110-4. 2002....
- Macaque V1 activity during natural vision: effects of natural scenes and saccadesSean P MacEvoy
Department of Neuroscience, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
J Neurophysiol 99:460-72. 2008..that even responses to standard optimal stimuli are difficult to predict under conditions similar to natural vision, and further demonstrate the importance of naturalistic experimental paradigms to the study of visual processing ..
- The magnitude of the effect of calf muscles fatigue on postural control during bipedal quiet standing with vision depends on the eye-visual target distanceNicolas Vuillerme
Laboratoire de Modelisation des Activites Sportives, Universite de Savoie, Domaine Universitaire, 73 376 Le Bourget du Lac Cedex, France
Gait Posture 24:169-72. 2006The purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether, with vision, the magnitude of the effect of calf muscles fatigue on postural control during bipedal quiet standing depends on the eye-visual target distance...
- A mutation in the silver gene leads to defects in melanosome biogenesis and alterations in the visual system in the zebrafish mutant fading visionHelia B Schonthaler
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, and Brain Research Institute of the University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Dev Biol 284:421-36. 2005..The zebrafish mutant fading vision (fdv) has been identified in such a screen due to defects in vision accompanied by hypopigmentation in the retinal ..
- The effect of letter spacing on reading speed in central and peripheral visionSusana T L Chung
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:1270-6. 2002..due to proximity of adjacent letters, has been suggested as an explanation for slow reading in peripheral vision. The purpose of this study was to examine whether reading speed can be improved in normal peripheral vision by ..
- Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sitesFelice A Dunn
Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Nature 449:603-6. 2007..The effectiveness of daylight vision under these conditions relies on at least two retinal mechanisms that adjust sensitivity in the approximately 200 ..
- The functional role of central and peripheral vision in the control of postureAndrea Berencsi
Department of Kinesiology, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1 1 Minami Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0397, Japan, and National Institute for Medical Rehabilitation, Budapest, Hungary
Hum Mov Sci 24:689-709. 2005Three experiments were conducted to investigate the role of central and peripheral vision (CV and PV) in postural control...
- Restoration of vision in RPE65-deficient Briard dogs using an AAV serotype 4 vector that specifically targets the retinal pigmented epitheliumG Le Meur
INSERM U649, CHU Hotel Dieu, Nantes Cedex, France
Gene Ther 14:292-303. 2007..evaluate a rAAV2/4 vector carrying a human RPE65cDNA driven by a human RPE65 promoter, for the ability to restore vision in RPE65-/- purebred Briard dogs and to assess the safety of gene transfer with respect to retinal morphology and ..
- Vision in the peafowl (Aves: Pavo cristatus)Nathan S Hart
Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
J Exp Biol 205:3925-35. 2002..6 cycles degrees(-1). These properties of the peafowl eye are discussed with respect to its visual ecology and are compared with those of other closely related species...
- Direct neurophysiological evidence for spatial suppression surrounding the focus of attention in visionJ M Hopf
Department of Neurology II, Otto von Guericke University, D 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1053-8. 2006..These results indicate that neural enhancement and suppression coexist in a spatially structured manner that is optimal to attenuate the most deleterious noise during visual object identification...
- Drosophila tan encodes a novel hydrolase required in pigmentation and visionJohn R True
Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, United States of America
PLoS Genet 1:e63. 2005..This is, to our knowledge, the first molecular genetic characterization of NBAD hydrolase and carcinine hydrolase activity in any organism and is central to the understanding of pigmentation and photoreceptor function...
- Vision complements echolocation in an aerial-hawking batJens Rydell
Zoology Department, Goteborg University, Box 463, 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
Naturwissenschaften 90:481-3. 2003..We therefore investigated the minimum size of prey that the bats could distinguish by using vision, by presenting the bats with different sized dead and spread moths...
- In utero gene therapy rescues vision in a murine model of congenital blindnessNadine S Dejneka
F M Kirby Center and Scheie Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pennsylvania, 51 N 39th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2689, USA
Mol Ther 9:182-8. 2004..from human studies of LCA indicates that earlier rather than later intervention may be more likely to restore vision. We determined the impact of in utero delivery of the human RPE65 cDNA to retinal pigment epithelium cells in a ..
- Feedback to V1: a reverse hierarchy in visionChi Hung Juan
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
Exp Brain Res 150:259-63. 2003..The effects in both tasks are consistent with early and repeated iterations of feed forward and feedback loops as hypothesised in recent neurophysiological experiments (see Foxe and Simpson 2002)...
- What constitutes an efficient reference frame for vision?Duje Tadin
Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
Nat Neurosci 5:1010-5. 2002b>Vision requires a reference frame...
- Visual prey capture in larval zebrafish is controlled by identified reticulospinal neurons downstream of the tectumEthan Gahtan
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
J Neurosci 25:9294-303. 2005..These results suggest that MeLc and MeLr function in series with the tectum, as part of a circuit that coordinates prey capture movements...
- Effects of suppression of blinking on quality of vision in borderline cases of evaporative dry eyeShizuka Koh
Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan
Cornea 27:275-8. 2008To study the effects of suppression of blinking on quality of vision in borderline cases of evaporative dry eye.
- Viewing geometry determines how vision and haptics combine in size perceptionSergei Gepshtein
University of California, Berkeley, Vision Science Program, School of Optometry, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
Curr Biol 13:483-8. 2003b>Vision and haptics have different limitations and advantages because they obtain information by different methods...
- The Medawar Lecture 2001 knowledge for vision: vision for knowledgeRichard L Gregory
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1231-51. 2005..or misapplied knowledge produces rich cognitive phenomena of illusions, revealing normally hidden processes of vision, tentatively classified here in a 'periodic table'...
- Early vision impairs tactile perception in the blindBrigitte Röder
Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 11, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
Curr Biol 14:121-4. 2004..It has been argued that because of the dominant role of vision in motor planning and execution, tactile stimuli are remapped into externally defined coordinates (predominantly ..
- Vision and cortical map developmentLeonard E White
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Neuron 56:327-38. 2007..Direction maps have a greater dependence on early vision, while orientation maps remain sensitive to experience for a longer period of cortical maturation...
- Insect vision: controlling actions through optic flowThomas S Collett
Sussex Center for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Curr Biol 12:R615-7. 2002..Many insects use translational flow to measure the distance of objects from themselves. A recent study has provided new insights into the way Drosophila use optic flow to pick out a close target to approach...
- Direction-dependent integration of vision and proprioception in reaching under the influence of the mirror illusionHendrikus J Snijders
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Neuropsychologia 45:496-505. 2007..This direction-dependent weighting account suggests a heavier weighting for vision in the azimuthal (left-right) direction and a heavier weighting for proprioception in the radial (near-far) ..
- Adaptations for nocturnal vision in insect apposition eyesBirgit Greiner
Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
Int Rev Cytol 250:1-46. 2006..eyes, on the other hand, the aperture consists of a single lens resulting in a poor photon catch and unreliable vision in dim light. Apposition eyes are therefore typically found in day-active insects...
- Vision in children with hydrocephalusSusann Andersson
Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, The Sahlgrenska Academy of Göteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
Dev Med Child Neurol 48:836-41. 2006..In this study, children with hydrocephalus associated with myelomeningocele were least commonly affected. Visual disorders were most frequent in those with epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and/or cognitive disability...
- Learning to integrate arbitrary signals from vision and touchMarc O Ernst
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
J Vis 7:7.1-14. 2007..Here, we ask whether such a mapping between two arbitrary sensory signals from vision and touch can be learned from their statistical co-occurrence such that they become integrated...
- Active vision and visual activation in area V4Charles E Connor
Department of Neuroscience and Krieger Mind Brain Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Neuron 40:1056-8. 2003During normal vision, the focus of gaze continually jumps from one important image feature to the next...
- Vision and mobility performance of subjects with age-related macular degenerationShirin E Hassan
Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Optom Vis Sci 79:697-707. 2002To investigate the effects of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) on mobility performance and to identify the vision determinants of mobility in subjects with ARMD.
- The role of vision in maintaining heading direction: effects of changing gaze and optic flow on human gaitM Schubert
Department of Neurology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Exp Brain Res 150:163-73. 2003..However, the systematic increase in lateral sway induced by high flow velocities indicates that motion parallax has an effect on heading during locomotion...
- Color vision: mice see hue tooBevil R Conway
Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Curr Biol 17:R457-60. 2007..Remarkably, some of these mice use the extra cone to make trichromatic color discriminations similar to those that are the basis of human color vision.
- Influence of vision on head stabilization strategies in older adults during walkingRonita L Cromwell
Department of Physical Therapy, Center for Rehabilitation Sciences, and Sealy Center on Aging, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555 1144, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 57:M442-8. 2002..Head stabilization contributes to dynamic balance, especially during the functional task of walking. Head stability and the role of vision in this process have not been studied during walking in older adults.
- Dynamic and predictive links between touch and visionRob Gray
Cambridge Basic Research, Nissan Technical Center North America Inc, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
Exp Brain Res 145:50-5. 2002We investigated crossmodal links between vision and touch for moving objects. In experiment 1, observers discriminated visual targets presented randomly at one of five locations on their forearm...
- Vision and eating behaviorYvonne Linné
Obesity Unit, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Obes Res 10:92-5. 2002Eating behavior is influenced by internal and external factors. Vision is one part of the complex pattern of factors influencing the amount of food consumed during a meal...
- Prevalence of non-vision-impairing conditions in a village in Chakwal district, Punjab, PakistanArif Hussain
Munawwar Memorial Hospital, Rawalpindi Road, Chakwal Pakistan
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11:413-26. 2004To determine the prevalence of non-vision-impairing ocular conditions (NVIC) and estimate the number of primary eye care treatments per 1000 population per month.
- Nonaccidental properties underlie shape recognition in Mammalian and nonmammalian visionBrett M Gibson
Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Conant Hall, 10 Library Way, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
Curr Biol 17:336-40. 2007..This result reveals that a nonmammalian visual system that is different anatomically from the human visual system is also biased to recognize objects from nonaccidental statistics...
- Nocturnal vision and landmark orientation in a tropical halictid beeEric J Warrant
Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Zoology Building, University of Lund, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
Curr Biol 14:1309-18. 2004..The insensitive optics of apposition eyes are not well suited for nocturnal vision. How well then do nocturnal bees and wasps see? What optical and neural adaptations have they evolved for ..
- Is there interaction between vision and local fatigue of the lower limbs on postural control and postural stability in human posture?Olivier Caron
Laboratoire Ergonomie Sport et Performance, Universite de Toulon et du Var, UFR STAPS, Av de l Universite, BP 132, 83957, La Garde Cedex, France
Neurosci Lett 363:18-21. 2004An investigation of the interaction between local fatigue and vision on postural control and postural stability was carried out...
- Is vision function related to physical functional ability in older adults?Catherine G West
Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 50:136-45. 2002To assess the relationship between a broad range of vision functions and measures of physical performance in older adults.
- Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiencyAndrew Stockman
Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London EC1V 9EL, UK
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26:225-39. 2006..because of the substantial and often rapid visual changes that accompany the transition from scotopic to photopic vision. These are caused not only by the switch from rod to cone photoreceptors, but also by switches between different ..
- Age-related differences in stepping performance during step cycle-related removal of visionG J Chapman
Human Movement Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
Exp Brain Res 174:613-21. 2006..of the present study was to investigate whether there are age-related changes in the ability of individuals to use vision to plan (feedforward control) and guide (on-line control) foot placement during locomotion...
- Toward a CIE supplementary system of photometry: brightness at any level including mesopic visionKen Sagawa
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8566, Japan
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26:240-5. 2006Photometry for brightness at any level including mesopic vision is described on the basis of the work conducted towards the development of a Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) supplementary system of photometry in CIE ..
- Vision and quality of life: the development of a utility measureRoseAnne Misajon
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Australia
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4007-15. 2005To identify the content for a vision and quality of life-related utility measure (Vision Quality of Life Index [VisQoL]) for the economic evaluation of eye care and rehabilitation programs.
- Vision abnormalities in young children exposed prenatally to organic solventsChristine Till
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5G 2A2
Neurotoxicology 26:599-613. 2005..025) and controls (p=0.02). Regarding color vision, 26...
- The relative contributions of colour and luminance signals towards the visuomotor localisation of targets in human peripheral visionHiroshi Ashida
Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Kyoto 6068501, Japan
Exp Brain Res 183:425-34. 2007..We discuss the neural pathways that may be involved with visuomotor localization...
- Encoding, learning, and spatial updating of multiple object locations specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, and visionRoberta L Klatzky
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Exp Brain Res 149:48-61. 2003..origin learned the distance and azimuth of target objects that were specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, or vision. We tested whether the ensuing target representations functioned equivalently across modalities for purposes of ..
- Ultraviolet vision and foraging in dip and plunge diving birdsOlle Hastad
Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Biol Lett 1:306-9. 2005..We used a molecular method to survey the colour vision tuning of five families of dip or plunge divers and compared the results with those from sister taxa of other ..
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the developed world and their effect on the eye and visionAndrew Whatham
School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 28:1-12. 2008..A knowledge of these effects is important as individuals with consequent poor ocular health and reduced visual function may present for ophthalmic care...
- Spatial grouping in human vision: temporal structure trumps temporal synchronySharon E Guttman
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Vision Res 47:219-30. 2007..Here, we show that observers prefer temporal structure for determining perceptual organization. That is, human vision groups elements that change according to the same global pattern, even if the changes themselves are not ..
- Associations of presbyopia with vision-targeted health-related quality of lifePeter J McDonnell
Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Irvine, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 121:1577-81. 2003To evaluate the associations of presbyopia and its correction, particularly monovision optical correction, with vision-targeted health-related quality of life.
- Bone marrow-derived stem cells preserve cone vision in retinitis pigmentosaLois E H Smith
Department of Ophthalmology, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Clin Invest 114:755-7. 2004..diseases resulting from loss of photoreceptors, primarily rods and secondarily cones, that mediate central vision. Loss of retinal vasculature is a presumed metabolic consequence of photoreceptor degeneration...
- Spatial vision in the echinoid genus EchinometraErin Blevins
Biology Department, Box 90338, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
J Exp Biol 207:4249-53. 2004..Two species of the echinoid genus Echinometra were tested for spatial vision by examining their ability to locate and move towards targets of different sizes...
- Relationship of cataract symptoms of preoperative patients and vision-related quality of lifeJae Eun Lee
Mississippi State Department of Health, 570 East Woodrow Wilson Avenue, P O Box 1700, Jackson, MS 39215 1700, USA
Qual Life Res 14:1845-53. 2005This study was conducted in an attempt to describe the status of cataract symptoms of preoperative cataract patients, as well as to determine the relationship between cataract symptom and vision-related quality of life measures.
- Vision in the nocturnal wandering spider Leucorchestris arenicola (Araneae: Sparassidae)Thomas Nørgaard
Department of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
J Exp Biol 211:816-23. 2008..By disabling all or pairs of the spiders' eight eyes we found that homing ability was severely reduced when vision was fully abolished. Vision, therefore, seems to play a key role in the nocturnal navigational performances of L...
- Neuroarchitecture of the color and polarization vision system of the stomatopod HaptosquillaSonja Kleinlogel
Vision, Touch, and Hearing Research Centre, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
J Comp Neurol 467:326-42. 2003..of stomatopod crustaceans contain a morphologically distinct eye region specialized for color and polarization vision, called the mid-band...
- Active vision and receptive field development in evolutionary robotsDario Floreano
Laboratory of Intelligent Systems, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne EPFL, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Evol Comput 13:527-44. 2005..We also show that the formation of visual receptive fields is significantly and consistently affected by active vision as compared to the formation of receptive fields with grid sample images in the environment of the robot...
- The role of memory in guiding attention during natural visionRan Carmi
Neuroscience Program, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
J Vis 6:898-914. 2006..that perceptual memory traces play an important role in guiding attention across several saccades during natural vision. We propose novel hypotheses and experiments using hybrid natural-artificial stimuli to further elucidate ..
- NEUROGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VISUAL SYSTEMRUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2004..Since in our retinal model new rod photoreceptors are integrated into fully functional retinal tissue, this may serve as a particularly useful model for understanding adult neurogenesis. ..
- SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF MATURATIONRUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2007..are active in the transition between dominant and non-dominant states? 4) What are the anatomical connections to the GnRH neurons? 5) Are the neuronal firing patterns different between dominant and non-dominant males? ..
- Biophysical limitations to signal transmission in the mammalian retinaWilliam Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009..evolutionary advantages both for predators and prey, and many mammals, including humans, have excellent night vision. Humans can perceive dim light flashes that produce single photon absorption in about 1 in 100 rods, which ..
- Synchronized Firing in the RetinaEDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2009..the primate retina, very little is known about synchrony in large groups of cells, and the impact of synchrony for vision is controversial...
- Female Hormones and VisionAlvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2006The long-term goal is to elucidate the roles that female hormones have on the eye and vision. The information gained is expected to provide quantitative means of assessing duration-dependent effects of medications that affect estrogen ..
- EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGEHenry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004..The National Eye Institute, in its "Vision Research: A National Plan", states that the development of "improved diagnostic techniques encompassing measures ..
- Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and GrowthWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
- ENSEMBLE CODING OF VISUAL INFORMATION IN THE RETINAEDUARDO CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2004..Aim 3. Does retinal signaling limit accuracy of behavioral and cortical motion sensing? This part will include psychophysical studies as well as correlation with recordings in MT obtained from other investigators. ..
- Locating and Reading Informational SignsAlan Yuille; Fiscal Year: 2004Our goal is to construct computer vision systems to enable the blind and severely visually impaired to detect and read informational text in city scenes...
- BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009..together with computational modeling, to study binocular rivalry, the breakdown in stable binocular single vision resulting from discordant monocular inputs...
- MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION IN HUMAN VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005DESCRIPTION (Adapted from applicant's abstract): How does vision specify the objects and events that guide our actions? How does vision interact with other brain systems in this specification? These broad questions motivate the ..
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITIONWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Role of Visual Cortex in Tactile Object ProcessingLotfi Merabet; Fiscal Year: 2005..in the blind will help uncover the adaptive mechanisms allowing perceptual object representation in the absence of vision. These results are likely to have implications for the rehabilitation and education of the blind and visually ..
- EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY IN BRAIN IMAGING OF VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005..have been described in the literature (Buchel & Friston, 1995) but have been rarely employed in studies of vision, despite their potential for significantly extending the range of conclusions drawn from brain imaging studies...
- Retinal Inputs to the Mammalian Circadian PacemakerKWOON WONG; Fiscal Year: 2006..These experiments may enable a better understanding of how the mammalian circadian pacemaker is regulated, which in turn may lead to better therapies and workplace policies combating/preventing jet lag problems. ..
- RECOGNITION OF OBJECTS UNDER VARIABLE ILLUMINATIONAlan Yuille; Fiscal Year: 2001..We have assembled a team of researchers with interdisciplinary skills in computer and biological vision. who will divide their efforts on the project based on their expertise...
- DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTHWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Influence of vision on dynamic balance during walkingRonita Cromwell; Fiscal Year: 2002..These data will provide information on the role of vision and gaze stabilization in maintaining dynamic balance while walking...
- VISUAL ADAPTATION LIMITS AND AGE-RELATED DISEASEAlvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDYHenry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Caloric Restriction and Aging in EyesPeter Gouras; Fiscal Year: 2010..Because many of these primates are near the end of their lifespan, there is an element of urgency in our goal to correlate noninvasive clinical testing prior with post mortem histology. ..
- CRCNS: Complete functional characterization of a population of retinal ganglion cEDUARDO J CHICHILNISKY; Fiscal Year: 2010..the brain, understanding how they collectively encode visual information is a fundamental aspect of understanding vision, in health and in disease...
- WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITYGERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007..from native and transgenic photopigments and their combinations, and (3) examine to what extent functional vision has been altered by the addition of a novel photopigment, including the possibility that a new dimension of color ..
- GLAUCOMA SURGICAL OUTCOMES STUDYHenry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2001..specific aim of determining the risk factors for endophthalmitis, suprachoroidal hemorrhage, hypotony and severe vision loss following filtration surgery, drainage device surgery, and cyclodestructive procedures...
- Cyclic GMP Phosphodiesterase in SignalingHsien Yu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies are highly relevant to signaling as well as to elucidation of basis for human diseases in which alterations in signaling pathways translate into aberrant biology. ..
- RESPIRATORY VIRUS ION CHANNELSLAWRENCE PINTO; Fiscal Year: 2007..5. In a separate set of experiments we will use a sensitive method to test the NB protein of influenza B virus for ion channel activity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Optical Imaging of S1 Cortex in the Awake PrimateANNA ROE; Fiscal Year: 2007..Further, this type of functional imaging in behaving monkeys will provide a much needed link between bodies of single-unit physiology, fMRI, and behavioral studies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neuromodulatory Effects of Ginkgolides and BilobalideKoji Nakanishi; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies can potentially provide new targets for terpene trilactones in the central nervous system that require the synthesis of new ginkgolide and bilobalide ligands. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Calibration Tools For PC-Based Vision EnhancementGislin Dagnelie; Fiscal Year: 2008..toolkit will be created to will allow personal computers to be used as accurately calibrated and controlled vision test instruments...
- PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISIONPatrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- KAN-DO: A Family-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood ObesityTruls Ostbye; Fiscal Year: 2010..Participants will be surveyed at baseline (3 months postpartum), 12 and 24 months post-baseline. Extended follow-up will enable evaluation of long-term benefits, and if effective, the KAN-DO intervention can be disseminated broadly. ..
- IMPROVEMENT OF VISUAL PROCESSING IN OLDER ADULTSKarlene K Ball; Fiscal Year: 2010..Results of this study can be used to inform the design of clinic-based and home-based interventions for delaying or reversing the physical and cognitive declines that accompany normal aging. ..
- Multimodally encoded spatial images in sighted and blindJACK M contact LOOMIS; Fiscal Year: 2010..We call this representation a "spatial image." Humans can perceive surrounding space through vision, hearing, and touch...
- OLYMPUS FLUOVIEW CONFOCAL LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPESteven Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2003..The enhanced multi-labeling capabilities and capacity to support living cell studies will allow investigators to explore novel research avenues that are unapproachable with our current instrumentation. ..
- Genetics of coordinately evolving patterns and behaviorJohn R True; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Attentional Modulation of Receptive Field StructureJohn Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2009..Taken together, the proposed research promises to provide a much deeper understanding of the cortical circuits that mediate attentional selection, than has been achieved to date. ..
- Towards the neuronal correlates of visual awarenessGabriel Kreiman; Fiscal Year: 2009..Furthering our understanding of the link between brains and minds in the context of vision will pave the way for addressing other aspects of consciousness and may have profound implications in changing how ..
- Conference on Retinal Neurobiology and Visual ProcessingMalcolm Slaughter; Fiscal Year: 2006..biennial conferences that have established a unique forum for researchers with varied backgrounds to discuss vision. The participants are drawn from many areas of neurobiology, computational neuroscience, ophthalmology and vision ..
- Drew Minority Research Infrastructure Support ProgramRichard Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006..Delivery systems of special importance include safety net environments such as public hospitals and community health centers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS: FRONTAL LOBEAdele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003..Hypotheses will be considered that suggest that memory for space, and/or time, or for relational information in general is dissociable from memory for other information and dependent upon frontal cortex function. ..
- International Congress of NeuroethologySARAH BOTTJER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, benefits to American scientists in general, and to young investigators in particular, will be the opportunity for exposure to cutting-edge research and techniques from around the World. ..
- RETINAL GANGLION CELL PROCESSING OF SPATIAL INFORMATIONJOHN TROY; Fiscal Year: 2003..This information is essential if we hope to restore vision, either through synthetic or biological means, to those blinded through retinal diseases...
- Implicit and Explicit Attention CaptureDaniel Simons; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., as in people with attention deficit disorder). ..
- Novel vision tests: data analysis from a RP Lutein trialGislin Dagnelie; Fiscal Year: 2004..pigmentosa (RP) affects over 100,000 individuals in the US, and causes nightblindness, gradual loss of peripheral vision, and eventually total vision loss...
- Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of CataractBarbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..
- OCULAR MELANOMAPaul Finger; Fiscal Year: 2003..Standardized clinical and data collection procedures will be employed, and standardized forms will be used in all centers. Central training and certification of all study staff will be required. ..
- Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention NetworkAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
- OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENTEileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
- PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLYDavid Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
- METABOLIC ORGANIZATION & REGULATION IN THE VISUAL CORTEXMargaret Wong Riley; Fiscal Year: 2002..Results from these studies are expected to provide insight into the molecular basis of metabolic responses of visual cortical neurons to changing functional demands. ..
- AMPHETAMINE-LIKE STIMULANTS: NOREPINEPHRINE & BEHAVIORCRAIG BERRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Information obtained in these studies may provide insight into mechanisms subserving, and treatment of, stimulant drug abuse. ..
- International Caries Detection and Assessement SystemAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
- Improved Acoustic Detection of Coronary BlockagesJohn Semmlow; Fiscal Year: 2005..Specifically, a successful outcome of Phase I will be the ability to detect blockages of 30% to 85% with a sensitivity greater than > 90 % and a specificity greater than 80% in a retrospective data analysis. ..
- Brain, Behavior and Biological RhythmsLAWRENCE MORIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..The overall goal of the project is to further elucidate the contribution of the visual system to the regulation of circadian rhythm response to light with particular emphasis on phase control. ..
- Clinical Vision Research Unit at UABCynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Abstract) Clinical vision research is a high priority at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)...
- Linkage Studies of Quantitative Ocular TraitsBarbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2006..about one diopter on either side of emmetropia, often requires the use of spectacles or lens correction for best vision, and may limit professional opportunities and influence quality of life; and retinal vessel diameters, which has ..
- Function of fixation instability during natural viewingMichele Rucci; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Portable EEG Recorder for Household SurveysDANIEL HEDIN; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed miniature portable EEG recorder with easily applied dry electrode technology can be applied in the home to collect data for longitudinal surveys of the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Inter-Areal Cooperativity During Perception of Visual ContoursAnna W Roe; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies will elucidate the neural circuitries underlying visual behavior and attention, understanding that will have clinical relevance for conditions such as cortical strokes, attention deficit disorder, and schizophrenia. ..
- Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010..Binocular imbalance during visual development has the potential to cause amblyopia and abnormalities in binocular vision. Over 90% of patients with congenital and early onset binocular imbalance require occlusion therapy, spectacle ..
- TRANSDUCTION AND RETINAL DEGENERATION IN DROSOPHILAPatrick Dolph; Fiscal Year: 2001..The fourth aim is to pursue the characterization of the other mutations recovered in the screens. ..
- Fast Optical Imaging of Cortical Signals in the Behaving PrimateANNA ROE; Fiscal Year: 2007..for studying spatial (functional organizational) and temporal aspects of cortical processing relating to vision, attention, memory, and cognitive function...
- Vision Research Infrastructure DevelopmentHenry Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2008..Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences at the University of Louisville has a large cadre of NEI funded vision scientists, it has not previously had funding for core module services...
- Photoreceptor cell degeneration in D. melanogasterPatrick Dolph; Fiscal Year: 2007..Gene products involved in coupling rhodopsin/arrestin complex formation with the cell death machinery will be identified and characterized. ..
- Wireless Digital Link Between Hearing AidsDANIEL HEDIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..These results will allow us to develop antenna structures suitable for hearing aids that are in close proximity to the body. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..