professional burnout

Summary

Summary: An excessive stress reaction to one's occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Job burnout
    C Maslach
    Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
  2. ncbi The relationship of organizational culture, stress, satisfaction, and burnout with physician-reported error and suboptimal patient care: results from the MEMO study
    Eric S Williams
    Department of Management and Marketing, Culverhouse College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:203-12. 2007
  3. ncbi The relationship between multidimensional leadership and burnout among nursing staff
    Outi Kanste
    Department of Nursing Science and Health Administration, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Nurs Manag 15:731-9. 2007
  4. ncbi Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program
    Tait D Shanafelt
    University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Northwest Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:358-67. 2002
  5. ncbi Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
  6. ncbi The job demands-resources model of burnout
    E Demerouti
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany
    J Appl Psychol 86:499-512. 2001
  7. ncbi The well-being of physicians
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Med 114:513-9. 2003
  8. pmc Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    BMC Med 2:29. 2004
  9. ncbi Job satisfaction, stress, and burnout among Canadian gynecologic oncologists
    L Elit
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Canada
    Gynecol Oncol 94:134-9. 2004
  10. pmc Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study
    Amy M Fahrenkopf
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 336:488-91. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications214 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Job burnout
    C Maslach
    Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
    ..The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being...
  2. ncbi The relationship of organizational culture, stress, satisfaction, and burnout with physician-reported error and suboptimal patient care: results from the MEMO study
    Eric S Williams
    Department of Management and Marketing, Culverhouse College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:203-12. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi The relationship between multidimensional leadership and burnout among nursing staff
    Outi Kanste
    Department of Nursing Science and Health Administration, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Nurs Manag 15:731-9. 2007
    ..The purpose was to explore the relationship between multidimensional leadership and burnout among nursing staff. There exists little research evidence of the relation between these phenomena...
  4. ncbi Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program
    Tait D Shanafelt
    University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Northwest Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:358-67. 2002
    ..Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and a sense of low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in residents or its relationship to patient care...
  5. ncbi Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
    ..Medical errors are associated with feelings of distress in physicians, but little is known about the magnitude and direction of these associations...
  6. ncbi The job demands-resources model of burnout
    E Demerouti
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany
    J Appl Psychol 86:499-512. 2001
    ..In addition, results confirmed the 2-factor structure (exhaustion and disengagement) of a new burnout instrument--the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory--and suggested that this structure is essentially invariant across occupational groups...
  7. ncbi The well-being of physicians
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Med 114:513-9. 2003
  8. pmc Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    BMC Med 2:29. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi Job satisfaction, stress, and burnout among Canadian gynecologic oncologists
    L Elit
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Canada
    Gynecol Oncol 94:134-9. 2004
    ..1). To provide a job description of Canadian gynecologic oncologists. (2). To assess job satisfaction and job stress, and measure the prevalence of burnout and psychological morbidity...
  10. pmc Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study
    Amy M Fahrenkopf
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 336:488-91. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence of depression and burnout among residents in paediatrics and to establish if a relation exists between these disorders and medication errors...
  11. ncbi Psychosocial and professional characteristics of burnout in Swiss primary care practitioners: a cross-sectional survey
    Catherine Goehring
    Swiss Med Wkly 135:101-8. 2005
    ..To measure the prevalence of burnout and explore its professional and psychosocial predictors among Swiss primary care practitioners...
  12. ncbi Stress, burnout, coping and stress management in psychiatrists: findings from a systematic review
    Anne Fothergill
    School of Care Sciences, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales, UK
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 50:54-65. 2004
    ..Research into stress among psychiatrists has attempted to identify stressors, which can lead to physical illness and psychological distress...
  13. ncbi Group cohesion and nurse satisfaction: examination of a team-building approach
    Karen DiMeglio
    The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nurs Adm 35:110-20. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a team-building intervention on group cohesion, nurse satisfaction, and turnover rates...
  14. ncbi Understanding physicians' intentions to withdraw from practice: the role of job satisfaction, job stress, mental and physical health
    E S Williams
    Department of Management and Marketing, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 26:7-19. 2001
    ..This study proposes and tests a model relating job stress to four intentions to withdraw from practice mediated by job satisfaction and perceptions of physical and mental health...
  15. ncbi Personal life events and medical student burnout: a multicenter study
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55906, USA
    Acad Med 81:374-84. 2006
    ..The authors sought to identify the prevalence of burnout, variation of its prevalence during medical school, and the impact of personal life events on burnout and other types of student distress...
  16. ncbi Burnout and internal medicine resident work-hour restrictions
    Ravi Gopal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Aurora, CO, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2595-600. 2005
    ..We evaluated rates of burnout in internal medicine residents before and after the implementation of the new work-hour restriction...
  17. pmc How to conduct research on burnout: advantages and disadvantages of a unidimensional approach in burnout research
    V Brenninkmeijer
    University of Groningen, Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 60:i16-20. 2003
    ..The criterion may be used to estimate the percentage in a sample of individuals in a state of burnout...
  18. ncbi The causal links between stress and burnout in a longitudinal study of UK doctors
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Lancet 359:2089-90. 2002
    ..High levels of personal accomplishment increased stress levels (beta=0 080), whereas depersonalisation lowered stress levels (beta=-0 105)...
  19. ncbi Burnout among American surgeons
    D A Campbell
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich 48109-0331, USA
    Surgery 130:696-702; discussion 702-5. 2001
    ..These data could be used to modify existing surgical training curricula or as an aid to surgical leadership when negotiating about the surgical work environment...
  20. ncbi Outcome of career expectancies and early professional burnout among newly qualified dentists
    R C Gorter
    Department of Social Dentistry and Behavioural Sciences, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Universiteit van Amsterdam Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands
    Int Dent J 57:279-85. 2007
    ..To measure burnout development, outcome of expectations with regard to dental career and feelings of being unprepared for practice among newly graduated general dental practitioners...
  21. ncbi Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: a review of the research literature
    Billie Coomber
    King s College London, London, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:297-314. 2007
    ..Job satisfaction has been highlighted as a contributing factor to intent to leave and turnover, yet this is a complex area with many elements affecting its measurement...
  22. ncbi High level of burnout in intensivists: prevalence and associated factors
    Nathalie Embriaco
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Sainte Marguerite Teaching Hospital, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille 13009, France
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:686-92. 2007
    b>Professional burnout is a psychological syndrome arising in response to chronic interpersonal stressors on the job. There is the perception that intensivists are particularly exposed to stress because lives are literally in their hands.
  23. pmc The benefits of interventions for work-related stress
    J J van der Klink
    Coronel Institute, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Public Health 91:270-6. 2001
    ..This quantitative meta-analysis sought to determine the effectiveness of occupational stress-reducing interventions and the populations for which such interventions are most beneficial...
  24. ncbi Career satisfaction, practice patterns and burnout among surgical oncologists: report on the quality of life of members of the Society of Surgical Oncology
    Henry M Kuerer
    Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Ann Surg Oncol 14:3043-53. 2007
    ..Studies show that 30-50% of medical oncologists experience burnout, but little is known about burnout among surgical oncologists. We hypothesized that wide variation in burnout and career satisfaction exist among surgical oncologists...
  25. ncbi Relationships of work and practice environment to professional burnout: testing a causal model
    Michael P Leiter
    Occupational Health and Wellness, Centre for Organizational Research and Development, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Nurs Res 55:137-46. 2006
    Research has established clear links between nurses' experience of professional burnout and many qualities of work environments but more work is needed to clarify interrelationships among aspects of complex organizational settings.
  26. ncbi Burnout and alcohol problems among urban transit operators in San Francisco
    Carol B Cunradi
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 900, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addict Behav 28:91-109. 2003
    ..The temporal relationship between the development of burnout and the onset of alcohol problems among occupational cohorts warrants further investigation...
  27. ncbi Stress in doctors and dentists who teach
    Harry Rutter
    Specialist Registrar in Public Health Medicine, Oxfordshire Health Authority, UK
    Med Educ 36:543-9. 2002
    ..To explore the relationship between a teaching role and stress in doctors and dentists who teach...
  28. ncbi Predictors of nurses' intent to stay at work in a university health center
    Jacynthe Sourdif
    McGill University Health Center, 687 Pine Avenue West, Room V2 20A, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A1
    Nurs Health Sci 6:59-68. 2004
    ..Healthcare organizations could consider this with the objective of increasing nurses' intent to stay at work and, consequently, retention...
  29. ncbi Nurse intention to remain employed: understanding and strengthening determinants
    Ann E Tourangeau
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Adv Nurs 55:497-509. 2006
    ..This paper reports a study testing a hypothesized model of the determinants of nurse intention to remain employed in current hospitals of employment...
  30. ncbi Predicting registered nurse job satisfaction and intent to leave
    June H Larrabee
    School of Nursing, West Virginia University, Morgantown, 26506 9610, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:271-83. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: Cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Nurs Outlook 50:187-94. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  32. ncbi Workplace factors leading to planned reduction of clinical work among emergency physicians
    Heather D Crook
    Emergency Department, Ballarat Health Services, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 16:28-34. 2004
    ..There is anecdotal evidence that ACEM Fellows are reducing or planning to reduce their clinical workload. We investigated the extent of, and reasons for, these reductions...
  33. ncbi Hope, self-efficacy, spiritual well-being and job satisfaction
    Wendy Duggleby
    College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
    J Adv Nurs 65:2376-85. 2009
    ..Hope, self-efficacy, spiritual well-being and job satisfaction...
  34. ncbi Emergency department overcrowding: the impact of resource scarcity on physician job satisfaction
    Kent V Rondeau
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Canada
    J Healthc Manag 50:327-40; discussion 341-2. 2005
    ..Resource factors that have the greatest impact on job satisfaction include availability of emergency room physicians, access to hospital technology and emergency beds, and stability of financial (investment) resources...
  35. ncbi Physician-patient communication among Southern European cancer physicians: the influence of psychosocial orientation and burnout
    Luzia Travado
    Clinical Psychology Unit, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa zona central, Lisbon, Portugal
    Psychooncology 14:661-70. 2005
    ..The results suggest that there is a need for training cancer physicians in communication and for increasing a more definite psychosocially oriented approach in cancer care in Mediterranean countries...
  36. pmc Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: a three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study
    Marie E Dahlin
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry St Goran, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Med Educ 7:6. 2007
    ..The objective of this prospective study of medical students was to examine clinically significant psychiatric morbidity and burnout at 3rd year of medical school, considering personality and study conditions measured at 1st year...
  37. ncbi Changes in mental health of UK hospital consultants since the mid-1990s
    Cath Taylor
    Cancer Research UK London Psychosocial Group, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, St Thomas Campus, London SE1 7EH, UK
    Lancet 366:742-4. 2005
    ..Action is needed to improve the working lives of consultants...
  38. ncbi Mental health, "burnout" and job satisfaction in a longitudinal study of mental health staff
    D Prosser
    Garlands Hospital, North Lakeland Health Care NHS Trust, Carlisle, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 34:295-300. 1999
    ..This study examines whether the adoption of a more community based model in an inner city psychiatry service is accompanied by increasing "burnout", deteriorating mental health and decreasing job satisfaction amongst staff...
  39. ncbi Burnout among nursing staff in accident and emergency and acute medicine: a comparative study
    Mark Gillespie
    University of Ulster, Londonderry, UK
    J Clin Nurs 12:842-51. 2003
    ..The science of nursing does not have to be painful, but by recognition of the existence of stress and burnout we can take the first steps towards their prevention...
  40. ncbi Oncostress: evaluation of burnout in Lombardy
    S Barni
    Division of Radiation Oncology, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy
    Tumori 82:85-92. 1996
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Working in an oncologic environment is, in different ways the cause of "oncostress" and distinctly induces burnout. However, it appears to be less significant in Italy than indicated in the literature...
  41. ncbi Mental health problems among young doctors: an updated review of prospective studies
    Reidar Tyssen
    Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 10:154-65. 2002
    ..The studies revealed somewhat discrepant findings with respect to gender. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  42. ncbi Professional burnout and work engagement among dentists
    Hans te Brake
    Department of Social Dentistry and Behavioral Sciences, Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Universiteit van Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Oral Sci 115:180-5. 2007
    ..Overall burnout levels among dentists are low, and the levels of engagement indicate that dentists have a positive working attitude...
  43. ncbi Professional burnout among Dutch dentists
    R C Gorter
    Department of Social Dentistry and Dental Health Education, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 27:109-16. 1999
    b>Professional burnout, a long-term consequence of occupational stress, is considered to be a factor that explains a substantial proportion of incapacity for work...
  44. ncbi Stressors, burnout and social support: nurses in acute mental health settings
    Richard Jenkins
    FOCUS, College Research Unit, Royal College of Psychiatrists, London, UK
    J Adv Nurs 48:622-31. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi Factors influencing satisfaction and anticipated turnover for nurses in an academic medical center
    K Shader
    School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Nurs Adm 31:210-6. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between work satisfaction, stress, age, cohesion, work schedule, and anticipated turnover in an academic medical center...
  46. pmc Burnout and psychiatric disorder among cancer clinicians
    A J Ramirez
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Clinical Oncology Unit, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Cancer 71:1263-9. 1995
    ..If 'burnout' and psychiatric disorder among cancer clinicians are to be reduced, increased resources will be required to lessen overload and to improve training in communication and management skills...
  47. ncbi Death, dying and emotional labour: problematic dimensions of the bone marrow transplant nursing role?
    D Kelly
    Directorate of Nursing and Governance, UCL Hospitals, London
    J Adv Nurs 32:952-60. 2000
    ..As a first step, the authors argue that the role of nursing needs to be reconceptualized within BMT to allow key humane concerns such as suffering and the emotional labour of care to be explored and better understood...
  48. ncbi A systematic review of stress and stress management interventions for mental health nurses
    D Edwards
    School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    J Adv Nurs 42:169-200. 2003
    ..These problems need to be addressed, particularly in the mental health field, if current service provision is to be maintained...
  49. ncbi [Chi-squared automatic interaction detection analysis and its application in evaluating factors attributing to Chinese university teachers' professional burnout]
    Chao Zhang
    Department of Medical Statistics, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
    Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao 23:1352-4. 2003
    To introduce Chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID) method and its application in assessment of the factors that contribute to the Chinese university teachers' professional burnout.
  50. ncbi Retaining nurses in their employing hospitals and in the profession: effects of job preference, unpaid overtime, importance of earnings and stress
    Isik Urla Zeytinoglu
    Human Resources and Management Area, MDG School of Business, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Health Policy 79:57-72. 2006
    ..More importantly, stress levels should be lowered to retain nurses...
  51. ncbi The effects of work-hour limitations on resident well-being, patient care, and education in an internal medicine residency program
    Lara Goitein
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Box 359762, University of Washington Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2601-6. 2005
    ..The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education work-hour limitations (WHLs) were implemented in July 2003. Effects on resident well-being, patient care, and education are not well understood. We investigated these effects of WHLs...
  52. ncbi Self-efficacy moderates the relationship between stress appraisal and quality of life among rescue workers
    Gabriele Prati
    Department of Education, University of Bologna, Italy
    Anxiety Stress Coping 23:463-70. 2010
    ..Results suggest the usefulness of interventions aimed at increasing rescue workers' psychosocial skills...
  53. ncbi Clinical supervision and burnout: the influence of clinical supervision for community mental health nurses
    Deborah Edwards
    School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    J Clin Nurs 15:1007-15. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to establish the degree to which clinical supervision might influence levels of reported burnout in community mental health nurses in Wales, UK...
  54. ncbi Tolerance for uncertainty, burnout, and satisfaction with the career of emergency medicine
    Gloria Kuhn
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 54:106-113.e6. 2009
    ..Primary objectives of this study are to assess the role of uncertainty tolerance in predicting career burnout and to estimate the proportion of emergency physicians who exhibit high levels of career burnout...
  55. ncbi Comparison of burnout among medical residents before and after the implementation of work hours limits
    Shahm Martini
    Central Washington Comprehensive Mental Health, Yakima, WA, USA
    Acad Psychiatry 30:352-5. 2006
    ..The authors assess whether implementation of work hour limits is associated with a lower prevalence of medical resident burnout...
  56. ncbi A stepwise multivariate analysis of factors that contribute to stress for mental health nurses working in the community
    D Edwards
    School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    J Adv Nurs 36:805-13. 2001
    ....
  57. ncbi Morale and job perception of community mental health professionals in Berlin and London
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Newham Centre for Mental Health, London E13 8SP, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:223-32. 2005
    ....
  58. doi Career satisfaction in emergency medicine and burnout: all is not well
    Mark Gendreau
    Ann Emerg Med 52:577. 2008
  59. ncbi Stress, work overload, burnout, and satisfaction among paramedics in Israel
    Nurit Nirel
    Myers JDC Brookdale Institute, POB 3886, 91037 Jerusalem, Israel
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:537-46. 2008
    ..The number of paramedics in Israel is increasing. Despite this growth and important role, the emergency medical organizations lack information about the characteristics of their work...
  60. pmc Satisfaction, commitment, and psychological well-being among HMO physicians
    D K Freeborn
    Center for Health Research Kaiser Permanente, Northwest Region 3800 N Interstate Ave Portland, OR 97227 1110, USA
    West J Med 174:13-8. 2001
    ..To identify the factors that predict professional satisfaction, organizational commitment, and burnout among physicians working for health maintenance organizations (HMOs)...
  61. ncbi Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55906, USA
    Acad Med 81:354-73. 2006
    ..To systematically review articles reporting on depression, anxiety, and burnout among U.S. and Canadian medical students...
  62. ncbi The Impact of Patient Aggression on Carers Scale: instrument derivation and psychometric testing
    Ian Needham
    University of Applied Science, Fribourg, Switzerland
    Scand J Caring Sci 19:296-300. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Counselor emotional exhaustion and turnover intention in therapeutic communities
    Hannah K Knudsen
    Center for Research on Behavioral Health and Human Services Delivery, The University of Georgia, 101 Barrow Hall, Athens, 30602 2401, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 31:173-80. 2006
    ..Because these practices are not structural features of organizations, they may be targeted for intervention and change...
  64. ncbi Shaping your career to maximize personal satisfaction in the practice of oncology
    Tait Shanafelt
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Clin Oncol 24:4020-6. 2006
    ....
  65. ncbi Fit as a mediator of the relationship between work hours and burnout
    R C Barnett
    Women s Studies Program, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454 9110, USA
    J Occup Health Psychol 4:307-17. 1999
    ..Thus, the relationship between number of hours worked and burnout depends on the extent to which work schedules meet the needs of the worker, her or his partner, and their children, if any...
  66. ncbi Correlation between burnout syndrome and psychological and psychosomatic symptoms among teachers
    Joachim Bauer
    Abteilung für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Uniklinikum Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 8, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 79:199-204. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between occupational burden and psychological strain of teachers who are still in work...
  67. ncbi [What is burnout?]
    E Falkum
    Legeforeningens forskningsinstitutt, Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 120:1122-8. 2000
    ..We wanted to study the descriptive validity of the concept, which may be measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
  68. ncbi Burnout, role conflict, job satisfaction and psychosocial health among Hungarian health care staff: a questionnaire survey
    Bettina F Piko
    The University of Szeged, Department of Psychiatry, Behavioural Sciences Group, Szeged, Hungary
    Int J Nurs Stud 43:311-8. 2006
    ..Burnout and the other negative aspects of the job of health care staff have major behavioural and health implications...
  69. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity and burnout in the medical profession: an Italian study of general practitioners and hospital physicians
    L Grassi
    Department of Medical Sciences of Communication and Behaviour, Section of Psychiatry, Consultation Liaison Psychiatry and Psychoncology Service, University of Ferrara, Italy
    Psychother Psychosom 69:329-34. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and the relationship between psychiatric morbidity and burnout among a convenience sample of Italian primary care physicians (GPs) and hospital physicians (HPs)...
  70. ncbi Serious untoward incidents and their aftermath in acute inpatient psychiatry: the Tompkins Acute Ward study
    Len Bowers
    St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, City University, London, UK
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 15:226-34. 2006
    ..Substantial planning, organization, and investment are required to properly prepare for such events and manage their outcome. Without this planning and action, acute inpatient work has the capacity to be damaging to staff...
  71. ncbi Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among Colorado child protection workers
    David Conrad
    JFK Partners, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Box C221, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 30:1071-80. 2006
    ..In B. H. Stamm (Ed.), Measurement of stress, trauma, and adaptation (pp. 127-130). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press]. An additional goal was to test the relationship of these three constructs to each other...
  72. ncbi Sources of stress and burnout in acute psychiatric care: inpatient vs. community staff
    Knut W Sørgaard
    Nordland Hospital Trust, 8092, Bodø, Norway
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:794-802. 2007
    ..This study compares levels of burnout and sources of stress among community and acute ward staff in six European centres...
  73. ncbi Sacrificing the personal to the professional: community mental health nurses
    Pamela Majomi
    Faculty of Health and Community Studies, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
    J Adv Nurs 42:527-38. 2003
    ..Moreover, role theory has not provided an adequate account of either personal or occupational change, especially when this results from the experience of stress...
  74. ncbi Examining stress and responses to stress in medical students and new medical graduates
    Michele G Daly
    Academic General Practice, Hornsby Hospital, Hornsby, NSW 2077, Australia
    Med J Aust 177:S14-5. 2002
  75. ncbi [Prevalence of burnout syndrome in nurses in 2 Mexican hospitals]
    Yusvisaret Palmer-Morales
    Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Gineco Pediatría con Medicina Familiar n o31, Mexicali, BC Mexico
    Enferm Clin 17:256-60. 2007
    ..To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome in nursing staff in 2 different second level hospitals in the city of Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico...
  76. ncbi Stress and coping among orthopaedic surgery residents and faculty
    M Catherine Sargent
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, 1430 Tulane Avenue, SL32, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:1579-86. 2004
    ..The purposes of this study were to determine the quality of life of orthopaedic residents and faculty and to identify the risk factors for decompensation...
  77. ncbi Occupational stress and alcohol use: a study of two nationwide samples of operational police and ambulance, personnel in Norway
    Tom Sterud
    Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, P O Box 1111, Blindern, NO 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:896-904. 2007
    ..We assessed the association of alcohol use with burnout and job stressors, with drinking to cope and neuroticism as two possible moderating factors in two occupations, the police and ambulance services...
  78. ncbi Work context, personal control, and burnout amongst nurses
    Jacqueline Allen
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia
    West J Nurs Res 24:905-17. 2002
    ....
  79. ncbi Critical care nurses' perceptions of futile care and its effect on burnout
    Lilia Susana Meltzer
    Department of Nursing, California State University, Long Beach, Calif, USA
    Am J Crit Care 13:202-8. 2004
    ..Nurses' perceptions of futile care may lead to emotional exhaustion...
  80. ncbi Burnout and job satisfaction: a comparative study of psychiatric nurses from forensic and a mainstream mental health service
    Brenda Happell
    Centre for Psychiatric Nursing Research and Practice, School of Postgraduate Nursing, University of Melbourne, 1 723 Swanston Street, Carlton, VIC 3010, Australia
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 12:39-47. 2003
    ..These findings are surprising in light of the image of forensic psychiatric nursing as dangerous and unpredictable...
  81. ncbi Stress and burnout in forensic mental health nursing: a literature review
    Tommy Dickinson
    Department of Nursing, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
    Br J Nurs 17:82-7. 2008
    ..Furthermore, staff should be provided with, and encouraged to undertake, continuing professional development which may include psychosocial interventions training...
  82. ncbi A first survey. Measuring burnout in emergency medicine physician assistants
    Robert B Bell
    Midwestern University, Wilson Medical Center, Wilson, NC, USA
    JAAPA 15:40-2, 45-8, 51-2 passim. 2002
    ..Several associations were found between EMPA burnout and individual characteristics, including insomnia and low satisfaction with physician supervision. Similarities were noted with regard to burnout among EMPAs and emergency physicians...
  83. ncbi Job stress and job satisfaction of cancer care workers
    Eva Grunfeld
    Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario Canada K1H 1C4
    Psychooncology 14:61-9. 2005
    ..There is an increasing demand for oncology care as a result of a number of trends. In combination with ongoing changes to the health-care system, these trends have an impact on the workplace environment of systemic therapy personnel...
  84. ncbi Job stress, job performance, and social support among hospital nurses
    Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub
    College of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    J Nurs Scholarsh 36:73-8. 2004
    ..To investigate (a) the effect of job-related stress on job performance among hospital nurses, and (b) the effect of social support from coworkers on the stress-performance relationship...
  85. ncbi Physicians' view of their work environment and organisation
    B B Arnetz
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden
    Psychother Psychosom 66:155-62. 1997
    ..The objective of this study was to assess physicians' perception of their work, organisation and professional development...
  86. ncbi Workplace stress among psychiatric nurses. Prevalence, distribution, correlates, & predictors
    J Renee Robinson
    School of Health Studies, Brandon University, 270 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada R7A 6A9
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 41:32-41. 2003
    ..Stress experienced by RPNs, as well as strengths on which to build, clearly are evident in the study results. Strategies for reduction in workplace stress may benefit psychiatric nurses, clients, and health services...
  87. ncbi Effect of duty hour standards on burnout among orthopaedic surgery residents
    Robert L Barrack
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 449:134-7. 2006
    ..Resident duty hour limitation was associated with improvement in objective measures of burnout...
  88. ncbi "Burnout" and substance user treatment: the phenomenon and the administrator-clinician's experience
    R B Lacoursiere
    Washburn University School of Law, Topeka, Kansas, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:1839-74. 2001
    ..A case study of the author's substance user treatment and administrative work from the perspective of "burnout" considerations is included...
  89. ncbi Professional burnout and stress among Polish physicians explained by the Hobfoll resources theory
    A Głebocka
    Institute of Psychology, Opole University, Opole, Poland
    J Physiol Pharmacol 58:243-52. 2007
    b>Professional burnout is a complex set of different components. Emotional exhaustion, related to depersonalization and a sense of lowered personal achievements, is the most important phenomenon, which likely starts the whole process...
  90. ncbi Nurses' job satisfaction, stress, and recognition in a pediatric setting setting
    Mary E Ernst
    Mary E Ernst, MSN, ARNP, is Director, CICU, Miami Children s Hospital, Miami, FL, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 30:219-27. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify a set of factors that describes nursing satisfaction in the pediatric setting...
  91. ncbi Work-family conflict, job satisfaction and spousal support: an exploratory study of nurses' experience
    C J Patel
    School of Psychology, UKZN
    Curationis 31:38-44. 2008
    ..All hypotheses were confirmed. The role of spousal support in the relationship between job satisfaction and work -family conflict was highlighted...
  92. ncbi Job engagement's paradoxical role in nurse burnout
    Hege F Vinje
    Faculty of Health Science, Vestfold University College, Tonsberg, Norway
    Nurs Health Sci 9:107-11. 2007
    ..Paradoxically, job engagement can not only promote thriving on the job, but also contribute to negative processes leading to poor functioning...
  93. ncbi The psychosocial work environment and burnout among Swedish registered and assistant nurses: the main, mediating, and moderating role of empowerment
    Jacek Hochwälder
    Stockholm Centre of Public Health, SE 118 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Nurs Health Sci 9:205-11. 2007
    ....
  94. pmc Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:223-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the net effects of nurse practice environments on nurse and patient outcomes after accounting for nurse staffing and education...
  95. ncbi The lived experiences of newly qualified nurses on clinical placement during the first six months following registration in the Republic of Ireland
    Maria O'Shea
    Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    J Clin Nurs 16:1534-42. 2007
    ..To explore the lived experiences of newly qualified nurses on clinical placement, during the first six months following registration, in the Republic of Ireland...
  96. ncbi Reported stressors and ways of coping utilized by intensive care unit nurses
    Margaret A Hays
    Medical Intensive Care Unit at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Dimens Crit Care Nurs 25:185-93. 2006
    ..The quest is to foster effective coping mechanisms and reduce stress to increase staff retention, increasing job value, while increasing quality of patient care and safety...
  97. ncbi Workplace and personal factors associated with physical and mental health in hospital nurses in China
    Vickie A Lambert
    HOPE School of Nursing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    Nurs Health Sci 9:120-6. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi Registered nurses' experiences of daily work, a balance between strain and stimulation: a qualitative study
    Karin Hallin
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Ostersund, SE 831 25, Sweden
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:1221-30. 2007
    ..It is therefore vital for future development of nursing knowledge and nursing education to recurrently investigate RNs' experiences of their ability to grasp and manage their daily work situation and to promote a high quality of care...
  99. ncbi Job satisfaction among neonatal nurses
    Cynthia Archibald
    Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 32:176-9, 162. 2006
    ..Each participant was allowed to review the typed interview as one means of credibility...
  100. ncbi Burdensome situations in everyday nursing: an explorative qualitative action research on a medical ward
    Maya Shaha
    Centre for Research and Services, University of Applied Sciences Health, Freiburg, Switzerland
    Nurs Adm Q 31:134-45. 2007
    ..Findings indicate that team actions played an important role when addressing stressful nursing situations. To improve stressful nursing situations, team action needs to be considered...
  101. ncbi Working conditions that contribute to absenteeism among nurses in a provincial hospital in the Limpopo Province
    M Nyathi
    University of South Africa
    Curationis 31:28-37. 2008
    ..Recommendations are made for improving working conditions to combat absenteeism among nurses. The limitations of this study are highlighted...

Research Grants34

  1. Neighborhoods, Drug Use & Violence
    Carol Cunradi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings of this study will help to inform environmentally-based IPV prevention strategies. ..
  2. Women Thriving Abuse Survivors
    Joanne Hall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results will inform practice and policy changes, and to add to the growing body of theory about thriving after childhood abuse. ..
  3. End of Life Communication Skills for Oncology Fellows
    Anthony Back; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This program will create a formal curriculum for communication skills that could be replicated in many institutions to improve the quality of oncologists-patient communication--and ultimately the quality of cancer care--nationwide. ..
  4. Testing a Model of Quality Care in Home Health
    Mary Lynn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Sharp Instrument Injuries and Use of Clinical Services
    Gerardo Maupome; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide important information to establish the current impact of SII/BBFE incidents in HCWs, in terms of their utilization of clinical services and associated costs. ..
  6. An Intervention to Improve End-of-life Sympton Distress
    Ellen Redinbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Bloodborne Pathogen Risk in Home Healthcare Workers
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing home health care workers and allow us to focus our risk management energies and resources appropriately. ..
  8. Job Retention Among Home Healthcare Nurses
    CAROL ELLENBECKER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Knowledge of variables that contribute to job retention in home care will provide the information necessary to maintain nursing staff and assure access to quality home healthcare services. ..
  9. A Vision of Hope: Integration of Palliative Care in Chronic Pediatric Diseases
    Cynda H Rushton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  10. Therapeutic Schools: Affect Management & HIV Prevention
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results are capable of impacting the large number of teens in therapeutic settings treatment as well as informing other interventions with high-risk youth. ..
  11. ADULT AIDS CLINICAL TRIALS GROUP
    Michael Saag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Interventions and Quality of Life in Cancer and AIDS
    DEBORAH SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Pearson correlations or one-way ANOVAs will be used to examine the relationship of contextual/demographic factors to quality of life and interventions provided. ..
  13. Moral Distress and Suffering of Genetics Professionals
    Gail Geller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..There is even some evidence that moral distress can lead to professional burnout. Yet this distress has rarely been acknowledged or described in the literature, nor have most genetic ..
  14. BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWS
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
  15. Innovative HCW Training: Infectious Disease Risk
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of this study may have important implications for effective health and safety training for nurses. ..
  16. Infection Risk of Urinary Collection Strategies
    Sanjay Saint; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Since approximately 40% of elderly Americans will enter a nursing home at some point, identification of those at risk of infection could have considerable health, quality of life, and economic consequences. ..
  17. DEMOLITION AND ASTHMA IN CHICAGO PUBLIC HOUSING
    Samuel Dorevitch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  18. RECENT ADVANCES IN AIDS AND HIV RESEARCH
    Michael Saag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CME credit for attending physicians will be provided. ..
  19. An Affect Management Intervention for Juvenile Offenders
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  20. BLOODBORNE EXPOSURE MANAGEMENT
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This study will identify barriers to appropriate implementation of the Guidelines and allow us to focus our energies and resources on specific improvements in order to minimize the risk of infection to exposed employees. ..
  21. Family Involvement /Resident Psychosocial Status in LTC
    JOSEPH GAUGLER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. HIV Prevention for Youth with Severe Mental Illness
    Larry K Brown; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. Outcomes of ICU Working Conditions
    Patricia Stone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, obtaining NNIS and Medicare data creates an opportunity to explore the sensitivity and specificity of identifying NI through claims data. ..
  24. PUBLICIZING GENETIC DISCOVERIES--THE IMPACT OF THE MEDIA
    Gail Geller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  25. HIV, ABUSE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS AMONG YOUTH
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Condom use attitudes will be measured, including intentions, decisional balance, peer and family norms, and self-efficacy. These variables will be examined at pretest, at posttest, and at three-and six-month follow-up. ..
  26. Images of self and others in AIDS-orphaned youth
    Warren Reich; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results will lay the groundwork for theoretically informed prevention interventions. ..
  27. TREATMENT PREFERENCES OF OLDER PATIENTS WITH DIABETES
    Marshall Chin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. 5th International Congress on Women Work and Health
    Linda Delp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Caregiver Outcomes Post NH Placement of a Family Member
    JOSEPH GAUGLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Comprehensive Support for Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers
    JOSEPH GAUGLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed evaluation will provide detailed information on the potential of the ECS to serve as a model intervention for various family caregivers of Alzheimer?s patients in diverse geographic contexts. [unreadable]..
  31. Symptom Management in Blood and Marrow Transplantation
    Marlene Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Future research will focus on developing and testing appropriate interventions. ..
  32. IMPROVING DIABETES CARE COLLABORATIVELY IN THE COMMUNITY
    Marshall Chin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..While the interventions are designed to succeed in the particularly challenging CHC setting, the findings should be generalizable to health systems with more resources and to other chronic diseases. ..