Genomes and Genes
Summary: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.
Publications197 found, 100 shown here
- Raloxifene exposure enhances brain activation during memory performance in healthy elderly males; its possible relevance to behaviorR Goekoop
Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 25:63-75. 2005..Further neuropsychological assessment is necessary to test the validity of these predictions...
- The neural effect of stimulus-response modality compatibility on dual-task performance: an fMRI studyChristine Stelzel
Department of Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 18, 12489, Berlin, Germany
Psychol Res 70:514-25. 2006..2002), the IFS is involved in the coordination of cognitive processes associated with the concurrent mapping of sensory information onto corresponding motor responses in dual-task situations...
- Parametric modulation of cortical activation during smooth pursuit with and without target blanking. an fMRI studyMatthias Nagel
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany
Neuroimage 29:1319-25. 2006..Furthermore, we suggest that parietal areas are related to the suppression of saccades during smooth pursuit...
- Dissociation between melodic and rhythmic processing during piano performance from musical scoresSara L Bengtsson
Neuropediatric Research Unit, Dept of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Neuroimage 30:272-84. 2006..We propose that this dissociate organization may be important for fast learning and flexibility in motor control...
- Response-specific sources of dual-task interference in human pre-motor cortexR Marois
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 530 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Ave, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
Psychol Res 70:436-47. 2006..These results suggest that the pre-motor cortex is an important neural locus of response selection limitation under dual-task situations...
- A voxel-based morphometric study of ageing in 465 normal adult human brainsC D Good
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom
Neuroimage 14:21-36. 2001..There was no interaction of age with sex for regionally specific effects. These results corroborate previous reports and indicate that VBM is a useful technique for studying structural brain correlates of ageing through life in humans...
- Cognitive performance in schizophrenia: relationship to regional brain volumes and psychiatric symptomsMichael Sanfilipo
Mental Health Service, New York Veterans Affairs Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
Psychiatry Res 116:1-23. 2002....
- Long-term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with chronic tinnitusTobias Kleinjung
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, Germany
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 132:566-9. 2005..Recent studies demonstrated focal brain activation in the auditory cortex of patients with chronic tinnitus. Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is able to reduce cortical hyperexcitability...
- Enhancement of non-dominant hand motor function by anodal transcranial direct current stimulationPaulo S Boggio
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Neurosci Lett 404:232-6. 2006..We speculate that the under-use of the non-dominant hand with its associated consequences in cortical plasticity might be one of the reasons to explain motor performance enhancement in the non-dominant hand only...
- Modulating activity in the motor cortex affects performance for the two hands differently depending upon which hemisphere is stimulatedBradley W Vines
Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Eur J Neurosci 28:1667-73. 2008..These results provide evidence for a hemispheric asymmetry in the ipsilateral effects of modulating excitability in the motor cortex and may be important for clinical research on motor recovery...
- Functional neuroanatomy of auditory working memory in schizophrenia: relation to positive and negative symptomsV Menon
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5719, USA
Neuroimage 13:433-46. 2001..Our findings suggest an association between thinking disturbance symptoms, particularly unusual thought content, and disrupted WM processing in schizophrenia...
- Spatial normalization of brain images with focal lesions using cost function maskingM Brett
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
Neuroimage 14:486-500. 2001....
- Hemispheric asymmetry reduction in older adults: the HAROLD modelRoberto Cabeza
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Psychol Aging 17:85-100. 2002..They may have a cognitive or neural origin, and they may reflect regional or network mechanisms. The HAROLD model is a cognitive neuroscience model that integrates ideas and findings from psychology and neuroscience of aging...
- Activation of the human primary motor cortex during observation of tool useJuha Järveläinen
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology FIN 02015 HUT Espoo, Finland
Neuroimage 23:187-92. 2004..These results support the view that the motor-cortex activation is related to the observer's ability to understand and imitate motor acts...
- Dominance of the right hemisphere and role of area 2 in human kinesthesiaEiichi Naito
Division of Human Brain Research, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
J Neurophysiol 93:1020-34. 2005..Furthermore, our results provide evidence for a right hemisphere dominance for perception of limb movement...
- Basal ganglia volume and shape in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorderAnqi Qiu
Division of Bioengineering, National University of Singapore, 7 Engineering Dr 1, Block E3A 04 15, Singapore
Am J Psychiatry 166:74-82. 2009..To specify localization of these abnormalities, large deformation diffeomorphic metric mapping (LDDMM) was used to examine the effects of ADHD, sex, and their interaction on basal ganglia shapes...
- Degree of handedness and cerebral dominanceKeren L Isaacs
Department of Cognitive Rehabilitation, JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ 08818, USA
Neurology 66:1855-8. 2006..To examine the relationship between the degree of handedness and hemispheric language dominance in patients with epilepsy...
- The latest on functional imaging studies of aphasic strokeCathy J Price
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
Curr Opin Neurol 18:429-34. 2005..In this review of studies published between January 2004 and February 2005, we discuss imaging studies of speech production and comprehension in patients with aphasia after left hemisphere stroke...
- Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processingM Vigneau
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
- Functional retinotopy of monkey visual cortexG Blasdel
Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Neurosci 21:8286-301. 2001..Overall, these results suggest a general tendency for slab-based organizations to distort retinotopy by representing the same part of space more than once in adjacent slabs...
- People thinking about thinking people. The role of the temporo-parietal junction in "theory of mind"R Saxe
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, NE20 464, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Neuroimage 19:1835-42. 2003..Thus, the role of the TPJ-M in understanding other people appears to be specific to reasoning about the content of mental states...
- Lateralized use of the mouth in production of vocalizations by marmosetsM A Hook-Costigan
Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, TN 38152, USA
Neuropsychologia 36:1265-73. 1998..We suggest that hemispheric specializations for communication in humans may well have precursors in primate evolution...
- Voxel-based morphometric analysis of gray matter in first episode schizophreniaM Kubicki
Clinical Neuroscience Division, Laboratory of Neuroscience, Boston VA Healthcare System Brockton Division, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts, USA
Neuroimage 17:1711-9. 2002..They further suggest the importance of comparing VBM findings with more traditional ROI analyses until the reasons for the differences between methods are determined...
- Structural brain variation and general intelligenceRichard J Haier
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 5000, USA
Neuroimage 23:425-33. 2004..These results underscore the distributed neural basis of intelligence and suggest a developmental course for volume--IQ relationships in adulthood...
- Chronic schizophrenia as a brain misconnection syndrome: a white matter voxel-based morphometry studyGianfranco Spalletta
IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, and Department of Neuroscience, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
Schizophr Res 64:15-23. 2003..Thus, the white matters of these cerebral areas were structurally modified particularly in the left hemisphere and in those structures that control language and hearing processes...
- Unilateral amygdala inactivation after training attenuates memory for reduced rewardK Coleman-Mesches
Department of Psychobiology, University of California, Irvine, USA
Behav Brain Res 77:175-80. 1996..These results are consistent with previous evidence that the right amygdala may be more involved than the left in consolidation of memory storage for aversive experience...
- Defining a left-lateralized response specific to intelligible speech using fMRIC Narain
Centre for the Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
Cereb Cortex 13:1362-8. 2003....
- Sustained attention impairment correlates to gray matter decreases in first episode neuroleptic-naive schizophrenic patientsPilar Salgado-Pineda
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Neuroimage 19:365-75. 2003..In summary, we provide evidence for the involvement of thalamic, inferior-parietal, and frontal regions in the attentional deficits observed in schizophrenic patients...
- Willed action and attention to the selection of actionH C Lau
Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, UK
Neuroimage 21:1407-15. 2004..However, the presupplementary motor area (pre-SMA) may subserve this function as activity in this region was found to be tightly associated with the free selection of responses...
- Task-specific repetition priming in left inferior prefrontal cortexA D Wagner
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Cereb Cortex 10:1176-84. 2000....
- Task-dependent modulation of regions in the left inferior frontal cortex during semantic processingA L Roskies
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
J Cogn Neurosci 13:829-43. 2001..A region in the right cerebellum may be functionally related to those in the left inferior frontal cortex. Discussion focuses on the implications of these results for current views regarding neural substrates of semantic processing...
- Deep brain stimulation in 18 patients with severe Gilles de la Tourette syndrome refractory to treatment: the surgery and stimulationD Servello
Neurosurgical Division, Istituto Galeazzi IRCCS, Via Galeazzi 4, 20161 Milano, Italy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79:136-42. 2008..There have been several reports of successful deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of severe Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS)...
- Processing objects at different levels of specificityL K Tyler
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 16:351-62. 2004..These results suggest that the same kind of hierarchical structure, which has been proposed for object processing in the monkey temporal cortex, functions in the human...
- Cerebral dominance for language function in adults with specific language impairment or autismAndrew J O Whitehouse
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
Brain 131:3193-200. 2008..5%) or dispersed bilaterally (27.3%). These findings suggest that atypical cerebral dominance is not implicated in all cases of poor language development (i.e...
- Where and what is the right shift factor or cerebral dominance gene? A critique of Francks et al. (2007)T J Crow
Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
Laterality 14:3-10. 2009....
- Spatial attention and neglect: parietal, frontal and cingulate contributions to the mental representation and attentional targeting of salient extrapersonal eventsM M Mesulam
Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 354:1325-46. 1999..It helps to compile a mental representation of extrapersonal events in terms of their motivational salience, and to generate 'kinetic strategies' so that the attentional focus can shift from one target to another...
- Brain activation patterns during a selective attention test--a functional MRI study in healthy volunteers and unmedicated patients during an acute episode of schizophreniaElisabeth M Weiss
Department of General Psychiatry, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Psychiatry Res 154:31-40. 2007..Treatment with second generation antipsychotics may improve executive performance in patients with schizophrenia and facilitate a normalization of functional hypofrontality after symptomatic improvement...
- Evidence for cortical reorganization of language in patients with hippocampal sclerosisMarla J Hamberger
Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, USA
Brain 130:2942-50. 2007..The different patterns of naming areas identified in patients with and without HS may also carry clinical implications, potentially improving efficiency during the time-constrained process of stimulation mapping...
- Imagery in sentence comprehension: an fMRI studyMarcel Adam Just
Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 15213, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Neuroimage 21:112-24. 2004..In particular, the left intraparietal sulcus area appears to be centrally involved in processing the visual imagery that a sentence can evoke, while activating in synchrony with some core language processing regions...
- The attentional role of the left parietal cortex: the distinct lateralization and localization of motor attention in the human brainM F Rushworth
Wellcome Institute of Cognitive Neurology, London, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 13:698-710. 2001..The results also provide evidence concerning the importance of ventral premotor (PMv) and Broca's area in motor attention and language processes...
- Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Blood oxygen level dependentM W Chee
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856, Singapore
Neuroimage 13:1155-63. 2001..The results highlight the importance of taking into consideration nature of task and relative language proficiency when drawing inferences from functional imaging studies of bilinguals...
- Neural stimulation successfully treats depression in patients with prior ablative cingulotomyJoseph S Neimat
Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, WW4 425, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
Am J Psychiatry 165:687-93. 2008
- Quantitative fMRI assessment of the differences in lateralization of language-related brain activation in patients with temporal lobe epilepsyJ E Adcock
Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
Neuroimage 18:423-38. 2003....
- Observation and execution of movement: similarities demonstrated by quantified electroencephalographyS Cochin
INSERM U316, Service de universitaire d explorations fonctionnelles et neurophysiologie en pédopsychiatire, CHU Bretonneau, Tours, France
Eur J Neurosci 11:1839-42. 1999..These results provide evidence that observation and execution of movement share the same cortical network...
- Epileptic activity influences the speech organization in medial temporal lobe epilepsyJ Janszky
Epilepsy Center Bethel, Bielefeld, Germany
Brain 126:2043-51. 2003..e. interictal discharges and seizure spread, may influence speech reorganization. Our findings also suggest that not only structural elements but also functional factors have an effect on the language organization of the brain...
- Cerebral dominance for action in the human brain: the selection of actionsN D Schluter
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
Neuropsychologia 39:105-13. 2001PET was used to study cerebral dominance for the selection of action...
- Gender differences in the human mirror system: a magnetoencephalography studyYa Wei Cheng
Institute of Neuroscience, School of Life Science, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Neuroreport 17:1115-9. 2006..05). These findings have implications for the extreme male brain theory of autism and support the hypothesis of a dysfunctional mirror-neuron system in autism...
- Locating the initial stages of speech-sound processing in human temporal cortexStefan Uppenkamp
Centre for the Neural Basis of Hearing, Department of Physiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK
Neuroimage 31:1284-96. 2006....
- Absolute pitch and planum temporaleJ P Keenan
Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Neuroimage 14:1402-8. 2001..This may explain why the increased PT asymmetry of AP musicians was not seen in the group of early beginning non-AP musicians...
- Measurement of amygdala T2 relaxation time in temporal lobe epilepsyP A Bartlett
MRI Unit, National Society for Epilepsy, Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 73:753-5. 2002..To implement and validate the use of coronal dual echo T2 maps for the measurement of T2 relaxation time of the amygdala (AT2) as a rapid and reproducible method for identifying amygdala abnormality...
- Understanding metamemory: neural correlates of the cognitive process and subjective level of confidence in recognition memoryElizabeth F Chua
Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Neuroimage 29:1150-60. 2006....
- Distinguishing neural sources of movement preparation and execution. An electrophysiological analysisHartmut Leuthold
Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK
Biol Psychol 60:173-98. 2002..We take present findings to indicate that brain generators within the parietal lobe and anterior MI are hierarchically related to precue-induced motor preparation, whilst posterior MI is associated with motor execution functions...
- The functional anatomy of auditory hallucinations in schizophreniaB R Lennox
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Box 189, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Psychiatry Res 100:13-20. 2000..These findings support the theory that auditory hallucination reflects abnormal activation of normal auditory pathways...
- Brain asymmetries in autism and developmental language disorder: a nested whole-brain analysisM R Herbert
Pediatric Neurology Center for Morphometric Analysis, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 13th Street, Room 6012, Charlestown, MA 02129 USA
Brain 128:213-26. 2005....
- Noninvasive determination of language lateralization by functional transcranial Doppler sonography: a comparison with the Wada testS Knecht
Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Germany
Stroke 29:82-6. 1998..In the present study we investigated the validity of fTCD in determining the hemispheric dominance for language by direct comparison of fTCD with intracarotid amobarbital anesthesia (Wada test)...
- Neural correlates of verbal semantic memory in patients with temporal lobe epilepsyBülent Köylü
Innsbruck Medical University, Clinic of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Epilepsy Res 72:178-91. 2006..These findings presumably result from morphological changes and from functional reorganization which are both inherent to chronic TLE...
- Differential role of the orbital frontal lobe in emotional versus cognitive perspective-takingCatherine A Hynes
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, 6162 Moore Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:374-83. 2006..This finding is both consistent with the lesion literature, and resolves the inconsistency of orbital frontal findings in the theory of mind literature...
- Lateralization of auditory language functions: a dynamic dual pathway modelAngela D Friederici
Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, P O Box 500 355, 04303 Leipzig, Germany
Brain Lang 89:267-76. 2004..The observed interaction between syntactic and prosodic information during auditory sentence comprehension is attributed to dynamic interactions between the two hemispheres...
- The coordinated mapping of visual space and response features in visual cortexHongbo Yu
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Neuron 47:267-80. 2005..Our results demonstrate a clear influence of the visual map on each feature map. In turn, the local representation of visual space is smooth, as predicted when many features are mapped within a cortical area...
- Neural correlates of lexical and sublexical processes in readingSven Joubert
Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Canada
Brain Lang 89:9-20. 2004..The results as a whole demonstrate that lexical and sublexical processes in reading activate different regions within a complex network of brain structures...
- Language lateralization in female patients with schizophrenia: an fMRI studyI E C Sommer
Department of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Schizophr Res 60:183-90. 2003..These findings indicate that lower language lateralization in women is not likely to underlie gender differences in schizophrenia...
- Lateralization of minicolumns in human planum temporale is absent in nonhuman primate cortexD P Buxhoeveden
Medical College of Georgia, Downtown VA Medical Center, Psychiatry Service, Augusta, GA 30904, USA
Brain Behav Evol 57:349-58. 2001..Only human brain tissue revealed robust asymmetry in two aspects of minicolumn morphology: wider columns and more neuropil space on the left side. This asymmetry was absent in chimpanzee and rhesus monkey brains...
- Prefrontal cortex and insight in schizophrenia: a volumetric MRI studyAdegboyega Sapara
King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
Schizophr Res 89:22-34. 2007..Future research should examine the association of specific dimensions of insight with frontal as well as non-frontal regional brain volumes...
- Focal gray matter density changes in schizophreniaH E Hulshoff Pol
Department of Psychiatry, A01 126 University Medical Center, Utrecht, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1118-25. 2001..However, it is unknown whether the (progressive) loss of tissue affects the brain globally or whether tissue loss is more prominent in some areas than in others...
- Hemispheric metacontrol and cerebral dominance in healthy individuals investigated by means of chimeric facesCosimo Urgesi
Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Verona, Italy
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:513-25. 2005b>Cerebral dominance and hemispheric metacontrol were investigated by testing the ability of healthy participants to match chimeric, entire, or half faces presented tachistoscopically...
- Working memory effects on semantic processing: priming differences in pars orbitalisFred W Sabb
Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles 760 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Neuroimage 37:311-22. 2007..fMRI signal changes in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex were negatively correlated with signal changes in pars orbitalis. The findings suggest that controlled semantic processing and working memory share neural system resources...
- Voxel-based morphometry of grey matter densities in subjects at high risk of schizophreniaDominic E Job
Department of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Kennedy Tower, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, Scotland, UK
Schizophr Res 64:1-13. 2003..control subjects. In contrast, first episode schizophrenia subjects had less GM than high-risk subjects in several frontal and temporal regions. These results are compatible with the findings of our previous volumetric ROI analysis...
- Six3 represses nodal activity to establish early brain asymmetry in zebrafishAdi Inbal
Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351634, Nashville, TN 37235 1634, USA
Neuron 55:407-15. 2007..Our data reveal a Six3-dependent mechanism for establishment of correct brain laterality and provide an entry point to understanding the genetic regulation of Nodal signaling in the brain...
- Effects of left parietal injury on covert orienting of attentionU Castiello
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 72:73-6. 2002..To assess the effects of left parietal injury on covert visual attention during a detection task and a pointing task...
- When finding words becomes difficult: is there activation of the subdominant hemisphere?B Drager
Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Germany
Neuroimage 16:794-800. 2002..This suggests that after stroke, language-related activation of the subdominant hemisphere is not simply an effort-related effect...
- Specialization of phonological and semantic processing in Chinese word readingJames R Booth
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Brain Res 1071:197-207. 2006....
- Control networks and hemispheric asymmetries in parietal cortex during attentional orienting in different spatial reference framesKevin D Wilson
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0999, USA
Neuroimage 25:668-83. 2005..These results provide neuroimaging support for related claims based on findings of deficits in object-based orienting in patients with left parietal lesions...
- Neural correlates of distance and congruity effects in a numerical Stroop task: an event-related fMRI studyLiane Kaufmann
Innsbruck Medical University, Clinical Department of Pediatrics, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Neuroimage 25:888-98. 2005..The distance effect (neutral condition only) led to a stronger activation in bilateral parietal areas including the intraparietal sulcus (IPS)...
- The effect of task relevance on the cortical response to changes in visual and auditory stimuli: an event-related fMRI studyJ Downar
Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Neuroimage 14:1256-67. 2001..The TPJ may serve to identify salient events in the sensory environment both within and independent of the current behavioral context...
- Top-down task effects overrule automatic multisensory responses to letter-sound pairs in auditory association cortexNienke M van Atteveldt
University of Maastricht, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 36:1345-60. 2007..This modulation is overruled during explicit matching when all audiovisual stimuli are equally relevant, independent of congruency and temporal relation...
- Prefrontal mechanisms for executive control over emotional distraction are altered in major depressionLihong Wang
Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Psychiatry Res 163:143-55. 2008..The results provide direct evidence of an alteration in the neural systems that interplay cognition with mood in MDD...
- Processing of auditory spatial cues in human cortex: an fMRI studyUlrike Zimmer
Section Neuropsychology, Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Neuropsychologia 44:454-61. 2006....
- Dissociable executive functions in the dynamic control of behavior: inhibition, error detection, and correctionH Garavan
Department of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Neuroimage 17:1820-9. 2002..The results highlight how higher cognitive functions responsible for behavioral control can result from the dynamic interplay of distinct cortical systems...
- Mapping directed influence over the brain using Granger causality and fMRIAlard Roebroeck
Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 25:230-42. 2005..The presented exploratory approach of mapping influences between a region of interest and the rest of the brain can form a useful complement to existing models of effective connectivity...
- An fMRI study of joint attention experienceJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen School of Medicine, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Neuroimage 25:133-40. 2005..The developmental failure of this substrate in the left anterior frontal lobe may be important in the etiology of autistic spectrum disorder...
- Is medial temporal lobe activation specific for encoding long-term memories?Pablo Campo
Centro de Magnetoencefalografia Dr Perez Modrego, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Neuroimage 25:34-42. 2005..Finally, following an emerging conceptualization of working memory, we hypothesized that encoding processes mediated by the MTL to long-term memory would also apply to working memory...
- Visuospatial attention: how to measure effects of infrequent, unattended events in a blocked stimulus designCarsten Giessing
Institute of Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
Neuroimage 23:1370-81. 2004..In summary, using a hybrid design and both event-related and blocked analysis techniques, we show both sustained and transient neural processes underlying reorienting of visuospatial attention...
- Temporal lobe activations of "feeling-of-knowing" induced by face-name associationsHideyuki Kikyo
Department of Physiology, The University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Neuroimage 23:1348-57. 2004....
- Spatiotemporal patterns of language-specific brain activity in patients with chronic aphasia after stroke using magnetoencephalographyJoshua I Breier
Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Vivian L Smith Center for Neurologic Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Neuroimage 23:1308-16. 2004....
- Neuronal correlates of consistency and frequency effects on Chinese character naming: an event-related fMRI studyChia Ying Lee
The Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Neuroimage 23:1235-45. 2004....
- Task-order coordination in dual-task performance and the lateral prefrontal cortex: an event-related fMRI studyAndre J Szameitat
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
Psychol Res 70:541-52. 2006..Furthermore, it is discussed that the present findings favour the active scheduling over the passive queuing hypothesis of dual-task processing...
- Disturbance in the neural circuitry underlying positive emotional processing in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). An fMRI studyAlexander Jatzko
Central Institute of Mental Health ZI NMR Research, 122120, 68072, Mannheim, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:112-4. 2006..This pilot study is the first to reveal alterations in the processing of positive emotions in PTSD possibly reflecting a neuronal correlate of the symptom of emotional numbness in PTSD...
- The categorization of natural scenes: brain attention networks revealed by dense sensor ERPsMaurizio Codispoti
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy
Neuroimage 32:583-91. 2006..These findings suggest that selective attention to category-relevant features reflects the interactions between prefrontal and inferior temporal cortex during visual processing of natural scenes...
- Dissociating response conflict from numerical magnitude processing in the brain: an event-related fMRI studyDaniel Ansari
Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Education, Dartmouth College, 3 Maynard Street, Raven House, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Neuroimage 32:799-805. 2006....
- Determining significant connectivity by 4D spatiotemporal wavelet packet resampling of functional neuroimaging dataRajan S Patel
Department of Biostatistics, The Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Neuroimage 31:1142-55. 2006..Our method improves upon existing wavelet-based methods and extends them to 4D. We apply our resampling technique to determine significant functional connectivity from resting state and motor task fMRI datasets...
- Effects of olfactory stimulation with isovaleric acid on brain activation in informed and naïve conditions: a functional MRI studyYoriko Murata
Department of Radiology, Kochi Medical School, Japan
Auris Nasus Larynx 34:465-9. 2007..To investigate the differences in regions of brain activation in response to olfactory stimulation by functional magnetic resonance imaging in conditions of prior warning of an odor and without...
- Processing stages underlying word recognition in the anteroventral temporal lobeEric Halgren
Multimodal Imaging Laboratory, Department of Radiology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0841, USA
Neuroimage 30:1401-13. 2006....
- Continuous ASL perfusion fMRI investigation of higher cognition: quantification of tonic CBF changes during sustained attention and working memory tasksJunghoon Kim
Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, 1200 W Tabor Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
Neuroimage 31:376-85. 2006..Increased applications of the method to the investigation of cognitively impaired populations are expected to follow...
- Native and non-native reading of sentences: an fMRI experimentShirley Ann Rüschemeyer
Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, Leipzig 04103, Germany
Neuroimage 31:354-65. 2006..The combined results provide evidence that L1 and L2 speakers rely on the same cortical network to process language, although with a higher level of activation in some regions for L2 processing...
- How specifically do we learn? Imaging the learning of multiplication and subtractionAnja Ischebeck
Innsbruck Medical University, Clinical Department of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Neuroimage 30:1365-75. 2006..The same training method caused changes in brain activation patterns that depended on the given operation. The effects of learning on the brain therefore seem not only to depend on the method of learning but also on its content...
- Distributed BOLD-response in association cortex vector state space predicts reaction time during selective attentionFrancesco Musso
Laboratory of Molecular Neuroimaging and Electrophysiology, Department of Psychiatry, Johannes Gutenberg University Hospital, Untere Zahlbacherstr 8, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Neuroimage 29:1311-8. 2006....
- Atypical brain activation during simple & complex levels of processing in adult ADHD: an fMRI studyT Sigi Hale
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Institute and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
J Atten Disord 11:125-40. 2007..Executive dysfunction in ADHD is well supported. However, recent studies suggest that more fundamental impairments may be contributing. We assessed brain function in adults with ADHD during simple and complex forms of processing...
- Functional MRI of conventional and anomalous metaphors in Mandarin ChineseKathleen Ahrens
National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Brain Lang 100:163-71. 2007..In short, our study supports the idea that metaphors are not a homogenous type of figurative language and that distinguishing between different types of metaphors will advance theories of language comprehension...
- Reduced functional connectivity between V1 and inferior frontal cortex associated with visuomotor performance in autismMichele E Villalobos
Brain Development Imaging Laboratory, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
Neuroimage 25:916-25. 2005..More generally, our findings suggest that dorsal stream connectivity in autism may not be fully functional...
- Increased frontocerebellar activation in alcoholics during verbal working memory: an fMRI studyJohn E Desmond
Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Neuroimage 19:1510-20. 2003....
- Modulation of the lexical-semantic network by auditory semantic priming: an event-related functional MRI studySonja A Kotz
Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 04393 Leipzig, Germany
Neuroimage 17:1761-72. 2002....
- Effects of Anxiety on Interhemispheric ProcessingREBECCA COMPTON; Fiscal Year: 2004..Application of the ERP methodology for measuring interhemispheric transmission is expected to produce a detailed picture of how emotional relevance affects the spread of information from one hemisphere to another. ..
- Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain AsymmetryDANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Biological Substrates for LanguageChristine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006..Hence, the study of individual differences in uninjured populations can provide a critical bridge between the basic science of cerebral lateralization and its clinical application. ..
- Brain activation in developmental communication disorderJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004..This project will provide tasks, an experimental approach, and a method for evaluating differences between groups with communication disorders that could potentially be used as a diagnostic and intervention tool. ..
- YOGA THERAPY FOR OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDERDavid Shannahoff Khalsa; Fiscal Year: 1993..Published scientific discoveries based on yogic concepts describe a novel rhythm of the mind (alternating cerebral dominance) and how it is coupled with a rhythm of the body (nasal cycle)...
- NEUROBIOLOGIC SUBSTRATES OF STUTTERINGAnne Foundas; Fiscal Year: 2001..This project will focus on cerebral dominance in stutterers...
- THE HISTOLOGICAL SUBSTRATE OF CEREBRAL DOMINANCEARNOLD SCHEIBEL; Fiscal Year: 1980Using a combination of structural techniques, we propose to seek possible histological substrates for cerebral dominance in human cerebral cortex...
- LATE-LIFE DEPRESSIONAnand Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES TRAININGGeorge Ojemann; Fiscal Year: 2008..Four (4) post-doctoral and two (2) pre-doctoral trainees each year are requested, along with three (3) three-month short-term trainees. ..
- NEURONAL CORRELATES OF HUMAN MEMORYGeorge Ojemann; Fiscal Year: 2001..This study, then, will more clearly define the subdivisions of human verbal memory and establish some of the changes in neural activity occurring with them. ..
- Relational Memory and Aging: Role of Prefrontal LobeRoberto Cabeza; Fiscal Year: 2009..Taken together, the results of these studies will clarify the neural correlates of age-related deficits in RM and will have important implications for the promotion of health. ..
- Neuroimaging Studies of Frontal Lobe Pathology in OCDPhilip Szeszko; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF SPEECH PROSODYJackson Gandour; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- IMAGING THE CEREBELLUM IN PSYCHOTIC DISORDERSRUSSELL LOEBER; Fiscal Year: 2003..The details of these measurements will provide information about the specific dysregulation of the functional components of the cerebellum. ..
- Neural development of lexical processingJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007..This grant has implications for diagnosis and intervention in children with reading and language problems [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developmental Stuttering: MRI Studies in ChildrenAnne Foundas; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Diffusion Tensor Imaging in First-Episode SchizophreniaPhilip R Szeszko; Fiscal Year: 2010..The identification of these abnormalities at the first episode of illness may be useful for identifying indicators of vulnerability, which may lead to improved early identification of individuals at risk for schizophrenia. ..
- Protein Molecular Imaging in Patients with Late-Life Major DepressionAnand Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2008..This will facilitate the early identification of patients who may benefit from aggressive therapy aimed at alleviating both mood and cognitive symptoms. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Subtypes of Schizophrenia: ERPs During Memory ProcessingGerard Bruder; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Brain Changes with Cannabis and MethamphetamineDeborah Yurgelun Todd; Fiscal Year: 2008..An R01 application will then be prepared based on the data acquired during the R21 period. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural correlates of memory fMR in human cortex.George Ojemann; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies provide a unique window into how neural activity is reflected in changes in BOLD fMR during higher-level cognitive measures. ..
- BRAIN ERPS AND COGNITIVE DEMAND IN SCHIZOPHRENIAGerard Bruder; Fiscal Year: 2002..A more long range clinical goal is to contribute toward the development of tests that could predict response to treatment with conventional or atypical neuroleptic medications for schizophrenia. ..
- Treatment Effectiveness in Depressed Patients with COPDGeorge Alexopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, we believe that our approach to the care of depressed, medically ill patients can generate a practice model that has the ability to rapidly incorporate advances made in clinical science. ..
- Modular Abnormalities of Brain Organization in AutismManuel Casanova; Fiscal Year: 2007..Treatment modalities, especially neuropharmaceutical agents, will prove more specific as their targets are better understood. ..
- Neural Substrates of Executive Control Revealed by FMRIDaniel Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neuroanatomy of Emotion in Treatment Resistant PsychosisStephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cornell ACISR for Late Life DepressionGeorge Alexopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2007..We are confident that our work will both advance scientific knowledge and have a broad impact on the care of depressed, disabled elders. ..
- Trait and State Frontal Brain Asymmetry in DepressionJohn Allen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Secondary aims address methodological and treatment-related questions, as well as assessing gender and menstrual cycle effects that may moderate the relationship between frontal EEG asymmetry and depression. ..
- Gross morphological correlates to the minicolumnopathy of autismManuel F Casanova; Fiscal Year: 2010..The intent is to develop markers of the condition that can be detected while the patient is alive. Another innovative aspect of the proposal is an attempt to validate current diagnostic screening techniques against autopsy findings. ..
- Neural and Phenotypic Correlates of Autism Risk GenesSusan Y Bookheimer; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Place Representations in the Human Visual SystemRussell A Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010..As such, this knowledge could be critical for development of rehabilitation strategies in the blind. ..
- Functional Neuroanatomy of Obsessive Compulsive DisorderStephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009..Successful completion of the project should lead to an improved understanding of the role of specific brain regions in generating the symptoms of OCD. ..
- Factors affecting the development of individual differences in long-term memoryLeslie Carver; Fiscal Year: 2008..Using measures of behavior and brain activity, we will investigate what effect these different experiences have on the development of long-term memory later in the first year of life. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PET Imaging of OFC and Amygdala in Panic DisorderMonte Buchsbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008..The study aims to further understanding of the neuroanatomical substrate of panic attacks and to establish a possible mechanism of action for successful CBT. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Perceptual encoding and imagery in prosopagnosiaJason Barton; Fiscal Year: 2008..From our prior work, we hypothesize that covert or unconscious recognition is the residual product of a partially damaged face network in the brain. We propose a functional imaging experiment to test this hypothesis. ..
- Normal Human and Schizophrenic BrainManuel Casanova; Fiscal Year: 2004..Another possible outcome is that the number of minicolumns in the temporal lobe may differ without a concomitant change in the structural reorganization. ..
- Simultaneous fMRI/ERP of Auditory Change DetectionMerav Sabri; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Brain Function in Pediatric PTSDVictor Carrion; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ACTIVATION DURING MOTOR IMAGERYAllen Osman; Fiscal Year: 2004..Further information concerning its less known covert side may lead to unexpected insights about the motor system in general, including its possible roles in cognition. ..
- NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF LEARNINGAmy Poremba; Fiscal Year: 2002..This type of research may allow for the identification of the specific brain regions where these types of deficits are modified. ..
- Reduced Interneuronal Space in Schizophrenic BrainsManuel Casanova; Fiscal Year: 2005..If our preliminary findings are corroborated, the smaller than normal minicolumns will demonstrate a reorganization of brain circuitry most probably defined during development. ..
- Neural basis of social cognition in early childhoodLeslie Carver; Fiscal Year: 2003..Finally, we will relate the neural correlates of different domains within social development to one another to describe similarities and differences in brain systems that underlie specific behavior. ..
- PREVENTION OF SUICIDE IN THE ELDERLYGeorge Alexopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data will also be collected to document the impact of intervention on patient care, and on physician knowledge, attitudes, and satisfaction and test hypotheses derived from preliminary studies of the three IRCs. ..
- Multimodal maps of human imitative behaviorMarco Iacoboni; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- CEREBRAL GLUCOSE METABOLISM IN DOWN SYNDROMERICHARD HAIER; Fiscal Year: 2003..These data will provide important information for the timing of treatment interventions and may aid in early detection of dementia and the classification of DS subtypes. ..
- BRAIN ACTIVATION PROFILES IN DYSLEXIA--A MEG STUDYAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- PREVENTION OF GERATRIC DEPRESSIONGeorge Alexopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2003..Accordingly, we are well positioned to meet the challenges inherent in this difficult but important area of research. ..
- CONTRIBUTIONS OF MEG TO THE SURGICAL MGMT OF EPILEPSYAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Brain Lateralization in Adolescent PsychosisDonald Rojas; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Functional Magnetic Resonance Studies in SchizophreniaJennifer McDowell; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Neuroanatomy and Cognition in Velocardiofacial SyndromeWendy Kates; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Neural circuitry plasticity resulting from saccadic practice in schizophreniaJennifer McDowell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive and Spatial Systems in ActionLaurel Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, it is expected to significantly advance our understanding of lM, a common clinical disorder whose presentation, subtypes, and neuroanatomic substrate remain poorly understood. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Integration of MSI/fMRI Studies of ReadingAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2004..Together these efforts will expand the interpretability of imaging data by direct comparison and integration of the techniques and lead to a more elaborated theory of the cerebral mechanisms underlying reading. ..
- ACUPUNCTURE IN THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSIONJohn Allen; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Symposium on Attention and PerformanceElizabeth Phelps; Fiscal Year: 2008..Furthermore, by exposing basic science researchers to investigators using these models to understand drug addiction and other types of psychopathology, we hope to promote translational research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurocognitive Assessment Meter For Psychiatric DrugsAlan Gevins; Fiscal Year: 2003..The system could also have a high clinical impact in helping to choose the most effective drug and dosage in the treatment of individual psychiatric patients. ..
- FMRI task design and statistical analysis softwareEric Halgren; Fiscal Year: 2003..1% of the fMRI equipment cost. Put another way, the proposed software could have the number offMRI sessions needed to achieve a given level of significance, and thus would play for itself after a single study. ..
- Fine Structure of Lamina I TSST Terminals in VPArthur Craig; Fiscal Year: 2004..These studies will advance our understanding of the anatomical substrates for pain sensation in the primate thalamus. ..
- Viewpoint Invariance in Infant's Perception of ObjectsPeter Gerhardstein; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Assessment of right hemisphere auditory speech functionDana Boatman; Fiscal Year: 2006..Completion of this initial research project will provide the basis for future investigations. ..
- Frontal function in Adolescent Cannabis Use DisordersMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal has public health significance because we will comprehensively evaluate the effects of marijuana on adolescent brain and cognitive development, an understudied area. ..
- MR Image Analysis in MS: Identification of a SurrogatePonnada Narayana; Fiscal Year: 2002..While the main emphasis is on MS, this system should be readily adaptable to investigate and manage various neurological disorders that require accurate determination of tissue volumes and their temporal change. ..
- Hyperhomocysteinemia in Alzheimer's DiseaseRamon Diaz Arrastia; Fiscal Year: 2003..Each of these specific aims is essential to rationally design a large multicenter trial to determine whether polyvitamin therapy lowers AD risk. ..
- Adolescent Alcohol Abuse, PTSD & Hippocampal DevelopmentMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition to examining the differences among these groups, the effects of AUD age of onset, AUD severity, as well as alcohol consumption quantity, frequency, and duration, on adolescent hippocampal development will also be examined. ..
- 3 T Whole Body Magnetic Resonance ScannerPonnada Narayana; Fiscal Year: 2004..Strong institutional commitment and financial plans for operating the scanner, particularly the long-term maintenance, are described. ..
- Functional architecture of switching between two tasksGlenn Wylie; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, our pilot data suggest that we have found two robust methods for investigating control processes, and it is the purpose of this proposal to use these paradigms to gain a better understanding of executive control. ..
- Neural Dissection of Hyperactivity/Inattention in AutismFrancisco Xavier Castellanos; Fiscal Year: 2010..If successful, we will be able to better understand the types of brain mechanisms that are involved in hyperactivity and inattention in children with autism and then be able to use that information to guide targeted treatment studies. ..
- Center for Healthy MindsDenise Park; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Age related effects on macaque auditory cortexGregg Recanzone; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- FUNCTIONAL IMAGING OF TINNITUS AND HEARING LOSSAlan Lockwood; Fiscal Year: 2002..We expect to identify neural systems mediating tinnitus and related phenomena that will lead to the development of rational therapy targeted at affected neural areas. ..
- Neural Mechanisms of Inhibitory Classical ConditioningJohn Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of these studies may also lead to a better understanding of the functional pathology associated with various psychiatric disorders that involve deficits in behavioral inhibition. ..
- Attentional Bias & Affect in Stress-Vulnerable SmokersDavid Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2007..An EEG stress response index (alpha asymmetry) will be used in a subgroup of subjects during each of the 3 proposed studies. ..