time and motion studies

Summary

Summary: The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Calculating staffing requirements
    Keith Hurst
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds
    Nurs Manag (Harrow) 15:26-34. 2008
  2. ncbi Work flow analysis: eliminating non-value-added work
    Terry Capuano
    Health Care Research, Center for Professional Excellence, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Cedar Crest Boulevard and 178, Allentown, PA 18104, USA
    J Nurs Adm 34:246-56. 2004
  3. ncbi Nursing time allocation and other considerations for staffing
    Marilyn B Gran-Moravec
    Oregon Health and Science University, Graduate School of Nursing, Klamath Falls, OR 97601, USA
    Nurs Health Sci 7:126-33. 2005
  4. ncbi Wireless technology improves nursing workflow and communications
    Susan Breslin
    St Agnes HealthCare, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Comput Inform Nurs 22:275-81. 2004
  5. ncbi Ergonomics and patient handling
    Kelsey L McCoskey
    U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine Ergonomics Program, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA
    AAOHN J 55:454-62. 2007
  6. pmc Using the time and motion method to study clinical work processes and workflow: methodological inconsistencies and a call for standardized research
    Kai Zheng
    School of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:704-10. 2011
  7. ncbi The effect of two different electronic health record user interfaces on intensive care provider task load, errors of cognition, and performance
    Adil Ahmed
    Multidisciplinary Epidemiology and Translational Research in Intensive Care, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:1626-34. 2011
  8. pmc Time spent in face-to-face patient care and work outside the examination room
    Andrew Gottschalk
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:488-93. 2005
  9. ncbi Workflow in intensive care unit remote monitoring: A time-and-motion study
    Zhihua Tang
    School of Health Information Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:2057-63. 2007
  10. ncbi Understanding the work of intensive care nurses: a time and motion study
    M Abbey
    Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia michael
    Aust Crit Care 25:13-22. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications217 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Calculating staffing requirements
    Keith Hurst
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds
    Nurs Manag (Harrow) 15:26-34. 2008
  2. ncbi Work flow analysis: eliminating non-value-added work
    Terry Capuano
    Health Care Research, Center for Professional Excellence, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Cedar Crest Boulevard and 178, Allentown, PA 18104, USA
    J Nurs Adm 34:246-56. 2004
    ..To evaluate the impact of implemented work environment changes on nursing and support staff roles...
  3. ncbi Nursing time allocation and other considerations for staffing
    Marilyn B Gran-Moravec
    Oregon Health and Science University, Graduate School of Nursing, Klamath Falls, OR 97601, USA
    Nurs Health Sci 7:126-33. 2005
    ..Administering a modified survey which includes a balance of direct and indirect patient care tasks, as well as only those tasks that are truly performed frequently, will increase the relevance of the results...
  4. ncbi Wireless technology improves nursing workflow and communications
    Susan Breslin
    St Agnes HealthCare, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Comput Inform Nurs 22:275-81. 2004
    ..The results identified a number of significant findings that demonstrate its value from a quantitative and qualitative standpoint. The following article describes this study and its findings...
  5. ncbi Ergonomics and patient handling
    Kelsey L McCoskey
    U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine Ergonomics Program, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA
    AAOHN J 55:454-62. 2007
    ..This description may guide selection of the most appropriate and cost-effective patient-handling equipment required for specific units and patients...
  6. pmc Using the time and motion method to study clinical work processes and workflow: methodological inconsistencies and a call for standardized research
    Kai Zheng
    School of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:704-10. 2011
    ..To identify ways for improving the consistency of design, conduct, and results reporting of time and motion (T&M) research in health informatics...
  7. ncbi The effect of two different electronic health record user interfaces on intensive care provider task load, errors of cognition, and performance
    Adil Ahmed
    Multidisciplinary Epidemiology and Translational Research in Intensive Care, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:1626-34. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc Time spent in face-to-face patient care and work outside the examination room
    Andrew Gottschalk
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:488-93. 2005
    ..This study documented how physicians spend time during the workday, including time outside the examination room, and compared observed face-to-face patient care time with that reported in NAMCS...
  9. ncbi Workflow in intensive care unit remote monitoring: A time-and-motion study
    Zhihua Tang
    School of Health Information Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:2057-63. 2007
    ..To investigate workflow in intensive care unit remote monitoring, a technology-driven practice that allows critical care specialists to perform proactive and continuous patient care from a remote site...
  10. ncbi Understanding the work of intensive care nurses: a time and motion study
    M Abbey
    Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia michael
    Aust Crit Care 25:13-22. 2012
    ..The activities are not necessarily linear actions that occur in a structured manner but are more complex and not well documented. A greater understanding of the type and level of activity assists in informing workload models...
  11. ncbi Where did the day go?--a time-motion study of hospitalists
    Matthew D Tipping
    Division of Hospital Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    J Hosp Med 5:323-8. 2010
    ..However, little data exists describing hospitalist workflow and their activities in daily patient care...
  12. pmc Quantifying the impact of health IT implementations on clinical workflow: a new methodological perspective
    Kai Zheng
    School of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 17:454-61. 2010
    ..Prior research investigating this effect has shown conflicting results. Recent time and motion studies have consistently found that this impact is negligible; whereas qualitative studies have repeatedly ..
  13. pmc The impact of e-prescribing on prescriber and staff time in ambulatory care clinics: a time motion study
    William Hollingworth
    Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 14:722-30. 2007
    ..4 minutes/hour; 0.0, 10.7 CI). E-prescribing was not associated with an increase in combined computer and writing time for prescribers. If carefully implemented, e-prescribing will not greatly disrupt workflow...
  14. pmc Controlled trial of direct physician order entry: effects on physicians' time utilization in ambulatory primary care internal medicine practices
    J M Overhage
    Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, Regenstrief Health Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 8:361-71. 2001
    ..The authors hypothesized that physicians using the Gopher would not spend any more time writing orders than physicians using paper-based methods...
  15. pmc How much time do nurses have for patients? A longitudinal study quantifying hospital nurses' patterns of task time distribution and interactions with health professionals
    Johanna I Westbrook
    Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:319. 2011
    ..We aimed to quantify how nurses distribute their time across tasks, with patients, in individual tasks, and engagement with other health care providers; and how work patterns changed over a two year period...
  16. pmc Electronic prescribing at the point of care: a time-motion study in the primary care setting
    Emily Beth Devine
    Biomedical and Health Informatics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
    Health Serv Res 45:152-71. 2010
    ..Two primary aims were to compare prescribing time between (1) handwritten and electronic (e-) prescriptions and (2) e-prescriptions using differing hardware configurations...
  17. ncbi Primary care physician time utilization before and after implementation of an electronic health record: a time-motion study
    Lisa Pizziferri
    Partners HealthCare System, Inc, Information Systems, USA
    J Biomed Inform 38:176-88. 2005
    ..While the EHR did not require more time for physicians during a clinic session, further studies should assess the EHR's potential impact on non-clinic time...
  18. pmc Physician activities during time out of the examination room
    Valerie Gilchrist
    Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:494-9. 2005
    ..This study was a systematic investigation of family physician office-based activities outside of the examination room...
  19. pmc The impact of electronic health records on time efficiency of physicians and nurses: a systematic review
    Lise Poissant
    Clinical and Health Informatics Research Group, McGill University, Morrice House, 1140 Pine Ave West, Montreal Quebec, Canada H3A 1A3
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 12:505-16. 2005
    ..It also identified how the selection of bedside or central station desktop EHRs may influence documentation time for the two main user groups, physicians and nurses...
  20. ncbi Workflow assessment of digital versus computed radiography and screen-film in the outpatient environment
    Katherine P Andriole
    Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, 94143 0628, USA
    J Digit Imaging 15:124-6. 2002
    ..DR and CR can improve workflow and productivity over analog screen-film in a PACS for delivery of projection radiography services in an outpatient environment, but DR requires high volume to be cost effective over CR...
  21. ncbi Evaluation of Fast Track
    Shane Combs
    Joondalup Health Campus, Shenton Avenue, Perth, WA 6027, Australia
    Accid Emerg Nurs 15:40-7. 2007
    ..As a result of Fast Track, the Emergency Department waiting area is less congested and staff moral has increased. A further consequence of Fast Track is that nurses are providing more advanced clinical services to patients...
  22. ncbi Waiting times in California's emergency departments
    Susan Lambe
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 94143, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 41:35-44. 2003
    ..Yet few data are available on ED waiting times among a heterogeneous group of hospitals serving a distinct geographic region...
  23. ncbi Evaluation of the fast track unit of a university emergency department
    Kathleen Nash
    University of Texas Medical Branch, School of Nursing, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555 1029, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 33:14-20; quiz 90. 2007
    ..The goals of the FT unit included reducing patients' length of stay, improving patients' satisfaction, and decreasing ED overcrowding...
  24. pmc How do microbiology consultants undertake their jobs? A survey of consultant time and tasks in South West England
    T Riordan
    Public Health Laboratory, Church Lane, Heavitree, Exeter EX2 5AD, UK
    J Clin Pathol 55:735-40. 2002
    ....
  25. pmc Electronic health records in specialty care: a time-motion study
    Helen G Lo
    Information Systems, Partners HealthCare System, Wellesley, MA, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 14:609-15. 2007
    ..However, adoption has been slow, and a key concern has been that clinicians will require more time to complete their work using EHRs. Most previous studies addressing this issue have been done in primary care...
  26. pmc Analyzing the time and value of housestaff inpatient work
    T R Dresselhaus
    Medical Service, San Diego Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the Department of Medicine, University of California, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:534-40. 1998
    ..Planners can use automated random sampling to guide the rational redesign of housestaff work...
  27. ncbi All in a day's work: an observational study to quantify how and with whom doctors on hospital wards spend their time
    Johanna I Westbrook
    Health Informatics Research and Evaluation Unit, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:506-9. 2008
    ..To quantify time doctors in hospital wards spend on specific work tasks, and with health professionals and patients...
  28. ncbi What do surgery residents do on their call nights?
    John M Morton
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Surg 188:225-9. 2004
    ..Surgical resident education is entering a critical era of achieving core competencies despite work hour restrictions. An assessment of on-call activity is needed to maximize educational merit...
  29. ncbi How hospitalists spend their time: insights on efficiency and safety
    Kevin J O'Leary
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    J Hosp Med 1:88-93. 2006
    ..To evaluate the types and frequency of activities that hospitalists perform during routine work, we conducted a time-motion study of hospitalist physicians at our institution...
  30. ncbi Transforming nursing workflow, part 1: the chaotic nature of nurse activities
    Paul Cornell
    University of Memphis, Tennessee, TN, USA
    J Nurs Adm 40:366-73. 2010
    ..To quantitatively measure workflow and computer use, the activities of 27 medical-surgical RNs were recorded through direct observation...
  31. ncbi Evaluation of humeral head replacements using time-action analysis
    Joanne P J Minekus
    Faculty of Design, Engineering and Production, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 12:152-7. 2003
    ..Limitations of the surgical process that can be improved could be identified. These findings enable the evaluation of new operative techniques, protocols, and instruments...
  32. pmc Comparative cost-efficiency of the EVOTECH endoscope cleaner and reprocessor versus manual cleaning plus automated endoscope reprocessing in a real-world Canadian hospital endoscopy setting
    Lindy Forte
    VALORE Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Gastroenterol 11:105. 2011
    ..The purpose of this economic evaluation was to determine the cost-efficiency of the ECR versus AER methods of endoscopy reprocessing in an actual practice setting...
  33. ncbi Measurement of nursing care time of specific interventions on a hematology-oncology unit related to diagnostic categories
    Andrea Colombo
    Faculty of Medicine, San Gerardo University Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy
    Cancer Nurs 28:476-80. 2005
    ..The results obtained are an estimate of the different daily workload that is required for these categories of patients in selected nursing procedures...
  34. ncbi Effects of a fast-track area on emergency department performance
    Miquel Sanchez
    Emergency Medicine Section, Emergency Area, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Emerg Med 31:117-20. 2006
    ..In conclusion, the opening of a FTA improved ED effectiveness, measured by decreased WT and LOS, without deterioration in the quality of care provided, measured by rates of mortality and revisits...
  35. ncbi Impact of the stage of dementia on the time required for bathing-related care: a pilot study in a Japanese nursing home
    Nami Kobayashi
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr, NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    Int J Nurs Stud 41:767-74. 2004
    ..For dressing and undressing, additional time was required when caregivers failed to keep to a specific routine...
  36. ncbi Data visualisation for time series in environmental epidemiology
    B Erbas
    Department of Public Health, The University of Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    J Epidemiol Biostat 6:433-43. 2001
    ....
  37. ncbi Work interrupted: a comparison of workplace interruptions in emergency departments and primary care offices
    C D Chisholm
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 38:146-51. 2001
    ..We sought to determine the number of interruptions and to characterize tasks performed in emergency departments compared with those performed in primary care offices...
  38. ncbi Comparison of efficiencies of three techniques for colon surgery
    W Sjoerdsma
    Faculty of Design, Engineering and Production, Section Man Machine Systems, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 10:47-53. 2000
    ..To determine the most efficient technique for performing a colectomy, we used the methodology of time-motion analysis...
  39. ncbi Quantitative analysis of the functionality and efficiency of three surgical dissection techniques: a time-motion analysis
    K T den Boer
    Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Design, Engineering and Production, The Netherlands
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 9:389-95. 1999
    ..Bipolar scissors were more efficient than were both other techniques, and they coagulated vessels more safely than did monopolar coagulation...
  40. ncbi Emergency department workplace interruptions: are emergency physicians "interrupt-driven" and "multitasking"?
    C D Chisholm
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine and Emergency Medicine and Trauma Center, Methodist Hospital, Clarian Health Partners, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 7:1239-43. 2000
    ..The authors conducted an observational, time-motion task-analysis study to determine the number and types of interruptions in the ED...
  41. ncbi How nurses manage time and work in long-term care
    B J Bowers
    School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    J Adv Nurs 33:484-91. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to better understand the ways in which conditions of work, including staffing, affect how nurses in long-term care (LTC) facilities do their jobs and the quality of care they provide...
  42. ncbi How does fast track affect quality of care in the emergency department?
    Ayad Al Darrab
    Division of Emergency Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton Health Sciences, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Emerg Med 13:32-5. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi Measuring nursing workload in neonatal intensive care
    Kaye Spence
    The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Nurs Manag 14:227-34. 2006
    ..To determine if a suitable method of measuring nursing workload could be developed in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  44. ncbi The Community Client Need Classification System - a dependency system for community nurses
    Gobnait Byrne
    School of Nursing and Midwifery Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
    J Nurs Manag 14:437-46. 2006
    ..The aim of this paper was to discuss the predictive validity and reliability of the Community Client Need Classification System (CCNCS), the results of using this tool and public health nurses' satisfaction with the system...
  45. ncbi Computerized rounding in a community hospital surgery residency program
    John Park
    Department of Surgery, Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio 45220, USA
    J Surg Educ 64:357-60. 2007
    ..This study was intended to assess the amount of time saved using computerized patient information in the form of a personal data assistant (PDA)...
  46. ncbi Physical activities and correlates of clinical nurses in Taipei municipal hospitals
    Yuh Shwu Lee
    Department of Nursing, Kang Ning Junior College of Medical Care and Management, Taipei
    J Nurs Res 13:281-92. 2005
    ..Nurses with greater perceived barriers to exercise spend less energy on physical activity. The main influencing factors for perceived barriers to exercise include laziness and lack of time...
  47. pmc The feminization of the medical work force, implications for Scottish primary care: a survey of Scottish general practitioners
    Brian McKinstry
    Community Health Sciences GP Section, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:56. 2006
    ..However, there is very little information on the actual hours worked by men and women general practitioners or on the types of work they are undertaking...
  48. ncbi The balancing act: patient care time versus cost
    Judith Lloyd Storfjell
    Department of Public Health, Mental Health, and Administrative Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:244-9. 2008
    ..Because nursing wages constitute a high proportion of a hospital's budget, understanding the costs of nursing activities is critical to managing them...
  49. ncbi Care needs of residents in community-based long-term care facilities in Taiwan
    I Chuan Li
    Institute of Community Health Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Clin Nurs 14:711-8. 2005
    ....
  50. ncbi Evaluation of a 16-MDCT scanner in an emergency department: initial clinical experience and workflow analysis
    Jan Gralla
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Inselspital, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 4, Bern, Switzerland
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 185:232-8. 2005
    ..In a prospective study, we evaluated the reliability and workflow of a dedicated emergency department 16-MDCT scanner in the management of patients presenting to the emergency department...
  51. ncbi Caseload management in community children's nursing
    Mary Lewis
    Bath and North East Somerset Primary Care Trust
    Paediatr Nurs 20:18-22. 2008
    ..This action research project aimed to find ways of managing community children's nursing caseloads that would improve the efficiency, effectiveness and equity of services and inform negotiations with service commissioners...
  52. ncbi Discrepancies in performing target weight assessments in haemodialysis patients
    R Kinton
    Renal Services Manager, Derby City, General Hospital, UK
    EDTNA ERCA J 31:15-8. 2005
    ..Results demonstrated that a variety of reasons determined whether such assessments were carried out, and that there was wide variation as to what nurses considered essential in performing the assessment...
  53. ncbi Intra-unit patient transports: time, motion, and cost impact on hospital efficiency
    Ann L Hendrich
    Ascension Health, St Louis, MO, USA
    Nurs Econ 23:157-64, 147. 2005
    ..Solid evidence to support the improvement of hospital and patient care efficiency through the identification and suggested elimination of waste patterns within the transport process is presented...
  54. ncbi The business case for nursing in long-term care
    Susan D Horn
    Institute for Clinical Outcomes Research, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 9:88-93. 2008
    ..Thus, after controlling for important variables, more RN time/day was strongly associated with better outcomes and lower societal cost...
  55. ncbi Quantifying nursing workflow in medication administration
    Carol A Keohane
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:19-26. 2008
    ..Implications of their findings are discussed...
  56. ncbi The trauma nurse coordinator in Australia and New Zealand: a progress survey of demographics, role function, and resources
    Kate Curtis
    St George Hospital, Gray St, Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia
    J Trauma Nurs 15:34-42. 2008
    ..Despite where one works, the role components identified are fulfilled to a certain extent. However, trauma centers need to provide the TNC with adequate resources if trauma care systems are to be optimally effective...
  57. ncbi Using the Resource Utilization Groups (RUG-III) system as a staffing tool in nursing homes
    Mary Ellen Dellefield
    Hartford Foundation Building Academic Geriatric Nursing, VA San Diego Healthcare System, USA
    Geriatr Nurs 27:160-5. 2006
    ..The lessons learned about the advantages and limitations in using RUG-III as a staffing tool are summarized. These lessons are applicable to RUG-53, the January 2006 refinement of RUG-III...
  58. ncbi Assessing nursing staffing ratios: variability in workload intensity
    Valda V Upenieks
    School of Nursing, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 8:7-19. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi The development and testing of a questionnaire to measure complexity of nursing work performed in nursing homes: NCCQ-NH
    Donna Velasquez
    University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, USA
    Geriatr Nurs 28:90-8. 2007
    ..A modified version of the original scale can be used to provide scientific evidence on which to base the design of management structures in nursing homes...
  60. ncbi Nursing workload in intensive care units: a study using the Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-28 (TISS-28)
    Katia Grillo Padilha
    School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 23:162-9. 2007
    ..The Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-28 (TISS-28) is an instrument that has been used to measure severity of illness and nursing workload in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  61. ncbi Budgeting nursing workload for required minimum data set assessments
    Linda Adams-Wendling
    Emporia State University, Newman Division of Nursing, Emporia, KS 66801, USA
    J Nurs Manag 15:442-8. 2007
    ..Specifically, the instrument measures the nursing workload of the resident assessment instrument the mandated assessment tool used in nursing facilities...
  62. ncbi Trends in the experiences of hospital-employed registered nurses: results from three national surveys
    Peter I Buerhaus
    Center for Interdisciplinary Health Workforce Studies, The Institute for Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Nurs Econ 25:69-79, 55; quiz 80. 2007
    ..At the same time, nurses and others involved in hospital patient care should be encouraged by the improvements that have been made in recent years, despite the presence of a nursing shortage...
  63. ncbi Adjustment of inpatient care reimbursement for nursing intensity
    John M Welton
    College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 7:270-80. 2006
    ....
  64. ncbi Care planning efficiency for nursing facilities
    Marjorie J Bott
    University of Kansas School of Nursing, Kansas City, KS, USA
    Nurs Econ 25:85-94, 55. 2007
    ..Efficiency varied across the nursing facilities and was not related to number of beds, profit status, or location; however, Medicare-certified facilities were less likely to be efficient...
  65. ncbi Faculty perceptions of the ACGME resident duty hour regulations in family medicine
    Beth Choby
    San Jacinto Methodist Family Medicine Residency Program, Baytown, Tex
    Fam Med 39:392-8. 2007
    ..This survey examines faculty perceptions of the effect of duty hour changes in academic family medicine...
  66. ncbi Improving medication administration systems: an evaluation study
    Jocelyn Bennett
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario
    Can Nurse 102:35-9. 2006
    ..Nurses and pharmacists associated the new system with enhanced patient safety and work satisfaction...
  67. ncbi Avoiding prolonged waiting time during busy periods in the emergency department: Is there a role for the senior emergency physician in triage?
    James P Travers
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alexandra Hospital, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
    Eur J Emerg Med 13:342-8. 2006
    ....
  68. ncbi The Warrington workload tool: determining its use in one trust
    Melissa Baldwin
    Colwyn Bay Community Nursing Team, Conwy and Denbighshire NHS Trust
    Br J Community Nurs 11:391-5. 2006
    ..It was also identified that the service needs evidence that their resource needs are met in response to workload tool data to ensure the tool continues to be used in a proactive manner...
  69. ncbi The incidence of upper extremity injuries in endoscopy nurses
    Susan A Drysdale
    Manitoba Chapter Secretary, CSGNA, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Gastroenterol Nurs 30:187-92. 2007
    ..Results reveal that for this sample, endoscopy nurses working full-time are at the highest risk for injury, suggesting the importance of ergonomics in the endoscopy suite...
  70. ncbi Performance obstacles of intensive care nurses
    Ayse P Gurses
    Division of Health Policy on Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Nurs Res 56:185-94. 2007
    ..Performance obstacles are the factors that hinder intensive care nurses' capacity to perform their jobs and that are associated closely with their immediate work environment...
  71. ncbi Emergency department patient classification systems: A systematic review
    Susan Williams
    Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom
    Accid Emerg Nurs 14:160-70. 2006
    ..There is a need for a valid and reliable, prospective, emergency department patient classification system to set adequate nurse staffing levels in the UK...
  72. ncbi Enterprise bargaining: a case study in the de-intensification of nursing work in Australia
    Eileen Willis
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Nurs Inq 15:148-57. 2008
    ..The irony of this strategy is that these calculations and tools operate as both a human resource mechanism for maximizing productivity as well as an industrial relations tool for reducing work intensification...
  73. ncbi Clinical staff resource use with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia in acute postoperative pain management: results from a multicenter, prospective, observational study
    Margaret Mordin
    Covance Market Access Services, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA
    J Perianesth Nurs 22:243-55. 2007
    ..Alternative methods of patient-controlled pain management with similar efficacy that reduces labor resource utilization may be warranted...
  74. ncbi Acuity systems dialogue and patient classification system essentials
    Kelle Harper
    School of Nursing, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA
    Nurs Adm Q 31:284-99. 2007
    ..Interrater reliability among nurses was 87% with the author's acuity tool...
  75. ncbi Assessment of teacher interruptions on learners during oral case presentations
    Glen Yang
    Department of Emergency Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:521-5. 2007
    ..Studies have only recently begun to investigate the effects of interruptions on physicians in the emergency department (ED)...
  76. ncbi Workload of postanaesthesia care unit nurses and intensive care overflow
    P Kiekkas
    Technical Educational Institute of Patras, Greece
    Br J Nurs 14:434-8. 2005
    ..Unless there is the appropriate number of personnel, increases in total care time are likely to lead to the neglect of post anaesthesia patients' needs...
  77. ncbi Learning disabilities: a survey of community nurses for people with prevalence of challenging behaviour and contact demands
    Eamonn Slevin
    School of Nursing, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, UK
    J Clin Nurs 13:571-9. 2004
    ..68 million people. In this region it is estimated that there are 8500 people with learning disabilities who are in contact with services, this includes around 500 people remaining in hospitals awaiting resettlement...
  78. ncbi Measuring practice patterns among acute care nurse practitioners
    Peri Rosenfeld
    Division of Nursing, Steinhardt School of Education, New York University, New York, 10003 6677, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:159-65. 2003
    ..A sound, standardized method for measuring ACNP productivity will assist nursing leaders and administrators to demonstrate the effectiveness and productivity of ACNPs in and across institutions and systems...
  79. ncbi Emergency department contributors to ambulance diversion: a quantitative analysis
    Michael J Schull
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit and the Department of Emergency Services, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 41:467-76. 2003
    ..We determine the relationship between physician, nursing, and patient factors on emergency department use of ambulance diversion...
  80. ncbi Measuring relative work values for home care nursing services in Japan
    Yasuko Ogata
    Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chiba shi, Japan
    Nurs Res 53:145-53. 2004
    ..To maintain the quality of services in home health nursing provided by Stations, reimbursement needs to account not only for the number of home visits, but also for the time and intensity of nursing services...
  81. ncbi Driving improvement in patient care: lessons from Toyota
    Debra N Thompson
    UPMC Health System, Pittsburg, PA 15213, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:585-95. 2003
    ..Tracking data further suggest that TPS, with sufficient staff preparation and involvement, has the potential for continuous, lasting, and accelerated improvement in patient care...
  82. ncbi A job analysis of selected health workers in a district health system in KwaZulu-Natal. Part Two: Job analysis of nurses in primary health care settings
    S Mbambo
    School of Nursing, University of Natal
    Curationis 26:42-52. 2003
    ..A clear difference in the roles of different categories of nurses was found, although they have many tasks in common...
  83. ncbi A job analysis of selected health workers in a district health system in KwaZulu-Natal. Part One: Job analysis of nurses in hospital settings
    L R Uys
    School of Nursing, University of Natal
    Curationis 26:32-41. 2003
    ..The specialists type tasks of Registered Nurses were also clear in Operating Theatre settings. The implications of the study are discussed and recommendations are made...
  84. ncbi Disruptive behaviors of older adults in an institutional setting. Staff time required to manage disruptions
    Elaine Souder
    Office of Educational Development, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 29:31-6. 2003
    ..Nursing staff did not always intervene in all disruptive behaviors that occurred. When they did intervene, total time to manage a disruptive behavior ranged from 5.7 to 201.5 minutes (mean = 23.1 minutes, SD = 31.9)...
  85. ncbi Staffing and organisation of nursing care in cardiac intensive care units in Greece
    Anastasios Merkouris
    Nursing Training Department, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2:123-9. 2003
    ..To explore staffing and organisational characteristics of nursing care in cardiac intensive care units (CICUs) in Greece...
  86. ncbi Repercussions of work schedule congruence among full-time, part-time, and contingent nurses
    Stephen J Havlovic
    Department of Management, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 27:30-41. 2002
    ..This study explores the combined effects of alternative and preferred work schedules on nurses' satisfaction with their work schedules, perceived patient care quality, and interferences with their personal lives...
  87. ncbi Benchmarking working time in health care: the case of Excelcare
    Eileen Willis
    Department of Palliative Care, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Flinders University, Adelaide
    Aust Health Rev 25:134-40. 2002
    ..This brought into sharp relief disagreements between the various parties over Excelcare timings, but more importantly, it illustrates the unions' strategic use of the Enterprise Bargaining process to de-intensify nursing labour...
  88. ncbi Perceptions of work-time and leisure-time among managers and field staff in a UK primary health care trust
    Reva Berman Brown
    Oxford Brookes Business School Research Centre, Wheatley, Oxford OX33 1HX, UK
    J Nurs Manag 12:368-74. 2004
    ....
  89. pmc Can a senior house officer's time be used more effectively?
    J Mitchell
    East Anglian Rotation, UK
    Emerg Med J 21:545-7. 2004
    ....
  90. ncbi The physical workload of nursing personnel: association with musculoskeletal discomfort
    Nancy N Menzel
    Department of Health Care Environments and Systems, College of Nursing, University of Florida, P O Box 100187, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 41:859-67. 2004
    ..On units where lifting devices are readily available, musculoskeletal risk may have shifted to the wrist and knee...
  91. ncbi Intravenous fluid therapy: a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of the IV(2) flow medical device
    Nesta Fraser
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
    J Clin Nurs 16:1593-601. 2007
    ..To investigate the hypothetical benefits of the IV(2) flow medical device...
  92. ncbi Defining the impact of high patient/staff ratios on dialysis social workers
    Steve Bogatz
    Central Connecticut Dialysis, USA
    Nephrol News Issues 19:55-60. 2005
    ..Soon after this increase in case ratio, the Connecticut Council of Nephrology Social Workers (CT CNSW) became concerned about the reduced level of social work services available to patients...
  93. ncbi Working under pressure: a pilot study of nurse work in a postoperative setting
    Karen Willis
    School of Sociology and Social Work, University of Tasmania, Locked Bag 1340G, Launceston 7250, Tasmania, Australia
    Clin Nurse Spec 19:87-91; quiz 92-3. 2005
    ..quot; The work is high-pressure and involves, by necessity, multitasking. There are many dimensions of nursing care, but, usually, these are supplied simultaneously...
  94. ncbi Nurses' use of time in a medical-surgical ward with all-RN staffing
    S Lundgren
    Department of Nursing and Institute of Health Care Pedagogics, , Billerudsgatan 1, , Sweden
    J Nurs Manag 9:13-20. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: It can be suggested that the nurses used their time efficiently and, over time, they developed a more coherent way of organizing nursing activities...
  95. ncbi Comparative costs of ertapenem and piperacillin-tazobactam in the treatment of diabetic foot infections
    Alan D Tice
    John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 64:1080-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate potential cost savings, trial data were used to determine the clinical outcomes for i.v. ertapenem given once daily and i.v. piperacillin-tazobactam given every six hours daily in treating diabetic foot infections...
  96. ncbi Life-time studies with capillary electrochromatography columns operated under different conditions
    K Walhagen
    Institut fur Anorganische Chemie und Analytische Chemie, , Mainz, Germany
    J Chromatogr A 894:35-43. 2000
    ..95-1.05. The experimental results clearly document that the life-time performance of the CEC capillary columns depends on the eluent composition, as well as the nature of the analytes to which the CEC capillary columns are exposed...
  97. ncbi Computerized system for outcomes-based antiemetic therapy in children
    M T Holdsworth
    College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 34:1101-8. 2000
    ..To introduce a computerized data collection system used for an outcomes-based approach to antiemetic therapy in children, and to present data collected with this system in support of a new antiemetic dosing regimen...
  98. ncbi Nebulisers or spacers for the administration of bronchodilators to those with asthma attending emergency departments?
    Naomi Mason
    NHLI Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, London W6 8RP, UK
    Respir Med 102:993-8. 2008
    ..Whether this recommendation is implemented and whether it might affect use of staff time is unknown...
  99. ncbi Radioisotope for occult lesion localisation (ROLL) of the breast does not require extra radiation protection procedures
    R S Rampaul
    Professorial Unit of Surgery, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Breast 12:150-2. 2003
    ..Dosimetry data from patients and hospital personnel involved in the use of radioisotope for occult lesion localisation (ROLL) of the breast were collected to determine the need for extra radiation protection procedures...
  100. ncbi How much labor is in a labor epidural? Manpower cost and reimbursement for an obstetric analgesia service in a teaching institution
    E D Bell
    Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Anesthesiology 92:851-8. 2000
    ..This study defines the manpower costs of operating an OAS in a tertiary referral center and examines reimbursement for this cost...
  101. ncbi Cost comparison of single daily i.v. doses of ceftriaxone versus continuous infusion of cefotaxime
    C M Hitt
    Hospital Pharmacy Services, Mayo Medical Center, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 54:1614-8. 1997
    ..b>Time and motion studies were conducted to determine the pharmacy and nursing labor required to prepare and administer the ..

Research Grants43

  1. Impact and Cost-effectiveness of Safer Conception Strategies for HIV Prevention
    Joelle Morgan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I will carry out "micro- costing" and time and motion studies during the implementation of the demonstration project (above) to gather estimates on resources required ..
  2. VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE AORTA AND ITS BRANCHES
    Geoffrey Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  3. Intimate Partner Violence in a Women's Health Clinic Population
    Audrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. ORGANIZATION AND CONTROL OF MOVEMENT
    JOHN SOECHTING; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Providing sensory feedback would clearly enhance the efficacy of brain-machine interfaces and these results will provide new information about the normal utilization of sensory inflow in the control of movements. ..
  6. NOVEL ANTIPSYCHOTICS AND STEREOTYPED MOVEMENT DISORDER
    Karl Newell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of adaptive, goaloriented actions? And (4) Are there differences between the short and long term effects of atypical antipsychotics on aberrant behavior, abnormal movements, and goal-oriented motor task performance? ..
  7. AGING AND THE COMPLEXITY OF VISUAL-MOTOR BEHAVIOR
    Karl Newell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Ocular and Manual Tracking of Visual Targets
    JOHN SOECHTING; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Impact of LEEP on cervical length and secretions
    Audrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Paired statistical techniques, simple and multivariate linear regression, ANOVA, two-way repeated measures ANOVA, and ANCOVA will be used. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. DOMESTIC ABUSE IN PREGNANCY AND ADVERSE BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Audrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. EVALUATION OF CHD IN MEN AND WOMEN PRIOR TO FIRST AMI
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, we will provide specific information on current gender-related practice patterns. This information can be used to inform future practice recommendations. ..
  13. Impact of resident work hour rules on errors and quality
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will be central to any future efforts to reduce errors in teaching hospitals through resident work hour reform. ..
  14. Dose of Early Therapeutic Mobility: Does Type or Frequency of Activity Matter?
    Chris Winkelman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study is a preliminary step in the investigation of the optimal "dose" of ETM activity in mechanically ventilated patients and has the potential to improve recovery from critical illness. ..
  15. TRIP for postpartum depression (TRIPPD)
    Barbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Equally importantly, it will provide information necessary to translate this evidence into 9eneral primary care practices. ..
  16. Evaluation of Exposure Measurement Error
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Maternal-Fetal HLA Sharing and Risk of Preeclampsia
    Audrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..05. The proposed study may be the first to examine the effects of maternal-fetal HLA sharing in an adequately powered epidemiological framework. ..
  18. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. VIRTUAL REALITY IN BALANCE DISORDERS
    Susan Whitney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The data derived from the above three goals will help direct a randomized clinical trial that will assist in determining if virtual reality is an effective method of intervention with persons with vestibular dysfunction. ..
  20. Improving Radiologist Detection of Lung Nodules with CAD
    Geoffrey Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. A PRESCRIPTION FOR ENHANCING RESIDENT QUALITY OF LIFE
    Ann Kolanowski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study holds promise for improving quality of life for nursing home residents with dementia by using theoretically based activities to respond to their needs. ..
  22. Central mechanisms of chronic trigeminal pain
    GEOFFREY GERSTNER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Impact of Nurse Work Environment on Rural Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes
    Marianne Baernholdt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  24. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  25. Development of Improved Earphone for Hearing Testing
    Robert Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In this project an earphone is being developed that can be used in both automated and manual testing and will significantly increase the efficiency, accuracy, and accessibility. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Progestin Levels and Inflammation in Postmenopause
    Peifeng Hu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATI
    Francesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Consumer Influences of Treatment of Depression
    Richard Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e., should DTCA be further regulated?) while also contributing to our understanding of the social influences on diagnosis and treatment of depression in primary care settings. ..
  30. ALTERNATIVE METHODS FOR CLINICAL RESEARCH
    Souraya Sidani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This data set will permit the conduct of simulation-type analyses to identify the contribution of the methodological and conceptual factors to the validity of conclusions in clinical research. ..
  31. SCAR TRIP Conference: Transforming Medical Imaging
    Katherine Andriole; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. WANDERING-- BACKROUND AND PROXIMAL FACTORS
    Donna Algase; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Effects of Antioxidants and Inflammation in Older People
    Peifeng Hu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Effects of a Hip Fracture Prevention Website for Seniors
    Eun Shim Nahm; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, a follow-up study will be conducted to ascertain effectiveness of the TSW for other older adults' health problems (i.e., hypertension) that can be prevented or managed in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in Dementia
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. A New Walking Aid to Prevent Falls
    Elizabeth Protas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The WalkAbout will be compared to existing devices in terms of safety as well as the promotion of a proper gait while walking. Ease of use for both the user and the caregiver will be assessed. ..
  37. Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal Incontinence
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Differences among the measures of the groups after supplementation will be compared after controlling for baseline values of these measures using ANCOVA. ..
  38. NASD Academic ED Collaborative - UC San Diego
    Theodore Chan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..UCSD ED investigators will be responsible for following up on difficult to reach) patients. Local data and survey results will be submitted to the R-25 and R-21 sites for analysis. ..
  39. Nursing Home IT: Optimal Medication and Care Delivery
    Susan Horn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Distill and summarize lessons learned about what is critical for successful implementation of HIT in nursing homes, including facilitators, barriers, and strategies to address them. ..
  40. Feasibility of a Theory-Based Online Hip Fracture Resource Center for Caregivers
    Eun Shim Nahm; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Peptides surface modification to prevent stent blockage
    Joseph Leung; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results may shed new lights in the prevention of chronic implanted medical device related infections and specifically in prolonging plastic stent patency. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Automated Test of Word Recognition - Phase II
    Robert Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A pilot study will test the method on a Spanish-language speech-recognition test. [unreadable] [unreadable]..