task performance and analysis

Summary

Summary: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networks
    Michael D Fox
    Department of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9673-8. 2005
  2. ncbi Response of neurons in the lateral intraparietal area during a combined visual discrimination reaction time task
    Jamie D Roitman
    Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7290, USA
    J Neurosci 22:9475-89. 2002
  3. ncbi Processing of social and monetary rewards in the human striatum
    Keise Izuma
    Department of Cerebral Research, Division of Cerebral Integration, National Institute for Physiological Sciences NIPS, Aichi, Japan
    Neuron 58:284-94. 2008
  4. pmc Positive affect increases the breadth of attentional selection
    G Rowe
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3G3
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:383-8. 2007
  5. ncbi Sensory prediction errors drive cerebellum-dependent adaptation of reaching
    Ya weng Tseng
    Dept of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neurophysiol 98:54-62. 2007
  6. ncbi The restless mind
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Psychology Department, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychol Bull 132:946-58. 2006
  7. ncbi Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism
    Vladimir L Cherkassky
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Neuroreport 17:1687-90. 2006
  8. ncbi Minds at rest? Social cognition as the default mode of cognizing and its putative relationship to the "default system" of the brain
    Leo Schilbach
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Conscious Cogn 17:457-67. 2008
  9. ncbi Comparing perceptual learning tasks: a review
    Ione Fine
    Department of Psychology, University of California, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Vis 2:190-203. 2002
  10. ncbi An implicit plan overrides an explicit strategy during visuomotor adaptation
    Pietro Mazzoni
    Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Neurosci 26:3642-5. 2006

Detail Information

Publications361 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networks
    Michael D Fox
    Department of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9673-8. 2005
    ..We suggest that both task-driven neuronal responses and behavior are reflections of this dynamic, ongoing, functional organization of the brain...
  2. ncbi Response of neurons in the lateral intraparietal area during a combined visual discrimination reaction time task
    Jamie D Roitman
    Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7290, USA
    J Neurosci 22:9475-89. 2002
    ..A threshold level of LIP activity appears to mark the completion of the decision process and to govern the tradeoff between accuracy and speed of perception...
  3. ncbi Processing of social and monetary rewards in the human striatum
    Keise Izuma
    Department of Cerebral Research, Division of Cerebral Integration, National Institute for Physiological Sciences NIPS, Aichi, Japan
    Neuron 58:284-94. 2008
    ..Our findings support the idea of a "common neural currency" for rewards and represent an important first step toward a neural explanation for complex human social behaviors...
  4. pmc Positive affect increases the breadth of attentional selection
    G Rowe
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3G3
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:383-8. 2007
    ..These findings demonstrate that positive states, by loosening the reins on inhibitory control, result in a fundamental change in the breadth of attentional allocation to both external visual and internal conceptual space...
  5. ncbi Sensory prediction errors drive cerebellum-dependent adaptation of reaching
    Ya weng Tseng
    Dept of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neurophysiol 98:54-62. 2007
    ..Therefore adaptation to visuomotor perturbations depends on the cerebellum and is driven by the mismatch between predicted and actual sensory outcome of motor commands...
  6. ncbi The restless mind
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Psychology Department, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychol Bull 132:946-58. 2006
    ..However, mind wandering, like other goal-related processes, can be engaged without explicit awareness; thus, mind wandering can be seen as a goal-driven process, albeit one that is not directed toward the primary task...
  7. ncbi Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism
    Vladimir L Cherkassky
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Neuroreport 17:1687-90. 2006
    ..This functional underconnectivity was observed in the anterior-posterior connections. The results expand the theory of cortical underconnectivity in autism to the resting state of the brain...
  8. ncbi Minds at rest? Social cognition as the default mode of cognizing and its putative relationship to the "default system" of the brain
    Leo Schilbach
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Conscious Cogn 17:457-67. 2008
    ....
  9. ncbi Comparing perceptual learning tasks: a review
    Ione Fine
    Department of Psychology, University of California, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Vis 2:190-203. 2002
    ..A variety of factors seems to affect learning, including the number of perceptual dimensions relevant to the task, external noise, familiarity, and task complexity...
  10. ncbi An implicit plan overrides an explicit strategy during visuomotor adaptation
    Pietro Mazzoni
    Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Neurosci 26:3642-5. 2006
    ..This suggests that the motor system requires that planned and executed trajectories remain congruous in visual space, and enforces this correspondence even at the expense of an opposing explicit task goal...
  11. ncbi Dual-task interference in simple tasks: data and theory
    H Pashler
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla 92093
    Psychol Bull 116:220-44. 1994
    ..They also suggest new ways of thinking about continuous dual-task performance, effects of extraneous stimulation (e.g., stop signals), and automaticity. Implications for higher mental processes are discussed...
  12. pmc Causal inference in multisensory perception
    Konrad P Kording
    Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    PLoS ONE 2:e943. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi A componential analysis of task-switching deficits associated with lesions of left and right frontal cortex
    Adam R Aron
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
    Brain 127:1561-73. 2004
    ..This study localizes two components of the complex task-switching process (inhibition of task-sets and/or responses and top-down control of task-set) to the right IFG/POp and the left MFG respectively...
  14. pmc Rapid natural scene categorization in the near absence of attention
    Fei Fei Li
    Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:9596-601. 2002
    ..We conclude that some visual tasks associated with "high-level" cortical areas may proceed in the near absence of attention...
  15. ncbi Specialization in the default mode: Task-induced brain deactivations dissociate between visual working memory and attention
    Jutta S Mayer
    Department of Psychiatry, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 31:126-39. 2010
    ..The DMN can thus be subdivided into a set of brain regions that deactivate indiscriminately in response to cognitive demand ("the core DMN") and a part whose deactivation depends on the specific task...
  16. ncbi Error-related brain activation during a Go/NoGo response inhibition task
    V Menon
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 12:131-43. 2001
    ..Our results also suggest that the brain regions involved in the error processing system overlap with brain areas implicated in the formulation and execution of articulatory plans...
  17. ncbi Attentional demands for postural control: the effects of aging and sensory reintegration
    N Teasdale
    Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Division de kinesiologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4
    Gait Posture 14:203-10. 2001
    ....
  18. ncbi Ipsilateral motor cortex activity during unimanual hand movements relates to task complexity
    Timothy Verstynen
    Deptartment of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:1209-22. 2005
    ..These findings indicate a prominent role of left hemisphere in the execution of complex movements independent of the sequential nature of the task...
  19. ncbi A unified model for perceptual learning
    Aaron Seitz
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:329-34. 2005
    ..Our model provides insights into how neural modulators, attentional and reinforcement learning systems are related...
  20. ncbi Tools for the body (schema)
    Angelo Maravita
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, Piazza dell Ateneo Nuovo 1, 20126 Milan, Italy
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:79-86. 2004
    ..These relatively simple neural and behavioural aspects of tool-use shed light on more complex evolutionary and cognitive aspects of body representation and multisensory space coding for action...
  21. ncbi Motor learning is optimally tuned to the properties of motor noise
    Robert J van Beers
    Department of Physics of Man, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuron 63:406-17. 2009
    ..The size of the corrections is such that the movement variability is minimized. This physiologically plausible strategy is optimally tuned to the properties of motor noise, and likely underlies learning in many motor tasks...
  22. ncbi Vigilance requires hard mental work and is stressful
    Joel S Warm
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    Hum Factors 50:433-41. 2008
    ..We describe major discoveries and developments in vigilance research...
  23. ncbi Why is there an ERN/Ne on correct trials? Response representations, stimulus-related components, and the theory of error-processing
    M G Coles
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Cognitive Psychophysiology Laboratory, 603 East Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Biol Psychol 56:173-89. 2001
    ..For this reason, there is no reason to abandon theories that relate the ERN/Ne to error-processing...
  24. pmc Does mind wandering reflect executive function or executive failure? Comment on Smallwood and Schooler (2006) and Watkins (2008)
    Jennifer C McVay
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, nsboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:188-97; discussion 198-207. 2010
    ..We present empirical support for this view from experimental, neuroimaging, and individual-differences research...
  25. pmc Endogenous human brain dynamics recover slowly following cognitive effort
    Anna Barnes
    Brain Mapping Unit, Behavioural and Clinical Neurosciences Institute, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e6626. 2009
    ..effortful task significantly change fractal scaling properties of fMRI time series compared to their values before task performance? 2) If so, can we relate the extent of task-related perturbation to the difficulty of the task?..
  26. ncbi Functional imaging of working memory after 24 hr of total sleep deprivation
    Michael W L Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, SingHealth Research Laboratories, Singapore 169611, Singapore
    J Neurosci 24:4560-7. 2004
    ..Our findings provide neural correlates to explain why task performance in relatively more complex tasks is better preserved relative to simpler ones after SD...
  27. ncbi Dissociable medial frontal negativities from a common monitoring system for self- and externally caused failure of goal achievement
    Antje Gentsch
    Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 47:2023-30. 2009
    ..In line with recent neuroimaging findings, ERN and FRN appear to reflect the use of different sources of information about action outcome to update action value...
  28. ncbi Changing the structure of complex visuo-motor sequences selectively activates the fronto-parietal network
    V S Chandrasekhar Pammi
    Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India
    Neuroimage 59:1180-9. 2012
    ..We suggest that these selective activations and shifts in activity during complex sequence learning are possibly related to chunking of motor sequences...
  29. pmc The approximate number system and its relation to early math achievement: evidence from the preschool years
    Justin W Bonny
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 114:375-88. 2013
    ..Taken together, our findings suggest that early-developing connections between the ANS and mathematics may be fundamentally discontinuous. Possible mechanisms underlying such nonlinearity are discussed...
  30. ncbi Lapsing during sleep deprivation is associated with distributed changes in brain activation
    Michael W L Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
    J Neurosci 28:5519-28. 2008
    ..These findings reveal for the first time some of the neural consequences of the interaction between efforts to maintain wakefulness and processes that initiate involuntary sleep in sleep-deprived persons...
  31. ncbi For whom the mind wanders, and when: an experience-sampling study of working memory and executive control in daily life
    Michael J Kane
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:614-21. 2007
    ..The results were therefore consistent with theories of WMC emphasizing the role of executive attention and control processes in determining individual differences and their cognitive consequences...
  32. pmc Dorsal medial prefrontal cortex plays a necessary role in rapid error prediction in humans
    Mandana Modirrousta
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    J Neurosci 28:14000-5. 2008
    ..This finding constitutes important converging evidence for a critical role for human dACC in error monitoring, and sheds light on the selectivity and timing of the error-related process affected by dACC damage...
  33. pmc Examining the influence of task set on eye movements and fixations
    MARK MILLS
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
    J Vis 11:17. 2011
    ..g., fixation duration). Further, task set influenced the rate of change in fixation duration over the course of viewing but not saccade amplitude, suggesting independent mechanisms for control of these parameters...
  34. ncbi Sustained and transient attention in the continuous performance task
    H G O M Smid
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:859-83. 2006
    ..This supports the idea of increased transient response preparation in the CPT-AX. We conclude that CPTs differ along at least two task variables that each influences a different cognitive function...
  35. ncbi Effect of relevance on amygdala activation and association with the ventral striatum
    Olga Therese Ousdal
    Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Neuroimage 62:95-101. 2012
    ..Thus, the results may indicate that human amygdala modulates ventral striatum activity and subsequent behaviors beyond that observed for emotional cues, to encompass a broader range of relevant stimuli...
  36. ncbi Developmental changes in human cerebral functional organization for word generation
    Timothy T Brown
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:275-90. 2005
    ..The hemodynamic magnitude, neuroanatomical location and maturational timecourse of these progressive and regressive changes have implications for models of the developing specialization in human cerebral functional organization...
  37. pmc Acute effects of cocaine on the neurobiology of cognitive control
    Hugh Garavan
    Institute of Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3267-76. 2008
    ..Furthermore, the effects of cocaine on midline function suggest a dopaminergically mediated intersection between cocaine's acute reinforcing effects and its effects on cognitive control...
  38. ncbi Supertaskers: Profiles in extraordinary multitasking ability
    Jason M Watson
    Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 S 1530 E Rm 502, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:479-85. 2010
    ..These individual differences help to sharpen our theoretical understanding of attention and cognitive control in naturalistic settings...
  39. pmc Neuromotor noise, error tolerance and velocity-dependent costs in skilled performance
    Dagmar Sternad
    Departments of Biology, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002159. 2011
    ..Hence, the general acceptance of signal-dependent noise may need some qualification. These findings have significance for the fundamental understanding of how the central nervous system deals with its inherent neuromotor noise...
  40. pmc Beyond shape: how you learn about objects affects how they are represented in visual cortex
    Alan C N Wong
    Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
    PLoS ONE 4:e8405. 2009
    ..Experience can alter how objects are represented in the visual cortex. But experience can take different forms. It is unknown whether the kind of visual experience systematically alters the nature of visual cortical object representations...
  41. ncbi Viewing task influences eye movement control during active scene perception
    Monica S Castelhano
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    J Vis 9:6.1-15. 2009
    ..The present study demonstrates that viewing task biases the selection of scene regions and aggregate measures of fixation time on those regions but does not influence other measures, such as the duration of individual fixations...
  42. ncbi Challenging a decade of brain research on task switching: brain activation in the task-switching paradigm reflects adaptation rather than reconfiguration of task sets
    Wouter De Baene
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Hum Brain Mapp 33:639-51. 2012
    ..Therefore, our results call the classical reconfiguration interpretation into question and provide first evidence for adaptation of abstract task representations...
  43. pmc The importance of job control for workers with decreased work ability to remain productive at work
    Tilja I van den Berg
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 84:705-12. 2011
    ..Workers with decreased work ability are at greater risk of reduced productivity at work. We hypothesized that work-related characteristics play an important role in supporting workers to remain productive despite decreased work ability...
  44. ncbi Enhanced somatosensory information decreases postural sway in older people
    F Qiu
    Movement Neuroscience Program, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Gait Posture 35:630-5. 2012
    ..Textured insole surfaces may afford a low-cost means of decreasing postural sway, providing an important intervention in falls prevention...
  45. ncbi Functional MRI correlates of visuospatial planning in out-patient depression and anxiety
    M J van Tol
    Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 124:273-84. 2011
    ..We aimed to study functional MRI correlates of (visuospatial) planning in MDD and anxiety disorders and to test for the effects of their comorbidity...
  46. ncbi Domain-general mechanisms of complex working memory span
    Jason M Chein
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia PA 19122, USA
    Neuroimage 54:550-9. 2011
    ..The study also provides a vital bridge between psychometric and neuroimaging approaches to working memory, and constrains our understanding of how working memory may contribute to the broader landscape of cognitive performance...
  47. pmc Optimal reward harvesting in complex perceptual environments
    Vidhya Navalpakkam
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5232-7. 2010
    ..This suggests that individuals are able to harvest rewards optimally and dynamically under time pressure while seeking multiple targets embedded in perceptual clutter...
  48. ncbi Divided representation of concurrent goals in the human frontal lobes
    Sylvain Charron
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Paris F 75654 Cedex 13, France
    Science 328:360-3. 2010
    ..The two frontal lobes thus divide for representing simultaneously two concurrent goals coordinated by the APC. The human frontal function seems limited to driving the pursuit of two concurrent goals simultaneously...
  49. pmc Do absorption and realistic distraction influence performance of component task surgical procedure?
    Jon R Pluyter
    Department of Information Systems and Management, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, 5037 AB Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Surg Endosc 24:902-7. 2010
    ..g., music, conversation, and unadapted use of sophisticated technologies). This study aimed to examine whether such realistic social and technological distracting conditions may influence surgical performance...
  50. ncbi Subjective experience and the attentional lapse: task engagement and disengagement during sustained attention
    Jonathan Smallwood
    The Psychology Department, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    Conscious Cogn 13:657-90. 2004
    ..The implications of these findings for our understanding of how awareness is maintained on task relevant material during periods of sustained attention are discussed...
  51. ncbi Daytime sleep condenses the time course of motor memory consolidation
    Maria Korman
    Brain Behavior Research Center, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Nat Neurosci 10:1206-13. 2007
    ..These results suggest that the evolution of robustness to interference and the evolution of delayed gains can coincide immediately post-training and that both effects reflect sleep-sensitive processes...
  52. ncbi The effect of perceptual learning on neuronal responses in monkey visual area V4
    Tianming Yang
    Baylor College of Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Neurosci 24:1617-26. 2004
    ..These results provide the first demonstration of perceptual learning modifying basic neuronal response properties at an intermediate level of visual cortex and give insights into the distribution of plasticity across adult visual cortex...
  53. ncbi Executive "brake failure" following deactivation of human frontal lobe
    Christopher D Chambers
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:444-55. 2006
    ..These findings confirm and extend recent reports that the inferior frontal gyrus is vital for mediating response inhibition...
  54. ncbi Enhancing the sensitivity of a sustained attention task to frontal damage: convergent clinical and functional imaging evidence
    Tom Manly
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Neurocase 9:340-9. 2003
    ..While the results are discussed in terms of a frontal system involved in the voluntary maintenance of performance under conditions of low stimulation, alternative accounts in terms of strategy application are considered...
  55. pmc Movement structure in young and elderly adults during goal-directed movements of the left and right arm
    Brach Poston
    Motor Control Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, P O Box 870404, Tempe, AZ 85287 0404, USA
    Brain Cogn 69:30-8. 2009
    ..However, as expected, the elderly adults showed shorter relative primary submovement lengths and longer relative primary submovement durations, reaction times, movement durations, and normalized jerk scores compared to the young adults...
  56. ncbi Development of the letter identity span in reading: evidence from the eye movement moving window paradigm
    Tuomo Häikiö
    Department of Psychology, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
    J Exp Child Psychol 102:167-81. 2009
    ..Finally, slower second graders were largely not disrupted by smaller windows, suggesting that their word decoding skill is not yet fully automatized...
  57. ncbi Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS): evaluation of a behavioural marker system
    G Fletcher
    Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, King s College, UK
    Br J Anaesth 90:580-8. 2003
    ..A prototype behavioural marker system was developed using human factors research techniques. The aim of this study was to conduct an experimental evaluation to establish its basic psychometric properties and usability...
  58. ncbi Neuropsychological functions in anxiety disorders in population-based samples: evidence of episodic memory dysfunction
    Eija Airaksinen
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Psychiatr Res 39:207-14. 2005
    ..Verbal fluency and psychomotor speed were not affected by anxiety. Specific phobia and generalised anxiety disorder did not affect neuropsychological functioning...
  59. ncbi Primate upper limb muscles exhibit activity patterns that differ from their anatomical action during a postural task
    Isaac Kurtzer
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Botterell Hall, Rm 232, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 95:493-504. 2006
    ..Moreover, arm-related neurons of primary motor cortex exhibit a similar bias in preferred torque directions consistent with the intimate relationship between the primary motor cortex and the motor periphery...
  60. pmc Pupillometric evidence for the decoupling of attention from perceptual input during offline thought
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Department of Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e18298. 2011
    ..Together, these data are consistent with the decoupling hypothesis, which suggests that the capacity for spontaneous cognitive activity depends upon minimizing disruptions from the external world...
  61. ncbi The impact of stress on surgical performance: a systematic review of the literature
    Sonal Arora
    Department of Bio Surgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
    Surgery 147:318-30, 330.e1-6. 2010
    ..Both sets of skills can be impaired by intra-operative stress, compromising performance and patient safety. This systematic review aims to assess the effects of intra-operative stress on surgical performance...
  62. ncbi Can people with Parkinson's disease improve dual tasking when walking?
    Sandra G Brauer
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Building 84A, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Gait Posture 31:229-33. 2010
    ....
  63. ncbi The time course effect of moderate intensity exercise on response execution and response inhibition
    Jennifer Joyce
    Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences Department, University of Chichester, England, United Kingdom
    Brain Cogn 71:14-9. 2009
    ..Beneficial effects of exercise remain present on both response execution and response inhibition performance for up to 52min after exercise cessation...
  64. ncbi Localization of executive functions in dual-task performance with fMRI
    Andre J Szameitat
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:1184-99. 2002
    ..These results support the conclusion that dorsolateral prefrontal and superior parietal cortices are involved in the coordination of concurrent and interfering task processing...
  65. ncbi Virtually perfect time sharing in dual-task performance: uncorking the central cognitive bottleneck
    E H Schumacher
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:101-8. 2001
    ..Given this outcome, future research should investigate exactly when and how such sophisticated skills in dual-task performance are acquired...
  66. ncbi Impaired tactile acuity in old age is accompanied by enlarged hand representations in somatosensory cortex
    Tobias Kalisch
    Department of Theoretical Biology, Institute for Neuroinformatics, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 19:1530-8. 2009
    ..Whereas learning-related map changes are assumed to result from specific strengthening of synaptic connections, we suggest that the age-related map changes are related to the reduction of intracortical inhibition developing with age...
  67. ncbi An integrated theory of the mind
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:1036-60. 2004
    ..Much of learning involves tuning of these subsymbolic processes. A number of simple and complex empirical examples are described to illustrate how these modules function singly and in concert...
  68. ncbi Error negativity on correct trials: a reexamination of available data
    F Vidal
    Institut de medecine navale du service de sante des armees, BP 610, 83800, Toulon Naval, France
    Biol Psychol 64:265-82. 2003
    ..Therefore, it seems that the Ne-like waves observed on correct trials do correspond to a Ne, which suggests that the Ne has a broader significance than just error detection...
  69. ncbi Does the type of concurrent task affect preferred and cued gait in people with Parkinson's disease?
    Robyn Galletly
    Division of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland
    Aust J Physiother 51:175-80. 2005
    ..These findings highlight the importance of the task when assessing and retraining dual tasking during gait, and suggest that retraining dual tasking can occur whilst simultaneously using visual aids to regulate stride length...
  70. ncbi Task-specific deactivation patterns in functional magnetic resonance imaging
    M Hutchinson
    Department of Neurology, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 17:1427-36. 1999
    ....
  71. ncbi Brain mechanisms of serial and parallel processing during dual-task performance
    Mariano Sigman
    Physics Department, Integrative Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Buenos Aires, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Neurosci 28:7585-98. 2008
    ..The results provide physiological evidence for the coexistence of serial and parallel processes within a cognitive task...
  72. ncbi Task-set switching deficits in early-stage Huntington's disease: implications for basal ganglia function
    Adam R Aron
    University of Cambridge, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:629-42. 2003
    ....
  73. pmc Role for subthalamic nucleus neurons in switching from automatic to controlled eye movement
    Masaki Isoda
    Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurosci 28:7209-18. 2008
    ..We suggest that the STN mediates the control signal originated from the medial frontal cortex and implements the behavioral switching function using its connections with other basal ganglia nuclei and the superior colliculus...
  74. ncbi Monetary reward increases attentional effort in the flanker task
    Ronald Hübner
    Universitat Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:821-6. 2010
    ..Little evidence was found that reward also improved selective spatial attention...
  75. ncbi Functional muscle synergies constrain force production during postural tasks
    J Lucas McKay
    School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Biomech 41:299-306. 2008
    ....
  76. pmc Attention enhances the neural processing of relevant features and suppresses the processing of irrelevant features in humans: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of the Stroop task
    Thad A Polk
    Psychology Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Neurosci 28:13786-92. 2008
    ..These results are consistent with a biased competition model of feature-based attention in which the processing of attended features is enhanced and the processing of ignored features is suppressed...
  77. ncbi Social amnesia in mice lacking the oxytocin gene
    J N Ferguson
    The Center for Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences and Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Nat Genet 25:284-8. 2000
    ..Our data indicate that OT is necessary for the normal development of social memory in mice and support the hypothesis that social memory has a neural basis distinct from other forms of memory...
  78. pmc Potential impact of task-shifting on costs of antiretroviral therapy and physician supply in Uganda
    Joseph B Babigumira
    Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research and Policy Program, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:192. 2009
    ..We estimated the potential impact of task-shifting on costs of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and physician supply in Uganda. The study was performed at the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) clinic, a large urban HIV clinic...
  79. ncbi An ergonomic analysis of the fulcrum effect in the acquisition of endoscopic skills
    A G Gallagher
    Northern Ireland Centre for Endoscopic Training and Research, Queen s University of Belfast
    Endoscopy 30:617-20. 1998
    ..However, the "fulcrum effect" of the abdominal wall on the manipulation of instruments has not to our knowledge been previously investigated...
  80. ncbi Applications of errorless learning for improving work performance in persons with schizophrenia
    Robert S Kern
    UCLA Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1921-6. 2002
    ..The present study tested a training method called errorless learning (which theoretically compensates for neurocognitive impairments) for efficacy at teaching entry-level job tasks to persons with serious and persistent mental illness...
  81. ncbi 'Jumping to conclusions' and delusions in psychosis: relationship and response to treatment
    Mahesh Menon
    Schizophrenia Program and PET Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Schizophr Res 98:225-31. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that JTC might moderate the effects of treatment on symptomatology, but it does not mediate the treatment induced reduction in delusional intensity...
  82. pmc Age-related slowing of memory retrieval: contributions of perceptual speed and cerebral white matter integrity
    Barbara Bucur
    Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University Medical Center, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 29:1070-9. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that white matter integrity in prefrontal regions is one mechanism underlying the relation between individual differences in perceptual speed and episodic retrieval...
  83. ncbi Neuropsychological correlates of decision-making in ambiguous and risky situations
    Matthias Brand
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
    Neural Netw 19:1266-76. 2006
    ..We also propose a new model of decision-making in risky situations and describe differences between decisions under ambiguity and decisions under risk from a theoretical and clinical perspective...
  84. ncbi The dominant and nondominant arms are specialized for stabilizing different features of task performance
    Jinsung Wang
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Exp Brain Res 178:565-70. 2007
    ..Instead, each hemisphere/limb system appears specialized for stabilizing different aspects of task performance...
  85. ncbi On the positive side of error processing: error-awareness positivity revisited
    Shani Shalgi
    Department of Cognitive Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Eur J Neurosci 29:1522-32. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, single-trial analysis suggested that the Pe may be a delayed P3b related to stimulus processing rather than to response monitoring...
  86. ncbi Dual-tasking postural control: aging and the effects of cognitive demand in conjunction with focus of attention
    Oliver Huxhold
    Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Brain Res Bull 69:294-305. 2006
    ..We outline mechanisms linking postural control to cognitive demand and suggest routes for future investigation...
  87. ncbi Effect of methylphenidate on executive functioning in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: normalization of behavior but not related brain activity
    Julie B Schweitzer
    Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 56:597-606. 2004
    ..We examined the effect of prolonged methylphenidate (MPH) treatment on the functional neuroanatomy of executive functioning in adult men with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  88. ncbi Aging and dual-task performance: a meta-analysis
    Paul Verhaeghen
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, New York 13244 2340, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:443-60. 2003
    ..This cost was small and independent of task complexity. The effects of dual-task processing on logit-transformed accuracy were likewise additive, but no specific age deficit was associated with this dual-task cost...
  89. ncbi Jumping to conclusions in delusional and non-delusional schizophrenic patients
    Steffen Moritz
    Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Hamburg, Germany
    Br J Clin Psychol 44:193-207. 2005
    ..The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether currently deluded and non-deluded schizophrenic patients perform differently on three tasks tapping probabilistic reasoning...
  90. pmc Age-dependent changes in the neural correlates of force modulation: an fMRI study
    Nick S Ward
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neurobiol Aging 29:1434-46. 2008
    ..These results indicate that a reduced ability to modulate activity in appropriate motor networks when required may contribute to age-related decline in motor performance...
  91. pmc Functional deactivations: change with age and dementia of the Alzheimer type
    Cindy Lustig
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14504-9. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi Evaluating laparoscopic skills: setting the pass/fail score for the MISTELS system
    S A Fraser
    Steinberg Bernstein Centre for Minimally Invasive Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Surg Endosc 17:964-7. 2003
    ..This system has been described previously. The purpose of the current study was to determine a pass/fail threshold...
  93. ncbi Decision-making in Blackjack: an electrophysiological analysis
    Johannes Hewig
    Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 17:865-77. 2007
    ....
  94. ncbi Approach-motivated positive affect reduces breadth of attention
    Philip A Gable
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, 4235 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:476-82. 2008
    ..Incorporating the intensity of approach motivation into models of positive affect broadens understanding of the consequences of positive affect...
  95. ncbi A method for comparing group fMRI data using independent component analysis: application to visual, motor and visuomotor tasks
    Vince D Calhoun
    Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 22:1181-91. 2004
    ..The proposed method may prove to be useful in answering questions requiring multigroup comparisons when a flexible modeling approach is desired...
  96. ncbi Implicit motor learning in surgery: implications for multi-tasking
    R S W Masters
    Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Surgery 143:140-5. 2008
    ..Our intention was to elaborate current understanding of implicit and explicit processes that underpin observational learning in the surgical environment...
  97. ncbi What needs to be explained to account for age-related effects on multiple cognitive variables?
    Timothy A Salthouse
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:91-110. 2003
    ..These results suggest that at least 3 statistically distinct types of age-related influences are operating on a wide variety of cognitive variables and presumably require separate explanatory mechanisms...
  98. ncbi Dual task interference during gait in people with Parkinson disease: effects of motor versus cognitive secondary tasks
    Simone O'Shea
    Wodonga Regional Health Service, Wodonga, Victoria, Australia
    Phys Ther 82:888-97. 2002
    ..The aim of this investigation was to identify whether the type of secondary task (motor or cognitive) determined the severity of dual task interference...
  99. ncbi Do you see what I am saying? Exploring visual enhancement of speech comprehension in noisy environments
    Lars A Ross
    Program in Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, The City College of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1147-53. 2007
    ..At these intermediate levels, the extent of multisensory enhancement of speech recognition is considerable, amounting to more than a 3-fold performance improvement relative to an auditory-alone condition...
  100. pmc Hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity of the default network in schizophrenia and in first-degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia
    Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1279-84. 2009
    ..Hyperactivation (reduced task-related suppression) of default regions and hyperconnectivity of the default network may contribute to disturbances of thought in schizophrenia and risk for the illness...
  101. ncbi Aging performance for masters records in athletics, swimming, rowing, cycling, triathlon, and weightlifting
    A Barry Baker
    Department of Anaesthesia, University of Sydney at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Exp Aging Res 36:453-77. 2010
    ..There may be real physiological differences for these strength events, or there may be other explanations such as training or competitive considerations or smaller numbers participating...

Research Grants75

  1. Neural mechanisms by which chronic stress regulates inflammation in asthma
    Melissa A Rosenkranz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Community Ambulation Following Hip Fracture
    Jay Magaziner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will evaluate a 16-week multi-component exercise program provided to patients in their homes to determine if it is effective in improving the ability to walk independently in the community (i.e., community ambulation). ..
  3. The Neurochemistry of Cognitive Therapy: Predicting Treatment Outcome with PET
    Jeffrey M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dileep Kumar;and office space in The New York State Psychiatric Institute. ..
  4. Aerobic Exercise, Neurotrophins, and fMRI of Hippocampal Function and Structure
    Karin Schon; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This set of studies aims to examine the relationship between aging, exercise, and the brain in healthy young and older individuals. ..
  5. Brain Activation in Humans
    Andrew J Butler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The expecting findings will advance the scientific knowledge of brain connectivity during the resting state using FNIRS for the first time. ..
  6. Neural Encoding of Internal Motivational States and Goal-Directed Actions
    ALAINA CATHERINE CASE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  7. Aerobic Exercise, Neurotrophins, and fMRI of Hippocampal Function and Structure
    Karin Schon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Regular moderate intensity aerobic exercise may have neuroprotective effects throughout the lifespan. ..
  8. Meninges-to-astrocyte communication in cognitive function
    Jonathan Kipnis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This enhanced understanding has the potential to define novel therapeutic targets for the improvement of several forms of cognitive decline. ..
  9. Combined Cognitive and Gait Training
    Janis J Daly; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed study has the potential to provide recovery of safe, coordinated gait in the everyday environment for many veterans who have had a stroke. ..
  10. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF CUTANEOUS SPATIAL INTEGRATION
    Esther P Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  11. Relationship of Hip Muscle Group Weakness to Deterioration of the OA Knee by MRI
    Leena Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of the proposed study will inform therapy of knee OA that takes advantage of the hip musculature. ..
  12. Dopamine Neurotransmission in Addiction
    Rajendra D Badgaiyan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This pattern could lead to identification of novel therapeutic targets and development of novel strategies for treatment of addiction. It could also be used to formulate criteria for identification of susceptibe individuals. ..
  13. Cognitive training and dual-task ability in older adults
    Courtney Hall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project will contribute to improved management of fall risk, improved quality of life and to containing the cost of health care in the elderly. ..
  14. NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL ATTENTION MULTIPLEXING TEST
    ALAN S GEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Exercise training in Parkinson's disease: Neural and functional benefits
    Narayanan Krishnamurthi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measures of Forgetting in Working Memory
    TIMOTHY JAMES RYAN RICKER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If the CDA is smaller only for incorrect responses relative to correct responses, we can conclude that the CDA tracks the number of items remembered. ..
  17. Image Science for the New X-Ray: Taking Dual-Energy CT to Task
    Jeffrey H Siewerdsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., osteoarthritis, gout, soft-tissue and bone tumors, and tissue impingement syndromes). ..
  18. The Role of the Locus Coeruleus Norepinephrine System in Response Inhibition
    MATTHEW DAVID RIEDY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of these studies will provide a novel contribution to the field and will assist in the design of targeted therapy for human disorders involving impaired response inhibition e.g., ADHD. ..
  19. Dopamine Neurotransmission in Tourette Syndrome
    Rajendra D Badgaiyan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, data acquired in the proposed experiments can be used to develop novel therapeutic strategies and targets for treatment and prevention of cognitive deficits in TS. ..
  20. Dopamine Influences on Self-Regulation and Impulsivity
    David H Zald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Prefrontal Modulation of Cognitive Deficits
    MEGAN MARIE MARTIN ST PETERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This model is expected to contribute significantly to efforts designed to detect and characterize treatments that will assist in returning patients to a productive life. ..
  22. The Neuropsychology of Memory
    Larry R Squire; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  23. The Effect of Alcohol Induced Insomnia on Cognitive Function and Cortical Replay
    William Bailey Glen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Studies in this project will examine cognitive and network function in relation to alcohol related sleep impairments, and determine if these functions can be restored by pharmacologically treating insomnia. ..
  24. Structure-Function Relationships in Dystonia: A Network Approach
    David Eidelberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  25. Macaque Model of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Effects of Force and Posture Exposures
    Carolyn M Sommerich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Now we need to differentiate amongst exposures, in terms of extent of nerve impairment, so that, in the long term, the risk for development or recurrence of work- related CTS can be reduced. ..
  26. Characterization of manganese exposure biomarkers among welder apprentices
    Noah S Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  27. Distinct &Common Neural Correlates of Fear Disorders, OCD, &Eating Disorders
    Helen Blair Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This, in turn, can be the basis for new diagnostic approaches to help guide, and perhaps develop, new treatments. ..
  28. Role of oscillatory dynamics in prefrontal control of cortical excitability durin
    Kristopher L Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  29. Striatal Microcircuits: Regulation and Function
    Anatol Kreitzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This knowledge would be of immense value in designing improved therapies for Parkinson's Disease, dystonia, Tourette Syndrome and other serious brain disorders. ..
  30. CRCNS:Investigating perceptual processing speed and its impact on choice behavior
    Terrence R Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The novel task design has the potential to be adapted to human subjects and become a powerful diagnostic tool for elucidating how specific neural circuits or brain 'modules'are compromised by a given mental disorder. ..
  31. Modulation of Radiation-induced Brain Injury in the Nonhuman Primate
    Samuel A Deadwyler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results should allow us to translate these findings faster and more reliably into clinical trials designed to enhance the long-term survival and quality of life of cancer patients receiving fWBI. ..
  32. Effects of Threatening Environments on Women's Success in Biomedical Majors
    BETTINA JEANINE CASAD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The longer term project goals are to better understand why women do not enter or leave biomedical fields so that effective interventions can be developed. ..
  33. Unveiling the role and taking control of Cholinergic Tone in circuits of attentio
    Lorna W Role; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..My goal is to develop novel therapeutic approaches to Alzheimer's-associated cognitive decline. Targeted stimulation of CNS cholinergic nuclei via implanted optical probes combined with focal target-field deliver ..
  34. Unveiling the role and taking control of Cholinergic Tone in circuits of attentio
    Lorna W Role; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..My goal is to develop novel therapeutic approaches to Alzheimer's-associated cognitive decline. Targeted stimulation of CNS cholinergic nuclei via implanted optical probes combined with focal target-field deliver ..
  35. Learning to Control Flexible Objects Using Error-Tolerant Movement Strategies
    CHRISTOPHER JAMES HASSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This research proposes that humans naturally learn such error-tolerant movement strategies. It may explain why older adults move slower, which may be a strategy to increase error tolerance due to their increased movement variability. ..
  36. Genetic Influences on Dual Processing Modes of Reward and Punishment Learning
    W TODD TODD MADDOX; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This integrative, interdisciplinary research approach will provide the critical foundation needed for future translational work that examines how these processes go awry in clinical disorders. ..
  37. Robotic SPECT for Biological Imaging Onboard Radiation Therapy Machines
    Fang Fang Yin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This work will advance SPECT in novel directions, allowing real-time biological targeting in radiation therapy, and potentially improving treatment outcome. ..
  38. VARIABILITY AND STABILITY IN SKILL ACQUISITION
    Dagmar Sternad; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hermann M[unreadable]ller at the University of Giessen, Germany, and Dr. Tjeerd Dijkstra at the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands, and will involve student exchanges. ..
  39. Effects of Aging on Recollection, Familiarity, and Conceptual Priming
    ILANA T Z DEW; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus, investigating these questions is important at both basic and applied levels. ..
  40. Auditory-Vocal Processing in a Behavioral Context
    David S Vicario; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will test the dual stream proposal and may reveal important principles relevant to both normal and abnormal speech processing. ..
  41. Defining the Electrophysiological Dynamics of the Default Mode Network
    Kurt E Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  42. Relation of GABA Levels in Visual Cortex to Strength of Interocular Suppression
    ROBERT RANDOLPH BLAKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, we present pilot data confirming our ability to measure and quantify GABA levels in visual cortex of humans scanned using the facilities of the Vanderbilt University Institute of Imaging Sciences. ..
  43. Eye Movement Control in Normal Elderly and MCI
    Adam L Boxer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Quantitative ECT for Complex Imaging Tasks
    Stephen C Moore; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The insights and improved imaging techniques which will emerge from this research will lead to better diagnosis and management of these diseases. ..
  45. Metacognition in Comparative Perspective
    J David Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  46. 2/5-Cognitive Neuroscience Task Reliability &Clinical Application Consortium
    Cameron S Carter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that impaired visual integration, which is thought to reflect reduced horizontal and recurrent feedback, will be related to disorganized symptoms across disorders, but will not relate to mood pathology. ..
  47. 1/5-Cognitive Neuroscience Task Reliability &Clinical Applications Consortium
    Deanna M Barch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that impaired visual integration, which is thought to reflect reduced horizontal and recurrent feedback, will be related to disorganized symptoms across disorders, but will not relate to mood pathology. ..
  48. The role of white matter integrity in neural efficiency and cognitive aging
    ILANA JACQUELINE HERSHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This goal is becoming increasingly important as the number of older adults in our population steadily rises. ..
  49. Oscillatory Contributions to Working Memory and Attention
    Bradley R Postle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to the basic science questions outlined here, there is translational relevance for this work for the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders that are associated with abnormal neural oscillations. ..
  50. Visuospatial Rehabilitation after Right Hemisphere Stroke
    Peii Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The significance of the proposed research is to establish effective treatments for visuospatial deficits in right hemisphere stroke survivors so that functional disability and cost of rehabilitation care will be reduced. ..
  51. Exercise, aging, and cognition: Effect and mechanisms
    Yaakov Stern; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, the possibility that exercise improves cognition in younger subjects has enormous potential significance for public health. ..
  52. fMRI and Robot-Assisted Practices of Activities of Daily Living
    Michelle J Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  53. CEREBELLUM AND VISUALLY GUIDED ARM MOVEMENTS
    Timothy J Ebner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results from these studies may lead to a better understanding of both normal function and the abnormal processing that occurs in cerebellar disease. ..
  54. Functional Neuroimaging in Childhood Absence Epilepsy
    Hal Blumenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the fundamental mechanisms of variable impaired attention in CAE may lead to improved, targeted therapies to prevent both the transient impairments during seizures, and chronic persistent deficits. ..
  55. Cognitive Impairment Moderated by Working Memory in Pediatric Partial Epilepsy
    MADISON MEHALANI BERL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study characterizes the neural network of one aspect of executive functioning, namely working memory, in children with epilepsy using neuroimaging and neuropsychological measures. ..
  56. Adaptive Response Technology for Autism Spectrum Disorders Intervention
    Nilanjan Sarkar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. Do attributional feedback and self-concept influence child prosocial behavior in
    Julie C Dunsmore; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. Spectral and Temporal Integration in the Auditory System
    Mitchell L Sutter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results also could have relevance in helping to guide approaches to coding for hearing aids and cochlear implants since both neural coding and the ability to focus on sounds are relevant for designing these devices. ..
  59. Modulation of Neural Representation & Perception by Thalamocortical Alpha Rhythm
    Dominique L Pritchett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This direction of research has the power of understanding mechanisms behind many disorders, including epilepsy, where such dynamics are altered. ..
  60. Motor Learning in Parkinson's Disease
    M Ghilardi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  61. BENZODIAZEPINE OVERINDULGENCE AND DRUG INTERACTIONS
    CHYAN LAU; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Also, the effect of BZs on theophylline's behavioral effects will be noted in relation to tremor produced by therapeutic doses of theophylline, particularly by the oral route. ..
  62. Effect of temporal lobectomy on sensory deficits in TLE
    Arthur Grant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Cognitive, Pharmacological and fMRI Studies of Memory
    CHANTAL STERN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  64. BENZODIAZEPINE OVERINDULGENCE AND DRUG INTERACTIONS
    JOHN FALK; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Also, the effect of BZs on theophylline's behavioral effects will be noted in relation to tremor produced by therapeutic doses of theophylline, particularly by the oral route...
  65. An In Vivo Robotic Camera and Biopsy System for Laparoscopic Surgery
    Stephen Platt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will help address the goals laid out in Healthy People 2010 by improving and increasing access to high-quality laparoscopic surgical care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. NEW TRAINING INTERVENTION TO PREVENT BACK INJURIES
    Steven Lavender; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  67. STN STIMULATION--DA TRANSPORTERS & OUTCOME IN PARKINSON'
    Andrew Newberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide that data while pursuing a long-term goal of developing a more effective and economical method for objectively assessing the outcome of an new treatment. ..
  68. WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  69. Methylphenidate and Binge Eating Disorder in Obese Humans
    Jennifer Nasser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Demonstration of a role for dopamine in binge eating provides an additional target for intervention. ..
  70. Functional Hearing Ability within the Context of Driving
    CARRYL BALDWIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Microstructural White Matter Integrity and Cognition in Adolescent Cannabis Users
    Sunita Bava; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Further, understanding how cannabinoids influence neurodevelopment will inform public debate about the health effects of cannabis and how modulation of the endocannabinoid system may assist in the development of therapeutic tools. ..
  72. WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE USE--A NATIONAL PREVALENCE STUDY
    MICHAEL FRONE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It will also stimulate future research by developing and testing a systematic model of employee substance use and productivity. ..