Genomes and Genes
Summary: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
Publications298 found, 100 shown here
- Less is more: meta-analyses of sensitivity and attachment interventions in early childhoodMarian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Center for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Psychol Bull 129:195-215. 2003..Interventions that were more effective in enhancing parental sensitivity were also more effective in enhancing attachment security, which supports the notion of a causal role of sensitivity in shaping attachment...
- Maternal attachment representations after very preterm birth and the effect of early interventionDominique Meijssen
Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Infant Behav Dev 34:72-80. 2011..The IBAIP is designed to assist parents to support and enhance their infant's regulatory competence and development. The intervention consisted of 6-8 home visits during the first 8 months after birth...
- Mothers in the NICU: outsider to partnerJudith A Heermann
The College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
Pediatr Nurs 31:176-81, 200. 2005..Mothers' development evolved in predictable patterns. The results of this study can be considered in implementation and evaluation plans for NICUs moving to family-focused developmental care...
- Maternal reflective functioning, mother-infant affective communication, and infant attachment: exploring the link between mental states and observed caregiving behavior in the intergenerational transmission of attachmentJohn F Grienenberger
Wright Institute, 11340 W Olympic Boulevard, Ste 245, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
Attach Hum Dev 7:299-311. 2005..A linear regression analysis indicated that maternal behavior mediates the impact of maternal reflective functioning upon infant attachment. Implications for attachment theory and early intervention are explored...
- A comparison of mothers' and fathers' experiences of the attachment process in a neonatal intensive care unitLiv Fegran
Faculty of Health and Sports, University of Agder, Norway
J Clin Nurs 17:810-6. 2008..To compare mothers' and fathers' individual views and experiences of the attachment process in a neonatal intensive care unit within the first week after a premature birth...
- The behavioral, anatomical and pharmacological parallels between social attachment, love and addictionJames P Burkett
Center for Translational Social Neuroscience, Division of Behavioral Neuroscience and Psychiatric Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 224:1-26. 2012..Brain systems that evolved to govern attachments between parents and children and between monogamous partners may be the targets of drugs of abuse and serve as the basis for addiction processes...
- The nature of the mother's tie to her infant: maternal bonding under conditions of proximity, separation, and potential lossR Feldman
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 40:929-39. 1999..Discussion focused on the comparability of maternal and infant attachment in relation to the neurobiological system underlying bond formation...
- The significance of insecure attachment and disorganization in the development of children's externalizing behavior: a meta-analytic studyR Pasco Fearon
School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, 3 Earley Gate, Whiteknights, Reading RD6 6AL, United Kingdom
Child Dev 81:435-56. 2010..34, 95% CI: 0.18, 0.50), with weaker effects for avoidance (d = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.03, 0.21) and resistance (d = 0.11, 95% CI: -0.04, 0.26). The results are discussed in terms of the potential significance of attachment for mental health...
- Working models of attachment: implications for explanation, emotion and behaviorN L Collins
Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Buffalo 14260 4110, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 71:810-32. 1996..These findings are consistent with the idea that adults with different working models of attachment are predisposed to think, feel, and behave differently in their relationships...
- Stress and accessibility of proximity-related thoughts: exploring the normative and intraindividual components of attachment theoryM Mikulincer
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:509-23. 2000..However, they showed no accessibility to proximity worries even after the priming of a semantically related word and reacted with high accessibility to these worries upon the addition of cognitive load...
- The patient-provider relationship: attachment theory and adherence to treatment in diabetesP S Ciechanowski
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Am J Psychiatry 158:29-35. 2001..This study attempts to improve understanding of both patient and provider factors involved in lack of adherence to treatment in diabetic patients by using the conceptual model of attachment theory...
- The interaction of maternal and infant vulnerabilities on developing attachment relationshipsJ Poehlmann
Syracuse University, USA
Dev Psychopathol 13:1-11. 2001..Preterm infants with more symptomatic mothers were most likely to be classified as insecurely attached to their mothers, whereas no direct relation between subclinical depressive symptoms and attachment was found for full-term infants...
- Evidence of increased sensitivity using a three-factor version of the Parental Bonding InstrumentHumberto Lizardi
Department of Psychology, City University of New York at Lehman College, 250 Bedford Park Boulevard West, Bronx, New York 10468 1589, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 190:619-23. 2002..The results indicated that the three-factor model revealed associations between parenting behaviors and different types of depression that were not evident using the two-factor structure's original dimensions...
- Emotional distress and prenatal attachment in pregnancy after perinatal lossDeborah Smith Armstrong
University of Louisville School of Nursing, Louisville, KY, USA
J Nurs Scholarsh 34:339-45. 2002....
- Testing a family intervention hypothesis: the contribution of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo care) to family interaction, proximity, and touchRuth Feldman
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel 52900
J Fam Psychol 17:94-107. 2003..The role of touch as a constituent of the co-regulatory parent-infant and triadic systems and the effects of maternal contact on mothering, co-parenting, and family processes are discussed...
- Maternal-fetal attachment: an integrative reviewBarbara L Cannella
College of Nursing, Rutgers University, 180 University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Adv Nurs 50:60-8. 2005....
- Adult attachment and emotional processing biases: an event-related potentials (ERPs) studyOrrie Dan
Department of Psychology, The Center for Psychobiological Research, The Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Israel
Biol Psychol 91:212-20. 2012..The present study underscores the usefulness of the ERP methodology, as a sensitive measure for the study of emotional processing biases in the research field of attachment...
- The impact of premature childbirth on parental bondingHannah N Hoffenkamp
International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Evol Psychol 10:542-61. 2012..These findings support the hypothesis that in affluent countries with adequate resources, bonding in parents of preterm infants on average may be higher than in parents of full-term infants...
- Using attachment theory to understand illness behaviorJ J Hunter
University of Toronto Psychosomatic Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 Uniuversity Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 23:177-82. 2001..Attachment theory provides a unique, simple, and pragmatically useful model for understanding the particular ways that individuals can feel and react when stressed by illness, and how the professional may help manage that distress...
- The reciprocal relationship between early adolescent attachment and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviourKirsten L Buist
Department of Educational Sciences, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94208, Amsterdam 1090, The Netherlands
J Adolesc 27:251-66. 2004..Reciprocal negative effects were found between attachment and internalizing problem behaviour, and between attachment and externalizing problem behaviour...
- The Experiences in Close Relationship Scale (ECR)-short form: reliability, validity, and factor structureMeifen Wei
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
J Pers Assess 88:187-204. 2007..Finally, the results were comparable when we embedded the short form within the original version of the ECR and when we administered it as a stand-alone measure...
- Adjusting to being a father to an infant born prematurely: experiences from Swedish fathersBirgitta Lindberg
Division of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Lulea University of Technology, Lulea, Sweden
Scand J Caring Sci 22:79-85. 2008..The results of this study have implications for nurses working with families who have children born prematurely...
- Infant bonding and attachment to the caregiver: insights from basic and clinical scienceRegina Sullivan
The Emotional Brain Institute, The Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, 215 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
Clin Perinatol 38:643-55. 2011..Here we present attachment within an historical view and highlight the importance of integrating human and animal research in understanding infant care...
- Dating couples' attachment styles and patterns of cortisol reactivity and recovery in response to a relationship conflictSally I Powers
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:613-28. 2006..The discussion emphasizes the role of gender role norms and partner characteristics in understanding connections between adult attachment and patterns of cortisol responses to interpersonal stress...
- Is social attachment an addictive disorder?Thomas R Insel
Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Emory University, Altanta, GA, USA
Physiol Behav 79:351-7. 2003..The neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) appear to be critical for linking social signals to the mesocorticolimbic circuit...
- Contemporary research on parenting. The case for nature and nurtureW A Collins
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, University of Minnesota 55455 0345, USA
Am Psychol 55:218-32. 2000..These approaches indicate that parental influences on child development are neither as unambiguous as earlier researchers suggested nor as insubstantial as current critics claim...
- Deficit in attachment behavior in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor geneAnna Moles
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Institute of Neuroscience, Psychobiology and Psychopharmacology, Viale Marx 43, 00137 Roma, Italy
Science 304:1983-6. 2004..Results from this study may indicate a molecular mechanism for diseases characterized by deficits in attachment behavior, such as autism or reactive attachment disorder...
- Early contact versus separation: effects on mother-infant interaction one year laterKsenia Bystrova
Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Pediatrics, St Petersburg Pediatric Academy, St Petersburg, Russia
Birth 36:97-109. 2009..The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction of practices used in the delivery and maternity wards, including practices relating to mother-infant closeness versus separation...
- Attachment from infancy to early adulthood in a high-risk sample: continuity, discontinuity, and their correlatesN S Weinfield
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA
Child Dev 71:695-702. 2000..These results provide evidence that although attachment has been found to be stable over time in other samples, attachment representations are vulnerable to difficult and chaotic life experiences...
- Attachment theory and intergroup bias: evidence that priming the secure base schema attenuates negative reactions to out-groupsM Mikulincer
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
J Pers Soc Psychol 81:97-115. 2001..The discussion emphasizes the relevance of attachment theory for understanding intergroup attitudes...
- Match makers and deal breakers: analyses of assortative mating in newlywed couplesDavid Watson
Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 52242 1407, USA
J Pers 72:1029-68. 2004..e., similarity at the time of marriage) rather than convergence (i.e., increasing similarity with time). Finally, marital satisfaction primarily was a function of the rater's own traits and showed little relation to spousal similarity...
- A novel examination of atypical major depressive disorder based on attachment theoryRobert D Levitan
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Mood and Anxiety Division, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, c o CAMH, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Clin Psychiatry 70:879-87. 2009..As gender has been an important consideration in prior work on atypical depression, this same hypothesis was further tested in female subjects only...
- Adult attachment measures: a 25-year reviewPaula Ravitz
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Mount Sinai Hospital and Joseph and Wolf Lebovic Health Complex, Toronto, Canada
J Psychosom Res 69:419-32. 2010..This article reviews the measurement of adult attachment, highlighting instruments of relevance to-or with potential use in-psychosomatic research...
- Parenting and development of one-year-olds: links with parental, contextual, and child characteristicsHedwig J A van Bakel
Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Child Dev 73:256-73. 2002..Belsky's claim that parents' personal resources are most effective and child characteristics are least effective in buffering the parenting system was not empirically confirmed...
- The impact of maternal characteristics and contextual variables on infant-mother attachmentAlissa C Huth-Bocks
Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
Child Dev 75:480-96. 2004..The overall model indicated a good fit. Thus, both individual and contextual factors were important in explaining infant attachment security...
- A randomised controlled trial in the north of England examining the effects of skin-to-skin care on breast feedingSue Carfoot
Women s Health Directorate, North Cheshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Warrington, UK
Midwifery 21:71-9. 2005..to examine the effect of early skin-to-skin contact between mothers and their healthy full-term babies on initiation and duration of breast feeding...
- Some thoughts on the neurobiology of stalkingJ Reid Meloy
Department of Psychiatry, Univ of California, San Diego, PO Box 90699, San Diego, CA 92169, USA
J Forensic Sci 50:1472-80. 2005..They conclude that stalking may be associated with a specific set of biological components and they offer suggestions for further research into this pathological emotional/motivational state...
- Neural representation of maternal face processing: a functional magnetic resonance imaging studyRajamannar Ramasubbu
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Univesity of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
Can J Psychiatry 52:726-34. 2007..The mother-child relationship may have important implications for emotional development and adult psychopathology. The objective of this study was to examine brain responses to processing maternal faces in healthy adult women...
- Coregulation, dysregulation, self-regulation: an integrative analysis and empirical agenda for understanding adult attachment, separation, loss, and recoveryDavid A Sbarra
Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0068, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:141-67. 2008..Research evidence is reviewed across multiple levels of analysis, and the article concludes with a series of testable research questions on the interconnected nature of attachment, loss, and recovery processes...
- On the rebound: focusing on someone new helps anxiously attached individuals let go of ex-partnersStephanie S Spielmann
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G3, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1382-94. 2009..This research suggests that for anxiously attached individuals, focusing on someone new can be an adaptive part of the breakup recovery process...
- Enhancing attachment security in the infants of women in a jail-diversion programJude Cassidy
University of Maryland, USA
Attach Hum Dev 12:333-53. 2010..Given the lack of a randomized control group, results are discussed in terms of the exploratory, program-development nature of the study...
- Attachment organization in a sample of incarcerated mothers: distribution of classifications and associations with substance abuse history, depressive symptoms, perceptions of parenting competency and social supportJessica L Borelli
Department of Psychology, Pomona College, Claremont, USA
Attach Hum Dev 12:355-74. 2010..Higher scores on unresolved loss and derogation were associated with a history of substance abuse; higher scores on unresolved trauma were associated with depressive symptoms at program completion...
- Parental incarceration: the challenges for attachment researchersInge Bretherton
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Attach Hum Dev 12:417-28. 2010....
- Variation in the μ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) moderates the influence of early maternal care on fearful attachmentAlfonso Troisi
Department of Neurosciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:542-7. 2012....
- Parental overprotection increases sociotropy with gender specificity in parents and recipientsKoichi Otani
Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Japan
J Affect Disord 136:824-7. 2012..The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of parental rearing on sociotropy and autonomy, the personality vulnerability factors in the cognitive theory of depression...
- Stability and change in mothers' internal representations of their infants over timeSally A Theran
Psychology Department, Wellesley College, 480 Science Center, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA
Attach Hum Dev 7:253-68. 2005..In addition, women who became non-balanced postnatally benefited from having balanced representations while pregnant to buffer the quality of their interactions with their children...
- Development and evolution of hidden regulators: selective breeding for an infantile phenotypeSusan A Brunelli
Department of Developmental Psychobiology, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 10032, USA
Dev Psychobiol 47:243-52. 2005..As animal models, the lines have the potential to provide valuable tools for understanding developmental mechanisms underlying genetic and developmental risk for depression/anxiety syndromes in children and adults...
- Outcomes of Prolonged Parent-Child Embrace Therapy among 102 children with behavioral disordersMartha G Welch
The Martha G Welch Center, New York, NY, USA
Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:3-12. 2006..001). Results showed that PPCE Therapy resulted in significant and prolonged improvements in symptomatic behavior in a majority of children...
- Attachment-past and present. But what about the future?Heidi Keller
Department of Culture and Development, University of Osnabruck, Artilleriestrasse 34, 49076, Osnabruck, Germany
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 42:406-15. 2008....
- Insecure and disorganised attachment in children with a pervasive developmental disorder: relationship with social interaction and heart rateS H Willemsen-Swinkels
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:759-67. 2000....
- Attachment in mental health institutions: a critical review of assumptions, clinical implications, and research strategiesC Schuengel
Department of Orthopedagogy, Faculty of Psychology and Pedagogy, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Attach Hum Dev 3:304-23. 2001....
- Holism, contextual variability, and the study of friendships in adolescent developmentRobert Crosnoe
Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, 78712 1088, USA
Child Dev 75:264-79. 2004....
- Perceived attachment: relations to anxiety sensitivity, worry, and GAD symptomsAndres G Viana
Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Behav Res Ther 46:737-47. 2008..The facets fear of publicly observable symptoms and fear of cognitive dyscontrol also mediated this relation. The role of alienation in relation to AS, worry, and GAD symptoms is discussed along with directions for future research...
- Attachment and God representations among lay Catholics, priests, and religious: a matched comparison study based on the Adult Attachment InterviewRosalinda Cassibba
Department of Psychology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
Dev Psychol 44:1753-63. 2008..These results extend the literature on religion from an attachment perspective and support the idea that generalized working models derived from attachment experiences with parents are reflected in believers' perceptions of God...
- Maternal resolution of grief after preterm birth: implications for infant attachment securityPrachi E Shah
Division of Child Behavioral Health, Department of Pediatrics, Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Pediatrics 127:284-92. 2011..We hypothesized that mothers with unresolved grief would be more likely to have insecurely attached infants at 16 months and that this association would be partially mediated by maternal interaction quality...
- Genetic and environmental influences on a measure of infant attachment securityD Finkel
Indiana University Southeast, New Albany 47150, USA
Twin Res 3:242-50. 2000..No evidence was found for a contribution from shared environmental influences to attachment security. Possible concerns about the validity of twin methodology are addressed and various interpretations of the results are presented...
- Relation of attachment style to family history of alcoholism and alcohol use disorders in early adulthoodMartha Vungkhanching
University of Missouri Columbia, and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, 200 South 7th Street, Columbia, MO 65201, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 75:47-53. 2004..Our findings suggest that insecure attachment style is a risk factor for AUD, independent of familial risk for alcoholism...
- Back to basics: attachment, affect regulation, and the developing right brain: linking developmental neuroscience to pediatricsAllan N Schore
Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
Pediatr Rev 26:204-17. 2005
- Caregiver--child interaction in infants and toddlers born extremely prematureBonnie Keilty
Depaprtment of Curriculum and Teacing, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
J Pediatr Nurs 20:181-9. 2005..Caregiver interaction was related to later child interaction but not developmental status. Implications for intervention and developmental surveillance are discussed...
- What can make the difference? Premature birth and maternal sensitivity at 3 months of age: the role of attachment organization, traumatic reaction and baby's medical riskGabrielle Coppola
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University G d Annunzio of Chieti, Italy
Infant Behav Dev 30:679-84. 2007..Results show a main effect of attachment and an interaction between attachment and prematurity. Sensitivity was differently associated with medical risk and mothers' traumatic reaction, depending on the quality of attachment...
- Comparison of maternal-and paternal-fetal attachment in Turkish couplesA Ustunsoz
Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey
Midwifery 26:e1-9. 2010..to compare maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) and paternal-fetal attachment (PFA) in terms of selected variables...
- Attachment to groups: theory and measurementE R Smith
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 1364, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 77:94-110. 1999..This conceptualization provides new insights into the nature of people's psychological ties to groups...
- Dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene polymorphism is associated with attachment disorganization in infantsK Lakatos
Social Development Group, Institute of Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest
Mol Psychiatry 5:633-7. 2000..15. We suggest that, in non-clinical, low-social-risk populations, having a 7-repeat allele predisposes infants to attachment disorganization...
- Addiction as an attachment disorder: implications for group therapyP J Flores
Georgia School of Professional Psychology, Atlanta, GA, USA
Int J Group Psychother 51:63-81. 2001..Prolonged stress on existing structures leads to exaggerated difficulty in the regulation of affect, which leads to inadequate modulation of appropriate behavior and self-care and increased character pathology...
- Peer relations in the transition to adolescenceCarollee Howes
Department of Education, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Adv Child Dev Behav 29:195-230. 2002
- Adolescents' attachment representations and developmental tasks in emerging adulthoodMiri Scharf
Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Dev Psychol 40:430-44. 2004..The results highlight the importance of attachment representations in shaping an individual's developmental trajectory...
- Is prenatal bonding enhanced by prenatal education courses?C V Bellieni
Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproduction Medicine, University of Siena, Policlinico Le Scotte, Viale M Bracci, 53100 Siena, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 59:125-9. 2007..Here we investigated whether they can enhance feto-maternal bonding...
- Parental attachment, premorbid personality, and mental health in young males with hyperventilation syndromeBih Ching Shu
Institute of Allied Health Sciences and School of Nursing, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Psychiatry Res 153:163-70. 2007..The determination of competing risk factors and mediating effects in males with hyperventilation syndrome should be considered in future studies...
- Mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) variation, oxytocin levels and maternal attachment in free-ranging rhesus macaques Macaca mulattaJames P Higham
Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, 940 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Behav Neurosci 125:131-6. 2011....
- Adult attachment style and individual differences in functional versus dysfunctional experiences of angerM Mikulincer
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
J Pers Soc Psychol 74:513-24. 1998..For avoidant persons, it included high hostility, escapist responses, and lack of awareness of physiological signs of anger. The underlying action of working models is emphasized in the discussion...
- Attachment style and symptom reporting: examining the mediating effects of anger and social supportTara Kidd
Staffordshire University, UK
Br J Health Psychol 10:531-41. 2005..Attachment style has been related to symptom reporting. The aim of this research was to examine whether social support and anger expression or experience mediate this relationship...
- The relationship of attachment insecurity to subjective stress and autonomic function during standardized acute stress in healthy adultsRobert G Maunder
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
J Psychosom Res 60:283-90. 2006..The purpose of this study was to test predicted relationships between adult attachment and stress using subjective and physiological measures...
- Attachment status and salivary cortisol in a normal day and during simulated interpersonal stress in young menAnne Rifkin-Graboi
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Stress 11:210-24. 2008..However, in keeping with expectations, associations between insecurity, and in particular dismissing idealization, and comparatively higher cortisol values following interpersonal challenges were observed...
- The influence of attachment on perceived stress and cortisol response to acute stress in women sexually abused in childhood or adolescenceBlaise Pierrehumbert
Lausanne University, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, SUPEA, 25a rue du Bugnon, CH 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:924-38. 2009....
- Assessing patterns of adult attachment in medical patientsRobert G Maunder
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 31:123-30. 2009..Patterns of adult attachment affect physical health and yet are unfamiliar to many clinicians. The purpose of this review was to derive descriptions of prototypic patterns of adult attachment that are relevant to health care...
- Family issues in child anxiety: attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefsSusan M Bögels
University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Education, PO Box 94208, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Psychol Rev 26:834-56. 2006..Finally, parental beliefs are identified as important predictors of parental behaviour that have largely not been investigated in relation to child anxiety disorders...
- The relationship between joint attention and pretend play in autismT Charman
Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
Dev Psychopathol 9:1-16. 1997..It also suggests directions for future work to clarify the relationship between the two skills and to identify the nature of the underlying primary deficit in autism...
- Adult attachment in a nationally representative sampleK D Mickelson
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 73:1092-106. 1997..Various types of adult psychopathologies and personality traits were also strongly related to adult attachment. Implications for adult attachment theory and future research are discussed...
- Attachment security in infancy and early adulthood: a twenty-year longitudinal studyE Waters
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 11794 2500, USA
Child Dev 71:684-9. 2000..The task now is to use a variety of research designs, measurement strategies, and study intervals to clarify the mechanisms underlying stability and change...
- Attachment security: a meta-analysis of maternal mental health correlatesL Atkinson
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Clin Psychol Rev 20:1019-40. 2000....
- Attachment stability and emotional and behavioral regulation from infancy to preschool ageJ I Vondra
Department of Psychology in Education, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260-7478, USA
Dev Psychopathol 13:13-33. 2001..Results are discussed in terms of continuity and change from the perspective of developmental psychopathology...
- Infant-mother attachment security, contextual risk, and early development: a moderational analysisJay Belsky
Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck University of London, UK
Dev Psychopathol 14:293-310. 2002..Findings are discussed in terms of risk and resilience and in light of the probabilistic nature of the relation between early attachment and later development...
- Attachment theory: a model for health care utilization and somatizationPaul S Ciechanowski
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Psychosom Med 64:660-7. 2002....
- Autism and attachment: a meta-analytic reviewAnna H Rutgers
Center for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:1123-34. 2004..Sixteen studies on attachment in children with autism were reviewed, and ten studies with data on observed attachment security (N = 287) were included in a quantitative meta-analysis...
- Influence of various early human-foal interferences on subsequent human-foal relationshipS Henry
UMR CNRS 6552, Ethologie Evolution Ecologie, Universite de Rennes 1, Avenue du General Leclerc, Campus de Beaulieu, F 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
Dev Psychobiol 48:712-8. 2006..This way of investigation may have important general implications in how we consider the development of social relations, both within and between species...
- Parental sensitivity and attachment in children with autism spectrum disorder: comparison with children with mental retardation, with language delays, and with typical developmentMarinus H van IJzendoorn
Centre for Child and Family Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, The Netherlands
Child Dev 78:597-608. 2007..More sensitive parents had more secure children, but only in the group without ASD. Less severe autistic symptoms in the social domain predicted more attachment security. Autism challenges the validity of attachment theory...
- Are 6-month-old foals sensitive to dam's influence?S Henry
UMR CNRS 6552 Ethologie Evolution Ecologie, Universite de Rennes 1, Avenue du General Leclerc, Campus de Beaulieu, F 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
Dev Psychobiol 49:514-21. 2007..We observe a positive effect of mare' handling on foals' reactions to humans but with a high interindividual variability, suggesting a higher effect of the foals' own behavioral characteristics at this age than at earlier stages...
- Friendship in high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder: mixed and non-mixed dyadsNirit Bauminger
School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1211-29. 2008..Exposure to typical peers appears to have significant effects on friendship behaviors...
- Mothers of securely attached children with autism spectrum disorder are more sensitive than mothers of insecurely attached childrenNina Koren-Karie
Center for the Study of Child Development, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:643-50. 2009..low), and children's levels of responsiveness. The significance of sensitivity for security of attachment in ASD and the implications of these findings for the validity of the SSP in children with ASD are discussed...
- Living together apart: perceived concealment as a signal of exclusion in marital relationshipsCatrin Finkenauer
Department of Social Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam Netherlands
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1410-22. 2009..This article demonstrates that the perception of concealment (a) has deleterious effects on relational well-being in the long run and (b) is harmful in part because it elicits feelings of exclusion...
- Attachment styles, emotion regulation, and adjustment in adolescenceM L Cooper
Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1380-97. 1998..Finally, patterns of attachment effects were similar across age, gender, and racial groups, with some important exceptions...
- Mothering, fathering, and infant negativity as antecedents of boys' externalizing problems and inhibition at age 3 years: differential susceptibility to rearing experience?J Belsky
Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
Dev Psychopathol 10:301-19. 1998....
- The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environmentB F Chorpita
Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Psychol Bull 124:3-21. 1998..Implications for research are discussed...
- Attachment styles and personality disorders: their connections to each other and to parental divorce, parental death, and perceptions of parental caregivingK A Brennan
Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Brockport 14420 2914, USA
J Pers 66:835-78. 1998..Results are discussed in terms of encouraging further research to test the idea that insecure attachment and most of the personality disorders share similar developmental antecedents...
- Neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and loveC S Carter
Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
Psychoneuroendocrinology 23:779-818. 1998..Social interactions and attachment involve endocrine systems capable of decreasing HPA reactivity and modulating the autonomic nervous system, perhaps accounting for health benefits that are attributed to loving relationships...
- An item response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachmentR C Fraley
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis 95616 8686, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:350-65. 2000..Accordingly, the authors show how IRT techniques can be used to develop new attachment scales with desirable psychometric properties...
- A safe haven: an attachment theory perspective on support seeking and caregiving in intimate relationshipsN L Collins
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:1053-73. 2000..Finally, couples in better functioning relationships engaged in more supportive interactions, and participants' perceptions of their interaction were biased by relationship quality and attachment style...
- Continuity and discontinuity of attachment from infancy through adolescenceC E Hamilton
Elementary Education, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
Child Dev 71:690-4. 2000....
- Child-parent attachment and children's peer relations: a quantitative reviewB H Schneider
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Dev Psychol 37:86-100. 2001..Gender and cultural differences in ESs were minimal. The results for the few studies on father-child attachment were inconclusive...
- The neurobiology of attachmentT R Insel
Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, 954 Gatewood Road Northeast, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 2:129-36. 2001..This review describes some of the important insights from this work...
- Structure and variability in the developmental trajectory of children's externalizing problems: impact of infant attachment, maternal depressive symptomatology, and child sexJ A Munson
Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7920, USA
Dev Psychopathol 13:277-96. 2001....
- Infant Screening and Diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dys*Paul Fernhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007..These data points will be tracked throughout the project. ..
- KINETICS OF DRUG MACROMOLECULE COMPLEX FORMATIONPALMER WILLIAM TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Jay R Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2016..Efforts will focus on oxidative generation of Compounds I and II in cytochromes P450 (Aim 3) and a bacterial enzyme that exhibits NOS-like reactivity (Aim 4). ..
- Yi Lu; Fiscal Year: 2016..Therefore the work will make important contributions to healthcare, as it will provide a molecular basis for understanding two enzymes important to human health. ..
- SIMULATION OF PROTON AND HYDRIDE TRANSFER IN ENZYMESSharon Hammes Schiffer; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Computational Design of Small Molecule Drugs Inhibiting the Zinc Finger TranscripDavid Sherris; Fiscal Year: 2010..Work from this project will further advance our knowledge on zinc finger protein transcription factor/DNA interactions and may thus open the door to a whole new range of therapeutic agents. ..
- BLOOD PRESSURE REGULATION, STRESS AND MATERNAL OXYTOCIN RESPONSEKathleen C Light; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- RNA Modification Enzymes: Methyltransferase/psi-synthaseRobert M Stroud; Fiscal Year: 2012..The importance of synthase activity is underlined by disorders such as sideroplastic anemia. The RNA MTase is a potential new drug target for anti-HIV therapy. ..
- Shaojie Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2014..We expect that the proposed work will lead to better understanding of the RNA structural motifs, and significantly promote biomedical research. ..
- Roger L Papke; Fiscal Year: 2016..We will use our new discoveries about how these drugs work to help make alpha7-stimulating drugs optimally designed to treat specific diseases. ..
- Implementation of Microfluidic Automation for Large-Scale Searches of Olfactory NAlbert Folch; Fiscal Year: 2012..g. PCR amplification) after characterizing their response to known compounds. ..
- Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in BrainLarry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Control of AMPA receptor function by phosphorylationStephen F Traynelis; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Hartmut Luecke; Fiscal Year: 2016..pylori and to affect survival in a novel gastro-mimetic incubation system. ..
- Coregulatory Processes and Postpartum Depression in Mexican-AmericansLinda J Luecken; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Cancer prevention, mental health and social capital of segregated Black AmericansLORRAINE TIERA DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Data will be aggregated and geocoded to segregated areas of Philadelphia County using a novel measure of segregation based on 2000 US Census Data. ..
- 2012 Iron Sulfur Enzymes Gordon Research ConferenceMarkus W Ribbe; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- JoAnne Stubbe; Fiscal Year: 2016..The aim of this proposal is to study RNR's unique mechanism, the understanding of which will aid in developing novel RNR inhibitors. ..
- Jan Ching Chun Hu; Fiscal Year: 2016..Future genetic analyses may link genetic changes in these genes to susceptibility for dental caries and provide insights into mechanisms of tooth formation. ..
- Characterization of the Transcriptome in an Emerging Model for Social BehaviorJames W Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Marcy A Kingsbury; Fiscal Year: 2015..Such processes are poorly understood, but are of clear relevance to mental health. ..
- Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2016..This work will inform future development of novel therapeutic strategies to enhance social function in ASD and other psychiatric disorders. ..
- Vasopressin in the regulation of serotonin and anxietyBENJAMIN DAVID ROOD; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- HORMONE-NEUROTRANSMITTER INTERACTIONS IN THE BRAINElaine M Hull; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- X-RAY AND CHEMICAL STUDIES OF METALLOPORPHYRINSW Robert Scheidt; Fiscal Year: 2010..The effect of pressure will be investigated through the measurement of the NRVS spectrum at pressures up to about 8 GPa. Whenever possible, these measurements will be made on an oriented crystal specimen. ..
- The North Carolina Cleft Outcomes StudyRonald P Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2013..Results will improve understanding of short and long-term outcomes among children with OFC. This can enhance health and quality of life for children with these conditions and their families. ..
- Self-assembling Biomimetic Hydrogels with Bioadhesive Properties for IntervertebrANDREA JENNIFER VERNENGO; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Ethanol-induced conditioned partner preference in miceRuth I Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013..Aim 3 will test the ability of a V1a receptor antagonist to block EtOH-induced conditioned partner preference. Together, these studies represent an essential first-step to understand substance abuse and social bonding in mice. ..
- ENAMEL MINERAL FORMATION DURING MURINE ODONTOGENESISCAROLYN GIBSON; Fiscal Year: 2012..Mouse models mimic the human defects and can be used to correlate individual gene mutations with appropriate clinical intervention. ..
- The Molecular Basis of Alcohol's ActionsDAVID NIGEL JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010..This may allow future development of novel approaches to prevent alcohols actions, and the identification of genetic markers associated with a predisposition to alcoholism. ..
- Maureen G Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2016....
- Computational Modeling of Post-translational Modifications in ProteinsCHAYA K RAPP; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Floyd E Romesberg; Fiscal Year: 2015..Completion of the proposed work will also position us at the doorstep of creating the first semi-synthetic organism, able to store, retrieve, and evolve, with more information than natural organisms. ..
- Kenneth D Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2016..In-hand heme/Cu assemblies enable this chemistry and further mechanistic probing is necessary;these processes are critical to NO signaling and linked to cellular responses to changes in [O2] concentrations. ..
- MODEL SYNTHETIC CHANNEL ASSEMBLIESJohn M Tomich; Fiscal Year: 2013..Other replacements will alterpore length and rigidity. The effects of these modifications will be monitored by a combination of electrophysiological and structural (CD &NMR) studies in conjunction with computer modeling. ..
- Ellen A Lumpkin; Fiscal Year: 2016..By identifying mechanisms that govern the reliability of touch-evoked signals in healthy skin, these studies will set the stage to determine how these mechanisms fail in aging and pathophysiological states. ..
- Chondrogenic composite grafts for the repair of cartilage defectsJie Song; Fiscal Year: 2010..The successful development of viable synthetic cartilage constructs has significant social and economic implications, and contributes to improving the musculoskeletal health of the general population. ..
- ULTRAFAST PROCESSES IN PROTEINS AND OTHER ASSEMBLIESFeng Gai; Fiscal Year: 2013..A molecular level knowledge of enzyme-inhibitors for HIV treatments and amyloid fibrils associated with Alzheimer's disease form another focus of this work. ..
- Oxytocin regulation of social buffering following stressADAM STEVEN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2012..This research program represents several steps in examining the neurobiology mechanism underlying the social buffering effect in prairie voles. ..
- Louis Noodleman; Fiscal Year: 2016..Understanding the structures, mechanisms, and functions of mitochondrial CcO's is important for better analysis of many genetic and metabolic diseases and cancers, and is also relevant to pathologies of aging. ..
- Sharon Hammes-Schiffer; Fiscal Year: 2016..Furthermore, insights into RNA catalysis may assist in the development of ribozymes for use as therapeutic agents to cleave pathogenic RNAs. ..
- Cocaine disruption of maternal motivation: preference for pups vs. cocaineMARIANA PEREIRA ARBOLEYA; Fiscal Year: 2010..This preclinical information might contribute to the development of strategies for treatments or methods of prevention of this tragic human condition, with particular emphasis in maintaining or restoring mother- infant bonding. ..
- Colloidal Quantum Dot/Well Near-Infrared NanoLabelsHua Mao; Fiscal Year: 2010..The commercialization of the proposed technologies will improve the health conditions of Americans, save lives, and help to maintain a sustainable environment. ..
- Efficacy of an Exercise Intervention for the Prevention of PostPartum DepressionBeth A Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010..If efficacious, our intervention could be disseminated in "real world settings" in an effort to prevent postpartum depression. ..
- Light Scattering & Flourescence Study of Sugar Solutions as Cryoprotective AgentsDAVID LEE SIDEBOTTOM; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., degree of vitrification), (2) a function of gelation or (3) a function of water replacement caused by sugar bonding. ..
- Cecilia Tommos; Fiscal Year: 2016..To increase our knowledge in this research area, we have developed a library of well- structured model proteins specifically made to study the chemical properties of protein radicals. ..
- Novel Antibacterial Fluoride-releasing Dental MaterialsXiaoming Xu; Fiscal Year: 2012..3) The combined use of an antibacterial fluoride-releasing composite, bonding agent and bioactive sealant will further reduce caries. ..
- Wireless Cardiorespiratory Monitor for NeonatesMICHAEL JOHN SCIARRA; Fiscal Year: 2012..The ease of application and lack of wires will increase compliance with in home monitoring protocols as well as allow for better bonding of parents in and out of hospital settings. ..
- Exploring tyrosine redox chemistry in model proteinsMELISSA MARTINEZ-RIVERA; Fiscal Year: 2013..For this reason, we have developed a series of model protein scaffolds with the characteristics necesary to investigate the relation between the thermodynamics of amino-acid redox chemistry and the surrounding protein environment. ..
- Reasons for poor durability of resin-dentin bondsDavid H Pashley; Fiscal Year: 2013..Their successful use in adhesive resins could potentially save billions of dollars currently spent on the replacement of tooth-colored resin composites. ..
- Self Assembly of Cartilage by Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Porous Chitosan/CaPSTEVEN HOWARD ELDER; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project develops a joint resurfacing strategy based on a biphasic construct of self-assembled cartilage attached to a porous calcium phosphate-chitosan composite scaffold. ..
- Synaptic Transmission In Mammalian Cutaneous Touch ReceptorsSrdjan Maksimovic; Fiscal Year: 2013..This allows me to test if selective excitation of Merkel cells with light evokes action potentials in SAI afferents. ..
- STRUCTURE AND REGULATION OF HUMAN FACTOR VIIIPhilip J Fay; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- MARGARET M MORAN-SANTA MARIA; Fiscal Year: 2014..Comparisons between men and women with a history of child abuse with and without PTSD will provide critical information regarding sex differences in the neural substrates of resilience. ..
- Steven H Graham; Fiscal Year: 2016..The current project aims to identify a downstream mechanism by which COX2 activity injures neurons which could lead to new treatments for stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. ..
- Maternal behavior and effects of paternal affiliation in 5-HT1a overexpressing miJuan F Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2010..It is hoped that this animal model will be a useful tool in understanding the specific gene-environment interactions that modulate the expression of maternal care. ..
- PURIFICATION OF EPIDERMOLYSIS BULLOSA ANTIGENDavid T Woodley; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed studies will facilitate developing effective therapy for devastating skin diseases and chronic non-healing wounds. ..
- STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF NUCLEIC ACID THERAPEUTICSMartin Egli; Fiscal Year: 2012..Other approaches we will rely on to achieve our objectives are synthetic organic chemistry, biochemical and molecular biology tools as well as thermodynamics, kinetics and single-crystal NMC. ..
- Gregory A Voth; Fiscal Year: 2016..These studies will be carried out in collaboration with a number of leading experimentalists, while adding a new dimension to the field of biomolecular computer simulation as a whole. 1 ..
- Structural bioinformatics software for epitope selection and antibody engineeringSTEVEN JOSEPH DARNELL; Fiscal Year: 2012..This will accelerate the discovery of new monoclonal antibody pharmaceuticals, leading to improved human health across many diseases. ..
- Systems of Care for New Moms: Integrating Depression TreatmentLuis H Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2010..The postpartum period is a window of opportunity in which to address depression in women because they are more likely to come into contact with the health care system. ..
- NALTREXONE PRODRUGS FOR TRANSDERMAL DELIVERYAudra L Stinchcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- REACTION MECHANISM OF MYOCARDIAC UBIQUINONE-PROTEINSChang An Yu; Fiscal Year: 2009..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
- ELECTROSTATIC SURFACE OPTIMIZATION FOR OSSEOINTEGRATIONMichele Marcolongo; Fiscal Year: 2000..Further, we hypothesize that the quantity of fibronectin adsorbed to differently charged surfaces will not differ, but the conformation of the fibronectin on those charged surfaces will. ..
- Neonatal Phototherapy / Bilirubin ExcretionDAVID LIGHTNER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MOLECULAR RECOGNITION IN THE STREPTAVIDIN BIOTIN SYSTEMPatrick Stayton; Fiscal Year: 2002..The streptavidin mutants could also be useful reagents in affinity separations, diagnostics, and targeted drug discovery. ..
- MOLECULAR RECOGNITION IN THE STREPTAVIDIN BIOTIN SYSTEMPatrick Stayton; Fiscal Year: 2001..The streptavidin mutants could also be useful reagents in affinity separations, diagnostics, and targeted drug discovery. ..
- POLYMER-COATED RED BLOOD CELL FOR SICKLE CELL DISEASETIMOTHY FISHER; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., alloimmunized rabbit model, xenotransfusions) methods. An interactive approach to these aims is proposed; their successful achievement should yield important new data and improved health care in SCD. ..
- ADOLESCENT DRINKING IN THE UNITED STATES AND IRELANDJoel Grube; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- CHEMICAL RELEASE & IMMUNE SENSITIZATION BY DENTAL RESINSAnahid Jewett; Fiscal Year: 2002..The studies described will help to prevent and treat adverse effects of this class of dental materials. ..
- Electronic/Molecular Structure of Enzyme Heme PocketsGERD LA MAR; Fiscal Year: 2009..The elucidation of the similarities and differences between bacterial and mammalian heme oxygenase will improve prospects for the design of selective inhibitors for the enzyme in pathogenic bacteria. ..
- Dental Cast Titanium-Ceramic BondingZhuo Cai; Fiscal Year: 2003..This development will advance the titanium-ceramic systems that are more biocompatible and economical than current metal-ceramic systems, thereby benefitting the general public. ..