personal construct theory
Summary: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
Publications215 found, 100 shown here
- The influence of another's perspective on children's recall of previously misconstrued eventsMonica Tsethlikai
Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, USA
Dev Psychol 42:732-45. 2006..Children with higher cognitive scores had higher memory reframing scores and received higher social competence ratings than children with lower cognitive scores...
- Social cognition in schizophrenia: relationships with neurocognition and negative symptomsMark J Sergi
Department of Psychology, California State University at Northridge, Northridge, CA 91330 8255, USA
Schizophr Res 90:316-24. 2007..The current findings start to provide insights into the structure of social cognition, neurocognition, and negative symptoms in schizophrenia...
- Self and other in schizophrenia: a cognitive neuroscience perspectiveMelissa Fisher
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Am J Psychiatry 165:1465-72. 2008..The authors assessed self-referential source memory and social cognition in a large sample of schizophrenia outpatients and healthy comparison subjects in order to compare how these critical processes are associated in the two groups...
- The elaboration of personal construct psychologyBeverly M Walker
School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2522, Australia
Annu Rev Psychol 58:453-77. 2007..It can be concluded that PCP has met Kelly's own design specifications for a useful theory and that PCP can perhaps anticipate at least another half-century of elaboration...
- Deconstructing episodic memory with constructionDemis Hassabis
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 11:299-306. 2007..In light of this, we re-evaluate our understanding of episodic memory, the processes underpinning it and other related cognitive functions...
- Metacognition in schizophrenia: associations with multiple assessments of executive functionPaul H Lysaker
Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:384-9. 2008..Results suggest different domains of metacognition may be influenced by and influence different neurocognitive processes...
- Failure to deactivate in autism: the co-constitution of self and otherMarco Iacoboni
Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 10:431-3. 2006..This new finding indicates that a core deficit in autism might be related to the construal of a sense of self in its relationship with others and will certainly generate exciting new research on the neurobiology of autism...
- Becoming a social partner with peers: cooperation and social understanding in one- and two-year-oldsCelia A Brownell
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Child Dev 77:803-21. 2006..The ability to cooperate with peers, becoming a true social partner, develops over the 2nd and 3rd years of life in concert with growing social understanding...
- Gender differences in the relationship between young children's peer-related social competence and individual differences in theory of mindSue Walker
School of Early Childhood, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
J Genet Psychol 166:297-312. 2005..Theory-of-mind understanding also was related to lower scores of shy or withdrawn behavior for boys. Results are discussed in terms of the gender differences in the factors contributing to early peer competence...
- Characteristics of social perception assessed in schizophrenia using virtual realityKwanguk Kim
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Hanyang University, Sungdong, Seoul 133 605, Korea
Cyberpsychol Behav 10:215-9. 2007....
- Best practices: The development of the Social Cognition and Interaction Training program for schizophrenia spectrum disordersDavid L Penn
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Davie Hall, CB 3270, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
Psychiatr Serv 58:449-51. 2007..Although research is still in the early phases, SCIT is a potential best practice...
- Group-level self-definition and self-investment: a hierarchical (multicomponent) model of in-group identificationColin Wayne Leach
Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
J Pers Soc Psychol 95:144-65. 2008..Together, these studies illustrate the conceptual and empirical value of a hierarchical multicomponent model of in-group identification...
- Social perception deficits after traumatic brain injury: interaction between emotion recognition, mentalizing ability, and social communicationSkye McDonald
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Neuropsychology 18:572-9. 2004..In general, emotion recognition and first-order theory of mind judgments were not related to the ability to understand social (conversational) inference, whereas second-order theory of mind judgments were related to that ability...
- Weak central coherence and its relations to theory of mind and anxiety in autismCourtney P Burnette
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:63-73. 2005..No significant findings were observed between weak central coherence measures and social-emotional functioning...
- Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergartenClancy Blair
Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802 6504, USA
Child Dev 78:647-63. 2007..Findings suggest that curricula designed to improve self-regulation skills as well as enhance early academic abilities may be most effective in helping children succeed in school...
- Moral emotions and moral behaviorJune Price Tangney
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:345-72. 2007..Finally, we discuss briefly a morally relevant emotional process-other-oriented empathy...
- Chinese version of the Assessment of Interpersonal Problem Solving SkillsTony K S Leung
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
Psychiatry Res 143:189-97. 2006..To conclude, this assessment package is user-friendly with good psychometric properties. Local clinicians should feel comfortable using it as an integral part of their daily practice to examine their client's social skills...
- Inference of beliefs and emotions in patients with Alzheimer's diseaseDeborah Zaitchik
Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129 2000, USA
Neuropsychology 20:11-20. 2006..Impairment on 2nd-order tasks involving inference of mental states was equivalent to impairment on control tasks, suggesting that patients' difficulty is secondary to their cognitive impairments. ((c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)...
- Evaluating Eve: visceral states influence the evaluation of impulsive behaviorLoran F Nordgren
Department of Social Psychology, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:75-84. 2007..Finally, Study 4 revealed that this effect is state specific: Hungry people, for example, evaluated only hunger-driven impulses, and not other forms of impulse, more favorably...
- Social and cognitive functioning in psychosisJean Addington
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Schizophr Res 99:176-81. 2008..This study supports the association between cognition and social functioning but indicates that this is a function of how social functioning is conceptualized and assessed...
- Neurocognitive and social cognitive predictors of interpersonal skill in schizophreniaAmy E Pinkham
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Department of Psychology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
Psychiatry Res 143:167-78. 2006..This pattern was not observed in the non-clinical control sample. These findings have implications for the treatment of the disorder and represent an important step in understanding the role of social cognition in schizophrenia...
- Faculty perceptions of university students with psychiatric disabilitiesKarin F Brockelman
Department of Special Education, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Psychiatr Rehabil J 30:23-30. 2006..Faculty who had a friend or a student with a PD had more positive perceptions of university students with PDs than faculty who had neither of these experiences...
- Components of young children's trait understanding: behavior-to-trait inferences and trait-to-behavior predictionsDavid Liu
University of Michigan, Michigan, USA
Child Dev 78:1543-58. 2007..Taken together, these three studies show that young children, in possessing component trait-reasoning processes, have a nascent understanding of traits...
- Social cognition in nursing home residents with and without cognitive impairmentAllyson M Washburn
Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, San Francisco, CA 94111, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:P174-9. 2006..An improved understanding and assessment of the basic cognitive mechanisms underlying the ability of persons with dementia to interact with others would inform the design of interventions to optimize their social functioning...
- Source monitoring for actions in adolescents with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS)M Debbane
Service Médico Pédagogique Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Psychology, University of Geneva School of Medicine, Switzerland
Psychol Med 38:811-20. 2008..2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS), a neurogenetic disease associated with high rates of schizophrenia during adulthood, and expected to observe source monitoring deficits in comparison to IQ-matched and typically developing controls...
- A quantitative estimate of schema abnormality in socially anxious and non-anxious individualsAmy Wenzel
Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Cogn Behav Ther 36:220-9. 2007..These results provide empirical support for the theoretical notion that threat-relevant self-schemas of anxious individuals are characterized by some degree of abnormality...
- The self salience model of other-to-self effects: integrating principles of self-enhancement, complementarity, and imitationDiederik A Stapel
Department of Social and Organizational PsychologyUniversity of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:258-71. 2006....
- Seeing I to I: a pathway to interpersonal connectednessElizabeth C Pinel
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, 16802, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:243-57. 2006..The results highlight the importance of shared subjective experience and have implications for interpersonal and intergroup processes...
- General and social cognition in first episode schizophrenia: identification of separable factors and prediction of functional outcome using the IntegNeuro test batteryLeanne M Williams
The Brain Dynamics Centre, Westmead Millennium Institute and Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, NSW, 2145, Australia
Schizophr Res 99:182-91. 2008..We determined the presence of separable factors of general and social cognition, their equivalence to the consensus domains identified by the NIMH MATRICS project, and their effectiveness in predicting real world functional outcomes...
- A new computerised advanced theory of mind measure for children with Asperger syndrome: the ATOMICRenae B Beaumont
School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
J Autism Dev Disord 38:249-60. 2008..Limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are discussed...
- Social and emotional attachment in the neural representation of facesM Ida Gobbini
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20982, USA
Neuroimage 22:1628-35. 2004..These results suggest that familiarity causes changes in neural response that extend beyond a visual memory for a face...
- Individual differences in emotional complexity: their psychological implicationsSun Mee Kang
University of California, Davis, CA, USA
J Pers 72:687-726. 2004..Results supported all of the hypotheses, providing extensive evidence for the RDEES's construct validity. Findings were discussed in terms of the role of emotional complexity in ego maturity and interpersonal adaptability...
- Brief report: individual social-multi-modal intervention for HFASDNirit Bauminger
School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1593-604. 2007..Progress in children's cooperation, self-control, and assertiveness was reported by their teachers. Discussion focused on CB-E intervention efficacy in promoting integral social functioning for HF children with ASD...
- Emergence of self and other in perception and action: an event-control approachJ Scott Jordan
Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Campus Box 4620, Normal, IL 61790 4620, USA
Conscious Cogn 12:633-46. 2003....
- Is belief reasoning automatic?Ian A Apperly
School of Psychiatry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 17:841-4. 2006..The results suggest that adults do not ascribe beliefs to agents automatically...
- Of two minds: forming and changing valence-inconsistent implicit and explicit attitudesRobert J Rydell
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9660, USA
Psychol Sci 17:954-8. 2006..As a consequence, when subliminal primes and behavioral information were of opposite valence, people formed implicit and explicit attitudes of conflicting valence...
- Risk: from perception to social representationHelene Joffe
Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
Br J Soc Psychol 42:55-73. 2003..The review reveals that the response to risk is a highly social, emotive and symbolic entity. Therefore a theory and methods appropriate to such qualities are proposed, to produce a valid psychology of risk...
- Psychosis-proneness and socially relevant reasoningEliane Young
Department of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B16 7ER, United Kingdom
Psychiatry Res 150:123-9. 2007..The findings suggest that individuals with impulsive and/or anhedonic traits may tend to ignore alternative information when reasoning about personally relevant emotional statements leading to poorer reasoning...
- Facial and vocal expressions of emotionJames A Russell
Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 54:329-49. 2003....
- When the self represents the other: a new cognitive neuroscience view on psychological identificationJean Decety
Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Center for Mind, Brain and Learning, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Conscious Cogn 12:577-96. 2003..Interestingly, the right hemisphere develops its functions earlier than the left...
- Understanding implicit and explicit attitude change: a systems of reasoning analysisRobert J Rydell
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9660, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 91:995-1008. 2006....
- On the investigation of primed and chronic autonomous and heteronomous motivational orientationsChantal Levesque
Psychology Department, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield 65804, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1570-84. 2003..The priming effect was found to be stronger for non-chronics than for chronics. Overall, the findings suggest that autonomous and heteronomous motivations can be regulated automatically as well as consciously...
- Cognitive factors that maintain social anxiety disorder: a comprehensive model and its treatment implicationsStefan G Hofmann
Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 2002, USA
Cogn Behav Ther 36:193-209. 2007..Possible disorder-specific intervention strategies are discussed...
- Do I get what you get? Learning about the effects of self-performed and observed actions in infancyBirgit Elsner
Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munich, Germany
Conscious Cogn 12:732-51. 2003..Thus, around their first birthday infants learn the effects of other persons' actions by observation, and they transfer the observed action-effect relations to their own actions in the second year of life...
- Low-income preschoolers' false-belief performanceStephanie M Curenton
The Society for Research on Child Development, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
J Genet Psychol 164:411-24. 2003....
- Early social attention impairments in autism: social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distressGeraldine Dawson
Department of Psychology, Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Dev Psychol 40:271-83. 2004..These results help to clarify the nature of social attention impairments in autism, offer clues to developmental mechanisms, and suggest targets for early intervention...
- Social cognitive neuroscience: a review of core processesMatthew D Lieberman
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:259-89. 2007....
- Children's attention to beliefs in interactive persuasion tasksKaren Bartsch
Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Dev Psychol 43:111-20. 2007..Results suggest that improvements in belief reasoning in early childhood may be reflected in social interactions such as persuasion...
- Social cognition and externalizing psychopathology: an investigation of the mediating role of languageZohreh Yaghoub Zadeh
Canadian Council on Learning, 1805 701 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Abnorm Child Psychol 35:141-52. 2007..Our findings have implications for developing and modifying intervention techniques for children with dual language and externalizing psychopathology...
- Emotion perception in Asperger's syndrome and high-functioning autism: the importance of diagnostic criteria and cue intensityCarla A Mazefsky
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, and Child Development Unit, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1086-95. 2007..Future research to build on these initial findings should include attention to tone of voice, underlying processing, and cue intensity...
- Developmental changes in consistency of preferential feeling for peers and objects around age fourIzumi Uehara
Department of Culture and Psychology, Faculty of Human Studies, Seisen Jogakuin College, Nagano, Japan
Psychol Rep 94:335-47. 2004..The results are discussed in relation to the critical developmental changes about age 4 in other cognitive abilities...
- Constructive integration of learning theory and phenomenological approaches to biofeedback trainingA J Zolten
University of North Texas
Biofeedback Self Regul 14:89-99. 1989..an information-processing framework and the phenomenological information-processing approach of Kelly's personal construct theory suggest a new methodological paradigm for biofeedback as a tool of psychotherapeutic intervention, ..
- Agency orientation and chronic musculoskeletal pain: effects of a group learning program based on the personal construct theoryL Haugli
Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway
Clin J Pain 16:281-9. 2000..The learning program was based on personal construct theory. The theory included the following: (1) participation in an educational program is related to a ..
- Learning to have less pain - is it possible? A one-year follow-up study of the effects of a personal construct group learning programme on patients with chronic musculoskeletal painL Haugli
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, POB 1130 Blindern, Norway
Patient Educ Couns 45:111-8. 2001..to explore the effects of a group learning programme based on a phenomenological epistemology and personal construct theory. Main outcome measures were: experienced pain, pain coping strategies, absenteeism, disability pension ..
- Students' perceptions of their psychiatric mental health clinical nursing experience: a personal construct theory explorationS Melrose
Mount Royal College, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
J Adv Nurs 30:1451-8. 1999b>Personal construct theory and repertory grid technique provides a suitable framework for exploring Registered Nursing students' perceptions of their psychiatric practicum...
- Views of the self and others at different ages: utility of repertory grid technique in detecting the positivity effect in agingBen D Williams
Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 2051, USA
Int J Aging Hum Dev 71:1-22. 2010..Drawing on personal construct theory, Viney (1993) observes increasing integration of constructions of self with others across the lifespan...
- From pain to self-awareness--a qualitative analysis of the significance of group participation for persons with chronic musculoskeletal painE Steen
Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Lillevannsveien 69A, N 0788 Oslo, Norway
Patient Educ Couns 42:35-46. 2001..The educational approach was inspired by personal construct theory that calls attention to the human being's capacity to redefine and reconstruct the meanings of any ..
- Bridging the idiographic-nomothetic divide in ratings of self and others on the Big FiveJames W Grice
Department of Psychology, 215 North Murray Hall, Oklahoma State University, OK 74078 3064, USA
J Pers 72:203-41. 2004..Three important issues stemming from this debate were then expounded within the context of Personal Construct Theory and evaluated in an empirical study...
- Effective health care teams: a model of six characteristics developed from shared perceptionsSharon M Mickan
Mater Health Services, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
J Interprof Care 19:358-70. 2005..Using the complementary theoretical perspectives of personal construct theory and inductive theory building, three research methods were used to collect a range of participant ..
- Goal-setting protocol in adherence to exercise by Italian adultsJames J Annesi
YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Percept Mot Skills 94:453-8. 2002A goal-setting protocol, based on research in goal setting and performance and personal construct theory, was tested for its effect on adherence to a new exercise program...
- The relationship of the inner and the outer in psychoanalysisOlavi Hämäläinen
Kilpitie 17, 02610 Espoo, Finland
Int J Psychoanal 90:1277-97. 2009..The transitional world is also seen as a necessary part of psychoanalytical practice, as an aid in striving for the truth and reality, important goals of psychoanalysis...
- Brief report: group social-multimodal intervention for HFASDNirit Bauminger
School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1605-15. 2007..Discussion focused on the utility of such group-intervention in increasing social functioning...
- Anterior cingulate pathology and social cognition in schizophrenia: a study of gray matter, white matter and sulcal morphometryHironobu Fujiwara
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawara cho, Shogoin, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
Neuroimage 36:1236-45. 2007..These results suggested that pathology of the ACC, anterior cingulum and PCS/CS is, at least partially, independent and has differential impacts on psychopathology and social cognitive impairment in schizophrenia...
- Sociolinguistic and psycholinguistic indications of behavior disorders: analysis of a prisoner's discourseUri Timor
Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 52:112-26. 2008..The prisoner's latent feelings of helplessness and fear of humiliation may help the therapist establish a therapeutic relationship and help him change his perceptions and behavior...
- Can children resist making interpretations when uncertain?Sarah R Beck
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
J Exp Child Psychol 99:252-70. 2008..We discuss children's difficulty with ambiguity in terms of the decision-making demands made by different procedures. These demands appear to cause particular problems for young children...
- Parent-delivered compensatory education for children at risk of educational failure: Improving the academic and self-regulatory skills of a Sure Start preschool sampleRuth M Ford
Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
Br J Psychol 100:773-97. 2009..We discuss the implications of these findings for efforts to nurture the development of cognitive self-regulation and school readiness during early childhood...
- Representational structures and psychopathology: analysis of spontaneous descriptions of self and significant others in patients with different mental disordersEmil Benedik
Psychiatric Hospital of Begunje, Begunje, Slovenija
Psychiatr Danub 21:14-24. 2009..According to psychoanalytic concepts, cognitive developmental psychology and attachment theory, various forms of adult psychopathology involve fundamental impairments in representational structures or cognitive-affective schemas...
- [School-based prevention of antisocial behavior: efficacy of the "Verhaltenstraining für Schulanfänger"]Heike Natzke
Zentrum für Klinische Psychologie und Rehabilitation, Universitat Bremen, Grazer, Bremen
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 58:34-50. 2009..Student interviews showed positive short-term effects in terms of increased emotional knowledge and social problem solving competencies at posttest, with girls showing a stronger improvement of their emotional knowledge than boys...
- Goals, intentions and mental states: challenges for theories of autismAntonia F de C Hamilton
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:881-92. 2009..More subtle theories which distinguish between different types of mirroring and different types of mentalising may be able to account for the present data, and further research is required to test and refine these theories...
- Career success implications of political skillSamuel Y Todd
Georgia Southern University, Sport Management Program Director Hollis 1104, PO Box 8077, Statesboro, GA 30460 8077, USA
J Soc Psychol 149:279-304. 2009..The authors discuss practical implications, limitations, and directions for future research...
- Attention moderates the processing of inhibitory information in primary psychopathyJoshua D Zeier
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 118:554-63. 2009..Implications of this attentional anomaly for psychopathic traits and behavior are discussed...
- Inferential ability in children with cerebral palsy, spina bifida and pragmatic language impairmentPernille Holck
Department of Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Res Dev Disabil 31:140-50. 2010..The analysis of atypical responses proved to be a promising tool for the planning of an adequate intervention...
- Ghost and self: Jung's paradigm shift and a response to ZinkinSusan Rowland
University of Greenwich, UK
J Anal Psychol 54:697-715. 2009..However, in the ambivalences and radical fictional experimentation of these fascinating texts can be discerned an-Other self, one both created and found...
- How does Sam feel?: Children's labelling and drawing of basic emotionsClaire Brechet
Dêveloppement Cognition Acquisition, Department of Psychology, University of Montpellier III, Montpellier, France
Br J Dev Psychol 27:587-606. 2009..These results suggest that a drawing task can be used to assess children's understanding of basic emotions. Results are discussed according to the development of perceptual skills and the development of emotion conceptualization...
- Levels of Emotional Awareness: a model for conceptualizing and measuring emotion-centered structural changeClaudia Subic-Wrana
Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Klinik fur Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Untere Zahlbacher Str 8, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Int J Psychoanal 92:289-310. 2011....
- Development of a measure of relationship perception in schizophreniaMark J Sergi
Department of Psychology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 8255, USA
Psychiatry Res 166:54-62. 2009..The schizophrenia patients' performance on the RAD was moderately related to reading ability and several domains of community functioning...
- An intensive case analysis of client metacognition in a good-outcome psychotherapy: Lisa's caseAntonino Carcione
Terzo Centro di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, Rome, Italy 00161
Psychother Res 18:667-76. 2008..During the therapy such difficulties improved progressively. Limitations and implications of these findings are discussed...
- Language access and theory of mind reasoning: evidence from deaf children in bilingual and oralist environmentsMarek Meristo
Department of Psychology, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
Dev Psychol 43:1156-69. 2007..Particularly for native signers, access to sign language in a bilingual environment may facilitate conversational exchanges that promote the expression of ToM by enabling children to monitor others' mental states effectively...
- Exploring the specificity of age-related differences in theory of mind tasksGillian Slessor
School of Psychology, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
Psychol Aging 22:639-43. 2007..Rather than a specific ToM deficit, older adults exhibited a more general impairment in the ability to decode cues from verbal and visual information about people...
- Does executive function matter for preschoolers' problem behaviors?Claire Hughes
Centre for Family Research, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, CB2 3RF, UK
J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:1-14. 2008..In addition, age-3 EF mediated relations between age-2 verbal ability and age-4 problem behaviors...
- The psychological effect of an urban environment on individuals with persecutory delusions: the Camberwell walk studyLyn Ellett
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, University of London, UK
Schizophr Res 99:77-84. 2008..It was predicted that the urban environment would affect emotional and reasoning processes highlighted in a cognitive model of persecutory delusions and would increase paranoia...
- Development of a Japanese version of the emotional skills and competence questionnaireHiroshi Toyota
Department of Psychology, Nara University of Education, Takabatake cho, Nara City 630 8528, Japan
Percept Mot Skills 105:469-76. 2007..This shorter Japanese versions shows suitable internal consistency and content validity, but other reliabilities and validities must be examined precisely...
- Convergence and divergence among multiple methods for assessing adolescent romantic relationshipsRENEE V GALLIHER
Department of Psychology, Utah State University, 2810 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322, USA
J Adolesc 31:747-69. 2008....
- Research review: the importance of callous-unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behaviorPaul J Frick
Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, 2001 Geology and Psychology Bldg, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:359-75. 2008....
- Challenges for alexithymia research: a commentary on "The construct of alexithymia: associations with defense mechanisms"Stijn Vanheule
Department of Psychoanalysis and Clinical Consulting, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Clin Psychol 64:332-7. 2008..The author argues that the standard of alexithymia research could be raised by including interdisciplinary perspectives and experimental methods, and by embedding research more explicitly in theories...
- Editorial: new perspectives on aggressionKirby Deater-Deckard
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:357-8. 2008
- Complementary oppositions in the construal of self and othersEhud Koch
J Psycholinguist Res 37:355-71. 2008..It is suggested that adjectival complementary pairings often involve unique associative linkages, the tracing of which could prove fruitful for understanding the construal of self and others...
- Construct validity and case validity in assessmentHedwig Teglasi
Department of Counseling, Higher Education, and Special Education, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Psychol Assess 24:464-75. 2012..Since both implicit and explicit versions of constructs interface with maximal or typical performance conditions, case validity requires systematic inclusion of these distinctions in assessment protocols...
- Information quantity and quality affect the realistic accuracy of personality judgmentTera D Letzring
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 91:111-23. 2006..Interjudge consensus and self-other agreement followed a similar pattern. These findings are consistent with expectations based on models of the process of accurate judgment (D. C. Funder, 1995, 1999) and consensus (D. A. Kenny, 1994)...
- Executive functioning and preschoolers' understanding of false beliefs, false photographs, and false signsMark A Sabbagh
Department of Psychology, Queen s University at Kingston, ON, Canada
Child Dev 77:1034-49. 2006..Results are discussed with respect to theories of preschoolers' theory-of-mind development...
- Theory of mind and relational complexityGlenda Andrews
School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland, Australia
Child Dev 74:1476-99. 2003..Prediction did not require hierarchically structured predictor tasks...
- The early origins of goal attribution in infancyIldikó Király
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
Conscious Cogn 12:752-69. 2003..This study together with other recent experiments reviewed support the 'wide scope' approach indicating that if the cues of goal-directedness are present even 6-month-olds attribute goals to unfamiliar actions...
- The self and action in theory of mind researchBeate Sodian
Department of Psychology, Developmental Psychology, University of Munich, Leopoldstr 13, D 80802 Muenchen, Germany
Conscious Cogn 12:777-82. 2003....
- Training transfer between card sorting and false belief understanding: helping children apply conflicting descriptionsDaniela Kloo
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
Child Dev 74:1823-39. 2003..Results are discussed in relation to 5 theories explaining the existing correlational evidence...
- Choice and empowerment for battered women who stay: toward a constructivist modelE Peled
Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Soc Work 45:9-25. 2000..The model includes dimensions of physical and emotional distance as well as a time dimension. Key themes related to battered women's options along these dimensions are presented...
- Species comparative studies and cognitive developmentJuan Carlos Gomez
Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY15 9JU, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 9:118-25. 2005....
- Supplication and appeasement in conflict and negotiation: The interpersonal effects of disappointment, worry, guilt, and regretGerben A Van Kleef
Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 91:124-42. 2006..In Experiment 3, trust was manipulated through information about the other's personality (cooperative vs. competitive), and a similar moderation was obtained...
- The modified cognitive constructions coding system: reliability and validity assessmentsGalia S Moran
Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Marital Fam Ther 32:451-64. 2006..The modified CCCS allows for identifying moment-to-moment changes in clients' problem constructions and, ultimately, examining the impact of therapist behaviors on such changes...
- A study of the impact of a simple stimulus on a receiver's imagination in mediated communicationMioko Ambe
Broadband Applications Laboratories, Sony Corporation, Tokyo, Japan
Cyberpsychol Behav 8:401-15. 2005..This and other findings lend support to the notion that a simple stimulus could serve as an emotion-related channel, in mediated communication...
- The human capacity for growth through adversityP Alex Linley
School of Psychology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
Am Psychol 60:262-4; discussion 265-7. 2005
- Voluntary involuntariness: thought suppression and the regulation of the experience of willDaniel M Wegner
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Conscious Cogn 12:684-94. 2003..There was a weak trend for suppression to enhance reported intentionality for a repetition of the action carried out after suppression instructions had been discontinued...
- Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West ComparisonsGAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
- Infants' responses to attentional and emotional cuesBETTY REPACHOLI; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Multimodal maps of human imitative behaviorMarco Iacoboni; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONSGAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
- Graduated Recovery Intervention for Early SchizophreniaDavid Penn; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive and Social Determinants of Children's MemoryGABRIELLE PRINCIPE; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Designing Culturally and Socially Valid InterventionsAnna Lau; Fiscal Year: 2007..The product of this research will be an empirically derived, culturally responsive intervention for physical abuse in Asian American families ready for implementation and evaluation in a future study. ..
- Multi-site Prevention of Adolescent Conduct ProblemsKENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Electrophysiological Correlates of Anhedonia in SchizophreniaWILLIAM HORAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology PreventionCARROLL IZARD; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will assess child temperament/emotionality and verbal ability as control measures and use multiple techniques to assess emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and adaptive and maladaptive behavior. ..
- Adolescent Peer Relations: Outcomes & Family PrecursorsJoseph Allen; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Experience of Mental ControlDaniel Wegner; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Conceptual Change in Aging and Alzheimer's DiseaseDeborah Zaitchik; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- A Virtual Laboratory for the Social and Behavioral SciencesBRIAN NOSEK; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neuroimaging of the Development of Neural Mechanisms Social CognitionKevin A Pelphrey; Fiscal Year: 2010..A successful demonstration of the usefulness of fNIRS would open new lines of research into how children's brains develop to function in a social world. ..
- Development of antisocial behavior in early adulthoodKENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2008..This research will contribute both to basic theories of antisocial development and to prevention science and public policy. ..
- D-Cycloserine Enhancement of Exposure in Social PhobiaStefan G Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study addresses an important public health issue by assessing an intervention that may lead to a more efficient and effective application of empirically based psychosocial interventions for the treatment of SAD. ..
- Affect Labeling Expressive Writing and Emotion RegulationMatthew Dylan Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- CONCEPTS AND THEORIES IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENTSUSAN GELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGINGThomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Cardiovascular Risk Disparities: Socioemotional PathwaysLinda Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2009..By examining potentially modifiable psychosocial variables as a pathway underlying CVD disparities, this study seeks to inform efforts to understand and eliminate health disparities. ..
- Sex Differences in Antisocial BehaviorMADELINE MEIER; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Alcoholism Susceptibility Genes in High Density FamiliesShirley Hill; Fiscal Year: 2009..4 cm intervals for all three generations would be combined and linkage analyses performed using the well validated alcoholism phenotype and the well validated childhood diagnoses obtained from the K-SADS. ..
- BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, results from these experiments will guide neurophysiologists and cognitive neuroscientists seeking to discover the actual neural concomitants of multi-stable perception. ..
- Culture and Romantic Relationship Development among Mexican American AdolescentsRENEE GALLIHER; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- WORD LEARNING IN INFANTS WITH HEARING LOSSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2008..The outcomes should provide direction for early interventionists in their efforts to promote nurturing caregiver-child interactions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Deficits in Facial Expression Recognition in Childhood Cancer SurvivorsMelanie Bonner; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maternal Emotional Well-Being and Fragile X SyndromeLeonard Abbeduto; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- NEUROBIOLOGY AND GENETICS OF AUTISMGeraldine Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2006..Thus, findings from all five research projects are being integrated in a synergistic way to offer a deeper understanding of the neurobiological and genetic basis of autism. ..
- Chemosensory Communication of Emotion in HumansDenise Chen; Fiscal Year: 2005..It opens up the possibility that olfactory deficit, often conceptualized as a sensory process, may have a more direct social basis and link to mental health (affective disorder) than is currently appreciated. ..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS ANALYSES OF MULTIPLEX FAMILIESShirley Hill; Fiscal Year: 2001..The combined resources of our research team will situate us to initiate positional cloning of a gene, should significant positive linkages be found with our Stage I and Stage 11 genotyping endeavors. ..
- Social Skills and Social Understanding in ToddlersCELIA BROWNELL; Fiscal Year: 2004..A series of five successive cross-sectional studies is proposed to test and evaluate the tasks. Each study will include 18 and 24 month olds. ..
- Innovative Training Methods for Improving Work OutcomeRobert Kern; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Emotion centered preventive-intervention for Head StartCARROLL IZARD; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will assess child temperament/emotionality and verbal ability as control measures and use multiple techniques to assess emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and adaptive and maiadaptive behavior. ..
- Cognitive Strengths and Weaknesses in Down syndromeDEBORAH FIDLER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of Prior Experience on Children's Use of SymbolsGEORGENE TROSETH; Fiscal Year: 2004..Given the proliferation of educational television programs specifically designed for toddlers, the final study may suggest a way to promote early learning from video. ..
- THE CHILD'S THEORY OF MINDHENRY WELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Aggression and Vilolence Among Rural TeenRENEE GALLIHER; Fiscal Year: 2003..Analyses will examine the nature of adolescent couple members' perceptions of their interaction and the associations among parent relational quality, couple communication, and dating aggression. ..
- TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORSStefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
- Neurocognitive Function in Russian Heroin AddictsDiana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will significantly contribute to NIDA's goal to support international collaborative research to increase understanding of consequences of drug abuse. ..
- Therapy of Comorbid Substance Use Disorders and PTSDWILLIAM GOTTDIENER; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results will give treatment providers, researchers, and consumers, the most up-to-date information on what works, what does not, and what needs to be researched next. ..
- EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY IN BRAIN IMAGING OF VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005..The present proposal has this potential. ..
- A Cultural Investigation of Self-Improving MotivationsSTEVEN HEINE; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- COGNITIVE/PERSONALITY FACTORS IN RELATIVES OF ALCOHOLICSShirley Hill; Fiscal Year: 2006..New measures will be added to explore non-shared environmental effects in these families where sibling pairs are available for study (N=346 sib pairs). ..
- Maternal Mental-State Talk and Attachment-Peer LinkagesNANCY MCELWAIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fundamental Goals and Risky Decision-MakingJON MANER; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., substance use disorders), as well as exaggerated risk-aversion. ..
- MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION IN HUMAN VISIONRobert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, the work on spatial structure from temporal synchrony may have implications for understanding clinical disorders involving disruptions in temporal processing, including dyslexia. ..
- RESOURCES FOR INFANTS WITH NEWLY IDENTIFIED HEARING LOSSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2006..Information also will be re-purposed and expanded to meet the needs of the target professional audiences. The results of this effort should promote parent self-advocacy and independence in decision making. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurocognitive Prerequisites for Preventing Drug AbuseDiana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study will provide valuable insights for developing preventive interventions, individualized according to underlying pathology, for adolescents who tend to be refractory to standard treatments. ..
- Marital Adjustment, Depression and Myocardial InfarctionLinda Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant UseDiana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RESOURCES FOR INFANTS WITH NEWLY INDENTIFIED HEARING LOSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2002..A media advocacy program will also be implemented. The results should promote parental self-advocacy and independence in decision making. ..
- EARLY VISUAL PROCESSING IN SCHIZOPHRENIAMichael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- ACC in Neuroticism and Social CognitionMATTHEW LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Neural bases of automatic and controlled affective responses to smoking cuesBrian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2006..The prevalence of nicotine addiction and the widespread health implications of smoking make clear the relevance of these considerations for drug addiction and public health more generally. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Mechanisms Underlying Stress ReactivityMATTHEW LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..Supportive evidence will flesh out the neural mechanisms through which individual differences affect biological responses to stress and elucidate the risk factors for stress- related mental and physical health problems. ..
- Cognitive Genetic Aspects of Duchenne Muscular DystrophyVeronica Hinton; Fiscal Year: 2006..And newly characterized preschool boys with DMD will be followed to track their language and emotional development. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Enhancing the Prospective Prediction of PsychosisJean Addington; Fiscal Year: 2007..Each site has proven its ability to recruit prodromal patients in a previous collaboration. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ADAPTATION--CHILDREN IN HEAD STARTClancy Blair; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Executive Control in Implicit Attitude MeasurementBrian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2004..The third series examines more complex situations (e.g. the presence of an African American experimenter) which might influence implicit prejudice measures through both routes. ..
- UW Autism Research Center of ExcellenceElizabeth Aylward; Fiscal Year: 2007..5) To conduct molecular biology studies aimed at gene discovery in autism. Identification of susceptibility genes in autism is important for early identification, prevention, and medical treatment (Project V). ..