behaviorism

Summary

Summary: A psychologic theory developed by James B. Watson concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The psychological behaviorism theory of pain and the placebo: its principles and results of research application
    Peter S Staats
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Adv Psychosom Med 25:28-40. 2004
  2. ncbi Has 60 years of research in psychology really gone astray?
    Andrey Yurevich
    Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yaroslavskaya 13, Moscow, Russia
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:21-7; discussion 75-82. 2007
  3. ncbi A science of meaning. Can behaviorism bring meaning to psychological science?
    R J DeGrandpre
    Am Psychol 55:721-39. 2000
  4. ncbi Yerkes, Hamilton and the experimental study of the ape mind: from evolutionary psychiatry to eugenic politics
    Marion Thomas
    REHSEIS Laboratoire de recherches épistémologiques et historiques sur les sciences exactes et les institutions scientifiques, CNRS Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 37:273-94. 2006
  5. pmc Science and Human Behavior translated into Portuguese: Ciência e Comportamento Humano
    João Claudio Todorov
    Universidade Catolica de Goias
    J Exp Anal Behav 80:341-3. 2003
  6. ncbi B. F. Skinner's technology of behavior in American life: from consumer culture to counterculture
    Alexandra Rutherford
    History and Theory of Physiology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Hist Behav Sci 39:1-23. 2003
  7. ncbi Skinner and the rise of behavior modification and behavior therapy
    Francisco Javier Labrador
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:178-87. 2004
  8. ncbi Psychopathology according to behaviorism: a radical restatement
    Marino Perez-Alvarez
    University of Oviedo, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:171-7. 2004
  9. ncbi Acquisition, learning, or development of language? Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" revisited
    Susana López Ornat
    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:161-70. 2004
  10. ncbi A daughter's retrospective of B. F. Skinner
    Julie S Vargas
    B F Skinner Foundation, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Span J Psychol 7:135-40. 2004

Detail Information

Publications156 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The psychological behaviorism theory of pain and the placebo: its principles and results of research application
    Peter S Staats
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Adv Psychosom Med 25:28-40. 2004
    The psychological behaviorism theory of pain unifies biological, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral theories of pain and facilitates development of a common vocabulary for pain research across disciplines...
  2. ncbi Has 60 years of research in psychology really gone astray?
    Andrey Yurevich
    Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yaroslavskaya 13, Moscow, Russia
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:21-7; discussion 75-82. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi A science of meaning. Can behaviorism bring meaning to psychological science?
    R J DeGrandpre
    Am Psychol 55:721-39. 2000
    ..The author concludes with a call for a more interdisciplinary science of psychology, focusing on the individual in society...
  4. ncbi Yerkes, Hamilton and the experimental study of the ape mind: from evolutionary psychiatry to eugenic politics
    Marion Thomas
    REHSEIS Laboratoire de recherches épistémologiques et historiques sur les sciences exactes et les institutions scientifiques, CNRS Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 37:273-94. 2006
    ....
  5. pmc Science and Human Behavior translated into Portuguese: Ciência e Comportamento Humano
    João Claudio Todorov
    Universidade Catolica de Goias
    J Exp Anal Behav 80:341-3. 2003
    ..Keller to Brazil. The book has been used continuously in undergraduate courses in Brazil since 1967...
  6. ncbi B. F. Skinner's technology of behavior in American life: from consumer culture to counterculture
    Alexandra Rutherford
    History and Theory of Physiology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Hist Behav Sci 39:1-23. 2003
    ..I propose that the received view of Skinner as maligned behaviorist actually obscures the complexity of his relationship with psychology's public throughout this period...
  7. ncbi Skinner and the rise of behavior modification and behavior therapy
    Francisco Javier Labrador
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:178-87. 2004
    ..His work, however, still has its limitations. The best way to acknowledge and pay tribute to Skinners' work is to overcome these limitations...
  8. ncbi Psychopathology according to behaviorism: a radical restatement
    Marino Perez-Alvarez
    University of Oviedo, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:171-7. 2004
    ..The "radical" sense of this restatement is that of radical behaviorism itself...
  9. ncbi Acquisition, learning, or development of language? Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" revisited
    Susana López Ornat
    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:161-70. 2004
    ....
  10. ncbi A daughter's retrospective of B. F. Skinner
    Julie S Vargas
    B F Skinner Foundation, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Span J Psychol 7:135-40. 2004
    ..As well as solving society's problems, my father was always concerned with improving his own behavior. Some of the contingencies he set up to maximize his own productivity are described...
  11. ncbi Culture of science: strange history of the methodological thinking in psychology
    Aaro Toomela
    Department of Special Education, University of Tartu, Salme la, Tartu 50103, Estonia
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:6-20. 2007
    ..These limits have hindered the growth of knowledge in the behavioral sciences. A new return to an updated version of the German-Austrian methodological trajectory is suggested...
  12. pmc Steps and pips in the history of the cumulative recorder
    Kennon A Lattal
    Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506 6040, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 82:329-55. 2004
    ..The cumulative recorder remains, along with the operant conditioning chamber, an icon of Skinner's approach to psychology...
  13. ncbi 'Introspectionism' and the mythical origins of scientific psychology
    Alan Costall
    Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2DY, UK
    Conscious Cogn 15:634-54. 2006
    ..Furthermore, this version of psychology's history obscures some deep conceptual problems, not least surrounding the modern conception of "behaviour," that continues to make the scientific study of consciousness seem so weird...
  14. ncbi John B. Watson's alleged sex research: an appraisal of the evidence
    Ludy T Benjamin
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Am Psychol 62:131-9. 2007
    ..The claims of the story, however, have never been validated or invalidated. This article examines the evidence for and against the existence of such research and discusses Watson's academic dismissal in light of that evidence...
  15. ncbi The impact of Pavlov on the psychology of learning in English-speaking countries
    Robert A Boakes
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, NSW 2009
    Span J Psychol 6:93-8. 2003
    ..Nevertheless, many of the issues addressed by this research were ones that Pavlov had been the first to raise, so that his major influence can be seen as that of defining a research program for subsequent students of learning...
  16. ncbi Pavlov in America: a heterodox approach to the study of his influence
    Gabriel Ruiz
    University of Seville
    Span J Psychol 6:99-111. 2003
    ..that goes beyond the conventional view: that which reduces his influence in American psychology to the behaviorism of Watson and Hull...
  17. ncbi 100 years of psychology of concepts: the theoretical notion of concept and its operationalization
    Edouard Machery
    Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 38:63-84. 2007
    ..However, in all cases but one, these theoretical changes did not translate into changes in the operationalization of the notion of concept learning...
  18. ncbi G. H. Mead in the history of sociological ideas
    Filipe Carreira da Silva
    University of Coimbra, Portugal
    J Hist Behav Sci 42:19-39. 2006
    ..Only then can meaningful and enriching dialogue with Mead begin...
  19. ncbi A clarification of Heidegger's phenomenology
    Gilbert Garza
    Department of Psychology, University of Dallas, Irving, TX 75062 4736, USA
    Am Psychol 61:255-6; discussion 259-61. 2006
  20. ncbi The ideology of logic in contemporary psychology
    Rex Olsen
    Hunter Student Development Center, Alfred State College, NY 14802, USA
    Am Psychol 61:256-7; discussion 259-61. 2006
  21. ncbi Psychology and phenomenology: a clarification
    Howard H Kendler
    University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
    Am Psychol 60:318-24. 2005
    ..The social role of psychology is analyzed within the framework of phenomenological convictions and scientific truth...
  22. ncbi Culture change and ethnic-minority health behavior: an operant theory of acculturation
    Hope Landrine
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA
    J Behav Med 27:527-55. 2004
    ..By so doing, the operant model of acculturation has the potential to improve health promotion and disease prevention and thereby reduce ethnic health disparities...
  23. pmc Cui bono? A review of breaking the spell: religion as a natural phenomenon by Daniel C. Dennett
    Howard Rachlin
    Psychology Department, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2500, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 87:143-9. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi The behavioral economics of violence
    Howard Rachlin
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1036:325-35. 2004
    From the viewpoint of teleological behaviorism the first question to ask in attempting to understand any behavior, including violent behavior, is: What are its contingencies of reward and punishment? Or, to put the question in economic ..
  25. ncbi Berstein's anti-reductionistic materialism: On the road towards a biology of activity (1965)
    R Bongaardt
    Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N 7034 Trondheim, Norway
    Motor Control 4:377-406. 2000
    ..According to Vygotsky, reflexology and behaviorism, then dominant approaches in psychology, were fundamentally wrong; they focus on building-blocks of behavior ..
  26. ncbi False assumptions about psychopathology, hysteria and the MMPI-2 Restructured Clinical Scales
    Robert M Gordon
    Psychol Rep 98:870-2. 2006
    ..is not an improvement over the MMPI-2 Hysteria scale, as the new scale serves as an example of a failure of the behaviorism to account for complex psychopathology...
  27. ncbi Toward a cross-species neuroscientific understanding of the affective mind: do animals have emotional feelings?
    Jaak Panksepp
    Baily Endowed Chair for Animal Well Being Science, Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology and Physiology, Washington State University, Pullman, USA
    Am J Primatol 73:545-61. 2011
    ..This led to forms of rigid operationalism during the era of behaviorism and subsequently ruthless reductionism in brain research, leaving little room for mentalistic concepts such as ..
  28. ncbi The third generation of therapeutic communities: the early development of the TC for addictions in Europe
    Eric Broekaert
    Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Eur Addict Res 12:1-11. 2006
    ..The paper aims at systemizing information, scattered all over Europe and is the first stage in an ongoing study to record the development of the European TC movement and its influences...
  29. ncbi Gordon memorial lecture. Poultry welfare: science or subjectivity?
    Ian J H Duncan
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Br Poult Sci 43:643-52. 2002
    ..This acceptance was interrupted by the rise of Behaviorism in the 20th century, but now seems to be re-established. 4. Subjective feelings cannot be studied directly...
  30. ncbi Clinical science and human behavior
    J J Plaud
    Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies and Brown University, Concord, MA 01742 2107, USA
    J Clin Psychol 57:1089-102. 2001
    The debate between mentalism/cognitivism and behaviorism is analyzed, and it is concluded that behaviorism is the philosophy more closely associated with psychology as a behavioral science, the cognitive approach being more closely ..
  31. ncbi An alarming solution: Bedwetting, medicine, and behavioral conditioning in mid-twentieth-century America
    Deborah Blythe Doroshow
    Program in the History of Science and Medicine, Yale University, P O Box 208324, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8324, USA
    Isis 101:312-37. 2010
    ..Infused with the optimism of behaviorism, the bedwetting alarm unexpectedly proved difficult to implement in practice, bearing a multitude of ..
  32. ncbi Theoretical influences on research on language development and intervention in individuals with mental retardation
    Leonard Abbeduto
    Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 10:184-92. 2004
    ..g., behaviorism)...
  33. ncbi Behavioral assessment of gambling: an application of the timeline followback method
    Jeremiah Weinstock
    Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Psychol Assess 16:72-80. 2004
    ..The G-TLFB also demonstrated discriminant validity with demographic variables and a measure of positive impression management...
  34. ncbi Women and vulnerability to depression: some personality and clinical factors
    Jesús M Carrillo
    Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Psicología Clínica, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus Somosaguas, 28223, Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 7:29-39. 2004
    ..Results are discussed within the framework of the psychological behaviorism theory of depression.
  35. ncbi "All You Need is Holt"-is the socio-cultural phenomenon a problem for a neorealist ecological psychology?
    Jorge Castro
    Departamento de Psicologia Basica I, Facultad de Psicologia, UNED, Juan del Rosal 10, 28040, Madrid, Spain
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 45:263-71. 2011
    ..sight of the Gibsonian framework and to modify the very nature of his object of study, the social phenomenon-which, along the lines of classic neorealist behaviorism, becomes reduced to a simple consideration of behavioral purposiveness.
  36. ncbi Laboratory behavioral measures of impulsivity
    Donald M Dougherty
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Behav Res Methods 37:82-90. 2005
    ..The four paradigms in this software package are available at no cost and can be obtained by contacting the corresponding author...
  37. ncbi AIDS, empire, and public health behaviorism
    Sanjay Basu
    Program in Infectious Disease and Social Change, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Int J Health Serv 34:155-67. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi Social control and coercion in addiction treatment: towards evidence-based policy and practice
    T Cameron Wild
    Uiversity of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Addiction 101:40-9. 2006
    ..This paper characterizes barriers to a robust interdisciplinary analysis of social control and coercion in addiction treatment and provides directions for future research...
  39. ncbi Glycogen metabolism loss: a common marker of parasitic behaviour in bacteria?
    Bernard Henrissat
    Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, UMR6098, CNRS, Universités de Marseille I and II, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
    Trends Genet 18:437-40. 2002
    ..e. difficult to culture outside their normal environment). It is suggested that the lack of bacterial glycogen metabolism is a trait associated with parasitic behaviour in bacteria...
  40. ncbi Animal models and human neuropsychiatric disorders
    Gene S Fisch
    Yeshiva University, 875 West End Ave Apt 6B, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Behav Genet 37:1-10. 2007
    ..The waning of behaviorism and ascendance of cognitive psychology in the mid-twentieth century renewed interest in the notion of ..
  41. ncbi The real and imagined harmful effects of rewards: implications for clinical practice
    D Reitman
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 29:101-13. 1998
    ..cautioned against the widespread application of behavioral interventions on the grounds that the philosophy of behaviorism is fundamentally manipulative and damaging to creative and intrinsically motivated behavior...
  42. ncbi Cognitive-behavioral approaches to farm community safety education: a conceptual analysis
    H P Cole
    Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, College of Education, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40505 9842, USA
    J Agric Saf Health 8:145-59. 2002
    ..examines the learning of safe and unsafe work practices from three historical learning theory perspectives: behaviorism, constructivism, and socioculturalism. The conceptual analysis is illustrated through case study examples...
  43. ncbi James F. T. Bugental (1915-2008)
    Kirk J Schneider
    Saybrook Graduate School
    Am Psychol 64:151. 2009
    ..Abraham Maslow and others, of humanistic psychology, or the "third force" (in contrast to psychoanalysis and behaviorism). Jim was also the creator, along with Rollo May, of existential-humanistic psychotherapy...
  44. ncbi Taking pragmatism seriously: a review of william baum's understanding behaviorism: behavior, culture, and evolution (second edition)
    Howard Rachlin
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 92:131-7. 2009
    ..The book's second purpose is to embed behavioral science firmly in the context of Darwinian evolution. Baum is generally successful, we believe, in both of these ambitious purposes...
  45. ncbi Utopianism in psychology: the case of Wilhelm Reich
    Petteri Pietikainen
    Department of History, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Hist Behav Sci 38:157-75. 2002
    ..it to individual thinkers (Reich, Marcuse, Fromm) and to specific psychological disciplines (psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology), the term itself has remained elusive and vague...
  46. pmc Embracing chaos and complexity: a quantum change for public health
    Kenneth Resnicow
    University of Michigan, School of Public Health Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, 109 Observatory Street, Room 3867 SPH I, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1382-9. 2008
    ....
  47. pmc On reductionism in biology: pillars, leaps, and the naïve behavioral scientist
    C B Ogbunugafor
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    Yale J Biol Med 77:101-9. 2004
  48. pmc Neurotech for neuroscience: unifying concepts, organizing principles, and emerging tools
    Rae Silver
    Psychology Department, Barnard College of Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Neurosci 27:11807-19. 2007
    ..Funding agencies, including the National Science Foundation, explore the potential of these changing frontiers of research for developing research policies and long-term planning...
  49. ncbi Options and limitations of the cognitive psychological approach to the treatment of dyslexia
    F E Tønnessen
    Center for Reading Research in Stavanger, Norway
    J Learn Disabil 32:386-93. 1999
    ..the question "Why is it that some people have difficulty following some of the cognitive norms or rules?" Behaviorism and connectionism can make more important contributions here...
  50. ncbi Mirror neurons: their implications for group psychotherapy
    Victor L Schermer
    Private Practice, 735 South Ninth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147 2838, USA
    Int J Group Psychother 60:486-513. 2010
    ..confirm the holistic, social nature of perception, action, and intention as distinct from a stimulus-response behaviorism. The implications of mirror neurons and mirroring processes for the group therapist role, interventions, and ..
  51. ncbi Retrospective study of similarities and relations between American drug-free and European therapeutic communities for children and adults
    E Broekaert
    Department of Orthopedagogics, University of Gent, Belgium
    J Psychoactive Drugs 32:407-17. 2000
    ..to several critical issues: democracy versus hierarchy, self-help versus professionalism, psychoanalysis versus behaviorism and concept versus social learning...
  52. ncbi Promoting effective teaching and learning in the clinical setting
    H Hand
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield
    Nurs Stand 20:55-63; quiz 64. 2006
    ..This article explores the nature of teaching and learning in the clinical area. Many of the issues that mentors encounter in promoting a good learning environment and undertaking effective teaching are discussed...
  53. ncbi Transforming nursing education: a partnership social system for alignment with philosophies of care
    Carey S Clark
    San Francisco State University, USA
    Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 2:Article 2. 2005
    ..and Bevis and Watson (2000) that a movement away from the traditional, behavioral, medical-model of lecture and behaviorism as the main modalities for teaching and learning in nursing is essential...
  54. ncbi The case of the missing third
    Robin Robertson
    Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 9:1-21. 2005
    ..in the 17th century; on to Berkeley and Kant in the 18th century; Fechner and Wundt in the 19th century; to behaviorism and Gestalt psychology, Jung, early in the 20th century, ethology and cybernetics later in the 20th century, ..
  55. ncbi The triad of science foundations, instructional technology, and organizational structure
    E A Vargas
    B F Skinner Foundation, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Span J Psychol 7:141-52. 2004
    ....
  56. ncbi Unity within psychology, and unity between science and practice
    John F Kihlstrom
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    J Clin Psychol 60:1243-7. 2004
    ..Psychology should avoid the temptations of reductionism, and assert (and enjoy) its twin status as both a biological science and a social science...
  57. ncbi Are animals just noisy machines?: Louis Boutan and the co-invention of animal and child psychology in the French Third Republic
    Marion Thomas
    REHSEIS Laboratoire de recherches epistémologiques et historiques sur les sciences exactes et les institutions scientifiques CNRS Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot France
    J Hist Biol 38:425-60. 2005
    ..To date, more attention has been given to Lorenzian ethology and American behaviorism than to other work and traditions, but different approaches are equally worthy of the historian's attention, ..
  58. ncbi The artist speaks. Sigmund Koch on aesthetics and creative work
    M B Franklin
    Psychology Department, Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY 10708, USA
    Am Psychol 56:445-52. 2001
    ..widely recognized as a prime mover of the radical transformation of psychology from a discipline dominated by behaviorism and related views to a multivalenced set of inquiries into human mentality and functioning...
  59. ncbi Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution
    Christopher D Green
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Am Psychol 64:75-83. 2009
    ..Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century.
  60. ncbi The origins of behavioral genetics
    Ralph J Greenspan
    The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA
    Curr Biol 18:R192-8. 2008
    ..Studies of genes and behavior actually go back to the beginnings of genetics. The end of the era marked by Benzer's life offers a good opportunity to look back at the origins of the field he influenced so profoundly...
  61. ncbi Reflections on the main schools of the world psychology in the Czech interwar psychology
    Alena Plháková
    Department of Psychology, Palacky University in Olomouc, Czech Republic
    Hist Psychol 11:209-19. 2008
    ..for the different level of acceptance of the three important psychological perspectives (Gestalt psychology, behaviorism, and psychoanalysis) in the Czech interwar psychology...
  62. ncbi Dying, mourning, and spirituality: a psychological perspective
    R Marrone
    California State University, Sacramento, USA
    Death Stud 23:495-519. 1999
    Based in an unfortunate tradition that stretches back in time to Watson's behaviorism and Freud's psychoanalysis, psychology has tended to reject and to pathologize matters of the spirit...
  63. ncbi [Pain and anesthesiology : aspects of the development of modern pain therapy in the twentieth century]
    W Witte
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 60:555-66. 2011
    ..Concurrently, the radical behaviorism of the late 1960s affected both the therapy of chronic and of acute pain...
  64. pmc Stimuli, reinforcers, and private events
    John A Nevin
    University of New Hampshire
    Behav Anal 31:113-26. 2008
    Radical behaviorism considers private events to be a part of ongoing observable behavior and to share the properties of public events...
  65. ncbi Under Skinner's skin: gauging a behaviorist from his Rorschach protocol
    Cato Grønnerød
    Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway
    J Pers Assess 95:1-12. 2013
    b>Behaviorism and psychodynamic psychology have been regarded as polar opposites. Contrary to popular belief, B. F...
  66. pmc The psychiatric interview: validity, structure, and subjectivity
    Julie Nordgaard
    Psychiatric Center Hvidovre, University of Copenhagen, Broendbyostervej 160, 2605 Broendby, Denmark
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:353-64. 2013
    ..heavily relies on the use of fully structured interviews that are historically rooted in logical positivism and behaviorism. These theoretical approaches marked decisively the so-called "operational revolution in psychiatry" leading to ..
  67. ncbi The reconstitution of political theory: David Easton, behavioralism, and the long road to system
    John G Gunnell
    Department of Political Science, State University of New York, Albany
    J Hist Behav Sci 49:190-210. 2013
    ..Although a great deal of attention has been devoted to Easton's theory, the origins and evolution of the system concept in his work have not been carefully reconstructed and analyzed...
  68. ncbi [Prefrontal cortex in memory and attention processes]
    R F Allegri
    Servicio de Neurología Servicio de Neuropsicología SIREN, CEMIC Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnica, Universidad de Buenos Aires Argentina
    Rev Neurol 32:449-53. 2001
    The role of the prefrontal cortex still remains poorly understood. Only after 1970, the functions of the frontal lobes have been conceptualized from different points of view (behaviorism, cognitivism).
  69. ncbi Medical education and the tyranny of competency
    Michael A Brooks
    Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, HX 315C, Lexington, KY 40536 0293, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 52:90-102. 2009
    ..The alternative apprenticeship model is more appropriate for professional education and is more consistent with what psychological research has shown about the acquisition of expertise...
  70. ncbi Missed opportunities: speculation on what Japanese psychology could have been
    Eric P Charles
    Department of Psychology, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:93-6; discussion 114-9. 2007
    ..It is speculated that only a small change of which books were translated, or with which Americans early Japanese psychologists trained under, would have made Japan into a haven for these still underdog theories...
  71. pmc Science and Human Behavior: a tutorial in behavior analysis
    Jack Michael
    Psychology Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 80:321-8. 2003
    ..I describe four general interpretive orientations or maxims that are of broad significance for behavior analysis, and also two underappreciated major theoretical contributions...
  72. ncbi Relevance of functional behavioral assessment research for school-based interventions and positive behavioral support
    Frank M Gresham
    Graduate School of Education, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Res Dev Disabil 25:19-37. 2004
    ..Recommendations are made for conducting fundamental research on reliability and validity issues in FBA and determining when, how, and under what conditions FBA procedures are most appropriate...
  73. ncbi Pavlov and the foundation of behavior therapy
    Joseph J Plaud
    Applied Behavioral Consultants, Inc, Brown University, MA, USA
    Span J Psychol 6:147-54. 2003
    ..It is shown that Pavlovian conditioning represents far more than a systematic basic learning paradigm. It is also an essential theoretical foundation for the theory and practice of behavior therapy...
  74. ncbi Quantitative behavior analysis and human values
    Charles P Shimp
    Department of Psychology, 380 South 1530 East, Rm 502, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 0251, USA
    Behav Processes 75:146-55. 2007
    ..Radical behaviorism suggests, however, that a science of behavior must apply to peoples' everyday professional behaviors, including ..
  75. ncbi [GP's intervention in changing lifestyle behavior of adipose patients]
    Durdica Lazić
    Katedra za obiteljsku medicinu, Skola narodnog zdravlja Andrija Stampar, Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
    Acta Med Croatica 61:7-11. 2007
    ..According to WHO data, 300 million people with body mass index (BMI) 30 were recorded in the world in 2005...
  76. ncbi The Beer/Bethe/Uexküll paper (1899) and misinterpretations surrounding 'vitalistic behaviorism'
    Florian Mildenberger
    Institute for the History of Medicine, Lessingstrasse 2, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Hist Philos Life Sci 28:175-89. 2006
    In the history of behaviorism the paper of the three physiologists Theodor Beer, Albrecht Bethe and Jakob von Uexküll from 1899 plays an important role...
  77. ncbi Psychology is about processes
    Stellan Ohlsson
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, BSB 1050C, M C 285, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:28-34; discussion 75-82. 2007
    ..Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices...
  78. ncbi A tale of three blind men on the proper subject matter of clinical science and practice: commentary on Plaud's behaviorism vs. Ilardi and Feldman's cognitive neuroscience
    J P Forsyth
    University at Albany, State University of New York, Department of Psychology, NY 12222, USA
    J Clin Psychol 57:1133-48. 2001
    ..On this latter point, we still have a very long way to go...
  79. ncbi Paradigms, promises, and the potential of clinical psychology
    T J Strauman
    Department of Psychology, Social and Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Clin Psychol 57:1125-32. 2001
    ..whether clinical psychology in fact has an urgent need for a unifying framework, and whether radical behaviorism or cognitive neuroscience could provide such a framework...
  80. pmc Coming to terms with fear
    Joseph E LeDoux
    Center for Neural Science and Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:2871-8. 2014
    ..A conception of so-called fear conditioning in terms of circuits that operate nonconsciously, but that indirectly contribute to conscious fear, is proposed as way forward. ..
  81. ncbi Applied behavior analysis: behavior management of children with autism spectrum disorders in dental environments
    Purnima Hernandez
    J Am Dent Assoc 142:281-7. 2011
    ..There are a limited number of studies addressing behavior management techniques and procedural modifications that dentists can use to treat people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
  82. ncbi Taking evolution seriously in political science
    Orion Lewis
    Rohatyn Center for International Affairs, Middlebury College, Middlebury, USA
    Theory Biosci 129:235-45. 2010
    ..Finally, we show how evolutionary thinking adds insight into the study of political phenomena and research questions that are of central importance to the field, such as preference formation...
  83. ncbi A PDA-based system for online recording and analysis of concurrent events in complex behavioral processes
    Jurgen Held
    Institute of Hygiene and Applied Physiology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Behav Res Methods 37:155-64. 2005
    ..We believe that the FIT-System for online recording of concurrent events in complex behavioral processes has the potential to be useful across a broad spectrum of research areas...
  84. ncbi A forgotten social science? Creating a place for linguistics in the historical dialogue
    Janet Martin-Nielsen
    Department of Science Studies, Aarhus University
    J Hist Behav Sci 47:147-72. 2011
    ....
  85. ncbi Behavioral couples treatment of alcohol and drug use disorders: current status and innovations
    E E Epstein
    Clinical Division, Rutgers State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 18:689-711. 1998
    ..Directions for future research on ABCT are suggested...
  86. ncbi John Watson's paradoxical struggle to explain Freud
    M Rilling
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824 1117, USA
    Am Psychol 55:301-12. 2000
    ..discoveries of psychoanalysis, but he rejected Freud's central concept of the unconscious as incompatible with behaviorism. After failing to explain psychoanalysis in terms of William James's concept of habit, Watson borrowed concepts ..
  87. ncbi An early manuscript in the history of American comparative psychology: Lewis Henry Morgan's "Animal Psychology" (1857)
    Timothy D Johnston
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina 27402 6170, USA
    Hist Psychol 5:323-55. 2002
    ..utility of the concept of instinct, a view that did not gain much currency in psychology until the rise of behaviorism in the 1920s...
  88. pmc Gender and health lifestyle: an in-depth exploration of self-care activities in later life
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Health Educ Behav 39:332-40. 2012
    ..OBJECTIVE. Evaluate similarities and differences in the self-care domain of health lifestyle among older, rural-dwelling women and men...
  89. pmc Behaviorism and the stages of scientific activity
    J Moore
    University of Wisconsin Milwaukee
    Behav Anal 33:47-63. 2010
    ..Ultimately, traditional theories and explanations influenced by mentalistic assumptions occasion less effective interaction with natural events (e.g., through prediction and control) than they might otherwise...
  90. ncbi Psycholinguistics: a half century of monologism
    Daniel C O'Connell
    Department of Psychology, DH615, Loyola University of Chicago, 6525 North Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
    Am J Psychol 116:191-212. 2003
    ..Monologism has been the historical bias of Cartesianism, positivism, behaviorism, and cognitivism...
  91. ncbi Examining the acceptance of and resistance to evolutionary psychology
    Carey J Fitzgerald
    Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
    Evol Psychol 8:284-96. 2010
    ..The field of psychology remains a divided one. Several different sub-disciplines (e.g., developmental, cognitive, behaviorism, social, etc.) form what could be a unified scientific area...
  92. pmc Theory of mind and Darwin's legacy
    John Searle
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:10343-8. 2013
    ..False claims include (i) behaviorism, (ii) computationalism, (iii) epiphenomenalism, (iv) the readiness potential, (v) subjectivity, and (vi) ..
  93. ncbi Short-term disruption rates and long-term outcomes of a professional parent program
    Robyn Redinger
    Reilly and Associates, LLC
    Child Welfare 91:97-116. 2012
    ..of clinical care rather than case management; (d) Treatment interventions were derived from the fields of behaviorism and applied behavior analysis; and (e) The core value of the program was rooted in Wolfensberger's concept of ..
  94. doi Review of Cold war social science: Knowledge production, liberal democracy, and human nature, and Working knowledge: Making the human sciences from Parsons to Kuhn
    Paul Erickson
    Wesleyan University
    Hist Psychol 16:288-92. 2013
    ..with its physics-like emphasis on mathematical theory-building; the transition from the regnant prewar behaviorism through a postwar "cognitive revolution" in American psychology; and the move in fields like sociology and ..
  95. pmc Radical behaviorism and buddhism: complementarities and conflicts
    James W Diller
    West Virginia University
    Behav Anal 31:163-77. 2008
    ..in general, but there have been only a few attempts to draw comparisons directly with the philosophy of radical behaviorism. The present review therefore considers heretofore unconsidered points of comparison between Buddhism and ..
  96. ncbi Comparative cognition in the 1930s
    D A Dewsbury
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611 2250, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 7:267-83. 2000
    According to the received view of the history of psychology, behaviorism so dominated psychology prior to the 1960s that there was little research in animal cognition...
  97. ncbi Sources of history for "a psychology of verbal communication"
    Daniel C O'Connell
    Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
    J Psycholinguist Res 40:29-47. 2011
    ..A closer view of the literature diminishes the historical importance of behaviorism, shows a prevailing "written language bias" (Linell in The written language bias in linguistics: Its nature, ..
  98. ncbi Behavior, human
    M Molteni
    IRCCS E Medea Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care Bosisio Parini, LC, Italy
    Clin Ter 161:91-2. 2010
    ..In psychology, behavior became an important construct with the advent of behaviorism, a theoretical framework that required the study of only observable facts or events which can be seen or ..
  99. pmc Behavior analysis and ecological psychology: past, present, and future. a review of Harry Heft's Ecological Psychology in context
    Edward K Morris
    Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 4020 Dole Human Development Center, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 92:275-304. 2009
    ..g., affordances, molar behavior); (c) his misunderstandings of Skinner's behaviorism (e.g...
  100. pmc The philosophical terrain of behavior analysis: a review of B. A. Thyer (Ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism
    P A Lamal
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 28223, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 74:255-64. 2000
    The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism, edited by Bruce A...
  101. ncbi [Treatment of a depressive disorder according to Functional Analytic Psychotherapy]
    Miguel A López Bermúdez
    Cepsi Psicólogos, Spain
    Psicothema 22:92-8. 2010
    ..This form of psychotherapy, which is based on the principles of radical behaviorism, makes functional use of verbal behavior, and is structured upon a therapeutic relationship that pays special ..

Research Grants22

  1. Electrophysiological Assessment of Depressive Cognition
    STEPHEN ILARDI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Secondary analysis will explore the ability of study measures to predict acute outcome in outpatient treatment. ..
  2. Operant Analysis of Self-Control
    Howard Rachlin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Women's physical activity and eating habits: Influence of work-family balance
    Joseph G Grzywacz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results can also be used to inform workplace programs designed to promote healthy physical activity and eating habits. ..
  4. Maternal work schedules: Consequences for parenting and child development
    JOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. Alcohol and Daily Work and Family Experiences
    JOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., personality/dispositions, feelings of control and master, psychological wellbeing, social integration), and alcohol-related outcomes. ..
  6. Mathematically modeling the transmission and control of extensively drug resistan
    Sanjay Basu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal of this project is to determine how to reduce XDR tuberculosis incidence, using mathematical models of its transmission. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Maternal Emotional Well-Being and Fragile X Syndrome
    Leonard Abbeduto; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  8. Weaving Work and Family: Implications for Mother and Child
    JOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. LEARNING AND INTEGRATION OF BEHAVIORAL SEQUENCES
    Herbert Terrace; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  10. CHD Incidence: Depression & Inflammation Risk
    Karina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We propose to assay plasma samples for CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1 and then to statistically model the associations among depression, inflammation and CHD incidence. ..
  11. ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTY
    WILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies are proposed to examine more directly the hypothesized confidence-bolstering effects of information that confirms people's self-views and specify how increasing self- certainty bolsters self-esteem. ..
  12. Self/Brain/Behavior Systems in Depression
    Timothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. A Cohort-Sequential Study of Self-Esteem Development
    Richard Robins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, by examining patterns of results across developmental periods and across three life domains, we will use the findings to develop an overarching theory of the life course trajectory of self-esteem. ..
  14. Society for Research on Biological Rhythms Meeting
    Rae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A similar request is made for the 9th meeting, to be held in 2004. ..
  15. HEALTH PROMOTION THROUGH BLACK CHURCHES
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Recruitment and retention of participants will be maximized by several strategies including incentives for each church, and the use of church liaisons to assist in participant recruitment and tracking. ..
  16. PHYSIOLOGICAL DISSECTION OF THE SCN
    Rae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The work also contributes to a better understanding of circadian changes associated with puberty, andropause, sleep regulation and some aspects of sex differences. ..
  17. SELF-REGULATION DEPRESSIVE/ANXIOUS SYMPTOMS AND URIs
    Timothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Study 4, again following high-risk and low-risk women through naturalistic challenges, will test a brief intervention based on Pennebaker's studies of the health impact of disclosure. ..
  18. Sound Source Segregation and the Cocktail Party Problem in a Non-human Vertebrate
    MARK BEE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Tobacco Control in S.Africa: Prevention and Capacity Bu*
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. The Immune Response in Mast Cell Deficient Mice
    Rae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This application will determine whether mast cells play a role in mounting an immune response in the brain. ..
  21. Controlled Randomized Anger Reduction in Hypertensives
    Karina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. OBESITY PREVENTION IN BLACK TEENS: GO GIRLS! II
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To control for cluster randomization effects in outcome analyses, we will utilize SAS/PROC MIXED, with church as the unit of analysis. ..