Summary: A psychologic theory developed by James B. Watson concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.
Publications156 found, 100 shown here
- The psychological behaviorism theory of pain and the placebo: its principles and results of research applicationPeter S Staats
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Adv Psychosom Med 25:28-40. 2004The psychological behaviorism theory of pain unifies biological, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral theories of pain and facilitates development of a common vocabulary for pain research across disciplines...
- Has 60 years of research in psychology really gone astray?Andrey Yurevich
Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yaroslavskaya 13, Moscow, Russia
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:21-7; discussion 75-82. 2007....
- A science of meaning. Can behaviorism bring meaning to psychological science?R J DeGrandpre
Am Psychol 55:721-39. 2000..The author concludes with a call for a more interdisciplinary science of psychology, focusing on the individual in society...
- Yerkes, Hamilton and the experimental study of the ape mind: from evolutionary psychiatry to eugenic politicsMarion Thomas
REHSEIS Laboratoire de recherches épistémologiques et historiques sur les sciences exactes et les institutions scientifiques, CNRS Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France
Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 37:273-94. 2006....
- Science and Human Behavior translated into Portuguese: Ciência e Comportamento HumanoJoão Claudio Todorov
Universidade Catolica de Goias
J Exp Anal Behav 80:341-3. 2003..Keller to Brazil. The book has been used continuously in undergraduate courses in Brazil since 1967...
- B. F. Skinner's technology of behavior in American life: from consumer culture to countercultureAlexandra Rutherford
History and Theory of Physiology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Hist Behav Sci 39:1-23. 2003..I propose that the received view of Skinner as maligned behaviorist actually obscures the complexity of his relationship with psychology's public throughout this period...
- Skinner and the rise of behavior modification and behavior therapyFrancisco Javier Labrador
University Complutense of Madrid, Spain
Span J Psychol 7:178-87. 2004..His work, however, still has its limitations. The best way to acknowledge and pay tribute to Skinners' work is to overcome these limitations...
- Psychopathology according to behaviorism: a radical restatementMarino Perez-Alvarez
University of Oviedo, Spain
Span J Psychol 7:171-7. 2004..The "radical" sense of this restatement is that of radical behaviorism itself...
- Acquisition, learning, or development of language? Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" revisitedSusana López Ornat
Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
Span J Psychol 7:161-70. 2004....
- A daughter's retrospective of B. F. SkinnerJulie S Vargas
B F Skinner Foundation, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
Span J Psychol 7:135-40. 2004..As well as solving society's problems, my father was always concerned with improving his own behavior. Some of the contingencies he set up to maximize his own productivity are described...
- Culture of science: strange history of the methodological thinking in psychologyAaro Toomela
Department of Special Education, University of Tartu, Salme la, Tartu 50103, Estonia
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:6-20. 2007..These limits have hindered the growth of knowledge in the behavioral sciences. A new return to an updated version of the German-Austrian methodological trajectory is suggested...
- Steps and pips in the history of the cumulative recorderKennon A Lattal
Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506 6040, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 82:329-55. 2004..The cumulative recorder remains, along with the operant conditioning chamber, an icon of Skinner's approach to psychology...
- 'Introspectionism' and the mythical origins of scientific psychologyAlan Costall
Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2DY, UK
Conscious Cogn 15:634-54. 2006..Furthermore, this version of psychology's history obscures some deep conceptual problems, not least surrounding the modern conception of "behaviour," that continues to make the scientific study of consciousness seem so weird...
- John B. Watson's alleged sex research: an appraisal of the evidenceLudy T Benjamin
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Am Psychol 62:131-9. 2007..The claims of the story, however, have never been validated or invalidated. This article examines the evidence for and against the existence of such research and discusses Watson's academic dismissal in light of that evidence...
- The impact of Pavlov on the psychology of learning in English-speaking countriesRobert A Boakes
School of Psychology, University of Sydney, NSW 2009
Span J Psychol 6:93-8. 2003..Nevertheless, many of the issues addressed by this research were ones that Pavlov had been the first to raise, so that his major influence can be seen as that of defining a research program for subsequent students of learning...
- Pavlov in America: a heterodox approach to the study of his influenceGabriel Ruiz
University of Seville
Span J Psychol 6:99-111. 2003..that goes beyond the conventional view: that which reduces his influence in American psychology to the behaviorism of Watson and Hull...
- 100 years of psychology of concepts: the theoretical notion of concept and its operationalizationEdouard Machery
Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 38:63-84. 2007..However, in all cases but one, these theoretical changes did not translate into changes in the operationalization of the notion of concept learning...
- G. H. Mead in the history of sociological ideasFilipe Carreira da Silva
University of Coimbra, Portugal
J Hist Behav Sci 42:19-39. 2006..Only then can meaningful and enriching dialogue with Mead begin...
- A clarification of Heidegger's phenomenologyGilbert Garza
Department of Psychology, University of Dallas, Irving, TX 75062 4736, USA
Am Psychol 61:255-6; discussion 259-61. 2006
- The ideology of logic in contemporary psychologyRex Olsen
Hunter Student Development Center, Alfred State College, NY 14802, USA
Am Psychol 61:256-7; discussion 259-61. 2006
- Psychology and phenomenology: a clarificationHoward H Kendler
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Am Psychol 60:318-24. 2005..The social role of psychology is analyzed within the framework of phenomenological convictions and scientific truth...
- Culture change and ethnic-minority health behavior: an operant theory of acculturationHope Landrine
San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA
J Behav Med 27:527-55. 2004..By so doing, the operant model of acculturation has the potential to improve health promotion and disease prevention and thereby reduce ethnic health disparities...
- Cui bono? A review of breaking the spell: religion as a natural phenomenon by Daniel C. DennettHoward Rachlin
Psychology Department, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2500, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 87:143-9. 2007....
- The behavioral economics of violenceHoward Rachlin
Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1036:325-35. 2004From the viewpoint of teleological behaviorism the first question to ask in attempting to understand any behavior, including violent behavior, is: What are its contingencies of reward and punishment? Or, to put the question in economic ..
- Berstein's anti-reductionistic materialism: On the road towards a biology of activity (1965)R Bongaardt
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N 7034 Trondheim, Norway
Motor Control 4:377-406. 2000..According to Vygotsky, reflexology and behaviorism, then dominant approaches in psychology, were fundamentally wrong; they focus on building-blocks of behavior ..
- False assumptions about psychopathology, hysteria and the MMPI-2 Restructured Clinical ScalesRobert M Gordon
Psychol Rep 98:870-2. 2006..is not an improvement over the MMPI-2 Hysteria scale, as the new scale serves as an example of a failure of the behaviorism to account for complex psychopathology...
- Toward a cross-species neuroscientific understanding of the affective mind: do animals have emotional feelings?Jaak Panksepp
Baily Endowed Chair for Animal Well Being Science, Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology and Physiology, Washington State University, Pullman, USA
Am J Primatol 73:545-61. 2011..This led to forms of rigid operationalism during the era of behaviorism and subsequently ruthless reductionism in brain research, leaving little room for mentalistic concepts such as ..
- The third generation of therapeutic communities: the early development of the TC for addictions in EuropeEric Broekaert
Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Eur Addict Res 12:1-11. 2006..The paper aims at systemizing information, scattered all over Europe and is the first stage in an ongoing study to record the development of the European TC movement and its influences...
- Gordon memorial lecture. Poultry welfare: science or subjectivity?Ian J H Duncan
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Br Poult Sci 43:643-52. 2002..This acceptance was interrupted by the rise of Behaviorism in the 20th century, but now seems to be re-established. 4. Subjective feelings cannot be studied directly...
- Clinical science and human behaviorJ J Plaud
Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies and Brown University, Concord, MA 01742 2107, USA
J Clin Psychol 57:1089-102. 2001The debate between mentalism/cognitivism and behaviorism is analyzed, and it is concluded that behaviorism is the philosophy more closely associated with psychology as a behavioral science, the cognitive approach being more closely ..
- An alarming solution: Bedwetting, medicine, and behavioral conditioning in mid-twentieth-century AmericaDeborah Blythe Doroshow
Program in the History of Science and Medicine, Yale University, P O Box 208324, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8324, USA
Isis 101:312-37. 2010..Infused with the optimism of behaviorism, the bedwetting alarm unexpectedly proved difficult to implement in practice, bearing a multitude of ..
- Theoretical influences on research on language development and intervention in individuals with mental retardationLeonard Abbeduto
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 10:184-92. 2004..g., behaviorism)...
- Behavioral assessment of gambling: an application of the timeline followback methodJeremiah Weinstock
Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
Psychol Assess 16:72-80. 2004..The G-TLFB also demonstrated discriminant validity with demographic variables and a measure of positive impression management...
- Women and vulnerability to depression: some personality and clinical factorsJesús M Carrillo
Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Psicología Clínica, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus Somosaguas, 28223, Madrid, Spain
Span J Psychol 7:29-39. 2004..Results are discussed within the framework of the psychological behaviorism theory of depression.
- "All You Need is Holt"-is the socio-cultural phenomenon a problem for a neorealist ecological psychology?Jorge Castro
Departamento de Psicologia Basica I, Facultad de Psicologia, UNED, Juan del Rosal 10, 28040, Madrid, Spain
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 45:263-71. 2011..sight of the Gibsonian framework and to modify the very nature of his object of study, the social phenomenon-which, along the lines of classic neorealist behaviorism, becomes reduced to a simple consideration of behavioral purposiveness.
- Laboratory behavioral measures of impulsivityDonald M Dougherty
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Behav Res Methods 37:82-90. 2005..The four paradigms in this software package are available at no cost and can be obtained by contacting the corresponding author...
- AIDS, empire, and public health behaviorismSanjay Basu
Program in Infectious Disease and Social Change, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
Int J Health Serv 34:155-67. 2004....
- Social control and coercion in addiction treatment: towards evidence-based policy and practiceT Cameron Wild
Uiversity of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Addiction 101:40-9. 2006..This paper characterizes barriers to a robust interdisciplinary analysis of social control and coercion in addiction treatment and provides directions for future research...
- Glycogen metabolism loss: a common marker of parasitic behaviour in bacteria?Bernard Henrissat
Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, UMR6098, CNRS, Universités de Marseille I and II, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
Trends Genet 18:437-40. 2002..e. difficult to culture outside their normal environment). It is suggested that the lack of bacterial glycogen metabolism is a trait associated with parasitic behaviour in bacteria...
- Animal models and human neuropsychiatric disordersGene S Fisch
Yeshiva University, 875 West End Ave Apt 6B, New York, NY 10025, USA
Behav Genet 37:1-10. 2007..The waning of behaviorism and ascendance of cognitive psychology in the mid-twentieth century renewed interest in the notion of ..
- The real and imagined harmful effects of rewards: implications for clinical practiceD Reitman
Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 29:101-13. 1998..cautioned against the widespread application of behavioral interventions on the grounds that the philosophy of behaviorism is fundamentally manipulative and damaging to creative and intrinsically motivated behavior...
- Cognitive-behavioral approaches to farm community safety education: a conceptual analysisH P Cole
Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, College of Education, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40505 9842, USA
J Agric Saf Health 8:145-59. 2002..examines the learning of safe and unsafe work practices from three historical learning theory perspectives: behaviorism, constructivism, and socioculturalism. The conceptual analysis is illustrated through case study examples...
- James F. T. Bugental (1915-2008)Kirk J Schneider
Saybrook Graduate School
Am Psychol 64:151. 2009..Abraham Maslow and others, of humanistic psychology, or the "third force" (in contrast to psychoanalysis and behaviorism). Jim was also the creator, along with Rollo May, of existential-humanistic psychotherapy...
- Taking pragmatism seriously: a review of william baum's understanding behaviorism: behavior, culture, and evolution (second edition)Howard Rachlin
Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 92:131-7. 2009..The book's second purpose is to embed behavioral science firmly in the context of Darwinian evolution. Baum is generally successful, we believe, in both of these ambitious purposes...
- Utopianism in psychology: the case of Wilhelm ReichPetteri Pietikainen
Department of History, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Hist Behav Sci 38:157-75. 2002..it to individual thinkers (Reich, Marcuse, Fromm) and to specific psychological disciplines (psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology), the term itself has remained elusive and vague...
- Embracing chaos and complexity: a quantum change for public healthKenneth Resnicow
University of Michigan, School of Public Health Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, 109 Observatory Street, Room 3867 SPH I, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1382-9. 2008....
- On reductionism in biology: pillars, leaps, and the naïve behavioral scientistC B Ogbunugafor
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
Yale J Biol Med 77:101-9. 2004
- Neurotech for neuroscience: unifying concepts, organizing principles, and emerging toolsRae Silver
Psychology Department, Barnard College of Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
J Neurosci 27:11807-19. 2007..Funding agencies, including the National Science Foundation, explore the potential of these changing frontiers of research for developing research policies and long-term planning...
- Options and limitations of the cognitive psychological approach to the treatment of dyslexiaF E Tønnessen
Center for Reading Research in Stavanger, Norway
J Learn Disabil 32:386-93. 1999..the question "Why is it that some people have difficulty following some of the cognitive norms or rules?" Behaviorism and connectionism can make more important contributions here...
- Mirror neurons: their implications for group psychotherapyVictor L Schermer
Private Practice, 735 South Ninth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147 2838, USA
Int J Group Psychother 60:486-513. 2010..confirm the holistic, social nature of perception, action, and intention as distinct from a stimulus-response behaviorism. The implications of mirror neurons and mirroring processes for the group therapist role, interventions, and ..
- Retrospective study of similarities and relations between American drug-free and European therapeutic communities for children and adultsE Broekaert
Department of Orthopedagogics, University of Gent, Belgium
J Psychoactive Drugs 32:407-17. 2000..to several critical issues: democracy versus hierarchy, self-help versus professionalism, psychoanalysis versus behaviorism and concept versus social learning...
- Promoting effective teaching and learning in the clinical settingH Hand
University of Sheffield, Sheffield
Nurs Stand 20:55-63; quiz 64. 2006..This article explores the nature of teaching and learning in the clinical area. Many of the issues that mentors encounter in promoting a good learning environment and undertaking effective teaching are discussed...
- Transforming nursing education: a partnership social system for alignment with philosophies of careCarey S Clark
San Francisco State University, USA
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 2:Article 2. 2005..and Bevis and Watson (2000) that a movement away from the traditional, behavioral, medical-model of lecture and behaviorism as the main modalities for teaching and learning in nursing is essential...
- The case of the missing thirdRobin Robertson
Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 9:1-21. 2005..in the 17th century; on to Berkeley and Kant in the 18th century; Fechner and Wundt in the 19th century; to behaviorism and Gestalt psychology, Jung, early in the 20th century, ethology and cybernetics later in the 20th century, ..
- The triad of science foundations, instructional technology, and organizational structureE A Vargas
B F Skinner Foundation, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
Span J Psychol 7:141-52. 2004....
- Unity within psychology, and unity between science and practiceJohn F Kihlstrom
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
J Clin Psychol 60:1243-7. 2004..Psychology should avoid the temptations of reductionism, and assert (and enjoy) its twin status as both a biological science and a social science...
- Are animals just noisy machines?: Louis Boutan and the co-invention of animal and child psychology in the French Third RepublicMarion Thomas
REHSEIS Laboratoire de recherches epistémologiques et historiques sur les sciences exactes et les institutions scientifiques CNRS Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot France
J Hist Biol 38:425-60. 2005..To date, more attention has been given to Lorenzian ethology and American behaviorism than to other work and traditions, but different approaches are equally worthy of the historian's attention, ..
- The artist speaks. Sigmund Koch on aesthetics and creative workM B Franklin
Psychology Department, Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY 10708, USA
Am Psychol 56:445-52. 2001..widely recognized as a prime mover of the radical transformation of psychology from a discipline dominated by behaviorism and related views to a multivalenced set of inquiries into human mentality and functioning...
- Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolutionChristopher D Green
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
Am Psychol 64:75-83. 2009..Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century.
- The origins of behavioral geneticsRalph J Greenspan
The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA
Curr Biol 18:R192-8. 2008..Studies of genes and behavior actually go back to the beginnings of genetics. The end of the era marked by Benzer's life offers a good opportunity to look back at the origins of the field he influenced so profoundly...
- Reflections on the main schools of the world psychology in the Czech interwar psychologyAlena Plháková
Department of Psychology, Palacky University in Olomouc, Czech Republic
Hist Psychol 11:209-19. 2008..for the different level of acceptance of the three important psychological perspectives (Gestalt psychology, behaviorism, and psychoanalysis) in the Czech interwar psychology...
- Dying, mourning, and spirituality: a psychological perspectiveR Marrone
California State University, Sacramento, USA
Death Stud 23:495-519. 1999Based in an unfortunate tradition that stretches back in time to Watson's behaviorism and Freud's psychoanalysis, psychology has tended to reject and to pathologize matters of the spirit...
- [Pain and anesthesiology : aspects of the development of modern pain therapy in the twentieth century]W Witte
Klinik fur Anasthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Deutschland
Anaesthesist 60:555-66. 2011..Concurrently, the radical behaviorism of the late 1960s affected both the therapy of chronic and of acute pain...
- Stimuli, reinforcers, and private eventsJohn A Nevin
University of New Hampshire
Behav Anal 31:113-26. 2008Radical behaviorism considers private events to be a part of ongoing observable behavior and to share the properties of public events...
- Under Skinner's skin: gauging a behaviorist from his Rorschach protocolCato Grønnerød
Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway
J Pers Assess 95:1-12. 2013b>Behaviorism and psychodynamic psychology have been regarded as polar opposites. Contrary to popular belief, B. F...
- The psychiatric interview: validity, structure, and subjectivityJulie Nordgaard
Psychiatric Center Hvidovre, University of Copenhagen, Broendbyostervej 160, 2605 Broendby, Denmark
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:353-64. 2013..heavily relies on the use of fully structured interviews that are historically rooted in logical positivism and behaviorism. These theoretical approaches marked decisively the so-called "operational revolution in psychiatry" leading to ..
- The reconstitution of political theory: David Easton, behavioralism, and the long road to systemJohn G Gunnell
Department of Political Science, State University of New York, Albany
J Hist Behav Sci 49:190-210. 2013..Although a great deal of attention has been devoted to Easton's theory, the origins and evolution of the system concept in his work have not been carefully reconstructed and analyzed...
- [Prefrontal cortex in memory and attention processes]R F Allegri
Servicio de Neurología Servicio de Neuropsicología SIREN, CEMIC Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnica, Universidad de Buenos Aires Argentina
Rev Neurol 32:449-53. 2001The role of the prefrontal cortex still remains poorly understood. Only after 1970, the functions of the frontal lobes have been conceptualized from different points of view (behaviorism, cognitivism).
- Medical education and the tyranny of competencyMichael A Brooks
Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, HX 315C, Lexington, KY 40536 0293, USA
Perspect Biol Med 52:90-102. 2009..The alternative apprenticeship model is more appropriate for professional education and is more consistent with what psychological research has shown about the acquisition of expertise...
- Missed opportunities: speculation on what Japanese psychology could have beenEric P Charles
Department of Psychology, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:93-6; discussion 114-9. 2007..It is speculated that only a small change of which books were translated, or with which Americans early Japanese psychologists trained under, would have made Japan into a haven for these still underdog theories...
- Science and Human Behavior: a tutorial in behavior analysisJack Michael
Psychology Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 80:321-8. 2003..I describe four general interpretive orientations or maxims that are of broad significance for behavior analysis, and also two underappreciated major theoretical contributions...
- Relevance of functional behavioral assessment research for school-based interventions and positive behavioral supportFrank M Gresham
Graduate School of Education, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Res Dev Disabil 25:19-37. 2004..Recommendations are made for conducting fundamental research on reliability and validity issues in FBA and determining when, how, and under what conditions FBA procedures are most appropriate...
- Pavlov and the foundation of behavior therapyJoseph J Plaud
Applied Behavioral Consultants, Inc, Brown University, MA, USA
Span J Psychol 6:147-54. 2003..It is shown that Pavlovian conditioning represents far more than a systematic basic learning paradigm. It is also an essential theoretical foundation for the theory and practice of behavior therapy...
- Quantitative behavior analysis and human valuesCharles P Shimp
Department of Psychology, 380 South 1530 East, Rm 502, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 0251, USA
Behav Processes 75:146-55. 2007..Radical behaviorism suggests, however, that a science of behavior must apply to peoples' everyday professional behaviors, including ..
- [GP's intervention in changing lifestyle behavior of adipose patients]Durdica Lazić
Katedra za obiteljsku medicinu, Skola narodnog zdravlja Andrija Stampar, Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Acta Med Croatica 61:7-11. 2007..According to WHO data, 300 million people with body mass index (BMI) 30 were recorded in the world in 2005...
- The Beer/Bethe/Uexküll paper (1899) and misinterpretations surrounding 'vitalistic behaviorism'Florian Mildenberger
Institute for the History of Medicine, Lessingstrasse 2, 80336 Munich, Germany
Hist Philos Life Sci 28:175-89. 2006In the history of behaviorism the paper of the three physiologists Theodor Beer, Albrecht Bethe and Jakob von Uexküll from 1899 plays an important role...
- Psychology is about processesStellan Ohlsson
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, BSB 1050C, M C 285, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:28-34; discussion 75-82. 2007..Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices...
- A tale of three blind men on the proper subject matter of clinical science and practice: commentary on Plaud's behaviorism vs. Ilardi and Feldman's cognitive neuroscienceJ P Forsyth
University at Albany, State University of New York, Department of Psychology, NY 12222, USA
J Clin Psychol 57:1133-48. 2001..On this latter point, we still have a very long way to go...
- Paradigms, promises, and the potential of clinical psychologyT J Strauman
Department of Psychology, Social and Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
J Clin Psychol 57:1125-32. 2001..whether clinical psychology in fact has an urgent need for a unifying framework, and whether radical behaviorism or cognitive neuroscience could provide such a framework...
- Coming to terms with fearJoseph E LeDoux
Center for Neural Science and Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:2871-8. 2014..A conception of so-called fear conditioning in terms of circuits that operate nonconsciously, but that indirectly contribute to conscious fear, is proposed as way forward. ..
- Applied behavior analysis: behavior management of children with autism spectrum disorders in dental environmentsPurnima Hernandez
J Am Dent Assoc 142:281-7. 2011..There are a limited number of studies addressing behavior management techniques and procedural modifications that dentists can use to treat people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
- Taking evolution seriously in political scienceOrion Lewis
Rohatyn Center for International Affairs, Middlebury College, Middlebury, USA
Theory Biosci 129:235-45. 2010..Finally, we show how evolutionary thinking adds insight into the study of political phenomena and research questions that are of central importance to the field, such as preference formation...
- A PDA-based system for online recording and analysis of concurrent events in complex behavioral processesJurgen Held
Institute of Hygiene and Applied Physiology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
Behav Res Methods 37:155-64. 2005..We believe that the FIT-System for online recording of concurrent events in complex behavioral processes has the potential to be useful across a broad spectrum of research areas...
- A forgotten social science? Creating a place for linguistics in the historical dialogueJanet Martin-Nielsen
Department of Science Studies, Aarhus University
J Hist Behav Sci 47:147-72. 2011....
- Behavioral couples treatment of alcohol and drug use disorders: current status and innovationsE E Epstein
Clinical Division, Rutgers State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 18:689-711. 1998..Directions for future research on ABCT are suggested...
- John Watson's paradoxical struggle to explain FreudM Rilling
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824 1117, USA
Am Psychol 55:301-12. 2000..discoveries of psychoanalysis, but he rejected Freud's central concept of the unconscious as incompatible with behaviorism. After failing to explain psychoanalysis in terms of William James's concept of habit, Watson borrowed concepts ..
- An early manuscript in the history of American comparative psychology: Lewis Henry Morgan's "Animal Psychology" (1857)Timothy D Johnston
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina 27402 6170, USA
Hist Psychol 5:323-55. 2002..utility of the concept of instinct, a view that did not gain much currency in psychology until the rise of behaviorism in the 1920s...
- Gender and health lifestyle: an in-depth exploration of self-care activities in later lifeJoseph G Grzywacz
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
Health Educ Behav 39:332-40. 2012..OBJECTIVE. Evaluate similarities and differences in the self-care domain of health lifestyle among older, rural-dwelling women and men...
- Behaviorism and the stages of scientific activityJ Moore
University of Wisconsin Milwaukee
Behav Anal 33:47-63. 2010..Ultimately, traditional theories and explanations influenced by mentalistic assumptions occasion less effective interaction with natural events (e.g., through prediction and control) than they might otherwise...
- Psycholinguistics: a half century of monologismDaniel C O'Connell
Department of Psychology, DH615, Loyola University of Chicago, 6525 North Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
Am J Psychol 116:191-212. 2003..Monologism has been the historical bias of Cartesianism, positivism, behaviorism, and cognitivism...
- Examining the acceptance of and resistance to evolutionary psychologyCarey J Fitzgerald
Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
Evol Psychol 8:284-96. 2010..The field of psychology remains a divided one. Several different sub-disciplines (e.g., developmental, cognitive, behaviorism, social, etc.) form what could be a unified scientific area...
- Theory of mind and Darwin's legacyJohn Searle
Department of Philosophy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:10343-8. 2013..False claims include (i) behaviorism, (ii) computationalism, (iii) epiphenomenalism, (iv) the readiness potential, (v) subjectivity, and (vi) ..
- Short-term disruption rates and long-term outcomes of a professional parent programRobyn Redinger
Reilly and Associates, LLC
Child Welfare 91:97-116. 2012..of clinical care rather than case management; (d) Treatment interventions were derived from the fields of behaviorism and applied behavior analysis; and (e) The core value of the program was rooted in Wolfensberger's concept of ..
- Review of Cold war social science: Knowledge production, liberal democracy, and human nature, and Working knowledge: Making the human sciences from Parsons to KuhnPaul Erickson
Hist Psychol 16:288-92. 2013..with its physics-like emphasis on mathematical theory-building; the transition from the regnant prewar behaviorism through a postwar "cognitive revolution" in American psychology; and the move in fields like sociology and ..
- Radical behaviorism and buddhism: complementarities and conflictsJames W Diller
West Virginia University
Behav Anal 31:163-77. 2008..in general, but there have been only a few attempts to draw comparisons directly with the philosophy of radical behaviorism. The present review therefore considers heretofore unconsidered points of comparison between Buddhism and ..
- Comparative cognition in the 1930sD A Dewsbury
Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611 2250, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 7:267-83. 2000According to the received view of the history of psychology, behaviorism so dominated psychology prior to the 1960s that there was little research in animal cognition...
- Sources of history for "a psychology of verbal communication"Daniel C O'Connell
Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
J Psycholinguist Res 40:29-47. 2011..A closer view of the literature diminishes the historical importance of behaviorism, shows a prevailing "written language bias" (Linell in The written language bias in linguistics: Its nature, ..
- Behavior, humanM Molteni
IRCCS E Medea Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care Bosisio Parini, LC, Italy
Clin Ter 161:91-2. 2010..In psychology, behavior became an important construct with the advent of behaviorism, a theoretical framework that required the study of only observable facts or events which can be seen or ..
- Behavior analysis and ecological psychology: past, present, and future. a review of Harry Heft's Ecological Psychology in contextEdward K Morris
Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 4020 Dole Human Development Center, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 92:275-304. 2009..g., affordances, molar behavior); (c) his misunderstandings of Skinner's behaviorism (e.g...
- The philosophical terrain of behavior analysis: a review of B. A. Thyer (Ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of BehaviorismP A Lamal
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 28223, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 74:255-64. 2000The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism, edited by Bruce A...
- [Treatment of a depressive disorder according to Functional Analytic Psychotherapy]Miguel A López Bermúdez
Cepsi Psicólogos, Spain
Psicothema 22:92-8. 2010..This form of psychotherapy, which is based on the principles of radical behaviorism, makes functional use of verbal behavior, and is structured upon a therapeutic relationship that pays special ..
- Electrophysiological Assessment of Depressive CognitionSTEPHEN ILARDI; Fiscal Year: 2006..Secondary analysis will explore the ability of study measures to predict acute outcome in outpatient treatment. ..
- Operant Analysis of Self-ControlHoward Rachlin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Women's physical activity and eating habits: Influence of work-family balanceJoseph G Grzywacz; Fiscal Year: 2011..The results can also be used to inform workplace programs designed to promote healthy physical activity and eating habits. ..
- Maternal work schedules: Consequences for parenting and child developmentJOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Alcohol and Daily Work and Family ExperiencesJOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2002..g., personality/dispositions, feelings of control and master, psychological wellbeing, social integration), and alcohol-related outcomes. ..
- Mathematically modeling the transmission and control of extensively drug resistanSanjay Basu; Fiscal Year: 2008..The goal of this project is to determine how to reduce XDR tuberculosis incidence, using mathematical models of its transmission. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maternal Emotional Well-Being and Fragile X SyndromeLeonard Abbeduto; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Weaving Work and Family: Implications for Mother and ChildJOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LEARNING AND INTEGRATION OF BEHAVIORAL SEQUENCESHerbert Terrace; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- CHD Incidence: Depression & Inflammation RiskKarina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2006..We propose to assay plasma samples for CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1 and then to statistically model the associations among depression, inflammation and CHD incidence. ..
- ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTYWILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Studies are proposed to examine more directly the hypothesized confidence-bolstering effects of information that confirms people's self-views and specify how increasing self- certainty bolsters self-esteem. ..
- Self/Brain/Behavior Systems in DepressionTimothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- A Cohort-Sequential Study of Self-Esteem DevelopmentRichard Robins; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, by examining patterns of results across developmental periods and across three life domains, we will use the findings to develop an overarching theory of the life course trajectory of self-esteem. ..
- Society for Research on Biological Rhythms MeetingRae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2003..A similar request is made for the 9th meeting, to be held in 2004. ..
- HEALTH PROMOTION THROUGH BLACK CHURCHESKen Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2004..Recruitment and retention of participants will be maximized by several strategies including incentives for each church, and the use of church liaisons to assist in participant recruitment and tracking. ..
- PHYSIOLOGICAL DISSECTION OF THE SCNRae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2010..The work also contributes to a better understanding of circadian changes associated with puberty, andropause, sleep regulation and some aspects of sex differences. ..
- SELF-REGULATION DEPRESSIVE/ANXIOUS SYMPTOMS AND URIsTimothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2002..Study 4, again following high-risk and low-risk women through naturalistic challenges, will test a brief intervention based on Pennebaker's studies of the health impact of disclosure. ..
- Sound Source Segregation and the Cocktail Party Problem in a Non-human VertebrateMARK BEE; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Tobacco Control in S.Africa: Prevention and Capacity Bu*Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- The Immune Response in Mast Cell Deficient MiceRae Silver; Fiscal Year: 2005..This application will determine whether mast cells play a role in mounting an immune response in the brain. ..
- Controlled Randomized Anger Reduction in HypertensivesKarina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- OBESITY PREVENTION IN BLACK TEENS: GO GIRLS! IIKen Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2003..To control for cluster randomization effects in outcome analyses, we will utilize SAS/PROC MIXED, with church as the unit of analysis. ..