psychological theory

Summary

Summary: Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Look here but ignore what you see: effects of distractors at fixation
    Diane M Beck
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:592-607. 2005
  2. ncbi A short history of ideo-motor action
    Armin Stock
    Institute of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychol Res 68:176-88. 2004
  3. ncbi Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective
    A Bandura
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2131, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:1-26. 2001
  4. pmc Using psychological theory to inform methods to optimize the implementation of a hand hygiene intervention
    Veronique M Boscart
    Schlegel University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging RIA and School of Health and Life Sciences and Community Services, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Kitchener, ON, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:77. 2012
  5. pmc Model selection and psychological theory: a discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC)
    Scott I Vrieze
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychol Methods 17:228-43. 2012
  6. ncbi Effort for payment. A tale of two markets
    James Heyman
    University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:787-93. 2004
  7. ncbi Context-sensitive elemental theory
    Allan R Wagner
    Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:7-29. 2003
  8. ncbi Towards a theory of intentional behaviour change: plans, planning, and self-regulation
    Falko F Sniehotta
    University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 14:261-73. 2009
  9. ncbi Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: a meta-analytic review
    C J Armitage
    Centre for Research in Social Attitudes, Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TP, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 40:471-99. 2001
  10. ncbi Testing a self-determination theory process model for promoting glycemic control through diabetes self-management
    Geoffrey C Williams
    Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Health Psychol 23:58-66. 2004

Detail Information

Publications263 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Look here but ignore what you see: effects of distractors at fixation
    Diane M Beck
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:592-607. 2005
    ..The authors suggest that preferential access to attention renders fixation distractors harder to ignore than peripheral distractors...
  2. ncbi A short history of ideo-motor action
    Armin Stock
    Institute of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychol Res 68:176-88. 2004
    ..Finally, similarities and differences in the history of the ideo-motor theory are delineated and a perspective is given covering research questions that could be examined in the future...
  3. ncbi Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective
    A Bandura
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2131, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:1-26. 2001
    ..Growing transnational embeddedness and interdependence are placing a premium on collective efficacy to exercise control over personal destinies and national life...
  4. pmc Using psychological theory to inform methods to optimize the implementation of a hand hygiene intervention
    Veronique M Boscart
    Schlegel University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging RIA and School of Health and Life Sciences and Community Services, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Kitchener, ON, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:77. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify nurses' and administrators' perceived barriers and facilitators to current HH practices and the implementation of a new electronic monitoring technology for HH...
  5. pmc Model selection and psychological theory: a discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC)
    Scott I Vrieze
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychol Methods 17:228-43. 2012
    ..criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction...
  6. ncbi Effort for payment. A tale of two markets
    James Heyman
    University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:787-93. 2004
    ..Three experiments support these ideas. The experimental evidence also demonstrates that mixed markets (markets that include aspects of both social and monetary markets) more closely resemble monetary than social markets...
  7. ncbi Context-sensitive elemental theory
    Allan R Wagner
    Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:7-29. 2003
    ..A. Rescorla and A. R. Wagner, as these have often been pitted against each other...
  8. ncbi Towards a theory of intentional behaviour change: plans, planning, and self-regulation
    Falko F Sniehotta
    University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 14:261-73. 2009
    ..Briefly review the current state of theorizing about volitional behaviour change and identification of challenges and possible solutions for future theory development...
  9. ncbi Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: a meta-analytic review
    C J Armitage
    Centre for Research in Social Attitudes, Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TP, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 40:471-99. 2001
    ..This is partly attributable to a combination of poor measurement and the need for expansion of the normative component. The discussion focuses on ways in which current TPB research can be taken forward in the light of the present review...
  10. ncbi Testing a self-determination theory process model for promoting glycemic control through diabetes self-management
    Geoffrey C Williams
    Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Health Psychol 23:58-66. 2004
    ..Self-management behaviors mediated the relation between change in perceived competence and change in glycemic control. The self-determination process model fit the data well...
  11. ncbi Elemental representations of stimuli in associative learning
    Justin A Harris
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Psychol Rev 113:584-605. 2006
    ..A. Rescorla (2000, 2001, 2002b) concerning the way that stimuli with different conditioning histories acquire associative strength when conditioned in compound...
  12. ncbi Theory of mind and psychopathy: can psychopathic individuals read the 'language of the eyes'?
    R A Richell
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:523-6. 2003
    ..Results indicated that the psychopathic individuals did not present with any generalised impairment in ToM. The data are discussed with reference to the putative neural system mediating performance on this task and models of psychopathy...
  13. ncbi Depression and medication adherence among breast cancer survivors: bridging the gap with the theory of planned behaviour
    Mark Manning
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Health 26:1173-87. 2011
    ..Manipulating attitudes and perceptions of control towards treatment plans will potentially serve to increase medication adherence...
  14. ncbi What is a health expectation? Developing a pragmatic conceptual model from psychological theory
    Jennifer Amy Janzen
    Primary Care Research and Development Group, Department of Family Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Health Expect 9:37-48. 2006
    ..This paper presents a conceptual model for the development of health expectations with specific reference to Alzheimer's disease...
  15. ncbi Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Center for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:255-78. 2008
    ....
  16. pmc A generalizability theory analysis of group process ratings in the treatment of cocaine dependence
    Paul Crits-Christoph
    University of Pennsylvania, Psychiatry, Philadelphia, USA
    Psychother Res 21:252-66. 2011
    ..The implications of the findings for the design of process-outcome studies are discussed...
  17. pmc Goal conflict, goal facilitation, and health professionals' provision of physical activity advice in primary care: an exploratory prospective study
    Justin Presseau
    Institute of Health and Society, Baddiley Clark building, Richardson Road, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK
    Implement Sci 6:73. 2011
    ....
  18. ncbi Intervention mapping: protocol for applying health psychology theory to prevention programmes
    Gerjo Kok
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Health Psychol 9:85-98. 2004
    ..This article presents the protocol and elaborates on the application of theory, using examples from successful intervention programmes...
  19. ncbi Psychological mechanisms of medically unexplained symptoms: an integrative conceptual model
    Richard J Brown
    Academic Division of Clinical Psychology, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Psychol Bull 130:793-812. 2004
    ..The clinical and empirical implications of the model are then considered...
  20. ncbi Stimulus coding in human associative learning: flexible representations of parts and wholes
    Klaus G Melchers
    Universitat Zurich, Switzerland
    Behav Processes 77:413-27; discussion 451-3. 2008
    ..Lines of possible future theory development are discussed...
  21. ncbi Ten things that motivational interviewing is not
    William R Miller
    Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Logan Hall, Albuquerque, New Mexico NM 87131 1161, USA
    Behav Cogn Psychother 37:129-40. 2009
    ..In the 26 years since it was first introduced in this journal, motivational interviewing (MI) has become confused with various other ideas and approaches, owing in part to its rapid international diffusion...
  22. ncbi Suicidal desire and the capability for suicide: tests of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior among adults
    Kimberly A Van Orden
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:72-83. 2008
    The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (T. E. Joiner, 2005) proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless he or she has both the desire to die by suicide and the ability to do so...
  23. pmc Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought
    Edward R Watkins
    Mood Disorders Centre, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, UK
    Psychol Bull 134:163-206. 2008
    ..concrete processing) adopted during RT. Of the existing models of RT, it is proposed that an elaborated version of the control theory account provides the best theoretical framework to account for its distinct consequences...
  24. ncbi Conditionals: a theory of meaning, pragmatics, and inference
    P N Johnson-Laird
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Psychol Rev 109:646-78. 2002
    ..Reasoners tend to focus on the explicit possibilities. The theory predicts the major phenomena of understanding and reasoning with conditionals...
  25. ncbi Developmental reversals in false memory: a review of data and theory
    C J Brainerd
    Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Psychol Bull 134:343-82. 2008
    ..As these experiments are strongly theory-driven, they have established that developmental improvements in the formation of meaning connections are necessary and sufficient to produce age increases in false memory...
  26. ncbi Comparing elemental and configural associative theories in human causal learning: a case for attention
    Harald Lachnit
    Department of Psychology, Phillips Universitat, Marburg, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:303-13. 2008
    ..This success implies that attentional factors should be explicitly taken into account in associative learning theory...
  27. pmc Applications of generalizability theory to clinical child and adolescent psychology research
    Kimberley D Lakes
    Child Development Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 38:144-65. 2009
    ..g., teacher or parent) ratings, as well as observer ratings, and sheds light on the strengths and limitations of both types of data for child and adolescent clinical research...
  28. ncbi Adult active transportation: adding habit strength to the theory of planned behavior
    Gert Jan de Bruijn
    Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 36:189-94. 2009
    ....
  29. ncbi ALTSim: a MATLAB simulator for current associative learning theories
    Anna Thorwart
    Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Behav Res Methods 41:29-34. 2009
    ..It is an easy-to-use tool that facilitates evaluating and comparing the featured associative learning models. ALTSim is available free of charge from www.staff.uni-marburg.de/~lachnit/ALTSim/...
  30. ncbi Protection motivation theory and adolescent drug trafficking: relationship between health motivation and longitudinal risk involvement
    Ying Wu
    Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, 26506 9640, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:127-37. 2005
    ..To assess health protection motivation as explained by the constructs of protection motivation theory (PMT) and its association with drug trafficking over 2 years...
  31. ncbi Generalizability theory in psychotherapy research: the impact of multiple sources of variance on the dependability of psychotherapy process ratings
    Rachel H Wasserman
    Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Psychother Res 19:397-408. 2009
    ..Implications for measurement development and procedural modifications are discussed...
  32. ncbi The somatic marker hypothesis: a critical evaluation
    Barnaby D Dunn
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:239-71. 2006
    ..It is concluded that while presenting an elegant theory of how emotion influences decision-making, the SMH requires additional empirical support to remain tenable...
  33. pmc The importance of supporting autonomy and perceived competence in facilitating long-term tobacco abstinence
    Geoffrey C Williams
    Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, R C Box 270266, Rochester, NY 14627 0266, USA
    Ann Behav Med 37:315-24. 2009
    ..The Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence (Fiore et al. 2000) recommends supporting autonomy and perceived competence to facilitate tobacco abstinence...
  34. ncbi Moving from cognition to behavior: What the research says
    Russell E Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325 4301, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:381-415. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi After shock? Towards a social identity explanation of the Milgram 'obedience' studies
    Stephen Reicher
    University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 50:163-9. 2011
    ....
  36. ncbi Milgram's Obedience to Authority experiments: origins and early evolution
    Nestar John Charles Russell
    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
    Br J Soc Psychol 50:140-62. 2011
    ..Showing how Milgram conceived of, then arrived at, this first official result is important because the insights gained may help others to determine theoretically why so many participants completed this experiment...
  37. ncbi A test of Jessor's problem behavior theory in a Eurasian and a Western European developmental context
    Alexander T Vazsonyi
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Adolesc Health 43:555-64. 2008
    ....
  38. pmc A cross-country comparison of intensive care physicians' beliefs about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework
    Rafat Islam
    Centre for Practice Changing Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, General Campus, Ottawa, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:93. 2012
    ....
  39. ncbi Athlete burnout in elite sport: a self-determination perspective
    Chris Lonsdale
    Irish Rugby Football Union and School of Physiotherapy and Performance Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    J Sports Sci 27:785-95. 2009
    ..Motivation partially mediated the needs-reduced sense of accomplishment relationships, but the direct effects were more prominent than the indirect effects...
  40. ncbi Locating object knowledge in the brain: comment on Bowers's (2009) attempt to revive the grandmother cell hypothesis
    David C Plaut
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:284-8. 2010
    ..Central to these difficulties is the problem of specifying the set of entities a localist unit represents...
  41. ncbi A moderate eclecticism: ontological and epistemological issues
    Simo Køppe
    Department of Psychology, Øster Farimagsgade 2A, DK 1330, Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 46:1-19. 2012
    ..A series of examples are given for different versions of the eclectic development of psychological disciplines and concepts, namely phenomenology, psychoanalysis, stress, and cognition...
  42. ncbi Exploring the potential of the theory of social representations in community-based health research--and vice versa?
    Caroline Howarth
    Department of Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
    J Health Psychol 9:229-43. 2004
    ..We conclude by arguing that, while social representations theory is a valuable tool for community-based health research, the theory would benefit from developing a more participatory methodology...
  43. pmc Developing the content of two behavioural interventions: using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #1
    Susan Hrisos
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:11. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to design two theoretically-based interventions to promote the management of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) without prescribing antibiotics...
  44. ncbi Guiding the design and selection of interventions to influence the implementation of evidence-based practice: an experimental simulation of a complex intervention trial
    Debbie Bonetti
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:2135-47. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi Predicting intended use of voluntary HIV counselling and testing services among Tanzanian teachers using the theory of planned behaviour
    Deodatus Conatus Kakoko
    University of Bergen, Research Centre for Health Promotion, Christies gate 13, N 5015 47 Bergen, Hordaland, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 63:991-9. 2006
    ..A theory-based VCT intervention programme among Tanzanian teachers should mainly focus on reducing social and psychological barriers related to the use of VCT services...
  46. ncbi The emotional costs of parents' conditional regard: a self-determination theory analysis
    Avi Assor
    Department of Education, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Pers 72:47-88. 2004
    ..The results suggest that use of conditional regard as a socializing practice can promote enactment of the desired behaviors but does so with significant affective costs...
  47. ncbi A theory of implicit and explicit knowledge
    Z Dienes
    Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QG, England
    Behav Brain Sci 22:735-55; discussion 755-808. 1999
    ..We illustrate this for visual perception, memory, cognitive development, and artificial grammar learning...
  48. pmc The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions
    B L Fredrickson
    Department of Psychology and Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 525 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Am Psychol 56:218-26. 2001
    ..The theory and findings suggest that the capacity to experience positive emotions may be a fundamental human strength central to the study of human flourishing...
  49. ncbi Variables in psychology: a critique of quantitative psychology
    Aaro Toomela
    Department of Psychology, Tallinn University, Narva mnt 25, Tallinn 10120, Estonia
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 42:245-65. 2008
    ..It is concluded that variable-psychology has a very limited range of application for the development of a theory of mind-psychology...
  50. ncbi Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women
    Marlene N Silva
    Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010
    ..Findings are fully consistent with previous studies conducted within this theoretical framework in other areas of health behavior change...
  51. ncbi Attachment, caregiving, and altruism: boosting attachment security increases compassion and helping
    Mario Mikulincer
    Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:817-39. 2005
    ..As expected, attachment security provides a foundation for care-oriented feelings and caregiving behaviors, whereas various forms of insecurity suppress or interfere with compassionate caregiving...
  52. ncbi The role of perceptual load in visual awareness
    Nilli Lavie
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Res 1080:91-100. 2006
    ..These results clarify the role of attention and associated frontoparietal activity in visual awareness within the framework of load theory of attention...
  53. ncbi Making communication research matter: what do patients notice, what do patients want, and what do patients need?
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 1381 South Avenue, Rochester, NY 14610, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 60:272-8. 2006
    ..To explore limitations of current communication theory by considering different perspectives of researchers, clinicians, patients and teachers of communication...
  54. ncbi Understanding the determinants of exercise intentions in multiple myeloma cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behavior
    Lee W Jones
    Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Cancer Nurs 29:167-75. 2006
    ..Knowledge gained from this study provides important information to oncology practitioners who are responsible for delivering supportive care interventions, including exercise, to patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma...
  55. ncbi There's nothing more practical than a good theory: integrating motivational interviewing and self-determination theory
    Maarten Vansteenkiste
    University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Clin Psychol 45:63-82. 2006
    ..In short, the applied approach of MI and the theoretical approach of SDT might be fruitfully married, to the benefit of both...
  56. ncbi Posttraumatic growth in clinical psychology - a critical review and introduction of a two component model
    Tanja Zoellner
    Roseneck Hospital Center for Psychosomatic Medicine, Am Roseneck 6, 83209 Prien, Germany
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:626-53. 2006
    ..The article ends with a discussion of fruitful future research directions and how PTG can add a new perspective into trauma therapy...
  57. ncbi Does subitizing reflect numerical estimation?
    Susannah K Revkin
    INSERM, U562, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif Yvette, France
    Psychol Sci 19:607-14. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi Health psychological theory in promoting population health in Päijät-Häme, Finland: first steps toward a type 2 diabetes prevention study
    Antti Uutela
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute KTL, Finland
    J Health Psychol 9:73-84. 2004
    ....
  59. pmc Categorial compositionality: a category theory explanation for the systematicity of human cognition
    Steven Phillips
    Mathematical Neuroinformatics Group, Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    PLoS Comput Biol 6:e1000858. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi A review of contemporary ideomotor theory
    Yun Kyoung Shin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1364, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:943-74. 2010
    ....
  61. ncbi Cognitive reactivity and vulnerability: empirical evaluation of construct activation and cognitive diatheses in unipolar depression
    Christine D Scher
    Department of Psychology, California State University, San Bernardino, 5500 University Parkway, San Bernardino, CA 92407, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:487-510. 2005
    ..Research that examines direct links between cognitive vulnerability and depression onset, relapse, and recurrence and the attachment origins of cognitive vulnerability is also accruing, although at a slower pace...
  62. pmc Action control according to TEC (theory of event coding)
    Bernhard Hommel
    Leiden University, Cognitive Psychology Unit, Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychol Res 73:512-26. 2009
    ....
  63. ncbi The power of the situation: The impact of Milgram's obedience studies on personality and social psychology
    Ludy T Benjamin
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, 77843, USA
    Am Psychol 64:12-9. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi Motivation to change in eating disorder patients: a conceptual clarification on the basis of self-determination theory
    Maarten Vansteenkiste
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Eat Disord 37:207-19. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi Imaginary relish and exquisite torture: the elaborated intrusion theory of desire
    David J Kavanagh
    School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD, Australia
    Psychol Rev 112:446-67. 2005
    ..Effects of desires on behavior are moderated by competing incentives, target availability, and skills. The theory provides a coherent account of existing data and suggests new directions for research and treatment...
  66. ncbi Progressive independence in clinical training: a tradition worth defending?
    Tara J T Kennedy
    Wilson Centre for Research in Education at the University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth Street, Eaton South 1 565, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4
    Acad Med 80:S106-11. 2005
    ..This article reviews empirical evidence and theory pertaining to the role of progressive autonomy in clinical learning...
  67. pmc Expectancy-value theory in persistence of learning effects in schizophrenia: role of task value and perceived competency
    Jimmy Choi
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Mental Health Services and Policy Research, Columbia University Medical Center, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Schizophr Bull 36:957-65. 2010
    ..Treatment issues related to instilling self-efficacy in cognitive recovery programs are discussed...
  68. ncbi With a little help from my goals: integrating intergoal facilitation with the theory of planned behaviour to predict physical activity
    Justin Presseau
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 15:905-19. 2010
    ....
  69. pmc An intervention modelling experiment to change GPs' intentions to implement evidence-based practice: using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #2
    Susan Hrisos
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:10. 2008
    ..Behaviour change interventions, designed using psychological theory and targeting important motivational beliefs, were experimentally evaluated for effects on the behavioural ..
  70. ncbi The theory of planned behaviour predicts self-reports of walking, but does not predict step count
    Emma J Scott
    University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 12:601-20. 2007
    ..This paper compares multiple measures of walking in two studies, and the second study compares how well Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) constructs perform in predicting these different measures...
  71. ncbi Conflict monitoring in dual process theories of thinking
    Wim De Neys
    Lab Experimental Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Cognition 106:1248-99. 2008
    ..Implications for the dual process framework and the rationality debate are discussed...
  72. ncbi On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    Psychol Rev 116:220-51. 2009
    ..The author concludes that the localist representations embedded in theories of perception and cognition are consistent with neuroscience; biology only calls into question the distributed representations often learned in PDP models...
  73. ncbi Applying psychological theory to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of taking intra-oral radiographs
    Debbie Bonetti
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1889-99. 2006
    This study applies psychological theory to the implementation of evidence-based clinical practice...
  74. pmc Main predictions of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior: empirical tests in two samples of young adults
    Thomas E Joiner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:634-46. 2009
    The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (T. E...
  75. ncbi Are interventions theory-based? Development of a theory coding scheme
    Susan Michie
    Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
    Health Psychol 29:1-8. 2010
    ..Advancing behavioral science requires a good understanding of how interventions are informed by, and test, theory. This study aims to develop a reliable method for assessing the extent to which behavioral interventions are theory-based...
  76. ncbi Tests of the elaborated intrusion theory of craving and desire: Features of alcohol craving during treatment for an alcohol disorder
    David J Kavanagh
    School of Psychology and Counselling, and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Br J Clin Psychol 48:241-54. 2009
    ..Secondarily, we undertook preliminary evaluations of the Alcohol Craving Experience (ACE) questionnaire, a new measure based on EI Theory...
  77. ncbi The Iowa Gambling Task and the somatic marker hypothesis: some questions and answers
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:159-62; discussion 162-4. 2005
    ..The authors use their results to question the evidence for the somatic marker hypothesis. Here we consider whether the authors' conclusions are justified...
  78. ncbi Infant temperament, parenting, and externalizing behavior in first grade: a test of the differential susceptibility hypothesis
    Robert H Bradley
    Center for Applied Studies in Education, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:124-31. 2008
    ..This study examines the differential susceptibility hypothesis as it pertains to relations between infant temperament, parenting, and behavior problems in first grade...
  79. ncbi 'Take my hand, help me out': mental health service recipients' experience of the therapeutic relationship
    Mona M Shattell
    School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:274-84. 2007
    ..Knowing the whole person, rather than knowing the person only as a service recipient, is key for practising nurses and nurse educators interested in enhancing the therapeutic potential of relationships...
  80. ncbi Functions of the medial frontal cortex in the processing of conflict and errors
    W J Gehring
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Neurosci 21:9430-7. 2001
    ..We conclude that the ERN reflects medial frontal activity involved in the detection or affective processing of response conflict...
  81. ncbi Promoting adherence: effects of theory-based asthma education
    Susan D Schaffer
    University of Florida College of Nursing, USA
    Clin Nurs Res 13:69-89. 2004
    ..47; p = .02) and between control and combined group (t = 2.07; p = .04). Providing a minimal educational intervention can have a beneficial effect on asthma medication adherence that persists at least 6 months...
  82. ncbi Psychotic disorders and gonadal function: evidence supporting the oestrogen hypothesis
    T J Huber
    Department of Clinical Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical School of Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 109:269-74. 2004
    ..A possible influence of neuroleptic-induced hyperprolactinaemia was to be addressed...
  83. pmc Covert manual response preparation triggers attentional shifts: ERP evidence for the premotor theory of attention
    Martin Eimer
    School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX, UK
    Neuropsychologia 43:957-66. 2005
    ..This link between manual response programming and attention is consistent with the hypothesis that common mechanisms are involved in the control of attention and action...
  84. ncbi Connectionist modelling in psychology: a localist manifesto
    M Page
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 23:443-67; discussion 467-512. 2000
    ..There are still some problems inherent in the application of fully distributed systems and some inadequacies in proposed solutions to these problems. In the domain of psychological modelling, localist modelling is to be preferred...
  85. ncbi Self-determination theory, motivational interviewing, and the treatment of clients with acute suicidal ideation
    Peter C Britton
    University of Rochester Medical Center
    J Clin Psychol 64:52-66. 2008
    ..SDT-based suggestions and an adaptation of MI are introduced to guide clinicians through this process...
  86. pmc Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries
    Susan Hrisos
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:140. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to identify motivational factors underlying health professional teams' clinical management of diabetes using a psychological model of human behaviour...
  87. ncbi A unified theory of development: a dialectic integration of nature and nurture
    Arnold Sameroff
    Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0406, USA
    Child Dev 81:6-22. 2010
    ..A unified theory of development is proposed to integrate personal change, context, regulation, and representational models of development...
  88. ncbi Attachment theory and intergroup bias: evidence that priming the secure base schema attenuates negative reactions to out-groups
    M Mikulincer
    Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:97-115. 2001
    ..The discussion emphasizes the relevance of attachment theory for understanding intergroup attitudes...
  89. ncbi Theory-based behavior change interventions: comments on Hobbis and Sutton
    Martin Fishbein
    Annanberg Public Policy Center, School of Communication, University of Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Health Psychol 10:27-31; discussion 37-43. 2005
    ....
  90. ncbi The positive psychology of negative thinking
    Julie K Norem
    Department of Psychology, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02482, USA
    J Clin Psychol 58:993-1001. 2002
    ..We also consider the ways in which dominant American culture--and research in psychology--may underestimate some of the costs of optimism...
  91. ncbi Response styles theory: downward extension to children
    Dannah I Ziegert
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 31:325-34. 2002
    ..Implications of the findings for understanding depression in preadolescents are discussed, in addition to directions for advancing this knowledge area...
  92. ncbi Differentiating autonomy from individualism and independence: a self-determination theory perspective on internalization of cultural orientations and well-being
    Valery Chirkov
    Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:97-110. 2003
    ..Results also suggested greater internalization of horizontal relative to vertical practices. Discussion focuses on the distinction between autonomy and individualism and the relative fit of cultural forms with basic psychological needs...
  93. ncbi From chump to champ: people's appraisals of their earlier and present selves
    A E Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 80:572-84. 2001
    ..Study 6 provided support for the predicted effects of temporal distance and attribute importance on people's evaluation of past selves...
  94. ncbi The theoretical basis of stigma as applied to genital herpes
    Carmen Radecki Breitkopf
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0587, USA
    Herpes 11:4-7. 2004
    ....
  95. ncbi The logic of social sharing: an evolutionary game analysis of adaptive norm development
    Tatsuya Tatsuya
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Hokkaido University, Japan
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 7:2-19. 2003
    ..Finally, we discuss the importance of norm construct for analyzing the dynamic relation between minds and society...
  96. ncbi Human aggression
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:27-51. 2002
    ....
  97. ncbi Interpersonal rejection sensitivity: toward exploration of a construct
    Linda Stafford
    University of Texas, Health Science Center, Houston School of Nursing, Texas 77030, USA Linda Stafford uth tmc edu
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 28:359-72. 2007
    ..It is hoped that thoughtful exploration of this construct will lead to testable applications for practice...
  98. ncbi Comparison-level preferences after performance: is downward comparison theory still useful?
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:865-80. 2002
    ..Under some circumstances, this "downward shift" included an increased interest in "true" DC--comparing with worse-off others. A reconciliation of these results with those of previous studies is offered...
  99. ncbi Toward a revised evolutionary adaptationist analysis of depression: the social navigation hypothesis
    Paul J Watson
    Department of Biology, Castetter Hall, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 1091, USA
    J Affect Disord 72:1-14. 2002
    ..Thus it may also have a social motivation function...
  100. ncbi Generalizability studies of the Global Assessment of Functioning-Split version
    Geir Pedersen
    Department of Personality Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Compr Psychiatry 48:88-94. 2007
    ..The study aimed to use the Generalizability Theory to investigate the reliability and precision of the split version of the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
  101. ncbi Global self-esteem, goal achievement orientations, and self-determined behavioural regulations in a physical education setting
    Vello Hein
    Faculty of Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    J Sports Sci 25:149-59. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that physical activity interventions that target autonomous motives in physical activity contexts are likely to enhance young people's general self-esteem...

Research Grants63

  1. Neuromodulation of Motivated Cognition and Decision Making Across Adulthood
    GREGORY R SAMANEZ LARKIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The long-term goal of this line of research is to improve the financial and emotional health of older adults by improving decision making at the individual level. ..
  2. Social engagement, emotion regulation and depressive symptoms during adolescence
    KAJA ZABRINA LEWINN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Award (K01), I draw on an epidemiological approach, neuroscience models of brain development and social and psychological theory to describe how social engagement may influence the development of emotion regulation and depressive ..
  3. Physiological correlates of endogenous pain modulation in healthy individuals and
    Christopher D King; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..candidate achieve several short-term goals including developing expertise in psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), psychological theory and assessment, and clinical exposure through guided mentorship, didactic coursework, and applied research ..
  4. Integrative Analysis of Change in Cognition and Health
    Scott M Hofer; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Potential interventions will be enhanced by early identification of change-points signaling subsequent loss of function and mortality. ..
  5. Social Context and Fertility: A Mixed-Methods Approach to Survey Development
    JESSICA DIANE GIPSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and knowledge related to fertility intentions and behavior to incorporate recent advances in social psychological theory and research on couple dynamics, interaction, and decision-making and how they affect fertility intentions ..
  6. Sexual Behaviors in Young African American Men Who Have Sex with Men
    RENATA A SANDERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings from this work may reveal behaviors that predispose young AA MSM to high rates of HIV and may lead to an intervention that reduces sexual risk behavior in this population. ..
  7. Interpersonal and intrapersonal conflict and their association with substance use
    H Jonathon Rendina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Building on the social psychological theory of cognitive dissonance, this investigation is based on a hypothesis that dissonance (i.e...
  8. Genetic Links to the Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol in a Social Context
    Kasey M Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project will be the first with sufficient power to combine human genetic perspectives, social psychological theory, and recent advances in the systematic measurement of observed behavior to determine the genetic links to ..
  9. The Genetics of Specific Language Impairment
    JAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Linguistic and psychological theory coupled with empirical studies on the heritability of individual differences in language development and language disorders support the hypothesis that the capacity for language development in humans ..
  10. Representation of memory for spoken words and voice detail by single neurons in t
    Peter N Steinmetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding how memory is represented by the fundamental computational units of the brain, single neurons, is a key step toward understanding and treating these illnesses. ..
  11. Psychology and Medicine: An Integrative Research Approach
    Nancy E Adler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In our renewal cycle we plan for three new fellows a year, which will allow us to recruit both psychologists and psychiatrists. ..
  12. A Pilot Test of an Intervention for Teens with Chronic Daily Headaches
    CAROLYN ELAINE HICKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Cognitive Behavior Theory complements the Psychological Theory of Stress and Coping as theoretical underpinnings for the proposed reproducible intervention, comprised of ..
  13. Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Depression in ESRD PAtients on Dialysis
    Daniel Cukor; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Cukor further his skills in the disciplines of nephrology, psychological theory and intervention, as well as research methodology...
  14. Brain Reward-Pathway Function and Neurocomputational Modeling in Anorexia Nervosa
    GUIDO KW FRANK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Train the applicant in novel Neurocomputational Modeling approaches that link psychological theory with underlying neural substrates, and 3...
  15. NIH PATHWAY TO INDEPENDENCE AWARD (PARENT K99/ROO)
    Kristi A Clark; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This work may form an important basis for future studies using cross-modal brain imaging markers to evaluate such remediation approaches in dyslexia. ..
  16. Changes in the reading network of dyslexia as measured by multimodal imaging
    Kristi A Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This work may form an important basis for future studies using cross-modal brain imaging markers to evaluate such remediation approaches in dyslexia. ..
  17. Mentoring translational cognitive science for stroke recovery
    A M Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A physician cognitive neuroscientist applying psychological theory to stroke rehabilitation, she is a unique role model for medical trainees at three distinct levels...
  18. RISE Option 2:Increasing URM Student Success in Science and Science Careers
    Louise Hainline; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By directly addressing motivational issues, framed by sound psychological theory, we will improve student outcomes and program yields in the service of NIH MORE Division goals and increase ..
  19. Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating
    Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results may inform future prevention programs for college women by identifying relevant and mutable behaviors that impact BD/disordered eating. ..
  20. The Role of Experience in the Production and Perception of Phonological Sequences
    Gary S Dell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. CLINICAL RESEARCH TRAINING FOR PSYCHOLOGISTS
    Paul A Pilkonis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Clinical psychologists are well trained in psychological theory, research methodology, and quantitative skills and are committed to empirical approaches to clinical ..
  22. Risk and Protective Factors for Suicide among Sexual Minority Youth
    Arnold H Grossman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factors for suicidal behaviors with a particular emphasis on the major components of the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide: thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and the capacity for self-lethal injury...
  23. ADHERENCE AND ADJUSTMENT IN END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE
    Alan Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We believe the proposed research will extend the role of psychological theory and practice in contributing to the care of ESRD patients...
  24. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The project will be informed by (a) social psychological theory and research on small groups, (b) advances in the systematic measurement of observed behavior, and (c) ..
  25. IS FEMALE SEXUAL AROUSAL TARGET SPECIFIC?
    J Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This proposed study represents a marked departure from the principal investigator's previous work, which has primarily focused on the genetic and developmental origins of male and female sexual orientation. ..
  26. NATURE & NURTURE IN SOCIAL DEMOGRAPHY: AN ADOPTION STUDY
    Michael Stallings; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study promises to advance our understanding of how family factors influence adult outcomes, and to enrich socialization theories and models of life-course development. ..
  27. Skin Savvy Study
    Carolyn Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Transtheoretical Model, Prototype/Willingness Model) to identify moderators/mediators of outcome. Therefore, the studies should provide useful information about process and outcome for skin cancer prevention researchers and clinicians. ..
  28. DRINKING AND CONDITIONED ANXIETY
    Claude Steele; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  29. Couple-Based Intervention for Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Sharon L Manne; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our intervention is based primarily on the Interdependence Model, which is a dyad-level social psychological theory proposes that partners influence both their own as well as their partner's behavior and that ..
  30. Race Differences in the Psychosocial Determinants of Depressive Symptoms
    Elizabeth Piatt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This dissertation draws upon social psychological theory on roles and identity to explain race differences in the effects of roles on mental health...
  31. PUBLIC REACTIONS TO AIDS: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, BEHAVIOR
    GREGORY HEREK; Fiscal Year: 1991
    This project will combine survey methodology with social psychological theory to investigate the sources and correlates of Americans' attitudes and beliefs concerning the AIDS epidemic, and the influence of these variables on behavior...
  32. DEVELOPMENTAL/SOCIAL PSYCH. MODELS OF BINGE DRINKING
    James Jaccard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The present study applies a comprehensive social psychological theory to the analysis of binge drinking in college youth...
  33. Functional recovery in spinal stenosis: Understanding the activated patient
    Richard Skolasky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] Current psychological theory focuses on an individual's strengths and resources...
  34. Effect of Prior Effort on Reward Value
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research should have important implications for theories of cognitive dissonance as well as other psychological theories of human social behavior...
  35. SURGIGAL PREPLANNING AND PATIENT OUTCOMES
    James Kulik; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  36. CANCER, EMOTIONAL WORDS & CONTEXTS, & THYROID RESEARCH
    GUSTAV OFOSU; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..There re new alleles to be detected. ..
  37. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS OF ADOLESCENT RISK TAKING AND STD/HIV
    Dawn Upchurch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The empirical models explicitly account for possible endogenous effects of sexual behaviors and risk of STD's, selection effects, and the embedded nature of the contexts. ..
  38. Social Pyschological Interventions for UV Protection
    HEIKE MAHLER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Thus, the studies should provide useful information about process as well as outcome. ..
  39. Visual Attention in Aging: Bridging Experimental and Psychometric Approaches
    Lesa Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  40. PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD PHOBIAS
    Wendy Silverman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  41. A COGNITIVE ANALYSIS OF DRUNK DRIVING IN TEENAGERS
    James Jaccard; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The analysis will identify areas not receiving attention, but our research suggests is important, which will be incorporated into a suggested curriculum...
  42. ALCOHOLISM/BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
    G Wilson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Analysis of the respective effects of alcohol and alcohol expectations can shed light on how a positive family history for alcoholism places the individual at increased risk for alcohol abuse...
  43. Electrophysiology of Human Selective Auditory Attention
    P Charles Garell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Measure the firing rate of multi-unit activity in relation to selective auditory attention. 3) Measure the effect of attention on synchronous oscillations of local field potentials and firing patterns of multi-units. ..
  44. Dispositional Influences on Early Detection Behaviors
    Stephen Ristvedt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The overall goal of this research is to converge recent developments in psychological theory with key problems in cancer prevention and control, and specifically to learn more about the dispositional ..
  45. AUTISM AND ADHD: EXECUTIVE FUNCTION AND BRAIN MECHANISMS
    MELISSA GOLDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Dr. Godfrey Pearlson, an expert in neuroimaging of mental disorders, will provide primary mentorship. A number of consultants will supplement the mentor's areas of expertise. ..
  46. ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES
    Walter Ritter; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  47. SIGNAL DETECTION THEORY AND MEMORY FOR ASYMMETRIC EVENTS
    John Wixted; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because detection theory offers a theoretical framework common to both species, it could help to facilitate the development of relevant animal models of memory impairment in humans. ..
  48. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In the process we hope to develop new understanding of personality differentiation and adult identity formation. ..
  49. Effects of Goal Activation on Competing Goals
    ARTHUR MARKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This work will also examine the relationship between consciously experienced cravings and conflicts between approach and avoidance goals. ..
  50. Cross-modal processing and lexical development
    Vladimir M Sloutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This knowledge may also have broader impact on the clinical community by elucidating factors underlying Specific Language Impairments (SLI). ..
  51. Changes in Functional Status Across Therapy for Primary Glioma
    Lee Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Patient Feedback Effectiveness Study
    Paul Crits Christoph; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A collaborating clinical trial application for this test of PF is being submitted by John Rotrosen, M.D., from New York University, School of Medicine. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  54. The Process of Group Therapy for Cocaine Dependence
    Paul Crits Christoph; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Statistical solutions for addressing such "rolling" groups have yet to be developed. Our second aim is to develop a new statistical approach to the analysis of data from "rolling" groups. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Anxiety Sensitivity and Smoking
    Michael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  56. Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Syntactic Comprehension
    David Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  57. Real-time Assessment of Autonomy in Smoking Cessation
    Geoffrey Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Measurement of Cancer Related Risk Perceptions
    Jennifer Hay; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It would also provide a basis for standardized comparison of risk perceptions across a variety of cancer sites with diverse populations. ..
  59. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about improving HIV treatment adherence with low-literacy populations that is needed prior to conducting larger and more expensive clinical trials. ..
  60. TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORS
    Stefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
  61. Sensitivity to Emotional Distress
    Michael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings from this investigation should result in improved methods of identifying smokers at-risk for early lapse, so that they may be targeted for nicotine dependence treatments that will meet their specific needs. ..
  62. Temporal factors in extinction and spontaneous recovery
    KENNON MATTHEW LATTAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  63. Combined Treatment for GAD
    Paul Crits Christoph; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Data analysis will focus on differential rate of change (mixed model analyses) for the two groups. If promising results are obtained for combined treatment, a larger more definitive trial will be planned. [unreadable] [unreadable]..