Genomes and Genes
Summary: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Publications350 found, 100 shown here
- The emotional costs of parents' conditional regard: a self-determination theory analysisAvi Assor
Department of Education, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Pers 72:47-88. 2004..The results suggest that use of conditional regard as a socializing practice can promote enactment of the desired behaviors but does so with significant affective costs...
- A measure of quality of life in early old age: the theory, development and properties of a needs satisfaction model (CASP-19)M Hyde
Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
Aging Ment Health 7:186-94. 2003..A strong and positive association was found between the two scales (r= 0.6, p = 0.01). The CASP-19 appears to be a useful scale for measuring QoL in older people...
- No consent should be needed for using leftover body material for scientific purposes. ForPaul J van Diest
Department of Pathology, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, Netherlands
BMJ 325:648-51. 2002
- Public health in an era of personal health records: opportunities for innovation and new partnershipsJason Bonander
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Med Internet Res 12:e33. 2010..Coupled with this is a new relationship with citizens as key partners in protecting and promoting the public's health...
- Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in womenMarlene N Silva
Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010..Findings are fully consistent with previous studies conducted within this theoretical framework in other areas of health behavior change...
- Measuring patients' desire for autonomy: decision making and information-seeking preferences among medical patientsJ Ende
Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts
J Gen Intern Med 4:23-30. 1989..The conceptual and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
- Motivation as an independent and a dependent variable in medical education: a review of the literatureR A Kusurkar
Center for Research and Development of Education, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
Med Teach 33:e242-62. 2011..Motivation in learning behaviour and education is well-researched in general education, but less in medical education...
- The importance of supporting autonomy and perceived competence in facilitating long-term tobacco abstinenceGeoffrey C Williams
Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, R C Box 270266, Rochester, NY 14627 0266, USA
Ann Behav Med 37:315-24. 2009..The Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence (Fiore et al. 2000) recommends supporting autonomy and perceived competence to facilitate tobacco abstinence...
- Feedback of individual genetic results to research participants: in favor of a qualified disclosure policyAnnelien L Bredenoord
Department of Medical Ethics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Division Julius Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Hum Mutat 32:861-7. 2011..We appeal to the genetics community to make a joint effort to further refine the packages and set thresholds for result selection...
- There's nothing more practical than a good theory: integrating motivational interviewing and self-determination theoryMaarten Vansteenkiste
University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Br J Clin Psychol 45:63-82. 2006..In short, the applied approach of MI and the theoretical approach of SDT might be fruitfully married, to the benefit of both...
- A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: rationale and intervention descriptionMarlene N Silva
Department of Exercise and Health, Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
BMC Public Health 8:234. 2008....
- The value of believing in free will: encouraging a belief in determinism increases cheatingKathleen D Vohs
Department of Marketing, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Psychol Sci 19:49-54. 2008..These findings suggest that the debate over free will has societal, as well as scientific and theoretical, implications...
- Stuck in the middle: the many moral challenges with bariatric surgeryBjørn Hofmann
University College of Gjøvik, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Am J Bioeth 10:3-11. 2010..Taking the reviewed ethical issues into account is important when meeting persons eligible for bariatric surgery, as well as in the assessment of and decision making on surgery for obesity...
- Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behaviorRoy F Baumeister
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006....
- Shared decision making: trade-offs between narrower and broader conceptionsAlan Cribb
Centre for Public Policy Research, King s College, London
Health Expect 14:210-9. 2011....
- Self-determined motivation towards physical activity in adolescents treated for obesity: an observational studyMaite Verloigne
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:97. 2011....
- Person-centredness: conceptual and historical perspectivesAlain Leplege
REHSEIS UMR 7596, CNRS U Paris7 and Université Paris Diderot Paris7, Paris, France
Disabil Rehabil 29:1555-65. 2007..The purpose of this article is to reflect upon the historical background and conceptual underpinnings of this term and their relevance for understanding contemporary person-centred rehabilitation...
- Exercisers' perceptions of their fitness instructor's interacting style, perceived competence, and autonomy as a function of self-determined regulation to exercise, enjoyment, affect, and exercise frequencyRogelio Puente
Millward Brown México, Mexico
Scand J Psychol 51:38-45. 2010..It was concluded that understanding the motivational factors and emotional and behavioral consequences of physical activity will partially explain an individual's motives to engage regularly in exercise...
- Testing a self-determination theory process model for promoting glycemic control through diabetes self-managementGeoffrey C Williams
Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Health Psychol 23:58-66. 2004..Self-management behaviors mediated the relation between change in perceived competence and change in glycemic control. The self-determination process model fit the data well...
- Assessing the utilization of maternal and child health care among married adolescent women: evidence from IndiaLucky Singh
International Institute for Population Sciences IIPS, Deonar, Mumbai, India
J Biosoc Sci 44:1-26. 2012..Moreover, there should be substantial financial assistance for the provision of delivery and child care for married women below the age of 19 years...
- Dependency as disadvantage - patients' experiencesBodil Ellefsen
Institute of Nursing Science, University of Oslo, Blindern, Norway
Scand J Caring Sci 16:157-64. 2002....
- Supporting patient autonomy: the importance of clinician-patient relationshipsVikki A Entwistle
Social Dimensions of Health Institute, Universities of Dundee and St Andrews, Dundee, Scotland, UK
J Gen Intern Med 25:741-5. 2010b>Personal autonomy is widely valued. Recognition of its vulnerability in health care contexts led to the inclusion of respect for autonomy as a key concern in biomedical ethics...
- Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: adolescent perceptions of promotion of independence versus promotion of volitional functioningBart Soenens
Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Dev Psychol 43:633-46. 2007..001). Results are discussed in terms of the type of autonomy that parents might want to facilitate among their adolescents to foster well-being...
- Can nature make us more caring? Effects of immersion in nature on intrinsic aspirations and generosityNetta Weinstein
Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1315-29. 2009..Studies 3 and 4 also extended the paradigm by testing these effects on generous decision making indicative of valuing intrinsic versus extrinsic aspirations...
- Autonomy: an information theoretic perspectiveNils Bertschinger
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstr 22, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Biosystems 91:331-45. 2008..Varela, F.J., Maturana, H.R., Uribe, R., 1974. Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model. BioSystems 5, 187-196]...
- The ethics of cesarean section on maternal request: a feminist critique of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' position on patient-choice surgeryVeronique Bergeron
Bioethics 21:478-87. 2007....
- Teacher, peer and parent autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A trans-contextual model of motivation in four nationsMartin Hagger
University of Nottingham, University Park, UK
Psychol Health 24:689-711. 2009..Findings support the model, which provides an explanation of the processes by which perceived autonomy support from different sources affects health-related physical activity motivation across these contexts...
- Reducing the health risks of diabetes: how self-determination theory may help improve medication adherence and quality of lifeGeoffrey C Williams
Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0266, USA
Diabetes Educ 35:484-92. 2009..The purpose of this study is to apply the self-determination theory (SDT) model of health behavior to predict medication adherence, quality of life, and physiological outcomes among patients with diabetes...
- Shared mind: communication, decision making, and autonomy in serious illnessRonald M Epstein
Departments of Family Medicine, Psychiatry, and Oncology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, and the and School of Nursing, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA
Ann Fam Med 9:454-61. 2011..By drawing attention to shared mind, clinicians can observe in what ways they can promote it through bidirectional sharing of information and engaging in shared deliberation...
- Promoting physical activity: development and testing of self-determination theory-based interventionsMichelle S Fortier
School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N 6N5, Canada
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:20. 2012....
- Deception in psychology: moral costs and benefits of unsought self-knowledgeLisa Bortolotti
Philosophy Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
Account Res 13:259-75. 2006..The community gains collective self-knowledge that, once shared, can play a role in shaping education, informing policies and in general creating a more efficient and just society...
- Home as a signification of independence and autonomy: experiences among very old Swedish peopleMaria Haak
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden
Scand J Occup Ther 14:16-24. 2007..In addition, since the findings highlight that independence is a complex construct, there is a need for conceptual differentiation between independence and a construct often used synonymously, namely autonomy...
- Potential harms, anonymization, and the right to withdraw consent to biobank researchStefan Eriksson
Centre for Bioethics at Karolinska Institutet and Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
Eur J Hum Genet 13:1071-6. 2005..Still, this underlines the fact that we all share a responsibility for health research and that no one should take withdrawal from biobank research lightly...
- Patients' preferences for participation in clinical decision making: a review of published surveysJ Benbassat
Health Research Policy Program, JDC Brookdale Institute in Jerusalem, Israel
Behav Med 24:81-8. 1998..The ability to communicate health-related information and to determine the patients' desire to participate in medical decisions should be viewed as a basic clinical skill...
- Do patient autonomy preferences matter? Linking patient-centered care to patient-physician relationships and health outcomesYin Yang Lee
Department of Health Management, I Shou University, No1, Sec 1, Syuecheng Rd, Dashu Township, Kaohsiung County 840, Taiwan
Soc Sci Med 71:1811-8. 2010..By recognizing the uniqueness of each patient's autonomy preferences, healthcare practitioners can increase the efficiency of patient-centered care and improve patient outcomes...
- Can women's autonomy impede male involvement in pregnancy health in Katmandu, Nepal?Britta C Mullany
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Population and Family Health Sciences, 615 North Wolfe Street Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Soc Sci Med 61:1993-2006. 2005..Involving husbands and encouraging couples' joint decision-making in reproductive and family health may provide an important strategy in achieving both women's empowerment and women's health goals...
- The relationship between self-determined motivation and physical activity in adolescent boysKatherine B Owen
University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
J Adolesc Health 53:420-2. 2013..Physical education (PE) lessons and leisure-time represent two important opportunities for adolescents to accumulate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
- Perceived complexity of care, perceived autonomy, and career satisfaction among primary care physiciansDavid Katerndahl
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
J Am Board Fam Med 22:24-33. 2009..The purpose of this study was to examine relationships of both perceived autonomy and perceived complexity of care with career satisfaction...
- Using empirical research to formulate normative ethical principles in biomedicineMette Ebbesen
Centre for Bioethics, University of Aarhus, Taasingegade 3, Building 1443, DK 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark
Med Health Care Philos 10:33-48. 2007..We also show how to use existing bioethical principles as inspiration for interpreting the empirical findings of qualitative studies. This may help researchers design their own empirical studies in the field of ethics...
- Recruiting patients to medical research: double blind randomised trial of "opt-in" versus "opt-out" strategiesCornelia Junghans
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and UCL Medical School, London WC1E 7HD
BMJ 331:940. 2005..To evaluate the effect of opt-in compared with opt-out recruitment strategies on response rate and selection bias...
- Reasoning in the capacity to make medical decisions: the consideration of valuesMichele J Karel
Mental Health Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, USA
J Clin Ethics 21:58-71. 2010..To examine the contribution of "values-based reasoning" in evaluating older adults' capacity to make medical decisions...
- Motivation to change in eating disorder patients: a conceptual clarification on the basis of self-determination theoryMaarten Vansteenkiste
Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Int J Eat Disord 37:207-19. 2005....
- The synergistic relationship of perceived autonomy support and structure in the prediction of self-regulated learningEline Sierens
Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Br J Educ Psychol 79:57-68. 2009..Self-determination theory defines two important dimensions of teaching style: autonomy support and structure...
- Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participationNikos L D Chatzisarantis
School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
Psychol Health 24:29-48. 2009..It is concluded that self-determination theory provides a useful framework for the development of school-based interventions that ultimately affect leisure-time physical activity participation...
- Choice and ego-depletion: the moderating role of autonomyArlen C Moller
Department of Psychology, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1024-36. 2006..In Experiment 3, the authors found significant mediation by perceived self-determination of the relation between the choice condition (autonomous vs. controlled) and ego-depletion as measured by performance...
- Impact of age, health locus of control and psychological co-morbidity on patients' preferences for shared decision making in general practiceAntonius Schneider
University of Heidelberg, Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, Heidelberg, Germany
Patient Educ Couns 61:292-8. 2006....
- The development of and first experiences with a behavioural self-regulation intervention for end-stage renal disease patients and their partnersDaphne L Jansen
NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, The Netherlands
J Health Psychol 16:274-83. 2011..The findings show that an approach in which cognitive, emotional, behavioural, and contextual aspects are integrated is promising. Areas of attention for developing and implementing interventions are discussed...
- Evidence of support for biobanking practicesGraeme Laurie
BMJ 337:a337. 2008
- Power imbalance between nurses and patients: a potential inhibitor of partnership in careSaras Henderson
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U 1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia
J Clin Nurs 12:501-8. 2003..One way to do this is for nurses to share and give information to patients readily and to be open in their communication with them...
- Convergence and divergence in spouses' perspectives on women's autonomy in rural IndiaShireen J Jejeebhoy
India Habitat Centre, Lodi Road, New Delhi 110003, India
Stud Fam Plann 33:299-308. 2002..A clear regional divide is seen, net of individual and household characteristics, in the influence of almost every aspect of women's autonomy...
- Diminished autonomy over tobacco can appear with the first cigarettesRobert Scragg
Epidemiology and Statistics Section, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Addict Behav 33:689-98. 2008..These data suggest that smoking one cigarette in total can prompt a loss of autonomy...
- Manipulating autonomy, competence, and relatedness support in a game-learning context: new evidence that all three needs matterKennon M Sheldon
Department of Psychology, 112 McAlester Hall, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Br J Soc Psychol 47:267-83. 2008..These findings offer new support for key postulates of SDT, while integrating the correlational and experimental traditions in this area...
- "Women's autonomy and pregnancy care in rural India: a contextual analysis"Ritesh Mistry
Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, 650 Charles Young Drive South, Room A2 125 CHS Box 956900, Los Angeles, United States
Soc Sci Med 69:926-33. 2009..Improvements in women's autonomy and these village factors may improve healthier child bearing in rural India...
- Women's autonomy and maternal health-seeking behavior in EthiopiaGebremariam Woldemicael
Department of Sociology, Population Studies Centre, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C2, Canada
Matern Child Health J 14:988-98. 2010..This calls for policy makers not only to empower women, but also provide them with better formal education...
- Motivating learning, performance, and persistence: the synergistic effects of intrinsic goal contents and autonomy-supportive contextsMaarten Vansteenkiste
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Pers Soc Psychol 87:246-60. 2004..Effects were significantly mediated by autonomous motivation...
- Teenagers with type 1 diabetes--a phenomenological study of the transition towards autonomy in self-managementAgneta Karlsson
Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linkoping, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 45:562-70. 2008..Previous studies exploring the everyday problems of teenagers with diabetes have focused on adherence to self-care management, how self-determination affects metabolic control, and the perception of social support...
- The effect of physical activity on weight loss is mediated by eating self-regulationAna M Andrade
Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Patient Educ Couns 79:320-6. 2010....
- Screening for postpartum depression with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS): an ethical analysisIngela Krantz
Department of Medical Ethics, Lund University, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 36:211-6. 2008....
- Examining exercise dependence symptomatology from a self-determination perspectiveJemma Edmunds
Health Services Research Centre, School of Health and Lifestyle Science, Coventry University, UK
J Health Psychol 11:887-903. 2006..Conclusions The findings reinforce the applicability of SDT to understanding the quantity and quality of engagement in exercise...
- Relational autonomy or undue pressure? Family's role in medical decision-makingAnita Ho
Department of Philosophy, College of St Catherine, St Paul, MN, USA
Scand J Caring Sci 22:128-35. 2008..It argues that, in the absence of abuse and neglect, respect for autonomy and agency requires clinicians to abide by patients' expressed wishes...
- Advocating mandatory patient 'autonomy' in healthcare: adverse reactions and side effectsMyfanwy Davies
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
Health Care Anal 16:315-28. 2008..Until constraints on individual choice can be understood and addressed, we advocate the model of optional autonomy used in shared decision making and make recommendations for practice, policy, education and research...
- Effects of a self-determination theory-based mail-mediated intervention on adults' exercise behaviorSusan S Levy
Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 7251, USA
Am J Health Promot 18:345-9. 2004..To examine the effect of a mail-mediated intervention, based on self-determination theory, on adults'exercise behavior...
- Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: the DANDY (Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths) studyJoseph R DiFranza
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:397-403. 2002..We propose that nicotine dependence begins when autonomy is lost, ie, when the sequelae of tobacco use, either physical or psychological, present a barrier to quitting...
- The role of parents' control in early adolescents' psychological functioning: a longitudinal investigation in the United States and ChinaQian Wang
Department of Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Child Dev 78:1592-610. 2007..Supporting cultural differences, the beneficial effects of parents' psychological autonomy support were generally stronger in the United States than in China...
- Improved self-exclusion program: preliminary resultsNicole Tremblay
School of Psychology, Laval University, 1030 Cherrier, bur 505, Montreal, QC, Canada, H2L 1H9
J Gambl Stud 24:505-18. 2008..The applicability of an improved self-exclusion program is discussed and, as shown in our study, the inclusion of a final mandatory meeting might not be so repulsive for self-excluders. Future research directives are also proposed...
- Autonomy: what is it? IntroductionMargaret A Boden
Biosystems 91:305-8. 2008
- Self-exclusion as a harm minimization strategy: evidence for the casino sector from selected European countriesTobias Hayer
Institute of Psychology and Cognition Research, University of Bremen, Grazer Str 4, 28359, Bremen, Germany
J Gambl Stud 27:685-700. 2011..Finally, considering theoretical and empirical findings, possibilities for optimizing (self-)exclusion schemes will be discussed...
- Body care experienced by people hospitalized with severe respiratory diseaseKirsten Lomborg
Department of Nursing Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
J Adv Nurs 50:262-71. 2005..The paper gives a theoretical account of experiences of assisted personal body care (APBC) in hospitalized patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
- Personal autonomy and informed consentLars Oystein Ursin
Philosophy Department and Bioethics Research Group, Norwegian University of Technology and Science, 7491, Trondheim, Norway
Med Health Care Philos 12:17-24. 2009..and if informed consent requirements in biotechnological research are to be justified by the promotion of personal autonomy: A proceduralist conception linking autonomy with authenticity, and a substantivist conception linking ..
- Ascriptional and 'genuine' autonomyMarieke Rohde
COSTECH Université de Technologie de Compiègne, France
Biosystems 91:424-33. 2008..We arrive at a notion of fortified ascription, in which knowledge and scientific study of generative mechanisms play an important role, and look at some models of autonomy in the light of this distinction...
- Self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a qualitative investigation from the perspective of participants in a nurse-led, shared-care programme in the NetherlandsAlbine Moser
Department of Health Ethics and Philosophy, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
BMC Public Health 8:91. 2008..The purpose of this article is to report an empirically grounded conceptualization of self-management in the context of autonomy of people with type 2 diabetes...
- Maternal autonomy is inversely related to child stunting in Andhra Pradesh, IndiaMonal Shroff
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 2524, USA
Matern Child Nutr 5:64-74. 2009..In this south Indian state, two dimensions of female autonomy have an independent effect on child growth, suggesting the need for interventions that increase women's financial and physical autonomy...
- Empty ethics: the problem with informed consentOonagh Corrigan
Centre for Family Research, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences University of Cambridge
Sociol Health Illn 25:768-92. 2003..My arguments are substantiated by qualitative interview data drawn from a study I conducted on the process of consent as experienced by participants in clinical drug trials...
- Twelve tips to stimulate intrinsic motivation in students through autonomy-supportive classroom teaching derived from self-determination theoryR A Kusurkar
Center for Research and Development of Education, UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands
Med Teach 33:978-82. 2011..According to SDT, autonomy-supportive teaching is important, because it makes students feel autonomous and competent in their learning and also supported (relatedness) by their teachers...
- Should we respect precedent autonomy in life-sustaining treatment decisions?Julian C Sheather
Ethics Department, British Medical Association, London WC1H 9JP, UK
J Med Ethics 39:547-50. 2013..These decisions raise difficult questions about personal identity and about the threshold of evidence that is required of an earlier decision in order for it to be respected. ..
- Shared health governanceJennifer Prah Ruger
Yale University, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Am J Bioeth 11:32-45. 2011..This article develops further the SHG framework and explains its importance and implications for governing health domestically...
- Effect of social capital and personal autonomy on the incidence of depressive symptoms in the elderly: evidence from a longitudinal study in MexicoIetza Bojórquez-Chapela
Department of Population Studies, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
Aging Ment Health 16:462-71. 2012To estimate the effect of social capital (SC) and personal autonomy (PA) on the depressive symptoms (DS) in older people living in poverty.
- Ethical issues of obesity surgery--a health technology assessmentSamuli I Saarni
Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Obes Surg 21:1469-76. 2011..Obesity should be treated like other diseases in health care, and obesity surgery rationed like other cost-effective treatments. Positive actions to ensure patient autonomy and just access to surgical treatments may be warranted...
- Desire for increased autonomy and adolescents' perceptions of peer autonomy: "Everyone else can; why can't I?"Christopher Daddis
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Marion, OH 43302, USA
Child Dev 82:1310-26. 2011Two studies examined adolescents' personal autonomy beliefs and their perceptions of peer autonomy. Study 1 sampled 527 adolescents (M = 15...
- [Ethical challenges in introducing new medical technology]Olaug S Lian
Institutt for samfunnsmedisin Universitetet i Tromsø 9037 Tromsø
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:478-81. 2003
- Directed altruistic living organ donation: partial but not unfairMedard T Hilhorst
University Medical Centre Room EE 2055, Faculty of Medicine and Health Care, Department of Medical Ethics and Philosophy, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Ethical Theory Moral Pract 8:197-215. 2005..If the importance of this is not recognized, social policies can be neither adequate nor effective...
- Older people's views of dignity and how it can be promoted in a hospital environmentCarole Webster
Ashford and St Peter s Hospitals NHS Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, UK
J Clin Nurs 18:1784-92. 2009..The study investigated the lived experiences of older patients who had been in hospital, to explore their views on dignity and the factors which promote dignity...
- Refusing the information paradigm: informed consent, medical research, and patient participationUlrike Felt
University of Vienna, Austria
Health (London) 13:87-106. 2009..Because informed consent is one of the central articulations between the biomedical system and society, we conclude by reflecting on the consequences of our findings on a socio-political level...
- Clinical ethics issues in geriatric psychiatryArt Walaszek
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA
Psychiatr Clin North Am 32:343-59. 2009..Psychiatrists must be vigilant that the mental health needs of older adults, including access to effective therapies, are addressed adequately in such discussions...
- Ethical issues in youth surveys: potentials for conducting a national questionnaire study on adolescent schoolchildren's sexual experiences with adultsKarin Helweg-Larsen
National Institute of Public Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Public Health 93:1878-82. 2003..We evaluated ethical constraints concerning youth surveys on child sexual abuse (CSA)...
- Testing self-determined motivation as a mediator of the relationship between psychological needs and affective and behavioral outcomesMeghan H McDonough
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:645-63. 2007..These findings demonstrate the importance of all three needs in adult activity motivation and suggest that the relationships between needs, self-determination, and outcomes may be complex...
- Principalism and moral dilemmas: a new principleJ P Demarco
Department of Philosophy, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA
J Med Ethics 31:101-5. 2005..I argue that the mutuality principle provides an explicit future orientation in principalism and gives it greater moral coherence...
- Not robots: children's perspectives on authenticity, moral agency and stimulant drug treatmentsIlina Singh
Department of Social Science, Health and Medicine, King s College London, King s Building, Strand, London WC2R 2L, UK
J Med Ethics 39:359-66. 2013..Medical professionals in particular should help children to flourish with stimulant drug treatments, in good and in bad conditions...
- Motivation as a determinant of physical activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritisE J Hurkmans
Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Rheumatology, Leiden, The Netherlands
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 62:371-7. 2010....
- Ethical challenges in the provision of end-of-life care in Norwegian nursing homesElisabeth Gjerberg
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Soc Sci Med 71:677-84. 2010..Furthermore, to have an opportunity to consult with a person holding ethical competence was emphasised by more than half of the respondents...
- Self-determined motivation predicts independent, home-based exercise following cardiac rehabilitationKelly L Russell
Department of Kinesiology, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Rehabil Psychol 54:150-6. 2009....
- One-time general consent for research on biological samples: autonomy and majority rules have been misunderstoodDavid Hunter
BMJ 332:665-6. 2006
- Medical, demographic, and psychosocial correlates of exercise in colorectal cancer survivors: an application of self-determination theoryCarolyn J Peddle
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E 488 Van Vliet Center, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Support Care Cancer 16:9-17. 2008..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate medical, demographic, and psychosocial correlates of exercise in colorectal cancer survivors (CRC-S) using self-determination theory (SDT)...
- Patient autonomy for the management of chronic conditions: a two-component re-conceptualizationAanand D Naik
Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Michael E DeBakey VA Medical Center 152, 2002 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Am J Bioeth 9:23-30. 2009....
- Pilates method in personal autonomy, static balance and quality of life of elderly femalesBrena Guedes de Siqueira Rodrigues
PROCIMH Universidade Castelo Branco, RJ, Brasil
J Bodyw Mov Ther 14:195-202. 2010The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Pilates method on the personal autonomy, static balance and quality of life in healthy elderly females.
- From patient to consumer in the medical marketplaceWilliam Andereck
California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
Camb Q Healthc Ethics 16:109-13. 2007
- Sick autonomyAlfred I Tauber
Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
Perspect Biol Med 46:484-95. 2003..This reorientation is crucial for reasserting the ethos of clinical medicine, whose fundamental mandate remains the care of others...
- [Prevention of overweight and obesity--the role of government, the food industry and the individual]C Eichhorn
Institut für Medizinmanagement und Gesundheitswissenschaften, Universitat Bayreuth
Gesundheitswesen 72:10-6. 2010..Especially social factors ought to be considered more seriously. Hence, personal responsibility should only be demanded in an adequate environment...
- Decision-making involvement of individuals with dementiaHeather L Menne
Margaret Blenkner Research Institute, Benjamin Rose Institute, 11900 Fairhill Road, Suite 300, Cleveland, OH 44120 1053, USA
Gerontologist 47:810-9. 2007....
- Who makes the choice? Rethinking the role of autonomy and relatedness in Chinese children's motivationXue Hua Bao
The University of Hong Kong
Child Dev 79:269-83. 2008..These results suggested that socioemotional relatedness might have facilitated internalization and that children who did not have choice might still feel autonomous...
- Diagnostic self-testing: autonomous choices and relational responsibilitiesAlan J Kearns
Ethics and Moral Theology at the Mater Dei Institute of Education, Dublin
Bioethics 24:199-207. 2010..This will be the case particularly when an individual's autonomous choices come into conflict with the person's relational responsibilities...
- Self-Determination Theory and Lifestyle Behaviors in Barrett's Esophagus PatientsHODA J BADR; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, the proposed project involves a relatively small investment that could yield great progress in understanding the health promotion needs of this understudied population. ..
- VICTORY-Virtual Video Game Therapy for Substance Cessation and RecoveryB Eugene Parker; Fiscal Year: 2013..The proposed VICTORY system will use the proven models of self-determination theory and cue/reaction therapy to create a low-cost video game therapy approach for nicotine abuse treatment. ..
- Supporting Health in Drug Treatment Court for Women with HIV or Hepatitis CDiane S Morse; Fiscal Year: 2013..The compelling public health needs of these women defendants mandate a creative, broad based approach. ..
- The Interactive Cholesterol Advisory Tool (ICAT)CHARLES SCOTT RIGBY; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- Healthy Child Weight Through Improved Parent Practices and Environmental ChangeDIANNE STANTON WARD; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Considering Patient Diet Preference to Optimize Weight LossWilliam S Yancy; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Girls on the Move InterventionLORRAINE BRENDA ROBBINS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our long-term goal is to increase MVPA as a means to address the high overweight and obesity prevalence among adolescent girls, thus reducing their risk for adverse CV health outcomes. ..
- Improving Oral Health and Quality of Life After Oral Cancer: A Web-based ApproachHODA J BADR; Fiscal Year: 2012..The web-based platform has great potential for nationwide dissemination and reach to the target population. ..
- Obesity Prevention Tailored for Health IIKIM DANIEL REYNOLDS; Fiscal Year: 2012..Two 24-hour recalls will be completed at each assessment period. BMI and physical activity will be objectively measured through height and weight assessments, and through the use of accelerometry to assess physical activity. ..
- STI/HIV Prevention: Sexual milieu of African American Collage StudentsNAOMI M HALL-BYERS; Fiscal Year: 2012..Phase III (townhalls) is designed to function as an efficient way to disseminate the information to the student body with a goal of building a campus-wide prevention initiative. ..
- Cortex Changes in Real/Imagined Movement in ALSRobert C Welsh; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge will contribute to the biomedical engineering effort to build devices to allow people with ALS to directly control computers and assistive technologies with their brains. ..
- Evaluation of self-determination enhancement for adolescents in foster careSarah Geenen; Fiscal Year: 2013..Foster care experiences, such as trauma and placement instability, will be considered as covariates;direct effects of the intervention on these key foster care experiences will also be explored. ..
- Creating a Virtual Clinician Research ToolGeoffrey C Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010..Researchers will use the tool to determine the best information to provide in the discussion and the best way to present it to patients so that the information and plan is used to avoid getting cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. ..
- Low-Income Parents'Motivations for Participation in Preventive Parent TrainingAnne Brusius Treysman; Fiscal Year: 2012..A better understanding of parents'motivations and the impact of these motivations can inform future recruitment and messaging strategies for preventive parent training programs as well as prevention programs overall. ..
- Self-determination theory and caregiver smoking bans for asthmatic childrenSUSAN W BLAAKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..This information will help to guide future research and interventions to reduce asthma burden, especially for families at greatest risk. ..
- Feasibility of an Exercise Intervention in HIV+ Older Adults with Central ObesityKRUPA N SHAH; Fiscal Year: 2013..The experience in study design and execution of the proposed research will be invaluable to my career growth and my transition to an independent investigator. ..
- Using Technology to Enhance Cancer Communication and Improve Clinical OutcomesDavid H Gustafson; Fiscal Year: 2012..abstract_text> ..
- Developing an Intervention to Prevent Visceral Fat in Premenopausal Women: (CBID)Lynda H Powell; Fiscal Year: 2013..We aim to give back to this community by partnering to develop a program that could improve their health. (End of Abstract) ..
- Encouraging Young Adults to Make Effective Nutrition Choices: MENU Gen Y StudyGWEN LEIGH ALEXANDER; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Smoking Resumption-Prevention in Postpartum WomenKathryn I Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2012..An efficacious resumption prevention intervention will move us toward the Healthy People 2010 tobacco goals for women. ..
- THE CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF PHARMACY ADHERENCE INFORMATION FOR DIABETES CONTROLKeoki Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010..Analyses will control for cluster randomization effects. The introduction of sustainable medication adherence monitoring in clinical practice holds great potential to improve health outcomes among patients with diabetes. ..
- The RezRIDERS Project and ProgramNina B Wallerstein; Fiscal Year: 2013..By developing preliminary data for a planned larger trial (R01) to further test RezRIDERS effectiveness, we hope to improve the lived experience of AI youth as active individual participants, as teammates, and community members. ..
- Sustaining Tobacco Abstinence after IncarcerationJENNIFER GRACE CLARKE; Fiscal Year: 2010..For this two year proposal we will limit follow-up to 12-weeks after release and censor follow-up for those who have relapsed to smoking. ..
- LiFESim: Software for Health Science EducationCHARLES C EARL; Fiscal Year: 2010..Society will benefit from this by having healthier youth and potential reduction in healthcare costs. ..
- A Culture Centered Narrative Approach for Health PromotionALINE CAMILLE GUBRIUM; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- American Samoa Community Cancer NetworkVICTOR TOFAEONO; Fiscal Year: 2009..As a result of these programs, we want to realize a downward trend in cancer incidence and mortality in American Samoans over the next decade ..
- Native Pathways tp Sobriety: Pacific Northwest Oral Life HistoriesStacy M Rasmus; Fiscal Year: 2012..The present study will information about reslliencv anri recovery factors and inform development of orevention and treatment strategies. ^ ..
- GOVERNMENT COVERAGE OF TRADITIONAL INDIGENOUS MEDICINEJ OLSON GAREWAL; Fiscal Year: 2000..abstract_text> ..
- IMPROVEMENT OF VISUAL PROCESSING IN OLDER ADULTSKarlene K Ball; Fiscal Year: 2010..of both physical mobility and cognitive functions into older age may help individuals maintain their personal autonomy by prolonging their abilities to navigate throughout the environment and successfully perform key ..
- Parent Socialization and School Engagement as a Mechanism of Resilience for AdoleMing Te Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., latent class analysis). ..
- RETIREMENT,LEISURE & OLD ADULTS--DEVELOPMENT DISABILITIEMartin Sheehan; Fiscal Year: 2000..This interactive multimedia program will be marketed to vocational/day programs and residential programs. ..
- Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personalityKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..In the process we hope to develop new understanding of personality differentiation and adult identity formation. ..
- WayFinder: Cognitive Aid for Independent TransportationDaniel Davies; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- TRAINING DIRECT CARE STAFF TO SUPPORT SELF-DETERMINATIONELIZABETH THORIN; Fiscal Year: 2000..We anticipate offering a price of approximately $100 for the Phase I product. ..
- EFFECTS OF ADVANCE DIRECTIVES ON MEDICAL CARELawrence Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 1990..which takes little account of patient wishes and quality of care, major hypotheses are that enhancing personal autonomy through the enactment of advanced directives (living wills, durable power of attorney) may (1) reduce the ..
- PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE: VIOLATION, HARASSMENT, BATTERINGLinda Marshall; Fiscal Year: 1990..The research will generate operational definitions of violation, harassment and battering and a model of psychological abuse...
- Mechanisms of Exercise Maintenance and the Effects of DepressionBETHANY KWAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Ultimately, this work has the potential for reducing risk of multiple poor health outcomes, including depression and heart disease. ..
- TXT Me: Texting Motivational Messages Encouraging Adolescent PADeborah I Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2012..Promoting PA to adolescents in a manner that is familiar, convenient, and acceptable has the potential to increase PA, thus reducing risk of both obesity and chronic disease, such as certain cancers. ..
- IMPROVING ADHERENCE FOR DYSLIPIDEMIA AND ANTICOAGULATIONPeter Rudd; Fiscal Year: 2003..Feedback from such monitoring for both patient and physician as well as physicians' adherence to practice guidelines provides keys to improving overall adherence and outcomes. ..
- Mobile Health Solutions for Behavioral Skill Implementation through HomeworkMary McKernan McKay; Fiscal Year: 2013..Findings from this study have broad implications for evidence-based treatments for youth and adult mental health disorders that emphasize HW as the link between treatment and improvements in targeted outcomes. ..
- An Explanatory Model of Child Sexual AbuseLouanne Lawson; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Conference Proposal Neuroethics: Mapping the FieldBarbara Koenig; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- ADVANCE DIRECTIVES AMONG THE OLDEST OLDHoward Degenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2000..use of life sustaining medical treatments, proponents of advance directives hope that the values of dignity, personal autonomy and comfort will play a larger role in treatment decisions at the end of life...
- OTITIS MEDIA AND EARLY SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN DAYCAREADELE MICCIO; Fiscal Year: 2000..abstract_text> ..
- PATIENT'S KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF LEGAL ADVANCE DIRECTIVESKay Weiler; Fiscal Year: 1992..The investigator or an assistant will be assigned to each hospital to obtain informed consent for the research. ..
- MOTIVATION IN BULGARIA AND THE US: A STUDY OF CHANGEEDWARD DECI; Fiscal Year: 1991..The work will be conducted in collaboration with Dr. George Kalushev of Bulgaria's Council of Ministers...
- ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD STIMULATION OF NERVE REGENERATIONBETTY SISKEN; Fiscal Year: 1993Severe trauma to peripheral nerves often results in long-term disability and loss of personal autonomy. The number of persons suffering from nerve injuries is approximately 1 million per year...
- Patient-Centered Approach to Advance Care PlanningKARIN KIRCHHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cultural Sensitvity in End-of-life CareEILEEN VAN SCHAIK; Fiscal Year: 2003..The tutorials will be distributed via established companies that market educational products in our target markets. ..
- TRAINING DIRECT CARE STAFF TO SUPPORT SELF-DETERMINATIONELIZABETH THORIN; Fiscal Year: 2002..IRIS Media will market and disseminate the product through direct marketing to service agencies as well as placing the product with leading industry distributors. ..
- SELF INFILTRATION AND PERSONAL GOALSKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 1999..With this knowledge counselors will be better able to advise counselees, and will be more aware of the possibility that their suggestions may become harmfully implanted in their charges. ..
- ADVANCE DIRECTIVES RESEARCH METHODS AND PRIORITIESJoan Teno; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- MEDICAL DECISION MAKING ABILITIES IN DEMENTIAJennifer Moye; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- ADVANCED DIRECTIVES AND LIFE SUPPORT PREFERENCESRobin Froman; Fiscal Year: 1999..Findings from the project will allow greater representation of ethnic minority subjects in future studies, may influence how ADs are introduced to patients upon admission, and increase knowledge regarding the stability of expressed ADs. ..
- Web Courses on How to Help Your Patients be Tobacco FreeT Tanner; Fiscal Year: 2004..The methodology used in this research will serve as a template to guide other Investigators interested in performing technology transfer on other NCI continuing education materials. ..
- Indicated Prevention with At-Risk GamblersMary Larimer; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, there is virtually no research evaluating mediators or moderators of gambling intervention efficacy. ..
- Working with Parents who have Cognitive LimitationsELIZABETH THORIN; Fiscal Year: 2002..In Phase II, the instructional components for health care providers and social workers, as well as outreach kits for each group, will be produced. ..
- An Emailed Exercise Intervention in Type 2 DiabetesJane Cochran; Fiscal Year: 2004..Study results have the potential to inform future research and nursing practice with adults with diabetes. ..
- PROMOTING MOTIVATION FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETESGeoffrey Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- SELF HELP AGENCY FUNCTIONS, EMPOWERMENT & MEMBER OUTCOMESTEVEN SEGAL; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- Residents' Autonomy in Assited LivingElzbieta Sikorska Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data collected in this pilot study will serve as a basis for a larger national study to examine the impact of organizational behavior on the quality of care and quality of resident life in AL. ..
- End-of-Life Decision-Making in Vulnerable PopulationsAnne Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Germ-Line Engineering and Three Concepts of Human NatureMark Sagoff; Fiscal Year: 2005....