judgment

Summary

Summary: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Numbers within our hands: modulation of corticospinal excitability of hand muscles during numerical judgment
    Marc Sato
    Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:684-93. 2007
  2. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
  3. ncbi Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Center for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:255-78. 2008
  4. ncbi Valid facial cues to cooperation and trust: male facial width and trustworthiness
    M Stirrat
    University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Mary s Quad, St Andrews, Fife KY16 0HE, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:349-54. 2010
  5. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
  6. ncbi The cognitive and affective structure of paranoid delusions: a transdiagnostic investigation of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and depression
    Richard P Bentall
    School of Psychology, Adeilad Brigantia Bldg, Penrallt Road, Gwynedd, Wales
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:236-47. 2009
  7. ncbi Motor-sensory recalibration leads to an illusory reversal of action and sensation
    Chess Stetson
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Texas Medical School, 6431 Fannin Street, Suite 7046, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 51:651-9. 2006
  8. ncbi Brain mechanisms for inferring deceit in the actions of others
    Julie Grezes
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique College de France, 75005 Paris, France
    J Neurosci 24:5500-5. 2004
  9. ncbi A model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments
    Helmut Leder
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institute of Psychology, Germany
    Br J Psychol 95:489-508. 2004
  10. ncbi Perceptual resonance: action-induced modulation of perception
    Simone Schütz-Bosbach
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:349-55. 2007

Detail Information

Publications302 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Numbers within our hands: modulation of corticospinal excitability of hand muscles during numerical judgment
    Marc Sato
    Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:684-93. 2007
    ..magnetic stimulation to study changes of excitability of hand muscles of individuals performing a visual parity judgment task, a task not requiring counting, on Arabic numerals from 1 to 9...
  2. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
    The long-standing rationalist tradition in moral psychology emphasizes the role of reason in moral judgment. A more recent trend places increased emphasis on emotion...
  3. ncbi Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Center for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:255-78. 2008
    ....
  4. ncbi Valid facial cues to cooperation and trust: male facial width and trustworthiness
    M Stirrat
    University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Mary s Quad, St Andrews, Fife KY16 0HE, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:349-54. 2010
    ..Moreover, manipulating this facial-width ratio with computer graphics controlled attributions of trustworthiness, particularly for subordinate female evaluators...
  5. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that, for a selective set of moral dilemmas, the VMPC is critical for normal judgements of right and wrong. The findings support a necessary role for emotion in the generation of those judgements...
  6. ncbi The cognitive and affective structure of paranoid delusions: a transdiagnostic investigation of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and depression
    Richard P Bentall
    School of Psychology, Adeilad Brigantia Bldg, Penrallt Road, Gwynedd, Wales
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:236-47. 2009
    ....
  7. ncbi Motor-sensory recalibration leads to an illusory reversal of action and sensation
    Chess Stetson
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Texas Medical School, 6431 Fannin Street, Suite 7046, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 51:651-9. 2006
    To judge causality, organisms must determine the temporal order of their actions and sensations. However, this judgment may be confounded by changing delays in sensory pathways, suggesting the need for dynamic temporal recalibration...
  8. ncbi Brain mechanisms for inferring deceit in the actions of others
    Julie Grezes
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique College de France, 75005 Paris, France
    J Neurosci 24:5500-5. 2004
    ..We suggest that these activations reflect the observers' judgements of social intentions toward themselves and might reflect an emotional response to being deceived...
  9. ncbi A model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments
    Helmut Leder
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institute of Psychology, Germany
    Br J Psychol 95:489-508. 2004
    ..The model differentiates between aesthetic emotion and aesthetic judgments as two types of output...
  10. ncbi Perceptual resonance: action-induced modulation of perception
    Simone Schütz-Bosbach
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:349-55. 2007
    ..Therefore, perceptual resonance, not motor resonance, might be decisive for grounding sympathy and empathy and, thus, successful social interactions...
  11. ncbi Discrete emotions predict changes in cognition, judgment, experience, behavior, and physiology: a meta-analysis of experimental emotion elicitations
    Heather C Lench
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    Psychol Bull 137:834-55. 2011
    ..in the present meta-analysis was to examine the extent to which discrete emotions elicit changes in cognition, judgment, experience, behavior, and physiology; whether these changes are correlated as would be expected if emotions ..
  12. ncbi Depressive realism: a meta-analytic review
    Michael T Moore
    Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 32:496-509. 2012
    ..Methodological paradigm was also found to influence whether results consistent with depressive realism were found (d's ranged from -.09 to .14)...
  13. ncbi The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
    Daniel M Bartels
    Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
    Researchers have recently argued that utilitarianism is the appropriate framework by which to evaluate moral judgment, and that individuals who endorse non-utilitarian solutions to moral dilemmas (involving active vs...
  14. ncbi A bad taste in the mouth: gustatory disgust influences moral judgment
    Kendall J Eskine
    Department of Psychology, The Graduate Center, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:295-9. 2011
    ..Taken together, these differential findings suggest that embodied gustatory experiences may affect moral processing more than previously thought...
  15. ncbi A psychophysiological investigation of moral judgment after ventromedial prefrontal damage
    Giovanna Moretto
    Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1888-99. 2010
    ..Therefore, a direct link between emotion processing and moral judgment is still lacking...
  16. ncbi Imbalance between left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in major depression is linked to negative emotional judgment: an fMRI study in severe major depressive disorder
    Simone Grimm
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Biol Psychiatry 63:369-76. 2008
    ....
  17. pmc Damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex impairs judgment of harmful intent
    Liane Young
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neuron 65:845-51. 2010
    ..These results highlight the critical role of the VMPC in processing harmful intent for moral judgment.
  18. ncbi Larger stimuli are judged to last longer
    Bin Xuan
    Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China
    J Vis 7:2.1-5. 2007
    ..This observation supports the idea that magnitudes in temporal and nontemporal dimensions are not independent and implies the existence of generalized and abstract components in the magnitude representations...
  19. pmc Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth
    Lawrence E Williams
    Leeds School of Business, University of Colorado at Boulder, UCB 419, Boulder, CO, 80309 0419, USA
    Science 322:606-7. 2008
    Warmth" is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and attachment theorists have stressed the importance of warm physical contact with caregivers during infancy for healthy relationships in adulthood...
  20. ncbi The human amygdala in social judgment
    R Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Nature 393:470-4. 1998
    ..The amygdala appears to be an important component of the neural systems that help retrieve socially relevant knowledge on the basis of facial appearance...
  21. pmc Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:119-27. 2008
    ..The medial prefrontal cortex and precuneus also showed a quadratic response, but their response was strongest to faces in the middle range of the trustworthiness dimension...
  22. ncbi Implicit trustworthiness decisions: automatic coding of face properties in the human amygdala
    Andrew D Engell
    Princeton University, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1508-19. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that the amygdala automatically categorizes faces according to face properties commonly perceived to signal untrustworthiness...
  23. ncbi Neural response to reward anticipation under risk is nonlinear in probabilities
    Ming Hsu
    Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and TechnologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Neurosci 29:2231-7. 2009
    ....
  24. ncbi The role of conscious reasoning and intuition in moral judgment: testing three principles of harm
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1082-9. 2006
    Is moral judgment accomplished by intuition or conscious reasoning? An answer demands a detailed account of the moral principles in question...
  25. ncbi The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study
    Stefan Zysset
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, D 04303 Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroimage 15:983-91. 2002
    This study investigated the neuronal basis of evaluative judgment. Judgments can be defined as the assessment of an external or internal stimulus on an internal scale and they are fundamental for decision-making and other cognitive ..
  26. ncbi Audio-visual simultaneity judgments
    Massimiliano Zampini
    University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Percept Psychophys 67:531-44. 2005
    ....
  27. pmc Memory retrieval and the parietal cortex: a review of evidence from a dual-process perspective
    Kaia L Vilberg
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3800, USA
    Neuropsychologia 46:1787-99. 2008
    ..D. (2000). The episodic buffer: A new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 417-423]...
  28. pmc Relating introspective accuracy to individual differences in brain structure
    Stephen M Fleming
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 329:1541-3. 2010
    ..Our findings point to a focal neuroanatomical substrate for introspective ability, a substrate distinct from that supporting primary perception...
  29. pmc Serotonin selectively influences moral judgment and behavior through effects on harm aversion
    Molly J Crockett
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17433-8. 2010
    Aversive emotional reactions to real or imagined social harms infuse moral judgment and motivate prosocial behavior...
  30. ncbi An FMRI investigation of spontaneous mental state inference for moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Harvard University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1396-405. 2009
    Human moral judgment depends critically on "theory of mind," the capacity to represent the mental states of agents...
  31. ncbi Prior-entry: a review
    Charles Spence
    Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Conscious Cogn 19:364-79. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Why "sounds are judged longer than lights": application of a model of the internal clock in humans
    J H Wearden
    Department of Psychology, The University, Manchester, U K
    Q J Exp Psychol B 51:97-120. 1998
    ..Overall, the work showed how a clock model consistent with scalar timing theory, the leading account of animal timing, can address an issue derived from the classical literature on human time perception...
  33. pmc How emotions inform judgment and regulate thought
    Gerald L Clore
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:393-9. 2007
    ..Positive affect is found to promote, and negative affect to inhibit, many textbook phenomena from cognitive psychology...
  34. pmc Impaired theory of mind for moral judgment in high-functioning autism
    Joseph M Moran
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:2688-92. 2011
    ..there was no difference between groups on the false belief task, there was a selective difference in the moral judgment task for judgments of accidental harms, but not neutral acts, attempted harms, or intentional harms...
  35. pmc Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Cognition 107:1144-54. 2008
    Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes...
  36. pmc Mediating role of activity level in the depressive realism effect
    Fernando Blanco
    Departamento de Fundamentos y Métodos de la Psicología, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain
    PLoS ONE 7:e46203. 2012
    ..This result supports the hypothesis that the so-called depressive realism effect is actually mediated by the probability of responding...
  37. ncbi Principled moral sentiment and the flexibility of moral judgment and decision making
    Daniel M Bartels
    Center for Decision Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cognition 108:381-417. 2008
    Three studies test eight hypotheses about (1) how judgment differs between people who ascribe greater vs...
  38. ncbi Just tell me what to do: bringing back experimenter control in active contingency tasks with the command-performance procedure and finding cue density effects along the way
    Samuel D Hannah
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Exp Psychol 63:59-73. 2009
    ..Judgments of control are biased by response frequency outcome frequency, just as they are also biased by outcome frequency...
  39. pmc Stereotypic head twirls, but not pacing, are related to a 'pessimistic'-like judgment bias among captive tufted capuchins (Cebus apella)
    Ori Pomerantz
    Department of Zoology, The George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Anim Cogn 15:689-98. 2012
    ..the emotional state of stereotyping individuals, 16 captive tufted capuchins (Cebus apella) were tested on a judgment bias paradigm and their faecal corticoid levels were measured in order to assess the intensity of the emotional ..
  40. pmc The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment
    Guy Kahane
    Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Littlegate House, St Ebbe s Street, Oxford OX1 1PT, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:393-402. 2012
    ..moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is intuitive (immediately compelling to most people) and whether it is utilitarian or ..
  41. ncbi Multisensory prior entry
    C Spence
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:799-832. 2001
    ..These findings have important implications for studies in many areas of human and animal cognition...
  42. pmc Utilitarian moral judgment in psychopathy
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, 6001 Research Park Blvd, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:708-14. 2012
    ..amoral, but to date research studies have largely failed to identify any systematic differences in moral judgment capability between psychopaths and non-psychopaths...
  43. ncbi Bayesian calibration of simultaneity in tactile temporal order judgment
    Makoto Miyazaki
    Advanced Research Center for Human Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, 2 579 15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa shi, Saitama 359 1192, Japan
    Nat Neurosci 9:875-7. 2006
    Human judgment of the temporal order of two sensory signals is liable to change depending on our prior experiences...
  44. ncbi The role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in decision making: judgment under uncertainty or judgment per se?
    Lesley K Fellows
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:2669-74. 2007
    ..We tested this prediction in human subjects with VMF damage. Preference judgment is a simple form of value-based decision making under certainty...
  45. ncbi Separating the brain regions involved in recollection and familiarity in recognition memory
    Andrew P Yonelinas
    Department of Psychology, University of California Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Neurosci 25:3002-8. 2005
    ..The results indicate that recollection and familiarity rely on different networks of brain regions and provide insights into the functional roles of different regions involved in episodic recognition memory...
  46. ncbi Manipulations of emotional context shape moral judgment
    Piercarlo Valdesolo
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:476-7. 2006
  47. ncbi Functional networks in emotional moral and nonmoral social judgments
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group GNNC, Hospitals D Or and LABS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Neuroimage 16:696-703. 2002
    ..In contrast, judgment of emotionally evocative, but non-moral statements activated the left amygdala, lingual gyri, and the lateral ..
  48. ncbi Motor learning enhances perceptual judgment: a case for action-perception transfer
    H Hecht
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT Man Vehicle Lab, 77 Mass Ave, Bldg 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Psychol Res 65:3-14. 2001
    ..This kinesthetic-visual transfer is likely to be achieved via visuomotor-kinesthetic matching or via timekeeping mechanisms that are involved in both motor and visual performance...
  49. ncbi Activating the medial temporal lobe during oddity judgment for faces and scenes
    Andy C H Lee
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Cereb Cortex 18:683-96. 2008
    ..these findings, the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study found that in healthy participants oddity judgment for novel trial-unique scenes, compared with face or size oddity, was associated with increased posterior ..
  50. ncbi Frontopolar and anterior temporal cortex activation in a moral judgment task: preliminary functional MRI results in normal subjects
    J Moll
    Grupo de Neuroimagem e Neurologia do Comportamento, LABS and Rede D'Or Hospitais, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 59:657-64. 2001
    ..After scanning, each subject rated the moral content, emotional valence, and judgment difficulty of each sentence on Likert-like scales...
  51. ncbi Recalibration of temporal order perception by exposure to audio-visual asynchrony
    Jean Vroomen
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, Tilburg 500 LE, The Netherlands
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:32-5. 2004
    ..The point of subjective simultaneity (PSS) was, in both cases, shifted in the direction of the exposure lag, indicative of recalibration...
  52. ncbi Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:455-60. 2008
    ..We conclude with a discussion of the potential role of the amygdala in face evaluation...
  53. ncbi Depressive realism and outcome density bias in contingency judgments: the effect of the context and intertrial interval
    Rachel M Msetfi
    Department of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, HRT, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:10-22. 2005
    ..In two experiments, the authors tested the DR hypothesis using an action-outcome contingency judgment task...
  54. ncbi Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 308:1623-6. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that rapid, unreflective trait inferences can contribute to voting choices, which are widely assumed to be based primarily on rational and deliberative considerations...
  55. ncbi Relative numerousness judgment and summation in young and old Western lowland gorillas
    Ursula S Anderson
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, 30332, USA
    J Comp Psychol 119:285-95. 2005
    The relationship between age, relative numerousness judgment, and summation was investigated in 11 Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)...
  56. pmc Mapping the moral domain
    Jesse Graham
    University of Southern California, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 101:366-85. 2011
    ..These analyses provide evidence for the usefulness of Moral Foundations Theory in simultaneously increasing the scope and sharpening the resolution of psychological views of morality...
  57. ncbi The role of the human prefrontal cortex in social cognition and moral judgment
    Chad E Forbes
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 33:299-324. 2010
    ..This review examines regions of the PFC that are critical for implicit and explicit social cognitive and moral judgment processing...
  58. pmc Relating inter-individual differences in metacognitive performance on different perceptual tasks
    Chen Song
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Conscious Cogn 20:1787-92. 2011
    ..Such stability of an individual's metacognitive ability across different perceptual tasks indicates a general mechanism supporting metacognition independent of the specific task...
  59. pmc The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8235-40. 2007
    ..to investigating how information about an agent's beliefs and an action's consequences contribute to moral judgment. We build on prior developmental evidence showing that these factors contribute differentially to the young child'..
  60. ncbi First impressions: making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face
    Janine Willis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:592-8. 2006
    ..In five experiments, each focusing on a specific trait judgment, we manipulated the exposure time of unfamiliar faces...
  61. ncbi Audiovisual synchrony perception for music, speech, and object actions
    Argiro Vatakis
    Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK
    Brain Res 1111:134-42. 2006
    ..g., syllables versus words and/or sentences)...
  62. pmc Disgust as embodied moral judgment
    SIMONE SCHNALL
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1096-109. 2008
    How, and for whom, does disgust influence moral judgment? In four experiments participants made moral judgments while experiencing extraneous feelings of disgust...
  63. ncbi Central neck lymph node dissection for papillary thyroid cancer: the reliability of surgeon judgment in predicting which patients will benefit
    Wen T Shen
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco Mt Zion Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Surgery 148:398-403. 2010
    ..We perform CLND for PTC only in patients with enlarged nodes as determined by preoperative ultrasound and intraoperative inspection and palpation...
  64. pmc Tracking the temporal evolution of a perceptual judgment using a compelled-response task
    Swetha Shankar
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1010, USA
    J Neurosci 31:8406-21. 2011
    ..behavior and its neural correlates have been intensely studied with tasks in which a subject makes a perceptual judgment and indicates the result with a motor action...
  65. ncbi Recollection and familiarity make independent contributions to memory judgments
    Lisa H Evans
    Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:7253-7. 2012
    ....
  66. ncbi Judgment under emotional certainty and uncertainty: the effects of specific emotions on information processing
    L Z Tiedens
    Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, California 94305 5015, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:973-88. 2001
    ..In contrast to previous theories linking valence and processing, these findings suggest that the certainty appraisal content of emotions is also important in determining whether people engage in systematic or heuristic processing...
  67. ncbi Impact of voice on emotional judgment of faces: an event-related fMRI study
    Thomas Ethofer
    Section of Experimental MR of the CNS, Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:707-14. 2006
    ..Furthermore, significantly stronger activations were found in the mid-portion of the right fusiform gyrus during judgment of facial expressions in presence of fearful as compared to happy intonations, indicating that enhanced ..
  68. ncbi A pilot study exploring the contribution of working memory to "jumping to conclusions" in people with first episode psychosis
    John Ormrod
    Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 17:97-114. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore the contribution of working memory processes (WM) and IQ to hasty decision making and to investigate the stability of this bias over time...
  69. ncbi The roles of the medial prefrontal cortex and striatum in reputation processing
    Keise Izuma
    National Institute for Physiological Sciences NIPS, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
    Soc Neurosci 5:133-47. 2010
    ..Taken together, our findings suggest that the mPFC and the striatum play a key role in regulating human social behaviors, and these results provide valuable insight into the neural basis of human altruism...
  70. ncbi Memory orientation and success: separable neurocognitive components underlying episodic recognition
    Ian G Dobbins
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, MGH MIT HMS, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuropsychologia 41:318-33. 2003
    ..In contrast, recency judgment required selection of the most recently encountered item of the pair, regardless of how it had been encoded...
  71. ncbi Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe
    Thalia Wheatley
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:780-4. 2005
    ..Two studies show that moral judgments can be made more severe by the presence of a flash of disgust. These findings suggest that moral judgments may be grounded in affectively laden moral intuitions...
  72. ncbi Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment
    Adam B Moore
    Department of Psychology, Green Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08550, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:549-57. 2008
    ..We also report interactions between manipulated variables that implicate complex emotion-cognition integration processes not captured by current dual-process views of moral judgment.
  73. ncbi What can the same-different task tell us about the development of magnitude representations?
    Emmy Defever
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 140:35-42. 2012
    ..The size of the numerical distance effect was not related to mathematical achievement. However, children with a poorer mathematics achievement score seemed to have more difficulties to link a symbol with its corresponding magnitude...
  74. pmc Stimulus content and the neural correlates of source memory
    Audrey Duarte
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Brain Res 1373:110-23. 2011
    ....
  75. ncbi Measuring unconscious knowledge: distinguishing structural knowledge and judgment knowledge
    Zoltan Dienes
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Psychol Res 69:338-51. 2005
    ..Structural knowledge was contrasted to knowledge of whether an item has that structure (judgment knowledge)...
  76. ncbi Neural activity supporting the formation of associative memory versus source memory
    Heekyeong Park
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Brain Res 1471:81-92. 2012
    ..The present findings have implications for roles of the medial temporal lobe sub-regions for successful formation of associative and source memories...
  77. ncbi Neural correlates of tactile temporal-order judgment in humans: an fMRI study
    Toshimitsu Takahashi
    Dynamic Brain Network Laboratory, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 23:1952-64. 2013
    ....
  78. ncbi The role of representative design in an ecological approach to cognition
    Mandeep K Dhami
    Department of Psychology, City University, London, England
    Psychol Bull 130:959-88. 2004
    ..The authors review the development of representative design, examine its use in judgment and decision-making research, and demonstrate the effect of design on research findings...
  79. ncbi The reliability of and the relation between non-symbolic numerical distance effects in comparison, same-different judgments and priming
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 136:73-80. 2011
    ..is generally studied by examining the performance on basic number tasks (comparison task, same-different judgment, and priming task). Using these tasks, so-called numerical distance effects are obtained...
  80. ncbi Who is causing what? The sense of agency is relational and efferent-triggered
    Kai Engbert
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Cognition 107:693-704. 2008
    ..Our results provide the first direct evidence that agency involves a generalisable relation between actions and their consequences, and is triggered by efferent motor commands...
  81. ncbi Divergent effects of different positive emotions on moral judgment
    Nina Strohminger
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Cognition 119:295-300. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that mirth and elevation have distinct cognitive consequences whose properties reflect their respective social functions, not their shared positive valence...
  82. ncbi Somatosensory prior entry
    Mark J Yates
    Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:847-59. 2009
    ..The present study, which extends this result to somatosensory perception, indicates that the phenomenon may represent a more global feature of the perceptual system, which is possibly mediated by a common modality-independent mechanism...
  83. ncbi The role of emotion in moral psychology
    Bryce Huebner
    Center for Cognitive Studies, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:1-6. 2009
    ..work in the cognitive and neurobiological sciences indicates an important relationship between emotion and moral judgment. Based on this evidence, several researchers have argued that emotions are the source of our intuitive moral ..
  84. ncbi A quantum theoretical explanation for probability judgment errors
    Jerome R Busemeyer
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Psychol Rev 118:193-218. 2011
    A quantum probability model is introduced and used to explain human probability judgment errors including the conjunction and disjunction fallacies, averaging effects, unpacking effects, and order effects on inference...
  85. pmc Stimulus repetition and the perception of time: the effects of prior exposure on temporal discrimination, judgment, and production
    William J Matthews
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e19815. 2011
    ..The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed...
  86. ncbi Nonlinear amygdala response to face trustworthiness: contributions of high and low spatial frequency information
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:519-28. 2009
    ..This finding is consistent with behavioral results and suggests that trustworthiness information may reach the amygdala through pathways carrying both coarse and fine resolution visual signals...
  87. pmc Reward facilitates tactile judgments and modulates hemodynamic responses in human primary somatosensory cortex
    Burkhard Pleger
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 28:8161-8. 2008
    ..These results indicate that rewards can influence not only classical reward-related regions, but also early somatosensory cortex when a decision is required for that modality...
  88. ncbi Toward a physiology of dual-process reasoning and judgment: lemonade, willpower, and expensive rule-based analysis
    E J Masicampo
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:255-60. 2008
    ..Only lemonade with sugar reduced the attraction effect. These results show one way in which the body (blood glucose) interacts with the mind (self-control and reliance on heuristics)...
  89. ncbi Anticipating intentional actions: the effect of eye gaze direction on the judgment of head rotation
    Matthew Hudson
    School of Psychology, Bangor University, Adeilad Brigantia, Penrallt Road, Bangor, United Kingdom
    Cognition 112:423-34. 2009
    ....
  90. ncbi Audiovisual asynchrony detection in human speech
    Joost X Maier
    Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, MS 062, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:245-56. 2011
    ..Thus, speech perception may be fine-tuned to the natural statistics of audiovisual speech, where facial movements always occur before acoustic speech articulation...
  91. ncbi Stimulus duration influences perceived simultaneity in audiovisual temporal-order judgment
    Lars T Boenke
    Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, 39118 Magdeburg, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 198:233-44. 2009
    ....
  92. ncbi Time and moral judgment
    Renata S Suter
    University of Basel, Department of Psychology, Missionsstrasse 60 64, 4055 Basel, Switzerland
    Cognition 119:454-8. 2011
    Do moral judgments hinge on the time available to render them? According to a recent dual-process model of moral judgment, moral dilemmas that engage emotional processes are likely to result in fast deontological gut reactions...
  93. ncbi How might the discrepancy in the effects of perceptual variables on numerosity judgment be reconciled?
    Midori Tokita
    Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan
    Atten Percept Psychophys 72:1839-53. 2010
    ..In practice, however, perceptual variables, such as element size, density, and others, affect numerosity judgment. In this study, we examined how perceptual variables affect the performance of numerosity judgments under the ..
  94. pmc Mental rotation task of hands: differential influence number of rotational axes
    Arjan C ter Horst
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Centre for Cognition, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Exp Brain Res 203:347-54. 2010
    Various studies on the hand laterality judgment task, using complex sets of stimuli, have shown that the judgments during this task are dependent on bodily constraints...
  95. ncbi Temporal order judgment reveals how number magnitude affects visuospatial attention
    Marco Casarotti
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, Padova 35131, Italy
    Cognition 102:101-17. 2007
    ..We present six experiments in which this relation was examined using a temporal order judgment task to index attentional allocation...
  96. pmc Brief subjective durations contract with repetition
    Vani Pariyadath
    Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Vis 8:11.1-6. 2008
    ..Further, these findings suggest a new, instant diagnostic test for deficits in repetition suppression, such as those found in schizophrenia...
  97. ncbi Stimulus intensity and the perception of duration
    William J Matthews
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester C04 3SQ, UK
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:303-13. 2011
    ..These results urge a modification to the oft-repeated claim that more intense stimuli seem to last longer, and provide an important constraint on any model of human timing...
  98. ncbi Diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment
    Rick P Thomas
    Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73019, USA
    Psychol Rev 115:155-85. 2008
    ..e., data) in the environment. The authors introduce a general model of human judgment aimed at describing how people generate hypotheses from memory and how these hypotheses serve as the basis of ..
  99. pmc The DUNDRUM-1 structured professional judgment for triage to appropriate levels of therapeutic security: retrospective-cohort validation study
    Grainne Flynn
    National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum, Dublin 14, Ireland
    BMC Psychiatry 11:43. 2011
    ..We set out to improve on unstructured clinical judgement. We collated qualitative information and devised an 11 item structured professional judgment instrument for this purpose then tested for validity.
  100. pmc Individual differences in moral judgment competence influence neural correlates of socio-normative judgments
    Kristin Prehn
    Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Research Center, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Mitte, Chariteplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:33-46. 2008
    To investigate how individual differences in moral judgment competence are reflected in the human brain, we used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, while 23 participants made either socio-normative or grammatical ..
  101. ncbi Automatic and controlled components of judgment and decision making
    Mario B Ferreira
    Department of Psychology and Education, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:797-813. 2006
    ..reasoning) and controlled analytical processes (rule-based reasoning) put forward by dual-process approaches of judgment under uncertainty (e.g., K. E. Stanovich & R. F...

Research Grants84

  1. Improving TB Diagnosis in Children with and without HIV in Kenya
    Rinn Song; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In practice, diagnosis is often based on clinical judgment or insufficiently validated diagnostic algorithms...
  2. Fall risk assessment and prevention in elderly with diabetes using wearable techn
    Bor Rong Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In certain cases the impaired lower extremity position judgment - mainly due to impaired proprioceptive feedback (e.g...
  3. Ethanol modulation of nicotinic receptors
    John McDaid; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Alcohol impairs judgment and reaction times, a major factor in alcohol related accidents leading to an untold cost in lives lost...
  4. Prospective Validation and Cost Analysis of the National Guidelines for Field Tri
    Craig D Newgard; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..higher under- and over-triage rates than previously recognized, that triage is heavily influenced by EMS provider judgment, and that there are significant cost implications associated with mis-triage...
  5. Reducing HIV Risk in Adult Women with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..care professionals, and the desire to be involved in intimate relationships while lacking some of the social judgment and decision-making skills that could help them identify and avoid high-risk fluids and high-risk sexual ..
  6. Non-invasive method to evaluate the quality of human oocytes and embryos
    XINGQI JOHN ZHANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is largely due to the inability to accurately select "good" embryos by morphology examinations alone, the major judgment method in most IVF clinics. In fact, up to 40% of embryos with normal morphology have abnormal chromosomes...
  7. Non-invasive Markers of Neurodegeneration in Movement Disorders
    David E Vaillancourt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Current diagnostic approaches for PD, MSA, PSP, and ET are based on behavioral signs and clinical judgment, and this can often lead to the incorrect diagnosis, especially early in the course of the disease...
  8. A randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness based intervention for Gulf War Sy
    David J Kearney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..involves bringing attention to present moment experience, including cognitions and bodily sensations without judgment. The most common format for teaching mindfulness in the health care setting is through an 8-week class called ..
  9. Using Health Information Technology to Support Population-Based Clinical Practice
    Per H Gesteland; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..designed to effectively manage patient expectations and health literacy that preclude them from exercising good judgment. The hypothesis we propose to test is that by providing physicians and their patients with timely and easily ..
  10. Neuroeconomics of Framing Effects and Risk Attitudes in Early Dementia
    Winston Chiong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for understanding such errors in terms of decision-making biases, such as framing effects that distort financial judgment. Dr...
  11. Neonatal apnea: Online risk score from new analyses of bedside monitor waveforms
    JOSEPH RANDALL contact MOORMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..despite continuous electronic monitoring in the NICU, apnea episodes are diagnosed based only on clinical judgment and recorded only by hand on bedside flow sheets...
  12. A D1 Agonist for Working Memory Enhancement in the Schizophrenia Spectrum
    Larry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..measures;and, comparison tests, not hypothesized to change with DAR-0100A treatment will also be given: Benton Judgment of Line Orientation Test (JLOT) and the Trail Making Test-A. We hypothesize that: 1...
  13. Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction After Chronic Ethanol Exposure
    Kimberly A Badanich; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In humans, damage to the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) often results in poor judgment that is characterized by behavioral inflexibility and an inability to anticipate consequences of one's actions...
  14. Staying Off Substances: A Tailored Early Recovery Program for Teens
    KIMBERLEE JEAN TRUDEAU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..assign the client's user name to access privileges for that content and/or other content per their clinical judgment. We expect that CHAT(R): SOS will ultimately have six modules corresponding with the CHAT(R) subscales (i.e...
  15. The Role Of Interoceptive Awareness In Affect And Related Mental Faculties
    IAN ROBERT KLECKNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and by comparing pre- and post-training measurements of three facets of affective processing: (i) affective judgment of evocative images, (ii) physiological reactivity in response to evocative images, and (iii) the extent to whic ..
  16. IL-2 scintigraphy as a guide to cancer immunotherapy
    SVETOMIR NENAD MARKOVIC; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..progression (immune response RECIST criteria), oncologists in clinical practice are left with their best clinical judgment in differentiating tumo inflammation vs. tumor progression...
  17. Ethanol's Influence on Neural Mechanisms of Navigation
    Robert Stackman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Navigation requires a number of higher cognitive functions including perception, attention, planning, judgment, and memory...
  18. Vocabulary Support for Consumer Health Informatics
    Qing Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..one is too "lay" and the other too "jargon," - yet the UMLS offers the user no assistance in making such a judgment. We propose tackling these problems through further developing consumer health vocabulary (CHV) support...
  19. Stress and Moral Judgment Variation Across Contexts Among Immigrant Asian Youth
    Yuichi Shoda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., school programs developed with immigrant community representatives) to support immigrant young adults, who are at increased risk for depression compared with non-immigrant peers. ..
  20. Phase 2/3 of Covered Cheatham Platinum Stent for Aortic Wall Injury
    RICHARD ELLIOT RINGEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, a three-category Severity of Illness Scale (SIS) was developed for this trial, based on the clinical judgment of a panel of pediatric cardiologists...
  21. Combined effects of alcohol and caffeine on agency judgment, impulsivity and risk
    ADRIENNE JULIE HEINZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Accordingly, this study will be one of the first to evaluate the conjoint effects of these drugs on health-risk behaviors and findings may inform public health efforts. ..
  22. Physically Realistic Virtual Surgery
    DANIEL BOUGERE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..following the learning curves of subjects over time and measuring their skill retention and quality of diagnostic judgment after training on Gen1 and Gen2 SILS LAGB simulators...
  23. Does diminished oxytocin modulate stress vulnerability in Schizophrenia
    MORRIS BENJAMIN GOLDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of these hormones, which our data suggest, are related to their poor stress tolerance and impaired emotional judgment. We want to see if we can reverse these deficits by giving one of the hormones (oxytocin) by a nasal spray...
  24. Assessing Occupational Electric Shocks, Magnetic Fields and ALS
    Leeka Kheifets; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of this proposal are to 1) identify workers exposed to electric shocks using multiple data sources and expert judgment and incorporate these data into an existing magnetic field job exposure matrix (JEM), 2) conduct a case-control ..
  25. Revisiting Challenged Findings to Determine Social and Cognitive Abilities
    Julie J Neiworth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recent scrutiny generated by a retracted publication and a Harvard investigation judgment of research misconduct specifically related to published studies of tamarins in these areas by Marc Hauser's ..
  26. A Bayesian Framework for Inter-Modality Deformable Image Registration Evaluation
    Richard Castillo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For our purposes, the strength of a Bayesian approach is one that allows judgment regarding an algorithm's performance characteristics to be derived from multiple sources, including multiple ..
  27. Strategies for the Treatment of Dysphagia in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease
    Jerilyn A Logemann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5. Determine if caretaker judgment about ease of feeding on the caregiver questionnaire correlates with changes in swallow measures and observations,..
  28. Evaluation of Differing Type 1 Diabetes Regimens in Youth in the Developing World
    Trevor J Orchard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It also requires considerable knowledge, judgment and technical proficiency, expensive medication and testing supplies, and the self administration of multiple ..
  29. Mindfulness and Acceptance Applied in Colleges Through Web-Based Guided Self-Help
    Jacqueline Pistorello; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..content in the committed action module for specific problem areas based on initial assessment and counselor judgment. The counselor portal will be further developed to provide access to training material in relation to each module,..
  30. CRCNS:Investigating perceptual processing speed and its impact on choice behavior
    Terrence R Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the fundamental question of timing has been much harder to tackle: how long does it take to make a perceptual judgment, versus executing a motor action to report that judgment? At what point in time is a subject committed to a ..
  31. Mechanisms underlying reward-related synaptogenesis
    Gloria E Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such associative learning is maladaptive and contributes to the poor judgment of individuals who crave the drug...
  32. Psychological and Neural Mechanisms of Pain Valuation
    Tal Yarkoni; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..My development in this area will be supported by Dr. Elke Weber, a leading expert in the area of judgment and decision-making. 19...
  33. Emotion regulation and psychological health across adulthood
    Iris B Mauss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..positive emotion (positive reappraisal);and, third, acknowledging negative emotional experiences without judgment (acceptance)...
  34. Managing severe TBI without ICP monitoring - guidelines development and testing
    Nancy R Temkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..two years, patients will be treated according to the ad hoc protocol or according to individual clinician best judgment. Then the Guidelines will be developed, all sites will be trained in their use, and they will be used to guid ..
  35. Self-focused attention, self-evaluation, and effort
    PAUL JOSEPH SILVIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..factor for many disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, because it entails persistent scrutiny and judgment of the self (Ingram, 1990)...
  36. Immunogenicity &efficacy of chimeric flu virus expressing Ab42 B cell epitope
    Michael G Agadjanyan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..US and is characterized by an insidious onset and progressive cognitive decline that impacts memory, language, judgment, orientation to time and place, etc...
  37. Change in Opioid use and overdose after a medicaid lock-in program
    Asheley C Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to identify patients appropriate for the NC and other MLIPs have been based primarily on the best clinical judgment of state Medicaid personnel...
  38. Long Term Implantable ICP Monitor for Hydrocephalus Patients
    Marek Swoboda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..identifying malfunction where CT scan cannot (slit ventricles) and, in conjunction with the neurosurgeon's judgment, potentially ruling out malfunction and avoiding an unnecessary CT scan...
  39. "Developmental changes and individual differences in sensitivity to fairness"
    Jessica Sommerville; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..experience in early social cognition, 2) seek to establish criteria for investigating the origins of moral judgment in infancy, and 3) investigate the origins of individual differences in early social cognition...
  40. Pragmatics and Semantics in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Karece Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exp. 3 also examines cognitive effort (grammatical strengthening). Exp. 2 is a 2AFC sentence-picture judgment task comparing computerized versions of Truth Value Judgment Task (high cognitive effort) with Felicity Judgment ..
  41. Age effects on episodic memory: Neuropsychology, electrophysiology, and modeling
    Anjali Thapar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..signatures of different retrieval processes (familiarity-based, recollection-based, overall old/new judgment) and the encoding that leads to these retrieval differences in all participant groups (young or older adults with ..
  42. Meta-analysis of CAM therapies for HIV
    Henry S Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., RCTs, observational studies, expert judgment) within a single coherent model...
  43. Self Perceptions of Risk for Patients with Co-Occurring Disorders
    Jennifer Lynne Skeem; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aims are to (1) compare the accuracy of patients'self predictions of violence risk with that of clinical judgment and two clinically feasible actuarial tools;(2) assess whether the accuracy of patients'self predictions of ..
  44. Validation of the Denver Trauma Organ Failure Score
    JODY ANN VOGEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sensitive and specific for predicting the development of MOF within seven days of hospitalization than clinical judgment of emergency physicians...
  45. Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being: Aging, Religiosity, and Adaptation
    ANGUS S DEATON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The other is an overall view of how life is going, which comes from a considered judgment. Accumulating evidence suggests that these two concepts capture different aspects of human well- being, and that ..
  46. Sleep-Dependent Determinants of Biobehavioral Function
    David W Carley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Insufficient or disordered sleep reduces quality of life and worker and student performance;impairs mood, judgment, alertness, and cognitive/motor performance;and increases the risk of accidents...
  47. Investigating the Science-Practice Gap from the Practitioner Viewpoint
    Rebecca E Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: In this research, paradigms from basic judgment and decision making research will be used to inform researchers about barriers to dissemination of ESTs to ..
  48. Postpartum Sleep Effects on Smoking Relapse
    Kristen C Stone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The treatment will be revised after each phase based on clinical judgment regarding issues such as content, duration, and timing...
  49. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    ULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..specifically executive cognitive function (ECF) capacity, and its hypothesized overt manifestation, risk judgment. The sample will consist of 500 psychiatric outpatients: 300 women with BPD and 200 women without BPD...
  50. Self-Reported Health and Function among Older Adults and Rehospitalization Risk
    LUKE O apos BRIEN HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the impact of functional status in this period is necessary for fair judgment of hospital quality as measured by risk-adjusted rehospitalization rates.
  51. Pediatric Heart Tranplantation: Transitioning to Adult Care
    Elfriede Pahl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..care typically occurs during late adolescence and early adulthood, a time of vulnerability, characterized by poor judgment and decision-making, risk-taking behaviors, and emotional reactivity...
  52. The Social Brain in Schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michal Assaf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..study is to investigate the neural correlates of 3 social cognitive processes, Theory of Mind (ToM), social judgment, and empathy, using a multimodal approach incorporating functional MRI (fMRI) and event related potential (ERP) ..
  53. Psychophysical Research on Auditory/Visual Space Perception and Navigation
    PAVEL A ZAHORIK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These aims will be addressed by testing human distance judgment and navigation performance under conditions in which the contributions of the contextual information, background ..
  54. Regulation of lung host defense by inflammasome modifiers
    MARK DAMIAN WEWERS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..innate immune response to inhaled pathogens and particulates, the lung macrophage is required to make important judgment calls about the risks associated with inhaled materials...
  55. Peripheral Biomarkers in Familial Alzheimer's Disease
    Paul Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..that time a large percentage of nerve cells have been lost in critical areas of the brain concerned with memory, judgment and cognitive skills...
  56. TRAINING IN QUANTITATIVE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
    Felix W Wehrli; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e. sensitivity to reader experience and judgment. Many problems in diagnostic medicine require a quantitative assessment...
  57. Capacity of Children and Teens to Decide About Cancer Trials
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..WASI;2) to describe the correlations between MacCAT-CR subscale scores and measures assessing the development of judgment (i.e...
  58. Human Brain Functional and Structural Interactions Between Chronic Pain and Opioi
    Hans C Breiter; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Aim 1 will assess differences in reward processing using a keypress paradigm testing judgment and decisionmaking around relative preference for drug cues or phenotypic features of addiction...
  59. Contributions to Racial Bias in Medical Student Judgement and Decision-Making
    Michelle van Ryn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to inform effective and efficient strategies intended to eliminate both implicit racial bias and bias in clinical judgment and decisions among medical students'judgments and decisions...
  60. Antifungal Drug Susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans
    Robert Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..amphotericin B, fluconazole or the two combined), the dose and the duration of therapy are guided by clinical judgment from the synthesis of reported clinical trials...
  61. Reflecting AHRQ Missions through Innovative Programming at SMDM Annual Meeting
    Heather Taffet Gold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These activities will engage and bridge experienced and newer researchers with methodologic interest and expertise in judgment and decision making, economic analysis and clinical and public health disciplines.
  62. Evaluating Collaborative Care Using a Stepped Design and National Electronic Data
    MELISSA MARIE FARMER COSTE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..depression quality of care and validate the measures conceptually and operationally using modified Delphi panel judgment by VA and non-VA experts and 2) demonstrate the feasibility of using the stepped design approach with the new ..
  63. Contextual Influences in Prisoner Research
    JOHN EDENS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..implement, and enforce guidelines for research with offenders and to Institutional Review Boards that must pass judgment on the adequacy of human subjects research protections in protocols involving prisoners as research participants...
  64. A MODULAR SHORT COURSE IN RESEARCH ETHICS
    Caroline Whitbeck; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..situations requiring response (as contrasted with cases that state completed behavior and require only a judgment on acts that have been performed)...
  65. A MODULAR SHORT COURSE IN RESEARCH ETHICS
    Caroline Whitbeck; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..situations requiring response (as contrasted with cases that state completed behavior and require only a judgment on acts that have been performed)...
  66. Port wine stain treatment for infants and young children
    Guillermo Aguilar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..necessary epidermal protection; and (B) all patients are treated with CSC and laser light doses based on clinical judgment of the physician, without considering individual variations in epidermal melanin concentration and PWS depth and ..
  67. Using Information Technology to Provide Measurement Based Care for Chronic Illnes
    Madhukar Trivedi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in psychiatric settings does not depend on a systematic measurement based approach but rather on global clinical judgment. This approach results in sub-optimal care and less than ideal outcomes...
  68. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..From the clinician's perspective, a better understanding of the bases of accurate interpersonal judgment is relevant to improvements in clinical assessment, evaluation, diagnosis, and subsequent treatment...
  69. GRADE - Moving Towards a Consensus on a Consistent Approach to Grading Evidence
    Yngve Falck Ytter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the quality of evidence, followed by assessment of the balance between benefits versus downsides and subsequent judgment about the strength of recommendations...
  70. The effect of antismoking parenting practices on adolescent smoking
    Daniel Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., perceived adult disapproval of smoking), stereotypes (e.g., smokers are stylish) and judgment (e.g...
  71. Proteoglycans/Glycosaminoglycans in APP Transgenic Mice
    ALAN SNOW; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..is a degenerative brain disorders characterized clinically by progressive loss of memory, cognition, reasoning, judgment and emotional stability that gradually leads to profound mental deterioration and ultimately death...
  72. A Novel Hydrogel Colorimetric Urea Sensor for Dialysis
    ANJAL SHARMA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By measuring the urea level continuously during the dialysis session, a sound judgment may be made as to the optimal dialysis time...
  73. EFFICACY OF TRICYCLICS IN TREATING CANCER PAIN
    John Farrar; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Beyond the proven effectiveness of opiates, there are very few well designed studies on which to base a judgment of how to best treat these patients. Tricyclic antidepressants are used in up to 40% of cancer patients...
  74. Frontal Striatal Activity During Decision Making in Substance Abuse
    Jody Tanabe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The long term objective of this proposal is to understand the neurobiological mechanisms underlying impaired judgment and risky decision-making in substance dependent individuals...
  75. Pressure Ulcer Detection in Darkly Pigmented Skin
    Robin Felder; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In this study we will: 1- Validate Imaging-Based Stage I Pressure Ulcer Detection methods against the judgment of a sample of observers 2- Develop and evaluate a low-cost, easy to use imaging-based Stage I Pressure Ulcer ..
  76. Emotional and attentional biases to drug and trauma cues in addiction with PTSD
    Estate Sokhadze; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specific aim I am to investigate physiological patterns of emotional reactivity in a gender category judgment task by contrasting ERP and autonomic responses to images of facial expression of affect and neutral faces in ..
  77. Impacts of Alcohol / Fatigue on Paramedic Skills
    LES BECKER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..hangover among certified practicing Emergency Medical Technician-Paramedics (EMT-Ps) can be found to impair judgment and/or performance in such a way that patients who are reliant on the medical resuscitation and stabilization ..
  78. Residual Effects of Ecstasy on Decision-Making & Driving
    Antoine Bechara; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The overall aim of this project is to assess the neurocognitive mechanisms of judgment and decision-making that may be impaired in recreational MDMA ("Ecstasy") users, and the relationship of these defective mechanisms to the complex ..
  79. Portable Guidance in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Gary Mesibov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The visual guidance is a set of text graphics cues (foresight cues, critical judgment cues, etc.) formatted for individual use according to TEACCH principles...
  80. ATTRIBUTIONAL PROCESSES IN ADULTHOOD & AGING
    Fredda Blanchard Fields; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..However, findings to date do not indicate universal increases in social judgment biases for older adults...
  81. Ethical Issues in Behavioral Health Research
    James DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..heighten ethical sensitivity or awareness of ethical issues in behavioral health research; (c) to improve moral judgment by fostering "decentration" - the ability to focus on all salient aspects of a moral situation; (d) to foster ..
  82. Staying Off Substances: A Tailored Early Recovery Program for Teens.?
    KIMBERLEE TRUDEAU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..assign the client's user name to access privileges for that content and/or other content per their clinical judgment. We expect that CHAT: SOS will ultimately have eight modules (i.e...
  83. REASON VS INTUITION IN MORAL JUDGMENT
    Jonathan Haidt; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Research on moral judgment has focused on interpersonal interactions and issues of harm, rights, and justice...
  84. Timing and neural bases of complex word recognition: electrophysiological studies
    ROBERT D FIORENTINO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..real-time measurement of the stages of word recognition and their brain- level instantiation, prior to any overt judgment such as reaction time...