Summary: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Publications279 found, 100 shown here
- Object categorization: reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantageTimothy T Rogers
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 15206, US
J Exp Psychol Gen 136:451-69. 2007..Implications for theories of visual object recognition are discussed...
- Where do you know what you know? The representation of semantic knowledge in the human brainKaralyn Patterson
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:976-87. 2007..What has gone wrong in his brain to produce this dramatic and selective erosion of conceptual knowledge?..
- Core systems of numberLisa Feigenson
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004..These systems account for our basic numerical intuitions, and serve as the foundation for the more sophisticated numerical concepts that are uniquely human...
- The representation of object concepts in the brainAlex Martin
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007..However, some property-based regions seem to show a categorical organization, thus providing evidence consistent with category-based, domain-specific formulations as well...
- Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adultsJustin Halberda
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1457-65. 2008..We show that the resolution of this system continues to increase throughout childhood, with adultlike levels of acuity attained surprisingly late in development...
- Category-specific versus category-general semantic impairment induced by transcranial magnetic stimulationGorana Pobric
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Curr Biol 20:964-8. 2010....
- An introduction to concept mapping as a participatory public health research methodJessica G Burke
Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pennsylvania, USA
Qual Health Res 15:1392-410. 2005..Finally, the article concludes with a discussion of the unique contributions and challenges associated with concept mapping...
- Causal knowledge and imitation/emulation switching in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)Victoria Horner
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
Anim Cogn 8:164-81. 2005....
- The development of numerical estimation: evidence for multiple representations of numerical quantityRobert S Siegler
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Psychol Sci 14:237-43. 2003....
- Infants' perception of goal-directed actions: development through cue-based bootstrappingSzilvia Biro
Department of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
Dev Sci 10:379-98. 2007..By uniting an innate base with a learning process, cue-based bootstrapping can help reconcile divergent views on the emergence of infants' ability to understand actions as goal-directed...
- Do fish count? Spontaneous discrimination of quantity in female mosquitofishChristian Agrillo
Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131, Padua, Italy
Anim Cogn 11:495-503. 2008....
- Evidence for a unitary goal concept in 12-month-old infantsSzilvia Biro
Department of Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Dev Sci 14:1255-60. 2011..This finding suggests that, by 12 months, infants possess a unitary concept of goal...
- Quality and rigor of the concept mapping methodology: a pooled study analysisScott R Rosas
Concept Systems, Inc, 136 East State Street, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
Eval Program Plann 35:236-45. 2012..The implications of these findings as a practical reference to assess the quality and rigor for future concept mapping studies are discussed...
- Comparing the clinical usefulness of the Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO) Frontal Screening (IFS) and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) in frontotemporal dementiaEzequiel Gleichgerrcht
Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:997-1004. 2011....
- Reality compared with its alternatives: age differences in judgments of regret and reliefRobert Guttentag
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greesboro, Greensboro, NC, USA 27402
Dev Psychol 40:764-75. 2004..Experiment 3 focused on the understanding of relief. In contrast to the findings from Experiment I, the 7-year-olds in Experiment 3 made their judgments solely on the basis of what actually occurred...
- Numerical bias in bounded and unbounded number line tasksDale J Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28403 5612, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 18:331-8. 2011....
- Imitation in young children: when who gets copied is more important than what gets copiedMark Nielsen
Early Cognitive Development Centre, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Dev Psychol 47:1050-3. 2011..Our results highlight the specialized skills for participating in cultural groups that have evolved in humans and provide insight into why finding such high fidelity copying in other animals has proven elusive...
- Costs and benefits of representational change: effects of context on age and sex differences in symbolic magnitude estimationClarissa A Thompson
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43206, USA
J Exp Child Psychol 101:20-51. 2008..Finally, both before and after training that eliminated age differences in estimation accuracy, complementary sex differences were observed across the two estimation contexts...
- Do 12.5-month-old infants consider what objects others can see when interpreting their actions?Yuyan Luo
University of Missouri at Columbia, 20 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Cognition 105:489-512. 2007..If the agent's representation is incomplete, because the agent is ignorant about some aspect of the setting, infants use the agent's representation, rather than their own more complete representation, to interpret the agent's actions...
- Elucidating the nature of deregulated semantic cognition in semantic aphasia: evidence for the roles of prefrontal and temporo-parietal corticesKrist A Noonan
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 22:1597-613. 2010....
- The development of implicit attitudes. Evidence of race evaluations from ages 6 and 10 and adulthoodAndrew Scott Baron
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Psychol Sci 17:53-8. 2006..We offer a tentative suggestion that mean levels of implicit and explicit attitudes diverge around age 10...
- Developmental and individual differences in pure numerical estimationJulie L Booth
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Dev Psychol 42:189-201. 2006..Implications for understanding of mathematics learning in general are discussed...
- Neural mechanisms of visual categorization: insights from neurophysiologyDavid J Freedman
Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:311-29. 2008....
- A quality management model for integrated care: results of a Delphi and Concept Mapping studyMirella Minkman
Vilans, Centre of Excellence in Long term Care, Catharijnesingel 47, 3511 GC Utrecht, The Netherlands
Int J Qual Health Care 21:66-75. 2009..The objective of this study is to identify the elements and clusters of a quality management model for integrated care...
- Structured statistical models of inductive reasoningCharles Kemp
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University
Psychol Rev 116:20-58. 2009....
- Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 yearsRebecca Bull
School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008..The implications of the findings are discussed in relation to further understanding the role of cognitive skills in different mathematical tasks, and in relation to the impact of limited cognitive skills in the classroom environment...
- Embodiment of emotion conceptsPaula M Niedenthal
CNRS, Paris, France
J Pers Soc Psychol 96:1120-36. 2009..Implications for theories of embodied simulation and for emotion theories are discussed...
- Abstract and concrete concepts have structurally different representational frameworksSebastian J Crutch
Dementia Research Group, Department of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, University College, London, UK
Brain 128:615-27. 2005..Our results challenge the generality of many existing models of human conceptual knowledge, which derive their structure from experimental findings in the concrete domain alone...
- Seeing, acting, understanding: motor resonance in language comprehensionRolf A Zwaan
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 135:1-11. 2006..Motor resonance is modulated by the linguistic input and is a rather immediate and localized phenomenon. The results are discussed in the context of theories of action observation and mental simulation...
- Generalization and differentiation in semantic memory: insights from semantic dementiaMatthew A Lambon Ralph
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1124:61-76. 2008..The article describes a comprehensive array of under- and overgeneralization errors by patients with SD when engaged in receptive and expressive verbal and nonverbal tasks and everyday behaviors...
- Social conceptual impairments in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with right anterior temporal hypometabolismRoland Zahn
National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
Brain 132:604-16. 2009..Further, we provide first evidence for the potential importance of conceptual social knowledge impairments as contributing to behavioural symptoms of FTLD...
- Direct and indirect measures of Level-2 perspective-taking in children and adultsAndrew D R Surtees
University of Birmingham, UK
Br J Dev Psychol 30:75-86. 2012..The Level-1/Level-2 distinction, suitably refined, marks one way in which efficient but inflexible theory of mind abilities are limited...
- How language acquisition builds on cognitive developmentEve V Clark
Department of Linguistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 8:472-8. 2004....
- Reversed concreteness effect for nouns in a subject with semantic dementiaCostanza Papagno
Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
Neuropsychologia 47:1138-48. 2009....
- Attitudes to concept maps as a teaching/learning activity in undergraduate health professional education: influence of preferred learning styleDavid W Laight
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, UK
Med Teach 26:229-33. 2004..Concept maps could therefore potentially assist motivation, engagement and deep learning in medical and biomedical science education when used as a supplement to more traditional teaching/learning activities...
- Conceptual knowledge is underpinned by the temporal pole bilaterally: convergent evidence from rTMSMatthew A Lambon Ralph
University of Manchester, UK
Cereb Cortex 19:832-8. 2009..The time required to make semantic decisions was slowed considerably, yet specifically, by this procedure. The results confirm that both TPs form a critical substrate within the neural network that supports conceptual knowledge...
- Same items, different order: effects of temporal variability on infant categorizationEmily Mather
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Cognition 119:438-47. 2011..Hence, the order in which infants learnt about the exemplars impacted their categorization performance. Our findings demonstrate the importance of moment-to-moment variations in similarity during infants' category learning...
- Predictions from uncertain categorizationsG L Murphy
Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801
Cogn Psychol 27:148-93. 1994..for subjects, this method allowed a test of categorization and prediction processes, bypassing initial concept formation and memory...
- Relying on nature's pharmacy in rural Burkina Faso: empirical evidence of the determinants of traditional medicine consumptionMariève Pouliot
Center for Forest, Landscape and Planning, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 23, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Soc Sci Med 73:1498-507. 2011..Although poorer households were shown to use traditional medicine as a self-treatment, traditional healers' services were relied on by wealthier households...
- You can't always get what you want: infants understand failed goal-directed actionsAmanda C Brandone
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Psychol Sci 20:85-91. 2009..Thus, by the end of the 1st year of life, infants possess an impressive understanding of intentional action, and an understanding of failed intentional actions follows an earlier understanding of successful ones...
- Three-month-old infants attribute goals to a non-human agentYuyan Luo
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Dev Sci 14:453-60. 2011..g. equifinal variations in agents’ actions, to make inferences about agents’ goals...
- Cognitive mechanisms underlying achievement deficits in children with mathematical learning disabilityDavid C Geary
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia 65211 2500, USA
Child Dev 78:1343-59. 2007..Compared with the TA group, the LA children were less fluent in processing numerical information and knew fewer addition facts. Implications for defining MLD and identifying underlying cognitive deficits are discussed...
- Towards quality indicators for assertive outreach programmes for severely impaired substance abusers: concept mapping with Dutch expertsDiana Roeg
Addiction Research Institute Rotterdam, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Int J Qual Health Care 17:203-8. 2005..We investigated the concept of 'quality of assertive outreach programmes for severely impaired substance abusers' with the aim of developing a conceptual framework as the basis for an assessment instrument...
- Left frontal lobe contributions to concept formation: a quantitative MRI study of performance on the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System Sorting TestEric M Fine
Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:624-31. 2009..performance on the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) Sorting Test, a standardized measure of concept formation. There were 89 participants: 19 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease, 25 patients with frontotemporal ..
- A neurobiological theory of automaticity in perceptual categorizationF Gregory Ashby
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Psychol Rev 114:632-56. 2007..A variety of simulations are described, showing that the model accounts for some classic single-cell recording and behavioral results...
- Development of numerical estimation in young childrenRobert S Siegler
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Child Dev 75:428-44. 2004....
- Goal attribution to inanimate agents by 6.5-month-old infantsGergely Csibra
School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom
Cognition 107:705-17. 2008..This result supports the view that the bias to give teleological interpretation to actions is not entirely derived from infants' experience...
- Is the future the right time?Marc Ouellet
Dept de Psicologia Experimental y Fisiologia del Comportamiento, University of Granada, Facultad de Psicologia, Campus de Cartuja, Granada, Spain
Exp Psychol 57:308-14. 2010..These results are discussed in the context of a possible mechanism underlying the effects of reading direction on highly abstract conceptual representations...
- Generalization, similarity, and Bayesian inferenceJ B Tenenbaum
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Behav Brain Sci 24:629-40; discussion 652-791. 2001..This unification allows us not only to draw deep parallels between the set-theoretic and spatial approaches, but also to significantly advance the explanatory power of set-theoretic models...
- Animal neuropsychology: validation of the Intra-Dimensional Extra-Dimensional set shifting task for miceJoseph P Garner
Purdue University, Department of Animal Sciences, 125 South Russell Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Behav Brain Res 173:53-61. 2006..Furthermore, overtrained mice were impaired on this extra-dimensional shift compared with controls, further validating the task. The advantages and disadvantages of the IDED task compared to high-throughput approaches are discussed...
- Visual perspective taking impairment in children with autistic spectrum disorderAntonia F de C Hamilton
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, Notts NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
Cognition 113:37-44. 2009..These findings resolve discrepancies in previous studies of visual perspective taking in autism, and demonstrate that level 2 visual perspective taking is a mentalising task...
- Representational change and children's numerical estimationJohn E Opfer
The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Cogn Psychol 55:169-95. 2007..The findings indicated that cognitive change can occur at the level of an entire representation, rather than always involving a sequence of local repairs...
- Similarity and the development of rulesD Gentner
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Cognition 65:263-97. 1998....
- Category learning and the memory systems debateRussell A Poldrack
Department of Psychology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:197-205. 2008....
- Critical thinking in graduate medical education: A role for concept mapping assessment?D C West
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, 2516 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
JAMA 284:1105-10. 2000..Concept mapping assessment (CMA) enables teachers to view students' organization of their knowledge at various points in training...
- Newborn infants perceive abstract numbersVeronique Izard
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10382-5. 2009..Their performance provides evidence for abstract numerical representations at the start of postnatal experience...
- The development of numerical estimation: evidence against a representational shiftHilary C Barth
Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
Dev Sci 14:125-35. 2011..This work demonstrates that proportion-judgment models provide a unified account of estimation patterns that have previously been explained in terms of a developmental shift from logarithmic to linear representations of number...
- Structure and deterioration of semantic memory: a neuropsychological and computational investigationTimothy T Rogers
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
Psychol Rev 111:205-35. 2004..Data from 4 well-known semantic tasks revealed consistent patterns that find a ready explanation in the model. The relationship between the model and related theories of semantic representation is discussed...
- Infants' attribution of a goal to a morphologically unfamiliar agentY Alpha Shimizu
Department of Psychology, Jordan Hall, Building 420, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Dev Sci 7:425-30. 2004....
- At the edge of semantic space: the breakdown of coherent concepts in semantic dementia is constrained by typicality and severity but not modalityEmily J Mayberry
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 23:2240-51. 2011..Following the modality-invariant nature of the vATL hub representation, we also confirmed that the patients were impaired on both verbal- and picture-based versions of the same task...
- Inferring the outcome of an ongoing novel action at 13 monthsVictoria Southgate
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 45:1794-8. 2009..This finding suggests the ability to infer the goal of an ongoing novel action and illustrates the productivity of 1-year-olds' action understanding...
- Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it isKalanit Grill-Spector
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
- The relations between children's communicative perspective-taking and executive functioningElizabeth S Nilsen
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L3G1
Cogn Psychol 58:220-49. 2009..Furthermore, the results suggest that children's inhibitory control skills allow them to inhibit their own perspective, enabling them to make use of their communicative partner's perspective...
- Judgment of conceptual identity in monkeysD Bovet
University of Provence, Aix en Provence, France
Psychon Bull Rev 8:470-5. 2001..This latter experiment represents the first demonstration of judgment of conceptual identity in a monkey species...
- Same/different abstract-concept learning by pigeonsJeffrey S Katz
Department of Psychology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:80-6. 2006..Comparisons with similar experiments with rhesus and capuchin monkeys showed that the ability to learn the same/different abstract concept was similar but that pigeons require more training exemplars...
- Representing object colour in language comprehensionLouise Connell
Cognition and Communication Research Centre, Division of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
Cognition 102:476-85. 2007..A distinction between stable and unstable embodied representations is proposed to allow embodied theories to account for these findings...
- On pedagogyGyörgy Gergely
Institute for Psychological Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
Dev Sci 10:139-46. 2007..We end by discussing the far-reaching implications of the pedagogical perspective for a wide range of early social-cognitive competences, and for providing new directions for future research on child development...
- NeuroconstructivismGert Westermann
Department of Psychology, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
Dev Sci 10:75-83. 2007....
- The human ventromedial prefrontal cortex is critical for transitive inferenceTimothy R Koscik
University of Iowa College of Medicine, IA, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 24:1191-204. 2012..Given the usefulness of transitivity in inferring social relationships, this deficit may be one of the basic features of social conduct problems associated with vmPFC damage...
- Studies in inductive inference in infancyJ M Mandler
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
Cogn Psychol 37:60-96. 1998..The data suggest that it is the conceptual meaning of objects, rather than their physical features, that controls early associative learning...
- Category formation in autism: can individuals with autism form categories and prototypes of dot patterns?Holly Zajac Gastgeb
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 42:1694-704. 2012..Results are consistent with previous studies that have found deficits in prototype formation and extend these deficits to dot patterns...
- Effects of categorical labels on similarity judgments: a critical analysis of similarity-based approachesNicholaus S Noles
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
Dev Psychol 48:890-6. 2012..These results have implications for the role of perceptual and conceptual information in children's categorization and induction...
- Infants' categorization of novel objects with more or less obvious featuresAndrea N Welder
University of Calgary, Canada
Cogn Psychol 52:57-91. 2006..The results of these studies delineate the role of animacy cues and object names in establishing categories on the basis of less obvious features...
- Induction and categorization in young children: a similarity-based modelVladimir M Sloutsky
Center for Cognitive Science, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 133:166-88. 2004..Results corroborate the similarity-based account of young children's induction and categorization, and they support both qualitative and quantitative predictions of the model...
- Identity concept formation during visual multiple-choice matching in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina)Björn Mauck
Allgemeine Zoologie and Neurobiologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Learn Behav 33:428-36. 2005Identity concept formation was tested in a harbor seal using a visual multiple-choice matching-to-sample task. The seal was first trained on a two-alternative matching task...
- Kindergartners' understanding of additive commutativity within the context of word problemsJ L Wilkins
Department of Teaching and Learning, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061, USA
J Exp Child Psychol 79:23-36. 2001..Moreover, the data indicate that success on a task involving change-add-to problems may be a more rigorous test of understanding of additive commutativity than that involving part-part-whole problems...
- Relational framework improves transitive inference across age groupsSandra N Moses
Departments of Diagnostic Imaging, and Neurosciences and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada
Psychol Res 74:207-18. 2010..The current work indicates that age differences in performance can be minimized by providing semantically meaningful stimuli that bias participants to use a relational proposition-based approach...
- Numerical estimation in preschoolersIlaria Berteletti
Center for Cognitive Science and Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Dev Psychol 46:545-51. 2010....
- How 7-month-olds interpret ambiguous motion events: category-based reasoning in infancySabina Pauen
Department of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Cogn Psychol 59:275-95. 2009..Based on this set of findings we conclude that 7-month-olds flexibly combine information about the static and dynamic properties of objects in order to reason about motion events...
- Concept maps in medical education: an analytical literature reviewBarbara J Daley
Department of Administrative Leadership, School of Education, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Med Educ 44:440-8. 2010..New developments in medical education include the use of serial concept maps, concept maps as a methodology to assist learners with lower cognitive competence, and the combination of group concept maps with structured feedback...
- A category-specific advantage for numbers in verbal short-term memory: evidence from semantic dementiaElizabeth Jefferies
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Neuropsychologia 42:639-60. 2004....
- Boys will be boys; cows will be cows: children's essentialist reasoning about gender categories and animal speciesMarianne G Taylor
Department of Psychology, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA 98447 0003, USA
Child Dev 80:461-81. 2009..The role of psychological essentialism in guiding conceptual development is discussed...
- The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievementBert De Smedt
Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009..Regression analyses showed that this association was independent of age, intellectual ability, and speed of number identification...
- Concept mapping of photovoices: sequencing and integrating methods to understand immigrants' perceptions of neighborhood influences on healthNasim Haque
Wellesley Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4Y 1S2
Fam Community Health 33:193-206. 2010..The combination of these 2 participatory methods resulted in a conceptual framework of factors influencing immigrants' health and well-being, whereas the photographs with captions facilitated interpretation and action at multiple levels...
- Name-picture verification as a control measure for object naming: a task analysis and norms for a large set of picturesHans Stadthagen-Gonzalez
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62:1581-97. 2009..Norms for match and no-match responses for 396 line drawings taken from Cycowicz, Friedman, Rothstein, and Snodgrass (1997) can be downloaded at: http://language.psy.bris.ac.uk/name-picture_verification.html...
- Thinking about false belief: it's not just what children say, but how long it takes them to say itCristina M Atance
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, 200 Lees Avenue, Room E228, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 6N5
Cognition 116:297-301. 2010..We argue that response latency data provide new information about underlying cognitive processes in theory of mind reasoning, and can shed light on concept acquisition more broadly...
- The development of regretEimear O'Connor
School of Psychology, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
J Exp Child Psychol 111:120-7. 2012..No evidence of regret was found in 4- and 5-year-olds. Additional findings suggested that by 6 or 7 years, children's emotions were determined by a consideration of two different counterfactual scenarios...
- How 15 hundred is like 15 cherries: effect of progressive alignment on representational changes in numerical cognitionClarissa A Thompson
Department of Psychology, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
Child Dev 81:1768-86. 2010....
- Functional neuroanatomy of the cognitive process of mapping during discourse comprehensionD A Robertson
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1202 W Johnson St, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Psychol Sci 11:255-60. 2000..Our results demonstrate the utility of using fMRI to investigate the neural substrates of higher-level cognitive processes such as discourse comprehension...
- Do you see what I see? Infants' reasoning about others' incomplete perceptionsYuyan Luo
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Dev Sci 13:134-42. 2010..The implications of the present findings for early psychological reasoning research are discussed...
- Identifying living and sentient kinds from dynamic information: the case of goal-directed versus aimless autonomous movement in conceptual changeJohn E Opfer
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Baker Hall 331B, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Cognition 86:97-122. 2002....
- Preschoolers' implicit and explicit false-belief understanding: relations with complex syntactical masteryJason Low
School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
Child Dev 81:597-615. 2010..Overall, explicit false-belief understanding is complexly underpinned by implicit knowledge and input from higher-order systems of language and executive control...
- Children's thinking about their own and others' regret and reliefDaniel P Weisberg
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
J Exp Child Psychol 106:184-91. 2010..We found no evidence that children up to 7 years of age were able to predict others' regret and relief, a finding that suggests differing developmental trajectories between experiencing and understanding others' regret and relief...
- Identity: key to children's understanding of beliefJosef Perner
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg A 5020, Austria
Science 333:474-7. 2011..We show that both capacities become functional between the ages of 3 and 5 years, which provides empirical support for the contention that deep conceptual structures play an important role in cognitive development...
- What memory is forA M Glenberg
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
Behav Brain Sci 20:1-19; discussion 19-55. 1997....
- Health literacy: a concept/dimensional analysisJosephine M Mancuso
College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 1881, USA
Nurs Health Sci 10:248-55. 2008..A clear understanding of the concept is essential as health literacy has implications that are far-reaching and impact both the individual and society...
- Can 9.5-month-old infants attribute to an agent a disposition to perform a particular action on objects?Hyun Joo Song
Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon dong, Seodaemun gu, Seoul 120 749, Republic of Korea
Acta Psychol (Amst) 124:79-105. 2007..These results add to recent evidence that infants in the first year of life can attribute dispositions to agents, and can use these dispositions to help predict agents' actions in new contexts...
- The effects of positive versus negative feedback on information-integration category learningF Gregory Ashby
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Percept Psychophys 69:865-78. 2007..It thus appears that, unlike rule-based learning, consistent information-integration learning requires full feedback. The theoretical implications of these findings for current models of information-integration learning are discussed...
- Discontinuous categories affect information-integration but not rule-based category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, 1 University Station A8000, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:654-69. 2005....
- Category label and response location shifts in category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Psychol Res 74:219-36. 2010..Implications for the neurobiological basis of these two learned associations are discussed...
- Animate and inanimate objects in human visual cortex: Evidence for task-independent category effectsAlison J Wiggett
School of Psychology, Adeilad Brigantia, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd LL572AS, Wales, UK
Neuropsychologia 47:3111-7. 2009..Furthermore, we consider whether the animate and inanimate activations reflect biases in the non-preferred responses of strongly category-selective regions such as the fusiform face area or the parahippocampal place area...
- A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATIONALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition to suggesting a process account for self-concept formation, it is predicted that the way in which one forms a self-concept (memory- based versus on-line) will have ..
- Neural and computational mechanisms of selective attention in decision makingYael Niv; Fiscal Year: 2013..the dynamics of "attention learning"-how we learn what to attend to-within the context of categorization and concept formation. However, little is known about the neural basis of attention learning, and how attention interacts with ..
- Processes in cognitive development as targets for eating behavior interventionsJulie C Lumeng; Fiscal Year: 2010..The aims are therefore: (1) To determine if promoting children's concept formation on specific dimensions will lead to greater acceptance and consumption of target foods;(2) To determine if ..
- Language/theory/food conception and eating behaviorJULIE LUMENG; Fiscal Year: 2006..has not yet been merged with the rapidly developing knowledge base in children's language development, concept formation, and theory of mind...
- EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FOR LANGUAGE DISORDERDonna Thal; Fiscal Year: 1992..to be studied are language comprehension and production, use of symbolic gestures, spatial cognition and concept formation and categorization...
- Similarity and Generalization in Category LearningMatthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2006..In the long run it is expected that this process of second-order learning will be seen to underlie concept formation, categorical perception, and perceptual grounding of symbolic processing, thus providing a crucial link ..
- RATIONAL ANALYSIS OF LEARNING AND COGNITIONJohn Anderson; Fiscal Year: 1993..this thesis successfully for relatively simple areas of human cognition such as basic memory and simple concept formation. The purpose of this award is to allow sufficient time to acquire the training required to effectively ..
- MEMORY-BASED CONCEPT FORMATIONWILLIAM WATTENMAKER; Fiscal Year: 1991..While research on concept formation has exclusively examined the types of abstractions that are formed during encoding, abstractions are also ..
- AUTISM--A MODEL OF ANOMALOUS NEURAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENTPauline Filipek; Fiscal Year: 2001..in particular autistic disorder (AD), which is characterized by deficits in socialization, attention, concept formation, verbal and non-verbal communication, and ritualistic, perseverative behaviors...
- Spatial Semantics & Cognition from Infancy to AdulthoodSoonja Choi; Fiscal Year: 2004..into the mechanisms that enable children to acquire language-specific word-meaning systems at a very young age, and the kinds of interactions that take place between language and concept formation in infants, children and adults.
- PROBLEM SOLVING IN YOUNG AND ELDERLY ADULTSCHERIN ELIAS; Fiscal Year: 1980..The methodologies employed are adaptations of classical concept-formation tasks that allow independent assessment of information acquisition, information utilization, and memory. ..
- Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Novelty PreferencesKelly Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2002..have been used for almost 50 years to study detection and discrimination of stimuli, categorization, memory, concept formation, and individual differences in infant cognition...
- Perceptual Basis of Concept FormationDaniel Casasanto; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- FUNCTIONAL MRI OF HUMAN DRUG ABUSERobert Risinger; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is further hypothesized that acute cocaine will impair inhibitory control, concept formation and attention switching with corresponding alterations in specific frontal lobe activation...
- Effects of a Systematic Categorization Program in TBIFofi Constantinidou; Fiscal Year: 2004..The CP is designed to reduce categorization impairment and improve mental flexibility and concept formation, often impaired following moderate-severe traumatic brain injury...
- NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING FOR CHILDREN AND ADULTS WITHPAM WOLTERS; Fiscal Year: 2001..Intelligence, language, visual spatial, perceptual, and constructive abilities, attention and concentration, concept formation and judgment, motor strength and speed, executive function, adaptive behavior, learning and memory...
- CONCEPTS AND THEORIES IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENTSUSAN GELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Perceptual and Decisional Processes in CategorizationW Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006..Project 4 extends the studies in Project I - 3 to an explicit decision criterion task where observers adjust an observable decision criterion on each trial. These data are useful for testing learning models. ..
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY CHOICE PROCEDURESRobert Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Cross-modal processing and lexical developmentVladimir M Sloutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge may also have broader impact on the clinical community by elucidating factors underlying Specific Language Impairments (SLI). ..
- Assessing the Impact of Function on Early CategorizationAmy Booth; Fiscal Year: 2006..Not only will they highlight the value of better understanding this phenomenon, but they will establish the viability of new stimuli and methods for pursuing that understanding. ..
- Predator Detection in InfancyDAVID RAKISON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results will shed light on the role of innate and learned mechanisms in human behavior and will have relevance to cognition, development, evolutionary psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
- Memory Processing in Primates and AviansAnthony A Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
- Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by PigeonsAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled ChildrenDAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., working memory) that underlie MD children's developmental delays and deficits in these competencies. ..
- MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTSAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
- LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICSDAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Neural Architecture of Event ComprehensionJEFFREY ZACKS; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category LearningF Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., teaching radiologists to find tumors in x-rays). ..
- Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective OrderDavid Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EARLY NUMBERS DEVELOPMENT: A DOMAIN GENERAL APPROACHKelly Mix; Fiscal Year: 2002..develop like other concepts, it would provide important insight into the mechanisms that underlie number concept formation and suggest new avenues for research that have been overlooked in the domain specific framework...
- Development and Formation of Reality-Status JudgmentsJacqueline D Woolley; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings of the proposed studies will potentially have important implications for preschool and elementary education, parenting, and clinical practice with young children. ..
- IMPAIRED AND PRESERVED MEMORY PROCESSES IN AMNESIAMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- BRAIN-INJURY MEMORY DISORDERS RESEARCH CENTERMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2003..The interactions between the investigators from the five investigative components supported by the core programs constitute the fabric of our Center. ..
- Infant spatial categorizationMarianella Casasola; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the findings will document whether the development of infant spatial categorization varies in infants and toddlers raised in different cultures and with languages other than English. ..
- Emotion and MemoryChad Marsolek; Fiscal Year: 2004..It also should help to provide new ways to conceptualize debilitating memories in post-traumatic stress disorder (and some phobias) and to suggest new treatments for such afflictions. ..
- Do Labels Help Infants Form Non-Obvious Categories?VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2002..By considering the role of labeling in the formation of categories, this research will make important contributions to the fields of cognitive and language development. ..
- Influencing Children's Beliefs Through LanguageVIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2008..It also has important public health implications in terms of how parents, caregivers, and educators can craft their messages to children to effect changes in behaviors and beliefs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LINKING EARLY LINGUISTIC AND CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENTSandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results should have implications for theories of acquisition and may serve as a springboard for research on bilingualism and specific language impairments in young children. ..
- PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTSEdward A Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our results should also advance our understanding of how the visual system develops and how to promote its regeneration after disease or injury. ..
- DEVELOPMENTAL FOUNDATIONS OF RATIO KNOWLEDGECatherine Sophian; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Reading Skill: Modeling Individual and Text InteractionsDEBRA LYNN LONG; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project can contribute to the development of guidelines for text revision that will improve comprehension in heterogeneous groups of readers. ..
- PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTSEDWARD WASSERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results could also promote the behavioral analysis of discrimination and generalization processes in learning-disabled or language-deficient humans. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- THE CHILD'S THEORY OF MINDHENRY WELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Biological Thought: A Cross-Cultural ViewSandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSECHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
- NEURAL ORGANIZATION OF COGNITIONThad Polk; Fiscal Year: 2003..By studying these three domains in parallel we hope to develop converging evidence that will allow us to draw more general conclusions relevant to the issue of experience-dependent neural segregation. ..
- Effects of Goal Activation on Competing GoalsARTHUR MARKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..This work will also examine the relationship between consciously experienced cravings and conflicts between approach and avoidance goals. ..
- Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple LevelsLisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
- AGE DIFFERENCES ON TEST OF FRONTAL LOBE FUNCTIONMarilyn Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2003..The more immediate goal, however, is to advance our knowledge of the cognitive basis of normal aging. ..
- Egocentric reference frames in memoryDavid Waller; Fiscal Year: 2005..Findings may also lead to ways of improving spatial abilities in the general population. ..
- Language Influence on Object-Substance ConstrualPeggy Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..We hope that understanding the nature of the linguistic influence could also contribute to the recent debate on whether the acquisition of grammatical categories serves as the source of conceptual reorganization. ..
- SMOKING ADDICTION AND HIGHER LEVEL COGNITIVE PROCESSESROLF ZWAAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..It might furthermore lead to the development of a cognitive tool for assessing smoking addiction. ..
- Inference Processes in Adults with Right Brain DamageMargaret Blake; Fiscal Year: 2006..For both studies, the research design will be a mixed design, with group (RHD and non-brain-damaged) as the between-subjects variable and story condition as the within-subjects variable. ..
- Visual Knowledge of ObjectsSHARON THOMPSON SCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Sequence Induction in Infancy: A systematic approachScott Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..In the future, such understanding may aid in the formulation of diagnostics and treatments for some developmental disorders. ..
- Methods for Selecting Among Mathematical Models of CognitionJAY MYUNG; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed work will contribute to this understanding. The fruits of this research will extend into other areas of psychology and the broader behavioral sciences and health sciences. ..
- Early Grammar Productivity: Three Languages, ComprehensionLetitia Naigles; Fiscal Year: 2008..This research thus could provide information about language- and task-specific milestones for assessing children with language disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONSGAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
- The Neural Basis of Object Processing in InfancyTeresa Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Responses and Equivalence ClassesPeter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..