Summary: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Science 284:970-4. 1999
  2. doi Insomnia, worry, anxiety and depression as predictors of the occurrence and persistence of paranoid thinking
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1195-203. 2012
  3. doi A wandering mind is an unhappy mind
    Matthew A Killingsworth
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 330:932. 2010
  4. doi Developing interpretation bias modification as a "cognitive vaccine" for depressed mood: imagining positive events makes you feel better than thinking about them verbally
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:76-88. 2009
  5. ncbi The restless mind
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Psychology Department, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychol Bull 132:946-58. 2006
  6. ncbi A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder
    A Ehlers
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK
    Behav Res Ther 38:319-45. 2000
  7. pmc Interrupting the "stream of consciousness": an fMRI investigation
    Kristen A McKiernan
    Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Neuroimage 29:1185-91. 2006
  8. pmc Rethinking health systems strengthening: key systems thinking tools and strategies for transformational change
    R Chad Swanson
    Brigham Young University, 1668 North 1590 West, Provo, UT 84604, USA
    Health Policy Plan 27:iv54-61. 2012
  9. doi Considering the role of semantic memory in episodic future thinking: evidence from semantic dementia
    Muireann Irish
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Brain 135:2178-91. 2012
  10. ncbi Independent component model of the default-mode brain function: Assessing the impact of active thinking
    Fabrizio Esposito
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, II Policlinico Nuovo Policlinico Padiglione 17, Via S Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 70:263-9. 2006

Detail Information

Publications407 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Science 284:970-4. 1999
    ..Mathematical intuition may emerge from the interplay of these brain systems...
  2. doi Insomnia, worry, anxiety and depression as predictors of the occurrence and persistence of paranoid thinking
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1195-203. 2012
    Our theoretical model proposes that insomnia, worry, and negative affect are important determinants of paranoid thinking. Anxiety produces anticipation of threat, depression increases the sense of vulnerability, worry leads to implausible ..
  3. doi A wandering mind is an unhappy mind
    Matthew A Killingsworth
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 330:932. 2010
    ..a smartphone technology to sample people's ongoing thoughts, feelings, and actions and found (i) that people are thinking about what is not happening almost as often as they are thinking about what is and (ii) found that doing so ..
  4. doi Developing interpretation bias modification as a "cognitive vaccine" for depressed mood: imagining positive events makes you feel better than thinking about them verbally
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:76-88. 2009
    ..were instructed to imagine positively resolved auditory descriptions or to listen to the same events while thinking about their verbal meaning...
  5. ncbi The restless mind
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Psychology Department, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychol Bull 132:946-58. 2006
    ..However, mind wandering, like other goal-related processes, can be engaged without explicit awareness; thus, mind wandering can be seen as a goal-driven process, albeit one that is not directed toward the primary task...
  6. ncbi A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder
    A Ehlers
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK
    Behav Res Ther 38:319-45. 2000
    ..Recent studies have provided preliminary support for several aspects of the model...
  7. pmc Interrupting the "stream of consciousness": an fMRI investigation
    Kristen A McKiernan
    Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Neuroimage 29:1185-91. 2006
    ..79, P < 0.05 corrected). As these regions have been implicated in semantic processing and self-referential thought, the findings support the suspension of internal cognitive processing as one mechanism for TID...
  8. pmc Rethinking health systems strengthening: key systems thinking tools and strategies for transformational change
    R Chad Swanson
    Brigham Young University, 1668 North 1590 West, Provo, UT 84604, USA
    Health Policy Plan 27:iv54-61. 2012
    ..We propose key 'systems thinking' tools and strategies that have the potential for transformational change in health systems...
  9. doi Considering the role of semantic memory in episodic future thinking: evidence from semantic dementia
    Muireann Irish
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Brain 135:2178-91. 2012
    ..the ability of these patients to imagine and describe possible future events, and whether episodic future thinking is mediated by divergent neural substrates contingent on dementia subtype...
  10. ncbi Independent component model of the default-mode brain function: Assessing the impact of active thinking
    Fabrizio Esposito
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, II Policlinico Nuovo Policlinico Padiglione 17, Via S Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 70:263-9. 2006
  11. ncbi Thinking about intentions
    H E M den Ouden
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
    Neuroimage 28:787-96. 2005
    In this fMRI study, we investigated the convergence of underlying neural networks in thinking about a scenario involving one's own intentional action and its consequences and setting up and holding in mind an intention to act...
  12. ncbi Beyond unfavorable thinking: the illness cognition questionnaire for chronic diseases
    A W Evers
    Department of Medical Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:1026-36. 2001
  13. pmc Current paranoid thinking in patients with delusions: the presence of cognitive-affective biases
    Daniel Freeman
    To whom correspondence should be addressed Oxford Cognitive Approaches to Psychosis, University Department of Psychiatry, Oxford University, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK, OX3 7JX tel 44 0 1865 226490, fax 44 0 1865 793101, E mail
    Schizophr Bull 39:1281-7. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to examine such affective processes in relation to state paranoia in patients with delusions...
  14. ncbi What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:98-106. 2005
    ..Over the last 30 years there has been considerable debate within the health sciences education literature regarding the model that best describes how expert clinicians generate diagnostic decisions...
  15. ncbi Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: effects of self-focus and analytic thinking
    E Watkins
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Abnorm Psychol 110:353-7. 2001
    ..The authors investigated whether this effect depends on reductions in analytic thinking or reductions in self-focus. Focus of attention (high vs. low self-focus) and thinking style (high vs...
  16. pmc Multiple-choice exams: an obstacle for higher-level thinking in introductory science classes
    Kathrin F Stanger-Hall
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 11:294-306. 2012
    Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills...
  17. doi Nurse educators' critical thinking dispositions and research utilization
    Joanne Profetto-McGrath
    University of Alberta, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G3, Canada
    Nurse Educ Pract 9:199-208. 2009
    ..Currently, no published studies could be located that specifically examined critical thinking dispositions and research utilization of nurse educators...
  18. ncbi Distinct brain systems for processing concrete and abstract concepts
    J R Binder
    Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:905-17. 2005
  19. ncbi Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
    J D Teasdale
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:615-23. 2000
    ..designed to train recovered recurrently depressed patients to disengage from dysphoria-activated depressogenic thinking that may mediate relapse/recurrence...
  20. doi Absorbed in thought: the effect of mind wandering on the processing of relevant and irrelevant events
    Evelyn Barron
    Division of Psychology, Northumbria University, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychol Sci 22:596-601. 2011
    ..Instead, the data are consistent with the decoupling hypothesis: that TUT dampens the processing of sensory information irrespective of that information's task relevance...
  21. ncbi A study of critical thinking and research utilization among nurses
    Joanne Profetto-McGrath
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Canada
    West J Nurs Res 25:322-37. 2003
    Previous studies have suggested that critical thinking influences research utilization; however, empirical support for the link between critical thinking dispositions and research utilization is nonexistent...
  22. ncbi Impoverished counterfactual thinking is associated with schizophrenia
    C Hooker
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Psychiatry 63:326-35. 2000
    ..Recent research has shown counterfactual thinking to be a pervasive cognitive process in normal populations and has linked it to effective problem-solving and ..
  23. ncbi Suspicious minds: the psychology of persecutory delusions
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:425-57. 2007
    ..In this article the empirical literature on psychological processes associated with persecutory thinking in clinical and non-clinical populations is comprehensively reviewed...
  24. ncbi The organization of thinking: what functional brain imaging reveals about the neuroarchitecture of complex cognition
    Marcel Adam Just
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:153-91. 2007
    ..Finally, we compare 4CAPS with other proposed neuroarchitectures...
  25. pmc The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:225-32. 2011
    Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) has been found to be involved in the maintenance of several types of emotional problems and has therefore been suggested to be a transdiagnostic process...
  26. pmc Thinking about walking: effects of conscious correction versus distraction on locomotor adaptation
    Laura A Malone
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    J Neurophysiol 103:1954-62. 2010
    ..It may be that spatial and temporal controls of locomotion are accessible through distinct neural circuits, with the former being most sensitive to conscious effort or distraction...
  27. pmc "Thinking about not-thinking": neural correlates of conceptual processing during Zen meditation
    Giuseppe Pagnoni
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, Untied States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e3083. 2008
  28. ncbi Catastrophic thinking about pain is independently associated with pain severity, disability, and somatic complaints in school children and children with chronic pain
    Tine Vervoort
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    J Pediatr Psychol 31:674-83. 2006
    ..To investigate the value of pain catastrophizing in explaining pain, disability, and somatic complaints, beyond negative affectivity (NA)...
  29. ncbi Task unrelated thought: the role of distributed processing
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Strathclyde, 40 George Street, Glasgow G1 1QE, UK
    Conscious Cogn 12:169-89. 2003
  30. ncbi Psychological investigation of the structure of paranoia in a non-clinical population
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, PO Box 77, Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:427-35. 2005
    ..Previous studies of paranoia have assessed only limited numbers of paranoid thoughts, and have not considered the experience from a multidimensional perspective or examined the relationship between different suspicious thoughts...
  31. ncbi People thinking about thinking people. The role of the temporo-parietal junction in "theory of mind"
    R Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, NE20 464, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neuroimage 19:1835-42. 2003
    ..Thus, the role of the TPJ-M in understanding other people appears to be specific to reasoning about the content of mental states...
  32. doi Episodic memory and episodic future thinking in adults with autism
    Sophie E Lind
    Autism Research Group, Department of Psychology, City University London, London, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:896-905. 2010
    ..episodic memory) is thought to be related to the ability to imagine possible future experiences (episodic future thinking)...
  33. pmc Just the facts? Introductory undergraduate biology courses focus on low-level cognitive skills
    Jennifer L Momsen
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 48824, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 9:435-40. 2010
    ..These results support the claim that introductory biology courses emphasize facts more than higher-order thinking.
  34. doi Thinking activates EMG in scalp electrical recordings
    Emma M Whitham
    Schools of Medicine, Informatics and Engineering, and Psychology, Department of Neurology, Flinders University and Medical Centre and Centre for Neuroscience, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:1166-75. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that increased EMG activity would be augmented by mental tasks in proportion to task difficulty and the requirement of these tasks for motor or visuo-motor output...
  35. ncbi Comment on "Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought"
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Science 317:43; author reply 43. 2007
    ..g., watchfulness). Consideration of both possibilities is required to resolve this ambiguity...
  36. ncbi When somatic information threatens, catastrophic thinking enhances attentional interference
    G Crombez
    Department of Psychology, Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, Belgium
    Pain 75:187-98. 1998
    Styles of catastrophic thinking about pain have been related to an inability to divert attention away from pain...
  37. doi Thinking as the control of imagination: a conceptual framework for goal-directed systems
    Giovanni Pezzulo
    Istituto di Linguistica Computazionale Antonio Zampolli, CNR, Via Giuseppe Moruzzi, 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy
    Psychol Res 73:559-77. 2009
    ..of anticipatory mechanisms used for action control gives rise to (embodied) mental simulations, and propose that thinking consists essentially in controlling mental simulations rather than directly controlling behavior and perceptions...
  38. pmc Pupillometric evidence for the decoupling of attention from perceptual input during offline thought
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Department of Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e18298. 2011
    ..Together, these data are consistent with the decoupling hypothesis, which suggests that the capacity for spontaneous cognitive activity depends upon minimizing disruptions from the external world...
  39. pmc Executive control deficits as a prodrome to falls in healthy older adults: a prospective study linking thinking, walking, and falling
    Talia Herman
    Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 65:1086-92. 2010
    ..Indeed, the effects of dual tasking (DT) on gait, a challenge to executive control, are more exaggerated in persons with a history of falls. Prospective evidence is, however, lacking...
  40. ncbi Thought suppression
    R M Wenzlaff
    Division of Behavioral and Cultural Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio 78249 0652, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 51:59-91. 2000
    ..The chapter considers the relevant methodological and theoretical issues and suggests directions for future research...
  41. pmc Does mind wandering reflect executive function or executive failure? Comment on Smallwood and Schooler (2006) and Watkins (2008)
    Jennifer C McVay
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, nsboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:188-97; discussion 198-207. 2010
    ..We present empirical support for this view from experimental, neuroimaging, and individual-differences research...
  42. doi A review of EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies of creativity and insight
    Arne Dietrich
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
    Psychol Bull 136:822-48. 2010
    Creativity is a cornerstone of what makes us human, yet the neural mechanisms underlying creative thinking are poorly understood...
  43. ncbi Counterfactual thinking
    N J Roese
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Psychol Bull 121:133-48. 1997
    ..These apparently contradictory effects are integrated in a functionalist model of counterfactual thinking. The author reviews research in support of the assertions that (a) counterfactual thinking is activated ..
  44. ncbi Depersonalization disorder: thinking without feeling
    M L Phillips
    Depersonalization Research Unit and Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, 103 Denmark Hill, SE5 8AF, London, UK
    Psychiatry Res 108:145-60. 2001
  45. pmc Counterfactual thinking: an fMRI study on changing the past for a better future
    Nicole Van Hoeck
    Department of Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussel, Belgium
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:556-64. 2013
    ..g. episodic future thought, theory of mind, default mode). If this is true, counterfactual thinking (e.g. 'If I had left the office earlier, I wouldn't have missed my train.') should also activate this network...
  46. pmc Sentence comprehension in autism: thinking in pictures with decreased functional connectivity
    Rajesh K Kana
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Brain 129:2484-93. 2006
  47. ncbi Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Tanja Michael
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Depress Anxiety 24:307-17. 2007
    ..N = 81) and a 6-month prospective longitudinal study (N = 73), examined several facets of ruminative thinking to establish which aspects of rumination provide the link to PTSD...
  48. pmc EEG alpha synchronization is related to top-down processing in convergent and divergent thinking
    Mathias Benedek
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
    Neuropsychologia 49:3505-11. 2011
    ..but according to more recent evidence it has also been associated with active internal processing and creative thinking. The main objective of this study was to investigate to what extent EEG alpha synchronization is related to ..
  49. ncbi Cognitive impairments associated with formal thought disorder in people with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61820, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:211-24. 2002
    ..Their review indicates that previous research has not yet supported an association between FTD and either an increase in spreading activation or an impairment within the language production system...
  50. doi Using research to teach an "introduction to biological thinking"
    Ellis Bell
    Department of Chemistry, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173, USA
    Biochem Mol Biol Educ 39:10-6. 2011
  51. ncbi Educational strategies to promote clinical diagnostic reasoning
    Judith L Bowen
    Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:2217-25. 2006
  52. pmc Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought
    Malia F Mason
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Science 315:393-5. 2007
    ..In addition, individuals' reports of the tendency of their minds to wander were correlated with activity in this network...
  53. ncbi For whom the mind wanders, and when: an experience-sampling study of working memory and executive control in daily life
    Michael J Kane
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:614-21. 2007
    ..The results were therefore consistent with theories of WMC emphasizing the role of executive attention and control processes in determining individual differences and their cognitive consequences...
  54. ncbi Children's thinking about counterfactuals and future hypotheticals as possibilities
    Sarah R Beck
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Child Dev 77:413-26. 2006
    ..Experiment 2: 3-4-year-olds and 5-6-year-olds). An open counterfactual question, "Could he have gone anywhere else?," which required thinking about the counterfactual as an alternative possibility, was also relatively difficult.
  55. pmc Fostering critical thinking, reasoning, and argumentation skills through bioethics education
    Jeanne Ting Chowning
    Northwest Association for Biomedical Research, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e36791. 2012
    ..Our work centers on instructional strategies for fostering critical thinking skills in high school students using bioethical case studies, decision-making frameworks, and structured analysis ..
  56. pmc Thinking ahead: the role and roots of prediction in language comprehension
    Kara D Federmeier
    Department of Psychology, Program in Neuroscience, and the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA
    Psychophysiology 44:491-505. 2007
    ..Such asymmetries may arise, in turn, because language comprehension mechanisms are integrated with language production mechanisms only in the left hemisphere (the PARLO framework)...
  57. ncbi Contribution of divergent thinking to community functioning in schizophrenia
    Takahiro Nemoto
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 31:517-24. 2007
    ..In our previous study we demonstrated that the ability to generate higher-quality responses on tasks of divergent thinking as measured by several fluency tests was impaired in patients with schizophrenia...
  58. pmc Conscious thought beats deliberation without attention in diagnostic decision-making: at least when you are an expert
    Silvia Mamede
    Department of Psychology T13 33, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Res 74:586-92. 2010
    ..processes of experts and novices, we hypothesized that experts make in fact better decisions after consciously thinking about complex problems whereas novices may benefit from deliberation-without-attention...
  59. ncbi Thinking on luxury or pragmatic brand products: Brain responses to different categories of culturally based brands
    Michael Schaefer
    Department of Neurology II, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
    Brain Res 1165:98-104. 2007
    ..We discuss the results as differential engagement of the prefrontal cortex depending on the attributed characteristic of a brand...
  60. pmc Insulation for daydreams: a role for tonic norepinephrine in the facilitation of internally guided thought
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Department of Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e33706. 2012
  61. doi Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief
    Will M Gervais
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Science 336:493-6. 2012
    ..Although these findings do not speak directly to conversations about the inherent rationality, value, or truth of religious beliefs, they illuminate one cognitive factor that may influence such discussions...
  62. doi A systematic review of selected evidence on developing nursing students' critical thinking through problem-based learning
    Haobin Yuan
    School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China
    Nurse Educ Today 28:657-63. 2008
    ..developments and expanding roles in healthcare environment requires professional nurses to develop critical thinking. Nursing education strives to facilitate students' critical thinking through the appropriate instructional ..
  63. pmc What was I thinking? Eye-tracking experiments underscore the bias that architecture exerts on nuclear grading in prostate cancer
    Dario Bombari
    Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e38023. 2012
    ..In conclusion, selection of « matching nuclei » represents an unconscious effort to vindicate the gravitation of nuclear grades towards the tumor architecture...
  64. ncbi Mental habits: metacognitive reflection on negative self-thinking
    Bas Verplanken
    Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Norway
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:526-41. 2007
    In 8 studies, the authors investigated negative self-thinking as a mental habit. Mental content (negative self-thoughts) was distinguished from mental process (negative self-thinking habit)...
  65. ncbi Scientific thinking in young children: theoretical advances, empirical research, and policy implications
    Alison Gopnik
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 337:1623-7. 2012
    New theoretical ideas and empirical research show that very young children's learning and thinking are strikingly similar to much learning and thinking in science...
  66. doi Olanzapine in the treatment of low body weight and obsessive thinking in women with anorexia nervosa: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Hany Bissada
    The Ottawa Hospital, 501 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H8L6
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1281-8. 2008
    ..The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of olanzapine in promoting weight gain and in reducing obsessive symptoms among adult women with anorexia nervosa...
  67. ncbi Adaptive and maladaptive components of rumination? Diagnostic specificity and relation to depressive biases
    Jutta Joormann
    Stanford University, USA
    Behav Ther 37:269-80. 2006
    ..In sum, our results support the formulation that rumination is composed of an adaptive reflective pondering factor and a maladaptive brooding factor...
  68. ncbi Clinical reasoning: the relative contribution of identification, interpretation and hypothesis errors to misdiagnosis
    Michele Groves
    Faculty of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Australia
    Med Teach 25:621-5. 2003
  69. pmc Delay discounting and future-directed thinking in anhedonic individuals
    Karolina M Lempert
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1220 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:258-64. 2010
    ..previously linked to delay discounting (working memory capacity and impulsivity) and pessimistic future-directed thinking. The current findings provide preliminary evidence indicating that anhedonic individuals make less myopic ..
  70. doi Depressive symptoms and cognitive control in a mixed antisaccade task: specific effects of depressive rumination
    Evi De Lissnyder
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:886-97. 2011
    ..No group differences were observed on antisaccade error rates. Implications for understanding the underlying vulnerability factors for the development of depressive symptoms are discussed...
  71. ncbi Divergent thinking: strategies and executive involvement in generating novel uses for familiar objects
    K J Gilhooly
    School of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts, UK
    Br J Psychol 98:611-25. 2007
    Although the Alternative Uses divergent thinking task has been widely used in psychometric and experimental studies of creativity, the cognitive processes underlying this task have not been examined in detail before the two studies are ..
  72. pmc Common origins of diverse misconceptions: cognitive principles and the development of biology thinking
    John D Coley
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 11:209-15. 2012
  73. ncbi Design thinking
    Tim Brown
    IDEO, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Harv Bus Rev 86:84-92, 141. 2008
    ..Brown, the CEO and president of the innovation and design firm IDEO, is a leading proponent of design thinking--a method of meeting people's needs and desires in a technologically feasible and strategically viable way...
  74. doi Thinking of mental and other representations: the roles of left and right temporo-parietal junction
    Josef Perner
    Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    Soc Neurosci 1:245-58. 2006
    ..These results are discussed in relation to findings in normal development where false belief and false sign tasks associate more strongly with each other than does each of them with the "false" photo task...
  75. ncbi The relationship of educational preparation, autonomy, and critical thinking to nursing job satisfaction
    Joyce Zurmehly
    Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Contin Educ Nurs 39:453-60. 2008
    This descriptive correlational study explored factors influencing job satisfaction in nursing. Relationships between educational preparation, autonomy, and critical thinking and job satisfaction were examined.
  76. doi Counterfactual thinking and false belief: the role of executive function
    Stefane Drayton
    Department of Psychology, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 108:532-48. 2011
    The purpose of the current study was to examine further the relationship between counterfactual thinking and false belief (FB) as examined by Guajardo and Turley-Ames (Cognitive Development, 19 (2004) 53-80)...
  77. ncbi Creative thinking in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    Anna Abraham
    International Graduate School for Neuroscience IGSN, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Child Neuropsychol 12:111-23. 2006
    ..These findings are interpreted with reference to inhibitory control mechanisms and the contextual modulation of creative cognition...
  78. ncbi On making the right choice: the deliberation-without-attention effect
    Ap Dijksterhuis
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Science 311:1005-7. 2006
  79. ncbi Preceptorship and critical thinking in nursing education
    Florence Myrick
    Graduate Programs, Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Nurs Educ 41:154-64. 2002 the practice setting, little is known about how preceptors teach and even less is known about how critical thinking is being fostered in that relationship...
  80. doi Habitual negative body image thinking as psychological risk factor in adolescents
    Bas Verplanken
    Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
    Body Image 5:133-40. 2008
    Negative body image thinking can be broken down into cognitive content (body dissatisfaction thoughts) and the way such thoughts occur. The present study focused on negative body image thinking as mental habit, i.e...
  81. doi Lateral thinking, from the Hopfield model to cortical dynamics
    Athena Akrami
    SISSA, Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy
    Brain Res 1434:4-16. 2012
    ..This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neural Coding...
  82. doi When the future becomes the past: Differences in brain activation patterns for episodic memory and episodic future thinking
    Julia A Weiler
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neuropsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, GAFO 05 606, Universitatsstr 150, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 212:196-203. 2010
    Episodic memory and episodic future thinking activate a network of overlapping brain regions, but little is known about the mechanism with which the brain separates the two processes...
  83. ncbi Age and flexible thinking: an experimental demonstration of the beneficial effects of increased cognitively stimulating activity on fluid intelligence in healthy older adults
    Lesley J Tranter
    Department of Psychology, University of Reading, Reading, UK
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 15:184-207. 2008
    ..56), with a similar gain on a spatial-perceptual task (WAIS-R Blocks). Even brief periods of increased cognitive stimulation can improve older adults' problem solving and flexible thinking.
  84. ncbi The motivating function of thinking about the future: expectations versus fantasies
    Gabriele Oettingen
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:1198-212. 2002
    Two forms of thinking about the future are distinguished: expectations versus fantasies...
  85. doi When is your head at? An exploration of the factors associated with the temporal focus of the wandering mind
    Jonathan Smallwood
    Psychology Department, The University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
    Conscious Cogn 18:118-25. 2009
  86. ncbi Thinking about the cerebellum
    Mitchell Glickstein
    Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London
    Brain 129:288-90. 2006
  87. ncbi Thinking straight while seeing red: the influence of anger on information processing
    Wesley G Moons
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:706-20. 2007
    ..Together, these experiments showed that angry people can have both the capacity and motivation to process and that their selective use of heuristics reflects the cue's perceived validity and not the failure to process analytically...
  88. doi A pilot study of research utilization practices and critical thinking dispositions of Alberta dental hygienists
    S J Cobban
    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Int J Dent Hyg 6:229-37. 2008
    ..There has been little work on this topic in dental hygiene, but much in other disciplines that can provide exemplars of how others have approached the study of this phenomenon...
  89. ncbi Does service-learning increase cultural competency, critical thinking, and civic engagement?
    Kathleen M Nokes
    Hunter College, City University of New York, Hunter Bellevue School of Nursing, 425 East 25 Street, Box 874, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Nurs Educ 44:65-70. 2005
    ..intervention; and explore whether participation in the intervention made a difference in the critical thinking, cultural competence, and civic engagement of nursing student participants...
  90. doi On the relative independence of thinking biases and cognitive ability
    Keith E Stanovich
    Department of Human Development and Applied Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:672-95. 2008
    In 7 different studies, the authors observed that a large number of thinking biases are uncorrelated with cognitive ability...
  91. ncbi The integrate model of emotion, thinking and self regulation: an application to the "paradox of aging"
    Leanne M Williams
    Brain Dynamics Centre, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead Hospital and University of Sydney, Australia
    J Integr Neurosci 7:367-404. 2008
    ..undertaken using the INTEGRATE Model of brain organization, which is based on a temporal continuum of emotion, thinking and self regulation...
  92. ncbi Probability as certainty: dichotomous thinking and the misuse of p values
    Rink Hoekstra
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Kruistraat 2 1, Groningen 9712 TS, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:1033-7. 2006
    ..Interpretation errors when using significance testing were still made frequently, and the new prescriptions were not yet followed on a large scale. Changing the practice of reporting statistics seems doomed to be a slow process...
  93. ncbi Brain electric microstates and momentary conscious mind states as building blocks of spontaneous thinking: I. Visual imagery and abstract thoughts
    D Lehmann
    The KEY Institute for Brain Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Psychophysiol 29:1-11. 1998
    ..e. different classes (types) of thoughts (mentations); thus, the microstates might be candidates for the 'atoms of thought'...
  94. ncbi Thinking within the spectrum: schizophrenic thought disorder in six Danish pedigrees
    Mette S Vaever
    Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Njalsgade 88, Copenhagen 2300, Denmark
    Schizophr Res 72:137-49. 2005
    ..There was a generally high level of FTD in the pedigrees, in part due to assortative mating in this sample. However, there was no apparent pattern of linear aggregation of FTD within the families...
  95. ncbi Critical thinking in nursing: an integrated review
    Barbara A Brunt
    Summa Health System, Akron, Ohio 44304, USA
    J Contin Educ Nurs 36:60-7. 2005
    Critical thinking skills are essential to function in today's complex health care environment and to ensure continuing competence for the future...
  96. ncbi Electrophysiological evidence of corollary discharge dysfunction in schizophrenia during talking and thinking
    Judith M Ford
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Stanford University School of Medicine, and Psychiatry Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Palo Alto, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 38:37-46. 2004
  97. pmc Examining a cognitive model of persecutory ideation in the daily life of people with schizophrenia: a computerized experience sampling study
    Dror Ben-Zeev
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
    Schizophr Bull 37:1248-56. 2011
  98. ncbi The gateway hypothesis of rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) function
    Paul W Burgess
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology Department, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:290-8. 2007
    ..e. the 'thoughts in our head'). In this way, investigations into the functions of rostral PFC will reveal key new insights into how human and non-human mental abilities differ...
  99. ncbi Divergent thinking training is related to frontal electroencephalogram alpha synchronization
    Andreas Fink
    Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Eur J Neurosci 23:2241-6. 2006 a pre- and a post-test (with intermediate training) while participants (n = 30) were confronted with divergent thinking tasks...
  100. ncbi Performance-related activity in medial rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) during low-demand tasks
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University, College London, London, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:45-58. 2006
    ..Thus, at least under certain circumstances, medial rostral PFC appears to support attention toward the external environment, facilitating performance in situations that do not require extensive processing of experimental stimuli...
  101. ncbi Similarity and the development of rules
    D Gentner
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Cognition 65:263-97. 1998

Research Grants74

  1. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Junying Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No Abstract provided ..
  2. A Rodent Model to Study Links Among Diet, Visceral Adipose and Cardiomyopathy
    MELINDA ANN FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..writing and ethics into the first 2 years, concomitantly with extensive training in experimental design, critical thinking and methods. With this solid foundation, Dr...
  3. Leptin as a Regulator of T Cell Metabolism and Function
    NANCIE MACIVER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..seminars with other faculty across several departments will provide intellectual stimulation to promote critical thinking and scientific discussion...
  4. Respiration in Sepsis
    Claude A Piantadosi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding these fundamental regulatory mechanisms is needed to design forward-thinking therapeutic approaches to protect mitochondrial quality control during sepsis.
  5. 4th ASM Conference on Prokaryotic Cell Biology and Development
    Susan S Golden; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Developing the next generation of antibacterial drugs will require new thinking that takes advantage of knowledge derived from our growing understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of ..
  6. Personalized Clinical Diagnostics and Beyond: Integrated Ring Resonator Arrays
    Ryan Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology promises to broadly impact the landscape of the biomedical sciences, both meeting the clinical diagnostic challenges of today and pioneering the paradigm-shifting discoveries of tomorrow. ..
  7. Tyrosine Availability Influences Mesocortico-Limbic Catecholamines
    GEORGE EUGENE JASKIW; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schizophrenia is a complex disorder affecting behavior, perception and thinking. It is inadequately treated by existing medications...
    Sarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..DNA identification and provides examples of best practices, model policies, and analytical tools for thinking through dilemmas at all stages of the identification process...
  9. Efficacy of Yoga for Treatment-Resistant PTSD
    Bessel Van der Kolk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..NUMBER: PAR-06-090 encourages "research characterized by novel ideas that may differ substantially from current thinking in a field," providing solid data to support justification for a future clinical study...
  10. Connexins in Neuronal and Glial Gap Junctions in the Central Nervous System
    John E Rash; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will emphasize analysis of those regions that are primarily responsible for thinking and consciousness (cerebral cortex) and for learning and memory (hippocampus) and that represent the primary ..
  11. Moraxella catarrhalis: virulence-based prevention
    Timothy F Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pathogen * elucidating structure of a vaccine antigen on which we have novel observations that challenge current thinking about cell wall structure of solute binding proteins of ABC transporter * identifying and characterizing new ..
    Richard C Deth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results will provide an entirely new way of thinking about how drugs of abuse affect the brain and could lead to improved ways to treatment to treat drug addiction.
  13. Novel Catalases and their Products
    Alan R Brash; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results of this study will provide new insights and a new way of thinking about the enzymatic capabilities of a long-recognized protein family with established roles as a sentinel at the ..
  14. Molecular pathogenesis and genetic diversification of childhood falciparum malari
    STEVE MYER TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Clinical critical thinking skills will be maintained by a unique arrangement by contract with Duke, which testifies to the commitment to the ..
  15. Nuclear ryanodine receptor type 1: Role in skeletal muscle physiology and disease
    Viktor Yarotskyy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with an enriched and nurturing scientific environment that promotes trainee development into careful, critical-thinking problem-solvers and effective scientific communicators. Dr...
  16. Developing and Improving the UAB Gnotobiotic Facility.
    SAMUEL CORBIN CARTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013 intimately intertwined as a superorganism has broad implications;as one immunologist described this shift in thinking, "is not dissimilar philosophically from the recognition that the Earth is not the centr of the solar system...
  17. VCU Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health
    Jerome F Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..models, help scholars manage time for research and training, serve as an advocate, communicate positive and negative feedback, provide career guidance, create networking opportunities, and encourage independent and creative thinking.
  18. Regulation of Maternal Fuel Supply and Neonatal Adiposity
    LINDA ANNE BARBOUR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We believe that the findings in our R01 resubmission may challenge the current thinking behind the fuels responsible for fetal fat accretion and ultimately lead to safe and effective interventions in-..
  19. Cognitive Complaints and Decline and B-Amyloid Deposition in Non-Demented Elderly
    BETH ELLEN SNITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Subjective declines in memory and thinking abilities are commonly reported in older adults...
  20. Disruption of Extracellular Matrix-Glial Interactions in Schizophrenia
    Sabina Berretta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and perceptual processing, a disruption of such functions may play a key role in the pathophysiology of some of the main symptoms of schizophrenia, such as flat affect, social and cognitive impairment, delusional thinking and anxiety.
  21. Central Nervous System Mechanisms in Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA)
    Daniel J Clauw; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, in addition to this study providing a potential paradigm shift in our thinking regarding the "disease" of OA, this study also develops practical clinical tools for identifying the presence of ..
  22. Intra vs. extracortical command signals to restore six dimensional hand movements
    DAWN MARIE TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..desired limb movements directly from the brain would allow these people to move their arm and hand just by thinking about doing so while also allowing them to retain normal use of their face and mouth...
  23. Isolation of new phage enzymes to kill B. anthracis
    Vincent A Fischetti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This latest information changes our thinking about the versatility of these pathogens, allowing us to devise innovative strategies to control them both in the ..
  24. Role of Acid-Sensing Ion Channels in Pulmonary Vascular Smooth Muscle Store-Opera
    Nikki L Jernigan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Jernigan's training will be the refinement of her presentation, teaching, writing, and critical thinking skills...
  25. Genes Influencing Social Behaviors
    DONALD WELLS PFAFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using molecular tools and some new behavioral thinking;and (II.) Using estrogens (E) as biologically relevant probes...
  26. Mechanisms of Src activation and its role in latent bone metastasis of breast and
    Xiang H F Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..All of this experience has fostered my development into a cancer biologist with broad expertise and integrative thinking. My future career goal is to obtain a faculty position and establish an independent research program on ..
  27. Hypercapnia and neutrophil function in pulmonary host defense
    Khalilah L Gates; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Jacob Sznajder and Dr. Peter Sporn, she is confident that she will acquire the necessary skills and critical thinking to become and independent, productive physician-scientist...
  28. Coupling of Transcription with Pre-mRNA Metabolism
    DAVID LEONARD BENTLEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This model is an example of a new way of thinking about a set proteins that were once thought to operate independently of one another rather than as a integrated ..
  29. Non-genomic actions of estrogen in breast cancer
    Ellis R Levin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Traditional thinking is that nuclear ER? modulates the genes that are essential to breast cancer development...
  30. Modulation of Taste-Related Behavior by Molecular Mediators of Appetite &Satiety
    Cedrick D Dotson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Two paradigm-shifting discoveries in taste research in recent years have realigned our thinking as to how taste perception is linked to mechanisms of appetite and satiety...
  31. Estrogen Receptor-Coregulator Functional Interactions
    Carolyn Louise Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of SMRT for estrogen-stimulated, ER[unreadable]-dependent gene expression, and indicates that a change in our thinking about `corepressor'regulation of ER[unreadable] is required...
  32. Development of a radioligand for assay of angiotensin-converting enzyme-2(ACE-2)
    ROBERT CHARLES SPETH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The discovery that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) contains counter-regulatory components has revolutionized thinking about its functionality...
  33. Novel mycobacterial translocase I inhibitors - a new class of anti-TB drugs
    Venkata M Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Poor bioavailability combined with rapid efflux from macrophages meant thinking creatively about drug delivery...
  34. Mechanisms of Cancer Treatment Related Symptoms
    Lisa J Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..treatment related symptoms (CTRS) which includes malaise, decreased appetite, sleep disturbance, difficulty thinking, anemia, pain, depressed mood and changes in body composition...
  35. Exploring the interrelationships of mineral metabolism pathways in kidney disease
    Jason Stubbs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The discovery of this hormone has changed our thinking regarding the origins of mineral metabolism abnormalities in patients with chronic kidney disease...
  36. Development of Medial Temporal Lobe Function
    JOCELYNE H BACHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..development of a young individual, resulting in severe disabilities in the realms of perception, memory, language thinking, experience of emotions and social intelligence that span the entire life...
  37. Effects of expectation on gustatory cortical activity
    Alfredo Fontanini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the animal expects: humans - and their brains - led to expect a mild taste, for instance, can be "fooled" into thinking that a bitter taste is milder than it actually is...
  38. Environmentally Triggered Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Focus on Endocrine Disrup
    JOAN MARIE CRANMER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Each conference in the series is devoted to a timely, forward-thinking theme that has significant impact on environmental health and neurological disorders, and there exists enough ..
  39. Sound Source Segregation
    Mark A Bee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..seldom stated explicitly in hearing research, the logic of this biomimetic approach is based on evolutionary thinking: the aim is to understand how natural selection has already solved problems of sound source segregation in living ..
  40. Study of Women's Health Across the Nation V: Endocrinology/CLASS Laboratory
    Daniel S McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These findings provide endocrinological support for the evolution in thinking of the menopausal transition as an integrated shift from an estrogen dominant to an androgen dominant state with ..
  41. Soluble guanylyl cyclase modulation by endogenous elements and exogenous factors
    Emil Martin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The goal of the training is to develop the student's and fellow's technical and critical thinking and reinforce their interest in science Soluble guanylyl cyclase is a key enzyme in regulation of vascular smooth ..
  42. The Impact of Public Reporting on Outcomes and Case Selection for PCI
    KAREN ELLEN JOYNT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We believe that this work has the potential to shift current thinking and policy. The large majority of states have not adopted outcome reporting systems for PCI...
  43. A Novel Function of the Oocyte in Estrogen-Regulated FSH Action
    Shunichi Shimasaki; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The current thinking is that increased FSH action is involved in the mechanisms underlying decreased fecundity in women after 36 years ..
  44. Cardiovascular and Prostatic Safety of Testosterone Therapy in Aging Males
    Stephen K Van Den Eeden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided important information about the potential adverse effects of testosterone therapy in men, adding insight into the risk side of the risk-benefit evaluation to help guide current thinking about the appropriate use of thi therapy.
  45. Recruitment of skeletal muscle based non-shivering thermogenesis in health and di
    Muthu Periasamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research proposed in this application challenges current thinking that BAT alone is responsible for Nonshivering thermogenesis...
  46. Brain Development, Behavior and Cognition in Pre- and Postnatal Cocaine Exposure
    Tamara Duckworth Warner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Although subtle effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on behavior and thinking abilities have been demonstrated, the literature considerably lags behind our understanding of the effects of ..
  47. A Multimedia Depression Amelioration Program for Family Dementia Caregivers
    John R Seeley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mood monitoring, engaging in pleasant activities, managing the care receiver's behavior, increasing positive thinking, pleasant activities with the care receiver, planning for the future, and skill integration...
  48. Measurement of health and disability trends, compression of morbidity aging study
    Somnath Chatterji; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..encourage broader integrative thinking and produce deeper understanding of mechanisms and causal linkages"...
  49. Golgi Blockade in Pulmonary Hypertension
    Pravin B Sehgal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose an all together novel way of thinking about the cause of this fatal disease...
  50. Adverse Effects of Noise on Hearing: Basic Mechanisms
    Barbara A Bohne; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..discovered pathway dominates OHC death following moderate noise exposures, this information will revolutionize thinking about the mechanism(s) of noise damage...
  51. Multi-disciplinary Training in Benign Urology
    Hunter Wessells; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..require new research paradigms and innovative solutions that harness advances in technology, information and thinking. Thus, this competing renewal creates a multidisciplinary research training program for M.D. and Ph.D...
  52. COPE/Healthy Lifestyles for Teens: A School-Based RCT
    Bernadette M Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2012 to test the efficacy of the COPE (Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment)/Healthy Lifestyles TEEN (Thinking, Feeling, Emotions & Exercise) Program, an educational and cognitive-behavioral skills building intervention ..
  53. Nucleoprotein Structures at Telomeres and Sites of DNA Damage
    Jack D Griffith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Structural insights can shape new thinking and contribute paradigm-shifting impact. Telomeres are central to cancer and aging...
    Robert M Lavker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..During this time they will also be instructed in critical thinking, writing and presentation skills, the peer-review process and th responsible conduct of research...
  55. Cellular and Genetic Basis of Systemic Lupus
    Shu Man Fu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..On the basic level, the results may alter our thinking on the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders...
  56. Biochemical Characterization of Yersinia Effector YopJ
    Kim Orth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Clearly these effectors are important to study because all of them have had a profound impact on our way of thinking about eukaryotic signaling...
  57. Protein Misfolding Diseases and Oxido-Reductive Pathways
    Ivor J Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Macromolecular damage induced by oxidative stress is the sine qua non for thinking about many diseases...
  58. Common Pathogenetic Mechanisms of Lung Cancer and COPD
    Ping Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Until quite recently, conventional thinking about the genesis of solid tumors has been that the process begins in epithelial cells with somatic or germ line ..
  59. Protein Misfolding Diseases and Oxido-Reductive Pathways
    Ivor J Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Macromolecular damage induced by oxidative stress is the sine qua non for thinking about many diseases...
  60. Digital Star: HIV Prevention for Youth in Mental Health Treatment
    Josh S Spitalnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..STAR ("Safe Thinking and Affect Regulation") is an award winning and efficacious fourteen session group intervention that successfully ..
  61. Effect of Aging on Preadipocyte Differentiation
    James L Kirkland; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These studies represent an entirely new way of thinking about mechanisms causing the fat redistribution and metabolic dysfunction common in old age...
  62. Genetics Analysis of Neuronal Hypoxic Stress Resistance
    CHRISTOPHER G RONGO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The discovery that regulated trafficking of glutamate receptors can modify synaptic efficacy has changed the thinking about mechanisms by which receptors contribute to excitotoxicity after neuronal trauma...
  63. Sperm DNA damage in fertilization
    MONIKA WARD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The idea that spermatozoa may have nuclease-dependent mechanism for DNA degradation differs from current thinking on the function of mammalian male gametes...
  64. Psychoactive Medications: Associations with Delirium Persistance vs Resolution
    Edward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The second, Thinking and Recovery after Cardiac Surgery (TRACS), enrolled 247 subjects aged 60 and older undergoing cardiac surgery at ..
  65. Research for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis
    Gary Weil; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Improved therapies and diagnostic methods have led to new thinking about lymphatic filariasis (LF) and the realization that it should be possible to interrupt transmission and ..
    J OLSON GAREWAL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..They are re-thinking the components in light of their own communities' centuries-old beliefs about health and healing...
  67. Exploiting the Power of GIS to Enhance Spatial Thinking in STEM Areas
    AMY LOBBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and evaluate a theory-driven pedagogic minimal Geographic Information Systems (mGIS) interface to enhance spatial thinking, analysis, and learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines by students who ..
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  69. Multimedia Motivational Interviewing Training for Physical Therapists
    ROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2007 workshops that are customized to the needs of a broad range of health care professionals and forward thinking medical school programs now offer students training in MI...
  70. Aging, Social Interdependence and Wisdom in the U.S. and Japan
    Richard E Nisbett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and (2) as a consequence, they become more holistic in cognition, and (3) in part as a result of more holistic thinking, they become wiser in some respects. We will sample people aged 20-79...
  71. Trafficking of BMP signals in neurons
    Guillermo Marques; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Glass bottom boat (Gbb), a Drosophila BMP, and its receptor Wishful thinking (Wit) define a signaling system that regulates synaptic plasticity at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ)...
  72. FASEB Summer Research Conference on Retinal Neurobiology and Visual Processing
    Maureen A McCall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..computational biology and vision research to discuss state-of-the-art techniques and apply creative scientific thinking to understanding the neurobiological basis of retinal vision...
  73. Amphetamine Acts as a Molecular Stent in the Dopamine Transporter
    Louis J De Felice; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..connection with amphetamine and the dopamine transporter, we are intending to introduce a new line of thinking into the general body of literature on drug discovery for mental disorders...
    Susan Harter; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..g., depressed affect which in turn predict suicidal thinking. Although gender differences were not an initial focus, findings have consistently identified areas of the self-..