color perception

Summary

Summary: The visual awareness of any particular hue or achromatic color.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Bare skin, blood and the evolution of primate colour vision
    Mark A Changizi
    California Institute of Biology, Sloan Swartz Center for Theoretical Neurobiology, MC 139 74, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Biol Lett 2:217-21. 2006
  2. ncbi The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions
    S J Luck
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Nature 390:279-81. 1997
  3. ncbi Animal colour vision--behavioural tests and physiological concepts
    Almut Kelber
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Vision Group, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:81-118. 2003
  4. ncbi The spectral input systems of hymenopteran insects and their receptor-based colour vision
    D Peitsch
    , , FRG
    J Comp Physiol A 170:23-40. 1992
  5. ncbi The evolution of color vision in insects
    A D Briscoe
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 46:471-510. 2001
  6. pmc The precision of visual working memory is set by allocation of a shared resource
    Paul M Bays
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Vis 9:7.1-11. 2009
  7. ncbi The electrophysiological dynamics of interference during the Stroop task
    Simon Hanslmayr
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Regensburg University, Regensburg, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:215-25. 2008
  8. ncbi What do we learn from binding features? Evidence for multilevel feature integration
    Lorenza S Colzato
    Department of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology Unit, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:705-16. 2006
  9. ncbi A detection theory account of change detection
    Patrick Wilken
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    J Vis 4:1120-35. 2004
  10. ncbi Visual color perception in green exercise: positive effects on mood and perceived exertion
    Adam Akers
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 46:8661-6. 2012

Research Grants

  1. WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITY
    GERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Development of Motion Processing in Human Infants
    Karen Dobkins; Fiscal Year: 2008
  3. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. Information transfer through ganglion cells
    Barry Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN VISION
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. Post-Attentive Vision
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Auditory Information and Object Individuation in Infancy
    Teresa Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUALLY GUIDED EYE MOVEMENTS
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Attention and Oculomotor Control: Attentional Resolution
    Cathleen Moore; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications303 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Bare skin, blood and the evolution of primate colour vision
    Mark A Changizi
    California Institute of Biology, Sloan Swartz Center for Theoretical Neurobiology, MC 139 74, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Biol Lett 2:217-21. 2006
    ..We also show that, consistent with the hypothesis, trichromat primates tend to be bare faced...
  2. ncbi The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions
    S J Luck
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Nature 390:279-81. 1997
    ....
  3. ncbi Animal colour vision--behavioural tests and physiological concepts
    Almut Kelber
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Vision Group, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:81-118. 2003
    ....
  4. ncbi The spectral input systems of hymenopteran insects and their receptor-based colour vision
    D Peitsch
    , , FRG
    J Comp Physiol A 170:23-40. 1992
    ..The only effect is found in UV receptors, for which lambda max values at longer wavelengths are found in bees flying predominantly within the forest...
  5. ncbi The evolution of color vision in insects
    A D Briscoe
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 46:471-510. 2001
    ....
  6. pmc The precision of visual working memory is set by allocation of a shared resource
    Paul M Bays
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Vis 9:7.1-11. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate that visual working memory consists of a common resource distributed dynamically across the visual scene, with no need to invoke an upper limit on the number of objects represented...
  7. ncbi The electrophysiological dynamics of interference during the Stroop task
    Simon Hanslmayr
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Regensburg University, Regensburg, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:215-25. 2008
    ..Thereafter, sustained phase coupling between the ACC and the prefrontal cortex occurs, which most likely reflects the engagement of cognitive control mechanisms...
  8. ncbi What do we learn from binding features? Evidence for multilevel feature integration
    Lorenza S Colzato
    Department of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology Unit, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:705-16. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi A detection theory account of change detection
    Patrick Wilken
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    J Vis 4:1120-35. 2004
    ..Overall, the results suggest that observers encode stimuli independently and in parallel, and that performance is limited by internal noise, which is a function of set size...
  10. ncbi Visual color perception in green exercise: positive effects on mood and perceived exertion
    Adam Akers
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 46:8661-6. 2012
    ..This is the first study to show that the color green, as a primitive feature of visual sensation, has a contributory effect toward positive green exercise outcomes...
  11. ncbi The cone inputs to the unique-hue mechanisms
    Sophie M Wuerger
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Vision Res 45:3210-23. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi The effect of repetition lag on electrophysiological and haemodynamic correlates of visual object priming
    R N Henson
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 21:1674-89. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi Metric analysis of threshold spectral sensitivity in the honeybee
    R Brandt
    Institut für Neurobiologie der Freien Universität Berlin, Germany
    Vision Res 37:425-39. 1997
    ..2) The minimum number of postreceptoral mechanisms mediating discrimination is two. (3) Both mechanisms are of the chromatic type. Adding an achromatic mechanism decreases the accuracy of approximation...
  14. ncbi Colour thresholds and receptor noise: behaviour and physiology compared
    M Vorobyev
    Institut fur Neurobiologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Königin Luise Str 28 30, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    Vision Res 41:639-53. 2001
    ..Some of the thresholds were lower than this theoretical limit, which indicates summation of photoreceptor cell signals...
  15. ncbi The spectral sensitivities of the middle- and long-wavelength-sensitive cones derived from measurements in observers of known genotype
    A Stockman
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Vision Res 40:1711-37. 2000
    ..targets, which we refer to as V(2)*(lambda). These new estimates are consistent with dichromatic and trichromatic spectral sensitivities and color matches...
  16. ncbi Conditioning procedure and color discrimination in the honeybee Apis mellifera
    Martin Giurfa
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier UMR 5169, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Naturwissenschaften 91:228-31. 2004
    ..Differences in attention inculcated by these training procedures may underlie the different discrimination performances of the bees...
  17. pmc Feature integration in visual working memory: parietal gamma activity is related to cognitive coordination
    Helen M Morgan
    Wolfson Centre for Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, LL57 2AS, UK
    J Neurophysiol 106:3185-94. 2011
    ..Furthermore, gamma activity correlated with successful performance during the conjunction task but not during the component tasks. Cortical gamma activity in parietal cortex may therefore play a role in cognitive coordination...
  18. pmc Color opponency is an efficient representation of spectral properties in natural scenes
    Te Won Lee
    Institute for Neural Computation, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0523, USA
    Vision Res 42:2095-103. 2002
    ..Our results suggest that color opponency may in part be a result of the properties of natural spectra and not solely a consequence of the cone spectral sensitivities...
  19. ncbi Spatiochromatic properties of natural images and human vision
    C A Párraga
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 12:483-7. 2002
    ..This implies that the red-green system is particularly suited to encoding both the spatial and the chromatic structure of such scenes...
  20. ncbi Intrinsic network connectivity reflects consistency of synesthetic experiences
    Anna Dovern
    Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    J Neurosci 32:7614-21. 2012
    ..In combination with data derived from clinical populations, our data strongly suggest that altered differences in intrinsic network connectivity are directly related to the phenomenology of human experiences...
  21. ncbi A computer-controlled color vision test for children based on the Cambridge Colour Test
    Paulo R K Goulart
    Instituto de Filosofia, Universidade Federal do Para, Belem, Brazil
    Vis Neurosci 25:445-50. 2008
    ..The results demonstrate that the test is fit for assessment of color discrimination in young children and may be a useful tool for the establishment of color vision thresholds during development...
  22. ncbi Functional anatomy of the attentional modulation of time estimation
    Jennifer T Coull
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie de la Cognition, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
    Science 303:1506-8. 2004
    ..Increasing attention to color selectively increased activity in area V4. By identifying areas whose activity was specifically modulated by attention to time, we have defined the core neuroanatomical substrates of timing behavior...
  23. ncbi Color constancy
    David H Foster
    Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester, M13 9PL England, UK
    Vision Res 51:674-700. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi Do honeybees detect colour targets using serial or parallel visual search?
    Johannes Spaethe
    Beegroup, Biozentrum, Department of Behavioral Physiology and Sociobiology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Biol 209:987-93. 2006
    ....
  25. pmc Decoding and reconstructing color from responses in human visual cortex
    Gijs Joost Brouwer
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 29:13992-4003. 2009
    ..This dissociation implies a transformation from the color representation in V1 to reflect perceptual color space in V4 and VO1...
  26. ncbi Preliminary findings on the effects of occupational exposure to mercury vapor below safety levels on visual and neuropsychological functions
    Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni
    Neuroscience and Behavior, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1403-12. 2009
    ..To evaluate whether there are visual and neuropsychological decrements in workers with low exposure to Hg vapor...
  27. ncbi Chromatic discrimination losses in multiple sclerosis patients with and without optic neuritis using the Cambridge Colour Test
    Ana Laura de Araújo Moura
    Depto Psicologia Experimental, Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Vis Neurosci 25:463-8. 2008
    ..The CCT is a useful tool to help characterize vision losses in MS, and the relationship between these losses and degree of optic nerve involvement...
  28. ncbi Sequential analysis of a Simon task--evidence for an attention-shift account
    W Notebaert
    University of Brussels VUB, Cognitive Psychology, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Psychol Res 65:170-84. 2001
    ..Additionally, we argue that binding of the stimulus features into an object or event file better explains the so-called blocking of the automatic response-priming route after a noncorresponding trial...
  29. ncbi Event-related neural activity associated with the Stroop task
    R West
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, North York, ON, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 8:157-64. 1999
    ....
  30. ncbi Chromaticity as a signal of ripeness in fruits taken by primates
    P Sumner
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Biol 203:1987-2000. 2000
    ....
  31. pmc Visual responses of ganglion cells of a New-World primate, the capuchin monkey, Cebus apella
    B B Lee
    Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Gottingen, Germany
    J Physiol 528:573-90. 2000
    ....
  32. ncbi Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators
    Heather M Whitney
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK
    Science 323:130-3. 2009
    ..This ability is retained in the absence of cues from polarized light or ultraviolet reflectance associated with diffraction gratings...
  33. ncbi Visual dysfunction in workers exposed to a mixture of organic solvents
    Yingyan Gong
    Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, North 15, West 7, Sapporo 060 8638, Japan
    Neurotoxicology 24:703-10. 2003
    ..The results suppose that a low concentration of the mixed organic solvents might affect the retina and optic nerve. However, it needs to be further researched if such an impact affects the Brodmann's areas of visual cortex in the brain...
  34. ncbi Attention systems and the organization of the human parietal cortex
    M F Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, Oxford, OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 21:5262-71. 2001
    ..The results also suggest that the basic functional organization of the intraparietal sulcus and surrounding regions is similar in both macaque and human species...
  35. ncbi Catarrhine photopigments are optimized for detecting targets against a foliage background
    P Sumner
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Biol 203:1963-86. 2000
    ..This is because the variance of the chromaticities of the mature leaves is minimised in one channel of the primate's colour vision, so allowing anything that is not a mature leaf to stand out...
  36. ncbi The capacity of visual short-term memory is set both by visual information load and by number of objects
    G A Alvarez
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:106-11. 2004
    ..Thus, both the visual information load and number of objects impose capacity limits on visual short-term memory...
  37. ncbi Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates
    N J Dominy
    Department of Anatomy, University of Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Nature 410:363-6. 2001
    ..Our results implicate leaf consumption, a critical food resource when fruit is scarce, as having unique value in maintaining trichromacy in catarrhines...
  38. ncbi Retinotopy and color sensitivity in human visual cortical area V8
    N Hadjikhani
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
    Nat Neurosci 1:235-41. 1998
    ..We also tested the response to stimuli that produce color afterimages and found that these stimuli, like real colors, caused preferential activation of V8 but not V4...
  39. ncbi Neural correlates of attentional capture in visual search
    Jan de Fockert
    Goldsmiths College, London, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:751-9. 2004
    ..These findings provide direct evidence that the frontal cortex is involved in control of interference from irrelevant but attention-capturing distractors...
  40. ncbi Evidence for suppressive mechanisms in attentional selection: feature singletons produce inhibitory surrounds
    J R Mounts
    Department of Psychology, SUNY Geneseo, Geneseo 14454, USA
    Percept Psychophys 62:969-83. 2000
    ..No inhibition was observed in the detection task, indicating that the decrease in probe discrimination performance observed in Experiments 1-3 was not due to observers' inability to detect the probe element...
  41. ncbi Color vision
    Karl R Gegenfurtner
    Department of Psychology, Giessen University, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 26:181-206. 2003
    ..This suggests that several fundamental computations involved in color perception occur at early levels of processing...
  42. ncbi Melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells in primate retina signal colour and irradiance and project to the LGN
    Dennis M Dacey
    University of Washington, Dept of Biological Structure and the Washington National Primate Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98195 7420, USA
    Nature 433:749-54. 2005
    ..Thus, in the diurnal trichromatic primate, 'non-image-forming' and conventional 'image-forming' retinal pathways are merged, and the melanopsin-based signal might contribute to conscious visual perception...
  43. ncbi Chromatic and luminance contrast sensitivities in asymptomatic carriers from a large Brazilian pedigree of 11778 Leber hereditary optic neuropathy
    Dora Fix Ventura
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4809-14. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi Synaesthesia: the prevalence of atypical cross-modal experiences
    Julia Simner
    Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Perception 35:1024-33. 2006
    ..Hence, we suggest that female biases reported earlier likely arose from (or were exaggerated by) sex differences in self-disclosure...
  45. ncbi Chromatic discrimination of natural objects
    Thorsten Hansen
    Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    J Vis 8:2.1-19. 2008
    ..Our results show that discrimination of chromatic textures, either synthetic or natural, differs from that of simple uniform patches when the chromatic variation is centered at the adaptation point...
  46. ncbi Effects of spatial and temporal context on color categories and color constancy
    Thorsten Hansen
    Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    J Vis 7:2. 2007
    ..Color category boundaries tended to rotate away from the illumination color. This variation was largest under full context conditions where highest degrees of color constancy were obtained...
  47. ncbi When blue is larger than red: colors influence numerical cognition in synesthesia
    Roi Cohen Kadosh
    Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1766-73. 2005
    ..It is proposed that bidirectional coactivation of brain areas is responsible for the links between color and magnitude processing in color-grapheme synesthesia and that unidirectional models of synesthesia might have to be revised...
  48. pmc Parallel ON and OFF cone bipolar inputs establish spatially coextensive receptive field structure of blue-yellow ganglion cells in primate retina
    Joanna D Crook
    Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Neurosci 29:8372-87. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi Separating semantic conflict and response conflict in the Stroop task: a functional MRI study
    Vincent van Veen
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuroimage 27:497-504. 2005
    ..These results suggest that the brain has distinct but parallel attentional mechanisms for resolving these different forms of cognitive interference...
  50. ncbi Age and binding within-dimension features in visual short-term memory
    Mario A Parra
    Human Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Neurosci Lett 449:1-5. 2009
    ..We suggest (1) that colours were not integrated into single units in VSTM; (2) that remembering the binding between colours has a cost; and (3) that neither of these effects are age-dependent...
  51. ncbi Leaders of progressions in wild mixed-species troops of saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and mustached tamarins (S. mystax), with emphasis on color vision and sex
    Andrew C Smith
    Scottish Primate Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom
    Am J Primatol 61:145-57. 2003
    ..The notion that all groups contain at least one trichromatic female that leads the troop to feeding trees was not supported...
  52. ncbi Evolution and function of routine trichromatic vision in primates
    Peter W Lucas
    Department of Anatomy, University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Evolution 57:2636-43. 2003
    ..There were no similar differences for fruits although red-greenness may sometimes be important in close-range fruit selection. These results suggest that routine trichromacy evolved in a context in which leaf consumption was critical...
  53. ncbi Crepuscular and nocturnal illumination and its effects on color perception by the nocturnal hawkmoth Deilephila elpenor
    Sonke Johnsen
    Biology Department, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:789-800. 2006
    ..Given this, color vision may be more common in crepuscular and nocturnal species than previously considered...
  54. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
    ..So does digit span in children too young to rehearse...
  55. ncbi Independent patterns of damage within magno-, parvo- and koniocellular pathways in Parkinson's disease
    M F Silva
    Department of Biophysics and Center for Ophthalmology, IBILI Faculty of Medicine, Coimbra University Hospital, Coimbra, Portugal
    Brain 128:2260-71. 2005
    ....
  56. pmc Learning, memory, and synesthesia
    Nathan Witthoft
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 416 Jordan Hall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Psychol Sci 24:258-65. 2013
    ....
  57. ncbi Adaptation and the color statistics of natural images
    M A Webster
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, USA
    Vision Res 37:3283-98. 1997
    b>Color perception depends profoundly on adaptation processes that adjust sensitivity in response to the prevailing pattern of stimulation...
  58. ncbi Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths
    Almut Kelber
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Vision Group, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Nature 419:922-5. 2002
    ..Taken together, our results show that colour vision occurs at nocturnal intensities in a biologically relevant context...
  59. ncbi Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults
    Jay Neitz
    Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Neuron 35:783-92. 2002
    ..Chromatic experience was altered using colored filters. Over days there was a shift in color perception, as measured by the wavelength of unique yellow, which persisted 1-2 weeks after the filters were ..
  60. ncbi Color discrimination across four life decades assessed by the Cambridge Colour Test
    Galina V Paramei
    Department of Psychology, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, L16 9JD Liverpool, UK
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 29:A290-7. 2012
    ....
  61. ncbi How object-specific are object files? Evidence for integration by location
    Wessel O van Dam
    Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:1184-92. 2010
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that spatial overlap of visual features is a sufficient criterion for integrating them into the same object file...
  62. ncbi Visual pigments, oil droplets, ocular media and cone photoreceptor distribution in two species of passerine bird: the blue tit (Parus caeruleus L.) and the blackbird (Turdus merula L.)
    N S Hart
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
    J Comp Physiol A 186:375-87. 2000
    ..The distribution of cone photoreceptors across the retina, determined using conventional light and fluorescence microscopy, also varies between the two species and may reflect differences in their visual ecology...
  63. pmc Enhanced cortical excitability in grapheme-color synesthesia and its modulation
    Devin Blair Terhune
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, UK
    Curr Biol 21:2006-9. 2011
    ..These results indicate that hyperexcitability acts as a source of noise in visual cortex that influences the availability of the neuronal signals underlying conscious awareness of synesthetic photisms...
  64. pmc Parafoveal color discrimination: a chromaticity locus of enhanced discrimination
    Marina V Danilova
    Laboratory of Visual Physiology, I P Pavlov Institute of Physiology, St Petersburg, Russia
    J Vis 10:4.1-9. 2010
    ..This line of optimal discrimination is not aligned with either of the cardinal axes of color space: In a MacLeod-Boynton chromaticity diagram, it runs obliquely with negative slope...
  65. ncbi Electrophysiological indices of target and distractor processing in visual search
    Clayton Hickey
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:760-75. 2009
    ..Overall, this study demonstrates that attention acts on both target and distractor representations, and that this can be indexed in the visual ERP...
  66. ncbi Color-vision polymorphism in wild capuchins (Cebus capucinus) and spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) in Costa Rica
    Chihiro Hiramatsu
    Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan
    Am J Primatol 67:447-61. 2005
    ..This result also suggests that the color-vision polymorphism can be easily distorted by natural factors, such as inbreeding, skewing the population structure...
  67. ncbi Color opponent retinal ganglion cells in the tammar wallaby retina
    Jan M Hemmi
    Visual Sciences, Research School of Biological Sciences and Centre for Visual Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    J Vis 2:608-17. 2002
    ..Second-order nonlinear response components, estimated by nonlinear systems analysis, served to accentuate the color opponency. Possible synaptic mechanisms underlying the cone opponent inputs are discussed...
  68. ncbi Binding in short-term visual memory
    Mary E Wheeler
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 131:48-64. 2002
    ....
  69. pmc Involuntary attentional capture is determined by task set: evidence from event-related brain potentials
    Martin Eimer
    School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1423-33. 2008
    ..These results do not support previous claims that attentional capture is initially unaffected by top-down intention, and demonstrate the central role of task set in involuntary attentional orienting...
  70. pmc Dynamic updating of working memory resources for visual objects
    Nikos Gorgoraptis
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:8502-11. 2011
    ....
  71. ncbi Irreversible color vision losses in patients with chronic mercury vapor intoxication
    Claudia Feitosa-Santana
    Núcleo de Neurociências e Comportamento, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Vis Neurosci 25:487-91. 2008
    ..These findings indicate that following a long-term occupational exposure to Hg vapor, even several years away from the source of intoxication, color vision impairment remains irreversible...
  72. pmc A standardized test battery for the study of synesthesia
    David M Eagleman
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Texas Health Science Center, 6431 Fannin Street, Suite 7046, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 159:139-45. 2007
    ..We introduce several novel tests here, and offer the software for running the tests. By presenting standardized procedures for testing and comparing subjects, this endeavor hopes to speed scientific progress in synesthesia research...
  73. ncbi Searching for unknown feature targets on more than one dimension: investigating a "dimension-weighting" account
    A Found
    Birkbeck College, University of London, England
    Percept Psychophys 58:88-101. 1996
    ..As predicted by the dimension-weighting account, enumerating four targets all defined within the same dimension was faster than counting three such targets or mixed targets defined in two dimensions...
  74. ncbi Color vision, cones, and color-coding in the cortex
    Bevil R Conway
    Neuroscience Program, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA
    Neuroscientist 15:274-90. 2009
    ..are the building blocks for color constancy; glob cells elaborate the perception of hue; and IT integrates color perception in the context of behavior...
  75. ncbi Seeing sounds and hearing colors: an event-related potential study of auditory-visual synesthesia
    Aviva I Goller
    University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1869-81. 2009
    ..In addition, we report two novel cases of synesthesia in which colors elicit sounds, and vice versa...
  76. ncbi A strong parietal hub in the small-world network of coloured-hearing synaesthetes during resting state EEG
    Lutz Jancke
    Division Neuropychology, Psychological Institute, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neuropsychol 5:178-202. 2011
    ..A further important point is that these hub regions are even differently operating at rest supporting the idea that these hub characteristics are predetermining factors of coloured-hearing synaesthesia...
  77. ncbi Bipolar cell pathways for color and luminance vision in a dichromatic mammalian retina
    Wei Li
    Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University Medical School, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Tarry 5 715, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:669-75. 2006
    ..Bipolar cells that carry S- or M-cone signals can have a role in color discrimination and may contact color-opponent ganglion cells. Bipolar cells that sum signals from S- and M-cones may signal to ganglion cells that encode luminance...
  78. ncbi Acquisition of categorical color perception: a perceptual learning approach to the linguistic relativity hypothesis
    Emre Ozgen
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 131:477-93. 2002
    b>Color perception can be categorical: Between-category discriminations are more accurate than equivalent within-category discriminations. The effects could be inherited, learned, or both...
  79. pmc Unconscious effects of language-specific terminology on preattentive color perception
    Guillaume Thierry
    School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2AS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:4567-70. 2009
    ..These findings establish an implicit effect of language-specific terminology on human color perception.
  80. ncbi Distractor inhibition: principles of operation during selective attention
    Natalie Wyatt
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 39:245-56. 2013
    ....
  81. ncbi A word-order constraint on phonological activation
    Niels Janssen
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille Cedex 3, France
    Psychol Sci 19:216-20. 2008
    ..More generally, these results provide direct evidence for the operation of word-order constraints during language production...
  82. ncbi A table of color distance scores for quantitative scoring of the Lanthony Desaturate color vision test
    A M Geller
    Neurotoxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, MD 74B, 27711, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 23:265-7. 2001
    ..Data analysis programs using SAS or Matlab are available from the author...
  83. ncbi Effects of maternal occupational exposure to organic solvents on offspring visual functioning: a prospective controlled study
    C Till
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G3
    Teratology 64:134-41. 2001
    ..The importance of routine visual function screening in risk assessment after prenatal exposure to chemicals warrants further attention...
  84. ncbi Visual targeting of components of floral colour patterns in flower-naïve bumblebees (Bombus terrestris; Apidae)
    Klaus Lunau
    Sensory Ecology Group, WE Biologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat, Universitatsstr 1, 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 93:325-8. 2006
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that floral guides direct bumblebees' approaches to the site of first contact with the flower, which is achieved by the tips of the antennae...
  85. ncbi Multisensory enhancement of attentional capture in visual search
    Pawel J Matusz
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:904-9. 2011
    ..Tone-induced increases of attentional capture were independent of color-specific top-down task sets, suggesting that this multisensory effect is a stimulus-driven bottom-up phenomenon...
  86. pmc Chromaticity of color perception and object color knowledge
    Nina S Hsu
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6241, USA
    Neuropsychologia 50:327-33. 2012
    ..reports of co-activation during memory retrieval and perception; for example, regions involved in color perception (i.e...
  87. ncbi Effects of ageing on postreceptoral short-wavelength gain control: transient tritanopia increases with age
    A Werner
    Centre for Ophthalmology, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, University Hospital Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res 50:1641-8. 2010
    ..Age-related changes of adaptation processes should therefore be considered an important factor influencing the visual performances of the elderly...
  88. ncbi Unique hues: an old problem for a new generation
    A Valberg
    Department of Physics, Section of Biophysics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
    Vision Res 41:1645-57. 2001
    ..The fundamental problems encountered in relating colour qualities to neural activities are discussed and references are made to the current debate about phenomenal consciousness...
  89. ncbi Long-term loss of color vision after exposure to mercury vapor
    C Feitosa-Santana
    Departamento de Psicologia Experimental, Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Mello Moraes 1721, 05508 900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 40:409-14. 2007
    ..Since color discrimination losses were still present many years after the end of exposure, they may be considered to be irreversible, at least under the conditions of the present study...
  90. ncbi The size of an attentional window modulates attentional capture by color singletons
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:934-8. 2007
    ..We conclude that although the size of attentional window might be under a top-down control, within the attentional window, an irrelevant salient singleton can capture attention in a bottom-up fashion...
  91. ncbi Neural mechanisms for color perception in the primary visual cortex
    Robert Shapley
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:426-32. 2002
    ..How these different types of color cells combine inputs from cone photoreceptors is what gives them their different spatial selectivities for color...
  92. ncbi The primordial, blue-cone color system of the mouse retina
    Silke Haverkamp
    Department of Neuroanatomy, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, D 60528 Frankfurt Main, Germany
    J Neurosci 25:5438-45. 2005
    ..The blue-cone bipolar cells of the mouse retina and their cone selectivity are closely similar to primate blue-cone bipolars, and we suggest that they both represent the phylogenetically ancient color system of the mammalian retina...
  93. ncbi Colour vision and occupational toluene exposure: results of repeated examinations
    Michael Schäper
    Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Ardeystr 67, D 44139 Dortmund, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 151:193-202. 2004
    ..It is concluded that current industrial exposure limits of toluene provide sufficient protection against possible disturbance of colour vision...
  94. ncbi Understanding action beyond imitation: reversed compatibility effects of action observation in imitation and joint action
    Hein T van Schie
    Department of Social and Cultural Psychology, Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1493-500. 2008
    ..These results make a case against current theoretical views on imitation and direct matching in favor of more flexible models of perception-action coupling...
  95. pmc Functional organization of color domains in V1 and V2 of macaque monkey revealed by optical imaging
    Haidong D Lu
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:516-33. 2008
    ..We conclude that color and orientation-selective responses are preferentially located in distinct CO compartments in V1 and V2. We propose that the term "blob" encompasses both the concept of "CO blob" and "color domain" in V1...
  96. ncbi Differential effects of cue changes and task changes on task-set selection costs
    Ulrich Mayr
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:362-72. 2003
    ..Results suggest two processing stages relevant during task-set selection: cue-driven retrieval of task rules from long-term memory and the automatic application of rules to a particular stimulus situation...
  97. ncbi Molecular evolution of trichromacy in primates
    D M Hunt
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, UK
    Vision Res 38:3299-306. 1998
    ....
  98. ncbi What is the relationship between synaesthesia and visuo-spatial number forms?
    Noam Sagiv
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Cognition 101:114-28. 2006
    ..Finally, we also describe some consequences of number forms for performance in a number comparison task...
  99. ncbi A systematic, large-scale study of synaesthesia: implications for the role of early experience in lexical-colour associations
    A N Rich
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, School of Behavioural Science, University of Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Cognition 98:53-84. 2005
    ..We speculate that the learning of such sequences during an early critical period determines the particular pattern of lexical-colour links, and that this pattern then generalises to other words...
  100. ncbi Coordinating perceptually grounded categories through language: a case study for colour
    Luc Steels
    Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2 1050 Brussels
    Behav Brain Sci 28:469-89; discussion 489-529. 2005
    ..Specifically, we argue that the collective choice of a shared repertoire must integrate multiple constraints, including constraints coming from communication...
  101. ncbi Neurocognitive mechanisms of synesthesia
    Edward M Hubbard
    Center for Brain and Cognition, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Neuron 48:509-20. 2005
    ..We propose that some, but probably not all, of these differences can be accounted for by differences in the synesthetes studied and discuss some methodological implications of these individual differences...

Research Grants65

  1. WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITY
    GERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Development of Motion Processing in Human Infants
    Karen Dobkins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  4. Information transfer through ganglion cells
    Barry Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN VISION
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..He will expand the Guided Search model to handle additional data (e.g. eye movements in visual search and the "attentional blink"). ..
  6. Post-Attentive Vision
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Taken together, the results of this program of research will test hypotheses that tie our understanding of visual search to our understanding of short and longer term visual memory. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Auditory Information and Object Individuation in Infancy
    Teresa Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These theories eventually will be used by parents, educators, and daycare providers to create environments that are most likely to facilitate learning about the physical nature of objects in healthy and at-risk infants. ..
  8. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUALLY GUIDED EYE MOVEMENTS
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Attention and Oculomotor Control: Attentional Resolution
    Cathleen Moore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We hypothesize, for example, that transient adaptation of the saccadic system will transfer to the attentional control system and alter observers' attentional resolution. ..
  11. AGE AND SPECIFIC MECHANISMS OF VISUAL ATTENTION
    LAWRENCE GOTTLOB; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Experiments 7-8 will extend the current methods of analysis to a related attention paradigm. Analyses from the proposed project will allow us to understand better the mechanisms of age-related change in attentional facilitation. ..
  12. The Neural Basis of Object Processing in Infancy
    Teresa Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  13. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STUDIES OF COLOR DEFECTIVE VISION
    Joel Pokorny; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  14. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. The First Half Second
    Bruno Breitmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The workshop will be held at the University of Houston from November 1 through November 3, 2003. ..
  16. Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral Economics
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
  17. The Role of Areas V1 and V2 in Target Selection
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  19. Higher order mechanisms in color discrimination
    ALLEN NAGY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. PARALLEL INFORMATION PROCESSING OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed work has important clinical relevance as it will serve characterize the functions of various visual cortical areas. ..
  21. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  22. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony A Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  23. Neural Mechanism of Visual Associative Learning in Bees
    Angelique Paulk; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By investigating visual input to the MBs, this proposed study will represent an initial step in revealing neural mechanisms of visual associative memory. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF COLOR VISION
    Samir S Deeb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Selective Tr2 ligands could potentially be designed to correct abnormal phenotypes during retinal development. ..
  25. Genetics and Regulation of Hepatic Lipase
    Samir Deeb; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The genetic markers would be valuable in predicting cardiovascular risk as well as response to therapy. ..
  26. Female Hormones and Vision
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The methods developed here will be useful in identifying functional consequences of color vision deficits. PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): ZAIDI, QASIM ..
  28. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF COLOR VISION
    Samir Deeb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will also help in developing cell-specific gene therapy strategies. ..
  29. Novel rod and blue cone signaling pathways in the retina
    Wei Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A multiplicity of bipolar cell pathways carrying signals from the outer to the inner retina may provide the retina with some redundancy when specific pathways are damaged by disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Organization of the Trichromatic Cone Mosaic
    Joseph Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This will be done in subjects for whom we also have a representation of their cone mosaic, to be able to selectively stimulate cones from a particular class. ..
  32. VISUAL ADAPTATION LIMITS AND AGE-RELATED DISEASE
    Alvin Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  33. FUNCTIONAL MICROCIRCUITRY OF PRIMATE OUTER RETINA
    DENNIS DACEY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results are expected to contribute to a new foundation for understanding the cellular origins of human retinal disease. ..
  34. AGE DIFFERENCES ON TEST OF FRONTAL LOBE FUNCTION
    Marilyn Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The more immediate goal, however, is to advance our knowledge of the cognitive basis of normal aging. ..
  35. NEURAL ORGANIZATION OF COGNITION
    Thad Polk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By studying these three domains in parallel we hope to develop converging evidence that will allow us to draw more general conclusions relevant to the issue of experience-dependent neural segregation. ..
  36. INFANT COLOR VISION
    DAVIDA TELLER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will particularly address the hypotheses of uniform vs. differential loss and adult-like vs. juvenile mechanisms in the isoluminant plane. ..
  37. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
  38. DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ACTIVATION DURING MOTOR IMAGERY
    Allen Osman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Further information concerning its less known covert side may lead to unexpected insights about the motor system in general, including its possible roles in cognition. ..
  39. Evolutionary Genetics and Ecology of Trichromatic Vision
    Nathaniel Dominy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study thus aims to explore the issues, implications, and evolutionary significance of color vision variation. ..
  40. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS OF VERTEBRATE VISION
    Shozo Yokoyama; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. BODY REPRESENTATIONS--NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND ANATOMIC BASIS
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The potential clinical significance of this work is also clear. If, as hypothesized, the body schema is crucial to action, interventions targeting this representations may have important therapeutic implications. ..
  42. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  43. Understanding memory for pictures in Alzheimer's disease
    BRANDON ALLY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, Aim 3 will use grayscale versus color pictures and a level of processing manipulation to evaluate two hypotheses regarding how pictures might affect memory processes in AD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Attention effects on signal processing under rivalry.
    Joetta Gobell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Using binocular rivalry as a tool, this novel investigation combines two exciting lines of research to discern the locus of attentional effects on signal processing. ..
  45. On-Line Reference Comprehension and Production
    Jennifer Arnold; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The development of explicit models of reference and other aspects of language processing is necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of language disorders, such as aphasia. ..
  46. Understanding False Recognition in Alzheimer's Disease
    ANDREW BUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, the proposed studies will provide new insights into memory in AD which may lead to improvements in our research and clinical care of patients with AD. ..
  47. Attentional Supports of Smoking Behavior
    Paul Atchley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This, in turn, will ultimately allow for the creation of more effective treatment strategies for smoking addiction. ..
  48. Competition Model of Attention and Memory
    Mary Potter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  49. Neural Computations Underlying Visual Preception
    Michael A Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is the knowledge needed to work toward solutions to visual deficits. ..
  50. Intervention for ADHD plus dyslexia: development project
    Rosemary Tannock; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. Dopamine Genotypes, Experimentally-induced Craving, & Cessation in Female Smokers
    Joel Erblich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Validating Novel Familial Phenotypes of Drug Abuse
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..State of the art statistical techniques will be employed. ..
  53. INTERSENSORY REDUNDANCY & THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERCEPTION
    Lorraine Bahrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Motor Imagery as a Measure of Pain Severity
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, as mental motor imagery tasks require minimal language capacity or abstract reasoning, we propose to investigate the use of these measures in subjects with cognitive impairment. ..
  55. PROCESSING OF VISUAL SCENES BY THE LGN
    R Reid; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Only by exploring the normal activity of multiple thalamic inputs to cortical neurons can we begin to understand functional disorders of this pathway, such as in certain forms of epilepsy. ..
  56. MEMORY DISTORTION IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
    ANDREW BUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The research conducted will advance our understanding of memory and its distortions in patients with AD, and may provide insights into encoding and retrieval in healthy individuals. ..
  57. Using zebrafish to study glaucoma genetics
    Carrie McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) Utilize transgenic zebrafish glaucoma models in a mutagenesis screen to identify dominant enhancer or suppressor genes that interact with myocilin and Imx1b. ..
  58. Effects of Response Effort and Reinforcer Delay on Behav
    Theresa Foster; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This research may also reveal processes useful for understanding human behavior in situations involving health and safety behavior. ..
  59. FACILITY IMPROVEMENT FOR NON-HUMAN PRIMATES
    THOMAS ALBRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The result will greatly enhance our program for animal care and well-being, which will, in turn, help to ensure that the Salk Institute continues along the path of discovery and remains a leader in this area of research. ..
  60. Efferent Vestibular Mechanisms
    MEIR PLOTNIK PELEG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The significance of this research is in setting the foundations of mammalian efferent neuron physiology, and providing experimental data on the control mechanism by which the EVS operates. ..
  61. SPATIAL INFLUENCES ON LANGUAGE FUNCTION
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Functional architecture of switching between two tasks
    Glenn Wylie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, our pilot data suggest that we have found two robust methods for investigating control processes, and it is the purpose of this proposal to use these paradigms to gain a better understanding of executive control. ..
  63. Functional Imaging of Decision Networks
    VINCENT FERRERA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Infant spatial categorization
    Marianella Casasola; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the findings will document whether the development of infant spatial categorization varies in infants and toddlers raised in different cultures and with languages other than English. ..