body image

Summary

Summary: Individuals' personal concept of their bodies as objects in and bound by space, independently and apart from all other objects.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Body image in boys: a review of the literature
    G H Cohane
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 29:373-9. 2001
  2. ncbi My body in the brain: a neurocognitive model of body-ownership
    Manos Tsakiris
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:703-12. 2010
  3. ncbi That's my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 305:875-7. 2004
  4. pmc Relationship between body image disturbance and incidence of depression: the SUN prospective cohort
    Adriano Marçal Pimenta
    Department of Maternal and Child Nursing and Public Health, Nursing School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena, 190 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, CEP 30130 100, Brazi
    BMC Public Health 9:1. 2009
  5. ncbi Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness
    Bigna Lenggenhager
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Station 15, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Science 317:1096-9. 2007
  6. pmc If I were you: perceptual illusion of body swapping
    Valeria I Petkova
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 3:e3832. 2008
  7. ncbi Self-esteem and quality of life in obese children and adolescents: a systematic review
    Lucy J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK l griffi
    Int J Pediatr Obes 5:282-304. 2010
  8. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
  9. ncbi The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 317:1048. 2007
  10. ncbi Neural signatures of body ownership: a sensory network for bodily self-consciousness
    Manos Tsakiris
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 17:2235-44. 2007

Detail Information

Publications357 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Body image in boys: a review of the literature
    G H Cohane
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 29:373-9. 2001
    OBJECTIVE: Both scientific research and popular attention have begun to focus on the neglected issue of body image in boys. We reviewed the findings of this emerging literature...
  2. ncbi My body in the brain: a neurocognitive model of body-ownership
    Manos Tsakiris
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:703-12. 2010
    ....
  3. ncbi That's my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 305:875-7. 2004
    ..The neural activity in the premotor cortex reflected the feeling of ownership of the hand. This suggests that multisensory integration in the premotor cortex provides a mechanism for bodily self-attribution...
  4. pmc Relationship between body image disturbance and incidence of depression: the SUN prospective cohort
    Adriano Marçal Pimenta
    Department of Maternal and Child Nursing and Public Health, Nursing School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena, 190 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, CEP 30130 100, Brazi
    BMC Public Health 9:1. 2009
    b>Body image disturbance is an increasing problem in Western societies and is associated with a number of mental health outcomes including anorexia, bulimia, body dysmorphia, and depression...
  5. ncbi Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness
    Bigna Lenggenhager
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Station 15, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Science 317:1096-9. 2007
    ..Our results indicate that spatial unity and bodily self-consciousness can be studied experimentally and are based on multisensory and cognitive processing of bodily information...
  6. pmc If I were you: perceptual illusion of body swapping
    Valeria I Petkova
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 3:e3832. 2008
    ..Our results are of fundamental importance because they identify the perceptual processes that produce the feeling of ownership of one's body...
  7. ncbi Self-esteem and quality of life in obese children and adolescents: a systematic review
    Lucy J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK l griffi
    Int J Pediatr Obes 5:282-304. 2010
    ..Competency improvements occurred in the presence and absence of weight loss, suggesting their value as intervention outcomes and the need for further investigation...
  8. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 317:1048. 2007
    ..This demonstrates that the experience of being localized within the physical body can be determined by the visual perspective in conjunction with correlated multisensory information from the body...
  10. ncbi Neural signatures of body ownership: a sensory network for bodily self-consciousness
    Manos Tsakiris
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 17:2235-44. 2007
    ..These structures form a network that plays a fundamental role in linking current sensory stimuli to one's own body and thus also in self-consciousness...
  11. ncbi Anticipation of body-scaled action is modified in anorexia nervosa
    Dewi Guardia
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles et Pathologies CNRS FRE 3291, Lille, France
    Neuropsychologia 48:3961-6. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that body size overestimation in anorexia nervosa is not solely due to psycho-affective factors but rather suggest impaired neural processing of body dimensions that might take its source in parietal networks...
  12. ncbi The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the international body project I
    Viren Swami
    University of Westminster, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36:309-25. 2010
    ..Our results show that body dissatisfaction and desire for thinness is commonplace in high-SES settings across world regions, highlighting the need for international attention to this problem...
  13. ncbi Accuracy of self-reported height and weight in women: an integrative review of the literature
    Janet L Engstrom
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Deprtment of Maternal Child Nursing, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 48:338-45. 2003
    ..These findings indicate that direct measurement of height and weight should be performed whenever possible for optimal measurements in clinical practice and clinically oriented research...
  14. ncbi Full-body illusions and minimal phenomenal selfhood
    Olaf Blanke
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne EPFL, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:7-13. 2009
    ....
  15. ncbi The impact of obesity on psychological well-being
    Jane Wardle
    CR UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 2 16 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 19:421-40. 2005
    ..Implications for treatment and future research priorities are suggested...
  16. ncbi More than skin deep: body representation beyond primary somatosensory cortex
    Matthew R Longo
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:655-68. 2010
    ..We review a wide range of neuropsychological, neuroimaging and neurophysiological data to explore the dissociation between these different aspects of higher somatosensory function...
  17. ncbi Parent, peer, and media influences on body image and strategies to both increase and decrease body size among adolescent boys and girls
    M P McCabe
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    Adolescence 36:225-40. 2001
    This study investigated the nature of body image and body change strategies, as well as the sociocultural influences on these variables, among a group of 1,266 adolescents (622 males, 644 females)...
  18. ncbi [Prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil]
    Emilaura Alves
    Programa de Pós Graduaçço em Nutriçço, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:503-12. 2008
    ..of this study was to identify the prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa (EAT+) and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil...
  19. ncbi The role of the right temporo-parietal junction in maintaining a coherent sense of one's body
    Manos Tsakiris
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychologia 46:3014-8. 2008
    ....
  20. ncbi Gender differences in adolescent sport participation, teasing, self-objectification and body image concerns
    Amy Slater
    School of Psychology, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    J Adolesc 34:455-63. 2011
    ..specific to the physical activity domain, and the relationship between adolescent physical activity and body image. A sample of 714 adolescents (332 girls, 382 boys) aged between 12 and 16 years completed measures of ..
  21. ncbi From part- to whole-body ownership in the multisensory brain
    Valeria I Petkova
    Brain, Body and Self Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius vag 8, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Curr Biol 21:1118-22. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that the unitary experience of owning an entire body is produced by neuronal populations that integrate multisensory information across body segments...
  22. ncbi Ethnicity and body dissatisfaction among women in the United States: a meta-analysis
    Shelly Grabe
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:622-40. 2006
    ..Implications for theory and treatment are discussed...
  23. ncbi Psychological complications of pediatric obesity
    Jillon S Vander Wal
    Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, 221 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63103, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 58:1393-401, x. 2011
    ..Motivational interviewing, patient talking points, brief screening measures, and referral resources are important tools in this process...
  24. ncbi Evidence for multiple, distinct representations of the human body
    John Schwoebel
    Cabrini College, Radnor, PA, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:543-53. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi Young teenagers' perceptions of their own and others' bodies: a qualitative study of obese, overweight and 'normal' weight young people in Scotland
    Wendy Wills
    Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:396-406. 2006
    ..These findings are important as they contradict the common perception that being overweight/obese is related to body dissatisfaction and that young people have a fear of fatness...
  26. ncbi Body image and quality of life in post massive weight loss body contouring patients
    Angela Y Song
    Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1626-36. 2006
    ..Correcting skin excess could improve all these corollaries, including body image. Presently, few data are available documenting body image and weight-related quality of life in this population.
  27. ncbi Prevention of obesity and eating disorders: a consideration of shared risk factors
    Jess Haines
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Health Educ Res 21:770-82. 2006
    ..Specifically, the authors examined and found preliminary evidence that dieting, media use, body image dissatisfaction and weight-related teasing may have relevance for the development of the spectrum of weight-..
  28. pmc A longitudinal examination of patterns in girls' weight concerns and body dissatisfaction from ages 5 to 9 years
    Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, S 110 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 33:320-32. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi Coding the location of the arm by sight
    M S Graziano
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 290:1782-6. 2000
    ..These neurons appear to combine visual and somatosensory signals in order to monitor the configuration of the limbs. They could form the basis of the complex body schema that we constantly use to adjust posture and guide movement...
  30. ncbi Neuronal activity changes and body image distortion in anorexia nervosa
    Angela Wagner
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Mannheim, Germany
    Neuroreport 14:2193-7. 2003
    b>Body image distortion is a major and often persistent symptom in anorexia nervosa...
  31. ncbi A 10-year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms
    T F Heatherton
    Department of Psychology, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 106:117-25. 1997
    ..The authors conclude that disordered eating generally tends to decline during the transition to early adulthood. However, body dissatisfaction remains a problem for a substantial segment of the adult population...
  32. ncbi Tight link between our sense of limb ownership and self-awareness of actions
    Bernhard Baier
    Stroke 39:486-8. 2008
    ..The present study investigated the clinical relationship and the anatomy of such abnormal attitudes and AHP...
  33. pmc Neural correlates of viewing photographs of one's own body and another woman's body in anorexia and bulimia nervosa: an fMRI study
    Silja Vocks
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 35:163-76. 2010
    ..the psychopathology of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), the 2 groups seem to differ in terms of body image disturbances...
  34. ncbi The role of the media in body image concerns among women: a meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies
    Shelly Grabe
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Psychol Bull 134:460-76. 2008
    Research suggests that exposure to mass media depicting the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women...
  35. ncbi Body schema and body image--pros and cons
    Frederique de Vignemont
    Institut Jean Nicod EHESS ENS CNRS, Transitions NYU CNRS, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:669-80. 2010
    ..that there are at least two distinct types of body representation that can be impaired, the body schema and the body image. However, the definition of these notions is often unclear...
  36. ncbi Weight loss practices and body weight perceptions among US college students
    Christopher M Wharton
    Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA
    J Am Coll Health 56:579-84. 2008
    ..The authors assessed associations between body weight perception and weight loss strategies...
  37. pmc Fake hands in action: embodiment and control of supernumerary limbs
    Roger Newport
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
    Exp Brain Res 204:385-95. 2010
    ..Such demonstrations highlight the dynamic flexibility of the perceptual body image, but evidence for comparable RHI-sensitive changes in the body schema used for action is less common...
  38. ncbi Role of body dissatisfaction in the onset and maintenance of eating pathology: a synthesis of research findings
    Eric Stice
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 330 Mezes Hall, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Psychosom Res 53:985-93. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi Weight-teasing and emotional well-being in adolescents: longitudinal findings from Project EAT
    Marla E Eisenberg
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    J Adolesc Health 38:675-83. 2006
    To determine if weight-teasing predicts subsequent low self-esteem, poor body image, and depressive symptoms; and to examine two mechanisms through which early teasing may influence later emotional health.
  40. ncbi Brain activation during the perception of distorted body images in eating disorders
    Yoshie Miyake
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Medical Science, Programs for Biomedical Research, Graduate of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 181:183-92. 2010
    ..activation pattern differences between the various EDs may underlie cognitive differences with respect to distorted body image, and therefore might reflect a general failure to represent and evaluate one's own body in a realistic fashion.
  41. ncbi Childhood obesity, gender, actual-ideal body image discrepancies, and physical self-concept in Hong Kong children: cultural differences in the value of moderation
    Herbert W Marsh
    Department of Educational Studies, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 43:647-62. 2007
    ..Western research, gender differences favoring boys were generally much smaller for physical self-concept and body image. Objective and subjective indexes of body fat were negatively related to many components of physical self-..
  42. ncbi Development and validation of a new figural drawing scale for body-image assessment: the BIAS-BD
    Rick M Gardner
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Denver, CO 80217, USA
    J Clin Psychol 65:113-22. 2009
    ..It avoids several problems inherent in existing scales, including scale coarseness, the presence of ethnic facial and body features, and the lack of documented reliability and validity values...
  43. ncbi Body image as a mediator of non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents
    Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI 54702 4004, USA
    J Adolesc 35:1-9. 2012
    ..as a potential risk factor for adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) despite theorizing that a negative body image may play a critical role in the development of this behavior...
  44. ncbi Factors associated with low self-esteem in children with overweight
    Yngvild Sørebø Danielsen
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Obes Facts 5:722-33. 2012
    ..Little is known about what characterises the group of overweight children with the lowest self-esteem. Our aim was to identify factors related to low domain-specific self-esteem in children with overweight/obesity...
  45. ncbi My face in yours: Visuo-tactile facial stimulation influences sense of identity
    Anna Sforza
    Sapienza University of Rome and Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Soc Neurosci 5:148-62. 2010
    ..Thus, personality variables modulate enfacement, which may represent a marker of the tendency to be social and may be absent in subjects with defective empathy...
  46. ncbi Does ethnicity influence body-size preference? A comparison of body image and body size
    Fary M Cachelin
    Department of Psychology, California State University at Los Angeles, 90032 827, USA
    Obes Res 10:158-66. 2002
    ..Researchers have hypothesized that these subcultures are more accepting of overweight figures. The purpose of this study was to examine body image and body size assessments in a large community sample of men and women.
  47. ncbi Prevalence and associated factors with body image dissatisfaction among adults in southern Brazil: a population-based study
    Diego Augusto Santos Silva
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Post Graduate Program in Physical Education, Florianopolis, Brazil
    Body Image 8:427-31. 2011
    We investigated the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction (BID) and associated factors in Florianopolis, Brazil. BID was analyzed in a sample (N=1720) of adults through the Figure Rating Scale...
  48. pmc The association between obesity, depression, and educational attainment in women: the mediating role of body image dissatisfaction
    Amelia R Gavin
    School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 6299, USA
    J Psychosom Res 69:573-81. 2010
    We examine the mediating role of body image dissatisfaction (BID) on the association between obesity and depression and the variation of this association as a function of years of education among a population-based sample of women aged 40-..
  49. ncbi Body image and perceived health in adolescence
    Eivind Meland
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarvn 31, N 5009 Bergen, Norway
    Health Educ Res 22:342-50. 2007
    ..This study examined the relationship between perceived negative health and body image in early and mid-adolescence, focusing on age and gender differences...
  50. ncbi Body size perception in anorexia nervosa: a signal detection approach
    M A Smeets
    Department of Psychonomics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Psychosom Res 46:465-77. 1999
    ..between the groups were significant while sensitivity differences were not, it was concluded that abnormalities of body image most probably arise during reconstruction of the visual body image, rather than during perception of the body.
  51. ncbi Neural basis of a multidimensional model of body image distortion in anorexia nervosa
    Santino Gaudio
    Centre for Integrated Research CIR, Area of Diagnostic Imaging, Università Campus Bio Medico di Roma, Via Alvaro del Portillo, Rome, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:1839-47. 2012
    b>Body image distortion is a key symptom of anorexia nervosa (AN). The majority of the neuroimaging studies on body image distortion in AN conceptualized it as an unidimensional symptom...
  52. ncbi Increased plasticity of the bodily self in eating disorders
    E Eshkevari
    Department of Psychology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Psychol Med 42:819-28. 2012
    ..The rubber hand illusion (RHI) has been widely used to investigate the bodily self in healthy individuals. The aim of the present study was to extend the use of the RHI to examine the bodily self in eating disorders (EDs)...
  53. ncbi Tactile body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa
    Anouk Keizer
    Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Research Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 190:115-20. 2011
    b>Body image disturbances are central to anorexia nervosa (AN). Previous studies have focused mainly on attitudinal and visual aspects. Studies on somatosensory aspects thus far have been scarce...
  54. ncbi Improving the body image, eating attitudes, and behaviors of young male and female adolescents: a new educational approach that focuses on self-esteem
    J A O'Dea
    Faculty of Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Eat Disord 28:43-57. 2000
    This study examines the effect of an interactive, school-based, self-esteem education program on the body image and eating attitudes and behaviors of young male and female adolescents following the program and after 12 months.
  55. ncbi Touch and the body
    Andrea Serino
    Dipartimento di Psicologia and Centro studi e ricerche in Neuroscienze Cognitive, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:224-36. 2010
    ....
  56. ncbi Body image distortion reveals amygdala activation in patients with anorexia nervosa -- a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Gert Seeger
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, P O Box 12 21 20, 68072 Mannheim, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 326:25-8. 2002
    In anorexia nervosa patients, body image distortion is a core and often persistent symptom, which continues to pose a risk for relapse even after weight recovery...
  57. pmc Derangement of body representation in complex regional pain syndrome: report of a case treated with mirror and prisms
    Janet H Bultitude
    Wolfson Centre for Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Bangor University, Brigantia Building Penrallt Road, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Exp Brain Res 204:409-18. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi Body checking induces an attentional bias for body-related cues
    Elke Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Eat Disord 44:50-7. 2011
    ..However, this link has not been investigated in any systematic way. The present study examined the influence of body checking on attentional bias for body-related cues by manipulating body checking behaviors in nonclinical participants...
  59. ncbi Prevention programs for body image and eating disorders on University campuses: a review of large, controlled interventions
    Zali Yager
    Health Education and Human Movement, Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney, Building A35, Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia
    Health Promot Int 23:173-89. 2008
    ..In general, health education programs to improve body image and prevent eating disorders in the university setting have been limited by small sample sizes and the exclusion ..
  60. pmc The person in the mirror: using the enfacement illusion to investigate the experiential structure of self-identification
    Ana Tajadura-Jiménez
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
    Conscious Cogn 21:1725-38. 2012
    ....
  61. pmc Examination of shared risk and protective factors for overweight and disordered eating among adolescents
    Jess Haines
    Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:336-43. 2010
    ..To identify shared risk and protective factors for purging, binge eating, and overweight...
  62. ncbi Visual body perception in anorexia nervosa
    Cosimo Urgesi
    Department of Human Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
    Int J Eat Disord 45:501-11. 2012
    ..However, it is unclear whether these perceptual deficits involve more basic aspects of others' body perception...
  63. ncbi Viewership of pro-eating disorder websites: association with body image and eating disturbances
    Kelley Harper
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 41:92-5. 2008
    ..To evaluate the association between pro-eating disorder website viewership and concurrent levels of body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance...
  64. ncbi Feeling fat rather than being fat may be associated with psychological well-being in young dutch adolescents
    Wilma Jansen
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Adolesc Health 42:128-36. 2008
    ..To contribute to a further exploration of the association of psychosocial well-being with overweight and weight perception among young Dutch adolescents...
  65. ncbi Neural processing of negative word stimuli concerning body image in patients with eating disorders: an fMRI study
    Yoshie Miyake
    Hiroshima University Health Service Center, Hiroshima, Japan
    Neuroimage 50:1333-9. 2010
    Eating disorders (EDs) are associated with abnormalities of body image perception...
  66. ncbi Vision of the body modulates somatosensory intracortical inhibition
    Flavia Cardini
    Centro Studi e Ricerche in Neuroscienze Cognitive, University of Bologna, Cesena 47023, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 21:2014-22. 2011
    ..These results demonstrate that vision enhances somatosensation by modulating activity of inhibitory interneuronal circuits in the somatosensory cortex...
  67. ncbi Body image among adolescent girls and boys: a longitudinal study
    Diane Carlson Jones
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3600, USA
    Dev Psychol 40:823-35. 2004
    ..There was no evidence of mediation among the boys and limited support for it among the girls...
  68. ncbi Are black-white differences in females' body dissatisfaction decreasing? A meta-analytic review
    Alan Roberts
    Department of PsychologyIndiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:1121-31. 2006
    ..Results confirmed more favorable body image evaluations among Black than White females, with the greatest differences at the age period of the early 20s...
  69. ncbi Does hunger influence judgments of female physical attractiveness?
    Viren Swami
    Department of Psychology, University College of London, UK
    Br J Psychol 97:353-63. 2006
    ..These findings corroborate those of Nelson and Morrison (2005) and are discussed in terms of how cultural contexts shape individual psychological experience as predicted by the theory of mutual constitution...
  70. ncbi Diabetes awareness and body size perceptions of Cree schoolchildren
    Noreen D Willows
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5, Canada
    Health Educ Res 24:1051-8. 2009
    ..7 versus 63.3%, odds ratio 3.48 and 95% confidence interval 1.53-7.91). Culturally appropriate health education programs to increase schoolchildren's diabetes awareness and possibility to have a healthy body weight are important...
  71. ncbi Body image dissatisfaction among males across the lifespan: a review of past literature
    Marita P McCabe
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    J Psychosom Res 56:675-85. 2004
    ..It is therefore important to understand the level of body dissatisfaction, as well as the factors that are related to this construct...
  72. pmc Illusory shrinkage and growth: body-based rescaling affects the perception of size
    Sally A Linkenauger
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, 102 Gilmer Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:1318-25. 2010
    ..These findings highlight the role of body scaling in size perception...
  73. ncbi The role of ethnicity and culture in body image and disordered eating among males
    Lina A Ricciardelli
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood Highway, Burwood, 3215, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:582-606. 2007
    An increasing number of researchers have examined body image concerns, disordered eating, and other behaviors associated with increasing muscle size among men from different cultural groups...
  74. ncbi Body image and physical activity among Latina and African American women
    Scherezade K Mama
    Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 6015, USA
    Ethn Dis 21:281-7. 2011
    ..or Latina (HL) women has been partly attributed to low physical activity (PA) and cultural influences on body image. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among body mass index (BMl=kg/m2), body image ..
  75. ncbi My body or yours? The effect of visual perspective on cortical body representations
    Rebecca Saxe
    Psychology Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Cereb Cortex 16:178-82. 2006
    ..These results help to illuminate the integration of visual and tactile information by which the brain identifies seen body parts as belonging to the self or to another person...
  76. ncbi Out-of-body experience, heautoscopy, and autoscopic hallucination of neurological origin Implications for neurocognitive mechanisms of corporeal awareness and self-consciousness
    Olaf Blanke
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Swiss Federal Institute of Technology EPFL, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 50:184-99. 2005
    ....
  77. ncbi The Stice model of overeating: tests in clinical and non-clinical samples
    Tatjana van Strien
    Department of Clinical Psychology and the Institute for Gender Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Appetite 45:205-13. 2005
    ....
  78. ncbi A longitudinal examination of the influence of maturation on physical self-perceptions and the relationship with physical activity in early adolescent girls
    Ann Marie Knowles
    School of Life Sciences, Heriot Watt University, John Muir Building, Riccarton, Edinburgh, Scotland EH14 4AS, UK
    J Adolesc 32:555-66. 2009
    ....
  79. pmc Ideal weight and weight satisfaction: association with health practices
    Jennifer L Kuk
    York University, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 170:456-63. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi On agency and body-ownership: phenomenological and neurocognitive reflections
    Manos Tsakiris
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Conscious Cogn 16:645-60. 2007
    ..Overall, whereas afferent signals provide the distinctive content of one's own body experience, efferent signals seem to structure the experience of one's own body in an integrative and coherent way...
  81. ncbi Neural basis of embodiment: distinct contributions of temporoparietal junction and extrastriate body area
    Shahar Arzy
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 26:8074-81. 2006
    ..Collectively, these data show that distributed brain activity at the EBA and TPJ as well as their timing are crucial for the coding of the self as embodied and as spatially situated within the human body...
  82. ncbi Topographic representation of the human body in the occipitotemporal cortex
    Tanya Orlov
    Neurobiology Department, Life Sciences Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Neuron 68:586-600. 2010
    ..This motor-driven activation in the OTC could not be explained solely by visual or motor imagery of the body parts. This suggests that visual and motor-related information converge within the OTC in a body part specific manner...
  83. ncbi Bodily illusions modulate tactile perception
    Frederique de Vignemont
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N3 AR, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 15:1286-90. 2005
    ..We also provide, for the first time, a quantitative, implicit measure of distortions of body size...
  84. ncbi Mechanisms underlying embodiment, disembodiment and loss of embodiment
    Melita J Giummarra
    Experimental Neuropsychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Vic, 800, Australia
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:143-60. 2008
    ..g., through stimulation of muscle spindles). These perceptual illusions are described, and discussed for their implications for the mechanisms underlying bodily perception...
  85. ncbi Perceptions about body image and sizes among Black African girls living in Cape Town
    Thandi Puoane
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
    Ethn Dis 20:29-34. 2010
    To assess beliefs about body size (fatness and thinness) and body image in Black girls aged 10-18 years living in Cape Town.
  86. ncbi Shared mapping of own and others' bodies in visuotactile bimodal area of monkey parietal cortex
    Hiroaki Ishida
    Kinki University, Osaka Sayama, Japan
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:83-96. 2010
    ..These neurons may contribute to spatial matching between the bodies of the self and others in both action recognition and imitation...
  87. ncbi The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: a meta-analytic review
    Lisa M Groesz
    Department of Psychology, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 9623, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:1-16. 2002
    The effect of experimental manipulations of the thin beauty ideal, as portrayed in the mass media, on female body image was evaluated using meta-analysis.
  88. ncbi Exercise motivation, eating, and body image variables as predictors of weight control
    Pedro J Teixeira
    Department of Exercise and Health, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:179-88. 2006
    This study investigated changes in psychosocial variables related to exercise, eating, and body image during a weight reduction program and evaluated their association with weight loss in middle-aged overweight and obese women up to 1 yr ..
  89. ncbi Gender differences in eating disorder symptoms in young adults
    Peter M Lewinsohn
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1983, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 32:426-40. 2002
    ..The major goal of this study was to identify problematic eating behaviors and attitudes in young men and compare them with those of young women...
  90. ncbi The thalamocortical vestibular system in animals and humans
    Christophe Lopez
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Brain Res Rev 67:119-46. 2011
    ....
  91. ncbi Body ownership and embodiment: vestibular and multisensory mechanisms
    C Lopez
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne EPFL, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:149-61. 2008
    ..We finally propose a differential contribution of the vestibular cortical areas to the different forms of altered body ownership and embodiment...
  92. ncbi Fat phobia scale revisited: the short form
    J G Bacon
    White Bear Lake Area Community Counseling Center, White Bear Lake, Minnesota, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:252-7. 2001
    ..Future research should focus on developing scale norms for the general population and conducting research on fat phobia in males and among different ethnic groups...
  93. ncbi Altered body image: a fear-avoidance model of psycho-social difficulties following disfigurement
    R J Newell
    Research Support Team, School of Healthcare Studies, University of Leeds, 22 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LN, England
    J Adv Nurs 30:1230-8. 1999
    Altered body image is a potential and actual source of considerable distress, particularly following facial disfigurement, and social functioning is reported as a major area of difficulty by sufferers...
  94. ncbi Disordered eating and the transition to college: a prospective study
    K D Vohs
    Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Moore Hall 6207, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 29:280-8. 2001
    ..A longitudinal study was conducted to examine whether the transition to college changed eating disorder symptoms and related attitudes...
  95. ncbi The role of body dissatisfaction as a risk factor for depression in adolescent girls: are the differences Black and White?
    Debra L Franko
    Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, 210B Lake Hall, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    J Psychosom Res 53:975-83. 2002
    ..This review underscores the need for future research with a variety of ethnic minority groups to better understand the etiology of adolescent depression...
  96. ncbi The relations among body image, physical attractiveness, and body mass in adolescence
    G D Rosenblum
    Institute for the Study of Child Development, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
    Child Dev 70:50-64. 1999
    Body dissatisfaction, a measure of body image, physical attractiveness, and body mass index were assessed in the same 115 participants at ages 13, 15, and 18 years...
  97. ncbi Risk factors for body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls: a longitudinal investigation
    Eric Stice
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Dev Psychol 38:669-78. 2002
    ..Results support the contention that certain sociocultural, biological, and interpersonal factors increase the risk for body dissatisfaction, but suggest that other accepted risk factors are not related to this outcome...
  98. ncbi Children's body image concerns and eating disturbance: a review of the literature
    L A Ricciardelli
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood Highway, Burwood, 3125, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 21:325-44. 2001
    In recent years a large number of studies have examined body image concerns, and early symptoms of eating disturbance among children. However, to date there has been no synthesis or evaluation of these studies...
  99. pmc The relation between body size perception and change in body mass index over 13 years: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Elizabeth Lynch
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University, 1700 West Van Buren, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:857-66. 2009
    ..12 vs. 0.27 BMI units; P = 0.04). Results for men showed fewer and weaker associations. When obese women perceive themselves as obese and feel that their body size is too large, they gain less weight over time...
  100. pmc Neural substrate of body size: illusory feeling of shrinking of the waist
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 3:e412. 2005
    The perception of the size and shape of one's body (body image) is a fundamental aspect of how we experience ourselves...
  101. ncbi Self-reported weight status and dieting in a cross-sectional sample of young adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III
    R S Strauss
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick 08903, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153:741-7. 1999
    ..To explore the relationship of self-reported weight status and dieting to actual weight and height in a cross-sectional nationally representative sample of young adolescents...

Research Grants71

  1. Obesity, Body Image and Weight Maintenance
    DAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..mentoring in the following areas: 1) behavioral treatment of obesity; 2) cognitive behavioral treatment of body image dissatisfaction in obese persons; 3) body composition analysis; and 4) nutrition...
  2. Growth hormone and adult physiology
    Rhonda D Kineman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..GH replacement in GHD patients has fueled the off-label use and abuse of GH in normal healthy adults to enhance body image and athletic performance, as well as providing a rationale for GH replacement in elderly and/or obese ..
  3. Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Obesity in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
    Sheela Natesh Magge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to Down syndrome, but the relevance of these issues to cardiovascular and metabolic (cardiometabolic) risk, body image, and quality of life, and their management have not been fully explored...
  4. Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of Yoga in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors
    Sheila H Ridner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of motion (jaw, neck, and shoulder), b) posture, c) pain, and d) psychological distress (anxiety, depression and body image disturbance)...
  5. Reducing Weight and Diabetes Risk in an Underserved Population
    Carla A Green; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..barriers to, and facilitators of, lifestyle changes;and evaluate the effects of the intervention on body image, psychiatric symptoms, adherence to antipsychotic medications, quality of life, health-related self-efficacy, ..
  6. Gene-Environment Interplay in the Comorbidity of PTSD and Disordered Eating
    Karen S Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Trauma, which has been associated with bingeing and purging behaviors, may directly impact one's body image. In addition, PTSD and DE share common associated features, including alexithymia, emotion dysregulation, and ..
  7. Distress Tolerance Treatment for Weight Concern in Smoking Cessation Among Women
    Erika Litvin Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Brown), clinical trials methodology (Dr. Brown, Dr. Kahler, co- mentor Dr. Rena Wing), body image and weight concerns of women (co-mentor Dr. J. Kevin Thompson, Dr...
  8. Developing a Skin Toxicity-Related Quality of Life Scale for Breast Radiotherapy
    Julie B Schnur; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Skin toxicity can affect multiple aspects of quality of life (QOL) including sensation (pain, itching, burning), body image, emotional well-being, lifestyle, and treatment satisfaction...
  9. Common and Distinct Phenotypes of Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Anorexia Nervosa
    Jamie Feusner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nervosa AN are severe and disabling psychiatric disorders that share many clinical features such as distorted body image and overvaluation of appearance for self-worth, yet they are currently classified in separate diagnostic ..
  10. Eating Disorders and Adolescent Body Image Among Boys and Sexual Minorities
    JEREL PASION CALZO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..experiences of men and of sexual minorities (gay/lesbian, bisexual), in spite of emerging evidence that their body image socialization processes may differ from those of heterosexual women, and that gender expression and sexual ..
  11. Architectural Design of the Pelvic Floor Skeletal Muscles
    Marianna Alperin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..impact on women is significant, causing pelvic pain, sexual dysfunction, social isolation, depression, and poor body image. PFD etiology is multifactorial and complex, with vaginal delivery identified as the leading risk factor for its ..
  12. Epigenetic Mechanisms in the Perpetuation of Anorexia Nervosa-like Behavior
    Kellie L K Tamashiro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to body image distortion, self-imposed eating restraint, serious weight loss, and fear of "fat"/weight gain, up to 80% of ..
  13. Health Values and Minimally Important Differences in Systemic Sclerosis
    Dinesh Khanna; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  14. Explaining the SES/Overweight and Obesity Relationship
    Deborah J Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., walkability of neighborhood, availability of healthy foods;cost of food);b) psychosocial context (e.g., body image, norms of family and culture);and c) stress process (e.g...
  15. WHOLE-BODY SMALL-ANIMAL PHOTOACOUSTIC-ULTRASONIC COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
    Mark A Anastasio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by use of USCT will be employed to inform the PACT image reconstruction algorithms and hence improve the whole-body image quality...
  16. Biopsychosocial determinants of weight gain in Black first-year college women
    Jennifer Webb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..employ a two-phase, multi-method design to prospectively evaluate the relative contributions of dimensions of body image and various forms of ethnocultural stress in predicting longitudinal changes in both obesigenic risk (e.g...
  17. College Students as Facilitators to Reduce Adolescent Obesity Disparity
    Deborah L Slawson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Peer group norms, body image, supportive peer relationships, role modeling, behavioral control/self-efficacy, attitudes, and intentions ..
  18. Mobile Motivation for Health Promotion Among Adolescents
    ELIZABETH ANNA DONOVAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Attention to psychosocial issues such as mood and body image is clearly key to success in obesity prevention efforts...
  19. Improving Safety and Access for Physical Activity
    Dawn K Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..suggest that African Americans had psychosocial barriers to PA that included lack of self-motivation, cultural body image issues, and lack of time due to family obligations...
  20. Depression Surge in Adolescence &Gender Differences: Biocognitive Mechanisms
    LAUREN BERSH ALLOY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..symptoms, negative life events, hopelessness, emotional abuse and peer victimization, perceived discrimination, body image, and pubertal status will occur every 6 months...
  21. Sexual Distress and Body Image Distress in Younger Breast Cancer Survivors
    Carly Paterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of MBSR on the symptoms of sexual distress and body image related distress in younger breast cancer survivors...
  22. Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors and Obesity In Hispanic and non-Hispanic Girls
    PATRICIA AMY VAN DEN BERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..both obesity and the use of unhealthy weight control attitudes and behaviors, such as excessive dieting and poor body image, are high among adolescents, there is a need to train new investigators in areas related to both of these ..
  23. Adolescent Bariatrics: Controlled Longitudinal Study of Psychosocial Development
    MARGARET H ZELLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., perceived competence, peer victimization, social support, body image) and factors that may account for individual variations in psychosocial functioning (impaired parent/family ..
  24. SUBSTANCE USE AND DISORDERED WEIGHT BEHAVIORS IN SEXUAL MINORITY YOUTH CONTEXTS
    JEREL PASION CALZO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..they help to build connections with SMY peers though conformity to perceived sexual minority substance use and body image norms...
  25. Development of a Self-Help Program to Treat Binge Eating in Mexican Americans
    FARY MAHAMEDI CACHELIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..outcome), and greater reduction in the secondary outcomes of associated eating pathology (dietary restraint, body image disturbance), attenuation of obesity, and improvement in psychological functioning...
  26. Influence of Sociocultural Factors on Obesity
    KRISTIN NICOLE DUKES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Likewise, research by Lynch and colleagues (2007) indicates an association between SES and body image with individuals of lower SES holding a higher ideal body size than individuals of higher SES...
  27. From Diagnosis to Survivorship: Bladder Cancer Survivors Unmet Needs
    Nihal Mohamed; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Latinos, Culture, and Obesity
    Lisa Sanchez Johnsen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Diet, physical activity, and body image are three factors that influence obesity...
  29. Pilot Investigation of Behavioral Alternatives to Indoor Tanning
    Sherry L Pagoto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moderators (tanning dependency, sensation seeking, body image, perceived stress) and mediators (stress reduction effect of yoga, acceptability of ST and yoga) of the ..
  30. 3-D Computer Modeling for Optimizing Body Image following Breast Reconstruction
    Mia K Markey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3D modeling and visualization technologies and will be founded on a sophisticated understanding of the complex body image considerations faced by breast cancer survivors...
  31. Patient Decision Making about Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy
    CLARA NAN HI LEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..processes;Aim 2: To assess the accuracy of patients'preoperative predictions about their post-operative body image and well-being and the association between prediction accuracy and satisfaction with decisions;and Aim 3: To ..
  32. A Web-Based Intervention to Prevent Drug Abuse among Adolescent Girls
    Traci Schwinn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..And, we will assess the extent to which changes in mediator variables explain differences in drug use between arms. ..
  33. PACE-PC: Primary Care Management of Adolescent Obesity
    Kevin Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will include evaluation of psychosocial mediators of behavior change, measures of depression, self esteem and body image, parental measures (including BMI) and process measures...
  34. Obesity & Diabetes Prevention Through Science Enrichment
    L Campfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to grades 5 &6, allowing the ongoing longitudinal evaluation of the effectiveness of the program on BMI, body image, eating &physical activity behaviors, science &math achievement &interest in science and/or health ..
  35. The impact of weight on quality of life in African American women
    TIFFANY LASHAUN COX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sample from extant data on Caucasian women, and 3) use the Baron and Kenny test for mediation to determine if body image dissatisfaction is a mediator in the relationship between BMI and quality of life in this unique population...
  36. Body Image and Self-care in HIV-infected MSM
    AARON BLASHILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with men (MSM) within the context of syndemics (co-occurring psychosocial problems), and a particular focus on body image disturbance and depression. MSM constitute, by far, the largest number (H60%) of individuals with HIV in the U.S...
  37. TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT & PHYSICAL FUNCTION IN HIV+MEN
    Shalender Bhasin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of HIV-infected men with weight loss will improve physical function, perceptions of physical function and body image. A second objective is to elucidate the mechanisms by which testosterone increases muscle mass; we will ..
  38. UCAN: Uniting Couples (in the treatment of) Anorexia Nervosa
    Cynthia Bulik; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with foci such as altering interactions around eating and weight, normalizing activity and health behaviors, body image, physical affection, and sexuality and second on addressing the broader relationship to maintain treatment gains,..
  39. Dissonance Eating Disorder Prevention: Clinician-Led, Peer-Led, vs Web-Delivered
    ERIC M STICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..selective prevention program that decreases pursuit of the unrealistic thin-ideal in high-risk young women with body image concerns reduces eating disorder risk factors (e.g...
  40. Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the US
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..contributors based on a growing body of literature, which has focused largely on individual factors such as SES, body image, and lifestyle factors and in some recent studies regarding selected community characteristics...
  41. Neurodevelopmental Processes of Social Cognition in Anorexia Nervosa and Autism
    Nancy Zucker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..that may influence outcome and therapeutic efficacy: difficulty forming therapeutic alliances, disturbances in body image, impaired empathy, and dearth of secure attachments...
  42. NEURAL CONTROL OF PROSTHETIC DEVICES
    Kenneth Horch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..wrist rotation, and elbow flexion/extension in an artificial arm that is well integrated into the patient's body image. The neural interface will use electrodes that can selectively record from and activate restricted subsets of ..
  43. INTERVENTIONS TO REDUCE EATING DISORDER RISK FACTORS
    C Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Description (adapted from the investigator's abstract): Unhealthy weight control methods and body image concerns, which may predispose to clinical and subclinical eating disorders, are widespread among college students...
  44. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)
    Timothy Lohman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Innovative secondary aims focus on relationships and intervention effects on body image and self-esteem and programs, physical activity patterns, tobacco and drug use, sexual activity, weight concerns,..
  45. Hormones During Weight Loss in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of (or increased) lean body mass, diet modification to facilitate an energy imbalance, and strategies to improve body image and self-acceptance...
  46. Effectiveness of Guided Self-Help for Binge Eating
    Ruth Striegel Moore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Secondary outcomes will include changes in associated eating pathology (e.g., body image disturbance), associated psychopathology (e.g...
  47. 3D Breast Anatomy Analysis in Cancer Treatment Planning and Outcome Assessment
    Fatima Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and treatment of a life-threatening illness, patients hope to relieve some of the stress and rebuild a positive body image. They hope to achieve a BR result that is attractive and natural looking...
  48. HEALTHY WEIGHT MANAGEMENT FOR BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..One approach to healthy weight management emphasizes increased physical activity, improved body image, self- acceptance, and healthy eating attitudes and behaviors...
  49. PACE+--COUNSELING ADOLESCENTS FOR EXERCISE AND NUTRITION
    Kevin Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Secondary outcomes include adiposity, fitness, BMI, psychosocial mediators of change, body image, and other measures...
  50. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANING OF VIOLENCE-RELATED INJURIES
    Terri Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of violence-related injuries by comparing the two groups on measures of psychological/intrapersonal functioning (Body Image Disturbance, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, self-esteem and Identity, Core Cognitive Beliefs, Shame, Substance ..
  51. National Social Life, Health and Aging Project
    LINDA WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Mental illness: depression, dementia, stress, anxiety, low self-esteem, poor body image; C. Medications: prescription, self-medication, and alternative remedies. 3...
  52. PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT & METABOLIC CONTROL IN LATINOS
    JEANNETTE ROSSELLO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and eating disorders symptomatology), social support, coping styles, and cognitive appraisals (self concept, body image, and attributional style)...
  53. The Development of Bodily Self-Awareness in Young Children
    CELIA BROWNELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of a stable, coherent body concept is an important developmental task that lays the foundation for a healthy body image. In adolescents and adults the body image is related to other important aspects of psychosocial functioning, ..
  54. Ecologically Valid Disordered Eating Prevention Program for At-Risk College Women
    Kristin E Heron; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..targeted to three specific experiences (eating, media exposure, negative mood) when women are most vulnerable to body image dissatisfaction (identified in preliminary research)...
  55. OBESE FEMALE RESTRAINED EATERS : TWO TREATMENT OPTIONS
    Judith Stern; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will also monitor body image, eating disorder data with respect to: 1) metabolic fitness (blood pressure; lipoproteins-total cholesterol, low ..
  56. SITUATIONAL SELF-ESTEEM AND BODY-IMAGE CHANGES
    Joan Norris; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..aims are to: (1) identify characteristic indicators of situational low self-esteem in patients experiencing body image disruption; (2) identify influencing and contextual factors associated with the phenomenon; and (3) describe the ..
  57. Physical Activity Over Time: Health Outcomes of Elementary School Children
    GEORGIA HALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..patterns over time and children's health and well-being, including BMI, weight-for-height development, body image and general health;and (3) to identify environmental predictors of the development of healthy habits of physical ..
  58. Pregnancy Related Weight Gain: A Link to Obesity
    Anna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will add three new components during the prenatal period (preconceptional body image assessment, dietary restraint, and pregnancy related weight gain attitudes) for approximately 1230 women and ..
  59. TREATMENT OF BODY IMAGE IN A DISFIGURED POPULATION
    Leslie Heinberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The long range objective of this project is to develop psychological interventions for diminishing the impact of body image disturbance among disfigured medical populations...
  60. Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking in College Students
    CATHERINE MASSEY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to assess smoking attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors, coping styles, sex roles, and levels of perceived stress, body image, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, social support from family and friends, and nicotine dependence (smokers only)..
  61. FAMILY SYSTEMS APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Susan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..by whole room indirect calorimetry; and 5) selected psychological variables such as children's self-esteem, body image and their perception of the degree to which parents attempt to control their eating behavior...
  62. COMPLIANCE AND CONTROL IN CHILDHOOD DIABETES
    Suzanne Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..weight gain; (4) to describe psychological sequelae (if any) associated with IT, including fear of hypoglycemia, body image concerns, and impact on quality of life; (5) to assess whether increased health provider contact can result in ..
  63. The Influence of Body Image on Adolescent Girls' Risk and Protection Behaviors
    Deborah Schooler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The salience of body image among adolescent girls (Adams et al...
  64. Body Image, Tanning Intentions, and Tanning Behavior
    Joel Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..research has examined variables such as societal attitudes toward tanning, appearance-related motives, and body image (i.e., appearance) dissatisfaction...
  65. WEIGHT CONTROL FOR BLACK WOMEN'S CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH
    Shiriki Kumanyika; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., body image; health outcome expectancies), will relate these to overall wellness, and will incorporate individual, extended ..
  66. Pharmacotherapy Relapse Prevention in BDD
    Katharine Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with an imagined or slight defect in appearance, is a distressing, impairing, and relatively common body image disorder. It is associated with high rates of functional impairment and markedly poor quality of life...
  67. Latina Diabetics and Body Image
    Patricia Weitzman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..An enhanced understanding of body image and self-care concerns of diabetic Latinas can lead to improved efficacy of diabetes preventive interventions...
  68. NUTRITIONAL HEALTH INFORMATION CD ROM FOR COLLEGE WOMEN
    Simon Budman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The program contains components related to healthy exercise, general nutrition, self-esteem, body image and other areas associated with establishing healthy attitudes toward weight, body image and healthy behaviors...
  69. Web-Based 5 A Day Education for Adolescents
    TARA COUSINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..needs of each adolescent, while providing developmentally appropriate and appealing content in the area of body image. Social networking and interactive games address both the importance of peers for adolescents and the high ..
  70. Development of a Computerized Adaptive Test for Patients with HIV Infection
    DIANE TURNER BOWKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The five new item banks with particular relevance for HIV will cover the domains of cognitive function, body image, sleep, gastrointestinal symptoms and sexual function...
  71. Gay Men and Club Drug Use: Prevention Materials
    SAUL LEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..material that focuses strictly on drug use or safer sex is not engaging this gay subculture concerned with body image. ACCESS will develop club drug prevention and HIV risk reduction videotapes and brochures that incorporate NIDA'..