speech perception

Summary

Summary: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).

Top Publications

  1. pmc Selective cortical representation of attended speaker in multi-talker speech perception
    Nima Mesgarani
    Departments of Neurological Surgery and Physiology, UCSF Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Nature 485:233-6. 2012
  2. ncbi Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language
    Gregory Hickok
    University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    Cognition 92:67-99. 2004
  3. pmc Maps and streams in the auditory cortex: nonhuman primates illuminate human speech processing
    Josef P Rauschecker
    Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:718-24. 2009
  4. ncbi The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2544-90. 2007
  5. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
  6. pmc Visual speech speeds up the neural processing of auditory speech
    Virginie van Wassenhove
    Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program and Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:1181-6. 2005
  7. ncbi Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:351-60. 2010
  8. ncbi Beyond the right hemisphere: brain mechanisms mediating vocal emotional processing
    Annett Schirmer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:24-30. 2006
  9. pmc Sensorimotor integration in speech processing: computational basis and neural organization
    Gregory Hickok
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Center for Hearing Research, Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Neuron 69:407-22. 2011
  10. ncbi "Who" is saying "what"? Brain-based decoding of human voice and speech
    Elia Formisano
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Maastricht, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Science 322:970-3. 2008

Detail Information

Publications386 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Selective cortical representation of attended speaker in multi-talker speech perception
    Nima Mesgarani
    Departments of Neurological Surgery and Physiology, UCSF Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Nature 485:233-6. 2012
    ..These findings demonstrate that the cortical representation of speech does not merely reflect the external acoustic environment, but instead gives rise to the perceptual aspects relevant for the listener's intended goal...
  2. ncbi Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language
    Gregory Hickok
    University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    Cognition 92:67-99. 2004
    ..The framework posits that early cortical stages of speech perception involve auditory fields in the superior temporal gyrus bilaterally (although asymmetrically)...
  3. pmc Maps and streams in the auditory cortex: nonhuman primates illuminate human speech processing
    Josef P Rauschecker
    Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:718-24. 2009
    ..In this paper, we will demonstrate how our understanding of speech perception, one important facet of language, has profited from findings and theory in nonhuman primate studies...
  4. ncbi The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2544-90. 2007
    ..In addition, the MMN enables one to establish the brain processes underlying the initiation of attention switch to, conscious perception of, sound change in an unattended stimulus stream...
  5. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
    ..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
  6. pmc Visual speech speeds up the neural processing of auditory speech
    Virginie van Wassenhove
    Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program and Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:1181-6. 2005
    ..This is evidence for the existence of an "analysis-by-synthesis" mechanism in auditory-visual speech perception.
  7. ncbi Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:351-60. 2010
    ..These data show that language comprehension benefits from frontocentral action systems, indicating that action and perception circuits are interdependent...
  8. ncbi Beyond the right hemisphere: brain mechanisms mediating vocal emotional processing
    Annett Schirmer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:24-30. 2006
    ..Thus, vocal emotional comprehension appears to be mediated by bilateral mechanisms anchored within sensory, cognitive and emotional processing systems...
  9. pmc Sensorimotor integration in speech processing: computational basis and neural organization
    Gregory Hickok
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Center for Hearing Research, Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Neuron 69:407-22. 2011
    ..system is critically involved in speech production and that the motor system is critically involved in speech perception. Despite the complementarity of these ideas, there is little crosstalk between these literatures...
  10. ncbi "Who" is saying "what"? Brain-based decoding of human voice and speech
    Elia Formisano
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Maastricht, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Science 322:970-3. 2008
    ..Our findings unravel the detailed cortical layout and computational properties of the neural populations at the basis of human speech recognition and speaker identification...
  11. ncbi Predictive top-down integration of prior knowledge during speech perception
    Ediz Sohoglu
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:8443-53. 2012
    ..MEG recordings to determine how sensory information and prior knowledge are integrated in the brain during speech perception. We manipulated listeners' prior knowledge of speech content by presenting matching, mismatching, or neutral ..
  12. pmc Interactions between the superior temporal sulcus and auditory cortex mediate dynamic face/voice integration in rhesus monkeys
    Asif A Ghazanfar
    Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    J Neurosci 28:4457-69. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi Similar cerebral networks in language, music and song perception
    Daniele Schon
    Mediterranean Institute of Cognitive Neurosciences, CNRS and Aix Marseille University, and fMRI Centre, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France
    Neuroimage 51:450-61. 2010
    ..Taken together, results of both experiments argue against domain specificity and provide additional evidence for a common cerebral network involved in both lexical/phonological and melodic processing...
  14. ncbi Analysis of functional image analysis contest (FIAC) data with brainvoyager QX: From single-subject to cortically aligned group general linear model analysis and self-organizing group independent component analysis
    Rainer Goebel
    Brain Innovation, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:392-401. 2006
    ..Using spatially and temporally unsmoothed data, this cortex-based analysis revealed comparable results but with a set of spatially more confined group clusters and more differential group region of interest time courses...
  15. pmc Phase patterns of neuronal responses reliably discriminate speech in human auditory cortex
    Huan Luo
    Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, Department of Biology, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Neuron 54:1001-10. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi Thinking the voice: neural correlates of voice perception
    Pascal Belin
    Laboratoire de neuro cognition vocale, Groupe de recherche en neuropsychologie et cognition GRENEC, Departement de Psychologie, Universite de Montreal, CP 6128 Succ Centre Ville, Montreal H3C 3J7, Quebec, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:129-35. 2004
    ....
  17. pmc The natural statistics of audiovisual speech
    Chandramouli Chandrasekaran
    Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000436. 2009
    ....
  18. pmc Prenatal exposure to antidepressants and depressed maternal mood alter trajectory of infant speech perception
    Whitney M Weikum
    Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17221-7. 2012
    ..Thus, prenatal depressed maternal mood and SRI exposure were found to shift developmental milestones bidirectionally on infant speech perception tasks.
  19. ncbi Clinical evaluation of signal-to-noise ratio-based noise reduction in Nucleus® cochlear implant recipients
    Pam W Dawson
    The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, and 2Cochlear Limited, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ear Hear 32:382-90. 2011
    The aim of this study was to investigate whether a real-time noise reduction algorithm provided speech perception benefit for Cochlear™ Nucleus® cochlear implant recipients in the laboratory.
  20. ncbi On the role of attention for the processing of emotions in speech: sex differences revisited
    Annett Schirmer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 Georgia, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:442-52. 2005
    ..This suggests that the presence of sex differences in emotional-prosodic priming depends on whether or not participants are instructed to take emotional prosody into account...
  21. ncbi Listening to speech activates motor areas involved in speech production
    Stephen M Wilson
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center and Neuroscience Interdepartmental Program, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:701-2. 2004
    To examine the role of motor areas in speech perception, we carried out a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study in which subjects listened passively to monosyllables and produced the same speech sounds...
  22. ncbi Language specific prosodic preferences during the first half year of life: evidence from German and French infants
    Barbara Höhle
    Universitat Potsdam, Department Linguistik, Germany
    Infant Behav Dev 32:262-74. 2009
    ..We discuss the implications of this very early acquisition for our understanding of the emergence of segmentation abilities...
  23. ncbi How does learning to read affect speech perception?
    Chotiga Pattamadilok
    Unite de Recherche en Neurosciences Cognitives, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    J Neurosci 30:8435-44. 2010
    ..We propose a possible mechanistic explanation for the role of SMG in phonological processing and how this is affected by learning to read...
  24. pmc Functional overlap between regions involved in speech perception and in monitoring one's own voice during speech production
    Zane Z Zheng
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1770-81. 2010
    ..This is consistent with speech production and speech perception being linked in a control system that predicts the sensory outcome of speech acts and that processes an ..
  25. ncbi Lesion analysis of the brain areas involved in language comprehension
    Nina F Dronkers
    VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, CA 94553, USA
    Cognition 92:145-77. 2004
    ..These results are consistent with those seen in recent functional neuroimaging studies and offer complementary data in the effort to understand the brain areas underlying language comprehension...
  26. pmc Opposite patterns of hemisphere dominance for early auditory processing of lexical tones and consonants
    Hao Luo
    Auditory Research Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:19558-63. 2006
    ....
  27. pmc Language development in profoundly deaf children with cochlear implants
    M A Svirsky
    Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 702 Barnhill Dr, RR 044, Indianapolis, IN 46202 5200, USA
    Psychol Sci 11:153-8. 2000
    ..Despite a large amount of individual variability, the best performers in the implanted group seem to be developing an oral linguistic system based largely on auditory input obtained from a cochlear implant...
  28. ncbi Top-down and bottom-up processes in speech comprehension
    Adriana A Zekveld
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, VU University, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 32:1826-36. 2006
    ..processes, and imaging studies have isolated a frontal-temporal network of brain areas active during speech perception. However, the precise role of the various areas in this network during normal speech comprehension is not ..
  29. ncbi Early emotional prosody perception based on different speaker voices
    Silke Paulmann
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroreport 19:209-13. 2008
    ..Independent of speaker voice, emotional sentences could be differentiated from neutral sentences as early as 200 ms after sentence onset (P200), suggesting rapid emotional decoding...
  30. ncbi Individual differences in auditory abilities
    Gary R Kidd
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 122:418-35. 2007
    ..This FSR ability is independent of normal variation in both spectral-temporal acuity and of general intellectual ability...
  31. ncbi The visual word form area: a prelexical representation of visual words in the fusiform gyrus
    Stanislas Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, France
    Neuroreport 13:321-5. 2002
    ..We propose that the occasional activation of the fusiform gyrus when listening to spoken words is due to the topdown recruitment of visual orthographic or object representations...
  32. ncbi Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping
    Elizabeth Bates
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:448-50. 2003
  33. ncbi Perceptual systems controlling speech production
    Novraj S Dhanjal
    Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 28:9969-75. 2008
    ..These findings have novel implications for the acquisition and maintenance of fluent speech...
  34. pmc A little more conversation, a little less action--candidate roles for the motor cortex in speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:295-302. 2009
    The motor theory of speech perception assumes that activation of the motor system is essential in the perception of speech...
  35. pmc Motor cortex maps articulatory features of speech sounds
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7865-70. 2006
    ..b>Speech perception most strongly activated superior temporal cortex...
  36. ncbi Cerebral pathways in processing of affective prosody: a dynamic causal modeling study
    Thomas Ethofer
    Section of Experimental MR of the CNS, Department of Neuroradiology, Otfried Mueller Strasse 51, University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Neuroimage 30:580-7. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi Brain activity varies with modulation of dynamic pitch variance in sentence melody
    Martin Meyer
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Lang 89:277-89. 2004
    ..Finally, it appears that brain areas which subserve speech (frontal operculum) and premotor functions (Rolandic operculum) coincidently support the processing of intonation contour in spoken sentence comprehension...
  38. ncbi The contribution of the inferior parietal cortex to spoken language production
    Fatemeh Geranmayeh
    Division of Experimental Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, UK
    Brain Lang 121:47-57. 2012
    ....
  39. ncbi Crossmodal binding: evaluating the "unity assumption" using audiovisual speech stimuli
    Argiro Vatakis
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Percept Psychophys 69:744-56. 2007
    ..These results therefore provide the first empirical support for the "unity assumption" in the domain of the multisensory temporal integration of audiovisual speech stimuli...
  40. ncbi Speech listening specifically modulates the excitability of tongue muscles: a TMS study
    Luciano Fadiga
    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Terapie Avanzate, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Ferrara, Via Fossato di Mortara 17 19, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 15:399-402. 2002
    The precise neural mechanisms underlying speech perception are still to a large extent unknown...
  41. pmc The motor theory of speech perception reviewed
    Bruno Galantucci
    Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:361-77. 2006
    More than 50 years after the appearance of the motor theory of speech perception, it is timely to evaluate its three main claims that (1) speech processing is special, (2) perceiving speech is perceiving gestures, and (3) the motor ..
  42. ncbi Combining directional microphone and single-channel noise reduction algorithms: a clinical evaluation in difficult listening conditions with cochlear implant users
    Adam A Hersbach
    Cochlear Ltd, 174 Victoria Parade, East Melbourne, Australia 3002
    Ear Hear 33:e13-23. 2012
    ..A noise reduction (NR) algorithm, based on signal to noise ratio estimation was evaluated in combination with several directional microphone algorithms available in the Cochlear CP810 sound processor...
  43. ncbi Seeing and hearing speech excites the motor system involved in speech production
    K E Watkins
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    Neuropsychologia 41:989-94. 2003
    ..These results provide evidence that both auditory and visual speech perception facilitate the excitability of the motor system involved in speech production.
  44. ncbi Laminar cortical dynamics of conscious speech perception: neural model of phonemic restoration using subsequent context in noise
    Stephen Grossberg
    Center for Adaptive Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 130:440-60. 2011
    ..Chunk-mediated gating allows speech to be heard in the correct temporal order, even when what is heard depends upon future context...
  45. pmc Localization of sublexical speech perception components
    Peter E Turkeltaub
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, 3 West Gates Building, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Lang 114:1-15. 2010
    Models of speech perception are in general agreement with respect to the major cortical regions involved, but lack precision with regard to localization and lateralization of processing units...
  46. pmc Talker adaptation in speech perception: adjusting the signal or the representations?
    Delphine Dahan
    Psychology Department, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104 6228, USA
    Cognition 108:710-8. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi The role of left inferior frontal and superior temporal cortex in sentence comprehension: localizing syntactic and semantic processes
    Angela D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 13:170-7. 2003
    ..These data indicate that both semantic and syntactic processes are supported by a temporo-frontal network with distinct areas specialized for semantic and syntactic processes...
  48. pmc On the context-dependent nature of the contribution of the ventral premotor cortex to speech perception
    Pascale Tremblay
    The University of Chicago, Department of Neurology, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Neuroimage 57:1561-71. 2011
    What is the nature of the interface between speech perception and production, where auditory and motor representations converge? One set of explanations suggests that during perception, the motor circuits involved in producing a ..
  49. ncbi Electrophysiological evidence for early contextual influences during spoken-word recognition: N200 versus N400 effects
    D van den Brink
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:967-85. 2001
    ..It was concluded that the N200 effect is related to the lexical selection process, where word-form information resulting from an initial phonological analysis and content information derived from the context interact...
  50. ncbi Phonetic perception and the temporal cortex
    L Jancke
    Institute of Experimental and General Psychology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, D 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
    Neuroimage 15:733-46. 2002
    ..The results are compatible with the hypothesis that the STS contains neurons specialized for speech perception. However, these results also emphasize the role of the PT in the analysis of phonetic features, namely the ..
  51. ncbi Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants
    Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, CNRS and Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France
    Science 298:2013-5. 2002
    ..Additional activation in right prefrontal cortex was seen only in awake infants processing normal speech. Thus, precursors of adult cortical language areas are already active in infants, well before the onset of speech production...
  52. ncbi The music of speech: music training facilitates pitch processing in both music and language
    Daniele Schon
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseille, France
    Psychophysiology 41:341-9. 2004
    ..These results are taken as evidence that extensive musical training influences the perception of pitch contour in spoken language...
  53. ncbi From air oscillations to music and speech: functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence for fine-tuned neural networks in audition
    Mari Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Brain Research Centre, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    J Neurosci 26:8647-52. 2006
    ..They indicate that not only the sound category (speech/music) but also the sound parameter (pitch/duration) can be selectively encoded...
  54. ncbi The motor somatotopy of speech perception
    Alessandro D'Ausilio
    DSBTA, Section of Human Physiology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara 44100, Italy
    Curr Biol 19:381-5. 2009
    ..is challenged by action-perception theories suggesting that brain circuits for speech articulation and speech perception are functionally dependent...
  55. ncbi Do you see what I am saying? Exploring visual enhancement of speech comprehension in noisy environments
    Lars A Ross
    Program in Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, The City College of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1147-53. 2007
    ..that inverse effectiveness does not strictly apply to the multisensory enhancements seen during audiovisual speech perception. Rather, the gain from viewing visual articulations is maximal at intermediate SNRs, well above the lowest ..
  56. pmc An expanded role for the dorsal auditory pathway in sensorimotor control and integration
    Josef P Rauschecker
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition, Georgetown University Medical Center, New Research Building, Room WP19, Washington, DC 20057 1460, USA
    Hear Res 271:16-25. 2011
    ..The current article corroborates this model by adding and discussing recent evidence...
  57. ncbi On the lateralization of emotional prosody: an event-related functional MR investigation
    Sonja A Kotz
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Stephanstrasse 1a, P O Box 500355, Leipzig D 04317, Germany
    Brain Lang 86:366-76. 2003
    ..The current results call into question an exclusive right hemisphere lateralization of emotional prosody and expand patient data on the functional role of the basal ganglia during the perception of emotional prosody...
  58. ncbi Nature of auditory processing disorder in children
    David R Moore
    Medical Research Council Institute of Hearing Research, Nottingham, UK
    Pediatrics 126:e382-90. 2010
    ..We tested the specific hypothesis that the presentation of auditory processing disorder (APD) is related to a sensory processing deficit...
  59. ncbi Cochlear implant speech recognition with speech maskers
    Ginger S Stickney
    University of California, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Irvine, California 92697 1275, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:1081-91. 2004
    ..This informational masking may originate from increased target-masker similarity when spectral resolution is reduced...
  60. ncbi Theories of developmental dyslexia: insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults
    Franck Ramus
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Brain 126:841-65. 2003
    ..Overall, the present data support the phonological theory of dyslexia, while acknowledging the presence of additional sensory and motor disorders in certain individuals...
  61. ncbi Endogenous cortical rhythms determine cerebral specialization for speech perception and production
    Anne Lise Giraud
    INSERM, U742, Paris, F 75005, France
    Neuron 56:1127-34. 2007
    ..correlate with activity in the mouth premotor region, indicating coupling between temporal properties of speech perception and production...
  62. ncbi Perception of acoustic correlates of major phrasal units by young infants
    P W Jusczyk
    State University of New York, Buffalo
    Cogn Psychol 24:252-93. 1992
    ..These findings are discussed with respect to their implications for theories of language acquisition...
  63. ncbi Brain structure predicts the learning of foreign speech sounds
    Narly Golestani
    Unité INSERM 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV 4 Place du general Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Cereb Cortex 17:575-82. 2007
    ....
  64. pmc Volume of left Heschl's Gyrus and linguistic pitch learning
    Patrick C M Wong
    The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:828-36. 2008
    ..These results also suggest that primary auditory regions may be important for encoding basic acoustic cues during the course of spoken language learning...
  65. pmc Speech perception at the interface of neurobiology and linguistics
    David Poeppel
    Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1071-86. 2008
    b>Speech perception consists of a set of computations that take continuously varying acoustic waveforms as input and generate discrete representations that make contact with the lexical representations stored in long-term memory as output...
  66. ncbi The superior temporal sulcus performs a common function for social and speech perception: implications for the emergence of autism
    Elizabeth Redcay
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 8110 La Jolla Shores Dr, Suite 201, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:123-42. 2008
    ..the fact that these two domains share an anatomical substrate suggests the acquisition of social and speech perception may be linked...
  67. pmc Hearing lips and seeing voices: how cortical areas supporting speech production mediate audiovisual speech perception
    Jeremy I Skipper
    Department of Neurology, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2387-99. 2007
    Observing a speaker's mouth profoundly influences speech perception. For example, listeners perceive an "illusory" "ta" when the video of a face producing /ka/ is dubbed onto an audio /pa/...
  68. ncbi An fMRI investigation of syllable sequence production
    Jason W Bohland
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neuroimage 32:821-41. 2006
    ..We hypothesize mechanistic roles for the extended speech production network in the organization and execution of sequences of speech sounds...
  69. ncbi The neural mechanisms of speech comprehension: fMRI studies of semantic ambiguity
    Jennifer M Rodd
    Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 15:1261-9. 2005
    ..Given the ubiquity of semantic ambiguity, we conclude that these brain regions form an important part of the network that is involved in computing the meaning of spoken sentences...
  70. ncbi On the possible role of brain rhythms in speech perception: intelligibility of time-compressed speech with periodic and aperiodic insertions of silence
    Oded Ghitza
    Sensimetrics Corp, Malden, MA, USA
    Phonetica 66:113-26. 2009
    This study was motivated by the prospective role played by brain rhythms in speech perception. The intelligibility - in terms of word error rate - of natural-sounding, synthetically generated sentences was measured using a paradigm that ..
  71. ncbi Cerebellar contributions to speech production and speech perception: psycholinguistic and neurobiological perspectives
    Hermann Ackermann
    Center for Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tuebingen, Hoppe Seyler Strasse 3, D 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Trends Neurosci 31:265-72. 2008
    ..Conceivably, structural changes of the expressed FOXP2 protein supported the 'vocal elaboration' of phylogenetically older brain networks engaged in upper limb motor control, such as the cerebro-cerebellar loops...
  72. pmc Dissociating speech perception and comprehension at reduced levels of awareness
    Matthew H Davis
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:16032-7. 2007
    ..These results have important implications for understanding the relationship between speech comprehension and awareness in the healthy brain in patients receiving sedation and in patients with disorders of consciousness...
  73. pmc Right-hemisphere auditory cortex is dominant for coding syllable patterns in speech
    Daniel A Abrams
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Communication Sciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    J Neurosci 28:3958-65. 2008
    ..dominance for coding the speech envelope, which represents syllable patterns and is critical for normal speech perception. Right-hemisphere auditory cortex was 100% more accurate in following contours of the speech envelope and ..
  74. ncbi The contribution of the insula to motor aspects of speech production: a review and a hypothesis
    Hermann Ackermann
    Department of Neurology, University of Tubingen, Hoppe Seyler Strasse 3, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Brain Lang 89:320-8. 2004
    ..In line with this suggestion, a further study of our group (Ackermann et al., 2001) provided first evidence that differential hemispheric filtering might be bound to insular cortex...
  75. ncbi A common system for the comprehension and production of narrative speech
    Malaka Awad
    Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:11455-64. 2007
    ....
  76. ncbi Neural substrates for recognition of familiar voices: a PET study
    K Nakamura
    Department of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kanrin, Inuyama, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
    Neuropsychologia 39:1047-54. 2001
    ..The present results suggest that these two regions are coactively associated with matching the currently heard voice to familiar voices in one's memory...
  77. ncbi Sex differentiates the role of emotional prosody during word processing
    Annett Schirmer
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Stephanstrasse 1a, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 14:228-33. 2002
    ..This indicates that women make an earlier use of emotional prosody during word processing as compared to men...
  78. ncbi Sensorimotor adaptation in speech production
    J F Houde
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 279:1213-6. 1998
    ....
  79. ncbi FMRI reveals brain regions mediating slow prosodic modulations in spoken sentences
    Martin Meyer
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 17:73-88. 2002
    ..Generally, brain responses to speech melody were stronger in right than left hemisphere sites, suggesting a particular role of right cortical areas in the processing of slow prosodic modulations...
  80. pmc Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
    Tae Twomey
    Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
    ..Such interactive processing at the neural level is in agreement with cognitive and computational models of reading but challenges some of the assumptions made by current neuro-anatomical models of reading...
  81. ncbi Modulation of the auditory cortex during speech: an MEG study
    John F Houde
    Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:1125-38. 2002
    Several behavioral and brain imaging studies have demonstrated a significant interaction between speech perception and speech production...
  82. ncbi An fMRI study of verbal self-monitoring: neural correlates of auditory verbal feedback
    Cynthia H Y Fu
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:969-77. 2006
    ..that this process entails a communication from neural regions involved in speech production to areas of speech perception. According to the model, if the expected verbal feedback matches the perceived feedback, then there would be ..
  83. ncbi Cross-modal plasticity and speech perception in pre- and postlingually deaf cochlear implant users
    KRISTI A BUCKLEY
    Department of Communicative Disorders and Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
    Ear Hear 32:2-15. 2011
    A great amount of variability is observed in speech perception outcomes with cochlear implants. The mechanisms behind the observed variability need to be elucidated...
  84. ncbi Speech perception in infancy predicts language development in the second year of life: a longitudinal study
    Feng Ming Tsao
    Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, USA
    Child Dev 75:1067-84. 2004
    ..Results demonstrated significant correlations between speech perception at 6 months of age and later language (word understanding, word production, phrase understanding)...
  85. ncbi Brain 'talks over' boring quotes: top-down activation of voice-selective areas while listening to monotonous direct speech quotations
    Bo Yao
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QB, UK
    Neuroimage 60:1832-42. 2012
    ..The findings shed new light on the acoustic nature of the "inner voice" in understanding direct speech...
  86. pmc The development of multisensory speech perception continues into the late childhood years
    Lars A Ross
    The Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory, Children s Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center CERC, Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 33:2329-37. 2011
    ..suggest that improvement in the ability to recognize speech-in-noise and in audiovisual integration during speech perception continues quite late into the childhood years...
  87. ncbi Informational and energetic masking effects in the perception of multiple simultaneous talkers
    D S Brungart
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 110:2527-38. 2001
    ..Performance in this speech perception task decreased systematically when the level of the target talker was reduced relative to the masking ..
  88. pmc MEG demonstrates a supra-additive response to facial and vocal emotion in the right superior temporal sulcus
    Cindy C Hagan
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20010-5. 2009
    ..Indeed, many studies of audiovisual (AV) speech perception show STS involvement in AV speech integration. Here we examine whether these findings extend to AV emotion...
  89. pmc Changes in auditory feedback connections determine the severity of speech processing deficits after stroke
    Thomas M Schofield
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, UK
    J Neurosci 32:4260-70. 2012
    ..The key pathomechanism in humans with persistent speech comprehension impairments may be impaired feedback connectivity to unimodal auditory areas...
  90. ncbi Differential influences of emotion, task, and novelty on brain regions underlying the processing of speech melody
    Thomas Ethofer
    University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1255-68. 2009
    ..Taken together, our study reveals that different aspects of voice stimuli and perceptual demands modulate distinct areas involved in the processing of emotional prosody...
  91. ncbi Attention-related modulation of auditory-cortex responses to speech sounds during dichotic listening
    Kimmo Alho
    Division of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1442:47-54. 2012
    ..This supports Kinsbourne's (1970) model of attention bias as a general principle of laterality...
  92. ncbi Deconstructing the McGurk-MacDonald illusion
    Salvador Soto-Faraco
    Parc Cientific de Barcelona and Departament de Psicologia Basica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:580-7. 2009
    ..This proposal contrasts with classic conceptions of multisensory integration as a homogeneous process whereby all the attributes of a multisensory event are treated in a unified manner...
  93. ncbi Open set speech perception with auditory brainstem implant?
    Vittorio Colletti
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Laryngoscope 115:1974-8. 2005
    ..In the present study, a series of psychophysical tests were administered to determine the cause of the difference in performance between tumor (T) and nontumor (NT) ABI patients...
  94. ncbi Combining acoustic and electrical hearing
    Bruce J Gantz
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, 21201 PFP, Iowa City IA 52242 1078, USA
    Laryngoscope 113:1726-30. 2003
    ..In addition, whether residual hearing can be preserved when an electrode is placed into the inner ear up to 10 mm and whether place of electrical stimulation influences speech perception were tested.
  95. pmc Narrowing of intersensory speech perception in infancy
    Ferran Pons
    Departament de Psicologia Basica, Universitat de Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10598-602. 2009
    ..Our findings lend support to the notion that perceptual narrowing is a domain-general as well as a pan-sensory developmental process...
  96. ncbi Shortlist B: a Bayesian model of continuous speech recognition
    Dennis Norris
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Psychol Rev 115:357-95. 2008
    ..The success of Shortlist B suggests that listeners make optimal Bayesian decisions during spoken-word recognition...
  97. ncbi The extended argument dependency model: a neurocognitive approach to sentence comprehension across languages
    Ina Bornkessel
    Independent Junior Research Group Neurotypology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychol Rev 113:787-821. 2006
    ....
  98. ncbi Infants listen for more phonetic detail in speech perception than in word-learning tasks
    C L Stager
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Nature 388:381-2. 1997
    ..phonetic sensitivities as they advance and begin to associate words with objects, but the question of how speech perception sensitivities are used in early word learning has not yet been answered...
  99. pmc Hemispheric asymmetries in speech perception: sense, nonsense and modulations
    Stuart Rosen
    University College London Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e24672. 2011
    ....
  100. ncbi A bilingual advantage in visual language discrimination in infancy
    Núria Sebastián-Gallés
    Center for Brain and Cognition, Department of Technology, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Psychol Sci 23:994-9. 2012
    ..These findings reveal that bilingual experience can modulate the attentional system even without explicit training or feedback. They provide a basis for explaining the ontogeny of the general cognitive advantages of bilinguals...
  101. ncbi A new electrode for residual hearing preservation in cochlear implantation: first clinical results
    Wolfgang Gstoettner
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Acta Otolaryngol 129:372-9. 2009
    ..A so far unattained high rate (100%) of residual hearing preservation in cochlear implantation for electric-acoustic stimulation could be achieved using sophisticated surgical techniques in combination with the MedEl Flex EAS electrode...

Research Grants75

  1. WIDEBAND CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS AND MONITORING OF MIDDLE-EAR AND COCHLEAR FUNCTION
    Douglas H Keefe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ATF test provides admittance, absorbance and reflectance responses over frequencies important for speech perception (0.2-8 kHz), and is performed either at ambient pressure or as a WB tympanogram...
  2. Aging Auditory System: Presbycusis and Its Neural Bases
    Robert D Frisina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Notably, we have demonstrated that temporal and spatial processing problems linked to speech perception-in-noise difficulties in the aged reside partly in auditory brainstem neural circuitry...
  3. Neural substrates for matching hearing to utterance
    Darcy B Kelley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..prelingually deaf adults receive cochlear implants, the quality of the speech production improves along with speech perception [65]...
  4. Effects of Sensorineural Hearing Loss on Robust Speech Coding
    Michael G Heinz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in the degree of inner- and outer-hair-cell dysfunction contribute to across-patient variability in speech perception. Recent psychophysical studies have suggested that listeners with sensorineural hearing loss have a reduced ..
  5. Cross-modal re-organization in children with cochlear implants
    Julia Dee Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Another source of variability in speech perception that has come to the forefront of cochlear implant research in recent years includes cross-modal re-..
  6. Neural Coding and Perception of Learned Vocalizations
    SARAH M WOOLLEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Speech perception impairments are features of neurological disorders such as auditory processing disorder (APD) and autism...
  7. Auditory Processing of Stochastic FM in Relationship to Speech Perception
    STANLEY E SHEFT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These hypotheses will be tested in experiments of speech perception manipulating stimulus TFS cues and in psychoacoustic discrimination measures with signal parameters chosen ..
  8. Peripheral Auditory System Function in Humans: Continuum of Maturation and Aging
    Carolina Abdala; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..MOC) reflex and (3) relate the observed changes in peripheral auditory physiology to changes in speech perception throughout the human lifespan...
  9. Delivery of Channel Rhodopsin for Optogenetic Control of Neurons in the Cochlea
    Daniel J Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The cochlear implant (CI) provides meaningful sound and speech perception to the majority of patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss...
  10. Electrophysiological mapping of corticocollicular projections involved with tonot
    HUBERT HYUNGIL LIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Both tinnitus and poor speech perception with implants have been linked to abnormal frequency coding within the central auditory system...
  11. Academy Research Conference 2010: New Research on Aging and Hearing Health
    Larry E Humes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..perception and hearing aids, central auditory neurobiology, clinical electrophysiology, cognition and speech perception, and cognitive factors impacting aural rehabilitation...
  12. Multisensory foundations of speech perception in infancy
    Janet F Werker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the adult, speech perception is richly multimodal...
  13. Dynamic Effects in Peripheral Auditory Processing
    Magdalena Wojtczak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 3 will take the basic psychophysical knowledge gained in Aims 1 and 2 and apply it to speech perception in noisy backgrounds...
  14. Complex Pitch Perception in Complex Environments
    Andrew J Oxenham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..spectral (also known as "place" or "tonotopic") mechanisms, versus temporal-coding mechanisms for pitch and speech perception in both normal and impaired hearing. The proposal is divided into three specific aims...
  15. Synaptic mechanisms of temporal pattern recognition
    Christa A Baker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For example, the timing cues of sounds are critical for aspects of human speech perception such as pitch and phoneme discrimination...
  16. Speech Perception Assessment and Training System for Aphasia Rehabilitation
    James D Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will test the feasibility of a computerized speech perception assessment and training system (SPATS-AR) as a novel aphasia rehabilitation option...
  17. Assessment of Auditory Function in Patients with Parkinson Disease
    Robert Folmer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specific Aim 2: Evaluate central auditory processing, including speech perception ability, of PD patients and compare the results to those from age-matched control subjects who do not have ..
  18. Functional Architecture of Human Speech Motor Cortex
    Edward Chang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Our research focuses on novel methodologies gained in previous studies of speech perception in the human temporal lobe...
  19. Genotype-Phenotype Relationships in Auditory Neuropathy
    Christina L Runge; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..loss characterized by present outer hair cell function, asynchronous neural activity, and unusually poor speech perception ability...
  20. The effects of aging and hearing loss on human auditory cortex
    David L Woods; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research program will elucidate the anatomical and functional basis of age- and SNHL-related impairments in speech perception. In addition, it will provide essential normative data that will clarify the basic anatomical and functional ..
  21. NEURAL NETWORKS FOR SPEECH PERCEPTION IN NOISE
    Lee M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    This research addresses the neural bases of speech perception in noisy environments. With its singular role in communication, speech is perhaps the most important everyday stimulus for human beings...
  22. Localization and Speech Intelligibility in EAS and Bilateral CI Users
    Louise H Loiselle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a 2 (groups = bilateral CI and EAS) X 2 (mode of listening and noise condition) repeated measures ANOVA for speech perception in noise...
  23. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Speech-Language Disorders
    SUSAN ELLIS-WEISMER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ones in language development, language disorders, language and literacy, adult language processing, speech perception and production in children and adults, and neurogenic speech disorders...
  24. Research Training for Clinical Audiologists
    WILLIAM WALTER CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..cell regeneration and development, cochlear implants in children and adults, language acquisition and speech perception in children with hearing impairment, hearing aids, tinnitus, diseases of the middle and inner ear, aural ..
  25. Contributions of peripheral spatial resolution to speech perception in CI users
    Rachel A Scheperle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..degree of overlap in individual CI recipients, including those who can't participate in behavioral or speech perception testing...
  26. RESEARCH TRAINING IN SPEECH AND HEARING SCIENCES
    Lynne A Werner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..genetics, language development, language science and disorders, signal processing, speech motor control, speech perception, and voice. The proposed program will support 6 predoctoral trainees and 1 postdoctoral trainee...
  27. Development and Adaptive Behavior of Young Children with Hearing Loss
    Carren Stika; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..children will be followed from 12 to 48 months of age and assessed under the outcome domains of audition, speech perception, language, cognition, social- emotional problems and competencies, and adaptive functioning...
  28. Susceptibility to and Release from Masking in Infancy and Childhood
    Lori J Leibold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aims rely on rigorous behavioral methods using well-characterized multi-tonal and noise stimuli as well as speech perception testing in the presence of competing noise or speech maskers...
  29. Aging and speech perception in complex listening environments
    Karen S Helfer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This, in turn, may drive improvements in rehabilitative protocols that incorporate treatment of both bottom-up and top-down contributors to age-related speech understanding problems. ..
  30. AUDITORY TEMPORAL PROCESSES, SPEECH PERCEPTION AND AGING
    SANDRA M GORDON-SALANT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research program in speech perception and auditory psychophysics examines the hypothesis that many of the predominant difficulties in speech understanding of elderly listeners are related to ..
  31. Somatosensory-to-auditory cross-modal plasticity in cochlear implanted children
    GARRETT JOSEPH CARDON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., speech perception). On the other hand, some children do not have a great deal of success with CIs...
  32. FUNCTIONAL NEUROANATOMY OF NORMAL AND IMPAIRED LANGUAGE
    Steven L Small; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..simulation in encoding their meaning;and (5) unilateral premotor injury impairs action understanding for speech perception, and that compensation by contra-lesional circuits correlates with residual ability...
  33. Neurobiology of Auditory Language Perception
    Gregory Hickok; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 1: Understand the neural basis of speech perception. The idea that the motor system may play a prominent role in speech perception has gained much popularity...
  34. The role of variability in infants'phonological learning
    CAROLYN MARIE QUAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..methods with relevant institutional training at the University of Arizona, both through pertinent courses in speech perception, statistics, and ethics, and active participation in lab meetings, seminars, and colloquia across Psychology,..
  35. Behavioral and physiological changes in acoustic-electrical pitch matching
    Chin Tuan Tan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..two years of device use, and determine whether changes in pitch perception are also related to changes in speech perception. In the second experiment, we plan to determine the cochlear size and the location of the electrode within ..
  36. Cochlear Implants: Combined Electric and Binaural Acoustic Stimulation
    RENE H GIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Previous research has failed to demonstrate significant benefit to speech perception for EAS with two partially hearing ears vs. one partially hearing ear...
  37. Multi-site study of speech perception training for hearing-aid users
    Charles S Watson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is that speech perception training may improve recognition abilities to the point that otherwise unsuccessful hearing-aid users can ..
  38. Multi-site study of speech perception training for hearing-aid users
    Charles S Watson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is that speech perception training may improve recognition abilities to the point that otherwise unsuccessful hearing-aid users can ..
  39. A Unified Neuroanatomical Model of Speech Production and Perception: Implications
    Christopher Rorden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Building on our previous research as well as the latest models of speech perception and production, this project will examine the neural bases of AOS and conduction aphasia...
  40. Information Processing in Auditory Cortex
    Xiaoqin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the cortical representation of complex acoustic stimuli, and will have implications for the neural basis of human speech perception and for designing better hearing aids and prosthetic devices for the deaf and hearing-impaired.
  41. Neural mechanisms of speech learning in older adults
    PATRICK C WONG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Healthy older listeners show decline in cognitive and complex speech perception abilities...
  42. Electrophysiological and psychophysical measures of auditory temporal processing
    Sara K Mamo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between temporal processing deficits apparent in the brainstem response to complex acoustic cues and speech perception difficulties in noisy backgrounds...
  43. Development of Translational Research to Improve Outcomes for Cochlear Implants
    Paul W Flint; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The second project is to improve speech perception and optimize the interaction between the acoustic and electric hearing in CI patients with residual hearing...
  44. Iowa Cochlear Implant Clinical Research Center Project VI
    Bruce Jay Gantz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Third, we will examine whether profoundly deaf infants develop speech perception and language equally well with standard-length cochlear implants versus less invasive electrodes...
  45. Auditory Cortical Processing of Communication Sounds
    KAMAL K SEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is altered by deafness and cortical plasticity is thought to play a critical role in recovery of speech perception e.g., in children with cochlear implants...
  46. Evoked Potentials and Music Perception: Effects of Hearing Loss and Training
    KAY E GFELLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While many hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) users enjoy fairly accurate speech perception in quiet, they often experience difficulties when listening to more spectrally complex stimuli, such as ..
  47. Perceptual implications of cochlear implant electrode-neuron interfaces
    Julie A Bierer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..understanding of how cochlear implant channel position and neural survival affect single-channel and speech perception. The findings have the potential to shift clinical practice by providing a guide for patient-specific ..
  48. Neural correlates of auditory function and training in older adults
    Nina Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The outcome of the proposed work will reveal sensory mechanisms linked to speech perception in noise in older adults and determine plasticity of basic sensory circuitry arising from short-term ..
  49. Neurocognitive Processes in Deaf Children with Cochlear Implants
    David B Pisoni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..global coordination, integration and functional connectivity of multiple underlying brain systems used in speech perception, production and spoken language processing...
  50. Perceptual and central auditory consequences of noise-induced hearing loss
    Amanda M Lauer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hearing loss impairs speech perception and loudness perception, which can have negative effects on academic achievement, cognition, and social functioning...
  51. Spectro-temporal interactions in electric and acoustic processing and auditory pe
    Andrew J Oxenham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Despite tremendous progress in cochlear implant (CI) technology and performance over the past three decades, speech perception through a CI remains considerably poorer than in normal hearing (NH), particularly in noisy backgrounds...
  52. Effects of noise-induced and metabolic hearing losses on temporal coding in noise
    KENNETH STUART HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. hearing-aid and cochlear-implant designs) aimed at restoring speech perception under real-world listening conditions in people with hearing loss.
  53. Visual Form-Based Spoken Word Processing
    LYNNE ESTHER BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Visual speech perception (lipreading/speechreading) is not limited to deaf individuals, as almost everyone demonstrates some visual ..
  54. Neural Encoding and Connectivity in human speech perception
    BRIAN PASLEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..R00 phase, the second specific aim will investigate the connectivity of neural circuits supporting speech perception using electrical cortical stimulation (ECS) and functional connectivity analysis...
  55. Children's Perception of Foreign-Accented Speech
    Tessa Bent; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..despite the vast amount of variability in the speech signal is contingent on the flexibility of the speech perception system and its rapid adaptation to novel input...
  56. Attentional Cues During Speech Perception
    LORI BETH ASTHEIMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Evidence concerning how temporally selective attention functions during speech perception will provide insight into why speech perception is difficult for some populations, including second language ..
  57. Optimizing the Combination of Electric and Acoustic Hearing
    CHRISTOPHER W contact TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the effectiveness of these different approaches to programming the two devices using a range of both speech perception tests as well as a series of electrophysiologic measures that may be more applicable for difficult-to-test ..
  58. Speech perception, acoustic variability and time: normal and impaired listeners
    Bob McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Speech perception poses two difficult problems for listeners. First, the acoustic signal is variable and context dependent, making phoneme identification difficult...
  59. Online speech processing in pediatric and adult cochlear implant users
    ASHLEY WILSON FARRIS-TRIMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..has shown that CI users exhibit a wide range of variability in word recognition and outcome measures of speech perception. Some work has focused on CI users'auditory deficits, but with recent advances in our understanding of ..
  60. Predicting the benefits of spatial and spectrotemporal cues
    Frederick J Gallun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research program will seek to determine whether or not speech perception ability in multitalker situations can be predicted by measuring sensitivity to spatial, spectral, ad ..
  61. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF VOCAL LEARNING
    SARAH BOTTJER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Songbirds provide an animal model for human speech perception and production, and for developmentally restricted forms of learning and memory, in which it is possible to causally link specific behaviors and their underlying neural ..
  62. Neuromodulation of midbrain frequency sensitivity by two serotonin receptors
    Laura M Hurley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..how the 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors act to alter frequency filtering in the IC will lay the groundwork for addressing the role of serotonin in auditory dysfunctions such as poor speech perception, auditory hypersensitivity, or tinnitus.
  63. Effects of sensorineural loss on robust speech coding
    Michael Heinz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Speech perception by listeners with normal hearing is robust across a wide variety of conditions, whereas people with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) typically show much less robust speech perception...
  64. Sensitivity to spectral cues in infant speech perception
    CHRISTIAN EDMUND STILP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The proposed research will examine infants'sensitivity to multiple spectral cues in speech perception. Speech is a complex signal, with numerous acoustic cues for every consonant and vowel...
  65. AUDITORY TRAINING FOR PERSONS WITH DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING SPEECH IN NOISE
    Kanae Nishi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Speech perception in adverse listening environments (e.g., noise) is more difficult than in quiet even for individuals with normal hearing...
  66. SPECT RCBF IN LANGUAGE RECEPTION
    Emily Tobey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and the functional neuroanatomy of brain responses to speech listening by combining traditional measures of speech perception with state-of-the-art brain imaging with Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)...
  67. Optimized Conditioned Processing for Cochlear Implants
    Jay T Rubinstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    High levels of speech perception in quiet are currently available to a significant percentage of modern cdchlear implant recipients...
  68. Repeatability of High-Frequency Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions in Children
    Laura Dreisbach; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is a vital tool that could contribute to the prevention of hearing loss at those frequencies necessary for speech perception and production in children who are exposed to ototoxic agents...
  69. SPEECH PERCEPTION STUDIES BIMODAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL
    LYNNE BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The research is concerned with speech perception in normal adults and children and profoundly deaf children. A research theme will be perceptual learning, both in terms of development and during periods of training...
  70. ATTENTION AND SPEECH PERCEPTION BY THE HEARING IMPAIRED
    PHILIP SEITZ; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Cognitive theory and methods will be used to test the hypothesis that speech perception requires significantly more cognitive effort--i.e...
  71. Visual Speech Perception and Neural Processing
    LYNNE BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..deaf adults, who rely on visual speech information for communication, demonstrate enhanced visual speech perception. Some hearing adults are also capable visual speech perceivers...
  72. Neocortical Mechanisms of Categorical Speech Perception
    Edward Chang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..will then be applied during the independent R00 phase to investigate the role of the motor cortex in speech perception- specifically, 1) to determine its functional organization during phoneme perception and production, 2) to ..
  73. Multimodal Perception by Infants with Cochlear Implants
    Tonya Bergeson Dana; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..by applicant): The overall objectives of this research program are to assess the development of audiovisual speech perception in hearing-impaired infants who receive cochlear implants and to identify potential preimplantation ..
  74. SPEECH PROCESSING IN CHILDHOOD LANGUAGE DISORDERS
    Rachel Stark; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Processes of speech perception and speech production will be examined in normal children, and in four well-defined groups of language-impaired (LI) children...
  75. Auditory Training to Improve Spectral Resolution in Cochlear Implant Listeners
    Kathleen F Faulkner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The long-term goal of this program of research is to understand the role of spectral resolution in speech perception for cochlear implant (CI) listeners as well as to improve aural rehabilitation techniques for use in adult and ..