Genomes and Genes
Summary: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Publications303 found, 100 shown here
- Brain dynamics underlying the nonlinear threshold for access to consciousnessAntoine Del Cul
INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, IFR 49, Saclay, France
PLoS Biol 5:e260. 2007....
- Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition primingS Dehaene
Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
Nat Neurosci 4:752-8. 2001..In comparison to an unmasked situation, however, the activation evoked by masked words was drastically reduced and was undetectable in prefrontal and parietal areas, correlating with participants' inability to report the masked words...
- Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: a critical review of visual maskingSid Kouider
Laboratoire des Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, EHESS CNRS ENS, 75230 Paris, France Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, INSERM U562, SHFJ, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay, France
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:857-75. 2007..According to us, maintaining this distinction is essential in order to make sense of the growing neuroimaging data on the neural correlates of consciousness...
- Learned fear of "unseen" faces after Pavlovian, observational, and instructed fearAndreas Olsson
New York University, Meyer Hall Psychology C and P, New York, NY 10003, USA
Psychol Sci 15:822-8. 2004..However, whereas the observational-learning group also showed this effect, the instructed-learning group did not...
- Combining vernier acuity and visual backward masking as a sensitive test for visual temporal deficits in aging researchMaya Roinishvili
Department of Behaviour and Cognitive Functions, I Beritashvili Institute of Physiology, Tbilisi, Georgia
Vision Res 51:417-23. 2011..The paradigm is relatively robust to optical blur and unlikely affected by motor dysfunctions. Strong masking deficits are found from an age of about 50 years on...
- Informational and energetic masking effects in the perception of multiple simultaneous talkersD S Brungart
Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 110:2527-38. 2001..The results of these experiments demonstrate how monaural factors may play an important role in the segregation of speech signals in multitalker environments...
- Activation of the amygdala and anterior cingulate during nonconscious processing of sad versus happy facesWilliam D S Killgore
Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, McLean Hospital Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
Neuroimage 21:1215-23. 2004..Findings suggest that the amygdala and anterior cingulate are important components of a network involved in detecting and discriminating affective information presented below the normal threshold of conscious visual perception...
- Visual backward-masking deficits in schizophrenia: relationship to visual pathway function and symptomatologyPamela D Butler
Program in Cognitive Neuroscience and Schizophrenia, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, 140 Old Orangeburg Rd, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
Schizophr Res 59:199-209. 2003....
- The role of temporal fine structure processing in pitch perception, masking, and speech perception for normal-hearing and hearing-impaired peopleBrian C J Moore
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 9:399-406. 2008..Evidence is reviewed suggesting that cochlear hearing loss reduces the ability to use TFS cues. The perceptual consequences of this, and reasons why it may happen, are discussed...
- Contextual suppression and protection in schizophrenic patientsMaya Roinishvili
Laboratory of Vision Physiology, I Beritashvili Institute of Physiology, 14 Gotua Str, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 258:210-6. 2008..Here, we combine a suppressive with a "protective" paradigm to further our understanding of the contextual deficiencies of schizophrenic patients in visual information processing...
- Collinear contextual suppression in schizophrenic patientsCathleen Schütze
Department of Human Neurobiology, University of Bremen, Argonnenstr 3, D 28211 Bremen, Germany
Psychiatry Res 150:237-43. 2007..This impairment is comparable between the two groups if SOAs were individually adjusted. Hence, whereas contextual facilitation is deficient, contextual suppression seems to be intact in schizophrenic patients...
- Visual masking by object substitution in schizophreniaM F Green
VA Desert Pacific Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Psychol Med 41:1489-96. 2011..So far, masking paradigms used in schizophrenia research have been unable to separate these two processes...
- Letter binding and invariant recognition of masked words: behavioral and neuroimaging evidenceS Dehaene
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unit 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Orsay, France
Psychol Sci 15:307-13. 2004..Our results indicate that an invariant binding of letters into words is achieved unconsciously through a series of increasingly invariant stages in the left occipito-temporal pathway...
- Recognizing facial cues: individual discrimination by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)L A Parr
Department of Psychology, Emory University
J Comp Psychol 114:47-60. 2000..Although the rhesus monkeys required many trials to learn the tasks, this is not evidence that faces are not as important social stimuli for them as for the chimpanzees...
- Testing the theory of embodied cognition with subliminal wordsUlrich Ansorge
Department of Psychology, Universitat Wien, Austria Institute of Cognitive Science, Universitat Osnabruck, Germany
Cognition 116:303-20. 2010..We conclude that the ECT is supported by our findings and discuss implications of our results for embodied theories of semantic word processing and masked priming experiments...
- Speech recognition in noise as a function of the number of spectral channels: comparison of acoustic hearing and cochlear implantsL M Friesen
Department of Auditory Implants and Perception, House Ear Institute, Los Angeles, California 90057, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 110:1150-63. 2001....
- Crowding--an essential bottleneck for object recognition: a mini-reviewDennis M Levi
University of California at Berkeley, School of Optometry and The Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
Vision Res 48:635-54. 2008..A full understanding of crowding may allow us to understand this bottleneck to object recognition and the rules that govern the integration of features into objects...
- A computational model of human auditory signal processing and perceptionMorten L Jepsen
Centre for Applied Hearing Research, Acoustic Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK 2800 Kgs Lyngby, Denmark
J Acoust Soc Am 124:422-38. 2008..The model can account for most of the key properties of the data and is more powerful than the original model. The model might be useful as a front end in technical applications...
- Modeling auditory processing of amplitude modulation. I. Detection and masking with narrow-band carriersT Dau
Carl von Ossietzky Universitat Oldenburg, AG Medizinische Physik, Germany
J Acoust Soc Am 102:2892-905. 1997....
- Beyond spreading activation: an influence of relatedness proportion on masked semantic primingGlen E Bodner
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Psychon Bull Rev 10:645-52. 2003..These results are interpreted within a retrospective account of semantic priming in which recruitment of a prime event is modulated by prime validity...
- On the control of visual spatial attention: evidence from human electrophysiologyPierre Jolicoeur
Departement de Psychologie, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada
Psychol Res 70:414-24. 2006..N2pc was reduced in amplitude when subjects reported T1, and particularly so at the short SOA. The results suggest that attention to T1 interfered with the deployment of visual spatial attention to T2...
- Masking interrupts figure-ground signals in V1Victor A F Lamme
Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 14:1044-53. 2002..As figure-ground modulations depend on feedback from extrastriate areas, these results suggest that masking selectively interrupts the recurrent interactions between V1 and higher visual areas...
- Confidence and accuracy of near-threshold discrimination responsesC Kunimoto
University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Conscious Cogn 10:294-340. 2001....
- The what and where in visual maskingHaluk Ogmen
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston, N308 Engineering Building 1, Houston, TX 77204 4005, USA
Vision Res 43:1337-50. 2003..The dependence of the dissociation on stimulus timing can be explained by RECOD, a dual-pathway model wherein fast and slow activities interact...
- Forward masking estimated by signal detection theory analysis of neuronal responses in primary auditory cortexAna Alves-Pinto
MRC Institute of Hearing Research, Science Road, University Park, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, UK
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 11:477-94. 2010..Masking was largely attributable to a reduction in the responses to the probe, rather than either a persistence of the masker responses or an increase in the variability of probe responses...
- Factors influencing tinnitus loudness and annoyanceWolfgang Hiller
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 132:1323-30. 2006..To evaluate the 2 major components of tinnitus severity, loudness and annoyance, and their degree of dependence on characteristics of tinnitus manifestation, history, and etiology...
- Masking disrupts reentrant processing in human visual cortexJ J Fahrenfort
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 19:1488-97. 2007..From these results, we conclude that masking derives its effectiveness, at least partly, from disrupting reentrant processing, thereby interfering with the neural mechanisms of figure-ground segmentation and visual awareness itself...
- Spatial-frequency and contrast properties of crowdingS T Chung
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
Vision Res 41:1833-50. 2001....
- The time course of consolidation in visual working memoryEdward K Vogel
Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1277, USA
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:1436-51. 2006..The rate of consolidation was approximately 50 ms per item, which is considerably faster than previous proposals...
- Attentional modulation of unconscious "automatic" processes: evidence from event-related potentials in a masked priming paradigmMarkus Kiefer
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulm, Leimgrubenweg 12, 89075 Ulm, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 18:184-98. 2006..The present results show that temporal attention to the prime is a prerequisite for obtaining masked N400 priming effects. They also demonstrate that unconscious automatic processes are susceptible to attentional modulation...
- Internal curvature signal and noise in low- and high-level visionTimothy D Sweeny
Vision Science Group, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
J Neurophysiol 105:1236-57. 2011..These opposing effects of lateral interactions are consistent with the phenomena of local-feature contrast in low-level processing and global-feature averaging in high-level processing...
- Priming by NUMB3R5 does not involve top-down feedbackSachiko Kinoshita
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science and Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:1422-40. 2010....
- Extended visual simultaneity thresholds in patients with schizophreniaAnne Giersch
INSERM U666, Centre Hospitalier Régional de Strasbourg, pôle de psychiatrie, BP 406, 67091 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Schizophr Bull 35:816-25. 2009..The method used in the present study provides a novel approach to the assessment of those disturbances related to time in patients with schizophrenia...
- Spatio-temporal luminance contrast sensitivity and visual backward masking in schizophreniaWalter L Slaghuis
School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 30, 7001 Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Exp Brain Res 156:196-211. 2004....
- The mid-difference hump in forward-masked intensity discriminationDaniel Oberfeld
Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
J Acoust Soc Am 123:1571-81. 2008..The correlation between loudness changes and DL elevations was significant, but several aspects of the data are incompatible with the predicted one-on-one relation between the two effects...
- Auditory target detection in reverberationPatrick M Zurek
Sensimetrics Corporation, 48 Grove Street, Somerville, Massachusetts 02144, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 115:1609-20. 2004..The success of these detection models in the present well-controlled reverberant conditions suggests that they can be used to incorporate listening mode and source location as factors in speech-intelligibility predictions...
- Forty-five years after Broadbent (1958): still no identification without attentionJoel Lachter
Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Psychol Rev 111:880-913. 2004..Hence, the authors found no evidence that unattended stimuli can be identified. The results support a modern version of Broadbent's selective theory, updated to reflect recent research advances...
- Isolating the energetic component of speech-on-speech masking with ideal time-frequency segregationDouglas S Brungart
Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, 2610 Seventh Street, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 120:4007-18. 2006..The results suggest that energetic masking plays a relatively small role in the overall masking that occurs when speech is masked by interfering speech but a much more significant role when speech is masked by interfering noise...
- Awareness becomes necessary between adaptive pattern coding of open and closed curvaturesTimothy D Sweeny
Vision Science Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Psychol Sci 22:943-50. 2011..This double dissociation suggests that adaptive coding of open and closed curvatures straddles the divide between weakly and strongly awareness-dependent pattern coding...
- The effect of spatial separation on informational and energetic masking of speechTanya L Arbogast
Department of Communication Disorders and The Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 112:2086-98. 2002..These results suggest that, in these conditions, the advantage due to spatial separation of sources is greater for informational masking than for energetic masking...
- The decision process in forward-masked intensity discrimination: evidence from molecular analysesDaniel Oberfeld
Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Mainz, Germany
J Acoust Soc Am 125:294-303. 2009..2005). "Effect of variability in level on forward masking and on increment detection," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 118, 325-337] are discussed...
- The N400 is modulated by unconsciously perceived masked words: further evidence for an automatic spreading activation account of N400 priming effectsMarkus Kiefer
University of Ulm, Department of Psychiatry, Leimgrubenweg 12, 89075 Ulm, Germany
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 13:27-39. 2002....
- Perception as evidence accumulation and Bayesian inference: insights from masked primingDennis Norris
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kindgom
J Exp Psychol Gen 137:434-55. 2008..Implications of the Bayesian framework of masked priming for unconscious cognition and visual masking are discussed...
- Solutions to the cocktail party problem in insects: selective filters, spatial release from masking and gain control in tropical cricketsArne K D Schmidt
Department of Zoology, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Styria, Austria
PLoS ONE 6:e28593. 2011..This is even more a problem in species-rich environments like tropical rainforests, where background noise levels of up to 60 dB SPL have been measured...
- Far visual acuity is unremarkable in autism: do we need to focus on crowding?Luc Keita
Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Autism Res 3:333-41. 2010..This notion is discussed within the context of characteristic lower- and higher-level perceptual processing in autism...
- Positional averaging explains crowding with letter-like stimuliJohn A Greenwood
UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11 43 Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13130-5. 2009..Together, our results suggest that crowding is a preattentive process that uses averaging to regularize the noisy representation of position in the periphery...
- Neuromagnetic indicators of tinnitus and tinnitus masking in patients with and without hearing lossPeyman Adjamian
MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University Park, Nottingham, UK NG7 2RD
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 13:715-31. 2012..The findings partly support the thalamocortical dysrhythmia model and suggest that slow-wave (delta band) activity may be a more reliable correlate of tinnitus than high-frequency activity...
- The role of perceived spatial separation in the unmasking of speechR L Freyman
Department of Communication Disorders, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 106:3578-88. 1999..For the female talker interference, a much larger advantage occurred, apparently because informational masking was reduced by differences in perceived locations of target and interference...
- Preceding weak noise sharpens the frequency tuning and elevates the response threshold of the mouse inferior collicular neurons through GABAergic inhibitionXin Wang
College of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079, People s Republic of China
Brain Res 1167:80-91. 2007..These data indicate that in the real world the ambient noise may improve frequency sensitivity of IC neurons through GABAergic inhibition while inevitably decrease the frequency response range and sensitivity of IC neurons...
- Suppression during binocular rivalry broadens orientation tuningSam Ling
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Psychol Sci 20:1348-55. 2009..Thus, the discriminability of a suppressed stimulus is weakened not only by a general decrease in signal strength, but also by broader orientation tuning that introduces more noise in the neural representation of the suppressed stimulus...
- TMS effects on subjective and objective measures of vision: stimulation intensity and pre- versus post-stimulus maskingTom A de Graaf
Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Conscious Cogn 20:1244-55. 2011..g. recurrent) models of vision and visual awareness. Finally, our data are in line with the idea that pre-stimulus masking operates differently from conventional post-stimulus masking...
- Event-related potentials associated with masked priming of test cues reveal multiple potential contributions to recognition memoryAnna M Woollams
1MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
J Cogn Neurosci 20:1114-29. 2008..These results suggest that multiple neural signals are associated with repetition and potentially contribute to recognition memory...
- Influence of task-relevant and task-irrelevant feature continuity on selective auditory attentionRoss K Maddox
Hearing Research Center, Biomedical Engineering, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 13:119-29. 2012....
- Patients with functional psychoses show similar visual backward masking deficitsEka Chkonia
Department of Psychiatry, Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Psychiatry Res 198:235-40. 2012..Indeed, we found masking to be much stronger in psychotic patients compared to controls and to depressive patients and abstinent alcoholics, who performed on similar levels...
- Auditory stream segregation in the songbird forebrain: effects of time intervals on responses to interleaved tone sequencesMark A Bee
Animal Physiology and Behaviour Group, Institute for Biology and Environmental Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany
Brain Behav Evol 66:197-214. 2005..We discuss the relevance of our physiological data with respect to previous electrophysiological studies of auditory stream segregation in mammals and previous perceptual studies in humans...
- Neural correlates and mechanisms of spatial release from masking: single-unit and population responses in the inferior colliculusCourtney C Lane
Eaton Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA
J Neurophysiol 94:1180-98. 2005..The population thresholds were similar to human behavioral thresholds in both SNR value and shape, indicating that these units may provide a neural substrate for low-frequency SRM...
- A Speech Intelligibility Index-based approach to predict the speech reception threshold for sentences in fluctuating noise for normal-hearing listenersKoenraad S Rhebergen
Department of Clinical and Experimental Audiology, Academic Medical Center Room D2 223, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Acoust Soc Am 117:2181-92. 2005..For the latter type of maskers, informational masking may play a role...
- Metacontrast masking and stimulus contrast polarityBruno G Breitmeyer
Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
Vision Res 48:2433-8. 2008..We conclude that Becker and Anstis's failure to obtain metacontrast with stimuli of opposite contrast polarity is due to their use of a single, relatively large, SOA value...
- Auditory streaming of amplitude-modulated sounds in the songbird forebrainNaoya Itatani
Animal Physiology and Behaviour Group, Institute for Biology and Environmental Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
J Neurophysiol 101:3212-25. 2009..These two effects are additive and may provide the basis for a more separated representation of A and B signals by two populations of neurons that can be viewed as a neuronal correlate of segregated streams...
- The roles of attention and awareness in the false recognition effectM R Klinger
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Am J Psychol 114:93-114. 2001..They suggest that the qualitative difference criterion proposed by Jacoby and Whitehouse is insufficient for determining whether participants are aware of masked presentations...
- An objective measurement of the build-up of auditory streaming and of its modulation by attentionSarah K Thompson
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:1253-62. 2011..In particular, even though build-up can impair performance in an objective task, participants are unable to prevent this from happening...
- Recent models and findings in visual backward masking: a comparison, review, and updateB G Breitmeyer
Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5341, USA
Percept Psychophys 62:1572-95. 2000..Besides noting the positive aspects of these models, we also list their problems and suggest changes that may improve them and experiments that can empirically test them...
- Pathways between early visual processing and functional outcome in schizophreniaY Rassovsky
Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Psychol Med 41:487-97. 2011..The present study examined the contribution of negative symptoms to this model...
- Frequency-specific modulation of population-level frequency tuning in human auditory cortexHidehiko Okamoto
Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, University of Muenster, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Muenster, Germany
BMC Neurosci 10:1. 2009..random) under auditory focused attention by means of magnetoencephalography (MEG)...
- Tone-sequence analysis in the auditory cortex of awake macaque monkeysMichael Brosch
Leibniz Institut für Neurobiologie, Brenneckestrasse 6, 3911, Magdeburg, Germany
Exp Brain Res 184:349-61. 2008..Hence many properties of the sequence-sensitivity of neurons in the auditory cortex measured in anesthetized preparations can be applied to neurons in the auditory cortex of awake subjects...
- Visual crowding is correlated with awarenessThomas S A Wallis
Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Curr Biol 21:254-8. 2011..Our data demonstrate that crowding can be released when flanking elements at attended locations are suppressed from visual awareness...
- Letter position information and printed word perception: the relative-position priming constraintJonathan Grainger
University of Provence, Marseille, France
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:865-84. 2006..e., 33 ms prime durations) where there was no evidence for phonological priming. The results constrain possible schemes for letter position coding...
- Crowding is unlike ordinary masking: distinguishing feature integration from detectionDenis G Pelli
Psychology and Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY, USA
J Vis 4:1136-69. 2004..The rest seem to arise through a distinct phenomenon that one might call "temporal crowding," which depends on time pressure ("overloading attention"), independent of spatial proximity...
- Intact figure-ground segmentation in schizophreniaMichael H Herzog
Laboratory of Psycophysics, Brain Mind Institute, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Psychiatry Res 129:55-63. 2004..This good temporal resolution indicates intact and fast perceptual grouping and figure-ground segmentation in spite of high susceptibility to masking procedures in schizophrenia...
- The cocktail party problem: what is it? How can it be solved? And why should animal behaviorists study it?Mark A Bee
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
J Comp Psychol 122:235-51. 2008..This review also outlines several basic and applied benefits that could result from studies of the cocktail party problem in the context of animal acoustic communication...
- Mechanisms of masked priming: a meta-analysisEva Van den Bussche
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven Campus Kortrijk, Belgium
Psychol Bull 135:452-77. 2009..This quantitative review also revealed several moderators that influence the strength of priming. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
- Masked primes can be genuinely semantically processed: a picture prime studyEva Van den Bussche
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
Exp Psychol 56:295-300. 2009..This indicates that the task context will determine whether stimuli will be processed semantically or nonsemantically, which in turn can influence priming effects...
- Regularity extraction and application in dynamic auditory stimulus sequencesAlexandra Bendixen
Institute for Psychology I, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 19:1664-77. 2007..The present results underline the brain's flexibility in its adaptation to environmental demands...
- Forward masking: adaptation or integration?A J Oxenham
Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 109:732-41. 2001..However, the difference in predictions between the adaptation and integration models is relatively small, meaning that influence of adaptation cannot be ruled out...
- Informational masking: counteracting the effects of stimulus uncertainty by decreasing target-masker similarityNathaniel I Durlach
Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 114:368-79. 2003..Furthermore, listener vulnerability to informational masking is found to be consistent to at least a moderate degree across experiments...
- The negative compatibility effect with nonmasking flankers: a case for mask-triggered inhibition hypothesisPiotr Jaskowski
Department of Cognitive Psychology, University of Finance and Management, ul Pawia 55, 01 030 Warszawa, Poland
Conscious Cogn 17:765-77. 2008..Therefore, masks/flankers can evoke an inhibition phase independently of whether or not they remove evidence for the prime and whether they are similar to the targets...
- Contextual illusions reveal the limit of unconscious visual processingJulia J Harris
Department of Neuroscience, University College London, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 22:399-405. 2011..Our findings show that invisible context is resolvable by low-level processes involved in surface-brightness perception, but not by high-level processes that assign surface borders through perceptual completion...
- Exogenous spatial cueing modulates subliminal masked primingYousri Marzouki
Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Universite de Provence, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 1, France
Acta Psychol (Amst) 126:34-45. 2007..Our findings therefore suggest that exogenous cueing can affect the first feedforward sweep of information through the brain, a processing stream which is considered to be automatic and unconscious...
- Wide-dynamic-range forward suppression in marmoset inferior colliculus neurons is generated centrally and accounts for perceptual maskingPaul C Nelson
Center for Hearing and Balance, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Neurosci 29:2553-62. 2009..These findings further delineate the role of subcortical auditory processing in the generation of a context-dependent representation of ongoing acoustic scenes...
- Holistic crowding: selective interference between configural representations of faces in crowded scenesElizabeth G Louie
The Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
J Vis 7:24.1-11. 2007..The results demonstrate that crowding can occur selectively between high-level representations of faces and may therefore occur at multiple stages in the visual system...
- Attentional modulation of masked repetition and categorical priming in young and older adultsLudovic Fabre
Université de Provence and CNRS, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 3, France
Cognition 105:513-32. 2007....
- Distracted and confused?: selective attention under loadNilli Lavie
Department of Psychology and Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 9:75-82. 2005....
- Competition for consciousness among visual events: the psychophysics of reentrant visual processesV Di Lollo
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Exp Psychol Gen 129:481-507. 2000..The model provides a more comprehensive account of all forms of visual masking than do the long-held feed-forward views based on inhibitory contour interactions...
- Impaired multisensory processing in schizophrenia: deficits in the visual enhancement of speech comprehension under noisy environmental conditionsLars A Ross
Program in Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, The City College of City University of New York, 138th St and Convent Avenue, New York, New York 10031, USA
Schizophr Res 97:173-83. 2007..Our objective was to determine to what extent they experience benefit from visual articulation and to detail under what listening conditions they might show the greatest impairments...
- The leading sense: supramodal control of neurophysiological context by attentionPeter Lakatos
Cognitive Neuroscience and Schizophrenia Program, Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, New York 10962, USA
Neuron 64:419-30. 2009..These findings outline a supramodal mechanism by which attention can control neurophysiological context, thus determining the representation of specific sensory content in primary sensory cortex...
- Note on informational maskingNathaniel I Durlach
J Acoust Soc Am 113:2984-7. 2003
- Locus of inhibition in the masked priming of response alternativesMartin Eimer
Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK
J Mot Behav 34:3-10. 2002....
- Perceptual organization by proximity and similarity in schizophreniaDaniel D Kurylo
Psychology Department, Brooklyn College CUNY, 2900 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11210, USA
Schizophr Res 95:205-14. 2007..Although this study did not directly investigate the physiological correlates underlying perceptual impairments, these results are consistent with a theory of impaired lateral connections within visual cortical areas in schizophrenia...
- Mask-induced priming and the negative compatibility effectPetroc Sumner
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, UK
Exp Psychol 55:133-41. 2008..Thus mask composition can contribute to NCEs, but when random line masks are employed, the major source of the NCE seems to be motor-inhibition...
- Unconscious priming by color and form: different processes and levelsBruno G Breitmeyer
Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
Conscious Cogn 13:138-57. 2004..We conclude that unconscious color priming depends on an early, wavelength- or stimulus-dependent response of color neurons located at early cortical levels whereas unconscious form priming occurs at later levels...
- An anisotropy of orientation-tuned suppression that matches the anisotropy of typical natural scenesEdward A Essock
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
J Vis 9:35.1-15. 2009..We suggest that this anisotropic suppression may serve to equalize the visual system's response across orientation when viewing typical natural scenes, 'discounting' the anisotropy of typical natural scene content...
- Blinded by headlightsBiljana Stevanovski
University of Waterloo
Can J Exp Psychol 56:65-74. 2002..Although the blindness effect was largest during the planning and execution of a response, it was not always confined to that temporal interval...
- Subliminal instrumental conditioning demonstrated in the human brainMathias Pessiglione
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N3BG, UK
Neuron 59:561-7. 2008..We conclude that, even without conscious processing of contextual cues, our brain can learn their reward value and use them to provide a bias on decision making...
- Positron emission tomography of cortical centers of tinnitusF Mirz
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
Hear Res 134:133-44. 1999..For the first time, the functional anatomy of conditions with and without the habitual tinnitus sensation was obtained and compared in the same subjects...
- The cortical site of visual suppression by transcranial magnetic stimulationA Thielscher
High Field Magnetic Resonance Center, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Cereb Cortex 20:328-38. 2010..These findings support the view that intact activity patterns in several early visual areas (rather than merely in V1) are likewise important for the perception of the stimulus...
- Investigation of the effects of temporal and spatial interactions on speech-recognition skills in cochlear-implant subjectsC S Throckmorton
Department of Electrical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0291, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 105:861-73. 1999..These results suggest that temporal interactions across electrodes may be a factor in speech-recognition abilities of some cochlear-implant subjects...
- Spatial attention, preview, and popout: which factors influence critical spacing in crowded displays?Miranda Scolari
Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
J Vis 7:7.1-23. 2007..These disparate results indicate that attention improves target discrimination in crowded displays in a qualitatively different manner than do the other factors...
- Amplitude modulation sensitivity as a mechanism increment detectionFrederick J Gallun
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 119:3919-30. 2006..This finding is also compatible with the hypothesis that similar mechanisms underlie sensitivity to AM (where across-frequency masking is commonly shown) and detection of intensity increments...
- Psychophysical evidence for two routes to suppression before binocular summation of signals in human visionD H Baker
Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Street, Birmingham B47ET, UK
Neuroscience 146:435-48. 2007..The interocular route is a good candidate for the initial pathway involved in binocular rivalry and predicts that interocular cross-orientation suppression should be found in cortical cells with predominantly ipsiocular drive...
- Sensitivity to a break in interaural correlation is co-modulated by intensity level and interaural delayLingzhi Kong
Department of Psychology, Department of Machine Intelligence, Speech and Hearing Research Center, Key Laboratory on Machine Perception Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People s Republic of China
J Acoust Soc Am 132:EL114-8. 2012..Thus, detecting the BIC is co-modulated by both intensity and interaural delay...
- Effect of a forward masker on the N1m amplitude: varying the signal delayTadashi Nishimura
Department of Otolaryngology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo Cho, Kashihara, Nara 634 8522, Japan
Neuroreport 14:891-3. 2003..As the signal delay decreased from 40 ms, the N1m amplitude increased although the masking increased. Our results suggest that the growth of the N1m amplitude largely depends on temporal integration at signal delays below 40 ms...
- Attentional Modulation of Human Auditory CortexDavid Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005..Repeated single-subject testing and improved imaging procedures will permit auditory cortical fields to be mapped with unprecedented detail during the processing of simple sounds, syllables and coherent speech. ..
- SYMPOSIA FOR ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN OTOLARYNGOLOGYJUDY DUBNO; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Aging and temporal processing: A multi-modality studyLarry E Humes; Fiscal Year: 2010..Structural equation modeling will be used to examine the correlations between measures and address the degree to which different modalities share a common temporal processing mechanism that is affected by age. ..
- The First Half SecondBruno Breitmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003..The workshop will be held at the University of Houston from November 1 through November 3, 2003. ..
- TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF AUDITORY MASKINGSID BACON; Fiscal Year: 2005..The primary goal of this line of research is to gain a better understanding of the processing underlying this change in response growth. ..
- A New Approach to Sound Source IdentificationRobert Lutfi; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- CUTANEOUS PATTERN PERCEPTIONJames Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will also be relevant to the effects that intermediate surfaces such as surgical gloves have on tactile sensitivity and to the measurement and understanding of neurological problems. ..
- EARLY VISUAL PROCESSING IN SCHIZOPHRENIAMichael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Hearing Loss and the Utility of Speech InformationBenjamin Hornsby; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Sound Source Segregation and the Cocktail Party Problem in a Non-human VertebrateMARK BEE; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Allocating attention to complex auditory stimuliFrederick Gallun; Fiscal Year: 2006..By again employing the dual-task, the attentional resources used by hearing-impaired listeners will be compared with those used by normal-hearing listeners in the same tasks. ..
- Aging and Speech Communication: A Research ConferenceLarry Humes; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed conference should lead to further progress in understanding and remedying the speech-communication difficulties of older adults. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- AUDITORY ANALYSIS IN ELECTRIC HEARINGDavid Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings should enhance our understanding of spatial phenomena in electrical hearing and lead to improved strategies for mapping speech processors in individual patients. ..
- AUDITORY ANALYSIS AND SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSDavid Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results of the acoustic biasing experiments may lead to better differential diagnoses of underlying cochlear pathologies in individual patients and thereby point the way to more effective treatment. ..
- Aging and Speech Communication: A Research ConferenceLarry Humes; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is hoped that by doing so new Insights into the complex nature of the problem might lead to novel approaches to the improvement of speech communication in older adults. ..
- PERIPHERAL INTERACTIONS IN AUDITORY TEMPORAL PROCESSINGANDREW OXENHAM; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- COMBINATIONS OF MASKING AND SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSWalt Jesteadt; Fiscal Year: 2001..Hearing loss and masking are clearly not equivalent. Learning more about precisely how they differ will lead to a better understanding of both processes and of how they interact with one another. ..
- TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEMDenis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
- DECISION PROCESSES IN DETECTION AND DISCRIMINATIONWalt Jesteadt; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Perception of Sources of Environmental SoundsValeriy Shafiro; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings of the study will be relevant to cochlear implant design, and will provide an empirical basis for a theory of environmental sound perception. ..
- Perception of Competing Talkers by the Hearing-ImpairedCAROL MACKERSIE; Fiscal Year: 2008..The number of competing talkers will be varied in order to explore the interplay between peripheral and perceptual masking. Aim 2 is to quantify the contributions of differences in talker fundamental frequency, vocal tract length, ..
- The Cognitive Neuroscience of Second Language AcquisitionPhillip J Holcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed studies will provide critical information about the mental and neural underpinnings of L2 acquisition. ..
- FUNCTIONS AND MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL LEARNINGBarbara Dosher; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- The cognitive neuroscience of word comprehensionPhillip J Holcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010..One long term goal is to extend these studies to children and adults with word processing and other language/cognitive deficits. ..
- Post-Attentive VisionJeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2007..Taken together, the results of this program of research will test hypotheses that tie our understanding of visual search to our understanding of short and longer term visual memory. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Within and Between Channel RepresentationVirginia Richards; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LOCALIZATION OF SOUND BY HUMAN LISTENERSWilliam Hartmann; Fiscal Year: 2008..at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
- PSYCHOPHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN VISIONJeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2003..He will expand the Guided Search model to handle additional data (e.g. eye movements in visual search and the "attentional blink"). ..
- IMPROVING SPEECH INTERVENTION FOR DEAF CHILDRENWalt Jesteadt; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such an achievement would expand the social, educational, and vocational opportunities of deaf children. ..
- Cochlear Implants: Electric and Acoustic StimulationRene Gifford; Fiscal Year: 2006..Both pre- and post-implant measures will be required to accurately assess the effects of the surgery on the apical end of the cochlea. ..
- Signal Processing in AuditionFan Gang Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Attentional Supports of Smoking BehaviorPaul Atchley; Fiscal Year: 2002..This, in turn, will ultimately allow for the creation of more effective treatment strategies for smoking addiction. ..
- Cognitive Behavioral Skills Training for SchizophreniaEric Granholm; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- MULTI-MODAL INTERACTIONS IN SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PERCEPTIONGregg Recanzone; Fiscal Year: 2009..These insights will provide a cornerstone for understanding complex perceptions and cognitive ability. ..
- Sequence Induction in Infancy: A systematic approachScott Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..In the future, such understanding may aid in the formulation of diagnostics and treatments for some developmental disorders. ..
- CORTICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES TO COCHLEAR IMPLANTSJohn C Middlebrooks; Fiscal Year: 2010..Aim 3 will identify changes in the central auditory pathway that result from deafness and chronic electrical stimulation and, thus, will inform decisions regarding age of implantation and patterns of chronic stimulation. ..
- Updating Representations In Visual Working MemoryEdward Vogel; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- IMPLICIT AND UNCONSCIOUS COGNITIONAnthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2002..This award will release the PI from responsibilities that compete with the opportunity to mentor Ph.D. trainees. ..
- AUDITORY PROCESSING AND SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSW Summers; Fiscal Year: 2002..Later studies apply these findings to tasks involving speech-like material and to running speech in order to clarify the role of the active mechanism in the processing of speech in competing sound. ..
- Group and Individual Differences in AuditionDennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 2010..If so, theory, diagnosis, treatment, and nosology for ADHD could be affected. ..
- Clinical Trial for Tinnitus Retraining Therapy(TRT)C Formby; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Non-retinotopic Mechanisms of Dynamic Form Perception in Human VisionHaluk Ogmen; Fiscal Year: 2010..This understanding can be instrumental in diagnosing, treating disorders of the visual system in particular, and the nervous system in general. ..
- Bipolar & Schizophrenia Consortium for Parsing Intermediate PhenotypesGunvant K Thaker; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- RESEARCH TRACK RESIDENCY TRAINING PROGRAMGunvant Thaker; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Brain Correlates of Auditory Processing in the BlindAlexander Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Self-Focused Attention and Nonconscious Self-EvaluationPAUL SILVIA; Fiscal Year: 2005..Examining the cognitive processes that give rise to automatic self-evaluation will enhance psychology's understanding of how to prevent, treat, and regulate maladaptive and self-defeating patterns of thought. ..
- NEURAL REPRESENTATION OF ACOUSTIC ELEMENTS OF SPEECHNina Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2006..Furthermore, the results will delineate the role of neural synchrony in speech perception, and suggest training protocols that may improve speech perception in individuals with impaired hearing mechanisms. ..
- Channel Interaction in Cochlear Implant SubjectsJULIE BIERER; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of these studies could influence the development of future cochlear implant electrodes and speech processing strategies, ideally, leading to improved performance for most cochlear implant subjects. ..
- Early Development of Auditory Temporal ProcessingLincoln Gray; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Spatial Auditory PlasticityBarbara Shinn Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Motion Perception in SchizophreniaGunvant Thaker; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed project is a collaborative effort--involving clinical scientists studying schizophrenia pathophysiology and basic scientists studying motion perception and eye movements. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- FAMILIAL SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM PERSONALITY DISORDERSGunvant Thaker; Fiscal Year: 2007..Clinical information, electrophysiological and cognitive measures will be collected and compared among the groups using standard family case control analytic procedures. ..
- Randomized Trial of Tinnitus Retraining TherapyRichard Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2008..If TRT is shown to be no more effective than masking or counseling, professionals should focus on more efficient therapeutic techniques. This experiment will test the neurophysiological model of tinnitus. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEW TEST FOR PREDICTING HEARING AID USEANNA NABELEK; Fiscal Year: 2003..The prediction of hearing aid use will permit realistic counseling, reduction of false expectations, and possible therapeutic paradigms aimed at increasing acceptance of background noise. ..
- NEURAL CORRELATES OF MOVING BOUNDARY PERCEPTIONHaluk Ogmen; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- PUPILLARY RESPONSES AND COGNITIVE AGING IN SCHIZOPHRENIAEric Granholm; Fiscal Year: 2004..Abnormal age-related decline on these measures would suggest an abnormally accelerated depletion of processing resources with aging in schizophrenia in late life and would support the neurodegeneration hypothesis. ..
- INVESTIGATING THE NEURAL BASES OF CHRONIC STUTTERINGRoger Ingham; Fiscal Year: 2001..Performance correlations analyses (see below) strongly support Hypothesis One. A nascent system model derived from regional intercorrelation matrix analyses offers the basis for Hypothesis Two. ..
- Stuttering Therapy and Neurophysiological InteractionRoger J Ingham; Fiscal Year: 2010..The overall study also constitutes a Phase II treatment efficacy study that will determine the need for a Phase III treatment trial of the MPI program. ..
- PERCEPTION AND PRODUCTION OF EXPRESSIVE MICROSTRUCTUREBruno Repp; Fiscal Year: 2002..This research is expected to provide new insights into the largely subconscious psychological processes underlying the flexible control of timing in both musical and nonmusical contexts. ..
- Hearing in Belgian Waterslager CanariesAMANDA LAUER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, the proposed experiments will increase our understanding of the functional consequences of hearing impairment in these birds, and of hearing impairment in general. ..
- NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELSRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..