perception

Summary

Summary: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi From sensation to cognition
    M M Mesulam
    Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago 60611, USA
    Brain 121:1013-52. 1998
  2. ncbi The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): a framework for perception and action planning
    B Hommel
    Section of Experimental and Theoretical Psychology, University of Leiden, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Sci 24:849-78; discussion 878-937. 2001
  3. pmc Conscious perception of errors and its relation to the anterior insula
    Markus Ullsperger
    Max Planck Institute for Neurological Research, Gleueler Str 50, 50931, Cologne, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 214:629-43. 2010
  4. doi Perception of intersensory synchrony: a tutorial review
    Jean Vroomen
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Atten Percept Psychophys 72:871-84. 2010
  5. doi Real-time visualization of neuronal activity during perception
    Akira Muto
    Division of Molecular and Developmental Biology, National Institute of Genetics, 1111 Yata, Mishima, Shizuoka 411 8540, Japan
    Curr Biol 23:307-11. 2013
  6. doi The neural systems that mediate human perceptual decision making
    Hauke R Heekeren
    Neurocognition of Decision Making Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:467-79. 2008
  7. ncbi Perceptual symbol systems
    L W Barsalou
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:577-609; discussion 610-60. 1999
  8. ncbi Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perception
    Laurent Mottron
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Riviere des Prairies Hospital, and Fernand Seguin Research Center, University of Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 36:27-43. 2006
  9. doi Neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals
    Marco Tamietto
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:697-709. 2010
  10. ncbi Human brain mechanisms of pain perception and regulation in health and disease
    A Vania Apkarian
    Department of Physiology, Northwestern University Medical School, 303 E Chicago Avenue, Ward 5 003, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Eur J Pain 9:463-84. 2005

Detail Information

Publications310 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi From sensation to cognition
    M M Mesulam
    Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago 60611, USA
    Brain 121:1013-52. 1998
    ..the hippocampal-entorhinal complex and the posterior parietal cortex provide critical gateways for transforming perception into recognition, word-forms into meaning, scenes and events into experiences, and spatial locations into ..
  2. ncbi The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): a framework for perception and action planning
    B Hommel
    Section of Experimental and Theoretical Psychology, University of Leiden, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Sci 24:849-78; discussion 878-937. 2001
    Traditional approaches to human information processing tend to deal with perception and action planning in isolation, so that an adequate account of the perception-action interface is still missing...
  3. pmc Conscious perception of errors and its relation to the anterior insula
    Markus Ullsperger
    Max Planck Institute for Neurological Research, Gleueler Str 50, 50931, Cologne, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 214:629-43. 2010
    ..amount of knowledge on its functional neuroanatomy has been gathered, much less is known about conscious error perception, often referred to as error awareness...
  4. doi Perception of intersensory synchrony: a tutorial review
    Jean Vroomen
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Atten Percept Psychophys 72:871-84. 2010
    ....
  5. doi Real-time visualization of neuronal activity during perception
    Akira Muto
    Division of Molecular and Developmental Biology, National Institute of Genetics, 1111 Yata, Mishima, Shizuoka 411 8540, Japan
    Curr Biol 23:307-11. 2013
    ..perceives the external world, it is desirable to observe neuronal activity in the brain in real time during perception. The zebrafish is a suitable model animal for fluorescence imaging studies to visualize neuronal activity ..
  6. doi The neural systems that mediate human perceptual decision making
    Hauke R Heekeren
    Neurocognition of Decision Making Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:467-79. 2008
    ..This leads to a new view about the neural basis of human perceptual decision-making processes...
  7. ncbi Perceptual symbol systems
    L W Barsalou
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:577-609; discussion 610-60. 1999
    ..languages have inspired amodal theories that rest on principles fundamentally different from those underlying perception. In addition, perceptual approaches have become widely viewed as untenable because they are assumed to implement ..
  8. ncbi Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perception
    Laurent Mottron
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Riviere des Prairies Hospital, and Fernand Seguin Research Center, University of Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 36:27-43. 2006
    ..autistic and non-autistic social and non-social perceptual processing: locally oriented visual and auditory perception, enhanced low-level discrimination, use of a more posterior network in "complex" visual tasks, enhanced ..
  9. doi Neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals
    Marco Tamietto
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:697-709. 2010
    ..Understanding the neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals will clarify the phylogenetic continuity of emotion systems across species and the ..
  10. ncbi Human brain mechanisms of pain perception and regulation in health and disease
    A Vania Apkarian
    Department of Physiology, Northwestern University Medical School, 303 E Chicago Avenue, Ward 5 003, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Eur J Pain 9:463-84. 2005
    The perception of pain due to an acute injury or in clinical pain states undergoes substantial processing at supraspinal levels...
  11. ncbi The neural basis of decision making
    Joshua I Gold
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6074, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 30:535-74. 2007
    ..We focus on simple decisions that can be studied in the laboratory but emphasize general principles likely to extend to other settings...
  12. pmc A theory of cortical responses
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:815-36. 2005
    ..By formulating the original ideas of Helmholtz on perception, in terms of modern-day statistical theories, one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that ..
  13. ncbi The emulation theory of representation: motor control, imagery, and perception
    Rick Grush
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 27:377-96; discussion 396-442. 2004
    ..I also show how such systems can provide for amodal spatial imagery. Perception, including visual perception, results from such models being used to form expectations of, and to interpret, ..
  14. ncbi Functional neuroanatomy of body shape perception in healthy and eating-disordered women
    Rudolf Uher
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London
    Biol Psychiatry 58:990-7. 2005
    Abnormalities in perception and evaluation of body shape are a hallmark of eating disorders.
  15. pmc Baseline brain activity fluctuations predict somatosensory perception in humans
    M Boly
    Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Center, B30, Allee du 6 Aout, Sart Tilman, University of Liege, B 4000 Liege, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12187-92. 2007
    In perceptual experiments, within-individual fluctuations in perception are observed across multiple presentations of the same stimuli, a phenomenon that remains only partially understood...
  16. doi Oscillatory synchronization in large-scale cortical networks predicts perception
    Joerg F Hipp
    Department of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Neuron 69:387-96. 2011
    ..their functional relevance: the strength of synchronization within these networks predicted the subjects' perception of an ambiguous audiovisual stimulus as well as the integration of auditory and visual information...
  17. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception I: The neural basis of normal emotion perception
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:504-14. 2003
    ..is at present limited understanding of the neurobiological basis of the different processes underlying emotion perception. We have aimed to identify potential neural correlates of three processes suggested by appraisalist theories as ..
  18. doi The neural bases of multistable perception
    Philipp Sterzer
    Department of Psychiatry, Charite Campus Mitte, Chariteplatz 1, D 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:310-8. 2009
    Multistable perception is the spontaneous alternation between two or more perceptual states that occurs when sensory information is ambiguous...
  19. ncbi Genetic variation in a human odorant receptor alters odour perception
    Andreas Keller
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behaviour, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA
    Nature 449:468-72. 2007
    Human olfactory perception differs enormously between individuals, with large reported perceptual variations in the intensity and pleasantness of a given odour...
  20. ncbi Memory, perception, and the ventral visual-perirhinal-hippocampal stream: thinking outside of the boxes
    T J Bussey
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Hippocampus 17:898-908. 2007
    ....
  21. doi Reduced perception of bodily signals in anorexia nervosa
    Olga Pollatos
    Department of Psychology, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany
    Eat Behav 9:381-8. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to elucidate this potential relationship and to clarify whether general interoceptive sensitivity is reduced in anorexia nervosa...
  22. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    ..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
  23. ncbi Changing illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: an early intervention randomized controlled trial
    Keith J Petrie
    Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Psychosom Med 64:580-6. 2002
    ..This study was designed to examine whether a brief hospital intervention designed to alter patients' perceptions about their myocardial infarction (MI) would result in a better recovery and reduced disability...
  24. ncbi Adaptation aftereffects in the perception of gender from biological motion
    Nikolaus F Troje
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Vis 6:850-7. 2006
    Human visual perception is highly adaptive...
  25. pmc TREK-1, a K+ channel involved in polymodal pain perception
    Abdelkrim Alloui
    Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Médicale EA 3848 INSERM Faculté de Médecine CHU, Clermont Ferrand, France
    EMBO J 25:2368-76. 2006
    ..This paper demonstrates that TREK-1 qualifies as one of the molecular sensors involved in pain perception. TREK-1 is highly expressed in small sensory neurons, is present in both peptidergic and nonpeptidergic neurons ..
  26. ncbi Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitment
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
    Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004
    ..exercise in the heat occurs before there is any abnormal increase in rectal temperature, heart rate or perception of effort...
  27. doi Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity for leisure and transportation in Curitiba, Brazil
    Diana C Parra
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Prev Med 52:234-8. 2011
    ..Physical activity (PA) has consistently been associated with perceived environmental characteristics...
  28. ncbi Neural processing of fearful faces: effects of anxiety are gated by perceptual capacity limitations
    Sonia J Bishop
    MRC Wellcome Trust Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Cereb Cortex 17:1595-603. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi The perception of phantom limbs. The D. O. Hebb lecture
    V S Ramachandran
    Center for Brain and Cognition, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093, USA
    Brain 121:1603-30. 1998
    ..We conclude with a theory of phantom limbs, some striking demonstrations of phantoms induced in normal subjects, and some remarks about the relevance of these phenomena to the question of how the brain constructs a 'body image.'..
  30. ncbi A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am Psychol 58:697-720. 2003
    ..Variations in the accessibility of rules explain the occasional corrections of intuitive judgments. The study of biases is compatible with a view of intuitive thinking and decision making as generally skilled and successful...
  31. ncbi Acid-sensing ion channels in sensory perception
    Eric Lingueglia
    Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne, France
    J Biol Chem 282:17325-9. 2007
  32. doi Neurocognitive aspects of pain perception
    Katja Wiech
    Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:306-13. 2008
    The perception of pain is sensitive to various mental processes such as the feelings and beliefs that someone has about pain. It is therefore not exclusively driven by the noxious input...
  33. doi Difference between parental perception and actual weight status of children: a systematic review
    Marloes Rietmeijer-Mentink
    Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Matern Child Nutr 9:3-22. 2013
    ..However, do parents recognise overweight in their child and which factors influence parental perception? The aim of the present review is to systematically study differences between parental perception and the actual ..
  34. pmc The use and perception of electronic cigarettes and snus among the U.S. population
    Shu Hong Zhu
    Moores Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e79332. 2013
    ..Some argue that e-cigarettes have great potential to help smokers quit regular cigarettes while others contend they should be banned for lack of safety and efficacy data. This study examined population data from the U.S...
  35. pmc Prediction, perception and agency
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:248-52. 2012
    ..They illuminate key aspects of the internal or generative models the brain might use for perception. Furthermore, they explore the implications for a sense of agency and the nature of false inference in ..
  36. doi Causes and consequences of mind perception
    Adam Waytz
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Northwest Science Building Ste 290, 52 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:383-8. 2010
    ..g. God, gadgets). This article reviews when mind perception occurs, when it does not, and why mind perception is important...
  37. ncbi Action and perception at the level of synergies
    M T Turvey
    Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Hum Mov Sci 26:657-97. 2007
    ..the article is to highlight the abstractness of the concepts and tools required to understand the level's action-perception competence...
  38. ncbi Perceptual resonance: action-induced modulation of perception
    Simone Schütz-Bosbach
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:349-55. 2007
    A direct relationship between perception and action implies bi-directionality, and predicts not only effects of perception on action but also effects of action on perception...
  39. pmc Modulation of perception and brain activity by predictable trajectories of facial expressions
    N Furl
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
    Cereb Cortex 20:694-703. 2010
    ..We show that such representations bias emotion perception of subsequent static faces, suggesting that facial movements elicit predictions that bias perception...
  40. ncbi Plants have a sensitive perception system for the most conserved domain of bacterial flagellin
    G Felix
    Friedrich Miescher Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Plant J 18:265-76. 1999
    ..These antagonists suppressed the plant's response to flagellin, crude bacterial extracts and living bacterial cells. Thus, plants have a highly sensitive and selective perception system for the flagellin of motile eubacteria.
  41. doi Brain mechanisms for emotional influences on perception and attention: what is magic and what is not
    Gilles Pourtois
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 92:492-512. 2013
    ..We conclude that attention selection and awareness are determined by multiple attention gain control systems that may operate in parallel and use different sensory cues but act on a common perceptual pathway...
  42. pmc The effect of risk perception on the 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza dynamics
    Piero Poletti
    Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e16460. 2011
    ..The aim here is to understand whether spontaneous behavioral changes in the population could be responsible for such a pattern of epidemic spread...
  43. doi Direct perception in the intersubjective context
    Shaun Gallagher
    Philosophy and Cognitive Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 1352, USA
    Conscious Cogn 17:535-43. 2008
    ..standard theories of social cognition found in psychology and cognitive science, defends the idea that direct perception plays an important role in social cognition...
  44. doi Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacy
    B Deforche
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010
    ..To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy...
  45. doi Seeing other minds: attributed mental states influence perception
    Christoph Teufel
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Downing Site, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:376-82. 2010
    A current consensus views social perception as a bottom-up process in which the human brain uses social signals to make inferences about another's mental state...
  46. pmc Odorant-binding proteins OBP57d and OBP57e affect taste perception and host-plant preference in Drosophila sechellia
    Takashi Matsuo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
    PLoS Biol 5:e118. 2007
    ..citrifolia. Our finding of the genes involved in host-plant determination may lead to further understanding of mechanisms underlying taste perception, evolution of plant-herbivore interactions, and speciation.
  47. ncbi Multisensory integration: maintaining the perception of synchrony
    Charles Spence
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK
    Curr Biol 13:R519-21. 2003
    ..We are rarely aware of differences in the arrival time of inputs to each of our senses. New research suggests that this is explained by a 'moveable window' for multisensory integration and by a 'temporal ventriloquism' effect...
  48. pmc Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: a critical review of visual masking
    Sid Kouider
    Laboratoire des Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, EHESS CNRS ENS, 75230 Paris, France Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, INSERM U562, SHFJ, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay, France
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:857-75. 2007
    ..an important step on the road to a thorough understanding of the cognitive and cerebral correlates of conscious perception. In this article, we present a critical review of research on subliminal perception during masking and other ..
  49. pmc Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding
    Luigi Cattaneo
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17825-30. 2007
    ..We propose that, as a consequence of this functional impairment, high-functioning autistic children may understand the intentions of others cognitively but lack the mechanism for understanding them experientially...
  50. ncbi Accuracy of adolescent self-report of height and weight in assessing overweight status: a literature review
    Bettylou Sherry
    Maternal Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:1154-61. 2007
    ..To examine the accuracy of self-reported height and weight data to classify adolescent overweight status. Self-reported height and weight are commonly used with minimal consideration of accuracy...
  51. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception II: Implications for major psychiatric disorders
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:515-28. 2003
    ..We suggest that distinct patterns of structural and functional abnormalities in neural systems important for emotion processing are associated with specific symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar and major depressive disorder...
  52. pmc HIV-untested men who have sex with men in South Africa: the perception of not being at risk and fear of being tested
    Juan A Nel
    University of South Africa, P O Box 511, Groenkloof, Pretoria, 0027, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 17:S51-9. 2013
    ..The most frequently reported reasons for not having been tested were the perception of not being at risk (57 %) and fear of being tested (52 %)...
  53. pmc Perception of empathy in the therapeutic encounter: effects on the common cold
    David Rakel
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 85:390-7. 2011
    ..To evaluate the effects of patient-practitioner interaction on the severity and duration of the common cold...
  54. ncbi Increased prefrontal activation during pain perception in major depression
    Karl Jürgen Bär
    Department of Psychiatry, Friedrich Schiller University, Philosophenweg 3, Jena, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 62:1281-7. 2007
    ....
  55. ncbi Loss of agro-biodiversity, uncertainty, and perceived control: a comparative risk perception study in Austria and China
    Markus R Schmidt
    University of Vienna, Institute of Risk Research, Vienna, Austria
    Risk Anal 26:455-70. 2006
    ..The increased perception of controllability in China is discussed in light of the theory of reflexive modernization...
  56. ncbi Brain oscillations in perception and memory
    E Basar
    Institute of Physiology, Medical University Lubeck, 23538, Lubeck, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 35:95-124. 2000
    ..Thus, oscillatory processes might play a major role in relation with memory and integrative functions. A new 'neurons-brain' doctrine is also proposed to extend the neuron doctrine of Sherrington...
  57. pmc Autonomy of lower-level perception from global processing in autism: evidence from brain activation and functional connectivity
    Yanni Liu
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States
    Neuropsychologia 49:2105-11. 2011
    ..The results from this study provide the first direct neural evidence of reduced global-to-local interference in autism...
  58. ncbi Lingual tactile acuity, taste perception, and the density and diameter of fungiform papillae in female subjects
    Greg K Essick
    Department of Prosthodontics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7450, USA
    Physiol Behav 80:289-302. 2003
    A growing body of evidence suggests that individuals who differ in taste perception differ in lingual tactile perception...
  59. ncbi Visuomotor neurons: ambiguity of the discharge or 'motor' perception?
    L Fadiga
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, Italy
    Int J Psychophysiol 35:165-77. 2000
    ..These motor ideas may provide the neurobiological basis for space representation, understanding of actions made by others and, possibly, semantic categorization of objects...
  60. doi When the world becomes 'too real': a Bayesian explanation of autistic perception
    Elizabeth Pellicano
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:504-10. 2012
    ..Bayesian models can be applied to autism - a neurodevelopmental condition with atypicalities in sensation and perception - to pinpoint fundamental differences in perceptual mechanisms...
  61. ncbi Parents' perceptions of their child's weight and health
    Kathryn C Eckstein
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 117:681-90. 2006
    This study explored parents' perceptions about their child's appearance and health and evaluated a tool to determine parents' visual perception of their child's weight.
  62. doi Patient perception of bodily functions in multiple sclerosis: gait and visual function are the most valuable
    C Heesen
    Institute of Neuroimmunology and Clinical MS Research, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Mult Scler 14:988-91. 2008
    ..These results underline that ambulation-focused scales in MS represent a key dimension from the patient perspective. Visual functioning should be taken more into account...
  63. pmc Low perception of malaria risk among the Ra-glai ethnic minority in south-central Vietnam: implications for forest malaria control
    Koen Peeters Grietens
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Malar J 9:23. 2010
    ....
  64. ncbi Merging the senses into a robust percept
    Marc O Ernst
    Max Planck Institut für biologische Kybernetik, Tubingen, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:162-9. 2004
    ..We show that, depending on the type of information, different combination and integration strategies are used and that prior knowledge is often required for interpreting the sensory signals...
  65. pmc Distortions of subjective time perception within and across senses
    Virginie van Wassenhove
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e1437. 2008
    ..One experience of time is the perception of duration, which is not isomorphic to physical duration and can be distorted by a number of factors...
  66. ncbi From emotion perception to emotion experience: emotions evoked by pictures and classical music
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Division Neuropsychology, Institute for Psychology, University of Zurich, Treichlerstrasse 10, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Psychophysiol 60:34-43. 2006
    ..Summing up, these findings demonstrate that music can markedly enhance the emotional experience evoked by affective pictures...
  67. pmc Statistically optimal perception and learning: from behavior to neural representations
    Jozsef Fiser
    National Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Volen 208 MS 013, Waltham, MA 02454, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:119-30. 2010
    Human perception has recently been characterized as statistical inference based on noisy and ambiguous sensory inputs...
  68. ncbi A recurrent network mechanism of time integration in perceptual decisions
    Kong Fatt Wong
    Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurosci 26:1314-28. 2006
    ..Our reduced two-variable neural model offers a simple yet biophysically plausible framework for studying perceptual decision making in general...
  69. ncbi Synchronization of neural activity across cortical areas correlates with conscious perception
    Lucia Melloni
    Laboratorio de Neurociencias, Escuela de Psicologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, San Joaquin, 8940000 Santiago, Chile
    J Neurosci 27:2858-65. 2007
    ..Transient synchronization of neural activity has been proposed as a neural correlate of conscious perception. Here we test this proposal by comparing the electrophysiological responses related to the processing of visible ..
  70. doi Long-term impact of neonatal intensive care and surgery on somatosensory perception in children born extremely preterm
    Suellen M Walker
    Portex Unit, Pain Research and Respiratory Physiology, UCL Institute of Child Health, 6th Floor Cardiac Wing, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Pain 141:79-87. 2009
    ..To investigate persistent alterations in sensory perception, we performed quantitative sensory testing (QST) in extremely preterm (EP) children (n=43) recruited from the UK ..
  71. ncbi Aging and the perception of biological motion
    J Farley Norman
    Department of Psychology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:219-25. 2004
    ..Unlike their performance on other 2- or 3-dimensional motion tasks, older observers' ability to perceive biological motion is relatively well preserved...
  72. doi The free-energy principle: a unified brain theory?
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:127-38. 2010
    A free-energy principle has been proposed recently that accounts for action, perception and learning...
  73. pmc From nociception to pain perception: imaging the spinal and supraspinal pathways
    Jonathan Brooks
    Pain Imaging Neuroscience Group, Department of Human Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, UK
    J Anat 207:19-33. 2005
    ..The ultimate goal of such research is to take these new techniques into the clinic, to investigate and provide new remedies for chronic pain sufferers...
  74. pmc Pain perception is altered by a nucleotide polymorphism in SCN9A
    Frank Reimann
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5148-53. 2010
    ..us to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SCN9A were associated with differing pain perception in the general population...
  75. ncbi Dynamic perception of facial affect and identity in the human brain
    Kevin S LaBar
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:1023-33. 2003
    ..The results highlight the importance of temporal cues in the neural coding of facial displays...
  76. doi A118G single nucleotide polymorphism of human mu-opioid receptor gene influences pain perception and patient-controlled intravenous morphine consumption after intrathecal morphine for postcesarean analgesia
    Alex T Sia
    Department of Women s Anaesthesia, KK Women s and Children s Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore
    Anesthesiology 109:520-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether this polymorphism contributes to the variability in response to morphine for postcesarean analgesia...
  77. pmc Sex differences and reproductive hormone influences on human odor perception
    Richard L Doty
    Smell and Taste Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA 19104, USA
    Physiol Behav 97:213-28. 2009
    ..We conclude that the relationship between reproductive hormones and human olfactory function is complex and that simple associations between circulating levels of gonadal hormones and measures of olfactory function are rarely present...
  78. ncbi 1995 Volvo Award in clinical sciences. The diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging, work perception, and psychosocial factors in identifying symptomatic disc herniations
    N Boos
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:2613-25. 1995
    ..group of asymptomatic volunteers and to access the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging, work perception, and psychosocial factors in identifying symptomatic disc herniations...
  79. doi Representing serial action and perception
    Elger L Abrahamse
    Department of Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:603-23. 2010
    ..Moreover, substantiating such an integrative approach is proposed by a synthesis with the dual-system model (Keele, Ivry, Mayr, Hazeltine, & Heuer, 2003)...
  80. ncbi Neuropharmacology of timing and time perception
    W H Meck
    Department of Psychology Experimental, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 3:227-42. 1996
    ..when reinforcement will be delivered and a human in a restaurant waiting for his dinner to be served an accurate perception of time is an important determinant of behavior...
  81. ncbi Functional anatomy of musical perception in musicians
    T Ohnishi
    Department of Radiology and Psychiatry, National Center Hospital of Mental, Nervous and Muscular Disorders, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira City, Tokyo 187 8551, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 11:754-60. 2001
    ..study used functional magnetic resonance to examine the cerebral activity pattern associated with musical perception in musicians and non-musicians...
  82. ncbi Socioeconomic status and perceptions of access and safety for physical activity
    Dawn K Wilson
    Preventino Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Ann Behav Med 28:20-8. 2004
    ..Environmental factors may play an important role on influencing physical activity (PA) behaviors...
  83. pmc Subjective perception of sleep, but not its objective quality, is associated with immediate postpartum mood disturbances in healthy women
    Bei Bei
    School of Behavioural Science, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sleep 33:531-8. 2010
    ..This study investigated whether there was a relationship between disrupted sleep and postpartum mood disturbances in women during the week after delivery...
  84. pmc Complementary molecular information changes our perception of food web structure
    Helena K Wirta
    Spatial Foodweb Ecology Group, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:1885-90. 2014
    ..We thus urge ecologists to combine multiple pieces of evidence in assessing the structure of interaction webs, and suggest that current perceptions of interaction structure may be strongly affected by the methods used to construct them. ..
  85. pmc Prestimulus oscillatory power and connectivity patterns predispose conscious somatosensory perception
    Nathan Weisz
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences CIMeC, University of Trento, 38068 Rovereto, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E417-25. 2014
    ..Data from a previously published experiment on conscious somatosensory near-threshold perception was reanalyzed focusing on the prestimulus period...
  86. doi A large-scale study on subjective perception of discomfort during 7 and 1.5 T MRI examinations
    Christina Heilmaier
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum, Krefeld, Germany
    Bioelectromagnetics 32:610-9. 2011
    A study on subjective perception has been carried out in order to gain further insight into subjective discomfort and sensations experienced during 7 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  87. doi An intact action-perception coupling depends on the integrity of the cerebellum
    Andrea Christensen
    Section Computational Sensomotorics, Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, and Centre for Integrative Neuroscience, MRI Laboratory, Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University Clinic Tübingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany, and Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, and Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
    J Neurosci 34:6707-16. 2014
    It is widely accepted that action and perception in humans functionally interact on multiple levels. Moreover, areas originally suggested to be predominantly motor-related, as the cerebellum, are also involved in action observation...
  88. doi Hypnotizability-related integration of perception and action
    Giancarlo Carli
    Department of Physiology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:1065-76. 2008
    ..highly pervasive role of hypnotic susceptibility in human behaviour through the modulation of the integration of perception and action, which could be relevant for neurorehabilitative treatments and for the adaptation to special ..
  89. pmc Follow my eyes: the gaze of politicians reflexively captures the gaze of ingroup voters
    Marco Tullio Liuzza
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e25117. 2011
    ..Thus, higher-order social variables such as political leadership and affiliation prepotently affect reflexive shifts of attention...
  90. pmc Body mass index and self-perception of overweight and obesity in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants: PERU MIGRANT study
    Christian Loret de Mola
    CRONICAS Center of Excellence in Chronic Diseases, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    PLoS ONE 7:e50252. 2012
    ....
  91. doi Music perception and imagery in EEG: alpha band effects of task and stimulus
    Rebecca S Schaefer
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior Centre for Cognition, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HE Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Psychophysiol 82:254-9. 2011
    ..In the current study, EEG signatures were investigated for perception and imagery of two different natural musical phrases...
  92. pmc Children's physical activity and parents' perception of the neighborhood environment: neighborhood impact on kids study
    Karyn A Tappe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:39. 2013
    ..This study examined associations between parent report of their home neighborhood environment and children's overall and location-specific physical activity...
  93. pmc Association between common variation in genes encoding sweet taste signaling components and human sucrose perception
    Alexey A Fushan
    National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Chem Senses 35:579-92. 2010
    Variation in taste perception of different chemical substances is a well-known phenomenon in both humans and animals...
  94. pmc Perception of emotional expressions is independent of face selectivity in monkey inferior temporal cortex
    Fadila Hadj-Bouziane
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5591-6. 2008
    ..Thus, the neural mechanisms underlying face perception and valence perception appear to be distinct.
  95. pmc Prestimulus functional connectivity determines pain perception in humans
    Markus Ploner
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:355-60. 2010
    ..Specifically, the prestimulus connectivity among brain areas related to the subjective perception of the body and to the modulation of pain (anterior insular cortex and brainstem, respectively) determines ..
  96. pmc Common variants in the CD36 gene are associated with oral fat perception, fat preferences, and obesity in African Americans
    Kathleen L Keller
    Department of Research Medicine, New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1066-73. 2012
    ..was to determine whether human genetic variation in 5 common CD36 polymorphisms is associated with oral fat perception of Italian salad dressings, self-reported acceptance of high-fat foods and obesity in African-American adults (n ..
  97. pmc Sociodemographic variation in the perception of barriers to exercise among Japanese adults
    Kaori Ishii
    Tokyo Medical University, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Epidemiol 19:161-8. 2009
    The perception of barriers to exercise is an important correlate of exercise participation...
  98. ncbi Risk perception for diabetes among women with histories of gestational diabetes mellitus
    Catherine Kim
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:2281-6. 2007
    To examine risk perception for diabetes among women with histories of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
  99. ncbi The central autonomic nervous system: conscious visceral perception and autonomic pattern generation
    Clifford B Saper
    Department of Neurology and Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:433-69. 2002
    ..First, the pathways that provide visceral sensation to conscious perception at a cortical level have been elucidated in both animals and humans...
  100. pmc Automatic stimulus-induced medial premotor cortex activation without perception or action
    Kevin D'Ostilio
    Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e16613. 2011
    ..This novel finding expands our view on brain mechanisms underlying unconscious motor control and provides new evidence that activation of the motor preparation system and consciousness are not obligatory linked...
  101. ncbi Internalizing agency of self-action: perception of one's own hand movements depends on an adaptable prediction about the sensory action outcome
    Matthis Synofzik
    Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute of Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    J Neurophysiol 96:1592-601. 2006
    ..e., action and action perception. We hypothesized that self-action perception relies on internal predictions about the sensory action outcome ..

Research Grants79

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Tyrosine Availability Influences Mesocortico-Limbic Catecholamines
    GEORGE EUGENE JASKIW; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schizophrenia is a complex disorder affecting behavior, perception and thinking. It is inadequately treated by existing medications...
  3. Regulation of Cell Signaling by Human Biliverdin Reductase
    Mahin D Maines; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings with hBVR-peptides underscore the plausibility of this perception. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: There are key juncture in the pathways that govern adaptive and protective regulatory ..
  4. Functional Neuroimaging of Individual Differences in Affect and Motivation
    BRIAN JAMES MICKEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..electrophysiology and computational techniques to study activity in the cerebral cortex that underlies sound perception, and in a related study, he investigated auditory processing in schizophrenia...
  5. Estrogen Modulation of Auditory Processing
    Raphael Pinaud; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recent evidence suggests that estradiol (E2) also impacts auditory processing and perception. Auditory event-related potentials correlate with the plasma E2 levels in humans during the menstrual cycle and ..
  6. UNDERSTANDING VIBRATION INJURY
    Danny A Riley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functional deficits related to loss of feeling and muscle weakness (nerve conduction velocity, von Frey touch perception, thermal sensitivity, and cold immersion provocation rewarming and return of blood flow)...
  7. WIDEBAND CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS AND MONITORING OF MIDDLE-EAR AND COCHLEAR FUNCTION
    Douglas H Keefe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ATF test provides admittance, absorbance and reflectance responses over frequencies important for speech perception (0.2-8 kHz), and is performed either at ambient pressure or as a WB tympanogram...
  8. Fall risk assessment and prevention in elderly with diabetes using wearable techn
    Bor Rong Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Three important components of the proposed strategy are, 1) to assess and improve the perception of lower extremity position during challenging conditions;2) to motivate and guide simple exercise performance ..
  9. CHEMOSENSORY PERCEPTION AND PSYCHOPHYSICS IN THE AGED
    CLAIRE L MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2005). Elucidation of age-related changes in brain response to appetitive chemosensory stimuli may suggest avenues to modulate food intake and obesity in middle age, and metabolic disease and cognitive impairment in older adults. ..
  10. Multiple Mechanisms of Nasal Chemoreception
    Diego Restrepo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..or behavioral response in the recipient - while the main olfactory epithelium was thought to mediate conscious perception of general odorants...
  11. Steroid Regulation of Serotonin in Males
    CYNTHIA LOUISE BETHEA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): The serotonin system governs many higher order neural functions that control the interaction and perception of an individual with their internal and external environment...
  12. Regulation of alpha2A-adrenergic receptor signaling and trafficking by spinophili
    Qin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..physiological/pharmacological responses which include lowering blood pressure, evoking sedation, reducing pain perception, and improving working memory...
  13. Preclinical studies of a heroin/morphine vaccine for opiate addiction
    Paul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tight regulation of dispensing, side effects or interference with the therapeutic use of other opiates, and the perception of "trading one addiction for another"...
  14. Role of TRPM1 (Melastatin1) in the Biology of Human Melanocytes
    Vijayasaradhi Setaluri; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These processes include photoperception, thermosensation, taste perception, mechanosensation, pain perception, Mg2+ homeostasis in kidney, smooth muscle tone and blood pressure regulation...
  15. CB1 Receptor Regulation by Cannabinoid Receptor Interacting Protein CRIP1a
    DANA E contact SELLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..system plays important roles in regulating motor activity and coordination, short-term memory, pain perception, metabolic homeostasis and drug reward and craving...
  16. Functional Selection of Novel Ligands from the Neuroendocrine Secretome
    David Larocca; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..new and novel secreted proteins made in the hypothalamus, a complex brain region that links the body's perception of its environment with its regulation of body functions such as temperature, blood pressure, appetite, ..
  17. Reducing Care-Resistant Behaviors During Oral Hygiene in Persons with Dementia
    Rita A Jablonski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health improved, through the application of an intervention based on the neurobiological principles of threat perception and fear response. When faced with a threat, all organisms react with "flight-fight" responses...
  18. Basal Forebrain Cellular Mechanisms of Cortical Activation
    Robert W McCarley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These oscillations are thought to be essential for brain functions such as attention, perception, and memory formation...
  19. Brain changes in tinnitus
    Josef P Rauschecker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Based on previous research on tinnitus and somatosensory phantom perception in humans and animals, our hypotheses about tinnitus generation are as follows...
  20. Oral Mucins as a Diagnostic Indicator and Therapeutic Treatment for Xerostomia
    DAVID JOHN CULP; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Diseases of the oral cavity in many instances are associated with the perception of a dry mouth (either with or without a marked decrease in saliva production) and a concomitant decrease in the ..
  21. Stress and Visceral Hyperalgesia: Epigenetic Mechanisms
    John W Wiley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..believe that the proposed studies will have high impact regarding our understanding of how stress affects pain perception. Therapeutic interventions that target epigenetic mechanisms are touted as a pathway to personalized medicine in ..
  22. CRCNS: Theory and experiment of neural circuit mapping by DNA sequencing
    Anthony M Zador; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A wide range of brain functions, including sensory perception, learning, memory, decision making, cognition, reasoning, and communication, is therefore related to the details ..
  23. Patient-centered approaches to diagnosing coronary heart disease
    JOSEPH ABIODUN LADAPO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..radiation exposure, and incorporate the impact of false-positive stress test results on patients'anxiety, perception of illness, and quality of life These aims significantly extend prior work in this area and involve (1) primary ..
  24. Molecular and functional properties of the TRPM2 catioin channel
    Reinhold Penner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ion channel family recently emerged as harboring crucial channel proteins involved in processes such as sensory perception, magnesium homeostasis or apoptosis...
  25. The Biosynthesis of Anandamide
    Dale G Deutsch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..owing to its effects upon movement, memory, nociception, endocrine regulation, thermoregulation, sensory perception, cognitive functions, mood, and addictive behavior for opiates, alcohol and nicotine...
  26. Regulation of Nox Enzymes by Calcium and Novel Subunits
    J Lambeth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in normal physiology including cell signaling, innate immunity, thyroid hormone synthesis, and gravity perception. Over-production of ROS by these enzymes is associated with molecular damage and aberrant signaling in disease ..
  27. Regulation of Nox Enzymes by Calcium and Novel Subunits
    JOHN DAVID LAMBETH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in normal physiology including cell signaling, innate immunity, thyroid hormone synthesis, and gravity perception. Over-production of ROS by these enzymes is associated with molecular damage and aberrant signaling in disease ..
  28. Central Nervous System Mechanisms in Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA)
    Daniel J Clauw; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..have prominent CNS mechanisms (as opposed or in addition to, peripheral damage) playing important roles in pain perception. Such factors include diffuse hyperalgesia or allodynia, and/or a lack of endogenous descending analgesic ..
  29. Sun protection Internet-based program for kidney transplant recipients
    June K Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ethnic minorities, who comprise 38% of living US KTRs, retain the skin cancer risk perception and sun protection behaviors of their ethnic group...
  30. Somatosensory feedback controlling a neuroprosthesis
    Douglas J Weber; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data also permit the direct examination of the role and nature of primary afferent neurons in the perception of body state known as proprioception which is formed through the integration of multiple primary afferent ..
  31. THE ROLE FOR THE GPR30 RECEPTOR IN INFLAMMATORY PAIN
    Jill C Fehrenbacher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that inflammation and estrogen may interact to facilitate nociceptive signaling and contribute to increased pain perception in females...
  32. The Effect of Maternal Stress on Perinatal Development
    LISA J ECKLUND-FLORES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..sleeping in different positions, and carries the potential of assessing cognitive function in the context of perception and attention as well...
  33. Molecular mechanisms of electrical synapse formation in vivo
    Adam C Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    7. Project Summary/Abstract All of brain function, from sensory perception to behavior, is derived from the pattern and properties of the synaptic connections among billions (in humans) of individual neurons...
  34. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..tomato (Pst) DC3000 or bacterial PAMPs. Perception of PAMPs by guard cells, the pair of cells that forms the stomatal pore, requires a flagellin receptor as well ..
  35. Exploring Sociodemographic and Behavioral Factors Underlying Racial/Ethnic Dispar
    STEPHANIE ANNE NAVARRO SILVERA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..access to cancer screening across socioeconomic and racial groups, however little is known about the impact of perception of access to cancer screening on cancer screening behaviors...
  36. MEMBRANE BASIS OF VISUAL EXCITATION
    Michael F Brown; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..we intend to provide an innovative new view of how rhodopsin together with the bilayer lipids triggers visual perception in the retinal disk membranes as a paradigm for GPCRs and signal transduction in general...
  37. Hemochromatosis - Epidemiology and Molecular Mechanisms
    Pauline L Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..absorption is inherited epigenetically, this finding would not only explain the variable penetrance of hemochromatosis, but would greatly alter our perception of how natural selection functions over the span of only a few generations.
  38. Functional Characterization of CXCL14, CXCL17, and CCL28; three mucosal chemokine
    Albert Zlotnik; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mice using various biomarkers of taste bud cells (those that mediate sweet, bitter, umami and sour taste perception as well as precursor taste cells)...
  39. Functional role of the Spot 14 gene in dietary regulation of milk fat synthesis
    KEVIN JOHN HARVATINE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the first 6 months of life, but is not currently achieved because of a number of factors including mother<s perception of her infant<s satiety and her ability to meet milk demand...
  40. Genetic Dissection of Auditory Circuit Assembly
    Lisa V Goodrich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..question in auditory neuroscience is how spiral ganglion neurons acquire properties that are specific for the perception of sound...
  41. Skin Temperature Perception and Prosthetic Thermoregulation
    GLENN KLUTE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Veteran amputee issue, we have already built a novel instrument to simultaneously measure skin temperature perception thresholds and thermoregulatory responses to changing skin temperature conditions...
  42. Auditory Cortex Plasticity and Tinnitus
    Brian Allman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tinnitus, a subjective perception of a phantom auditory sensation (e.g., ringing in the ears), affects approximately 10-15% of the general population...
  43. Phytochrome A: Structure/Function and Signaling Pathways
    Peter H Quail; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The perception of informational light signals by the five-membered phytochrome (phy) family of sensory photoreceptors (phyA through phyE) initiates an intracellular transduction process that culminates ..
  44. Enhancing cancer outreach for low-income adults with innovative smoking cessation
    Damon J Vidrine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..text/graphical messaging component;2) Evaluate the role of quit motivation, nicotine withdrawal, risk perception, self- efficacy, social support, and negative affect as potential mediators of smoking abstinence;and 3) Compare ..
  45. Modulation of Taste-Related Behavior by Molecular Mediators of Appetite &Satiety
    Cedrick D Dotson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Two paradigm-shifting discoveries in taste research in recent years have realigned our thinking as to how taste perception is linked to mechanisms of appetite and satiety...
  46. NEURONAL CONTROL OF INTERACTIONS AMONG BEHAVIORS
    William B Kristan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..appetite, cognition, emesis, endocrine function, gastrointestinal function, motor function, neurotropism, perception, sensory function, sex, sleep and vascular function...
  47. OVARIAN STEROID REGULATION OF SEROTONIN IN PRIMATES
    CYNTHIA LOUISE BETHEA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The serotonin system governs many higher order neural functions that control the interaction and perception of an individual with their internal and external environment...
  48. Aging Auditory System: Presbycusis and Its Neural Bases
    Robert D Frisina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Notably, we have demonstrated that temporal and spatial processing problems linked to speech perception-in-noise difficulties in the aged reside partly in auditory brainstem neural circuitry...
  49. Neuroscience of Late-Life Depression, Social Perception, and Emotional Awareness
    Sergio Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the candidate, supported by outstanding resources and mentorship, proposes in Specific Aim # 1 to study social perception tasks known to engage limbic functioning, and emotional awareness and psychosocial adaptation in nondysphoric ..
  50. The molecular basis for a broad range of phenotypes related to hTAS2R38
    Sarah V Lipchock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will provide valuable insight into the molecular basis for variations in taste perception and sensitivity among individuals with the same genotype and may provide a better understanding of bitter taste ..
  51. Diabetes Prevention Program for Young Adults with increased risk for Type 2 Diabe
    Eun Seok Cha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research experience will provide the candidate opportunities to :1) improve understanding of young adults'perception of health, type 2 diabetes risk, and healthy lifestyle behaviors, 2) expand expertise in qualitative research, 3)..
  52. Role of MEF2 and neural activity in cortical synaptic weakening and elimination
    Kimberly M Huber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary: Cortical structures (the hippocampus and neocortex) are critical for cognition and perception, and their improper function is implicated in intellectual disability and autism...
  53. Use of Optogenetics to Assess the Role of Climbing Fibers in Motor Learning
    Rhea R Kimpo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..because the cerebellum is involved in other functions such as cognition (language), attention (autism), and perception of timing, the underlying principles of cerebellar function derived from this study can be generalized to these ..
  54. Integrated control of Caulobacter cell physiology by visible light and stress
    Sean Crosson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and development, provides an excellent experimental system to investigate the molecular basis of environmental perception and adaptation...
  55. Trigeminal Mechanisms of Oral Irritation
    Earl Carstens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in the trigeminal pain pathway in a rodent model signal oral irritation in a manner that correlates with human perception. Specific aims are as follows. Specific Aim 1...
  56. Fetal Nicotine Exposure and Chemosensory Plasticity
    Steven L Youngentob; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., flavor perception of tobacco products). This, in turn, contributes to the risk of initial nicotine-related behaviors (e.g...
  57. Taste and feeding circuits in Drosophila
    MICHAEL DOUGLAS GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The neural circuits underlying taste perception and feeding are critical for an animal's health and survival...
  58. Fatal Choice - Behavioral Economics of Vulnerability for Late-Life Suicide
    KATALIN NONE SZANTO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..economics to study biases in the handling of rewards, punishments, probability, timing, context, and risk perception, induced by affective states. G...
  59. Cyclosporine in Interstitial Cystitis: Efficacy, Safety and Mechanism of Action
    Daniel Shoskes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will then measure the effects of cyclosporine treatment on current perception and pain threshold using a Neurometer before, during and after treatment...
  60. In Vivo Measures of Vocal Function Response to Environmental Conditions
    MARY JOYCE SANDAGE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of dry or thermally challenging environments, strategies that are believed to promote best vocal function and perception of vocal ease...
  61. Neural substrates for matching hearing to utterance
    Darcy B Kelley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..deaf adults receive cochlear implants, the quality of the speech production improves along with speech perception [65]...
  62. Genetic Etiologies of Horizontal Strabismus
    Elizabeth C Engle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..worldwide and 6-12 million people in the United States, and can reduce vision in one or both eyes, impair depth perception, and disturb interpersonal interactions and self-esteem...
  63. Development of Medial Temporal Lobe Function
    JOCELYNE H BACHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on the normal cognitive development of a young individual, resulting in severe disabilities in the realms of perception, memory, language thinking, experience of emotions and social intelligence that span the entire life...
  64. Sound Source Segregation
    Mark A Bee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): The broad aim of this research is to better understand the mechanisms of sound source perception. A critical aspect of perceiving distinct sound sources in multi-source environments is the auditory system'..
  65. Assessing space and feature based attention with fMRI and multivoxel pattern anal
    John Serences; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Description (provided by applicant): Perception is the cornerstone of cognition;memory, reasoning, and the formation of motor plans all rely on the ability to create a stable representation of the surrounding environment...
  66. Effects of sensorineural loss on robust speech coding
    Michael Heinz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Speech perception by listeners with normal hearing is robust across a wide variety of conditions, whereas people with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) typically show much less robust speech perception...
  67. Stereoscopic motion-in-depth perception: fMRI and neurophysiological studies
    PAUL DOUGLAS GAMLIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Stereo and motion are usually studied separately, and the cortical regions involved in the binocular perception of motion-in-depth in macaque monkeys are poorly characterized, while those for cyclopean (solely disparity-..
  68. Multi-site study of speech perception training for hearing-aid users
    Charles S Watson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is that speech perception training may improve recognition abilities to the point that otherwise unsuccessful hearing-aid users can become ..
  69. Speech Perception Assessment and Training System for Aphasia Rehabilitation
    James D Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will test the feasibility of a computerized speech perception assessment and training system (SPATS-AR) as a novel aphasia rehabilitation option...
  70. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Unfortunately, speech perception in noisy backgrounds, the ability to discriminate different talkers, the ability to discriminate different ..
  71. The development of depth perception from motion parallax in human infants
    ELIZABETH SHANNON NAWROT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The broad goal of this research is to examine the normal course of the development of depth perception and motion processing in infancy...
  72. Racial/ethnic differences in symptom perception in childhood asthma
    Jonathan Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..At the present time, there is a surprising gap in the literature regarding children's asthma symptom perception accuracy among specific racial/ethnic groups...
  73. Human Spatial Disorientation and Misperception of Self-Motion in Three Dimensions
    JAN HOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): The long-term goal is to better understand, explain, and predict human self-motion perception in three dimensions...
  74. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SIZE PERCEPTION
    John Allman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..are very selective for the size of objects presented in their classical receptive fields (CRFs); however, the perception of object size also depends on the visual context including the size of other elements in the field and the ..
  75. Sensitivity to spectral cues in infant speech perception
    CHRISTIAN EDMUND STILP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The proposed research will examine infants'sensitivity to multiple spectral cues in speech perception. Speech is a complex signal, with numerous acoustic cues for every consonant and vowel...
  76. AUDITORY TRAINING FOR PERSONS WITH DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING SPEECH IN NOISE
    Kanae Nishi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Speech perception in adverse listening environments (e.g., noise) is more difficult than in quiet even for individuals with normal hearing...
  77. Children's Perception of Foreign-Accented Speech
    Tessa Bent; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..despite the vast amount of variability in the speech signal is contingent on the flexibility of the speech perception system and its rapid adaptation to novel input...
  78. Rapid Material Perception
    Ruth Rosenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The visual perception of materials is a basic part of human vision, but is currently not well understood. People depend on material perception constantly in daily life...
  79. 8TH FAR WEST IMAGE PERCEPTION CONFERENCE
    Arthur Burgess; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Visual perception is a vital component of the diagnostic imaging chain. Errors in perception (false negatives and false positives) can have a negative impact on patient diagnosis and care...