Genomes and Genes
Summary: Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
Publications207 found, 100 shown here
- The role of working memory in spatial enumeration: patterns of selective interference in subitizing and countingLana M Trick
Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 Canada
Psychon Bull Rev 12:675-81. 2005..Interference varied with number of items, but the pattern differed from that observed with temporal enumeration...
- Learning and production of movement sequences: behavioral, neurophysiological, and modeling perspectivesBradley J Rhodes
Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Hum Mov Sci 23:699-746. 2004..An extended CQ simulation model--the N-STREAMS neural network model--exemplifies ongoing attempts to accommodate a broad range of both behavioral and neurobiological data within a CQ-consistent theory...
- Dyslexics are impaired on implicit higher-order sequence learning, but not on implicit spatial context learningJames H Howard
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:1131-44. 2006..The specific nature of their learning deficit is consistent with reports of physiological and anatomical differences for individuals with dyslexia in frontal and cerebellar structures...
- Fronto-striatal correlates of impaired implicit sequence learning in major depression: an fMRI studySharon L Naismith
Clinical Research Unit, Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia
J Affect Disord 125:256-61. 2010..This study sought to probe the integrity of fronto-striatal circuits using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in conjunction with a theoretically-driven motor sequencing implicit learning (IL) task...
- The serial reaction time task: implicit motor skill learning?Edwin M Robertson
Center for Non Invasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Neurosci 27:10073-5. 2007
- Visuospatial working memory capacity predicts the organization of acquired explicit motor sequencesJ Bo
Division of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
J Neurophysiol 101:3116-25. 2009..These results show that individual differences in short-term visuospatial working memory capacity, but not temporal control, predict the temporal structure of explicitly acquired motor sequences...
- fMRI investigation of cortical and subcortical networks in the learning of abstract and effector-specific representations of motor sequencesRaju S Bapi
Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, Hyderabad 500 046, India
Neuroimage 32:714-27. 2006..These results suggest a putative role for engagement of different cortical and subcortical networks at various stages of learning in supporting distinct sequence representations...
- Nicotine-induced enhancement of attention in the five-choice serial reaction time task: the influence of task demandsB Hahn
Section of Behavioural Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 162:129-37. 2002..Beneficial effects of nicotine on cognitive processes including attention have potential therapeutic uses and have been proposed as incentives for tobacco smoking...
- Can unconscious knowledge allow control in sequence learning?Qiufang Fu
State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Conscious Cogn 19:462-74. 2010..Further implicit learning research should be clear over whether judgment or structural knowledge is claimed to be unconscious as the two dissociate in sequence learning...
- Gradations of awareness in a modified sequence learning taskElisabeth Norman
Institute for Psychosocial Science, Psychology Faculty, University of Bergen, Christies gate 12, 5015 Bergen, Norway
Conscious Cogn 16:809-37. 2007..C. (2006). Fringe consciousness in sequence learning: the influence of individual differences. Consciousness and Cognition, 15(4), 723-760.]. This suggests possible distinctions between two components of fringe consciousness...
- Unilateral implicit motor learning deficit in developmental dyslexiaYang Yang
Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Int J Psychol 46:1-8. 2011..Our findings lend partial support to the cerebellar deficit theory of developmental dyslexia...
- Ordinal representation of numeric quantities by brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)Peter G Judge
Psychology Department, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 31:79-94. 2005..The capuchins demonstrated an ordinal representation of quantity equivalent to that shown in Old World monkeys...
- Dissociation between the procedural learning of letter names and motor sequences in developmental dyslexiaYafit Gabay
School of Education and Haddad Center for Research in Dyslexia and Reading Disorders, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Neuropsychologia 50:2435-41. 2012..The dissociation between motor and letter names sequence learning in those with DD also implies that the systems underlying these two tasks are separable...
- Is implicit sequence learning impaired in Parkinson's disease? A meta-analysisRichard J Siegert
Department of Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Wellington South, New Zealand
Neuropsychology 20:490-5. 2006..73 (95% confidence interval = 0.38, 1.07). Implicit sequence learning appears to be impaired in patients with PD. Some common methodological weaknesses and limitations in the reporting of statistical data are discussed...
- Is implicit sequence learning impaired in schizophrenia? A meta-analysisRichard J Siegert
King s College London, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine at Guy s, King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, Weston Education Centre, Denmark Hill, London, UK
Brain Cogn 67:351-9. 2008..Suggestions for improving the methodological quality and statistical reporting of studies of this topic are made...
- Can sequence learning be implicit? New evidence with the process dissociation procedureA Destrebecqz
Cognitive Science Research Unit, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Psychon Bull Rev 8:343-50. 2001..These findings provide strong evidence that sequence learning can be unconscious...
- Diminished motor skill development in elderly: indications for limited motor chunk useWillem B Verwey
Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Acta Psychol (Amst) 134:206-14. 2010..Still, elderly did show sequence-specific learning with a 6-key sequence that can be explained by an associative learning mechanism...
- From numerosity to ordinal rank: a gain-field model of serial order representation in cortical working memoryMatthew Botvinick
Psychology Department and Institute for Neuroscience, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
J Neurosci 27:8636-42. 2007..The model moves beyond previous accounts by bridging between neuroscientific findings and detailed behavioral data, and gives rise to several testable predictions...
- The implicit sequence learning deficit in patients with Parkinson's disease: a matter of impaired sequence integration?Jared G Smith
School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand
Neuropsychologia 44:275-88. 2006..The implicit learning deficits of PD patients are discussed with regard to the role played by the basal ganglia in integrative sequence learning in the SRT...
- Implicit sequence learning and conscious awarenessQiufang Fu
State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 10A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
Conscious Cogn 17:185-202. 2008..The results help resolve some current debates about the role of conscious awareness in sequence learning...
- Implicit learning is intact in adult developmental dyslexic readers: evidence from the serial reaction time task and artificial grammar learningJascha Rüsseler
Department of Psychology II, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:808-27. 2006..These findings show that implicit learning is intact in dyslexia. Intact implicit learning capabilities should be taken into account when designing training programs for developmental dyslexic readers...
- Resistance to change within heterogeneous response sequencesAlliston K Reid
Department of Psychology, Wofford College, 429 North Church St, Spartanburg, SC 29303, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:293-311. 2009..An alternative approach (a gradient model) shows that obtained measures of RTC in heterogeneous sequences may reflect a combination of three dissociable processes...
- Intact first- and second-order implicit sequence learning in secondary-school-aged children with developmental dyslexiaNatacha Deroost
Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 32:561-72. 2010..The present findings indicate that deficits in skill learning and automatization in DD are not general in nature, but task dependent...
- Serial list linking by macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta): list property limitationsF Robert Treichler
Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
J Comp Psychol 121:250-9. 2007..List length as a limiting factor in linking suggested processing restrictions analogous to those observed in human list memory. Results supported further investigation of list-linking characteristics...
- Representation of serial order: a comparative analysis of humans, monkeys, and pigeonsDamian Scarf
Department of Psychology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
Brain Res Bull 76:307-12. 2008..We discuss the extent to which the difference in performance between birds and primates on the serial-order task reflects a difference in cognitive abilities, or whether the difference can be attributed to noncognitive factors...
- Effects of 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nucleus accumbens septi on performance of a 5-choice serial reaction time task in rats: implications for theories of selective attention and arousalB J Cole
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, U K
Behav Brain Res 33:165-79. 1989..They therefore complete a double dissociation of effects on accuracy and vigour of responding, supporting theories of a division of arousal-type processes...
- Patterns, chunks, and hierarchies in serial reaction-time tasksI Koch
Max Planck Institut für Psychologische Forschung, Munchen, Germany
Psychol Res 63:22-35. 2000..Reasons are discussed for the finding that relational chunking was more pronounced in the keystroke than in the digit sequences...
- Evidence for implicit sequence learning in dyslexiaSteve W Kelly
Department of Psychology, University of Keele, UK
Dyslexia 8:43-52. 2002..Learning of the sequence did not seem to depend on awareness of the sequence structure. These results suggest that automatic skill learning is intact in dyslexic individuals...
- Evidence of developmental differences in implicit sequence learning: an fMRI study of children and adultsKathleen M Thomas
Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1339-51. 2004..These results challenge the idea of developmental invariance in implicit learning and instead support a view of parallel developments in implicit and explicit learning systems...
- Effector dependent sequence learning in the serial RT taskWillem B Verwey
Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, University of Twente, PO Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands
Psychol Res 69:242-51. 2005..Generally, the same results were found in more or less aware participants, congruent with the idea that the effector-dependent representation and the representation allowing transfer to mirror sequences are implicit...
- The simultaneous chain: a new approach to serial learningHerbert S Terrace
Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 9:202-10. 2005....
- Selective depletion of cortical noradrenaline by anti-dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin impairs attentional function and enhances the effects of guanfacine in the ratJean A Milstein
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 190:51-63. 2007..This study employed a novel immunotoxin, anti-dopamine-beta hydroylase (DbetaH)-saporin, to make relatively selective lesions of the noradrenergic projections to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in rats trained to perform the 5CSRT...
- The neural correlates of implicit and explicit sequence learning: Interacting networks revealed by the process dissociation procedureArnaud Destrebecqz
Cognitive Science Research Unit, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Belgium Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liege, Switzerland
Learn Mem 12:480-90. 2005..They also supply further evidence for a partial dissociation between the neural substrates supporting conscious and nonconscious components of performance during recollection of a learned sequence...
- Artificial grammar learning in pigeonsWalter T Herbranson
Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, USA
Learn Behav 36:116-37. 2008..As in Experiment 1, performance was controlled both by some short chunks and by more complex sequential regularities. The results are interpreted in terms of family resemblance and pose new goals for theories of complex stimulus control...
- Regional brain activation during concurrent implicit and explicit sequence learningHoward J Aizenstein
University of Pittsburgh Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Cereb Cortex 14:199-208. 2004..Our results suggest a relative dissociation of the brain regions engaged during ESL and ISL, whereby ESL and ISL can be viewed as partially distinct but overlapping parallel processes...
- Changing relations between phonological processing abilities and word-level reading as children develop from beginning to skilled readers: a 5-year longitudinal studyR K Wagner
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1051, USA
Dev Psychol 33:468-79. 1997....
- Associative sequence learning in humansRainer Spiegel
Department of Computing, Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:150-63. 2006....
- Inter-manual transfer and practice: coding of simple motor sequencesStefan Panzer
Department of Human Movement Science, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig 59, Germany
Acta Psychol (Amst) 131:99-109. 2009..These results are also interesting because they indicate, contrary to previous findings with more complex movement sequences, that an effective motor code can be developed relatively early in practice for rapid movement sequences...
- Providing explicit information disrupts implicit motor learning after basal ganglia strokeLara A Boyd
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
Learn Mem 11:388-96. 2004..This may be due to the increased demand placed on working memory by explicit information. Thus, basal ganglia integrity may be a crucial factor in determining the efficacy of explicit information for implicit motor-sequence learning...
- Selective deficits in attentional performance on the 5-choice serial reaction time task following pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus lesionsW L Inglis
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
Behav Brain Res 123:117-31. 2001..The PPTg may control attentional processes through its direct projections to the forebrain cholinergic system or, indirectly, through activation of thalamocortical projections...
- Effect of sequence length on the execution of familiar keying sequences: lasting segmentation and preparation?Willem B Verwey
Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Germany
J Mot Behav 35:343-54. 2003..The data were in line with the notion that coding of longer keying sequences involves motor chunks for the individual sequence segments and information on how those motor chunks are to be concatenated...
- Attentional performance of C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice in the 5-choice serial reaction time taskS Patel
Section of Behavioural Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry P049, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Behav Brain Res 170:197-203. 2006..It is argued that the differences in accuracy and anticipatory responding were closely related and that the primary difference between the strains may be in impulsivity...
- Evidence for counting in insectsMarie Dacke
ARC Centre for Excellence in Vision Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, P O Box 475, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia
Anim Cogn 11:683-9. 2008..It appears that bees can navigate to food sources by maintaining a running count of prominent landmarks that are passed en route, provided this number does not exceed four...
- Representations underlying skill in the discrete sequence production task: effect of hand used and hand positionElian De Kleine
Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
Psychol Res 73:685-94. 2009..This produced similar results as in Experiment 1. These experiments support the notion that robustness of sequencing skill is based on several codes, one being a representation that is both effector and position dependent...
- Dissociation between intentional and incidental sequence learning in Huntington's diseaseR G Brown
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Brain 124:2188-202. 2001..Further direct study is required using similar tasks in patients with putamenal disorder or lesions within the skeletomotor striato-thalamo-cortical circuit...
- Evidence for separate representations for action and location in implicit motor sequencingJessica K Witt
University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 13:902-7. 2006..These results demonstrated that two types of sequences, one of actions and another of response locations, can be learned simultaneously, suggesting that parallel representations are involved in implicit motor skill acquisition...
- Prose memory deficits associated with schizophreniaTatia M C Lee
Neuropsychology Laboratory, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Schizophr Res 81:199-209. 2006..These results may have important implications for rehabilitation of verbal declarative memory deficits in schizophrenia...
- Effector-independent and effector-dependent learning in the discrete sequence production taskWillem B Verwey
Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Ardeystrasse 67, 44139, Dortmund, Germany
Psychol Res 68:64-70. 2004..In addition, the unpracticed hand configuration performed the practiced sequences faster than the new sequence, which demonstrated the effector-independent component...
- Rapid automatic naming: easy to measure, hard to improve (quickly)Peter F de Jong
University of Amsterdam, Department of Education, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ann Dyslexia 54:65-88. 2004..In contrast, the serial addition training was highly effective. We conclude that it might be difficult to quickly improve the serial rapid naming of letter sounds in beginning readers...
- Demonstration of nondeclarative sequence learning in mice: development of an animal analog of the human serial reaction time taskMichael A Christie
MassGeneral Institute for Neurodegenerative Disease, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02129, USA
Learn Mem 11:720-3. 2004..The similarity between the human and mouse SRTs will enable more direct comparisons of mouse-human nondeclarative memory behavior and will provide a useful behavioral end-point in mouse-models of basal ganglia dysfunction...
- Sensitivity of the five-choice serial reaction time task to the effects of various psychotropic drugs in Sprague-Dawley ratsTracie A Paine
Behavioral Genetics Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
Biol Psychiatry 62:687-93. 2007..The five-choice serial reaction time task (5CSRTT) is one such model. Here, we characterized the effects of four standard psychotropic agents on performance in the 5CSRTT...
- Segmentation of short keying sequences does not spontaneously transfer to other sequencesWillem B Verwey
Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, Universiteit Twente, Postbus 217, Enschede 7500 AE, The Netherlands
Hum Mov Sci 28:348-61. 2009..This is more in line with effector-specific learning being a result of sequence learning in terms of a hand-based reference frame than learning to directly trigger particular effectors (i.e., the fingers)...
- Irrelevant response effects improve serial learning in serial reaction time tasksJ Hoffmann
Department of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 27:470-82. 2001..Experiment 1 showed that the tones improved serial learning with a 10-element stimulus sequence, but only if the tone effects were mapped onto the responses contingently...
- On the role of the SMA in the discrete sequence production task: a TMS study. Transcranial Magnetic StimulationWillem B Verwey
Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Ardeystrasse 67, 44139 Dortmund, Germany
Neuropsychologia 40:1268-76. 2002..Together, these results are in line with the notion that with moderate practice, the SMA executes short sequence fragments that are concatenated by other brain structures...
- Implicit spatial contextual learning in healthy agingJames H Howard
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA
Neuropsychology 18:124-34. 2004..learn to use repeated spatial configurations to facilitate search for a target, whereas in higher order serial learning, they learn to use subtle sequence regularities to respond more quickly and accurately to a series of events...
- Spatial interference and response control in sequence learning: the role of explicit knowledgeElisabet Tubau
Departament de Psicologia Basica, Universitat de Barcelona, Passeig de la Vall d Hebron 171, 08035, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Psychol Res 68:55-63. 2004..These results suggest that the relevant stimulus dimension (location or symbol) seems to engage different sequence learning mechanisms...
- Part-whole practice of movement sequencesJin Hoon Park
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A and M University, USA
J Mot Behav 36:51-61. 2004..That finding was not observed for the part-whole practice group...
- Effects of atomoxetine and methylphenidate on performance of a lateralized reaction time task in ratsJ David Jentsch
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, P O Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 202:497-504. 2009..Noradrenaline has been implicated in attention per se, but it is not clear whether it differentially participates in these two dimensions of attentional function...
- Taking patterns for chunks: is there any evidence of chunk learning in continuous serial reaction-time tasks?Luis Jimenez
Facultad de Psicologia, Campus Sur, Universidad de Santiago, 15782, Santiago, Spain
Psychol Res 72:387-96. 2008..Further analyses of the effects after extended practice confirm that this tendency remains essentially unchanged over continuous training unlike what could be expected from a chunk-based account of sequence learning...
- Rodent models of serial reaction time tasks and their implementation in neurobiological researchRainer K W Schwarting
Experimental and Physiological Psychology, Philipps University of Marburg, Gutenbergstr 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
Behav Brain Res 199:76-88. 2009..Since these rodent tasks can be used for a number of neuronal analyses, it is assumed that they will provide important insights for the neural mechanisms underlying such cognitive functions...
- Neural substrates of response-based sequence learning using fMRIAmanda Bischoff-Grethe
San Diego VA Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:127-38. 2004..Retrieval of sequential responses occurs within mesial motor areas and related motor planning areas...
- Effects of donepezil on verbal memory after semantic processing in healthy older adultsDavid B Fitzgerald
Department of Neurology, University of Florida, Jacksonville, FL 32610 0236, USA
Cogn Behav Neurol 21:57-64. 2008..To learn if acetylcholinesterase inhibitors alter verbal recall by improving semantic encoding in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial...
- Attentional capture triggers an attentional blinkWilliam S Maki
Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 2051, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 13:125-31. 2006..Thus, the AB can be triggered by a highlighted distractor if the distractor shares features with a target...
- Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthoodLouis Bherer
Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
- EEG oscillations and recognition memory: theta correlates of memory retrieval and decision makingJoshua Jacobs
Neuroscience Graduate Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Neuroimage 32:978-87. 2006..We also studied how these oscillatory dynamics complemented event-related potentials. These findings are the first to demonstrate that distinct patterns of theta oscillations can simultaneously relate to different aspects of behavior...
- Directed forgetting and aging: the role of retrieval processes, processing speed, and proactive interferenceMichaël Hogge
Department of Cognitive Sciences, Neuropsychology Unit, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 15:471-91. 2008..Moreover, processing speed and proactive interference appeared to be responsible for the decreased recall of TBR items...
- Working memory, attention control, and the N-back task: a question of construct validityMichael J Kane
Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:615-22. 2007..N-back has face validity as a WM task, but it does not demonstrate convergent validity with at least 1 established WM measure...
- Mixing costs in task shifting reflect sequential processing stages in a multicomponent taskMarco Steinhauser
Universitat Konstanz, Fachbereich Psychologie, Konstanz, Germany
Mem Cognit 33:1484-94. 2005..In Experiment 3, we replicated the additivity of mixing costs from level a ndjudgment mixing. Our results suggest thatthe mixingcosts reflect a selection strategy in which interference is reduced in a stepwise manner...
- Interactions between encoding and retrieval in the domain of sequence-learningAmotz Perlman
Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:118-30. 2006..The proposed framework has implications for the notion of sequence learning and the investigation of learning in general...
- A diffusion model analysis of adult age differences in episodic and semantic long-term memory retrievalJulia Spaniol
Duke University Medical Center, Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Durham, NC, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:101-17. 2006..As predicted by the context-memory deficit hypothesis, there was no corresponding age-related decline in semantic drift rate...
- More dissociations and interactions within central executive functioning: a comprehensive latent-variable analysisSiobhan Fournier-Vicente
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l Apprentissage, UMR CNRS 6234, Universite de Poitiers, France
Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:32-48. 2008....
- Intraindividual coupling of daily stress and cognitionMartin J Sliwinski
Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA
Psychol Aging 21:545-57. 2006..These results are consistent with theories that postulate that stress-related cognitive interference competes for attentional resources...
- Effect of pacing and working memory loads on error type patterns in a routine skillDaniel N Cassenti
The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Am J Psychol 121:57-81. 2008..Implications for theoretical accounts of goal representation, control, and error monitoring are discussed...
- Aging influences on working memory for hand movements: a test of the metamemory deficit hypothesisMotohide Miyahara
Movement Development Clinic, School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Exp Aging Res 33:417-28. 2007....
- The role of eye movements in subitizing and countingDerrick G Watson
Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, England
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:1389-99. 2007..The results are discussed in relation to the memory and processing requirements of enumeration tasks...
- Dual-task processing as a measure of executive function: a comparison between adults with Williams and Down syndromesPhyllis M Kittler
Department of Psychology, New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, NY 10313, USA
Am J Ment Retard 113:117-32. 2008..However, participants with Down syndrome declined more, suggesting relatively greater weakness in the dual-task processing component of executive function for this group...
- Decision-making dysregulation in first-episode schizophreniaKatja Cattapan-Ludewig
University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:157-60. 2008..These results indicate that behavioral abnormalities during the two-choice prediction task are already present during the early stages of the illness...
- Working memory performance in typically developing children and adolescents: behavioral evidence of protracted frontal lobe developmentHeather M Conklin
Division of Behavioral Medicine St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 31:103-28. 2007..Important implications for typical and atypical frontal lobe development are discussed...
- Time-based and event-based prospective memory across adulthood: underlying mechanisms and differential costs on the ongoing taskTheodor Jager
J Gen Psychol 135:4-22. 2008....
- Revisiting evidence for modularity and functional equivalence across verbal and spatial domains in memoryKatherine Guerard
Ecole de Psychologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:556-69. 2008..The patterns of errors and their interaction with interference are discussed in light of the predominant approaches to modeling memory and provide a rich set of data for modeling efforts...
- Nicotine effects on retrieval-induced forgetting are not attributable to changes in arousalJ M Rusted
Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:83-92. 2008..Administration of nicotine, however, also increases general arousal, and this may be responsible for the cognitive enhancing effects of nicotine...
- Speed and accuracy of accessing information in working memory: an individual differences investigation of focus switchingNash Unsworth
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 3013, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:616-30. 2008..The authors suggest that working memory span and fluid intelligence measures partially index the ability to accurately switch information in and out of the focus of attention, but this variation is not related to the speed of switching...
- Response times seen as decompression times in Boolean concept useJoël Bradmetz
Universite de Reims, Reims, France
Psychol Res 72:211-34. 2008..Also, this static serial model better fits the patterns of response times than an exemplar-based model...
- Hierarchical control of cognitive processes: switching tasks in sequencesDarryl W Schneider
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 135:623-40. 2006..These findings resonate with past research on motor programs and serial memory and provide new insights into the concepts of task set and control...
- Short-term visual recognition and temporal order memory are both well-preserved in agingRobert Sekuler
Volen National Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA
Psychol Aging 21:632-7. 2006..Our results show that short-term visual temporal order memory is well-preserved in normal aging, and when temporal order errors do occur, they arise from similar causes for young and older people...
- Relationship between priming and recognition in deterministic and probabilistic sequence learningDavid R Shanks
Department of Psychology, University College London, England
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:248-61. 2003..However, the authors show that these data, together with the group-level results, are compatible with a formal model in which priming and recognition are based on a single common memory variable...
- Are mathematics disabilities due to a domain-general or a domain-specific working memory deficit?K M Wilson
University of California Riverside, 92521, USA
J Learn Disabil 34:237-48. 2001..We concluded that, regardless of age, deficits in mathematics are mediated by both a domain-general and a domain-specific working memory system...
- Is there a specific executive capacity for dual task coordination? Evidence from Alzheimer's diseaseRobert H Logie
Centre for Human Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Neuropsychology 18:504-13. 2004..Results suggest an identifiable cognitive resource for dual task coordination within a multiple component working memory system...
- Memory impairment and auditory evoked potential gating deficit in schizophreniaMing H Hsieh
Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Psychiatry Res 130:161-9. 2004..The modality-specific impairment of implicit learning in schizophrenia may reflect a failure of adaptive filtering on the flooding input from color patterns...
- Response shifting and inhibition, but not working memory, are impaired after long-term heavy alcohol consumptionHelmut Hildebrandt
Department of Neurology, Municipal Hospital of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Neuropsychology 18:203-11. 2004..The neurotoxic side effects of alcohol therefore lead to a specific deficit in alternating between response rules but not in working memory, independently of whether the working memory task involves interference resolution or not...
- Efficiency of temporal order discrimination as an indicator of bradyphrenia in Parkinson's disease: the inspection time loop taskBeverly A Shipley
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Neuropsychologia 40:1488-93. 2002..The PD group had a significantly lower mean score on the ITloop task than did controls (P=0.02). PD patients perform more poorly on temporal order discrimination judgements even when the task makes no motor demands...
- A new approach in clinical neuropsychology to the assessment of spatial working memory: the block suppression testThomas Beblo
Center of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutical Medicine, Gilead Hospital, Bethel, Bielefeld, Germany
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 26:105-14. 2004..In Study 2 the BST was administered to a clinical sample of 31 brain-damaged patients to demonstrate its clinical practicability...
- Behavioral and functional MRI study of attention shift in human verbal working memoryZhi Hao Li
Department of Neurobiology and Biophysics, University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui 230027, Hefei, PR China
Neuroimage 21:181-91. 2004..Taken together with evidence from several recent investigations, our results suggest that these areas each play an important and specific role in collaboratively supporting the function of attention shift in working memory...
- Sustained attention deficit in bipolar disorder is not a working memory impairment in disguiseCatherine J Harmer
University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
Neuropsychologia 40:1586-90. 2002..Deficits in sustaining attention may help explain the difficulties in psychological and occupational functioning in bipolar disorder patients during remission...
- Procedural learning in children with developmental coordination disorderPeter H Wilson
Department of Psychology and Disability Studies, RMIT University, City Campus, P O Box 2476V, VIC 3001, Melbourne, Australia
Hum Mov Sci 22:515-26. 2003..This suggests that cortico-striatal circuits that are strongly implicated in the sequencing of simple movements appear to be function normally in DCD...
- Phonological and visuo-spatial working memory in individuals with intellectual disabilityCelia Rosenquist
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, USA
Am J Ment Retard 108:403-13. 2003..However, visual complexity task performance suggested that some aspects of visual processing surpass developmental level expectations for individuals with intellectual disability...
- Age deficits in learning sequences of spoken wordsNancy A Dennis
Cognitive Aging Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, District of Columbia 20064, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 58:P224-7. 2003..This suggests that age-related deficits in implicit sequence learning reflect a general impairment in learning subtle environmental covariations rather than a modality-specific visual impairment...
- Evidence against response bias in temporal order tasks with attention manipulation by masked primesIngrid Scharlau
Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, P O Box 10 01 31, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
Psychol Res 68:224-36. 2004..If any, only small response biases were found. The results thus support the attentional explanation...
- Concurrent task effects on memory retrievalDoug Rohrer
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 7200, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 10:96-103. 2003..Recall total was reduced significantly, and recall latency was slowed substantially...
- The effects of total sleep deprivation on the generation of random sequences of key-presses, numbers and nounsHerbert Heuer
Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:275-307. 2005..These findings strongly suggest that random generation involves multiple processes and that total sleep deprivation does not impair all sorts of executive functions, but only some...
- Cholinergic enhancement of episodic memory in healthy young adultsGeorg Gron
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulm, Leimgrubenweg 12, 89075 Ulm, Germany
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 182:170-9. 2005..Acetylcholine esterase (AchE) inhibitors are known to remediate symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. However, only few systematic data exist on the effects of cholinergic treatment on cognitive functions in normal subjects...
- Time of Day & Aging in Implicit/Explicit LearningSunbin Song; Fiscal Year: 2007..This project also has implications for aging research in that age impairments seen across tasks may be exaggerated or minimized by testing at different times of day. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The neurophysiological basis of serial learningHerbert S Terrace; Fiscal Year: 2013..Ours are signifiant because they provide the first neurological investigation of implicit serial learning in a non-human primate that is not confounded by spatial or temporal cues...
- LEARNING AND INTEGRATION OF BEHAVIORAL SEQUENCESHerbert Terrace; Fiscal Year: 2005..The investigation of serial learning animals also provides a comparative perspective of mechanisms of serially organized behavior...
- SERIAL LEARNINGHerbert Terrace; Fiscal Year: 1980....
- Skill acquisition in older adultsRachael Seidler; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Aging, implicit learning, and white matter integrityILANA BENNETT; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adolescent Nicotine Exposure and Adult Cognitive Processes in RatsSTEPHEN FOUNTAIN; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results will also provide new information regarding the important public health question of the extent to which adolescent nicotine exposure is a threat to adult cognitive capacity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Motor Learning & Transfer in PD & Cerebellar DysfunctionANN SMILEY OYEN; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Infant Roots of Later CognitionSusan A Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identifying early antecedents of later deficits has profound implications for intervention, assessment,and remediation, as well as for understanding the nature of the infant mind. ..
- MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTSAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
- Modeling the Role of Priming in Executive ControlGordon Logan; Fiscal Year: 2009..The first aim will establish the validity of the model, the second will establish its limits and set the stage for a general model of executive control. ..
- Attentional Modulation of Human Auditory CortexDavid Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005..Repeated single-subject testing and improved imaging procedures will permit auditory cortical fields to be mapped with unprecedented detail during the processing of simple sounds, syllables and coherent speech. ..
- Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by PigeonsAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
- Short-Term and Long-Term Memory Systems in Word LearningPrahlad Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Memory Processing in Primates and AviansAnthony A Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
- SPEED OF INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANCYSusan Rose; Fiscal Year: 2003..Developmental curves will be compared for cross-sectional and longitudinal samples and across domains (faces and objects). ..
- DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION--COGNITION/MOTIVATION/MOOD IN PDMarjan Jahanshahi; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- HIPPOCAMPUS CORRELATES OF DRUG ABUSE IN RATSSAMUEL DEADWYLER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Compensatory Brain Activation after StrokeLara Boyd; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CUTANEOUS PATTERN PERCEPTIONJames Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will also be relevant to the effects that intermediate surfaces such as surgical gloves have on tactile sensitivity and to the measurement and understanding of neurological problems. ..
- Overt and Covert Selection During ReadingALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007..It should also have ramifications beyond the domain of reading, as coordination of covert and overt selection may be part and parcel of effective visual selection in general. ..
- Prefrontal and medial temporal contributions to memorySean Polyn; Fiscal Year: 2008..Furthermore, the full-brain coverage obtained with fMRI will allow us to characterize the anatomical topography of observed item-, context-, and memory-related representations. ..
- Literacy & cognitive skills to understand HIV regimensDrenna Waldrop Valverde; Fiscal Year: 2006..Initial comprehension of ARV regimens is essential for continued adherence. Identification of factors related to poor comprehension of ARV medication instructions is a necessary prerequisite for developing interventions to improve it. ..
- Neonatal Ethanol-Induced Memory Impairments in RatsPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2009..The potential for amelioration of these cognitive deficits using both behavioral and pharmacological strategies will provide important information regarding treatment approaches for afflicted individuals. ..
- Local Sleep Regulation and Brain PlasticityGiulio Tononi; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, they are highly relevant to the mission of MINDS, NIMH, and NHLBI. ..
- Effects of Chronic THC in AdolescencePeter J Winsauer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Together, data from these experiments will demonstrate how drug abuse and hormonal status during adolescence may permanently alter brain function and the liability of subsequent abuse of A9-THC. ..
- HIV+Drug Users: Neurocognitive Aspects of ARV AdherenceDrenna Waldrop Valverde; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Architecture of Event ComprehensionJEFFREY ZACKS; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline PatientsErin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The nature and time course of phonological representations in readingKeith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Competition Model of Attention and MemoryMary Potter; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Perceptual Processes Evidence and ConfiguralityJames Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2009..Work toward these goals will involve theoretical, methodological, and empirical efforts. ..
- Brain and Behavior of Visual ExpectationsINGRID OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..These questions will be addressed through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and behavioral experimentation. ..
- Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in AdolescenceGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Interactions in Incremental and Episodic MemoryDaphna Shohamy; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms for neurocognitive damage of HIV+ drug usersRaul Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- LONG TERM BRAIN BEHAVIOR EFFECTS OF DELTA 9 THCSAMUEL DEADWYLER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Control of Attention and Action in ADHDCanan Karatekin; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND COMPLEX BEHAVIORJOSEPH GALIZIO; Fiscal Year: 2003..An overarching goal of the project is to continue to develop and evaluate the utility of these new methodologies as tools in the assessment of drug effects on learning. ..
- NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCEGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRIGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
- Neuroimaging of language production using overt speechRandi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- FUNCTIONS AND MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL LEARNINGBarbara Dosher; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Reward and reinforcement in implicit power motivationOLIVER SCHULTHEISS; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition, the role of facial aflective expressions as indicators of power motivation reward and the time course of the hypothesized power motivation reward and reinforcement effects will be explored in these studies. ..
- INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PERCEPTUAL AND CONCEPTUAL LEARNINGRobert Goldstone; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internetGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
- DIFFERENTIAL GENE EXPRESSION & TOLERANCE TO CANNABINOIDSSAMUEL DEADWYLER; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Functional Changes Induced By Sleep DeprivationGiulio Tononi; Fiscal Year: 2004..These studies should provide insights into the molecular consequences of prolonged sleep deprivation and chronic insomnia and suggest new therapeutic approaches. ..
- SOCIAL LEARNING AND ALCOHOL INTAKE IN ADOLESCENT RATSPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2004..The end result of this work will be an increased understanding of the neurochemical and behavioral factors underlying social acquisition of ethanol preferences. ..
- Plausibility and Syntactic Processing LoadNEAL PEARLMUTTER; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results should lead to more finely-specified psycholinguistic, neurological, and computational models of human language processing. ..
- Antipsychotics: Temporal Effects on Cognitive FunctionAlvin Terry; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Attentional Guidance by Emotional SalienceSTEVEN MOST; Fiscal Year: 2005..Also, difficulty in ignoring emotional stimuli should be reflected in anterior cingulate cortex activation. This research will help to lay bare the functional "anatomy" by which emotion-based attentional biases occur. ..
- Brain Correlates of Auditory Processing in the BlindAlexander Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Prefrontal and medial temporal contributions to memorySean Polyn; Fiscal Year: 2004..This framework allows us to develop a mechanistic understanding of prefrontal contributions to episodic memory. ..
- Diffuse optical imaging of intracranial pressure changesGary Strangman; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Neural Mechanisms of Sequential InformationChristy Marshuetz; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Long-term Maternal Effects on Developing OffspringRosemary Strasser; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Role of the Cholinergic system in spatial orientationDouglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies will advance our understanding of the neural basis of spatial orientation, and the results may have implications for developing treatments for TD. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Is There a Common Neural Mechanism for Self-Control?Jessica Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Using TMS to enhance off-line learning.Edwin Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Answering each of these questions will give mechanistic insight into how these improvements are achieved;and will allow skill enhancements induced by TMS to be optimised. ..
- Behavioral Model of Contextual Attention in the MonkeyJ Jentsch; Fiscal Year: 2003..The development of such an approach to modeling contextual aspects of attention, in particular, in animals should be a major advance linking pre-clinical psychopharmacological studies and treatment-based research for schizophrenia. ..
- INTERMODAL TEMPORAL INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANTSDAVID LEWKOWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Functional Substrates of Long-Term Motor LearningScott Grafton; Fiscal Year: 2006..The experiments demanding extensive practice are particularly relevant for developing rational pathophysiologic models of brain plasticity that are applicable to studies of functional recovery after stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable]..