paired associate learning
Summary: Learning in which the subject must respond with one word or syllable when presented with another word or syllable.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- Robust recollection rejection in the memory conjunction paradigmJames M Lampinen
Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:332-42. 2004..Consistent with Experiment 1, they also found evidence of phantom recollection. These findings provide evidence that recollection rejection can be quite robust in the memory conjunction paradigm...
- Exploring the role of attention during memory retrieval: effects of semantic encoding and divided attentionJeffrey P Lozito
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
Mem Cognit 34:986-98. 2006..Recognition accuracy was reduced by divided attention on both recognition tests, and semantically and phonetically encoded words were equally affected...
- Word, nonword, and visual paired associate learning in Dutch dyslexic childrenVera C S Messbauer
Department of Education, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94208, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Exp Child Psychol 84:77-96. 2003..Tasks involved the paired associate learning of words, nonwords, or symbols with pictures. Both learning and retention of associations were examined...
- The very preterm brain in young adulthood: the neural correlates of verbal paired associate learningEmma J Lawrence
Department of Psychiatry, Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry and King s College London, London, UK
J Pediatr 156:889-95. 2010..To determine whether preterm birth influences functional neuronal development in adulthood...
- The relationship between paired associate learning and phonological skills in normally developing readersK L Windfuhr
Human Communication and Deafness, School of Education, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
J Exp Child Psychol 80:160-73. 2001..were administered tests of phonological awareness, verbal short term memory (STM), and visual-verbal paired associate learning (PA learning) to investigate their relationship with word recognition and decoding skills...
- Paired associate learning in Chinese children with dyslexiaHong Li
State Key Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
J Exp Child Psychol 103:135-51. 2009A total of 82 Chinese 11- and 12-year-olds with and without dyslexia were tested on four paired associate learning (PAL) tasks, phonological awareness, morphological awareness, rapid naming, and verbal short-term memory in three ..
- Memory profiling with paired associate learning in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy agingK E Pike
School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Monash University
Neuropsychology 22:718-28. 2008..b>Paired associate learning (PAL) tasks are sensitive for preclinical and early detection of AD, but existing tasks do not enable ..
- Functional neuroanatomy of successful paired associate learning in Alzheimer's diseaseRebecca L Gould
Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Box P070, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Am J Psychiatry 162:2049-60. 2005..The purpose of the study was to develop a strategy for functional imaging of neurodegenerative disorders that overcomes confounds associated with differential performance between patient and comparison groups...
- How implicitly activated and explicitly acquired knowledge contribute to the effectiveness of retrieval cuesDouglas L Nelson
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 8200, USA
Mem Cognit 35:1892-904. 2007....
- Age differences in implicit interferenceSimay Ikier
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:P278-84. 2006..Younger and older adults differ in their susceptibility to interference in implicit tasks, and interference may play a role in influencing the magnitude of age differences in priming...
- Implicitly activated memories are associated to general context cuesDouglas L Nelson
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 8200, USA
Mem Cognit 35:1878-91. 2007..Information that is implicitly activated during an episodic experience is associated to the context of that experience...
- Letter position information and printed word perception: the relative-position priming constraintJonathan Grainger
University of Provence, Marseille, France
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:865-84. 2006..e., 33 ms prime durations) where there was no evidence for phonological priming. The results constrain possible schemes for letter position coding...
- Cued recall from image and sentence memory: a shift from episodic to identical elements representationTimothy C Rickard
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:734-48. 2006..In contrast with previous findings, these results indicate that a form of representation that is independent of the original episodic memory underlies cued-recall performance following minimal practice...
- Semantic similarity dissociates short- from long-term recency effects: testing a neurocomputational model of list memoryEddy J Davelaar
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
Mem Cognit 34:323-34. 2006..This dissociation is due to the mutual support between associated items in the short-term store, which takes place in immediate free recall and delayed free recall but not in continuous-distractor free recall...
- Paradoxical effects of testing: repeated retrieval attempts enhance the likelihood of later accurate and false recallKathleen B McDermott
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Mem Cognit 34:261-7. 2006..The beneficial effects of testing carry the cost of increases in erroneous memory for related information...
- Cross-alphabet and cross-modal long-term priming in Serbian and EnglishJelena Havelka
Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, England
Psychon Bull Rev 13:842-7. 2006..A full list of word stimuli for all three experiments presented in this article can be found at www.psychonomic.org/archive...
- Semantic and repetition priming within the attentional blink: an event-related brain potential (ERP) investigation studyF Pesciarelli
Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131 Padova, Italy
Biol Psychol 76:21-30. 2007..These results suggest that semantic and repetition priming effects, under rapid serial visual presentation conditions, are modulated by at least partially overlapping neural mechanisms...
- Unconscious cognition isn't that smart: modulation of masked repetition priming effect in the word naming taskSachiko Kinoshita
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science MACCS and Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
Cognition 107:623-49. 2008....
- The role of frontopolar cortex in subgoal processing during working memoryTodd S Braver
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Neuroimage 15:523-36. 2002..These results suggest a triple dissociation of function within PFC regions, and further indicate that FP-PFC is selectively engaged by the requirement to monitor and integrate subgoals during WM tasks...
- Teaching adults new words: the role of practice and consolidationFelix Clay
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:970-6. 2007..This provides evidence that the newly acquired orthographic representations are coded in an abstract format...
- The emergent generation effect and hypermnesia: influences of semantic and nonsemantic generation tasksNeil W Mulligan
Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275 0442, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:541-54. 2002..Finally, there is no evidence of an emergent generation effect for nonwords, another traditional limiting condition of the generation effect...
- Retrieval-induced forgetting in item recognition: evidence for a reduction in general memory strengthBernhard Spitzer
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:863-75. 2007..The authors argue that retrieval-induced forgetting in item recognition is caused by a reduction in general memory strength...
- Ambiguity and synonymy effects in lexical decision, naming, and semantic categorization tasks: interactions between orthography, phonology, and semanticsYasushi Hino
Department of Psychology, Chukyo University, Toyota, Aichi, Japan
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:686-713. 2002....
- Component processes of conceptual priming and associative cued recall: the roles of preexisting representation and depth of processingCristina Ramponi
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:843-62. 2007....
- Hemispheric asymmetry in accessing word meanings: concrete and abstract nounsNaoki Shibahara
University College London, UK
Percept Mot Skills 94:1292-300. 2002....
- Covert operations: orthographic recoding as a basis for repetition priming in word identificationMichael E J Masson
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:858-71. 2002..Priming on perceptually based word identification tests that results from a generate study episode may be largely due to orthographic recoding of the target rather than to conceptual processing...
- Release from generation failure: the role of study list structurePhilip A Higham
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, England
Mem Cognit 34:148-57. 2006..Together, these results suggest that generation failure is partly attributable to participants' searching inappropriate domains that, though consistent with the study list structure, are unlikely to contain targets...
- Recollection rejection: gist cuing of verbatim memoryTimothy N Odegard
Department of Psychology, Box 19528, University of Texas, Arlington, TX 76019 0528, USA
Mem Cognit 33:1422-30. 2005..The present results contribute to the cued recall and recognition literatures by demonstrating that recollection rejection is moderated by similar factors as is cued recall...
- Memory impairment and auditory evoked potential gating deficit in schizophreniaMing H Hsieh
Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Psychiatry Res 130:161-9. 2004..The modality-specific impairment of implicit learning in schizophrenia may reflect a failure of adaptive filtering on the flooding input from color patterns...
- The propositional structure of discourse in the two cerebral hemispheresDebra L Long
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, CA 95626, USA
Brain Lang 95:383-94. 2005..In a second experiment, we found our item priming effects reflected the representation of text information in memory and did not reflect lexical-semantic priming at test...
- Priming for new associations in animacy decision: evidence for context dependencyDiane Pecher
Psychology Department, University of Amsterdam, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Q J Exp Psychol A 57:1211-31. 2004..The results are explained by assuming that priming results from the overlap of features that are activated during both study and test...
- Refractory effects in picture naming as assessed in a semantic blocking paradigmEva Belke
Behavioural Brain Sciences Centre, The University of Birmingham, School of Psychology Hills Building, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:667-92. 2005..Experiment 3 showed that the blocking effect for speech onset latencies generalized to new, previously unnamed lexical items. We propose that the blocking effect is due to refractory behaviour in the semantic system...
- Conceptual information on objects' locationsAnna M Borghi
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy
Brain Lang 93:140-51. 2005..The results were replicated and extended in the second experiment with a location production task. Theoretical accounts for the results are discussed...
- Effects of repetition and response deadline on associative recognition in young and older adultsLeah L Light
Department of Psychology, Pitzer College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
Mem Cognit 32:1182-93. 2004..Implications of these results for theories of associative recognition and cognitive aging are explored...
- In search of cross-talk facilitation in a dual-cued recall taskTimothy C Rickard
Department of Psychology 0109, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:750-67. 2005..It appears instead that a preretrieval stage performance bottleneck precludes cued recall through more than 1 independently represented cue-response association at a time...
- Enactment enhances integration between verb and noun, but not relational processing, in episodic memoryJan D von Essen
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University
Scand J Psychol 46:315-21. 2005..The results indicate that enhanced integration between verb and noun is an effect of SPT encoding, whereas enhanced relational processing is not...
- On the categorical nature of the semantic interference effect in the picture-word interference paradigmAlbert Costa
Departamento de Psicologia Basica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Psychon Bull Rev 12:125-31. 2005..The implications of these results for the assumption that the semantic interference effect arises as a consequence of lexical competition are discussed...
- Levels of processing with free and cued recall and unilateral temporal lobe epilepsyVéronique Lespinet-Najib
Laboratoire de Neuropsychologie Experimentale, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
Brain Lang 89:83-90. 2004..Moreover, our data seem to indicate that RTLE patients present a retrieval processing impairment (semantic condition), whereas the LTLE group is characterized by encoding difficulties in the phonetic and semantic condition...
- Is semantic priming due to association strength or feature overlap? A microanalytic reviewKeith A Hutchison
Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 10:785-813. 2003..The status of other relations, such as collocates, episodic relatives, and script relations, is unclear and requires further experimentation. Implications for current models of semantic representation and priming are discussed...
- They know the words, but not the music: affective and semantic priming in individuals with psychopathyK S Blair
Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
Biol Psychol 73:114-23. 2006..In contrast, the two groups showed comparable levels of semantic priming. The results are discussed with reference to current models of psychopathy...
- Conjunction errors, recollection-based rejections, and forgetting in a continuous recognition taskTodd C Jones
School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:70-8. 2006..g., black) as the cue, though recall conjunction errors occurred infrequently relative to recognition conjunction errors. Overall, the results support the idea that automatic and controlled processes contribute to memory performance...
- Automatic mediation or absence of mediation? Commentary on Crutcher and Ericsson (2000)Timothy C Rickard
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:1381-6; discussion 1387-9. 2003..In this article the authors evaluate that conclusion on both conceptual and empirical grounds and report results of a new experiment that indicate that a qualitative shift to direct, unmediated recall can occur for at least some tasks...
- Eye movements to pictures reveal transient semantic activation during spoken word recognitionEiling Yee
Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1-14. 2006....
- Directed forgetting of related words: evidence for the inefficient inhibition hypothesisElyse Brauch Lehman
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
J Gen Psychol 130:380-98. 2003..e., that the efficiency of inhibitory mechanisms improves as children develop). The results also suggest that the inhibition is occurring primarily in the early stages of processing...
- Repetition priming mediated by task similarity in semantic classificationMaggie J Xiong
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37209, USA
Mem Cognit 31:1009-20. 2003..Consistent with the transfer-appropriate processing framework, repetition priming in semantic classifications was highly task specific, decreasing with increasing distance between classification scales...
- The effect of voice onset time differences on lexical access in DutchPetra M van Alphen
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:178-96. 2006..Phonetic detail appears to influence lexical access only to the extent that it is useful: In Dutch, presence versus absence of prevoicing is more informative than amount of prevoicing...
- The effect of age of acquisition in visual word processing: further evidence for the semantic hypothesisMandy Ghyselinck
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:550-4. 2004..The authors conclude that the age of acquisition is an important variable in the activation of the meaning of visually presented words...
- Retrieval of incidental stimulus-response associations as a source of negative primingKlaus Rothermund
Department of Psychology, Universität Trier, Trier, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:482-95. 2005..Findings lend support to a new model that explains negative priming in terms of an automatic retrieval of incidental stimulus-response associations...
- Divided attention modulates semantic activation: evidence from a nonletter-level prime taskSachio Otsuka
Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furocho, Chikusaku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Mem Cognit 35:2001-11. 2007..Yet, Experiment 3 showed repetition priming to be unaffected. These results support an amended attention modulation hypothesis in which modulation is not limited to letter-level processing...
- Strategic effects in associative priming with words, homophones, and pseudohomophonesDenis Drieghe
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:951-61. 2002..The latter did not prime at a 250-ms prime-presentation time and at 57 ms in the word/pseudohomophone task...
- The moderating effects of stimulus valence and arousal on memory suppressionBrian P Marx
VA Boston Healthcare System, National Center for PTSD 116B 2, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Emotion 8:199-207. 2008..Across all tests of memory performance, there were no significant differences between the experimental conditions for highly arousing, unpleasant words. The implications of these findings are discussed...
- Retrieval processes in recognition and cued recallP A Nobel
Department of Psychology, Indiana University Bloomington 47405, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 27:384-413. 2001..The results support the hypothesis that retrieval processes differ for single-item recognition and cued recall, with retrieval in cued recall (and associative recognition) due to a sequential search...
- Generation and associative encoding in young and old adults: the effect of the strength of association between cues and targets on a cued recall taskLaurence Taconnat
UMR CNRS 6215 Langage, mémoire et développement cognitif, Universite Francois Rabelais de Tours, France
Exp Psychol 55:23-30. 2008..These findings suggest that generating weak associates leads to more elaborated encoding, but that elderly adults cannot use this elaborated encoding as well as younger adults to recall the target words at test...
- Homophone effects in visual word recognition depend on homophone type and task demandsLinda Kerswell
University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia V2N 4Z9
Can J Exp Psychol 61:322-7. 2007....
- Stimulus similarity decrements in children's working memory spanJuliet A Conlin
University of Durham, Durham, UK
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:1434-46. 2005..Explanations of these findings in terms of similarity-based interference and response competition in working memory are discussed...
- Repetition proportion biases masked priming of lexical decisionsGlen E Bodner
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Mem Cognit 34:1298-311. 2006..The increased costs and benefits of repetition priming when RP is higher implicate a context-sensitive mechanism that constrains accounts of masked priming...
- Calling all codes: interactive effects of semantics, phonology, and orthography produce dissociations in a repetition blindness paradigmJennifer A Stolz
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
Am J Psychol 121:105-28. 2008..We discuss the relevance of these findings for extant accounts of repetition blindness...
- Measuring cognitive distance in the network representations of textsStephen Dopkins
Psychology Department, The George Washington University, NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA
Am J Psychol 121:273-92. 2008..The results of 3 experiments supported the network connection hypothesis...
- Distinctive encoding reduces the Jacoby-Whitehouse illusionDavid A Gallo
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Mem Cognit 36:461-6. 2008..Picture encoding may reduce this illusion via a shift in preretrieval orientation, as opposed to a postretrieval editing process...
- Response priming patterns differ with interstimulus interval durationKristie A Spencer
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Clin Linguist Phon 22:475-90. 2008..Brief ISIs, with a putatively high sensitivity to reprogramming, resulted in robust priming effects. Long ISIs, thought to be influenced by attentional factors, resulted in priming effects of lesser magnitude...
- Odour-place paired-associate learning and limbic thalamus: comparison of anterior, lateral and medial thalamic lesionsSheree J Gibb
Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson s and Brain Research, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
Behav Brain Res 172:155-68. 2006..There is need for traditional models of memory function to take greater account of the contributions of thalamic nuclei...
- Chronic deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease: effects on cognition, mood, anxiety and personality traitsL Castelli
Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Italy
Eur Neurol 55:136-44. 2006..To evaluate modifications occurring in cognitive functions and behavioural aspects in a group of 72 consecutive patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) 15 months after bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN)...
- Reversible dyscognition in patients with a unilateral, middle fossa arachnoid cyst revealed by using a laptop based neuropsychological test battery (CANTAB)Johan Torgersen
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
J Neurol 257:1909-16. 2010..We used four tests from CANTAB to assess the level of neuropsychological performance: paired associate learning (PAL) and delayed matching to sample (DMS) assessed temporal lobe functions, while Stockings of ..
- Double-blind randomized controlled study comparing short-term efficacy of bifrontal and bitemporal electroconvulsive therapy in acute maniaRaja M Hiremani
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
Bipolar Disord 10:701-7. 2008..There are no studies comparing these techniques in acute mania. This study compared the short-term efficacy and adverse effects of bifrontal and bitemporal ECT in the treatment of acute mania...
- Neuronal correlates of functional magnetic resonance imaging in human temporal cortexGeorge A Ojemann
Department of Neurological Surgery, Campus Box 356470, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Brain 133:46-59. 2010..and local field potentials from 8 to 300 Hz at 13 temporal cortical sites, from nine subjects, during paired associate learning and control measures...
- Long-term memory for elementary visual percepts: memory psychophysics of context and acquisition effectsWilliam M Petrusic
Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Percept Psychophys 66:430-45. 2004..This latter finding is inconsistent with a strong form of the functional equivalence view of perception and memory...
- Paired-associate learning and recall of high and low imagery words: moderating effects of hypnosis, hypnotic susceptibility level, and visualization abilitiesH J Crawford
Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061 0436, USA
Am J Psychol 109:353-72. 1996..29), but not with the IDQ Imagery scale, the Mental Rotations Test (Vandenberg & Kuse, 1973), or the revised Minnesota Paper Form Board Test (Likert & Quasha, 1941)...
- A 9-year controlled prospective neuropsychologic assessment of amateur boxingMark D Porter
The Sports Medicine Centre, O Connor, ACT, Australia
Clin J Sport Med 13:339-52. 2003..To test the hypothesis that there is an association between amateur boxing and chronic traumatic encephalopathy using neuropsychologic assessments...
- Neurological and cognitive abnormalities associated with chronic petrol sniffingP Maruff
Swinburne University of Technology, Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Brain 121:1903-17. 1998..Cognitive deficits occurred in the areas of visual attention, visual recognition memory and visual paired associate learning. Ex-petrol sniffers showed higher rates of abnormal tandem gait and bilateral palmomental reflexes and ..
- Relation between CYP2D6 genotype, personality, neurocognition and overall psychopathology in healthy volunteersEva M Peñas-LLedó
Clinical Research Centre CICAB, Centro de Investigación Clínica, Area de Salud de Badajoz, SES Servicio Extremeño de Salud, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain
Pharmacogenomics 10:1111-20. 2009..Therefore, the present study aimed to analyze the relationship between CYP2D6 genotype and personality, cognition and psychopathological vulnerability. The influence of affective state in these relationships was also analyzed...
- The effects of chronic administration of hydrocortisone on cognitive function in normal male volunteersA H Young
Department of Neuroscience and Psychiatry, Royal Victoria Informary, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 145:260-6. 1999..Corticosteroids are elevated in certain neuropsychiatric disorders and this may contribute to the neuropsychological impairments reported in these disorders...
- Elements of a neurobiological theory of hippocampal function: the role of synaptic plasticity, synaptic tagging and schemasR G M Morris
Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, The University of Edinburgh, 1 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland
Eur J Neurosci 23:2829-46. 2006..Finally, using a different protocol for flavour-place paired associate learning, it is shown that rats can develop a spatial schema which represents the relative locations of several ..
- Attention and executive control predict Alzheimer disease in late life: results from the Berlin Aging Study (BASE)Michael A Rapp
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Pl, Box 1240, New York, NY 10029 6574, USA
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 13:134-41. 2005..Following theoretical models of neuropsychological processes before AD onset, the authors examined the predictive value of attention and executive function in the preclinical phase of AD in old age...
- Direct and indirect measures of verbal relational memory following anterior temporal lobectomyGregory R Savage
Comprehensive Epilepsy Programme, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia
Neuropsychologia 40:302-16. 2002..of verbal relational memory was provided by successive trials of cued recall in a specially-constructed paired associate learning task with arbitrarily paired words; pairs consisted of either concrete or abstract words...
- Individual differences in arousal and accessibility to information in memoryT M Libkuman
Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant 48859, USA
J Gen Psychol 125:367-95. 1998..The authors found some support for the Schwartz hypothesis: Extraverted participants were adversely affected by semantic similarity. Overall, the findings did not provide much support for the arousal-accessibility hypothesis...
- Treatment of major depression in general practice: a double-blind comparison of paroxetine and lofepramineC A Moon
Health Centre, Redruth, Cornwall
Br J Clin Pract 50:240-4. 1996..Effect on cognitive function was assessed using the paired associate learning test and the serial "E' cancellation test...
- The facilitative effects of glucose ingestion on memory retrieval in younger and older adults: is task difficulty or task domain critical?Leigh M Riby
Department of Psychology, Glasgow Caledonian University, 70 Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
Br J Nutr 95:414-20. 2006..Participants performed a battery of episodic (e.g. paired associate learning) and semantic memory (e.g. category verification) tasks under low and high cognitive load...
- The pattern of intact and impaired memory functions in autismN J Minshew
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:1095-101. 2001....
- Free recall and recognition in a network model of the hippocampus: simulating effects of scopolamine on human memory functionM E Hasselmo
Department of Psychology, Program in Neuroscience, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Behav Brain Res 89:1-34. 1997..Simulation of a paired associate learning paradigm predicts that scopolamine should greatly enhance proactive interference due to retrieval of ..
- Investigation of the effectiveness of traffic sign training in terms of training methods and sign characteristicsAnnie W Y Ng
School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
Traffic Inj Prev 12:283-95. 2011..This research investigated whether different training methods had any effect on the effectiveness of traffic sign training and whether there were any relationships between traffic sign characteristics and effectiveness of the training...
- Perirhinal cortex ablation impairs configural learning and paired-associate learning equallyM J Buckley
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, UK
Neuropsychologia 36:535-46. 1998..three cynomolgus monkeys with ablations restricted to the perirhinal cortex were impaired on a visual paired associate learning task in which subjects had to learn which of two visual stimuli were associated with a cue stimulus...
- The supposed effect of interactive imagery in paired associate learningR N Wilton
Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, U K
Q J Exp Psychol A 49:888-900. 1996Previous experiments designed to investigate the effects of interactive imagery in paired associate learning have included the confounded variable of intralist similarity: Images of objects interacting have corresponded to pairs with ..
- Paired-associate learning and memory interference in schizophreniaB Elvevåg
Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, National Institute of Mental Health National Institutes of Health, Room 4S235 MSC 1379, Building 10, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Neuropsychologia 38:1565-75. 2000..We suggest that the susceptibility to these interference effects in patients with schizophrenia is not a specific problem in cognition, but rather one that is confounded by general memory problems...
- Paired-associate learning is unaffected by combined hippocampal and parahippocampal lesions in homing pigeonsV P Bingman
Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Ohio 43403, USA
Behav Neurosci 112:533-40. 1998..The results demonstrate that HF lesions do not impair nonspatial paired-associate learning in birds, suggesting that the role of HF in nonspatial cognition differs between birds and mammals...
- Assessment of memory function: the relation between daily observation and neuropsychological test performanceA Persoon
Department of Geriatrics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Int Psychogeriatr 23:102-6. 2011..The aim of the study was to explore the value of a daily observation scale in the assessment of patients' memory function by nurses on a geriatric ward...
- Equivalent activation of the hippocampus by face-face and face-laugh paired associate learning and recognitionJ S Holdstock
School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:3757-71. 2010..Our findings suggest that the human hippocampus is normally engaged to a similar extent by study and recognition of associations between information of the same kind and associations between information of different kinds...
- The effect of relations in paired-associate learningRichard N Wilton
Department of Psychology, Dundee University, UK
Memory 14:214-31. 2006..There was no evidence for any other contribution to the effect. It is argued that the findings question whether relations between objects play a fundamental role in the structure of memory...
- Effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on verbal memory revealed with functional magnetic resonance imagingLisa H Lu
Developmental Cognitive Neuroimaging Group, Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
J Dev Behav Pediatr 30:185-92. 2009..We examined whether neurocognitive systems differed among children with differing prenatal teratogenic exposures when they engaged in a verbal memory task...
- Hippocampal-parietal cortex interactions: evidence from a disconnection study in the ratJason L Rogers
Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Behav Brain Res 179:19-27. 2007..to test the interactions between the hippocampus and parietal cortex (PC) during an object-place paired associate learning task, dry-land water maze task, and a reaction-to-change task...
- Inhibition of inappropriate responses is preserved in the Think-No-Think and impaired in the random number generation tasks in schizophreniaPierre Salame
Departement de Psychiatrie, Hopitaux Universitaires, Strasbourg, France
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:277-87. 2007..These findings suggest that schizophrenia patients' difficulties to inhibit prepotent responses appear specific, not widespread, the intentional inhibition addressed in TNT being preserved, and on-line inhibition in RNG being impaired...
- Modulation of induced gamma band responses and phase synchrony in a paired associate learning task in the human EEGT Gruber
Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Eleanor Rathbone Building, Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK
Neurosci Lett 316:29-32. 2001..To examine the activation of this network due to memory recall, a paired associate learning paradigm was used. EEG was analyzed in the frequency domain...
- Variable precision registration via wavelets: optimal spatial scales for inter-subject registration of functional MRIJ Suckling
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Neuroimage 31:197-208. 2006..groups of 12 healthy volunteers (with mean age 27 and 70 years, respectively), during performance of a paired associate learning task, we show that geometrical overlap between template and individual images is monotonically improved, ..
- Differential muscarinic and NMDA contributions to visuo-spatial paired-associate learning in rhesus monkeysMichael A Taffe
Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 7, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 160:253-62. 2002..Translation of this cognitive task to a non-human model may therefore provide an improved tool for study of the etiology and treatment of dementia...
- Visual paired-associate learning: in search of material-specific effects in adult patients who have undergone temporal lobectomyMary Lou Smith
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, Canada
Epilepsy Behav 20:326-30. 2011..The findings implicate the mesial temporal structures in relational learning. They support a material-specific effect for recognition but not for learning and recall of arbitrary visual and visual-spatial associative information...
- The role of level of representation in the use of paired associate learning for rehabilitation of alexiaR B Friedman
Department of Neurology, Room 207E, Building D, Georgetown University Medical Center, 4000 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Neuropsychologia 40:223-34. 2002..with far greater success than the stimulation approach, both approaches can be seen as instances of paired associate learning. An explanation of the advantage of the reorganization approach is developed which focuses on the nature ..
- A patient with phonologic alexia can learn to read "much" from "mud pies"Susan Nitzberg Lott
Georgetown University Medical Center, Department of Neurology and Center for Aphasia Research and Rehabilitation, Building D, Suite 207, 4000 Reservoir Road, NW, Washington, DC 20057, United States
Neuropsychologia 46:2515-23. 2008..B., Sample, D. M, & Lott, S. N. (2002). The role of level of representation in the use of paired associate learning for rehabilitation of alexia...
- Neuropsychological, neuroimage and psychiatric aspects of primary Sjögren's syndromeGilberto N O Brito
Laboratorio de Neuropsicologia Clinica, Setor de Neurociencias, Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Arq Neuropsiquiatr 60:28-31. 2002..performance below estimated premorbid levels on arithmetic skills, visual tracking, naming and delayed paired associate learning/memory. CT scans of the brain were normal...
- Cognitive sequelae of head injury: involvement of basal forebrain and associated structuresC H Salmond
Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Box 65, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Brain 128:189-200. 2005..on age, sex and premorbid intelligence quotient), the patients showed deficits in sustained attention, paired associate learning and reaction time, but comparative preservation of spatial working memory...
- Better oral reading and short-term memory in midlife, postmenopausal women taking estrogenSally E Shaywitz
Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510 8064, USA
Menopause 10:420-6. 2003..For the most part, the cognitive processes studied have involved memory; to our knowledge, no previous studies have specifically examined the effects of estrogen on women's reading ability...
- Learning face-name associations in early-stage dementia: comparing the effects of errorless learning and effortful processingJosephine Dunn
West London Mental Health Trust, London, UK niversity of Wales, Bangor, UK
Neuropsychol Rehabil 17:735-54. 2007..face-name associations with each of four techniques--vanishing cues, forward cues, target selection, and paired associate learning--in a within-subjects design...
- Early detection of memory impairment in Alzheimer's disease: a neurocognitive perspective on assessmentGeorgia Lowndes
School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Vic, Australia
Neuropsychol Rev 17:193-202. 2007..On theoretical and empirical grounds, paired associate learning (PAL) appears to be the ideal paradigm for detecting MTL dysfunction in early AD...
- Beta-cell Function and Cognition in the Restoring Insulin Secretion (RISE) StudySuzanne Craft; Fiscal Year: 2013..in cognition, by adding a battery of sensitive measures of memory and psychomotor speed (Continuous Paired Associate Learning Test, One-Card Learning Test, Detection and Identification Test, Trail-Making Test) and plasma ?-amyloid ..
- Computational Neural and Behavioral Studies of Competition-Dependent LearningKenneth A Norman; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., when treating phobias or post-traumatic stress disorder). ..
- METHYLPHENIDATE TREATMENT AND PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURESARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2002..Knowledge gained from this research will help to provide a more rational basis for the treatment of the well-documented attentional problems in these children. ..
- STIMULANTS AND ADOLESCENT ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDERRafael Klorman; Fiscal Year: 1992..functioning as well as cognitive evaluations (performance and ERPs in Continuous Performance and Paired Associate Learning tests as well as an Arithmetic Test) at the end of each phase...
- Functional Imaging of Hippocampal Subfields in Healthy AgingCraig Stark; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- ADHD COGNITIVE DEFICITS--SEX DIFFERENCES AND STIMULANTSRafael Klorman; Fiscal Year: 2000..The results should provide information on sex differences in ADHD cognitive deficits and their modification by stimulants in a statistically adequate sample. ..
- STRATEGY SHIFTS AND AUTOMATIZATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLSTIMOTHY RICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research will test and extend the PI's previous work in the areas of skill acquisition, skill transfer, and memory and amnesia. ..
- COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL IN PERI-ADOLESCENT MONKEYSMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2006..This exploratory study will provide evidence regarding the risks posed to cognition by heavy alcohol drinking in the peri-adolescent period. ..
- AGING, METAMEMORY, AND STRATEGY USE DURING LEARNINGChristopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- SIV Behavioral Pathology: Manipulation of Viral LoadMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF MDMA IN RHESUS MONKEYSMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2009..Specific Aim IV: To determine if a history of MDMA exposure impairs acquisition and performance of a battery of neuropsychological tests. ..
- NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF PRIMATE COGNITIONMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill AcquisitionChristopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The cognitive neuroscience of word comprehensionPhillip J Holcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010..One long term goal is to extend these studies to children and adults with word processing and other language/cognitive deficits. ..
- BRAIN-INJURY MEMORY DISORDERS RESEARCH CENTERMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2003..The interactions between the investigators from the five investigative components supported by the core programs constitute the fabric of our Center. ..
- IMPAIRED AND PRESERVED MEMORY PROCESSES IN AMNESIAMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF COGNITIVE PROCESSESWalter Ritter; Fiscal Year: 2007..Another fMRI study will attempt to localize the generator sources for MMNs associated with speech stimuli ..
- BRAIN POTENTIALS SEMANTIC PROCESSING AND ATTENTIONDiana Deacon; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- The Cognitive Neuroscience of Second Language AcquisitionPhillip J Holcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed studies will provide critical information about the mental and neural underpinnings of L2 acquisition. ..
- Context and memory performace in older adultsLili Sahakyan; Fiscal Year: 2005..In the no-change group, the same amount of time will be filled with a task known not to change context. A final recall test is administered at the end of the experiment. ..
- IMAGING BRAIN MATURATION AND NEUROBEHAVIORAL CORRELATESELIZABETH SOWELL; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., verbal memory vs. spatial memory), and similar brain regions will be implicated in the fMRI studies of memory, and the sMRI/memory correlation studies. ..
- GM1 Ganglioside Effects on Parkinson's DiseaseJay Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2007..Working hypothesis: Long-term GM1 use will stabilize symptoms or slow the progression of symptoms in PD patients and this may be accompanied by reduced loss of striatal DA terminals over time. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Subtypes of Schizophrenia: ERPs During Memory ProcessingGerard Bruder; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The Organization of Semantic MemoryEiling Yee; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGINGThomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain AsymmetryDANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Tests of a Global Deficit Model of Age-Related Deficits in Memory JudgmentsAaron S Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Recombinative Generalization of Within-syllable Units in MRKathryn J Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- NEUROBIOLOGIC AND COGNITIVE MECHANISMS OF AUTISMNancy Minshew; Fiscal Year: 2006..The Statistical Analysis and Image Processing Core will provide statistical support to the projects and continue statistical research on methods for improving the processing and analysis of fMRI data. ..
- Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective OrderDavid Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Preserved and disrupted memory processing in amnesiaDavid Schnyer; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- LANGUAGE AND MOTOR PLASTICITY: FMRI IN CHILDRENRALPH AXEL MUELLER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings are expected to contribute to the understanding of compensatory plasticity in development. ..
- NEURAL BASES OF SEMANTIC MEMORYSHARON THOMPSON SCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Brain Electrical Effects of Emotion in Semantic PrimingGwen Frishkoff; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Learning, Memory, and the Rehabilitation of AnomiaRhonda Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Perceptual aspects of language comprehensionROLF ZWAAN; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Adult Aging and the Speed of Word Recognition ProcessesGARY LAVER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINED ATTENTION IN INFANTSJohn Richards; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- PHONOTACTIC INFORMATION IN SPEECH PRODUCTIONMICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Relational Memory and Aging: Role of Prefrontal LobeRoberto Cabeza; Fiscal Year: 2009..Taken together, the results of these studies will clarify the neural correlates of age-related deficits in RM and will have important implications for the promotion of health. ..
- Aging and the Course of Depressive SymptomsRichard Jones; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Emotion and MemoryChad Marsolek; Fiscal Year: 2004..It also should help to provide new ways to conceptualize debilitating memories in post-traumatic stress disorder (and some phobias) and to suggest new treatments for such afflictions. ..
- Visual Knowledge of ObjectsSHARON THOMPSON SCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- BRAIN ERPS AND COGNITIVE DEMAND IN SCHIZOPHRENIAGerard Bruder; Fiscal Year: 2002..A more long range clinical goal is to contribute toward the development of tests that could predict response to treatment with conventional or atypical neuroleptic medications for schizophrenia. ..
- Memory-Induced Performance Costs in AmnesiaMargaret M Keane; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH TRAINING IN MR/DDKATHRYN SAUNDERS; Fiscal Year: 2003..This 5-year training grant will provide training and support to a total of 16 postdoctoral traineeships, each lasting two years. ..
- Semantic Network Flexibility Modulation/Autism SpectrumDavid Beversdorf; Fiscal Year: 2007..OSU and my outside consultants are well equipped for my current and future research goals, with ongoing autism research, possible potential for future high-field fMRI, and strong neruoscience training. ..
- Acquisition and Use of Common Ground in CommunicationMELISSA DUFF; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Functions of Frontal CortexSHARON THOMPSON SCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2007..In Section IV (Syntactic Processing) we will examine the effects of syntactic complexity and ambiguity on sentence comprehension. ..
- Determiners of bilingual conceptual representationAnat Prior; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Anterior Cingulate, Prefrontal Cortex, and Conflict-Control Loop TheoryJOHN KERNS; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Biology of Risk of PTSD in Holocaust Survivor OffspringRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2006..The subjects will be further subdivided so that there are 40 in each group with and without PTSD; half of each subgroup will have a current depressive disorder. Thus, we will recruit a total of 20 subjects in each of 12 subgroups. ..
- Psychobiology of PTSD: A Decade of ProgressRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2005..We also expect the conference to be attractive to educated lay individuals such as consumers, family members, advocates, and members of the press who are interested in tracking the development of knowledge in this area. ..
- CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF LEARNING AND ATTENTION DISORDERSSally Shaywitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Relationship between Bio and Psych Correlates of PTSDRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Processing Neighbors in Speech Perception and ProductionMICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2008..That is, the work in this proposal is a first step in the needed direction of integrating models of sub-lexical, lexical, and semantic processing and of models of recognition and production. ..
- CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES TRAININGGeorge Ojemann; Fiscal Year: 2008..Four (4) post-doctoral and two (2) pre-doctoral trainees each year are requested, along with three (3) three-month short-term trainees. ..
- Semantic Memory and MRI Volumetrics in EpilepsyBrian Bell; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- TRAINING IN APPLIED AND BASIC COGNITIONCAREN ROTELLO; Fiscal Year: 2008..Postdoctoral trainees are selected who can best benefit from the interdisciplinary collaborative research experiences offered by the program. ..
- Metacognition and Control in Human Learning MemoryJANET A METCALFE; Fiscal Year: 2010....