problem solving

Summary

Summary: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An integrated theory of prospective time interval estimation: the role of cognition, attention, and learning
    Niels A Taatgen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:577-98. 2007
  2. pmc Internet-based treatment for adults with depressive symptoms: randomized controlled trial
    Lisanne Warmerdam
    Dept Clinical Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, FPP, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Med Internet Res 10:e44. 2008
  3. pmc Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder
    J Mark G Williams
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Psychol Bull 133:122-48. 2007
  4. ncbi Modulation of parietal activation by semantic distance in a number comparison task
    P Pinel
    , , Orsay Cedex, 91401, France
    Neuroimage 14:1013-26. 2001
  5. ncbi Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adults
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1457-65. 2008
  6. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
  7. ncbi Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends
    Geoffrey Norman
    Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005
  8. ncbi Mathematical problem solving and working memory in children with learning disabilities: both executive and phonological processes are important
    H L Swanson
    School of Education, Educational Psychology, University of California Riverside, 92028, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 79:294-321. 2001
  9. ncbi Problem solving therapies for depression: a meta-analysis
    Pim Cuijpers
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 22:9-15. 2007
  10. ncbi To retrieve or to calculate? Left angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving
    Roland H Grabner
    Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 6, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:604-8. 2009

Detail Information

Publications378 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An integrated theory of prospective time interval estimation: the role of cognition, attention, and learning
    Niels A Taatgen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:577-98. 2007
    ..The model predictions and fits demonstrate that the proposed integrated theory of prospective time interval estimation explains detailed effects of attention and learning during time interval estimation...
  2. pmc Internet-based treatment for adults with depressive symptoms: randomized controlled trial
    Lisanne Warmerdam
    Dept Clinical Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, FPP, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Med Internet Res 10:e44. 2008
    ..Depression can be treated effectively with Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), but a short intervention based on problem solving therapy (PST) could constitute a worthwhile alternative to CBT.
  3. pmc Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder
    J Mark G Williams
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Psychol Bull 133:122-48. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi Modulation of parietal activation by semantic distance in a number comparison task
    P Pinel
    , , Orsay Cedex, 91401, France
    Neuroimage 14:1013-26. 2001
    ..Our results support the assumption of a central semantic representation of numerical quantity that relies on a common parietal network shared among notations...
  5. ncbi Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adults
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1457-65. 2008
    ..We show that the resolution of this system continues to increase throughout childhood, with adultlike levels of acuity attained surprisingly late in development...
  6. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
    ..Regression analyses showed that this association was independent of age, intellectual ability, and speed of number identification...
  7. ncbi Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends
    Geoffrey Norman
    Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005
    ..Research in clinical reasoning has been conducted for over 30 years. Throughout this time there have been a number of identifiable trends in methodology and theory...
  8. ncbi Mathematical problem solving and working memory in children with learning disabilities: both executive and phonological processes are important
    H L Swanson
    School of Education, Educational Psychology, University of California Riverside, 92028, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 79:294-321. 2001
    The purpose of this investigation was to explore the relationship between working memory (WM) and mathematical problem solving in children with learning disabilities (LD). Children with LD (age 11...
  9. ncbi Problem solving therapies for depression: a meta-analysis
    Pim Cuijpers
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 22:9-15. 2007
    ..In the past decades, the effects of problem-solving therapy (PST) for depression have been examined in several randomized controlled studies. However, until now no meta-analysis has tried to integrate the results of these studies...
  10. ncbi To retrieve or to calculate? Left angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving
    Roland H Grabner
    Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 6, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:604-8. 2009
    ..It has been speculated that the angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving, but this hypothesis has not been directly tested...
  11. ncbi Neural substrates of fluid reasoning: an fMRI study of neocortical activation during performance of the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test
    V Prabhakaran
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Cogn Psychol 33:43-63. 1997
    We examined brain activation, as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging, during problem solving in seven young, healthy participants...
  12. ncbi Origins of number sense. Large-number discrimination in human infants
    Jennifer S Lipton
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:396-401. 2003
    ....
  13. ncbi Differential effects of methylphenidate on problem solving in adults with ADHD
    Lara Tucha
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, Netherlands
    J Atten Disord 15:161-73. 2011
    ..Two studies were performed to assess both divergent and convergent thinking in adults with ADHD...
  14. ncbi Cerebral pathways for calculation: double dissociation between rote verbal and quantitative knowledge of arithmetic
    S Dehaene
    INSERM, CNRS, Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, Paris, France
    Cortex 33:219-50. 1997
    ..We suggest that a left subcortical network contributes to the storage and retrieval of rote verbal arithmetic facts, while a bilateral inferior parietal network is dedicated to the mental manipulation of numerical quantities...
  15. ncbi Inferential reasoning and modality dependent discrimination learning in olive baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis)
    Vanessa Schmitt
    Cognitive Ethology, German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 123:316-25. 2009
    ..Furthermore, they also highlight some important differences in the processing of auditory versus visual information in operant conditioning settings...
  16. ncbi Training residents in problem-solving treatment of depression: a pilot feasibility and impact study
    Mark T Hegel
    Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Fam Med 36:204-8. 2004
    ..We investigated the feasibility of teaching family medicine residents an evidence-based brief counseling intervention for depression (Problem-solving Treatment of Depression for Primary Care [PST-PC])...
  17. ncbi A review of EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies of creativity and insight
    Arne Dietrich
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
    Psychol Bull 136:822-48. 2010
    ..To make creativity tractable in the brain, it must be further subdivided into different types that can be meaningfully associated with specific neurocognitive processes...
  18. pmc Problem solving, working memory, and motor correlates of association and commissural fiber bundles in normal aging: a quantitative fiber tracking study
    Natalie M Zahr
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5723, USA
    Neuroimage 44:1050-62. 2009
    ..significantly lower scores than the young group was used for data reduction and yielded three factors: Problem Solving, Working Memory, and Motor...
  19. pmc Randomised controlled trial of problem solving treatment, antidepressant medication, and combined treatment for major depression in primary care
    L M Mynors-Wallis
    Oxford University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7BJ
    BMJ 320:26-30. 2000
    To determine whether problem solving treatment combined with antidepressant medication is more effective than either treatment alone in the management of major depression in primary care...
  20. ncbi Rostrolateral prefrontal cortex involvement in relational integration during reasoning
    K Christoff
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 14:1136-49. 2001
    ..The link between RLPFC and the process of relational integration may be due to the associated process of manipulating self-generated information, a process that may characterize RLPFC function...
  21. ncbi A generalized fraction: an entity smaller than one on the mental number line
    Arava Y Kallai
    Learning Research and Development Center, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:1845-64. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi Inferential reasoning by exclusion in pigeons, dogs, and humans
    Ulrike Aust
    Department for Neurobiology and Cognition Research, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090, Vienna, Austria
    Anim Cogn 11:587-97. 2008
    ..Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that none of the pigeons, but half of the dogs and almost all humans inferred positive class membership of S' by logically excluding S-...
  23. pmc Visual search in scenes involves selective and nonselective pathways
    Jeremy M Wolfe
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 64 Sidney St Suite 170, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:77-84. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi The Tower of London spatial problem-solving task: enhancing clinical and research implementation
    W Keith Berg
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 2250, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 24:586-604. 2002
    ..We present here an overview of these issues in the hope that it may lead to a more effective and reasoned use of the TOL task by clinical and nonclinical investigators, alike...
  25. ncbi Neuropsychological functions in patients with bipolar I and bipolar II disorder
    Yih Lynn Hsiao
    Institute of Behavioral Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, 138 Sheng Li Road, Tainan 70428, Taiwan, ROC
    Bipolar Disord 11:547-54. 2009
    ..We examined the different neuropsychological functions in BP-I and BP-II patients and compared them with those of healthy controls...
  26. ncbi The nature of gestures' beneficial role in spatial problem solving
    Mingyuan Chu
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:102-16. 2011
    ..We concluded that gestures enhance performance on spatial visualization tasks by improving the internal computation of spatial transformations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)...
  27. ncbi Domain-specific and domain-general changes in children's development of number comparison
    Ian D Holloway
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Sci 11:644-9. 2008
    ..Implications for theories of numerical cognition and its development are discussed...
  28. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive.
  29. ncbi Chimpanzee problem-solving: contrasting the use of causal and arbitrary cues
    Daniel Hanus
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 14:871-8. 2011
    ..This supports the view that chimpanzees' causal cognition does not rely on mere perceptual information but also on structural abstraction about their physical environment...
  30. ncbi Brief behavioral activation and problem-solving therapy for depressed breast cancer patients: randomized trial
    Derek R Hopko
    Department of Psychology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 0900, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 79:834-49. 2011
    ..Although some research has explored the utility of psychotherapy with breast cancer patients, only 2 small trials have investigated the potential benefits of behavior therapy among patients with well-diagnosed depression...
  31. ncbi The creative brain: investigation of brain activity during creative problem solving by means of EEG and FMRI
    Andreas Fink
    Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:734-48. 2009
    ..The findings suggest that EEG alpha band synchronisation during creative thinking can be interpreted as a sign of active cognitive processes rather than cortical idling...
  32. ncbi How great apes perform on a modified trap-tube task
    Nicholas J Mulcahy
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 9:193-9. 2006
    ..allowed to push the reward away from them, which is a particularly difficult action for primates in certain problem solving situations...
  33. ncbi An integrated theory of whole number and fractions development
    Robert S Siegler
    Carnegie Mellon University, 331 Baker Hall, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Psychol 62:273-96. 2011
    ..Theoretical and instructional implications are discussed...
  34. ncbi Effective intervention or child's play? A review of video games for diabetes education
    Jonathan DeShazo
    Health Administration, School of Allied Health Professions, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0203, USA
    Diabetes Technol Ther 12:815-22. 2010
    ....
  35. pmc Prevention of depression and anxiety in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy and mechanisms of Internet-based self-help problem-solving therapy
    Willemijn Hoek
    Department of Clinical Psychology, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Trials 10:93. 2009
    ..A secondary objective is to test potential mediating and moderating variables in order to gain insight into how the intervention works and for whom it works best...
  36. pmc Problem solving to improve adherence and asthma outcomes in urban adults with moderate or severe asthma: a randomized controlled trial
    Andrea J Apter
    Allergy and Immunology Section, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 128:516-23.e1-5. 2011
    ..Improving inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence should improve asthma outcomes...
  37. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of set-shifting ability in eating disorders
    Marion E Roberts
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Eating Disorders Research Unit, Department of Academic Psychiatry, King s College, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1075-84. 2007
    ..PsycINFO, Medline, and Web of Science databases were searched to December 2005. Hand searching of eating-disorder journals and relevant reference sections was also undertaken...
  38. ncbi Imitation in young children: when who gets copied is more important than what gets copied
    Mark Nielsen
    Early Cognitive Development Centre, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Dev Psychol 47:1050-3. 2011
    ..Our results highlight the specialized skills for participating in cultural groups that have evolved in humans and provide insight into why finding such high fidelity copying in other animals has proven elusive...
  39. pmc Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action in toddlers' causal inferences
    Elizabeth Baraff Bonawitz
    University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Cognition 115:104-17. 2010
    ..This suggests that causal language may help children extend their initial causal representations beyond agent-initiated and direct contact events...
  40. pmc A meta-analytic investigation of neurocognitive deficits in bipolar illness: profile and effects of clinical state
    Matthew M Kurtz
    Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience and Behavior, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
    Neuropsychology 23:551-62. 2009
    ..These results also show that a subset of these deficits moderately worsen during acute disease states...
  41. ncbi A supramodal number representation in human intraparietal cortex
    Evelyn Eger
    Cognitive Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt a M, Germany
    Neuron 37:719-25. 2003
    ..This stimulus-driven number-specific intraparietal response supports the idea of a supramodal number representation that is automatically accessed by presentation of numbers and may code magnitude information...
  42. pmc Sleep deprivation affects multiple distinct cognitive processes
    Roger Ratcliff
    Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:742-51. 2009
    ..Thus, sleep deprivation appears to have wide-ranging effects: Reduced attentional arousal and impaired central processing combine to produce an overall decline in cognitive functioning...
  43. ncbi On the relative independence of thinking biases and cognitive ability
    Keith E Stanovich
    Department of Human Development and Applied Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:672-95. 2008
    ..The authors present a framework for predicting when cognitive ability will and will not correlate with a rational thinking tendency...
  44. ncbi Identification of the social and cognitive processes underlying human cumulative culture
    L G Dean
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Queen s Terrace, St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Science 335:1114-8. 2012
    ..In a comparative study of sequential problem solving, we provided groups of capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees, and children with an experimental puzzlebox that could ..
  45. ncbi The development of numerical estimation: evidence for multiple representations of numerical quantity
    Robert S Siegler
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:237-43. 2003
    ....
  46. ncbi Function of hippocampus in "insight" of problem solving
    Jing Luo
    Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Hippocampus 13:316-23. 2003
    Since the work of Wolfgang Kohler, the process of "insight" in problem solving has been the subject of considerable investigation. Yet, the neural correlates of "insight" remain unknown...
  47. pmc rTMS over the intraparietal sulcus disrupts numerosity processing
    Marinella Cappelletti
    Center for Non Invasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Exp Brain Res 179:631-42. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Causal knowledge and imitation/emulation switching in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
    Anim Cogn 8:164-81. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi Does pretreatment severity moderate the efficacy of psychological treatment of adult outpatient depression? A meta-analysis
    Ellen Driessen
    Faculty of Psychology and Education, Department of Clinical Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 78:668-80. 2010
    ..This study assessed whether pretreatment severity moderates psychological treatment outcome relative to controls by means of meta-analyses...
  50. pmc Just the facts? Introductory undergraduate biology courses focus on low-level cognitive skills
    Jennifer L Momsen
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 48824, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 9:435-40. 2010
    ..These results support the claim that introductory biology courses emphasize facts more than higher-order thinking...
  51. ncbi Superior fluid intelligence in children with Asperger's disorder
    Mika Hayashi
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Brain Cogn 66:306-10. 2008
    ..We suggest that individuals with Asperger's disorder have higher fluid reasoning ability than normal individuals, highlighting superior fluid intelligence...
  52. ncbi 'Jumping to conclusions' and delusions in psychosis: relationship and response to treatment
    Mahesh Menon
    Schizophrenia Program and PET Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Schizophr Res 98:225-31. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that JTC might moderate the effects of treatment on symptomatology, but it does not mediate the treatment induced reduction in delusional intensity...
  53. pmc Categorical and continuous--disentangling the neural correlates of the carry effect in multi-digit addition
    Elise Klein
    Section Neuropsychology, Department of Neurology, University Hospital, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
    Behav Brain Funct 6:70. 2010
    ..Recently it was suggested that the carry effect observed in addition involves both categorical and continuous processing characteristics...
  54. ncbi Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: updated review of the literature from 2003 through 2008
    Keith D Cicerone
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, NJ 08820, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:519-30. 2011
    ..To update our clinical recommendations for cognitive rehabilitation of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, based on a systematic review of the literature from 2003 through 2008...
  55. ncbi Relative quantity judgment by Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
    Naoko Irie-Sugimoto
    Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Anim Cogn 12:193-9. 2009
    ..These findings appear to be inconsistent with the previous reports of RQJ in other animals, suggesting that elephants may be using a different mechanism to compare and represent quantities than previously suggested for other species...
  56. ncbi Recruitment of anterior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in human reasoning: a parametric study of relational complexity
    James K Kroger
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Cereb Cortex 12:477-85. 2002
    Reasoning and problem solving depend on the ability to represent and integrate complex relationships among stimuli...
  57. ncbi Investigating physical cognition in rooks, Corvus frugilegus
    Amanda M Seed
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    Curr Biol 16:697-701. 2006
    ..Our results highlight the need to investigate cognitive mechanisms other than causal understanding in studying animal physical cognition...
  58. pmc Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of the prefrontal cortex enhances complex verbal associative thought
    Carlo Cerruti
    Harvard Graduate School of Education
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1980-7. 2009
    ..These data provide evidence that anodal stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex can improve performance on a complex verbal problem-solving task believed to require significant executive function capacity...
  59. ncbi Meta-analyses of cognitive functioning in euthymic bipolar patients and their first-degree relatives
    B Arts
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, PO Box 616 KAP2, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 38:771-85. 2008
    ..Previous work suggests that impairments in executive function and verbal memory in particular may persist in euthymic bipolar patients and serve as an indicator of genetic risk (endophenotype)...
  60. ncbi Relapse prevention training and problem-solving therapy in the long-term management of obesity
    M G Perri
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610 0165, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:722-6. 2001
    ..6%)...
  61. ncbi New approaches to demystifying insight
    Edward M Bowden
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:322-8. 2005
    ..Behavioral priming and neuroimaging methods are providing evidence about what, where, and how neural activity occurs during insight. Such evidence constrains theories of component processes, and will help to demystify insight...
  62. ncbi The mental number line and the human angular gyrus
    S Gobel
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, England
    Neuroimage 14:1278-89. 2001
    ..The effect of angular gyrus rTMS on the number line task was specific. rTMS had no disruptive effect when delivered over another parietal region, the supramarginal gyrus, in either the left or the right hemisphere...
  63. ncbi The relationships among working memory, math anxiety, and performance
    M H Ashcraft
    Department of Psychology, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:224-37. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Development of stone tool use by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    N Inoue-Nakamura
    Department of Psychology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Nishinomiya, Japan
    J Comp Psychol 111:159-73. 1997
    ..Although infant chimpanzees at the age of 2.5 years already acquired basic actions necessary for nut cracking, they did not combine the actions in an appropriate sequence to perform actual nut cracking...
  65. ncbi Why do people with delusions fail to choose more realistic explanations for their experiences? An empirical investigation
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:671-80. 2004
    ..Clinicians will need to develop plausible and compelling alternative accounts of experience in interventions rather than merely challenge patients' delusional beliefs...
  66. ncbi Effectiveness of problem-solving therapy for older, primary care patients with depression: results from the IMPACT project
    Patricia Arean
    University of California San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Gerontologist 48:311-23. 2008
    ..We compared a primary-care-based psychotherapy, that is, problem-solving therapy for primary care (PST-PC), to community-based psychotherapy in treating late-life major depression and dysthymia...
  67. pmc Self-efficacy, problem solving, and social-environmental support are associated with diabetes self-management behaviors
    Diane K King
    Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:751-3. 2010
    ..To evaluate associations between psychosocial and social-environmental variables and diabetes self-management, and diabetes control...
  68. pmc Neural activity when people solve verbal problems with insight
    Mark Jung-Beeman
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
    PLoS Biol 2:E97. 2004
    ..Although all problem solving relies on a largely shared cortical network, the sudden flash of insight occurs when solvers engage distinct ..
  69. ncbi Human medial intraparietal cortex subserves visuomotor coordinate transformation
    Christian Grefkes
    Institute of Medicine, Research Center Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Neuroimage 23:1494-506. 2004
    ....
  70. pmc Clinical problem solving and diagnostic decision making: selective review of the cognitive literature
    Arthur S Elstein
    Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612 7309, USA
    BMJ 324:729-32. 2002
  71. ncbi Similarity and the development of rules
    D Gentner
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Cognition 65:263-97. 1998
    ....
  72. pmc Flexibility in problem solving and tool use of kea and New Caledonian crows in a multi access box paradigm
    Alice M I Auersperg
    Department of Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e20231. 2011
    ..Extension of a similar method to other taxa could help developing a comparative cognition research program...
  73. ncbi Managed problem solving for antiretroviral therapy adherence: a randomized trial
    Robert Gross
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:300-6. 2013
    ..We sought to determine whether an intervention derived from problem solving theory, Managed Problem Solving (MAPS), would improve antiretroviral outcomes.
  74. ncbi Weak task-related modulation and stimulus representations during arithmetic problem solving in children with developmental dyscalculia
    Sarit Ashkenazi
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94304 5719, USA
    Dev Cogn Neurosci 2:S152-66. 2012
    ..Here we investigate arithmetic problem solving deficits in young children with DD using univariate and multivariate analysis of fMRI data...
  75. pmc Is caching the key to exclusion in corvids? The case of carrion crows (Corvus corone corone)
    Sandra Mikolasch
    Konrad Lorenz Forschungsstelle, Grünau im Almtal, Austria
    Anim Cogn 15:73-82. 2012
    ..However, these findings support the hypothesis that caching might be a key to exclusion in corvids...
  76. ncbi The neural basis of insight problem solving: an event-related potential study
    Jiang Qiu
    Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Southwest University, Ministry of Education, Chongqing, China
    Brain Cogn 68:100-6. 2008
    The electrophysiological correlates of successful insight problem solving (Chinese logogriphs) were studied in 18 healthy subjects using high-density event-related potentials (ERPs)...
  77. pmc Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) for outpatients with borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial and 1-year follow-up
    Nancee Blum
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:468-78. 2008
    Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a 20-week manual-based group treatment program for outpatients with borderline personality disorder that combines cognitive behavioral elements and skills ..
  78. ncbi A multi-site randomized controlled trial of a cognitive skills programme for male mentally disordered offenders: social-cognitive outcomes
    A E Cullen
    Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:557-69. 2012
    ..In the first RCT of a cognitive skills programme with MDOs we aimed to determine if participation in the Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R) programme was associated with improvements in social-cognitive skills and thinking styles...
  79. ncbi How specifically do we learn? Imaging the learning of multiplication and subtraction
    Anja Ischebeck
    Innsbruck Medical University, Clinical Department of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Neuroimage 30:1365-75. 2006
    ..The same training method caused changes in brain activation patterns that depended on the given operation. The effects of learning on the brain therefore seem not only to depend on the method of learning but also on its content...
  80. ncbi Visuospatial dysfunction and problem solving in Parkinson's disease
    A Cronin-Golomb
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Neuropsychology 11:44-52. 1997
    ..Visuospatial impairment in PD may arise from dysfunction of the basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit that also includes the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and, importantly, the posterior parietal lobes...
  81. ncbi The prepared mind: neural activity prior to problem presentation predicts subsequent solution by sudden insight
    John Kounios
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, MS 626, 245 N 15th St, Philadelphia, PA 19102 1192, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:882-90. 2006
    ..that a distinct type of mental preparation, manifested in a distinct brain state, would facilitate insight problem solving independently of problem-specific knowledge...
  82. ncbi Chimpanzees solve the trap problem when the confound of tool-use is removed
    Amanda M Seed
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:23-34. 2009
    ..With regard to what the chimpanzees had learned, the results support the notion that rather than using the available stimuli as arbitrary cues, the subjects had encoded information about functional properties...
  83. pmc Psycho-education with problem solving (PEPS) therapy for adults with personality disorder: a pragmatic multi-site community-based randomised clinical trial
    Mary McMurran
    Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Sir Colin Campbell Building, Nottingham NG7 2TU, UK
    Trials 12:198. 2011
    Impairment in social functioning is a key component of personality disorder. Therefore psycho-education and problem solving (PEPS) therapy may benefit people with this disorder...
  84. ncbi Non-tool-using rooks, Corvus frugilegus, solve the trap-tube problem
    Sabine Tebbich
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK
    Anim Cogn 10:225-31. 2007
    ..We found no evidence that the birds solved the task using an understanding of its causal properties, given that none of the birds passed the novel transfer tasks...
  85. ncbi When high-powered people fail: working memory and "choking under pressure" in math
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Room 202, Benton Hall, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:101-5. 2005
    ..the relation between pressure-induced performance decrements, or "choking under pressure," in mathematical problem solving and individual differences in working memory capacity...
  86. ncbi Inferential reasoning by exclusion in great apes, lesser apes, and spider monkeys
    Andrew Hill
    Early Cognitive Development Unit, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Comp Psychol 125:91-103. 2011
    ....
  87. ncbi Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory: a mediator between rumination and ineffective social problem-solving in major depression?
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Affect Disord 87:331-5. 2005
    ..The present study investigated the role of reduced specificity of autobiographical memories as a mediator of this relationship...
  88. ncbi The role of spatial attention in nonconscious processing: a comparison of face and nonface stimuli
    Matthew Finkbeiner
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Sci 20:42-51. 2009
    ..These qualitatively different patterns suggest two distinct processing routes: one that is modulated by visual attention and one that is not...
  89. ncbi Errors of mathematical processing: the relationship of accuracy to neural regions associated with retrieval or representation of the problem state
    Susan M Ravizza
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Brain Res 1238:118-26. 2008
    ..This suggests that, in our adult sample, successful performance was related to retrieval abilities rather than to difficulty in representing or updating changes in the equation as it is being solved...
  90. ncbi Tool use and mechanical problem solving in apraxia
    G Goldenberg
    Neuropsychological Department, Hospital München Bogenhausen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 36:581-9. 1998
    ..It is the basis of mechanical problem solving. The purpose of the present study was to analyze retrieval of instruction of use, mechanical problem solving, ..
  91. ncbi Number as a cognitive technology: evidence from Pirahã language and cognition
    Michael C Frank
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Cognition 108:819-24. 2008
    ....
  92. ncbi The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis
    John M Malouff
    School of Psychology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, 2351, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:46-57. 2007
    This paper describes a meta-analysis of 31 studies that examined the efficacy of problem solving therapy (PST). The meta-analysis, encompassing 2895 participants, showed that PST is significantly more effective than no treatment (d=1...
  93. ncbi When the alternative would have been better: counterfactual reasoning and the emergence of regret
    Eva Rafetseder
    Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstraße 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
    Cogn Emot 26:800-19. 2012
    ..Taken together, this suggests that before 9 years of age children base their judgements solely on what they got without taking into account what they could have got...
  94. pmc Capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) use positive, but not negative, auditory cues to infer food location
    Lisa A Heimbauer
    Language Research Center, Georgia State University, Decatur, GA, 30034, USA
    Anim Cogn 15:45-55. 2012
    ....
  95. ncbi Methods for investigating the neural components of insight
    Edward M Bowden
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Methods 42:87-99. 2007
    ....
  96. ncbi Planning paths to multiple targets: memory involvement and planning heuristics in spatial problem solving
    J M Wiener
    Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, Tubingen, Germany
    Psychol Res 73:644-58. 2009
    ..Results showed that navigation performance decreased with increasing memory demands while the dependence on the hierarchical planning heuristic increased...
  97. ncbi Declines in problem solving and anosognosia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: application of Guilford's structure of intellect theory
    Claire V Flaherty-Craig
    Milton S Hershey Medical Center, The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
    Cogn Behav Neurol 24:26-34. 2011
    ..Accordingly, there is need for a valid, brief, motor-free cognitive examination conducive to the ALS Clinic...
  98. ncbi Emulation and "overemulation" in the social learning of causally opaque versus causally transparent tool use by 23- and 30-month-olds
    Nicola McGuigan
    School of Life Sciences, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 104:367-81. 2009
    ..More broadly the emerging patterns of results suggest, rather counterintuitively, that the human species becomes more imitative rather than less imitative with age, in some ways "mindlessly" so...
  99. ncbi Reasoning versus knowledge retention and ascertainment throughout a problem-based learning curriculum
    Anne Collard
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liege, 4000 Liege, Belgium
    Med Educ 43:854-65. 2009
    ..We aimed to carry out a cross-sectional investigation of the maturational increase in biomedical reasoning capacity in comparison with factual knowledge retention throughout the curriculum...
  100. pmc What difference does a year of schooling make? Maturation of brain response and connectivity between 2nd and 3rd grades during arithmetic problem solving
    Miriam Rosenberg-Lee
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5179, USA
    Neuroimage 57:796-808. 2011
    ..Here we examine behavioral and neurodevelopmental changes underlying arithmetic problem solving in a well-matched group of 2nd (n = 45) and 3rd (n = 45) grade children...
  101. pmc Functional heterogeneity of inferior parietal cortex during mathematical cognition assessed with cytoarchitectonic probability maps
    S S Wu
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:2930-45. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest a close link between IPC structure and function and they provide new evidence for behaviorally salient functional heterogeneity within the IPC during mathematical cognition...

Research Grants82

  1. INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
    Jessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The program will utilize behavioral strategies including self-monitoring, goal setting, social support, problem solving and others to promote sustained health behavior change in adolescents...
  2. Risk for Dysfunctional Romantic Relationships for Adults
    Deborah M Capaldi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. Adherence intervention to promote optimal use of insulin pumps in adolescents wit
    Kimberly Driscoll; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  4. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia: animal models
    Athina Markou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cognitive functions that are relevant to schizophrenia (attention/vigilance, working memory, reasoning/problem solving, speed of processing, as identified by the NIMH-FDA collaborative MATRICS program), and alterations in ..
  5. Improving Preterm Outcomes by Safeguarding Maternal Mental Health
    Michael Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It follows the successful completion of an R03-funded pilot trial of Problem Solving Education (PSE) among mothers of preterm infants in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  6. Veterinary Summer Scholars in Comparative Medicine
    Bruce K Walcheck; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  7. PETS-D: Parent Education Through Simulation-Diabetes
    Susan Sullivan-Bolyai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..School-aged children and adolescents could also be instructed in self-management with this type of enhanced educational strategy. ..
  8. Improving Urinary Continence and Quality of Life in Prostate Cancer Patients
    Amy Y Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  9. Keystone Symposia on Cellular and Molecular Basis of Metabolic Disorders Series
    JAMES WAVELL AIKEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The meeting also discusses new technical advances designed to penetrate the molecular pathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes. ..
  10. Randomized Trial of CVD Education and Problem-Solving Training in Urban Diabetics
    Felicia Hill-Briggs; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  11. Psychosexual Intervention for Gynecologic Cancer Patients
    Barbara L Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..research in sexuality by framing the core intervention elements (sex therapy, cognitive-behavior therapy, problem solving) in the theoretical context of sexual self schema enhancement...
  12. Growing Right Onto Wellness (GROW): Changing Early Childhood BMI Trajectories
    Shari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..condition will occur in community centers and utilize tools including goal setting, self-monitoring, and problem solving. In the control condition parent-child dyad groups will receive a literacy promotion/school success ..
  13. A Multimedia Depression Amelioration Program for Family Dementia Caregivers
    John R Seeley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Additional browser modules will include: self-screening for depression, getting support, learning to relax, problem solving, articles library, and caregiver resources...
  14. Trajectories of Kidney Dysfunction in Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease
    CHRISTOPHER BARRETT BOWLING; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Knowledge of these barriers will allow us to better engage patients in shared-decision making and problem solving strategies as well as design patient- and family-centered interventions directly targeting these barriers...
  15. Prevalence and Correlates of Minor Depression in Type 2 Diabetes
    Sherita Hill Golden; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e., poor health behaviors, impaired problem solving ability, and subclinical hypercortisolism)...
  16. ACES: Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse
    JOSEFINA JAYME CARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on youth behavior and have a significant focus on behavioral skills building exercises that emphasize problem solving, communication between partners, sexual negotiation and abstinence...
  17. ACTIVE Phase III: IU Field Site
    Frederick W Unverzagt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We estimate power to detect effect sizes of 0.2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  18. Randomized Trial of IFCBT-HIVPI to Prevent HIV Among Non-Injection Drug Users
    William W Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., rational beliefs, problem solving skill, adaptive couples'communication) result in post-intervention reductions of HIV, sexually ..
  19. ACTIVE Phase III: UAB Field Site
    Karlene K Ball; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We estimate power to detect effect sizes of 0.2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  20. ACTIVE Phase III: HRC Field Site
    John N Morris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We estimate power to detect effect sizes of 0.2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  21. One Health Innovation Fellowships for Zoonotic Disease Research In Mongolia
    GREGORY CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Over the 5-yr period 4 such teams (12 postdoctoral fellows) will be engaged in zoonotic disease problem solving. In Phase I of the 2-yr period, teams will convene at the University of Florida (UF) for 2 months of training...
  22. Improving Care Planning and Well-being in Older Adults with Macular Degeneration
    SILVIA SORENSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our Preventive Problem Solving Intervention (PREPSI) is a short, standardized modification of problem- solving therapy that trains ..
  23. Promoting "Stories of Success": Enhancing Diabetes Self-Care
    Ishan Canty Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This new approach to diabetes education will be delivered to groups and individuals to determine which way is best accepted and has the best results. ..
  24. The Survival from Acute Myocardial Infarction (SAMI) Initiative
    Henry H Ting; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and goals, senior management involvement, staff expertise;communication and coordination among staff, and problem solving and learning...
  25. Portion control lifestyle change to decrease obesity in persons with disabilities
    Mary E Segal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If successful, this pilot will lead to a full-scale RCT to improve the health of persons with developmental disabilities. ..
  26. A Prospective Study of Social Competence in Pediatric Brain Tumor Survivors
    Matthew C Hocking; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hocking to apply for R01-level funding to advance this research and for R21-level funding to pilot a family- based intervention directed at improving social adjustment outcomes in pediatric brain tumor survivors. ..
  27. Considering Patient Diet Preference to Optimize Weight Loss
    William S Yancy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All participants will also receive brief telephone counseling involving individual goal setting and problem solving halfway through each month in the latter 24 weeks...
  28. Prevention Trial of Family Focused Treatment in Youth at Risk for Psychosis
    Tyrone D Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will be crucial for the development of cost-effective, evidence-based psychosocial approaches to psychosis prevention and thus will have major implications for public health. ..
  29. ACTIVE Phase III: JHU Field Site
    George W Rebok; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We estimate power to detect effect sizes of 0.2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  30. ACTIVE Phase III: UF/WSU Field Site
    Michael Marsiske; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  31. ACTIVE Phase III: PSU Field Site
    Sherry L Willis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We estimate power to detect effect sizes of 0.2 over 10 years for the cognitive abilities, everyday problem solving, and everyday speed and an effect size of 0.4 for everyday functioning...
  32. Preventing Maternal Depression in Head Start
    Michael Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Measured over a 12-month follow up period, we aim to: 1) improve mothers'problem solving skills;2) decrease the incident rate of episodes in which mothers experience moderate to severe depressive ..
  33. Early-life phthalate exposure, thyroid function and child cognitive development
    ROBIN MARJORIE WHYATT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..children from birth through age 11 years;(2) child cognition (language, working memory, executive function, problem solving);(3) child behavior (attention and impulsivity );(4) child motor development (fine manual control, manual ..
  34. Examining Vascular Regulation Following Acute Stroke
    Sandra Billinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, before a clinical trial is undertaken, it is important and essential that one understands the role of pro-inflammatory markers and vascular function during stroke recovery. ..
  35. Evaluation of a Community-Based Psychosocial Intervention for War-Affected Youth
    Ryan K McBain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, the evidence base generated by this effort can serve to inform policies and programs for war-affected populations globally, including refugee populations in the United States. ..
  36. Arm Motor Rehabilitation, Entertainment and Cognition System for the Elderly
    Grigore C Burdea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and bimanual function, reach, strength and ADL independence;2) improve and maintain cognition (memory, focus, problem solving);and 3) provide emotive uplifting and maintain it...
  37. Multimedia Internet-Based Program for Workers with Subthreshold Depression
    John R Seeley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Additional browser modules will include depression self-screening, getting support, learning to relax, problem solving and communication, and additional resources...
  38. Masivukeni: A Multimedia ART Adherence Intervention for Resource-Limited Settings
    Robert H Remien; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. Refining Conceptual Models for the Role of Health Literacy in Health Outcomes
    Michael S Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will disseminate our findings on a Web site to promote transparency and allow continued modification of the model as further data become available. ..
  40. Safer sex intervention for male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a theory-based intervention (Hombre Seguro) that uses Motivational Interviewing, active participation, and problem solving to increase clients'use of condoms with FSWs...
  41. Drug & Non-Drug Treatment of Pediatric Chronic Headache
    Scott Powers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..focus on teaching the youth biofeedback, muscle relaxation techniques, imagery, distraction, activity pacing, problem solving and use of calming techniques using a treatment manual specifically developed and pilot tested in youth with ..
  42. Identifying Areas for Family Intervention to Improve Adult Diabetes Self-Care
    Lindsay S Mayberry; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This F32 award will allow the PI to gain expertise in family support for diabetes self-care to advance the knowledge base, and develop and pilot a family intervention for adults with diabetes and low socioeconomic status. ..
  43. 1/2-Early Intervention for Youth at Risk for Bipolar Disorder
    DAVID JAY MIKLOWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The 4 month intervention consists of psychoeducation, communication training, and problem solving and aims to reduce affective arousal, increase stress resilience, and increase capacities for emotion ..
  44. Minority Initiative for Students and Teachers (MIST)-Ph*
    Mark S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..competencies necessary for academic and workplace success;and skills in higher order critical thinking and problem solving, (2) To promote awareness of and interest in careers in biological science, research and health professions ..
  45. Military Family Foundations: Adapting an Evidence-based Family Prevention Program
    MARK ETHAN FEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will conduct exploratory analyses of whether dosage (program usage) predicts outcomes, and whether program impact is moderated by sociodemographic factors. ..
  46. Using game mechanics to improve outcomes among stem cell transplant survivors
    Dongsong Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..network features, including mechanisms for patient-to-patient communication, competition, and collaborative problem solving. The overall goal is to maximize positive psychological and physical health outcomes...
  47. Person x Environment: Parenting, Preadolescent Psychophysiology, and Peer Stress
    KELLY MICHELLE TU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The present study has the potential to advance knowledge and inform programs about parenting practices that may support preadolescents'social and emotional adjustment. ..
  48. FL3X: An Adaptive Intervention to Improve Outcomes for Youth with Type 1 Diabetes
    Michael Seid; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If proven effective, FL3X will have immediate clinical applicability to improve metabolic status and quality of life for youth with T1D ..
  49. Problem Solving Education Among Parents of Premature Infants
    Michael Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We propose a randomized feasibility study of one such strategy, Problem Solving Education (PSE), involving 50 low-income mothers at risk for depression, who have premature infants (= 33 ..
  50. Improving QoL in Outpatients with Heart Failure: A Dose-Finding Study and RCT
    Jonathan A Shaffer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..90 comparing PST to Time Management with QoL and cardiac outcomes as primary endpoints. These data will also inform his larger program of research on HF. ..
  51. Training Program in the Neuroscience of Human Cognition
    Ken A Paller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..variety of human cognitive functions, including language, memory, perception, attention, emotion, motivation, problem solving, action planning, social cognition, executive functions, aging, and development...
  52. Systems of Care for New Moms: Integrating Depression Treatment
    Luis H Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study explores the co-location of depression treatment (Problem Solving Therapy) within nurse home visitation and the organizational changes needed to maintain access to evidence-..
  53. Risk for Psychopathology and Neurocognitive Impairment in Leukemia Survivors
    Kevin R Krull; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e. cognitive flexibility, fluency, working memory, planning, organization, and problem solving abilities)...
  54. Neural Substrates and Mechanisms Underlying Rumination in Depression
    NEIL PATRICK JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Successfully identifying and addressing these deficits may prove in future research to provide certain depressed individuals with lasting recovery. ..
  55. Multidisciplinary Team-Based Design Education to Create Biomedical Engineering In
    JAY RICHARD GOLDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Further, a multidisciplinary team approach to problem solving can significantly impact public health by producing more diverse and potentially better solutions that ..
  56. Biobehavioral intervention training for supportive care professionals
    Barbara L Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Training components will include stress reduction, communication with health care providers, social support, problem solving, health behaviors, sexuality, and maintenance of change...
  57. Internet-based osteoarthritis pain coping skills intervention
    Christine Rini; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It will provide individualized feedback, interactive problem solving, and animated demonstrations, and it will incorporate learning techniques from Bandura's Social ..
  58. Reducing Distress And Improving Glycemic Control In Adults With Type 1 Diabetes.
    Lawrence Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for high DD, we propose a 2-arm clinical trial to test the comparative effectiveness of an adaptation of Problem Solving Therapy, which now includes a comprehensive focus on emotion, behavior and cognition, with a current standard ..
  59. Web System for Engaging Families &Doctors in Continuous Asthma Quality Improveme
    Sande O Okelo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Patient adherence is addressed through Problem Solving Counseling by the clinician prompted by the pre-visit data on symptoms and barriers...
  60. STAT-ED Suicidal Teens Accessing Treatment after an Emergency Department Visit
    JACQUELINE M GRUPP-PHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The STAT-ED intervention targets family engagement, problem solving, assistance with referral and limited case management during the transition from the ED to outpatient care ..
  61. Cognitive-Behavioral Based Physical Therapy: Improving Surgical Spine Outcomes
    Kristin Archer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study addresses the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) research priority of exploring behavioral therapy and exercise to improve the outcome of musculoskeletal diseases. ..
  62. A MODULAR SHORT COURSE IN RESEARCH ETHICS
    Caroline Whitbeck; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of Data Responsible Authorship Conflicts and Responsibilities in the Editing and Reviewing of Journals and Grant Applications Responsibilities and Conflicts in the Supervisor-Supervisee Relationship The Ethics of Genetic Research ..
  63. A MODULAR SHORT COURSE IN RESEARCH ETHICS
    Caroline Whitbeck; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of Data Responsible Authorship Conflicts and Responsibilities in the Editing and Reviewing of Journals and Grant Applications Responsibilities and Conflicts in the Supervisor-Supervisee Relationship The Ethics of Genetic Research ..
  64. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  65. Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury
    Juliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with mild traumatic brain injury in order to document impairments in cognitive skills, such as reasoning and problem solving. Such abilities are critical as our veteran patients attempt to return to work and school...
  66. Family-Focused Therapy as Early Treatment for Youth at Risk for Bipolar Disorder
    David Miklowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  67. Integrating and Evaluating the Modeling Applied to Problem Solving Pedagogy
    David E Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One of the central missions of the STEM curriculum is the teaching of problem solving skills...
  68. Situational Problem Solving in Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes: Enhancing an RCT
    Russell Rothman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our research has indicated that these adolescents and their families often lack adequate problem solving skills to help overcome situational barriers that can impede self- management...
  69. Improving Problem-Solving Performance of Students with Mathematics Difficulties
    ASHA KIRON JITENDRA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mathematics difficulties will be determined based on scores (<the 25th percentile) on the Mathematics Problem Solving Subtest of the Stanford Achievement Test- tenth edition (SAT-10)...
  70. CHANGE: AN INTERVENTION TO INCREASE EXERCISE MAINTENANCE
    Shirley Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Analyses will examine the effects of the CHANGE intervention over time in both men and women. ..
  71. An fMRI Study of Executive Functioning after TBI
    Harvey Levin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..provided by applicant) Executive functions (EFs) are cognitive control processes that include flexibility in problem solving, planning, allocation of attention, maintenance and manipulation of information over time, and self-..
  72. Aging, Context,Everyday Problem Solving, & Self-efficacy
    Daniele Artistico; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The cognitive tasks we propose to study are everyday problem solving items, that is, problems that are ecologically representative of challenges that occur in the natural social ..
  73. Pilot of an Intervention for Caregivers of Hospice HF Patients
    Susan C McMillan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this previous research, the problem solving training program proved more effective than hospice care alone, or hospice care plus a condition that ..
  74. Extending Social Skills Training for Children Through Interactive Technology
    MELISSA DEROSIER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Mexican American Problem Solving (MAPS) Program
    Julia Cowell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of the Mexican American Problem Solving (MAPS) intervention, designed to enhance Mexican immigrant mother and child mental health through problem solving steps enhancing family adaptation ..
  76. Problem-Solving Treatment/Adult/Acquired Brain Damage
    Leonard Diller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  77. Exploration of Social Information Processing in Pediatric Brain Tumor Survivors
    CHRISTINA RUTHERFORD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Almost no research has investigated whether specific neurocognitive, social-affective, and social problem solving deficits are associated with diminished social functioning and quality of life for pediatric brain tumor ..
  78. INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA CD ROM FOR SOCIAL SKILLS IN ADHD
    ELIZABETH GOLDSWORTHY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Any intervention that can be accomplished through self- paced computer instruction or by teachers in the classroom should prove to be beneficial to and popular with social agencies, parents and schools. ..
  79. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND FAMILY IN CHILDHOOD ASTHMA
    Beatrice Wood; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..predicts the level of emotional distress and airways compromise in asthmatic children during family problem solving tasks...
  80. NAVIGATIONAL DECISION-MAKING IN DENTAL MANAGEMENT CASES
    Jo Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..S. and continuing education is required In 43 states. A secondary audience includes dental hygienists, dental hygiene students, physicians, and medical students. ..
  81. ADVICE GIVING BY OLDER WOMEN TO ADULT DAUGHTERS
    LENORE SZUCHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Daughters will be asked their opinions of their mothers' advice and also respond to measures of filial respect and obligation. ..