Summary: The tendency to react to stimuli that are different from, but somewhat similar to, the stimulus used as a conditioned stimulus.
Publications212 found, 100 shown here
- Exemplar and prototype models revisited: response strategies, selective attention, and stimulus generalizationRobert M Nosofsky
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:924-40. 2002..s experimental results. Furthermore, the exemplar model predicts classification performance better than the prototype models when novel transfer stimuli are included in the experimental designs...
- Training of somatosensory discrimination after stroke: facilitation of stimulus generalizationLeeanne M Carey
National Stroke Research Institute, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 84:428-42. 2005..We therefore investigated spontaneous and procedurally facilitated transfer of training effects within the somatosensory domain after stroke...
- Failure to find evidence of stimulus generalization within pictorial categories in pigeonsJennifer E Sutton
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
J Exp Anal Behav 78:333-43. 2002..These findings argue against a process of automatic stimulus generalization within natural categories and in favor of the position that category distinctions are not made until ..
- Different thresholds for detection and discrimination of odors in the honey bee (Apis mellifera)Geraldine A Wright
Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
Chem Senses 29:127-35. 2004....
- Contextual modulation of stimulus generalization in ratsJames Close
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:509-15. 2009..Experiment 2 confirmed and extended these findings. These results provide support for the connectionist analysis outlined above and are consistent with the application of this approach to the acquired equivalence/distinctiveness of cues...
- Stimulus control topographies and tests of symmetry in pigeonsKaren M Lionello-DeNolf
Purdue University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 78:467-95. 2002....
- Latent timing in human conditioned avoidanceMikaël Molet
Unite de Formation et de Recherche de Psychologie, University of Lille 3, France
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:476-83. 2007..These results show that participants time both S+ and S- signals in human conditioned avoidance, and they further suggest that the timing of a cue is independent of reinforcement...
- It's a sign of the kind: gestures and words guide infants' inductive inferencesSusan A Graham
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
Dev Psychol 43:1111-23. 2007..By 22-months of age, infants treat words as a privileged referential form when making inductive inferences...
- Brief communication: the role of category structure in determining the effects of stimulus preexposure on categorization accuracyA J Wills
University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
Q J Exp Psychol B 57:79-88. 2004..The results are predicted by salience reduction accounts of perceptual learning but may be problematic for stimulus differentiation accounts...
- When induction meets memory: evidence for gradual transition from similarity-based to category-based inductionAnna V Fisher
Center for Cognitive Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA
Child Dev 76:583-97. 2005..With novel categories, even adults performed similarity-based induction, exhibiting high memory accuracy (Experiment 4). These results suggest a gradual transition from similarity- to category-based induction with familiar categories...
- Do discrimination tasks discourage multi-dimensional stimulus processing? Evidence from a cross-modal object discrimination in ratsKathryn J Jeffery
Institute of Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAP, UK
Behav Brain Res 183:213-21. 2007..Instead, more natural tasks such as spontaneous exploration may be preferable...
- Hold your horses: how exposure to different items influences infant categorizationKristine A Kovack-Lesh
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Exp Child Psychol 98:69-93. 2007..These results are discussed in terms of how exposure to collections of different items, and how opportunities to compare items, influences infants' categorization...
- A procedure for generating differential "sample" responding without different exteroceptive stimuliKaren M Lionello-DeNolf
Purdue University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 79:21-35. 2003..This "unsignaled response" procedure may be useful for assessing whether differential responses can be members of acquired equivalence classes...
- Fruits and vegetables categorized: an application of the generalized context modelTim Smits
University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Psychon Bull Rev 9:836-44. 2002....
- The influence of comparison between similar stimuli on the effectiveness of their unique featuresAndrés S Lombas
Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Avenida de Tolosa, 70, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
Behav Processes 78:112-6. 2008..2003. Learned changes in the sensitivity of stimulus representations: associative and nonassociative mechanisms. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 56, 43-55]...
- Ability of honeybee, Apis mellifera, to detect and discriminate odors of varieties of canola (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) and snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum majus)Geraldine A Wright
Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1220, USA
J Chem Ecol 28:721-40. 2002..Our study suggests that both intensity and odor quality affect the ability of honeybees to differentiate among floral perfumes...
- Developmental changes in children's understanding of the similarity between photographs and their referentsDavid H Uttal
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
Dev Sci 11:156-70. 2008..Results are discussed in terms of the development of children's appreciation of different levels of similarity...
- Biases towards internal features in infants' reasoning about objectsGeorge E Newman
Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Cognition 107:420-32. 2008..In the absence of self-generated behaviors, however, infants did not show a preference towards the internal feature...
- Stimulus control by same-versus-different relations among multiple visual stimuliEdward A Wasserman
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:347-57. 2002..Same-different discrimination was evident with 2-item displays, but it was much stronger with 6 or more items. These findings help to define the substrates of advanced conceptual behavior...
- Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: II. Neural manipulations and their implicationsE Coutureau
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:388-96. 2002..This effect was also evident in HPC rats but not in EC rats. These results indicate that changes in stimulus distinctiveness are dissociable from the process of conditional learning...
- Object categorization: reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantageTimothy T Rogers
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 15206, US
J Exp Psychol Gen 136:451-69. 2007..Implications for theories of visual object recognition are discussed...
- Contextual control of stimulus generalization and stimulus equivalence in hierarchical categorizationKaren Griffee
Department of Psychology, Concord College, Athens, West Virginia 24712, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 78:433-47. 2002..would result from a combination of contextually controlled conditional discrimination training, stimulus generalization, and stimulus equivalence...
- Transformation of the discriminative and eliciting functions of generalized relational stimuliMichael J Dougher
University of New Mexico, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 88:179-97. 2007..Results indicated that the relational training procedures produced derived relations among the stimuli used in training and that these allowed correct inferences of relative size ranking among novel stimuli...
- Stimulus properties of nicotine, amphetamine, and chlordiazepoxide as positive features in a pavlovian appetitive discrimination task in ratsMatthew I Palmatier
Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 30:731-41. 2005..45 mg/kg) and amphetamine (ED50 = 3.70 mg/kg), but not for CDP. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that drug states can occasion appetitive Pavlovian CRs in a pharmacologically specific manner...
- The training and transfer of real-world perceptual expertiseJames W Tanaka
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Psychol Sci 16:145-51. 2005..These findings suggest that perceptual categorization, not perceptual exposure per se, is important for the development and generalization of visual expertise...
- What leads children to adopt new strategies? A microgenetic/cross-sectional study of class inclusionRobert S Siegler
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Child Dev 77:997-1015. 2006..Reasons for the superior effectiveness of the logical explanations were discussed...
- Categorization of visual stimuli in the honeybee Apis melliferaJulie Benard
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale UMR 5169, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Anim Cogn 9:257-70. 2006..Although transfer from training to novel stimuli can be achieved by stimulus generalization of the training stimuli, most of these transfer tests involved clearly distinguishable stimuli for which ..
- The missing whole in perceptual models of perirhinal cortexAnthony D Cate
Trends Cogn Sci 10:396-7. 2006
- Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence of species-specific face processingLisa S Scott
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:405-16. 2005..These findings suggest that previous experience with different categories of faces modulates the link between behavioral and electrophysiological measures of face processing...
- Evidence that pigeons represent both time and number on a logarithmic scaleWilliam A Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
Behav Processes 72:207-14. 2006....
- Cue-based preparation and stimulus-based priming of tasks in task switchingIring Koch
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
Mem Cognit 34:433-44. 2006..Further theoretical implications of these findings are discussed...
- When similarity and causality compete in category-based property generalizationBob Rehder
Department of Psychology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
Mem Cognit 34:3-16. 2006..e., an existing category feature) is also prevalent. These findings suggest that category-based property generalization is often an instance of causal inference...
- Influence of attended repetition trials on negative priming in younger and older adultsPatricia M Simone
Department of Psychology, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
Mem Cognit 34:187-95. 2006..Memory retrieval obscured the novelty bias for target processing, was more selective in older adults, and did not affect distractor processing. Novelty bias and distractor suppression may share the same inhibitory attentional mechanism...
- The human pulvinar and stimulus-driven attentional controlGeorge A Michael
Laboratoire d Etude des Mecanismes Cognitifs, Universite Lyon, France
Behav Neurosci 119:1353-67. 2005....
- Unsupervised categorization and category learningEmmanuel M Pothos
Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymnon 74 100, Greece
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:733-52. 2005..By contrast, no changes in the unsupervised categorization were observed when participants were taught a classification that was specified by a more fine tuning of the relative salience of the two dimensions...
- Exploring trial-by-trial modulations of the Simon effectPeter Wuhr
Institut fur Psychologie I, Friedrich Alexander Universitat, Kochstrasse 4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:705-31. 2005..The results seem to exclude repetition or alternation effects as the main cause of sequential modulations of the Simon effect, but both conflict monitoring and binding may contribute to these effects...
- Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it isKalanit Grill-Spector
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
- Olfactory blocking and odorant similarity in the honeybeeFernando Guerrieri
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III UMR 5169, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Learn Mem 12:86-95. 2005..Thus, blocking is not a consistent phenomenon, nor does it depend on odor similarity...
- The effects of differential training procedures on linked perceptual class formationLanny Fields
Department of Psychology, Queens College CUNY, 65 30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, New York 11367, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 87:97-119. 2007..This same synergy was not observed after joint Aa-->Bb and Ab-->Ba training or either alone...
- Behavioral and neuropharmacological characterization of nicotine as a conditional stimulusJennifer E Murray
Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588 0308, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 561:91-104. 2007..In contrast, MK-801 decreased goal tracking on nicotine without decreasing chamber activity, indicating a role for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in expression of nicotine-evoked conditioned responding...
- What does it look like and what can it do? Category structure influences how infants categorizeJessica S Horst
University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
Child Dev 76:614-31. 2005..The results are discussed in terms of models of category learning...
- The influence of training length on generalization of visual feature assemblies in honeybeesSilke Stach
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier UMR 5169, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 04, France
Behav Brain Res 161:8-17. 2005..Controlling precisely the level of experience of individuals is therefore crucial in experiments on visual recognition...
- Discriminative stimulus and reinforcing effects of p-fluoro-L-deprenyl in monkeysSevil Yasar
Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 182:95-103. 2005..para-Fluoro-L-deprenyl (Fludepryl), a halogenated derivative of L-deprenyl, shares structural similarities with amphetamine and may have potential as a medication for psychostimulant abuse...
- Statistical learning within and between modalities: pitting abstract against stimulus-specific representationsChristopher M Conway
Department of Psychology, 1101 E 10th St, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Psychol Sci 17:905-12. 2006..We conclude that learning sequential structure and generalizing to novel stimuli inherently involve learning mechanisms that are closely tied to the perceptual characteristics of the input...
- Specialization and semantic organization: evidence for multiple semantics linked to sensory modalitiesJ Frederico Marques
University of Lisbon, Portugal
Mem Cognit 34:60-7. 2006..The results are discussed by considering possible alternative amodal explanations and other data that have shown the influence of sensory information in conceptual processing...
- Stability of functional equivalence and stimulus equivalence: effects of baseline reversalsOliver Wirth
West Virginia University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 77:29-47. 2002..The similarities and differences between stimulus equivalence and functional equivalence are related to the specific contingencies that select responding in the presence of the stimuli that form the classes...
- Perceptual visual grouping under inattention: electrophysiological functional imagingIrene Razpurker-Apfeld
Evoked Potentials Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Brain Cogn 67:183-96. 2008..These results support the distinction of grouping patterns differing in complexity of shape formation...
- Understanding of the concept of numerically "less" by bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)Kelly Jaakkola
Dolphin Research Center DRC, Grassy Key, FL 33050, USA
J Comp Psychol 119:296-303. 2005..Their pattern of errors was consistent with the idea of an underlying analog magnitude representation...
- Regularity of symmetry verticality guides perceptual judgments of objectsDiane J Schiano
Palo Alto Research Center, CA 94304, USA
Am J Psychol 121:209-27. 2008..Findings support use of a family of perceptual heuristics corresponding to natural regularities that constrain stimulus indeterminacy and help guide judgment of object orientation and interpretation...
- Analogical reasoning in a capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)Erica Hoy Kennedy
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, GA, USA
J Comp Psychol 122:167-75. 2008..This evidence suggests that contrary to previous arguments, a member of a New World monkey species can solve an analogical problem...
- Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthoodLouis Bherer
Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
- Are faces special? A case of pure prosopagnosiaM Jane Riddoch
Behavioural Brain Sciences, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Cogn Neuropsychol 25:3-26. 2008..The case provides evidence for modular perceptual processes for faces...
- Stimulus ambiguity elicits response conflictArnaud Szmalec
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Neurosci Lett 435:158-62. 2008..These results show that response conflict is also present in a regular choice RT task which is traditionally not considered to be a measure of cognitive conflict...
- Discriminative stimulus properties of dextromethorphan in ratsM Gavend
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculte de Medecine de Grenoble, France
Biomed Pharmacother 49:456-64. 1995..b>Stimulus generalization tests were conducted with dextrorphan, an active metabolite of DM, and with drugs selected from different ..
- Perception of pitch by goldfishRichard R Fay
Parmly Hearing Institute, Department of Psychology, Loyola University, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 205:7-20. 2005Classical conditioning and stimulus generalization methods have revealed much about the sense of hearing in non-human animals, and are now used here to investigate how goldfish perceive a variety of complex sounds, including multi-..
- Nalorphine's ability to substitute for morphine in a drug discrimination procedure is a function of training doseS D Grabus
Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 63:481-8. 1999..To assess if training dose influences stimulus generalization to nalorphine and to support its role in the aforementioned variability across studies, in the present ..
- Perception of the periodicity strength of complex sounds by the chinchillaWilliam P Shofner
Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 N Sheridan Rd, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 173:69-81. 2002The perception of periodicity strength was studied in chinchillas using a stimulus generalization paradigm in an operant-conditioning, positive reinforcement behavioral task...
- Antagonism of metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 receptors by (RS)-alpha-cyclopropyl-4-phosphonophenylglycine alters the taste of amino acids in ratsB K Eschle
Department of Biology and Vermont Chemical Senses Group, 109 Carrigan Drive, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
Neuroscience 163:1292-301. 2009..a group III mGluR selective antagonist with a strong binding affinity for mGluR4 receptors, can impact stimulus generalization. Rats showed cross-generalization between MSG and all three amino acids (all mixed with amiloride to ..
- Stimulus generalization of conditioned eyelid responses produced without cerebellar cortex: implications for plasticity in the cerebellar nucleiTatsuya Ohyama
Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, and Keck Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77225, USA
Learn Mem 10:346-54. 2003..These results cannot be explained solely by a cell-wide increase in the excitability of deep nucleus neurons, and imply that an input-specific mechanism in the deep cerebellar nucleus operates as well...
- The dopamine D3 receptor antagonist PNU-99194A fails to block (+)-7-OH-DPAT substitution for D-amphetamine or cocaineL E Baker
Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 358:101-9. 1998The present study examined the role of dopamine D3 receptor actions in the stimulus generalization produced by (+)-7-OH-DPAT in rats trained to discriminate either D-amphetamine or cocaine from saline...
- Dissociation between medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia memory systems in schizophreniaSzabolcs Keri
Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u 6, Szeged, H 6725, Hungary
Schizophr Res 77:321-8. 2005..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated...
- Perception of two-tone complexes by the goldfish (Carassius auratus)R R Fay
Department of Psychology and Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 120:17-24. 1998Previous experiments on the sense of hearing in goldfish have used a stimulus generalization paradigm to investigate the perceptual dimensions evoked by spectrally and temporally complex sounds...
- Further characterization of the stimulus properties of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolineRichard A Glennon
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980540, Richmond, VA 23298 0540, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 72:379-87. 2002..Specifically, the stimulus similarities of TDIQ, PMMA, and DOM were examined. In no case was stimulus generalization (substitution) observed...
- Behavioral responses to harmonic complex tones with missing fundamental frequencies by chinchillas in the presence of low-pass masking noiseWilliam P Shofner
Dept of Speech and Hearing Sci, Indiana Univ, 200 S Jordan Ave, Bloomington, IN 47405
J Acoust Soc Am 125:2722. 2009..Behavioral responses to missing F0 stimuli were measured in chinchillas using operant conditioning and stimulus generalization. Animals were trained to discriminate between harmonic complex tones having a 500-Hz F0 and a 125-Hz F0...
- Discriminative stimulus properties of indorenate, a serotonin agonistD N Velazquez-Martinez
Depto Psicofisiología, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D F, Mexico
J Psychiatry Neurosci 24:122-30. 1999..3H]-8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT)...
- Pitch perception in chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger): stimulus generalization using rippled noiseWilliam P Shofner
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
J Comp Psychol 121:428-39. 2007..trained to discriminate IIRN[+] with a 4-ms delay from IIRN[+] with a 2-ms delay and then tested in a stimulus generalization paradigm with IIRN[+] at delays between 2 and 4 ms...
- Beta-oxygenated analogues of the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonist 1-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropaneRichard A Glennon
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Box 980540, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
J Med Chem 47:6034-41. 2004..However, in an in vivo test of central action (i.e., stimulus generalization with rats as subjects), 6d was >15 times less potent than R(-)DOB. O-Methylation of 6d (i.e...
- Serotonergic-dopaminergic mediation of MDMA's discriminative stimulus effects in a three-choice discriminationAmy K Goodwin
Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 74:987-95. 2003..D-Amphetamine produced only partial substitution for MDMA while fenfluramine produced complete stimulus generalization. Low doses of D-amphetamine and fenfluramine produced greater stimulus generalization when administered ..
- Assessment of the discriminative stimulus effects of the D3 dopamine antagonist PNU-99194A in rats: comparison with psychomotor stimulantsL E Baker
Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
Behav Pharmacol 8:243-52. 1997..p.) from saline in a two-choice, water-reinforced drug discrimination procedure. In tests of stimulus generalization, PNU-99194A (1.25-40.0 mg/kg, s.c. and i.p.) did not substitute for cocaine. PNU-99194A (5...
- Sound source segregation by goldfish: two simultaneous tonesRichard R Fay
Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60626, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 125:4053-9. 2009..of two simultaneous tones was investigated in goldfish using classical respiratory conditioning and a stimulus generalization paradigm...
- Molecular features of odorants systematically influence slow temporal responses across clusters of coordinated antennal lobe units in the moth Manduca sextaKevin C Daly
Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 400 Aronoff Laboratory, 318 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
J Neurophysiol 92:236-54. 2004Behavioral studies of olfactory discrimination and stimulus generalization in many species indicate that the molecular features of monomolecular odorants are important for odor discrimination...
- Negative valence widens generalization of learningEitan Schechtman
Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 76100
J Neurosci 30:10460-4. 2010..We use stimulus generalization in humans to show that tones that were negatively reinforced induce wider generalization curves than ..
- Generalization of cross-modal stimulus equivalence classes: operant processes as components in human category formationS D Lane
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 77030, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 70:267-79. 1998This study employed a stimulus-class rating procedure to explore whether stimulus equivalence and stimulus generalization can combine to promote the formation of open-ended categories incorporating cross-modal stimuli...
- Caffeine induces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative stimulus effects of dopaminergic agonistsRaka Jain
National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
Brain Res Bull 65:415-21. 2005..Thus, caffeine produces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative effects of dopaminergic drugs, a phenomenon in which the dopamine D(1) receptor appears to have an important role...
- Temporal coding mediates discrimination of "bitter" taste stimuli by an insectJohn I Glendinning
Department of Biological Sciences, Barnard College, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
J Neurosci 26:8900-8. 2006..We found that the pattern of stimulus generalization in both intact and lat-ablated caterpillars could only be predicted by temporal coding...
- Shepard's universal law supported by honeybees in spatial generalizationK Cheng
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Sci 11:403-8. 2000..the S+) is likely to respond to similar but recognizably different stimuli, the ubiquitous phenomenon of stimulus generalization. On the basis of functional analyses of the probabilistic structure of the world, Shepard formulated a ..
- Stimulus generalization, context change, and forgettingM E Bouton
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
Psychol Bull 125:171-86. 1999..The physical contexts manipulated in learning and memory experiments themselves occur within a superordinate temporal context and can thus be forgotten with no inherent challenge to a context-change account of forgetting...
- Effects of competitive and noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists in rats trained to discriminate NMDA from salineJ Willetts
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 251:627-33. 1989..In stimulus generalization tests, NPC 12626 and 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonate at doses higher than those required ..
- Adaptive auditory risk assessment in the dogbane tiger moth when pursued by batsJohn M Ratcliffe
Center for Sound Communication, Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
Proc Biol Sci 278:364-70. 2011..Using an integrated test of stimulus generalization and dishabituation, here we show that C...
- Stimulus generalization in two associative learning processesStijn M J van Osselaer
Center for Decision Research, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:626-38. 2004....
- Aminorex produces stimulus effects similar to amphetamine and unlike those of fenfluramineR Young
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0540
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 42:175-8. 1992..23 mg/kg), which was found to be slightly less potent than (+)-amphetamine. Fenfluramine stimulus generalization did not occur to aminorex...
- [Learned equivalence in schizophrenia: novel method for the measurement of memory functions of the hippocampus and basal ganglia]Orsolya Nagy
Bács Kiskun Megyei Onkormányzat Kórháza, Pszichiátriai Osztály, Kecskemet
Psychiatr Hung 20:363-9. 2005..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
- Familiarity-based stimulus generalization of conditioned suppression in rats is dependent on the perirhinal cortexJasper Robinson
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Behav Neurosci 124:587-99. 2010We report that bilateral, excitoxic lesions of the perirhinal cortex attenuate rats' familiarity-based stimulus generalization. After surgery, rats were preexposed either to 2 auditory stimuli (A and B) or to only 1 auditory stimulus (B)...
- Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective studyOliver Suendermann
Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010..It has been suggested that associative learning and stimulus generalization play a key role in the development of these symptoms...
- Neurogenetic approaches to habituation and dishabituation in DrosophilaJeff E Engel
Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:166-75. 2009..b>Stimulus generalization (and conversely, the delineation of stimulus specificity) has given insights into the localization of ..
- How do pigeons represent numbers? Studies of number scale bisectionWilliam A Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
Behav Processes 69:33-43. 2005..An associative model that assumed stimulus generalization between numbers was used to predict the findings of these two experiments...
- Reevaluation of PNU-99194A discriminative stimulus effects: potentiation by both a D2 antagonist and a D3/D2 agonistLisa E Baker
Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 73:753-8. 2002..The selective D(3) antagonists PD 152255 and S14297 were examined for stimulus generalization. The D(2) antagonist haloperidol and the D(2)/D(3) receptor agonist (+)-7-OH-DPAT were also assessed for ..
- Predator learning favours mimicry of a less-toxic model in poison frogsCatherine R Darst
Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas, 1 University Station, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Nature 440:208-11. 2006..We examine "stimulus generalization" as a mechanism for this non-intuitive result with learning experiments using naive avian predators and ..
- Time course of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of abused inhalants in miceScott E Bowen
Department of Psychology, Behavioral Pharmacology and Toxicology Laboratory, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 91:345-50. 2009..After 20-min inhalation exposures to toluene (500-6000 ppm) or TRI (1000-12,000 ppm), stimulus generalization was examined at 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 min post-exposure. Ethanol doses>or=0...
- Stimulus generalization of behavioral historyHiroto Okouchi
Department of Psychology, Osaka Kyoiku University, Kashiwara, Japan
J Exp Anal Behav 80:173-86. 2003..The generalization gradients were generally asymmetric with peak response rates occurring at line lengths greater than 25 mm...
- Effects of stimulus size and spatial organization on pigeons' conditional same-different discriminationLeyre Castro
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, United States
Behav Processes 83:162-71. 2010..Accuracy scores revealed virtually perfect stimulus generalization across various item sizes and spatial organizations...
- Habituation in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus: effect of morphine and naloxoneD Brunner
Laboratorio de Fisiologia del Comportamiento Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Comp Physiol A 162:687-94. 1988..Results concerning stimulus generalization and dishabituation strongly suggest that neither motor fatigue nor sensory adaptation can account for the ..
- Conditioning the unconditioned response: modification of the rabbit's (Oryctolagus cuniculus) unconditioned nictitating membrane responseB G Schreurs
Behavioral Neuroscience Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 26:144-56. 2000..Data indicate CRM is a reliable, associative effect that is more than a generalized CR and may not be explained by habituation, stimulus generalization, contextual conditioning, or bidirectional conditioning.
- The effects of programming common stimuli for enhancing stimulus generalization of academic behaviorEric M Mesmer
Oklahoma State University, School Psychology Program, 420 Willard Hall, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA
J Appl Behav Anal 40:553-7. 2007..The importance of methodological rigor in future research exploring generalization and the need to compare generalization strategies are discussed...
- Acute stress rapidly and persistently enhances memory formation in the male ratT J Shors
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 75:10-29. 2001..enhancement is not dependent on common characteristics between the stressor and the conditioning stimuli (stimulus generalization)...
- Call recognition in the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana: generalization along the duration continuumAndrea Megela Simmons
Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 115:1345-55. 2004..The shape of the response gradient for duration may reflect a process of stimulus generalization.
- Recency effects as a window to generalization: separating decisional and perceptual sequential effects in category learningMatt Jones
Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas, Austin, TX, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:316-32. 2006..A method for assessing these recency effects is presented that clarifies open questions regarding stimulus generalization and perceptual contrast effects in categorization and in other domains.
- Multiple-pair training enhances transposition in pigeonsOlga F Lazareva
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Learn Behav 36:174-87. 2008..These results also provide strong evidence against stimulus generalization as the sole determinant of relational responding in transposition.
- Recovery of conditioned fear by a single postextinction shock: effect of similarity of shock contexts and of time following extinctionWallace R McAllister
Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
Learn Behav 34:44-9. 2006..The results were explained in terms of classical conditioning, stimulus generalization, and the broadening (flattening) of stimulus generalization gradients with time.
- Evaluating conditioning of related and unrelated stimuli using a compound testRobert A Rescorla
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Learn Behav 36:67-74. 2008..In each case, the compound test provided clear evidence that pairing related stimuli produces superior associative learning...
- Habituation enhances auditory perceptual capacity in adult ratsMasashi Sakai
Department of Physiology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 409 3898, Japan
Behav Brain Res 181:1-11. 2007..Collectively, it is suggested that auditory habituation plays an important role in SED, i.e., a certain form of auditory perceptual learning...
- Similarity and Generalization in Category LearningMatthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2006unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stimulus generalization is a fundamental component process of any cognitive task, because stimuli and contexts are never precisely repeated...
- Functional Organization of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria TerminalisDENIS PARE; Fiscal Year: 2013..has ended (temporal generalization of fear) and by allowing different (safe) cues to also trigger fear (stimulus generalization of fear)...
- Generalization of Conditioned Fear as a Pathogenic Marker of PTSDSHMUEL MORDECHAI LISSEK; Fiscal Year: 2012..This phenomenon referred to as stimulus generalization has received surprisingly little empirical testing in the context of clinical anxiety in general, and ..
- Reinstatement of drug-maintained behavior suppressed by extinction or an availablBrett C Ginsburg; Fiscal Year: 2011..Finally, (4) stimulus generalization curves are established following 30 or 60 days of ethanol self-administration or suppressed ethanol-self-..
- B CARBOLINE HALLUCINOGENSRICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1999..Specifically, tests of stimulus generalization and stimulus antagonism will be conducted with animals trained to discriminate harmaline from vehicle in ..
- MODELS FOR LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INFERENCEJOHN STADDON; Fiscal Year: 2001..be incorporated into models for choice? The work on diffusion arose from study of the dynamics of stimulus generalization, a basic property of all associative learning...
- DEVELOPMENT OF INFANT VISUAL PERCEPTIONBENNETT BERTENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 1980..The procedure involves measuring stimulus generalization with a familiarization-dishabituation paradigm...
- Origins of Binaural Processing in VertebratesRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Sound Source Segregation and DeterminationRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
- GHB: Discrimination and effects on learningLisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
- NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATESRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2002..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
- Periodicity Processing in the Auditory SystemWilliam Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Developing a Model of Transitive BehaviorKaren Lionello DeNolf; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ultimately, this rat model will lead to advances in the assessment of non-language based symbolic behavior, and to applications in the fields of behavioral toxicology and animal models of developmental disabilities. ..
- Associative LearningROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
- A Preclinical Model of Adolescent Toluene Abuse in RatsScott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2005..The model also has the potential to assist in devising effective treatments and prevention strategies for adolescent inhalant abuse. ..
- Behavioral Effects of Gestational Inhalant Abuse in RatsScott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, this research has the potential to assist in the design of effective treatments for inhalant abuse. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Self-administration of abused inhalants in miceScott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid VulnerabilitySTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTSSTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Acute agonist-induced sensitization to opioid antagonists appears to be an exquisite example of neuronal plasticity, reflecting the first hours of the drug-receptor interactions that lead to chronic physical dependence upon opioids. ..
- BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF OPIOIDSSTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Dopamine Regulation During Context ProcessingSheri Mizumori; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTSRICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 2007..This will eventually lead to a better understanding of abuse prevention and treatment modalities. ..
- SELECTIVE SEROTONERGIC AGENTSRICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 2004..Radioligand binding and functional assays will be conducted. The 5-HT1F ligand is not selective; we propose to explore its structure-activity relationships and functional activity in an attempt to develop a 5-HT1F-selective ligand. ..
- Age, ethanol, and strain effects on the behavioral pharmacology of cannabinoidsBRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will help us understand how aging, exposure to ethanol, and perhaps genetic disposition change the behavioral response to these drugs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INTERMODAL TEMPORAL INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANTSDAVID LEWKOWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTSEdward A Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our results should also advance our understanding of how the visual system develops and how to promote its regeneration after disease or injury. ..
- Cholinergic modulation of olfactory processingChristiane Linster; Fiscal Year: 2007..These data should provide important insights into how neurodegenerative diseases affect olfactory sensation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Memory Processing in Primates and AviansAnthony A Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
- CRCNS: Computational and experimental analysis of noradrenergic function in earlyChristiane Linster; Fiscal Year: 2010..Neuromodulation is involved in many major degenerative diseases of brain function;a better understanding of the functions of these systems will have a high impact on public health. ..
- Effect of prior event on reward valueThomas R Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2010..If prior effort or other prior less preferred events affect the value of the reinforcer that follows, it suggests that the value of reinforcers may be enhanced by increasing the effort required to obtain them. ..
- Models for examining selective effects of pharmacotherapy on reinforced behaviorsBRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will clarify important factors involved in studies of alcohol effects and potential medications for alcoholics. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTSEDWARD WASSERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results could also promote the behavioral analysis of discrimination and generalization processes in learning-disabled or language-deficient humans. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Behavioral and Pharmacological Analysis of Drugs of AbuseJERROLD WINTER; Fiscal Year: 2008..This likelihood coupled with continued interest in the therapeutic use of agents such as psilocybin makes a detailed pharmacological assessment of these drugs of utmost importance. ..
- Stress and Memory Formation Across the Female LifespanTracey Shors; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- MARIJUANA CNS EFFECTS IN LOW- AND HIGH-RISK ADULTSJohn Polich; Fiscal Year: 2002..The most sensitive and effective paradigms will provide reliable neuroelectric signatures that reflect marihuana's cognitive effects. ..
- Alcohol and Tobacco CNS Effects in Binge DrinkersJOHN M POLICH; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Neuroelectric Assessment of Ecstasy Use in Young AdultsJohn Polich; Fiscal Year: 2008..Equal numbers of female and male subjects will be assessed in all phases. The proposed methods will characterize CNS differences from MDMA use to provide assessment of drug effects on cognition. ..
- Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine and Negative Affect ReliefKenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2009..In sum, this research will help address the fundamental question of why cigarette smoking is reinforcing. ..
- CRCNS-Multiple olfactory gamma oscillations: roles in sensation and attentionLeslie Kay; Fiscal Year: 2008..We anticipate that understanding how olfactory deficits arise from changes in the limbic system associated with many of these disorders, will help us to understand the mechanisms that produce cognitive malfunctioning. ..
- Functional Analysis of GABAerglc Sedative/AnxiolyticsNANCY ATOR; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of self-administered MDMA on brain and behavior in rhesus monkeysWilliam Fantegrossi; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, these studies are likely to be more relevant to the potential human condition of MDMA-induced lasting neurochemical alterations and behavioral changes [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Perception and categorization or real world scenesAude Oliva; Fiscal Year: 2003..More precisely, the study aims to explore the information that human observers may use when recognizing a scene at different levels of abstraction (its superordinate level, its basic-level and its subordinate level of description). ..
- Neuroelectric Assessment of MDMA (Ecstasy) Use in AdultsJohn Polich; Fiscal Year: 2003..These results will provide fundamental data on how MDMA use may alter CNS function. ..
- SEX DIFFERENCES IN NICOTINE REINFORCEMENT: HUMAN/ANIMALKenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Cholinergic modulation of odor responsesChristiane Linster; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN NICOTINE SENSITIVITY IN HUMANSKenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2003..e., in nicotine-naive individuals). Results will provide directions for future research on vulnerability to tobacco dependence and for targeted efforts to prevent smoking onset. ..
- HIGH-THROUGHPUT SCEENS FOR ASSESSING TASTE SENSITIVITYJOHN GLENDINNING; Fiscal Year: 2001..A normative data-base for both screens will be established and made available to the scientific community. The assay procedures developed will be applicable by a single laboratory technician with limited experience. ..
- MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTSAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
- DISCRIMINATIVE STIMULUS EFFECTS OF NICOTINEKenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Learning Categories Many Ways at a TimeKenneth Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY CHOICE PROCEDURESRobert Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Self-administration of GHB, GBL and 1,4-BD in baboonsAMY GOODWIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of the proposed study will characterize the abuse liability of GHB, GBL, and 1,4-BD by use of a well-established method of abuse liability testing in non-human primates. ..
- BEHAVIORAL & PHARMACOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF DRUGS OF ABUSEJERROLD WINTER; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Effect of Prior Effort on Reward ValueThomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research should have important implications for theories of cognitive dissonance as well as other psychological theories of human social behavior...
- Fine-scale organization of human object-selective cortexKalanit Grill Spector; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results of these experiments will provide critical constraints on any theory of object recognition. ..
- Neuroimaging of shape similarity in object recognitionJane Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEUROETHOLOGY OF VOCAL COMMUNICATIONAndrea Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Affect, Context, and Placebo Responses to NicotineKenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2005..Secondary analyses may identify important individual characteristics associated with placebo responses, aiding in the prediction of which smokers ultimately are likely to benefit most from manipulation of placebo effects. ..
- Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by PigeonsAnthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
- SINGLE CODE/DEFAULT STRATEGY USE BY ANIMALSThomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- EXOGENOUS/ENDOGENOUS CANNABINOIDS--CHEMISTRY & BEHAVIORTORBJORN JARBE; Fiscal Year: 2005....