Genomes and Genes
Summary: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
Publications298 found, 100 shown here
- Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvaeKen Honjo
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005..Moreover, we also show that synaptic output of larval mushroom body neurons is required for retrieval but not for acquisition and retention of the larval memory, including the CREB-dependent component...
- The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effectsB Hommel
Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996..Results are interpreted as evidence for an automatic integration of information about action effects and taken as support of an action-concept model of action-effect integration and stimulus-response compatibility...
- Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transferCatherine E Myers
Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003..This finding has implications for understanding the distinct contributions of the medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia to learning and memory...
- Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humansStephan Heckers
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004..We conclude that immediate access to simple stimulus-stimulus relationships is mediated via the parahippocampal gyrus, whereas the flexible representation of memory requires the recruitment of the hippocampus...
- Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving miceAgnes Gruart
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006..Our results provide evidence of a relationship between activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and associative learning in behaving mice...
- Associative memory and the medial temporal lobesAndrew Mayes
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007..Using this framework, we consider psychological, lesion and functional imaging evidence, highlighting how informational convergence in the brain underlies the associative nature of both memory and perception...
- Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinctionMark E Bouton
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
- Associative learning mediates dynamic shifts in dopamine signaling in the nucleus accumbensJeremy J Day
Department of Psychology, Davie Hall CB no 3270, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Nat Neurosci 10:1020-8. 2007..Consistent with proposed roles in reward prediction and incentive salience, these results indicate that rapid dopamine release provides a reward signal that is dynamically modified by associative learning...
- Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learningPhilip R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
Neuron 44:877-88. 2004..Our results support a modified associative account of retrospective revaluation and demonstrate the potential of functional neuroimaging as a tool for evaluating competing learning models...
- The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learningDanielle C Turner
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004..Furthermore, its activity is not directly explicable in terms of novelty or response errors and appears directly related to the learning that arises out of prediction error...
- Neural system interactions underlying human transitive inferenceSandra N Moses
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Hippocampus 20:894-901. 2010..Contrary to prior assumptions, the hippocampus and caudate interact cooperatively to facilitate successful TI. We suggest that the dynamics of the relationship between the hippocampus and caudate depends critically upon task demands...
- Dentate gyrus is necessary for disambiguating similar object-place representationsInah Lee
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
Learn Mem 17:252-8. 2010....
- Habitual versus goal-directed action control in Parkinson diseaseSanne de Wit
Department of Psychology, Amsterdam Center for Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behavior Acacia, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 23:1218-29. 2011..If anything our results suggest a disease severity-dependent deficit in goal-directed behavior. These results are discussed in the context of Parkinson disease and the neurobiology of habitual and goal-directed behavior...
- Neural activity supporting the formation of associative memory versus source memoryHeekyeong Park
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
Brain Res 1471:81-92. 2012..The present findings have implications for roles of the medial temporal lobe sub-regions for successful formation of associative and source memories...
- New names for known things: on the association of novel word forms with existing semantic informationChristian Dobel
Institut für Biomagnetismus und Biosignalanalyse, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Munster, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 22:1251-61. 2010..Neural networks mediating these integration processes were found within left temporal lobe, an area typically described as one of the main generators of the N400 response...
- Optimizing inhibitory learning during exposure therapyMichelle G Craske
Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
Behav Res Ther 46:5-27. 2008..Strategies for enhancing inhibitory learning, and its retrieval over time and context, are reviewed along with their clinical implications for exposure therapy and directions for future research...
- Retrieval per se is not sufficient to trigger reconsolidation of human fear memoryDieuwke Sevenster
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neurobiol Learn Mem 97:338-45. 2012..Second, mere retrieval of the fear memory is not sufficient to induce its labilization and reconsolidation...
- Context-sensitive elemental theoryAllan R Wagner
Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
Q J Exp Psychol B 56:7-29. 2003..A. Rescorla and A. R. Wagner, as these have often been pitted against each other...
- Theories of associative learning in animalsJ M Pearce
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF1 3YG, United Kingdom
Annu Rev Psychol 52:111-39. 2001..The implications of the theories for understanding how humans derive causal judgments and solve categorization problems is considered...
- Effect of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a small-molecule TrkB agonist, on emotional learningRaul Andero
Institute of Neurosciences, Animal Physiology Unit, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Am J Psychiatry 168:163-72. 2011..The authors combined pharmacological, biochemical, and behavioral approaches in a preclinical study examining the role of 7,8-DHF in modulating emotional memory in mice...
- Differential effects of age on item and associative measures of memory: a meta-analysisSusan R Old
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Psychol Aging 23:104-18. 2008....
- The predictive value of changes in effective connectivity for human learningC Buchel
The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 283:1538-41. 1999..The time course of these plastic changes was highly correlated with individual learning performance, suggesting that interactions between brain areas underlie associative learning...
- Reduced Kamin blocking in non paranoid schizophrenia: associations with schizotypyP M Moran
School of Psychology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
J Psychiatr Res 37:155-63. 2003....
- Hippocampal, parahippocampal and occipital-temporal contributions to associative and item recognition memory: an fMRI studyA P Yonelinas
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Neuroreport 12:359-63. 2001..The results indicate that partially distinct temporal lobe regions are involved during recognition memory for item and associative information...
- Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesisM Naveh-Benjamin
Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:1170-87. 2000..The implications of these results to older adults' episodic memory performance are discussed...
- Wistar rats show episodic-like memory for unique experiencesEmriye Kart-Teke
Institute of Physiological Psychology, Center for Biological and Medical Research, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
Neurobiol Learn Mem 85:173-82. 2006..quot; We also found that acute stress impaired the animal's performance in the episodic-like memory task, which, however, could be partially reversed by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-receptors agonist D-cycloserine...
- The hippocampus and memory for "what," "where," and "when"Ceren Ergorul
Center for Memory and Brain, Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Learn Mem 11:397-405. 2004..These findings indicate that rats integrate "what," "where," and "when" information in memory for single experiences, and that the hippocampus is critical to this capacity...
- Remembering visual motion: neural correlates of associative plasticity and motion recall in cortical area MTAnja Schlack
Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Neuron 53:881-90. 2007..This emergent shape selectivity reflects activation of neurons representing the motion stimuli recalled by association, and it suggests that recall-related activity may be a general feature of neurons in visual cortex...
- Elemental representations of stimuli in associative learningJustin A Harris
School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Psychol Rev 113:584-605. 2006..A. Rescorla (2000, 2001, 2002b) concerning the way that stimuli with different conditioning histories acquire associative strength when conditioned in compound...
- Dissociation of Pavlovian and instrumental incentive learning under dopamine antagonistsA Dickinson
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Behav Neurosci 114:468-83. 2000..These results suggest that Pavlovian and instrumental incentive learning are not mediated by a common process...
- Selective and shared contributions of the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex to episodic item and associative encodingBernhard P Staresina
New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 20:1478-89. 2008..Critically, together with a separately conducted behavioral study, these data raise the possibility that PrC encoding operations -- in conjunction with hippocampal mechanisms -- contribute to later recollection of presented item details...
- An investigation of learning strategy supporting transitive inference performance in humans compared to other speciesSandra N Moses
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
Neuropsychologia 44:1370-87. 2006..Our work stipulates that cross-species generalizations must be interpreted cautiously, since performance on the same task may be mediated by different strategies and/or neural systems...
- Heterarchical reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learningMasahiko Haruno
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Computational Neurobiology, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Soraku gun, Kyoto, Japan
Neural Netw 19:1242-54. 2006..The model makes several fMRI-testable predictions of brain activity during stimulus-action-reward association learning. The caudate nucleus and the cognitive cortical areas are correlated with reward prediction error, while ..
- The propositional nature of human associative learningChris J Mitchell
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia
Behav Brain Sci 32:183-98; discussion 198-246. 2009....
- Histone deacetylase inhibitors improve learning consolidation in young and in KA-induced-neurodegeneration and SAMP-8-mutant miceAngela Fontán-Lozano
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Mol Cell Neurosci 39:193-201. 2008..These results point out HDAC inhibitors as candidate agents for the palliative treatment of learning and memory impairments in aging and in neurodegenerative disorders...
- Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusionsP R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Brain 130:2387-400. 2007..Our results support a neurobiological theory of delusion formation that implicates aberrant prediction-error signalling, disrupted attentional allocation and associative learning in the formation of delusional beliefs...
- Neural substrates of eyeblink conditioning: acquisition and retentionKimberly M Christian
Neuroscience Program, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 2520, USA
Learn Mem 10:427-55. 2003....
- Prefrontal cortex: role in acquisition of overlapping associations and transitive inferenceLoren M DeVito
Center for Memory and Brain, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Learn Mem 17:161-7. 2010..These results suggest that the prefrontal cortex is part of an integral hippocampal-cortical network essential for relational memory organization...
- Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contextsFergus I M Craik
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010....
- Spontaneous recoveryRobert A Rescorla
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Learn Mem 11:501-9. 2004..Its very ubiquity suggests that spontaneous recovery has multiple sources...
- Overt attention and predictiveness in human contingency learningM E Le Pelley
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF103AT, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37:220-9. 2011..These findings are consistent with the attentional model of associative learning proposed by Mackintosh (1975), but not with that proposed by Pearce and Hall (1980)...
- Extinction, generalization, and return of fear: a critical review of renewal research in humansBram Vervliet
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
Biol Psychol 92:51-8. 2013..Including these tests in future research will not only reveal the fear extinction mechanism in humans, but also inspire further developments in extinction treatment research...
- Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingencyRichard Cook
Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:840-52. 2010..If this is correct, associative learning theory could be used to explain, predict, and intervene in mirror system development...
- Activation of human hippocampal formation reflects success in both encoding and cued recall of paired associatesJed A Meltzer
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, TAC N134 C, New Haven, CT 06520 0843, USA
Neuroimage 24:384-97. 2005..The conjunction of these effects suggests that it is correct to view both encoding and recall of associative memories as functions of an integrated hippocampal system...
- Comparison of learning-related neuronal activity in the dorsal premotor cortex and striatumPeter J Brasted
Section on Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, Maryland, USA
Eur J Neurosci 19:721-40. 2004..As a population, however, learning-related changes in activity continued after the monkeys reached an asymptote in performance...
- Associative learning of odor with food- or blood-meal by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)Jeffery K Tomberlin
Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, 1229 N US Hwy 281, Stephenville, TX 76401, USA
Naturwissenschaften 93:551-6. 2006..Such information could lead to a better understanding of the ability of mosquitoes to locate and select host and food resources in nature...
- ERP correlates of source memory: unitized source information increases familiarity-based retrievalRachel A Diana
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, 134 Young Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Brain Res 1367:278-86. 2011..The ERP and behavioral findings provide converging evidence for the idea that familiarity can contribute to source recognition, particularly when source information is encoded as an item detail...
- Learned associability and associative change in human causal learningM E Le Pelley
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Q J Exp Psychol B 56:68-79. 2003..Taken in combination, these results provide good support for Mackintosh (1975) and the characterizations of both cue and outcome processing that it offers...
- Errorless learning and memory performance in schizophreniaCiaran C Mulholland
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, The Queen s University of Belfast, The Whitla Medical Building, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
Psychiatry Res 159:180-8. 2008..Errorless learning may play an important role in remediation of cognitive deficits for patients with schizophrenia...
- Probing the transformation of discontinuous associations into episodic memory: an event-related fMRI studyShaozheng Qin
Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, 100101, Beijing, China
Neuroimage 38:212-22. 2007....
- Transcranial direct current stimulation influences probabilistic association learning in schizophreniaAns Vercammen
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Schizophr Res 131:198-205. 2011Schizophrenia is associated with heterogeneity in symptoms, cognition and treatment response. Probabilistic association learning, involving a gradual learning of cue-outcome associations, activates a frontal-striatal network in healthy ..
- Activity profiles of single neurons in caudal anterior cingulate cortex during trace eyeblink conditioning in the rabbitAldis P Weible
Department of Physiology and Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
J Neurophysiol 90:599-612. 2003..Taken together, these data suggest that the caudal AC is involved early in trace eyeblink conditioning and that maintenance of the CS-elicited excitatory response may serve to signal the salience of the tone...
- Stimulus coding in human associative learning: flexible representations of parts and wholesKlaus G Melchers
Universitat Zurich, Switzerland
Behav Processes 77:413-27; discussion 451-3. 2008..Lines of possible future theory development are discussed...
- Medial prefrontal cortex and pavlovian conditioning: trace versus delay conditioningJoselyn McLaughlin
Shirley L Buchanan Neuroscience Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Columbia, South Carolina 29209 1639, USA
Behav Neurosci 116:37-47. 2002..Accompanying CS-evoked heart rate slowing was attenuated under all conditions by the mPFC lesions, although this result was not always statistically significant...
- Complex dynamic processes in sign tracking with an omission contingency (negative automaintenance)Peter R Killeen
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Box 1104, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:49-61. 2003..Response rates during trials were correlated with the prior probabilities of a response. Rescaled range analyses showed that the behavioral trajectories were a kind of fractional Brownian motion...
- Dopaminergic medication boosts action-effect binding in Parkinson's diseaseJames W Moore
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:1125-32. 2010..These results shed light on the contribution of dopamine to the experience of instrumental action, and also on impulse control disorders and psychosis in medicated PD patients...
- Conditional associative learning and the hippocampal systemV Sziklas
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Hippocampus 8:131-7. 1998..These findings suggest that the interaction between the hippocampus and subcortical structures via the fornix may be critical only for certain types of spatial learning and memory...
- The representation of instructions operates like a prepared reflex: flanker compatibility effects found in first trial following S-R instructionsOshrit Cohen-Kdoshay
Department of Behavioral Sciences ans Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Exp Psychol 56:128-33. 2009..The authors show that the FCE was present in the first trial immediately following the instructions, thus providing unequivocal support for the PR metaphor...
- Apes save tools for future useNicholas J Mulcahy
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Science 312:1038-40. 2006..These findings suggest that the precursor skills for planning for the future evolved in great apes before 14 million years ago, when all extant great ape species shared a common ancestor...
- Understanding the neural computations of arbitrary visuomotor learning through fMRI and associative learning theoryAndrea Brovelli
CNRS UMR 6193, Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France
Cereb Cortex 18:1485-95. 2008..The results provide quantitative evidence of the neural computations mediating arbitrary visuomotor learning and suggest new directions for future computational models...
- Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangersFrancys Subiaul
Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Mind, Brain and Evolution Cluster, The George Washington University, 2115 G Street, NW 204, Washington, DC 20001, USA
Anim Cogn 11:611-23. 2008..These results demonstrate that chimpanzees can infer the reputation of strangers by eavesdropping on third-party interactions...
- Reinstatement of extinguished conditioned responses and negative stimulus valence as a pathway to return of fear in humansTrinette Dirikx
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
Learn Mem 11:549-54. 2004..These data provide clear evidence for reinstatement and for the role of negative stimulus valence in the return of conditioned responding after extinction...
- NMDA receptor-dependent processes in the medial prefrontal cortex are important for acquisition and the early stage of consolidation during trace, but not delay eyeblink conditioningKaori Takehara-Nishiuchi
Laboratory of Neurobiophysics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Learn Mem 12:606-14. 2005..These results suggest that the mPFC participates in both acquisition of a CR and the early stage of consolidation of memory in trace, but not delay eyeblink conditioning by NMDA receptor-mediated operations...
- Invertebrate D2 type dopamine receptor exhibits age-based plasticity of expression in the mushroom bodies of the honeybee brainMerideth A Humphries
Department of Biochemistry, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072 Australia
J Neurobiol 55:315-30. 2003..Moreover, the plasticity of expression observed in the large cells implicates this receptor in the behavioral maturation of the bee...
- Rat orbitofrontal cortex separately encodes response and outcome information during performance of goal-directed behaviorTomoyuki Furuyashiki
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
J Neurosci 28:5127-38. 2008..These data demonstrate a broader role of OFC information processing in goal-directed behavior, beyond its widely recognized role in outcome expectancy...
- Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learningJ Vincent Filoteo
Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
- Impaired associative learning in chronic schizophrenics and their first-degree relatives: a study of latent inhibition and the Kamin blocking effectA Martins Serra
Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
Schizophr Res 48:273-89. 2001..The severe impairment in basic associative learning in schizophrenic patients and their kin warrants further investigation...
- The parahippocampal cortex mediates spatial and nonspatial associationsE Aminoff
Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Cahrlestown, MA 02129, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:1493-503. 2007..By modifying the existing view of the PHC function accordingly, the seemingly contradicting processes that activate it can be reconciled under one overarching framework...
- Electrical stimulation of the rostral medial prefrontal cortex in rabbits inhibits the expression of conditioned eyelid responses but not their acquisitionRocio Leal-Campanario
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11459-64. 2007..Functional and behavioral implications of this inhibitory role of the rostral mPFC are discussed...
- The misbehavior of value and the discipline of the willPeter Dayan
Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
Neural Netw 19:1153-60. 2006..The misbehavior created by Pavlovian values can be quite debilitating; we discuss how it may be disciplined...
- Schemas and memory consolidationDorothy Tse
Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, and Centre for Neuroscience Research, University of Edinburgh, 1 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
Science 316:76-82. 2007..The concept of neocortical schemas may unite psychological accounts of knowledge structures with neurobiological theories of systems memory consolidation...
- Role of the hippocampal system in associative learning beyond the spatial domainP J Brasted
Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, USA
Brain 126:1202-23. 2003....
- Face-name association learning and brain structural substrates in alcoholismAnne Lise Pitel
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5723, USA
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:1171-9. 2012..It is also unknown whether prompting alcoholics to implement a deep level of processing during face-name encoding would enhance performance...
- Effect of cerebellar reversible inactivations on the acquisition of trace conditioned eyeblink responses in guinea pigs: comparison of short and long trace intervalsBo Hu
Department of Neurosurgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China
Neurosci Lett 459:41-5. 2009..These results suggested that while the ipsilateral cerebellum is essential for the expression of trace CRs, its contribution to the acquisition of trace CRs appears to mainly depend on the time length of TI...
- Foxp2 mutations impair auditory-motor association learningSimone Kurt
Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
PLoS ONE 7:e33130. 2012..of proficient spoken language involves auditory-guided vocal learning, a specialized form of sensory-motor association learning. The impact of etiological Foxp2 mutations on learning of auditory-motor associations in mammals has not ..
- Ibotenic acid lesions to ventrolateral thalamic nuclei disrupts trace and delay eyeblink conditioning in rabbitsB B Oswald
Shirley L Buchanan Neuroscience Laboratory, Dorn VA Medical Center, Columbia, SC 29209, USA
Behav Brain Res 179:111-7. 2007..These findings, thus confirm the importance of the VLTN in a postulated cerebellar-thalamic-prefrontal circuit that underlies successful trace, as well as delay EB conditioning...
- Associative encoding in anterior piriform cortex versus orbitofrontal cortex during odor discrimination and reversal learningMatthew R Roesch
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:643-52. 2007....
- ALTSim: a MATLAB simulator for current associative learning theoriesAnna Thorwart
Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Behav Res Methods 41:29-34. 2009..It is an easy-to-use tool that facilitates evaluating and comparing the featured associative learning models. ALTSim is available free of charge from www.staff.uni-marburg.de/~lachnit/ALTSim/...
- Schema-driven facilitation of new hierarchy learning in the transitive inference paradigmDharshan Kumaran
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Learn Mem 20:388-94. 2013....
- Comparing elemental and configural associative theories in human causal learning: a case for attentionHarald Lachnit
Department of Psychology, Phillips Universitat, Marburg, Germany
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:303-13. 2008..This success implies that attentional factors should be explicitly taken into account in associative learning theory...
- Entorhinal cortex lesions disrupt the relational organization of memory in monkeysCindy A Buckmaster
Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
J Neurosci 24:9811-25. 2004..Together, the findings support the conclusion that the primate hippocampal system critically enables the relational organization of declarative memory...
- Relations between Pavlovian-instrumental transfer and reinforcer devaluationPeter C Holland
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:104-17. 2004....
- Environmental context-dependent memory: a review and meta-analysisS M Smith
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4235, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 8:203-20. 2001..We conclude that environmental context-dependent memory effects are less likely to occur under conditions in which the immediate environment is likely to be suppressed...
- Effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learningT Mell
Department of Neurology, Berlin NeuroImaging Center, Charite, Campus Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Neuropsychologia 43:554-63. 2005..tasks requiring flexible adaptation to external feedback, which could be related to impairments in reward association learning. To study the effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning 20 young and 20 older adults ..
- Eyeblink conditioning deficits indicate timing and cerebellar abnormalities in schizophreniaS M Brown
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, 1101 East Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Brain Cogn 58:94-108. 2005..These findings are consistent with models of schizophrenia in which timing deficits underlie information-processing abnormalities and clinical features of the disorder...
- Uncertainty in category-based induction: when do people integrate across categories?Gregory L Murphy
Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:263-76. 2010..The experiments revealed significant individual differences, suggesting that use of multiple categories is one of a number of strategies that can be used rather than being the basis for most category-based induction...
- Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvaeDennis Pauls
Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 10, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Chem Senses 35:335-46. 2010....
- Neural correlates of encoding within- and across-domain inter-item associationsHeekyeong Park
Department of Psychology, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 75069 19528, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:2533-43. 2011....
- The role of prelimbic cortex in instrumental conditioningLaura H Corbit
Department of Psychology and the Brain Research Institute, University of California, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Behav Brain Res 146:145-57. 2003....
- Evidence for the role of higher order reasoning processes in cue competition and other learning phenomenaJan De Houwer
Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Learn Behav 33:239-49. 2005..We review the evidence that supports this hypothesis and discuss whether higher order reasoning might also play a role in other learning phenomena...
- Hemispheric differences in the time-course of semantic priming processes: evidence from event-related potentials (ERPs)Sarah Bouaffre
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives EA 487, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux2, Bordeaux, France
Brain Cogn 63:123-35. 2007..In the right visual field/left hemisphere, both N400 and Late Positive Component (LPC/P600) were modulated by semantic relatedness, while only a late effect was present in the left visual field/ right hemisphere...
- Medial temporal lobe activations during associative memory encoding for arbitrary and semantically related object pairsAmelie M Achim
Brain Imaging Group, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Canada
Brain Res 1161:46-55. 2007..Most importantly, this study suggests that associative processing can activate the MTL regardless of the pre-existence of an association between the items of a pair...
- Functional specialisation in the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex during the encoding of verbal associationsAndrea Greve
Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience WICN, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
Neuropsychologia 49:2746-54. 2011..This functional separation is consistent with models in which the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex support two separable processes that contribute to memories for verbal associations...
- Symmetrical generalization decrements: configural stimulus processing in human contingency learningAnna Thorwart
Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Learn Behav 37:107-15. 2009..The manipulations of the stimuli had no effect on stimulus processing. This is in line with Pearce's configural model, but it is at variance with the elemental models and previous studies...
- Occasion setting of timing behaviorCharlotte Bonardi
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:339-48. 2007..This manipulation did not have a substantial effect on discrimination performance. These results are discussed with reference to theories of occasion setting, timing, and configural learning...
- From prediction error to psychosis: ketamine as a pharmacological model of delusionsP R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
J Psychopharmacol 21:238-52. 2007....
- Smoking expectancy mediates the conditioned responses to arbitrary smoking cuesM Field
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Behav Pharmacol 12:183-94. 2001..In addition, these data suggest that craving CRs can be eliminated, whereas compensatory CRs can be facilitated, when cigarette expectancy is removed with instructions...
- Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: I. Exploring a neural network approachR C Honey
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:378-87. 2002..These results support a connectionist approach to acquired changes in stimulus distinctiveness...
- The ontogeny of human learning in delay, long-delay, and trace eyeblink conditioningJane S Herbert
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Duke University, USA
Behav Neurosci 117:1196-210. 2003..These findings suggest that higher order cognitive abilities begin emerging early in development. Across ontogeny, however, there are changes in the limits and parameters that support associative learning...
- Dopamine and octopamine differentiate between aversive and appetitive olfactory memories in DrosophilaMartin Schwaerzel
Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
J Neurosci 23:10495-502. 2003..Our results suggest that in associative conditioning, different memories are formed of the same odor under different circumstances, and that they are linked to the respective motivational systems by their specific modulatory pathways...
- Augmentation in contingency learning under time pressureMiguel A Vadillo
Departamento de Psicologia, Universidad de Deusto, Apartado 1, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
Br J Psychol 101:579-89. 2010..The results show that under these conditions, augmentation, instead of blocking, is observed...
- Associative LearningROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
- Role of amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Associatively-activated event representationsPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
- Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral EconomicsTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
- US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian LearningANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
- Divided Attention and Reinforcement VariablesTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPatricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
- DYNAMIC REGULATION OF TUNING IN ADULT AUDITORY CORTEXNORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- LEARNING-INDUCED CORTICAL REPRESENTATIONAL PLASTICITYNORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- The amygdala & cortical receptive field plasticityNORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- EMOTION AND RETUNING OF AUDITORY CORTEXNORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Effects of Aging on Learning & Retrieval of Proper NamesLORI JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2005..Experiments in both projects address theoretical, empirical, and practical questions about memory for proper names and about how name processing changes in old age. ..
- Medial Temporal Lobe Contributions to MemoryDEBORAH HANNULA; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Associations between perceptual features and information that was never perceivedJason Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Associative Mechanisms of Spatial CognitionAARON BLAISDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Acquired Appetitive Properties of NicotineRick A Bevins; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Prefrontal -> Top Down Contribution to Object RecognitionMoshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010..Lastly, the proposed DTI experiments can contribute insights for the treatment of demyelination diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. ..
- Temporal Integration of Learned BehaviorAARON BLAISDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Perceptual and Decisional Processes in CategorizationW Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006..Project 4 extends the studies in Project I - 3 to an explicit decision criterion task where observers adjust an observable decision criterion on each trial. These data are useful for testing learning models. ..
- Contextual Predictions Facilitate Visual CognitionMoshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Response Selection as a Function of AgeRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
- SPATIAL FUNCTIONS OF THE MEDIAL TEMPORAL LOBEWENDY SUZUKI; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results from these studies have implications for understanding a variety of neurological states associated with memory dysfunction including Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy and schizophrenia. ..
- MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIORJAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Responses and Equivalence ClassesPeter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Markers of Risk for Anxiety DisordersMichelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2003..Measurement of eye gaze in youths to gauge ongoing conditioning and attentional processes represents a new methodology. ..
- Top-down Cortical FacilitationMoshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- IMPROVING CARE OF PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CAREMichelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING PROCESSES INVOLVING NICOTINERICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2001..intermittent delivery). Elucidating the behavioral processes underlying acquisition and expression of Pavlovian drug conditioning will have important implications for prevention and intervention strategies. ..
- Reference-dose method and cocaine-conditioned choiceRICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2006..That research could translate into more effective intervention strategies. ..
- Conditioning-specific reflex modificationBERNARD SCHREURS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF PRIMATE COGNITIONMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Cellular and Molecular Basis of Long-Term HabituationDavid Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such an understanding will facilitate the development of treatments of diseases of memory, such as Alzheimer's. ..
- Modulation of AMPA-Type Receptor Trafficking in AplysiaDavid Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Furthermore, the laboratories of the collaborators have the necessary equipment for the proposed research. ..
- Adolescent Exposure to Psychostimulants: Role of nNOSYossef Itzhak; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results of these studies would provide new information on mechanisms that underlie the development of hypersensitivity to these drugs from adolescence through adulthood. ..
- Cross-modal processing and lexical developmentVladimir M Sloutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge may also have broader impact on the clinical community by elucidating factors underlying Specific Language Impairments (SLI). ..
- SPARC2000+: Science Fair Drug Abuse Science LiteracyJESSE WHITLOW; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- A Conditioning Analysis of MemoryCarolyn Rovee Collier; Fiscal Year: 2009..The research will also provide a unique and systematic database for neuroscientists seeking the biological underpinnings of learning and memory. ..
- Learning in Infants of Chronically Depressed MothersPeter Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2008..These experiments promise to lay the foundation for future studies aimed at preventing learning problems in infants of depressed mothers. ..
- UNCONSCIOUS AND IMPLICIT COGNITIONAnthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- AGING, METAMEMORY, AND STRATEGY USE DURING LEARNINGChristopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category LearningF Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., teaching radiologists to find tumors in x-rays). ..
- Stress and Memory Formation Across the Female LifespanTracey Shors; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple LevelsLisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
- Neural Underpinnings of FamiliarityCARMEN WESTERBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006..This hypothesis will be tested by measuring damage to specific subregions of the MTLC in MCI patients, and assessing relationships between such damage and familiarity-based memory performance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SOCIAL LEARNING AND ALCOHOL INTAKE IN ADOLESCENT RATSPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2004..The end result of this work will be an increased understanding of the neurochemical and behavioral factors underlying social acquisition of ethanol preferences. ..
- Contingency Learning and Judgment in Older AdultsSHARON MUTTER; Fiscal Year: 2005..Together, the experiments in these three studies will provide a comprehensive view of older adults' ability to acquire, retrieve, and use contingency information for judgment and prediction. ..
- COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL IN PERI-ADOLESCENT MONKEYSMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2006..This exploratory study will provide evidence regarding the risks posed to cognition by heavy alcohol drinking in the peri-adolescent period. ..
- Linking Affect to Action: Critical Contributions of the Orbitofrontal CortexGeoffrey Schoenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006..The participation of minorities and women has been emphasized at each level (organizers, speakers, students). Thus the conference will address important scientific, social, and educational issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Drug Modulators in Appetitive Pavlovian ConditioningMATTHEW PALMATIER; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, the modulators will probably have little direct "associative" strength and could potentially be used to solve discriminations in which they were never trained. ..
- Nicotine & Ethanol Influences on Contextual ConditioningThomas Gould; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding the underlying neurobiology will not only further aid in this understanding but will also aid in developing treatments for alcoholism and nicotine addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Executive Control in Implicit Attitude MeasurementBrian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2004..The third series examines more complex situations (e.g. the presence of an African American experimenter) which might influence implicit prejudice measures through both routes. ..
- Murine Model of Marijuana-Induced Executive DysfunctionRUTH COLWILL; Fiscal Year: 2003..Changes in endocannabinoid levels: -Measurements of anandamide and 2-arachidonylglycerol in dissected brain regions using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). ..
- Neonatal Ethanol-Induced Memory Impairments in RatsPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2009..The potential for amelioration of these cognitive deficits using both behavioral and pharmacological strategies will provide important information regarding treatment approaches for afflicted individuals. ..
- BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF MDMA IN RHESUS MONKEYSMICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2009..Specific Aim IV: To determine if a history of MDMA exposure impairs acquisition and performance of a battery of neuropsychological tests. ..
- A Virtual Laboratory for the Social and Behavioral SciencesBRIAN NOSEK; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fear inhibition in posttraumatic stress disorderTanja Jovanovic; Fiscal Year: 2006..The present study will investigate how awareness interacts with startle in PTSD subjects. Finally, the present study will examine the relationship between contingency awareness and fear inhibition. ..
- Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Learning in the ZebrafishDavid Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such an understanding will facilitate the development of treatments for Alzheimer's disease and other disorders of memory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Translating Extinction of Fear to Anxiety Disorder TreatmentMark Barad; Fiscal Year: 2006..These experiments should help establish the translational validity of the extinction model for anxiety disorder treatment and also may yield potential improvements in current anxiety disorder treatments. ..
- Automated Testing of Learning and MemoryCHARLES GALLISTEL; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY AND MEMORY CODINGHoward Eichenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill AcquisitionChristopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Correlates of Autobiographical MemoryDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTUREDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive RepresentationJohn Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
- SELF-MANAGEMENT OF SICKLE CELL DISEASEStephen McCauley; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive Processing System Components Share ResourcesKATHERINE RAWSON; Fiscal Year: 2004..Subsequent research will adapt this experimental approach to evaluate other core assumptions of the theory. Findings from this programmatic research will have important theoretical and applied implications. ..
- Translational Research on NCR Interventions for Behavior DisordersISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will determine the extent to these side effects occur as a first step towards determining how they can be avoided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Establishment and Durability of Reinforcing StimuliISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., self-injury) in the target population, can be used effectively in this manner following exposure to the value enhancement procedures. ..
- TRAINING IN COGNITIVE AND COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCEMichael Arbib; Fiscal Year: 2002..The plan for the postdoctoral position focuses on permitting a student trained in psychology or linguistics to gain additional expertise related to cognitive and computational neuroscience. ..