intuition

Summary

Summary: Knowing or understanding without conscious use of reasoning. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Towards an alternative to Benner's theory of expert intuition in nursing: a discussion paper
    Fernand Gobet
    School of Social Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:129-39. 2008
  2. ncbi The role of conscious reasoning and intuition in moral judgment: testing three principles of harm
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1082-9. 2006
  3. ncbi Emotion and intuition
    Annette Bolte
    Institute of Psychology, Braunschweig University of Technology, Braunschweig, Germany
    Psychol Sci 14:416-21. 2003
  4. ncbi The architecture of intuition: Fluency and affect determine intuitive judgments of semantic and visual coherence and judgments of grammaticality in artificial grammar learning
    Sascha Topolinski
    Department of Psychology II, Social Psychology, University of Wuerzburg, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 138:39-63. 2009
  5. ncbi The distinction between intuition and guessing in the SRT task generation: a reply to Norman and Price
    Qiufang Fu
    State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
    Conscious Cogn 19:478-80. 2010
  6. ncbi Conditions for intuitive expertise: a failure to disagree
    Daniel Kahneman
    Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 0001, USA
    Am Psychol 64:515-26. 2009
  7. ncbi A functional imaging investigation of moral deliberation and moral intuition
    Carla L Harenski
    The MIND Research Network, 1101 Yale Boulevard Northeast, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Neuroimage 49:2707-16. 2010
  8. pmc Spatial intuition in elementary arithmetic: a neurocomputational account
    Qi Chen
    Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31180. 2012
  9. ncbi Intuition and autism: a possible role for Von Economo neurons
    John M Allman
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:367-73. 2005
  10. ncbi A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am Psychol 58:697-720. 2003

Detail Information

Publications250 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Towards an alternative to Benner's theory of expert intuition in nursing: a discussion paper
    Fernand Gobet
    School of Social Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:129-39. 2008
    Several authors have highlighted the role of intuition in expertise...
  2. ncbi The role of conscious reasoning and intuition in moral judgment: testing three principles of harm
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1082-9. 2006
    Is moral judgment accomplished by intuition or conscious reasoning? An answer demands a detailed account of the moral principles in question...
  3. ncbi Emotion and intuition
    Annette Bolte
    Institute of Psychology, Braunschweig University of Technology, Braunschweig, Germany
    Psychol Sci 14:416-21. 2003
    ..By contrast, negative mood appears to restrict spread of activation to close associates and dominant word meanings, thus impairing intuitive coherence judgments...
  4. ncbi The architecture of intuition: Fluency and affect determine intuitive judgments of semantic and visual coherence and judgments of grammaticality in artificial grammar learning
    Sascha Topolinski
    Department of Psychology II, Social Psychology, University of Wuerzburg, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 138:39-63. 2009
    ..The impact of fluency and affect was also generalized to intuitions of visual coherence and intuitions of grammaticality in an artificial grammar learning paradigm. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  5. ncbi The distinction between intuition and guessing in the SRT task generation: a reply to Norman and Price
    Qiufang Fu
    State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
    Conscious Cogn 19:478-80. 2010
    ..Reaction Time task, depending on whether it felt subjectively like the response was based on pure guessing, intuition, conscious rules or memories...
  6. ncbi Conditions for intuitive expertise: a failure to disagree
    Daniel Kahneman
    Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 0001, USA
    Am Psychol 64:515-26. 2009
    This article reports on an effort to explore the differences between two approaches to intuition and expertise that are often viewed as conflicting: heuristics and biases (HB) and naturalistic decision making (NDM)...
  7. ncbi A functional imaging investigation of moral deliberation and moral intuition
    Carla L Harenski
    The MIND Research Network, 1101 Yale Boulevard Northeast, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Neuroimage 49:2707-16. 2010
    ..the victim' and rating the moral appropriateness of the behavior) or 'implicit' moral tasks that involve moral intuition (e.g., reading similar statements and memorizing them for a test but not rating their moral appropriateness)...
  8. pmc Spatial intuition in elementary arithmetic: a neurocomputational account
    Qi Chen
    Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31180. 2012
    ..Together, they provide us with a framework in which elementary arithmetic is based on evolutionarily more basic spatial transformations, thus providing the first implemented instance of Dehaene and Cohen's recycling hypothesis...
  9. ncbi Intuition and autism: a possible role for Von Economo neurons
    John M Allman
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:367-73. 2005
    ..We propose that in autism spectrum disorders the VENs fail to develop normally, and that this failure might be partially responsible for the associated social disabilities that result from faulty intuition.
  10. ncbi A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am Psychol 58:697-720. 2003
    ..an analysis of accessibility, the ease with which thoughts come to mind; a distinction between effortless intuition and deliberate reasoning. Intuitive thoughts, like percepts, are highly accessible...
  11. pmc Gut feelings as a third track in general practitioners' diagnostic reasoning
    Erik Stolper
    Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, PO Box 616 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Gen Intern Med 26:197-203. 2011
    ..Qualitative research distinguished a sense of alarm and a sense of reassurance. However, not every GP trusted their gut feelings, since a scientific explanation is lacking...
  12. ncbi Overcoming intuition: metacognitive difficulty activates analytic reasoning
    Adam L Alter
    Psychology Department, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:569-76. 2007
    ..Metacognitive experiences of difficulty or disfluency appear to serve as an alarm that activates analytic forms of reasoning that assess and sometimes correct the output of more intuitive forms of reasoning...
  13. pmc Clinical intuition in family medicine: more than first impressions
    Amanda Woolley
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, King s College London, United Kingdom
    Ann Fam Med 11:60-6. 2013
    The clinical literature advises physicians not to trust their intuition. Studies of clinical intuition, however, equate it to early impressions, the first thing that comes to the physician's mind...
  14. ncbi Developing intuition: neural correlates of cognitive-skill learning in caudate nucleus
    Xiaohong Wan
    Cognitive Brain Mapping Laboratory and Support Unit for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    J Neurosci 32:17492-501. 2012
    ..of cognitive experts largely depends on automatic, quick information processing, which is often referred to as intuition. Intuition develops following extensive long-term training...
  15. ncbi Intuition in the context of object perception: intuitive gestalt judgments rest on the unconscious activation of semantic representations
    Annette Bolte
    Institute of Psychology, Braunschweig University of Technology, Spielmannstr 19, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    Cognition 108:608-16. 2008
    b>Intuition denotes the ability to judge stimulus properties on the basis of information that is activated in memory, but not consciously retrieved...
  16. ncbi Divine intuition: cognitive style influences belief in God
    Amitai Shenhav
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 141:423-8. 2012
    ..is true, the extent to which one believes in God may be influenced by one's more general tendency to rely on intuition versus reflection. Three studies support this hypothesis, linking intuitive cognitive style to belief in God...
  17. ncbi Intuition in emergency nursing: a phenomenological study
    Joy Lyneham
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    Int J Nurs Pract 14:101-8. 2008
    ..process and a Gadamerian analysis, six themes associated with the ways in which the participants experienced intuition in clinical practice, were identified...
  18. ncbi Intuition and the correspondence between implicit and explicit self-esteem
    Christian H Jordan
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Aveneue East, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G5
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:1067-79. 2007
    Four studies tested whether the perceived validity of intuition increases the correspondence between implicit and explicit self-esteem...
  19. ncbi Use of intuition by nursing students: instrument development and testing
    Anita J Smith
    Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego, California 92106 2810, USA
    J Adv Nurs 47:614-22. 2004
    b>Intuition has been described as an important type of nursing knowledge and has gained acceptance as a valid way of knowing in clinical nursing. Use of intuition has become one way of explaining professional expertise...
  20. ncbi Intuition, reason, and metacognition
    Valerie A Thompson
    Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada S7N 5A5
    Cogn Psychol 63:107-40. 2011
    ..These data support a model in which a metacognitive judgment about a first, initial model determines the extent of analytic engagement...
  21. ncbi Measuring the use of intuition by registered nurses in clinical practice
    A Smith
    Maternal Child Nursing, University of South Alabama, Alabama, United States
    Nurs Stand 21:35-41. 2007
    To administer the Smith Intuition Instrument to a sample of registered nurses to clarify its factors and test convergent validity.
  22. ncbi Explicating Benner's concept of expert practice: intuition in emergency nursing
    Joy Lyneham
    Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 64:380-7. 2008
    This paper is a report of a study exploring the experience of intuition in emergency nursing in relation to Benner's fifth stage of practice development, 'the expert practitioner.'
  23. ncbi Should I go with my gut? Investigating the benefits of emotion-focused decision making
    Joseph A Mikels
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Emotion 11:743-53. 2011
    ..These results suggest that affective decision strategies may be more effective relative to deliberative strategies for certain complex decisions...
  24. ncbi Probability matching in choice under uncertainty: intuition versus deliberation
    Derek J Koehler
    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Cognition 113:123-7. 2009
    ..Probability matching appears to reflect a mistaken intuition that can be, but often is not, overridden by deliberate consideration of alternative choice strategies.
  25. pmc How does the thought of cancer arise in a general practice consultation? Interviews with GPs
    May Lill Johansen
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway
    Scand J Prim Health Care 30:135-40. 2012
    ..Only a few patients on a GP's list develop cancer each year. To find these cases in the jumble of presented problems is a challenge...
  26. pmc Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuro Imaging Unit, Institut Fédératif de Recherche IFR 49, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Science 320:1217-20. 2008
    ..Is this mapping a cultural invention or a universal intuition shared by all humans regardless of culture and education? We probed number-space mappings in the Mundurucu, an ..
  27. ncbi Evidence-based and intuition-based self-knowledge: an FMRI study
    Matthew D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:421-35. 2004
    ..e., evidence-based and intuition-based self-knowledge); however, little is known about the nature of intuition-based self-knowledge...
  28. ncbi Intuition: a social cognitive neuroscience approach
    M D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:109-37. 2000
    This review proposes that implicit learning processes are the cognitive substrate of social intuition. This hypothesis is supported by (a) the conceptual correspondence between implicit learning and social intuition (nonverbal ..
  29. pmc Intuition and innumeracy
    Roger Brent
    The Molecular Sciences Institute, Center for Genomic Education and Computation, 2168 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Cell Biol Educ 3:88-90. 2004
  30. ncbi Intuition and visual art: student nurses' projection into experiences of elderly women
    Britt Maj Wikström
    University College of Health Sciences, Jonkoping, Sweden
    Aust J Holist Nurs 9:24-31. 2002
    ..It could be concluded that nurse educators concerned with finding new directions to develop intuition skills might consider visual art of considerable value.
  31. ncbi Intuition: an important tool in the practice of nursing
    H H McCutcheon
    Department of Clinical Nursing, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 35:342-8. 2001
    The aim of the study reported here was to evaluate the role of intuition, to examine nurses' understanding of intuition and their perceptions of their use of intuition, and to assess the impact of intuition on nursing practice.
  32. ncbi Intuition and practice
    Pamela Truman
    Nurs Stand 18:42-3. 2003
    b>Intuition is a quality that nurses have traditionally valued, but one that in today's evidence-based research climate is often denigrated...
  33. ncbi Diagnostic practise in nursing: a critical review of the literature
    Joseph Lee
    School of Science and Technology, The Open University of Hong Kong, Homantin, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Nurs Health Sci 8:57-65. 2006
    ..Based on the literature reviewed, a conceptual framework is suggested to help articulate the underlying structures and processes of diagnostic practise in nursing...
  34. ncbi Intuition in nursing relationships: the result of 'skills' or 'qualities'?
    J Turnbull
    University of Wales College of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff
    Br J Nurs 8:302-6. 1999
    ..Consequently, confusion exists as to whether intuition in nursing is the result of acquired skills, or is dependent upon the inherent qualities of the individual...
  35. ncbi Intuition and the junctures of judgment in decision procedures for clinical ethics
    John K Davis
    Department of Philosophy, University of Tennessee, 801 McClung Tower, Knoxville, TN 37996 0480, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 28:1-30. 2007
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the ..
  36. ncbi A gut feeling? Intuition and critical care nursing
    S P Hams
    Coronary Care Unit, Wiltshire Cardiac Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital, Swindon, UK
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 16:310-8. 2000
    ..The strength of our intuition often urges us to do something more for the patient...
  37. ncbi How do homeopaths make decisions? An exploratory study of inter-rater reliability and intuition in the decision making process
    S Brien
    Department of Primary Medical Care, Complementary Medicine Research Unit, Aldermoor Health Centre, University of Southampton, Aldermoor Close, Southampton, Hampshire, S016 5ST, UK
    Homeopathy 93:125-31. 2004
    ..a questionnaire based re-proving of Belladonna 30c, the extent to which decisions are based on clinical facts or intuition and how reliable decisions are...
  38. ncbi Intuition and analysis in decision making and choice
    D Lamond
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, United Kingdom
    J Nurs Scholarsh 32:411-4. 2000
    ..To discuss the need for a shift in focus from intuitive to more analytic ways of examining both the process and outcomes of professional decisions based on "best evidence."..
  39. ncbi Informational basis for expert intuition
    J A Effken
    University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson 85721 0203, USA
    J Adv Nurs 34:246-55. 2001
    b>Intuition has been cited as an integral part of nursing clinical expertise...
  40. ncbi State of the science: intuition in nursing, a generation of studying the phenomenon
    Lynn Rew
    University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Austin, TX 78701, USA
    ANS Adv Nurs Sci 30:E15-25. 2007
    ..review of nursing literature was conducted to determine the state of the science with respect to the use of intuition in nursing practice and nursing education...
  41. ncbi Clinical intuition versus statistics: different modes of tacit knowledge in clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine
    Hillel D Braude
    Biomedical Ethics Unit, McGill University, 3647 Peel Street, Montreal, QC H3A1X1, Canada
    Theor Med Bioeth 30:181-98. 2009
    ..This is demonstrated through analyzing the dichotomy between clinical and statistical intuition in evidence-based medicine's epistemology of clinical reasoning...
  42. ncbi When memory fails, intuition reigns: midazolam enhances implicit inference in humans
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:700-7. 2006
    ..sound decisions using explicit reasoning strategies, but sometimes it pays to rely on more implicit "gut-level" intuition. The transitive inference paradigm has been widely used as a test of explicit logical reasoning in animals and ..
  43. ncbi What neuroscience can tell about intuitive processes in the context of perceptual discovery
    Kirsten G Volz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:2077-87. 2006
    According to the Oxford English Dictionary, intuition is "the ability to understand or know something immediately, without conscious reasoning...
  44. ncbi Moral intuition: its neural substrates and normative significance
    James Woodward
    Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 101 40, California Institute of Technology 1200 E California Blvd Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Physiol Paris 101:179-202. 2007
    Philosophers use the phrase "moral intuition" to describe the appearance in consciousness of moral judgments or assessments without any awareness of having gone through a conscious reasoning process that produces this ..
  45. ncbi Emotion-based learning and central executive resources: an investigation of intuition and the Iowa Gambling Task
    Oliver H Turnbull
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Wales, LL57 2AS, United Kingdom
    Brain Cogn 57:244-7. 2005
    ..are good or bad, often described in relation to IGT performance, seems reminiscent of decision-making based on intuition-linked to a long history of research in decision-making contrasting the 'intuition' versus 'reasoning' styles of ..
  46. pmc Intuition and evidence--uneasy bedfellows?
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London
    Br J Gen Pract 52:395-400. 2002
    b>Intuition is a decision-making method that is used unconsciously by experienced practitioners but is inaccessible to the novice. It is rapid, subtle, contextual, and does not follow simple, cause-and-effect logic...
  47. ncbi Consciousness and metarepresentation: a computational sketch
    Axel Cleeremans
    Cognitive Science Research Unit, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 191, 50 ave F D Roosevelt, B1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
    Neural Netw 20:1032-9. 2007
    ..Here, we ask what the computational mechanisms may be that implement this intuition. Our starting point is Clark and Karmiloff-Smith's [Clark, A., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1993)...
  48. ncbi Serial assessment of mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit by algorithm and intuition: certainty, uncertainty, and informed consent
    William Meadow
    Department of Pediatrics and MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Pediatrics 109:878-86. 2002
    ....
  49. ncbi Intuition and the development of expertise in surgical ward and intensive care nurses
    Lindy King
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 37:322-9. 2002
    ..One of the objectives of the study and the focus of this paper was the exploration of these nurses' understanding and use of intuition in the context of their practice.
  50. ncbi Intuition and deliberation: two systems for strategizing in the brain
    Wen Jui Kuo
    Institute of Neuroscience, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Science 324:519-22. 2009
    Dual-process theories distinguish between intuition (fast and emotional) and reasoning (slow and controlled) as a basis for human decision-making...
  51. ncbi Intuition: a fundamental bridging construct in the behavioural sciences
    Gerard P Hodgkinson
    University of Leeds, UK
    Br J Psychol 99:1-27. 2008
    The concept of intuition has, until recently, received scant scholarly attention within and beyond the psychological sciences, despite its potential to unify a number of lines of inquiry...
  52. ncbi Automatic and controlled components of judgment and decision making
    Mario B Ferreira
    Department of Psychology and Education, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:797-813. 2006
    ..They conclude that judgment under uncertainty is neither an automatic nor a controlled process but that it reflects both processes, with each making independent contributions...
  53. ncbi Nursing intuition: a valid form of knowledge
    Catherine Green
    Department of Philosophy, Rockhurst University, 1100 Rockhurst Road, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
    Nurs Philos 13:98-111. 2012
    An understanding of the nature and development of nursing intuition can help nurse educators foster it in young nurses and give clinicians more confidence in this aspect of their knowledge, allowing them to respond with greater assurance ..
  54. ncbi Intuition through time: what does the seer see?
    Dean Radin
    Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, CA 94952, USA
    Explore (NY) 5:200-11. 2009
    ..Most models of anticipation take for granted that events unfold in a unidirectional flow of time, from past to future. Two experiments were conducted to test this assumption...
  55. pmc Comment on "Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures"
    Jessica F Cantlon
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Science 323:38; author reply 38. 2009
    ..However, their data do not rule out the alternative conclusion that Mundurucu speakers encode numbers linearly with scalar variability and psychologically construct space-number mappings by analogy...
  56. pmc Subliminal instrumental conditioning demonstrated in the human brain
    Mathias Pessiglione
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N3BG, UK
    Neuron 59:561-7. 2008
    ..We conclude that, even without conscious processing of contextual cues, our brain can learn their reward value and use them to provide a bias on decision making...
  57. ncbi COPD-intuition or template: nurses' stories of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Patricia Hill Bailey
    School of Nursing, Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Nurs 13:756-64. 2004
    ..To date, little is known about the nurses' understanding of the care they provide for individuals hospitalized because of these acute episodes of their chronic illness...
  58. ncbi Critical care outreach: the need for effective decision-making in clinical practice (Part 1)
    Helen C Hancock
    Centre for Integrated Health Care Research, School for Health, Durham University, United Kingdom
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 23:15-22. 2007
    ..From this, recommendations are made about the future development of CCOR practitioners and services...
  59. ncbi Critical care outreach 1: an exploration of fundamental philosophy and underpinning knowledge
    Lesley Durham
    City Hospitals Sunderland NHS Foundation Trust, Sunderland, UK
    Nurs Crit Care 11:239-47. 2006
    ..This study explores the philosophical underpinnings and types of knowledge inherent in the practice of Outreach. In doing so, it illuminates how they apply and contribute to the practice and impact of Outreach...
  60. ncbi Evidence for practice, epistemology, and critical reflection
    Mark Avis
    School of Nursing, University of Nottingham, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Nurs Philos 7:216-24. 2006
    ..it is argued that there is much to be gained by making the processes of critical reflection explicit, and that it can make a valid contribution to expert nursing practice, without recourse to irreducible concepts such as intuition.
  61. ncbi Intelligent nursing: accounting for knowledge as action in practice
    Mary E Purkis
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Nurs Philos 7:247-56. 2006
    ..This conceptualization is captured in an understanding of the intelligent creation of context by the nurse for nursing practice to be ethical and effective...
  62. ncbi Modelling emergency decisions: recognition-primed decision making. The literature in relation to an ophthalmic critical incident
    Susan Bond
    Theatre Department, Royal Eye Infirmary, Apsley Road, Plymouth, Devon, UK
    J Clin Nurs 15:1023-32. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi A comparative study examining the decision-making processes of medical and nursing staff in weaning patients from mechanical ventilation
    Fran Taylor
    Intensive Care Unit, Bassetlaw District General Hospital, 19 George St, Worksop, Notts S80 1QJ, UK
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 22:253-63. 2006
    ..A grounded theory approach was used to analyse the results and the key themes of Treatment, Balance, Making Progress and The Individual were identified which were found to be linked with particular methods of decision-making...
  64. ncbi Surgical decision-making: integrating evidence, inference, and experience
    John C Marshall
    Departments of Surgery and Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, St Michael s Hospital, 4th Floor Bond Wing, Room 4 007, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    Surg Clin North Am 86:201-15, xii. 2006
    ....
  65. ncbi Nursing praxis and the science of the unique
    Gary Rolfe
    School of Health Science, University of Wales, Swansea
    Nurs Sci Q 19:39-43. 2006
  66. ncbi Embracing intuition in nursing practice
    Anita J Smith
    Ala Nurse 34:16-7. 2007
  67. ncbi A philosophic analysis of Evidence-Based Nursing: recurrent themes, metanarratives, and exemplar cases
    Ann L Whall
    The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Nurs Outlook 54:30-5. 2006
  68. ncbi Evidence and expertise
    John Paley
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Nurs Inq 13:82-93. 2006
    ..By way of conclusion, I will sketch the ways in which the concept of expertise will have to be modified if we accept evidence-based practice as a template for health-care...
  69. ncbi Re-defining nursing expertise in the United kingdom
    Sally Hardy
    Nursing and Midwifery Research Unit, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of East Anglia, Norwich, London
    Nurs Sci Q 19:260-4. 2006
    ..The Expertise in Practice Project demonstrates that nurses affect change and facilitate performance and organizational development...
  70. ncbi Recognizing tacit knowledge in medical epistemology
    Stephen G Henry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 319 Oxford House, Nashville, TN 37232 4350, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 27:187-213. 2006
    ..Polanyi's epistemology shows the need for this work and provides the structural core for building an adequate and robust medical epistemology that moves beyond evidence-based medicine...
  71. ncbi Troubling 'insight': power and possibilities in mental health care
    B Hamilton
    School of Nursing, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, Australia
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:416-22. 2006
    ..We entertain the alternative idea that insight is a quality of perception that mental health practitioners can cultivate, to more deeply understand their work, culture and the self...
  72. ncbi An exploration of accident and emergency nurse experiences of triage decision making in Hong Kong
    Josephine Y M Chung
    Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital, NT, Hong Kong, China
    Accid Emerg Nurs 13:206-13. 2005
    ..They also provide positive reinforcement and support to triage nurses that will enhance their ability to make decisions about triage. Avenues for further research in the area are recommended...
  73. ncbi Go with the flow: How to master a nonlinear multiple-cue judgment task
    Anna Carin Olsson
    Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1371-84. 2006
    ..The results suggest that adaptive shifts of representation need not occur spontaneously and that analytical thought may sometimes harm performance in nonlinear tasks...
  74. ncbi Development and validation of the cognitive style indicator
    Eva Cools
    Department of People and Organization, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School and Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    J Psychol 141:359-87. 2007
    ....
  75. ncbi Decisions among time saving options: when intuition is strong and wrong
    Ola Svenson
    Risk Analysis, Social and Decision Research Unit, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, S 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:501-9. 2008
    ..In conclusion, the present set of studies have illustrated a time saving bias and provided evidence explaining why people make systematic errors when judging and deciding about time saved following a speed increase...
  76. ncbi Understanding the role of knowledge in the practice of expert nephrology nurses in Australia
    Ann Bonner
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia
    Nurs Health Sci 9:161-7. 2007
    ..Expert nurses clearly relied on and utilized extensive nephrology nursing knowledge to practice. Of importance for nursing, the results of this study indicate that domain-specific knowledge is a crucial feature of expert practice...
  77. ncbi A pragmatic view of intuitive knowledge in nursing practice
    Diane Billay
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Nurs Forum 42:147-55. 2007
    Examining and exploring the intuitive knowledge--ergo intuition--of nurses is a critical undertaking for the practice of nursing...
  78. ncbi A gaze through the lens of decision theory toward knowledge translation science
    Tracey Bucknall
    Deakin University, Australia
    Nurs Res 56:S60-6. 2007
    ..The article concludes with a discussion on the implications for knowledge translation when viewed through the lens of decision science...
  79. ncbi The informational basis for nursing intuition: philosophical underpinnings
    Judith A Effken
    University of Arizona, College of Nursing, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Nurs Philos 8:187-200. 2007
    In a previous paper, I argued that expert nursing intuition is a form of what James J. Gibson termed 'direct perception' and, as such, is information-based and can be accepted as part of nursing science...
  80. ncbi Holistic assessment and care: presence in the process
    Pamela J Potter
    Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington, Box 357266, Seattle, WA 98195 7266, USA
    Nurs Clin North Am 42:213-28, vi. 2007
    ..Holistic practice draws on knowledge, theories, expertise, intuition, and creativity...
  81. ncbi Learning from practice--reflections on a critical incident
    Barry McBrien
    Centre for Nurse Education, Mater Misercordiae University Hospital, Nelson Street, Dublin 7, Ireland
    Accid Emerg Nurs 15:128-33. 2007
    ..This paper outlines how the processes of reflection led to one emergency nurse developing new insights and understandings on nursing practice...
  82. ncbi The level of knowledge of respiratory physiology articulated by intensive care nurses to provide rationale for their clinical decision-making
    Alison M Pirret
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Middlemore Hospital, Private Bag 93311, Otahuhu, Auckland, New Zealand
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 23:145-55. 2007
    ..These issues need to be addressed if nurses' articulation of respiratory physiology to provide rationale for their clinical decision-making is to be improved...
  83. ncbi Health visiting assessment processes under scrutiny: a case study of knowledge use during family health needs assessments
    Jane V Appleton
    School of Health and Social Care, Oxford Brookes University, Jack Straws Lane, Marston, Oxford OX3 0FL, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:682-96. 2008
    ..To date, there has been only limited empirical examination of the types of knowledge and ways of knowing which are likely to influence health visiting practice during family health needs assessments...
  84. ncbi Supporting practice teachers to identify failing students
    Ann Skingley
    Department of Health and Social Welfare, Canterbury Christ Church University
    Br J Community Nurs 12:28-32. 2007
    ....
  85. pmc Intuitions of probabilities shape expectations about the future at 12 months and beyond
    Erno Téglás
    Language, Cognition, and Development Laboratory, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, International School for Advanced Studies, 34014 Trieste, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19156-9. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that at the onset of human decision processes the mind contains an intuition of elementary probability that cannot be reduced to the encountered frequency of events or elementary heuristics.
  86. ncbi Thinking strategies used by Registered Nurses during emergency department triage
    Katarina E Göransson
    Department of Health Sciences, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden
    J Adv Nurs 61:163-72. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a study to describe and compare thinking strategies and cognitive processing in the emergency department triage process by Registered Nurses with high and low triage accuracy...
  87. ncbi Event-oriented data integration: a qualitative strategy in studying professional practice
    Solfrid Vatne
    Institute of Health and Social Sciences, Molde University College, Molde, Norway
    Res Theory Nurs Pract 22:38-55. 2008
    ..We found that the process of weaving together different data created an inclusive text that allowed the researcher to undertake a holistic, coherent, and consistent analysis and to attain a more complete picture of professional practice...
  88. ncbi Walking in--initial visualisation and assessment at triage
    Bernie Edwards
    IHCS, Bournemouth University, Royal London House, Christchurch Road, Bournemouth BH1 3LT, UK
    Accid Emerg Nurs 15:73-8. 2007
    ..The paper concludes by arguing that the process of 'initial visualising' is so central to triage that only research conducted in the actual clinical setting can truly elucidate the process of nurse reasoning...
  89. ncbi A review of clinical decision making: models and current research
    Maggi Banning
    The School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, UK
    J Clin Nurs 17:187-95. 2008
    ..This was achieved by exploring the function and related research of the three available models of clinical decision making: information-processing model, the intuitive-humanist model and the clinical decision-making model...
  90. ncbi Clinical reasoning and its application to nursing: concepts and research studies
    Maggi Banning
    Brunel University, School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Mary Seacole Building, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, Middlesex, United Kingdom
    Nurse Educ Pract 8:177-83. 2008
    ..More nursing research is needed to explore the clinical reasoning process. Investment in teaching and learning methods is needed to enhance clinical reasoning skills in nurses...
  91. ncbi Realizing advanced nursing practice through reflection
    Paul Fulbrook
    Nurs Crit Care 9:255-6. 2004
  92. ncbi [Treatment regulations and treatment limits: factors influencing clinical decision-making]
    H T Baberg
    Abteilung fur Kardiologie und Angiologie, Berufsgenossenschaftliche Kliniken Bergmannsheil, Klinikum der Ruhr Universitat Bochum
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 127:1633-7. 2002
    Providing or withholding of treatment is based on a variety of factors. We sought for criteria in clinical decision making and reviewed attitudes towards clinical intuition and the patient's will.
  93. ncbi Redundancy in a computer-generated order list: meeting the needs of nurses at various levels of practice expertise
    Lorrie K Roemer
    University of Utah College of Nursing, Medical Informatics, Intermountain Health Care, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84120, USA
    Comput Inform Nurs 23:73-82; quiz 83-4. 2005
    ..Orders were then grouped by related system or function for readability. It is possible to automate the removal of duplicate and overlapping orders from an order list before display to the nurse...
  94. ncbi Critical thinking in nursing: an integrated review
    Barbara A Brunt
    Summa Health System, Akron, Ohio 44304, USA
    J Contin Educ Nurs 36:60-7. 2005
    ..Studies have not shown an association between critical thinking and competence; rigorous research studies are needed to understand the process of critical thinking...
  95. ncbi Encouraging reflection and critical thinking in practice
    Adrienne Price
    Frimley Park Hospital, Surrey
    Nurs Stand 18:46-52, quiz 53-4. 2004
    ..This article provides practical guidance to mentors, clinical supervisors and preceptors on how this might be encouraged...
  96. ncbi Nursing practice as bricoleur activity: a concept explored
    Mary Gobbi
    University of Southampton School of Nursing and Midwifery, Southampton, UK
    Nurs Inq 12:117-25. 2005
    ..The evidence to support this argument is drawn from empirical work that investigated nurses' use of intuition, the work of Levi-Strauss, and issues in nursing epistemology and ontology...
  97. ncbi Clinical cognition and embodiment
    John Paley
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 41:1-13. 2004
    ..In separating the idea of embodied cognition from non-rational intuition, I show how 'embodiment' leads to the concepts of distributed cognition and distributed expertise...
  98. ncbi Tool for developing clinical leadership
    Dawn Freshwater
    Bournemouth University, Poole, United Kingdom
    Reflect Nurs Leadersh 30:20-2, 26, 38. 2004
  99. ncbi Critical thinking and clinical decision making in critical care nursing: a pilot study
    Frank D Hicks
    Rush University College of Nursing, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Heart Lung 32:169-80. 2003
    ..Consistency was defined as the degree to which intuitive and analytical decision processes resulted in similar selection of interventions in tasks of low and high complexity...
  100. ncbi Clinical decision-making: theory and practice
    Nita Muir
    Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Brighton
    Nurs Stand 18:47-52; quiz 54-5. 2004
    ..This article provides an introduction to the theory of clinical decision-making, describes the type of decisions that nurses make and outlines the different approaches that can be used to make a decision...
  101. ncbi Intuitive obstetrics
    Larry Kincheloe
    Altern Ther Health Med 9:16-7 author reply 17. 2003

Research Grants62

  1. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Junying Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No Abstract provided ..
  2. Coupled Transfers of Electrons and Protons
    James M Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies under specific aim 1 will build an intuition about these processes, for instance testing our hypothesis that separation of the electron and proton often does ..
  3. Complex Ventral Hernia Repair
    HOBART WHITAKER HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..forced to rely on a combination of personal experience, preclinical data, industry marketing, and clinical intuition when faced with these challenging patients...
  4. Quantifying risk from and appropriate recipients for infectious-risk kidneys
    Dorry Segev; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..HIV or hepatitis C (HCV) with various IRD behaviors exist, so clinical decision-making is based more on intuition and anecdote than on evidence...
  5. Optimizing Lead 5-HT2c Ligands for Use in the Treatment of Schizophrenia
    William C Wetsel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the potent 5-HT2c ligands that we have already identified using rational drug design principles and chemical intuition. Structural alterations will be made to enhance 5-HT2c subtype selectivity and to avoid any 5-HT2B valvuopathic-..
  6. Enhanced Evaluation of Second Stage Translational Research
    TERRENCE EDWARD MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..University and the University of Minnesota, the proposed statistical methods will be assessed by content experts whose experience, intuition and interpretation of model results will accurately gauge the utility of the proposed methods.
  7. Proteostasis Network Factors Involved in Apolipoprotein B Folding and Secretion
    Joseph Genereux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Finally, we will use these lipidation assays and the intuition from the proteometric results to perform knockdown screens for individual proteins whose expression is critical ..
  8. Intensive Rehabilitation Research Grant Writing Workshops in the United States
    Richard Segal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..practice in rehabilitation specialties is often based on experience (art so to speak), tradition, case-reports, intuition, and assumption rather than scientifically derived evidence...
  9. Income Effects and Current Law Forecasts of Health Care Spending Growth
    Michael E Chernew; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Project Narrative: This project will construct a microsimulation model for that will quantify the common intuition that budget constraints will, over time, slow Medicare spending growth...
  10. A Bridge Between the Academic and Clinical Setting: Evi*
    Rebecca Craik; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Traditionally, such decisions have been based on such factors as experiences, intuition, lectures from teachers or colleagues, and findings from the research literature...
  11. Image-Based Numerical Predictions of Hemodynamics following Vascular Intervention
    VITALIY RAYZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In planning interventions which result in flow alterations, clinicians often rely on intuition rather than solid scientific evidence...
  12. Medicaid Physician Fee and Avoidable Hospitalization
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..increase the fees paid to primary care physicians who serve Medicaid patients is based partly on the plausible intuition that raising Medicaid fees for primary care will improve access to, and use of, physician services and in turn ..
  13. Bell's Palsy-Randomized Clinical Trial
    John Neely; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Herpes simplex virus, type 1, is the putative etiology. Intuition has led to the use of anti-inflammatories, principally oral prednisone, in combination with an oral antiviral, ..
  14. NIH Grant Prep.Workshops for Rehabilitation Research
    James A Blackman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As a result, practice in medical rehabilitation is often based on experience, tradition, case-report, intuition, and assumption rather than on scientifically derived evidence...
  15. Mathematical Models and Statistical Methods for Genome Analysis
    Yun S Song; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The above goals will be achieved not by engineering modifications based on intuition or simulations, but by applying and generalizing recent mathematical results that are rigorous and accurate...
  16. Assessing space and feature based attention with fMRI and multivoxel pattern anal
    John Serences; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the Second Aim, we critically evaluate the common intuition that attention gain should be applied to sensory neurons that are maximally responsive to a target stimulus...
  17. Anti-Cancer Drug Design Targeting Human Topoisomerase I
    Lance Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The 3D-QSAR information will be combined with the predicted ligand binding information and chemical intuition to design completely novel camptothecin analogues that have enhanced formulative properties (complete E-ring ..
  18. Improving Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Studies
    Christopher Schmid; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..diagnosis of a disease or disease severity relative to the information provided by patient history or clinical intuition, occupies an increasing share of the focus and costs of healthcare...
  19. EVOLUTIONARY MODELS OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE
    Melvin Cohn; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The following conclusions run counter to the conventional wisdom and highlight how easily one can be misled by intuition; the antibody repertoire contains a total of 6...
  20. REASON VS INTUITION IN MORAL JUDGMENT
    Jonathan Haidt; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..on reasoning about harm, rights, or justice, but rather is caused by a quick "gut feeling", or affect-laden intuition. These intuitions then motivate the construction of moral reasons, ex post facto, as a social product to justify ..
  21. Combining theoretical and empirical network approaches to HIV transmission
    Richard B Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Field studies convincingly suggest that many factors simultaneously influence HIV/STI transmission, but such intuition is difficult to document...
  22. X-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY OF METALLOENZYMES
    Robert A Scott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..data analysis will be pursued to integrate computational chemistry as a quantitative surrogate for "chemical intuition" in interpreting EXAFS in terms of molecular structure...
  23. A New Transient Kinetic Solvent Isotope Effect Approach
    HARVEY FISHER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..shifts are usually inferred from arguments based on kinetic and structural information combined with chemical intuition. The aims of this proposal are to develop and to begin to apply a new approach in which the movement of specific ..
  24. Emotional Reactivity of Intimate Partner Abusers
    JULIA BABCOCK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Unfortunately, these interventions, founded on ideology and clinical intuition, have been shown to be relatively ineffective at preventing further assault (Babcock, Green & Robie, under ..
  25. PHYSICAL BASES OF FACIAL PROFILE PREFERENCE
    Donald Giddon; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..of tolerance for physical deviation of individual features will be provided for use by clinicians now relying on intuition or anthropometric norms, particularly for persons with craniofacial deformities, as well as for women tyrannized ..
  26. Upgrade of a Campus NMR Facility for Biological Solids
    LEONARD MUELLER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goal is to determine the molecular level details that govern the interaction between drug and target molecules and build our chemical intuition for designing novel, next-generation treatments. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  27. VISUALIZING THOUSAND-DIMENSIONAL CHEMICAL DIVERSITY
    David Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..in diversity space, by simple graphical interactions with two dimensional maps of the space, allows the intuition of experienced scientists to come into play...
  28. The Everyday Practice of Science
    Frederick Grinnell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The resulting description of science embraces intuition, creativity, and passion without abandoning logic, objectivity and method...
  29. ESCAPE Mechanistic Substudies
    Robert Califf; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Catecholamines are also being collected at baseline and 3 months. In addition, the ESCAPE investigators are all ready capturing detailed demographic, clinical, and physiological information as part of the protocol for the primary study. ..
  30. EXPLANATION, CASE & MECHANISM IN CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    FRANK KEIL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  31. The Affective Profiles of Typical Experiences
    Daniel Kahneman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The key test of the feasibility of the GSQ will be its correspondence to the DRQ across differing situations and socio-economic circumstances (e.g., young/old, rich/poor, single/married/divorced)...
  32. IRON, ZINC AND FOLATE AND PRETERM DELIVERY
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Although all are strongly suspected of influencing risk of preterm delivery, this study should provide evidence relevant to screening practice for infection and vitamin use during pregnancy. ..
  33. ACC in Neuroticism and Social Cognition
    MATTHEW LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Considerations of covariates in biomarker studies
    Margaret S Pepe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Programs written in Stata will be made available through the Stata archive, the EDRN and through a 'Diagnostics and Biomarkers Statistical Center'web site. ..
  35. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internet
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
  37. Endotoxin-induced Uveitis Revisited
    James T Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Future studies can buil d on these observations to test anti-inflammtory molecules induced by endotoxin as these molecules are potentially useful in the treatment of uveitis and other inflammations. ..
  38. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  39. Goals, Identity, and Meaning in Life
    Laura King; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, the consequences of the meaning making process for subsequent goal striving will be explored. ..
  40. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
  41. RETINAL BIREFRINGENCE ANALYSIS IN STRABISMUS & AMBLYOPIA
    David Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ability to screen for early, small deviations may help resolve conflicting findings on the efficacy of early amblyopia detection and treatment. ..
  42. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  43. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SIZE PERCEPTION
    John Allman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will map the extent of the surrounding non-CRF by masking parts of the visual contextual display while measuring the responses to different sized stimuli presented within the CRF. ..
  44. CANCER AND MORTALITY IN NEUROFIBROMATOSIS BY GENOTYPE
    John Mulvihill; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Patterns of mortality and cancer incidence will be compared by NF1 genotype. A longitudinal cohort will be established for subsequent studies. ..
  45. DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGS
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is not clear how the quality of life, and comorbidity measures will be used in these models. ..
  46. Mechanistic bases for age-related androgen deficiency
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowing why testosterone falls should help foster new and safer ways to prevent the problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. DEVELOPMENT OF AN IN VITRO WOUND HEALING MODEL
    Frederick Grinnell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Specific Aim #3 focuses on the factors that contribute to apoptosis of cells undergoing stressed matrix contraction. ..
  48. Neural Mechanisms Underlying Stress Reactivity
    MATTHEW LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Supportive evidence will flesh out the neural mechanisms through which individual differences affect biological responses to stress and elucidate the risk factors for stress- related mental and physical health problems. ..
  49. Electro-Active Physiological Interface
    Phan Luu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Based on the Phase I results, this Phase II project will perform systematic refinement studies to optimize the PREPS technology for dermal EEG applications and develop and test protocols for PREPS in clinical settings. ..
  50. SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  51. Challenging Life Events in Older Persons
    TIMOTHY DAALEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. social support, mental health status. Secondary aims include learning how a baseline measure of patient spirituality predicts future death attitudes and discussions of advance care planning. ..
  52. ENSEMBLE MODEL OF STRESS ACTH-ADRENAL AXIS
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. Inhaled Large Porous Particles for Treatment of MDR-TB
    David Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It represents a new paradigm for treating and limiting the spread (especially nosocomial transmission) of respiratory infectious diseases such as TB, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), influenza, and small pox. ..
  54. Definition and Development of the Phenotype of Autism
    Sally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  55. Metacognition and Control in Human Learning Memory
    JANET A METCALFE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. VALUE MEASUREMENT IN CEA: FAIRNESS TO ELDERLY/DISABLED
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The goal is to evaluate whether PTO determinations can be an effective solution to the problems that arise when conventional utility assessment is applied to the evaluation of health care programs for the elderly and disabled. ..
  57. Ensemble Disruption of the GnRH-LH-Testosterone Axis
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Expected corollary outcomes are enhanced diagnosis, assessment and management of more subtle pathophysiology of the male gonadal axis in puberty and adulthood. ..
  58. Genetic Associations with Biased Processing of Emotion Cues in MDD
    CHRISTOPHER BEEVERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thus, the proposed study should advance our knowledge of the etiological and maintenance processes for MDD and provide specific direction for the design of treatment programs for this serious psychiatric problem. ..
  59. Anterior Uveal Dendritic Cells
    James Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies will clarify the function of the immune system within the eye and may suggest novel therapeutic approaches in the treatment of uveitis. ..
  60. Affect Labeling Expressive Writing and Emotion Regulation
    Matthew Dylan Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF EXERTION, STRESS, AND PRETERM DELIVERY
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. ACTIONS OF ESTROGEN IN MATURING GRAAFIAN FOLLICLES
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding such fundamental interactions is important to the rational design of alternative strategies to interrupt normal and rescue impaired steroidogenesis in the maturing Graafian follicle and corpus luteum. ..