imagination

Summary

Summary: A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Optimal spatial filtering of single trial EEG during imagined hand movement
    H Ramoser
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng 8:441-6. 2000
  2. ncbi Effect of subjective perspective taking during simulation of action: a PET investigation of agency
    P Ruby
    INSERM Unit 280, 151 Cours Albert Thomas, 69424 Lyon Cedex 3, France
    Nat Neurosci 4:546-50. 2001
  3. pmc A common anterior insula representation of disgust observation, experience and imagination shows divergent functional connectivity pathways
    Mbemba Jabbi
    Section on Integrative Neuroimaging, Cognitive Brain Disorders Branch, National Institutes of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2939. 2008
  4. ncbi Neural simulation of action: a unifying mechanism for motor cognition
    M Jeannerod
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, Bron, 69675, France
    Neuroimage 14:S103-9. 2001
  5. pmc Remembering the past and imagining the future: common and distinct neural substrates during event construction and elaboration
    Donna Rose Addis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:1363-77. 2007
  6. pmc Intrusive images in psychological disorders: characteristics, neural mechanisms, and treatment implications
    Chris R Brewin
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E6BT, England
    Psychol Rev 117:210-32. 2010
  7. pmc Patients with hippocampal amnesia cannot imagine new experiences
    Demis Hassabis
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1726-31. 2007
  8. ncbi Mu rhythm (de)synchronization and EEG single-trial classification of different motor imagery tasks
    G Pfurtscheller
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 16a, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Neuroimage 31:153-9. 2006
  9. pmc Remembering the past and imagining the future: a neural model of spatial memory and imagery
    Patrick Byrne
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Psychol Rev 114:340-75. 2007
  10. ncbi "She" is not like "I": the tie between language and action is in our imagination
    Liuba Papeo
    Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale di Studi Superiori Avanzati International School for Advanced Studies, via Bonomea, 265, Trieste, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3939-48. 2011

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Optimal spatial filtering of single trial EEG during imagined hand movement
    H Ramoser
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng 8:441-6. 2000
    ..g., associated with imaginary movement. One-sided hand movement imagination results in EEG changes located at contra- and ipsilateral central areas...
  2. ncbi Effect of subjective perspective taking during simulation of action: a PET investigation of agency
    P Ruby
    INSERM Unit 280, 151 Cours Albert Thomas, 69424 Lyon Cedex 3, France
    Nat Neurosci 4:546-50. 2001
    ..We suggest that the right inferior parietal, precuneus and somatosensory cortex are specifically involved in distinguishing self-produced actions from those generated by others...
  3. pmc A common anterior insula representation of disgust observation, experience and imagination shows divergent functional connectivity pathways
    Mbemba Jabbi
    Section on Integrative Neuroimaging, Cognitive Brain Disorders Branch, National Institutes of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2939. 2008
    ..Using effective connectivity, this shared region however was found to be embedded in distinct functional circuits during the three modalities, suggesting why observing, imagining and experiencing an emotion feels so different...
  4. ncbi Neural simulation of action: a unifying mechanism for motor cognition
    M Jeannerod
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, Bron, 69675, France
    Neuroimage 14:S103-9. 2001
    ..The function of this process of simulation would be not only to shape the motor system in anticipation to execution, but also to provide the self with information on the feasibility and the meaning of potential actions...
  5. pmc Remembering the past and imagining the future: common and distinct neural substrates during event construction and elaboration
    Donna Rose Addis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:1363-77. 2007
    ..This striking neural overlap is consistent with findings that amnesic patients exhibit deficits in both past and future thinking, and confirms that the episodic system contributes importantly to imagining the future...
  6. pmc Intrusive images in psychological disorders: characteristics, neural mechanisms, and treatment implications
    Chris R Brewin
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E6BT, England
    Psychol Rev 117:210-32. 2010
    ..Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy...
  7. pmc Patients with hippocampal amnesia cannot imagine new experiences
    Demis Hassabis
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1726-31. 2007
    ..Given how closely imagined experiences match episodic memories, the absence of this function mediated by the hippocampus, may also fundamentally affect the ability to vividly re-experience the past...
  8. ncbi Mu rhythm (de)synchronization and EEG single-trial classification of different motor imagery tasks
    G Pfurtscheller
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 16a, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Neuroimage 31:153-9. 2006
    We studied the reactivity of EEG rhythms (mu rhythms) in association with the imagination of right hand, left hand, foot, and tongue movement with 60 EEG electrodes in nine able-bodied subjects...
  9. pmc Remembering the past and imagining the future: a neural model of spatial memory and imagery
    Patrick Byrne
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Psychol Rev 114:340-75. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi "She" is not like "I": the tie between language and action is in our imagination
    Liuba Papeo
    Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale di Studi Superiori Avanzati International School for Advanced Studies, via Bonomea, 265, Trieste, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3939-48. 2011
    ..This questions the core principle of "mirror matching" and opens to alternative interpretations of the relationship between conceptual and sensorimotor processes...
  11. ncbi The neural network of motor imagery: an ALE meta-analysis
    Sébastien Hétu
    Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, Roanoke, VA, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 37:930-49. 2013
    ..In addition to providing the first quantitative cortical map of MI, we highlight methodological issues that should be addressed in future research...
  12. ncbi The power of simulation: imagining one's own and other's behavior
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Brain Res 1079:4-14. 2006
    ..neuroscience studies point to the similarities in the neural circuits activated during the generation, imagination, as well as observation of one's own and other's behavior...
  13. pmc Vividness of mental imagery: individual variability can be measured objectively
    Xu Cui
    Program in Structural and Computational Biology and Molecular Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Vision Res 47:474-8. 2007
    ..These results show that individual differences in the vividness of mental imagery are quantifiable even in the absence of subjective report...
  14. ncbi Developing interpretation bias modification as a "cognitive vaccine" for depressed mood: imagining positive events makes you feel better than thinking about them verbally
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:76-88. 2009
    ..Imagining a positive event can make you feel better than thinking about the same event verbally. The authors propose that recruiting imagery will be useful in therapeutic innovations to develop a "cognitive vaccine" for depressed mood...
  15. ncbi Prospection: experiencing the future
    Daniel T Gilbert
    Department of Psychology, 33 Kirkland Street, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 317:1351-4. 2007
    ..Scientists are beginning to understand how the brain simulates future events, how it uses those simulations to predict an event's hedonic consequences, and why these predictions so often go awry...
  16. ncbi Functional neuroanatomical networks associated with expertise in motor imagery
    Aymeric Guillot
    CRIS, Performance Motrice, Mentale et du Matériel P3M, Universite de Lyon, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I, 27 29 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 41:1471-83. 2008
    ..225-238], our results demonstrate that compared to skilled imagers, poor imagers not only need to recruit the cortico-striatal system, but to compensate with the cortico-cerebellar system during MI of sequential movements...
  17. ncbi Medial temporal lobe damage causes deficits in episodic memory and episodic future thinking not attributable to deficits in narrative construction
    Elizabeth Race
    VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    J Neurosci 31:10262-9. 2011
    ..These results indicate that the ability to generate and maintain a detailed narrative is preserved in amnesia and suggest that a common MTL mechanism supports both episodic memory and episodic future thinking...
  18. ncbi Top-down activation of shape-specific population codes in visual cortex during mental imagery
    Mark Stokes
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:1565-72. 2009
    ..We conclude that visual imagery is mediated via top-down activation of functionally distinct, yet spatially overlapping population codes for high-level visual representations...
  19. pmc Prospective mental imagery in patients with major depressive disorder or anxiety disorders
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 25:1032-7. 2011
    ..The current findings underline the necessity to target prospective positive mental imagery in treating MDD and anxiety disorders...
  20. pmc Cognitions in bipolar affective disorder and unipolar depression: imagining suicide
    Susie A Hales
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Bipolar Disord 13:651-61. 2011
    ..Therefore the authors investigated and compared imagery and verbal thoughts related to past suicidality in individuals with bipolar disorder (n = 20) and unipolar depression (n = 20)...
  21. ncbi Constructive episodic simulation of the future and the past: distinct subsystems of a core brain network mediate imagining and remembering
    Donna Rose Addis
    Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Neuropsychologia 47:2222-38. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi Functional properties of brain areas associated with motor execution and imagery
    Takashi Hanakawa
    Human Motor Control Section, Medical Neurology Branch, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurophysiol 89:989-1002. 2003
    ..The results from the present study provide new insights into the functional neuroanatomy of motor imagery, including the effects of imagery performance and stimulus-dependency on brain activity...
  23. ncbi The emulation theory of representation: motor control, imagery, and perception
    Rick Grush
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 27:377-96; discussion 396-442. 2004
    ..I close by briefly outlining other cognitive functions that might also be synthesized within this framework, including reasoning, theory of mind phenomena, and language...
  24. ncbi Positive interpretation training: effects of mental imagery versus verbal training on positive mood
    Emily A Holmes
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Behav Ther 37:237-47. 2006
    ..This study also provides the first test of a standardized intervention using an "interpretive bias training" paradigm to improve positive mood...
  25. ncbi Motor imagery
    Martin Lotze
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    J Physiol Paris 99:386-95. 2006
    ..A major part of the chapter is dealing with mental training by imagery and the usage of motor imagination in athletes, musicians and during rehabilitation...
  26. ncbi Bilateral hippocampal lesion and a selective impairment of the ability for mental time travel
    Fani Andelman
    Functional Neurosurgery Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Neurocase 16:426-35. 2010
    ..This case provides clinical support for the concept of mental time travel with its retrospective and prospective components and for the hippocampus being its critical neural substrate...
  27. ncbi Imagery and retrieval of auditory and visual information: neural correlates of successful and unsuccessful performance
    Willem Huijbers
    University of Amsterdam, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychologia 49:1730-40. 2011
    ..This is the first study to separate the neural correlates of successful and unsuccessful performance for both imagery and retrieval and for both auditory and visual modalities...
  28. ncbi Duration of mentally simulated movement: a review
    A Guillot
    Centre de Recherche et d Innovation sur le Sport, Université Claude Bernard Lyon I UFR STAPS, 27 29 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    J Mot Behav 37:10-20. 2005
    ..The authors found a relationship between complex motor skills and MI duration. They discuss the factors leading to over- and underestimation and the hypotheses that could be tested...
  29. ncbi Mental imagery of faces and places activates corresponding stiimulus-specific brain regions
    K M O'Craven
    Massachusetts General Hospital, NMR Center
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:1013-23. 2000
    ..These findings strengthen evidence that imagery and perception share common processing mechanisms, and demonstrate that the specific brain regions activated during mental imagery depend on the content of the visual image...
  30. ncbi Activation of cortical and cerebellar motor areas during executed and imagined hand movements: an fMRI study
    M Lotze
    Institute for Medical Psychology, Tubingen, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:491-501. 1999
    ..The differential activation in the cerebellum during EM and IM is in accordance with the assumption that the posterior cerebellum is involved in the inhibition of movement execution during imagination.
  31. ncbi Localization of grasp representations in humans by positron emission tomography. 2. Observation compared with imagination
    S T Grafton
    Department of Radiology and Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Exp Brain Res 112:103-11. 1996
    ..A similar segregation is also present in the cerebellum, with imagined and observed grasping movements activating different parts of the posterior lobe and real movements activating the anterior lobe...
  32. ncbi Mental rotation of objects versus hands: neural mechanisms revealed by positron emission tomography
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychophysiology 35:151-61. 1998
    ..The results suggest that at least two different mechanisms can be used in mental rotation, one mechanism that recruits processes that prepare motor movements and another mechanism that does not...
  33. ncbi Deconstructing episodic memory with construction
    Demis Hassabis
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:299-306. 2007
    ..In light of this, we re-evaluate our understanding of episodic memory, the processes underpinning it and other related cognitive functions...
  34. ncbi Suicidal imagery in a previously depressed community sample
    Catherine Crane
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK
    Clin Psychol Psychother 19:57-69. 2012
    ..The findings are consistent with Joiner's model of acquired capability for suicide through habituation to pain and fear of suicide and suggest that it may be useful to tackle such imagery directly in the treatment of suicidal patients...
  35. pmc A new role for the parahippocampal cortex in representing space
    Sinéad L Mullally
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:7441-9. 2011
    ....
  36. ncbi Negative BOLD differentiates visual imagery and perception
    Amir Amedi
    Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Neuron 48:859-72. 2005
    ..We suggest that pure visual imagery corresponds to the isolated activation of visual cortical areas with concurrent deactivation of "irrelevant" sensory processing that could disrupt the image created by our "mind's eye."..
  37. ncbi Amnesia as an impairment of detail generation and binding: evidence from personal, fictional, and semantic narratives in K.C
    R Shayna Rosenbaum
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 47:2181-7. 2009
    ..Thus, retrograde AM impairment may be viewed as both a loss of information as well as a deficit in reconstructive processes that hamper or prevent the binding of information to generate a cohesive, detail-rich memory...
  38. ncbi The role of the hippocampus in prediction and imagination
    Randy L Buckner
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 61:27-48, C1-8. 2010
    ....
  39. ncbi Involuntary (spontaneous) mental time travel into the past and future
    Dorthe Berntsen
    Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Nobelparken, Jens Chr Skousvej 4, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Conscious Cogn 17:1093-104. 2008
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to cultural learning and MTT considered as a higher mental process...
  40. ncbi Linking out-of-body experience and self processing to mental own-body imagery at the temporoparietal junction
    Olaf Blanke
    Functional Brain Mapping Laboratory, Department of Neurology, University Hospital, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 25:550-7. 2005
    ....
  41. pmc The functional impact of mental imagery on conscious perception
    Joel Pearson
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Curr Biol 18:982-6. 2008
    ..signals, leads to the formation of a short-term sensory trace that can bias future perception, suggesting a means by which high-level processes that support imagination and memory retrieval may shape low-level sensory representations.
  42. ncbi Age-related changes in the episodic simulation of future events
    Donna Rose Addis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:33-41. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi Motor imagery: a window into the mechanisms and alterations of the motor system
    Floris P de Lange
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Cortex 44:494-506. 2008
    ..The increased self-monitoring evoked by explicit motor imagery can have profound cerebral consequences in a psychopathological condition...
  44. ncbi EEG-based discrimination between imagination of right and left hand movement
    G Pfurtscheller
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Medical Informatics and Neuroinformatics, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 103:642-51. 1997
    ..The interval between two consecutive imagination tasks was > 10 s...
  45. ncbi Fine modulation in network activation during motor execution and motor imagery
    Ana Solodkin
    Department of Neurology and Brain Research Imaging Center, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cereb Cortex 14:1246-55. 2004
    ..Finally, this study highlights the role of the connection of superior parietal lobule to the supplementary motor area in both types of motor imagery...
  46. pmc Imagining fictitious and future experiences: evidence from developmental amnesia
    Eleanor A Maguire
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:3187-92. 2010
    ..We speculate that the hippocampal activation during fMRI noted previously in P01 and Jon might indicate some residual hippocampal function which is sufficient to support their preserved ability to imagine fictitious and future scenarios...
  47. pmc A role for the hippocampus in encoding simulations of future events
    Victoria C Martin
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Brain Research, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:13858-63. 2011
    ..This function is not essential for constructing coherent scenarios and may explain why some patients with hippocampal damage are still able to imagine the future...
  48. ncbi Kinesthetic, but not visual, motor imagery modulates corticomotor excitability
    Cathy M Stinear
    Human Motor Control Laboratory, Department Sport and Exercise Science, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 168:157-64. 2006
    ..These findings have implications for the definition of motor imagery, and for its therapeutic applications...
  49. ncbi Brain activity during visual versus kinesthetic imagery: an fMRI study
    Aymeric Guillot
    Center of Research and Innovation in Sport, Mental Processes and Motor Performance, University Claude Bernard Lyon I, University of Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2157-72. 2009
    ..These results suggest that VI and KI are mediated through separate neural systems, which contribute differently during processes of motor learning and neurological rehabilitation...
  50. ncbi Motor imagery and action observation: modulation of sensorimotor brain rhythms during mental control of a brain-computer interface
    Christa Neuper
    Department of Psychology, Section of Neuropsychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:239-47. 2009
    ..This study investigates the impact of a continuously presented visual feedback in the form of a grasping hand on the modulation of sensorimotor EEG rhythms during online control of a brain-computer interface (BCI)...
  51. ncbi Mental imagery and emotion: a special relationship?
    Emily A Holmes
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Emotion 5:489-97. 2005
    ..Results support the hypothesis of a special link between imagery and anxiety but leave open the question of whether this also applies to other emotions...
  52. ncbi Simultaneous design of FIR filter banks and spatial patterns for EEG signal classification
    Hiroshi Higashi
    Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 60:1100-10. 2013
    ..By experiments, it is shown that DFBCSP can effectively extract discriminative features for MI-BCI. Moreover, experimental results exhibit that DFBCSP can detect and extract the bands related to brain activities of motor imagery...
  53. pmc Scene construction in amnesia: an FMRI study
    Sinéad L Mullally
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:5646-53. 2012
    ....
  54. pmc Constructive memory: past and future
    Daniel L Schacter
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02138, USA
    Dialogues Clin Neurosci 14:7-18. 2012
    ..The article delineates the theoretical implications of relevant research, and also considers some clinical and applied implications...
  55. ncbi Imagery of motor actions: differential effects of kinesthetic and visual-motor mode of imagery in single-trial EEG
    Christa Neuper
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Medical Informatics and Neuroinformatics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:668-77. 2005
    ..Consequently, to improve motor-imagery-based BCI control, user training should emphasize kinesthetic experiences instead of visual representations of actions...
  56. pmc Precise temporal association between cortical potentials evoked by motor imagination and afference induces cortical plasticity
    Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting
    Centre for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
    J Physiol 590:1669-82. 2012
    ..Here we investigate if sensory feedback that is artificially generated at specific times during imagination of a dorsiflexion task leads to reorganization of the human M1...
  57. ncbi Increasing convergence between imagined and executed movement across development: evidence for the emergence of movement representations
    Karen Caeyenberghs
    Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, K U Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
    Dev Sci 12:474-83. 2009
    ..These age-related changes in MI are hypothesized to reflect the children's emerging ability to represent internal models for prospective actions, consistent with the gradual unfolding of feedforward control processes...
  58. ncbi "I see what you're saying": intrusive images from listening to a traumatic verbal report
    Julie Krans
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Department of Clinical Psychology, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 24:134-40. 2010
    ..This study provides a valuable addition to models of posttraumatic stress disorder and autobiographical memory. Additionally, the results have potential implications for therapists working with traumatized individuals...
  59. ncbi Imagining rotation by endogenous versus exogenous forces: distinct neural mechanisms
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroreport 12:2519-25. 2001
    ..Thus, there are at least two, qualitatively distinct, ways to imagine objects rotating in images, and these different strategies can be adopted voluntarily...
  60. pmc Mood stability versus mood instability in bipolar disorder: a possible role for emotional mental imagery
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Behav Res Ther 49:707-13. 2011
    ..The findings were consistent with predictions. Further investigation of imagery in bipolar disorder appears warranted as it may highlight processes that contribute to mood instability with relevance for cognitive behaviour therapy...
  61. ncbi Surface construal and the mental representation of scenes
    Carmela V Gottesman
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:589-99. 2002
    ..BE was eliminated. The authors propose that amodal continuation is a fundamental aspect of scene perception. However, not all pictures are scenes--only pictures construed as depicting a truncated view of a continuous world...
  62. ncbi The role of area 17 in visual imagery: convergent evidence from PET and rTMS
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 284:167-70. 1999
    ..In sum, the PET results showed that when patterns of stripes are visualized, Area 17 is activated, and the rTMS results showed that such activation underlies information processing...
  63. ncbi Olfactory imagery: a review
    Richard J Stevenson
    Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:244-64. 2005
    ..In sum, the evidence presented here is favorable to the existence of an olfactory imagery capacity...
  64. ncbi Decline in motor prediction in elderly subjects: right versus left arm differences in mentally simulated motor actions
    Xanthi Skoura
    Laboratoire d Etude de l apprentissage et du développement LEAD, CNRS, UMR 5022, Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
    Cortex 44:1271-8. 2008
    ..This result suggests a selective decline with age of mental prediction of motor actions, which is more prominent when the ND arm is involved...
  65. ncbi Mental reversal of imagined melodies: a role for the posterior parietal cortex
    Robert J Zatorre
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:775-89. 2010
    ..Mental imagery tasks may thus have both task or modality-specific components as well as components that supersede any specific codes and instead represent amodal mental manipulation...
  66. ncbi Looking at or through rose-tinted glasses? Imagery perspective and positive mood
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom
    Emotion 8:875-9. 2008
    ..Treatment implications include promoting field imagery to facilitate a more rose-tinted view of positive events...
  67. pmc Combining imagination and reason in the treatment of depression: a randomized controlled trial of internet-based cognitive-bias modification and internet-CBT for depression
    Alishia D Williams
    School of Psychiatry
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:793-9. 2013
    ..The current randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate both the independent effects of a CBM protocol targeting imagery and interpretation bias (CBM-I) and the combined effects of CBM-I followed by iCBT...
  68. ncbi Brain activation patterns during imagined stance and locomotion in functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Klaus Jahn
    Department of Neurology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich 81377, Germany
    Neuroimage 22:1722-31. 2004
    ..a predominantly cerebellar activation in the vermis and adjacent hemispheres (six times larger than during imagination of walking or standing), but activations in the parahippocampal and fusiform gyri were smaller than during ..
  69. pmc Parietofrontal integrity determines neural modulation associated with grasping imagery after stroke
    Ethan R Buch
    Human Cortical Physiology and Stroke Neurorehabilitation Section, NINDS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Brain 135:596-614. 2012
    ....
  70. ncbi Working memory and the vividness of imagery
    A D Baddeley
    Department of Psychology, University of Bristol, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 129:126-45. 2000
    ..They also showed an image modality by task interaction, with a clear effect of LTM variables (meaningfulness, activity, bizarreness, and stimulus familiarity), implicating both working memory and LTM in the experience of vividness...
  71. ncbi Reading the mind's eye: online detection of visuo-spatial working memory and visual imagery in the inferior temporal lobe
    Carlos M Hamame
    INSERM U1028, CNRS UMR5292, Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, Brain Dynamics and Cognition Team, Lyon, France
    Neuroimage 59:872-9. 2012
    ..We conclude that neural networks supporting imagination of a visual element are not necessarily the same as those underlying perception of that element...
  72. ncbi Reduced upper limb sensation impairs mental chronometry for motor imagery after stroke: clinical and electrophysiological findings
    Joachim Liepert
    Kliniken Schmieder Allensbach, Allensbach, Germany
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 26:470-8. 2012
    ..Motor imagery (MI) is increasingly recognized as a treatment option after stroke, but not all stroke patients are able to perform MI...
  73. ncbi Motor imagery and aging
    Arnaud Saimpont
    Ecole de Psychologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
    J Mot Behav 45:21-8. 2013
    ..Finally, the authors emphasize the potential of using mental practice as a safe and easy way to help preserving/improving motor function in the elderly and provide some recommendations for future research in this direction...
  74. ncbi Misremembering pictured objects: people of all ages demonstrate the boundary extension illusion
    John G Seamon
    Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459 0408, USA
    Am J Psychol 115:151-67. 2002
    ..This finding is discussed in terms of Intraub's perceptual schema hypothesis and Johnson's source-monitoring hypothesis...
  75. ncbi Towards adaptive classification for BCI
    Pradeep Shenoy
    Computer Science Department, University of Washington, Box 352350, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Neural Eng 3:R13-23. 2006
    ..An encouraging result of our study is that surprisingly simple adaptive methods in combination with an offline feature selection scheme can significantly increase BCI performance...
  76. ncbi Neural substrates for motor imagery in severe hemiparesis
    Teresa J Kimberley
    Program in Physical Therapy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 20:268-77. 2006
    ..The beneficial effects of imagined movements on motor learning and performance suggest that motor imagery is functionally close to preparatory and executive motor processes...
  77. ncbi Imagery and perception share cortical representations of content and location
    Radoslaw M Cichy
    Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Berlin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 22:372-80. 2012
    ..Similarly, we found a shared representation of location in low-level and high-level ventral visual cortex. Thus, our results support the view that imagery and perception are based on similar neural representations...
  78. ncbi Neural evidence that vivid imagining can lead to false remembering
    Brian Gonsalves
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:655-60. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that brain activity reflecting the engagement of visual imagery can lead to falsely remembering something that was only imagined...
  79. ncbi Mental and manual rotation
    A Wohlschlager
    Universitat Konstanz, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 24:397-412. 1998
    ..The results suggest that mental object rotation and rotatory object manipulation share a common process that is thought to control he dynamics of both imagined and actually performed object reorientation...
  80. ncbi Re-imagining motor imagery: building bridges between cognitive neuroscience and sport psychology
    Aidan Moran
    University College Dublin, Ireland
    Br J Psychol 103:224-47. 2012
    ..In this paper, we review these issues, suggest how they can be resolved, and sketch some potentially fruitful new directions for inter-disciplinary research in motor imagery...
  81. ncbi Quasi-movements: a novel motor-cognitive phenomenon
    Vadim V Nikulin
    Neurophysics Group, Department of Neurology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin D 12203, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 46:727-42. 2008
    ....
  82. ncbi Does hemineglect affect visual mental imagery? Imagery deficits in representational and perceptual neglect
    Liana Palermo
    Dipartimento di Psicologia 39, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Via dei Marsi 78, Rome, Italy
    Cogn Neuropsychol 27:115-33. 2010
    ..These results suggest there is a specific relationship between hemispatial neglect and deficits in visual mental imagery and demonstrate that the right hemisphere plays a specific role in visual mental imagery...
  83. ncbi Representation and disconnection in imaginal neglect
    G Rode
    Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, INSERM UMRS 534, Bron, France
    Neuropsychologia 48:2903-11. 2010
    ..Imaginal neglect in R.D. may result from fronto-parietal dysfunction impairing orientation towards left-sided items and posterior callosal disconnection preventing the symmetrical processing of spatial information from long-term memory...
  84. ncbi Impairment of motor imagery in putamen lesions in humans
    C R Li
    Medical Research Center and Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 5 Fu Hsing Street, Kwei Shan, 333, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    Neurosci Lett 287:13-6. 2000
    ..Taken overall, the results provide evidence that the basal ganglia as well as cortical structures play an important role in the neural network mediating motor imagery...
  85. ncbi Visual mental images can be ambiguous: insights from individual differences in spatial transformation abilities
    Fred W Mast
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 86:57-70. 2002
    ..The ability to rotate images, assessed with an independent task, was highly associated with reports of image reversals, whereas measures of other imagery abilities were not...
  86. ncbi Auditory pitch imagery and its relationship to musical synchronization
    Nadine Pecenka
    Music Cognition and Action Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1169:282-6. 2009
    ..Different types of finger tapping tasks were administered to assess SMS. Auditory imagery and SMS abilities were found to be positively correlated with one another and with musical experience...
  87. ncbi Ipsilateral involvement of primary motor cortex during motor imagery
    C A Porro
    Dip Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Universita di Udine, P le Kolbe 4, I 33100 Udine, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 12:3059-63. 2000
    ..These results suggest that overlapping neural networks in motor and premotor cortex of the contralateral and ipsilateral hemispheres are involved during imagery and execution of simple motor tasks...
  88. ncbi Imagery-induced interference on a visual detection task
    C Craver-Lemley
    Department of Psychology, Elizabethtown College, PA 17022-2298, USA
    Spat Vis 14:101-19. 2001
    ..Physical stimuli interfered with detection whether there was overlap or not (Experiment 6). The results indicate that imagery induced interference may be lessened with more complex visual displays...
  89. ncbi Auditory imagery from musical notation in expert musicians
    Warren Brodsky
    Department of the Arts, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Percept Psychophys 65:602-12. 2003
    ..We propose that notational audiation is the silent reading of musical notation resulting in auditory imagery. The research suggests that it also elicits kinesthetic-like phonatory processes...
  90. ncbi Mental imagery: in search of a theory
    Zenon W Pylyshyn
    Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University, Busch Campus, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 25:157-82; discussion 182-237. 2002
    ....
  91. ncbi Combined motor imagery and SSVEP based BCI control of a 2 DoF artificial upper limb
    Petar Horki
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Knowledge Discovery, Graz University of Technology, Krenngasse 37, Graz, Austria
    Med Biol Eng Comput 49:567-77. 2011
    ..Subjective preferences for the BCI control were assessed with a questionnaire. The results of the initial evaluation of the system suggests that this is feasible...
  92. ncbi Imagined transformations of bodies: an fMRI investigation
    J Zacks
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Neuropsychologia 37:1029-40. 1999
    ..These results are also suggestive of a dissociation between egocentric perspective transformations and object-based spatial transformations such as mental rotation...
  93. pmc Mental rotation task of hands: differential influence number of rotational axes
    Arjan C ter Horst
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Centre for Cognition, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Exp Brain Res 203:347-54. 2010
    ..These findings extend and refine previous findings on motor imagery as our results show that engagement in motor imagery critically depends on the used number of axes of rotation of the stimulus set...
  94. ncbi A parametric study of mental spatial transformations of bodies
    Jeffrey M Zacks
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Neuroimage 16:857-72. 2002
    ..The results are discussed in terms of a model of spatial reasoning that postulates specialized subsystems for performing object-based and egocentric perspective image transformations...
  95. ncbi Motor imagery and its implications for understanding the motor system
    Jörn Munzert
    Institute for Sports Science, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Prog Brain Res 174:219-29. 2009
    ..The resulting concept of functional equivalence between MIm and execution opens a window to study the organization of motor processes and, more generally, to understand the neural plasticity of the motor system...
  96. ncbi Learned regulation of spatially localized brain activation using real-time fMRI
    R Christopher deCharms
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 21:436-43. 2004
    ....
  97. ncbi Reliability of mental chronometry for assessing motor imagery ability after stroke
    Francine Malouin
    Department of Rehabilitation, Laval University and Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation Social Integration CIRRIS, Quebec City, QC, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:311-9. 2008
    ..To examine the reproducibility of 2 chronometric tests: time-dependent motor imagery (TDMI) screening test and temporal congruence test...
  98. ncbi Modulation of the semantic system by word imageability
    D S Sabsevitz
    Department of Neurology, Division of Neuropsychology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Neuroimage 27:188-200. 2005
    ....
  99. ncbi Neural basis of embodiment: distinct contributions of temporoparietal junction and extrastriate body area
    Shahar Arzy
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 26:8074-81. 2006
    ..Collectively, these data show that distributed brain activity at the EBA and TPJ as well as their timing are crucial for the coding of the self as embodied and as spatially situated within the human body...
  100. ncbi Episodic memory and episodic future thinking in adults with autism
    Sophie E Lind
    Autism Research Group, Department of Psychology, City University London, London, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:896-905. 2010
    ..There were no group differences in self-reported levels of autonoetic awareness or fluency task performance...
  101. pmc Worry in imagery and verbal form: effect on residual working memory capacity
    Eleanor Leigh
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK
    Behav Res Ther 49:99-105. 2011
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. A Saliva Diagnostic Model for Predicting Risk Levels of Infectious Diseases
    Paul Denny; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Expanding the potential application to other infectious diseases requires little imagination since the environment and mechanisms within the oral cavity are remarkably similar to other tissue systems that ..
  2. IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL FACILITIES
    Sally Camper; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..for producing "designer mice" using transgenic and embryonic stem cells technologies are limited only by the imagination of the investigator...
  3. In search of the intestinal stem cell
    Melissa Wong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The unlimited potential of stem cells stokes the imagination with promises of eternal life and cures for disease. But we have just begun the quest to unwrap the stem cell mystery...
  4. CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF GLOBULAR PROTEINS
    CARLOS PACE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of this technology in health and other areas is now clear and limited mostly by our current knowledge and imagination. Thus, it is essential that we learn to predict how changes in the amino acid sequence will affect the chemical ..
  5. Social and Cognitive Components of Play in Autism
    JESSICA HOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..conditions or when directly instructed to do so, their play lacks spontaneous movement, creativity, and imagination. The identification theory of autism holds that because of primary deficits in socio-emotional responsiveness, ..
  6. Inflammation and T Lymphocyte Immunoregulation
    Ann B Hill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research, expose them to translational research opportunities, and foster precision, curiosity, daring, imagination, communication, and cooperation to give them the tools they need to direct independent research programs and ..
  7. Intraspecies Transmission and Infectivity of Insectivore-Borne Hantaviruses
    Richard Yanagihara; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..fatal respiratory disease, now known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), was beyond the collective imagination of clinicians, epidemiologists and medical virologists...
  8. Short and long-term impact of neonatal seizures on hippocampal granule cell integ
    Steve C Danzer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is a structure located deep in the brain that is critical for memory, language development, cognition and even imagination. Surprisingly, this is one of the few regions of the adult brain where new brain cells are generated...
  9. Cognitive maps and novel behavioral sequences in the hippocampus
    ANOOPUM SATYAWAN GUPTA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..role in episodic memory and spatial navigation, and has recently been implicated in self-projection and imagination. The rodent hippocampus has been an extremely informative model system because it is relatively easy to access ..
  10. Clinical System for Measurement of Oral Crest Height Change in Dental Radiographs
    ALAN MICHAEL WALCZAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., visual inspection and by using periodontal probes, with little focus on patient education. In Phase 1, Imagination Software Corporation (ISC) developed a reliable, sensitive, easy to use, and rapid system for measuring ..
  11. Custom Oligonucleotide Libraries synthesis
    Jean Marie Rouillard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There are no limits for applications than the imagination of scientists...
  12. Decisionmaking in Pediatric Advanced Care
    JOHN CHRIS FEUDTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with a life-threatening condition confront, sometimes repeatedly, an extremely daunting task, one almost beyond imagination: how to decide when to set aside the therapeutic goal of cure or of life prolongation and instead prioritize ..
  13. Genomics in the Clinic: Identity, Responsibility and Choice
    Linda M Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Still, genomic concepts have captured the imagination of the scientific community and lay public alike, and genomic concepts increasingly influence how practitioners ..
  14. AN INSTITUTIONAL NRSA IN MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS
    CLAUDIO F GROSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This has created a great opportunity for capturing the imagination and interest of students already well trained in quantitative methods in the physical sciences...
  15. Georgia Veterinary Scholars Summer Research Program
    Susan Sanchez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The GVSP is designed to capture the imagination of future veterinarians at a formative time to inspire them to develop into independent investigators.
  16. MyNeuroSci: Innovative Web-Based NeuroScience Education System
    JOSEPH GIUFFRIDA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..system targeted to enhance high school curriculum by stimulating early understanding of neuroscience knowledge, imagination of neuroscience applications, and interest in neuroscience careers...
  17. Databrary: An open video-based data-sharing system for developmental science
    Karen E Adolph; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..depend on the private activities of researchers from one laboratory, but instead benefit from the critique and imagination of many researchers with different viewpoints...
  18. Model-Based Design of Wall Motion Measures for 4-Dimensional Cardiac Imaging
    Jeffrey W Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In particular, real-time three-dimensional ultrasound (RT3D) has captured the imagination of cardiologists with its ability to obtain complete three-dimensional images of the heart over an entire ..
  19. INBRE III: Hawaii Statewide Research and Education Partnership (HISREP)
    ROBERT ALAN NICHOLS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HISREP will spark the imagination and inspire the interest of students at all stages of development to pursue careers in biomedical research with ..
  20. Integrated AFM and Real-Time Confocal Microscope Core
    Kevin D Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Dr. Costa's new arrival at Mount Sinai will serve as a catalyst to stimulate the imagination and brainstorm ideas while maintaining a firm understanding of the capabilities and limitations of the AFM...
  21. Veterinary Research Student Training Program: Building Capacity
    Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The goal of the current training grant application is to continue to capture the enthusiasm and imagination of students in the middle of their DVM training and prime their appreciation and capacity for basic research ..
  22. Exploratory Study of Carbon-Based Quatum Dots
    Ya Ping Sun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The special optical properties of nanosized semiconductors (quantum dots) have captured much imagination, promising a variety of applications in biology and medicine...
  23. RISE Option I at Savannah State University
    Hua Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..marine science and behavioral analysis at SSU and future success in graduate school;stimulate the scientific imagination of minority students and their interest in research careers;and develop the mentoring, research, and teaching ..
  24. A Collaborative Approach to Real-World Science in the Classroom
    Karina F Meiri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Its goal is to engage the imagination of 11th and 12th grade students who do not see the science of their real world experiences mirrored in the ..
  25. Veterinary Research Student Training Program: Building Capacity
    Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of the current training grant application is to continue to capture the enthusiasm and imagination of students in the middle of their DVM training and prime their appreciation and capacity for basic research ..
  26. SCIENCE FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM--HS CANCER RES PARTNER
    PAULA GREGORY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..How do we educate the public about the genetic changes that result in cancer? How do we spark the imagination of the next generation of cancer researchers? One way is to incorporate the latest in cancer genetics theory ..
  27. STARTLE PROBE IN THE STUDY OF EMOTION
    Peter Lang; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..stimuli presented via picture, sound, or text media, and across processing modes involving perception, imagination, anticipation, and action; 2) to determine if specific semantic (e.g., threat, erotica) or emotional (e.g...
  28. FOCUS IN MENTAL MODELS
    Gordon Bower; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The mental model is like an internal "theater stage" that a reader or listener constructs in imagination to represent the locations, objects, characters, actions, and causal mechanisms described in a text...
  29. Graduate Training in Psychology and Neuroimaging
    DANIEL SCHACTER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Throughout their training, students will be co-advised by one Harvard Psychology and one Martinos Center faculty. ..
  30. Neural Architecture of Event Comprehension
    JEFFREY ZACKS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Linking motor imagery to motor execution
    Sheng Li; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  34. Biological Substrates for Language
    Christine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Hence, the study of individual differences in uninjured populations can provide a critical bridge between the basic science of cerebral lateralization and its clinical application. ..
  35. Cocaine Dependence and Cognitive Control of Behavior
    Clinton Kilts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of these studies is to develop a novel understanding of the processes related to the acquisition, maintenance and social consequences of cocaine addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Mental Practice Dosing and Mechanisms in Stroke
    Stephen Page; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Identification of MP mechanisms of action and optimal dosing is fundamental to cost-effective, appropriate implementation of this promising, CAM, mind-body technique, and will enable a subsequent MP clinical trial. ..
  37. VALUE MEASUREMENT IN CEA: FAIRNESS TO ELDERLY/DISABLED
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The goal is to evaluate whether PTO determinations can be an effective solution to the problems that arise when conventional utility assessment is applied to the evaluation of health care programs for the elderly and disabled. ..
  38. DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGS
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is not clear how the quality of life, and comorbidity measures will be used in these models. ..
  39. Goals, Identity, and Meaning in Life
    Laura King; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, the consequences of the meaning making process for subsequent goal striving will be explored. ..
  40. RECOVERY FROM STROKE: A CLINICAL & FUNCTIONAL MRI STUDY
    Steven Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) MGH-NMR Center (Charlestown, MA), located two miles from (1) and (2), is a pioneering fMRI center. ..
  41. Development and Formation of Reality-Status Judgments
    Jacqueline D Woolley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of the proposed studies will potentially have important implications for preschool and elementary education, parenting, and clinical practice with young children. ..
  42. An fMRI Study of the Impact of Stress on Drug Addiction
    Clinton D Kilts; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. BEHAVIORAL GENETICS--MODELS/MECHANISMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Clinton Kilts; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Safety of repetitive TMS in chronic subcortical stroke
    Steven Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of these studies is to develop a safe and efficacious method for facilitating motor cortex function in order to improve motor status of patients with stroke-related weakness. ..
  45. Neural Substrates of the Development of Recognition Memory
    Simona Ghetti; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding the neural correlates of the development of various learning mechanisms is relevant to facilitating adaptive functioning in a wide range of domains. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Safety of Autologous Marrow Stromal Cells After Stroke
    Steven Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study is a Phase I safety trial, and thus represents the first step in evaluating autologous MSC transfusion in this regard. ..
  47. Imaging inhibitory control in cocaine dependence
    CHIANG SHAN LI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Repeated Attempts at Recollection and False Memories
    LINDA HENKEL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dissemination of the findings from this project will benefit older adults by providing insights into some causes and remedies of age-related source memory declines. ..
  49. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SIGNS OF PRETENSE
    Angeline Lillard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because children with autism do not engage in spontaneous pretense, it may be useful in understanding autism as well. ..
  50. Imaging the Neural Correlates of Genetic Risk for ADHD
    Clinton Kilts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By uniquely defining the impact of the dat1 VNTR polymorphism on DAT, these findings will generate knowledge of how genes confer vulnerability to ADHD and medication nonresponse. ..
  51. ETIOLOGY OF BULIMIC PATHOLOGY--MULTIMETHOD INVESTIGATION
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Agras' and Taylor's labs, (2) learn state-of- the-art treatments for eating pathology and other adolescent psychopathology, (3) take courses in quantitative techniques, methodology, and ethics, and (4) receive training in grant writing. ..
  52. MOLECULAR COMPONENENTS OF INSULIN RECEPTOR BIOGENESIS
    Joseph Bass; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Steiner, in addition to Drs. Graeme Bell, Susan Lindquist and other excellent scientists at the University of Chicago will promote his continued development as an independent researcher. ..
  53. CONTRIBUTION OF NEURAL MEMORY CIRCUITS TO LANGUAGE
    Michael Ullman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..2) These circuits also subserve fact and skill use, respectively. (3) The basal ganglia play a similar role in motor activity and grammatical rule use. ..
  54. Social Behavior of Young Children with Williams Syndrome
    BONITA KLEIN TASMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  55. Destructive Effects of Social Rejection
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
  56. Impulsivity and Emotion Dysregulation in BPD
    SCOTT COFFEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Ultimately, gaining a better understanding of emotion dysregulation and impulsivity from laboratory studies may improve the identification and treatment of BPD. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Rural Methamphetamine-Abusing Parents and Their Children
    Wendy Haight; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will examine children's mental health functioning. Such information is critical to the development and elaboration of effective prevention interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. The Morality of Caregiving for Demented Older Women
    HELEN BLACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data will aid public health understanding of the meaning of caregiving to CGs, the lifeworlds of at-home CGs, and potentially inform public health policy and intervention based on this knowledge. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Electrophysiological Correlates of Anhedonia in Schizophrenia
    WILLIAM HORAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. ANTERO POSTERIOR PATTERN FORMATION IN C ELEGANS
    Cynthia Kenyon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Together these studies should help to define the molecular mechanisms that regulate and execute these migrations. ..