mental processes

Summary

Summary: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Representation of number in the brain
    Andreas Nieder
    Department of Animal Physiology, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 32:185-208. 2009
  2. ncbi The neural basis of mentalizing
    Chris D Frith
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Neuron 50:531-4. 2006
  3. ncbi To retrieve or to calculate? Left angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving
    Roland H Grabner
    Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 6, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:604-8. 2009
  4. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
  5. ncbi Searching for a baseline: functional imaging and the resting human brain
    D A Gusnard
    The Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:685-94. 2001
  6. pmc Parsing a cognitive task: a characterization of the mind's bottleneck
    Mariano Sigman
    Unité INSERM 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, Orsay Cedex, France
    PLoS Biol 3:e37. 2005
  7. ncbi A magnitude code common to numerosities and number symbols in human intraparietal cortex
    Manuela Piazza
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, F 91401 Orsay, France
    Neuron 53:293-305. 2007
  8. ncbi Anterior prefrontal cortex: insights into function from anatomy and neuroimaging
    Narender Ramnani
    Centre for fMRI of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:184-94. 2004
  9. pmc The parietal cortex and the representation of time, space, number and other magnitudes
    Domenica Bueti
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Via Ardeatina 306, Rome, Italy
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1831-40. 2009
  10. pmc Cognition and depression: current status and future directions
    Ian H Gotlib
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 6:285-312. 2010

Detail Information

Publications321 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Representation of number in the brain
    Andreas Nieder
    Department of Animal Physiology, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 32:185-208. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi The neural basis of mentalizing
    Chris D Frith
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Neuron 50:531-4. 2006
    ..Finally, the human brain has the unique ability to represent the mental states of the self and the other and the relationship between these mental states, making possible the communication of ideas...
  3. ncbi To retrieve or to calculate? Left angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving
    Roland H Grabner
    Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 6, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:604-8. 2009
    ..These data directly link the left angular gyrus with arithmetic fact retrieval and show that strategy self-reports can be used to predict differential patterns of brain activation...
  4. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
    ..Taken all together, recent findings provide a scientific account of the familiar contention that "when you're smiling, the whole world smiles with you."..
  5. ncbi Searching for a baseline: functional imaging and the resting human brain
    D A Gusnard
    The Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:685-94. 2001
    ..We explore this possibility, including the manner in which we might define a baseline and the implications of such a baseline for our understanding of brain function...
  6. pmc Parsing a cognitive task: a characterization of the mind's bottleneck
    Mariano Sigman
    Unité INSERM 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, Orsay Cedex, France
    PLoS Biol 3:e37. 2005
    ..The other stages, mapping the numeral to an internal quantity and executing the motor response, can be carried out in parallel with another task. Changing the duration of these processes has no significant effect on the variance...
  7. ncbi A magnitude code common to numerosities and number symbols in human intraparietal cortex
    Manuela Piazza
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, F 91401 Orsay, France
    Neuron 53:293-305. 2007
    ..They support the idea that symbols acquire meaning by linking neural populations coding symbol shapes to those holding nonsymbolic representations of quantities...
  8. ncbi Anterior prefrontal cortex: insights into function from anatomy and neuroimaging
    Narender Ramnani
    Centre for fMRI of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:184-94. 2004
  9. pmc The parietal cortex and the representation of time, space, number and other magnitudes
    Domenica Bueti
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Via Ardeatina 306, Rome, Italy
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1831-40. 2009
    ..Here, we assess this idea in the context of a theory of magnitude, which proposed common processing mechanisms of time, space, number and other dimensions...
  10. pmc Cognition and depression: current status and future directions
    Ian H Gotlib
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 6:285-312. 2010
    ..Such integrative investigations should help us gain a more comprehensive understanding of how cognitive and biological factors interact to affect the onset, maintenance, and course of depression...
  11. ncbi Unrest at rest: default activity and spontaneous network correlations
    Randy L Buckner
    Department of Psychology, Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, and Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Cambridge 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 37:1091-6; discussion 1097-9. 2007
    ..Maps of spontaneous network correlations also provide tools for functional localization and study of comparative anatomy between primate species. For all of these reasons, we advocate the systematic exploration of rest activity...
  12. ncbi Increased self-focus in major depressive disorder is related to neural abnormalities in subcortical-cortical midline structures
    Simone Grimm
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2617-27. 2009
    ..In conclusion, we present first evidence that the abnormally increased negative self-attribution as hallmark of the increased self-focus in MDD might be mediated by altered neural activity in subcortical-cortical midline structures...
  13. ncbi Women and men exhibit different cortical activation patterns during mental rotation tasks
    Kirsten Jordan
    Institute of Experimental and General Psychology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 40:2397-408. 2002
    ..Such differences suggest that the sexes use different strategies in solving mental rotation tasks...
  14. pmc Emotion regulation in depression: relation to cognitive inhibition
    Jutta Joormann
    University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33146, USA
    Cogn Emot 24:281-98. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi Comment on "Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought"
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Science 317:43; author reply 43. 2007
    ..g., watchfulness). Consideration of both possibilities is required to resolve this ambiguity...
  16. ncbi Going AWOL in the brain: mind wandering reduces cortical analysis of external events
    Jonathan Smallwood
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:458-69. 2008
    ..Our data suggest that when trying to engage attention in a sustained manner, the mind will naturally ebb and flow in the depth of cognitive analysis it applies to events in the external environment...
  17. ncbi New vistas for alpha-frequency band oscillations
    Satu Palva
    Neuroscience Center, University of Helsinki P O Box 56, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Trends Neurosci 30:150-8. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi Making sense of another mind: the role of the right temporo-parietal junction
    Rebecca Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, MIT, NE20 443, 77 Massachussetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:1391-9. 2005
    ..The implications of these results for an alternative theory of reasoning about other minds--Simulation Theory--are discussed...
  19. ncbi EEG evidence for mirror neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders
    Lindsay M Oberman
    Center for Brain and Cognition, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:190-8. 2005
    ..The ASD group showed significant mu suppression to self-performed hand movements but not to observed hand movements. These results support the hypothesis of a dysfunctional mirror neuron system in high-functioning individuals with ASD...
  20. ncbi Effects of development and enculturation on number representation in the brain
    Daniel Ansari
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6G 2K3, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:278-91. 2008
    ..This Review provides an evaluation of this contention and proposes hypotheses to guide investigations into the neural mechanisms that constrain the acquisition of cultural representations of numerical magnitude...
  21. ncbi Motor processes in mental rotation
    M Wexler
    Laboratoire de la Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
    Cognition 68:77-94. 1998
    ..Fourth, the preceding effect is sensitive not only to the direction of the motor rotation, but also to the motor speed. A change in the speed of motor rotation can correspondingly slow down or speed up the mental rotation...
  22. ncbi The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): a framework for perception and action planning
    B Hommel
    Section of Experimental and Theoretical Psychology, University of Leiden, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Sci 24:849-78; discussion 878-937. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi Calibrating the mental number line
    Veronique Izard
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 106:1221-47. 2008
    ..Based on these empirical results, we develop a model of the mapping between the numerical symbols and the representations of numerosity on the number line...
  24. ncbi Processing concrete words: fMRI evidence against a specific right-hemisphere involvement
    Christian J Fiebach
    Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, P O Box 500 355, D 04303 Leipzig, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 42:62-70. 2004
    ..The combined findings rather suggest a revised view of the neuroanatomical bases of the imaginal representational system assumed in the dual-coding theory, at least with respect to word recognition...
  25. ncbi Queueing network modeling of elementary mental processes
    Y Liu
    Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2117, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:116-36. 1996
    ..the possible configurations of mental systems and presents a class of queueing network models of elementary mental processes. The models consider the temporal issue of discrete versus continuous information transmission in conjunction ..
  26. ncbi Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief
    Will M Gervais
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Science 336:493-6. 2012
    ..Although these findings do not speak directly to conversations about the inherent rationality, value, or truth of religious beliefs, they illuminate one cognitive factor that may influence such discussions...
  27. ncbi The primate basal ganglia: parallel and integrative networks
    Suzanne N Haber
    Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    J Chem Neuroanat 26:317-30. 2003
    ..Information is channeled from limbic, to cognitive, to motor circuits. Action decision-making processes are thus influenced by motivation and cognitive inputs, allowing the animal to respond appropriate to environmental cues...
  28. ncbi Task switching: a PDP model
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, United Kingdom
    Cogn Psychol 44:297-337. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi Encoding of others' beliefs without overt instruction
    Adam S Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106 9660, USA
    Cognition 111:356-63. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Spike times make sense
    Rufin VanRullen
    Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, 133 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France
    Trends Neurosci 28:1-4. 2005
    ..Such evidence has now been uncovered in the human somatosensory system. We discuss these findings and their potential generalization to other sensory modalities, and we consider some future challenges for the neuroscientific community...
  31. ncbi Causal role of the sensorimotor cortex in action simulation: neuropsychological evidence
    Barbara Tomasino
    IRCCS E Medea, San Vito al Tagliamento PN, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2068-78. 2011
    ..The data provide conclusive evidence for a causal role of the sensorimotor cortex in the continuous update of sensorimotor representations while individuals mentally simulate motor acts...
  32. pmc Time course of semantic processes during sentence comprehension: an fMRI study
    Colin Humphries
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Neuroimage 36:924-32. 2007
    ..The data indicate a complex spatiotemporal pattern of activity associated with computation of word and sentence-level semantic information, and suggest a particular role for the left angular gyrus in processing overall sentence meaning...
  33. pmc Children's and adults' neural bases of verbal and nonverbal 'theory of mind'
    Chiyoko Kobayashi
    Department of Psychology, Cornell University, NY 14853, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:1522-32. 2007
    ..These results suggest that depending on the modality adults may utilize different brain regions from children in understanding ToM...
  34. pmc The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8235-40. 2007
    ..The results not only suggest a general role for belief attribution during moral judgment, but also add detail to our understanding of the interaction between these processes at both the neural and behavioral levels...
  35. ncbi Crossmodal processing in the human brain: insights from functional neuroimaging studies
    G A Calvert
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Cereb Cortex 11:1110-23. 2001
    ..This exercise highlights the potential value of using statistical interaction effects to model electrophysiological responses to crossmodal stimuli in order to identify possible sites of multisensory integration in the human brain...
  36. ncbi Semantic memory and the brain: structure and processes
    A Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institutes of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:194-201. 2001
    ..In addition, different regions of the left lateral prefrontal cortex, and perhaps anterior temporal cortex, may have distinct roles in retrieving, maintaining and selecting semantic information...
  37. ncbi Chronic schizophrenics with positive symptomatology have shortened EEG microstate durations
    V Strelets
    Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Science, Butlerov Street 5A, 117485 Moscow, Russia
    Clin Neurophysiol 114:2043-51. 2003
    ..Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 249 (1999) 205). We now examined whether older, chronic schizophrenic patients with positive symptomatology also show these characteristics...
  38. ncbi The influence of hands posture on mental rotation of hands and feet
    Silvio Ionta
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging, Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University of Chieti Pescara G D Annunzio, Via dei Vestini 33, 66013, Chieti Scalo, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 183:1-7. 2007
    ..Thus, sensory-motor and postural information coming from the body may influence mental rotation of body parts according to specific, somatotopic rules...
  39. ncbi Imaging early practice effects in arithmetic
    Anja Ischebeck
    Innsbruck Medical University, Clinical Department of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Neuroimage 36:993-1003. 2007
    ..Furthermore, on a more general level, the early and robust changes in brain activation in healthy adults observed here indicate that repeating stimuli can profoundly and quickly affect fMRI results...
  40. ncbi Do mental processes share a domain-general resource?
    Evie Vergauwe
    Universite de Geneve, Faculté de Psychologie et de Sciences de l Education, 40 bd du Pont d Arve, 1205 Geneve, Switzerland
    Psychol Sci 21:384-90. 2010
    ..The observed trade-offs suggest strongly that verbal and visuospatial activities compete for a common domain-general pool of resources...
  41. ncbi Mind reading: neural mechanisms of theory of mind and self-perspective
    K Vogeley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, Germany
    Neuroimage 14:170-81. 2001
    ..These divergent neural activations in response to TOM and SELF suggest that these important differential mental capacities of human self-consciousness are implemented at least in part in distinct brain regions. Press..
  42. ncbi Coherence and specificity of information-processing biases in depression and social phobia
    Ian H Gotlib
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 113:386-98. 2004
    ..Implications for the study of cognitive bias in depression, and for cognitive theory more broadly, are discussed...
  43. pmc Differential neural activation for updating rule versus stimulus information in working memory
    Caroline A Montojo
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 2686, USA
    Neuron 59:173-82. 2008
    ..The results suggest that both numbers and rules are maintained in WM but that they are different types of information that are controlled independently...
  44. pmc Brain correlates of non-symbolic numerosity estimation in low and high mathematical ability children
    Yulia Kovas
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e4587. 2009
    ..This suggests that individual differences in mathematical ability are reflected in differential brain response during approximation...
  45. ncbi Prevalence and pattern of cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus patients with and without overt neuropsychiatric manifestations
    R Monastero
    2nd Department of Neurology, Institute of Neuropsychiatry, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    J Neurol Sci 184:33-9. 2001
    ..This study shows that cognitive impairment occurs frequently in both nSLE and NPSLE subjects. The higher frequency in NPSLE may be related to coexisting depressive disturbances...
  46. ncbi How humans count: numerosity and the parietal cortex
    Manuela Piazza
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Italy
    Neuroscientist 15:261-73. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Neural correlates of intelligence as revealed by fMRI of fluid analogies
    John G Geake
    Westminster Institute of Education, Oxford Brookes University, Harcourt Hill, UK
    Neuroimage 26:555-64. 2005
    ..The results therefore support the conjecture that fluid analogising could underpin general intellectual performance...
  48. ncbi Neural correlates of symbolic and non-symbolic arithmetic
    Vinod Venkatraman
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 7 Hospital Drive, 01 11, Singapore 169611, Singapore
    Neuropsychologia 43:744-53. 2005
    ..In contrast to recent findings, we found no significant activation for exact addition condition in left, language-related areas...
  49. ncbi Distracted and confused?: selective attention under load
    Nilli Lavie
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:75-82. 2005
    ....
  50. ncbi Inattentional blindness versus inattentional amnesia for fixated but ignored words
    G Rees
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 286:2504-7. 1999
    ..These results demonstrate true inattentional blindness for words and show that visual recognition wholly depends on attention even for highly familiar and meaningful stimuli at the center of gaze...
  51. pmc Anticipating words and their gender: an event-related brain potential study of semantic integration, gender expectancy, and gender agreement in Spanish sentence reading
    Nicole Y Y Wicha
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0515, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1272-88. 2004
    ..Overall, our data indicate that readers anticipate and attend to the gender of both articles and nouns, and use gender in real time to maintain agreement and to build sentence meaning...
  52. ncbi Cerebellar information processing and visuospatial functions
    Marco Molinari
    IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy
    Cerebellum 6:214-20. 2007
    ..This hypothesis is discussed within the general framework of cerebellar involvement in cognition...
  53. pmc Do 15-month-old infants understand false beliefs?
    Kristine H Onishi
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Science 308:255-8. 2005
    ..Results were positive, supporting the view that, from a young age, children appeal to mental states--goals, perceptions, and beliefs--to explain the behavior of others...
  54. ncbi Effect of language switching on arithmetic: a bilingual FMRI study
    Vinod Venkatraman
    SingHealth Research Facilities, Singapore
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:64-74. 2006
    ..These results considerably strengthen the notion that exact processing relies on verbal and language-related networks, whereas approximate processing engages parietal circuits typically involved in magnitude-related processing...
  55. ncbi Predictive codes for forthcoming perception in the frontal cortex
    Christopher Summerfield
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Science 314:1311-4. 2006
    ....
  56. ncbi Bias in proportion judgments: the cyclical power model
    J G Hollands
    Department of Psychology, University of Idaho, USA
    Psychol Rev 107:500-24. 2000
    ..Two experiments confirming the model's assumptions are described. A mixed-cycle version of the model is also proposed that predicts observed asymmetries in bias patterns when the set of reference points varies across trials...
  57. ncbi A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part 1. Basic mechanisms
    D E Meyer
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1109, USA
    Psychol Rev 104:3-65. 1997
    ....
  58. ncbi EEG alpha band dissociation with increasing task demands
    A Fink
    Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:252-9. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi Representing object colour in language comprehension
    Louise Connell
    Cognition and Communication Research Centre, Division of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
    Cognition 102:476-85. 2007
    ..A distinction between stable and unstable embodied representations is proposed to allow embodied theories to account for these findings...
  60. ncbi Effects of interhemispheric communication on two-digit arabic number processing
    Elie Ratinckx
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cortex 42:1128-37. 2006
    ..f., Banich, 1998). Additionally, some results indicated a more analytical processing style in the left hemisphere and a relatively more holistic processing style in the right hemisphere...
  61. ncbi Counting on neurons: the neurobiology of numerical competence
    Andreas Nieder
    Primate NeuroCognition Laboratory, Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Hoppe Seyler Strasse 3, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:177-90. 2005
    ..Neural representations of numerical information can engage extensive cerebral networks, but the posterior parietal cortex and the prefrontal cortex are the key structures in primates...
  62. ncbi Within-person variability in response speed as an indicator of cognitive impairment in older adults
    Esther Strauss
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14:608-30. 2007
    ..Finally, group differentiation was better achieved when within-person variability as opposed to mean speed of performance was considered...
  63. ncbi Imaging structural and functional connectivity: towards a unified definition of human brain organization?
    Maxime Guye
    Centre de Resonance Magnetique Biologique et Medicale UMR CNRS 6612, France
    Curr Opin Neurol 21:393-403. 2008
    ..We will also emphasize the benefits provided by computational models of complex networks such as graph theory...
  64. pmc On the neuro-cognitive foundations of basic auditory number processing: an fMRI study
    Elise Klein
    Department of Neurology, Section Neuropsychology, University Hospital, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
    Behav Brain Funct 6:42. 2010
    ..It is widely agreed that numbers automatically activate a magnitude representation. Nevertheless, so far no systematic evaluation of the neuro-cognitive correlates has been provided for the case of auditorily presented numbers...
  65. ncbi Transcranial magnetic stimulation of primary motor cortex affects mental rotation
    G Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University and Laboratory for Magnetic Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Cereb Cortex 10:175-80. 2000
    ....
  66. ncbi Theta synchrony supports Weber-Fechner and Stevens' Laws for error processing, uniting high and low mental processes
    Gabriel Tzur
    Department of Psychology and Zlotowski Centre for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
    Psychophysiology 47:758-66. 2010
    ....
  67. pmc Can an agent's false belief be corrected by an appropriate communication? Psychological reasoning in 18-month-old infants
    Hyun Joo Song
    Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon dong Seodaemun gu, Seoul 120 749, South Korea
    Cognition 109:295-315. 2008
    ..In addition, the results suggest that by 18 months of age infants expect agents' false beliefs to be corrected by relevant communications involving words or gestures...
  68. ncbi Multisensory attention and tactile information-processing
    Charles Spence
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Behav Brain Res 135:57-64. 2002
    ..The results of recent neuroimaging studies that have started to elucidate some of the neural mechanisms underlying these cross-modal attentional effects are also discussed, and potential questions for future research outlined...
  69. ncbi Imaging the intentional stance in a competitive game
    Helen L Gallagher
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 16:814-21. 2002
    ..This region has been activated in a number of previous studies involving mentalizing. However, this is the first study suggesting a specific link between activity in this brain region and the adoption of an intentional stance...
  70. ncbi The neural fate of consciously perceived and missed events in the attentional blink
    Rene Marois
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 530 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 41:465-72. 2004
    ..These results suggest that medial temporal cortex permits rapid categorization of the visual input, while the frontal cortex is part of a capacity-limited attentional bottleneck to conscious report...
  71. ncbi Statistical learning is lasting and consistent over time
    Joanne Arciuli
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia
    Neurosci Lett 517:133-5. 2012
    ..Future research might use the methodology we report here to examine whether similarly stable levels of SL can be observed in individuals with language impairment, such as those with SLI and dyslexia, compared with typical peers...
  72. ncbi The acquisition of arithmetic knowledge - an FMRI study
    Margarete Delazer
    Univ Klinik für Neurologie, Innsbruck
    Cortex 40:166-7. 2004
  73. pmc Contributions of frontopolar cortex to judgments about self, others and relations
    Ana Raposo
    Faculty of Psychology, University of Lisbon, Alameda da Universidade, 1649 013 Lisboa, Portugal
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:260-9. 2011
    ..In addition, the data demonstrate a role for lateral FPC in the social domain, provided that the task requires the integration of one's preferences with those of others...
  74. ncbi Visceral influences on brain and behavior
    Hugo D Critchley
    Psychiatry, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton BN1 9RR, UK
    Neuron 77:624-38. 2013
    b>Mental processes and their neural substrates are intimately linked to the homeostatic control of internal bodily state. There are a set of distinct interoceptive pathways that directly and indirectly influence brain functions...
  75. ncbi The involvement of the inferior parietal cortex in the numerical Stroop effect and the distance effect in a two-digit number comparison task
    Xun Liu
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1518-30. 2006
    ..Taken together, these results support both parallel and holistic comparison of two-digit numbers in the brain...
  76. ncbi Neuroimaging and neuroenergetics: brain activations as information-driven reorganization of energy flows
    Kuzma Strelnikov
    CerCo, Université Toulouse 3, CNRS, Faculte de Medecine de Rangueil, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Brain Cogn 72:449-56. 2010
    ..In this light, we consider brain basal activity as subserving internal representations of the environment (predictive coding), and brain activation as reflecting the level of deviance from predictive coding...
  77. ncbi Rethinking maternal sensitivity: mothers' comments on infants' mental processes predict security of attachment at 12 months
    E Meins
    Staffordshire University, Stoke on Trent, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:637-48. 2001
    ..5% and 12.7% of its variance. We suggest that these findings are in line with current theorising on internal working models of attachment, and may help to explain security-related differences in mentalising abilities...
  78. ncbi Both differences in encoding processes and monitoring at retrieval reduce false alarms when distinctive information is studied
    Maciej Hanczakowski
    Department of Psychology, University of Hull, Hull, UK
    Memory 19:280-9. 2011
    ....
  79. ncbi Correcting false information in memory: manipulating the strength of misinformation encoding and its retraction
    Ullrich K H Ecker
    School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:570-8. 2011
    ..We present a simple computational model based on random sampling that captures this effect pattern, and conclude that the continued influence effect seems to defy most attempts to eliminate it...
  80. ncbi Spatio-temporal models of mental processes from fMRI
    Firdaus Janoos
    Dept of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
    Neuroimage 57:362-77. 2011
    Understanding the highly complex, spatially distributed and temporally organized phenomena entailed by mental processes using functional MRI is an important research problem in cognitive and clinical neuroscience...
  81. ncbi Motor imagery and action observation: modulation of sensorimotor brain rhythms during mental control of a brain-computer interface
    Christa Neuper
    Department of Psychology, Section of Neuropsychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:239-47. 2009
    ..This study investigates the impact of a continuously presented visual feedback in the form of a grasping hand on the modulation of sensorimotor EEG rhythms during online control of a brain-computer interface (BCI)...
  82. ncbi Core networks for visual-concrete and abstract thought content: a brain electric microstate analysis
    Dietrich Lehmann
    The KEY Institute for Brain Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroimage 49:1073-9. 2010
    ..These core machineries of working memory thus are invariant to source or modality of input when treating the two types of information...
  83. ncbi Mental and psychomotor development in Indonesian infants of mothers supplemented with vitamin A in addition to iron during pregnancy
    Marjanka K Schmidt
    Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization, Tropical Medicine SEAMEO TROPMED, Regional Centre for Community Nutrition, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
    Br J Nutr 91:279-86. 2004
    ..However, smaller improvements in development may be seen if studied in a larger and/or more deficient population...
  84. ncbi From mental power to muscle power--gaining strength by using the mind
    Vinoth K Ranganathan
    Department of Biomedical Engineering ND20, The Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:944-56. 2004
    ..We conclude that the mental training employed by this study enhances the cortical output signal, which drives the muscles to a higher activation level and increases strength...
  85. ncbi Semantic integration in sentences and discourse: evidence from the N400
    J J van Berkum
    Max Planck Insititute for Psycholinguistics, P O Box 310, 6500 AL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:657-71. 1999
    ....
  86. ncbi The development of emotional face processing during childhood
    Magali Batty
    CerCo CNRS UMR 5549, Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
    Dev Sci 9:207-20. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi Temporal and spatial enumeration processes in the primate parietal cortex
    Andreas Nieder
    Primate NeuroCognition Laboratory, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Department of Cognitive Neurology, University of Tubingen, Otfried Muller Strasse 27, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 313:1431-5. 2006
    ..These data suggest distinct neural processing stages for different numerical formats, but also a final convergence of the segregated information to form most abstract quantity representations...
  88. ncbi Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain function
    Jordan W Smoller
    Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:298-308. 2008
    ..The gene encoding regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) is a quantitative trait gene that influences mouse anxiety behavior, making its human ortholog (RGS2) a compelling candidate gene for human anxiety phenotypes...
  89. ncbi Motion perception in autism: a "complex" issue
    Armando Bertone
    Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:218-25. 2003
    ..The contribution of this finding with regards to abnormal perceptual integration in autism, its effect on cognitive operations, and possible behavioral implications are discussed...
  90. ncbi Focal frontal (de)oxyhemoglobin responses during simple arithmetic
    Gert Pfurtscheller
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Knowledge Discovery, Graz University of Technology, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Int J Psychophysiol 76:186-92. 2010
    ..The [oxy-Hb] response in left DLPFC and APFC was significant, while the [deoxy-Hb] response was clearly smaller and not significant. These observations were discussed within the context of "focal activation/surround deactivation"...
  91. pmc Spatiotemporal dynamics of word processing in the human cortex
    Ksenija Marinkovic
    Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Neuroscientist 10:142-52. 2004
    ..Because the same areas may participate in multiple stages of semantic or syntactic processing, it is crucial to consider both spatial and temporal aspects of their interactions to appreciate how the brain understands words...
  92. ncbi Dexterity with numbers: rTMS over left angular gyrus disrupts finger gnosis and number processing
    Elena Rusconi
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 43:1609-24. 2005
    ....
  93. ncbi Information integration: its relevance to brain function and consciousness
    G Tononi
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
    Arch Ital Biol 148:299-322. 2010
    ....
  94. ncbi Notation-dependent and -independent representations of numbers in the parietal lobes
    Roi Cohen Kadosh
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Neuron 53:307-14. 2007
    ..Our results challenge the commonly held belief that numbers are represented solely in an abstract way in the human brain...
  95. pmc Consistency and functional specialization in the default mode brain network
    Ben J Harrison
    Institut d Alta Tecnologia Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona, CRC Corporació Sanitària, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:9781-6. 2008
    ..Mapping spontaneous and task-related brain activity will help to constrain the meaning of the default mode network. These findings are discussed in relation to recent debate on the topic of default modes of brain function...
  96. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
    ..These results may shed light on some puzzling patterns in moral judgment observed by contemporary philosophers...
  97. ncbi Assessment of complex mental activity across the lifespan: development of the Lifetime of Experiences Questionnaire (LEQ)
    Michael J Valenzuela
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, The Neuropsychiatric Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, NSW, Australia
    Psychol Med 37:1015-25. 2007
    ..Since there is no instrument that comprehensively assesses complex mental activity through the lifespan, we developed and tested the Lifetime of Experiences Questionnaire (LEQ) in a prospective study of healthy ageing...
  98. ncbi How you move is what you see: action planning biases selection in visual search
    Agnieszka Wykowska
    Department of Psychology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Leopoldstr 13, D 80802 Munich, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:1755-69. 2009
    ..This implies that action-related weighting is not independent from task-relevance weighting. To account for our findings, the authors suggest an integrative model of visual search that incorporates input from action-planning processes...
  99. ncbi The priming method: imaging unconscious repetition priming reveals an abstract representation of number in the parietal lobes
    L Naccache
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, F 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Cereb Cortex 11:966-74. 2001
    ....
  100. ncbi Responses of human anterior cingulate cortex microdomains to error detection, conflict monitoring, stimulus-response mapping, familiarity, and orienting
    Chunmao Wang
    Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Neurosci 25:604-13. 2005
    ..These data suggest that each anterior cingulate microdomain participates in a multilobar cortical network after behavioral responses in a variety of tasks...
  101. pmc Imaging informational conflict: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of numerical stroop
    J Tang
    University College London, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:2049-62. 2006
    ..Conflict trials elicited greater activation in bilateral inferior frontal gyri, right middle frontal gyri, and right superior frontal gyri. We postulate two sources to the conflict, namely, at cognitive and response levels...

Research Grants62

  1. Effects of expectation on gustatory cortical activity
    Alfredo Fontanini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In awake subjects, on the other hand, responses to stimuli are heavily modulated by ongoing mental processes (i.e. attention, expectation)...
  2. A Cognitive Neuroscience Framework for Understanding and Treating Mood Disorders
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically, we propose that mood can be improved significantly when mental processes are made more associative...
  3. Can neuroscience dramatically improve our ability to design health communications
    EMILY FALK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..behavior and accurately identiy their internal mental processes through verbal and written self-report Our team has found that activity in a prioridefined neural regions of ..
  4. Does a Psychiatric Comorbidity Affect the Management of Diabetes
    John B McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..AIM 2: To use think-aloud data and qualitative analyses to understand the underlying cognitive reasoning and mental processes that produce the clinical decisions we observe...
  5. The Role of Attention in Self-Regulation
    TRACI L MANN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by applicant): This project explores the interacting role played by situational factors and individual mental processes in the self-regulation of emotions and behavior...
  6. A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Meditation Therapy for PTS
    Mark B Hamner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..procedure to develop enhanced non-reactive awareness of the moment-to-moment experience of perceptible mental processes. MBSR is a well tolerated, already well disseminated...
  7. Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis: Cognitive Function and Plaque Correlates
    Brajesh K Lal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cognitive function describes how a person produces and controls mental processes such as thinking, learning, and problem solving...
  8. Workload effects on response time to life-threatening arrhythmias
    Noa Segall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The knowledge to be gained will inform efforts to study this problem in real-world cardiac telemetry and, ultimately, help to develop evidence-based standards for remote monitoring. ..
  9. CRCNS: Large Scale Brain Connectivity in HIV-Related Cognitive Impairment
    AXEL W E WISMUELLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will publicly disseminate scientific results and research infrastructure resources, which will ensure the translational research effectiveness of our project for sustainable clinical and educational use. ..
  10. Effects of Mental Training on Voluntary Muscle Strength in Aging
    Guang H Yue; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to the implementation of mental training of this type are the inability of investigators to monitor the mental processes of the subjects directly and the difficulty of many subjects, especially those with reduced cognitive ability ..
  11. IBSC Determinants of Executive Function and Dysfunction
    MARIE BANICH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..What are the component mental processes that contribute to executive control? 2...
  12. Effects of Age on the Cognitive ERPD/Cardiac Wave Effect
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., recruiting brain regions and presumably mental processes not used by young adults...
  13. CORTICAL CIRCUIT BASIS OF VISUAL SPATIAL PROCESSING
    Christos Constantinidis; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Higher mental processes have traditionally been attributed to the prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain most developed in higher ..
  14. Assessing space and feature based attention with fMRI and multivoxel pattern anal
    John Serences; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Attachment-Related Social Information Processing Interview
    PRISCILLA ROUSE CARVER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..component, process-oriented approach to SIP and postulates the importance of understanding the different mental processes and stages that construct one's response to social situations...
  16. Effects of expectation on gustatory cortex activity
    Alfredo Fontanini; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In awake subjects, on the other hand, responses to stimuli are heavily modulated by ongoing mental processes (i.e. attention, expectation)...
  17. COGNITIVE/ENERGETIC INTERACTIONS--CARDIOVASCULAR ASPECTS
    J Jennings; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  18. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Attention plays a critical role in organizing our mental processes and disorders of attention frequently accompany the major mental diseases...
  19. SELECTIVE NEURONAL LOSS AND ITS SEQUELAE--A MODEL
    Bernardino Ghetti; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..disease, degeneration of midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons, that participate in a variety of motor functions and mental processes, leads to tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia and deficit of posture...
  20. COGNITIVE LINKAGE TO BRAIN FUNCTION
    MARCEL JUST; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The investigations will trace ongoing mental processes by tracking eye fixations and other behavioral measures during the comprehension of sentences, examining the ..
  21. Mathematic descriptions - multifactorial gene expression
    Sandra Rodriguez Zas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These biological findings will have a major impact on understanding behavior, neurological and mental processes, health and well-being in bees, humans and other species...
  22. THE PHARMACOLOGY OF HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING
    Enoch Callaway; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The outcome of these studies will have important implications for understanding cognitive changes in depression and other psychiatric disorders...
  23. INFORMATICS TOOLS & MEDICAL PERINATAL KNOWLEDGE BUILDING
    Linda Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Each of the panel members has more than 20 years of perinatal experience. Participating informatics experts are known, both nationally and internationally for their expertise in the field of Medical Informatics. ..
  24. DIAZEPAM, ALCOHOL AND HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING
    OSCAR PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  25. The Role of Attention in Self-Regulation.
    Traci Mann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    This project explores the interacting role played by situational factors and individual mental processes in the self-regulation of emotions and behavior...
  26. SEROTONERGIC MECHANISMS IN STRESS AND ANXIETY
    Jay Gingrich; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..an ongoing connection to reciprocal hypotheses that influence thinking in basic and clinical aspects of mental processes. The goal of this award is to generate new insights into the role of the 5-HT2A receptor in processes of ..
  27. Process Model of Automatic Social Behavior
    Ezequiel Morsella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..provided by candidate): There is overwhelming evidence that many of our social behaviors and complex mental processes occur without the guidance of conscious deliberation, that is, they occur "automatically," due to causes far ..
  28. VISUAL PROCESSES IN SPEECH PERCEPTION
    CHARISSA LANSING; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Scientific knowledge about visual speech perception will contribute to the development of sensory aids, automatic speech recognition systems, and research-based intervention protocols to augment speech perception. ..
  29. BIOBEHAVIORAL CORRELATES OF ADDED LOADS IN LUNG DISEASE
    Andrew Harver; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  30. DISCRETE VERSUS CONTINUOUS MODELS OF VISUAL PERCEPTION
    Jeffrey Miller; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..speeded decision making or "choice reaction time" (RT) tasks are carried out using a sequence of distinct mental processes or "stages" like perception, decision, and response execution...
  31. PERSONALITY AND COGNITION IN HYPNOTIC PHENOMENA
    JOHN KIHLSTROM; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and dissociative psychopathology, and as a paradigm for the understanding of clinically relevant nonconscious mental processes, and to lay the scientific basis for the appropriate and effective use of hypnosis as an adjunctive treatment ..
  32. PERSONALITY AND COGNITION IN HYPNOTIC PHENOMENA
    JOHN KIHLSTROM; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..and dissociative psychopathology, and as a paradigm for the understanding of clinically relevant nonconscious mental processes, and to lay the scientific basis for the appropriate and effective use of hypnosis as an adjunctive treatment ..
  33. DEVELOPMENT OF SKILLED PERFORMANCE IN THE ELDERLY
    Arthur Kramer; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In addition to contributions to theories of skill acquisition and aging we believe that our research has important practical implications for the development of training strategies that are well suited to older individuals...
  34. Micronutrients, stroke and cognition in aging
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    A major determinant of the quality of life for elderly individuals is the efficiency of their mental processes. Loss of neurocognitive functioning has been noted in elderly individuals; the severity of this loss ranges from simple memory ..
  35. VISUAL STRATEGIES USED BY HEARING-IMPAIRED ADULTS
    CHARISSA LANSING; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The results of these preliminary studies will be used to develop additional hypotheses regarding perceptual learning and rehabilitation strategies for individuals with hearing-impairments...
  36. fMRI of Cholinergic Dysfunction in Schizophrenia
    Jason Tregellas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The functional effect of this putative cholinergic dysfunction on mental processes in individuals with schizophrenia, however, remains unknown...
  37. TAXONOMIZING COGNITIVE PROCESSES BY MENTAL CHRONOMETRY
    John Kounios; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..RT is pervasive because it can be an extremely useful source of evidence concerning a host of mental processes associated with perception, memory, attention, reasoning, judgment, problem solving, etc...
  38. DYNAMICS OF CNS SYNAPSE DEVELOPMENT
    MICHAEL DAILEY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Moreover, change in synaptic structure and number are thought to underlie normal mental processes, such as learning and memory...
  39. INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF AWARENESS ON AFFECTIVE RESPONDING
    Robert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..from these studies will not only increase basic knowledge regarding the role of conscious and unconscious mental processes in modulating affect, but also have implications for psychological treatment techniques that involve repeated ..
  40. Nature and Impact of Development in Processing Speed
    Robert Kail; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): Age differences in the speed with which children, adolescents, and adults execute mental processes are ubiquitous and large...
  41. Memory networks in the hippocampal formation
    JAMES KNIERIM; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Adapted from applicant's abstract): A major goal of cognitive neuroscience is to understand behavior and mental processes in terms of the physiological properties of neural circuits...
  42. COGNITIVE FOUNDATIONS OF STIMULUS-RESPONSE COMPATIBILITY
    SYLVAN KORNBLUM; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The empirical and theoretical results that we expect to obtain promise to advance our understanding of human cognitional do performance in normals as well as in patients suffering from schizophrenia and other cognitive dysfunctions...
  43. SIMULATION OF MENTAL PROCESSES IN LIGHT OF THE BRAIN
    James McClelland; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  44. DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFERENCES IN ANALOGICAL TRANSFER
    MARVIN DAEHLER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the occurrence of analogical transfer is a complex phenomena requiring the integration of a wide range of mental processes and structures. The development of many of these factors have not been extensively investigated...
  45. DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGE IN SPEED OF PROCESSING
    Robert Kail; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Age-related differences in the speed with which children, adolescents, and adults execute mental processes are ubiquitous and large. These age differences have been linked to a global mechanism (i.e...
  46. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Neurobiological Bases of Economic Choice Behavior
    Camillo Padoa Schioppa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will also provide the PI an opportunity to learn histological and anatomical techniques that will complement his portfolio of expertise. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  49. Experience of Mental Control
    Daniel Wegner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. fMRI studies of motivation and executive function
    DANIEL KRAWCZYK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I will also include a modified task that will allow for superior modeling of the task periods. Overall, this research will clarify the functional organization of working memory and motivation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Neuroscience, Models, and Methods in Cognitive Aging
    MICHAEL WENGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The intent is to provide participants with the ability to incorporate such techniques in their own research. ..
  52. Adolescent Neurodevelopment and Alcohol
    Robert Thoma; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Perceptual Circuits in Somatosensory Cortices
    ANNA ROE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These anatomical data will be highly valuable in their own right, but will be even more so when interpreted in parallel with functional studies in the parent grant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Neural Compensation and Economic Decision Making in Aging
    Scott Huettel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Parietal mechanisms of vision and attention
    Jacqueline Gottlieb; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results are expected to significantly advance our understanding of the neural mechanisms of attention and to bring us closer toward establishing an animal model of neglect. ..
  56. RESULT OF MODALITY CONVERGENCE IN THE BRAIN
    Barry Stein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....