aptitude

Summary

Summary: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Musical aptitude and second language pronunciation skills in school-aged children: neural and behavioral evidence
    Riia Milovanov
    Department of English, University of Turku, Finland
    Brain Res 1194:81-9. 2008
  2. pmc Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children
    Dana L Strait
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Behav Brain Funct 7:44. 2011
  3. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
  4. pmc Genome-wide copy number variation analysis in extended families and unrelated individuals characterized for musical aptitude and creativity in music
    Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti
    Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 8:e56356. 2013
  5. pmc Prediction of auditory and visual p300 brain-computer interface aptitude
    Sebastian Halder
    Institute of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e53513. 2013
  6. ncbi Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 314:599-600. 2006
  7. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
  8. doi Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performance
    Janet S Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 321:494-5. 2008
  9. ncbi The role of mind-wandering in measurements of general aptitude
    Michael D Mrazek
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 141:788-98. 2012
  10. ncbi Mediators of gender differences in mathematics college entrance test scores: a comparison of spatial skills with internalized beliefs and anxieties
    M B Casey
    Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, and Research Methods, Boston College, Massachusetts 012167, USA
    Dev Psychol 33:669-80. 1997

Detail Information

Publications253 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Musical aptitude and second language pronunciation skills in school-aged children: neural and behavioral evidence
    Riia Milovanov
    Department of English, University of Turku, Finland
    Brain Res 1194:81-9. 2008
    The main focus of this study was to examine the relationship between musical aptitude and second language pronunciation skills...
  2. pmc Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children
    Dana L Strait
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Behav Brain Funct 7:44. 2011
    ..Here, we aimed to define relationships between the subcortical processing of speech regularities, music aptitude, and reading abilities in children with and without reading impairment...
  3. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
  4. pmc Genome-wide copy number variation analysis in extended families and unrelated individuals characterized for musical aptitude and creativity in music
    Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti
    Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 8:e56356. 2013
    ..copy number variations (CNVs) in five extended pedigrees and in 172 unrelated subjects characterized for musical aptitude and creative functions in music...
  5. pmc Prediction of auditory and visual p300 brain-computer interface aptitude
    Sebastian Halder
    Institute of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e53513. 2013
    ..A reliable predictor of aptitude would allow for the selection of suitable BCI paradigms...
  6. ncbi Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 314:599-600. 2006
  7. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
    ..We provide a theoretical framework to understand the relation between WM and aptitude measures...
  8. doi Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performance
    Janet S Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 321:494-5. 2008
  9. ncbi The role of mind-wandering in measurements of general aptitude
    Michael D Mrazek
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 141:788-98. 2012
    ..Four studies employing complementary methodological designs embedded thought sampling into tests of general aptitude and determined that mind-wandering was consistently associated with worse performance on these measures...
  10. ncbi Mediators of gender differences in mathematics college entrance test scores: a comparison of spatial skills with internalized beliefs and anxieties
    M B Casey
    Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, and Research Methods, Boston College, Massachusetts 012167, USA
    Dev Psychol 33:669-80. 1997
    ..and math self-confidence functioned as mediators of a significant gender difference in the Mathematics Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT-M) among the top third of a college-bound sample...
  11. ncbi Does aptitude influence the rate at which proficiency is achieved for laparoscopic appendectomy?
    Christina E Buckley
    National Surgical Training Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland Electronic address
    J Am Coll Surg 217:1020-7. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that aptitude may directly affect one's ability to successfully complete the learning curve for minimally invasive procedures...
  12. ncbi Do physical maturity and birth date predict talent in male youth ice hockey players?
    Lauren B Sherar
    College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
    J Sports Sci 25:879-86. 2007
    ..In conclusion, team selectors appear to preferentially select early maturing male ice hockey players who have birth dates early in the selection year...
  13. ncbi Testosterone levels and spatial ability in men
    I Silverman
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 24:813-22. 1999
    ..There were no significant relationships between control test scores and mean T levels. Findings are discussed in terms of their contributions to the resolution of ambiguities in prior reported data...
  14. ncbi Overhelping
    D T Gilbert
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin 78712, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 70:678-90. 1996
    ..The results point to an intervention principle that predicts how and when people may most effectively influence a performance so as to shape observer's inferences about the performer...
  15. ncbi Association of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A) haplotypes with listening to music
    Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti
    Department of Medical Genetics, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hum Genet 56:324-9. 2011
    ..hypothesize that willingness to produce and perceive sound and music is social communication that needs musical aptitude. Here, listening to music was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire and musical aptitude using the auditory ..
  16. pmc Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypes
    Liisa T Ukkola
    Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 4:e5534. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music...
  17. ncbi Innate talents: reality or myth?
    M J Howe
    Department of Psychology, University of Exeter, England
    Behav Brain Sci 21:399-407; discussion 407-42. 1998
    ..An analysis of positive and negative evidence and arguments suggests that differences in early experiences, preferences, opportunities, habits, training, and practice are the real determinants of excellence...
  18. ncbi Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science?: a critical review
    Elizabeth S Spelke
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1130 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 60:950-8. 2005
    ..learning about mechanical systems; (b) males have a profile of spatial and numerical abilities producing greater aptitude for mathematics; and (c) males are more variable in their cognitive abilities and therefore predominate at the ..
  19. pmc Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performance
    Yulia Kovas
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007
    ..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
  20. pmc Prodigies of nature
    J S Jenkins
    J R Soc Med 98:277-80. 2005
  21. ncbi Familial aggregation patterns in mathematical ability
    Ellen M Wijsman
    Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7720, USA
    Behav Genet 34:51-62. 2004
    ....
  22. pmc Genome-wide linkage scan for loci of musical aptitude in Finnish families: evidence for a major locus at 4q22
    K Pulli
    J Med Genet 45:451-6. 2008
    ..However, the molecules involved in mediating music perception and performance are so far uncharacterised...
  23. ncbi Effects of the family environment: gene-environment interaction and passive gene-environment correlation
    Thomas S Price
    Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:305-15. 2008
    ....
  24. ncbi Maintenance therapy with synthetic opioids and driving aptitude
    Shird Dieter Schindler
    Department of General Psychiatry, University Hospital, Medical University, Vienna, Austria
    Eur Addict Res 10:80-7. 2004
    To assess the influence of methadone and buprenorphine maintenance treatment on the driving aptitude of opioid-dependent patients.
  25. ncbi How to select aspirant laparoscopic surgical trainees: establishing concurrent validity comparing Xitact LS500 index performance scores with standardized psychomotor aptitude test battery scores
    Marlies P Schijven
    Department of Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 40, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Surg Res 121:112-9. 2004
    ..Our study attempts to link surgical novices' psychometric ability test battery data with actual performance outcome on an objective, validated, and reproducible surgical laparoscopic task using virtual-reality simulation...
  26. ncbi The role of musical aptitude and language skills in preattentive duration processing in school-aged children
    Riia Milovanov
    Department of English, University of Turku, Finland Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 460:161-5. 2009
    ..In total, 40 children had either advanced foreign language production skills and higher musical aptitude or less advanced results in both musicality and linguistic tests...
  27. ncbi Functional correlates of musical and visual ability in frontotemporal dementia
    B L Miller
    Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 176:458-63. 2000
    ..The emergence of new skills in the setting of dementia suggests that loss of function in one brain area can release new functions elsewhere...
  28. pmc The heritability of aptitude and exceptional talent across different domains in adolescents and young adults
    Anna A E Vinkhuyzen
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Genet 39:380-92. 2009
    The origin of individual differences in aptitude, defined as a domain-specific skill within the normal ability range, and talent, defined as a domain specific skill of exceptional quality, is under debate...
  29. ncbi One size does not fit all: aptitude x treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part 1--what is ATI research?
    Opher Caspi
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:580-6. 2004
    ..is not just "which treatment is the best?" but more importantly "best or better for whom, when, and why?" Aptitude (or attribute) by treatment interaction (ATI) is a research paradigm that attempts to examine exactly that--how ..
  30. ncbi Tracking exceptional human capital over two decades
    David Lubinski
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:194-9. 2006
    ..College entrance exams administered to intellectually precocious youth uncover extraordinary potential for careers requiring creativity and scientific and technological innovation in the information age...
  31. ncbi One size does not fit all: aptitude chi treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part II--research designs and their applications
    Opher Caspi
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:698-705. 2004
    ..is not just "which treatment is the best?" but more importantly "best or better for whom, when, and why?" Aptitude (or attribute) by treatment interaction (ATI) is a research paradigm that attempts to examine exactly that--how ..
  32. ncbi Context sensitivity in children's reasoning about ability across the elementary school years
    Gail D Heyman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Dev Sci 9:616-27. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi Use of context in pragmatic language comprehension by children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    Soile Loukusa
    Department of Finnish, Information Studies and Logopedics, University of Oulu, PO Box 1000, FIN 90014, Oulu, Finland
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:1049-59. 2007
    ..Both AS/HFA groups had difficulties explaining their correct answers, suggesting that they are not always aware of how they have derived answers from the context...
  34. ncbi Memory abilities in children with subtypes of dyscalculia
    Monica Rosselli
    Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL 33314, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 30:801-18. 2006
    ..Working memory tests (digits backwards and sentence repetition) appeared to be the best predictors of mathematical test scores and may represent a major cognitive defect in children with specific defects in mathematics...
  35. ncbi The impact of meaning and dimensionality on copying accuracy in individuals with autism
    Elizabeth Sheppard
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:1913-24. 2007
    ..Participants with autism were less affected by dimensionality but not meaningfulness, apparently supporting EPF. Effects of dimensionality did not relate to drawing strategy, also contrary to WCC...
  36. ncbi Black Americans reduce the racial IQ gap: evidence from standardization samples
    William T Dickens
    Economic Studies, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:913-20. 2006
    ..These data suggest that Blacks gained 4 to 7 IQ points on non-Hispanic Whites between 1972 and 2002. Gains have been fairly uniform across the entire range of Black cognitive ability...
  37. ncbi Can autism, language and coordination disorders be differentiated based on ability profiles?
    Sarah N Wisdom
    School of Psychology, Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, WA, Australia
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 16:178-86. 2007
    ..In terms of ability scores, the AD and DCD groups appear to differ more in severity than in kind...
  38. ncbi Hyperlexia in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Tina M Newman
    PACE Center, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:760-74. 2007
    ..Yet, the study revealed some dissimilarities between these two types of reading when more fine-grained cognitive and linguistic abilities were considered; these dissimilarities warrant further investigations...
  39. ncbi Are numerical impairments syndrome specific? Evidence from Williams syndrome and Down's syndrome
    Sarah J Paterson
    Neurocognitive Development Unit, Institute of Child Health, UCL London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:190-204. 2006
    ..Five experiments assessed number skills in these two genetic syndromes and in their mental age (MA) and chronological age (CA) matched controls...
  40. pmc The profile of memory function in children with autism
    Diane L Williams
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuropsychology 20:21-9. 2006
    ..A principal components analysis indicated that the factor structure of the subtests differed substantially between the children with autism and controls, suggesting differing organizations of memory ability...
  41. ncbi Taking teens to task
    Jeanne Mettner
    Minn Med 89:17-8. 2006
  42. pmc Short-term variability in cognitive performance and the calibration of longitudinal change
    Timothy A Salthouse
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia Charlottesville, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:P144-51. 2006
    ..Correlations among the measures of within-person variability were very low, even after we adjusted for reliability, and there was little evidence that increased age was associated with a larger amount of within-person variability...
  43. ncbi Effect of a synesthete's photisms on name recall
    Carol Bergfeld Mills
    Department of Psychology, Goucher College, Baltimore, MD 21204, USA
    Cortex 42:155-63. 2006
    ..MLS's synesthesia seems to aid memory for visually or auditorily presented language stimuli (names and nouns), but not for non-language visual stimuli (simple and complex figures)...
  44. ncbi The functional and developmental organization of cognitive developmental sequences
    Andreas Demetriou
    Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, PO Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus
    Br J Educ Psychol 76:209-42. 2006
    ..The procedural and representational characteristics of these levels were also specified and their implications for developmental and cognitive theory were discussed...
  45. ncbi Perception precedes computation: can familiarity preferences explain apparent calculation by human babies?
    David S Moore
    Department of Psychology, Pitzer College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:666-78. 2006
    ....
  46. ncbi Planning abilities and chess: a comparison of chess and non-chess players on the Tower of London task
    J M Unterrainer
    Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Germany
    Br J Psychol 97:299-311. 2006
    ..These findings indicate that better performance in chess players is associated with disproportionally longer solution times, although it remains to be investigated whether motivational or strategic differences account for this result...
  47. ncbi Cognitive sex differences and mathematics and science achievement
    Phillip L Ackerman
    School of Psycology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 0170, USA
    Am Psychol 61:722-3; discussion 725-6. 2006
  48. ncbi There is more to aptitude than cognitive capacities
    David Yun Dai
    Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Am Psychol 61:723-4; discussion 725-6. 2006
  49. ncbi Generality and specificity in cognitive aging: a volumetric brain analysis
    Roger T Staff
    Department of Bio medical Physics, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Neuroimage 30:1433-40. 2006
    ..To investigate whether, in old age, brain volume differences are associated with age-related change in general mental ability and/or specific cognitive abilities...
  50. ncbi Pigeons see correspondence between objects and their pictures
    Marcia L Spetch
    Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Psychol Sci 17:966-72. 2006
    ..This study provides the strongest evidence yet that pigeons can recognize the correspondence between objects and pictures...
  51. ncbi Cognitive training gain as a predictor of mental status
    Julie Blaskewicz Boron
    Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Psychology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:P45-52. 2007
    ..The combination of reasoning ability training and increased proximal training gain on reasoning ability was associated with a decreased likelihood of being rated as probably demented...
  52. ncbi Is it a fact? Timed arithmetic performance of children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) varies as a function of how MLD is defined
    Michele M M Mazzocco
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:318-44. 2008
    ..Finally, the types of errors made by children with MLD reflect reliance on processes other than retrieval to solve these alleged "math facts."..
  53. ncbi Rote numeric skills may mask underlying mathematical disabilities in girls with fragile x syndrome
    Melissa M Murphy
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:345-64. 2008
    ..In terms of applications to serving girls with fragile X, it is important to consider that efficient rote skills may not only fail to enhance math achievement, they may hinder achievement by masking underlying conceptual deficiencies...
  54. pmc Standardized assessment of strategy use and working memory in early mental arithmetic performance
    Sarah S Wu
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5778, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:365-93. 2008
    ..We discuss the implication of these findings for early mathematical learning...
  55. ncbi Longitudinal associations between reading and mathematics achievement
    Kevin J Grimm
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:410-26. 2008
    ..These findings lend support for the notion that early reading skills are important for success in mathematics...
  56. doi Working memory and mathematical cognitive development: limitations of limited-capacity resource models
    Daniel B Berch
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:427-46. 2008
  57. pmc Task experience and children's working memory performance: a perspective from recall timing
    John N Towse
    Department of Psychology, Fylde College, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster, UK
    Dev Psychol 44:695-706. 2008
    ..The task demands of working memory change as a function of task experience, with a combination of accuracy and response timing in novel task situations being the strongest predictor of cognitive attainment...
  58. pmc Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in origin
    Naomi P Friedman
    Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:201-25. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Letter-specific processing in children and adults matched for reading level
    E Darcy Burgund
    Department of Psychology, MS 25, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:66-71. 2008
    ..Thus, results suggest that adults are more sensitive than children to the visual forms of letters, and that differences in letter specificity are not necessarily dependent on reading skill...
  60. pmc Adult age trends in the relations among cognitive abilities
    Elliot M Tucker-Drob
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:453-60. 2008
    ..Contrary to the dedifferentiation hypothesis, there was no evidence for systematic increases in the magnitudes of relations among cognitive abilities. Conventional analytic procedures replicated these findings...
  61. ncbi Development of number line representations in children with mathematical learning disability
    David C Geary
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:277-99. 2008
    ..The central executive component of working memory contributed to across-grade improvements in number line performance and to group differences in this performance...
  62. ncbi Cognitive abilities as precursors of the early acquisition of mathematical skills during first through second grades
    M Chiara Passolunghi
    Faculty of Psychology, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:229-50. 2008
    ..In conclusion, the results demonstrated that mathematics learning is predicted not by phonology or counting skills and that working memory is a plausible mediator in predicting mathematics achievement in primary school age children...
  63. ncbi Cognitive ability and continuous measures of relative hand skill: a note
    Kevin Denny
    Geary Institute and School of Economics, University College Dublin UCD, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Neuropsychologia 46:2091-4. 2008
    ..Using the same data source but utilising additional data, evidence is found of a more complex relationship between cognitive ability and relative hand skill...
  64. ncbi An estimate of the Flynn Effect: changes in IQ and subtest gains of 10-yr-old French children between 1965 and 1988
    Joël Bradmetz
    Universite de Reims Champagne Ardenne, Departement de Psychologie, 57 rue Taittinger, 51096 Reims, France
    Psychol Rep 99:743-6. 2006
    ..The results are compatible with Greenfield's hypothesis, although other explanations are still possible...
  65. ncbi Semantic, executive, and visuospatial abilities in mathematical reasoning of referred college students
    Paul T Cirino
    Texas Institute for Measurement, Evaluation, and Statistics TIMES, University of Houston, TX 77204 5355, USA
    Assessment 14:94-104. 2007
    ..Implications and future directions are explored...
  66. ncbi Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten
    Clancy Blair
    Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802 6504, USA
    Child Dev 78:647-63. 2007
    ..Findings suggest that curricula designed to improve self-regulation skills as well as enhance early academic abilities may be most effective in helping children succeed in school...
  67. ncbi The world of competitive Scrabble: Novice and expert differences in visuopatial and verbal abilities
    Diane F Halpern
    Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children, Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, CA, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 13:79-94. 2007
    ..Expert Scrabble players showed superior performance on selected verbal and visuospatial tasks that correspond to abilities that are implicated in competitive play...
  68. ncbi Children's theories of intelligence: beliefs, goals, and motivation in the elementary years
    C Ryan Kinlaw
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Box 90545 Durham, NC 27708 0545, USA
    J Gen Psychol 134:295-311. 2007
    ..The authors discussed contextual influences on children's beliefs and the development of children's conceptualizations of intelligence...
  69. ncbi Task control and cognitive abilities of self and spouse in collaboration in middle-aged and older couples
    Cynthia A Berg
    Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 South 1350 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Psychol Aging 22:420-7. 2007
    ..For women only, the fit between control and abilities was associated with better performance. The results indicate no age differences in couple expertise but point to gender as a factor in optimal collaboration...
  70. ncbi Aging and integrating spatial mental models
    David E Copeland
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
    Psychol Aging 22:569-79. 2007
    ..The results suggest that older adults' use of mental models can be compromised when spatial information is presented verbally rather than visually...
  71. ncbi Working memory and arithmetic calculation in children: the contributory roles of processing speed, short-term memory, and reading
    Derek H Berg
    Faculty of Education, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3M 2J6
    J Exp Child Psychol 99:288-308. 2008
    ..Results are discussed in terms of directions for future research on working memory in arithmetic calculation...
  72. ncbi Time-based and event-based prospective memory across adulthood: underlying mechanisms and differential costs on the ongoing task
    Theodor Jager
    Saarland University
    J Gen Psychol 135:4-22. 2008
    ....
  73. ncbi Learning disabilities spectrum and sexual dimorphic abilities in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    Olga Inozemtseva
    Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Departamento de Estudios en Educación Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
    J Child Neurol 23:862-9. 2008
    ..Thus, the presence of weak verbal areas along with a high incidence of learning disabilities related primarily, though not exclusively, to reading was documented in these girls...
  74. ncbi What makes working memory spans so predictive of high-level cognition?
    Raphaëlle Lépine
    Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:165-70. 2005
    ..Moreover, the higher predictive power of computer-paced WM span tasks suggests that strategic factors do not contribute to the relationship between WM spans and high-level cognition...
  75. ncbi Savant talent
    Linda Pring
    Psychology Department, Goldsmiths College, University of London, London SE14 6NW, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 47:500-3. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi Impaired performance of right-brain-damaged patients on a sentence anagram task
    Kumiko Murasugi
    School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
    Brain Cogn 57:172-5. 2005
    ..With all hypotheses supported, the discussion focuses on an explanation for RBDs' sensitivity to the first subset of stimuli...
  77. ncbi Relation of maternal cognitive stimulation, emotional support, and intrusive behavior during Head Start to children's kindergarten cognitive abilities
    Laura Hubbs-Tait
    Department of Family Relations and Child Development, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA
    Child Dev 73:110-31. 2002
    ..Specific policy implications of the effects are discussed...
  78. ncbi Circadian preference and cognitive functioning among rehabilitation inpatients
    Christine V Paradee
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 19:55-72. 2005
    ..Cognitive reserve theory is suggested as an explanation for the differential effects. These findings may have implications for inpatient therapeutic interventions and discharge planning...
  79. ncbi Sex differences and the factor of time in solving Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotation problems
    Michael Peters
    Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Brain Cogn 57:176-84. 2005
    ..This hypothesis was not supported for a sample of 20 males and 26 females. We conclude that performance factors may play a role in sex difference on mental rotation tasks, but do not account for all of the differences...
  80. ncbi Does strategy knowledge influence working memory in children with mathematical disabilities?
    M L Keeler
    University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
    J Learn Disabil 34:418-34. 2001
    ..Overall, these results suggest that WM and math achievement are related to strategy knowledge...
  81. ncbi A dynamic test to assess learning capacity in people with severe impairments
    Christine Hessels-Schlatter
    University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Ment Retard 107:340-51. 2002
    ..The test is seen as a useful tool for diagnostic differentiation among low performers...
  82. ncbi Handedness and spatial ability: differential patterns of relationships
    Thomas G Reio
    University of Louisville, College of Education and Human Development, KY 40292, USA
    Laterality 9:339-58. 2004
    ..Overall, these findings offer new insights into the interplay of handedness with alternative measures of laterality as well as with spatial abilities...
  83. ncbi Annotation: the savant syndrome
    Pamela Heaton
    Psychology Department, Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:899-911. 2004
    ..Whilst interest has focused on the origin and nature of the savant syndrome for over a century, it is only within the past two decades that empirical group studies have been carried out...
  84. pmc Well- and ill-defined measures of everyday cognition: relationship to older adults' intellectual ability and functional status
    Jason C Allaire
    Institute of Gerontology and Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, USA
    Psychol Aging 17:101-15. 2002
    ..Discussion focuses on the differential importance of both methods for assessing older adults' everyday cognitive functioning...
  85. ncbi Mental rotation of letters, pictures, and three-dimensional objects in German dyslexic children
    Jascha Rüsseler
    Department of Psychology II, Neuropsychology Unit, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
    Child Neuropsychol 11:497-512. 2005
    ..These results are discussed with respect to the hypotheses of a developmental dysfunction of the parietal cortex or a subtle anomaly in cerebellar function in dyslexic readers...
  86. ncbi Working memory in children with reading disabilities
    Susan Elizabeth Gathercole
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 93:265-81. 2006
    ..Possible mechanisms for the contribution of working memory to learning, and the implications for educational practice, are considered...
  87. ncbi Cognitive ability and occupational status in a British cohort
    K Thienpont
    Department of Population Studies, Ghent University, Belgium
    J Biosoc Sci 36:333-49. 2004
    ..By approaching this relationship through various methods, both social-biological and sociological aspects of this research question can be assessed...
  88. ncbi Early neuropsychological correlates of later clock drawing and clock copying abilities among school aged children
    Janean E guya Dilworth
    Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Child Neuropsychol 10:24-35. 2004
    ..Longitudinal analyses indicate that general intelligence significantly predicted performance on both tasks. Visual-motor coordination only predicted performance on the drawing on demand subtest of the CDT...
  89. ncbi The role of attack and defense semantics in skilled players' memory for chess positions
    Stuart J McGregor
    Cardiff University, Wales
    Mem Cognit 30:707-17. 2002
    ..These findings challenge theories of expertise for chess that assume a primary role for proximity and location in determining which pieces are grouped together in memory...
  90. ncbi Neural correlates underlying mental calculation in abacus experts: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Takashi Hanakawa
    Human Brain Research Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    Neuroimage 19:296-307. 2003
    ..In conclusion, mental calculation of abacus experts is likely associated with enhanced involvement of the neural resources for visuospatial information processing in 2-dimensional space...
  91. ncbi Defective neuromotor and cognitive ability in iodine-deficient schoolchildren of an endemic goiter region in Sicily
    F Vermiglio
    Istituto Pluridisciplinare di Clinica Medica e Terapia Medica Generale e Speciale, University of Messina, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 70:379-84. 1990
    ..3%) than in normal children (15.3%; (chi 2 = 17.29; P less than 0.00005). The general intellectual aptitude in Bender deficient subjects was evaluated by the Terman Merrill test and was found to be impaired in 95%, thus ..
  92. ncbi [Aptitude for sports in children operated on for aortic coarctation. Contribution of the exercise test]
    L Auriacombe
    , , Paris
    Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 82:13-6. 1989
    ..Beyond this value, children must be investigated for residual coarctation of the aorta which may be amenable to a specific treatment...
  93. ncbi An 8-year-old boy with treatment-resistant encopresis
    Martin T Stein
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, Rady Children s Hospital, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 31:513-5. 2010
    ..A neuropsychological evaluation revealed a superior aptitude associated with unresolved early childhood issues of self-control, self-care, and frustration tolerance...
  94. ncbi Symbolism in prehistoric man
    F Facchini
    Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, University of Bologna, Italy
    Coll Antropol 24:541-53. 2000
    The aptitude for symbolization, characteristic of man, is revealed not only in artistic representations and funerary practices...
  95. ncbi A survey of chemical and nutritional characteristics of halophytes plants used by camels in Southern Tunisia
    Vito Laudadio
    Department of Animal Health and Welfare, University of Bari, s p per Casamassima km 3, 70010, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:209-15. 2009
    ..well adapted to the utilization of vegetation of low nutritional value in its natural habitat zone, thanks to its aptitude to vary food and to search plants that are rich in water content and that can make up for its nutritional ..
  96. ncbi Which panic disorder patients benefit from which treatment: cognitive therapy or antidepressants?
    Elise Dusseldorp
    Data Theory Group, Department of Education, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 76:154-61. 2007
    ..We investigated whether congruence between patients' beliefs about controllability of a panic disorder and the type of treatment provided predicted outcome...
  97. ncbi Anti-Müllerian hormone concentrations in the follicular fluid of the preovulatory follicle are predictive of the implantation potential of the ensuing embryo obtained by in vitro fertilization
    Renato Fanchin
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Hopital Antoine Beclere, 157 rue de la Porte de Trivaux, 92141 Clamart, France
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:1796-802. 2007
    ..Yet, it still is unclear whether the aptitude of an individual follicle to produce AMH reflects its reproductive competence.
  98. ncbi Personality types and performance on aptitude and achievement tests: implications for osteopathic medical education
    Donald J Sefcik
    Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824 1316, USA
    J Am Osteopath Assoc 109:296-301. 2009
    Several studies have shown that the personality types of medical and dental students affect performance on aptitude and achievement examinations. However, such studies are lacking in osteopathic medical literature.
  99. pmc Determination of angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity in equine blood: lack of agreement between methods of analysis
    Maria Fernanda de M Costa
    Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    J Vet Sci 12:21-5. 2011
    ..which accounts for 47% of the variation of ACE activity in blood, has been advocated as a biomarker of athletic aptitude. Different methods of analysis and determination of ACE activity in plasma have been used in human and equine ..
  100. ncbi The NFL combine: does it predict performance in the National Football League?
    Frank E Kuzmits
    Department of Management, College of Business, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1721-7. 2008
    ..The combine consists of series of drills, exercises, interviews, aptitude tests, and physical exams designed to assess the skills of promising college football players and to predict ..
  101. ncbi Diet selection and milk production and composition in Girgentana goats with different alpha s1-casein genotype
    Marcella Avondo
    Dipartimento Scienze Agronomiche, Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali DACPA University of Catania, Via Valdisavoia 5, 95123 Catania, Italy
    J Dairy Res 76:202-9. 2009
    ..The aim of the trial was to test whether goats can select their diet as a function of their genetic aptitude to produce milk at different casein levels and whether this selection can influence milk production or ..

Research Grants62

  1. School Adjustment and SED in Minority Children
    LAURA ZIONTS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., scholastic aptitude, limited English proficiency, behavioral characteristics) and family variables (acculturation, ethnic ..
  2. A Rodent Model to Study Links Among Diet, Visceral Adipose and Cardiomyopathy
    MELINDA ANN FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Short term career goals include: completion of current projects and publication of findings;increased aptitude in foundational skills including ethics, critical thinking, experimental design, statistics and laboratory ..
  3. The role of diet-induced obesity in cognitive impairment
    CATRINA SIMS ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT (ONE PAGE) Candidate Dr. Catrina Robinson's aptitude and commitment to succeed has been consistently exemplified through academia, interdisciplinary achievements, and volunteerism...
  4. RENAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM
    Lawrence B Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Selection for appointment is based on the aptitude of the applicant and their commitment to a career in biomedical research...
  5. Training in the Molecular Basis of Skin/Mucosa Parthobiology
    Molly F Kulesz-Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Two predoctoral and three postdoctoral MD, PhD or MD/PhD candidates are appointed each year, selected for their aptitude, the special experience they bring to the field and their desire to carry out skin/mucosa research with a strong ..
  6. PREDOCTORAL TRAINING IN BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY
    PAUL WARREN STERNBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to graduate study in each option based on highly selective admissions criteria, especially high quantitative aptitude and strong motivation for research...
  7. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamics of Antimicrobials in Resistant Infections
    Jennifer Le; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of this Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development (K-23) proposal is to develop the knowledge and aptitude necessary for the candidate to become an independent researcher in clinical translational pharmacotherapy (CTP), ..
  8. VETERINARY STUDENT TRAINING IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
    Robert F Gilmour; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Combining excellent academic performance and an aptitude for research with a focused training program is expected to produce students who will sustain an interest in ..
  9. VETERINARY STUDENT TRAINING IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
    Joel D Baines; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Combining excellent academic performance and an aptitude for research with a focused training program is expected to produce students who will sustain an interest in ..
  10. Dancing Dots Music Touch TTT: Multi-modal Teaching System for Blind musicians. T
    WILLIAM R MCCANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..o M: Results of test recorded based on application of before and after aptitude tests...
  11. Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical Education
    ADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, in this design we will be able to assess a number of CAI attribute-student aptitude interactions such as the impact on student achievement of the nature of the clinical case ("case effect") and a ..
  12. Short-term biomedical research training program for veterinary students
    Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..into the research enterprise to the veterinary students early in their training and foster interest and develop aptitude for further training in the biomedical sciences...
  13. APPLIED GENOMICS IN INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    Upinder Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and offered admission on the basis of exceptional academic record, faculty interviews, and interest in, and aptitude for research. Every effort will be made to attract minority candidates...
  14. DIABETES MELLITUS AND DISORDERS OF METABOLISM
    John J Wysolmerski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis in the selection of trainees is given to those applicants demonstrating aptitude and commitment to a research career...
  15. Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Disorders Predoctoral Research Training Program
    Alice H Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..identified a dissertation topic in the area of nutrition and cardiometabolic disorders, established their aptitude to conduct research, obtained commitment from a Training Program mentor to serve as their Thesis Advisor, and ..
  16. MULTIDISCIPLINARY AIDS TRAINING GRANT
    Daniel R Kuritzkes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Criteria for selection will include prior training record, aptitude for research and commitment to research careers...
  17. Veterinary Pre-Doctoral Research Scholars Program
    Sue Vandewoude; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The desired outcome of this training program is production of graduate veterinarians with an interest and aptitude in biomedical research, and a tendency to enter the pipeline of post-graduate research training...
  18. Clinical and Translational Research Training Program in Pulmonary Medicine
    Gordon R Bernard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Applicants who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career are considered for participation...
  19. Interdisciplinary Training Program in Lung Research
    Timothy S Blackwell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The program is designed to support post-doctoral trainees (both M.D. and Ph.D.) who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career...
  20. The Vanderbilt Emergency Medicine Research Training Program (VEMRT)
    Alan B Storrow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..who have completed residency (or clinicians with PhDs or equivalent training) and who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career will be accepted per year...
  21. Examining the Effects of Working Memory Training in Low SES Children
    RICHARD LEE BRYCK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..WM ability is associated with a host of positive outcomes, including intelligence and scholastic aptitude. Children facing early adversity tend to show deficits in WM and related executive function (EF) processes ..
  22. International Cerebrovascular Translational Clinical Research Training Program
    Saad Shafqat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will have the knowledge, skills and aptitude to perform clinical research on stroke which has relevance and applicability to the needs of Pakistan...
  23. The role of stimulus statistics on cortical plasticity and categorical perception
    Heesoo Kim; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..considered unique among humans, and our ability to communicate efficiently and effectively hinges on our language aptitude. Individuals who grow up with improper speech input can develop communication disorders...
  24. Recruitment of Medical Students to Careers in Mental Health Research
    Gretchen L Haas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The program features a full year of mentored research for highly motivated medical students with an aptitude for and interest in mental health-relevant clinical and/or basic research...
  25. Synapses,Channels, and Transduction in Neuroscience
    Kenneth J Muller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Predoctoral candidates must be strong academically, with demonstrated interest in, and aptitude for, scientific inquiry. Postdoctoral candidates with Ph.D...
  26. Research Education Program for Trainees in Neurology
    TANYA SIMUNI SIMUNI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically we propose to: 1. Recruit at least one neurology resident each year who demonstrates aptitude for and interest in research to prepare them to compete for K08 or K23 awards. 2...
  27. Pre-doctoral training in Molecular Biology
    James V DeGregori; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To accomplish this goal we carefully select high quality students with strong academic records and a demonstrated aptitude, commitment and passion for research...
  28. Veterinary Scholars Summer Research Program
    Sue Vandewoude; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The desired outcome of this program is production of graduate veterinarians with the interest, aptitude, and motivation to enter post-graduate training and careers in research.
  29. The role of physician experience in outcomes of patients with acute respiratory f
    Meeta Prasad Kerlin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..She has demonstrated her interest and aptitude for clinical research through the successful completion of several research projects in the topics of critical ..
  30. SHORT COURSES: INTEGRATIVE AND ORGAN SYSTEMS PHARMACOLOGY
    ADAM MITCHELL PERSKY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..health is an important problem, one that can be resolved only through developing a workforce with the requisite aptitude. This continuing Education Project takes the form of a Short Course that has been designed to introduce trainees ..
  31. Prostate Cancer Management with Multimodality Imaging
    Youngho Seo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..proposed research program will not only enhance the clinical prostate cancer management but also provide valuable aptitude skills and knowledge for the candidate to become an independent biomedical researcher with strong background in ..
  32. The effects of thalamoamygdalar synaptic potentiation on learning performance
    KAY MAXINE TYE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..but will subsequently enhance the basal capacity of this pathway to be potentiated, thereby enhancing the aptitude for associative learning...
  33. Online Training for Foster and Primary Parents of Neglected Children
    JOSH WHITKIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this specific context, it refes to parents'aptitude for understanding their child's and their own internal states (thoughts, feelings, intentions) and how these ..
  34. Do Performance Incentives Improve Healthcare Quality for Vulnerable Populations?
    ALYNA TUNG MEI CHIEN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The ideal candidate for this line of inquiry must demonstrate aptitude and experience in underserved communities, clinical medicine, and policy-relevant research that draws on ..
  35. Temple University Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) program
    Jacqueline C Tanaka; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our MARC pipeline program will identify and recruit high aptitude URM entering undergraduates in the relevant majors and provide academic and peer support to assure their success ..
  36. Research Training Program in Disease-Oriented Neuroscience
    John A Detre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Eligible residents will apply to the program through an administrative committee, providing evidence of research aptitude through the development of a research project in conjunction with a research mentor...
  37. PREPing to a Biomedical PhD
    David W Niesel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a Biomedical PhD" program is designed to provide underrepresented minority and disadvantaged students having an aptitude for science with the motivation, academic tools, research skills, and self-confidence to pursue and obtain a ..
  38. Service Providers and Early Childhood Development
    Sharon Ghuman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..data from extensive tests administered to service providers to measure their health and ECD-related knowledge, aptitude, and skills. The study is also unique in other respects. It will consider how the human capital (e.g...
  39. COMMUNITY-BUILDING TO PROMOTE BIOMEDICAL HEALTH CAREERS
    Charles Evans; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Students with interest and aptitude, with the adults, experience an initial 3-week summer residential program with a subsequent school year plan and ..
  40. CHOLESTEROL REDUCTION EFFECTS ON BEHAVIOR
    Matthew Muldoon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of the test battery are: 1) automobile driving (simulation), 2) everyday memory tests, 3) pre-employment aptitude and performance tests, 4) social cognition and behavior, (evaluated by standardized scenario presentation and ..
  41. Harvard Medical School MKITS Program
    Joan Reede; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..School (HMS) Minority K-12 Initiative for Teachers and Students (MKITS) Program is to increase science literacy, aptitude, and interest in science careers among Boston middle and high school students, particularly underrepresented ..
  42. BASIC RESEARCH ON CHANGING MARITAL RELATIONSHIPS
    JOHN GOTTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..that there are three types of stable couples (volatile, conflict avoiding), and the fourth experiment study is an aptitude-by-treatment interaction study, testing whether specific approaches for teaching empathy with the three types of ..
  43. Spatiotemporal Control of Tumor Cell Signaling
    David S Lawrence; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..constructs will be used to examine the synergistic influence of multiple signaling pathways as a function of time and space on migratory aptitude. Finally, we will address the validity of an emerging model of metastatic potential.
  44. Texas Consortium Program in Behavioral Neuroscience
    Francisco Gonzalez Lima; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It creates opportunities for the success of trainees with a gift of exceptional aptitude for science that have been historically underserved by traditional training programs...
  45. Adapting Mathematical Pen-Computing for Classroom Use on Interactive Whiteboards
    DONALD CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for mathematics education and will provide a foundation for improving the learning process ultimately benefiting not only those who have an aptitude for math but also for those who struggle to understand its basic principles.
  46. A Library of FluidMath Supplemental Content for Algebra Curricula
    DONALD CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for mathematics education and will provide a foundation for improving the learning process ultimately benefiting not only those who have an aptitude for math but also for those who struggle to understand its basic principles.
  47. Language, Literacy and Behavior Curriculum Efficacy
    Charles Greenwood; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..literacy, self regulatory behavior, and social competency) and their interactions with student age, gender, race, aptitude, fidelity of implementation, and present and later schooling contexts, is proposed...
  48. TRAINING IN STATISTICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
    George Casella; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The goal of the training program has been to identify students with the aptitude and interests in biostatistics who will develop research expertise relevant to the field of environmental health ..
  49. Research Education in Disaster Mental Health
    Fran Norris; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a grant program for 16 promising individuals (over the course of the project) who develop interest and show aptitude in careers in disaster mental health research...
  50. Online Environmental Management System Auditor Training
    Jennifer Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to test the prototype; 3) assess the effectiveness of such a course by measuring participant learning and aptitude; and 4) evaluate the effectiveness of such a course and its worth as a product...
  51. Conference--The Global Genome: Microbes
    EDWARD DELONG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Microbes carry enormous genetic wealth and biological aptitude. Investigators have already begun to tap into the tremendous resources stored in microbial genomes...
  52. SCIENCE CAREER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM
    Marvin Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..objectives will be realized by selecting academically talented disadvantaged students who show an interest and an aptitude for science...
  53. PARTNERSHIP FOR MINORITY ACCESS TO BACCALAUREATE DEGREES
    MAKRAM HIMAYA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..efforts will be made to enrol an average of 28 students each year who express an interest or show special aptitude for math and science...
  54. Acquisition of English or Hebrew by Russian immigrants
    ROBERT DEKEYSER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..mechanisms as a function of age by a quantitative analysis of the interaction between age and language learning aptitude. Secondly, it seeks to provide a deeper qualitative explanation of the nature of this interaction by establishing ..
  55. Molecular Buffering of Replication in Yeast
    JOHN HARTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..into molecular principles of cellular homeostasis, as they relate to replication fidelity and cancer, and he will develop aptitude for genome analysis that will serve him well throughout his career as an independent research scientist.
  56. DISTRACTOR ANALYSIS OF TEST ITEM FAIRNESS
    Bert Green; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Analyses of available data from the Scholastic Aptitude Test and analyses of simulated data will permit needed evaluation of the new method.
  57. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  58. Effects of Aging on Executive Processes
    Timothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
  59. Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West Comparisons
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
  60. SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGING
    Thomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. A Developmental Study of Mathemetics Disabilities 2
    NANCY JORDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We also expect the findings to have direct applications for the development of evidence-based math interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONS
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..