Genomes and Genes
Summary: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.
Publications253 found, 100 shown here
- Musical aptitude and second language pronunciation skills in school-aged children: neural and behavioral evidenceRiia Milovanov
Department of English, University of Turku, Finland
Brain Res 1194:81-9. 2008The main focus of this study was to examine the relationship between musical aptitude and second language pronunciation skills...
- Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in childrenDana L Strait
Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Behav Brain Funct 7:44. 2011..Here, we aimed to define relationships between the subcortical processing of speech regularities, music aptitude, and reading abilities in children with and without reading impairment...
- Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?Lynn S Fuchs
Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
- Genome-wide copy number variation analysis in extended families and unrelated individuals characterized for musical aptitude and creativity in musicLiisa Ukkola-Vuoti
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
PLoS ONE 8:e56356. 2013..copy number variations (CNVs) in five extended pedigrees and in 172 unrelated subjects characterized for musical aptitude and creative functions in music...
- Prediction of auditory and visual p300 brain-computer interface aptitudeSebastian Halder
Institute of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
PLoS ONE 8:e53513. 2013..A reliable predictor of aptitude would allow for the selection of suitable BCI paradigms...
- Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and scienceJanet Shibley Hyde
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 314:599-600. 2006
- On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudesNelson Cowan
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005..We provide a theoretical framework to understand the relation between WM and aptitude measures...
- Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performanceJanet S Hyde
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 321:494-5. 2008
- The role of mind-wandering in measurements of general aptitudeMichael D Mrazek
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 141:788-98. 2012..Four studies employing complementary methodological designs embedded thought sampling into tests of general aptitude and determined that mind-wandering was consistently associated with worse performance on these measures...
- Mediators of gender differences in mathematics college entrance test scores: a comparison of spatial skills with internalized beliefs and anxietiesM B Casey
Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, and Research Methods, Boston College, Massachusetts 012167, USA
Dev Psychol 33:669-80. 1997..and math self-confidence functioned as mediators of a significant gender difference in the Mathematics Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT-M) among the top third of a college-bound sample...
- Does aptitude influence the rate at which proficiency is achieved for laparoscopic appendectomy?Christina E Buckley
National Surgical Training Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland Electronic address
J Am Coll Surg 217:1020-7. 2013..We hypothesized that aptitude may directly affect one's ability to successfully complete the learning curve for minimally invasive procedures...
- Do physical maturity and birth date predict talent in male youth ice hockey players?Lauren B Sherar
College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
J Sports Sci 25:879-86. 2007..In conclusion, team selectors appear to preferentially select early maturing male ice hockey players who have birth dates early in the selection year...
- Testosterone levels and spatial ability in menI Silverman
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ont, Canada
Psychoneuroendocrinology 24:813-22. 1999..There were no significant relationships between control test scores and mean T levels. Findings are discussed in terms of their contributions to the resolution of ambiguities in prior reported data...
- OverhelpingD T Gilbert
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin 78712, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 70:678-90. 1996..The results point to an intervention principle that predicts how and when people may most effectively influence a performance so as to shape observer's inferences about the performer...
- Association of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A) haplotypes with listening to musicLiisa Ukkola-Vuoti
Department of Medical Genetics, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
J Hum Genet 56:324-9. 2011..hypothesize that willingness to produce and perceive sound and music is social communication that needs musical aptitude. Here, listening to music was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire and musical aptitude using the auditory ..
- Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypesLiisa T Ukkola
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
PLoS ONE 4:e5534. 2009..We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music...
- Innate talents: reality or myth?M J Howe
Department of Psychology, University of Exeter, England
Behav Brain Sci 21:399-407; discussion 407-42. 1998..An analysis of positive and negative evidence and arguments suggests that differences in early experiences, preferences, opportunities, habits, training, and practice are the real determinants of excellence...
- Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science?: a critical reviewElizabeth S Spelke
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1130 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Am Psychol 60:950-8. 2005..learning about mechanical systems; (b) males have a profile of spatial and numerical abilities producing greater aptitude for mathematics; and (c) males are more variable in their cognitive abilities and therefore predominate at the ..
- Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performanceYulia Kovas
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
- Prodigies of natureJ S Jenkins
J R Soc Med 98:277-80. 2005
- Familial aggregation patterns in mathematical abilityEllen M Wijsman
Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7720, USA
Behav Genet 34:51-62. 2004....
- Genome-wide linkage scan for loci of musical aptitude in Finnish families: evidence for a major locus at 4q22K Pulli
J Med Genet 45:451-6. 2008..However, the molecules involved in mediating music perception and performance are so far uncharacterised...
- Effects of the family environment: gene-environment interaction and passive gene-environment correlationThomas S Price
Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Dev Psychol 44:305-15. 2008....
- Maintenance therapy with synthetic opioids and driving aptitudeShird Dieter Schindler
Department of General Psychiatry, University Hospital, Medical University, Vienna, Austria
Eur Addict Res 10:80-7. 2004To assess the influence of methadone and buprenorphine maintenance treatment on the driving aptitude of opioid-dependent patients.
- How to select aspirant laparoscopic surgical trainees: establishing concurrent validity comparing Xitact LS500 index performance scores with standardized psychomotor aptitude test battery scoresMarlies P Schijven
Department of Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 40, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Surg Res 121:112-9. 2004..Our study attempts to link surgical novices' psychometric ability test battery data with actual performance outcome on an objective, validated, and reproducible surgical laparoscopic task using virtual-reality simulation...
- The role of musical aptitude and language skills in preattentive duration processing in school-aged childrenRiia Milovanov
Department of English, University of Turku, Finland Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku, Finland
Neurosci Lett 460:161-5. 2009..In total, 40 children had either advanced foreign language production skills and higher musical aptitude or less advanced results in both musicality and linguistic tests...
- Functional correlates of musical and visual ability in frontotemporal dementiaB L Miller
Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine, USA
Br J Psychiatry 176:458-63. 2000..The emergence of new skills in the setting of dementia suggests that loss of function in one brain area can release new functions elsewhere...
- The heritability of aptitude and exceptional talent across different domains in adolescents and young adultsAnna A E Vinkhuyzen
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Behav Genet 39:380-92. 2009The origin of individual differences in aptitude, defined as a domain-specific skill within the normal ability range, and talent, defined as a domain specific skill of exceptional quality, is under debate...
- One size does not fit all: aptitude x treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part 1--what is ATI research?Opher Caspi
Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
J Altern Complement Med 10:580-6. 2004..is not just "which treatment is the best?" but more importantly "best or better for whom, when, and why?" Aptitude (or attribute) by treatment interaction (ATI) is a research paradigm that attempts to examine exactly that--how ..
- Tracking exceptional human capital over two decadesDavid Lubinski
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Psychol Sci 17:194-9. 2006..College entrance exams administered to intellectually precocious youth uncover extraordinary potential for careers requiring creativity and scientific and technological innovation in the information age...
- One size does not fit all: aptitude chi treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part II--research designs and their applicationsOpher Caspi
Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
J Altern Complement Med 10:698-705. 2004..is not just "which treatment is the best?" but more importantly "best or better for whom, when, and why?" Aptitude (or attribute) by treatment interaction (ATI) is a research paradigm that attempts to examine exactly that--how ..
- Context sensitivity in children's reasoning about ability across the elementary school yearsGail D Heyman
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
Dev Sci 9:616-27. 2006....
- Use of context in pragmatic language comprehension by children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismSoile Loukusa
Department of Finnish, Information Studies and Logopedics, University of Oulu, PO Box 1000, FIN 90014, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1049-59. 2007..Both AS/HFA groups had difficulties explaining their correct answers, suggesting that they are not always aware of how they have derived answers from the context...
- Memory abilities in children with subtypes of dyscalculiaMonica Rosselli
Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL 33314, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 30:801-18. 2006..Working memory tests (digits backwards and sentence repetition) appeared to be the best predictors of mathematical test scores and may represent a major cognitive defect in children with specific defects in mathematics...
- The impact of meaning and dimensionality on copying accuracy in individuals with autismElizabeth Sheppard
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1913-24. 2007..Participants with autism were less affected by dimensionality but not meaningfulness, apparently supporting EPF. Effects of dimensionality did not relate to drawing strategy, also contrary to WCC...
- Black Americans reduce the racial IQ gap: evidence from standardization samplesWilliam T Dickens
Economic Studies, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, USA
Psychol Sci 17:913-20. 2006..These data suggest that Blacks gained 4 to 7 IQ points on non-Hispanic Whites between 1972 and 2002. Gains have been fairly uniform across the entire range of Black cognitive ability...
- Can autism, language and coordination disorders be differentiated based on ability profiles?Sarah N Wisdom
School of Psychology, Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, WA, Australia
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 16:178-86. 2007..In terms of ability scores, the AD and DCD groups appear to differ more in severity than in kind...
- Hyperlexia in children with autism spectrum disordersTina M Newman
PACE Center, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:760-74. 2007..Yet, the study revealed some dissimilarities between these two types of reading when more fine-grained cognitive and linguistic abilities were considered; these dissimilarities warrant further investigations...
- Are numerical impairments syndrome specific? Evidence from Williams syndrome and Down's syndromeSarah J Paterson
Neurocognitive Development Unit, Institute of Child Health, UCL London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:190-204. 2006..Five experiments assessed number skills in these two genetic syndromes and in their mental age (MA) and chronological age (CA) matched controls...
- The profile of memory function in children with autismDiane L Williams
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Neuropsychology 20:21-9. 2006..A principal components analysis indicated that the factor structure of the subtests differed substantially between the children with autism and controls, suggesting differing organizations of memory ability...
- Taking teens to taskJeanne Mettner
Minn Med 89:17-8. 2006
- Short-term variability in cognitive performance and the calibration of longitudinal changeTimothy A Salthouse
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia Charlottesville, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:P144-51. 2006..Correlations among the measures of within-person variability were very low, even after we adjusted for reliability, and there was little evidence that increased age was associated with a larger amount of within-person variability...
- Effect of a synesthete's photisms on name recallCarol Bergfeld Mills
Department of Psychology, Goucher College, Baltimore, MD 21204, USA
Cortex 42:155-63. 2006..MLS's synesthesia seems to aid memory for visually or auditorily presented language stimuli (names and nouns), but not for non-language visual stimuli (simple and complex figures)...
- The functional and developmental organization of cognitive developmental sequencesAndreas Demetriou
Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, PO Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus
Br J Educ Psychol 76:209-42. 2006..The procedural and representational characteristics of these levels were also specified and their implications for developmental and cognitive theory were discussed...
- Perception precedes computation: can familiarity preferences explain apparent calculation by human babies?David S Moore
Department of Psychology, Pitzer College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
Dev Psychol 42:666-78. 2006....
- Planning abilities and chess: a comparison of chess and non-chess players on the Tower of London taskJ M Unterrainer
Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Germany
Br J Psychol 97:299-311. 2006..These findings indicate that better performance in chess players is associated with disproportionally longer solution times, although it remains to be investigated whether motivational or strategic differences account for this result...
- Cognitive sex differences and mathematics and science achievementPhillip L Ackerman
School of Psycology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 0170, USA
Am Psychol 61:722-3; discussion 725-6. 2006
- There is more to aptitude than cognitive capacitiesDavid Yun Dai
Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA
Am Psychol 61:723-4; discussion 725-6. 2006
- Generality and specificity in cognitive aging: a volumetric brain analysisRoger T Staff
Department of Bio medical Physics, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Neuroimage 30:1433-40. 2006..To investigate whether, in old age, brain volume differences are associated with age-related change in general mental ability and/or specific cognitive abilities...
- Pigeons see correspondence between objects and their picturesMarcia L Spetch
Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Psychol Sci 17:966-72. 2006..This study provides the strongest evidence yet that pigeons can recognize the correspondence between objects and pictures...
- Cognitive training gain as a predictor of mental statusJulie Blaskewicz Boron
Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Psychology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:P45-52. 2007..The combination of reasoning ability training and increased proximal training gain on reasoning ability was associated with a decreased likelihood of being rated as probably demented...
- Is it a fact? Timed arithmetic performance of children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) varies as a function of how MLD is definedMichele M M Mazzocco
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:318-44. 2008..Finally, the types of errors made by children with MLD reflect reliance on processes other than retrieval to solve these alleged "math facts."..
- Rote numeric skills may mask underlying mathematical disabilities in girls with fragile x syndromeMelissa M Murphy
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:345-64. 2008..In terms of applications to serving girls with fragile X, it is important to consider that efficient rote skills may not only fail to enhance math achievement, they may hinder achievement by masking underlying conceptual deficiencies...
- Standardized assessment of strategy use and working memory in early mental arithmetic performanceSarah S Wu
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5778, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:365-93. 2008..We discuss the implication of these findings for early mathematical learning...
- Longitudinal associations between reading and mathematics achievementKevin J Grimm
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:410-26. 2008..These findings lend support for the notion that early reading skills are important for success in mathematics...
- Working memory and mathematical cognitive development: limitations of limited-capacity resource modelsDaniel B Berch
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:427-46. 2008
- Task experience and children's working memory performance: a perspective from recall timingJohn N Towse
Department of Psychology, Fylde College, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster, UK
Dev Psychol 44:695-706. 2008..The task demands of working memory change as a function of task experience, with a combination of accuracy and response timing in novel task situations being the strongest predictor of cognitive attainment...
- Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in originNaomi P Friedman
Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 137:201-25. 2008....
- Letter-specific processing in children and adults matched for reading levelE Darcy Burgund
Department of Psychology, MS 25, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251, USA
Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:66-71. 2008..Thus, results suggest that adults are more sensitive than children to the visual forms of letters, and that differences in letter specificity are not necessarily dependent on reading skill...
- Adult age trends in the relations among cognitive abilitiesElliot M Tucker-Drob
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Psychol Aging 23:453-60. 2008..Contrary to the dedifferentiation hypothesis, there was no evidence for systematic increases in the magnitudes of relations among cognitive abilities. Conventional analytic procedures replicated these findings...
- Development of number line representations in children with mathematical learning disabilityDavid C Geary
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 33:277-99. 2008..The central executive component of working memory contributed to across-grade improvements in number line performance and to group differences in this performance...
- Cognitive abilities as precursors of the early acquisition of mathematical skills during first through second gradesM Chiara Passolunghi
Faculty of Psychology, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
Dev Neuropsychol 33:229-50. 2008..In conclusion, the results demonstrated that mathematics learning is predicted not by phonology or counting skills and that working memory is a plausible mediator in predicting mathematics achievement in primary school age children...
- Cognitive ability and continuous measures of relative hand skill: a noteKevin Denny
Geary Institute and School of Economics, University College Dublin UCD, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Neuropsychologia 46:2091-4. 2008..Using the same data source but utilising additional data, evidence is found of a more complex relationship between cognitive ability and relative hand skill...
- An estimate of the Flynn Effect: changes in IQ and subtest gains of 10-yr-old French children between 1965 and 1988Joël Bradmetz
Universite de Reims Champagne Ardenne, Departement de Psychologie, 57 rue Taittinger, 51096 Reims, France
Psychol Rep 99:743-6. 2006..The results are compatible with Greenfield's hypothesis, although other explanations are still possible...
- Semantic, executive, and visuospatial abilities in mathematical reasoning of referred college studentsPaul T Cirino
Texas Institute for Measurement, Evaluation, and Statistics TIMES, University of Houston, TX 77204 5355, USA
Assessment 14:94-104. 2007..Implications and future directions are explored...
- Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergartenClancy Blair
Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802 6504, USA
Child Dev 78:647-63. 2007..Findings suggest that curricula designed to improve self-regulation skills as well as enhance early academic abilities may be most effective in helping children succeed in school...
- The world of competitive Scrabble: Novice and expert differences in visuopatial and verbal abilitiesDiane F Halpern
Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children, Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, CA, USA
J Exp Psychol Appl 13:79-94. 2007..Expert Scrabble players showed superior performance on selected verbal and visuospatial tasks that correspond to abilities that are implicated in competitive play...
- Children's theories of intelligence: beliefs, goals, and motivation in the elementary yearsC Ryan Kinlaw
Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Box 90545 Durham, NC 27708 0545, USA
J Gen Psychol 134:295-311. 2007..The authors discussed contextual influences on children's beliefs and the development of children's conceptualizations of intelligence...
- Task control and cognitive abilities of self and spouse in collaboration in middle-aged and older couplesCynthia A Berg
Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 South 1350 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Psychol Aging 22:420-7. 2007..For women only, the fit between control and abilities was associated with better performance. The results indicate no age differences in couple expertise but point to gender as a factor in optimal collaboration...
- Aging and integrating spatial mental modelsDavid E Copeland
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
Psychol Aging 22:569-79. 2007..The results suggest that older adults' use of mental models can be compromised when spatial information is presented verbally rather than visually...
- Working memory and arithmetic calculation in children: the contributory roles of processing speed, short-term memory, and readingDerek H Berg
Faculty of Education, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3M 2J6
J Exp Child Psychol 99:288-308. 2008..Results are discussed in terms of directions for future research on working memory in arithmetic calculation...
- Time-based and event-based prospective memory across adulthood: underlying mechanisms and differential costs on the ongoing taskTheodor Jager
J Gen Psychol 135:4-22. 2008....
- Learning disabilities spectrum and sexual dimorphic abilities in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasiaOlga Inozemtseva
Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Departamento de Estudios en Educación Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
J Child Neurol 23:862-9. 2008..Thus, the presence of weak verbal areas along with a high incidence of learning disabilities related primarily, though not exclusively, to reading was documented in these girls...
- What makes working memory spans so predictive of high-level cognition?Raphaëlle Lépine
Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
Psychon Bull Rev 12:165-70. 2005..Moreover, the higher predictive power of computer-paced WM span tasks suggests that strategic factors do not contribute to the relationship between WM spans and high-level cognition...
- Savant talentLinda Pring
Psychology Department, Goldsmiths College, University of London, London SE14 6NW, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 47:500-3. 2005....
- Impaired performance of right-brain-damaged patients on a sentence anagram taskKumiko Murasugi
School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
Brain Cogn 57:172-5. 2005..With all hypotheses supported, the discussion focuses on an explanation for RBDs' sensitivity to the first subset of stimuli...
- Relation of maternal cognitive stimulation, emotional support, and intrusive behavior during Head Start to children's kindergarten cognitive abilitiesLaura Hubbs-Tait
Department of Family Relations and Child Development, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA
Child Dev 73:110-31. 2002..Specific policy implications of the effects are discussed...
- Circadian preference and cognitive functioning among rehabilitation inpatientsChristine V Paradee
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Clin Neuropsychol 19:55-72. 2005..Cognitive reserve theory is suggested as an explanation for the differential effects. These findings may have implications for inpatient therapeutic interventions and discharge planning...
- Sex differences and the factor of time in solving Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotation problemsMichael Peters
Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
Brain Cogn 57:176-84. 2005..This hypothesis was not supported for a sample of 20 males and 26 females. We conclude that performance factors may play a role in sex difference on mental rotation tasks, but do not account for all of the differences...
- Does strategy knowledge influence working memory in children with mathematical disabilities?M L Keeler
University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
J Learn Disabil 34:418-34. 2001..Overall, these results suggest that WM and math achievement are related to strategy knowledge...
- A dynamic test to assess learning capacity in people with severe impairmentsChristine Hessels-Schlatter
University of Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Ment Retard 107:340-51. 2002..The test is seen as a useful tool for diagnostic differentiation among low performers...
- Handedness and spatial ability: differential patterns of relationshipsThomas G Reio
University of Louisville, College of Education and Human Development, KY 40292, USA
Laterality 9:339-58. 2004..Overall, these findings offer new insights into the interplay of handedness with alternative measures of laterality as well as with spatial abilities...
- Annotation: the savant syndromePamela Heaton
Psychology Department, Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:899-911. 2004..Whilst interest has focused on the origin and nature of the savant syndrome for over a century, it is only within the past two decades that empirical group studies have been carried out...
- Well- and ill-defined measures of everyday cognition: relationship to older adults' intellectual ability and functional statusJason C Allaire
Institute of Gerontology and Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, USA
Psychol Aging 17:101-15. 2002..Discussion focuses on the differential importance of both methods for assessing older adults' everyday cognitive functioning...
- Mental rotation of letters, pictures, and three-dimensional objects in German dyslexic childrenJascha Rüsseler
Department of Psychology II, Neuropsychology Unit, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
Child Neuropsychol 11:497-512. 2005..These results are discussed with respect to the hypotheses of a developmental dysfunction of the parietal cortex or a subtle anomaly in cerebellar function in dyslexic readers...
- Working memory in children with reading disabilitiesSusan Elizabeth Gathercole
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
J Exp Child Psychol 93:265-81. 2006..Possible mechanisms for the contribution of working memory to learning, and the implications for educational practice, are considered...
- Cognitive ability and occupational status in a British cohortK Thienpont
Department of Population Studies, Ghent University, Belgium
J Biosoc Sci 36:333-49. 2004..By approaching this relationship through various methods, both social-biological and sociological aspects of this research question can be assessed...
- Early neuropsychological correlates of later clock drawing and clock copying abilities among school aged childrenJanean E guya Dilworth
Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Child Neuropsychol 10:24-35. 2004..Longitudinal analyses indicate that general intelligence significantly predicted performance on both tasks. Visual-motor coordination only predicted performance on the drawing on demand subtest of the CDT...
- The role of attack and defense semantics in skilled players' memory for chess positionsStuart J McGregor
Cardiff University, Wales
Mem Cognit 30:707-17. 2002..These findings challenge theories of expertise for chess that assume a primary role for proximity and location in determining which pieces are grouped together in memory...
- Neural correlates underlying mental calculation in abacus experts: a functional magnetic resonance imaging studyTakashi Hanakawa
Human Brain Research Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Neuroimage 19:296-307. 2003..In conclusion, mental calculation of abacus experts is likely associated with enhanced involvement of the neural resources for visuospatial information processing in 2-dimensional space...
- Defective neuromotor and cognitive ability in iodine-deficient schoolchildren of an endemic goiter region in SicilyF Vermiglio
Istituto Pluridisciplinare di Clinica Medica e Terapia Medica Generale e Speciale, University of Messina, Italy
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 70:379-84. 1990..3%) than in normal children (15.3%; (chi 2 = 17.29; P less than 0.00005). The general intellectual aptitude in Bender deficient subjects was evaluated by the Terman Merrill test and was found to be impaired in 95%, thus ..
- [Aptitude for sports in children operated on for aortic coarctation. Contribution of the exercise test]L Auriacombe
, , Paris
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 82:13-6. 1989..Beyond this value, children must be investigated for residual coarctation of the aorta which may be amenable to a specific treatment...
- An 8-year-old boy with treatment-resistant encopresisMartin T Stein
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, Rady Children s Hospital, USA
J Dev Behav Pediatr 31:513-5. 2010..A neuropsychological evaluation revealed a superior aptitude associated with unresolved early childhood issues of self-control, self-care, and frustration tolerance...
- Symbolism in prehistoric manF Facchini
Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, University of Bologna, Italy
Coll Antropol 24:541-53. 2000The aptitude for symbolization, characteristic of man, is revealed not only in artistic representations and funerary practices...
- A survey of chemical and nutritional characteristics of halophytes plants used by camels in Southern TunisiaVito Laudadio
Department of Animal Health and Welfare, University of Bari, s p per Casamassima km 3, 70010, Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:209-15. 2009..well adapted to the utilization of vegetation of low nutritional value in its natural habitat zone, thanks to its aptitude to vary food and to search plants that are rich in water content and that can make up for its nutritional ..
- Which panic disorder patients benefit from which treatment: cognitive therapy or antidepressants?Elise Dusseldorp
Data Theory Group, Department of Education, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
Psychother Psychosom 76:154-61. 2007..We investigated whether congruence between patients' beliefs about controllability of a panic disorder and the type of treatment provided predicted outcome...
- Anti-Müllerian hormone concentrations in the follicular fluid of the preovulatory follicle are predictive of the implantation potential of the ensuing embryo obtained by in vitro fertilizationRenato Fanchin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Hopital Antoine Beclere, 157 rue de la Porte de Trivaux, 92141 Clamart, France
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:1796-802. 2007..Yet, it still is unclear whether the aptitude of an individual follicle to produce AMH reflects its reproductive competence.
- Personality types and performance on aptitude and achievement tests: implications for osteopathic medical educationDonald J Sefcik
Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824 1316, USA
J Am Osteopath Assoc 109:296-301. 2009Several studies have shown that the personality types of medical and dental students affect performance on aptitude and achievement examinations. However, such studies are lacking in osteopathic medical literature.
- Determination of angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity in equine blood: lack of agreement between methods of analysisMaria Fernanda de M Costa
Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
J Vet Sci 12:21-5. 2011..which accounts for 47% of the variation of ACE activity in blood, has been advocated as a biomarker of athletic aptitude. Different methods of analysis and determination of ACE activity in plasma have been used in human and equine ..
- The NFL combine: does it predict performance in the National Football League?Frank E Kuzmits
Department of Management, College of Business, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
J Strength Cond Res 22:1721-7. 2008..The combine consists of series of drills, exercises, interviews, aptitude tests, and physical exams designed to assess the skills of promising college football players and to predict ..
- Diet selection and milk production and composition in Girgentana goats with different alpha s1-casein genotypeMarcella Avondo
Dipartimento Scienze Agronomiche, Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali DACPA University of Catania, Via Valdisavoia 5, 95123 Catania, Italy
J Dairy Res 76:202-9. 2009..The aim of the trial was to test whether goats can select their diet as a function of their genetic aptitude to produce milk at different casein levels and whether this selection can influence milk production or ..
- School Adjustment and SED in Minority ChildrenLAURA ZIONTS; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., scholastic aptitude, limited English proficiency, behavioral characteristics) and family variables (acculturation, ethnic ..
- A Rodent Model to Study Links Among Diet, Visceral Adipose and CardiomyopathyMELINDA ANN FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2013..Short term career goals include: completion of current projects and publication of findings;increased aptitude in foundational skills including ethics, critical thinking, experimental design, statistics and laboratory ..
- The role of diet-induced obesity in cognitive impairmentCATRINA SIMS ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2013PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT (ONE PAGE) Candidate Dr. Catrina Robinson's aptitude and commitment to succeed has been consistently exemplified through academia, interdisciplinary achievements, and volunteerism...
- RENAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMLawrence B Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2013..Selection for appointment is based on the aptitude of the applicant and their commitment to a career in biomedical research...
- Training in the Molecular Basis of Skin/Mucosa ParthobiologyMolly F Kulesz-Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013..Two predoctoral and three postdoctoral MD, PhD or MD/PhD candidates are appointed each year, selected for their aptitude, the special experience they bring to the field and their desire to carry out skin/mucosa research with a strong ..
- PREDOCTORAL TRAINING IN BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRYPAUL WARREN STERNBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013..to graduate study in each option based on highly selective admissions criteria, especially high quantitative aptitude and strong motivation for research...
- Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamics of Antimicrobials in Resistant InfectionsJennifer Le; Fiscal Year: 2013..of this Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development (K-23) proposal is to develop the knowledge and aptitude necessary for the candidate to become an independent researcher in clinical translational pharmacotherapy (CTP), ..
- VETERINARY STUDENT TRAINING IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCHRobert F Gilmour; Fiscal Year: 2011..Combining excellent academic performance and an aptitude for research with a focused training program is expected to produce students who will sustain an interest in ..
- VETERINARY STUDENT TRAINING IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCHJoel D Baines; Fiscal Year: 2013..Combining excellent academic performance and an aptitude for research with a focused training program is expected to produce students who will sustain an interest in ..
- Dancing Dots Music Touch TTT: Multi-modal Teaching System for Blind musicians. TWILLIAM R MCCANN; Fiscal Year: 2010..o M: Results of test recorded based on application of before and after aptitude tests...
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, in this design we will be able to assess a number of CAI attribute-student aptitude interactions such as the impact on student achievement of the nature of the clinical case ("case effect") and a ..
- Short-term biomedical research training program for veterinary studentsVilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan; Fiscal Year: 2013..into the research enterprise to the veterinary students early in their training and foster interest and develop aptitude for further training in the biomedical sciences...
- APPLIED GENOMICS IN INFECTIOUS DISEASESUpinder Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013..and offered admission on the basis of exceptional academic record, faculty interviews, and interest in, and aptitude for research. Every effort will be made to attract minority candidates...
- DIABETES MELLITUS AND DISORDERS OF METABOLISMJohn J Wysolmerski; Fiscal Year: 2013..Emphasis in the selection of trainees is given to those applicants demonstrating aptitude and commitment to a research career...
- Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Disorders Predoctoral Research Training ProgramAlice H Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2013..identified a dissertation topic in the area of nutrition and cardiometabolic disorders, established their aptitude to conduct research, obtained commitment from a Training Program mentor to serve as their Thesis Advisor, and ..
- MULTIDISCIPLINARY AIDS TRAINING GRANTDaniel R Kuritzkes; Fiscal Year: 2013..Criteria for selection will include prior training record, aptitude for research and commitment to research careers...
- Veterinary Pre-Doctoral Research Scholars ProgramSue Vandewoude; Fiscal Year: 2013..The desired outcome of this training program is production of graduate veterinarians with an interest and aptitude in biomedical research, and a tendency to enter the pipeline of post-graduate research training...
- Clinical and Translational Research Training Program in Pulmonary MedicineGordon R Bernard; Fiscal Year: 2013..Applicants who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career are considered for participation...
- Interdisciplinary Training Program in Lung ResearchTimothy S Blackwell; Fiscal Year: 2013..The program is designed to support post-doctoral trainees (both M.D. and Ph.D.) who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career...
- The Vanderbilt Emergency Medicine Research Training Program (VEMRT)Alan B Storrow; Fiscal Year: 2013..who have completed residency (or clinicians with PhDs or equivalent training) and who show exceptional aptitude for successfully pursuing an academic research career will be accepted per year...
- Examining the Effects of Working Memory Training in Low SES ChildrenRICHARD LEE BRYCK; Fiscal Year: 2013..WM ability is associated with a host of positive outcomes, including intelligence and scholastic aptitude. Children facing early adversity tend to show deficits in WM and related executive function (EF) processes ..
- International Cerebrovascular Translational Clinical Research Training ProgramSaad Shafqat; Fiscal Year: 2013..will have the knowledge, skills and aptitude to perform clinical research on stroke which has relevance and applicability to the needs of Pakistan...
- The role of stimulus statistics on cortical plasticity and categorical perceptionHeesoo Kim; Fiscal Year: 2011..considered unique among humans, and our ability to communicate efficiently and effectively hinges on our language aptitude. Individuals who grow up with improper speech input can develop communication disorders...
- Recruitment of Medical Students to Careers in Mental Health ResearchGretchen L Haas; Fiscal Year: 2013..The program features a full year of mentored research for highly motivated medical students with an aptitude for and interest in mental health-relevant clinical and/or basic research...
- Synapses,Channels, and Transduction in NeuroscienceKenneth J Muller; Fiscal Year: 2010..Predoctoral candidates must be strong academically, with demonstrated interest in, and aptitude for, scientific inquiry. Postdoctoral candidates with Ph.D...
- Research Education Program for Trainees in NeurologyTANYA SIMUNI SIMUNI; Fiscal Year: 2013..Specifically we propose to: 1. Recruit at least one neurology resident each year who demonstrates aptitude for and interest in research to prepare them to compete for K08 or K23 awards. 2...
- Pre-doctoral training in Molecular BiologyJames V DeGregori; Fiscal Year: 2013..To accomplish this goal we carefully select high quality students with strong academic records and a demonstrated aptitude, commitment and passion for research...
- Veterinary Scholars Summer Research ProgramSue Vandewoude; Fiscal Year: 2013..The desired outcome of this program is production of graduate veterinarians with the interest, aptitude, and motivation to enter post-graduate training and careers in research.
- The role of physician experience in outcomes of patients with acute respiratory fMeeta Prasad Kerlin; Fiscal Year: 2013..She has demonstrated her interest and aptitude for clinical research through the successful completion of several research projects in the topics of critical ..
- SHORT COURSES: INTEGRATIVE AND ORGAN SYSTEMS PHARMACOLOGYADAM MITCHELL PERSKY; Fiscal Year: 2012..health is an important problem, one that can be resolved only through developing a workforce with the requisite aptitude. This continuing Education Project takes the form of a Short Course that has been designed to introduce trainees ..
- Prostate Cancer Management with Multimodality ImagingYoungho Seo; Fiscal Year: 2010..proposed research program will not only enhance the clinical prostate cancer management but also provide valuable aptitude skills and knowledge for the candidate to become an independent biomedical researcher with strong background in ..
- The effects of thalamoamygdalar synaptic potentiation on learning performanceKAY MAXINE TYE; Fiscal Year: 2011..but will subsequently enhance the basal capacity of this pathway to be potentiated, thereby enhancing the aptitude for associative learning...
- Online Training for Foster and Primary Parents of Neglected ChildrenJOSH WHITKIN; Fiscal Year: 2013..In this specific context, it refes to parents'aptitude for understanding their child's and their own internal states (thoughts, feelings, intentions) and how these ..
- Do Performance Incentives Improve Healthcare Quality for Vulnerable Populations?ALYNA TUNG MEI CHIEN; Fiscal Year: 2011..The ideal candidate for this line of inquiry must demonstrate aptitude and experience in underserved communities, clinical medicine, and policy-relevant research that draws on ..
- Temple University Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) programJacqueline C Tanaka; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our MARC pipeline program will identify and recruit high aptitude URM entering undergraduates in the relevant majors and provide academic and peer support to assure their success ..
- Research Training Program in Disease-Oriented NeuroscienceJohn A Detre; Fiscal Year: 2013..Eligible residents will apply to the program through an administrative committee, providing evidence of research aptitude through the development of a research project in conjunction with a research mentor...
- PREPing to a Biomedical PhDDavid W Niesel; Fiscal Year: 2013..a Biomedical PhD" program is designed to provide underrepresented minority and disadvantaged students having an aptitude for science with the motivation, academic tools, research skills, and self-confidence to pursue and obtain a ..
- Service Providers and Early Childhood DevelopmentSharon Ghuman; Fiscal Year: 2007..data from extensive tests administered to service providers to measure their health and ECD-related knowledge, aptitude, and skills. The study is also unique in other respects. It will consider how the human capital (e.g...
- COMMUNITY-BUILDING TO PROMOTE BIOMEDICAL HEALTH CAREERSCharles Evans; Fiscal Year: 2004..Students with interest and aptitude, with the adults, experience an initial 3-week summer residential program with a subsequent school year plan and ..
- CHOLESTEROL REDUCTION EFFECTS ON BEHAVIORMatthew Muldoon; Fiscal Year: 2001..of the test battery are: 1) automobile driving (simulation), 2) everyday memory tests, 3) pre-employment aptitude and performance tests, 4) social cognition and behavior, (evaluated by standardized scenario presentation and ..
- Harvard Medical School MKITS ProgramJoan Reede; Fiscal Year: 2007..School (HMS) Minority K-12 Initiative for Teachers and Students (MKITS) Program is to increase science literacy, aptitude, and interest in science careers among Boston middle and high school students, particularly underrepresented ..
- BASIC RESEARCH ON CHANGING MARITAL RELATIONSHIPSJOHN GOTTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000..that there are three types of stable couples (volatile, conflict avoiding), and the fourth experiment study is an aptitude-by-treatment interaction study, testing whether specific approaches for teaching empathy with the three types of ..
- Spatiotemporal Control of Tumor Cell SignalingDavid S Lawrence; Fiscal Year: 2013..constructs will be used to examine the synergistic influence of multiple signaling pathways as a function of time and space on migratory aptitude. Finally, we will address the validity of an emerging model of metastatic potential.
- Texas Consortium Program in Behavioral NeuroscienceFrancisco Gonzalez Lima; Fiscal Year: 2009..It creates opportunities for the success of trainees with a gift of exceptional aptitude for science that have been historically underserved by traditional training programs...
- Adapting Mathematical Pen-Computing for Classroom Use on Interactive WhiteboardsDONALD CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..for mathematics education and will provide a foundation for improving the learning process ultimately benefiting not only those who have an aptitude for math but also for those who struggle to understand its basic principles.
- A Library of FluidMath Supplemental Content for Algebra CurriculaDONALD CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..for mathematics education and will provide a foundation for improving the learning process ultimately benefiting not only those who have an aptitude for math but also for those who struggle to understand its basic principles.
- Language, Literacy and Behavior Curriculum EfficacyCharles Greenwood; Fiscal Year: 2002..literacy, self regulatory behavior, and social competency) and their interactions with student age, gender, race, aptitude, fidelity of implementation, and present and later schooling contexts, is proposed...
- TRAINING IN STATISTICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCEGeorge Casella; Fiscal Year: 1999..The goal of the training program has been to identify students with the aptitude and interests in biostatistics who will develop research expertise relevant to the field of environmental health ..
- Research Education in Disaster Mental HealthFran Norris; Fiscal Year: 2007..a grant program for 16 promising individuals (over the course of the project) who develop interest and show aptitude in careers in disaster mental health research...
- Online Environmental Management System Auditor TrainingJennifer Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2006..to test the prototype; 3) assess the effectiveness of such a course by measuring participant learning and aptitude; and 4) evaluate the effectiveness of such a course and its worth as a product...
- Conference--The Global Genome: MicrobesEDWARD DELONG; Fiscal Year: 2002Microbes carry enormous genetic wealth and biological aptitude. Investigators have already begun to tap into the tremendous resources stored in microbial genomes...
- SCIENCE CAREER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAMMarvin Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999..objectives will be realized by selecting academically talented disadvantaged students who show an interest and an aptitude for science...
- PARTNERSHIP FOR MINORITY ACCESS TO BACCALAUREATE DEGREESMAKRAM HIMAYA; Fiscal Year: 2007..efforts will be made to enrol an average of 28 students each year who express an interest or show special aptitude for math and science...
- Acquisition of English or Hebrew by Russian immigrantsROBERT DEKEYSER; Fiscal Year: 2002..mechanisms as a function of age by a quantitative analysis of the interaction between age and language learning aptitude. Secondly, it seeks to provide a deeper qualitative explanation of the nature of this interaction by establishing ..
- Molecular Buffering of Replication in YeastJOHN HARTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..into molecular principles of cellular homeostasis, as they relate to replication fidelity and cancer, and he will develop aptitude for genome analysis that will serve him well throughout his career as an independent research scientist.
- DISTRACTOR ANALYSIS OF TEST ITEM FAIRNESSBert Green; Fiscal Year: 1990..Analyses of available data from the Scholastic Aptitude Test and analyses of simulated data will permit needed evaluation of the new method.
- KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTPHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Effects of Aging on Executive ProcessesTimothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
- Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West ComparisonsGAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
- SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGINGThomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- A Developmental Study of Mathemetics Disabilities 2NANCY JORDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..We also expect the findings to have direct applications for the development of evidence-based math interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONSGAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..