Genomes and Genes
Summary: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- Dyslexia and dyscalculia: two learning disorders with different cognitive profilesKarin Landerl
Department of Psychology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
J Exp Child Psychol 103:309-24. 2009..in the comorbid dyslexia/dyscalculia group were additive; that is, they resulted from the combination of two learning disorders. These findings suggest that dyslexia and dyscalculia have separable cognitive profiles, namely a ..
- Genetic influences on early word recognition abilities and disabilities: a study of 7-year-old twinsNicole Harlaar
Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:373-84. 2005..A fundamental issue for child psychology concerns the origins of individual differences in early reading development...
- Generalist genes and learning disabilitiesRobert Plomin
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
Psychol Bull 131:592-617. 2005..Third, genes that affect one learning disability are also likely to affect other learning disabilities. These quantitative genetic findings have far-reaching implications for molecular genetics and neuroscience as well as psychology...
- Maternal thyroid hormones early in pregnancy and fetal brain developmentGabriella Morreale de Escobar
Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas Alberto Sols, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC y Universidad Autonoma de Madrid UAM, Arturo Duperier, 4, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 18:225-48. 2004..Detection of an inappropiate first trimester FT4 surge that may not result in increased TSH, may be crucial for the prevention of learning disabilities in a significant number of unborn children...
- Developmental dyscalculiaRuth S Shalev
Neuropediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
J Child Neurol 19:765-71. 2004..The long-term prognosis of dyscalculia and the role of remediation in its outcome are yet to be determined...
- Very preterm children show impairments across multiple neurodevelopmental domains by age 4 yearsL J Woodward
Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 94:F339-44. 2009..Of particular interest were children's risks of impairment across multiple neurodevelopmental domains...
- Dyslexics are impaired on implicit higher-order sequence learning, but not on implicit spatial context learningJames H Howard
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:1131-44. 2006..The specific nature of their learning deficit is consistent with reports of physiological and anatomical differences for individuals with dyslexia in frontal and cerebellar structures...
- Mathematics and learning disabilitiesDavid C Geary
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211 2500, USA
J Learn Disabil 37:4-15. 2004..The deficits are discussed in terms of three subtypes of mathematics learning disability and in terms of a more general framework for linking research in mathematical cognition to research in learning disabilities...
- Obesity interventions for people with a learning disability: an integrative literature reviewAnnette Jinks
Evidence based Practice Research Centre, Faculty of Health, Edge Hill University, UK
J Adv Nurs 67:460-71. 2011....
- Aberrant functional activation in school age children at-risk for mathematical disability: a functional imaging study of simple arithmetic skillNicole Davis
Vanderbilt University Kennedy Center for Research on Human Development, USA
Neuropsychologia 47:2470-9. 2009....
- Comorbidity of learning disorders: prevalence and familial transmissionKarin Landerl
University of Tuebingen, 72072 Tuebingen, Germany
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:287-94. 2010..So far, empirical evidence on comorbidities of specific learning disorders in arithmetic, reading and spelling is scarce.
- Implicit motor learning deficits in dyslexic adultsCatherine J Stoodley
Department of Physiology, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK
Neuropsychologia 44:795-8. 2006..015). This suggests that some dyslexics may suffer from an implicit motor learning deficit, which could generalize to non-motor learning...
- Dyslexic children show deficits in implicit sequence learning, but not in explicit sequence learning or contextual cueingGracia Jiménez-Fernández
Departamento de Psicologia Evolutiva y de la Educacion, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Ann Dyslexia 61:85-110. 2011..These results help to clarify previous contradictory data, and they are discussed in relation to how the implicit sequence learning deficit could contribute to the understanding of dyslexia...
- Learning difficulties in schoolchildren born with very low birth weightMaura C C de Rodrigues
Instituto Fernandes Figueira FIOCRUZ, Hospital Municipal Raphael de Paula Souza, Secretaria Municipal da Saúde, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
J Pediatr (Rio J) 82:6-14. 2006....
- Implicit learning deficit in children with developmental dyslexiaStefano Vicari
Servizio di Neurologia e Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Children s Hospital Bambino Gesu, Lungomare Guglielmo Marconi 36, I 00058, Santa Marinella, Rome, Italy
Neuropsychologia 41:108-14. 2003....
- The role of sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia: a multiple case study of dyslexic childrenSarah White
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Dev Sci 9:237-55; discussion 265-9. 2006..Visual stress seems to account for a small proportion of dyslexics, independently of the commonly reported phonological deficit. However, there is little evidence for a causal role of auditory, motor or other visual impairments...
- Moving, sensing and learning with cerebellar damageAmy J Bastian
Kennedy Krieger Institute, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, United States
Curr Opin Neurobiol 21:596-601. 2011..This review covers these and other recent advances, focusing on how cerebellar damage affects human abilities ranging from sensory perception to movement control and motor learning...
- A review of association and linkage studies for genetical analyses of learning disordersEmrah Caylak
Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Firat University, School of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 144:923-43. 2007b>Learning disorders (LD) commonly comprise of a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by unexpected problems in some children's experiences in the academic performance arena...
- Pseudoname learning by German-speaking children with dyslexia: evidence for a phonological learning deficitH Mayringer
University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
J Exp Child Psychol 75:116-33. 2000....
- Is implicit sequence learning impaired in Parkinson's disease? A meta-analysisRichard J Siegert
Department of Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Wellington South, New Zealand
Neuropsychology 20:490-5. 2006..73 (95% confidence interval = 0.38, 1.07). Implicit sequence learning appears to be impaired in patients with PD. Some common methodological weaknesses and limitations in the reporting of statistical data are discussed...
- Is implicit sequence learning impaired in schizophrenia? A meta-analysisRichard J Siegert
King s College London, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine at Guy s, King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, Weston Education Centre, Denmark Hill, London, UK
Brain Cogn 67:351-9. 2008..Suggestions for improving the methodological quality and statistical reporting of studies of this topic are made...
- Dysfunctional neural network of spatial working memory contributes to developmental dyscalculiaS Rotzer
MR Center, University Children s Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Neuropsychologia 47:2859-65. 2009..These poor spatial working memory processes may inhibit the formation of spatial number representations (mental numberline) as well as the storage and retrieval of arithmetical facts...
- Different underlying neurocognitive deficits in developmental dyslexia: a comparative studyD Menghini
Neuroscience Department, Children s Hospital Bambino Gesu, Research Hospital, Rome, Italy
Neuropsychologia 48:863-72. 2010....
- A genome-wide association study identifies multiple loci associated with mathematics ability and disabilityS J Docherty
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Genes Brain Behav 9:234-47. 2010....
- A combined event-related potential and neuropsychological investigation of developmental dyscalculiaFruzsina Soltész
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, UK
Neurosci Lett 417:181-6. 2007..Further, DD subjects did not differ from controls in general mental rotation and in body parts knowledge, but were markedly impaired in mental finger rotation, finger knowledge, and tactile performance...
- Cerebellar disorders in childhood: cognitive problemsMaja Steinlin
Neuropaediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
Cerebellum 7:607-10. 2008..In conclusion, the cerebellum seems to play an important role in many higher cognitive functions, especially in learning. There is a suggestion that the earlier the incorrect influence, the more pronounced the problems...
- Social withdrawal in childhoodKenneth H Rubin
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 1131, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 60:141-71. 2009....
- Association of codon 108/158 catechol-O-methyltransferase gene polymorphism with the psychiatric manifestations of velo-cardio-facial syndromeH M Lachman
Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Am J Med Genet 67:468-72. 1996..We now report that in a population of patients with VCFS, there is an apparent association between the low-activity allele, COMT158met, and the development of bipolar spectrum disorder, and in particular, a rapid-cycling form...
- Altered hippocampal transcript profile accompanies an age-related spatial memory deficit in miceMiguel Verbitsky
Columbia Genome Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Learn Mem 11:253-60. 2004..Those changes could be involved in the memory deficits we observed in the 15-month-old mice. In agreement with previous reports, we also found altered expression in genes related to inflammation, protein processing, and oxidative stress...
- The human cerebellum and associative learning: dissociation between the acquisition, retention and extinction of conditioned eyeblinksV Bracha
Division of Neurobiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, 350 W Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ, USA
Brain Res 860:87-94. 2000..This finding suggests that in humans, the acquisition of new and the extinction of previously learned conditioned responses depends on a similar set of cerebellar circuits...
- Obesity and disability - a short reviewL J Ells
School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
Obes Rev 7:341-5. 2006..Future research efforts are required to strengthen the evidence base examining obesity in back disorders, mental health and learning disabilities, in order to improve current clinical management...
- Learning disabilities and intellectual functioning in school-aged children with prenatal cocaine exposureConnie E Morrow
Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 30:905-31. 2006....
- [German version of the math anxiety questionnaire (FRA) for 6- to 9-year-old children]Helga Krinzinger
Lehr und Forschungsgebiet Neuropsychologie, Neurologische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Deutschland
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 35:341-51. 2007..Is the FRA a reliable and valid instrument? Are there any gender differences concerning math anxiety? Are there any developmental changes in this regard in the course of the early grades?..
- The implicit sequence learning deficit in patients with Parkinson's disease: a matter of impaired sequence integration?Jared G Smith
School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand
Neuropsychologia 44:275-88. 2006..The implicit learning deficits of PD patients are discussed with regard to the role played by the basal ganglia in integrative sequence learning in the SRT...
- The relationship between gross motor skills and academic achievement in children with learning disabilitiesMarieke Westendorp
Centre for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Section F, PO Box 196, 9700 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
Res Dev Disabil 32:2773-9. 2011..This study stresses the importance of specific interventions facilitating both motor and academic abilities...
- An unliganded thyroid hormone receptor causes severe neurological dysfunctionK Hashimoto
Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:3998-4003. 2001..These findings demonstrate the specific and deleterious action of unliganded TR in the brain and suggest the importance of corepressors bound to TR in the pathogenesis of hypothyroidism...
- Low birth weight, prematurity, and paternal social status: impact on the basic competence test in Taiwanese adolescentsWen Li Wang
Research Center for Psychological and Educational Testing, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
J Pediatr 153:333-8. 2008..To investigate whether birth weight and paternal education may have independent and interactive effects on the learning achievement of adolescents...
- Interference control in working memory: comparing groups of children with atypical developmentPaola Palladino
Department of Psychology, University of Pavia, Italy
Child Neuropsychol 19:37-54. 2013..In turn, these findings strengthen and clarify the role of interference control, one of the most critical prefrontal functions, in working memory...
- Mathematical thinking in second-grade children with different forms of LDN C Jordan
University of Delaware, School of Education, Newark 19716, USA
J Learn Disabil 33:567-78. 2000....
- Do children with developmental dyslexia have impairments in implicit learning?Elpis V Pavlidou
Moray House School of Education, University of Edinburgh, St John s Land, Edinburgh, UK
Dyslexia 16:143-61. 2010..e. grammaticality or chunk strength). We propose that children with developmental dyslexia may be impaired in their implicit rule abstraction mechanism, which can partially explain their persistent reading problems...
- Working memory deficits in children with specific learning disordersKirsten Schuchardt
University of Gottingen, Germany
J Learn Disabil 41:514-23. 2008..Although children with both reading and arithmetic disorders are consistently outperformed by all other groups, there is no significant interaction between the factors dyscalculia and dyslexia...
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for children with specific learning disordersMay Loong Tan
Department of Paediatrics, Penang Medical College, Penang, Malaysia
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 12:CD009398. 2012..Some children with specific learning disorders have been found to be deficient in these PUFAs, and it is argued that supplementation of PUFAs may help ..
- Hidden language impairments in children: parallels between poor reading comprehension and specific language impairment?Kate Nation
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, U K
J Speech Lang Hear Res 47:199-211. 2004..These findings demonstrate that serious reading and language impairments are not always obvious in children who have good phonological ability and appear, superficially at least, to read well...
- Calculation difficulties in children of very low birthweight: a neural correlateE B Isaacs
MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre and Radiology and Physics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
Brain 124:1701-7. 2001..To our knowledge, this is the first report establishing a structural neural correlate of calculation ability in a group of neurologically normal individuals...
- The use of tinted lenses and colored overlays for the treatment of dyslexia and other related reading and learning disordersGary J Williams
AOA Binocular Vision Working Group, USA
Optometry 75:720-2. 2004
- Obesity in people with intellectual disabilities: the impact of nurse-led health screenings and health promotion activitiesDavid Marshall
Down Lisburn Health and Social Services Trust, Disability Resource Centre, Downpatrick, UK
J Adv Nurs 41:147-53. 2003..Obesity appears to be more common among people with intellectual disabilities, with few studies focusing on achieving weight reduction...
- Children with a learning disorder show prospective control impairments during visuomanual trackingDominique van Roon
Research Center for Movement Control and Neuroplasticity, Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
Res Dev Disabil 31:195-202. 2010..Furthermore, children with LD did not improve from the 1st to the 2nd trial, possibly as a result of slower visuomotor adaptation processes...
- Learning problems in kindergarten students with extremely preterm birthH Gerry Taylor
Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106 6038, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:819-25. 2011..To assess learning problems among kindergarten students with extremely preterm birth and to identify risk factors...
- Assessing fears and related anxieties in children and adolescents with learning disabilities or mild mental retardationHuijun Li
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, Florida State University, 307 Stone Building, College of Education, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4453, USA
Res Dev Disabil 28:445-57. 2007..Age main effects were also observed where younger students from both the LD and the MIMR groups reported higher levels of non-specific general anxiety. Implications and directions for future research were presented...
- Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficultiesN C Jordan
Department of Educational Studies, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
J Learn Disabil 30:624-34, 684. 1997....
- Women with learning disabilities and access to cervical screening: retrospective cohort study using case control methodsFiona Reynolds
Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
BMC Public Health 8:30. 2008..It was carried out in Bury, Heywood-and-Middleton and Rochdale...
- Mathematical problems in children with developmental coordination disorderStefanie Pieters
Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
Res Dev Disabil 33:1128-35. 2012..No evidence for a mathematical deficit was found. Diagnostic implications are discussed...
- Intracerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin in rats produces both oxidative stress in the brain and cognitive impairmentM Sharma
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Life Sci 68:1021-9. 2001..The study demonstrates that intracerebroventricular STZ may be appropriate model for investigations of antioxidants as potential treatment in Alzheimer's dementia...
- Melatonin prevents learning disorders in brain-lesioned newborn miceM Bouslama
INSERM, U676, Robert Debre Hospital, 48 Bvd Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
Neuroscience 150:712-9. 2007..Thus, melatonin, which easily crosses the blood-brain barrier and has been proven safe in children, may be effective in preventing learning disabilities caused by perinatal brain injuries in human preterm infants...
- ADHD and dyscalculia: Evidence for independent familial transmissionMichael C Monuteaux
Massachusetts General Hospital, Pediatric Psychopharmacology Program, Boston, 02114, USA
J Learn Disabil 38:86-93. 2005..These results reinforce the current nosological approach to these disorders and underscore the need for separate identification and treatment strategies for children with both conditions...
- Language-based cognitive functioning in parents of offspring with ADHD comorbid for Tourette syndrome or learning disabilitiesM B Casey
Department of Counseling and Developmental Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02192, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 17:85-110. 2000....
- Learning disordersWilliam G Kronenberger
Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
Neurol Clin 21:941-52. 2003..Although it is rare for individuals to completely outgrow the academic weaknesses characteristic of an LD, their performance in the area of weakness often can be improved markedly with appropriate interventions...
- Clinical utility of the Vanderbilt ADHD Rating Scale for ruling out comorbid learning disordersJoshua M Langberg
Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
Pediatrics 126:e1033-8. 2010..The goal was to examine the clinical utility of using the Vanderbilt Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale (VARS) to determine when to refer children with ADHD for learning disorder (LD) evaluations...
- Impaired neurogenesis, learning and memory and low seizure threshold associated with loss of neural precursor cell survivinVanessa Coremans
KU Leuven, VIB Vesalius Research Center, Herestraat 49, Gasthuisberg O and N1, B3000 Leuven, Belgium
BMC Neurosci 11:2. 2010..Survivin is highly expressed in neural precursor cells in the brain, yet its function there has not been elucidated...
- Cholinesterase inhibitors ameliorate spatial learning deficits in rats following hypobaric hypoxiaSangu Muthuraju
Neurobiology Division, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Defence Research and Development Organization, Ministry of Defence, Government of India, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi, 110054, India
Exp Brain Res 203:583-92. 2010..The AChEIs were also able to restore the neuronal morphology. Our data suggest that cholinergic system is affected by HBH, and AChEIs were able to improve HBH-induced learning impairment in rats...
- A meta-analysis of blood fatty acids in people with learning disorders with particular interest in arachidonic acidN L Morse
Efamol Ltd, 14 The Mole Business Park, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7BA, UK
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:373-89. 2009Small individual studies report that people with learning disorders have lower than normal blood concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid...
- Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome in special education schools: a United Kingdom studyV Eapen
University College London Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Middlesex Hospital, UK
J Neurol 244:378-82. 1997..In these children, the presence of tics may be an indicator of an underlying dysfunction of neurological development...
- Functional and structural alterations of the intraparietal sulcus in a developmental dyscalculia of genetic originNicolas Molko
INSERM U 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, IFR 49 Orsay, France
Neuron 40:847-58. 2003..Thus, a genetic form of developmental dyscalculia can be related to both functional and structural anomalies of the right intraparietal sulcus, suggesting a crucial role of this region in the development of arithmetic abilities...
- Learning disorders in children with epilepsyEvangelos Pavlou
2nd Department of Pediatrics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA General Hospital, Elaiones Pilaias, Thessaloniki 55535, Greece
Childs Nerv Syst 27:373-9. 2011b>Learning Disorders (LD) are defined as disorders that interfere with academic performance or with daily activities that require reading, writing or mathematical skills in subjects with a normal intelligence quotient (IQ)...
- Predictors, costs and characteristics of out of area placement for people with intellectual disability and challenging behaviourD G Allen
Bro Morgannwg NHS Trust, Cardiff, UK
J Intellect Disabil Res 51:409-16. 2007..Out of area placements for people with challenging behaviour represent an expensive and often ineffective strategy for meeting the needs of this service user group...
- Secondhand smoke exposure and neurobehavioral disorders among children in the United StatesZubair Kabir
Tobacco Free Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland
Pediatrics 128:263-70. 2011..Excess neurobehavioral disorders attributable to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the home in 2007 were further investigated...
- Prevalence of overweight in children with developmental disorders in the continuous national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) 1999-2002Linda G Bandini
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
J Pediatr 146:738-43. 2005..To estimate the prevalence of overweight in children identified with developmental disorders on the basis of nationally representative survey data...
- Procedural motor learning in Parkinson's diseaseH I Krebs
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mechanical Engineering Department, Newman Laboratory for Biomechanics and Human Rehabilitation, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Office 3 137, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Exp Brain Res 141:425-37. 2001..Better understanding of these deficits should facilitate the rehabilitation of PD patients...
- Prevalence of obesity among children with chronic conditionsAlex Y Chen
Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Department of Pediatrics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:210-3. 2010..9% (18.7-19.0). Our findings suggest that children 10-17 years of age with select chronic conditions were at increased risk for obesity compared to their counterparts without a chronic condition...
- Anesthesia for cesarean delivery and learning disabilities in a population-based birth cohortJuraj Sprung
Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Anesthesiology 111:302-10. 2009..The association between perinatal exposure to anesthetics during Cesarean delivery (CD) and development of learning disabilities (LD) was determined in a population-based birth cohort...
- Procedural learning difficulties: reuniting the developmental disorders?Roderick I Nicolson
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TP, UK
Trends Neurosci 30:135-41. 2007..This approach highlights the need for development of "neurocognitive" tests to probe the function of components of each neural system and improve strategies for explanation, diagnosis and support of developmental disorders...
- Motor phenotypic alterations in TgDyrk1a transgenic mice implicate DYRK1A in Down syndrome motor dysfunctionM Martinez de Lagran
Programme of Genes and Disease, Center for Genomic Regulation, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Neurobiol Dis 15:132-42. 2004..These results confirm and extend previous data and provide further insight to the functional domains that might be altered in TgDyrk1a mice and underlying molecular mechanisms of DS motor dysfunction...
- Lesions of the Basal forebrain cholinergic system impair task acquisition and abolish cortical plasticity associated with motor skill learningJames M Conner
Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Neuron 38:819-29. 2003..These results support the hypothesis that the basal forebrain cholinergic system may be specifically implicated in forms of learning requiring plasticity of cortical representations...
- 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: DiGeorge, velocardiofacial, and conotruncal anomaly face syndromesB F Cuneo
Heart Institute for Children, Department of Pediatrics, Hope Children s Hospital, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60045, USA
Curr Opin Pediatr 13:465-72. 2001..The ubiquitin-fusion-degradation-1-like gene, expressed in embryonic branchial arches and in the conotruncus, appears to play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome...
- Illness in people with intellectual disabilitiesAfia Ali
BMJ 336:570-1. 2008
- Association of serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants with the prevalence of learning disability and attention deficit disorderDuk Hee Lee
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook University, 101 Dongin dong, Jung Gu, Daegu 700 422, Korea
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:591-6. 2007....
- Dyslexia and the failure to form a perceptual anchorMerav Ahissar
Department of Psychology, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Nat Neurosci 9:1558-64. 2006..This hypothesis provides a direct link between D-LDs' high-level difficulties and mechanisms at the level of specific neuronal circuits...
- Basic number processing deficits in ADHD: a broad examination of elementary and complex number processing skills in 9- to 12-year-old children with ADHD-CLiane Kaufmann
Clinical Department of Pediatrics IV, Division Neuropedriatrics, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
Dev Sci 11:692-9. 2008..Thus, number processing skills and in particular the processing of numerical magnitude should be investigated in children diagnosed with ADHD even when no comorbid learning disabilities are reported...
- Mechanism for the learning deficits in a mouse model of neurofibromatosis type 1Rui M Costa
Departments of Neurobiology, Psychiatry and Psychology, BRI, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1761, USA
Nature 415:526-30. 2002..Our findings have implications for the development of treatments for learning deficits associated with NF1...
- Genetics and educational psychologyRobert Plomin
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 73:3-14. 2003..Molecular genetics, one of the most energetic and exciting areas of science, is slowly but surely coming to educational psychology...
- Secondary conditions in children with disabilities: spina bifida as a case exampleRune J Simeonsson
School of Education and Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 3500, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 8:198-205. 2002..The significance of secondary conditions is that they are preventable. Identifying the mechanisms associated with their manifestation is thus an important priority for the development of effective prevention programs...
- Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performanceYulia Kovas
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
- Developmental dyscalculia: heterogeneity might not mean different mechanismsOrly Rubinsten
Edmond J Safra Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning Disabilities, Department of Learning Disabilities, University of Haifa, Israel
Trends Cogn Sci 13:92-9. 2009..These proposed frameworks have the potential of facilitating future discussions, work in the field and have implications for studies of similar disorders like dyslexia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
- Development and psychometric properties of the Glasgow Depression Scale for people with a Learning Disability. Individual and carer supplement versionsFiona M Cuthill
University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Br J Psychiatry 182:347-53. 2003..There is no reliable and valid self-report measure of depressive symptoms for people with learning disabilities...
- Depression in people with intellectual disability: an evaluation of a staff-administered treatment programJane A McGillivray
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Res Dev Disabil 29:524-36. 2008..The results indicate that staff can be trained to deliver a CBT program within community settings that is effective in the reduction of depression symptomatology in people with mild ID...
- Visual impairment in adult people with moderate, severe, and profound intellectual disabilityM Warburg
Center for Disabled People, Glostrup Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 79:450-4. 2001..To assess visual impairment in adults with intellectual disability after de-institutionalisation...
- Neuro-cognitive impairment following acquired central nervous system infections in childhood: a systematic reviewJulie A Carter
Neurosciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, The Wolfson Centre, Mecklenburgh Square, WC1N 2AP, London, UK
Brain Res Brain Res Rev 43:57-69. 2003..Higher morbidity for similar mortality in acute bacterial meningitis compared with cerebral malaria in the epidemiological data may suggest future research directions for clinical research to devise more effective interventions...
- Impact of neurofibromatosis type 1 on school performanceLianne C Krab
Department of General Pediatrics, Erasmus MC Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Child Neurol 23:1002-10. 2008..Taken together, it was shown that neurofibromatosis type 1 has profound impact on school performance. Awareness of these problems may facilitate timely recognition and appropriate support...
- A community-based assessment of learning disabilities using environmental and contextual risk factorsFlorence Margai
Department of Geography, Binghamton University, P O Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13850, USA
Soc Sci Med 56:1073-85. 2003..Taken together, these results suggest the need for a more inclusive multi-disciplinary research on LD that extends beyond the classroom context to the neighborhoods and communities in which these children reside...
- Learning disorders in children and adolescentsHelen D Pratt
Division of Behavioral Developmental Pediatrics, Michigan State University, Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
Prim Care 34:361-74; abstract viii. 2007..Parental attitudes and commitment, availability of resources, and the presence of an associated neurologic deficit or medical disorder can also significantly impact outcomes...
- Developmental iodine deficiency resulting in hypothyroidism reduces hippocampal ERK1/2 and CREB in lactational and adolescent ratsJing Dong
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, PR China
BMC Neurosci 10:149. 2009....
- Nicotine reverses adult-onset hypothyroidism-induced impairment of learning and memory: Behavioral and electrophysiological studiesK H Alzoubi
Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 5515, USA
J Neurosci Res 84:944-53. 2006..These results show that chronic nicotine treatment prevents hypothyroidism-induced impairment of spatial cognition and LTP...
- Risk of learning and behavioral disorders following prenatal and early postnatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking waterPatricia A Janulewicz
Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston Massachusetts 02118, USA
Neurotoxicol Teratol 30:175-85. 2008..We conclude that prenatal and early postnatal PCE exposure is not associated with disorders of attention, learning and behavior identified on the basis of questionnaire responses and at the exposure levels experienced by this population...
- Neurobehavioral consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure: an international perspectiveEdward P Riley
San Diego, State University, San Diego, California 92120, USA
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:362-73. 2003..Mattson, E. P. Riley, A. Matveeva, and G. Marintcheva; and (6) Long-term follow-up of Finnish children exposed to alcohol in utero in various durations, by Marit I. Korkman and I. Autti-Rämö. The discussant was Ting-Kai Li...
- Selective reinforcement learning deficits in schizophrenia support predictions from computational models of striatal-cortical dysfunctionJames A Waltz
Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21228, USA
Biol Psychiatry 62:756-64. 2007..We investigated whether fronto-striatal dysfunction in schizophrenia (SZ) is characterized by selective impairment in either reward- (Go) or punishment-driven (NoGo) learning...
- Working memory impairments in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbid language learning disordersRhonda Martinussen
Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Canada
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:1073-94. 2006..ADHD) are impaired on one or more components of working memory (WM) independent of comorbid language learning disorders, and whether WM impairments are more strongly related to symptoms of inattention than to symptoms of ..
- Genes, cognition and dyslexia: learning to read the genomeSimon E Fisher
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 10:250-7. 2006..Dissection of cognitive mechanisms that subserve reading will ultimately depend on an integrated approach, uniting data from genetic investigations, behavioural studies and neuroimaging...
- Electrophysiological dissociation between verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in learning disabled adultsE Plante
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, The University of Arizona, P O Box 210071, Tucson, AZ 85721 0071, USA
Neuropsychologia 38:1669-84. 2000..Semantic deficits in this group may reflect a relatively specific deficit in forming verbal associations rather than a more general difficulty that spans both verbal and nonverbal domains...
- Middle-class mothers' perceptions of peer and sibling victimization among children with Asperger's syndrome and nonverbal learning disordersLiza Little
Family Research Laboratory and Department of Nursing, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824, USA
Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 25:43-57. 2002..by a large national sample of middle-class mothers of children with Asperger's syndrome and nonverbal learning disorders. An anonymous, mailed survey was sent to families solicited from two national Internet sites for parents of ..
- Reinforcement and reversal learning in first-episode psychosisG K Murray
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
Schizophr Bull 34:848-55. 2008..Abnormalities in reinforcement learning and reversal learning have been reported in psychosis, possibly secondary to subcortical dopamine abnormalities...
- Developmental dyscalculiaR S Shalev
Neuropediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem 91031, Israel
Pediatr Neurol 24:337-42. 2001..The consequences of developmental dyscalculia and its impact on education, employment, and psychologic well-being of affected individuals are unknown...
- A Developmental Study of Mathemetics Disabilities 2NANCY JORDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..We also expect the findings to have direct applications for the development of evidence-based math interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Implicit Sequence Learning in Deaf Children with Cochlear ImplantsCHRISTOPHER CONWAY; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge will provide the theoretical and empirical foundation for improved prediction of and treatment for the deaf children who may be doing poorly with their implants. ..
- LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICSDAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled ChildrenDAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., working memory) that underlie MD children's developmental delays and deficits in these competencies. ..
- Biochemical correlates/cognition/Barth syndromeMICHELE MAZZOCCO; Fiscal Year: 2004..Methods will involve cognitive assessment of children with Barth syndrome and matched peers, paired comparisons, and correlation analyses. ..
- COGNITIVE AND GENETIC CORRELATES OF EARLY MATH SKILLSMICHELE MAZZOCCO; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Genetic Bases of Developmental Language DisordersElena L Grigorenko; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving DisabilityLynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- DSM-IV ADHD IN AN ETHNICALLY DIVERSE COMMUNITY SAMPLEErik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Validity of DSM-IV ADHD Subtypes in a Community SampleErik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Reading disability QTLs: pooled DNA on microarraysRobert Plomin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Identifying genes associated with reading disability will eventually lead to better diagnoses, individually tailored treatments, and interventions that can prevent the development of reading disability. ..
- Etiology of Reading Disabilities and Comorbid ADHDErik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Creating Avenues for Parent Partnership (CAPP)Janice Buelow; Fiscal Year: 2008..With the appropriate help, these children can learn to be productive members of society. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adult Outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007..For these reasons, we expect the proposed work to clarify the course and outcome of ADHD. ..
- Collaborative Pediatric Bipolar Disorder ConferenceJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007..While the proposed conference does not intend to solve all outstanding problems associated with pediatric bipolar disorder, it will provide a forum to begin formulating a solution. ..
- Opiate Addiction and HIV-1 Induced Release of CytokinesWilliam Banks; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Cotinine for Cognitive Impairment in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric DisordersAlvin V Terry; Fiscal Year: 2010..The partly translational design of the study will provide results leading to eventual clinical trials with cotinine or a relevant analog. ..
- Metabolic Syndrome in Adult Survivors of Childhood ALLJames Gurney; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of Statins on AD beyond Cholesterol and AmyloidLing Li; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Early School Progress in <1000g Birthweight ChildrenH Gerry Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will inform efforts to identify and treat learning disorders in high-risk children at school entry.
- DEVELOPMENTAL PLASTICITY AND CHRONIC EPILEPSYJohn Swann; Fiscal Year: 2007..Since there are so few animal models of early-onset epilepsy, the studies proposed here offer a unique opportunity to further an understanding of the biological origins of seizure disorders in infancy. ..
- Receptive language skills in developmental language disorderELENA M PLANTE; Fiscal Year: 2010..Therefore, this research will provide a context for the development of improved intervention methods. ..
- Identification of Adults with Developmental Language ImpairmentsElena Plante; Fiscal Year: 2007..This is a critical first step for genetic studies of this disorder, as well as research into the longterm outcome of this disorder and the residual deficits that characterize affected adults. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IONIC HOMEOSTASIS AND SEIZURE REGULATIONJohn Swann; Fiscal Year: 2009..This hypothesis will be directly tested by measuring changes in intracellular calcium in glial cells and neurons during stimulus trains in hippocampal slices while measuring extracellular calcium. ..
- Numerical Deficits Across Multiple Genetic DisordersTony Simon; Fiscal Year: 2007..It should be possible to use these results to develop interventions for children with numerical disabilities and improved teaching methods in the numerical domain for typically developing children. ..
- Course of psychopathology in female youth: Analysis with extant longitudinal dataJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prion Transport Across the Blood-Brain BarrierWilliam Banks; Fiscal Year: 2009..To cause disease, prions must cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the brain. We will determine how prions cross the BBB. Knowing how prions enter the brain should lead to strategies on how to prevent prion diseases. ..
- RSA Lecture SeriesJennifer Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RECEPTIVE SKILLS IN DEVELOPMENTAL LANGUAGE DISORDERElena Plante; Fiscal Year: 2007..Therefore, this research will provide a context for the development of improved intervention methods. ..
- Antipsychotics: Temporal Effects on Cognitive FunctionAlvin Terry; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PET IN PARKINSONISM: A MULTICENTER COLLABORATIVE STUDYDavid Eidelberg; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ASSESSMENT OF DISEASE PROGRESSION IN PARKINSONISMDavid Eidelberg; Fiscal Year: 2003..He will also provide structured training in the fundamentals of experimental neurological research in using new functional brain imaging techniques. ..
- PREVENTION OF CIGARETTE SMOKING IN ADHD YOUTHJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Since there are estimated to be 3.5 million children with ADHD and 20% have been shown to be smokers, targeting this group could potentially impact 700,000 children and adolescents. ..
- NEUROBIOLOGY OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN CHILDREN WITH NFBartlett Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003..and medical specialists involved with these patients, "Given that a particular child has or doesn't have brain anomalies, and does or does not have learning difficulties, what will this child be like in the future"? ..
- PTS1 Regulation of Brain Met Enk Levels in AlcoholismWilliam Banks; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of HIV Transport Across the BBBWilliam Banks; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Brain and Behavior in Dystonia: A Multicenter StudyDavid Eidelberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..Together, these studies will provide important information about the physiological mechanisms that underlie primary torsion dystonia, and the possible therapeutic effect of deep brain stimulation. ..
- LONGITUDINAL FOLLOW UP OF ADHD GIRLS AND THEIR SIBLINGSJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- SCHOOL AGE CONSEQUENCES OF <750 GRAM BIRTHWEIGHTH Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2002..Results will clarify the long-term sequelae of less than 750 g birth weight and shed light on the bases of both adverse consequences and developmental sparing. ..
- PET IN HYPERKINETIC DISORDERS--A MULTICENTER STUDYDavid Eidelberg; Fiscal Year: 2001..This approach may have great utility in evaluating new interventions for the treatment of the hyperkinetic movement disorders. ..
- PRECLINICAL MODELS FOR HUMAN ASTROCYTOMASDavid Gutmann; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Aging and Sites of Action of Cognition-Enhancing DrugsDIANA WOODRUFF PAK; Fiscal Year: 2008..These studies will likely support hypotheses about ACh mechanisms in learning and memory and may identify the cerebellum as an additional site of drug action. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- AAV-mediated muscle-directed gene transfer for Alzheimer's diseaseKen Ichiro Fukuchi; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long-term goal is to establish the logical basis for developing safe and effective gene therapy modalities for AD utilizing rAAV and scFv. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Perinatal infection, cytokines and brain injuryZhengwei Cai; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- BEHAVIOR THERAPY FOR FAMILIES OF DIABETIC ADOLESCENTSTim Wysocki; Fiscal Year: 2003..These results could influence the clinical practice of diabetes management and health care policy regarding adolescents with diabetes and other chronic diseases. ..
- Screening Putative Therapeutic Agents for Fetal Ethanol-Induced Learning DeficitsDANIEL SAVAGE; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Health and School Performance Among Youth Ages 9-13Christopher Forrest; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our long-term goal for this research is to follow youth into high school and beyond to more fully characterize the evolution of health from childhood to adulthood. ..
- Functional Outcomes in Pediatric Liver TransplantationEstella Alonso; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- PROMOTING ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ADHD CHILDRENGeorge DuPaul; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- A Prospective Longitudinal Study of PANDASJames Leckman; Fiscal Year: 2005..These insights may be relevant to our understanding of other diseases including AIDS. ..
- Longitudinal Twin Study of Reading DisabilitySally Wadsworth; Fiscal Year: 2006..Univariate and bivariate QTL analyses of reading deficits and ADHD, reading component processes and other psychopathology will also be conducted. ..
- NEURAL CIRCUITRY OF SENSORIMOTOR GATING ACROSS SPECIESNeal Swerdlow; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Pilot Project Core - CIFASDEdward Riley; Fiscal Year: 2005..In this regard, a project was chosen with a potential of diagnosing FASD early in life, based upon ultrasound imaging of the corpus callos. ..
- Psychosocial Adjustment in Adolescents with Spina BifidaGrayson Holmbeck; Fiscal Year: 2009..Moreover, the results will have implications for prevention and intervention efforts with families who have offspring with disabling birth defects. ..
- Reliability of Cognitive ERPs in Children and AdultsPatricia Davies; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information will be helpful, especially when clinical populations (e.g., attention deficit disorders and learning disabilities) are included in developmental ERP studies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cross-cultural FASD: Brain Imaging (U24 Core)ELIZABETH SOWELL; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- B-Synuclein as a Treatment for Lewy Body DiseaseEliezer Masliah; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Linking Affect to Action: Critical Contributions of the Orbitofrontal CortexGeoffrey Schoenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006..The participation of minorities and women has been emphasized at each level (organizers, speakers, students). Thus the conference will address important scientific, social, and educational issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Determinants in Recovery from TBI in Children 0-3James Blackman; Fiscal Year: 2005..This project will be far more comprehensive than previous studies of brain injury in infants and toddlers and will explore novel hypotheses regarding genetic determinants of outcome and markers of neuronal injury in young children. ..
- CaMKII and Neuronal Excitability Changes in LearningMasuo Ohno; Fiscal Year: 2007..functions to establish learning and memory in brain will have relevance to the better understanding of mechanisms underlying learning deficits or dementia, and to developing novel strategies to treat learning disorders.
- TEACHER OPINION LEADERS & SERVICES FOR ADHD CHILDRENMarc Atkins; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Prefrontal Cortex and Striatum in Rule SelectionIlsun White; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- GENETICS OF COGNITION IN ADULT TURNER SYNDROMEJudith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005..Characterization of specific TS causative genes would provide insight into the pathophysiology of 45,X, Turner syndrome, as well as the process of normal neurocognitive development. ..
- MECHANISMS OF MEMORY DEFICITS FOLLOWING BRAIN INJURYPramod Dash; Fiscal Year: 2006..Furthermore, this project will broaden our understanding of the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as stroke and Alzheimer's disease. ..
- Androgen effect on motor/cognitive outcome in Klinefelter syndromeJudith L Ross; Fiscal Year: 2010..If successful, androgen replacement in the clinical management of KS would commence early in childhood rather than adolescence or adulthood. ..
- ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROMEJudith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, these data will help determine how to optimize cognitive function in Turner syndrome and will extend knowledge of the mechanisms of male/female cognitive dimorphisms. ..
- Work injury and young people: A prospective surveyF Breslin; Fiscal Year: 2005..No study to date has examined the impact of work injuries on earnings losses among young workers, thereby addressing a notable gap in this research area. ..
- A SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN EXPOSED TO VIOLENCELisa Jaycox; Fiscal Year: 2006..Specifically, this work falls under the research priority of prevention and intervention programs and services for children exposed to violence listed in the announcement. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ADAPTATION--CHILDREN IN HEAD STARTClancy Blair; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- MULTISITE PREVENTION OF ADOLESCENT CONDUCT PROBLEMSKaren Bierman; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- A Randomized Trial of the STAR Program for Children with Autism Spectrum DisorderDavid Mandell; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from the proposed study would provide timely and critical evidence regarding the implementation and effectiveness of one promising practice, with direct relevance to translation of findings into practice and policy. ..
- Early Childhood Education and School Readiness PlanningKaren Bierman; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Friendship and psychosocial adjustment in adolescenceKenneth Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diffuse optical brain imaging for stroke rehabilitationGary Strangman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Importantly, use of the DOT technology in such a research program is expected to enable the investigation of tasks and populations that are otherwise beyond the reach of existing brain imaging technologies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diffuse optical imaging of intracranial pressure changesGary Strangman; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Effects of Botanicals on Cognition in Midlife WomenPauline Maki; Fiscal Year: 2005..Recent findings of significant health risks associated with Prempro heighten the need for research into the effects of alternative therapies for menopausal symptoms on cognitive outcomes. ..
- Research on Reading Instructions for Low Literate AdultsDAPHNE GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, we will scan 5 participants from each of our 6 groups before they receive instruction and after the 100th hour is completed. ..
- Self-Regulation in Co-Occurring TBI and Substance AbuseJennifer Bogner; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..