dissociative disorders

Summary

Summary: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder among help-seeking childhood sexual abuse survivors
    Karni Ginzburg
    Bob Shappel School of Social Work, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
    J Trauma Dissociation 7:7-27. 2006
  2. ncbi Prevalence of trauma, PTSD, and dissociation in court-referred adolescents
    Beverly A Brosky
    Woodburn Center for Community Mental Health, Annandale, VA 22209, USA
    J Interpers Violence 19:801-14. 2004
  3. ncbi Amygdala and hippocampal volumes and cognition in adult survivors of childhood abuse with dissociative disorders
    G Weniger
    Department of Social and General Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:281-90. 2008
  4. ncbi Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors
    James Murray
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 180:363-8. 2002
  5. pmc Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorder
    B Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012
  6. ncbi The online disinhibition effect
    John Suler
    Department of Psychology, Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 7:321-6. 2004
  7. ncbi Dissociative disorders in DSM-5
    David Spiegel
    Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:E17-45. 2011
  8. ncbi Experience of aversive tension and dissociation in female patients with borderline personality disorder -- a controlled study
    C E Stiglmayr
    Department of Clincal Psychology, Freie University of Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 35:111-8. 2001
  9. ncbi Pain, dissociation and subliminal self-representations
    Petr Bob
    Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress and Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 11, 12800 Prague, Czech Republic
    Conscious Cogn 17:355-69. 2008
  10. ncbi Polymorphisms in FKBP5 are associated with peritraumatic dissociation in medically injured children
    K C Koenen
    Mol Psychiatry 10:1058-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications250 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder among help-seeking childhood sexual abuse survivors
    Karni Ginzburg
    Bob Shappel School of Social Work, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
    J Trauma Dissociation 7:7-27. 2006
    ..These results provide support for a dissociative subtype of PTSD that may stem from more severe childhood experiences of neglect and abuse...
  2. ncbi Prevalence of trauma, PTSD, and dissociation in court-referred adolescents
    Beverly A Brosky
    Woodburn Center for Community Mental Health, Annandale, VA 22209, USA
    J Interpers Violence 19:801-14. 2004
    ..There was a low prevalence of dissociative symptoms across both genders...
  3. ncbi Amygdala and hippocampal volumes and cognition in adult survivors of childhood abuse with dissociative disorders
    G Weniger
    Department of Social and General Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:281-90. 2008
    ..However, studies on trauma-exposed individuals with dissociative amnesia (DA) or dissociative identity disorder (DID) are lacking...
  4. ncbi Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors
    James Murray
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 180:363-8. 2002
    ..Dissociative symptoms during trauma predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but they are often transient. It is controversial whether they predict chronic PTSD over and above what can be predicted from other post-trauma symptoms...
  5. pmc Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorder
    B Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012
    ..One possibility is that PTSD is characterized by a processing advantage for stimuli that resemble those that accompanied the trauma, which would lead to increased detection of such cues in the environment...
  6. ncbi The online disinhibition effect
    John Suler
    Department of Psychology, Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 7:321-6. 2004
    ....
  7. ncbi Dissociative disorders in DSM-5
    David Spiegel
    Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:E17-45. 2011
    We present recommendations for revision of the diagnostic criteria for the Dissociative Disorders (DDs) for DSM-5...
  8. ncbi Experience of aversive tension and dissociation in female patients with borderline personality disorder -- a controlled study
    C E Stiglmayr
    Department of Clincal Psychology, Freie University of Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 35:111-8. 2001
    ..The findings underline the clinical importance of states of aversive tension in BPD particularly with regard to stress-related induction of dissociative features...
  9. ncbi Pain, dissociation and subliminal self-representations
    Petr Bob
    Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress and Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 11, 12800 Prague, Czech Republic
    Conscious Cogn 17:355-69. 2008
    ..In conclusion, the neurophysiological aspects of consciousness and its integrative role in the therapy of painful traumatic memories are discussed...
  10. ncbi Polymorphisms in FKBP5 are associated with peritraumatic dissociation in medically injured children
    K C Koenen
    Mol Psychiatry 10:1058-9. 2005
  11. ncbi Dissociation in trauma: a new definition and comparison with previous formulations
    Ellert R S Nijenhuis
    Top Referent Trauma Center, Mental Health Care Drenthe, Assen, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Dissociation 12:416-45. 2011
    ..Next the new definition is compared with several other major definitions of the concept. The strengths of the new formulation are highlighted and discussed...
  12. ncbi Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli occurring in a traumatic context: two experimental investigations
    T Michael
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK
    Behav Res Ther 45:341-58. 2007
    ..The results support the role of perceptual priming in intrusions after traumatic events...
  13. ncbi Depression, traumatic stress and interleukin-6
    Petr Bob
    Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Affect Disord 120:231-4. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that specific influences related to traumatic stress and dissociation could be found in close relationship to increased level of cytokine IL-6...
  14. ncbi Prospective study of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression following trauma
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 155:630-7. 1998
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the onset, overlap, and course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression following traumatic events...
  15. ncbi [Development and characteristics of Dissociation-Tension-Scale acute (DSS-Akute)]
    Christian E Stiglmayr
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Arbeitsbereich für Psychotherapie und Beratung
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 53:287-94. 2003
    ..The DSS-acute is a reliable and valid instrument to assess present-time dissociative experiences as well as aversive inner tension. Current studies should further proof the sensitivity for changing symptomatology...
  16. ncbi Elevated pain thresholds correlate with dissociation and aversive arousal in patients with borderline personality disorder
    Petra Ludäscher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg Medical School, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 149:291-6. 2007
    ..Measuring electric pain thresholds is a valid and reasonable method for larger studies...
  17. ncbi Investigating the possible effects of trauma experiences and 5-HTT on the dissociative experiences of patients with OCD using path analysis and multiple regression
    Christine Lochner
    MRC Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Neuropsychobiology 56:6-13. 2007
    ..Here, two different but related statistical techniques (multiple regression and partial least squares), confirmed that physical neglect and the 5-HTT genotype jointly play a role in predicting dissociation in OCD...
  18. ncbi Conceptual and perceptual priming and dissociation in chronic posttraumatic stress disorder
    Nigel Lyttle
    Department of Psychology, The Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:777-90. 2010
    ..The findings shed light on the importance of state dissociation in trauma-related information processing and posttraumatic symptoms...
  19. ncbi Meta-structure issues for the DSM-5: how do anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, post-traumatic disorders, and dissociative disorders fit together?
    Dan J Stein
    University of Cape Town Department of Psychiatry, Groote Schuur Hospital J 2, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 13:248-50. 2011
    ..The DSM-5 Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, Posttraumatic, and Dissociative Disorders Workgroup has reviewed the nature of anxiety disorders, the possibility of including a new category of ..
  20. ncbi Subliminal processes, dissociation and the 'I'
    Petr Bob
    Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 11, 12800 Prague 2
    J Anal Psychol 48:307-16. 2003
    ..Hilgard called this the hidden observer, and his findings represent empirical confirmation of Jung's term for the Self as mirror 'I', which leads to many important consequences for self-discovery and the meaning of life...
  21. ncbi Psychobiology of dissociation and relationship between epilepsy and mental illness
    Petr Bob
    Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    Acta Univ Carol Med Monogr 151:9-75. 2005
  22. ncbi Somatoform and psychoform dissociation among women with orgasmic and sexual pain disorders
    Benedetto Farina
    School of Psychology, Università Europea di Roma, Rome, Italy
    J Trauma Dissociation 12:526-34. 2011
    ..83 (95% CI = 1.17-19.91). Our results are compatible with the idea that some forms of FSD could be regarded as somatoform dissociative disorders.
  23. ncbi Somatoform and psychoform dissociation among students
    Benedetto Farina
    Università Europea di Roma, School of Psychology, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Psychol 67:665-72. 2011
    ..R.=7.0), but much stronger for individuals with high level of DES scores (O.R.=18.9)...
  24. ncbi Dissociative disorders
    John F Kihlstrom
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:227-53. 2005
    The dissociative disorders, including "psychogenic" or "functional" amnesia, fugue, dissociative identity disorder (DID, also known as multiple personality disorder), and depersonalization disorder, were once classified, along with ..
  25. ncbi Self-destructive behavior in patients with dissociative disorders
    Glenn N Saxe
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 32:313-20. 2002
    Highrates of self-injury have been reported in patients with dissociative disorders, yet no prior study has directly compared these patients with other psychiatric patients...
  26. ncbi Dissociative disorders in a psychiatric institute in India--a selected review and patterns over a decade
    Santosh K Chaturvedi
    Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, NIMHANS, Bangalore, India
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 56:533-9. 2010
    The prevalence--and type--of dissociative disorders is considered to vary across cultures and over time.
  27. ncbi Dissociation in hysteria and hypnosis: evidence from cognitive neuroscience
    Vaughan Bell
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Box P050, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:332-9. 2011
    ..The aim of this review is to provide an agenda for future research...
  28. pmc Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008
    ..In addition, the predictors derived from cognitive models of PTSD and depression were disorder-specific. The results support the role of cognitive factors in the maintenance of emotional disorders following trauma...
  29. ncbi Dissociative disorders in DSM-5
    David Spiegel
    Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:824-52. 2011
    We present recommendations for revision of the diagnostic criteria for the Dissociative Disorders (DDs) for DSM-5...
  30. ncbi The validity of DSM-IV dissociative disorders categories in south-west Uganda
    Marjolein Van Duijl
    Center for Mental Health, Winschoten, The Netherlands
    Transcult Psychiatry 42:219-41. 2005
    There is little systematic research on the cross-cultural validity of the dissociative disorders, especially in non-western countries...
  31. ncbi Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptions
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 134:617-47. 2008
    ..The authors conclude with a discussion of research domains (e.g., sleep-related experiences, drug-related dissociation) that promise to advance our understanding of cognition and dissociation...
  32. ncbi Dissociative disorders among adults in the community, impaired functioning, and axis I and II comorbidity
    Jeffrey G Johnson
    Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 40:131-40. 2006
    ..To investigate the association of dissociative disorder (DD) with impaired functioning and co-occurring Axis I and personality disorders among adults in the community...
  33. ncbi Dissociative and psychotic experiences in Brazilian spiritist mediums
    Alexander Moreira-Almeida
    Psychother Psychosom 76:57-8. 2007
  34. ncbi Comparison of brazilian spiritist mediumship and dissociative identity disorder
    Alexander Moreira-Almeida
    Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora School of Medicine, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:420-4. 2008
    ..Thus, mediumship differed from DID in having better mental health and social adjustment, and a different clinical profile...
  35. ncbi Prediction of psychological outcomes one year after a motor vehicle accident
    R Mayou
    University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 158:1231-8. 2001
    ....
  36. ncbi Somatization as a predictor of suicidal ideation in dissociative disorders
    Erdinc Ozturk
    Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:662-8. 2008
    This study was concerned with correlates of suicidal ideation among patients with chronic complex dissociative disorders.
  37. ncbi Intrusive memories in perpetrators of violent crime: emotions and cognitions
    Ceri Evans
    Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:134-44. 2007
    ..The results suggest that cognitive factors that predict reexperiencing symptoms in victims of crime generalize to perpetrators...
  38. ncbi Brain dysfunction behind functional symptoms: neuroimaging and somatoform, conversive, and dissociative disorders
    Javier Garcia-Campayo
    Somatoform Disorders and Fibromyalgia Unit, Miguel Servet University Hospital, University of Zaragoza, Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 22:224-31. 2009
    ..This article summarizes the findings of the most relevant research articles on the neuroimaging of somatoform, conversive, and dissociative disorders published from January 2007 through June 2008.
  39. ncbi The scope of dissociative disorders: an international perspective
    Vedat Sar
    Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, Istanbul University, 34390 Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 29:227-44, xi. 2006
  40. pmc Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in dissociative disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and healthy volunteers
    Daphne Simeon
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 61:966-73. 2007
    This study investigated basal and stress-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis alterations in dissociative disorders (DDs).
  41. ncbi Culture-bound dissociation: a comparative analysis
    Eli Somer
    School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Mt Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 29:213-26, x-xi. 2006
  42. ncbi Are there two qualitatively distinct forms of dissociation? A review and some clinical implications
    Emily A Holmes
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:1-23. 2005
    ..Examples are provided within Depersonalization Disorder, Conversion Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)...
  43. ncbi Psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder in Singapore
    Beng Yeong Ng
    Department of Behavioural Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 38:426-32. 2004
    ..To study the psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder (DTD) and to identify predictors of DTD...
  44. ncbi The development of dissociation in maltreated preschool-aged children
    J MacFie
    Mt Hope Family Center, University of Rochester, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 13:233-54. 2001
    ..Results are discussed in terms of cascading effects of maltreatment throughout development, and the importance of developmentally sensitive interventions...
  45. ncbi A review of dissociative disorders treatment studies
    Bethany L Brand
    Department of Psychology, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:646-54. 2009
    This review examines empirical reports of treatment for Dissociative Disorders (DD), including 16 DD treatment outcome studies and 4 case studies that used standardized measures...
  46. ncbi Dissociative disorders and other psychopathological groups: exploring the differences through the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20)
    Helena Maria Amaral do Espirito Santo
    Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra, Portugal
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:354-8. 2007
    ..The objectives of this study were to validate the Portuguese version and to determine its capability to distinguish patients with dissociative disorders from others with psychopathological disorders.
  47. ncbi Dissociation: cognitive capacity or dysfunction?
    Michiel B de Ruiter
    Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University, Van der Boechorstsfraat 1, Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Dissociation 7:115-34. 2006
    ..In nonpathological conditions a person may benefit from these dissociative abilities, although after adverse (e.g., traumatic) events the disposition may develop into dissociative pathology...
  48. ncbi Prevalence of dissociative disorders in psychiatric outpatients
    Brad Foote
    Klau 1 Psychiatric Outpatient Department, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 E 210th St, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:623-9. 2006
    The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of DSM-IV dissociative disorders in an inner-city outpatient psychiatric population.
  49. ncbi Dissociative disorders in the psychiatric emergency ward
    Vedat Sar
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 29:45-50. 2007
    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dissociative disorders among emergency psychiatric admissions.
  50. ncbi Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidents
    Richard Meiser-Stedman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, U K
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1381-3. 2005
    ..The authors investigated acute stress disorder and later posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents who had been involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidents...
  51. ncbi Phenomenology and diagnostic stability of youths with atypical psychotic symptoms
    Stefanie A Hlastala
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 15:497-509. 2005
    ..This study aimed to better characterize the phenomenology and diagnostic stability of youths that report atypical psychotic symptoms...
  52. ncbi Beyond fear: the role of peritraumatic responses in posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among female crime victims
    Shireen L Rizvi
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Boston University School of Medicine
    J Interpers Violence 23:853-68. 2008
    ..These findings highlight the necessity of exploring the full range of possible reactions during a trauma...
  53. ncbi The roles of peritraumatic dissociation, child physical abuse, and child sexual abuse in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and adult victimization
    Melanie D Hetzel
    Northern Illinois University, Department of Psychology, DeKalb, IL 60115 2892, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 29:915-30. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of childhood physical and sexual abuse and PD on PTSD and adult victimization...
  54. pmc Peritraumatic responses and their relationship to perceptions of threat in female crime victims
    Debra Kaysen
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, USA
    Violence Against Women 11:1515-35. 2005
    ....
  55. ncbi Associations of anxiety-related symptoms with reported history of childhood sexual abuse in schizophrenia spectrum disorders
    Paul H Lysaker
    Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:1279-84. 2005
    ..It is unclear whether childhood sexual abuse is more closely linked to specific forms of anxiety including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  56. pmc Pathways to PTSD, part II: Sexually abused children
    Julie B Kaplow
    Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, P O Box 1709, Newark, NJ 07101 1709, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1305-10. 2005
    ..The goal of this research was to develop and test a prospective model of posttraumatic stress symptoms in sexually abused children that includes pretrauma, trauma, and disclosure-related pathways...
  57. ncbi [Trauma and traumatic disorders in children and adolescents]
    Michael Simons
    Klinik fur Kinder und Jugendpsychiatrie und psychotherapie, RWTH Aachen
    Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 36:151-61. 2008
    ..Moreover, the "Complex Trauma Taskforce" of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network proposes a diagnosis called Developmental Trauma Disorder to better capture the problems of children suffering from early and complex traumata...
  58. ncbi Comparing dissociation and PTSD in sexually abused school-aged girls
    Delphine Collin-Vézina
    Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3C 3P8
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:47-52. 2005
    ..The data indicate also that intrafamilial abuse and chronicity do not predict PTSD. However, abuse involving intrusive acts (penetration) does predict PTSD symptoms. Implications for intervention and further research are discussed...
  59. ncbi Trauma-related predictors of deontic reasoning: a pilot study in a community sample of children
    Anne P DePrince
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 S Race Street, Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 32:732-7. 2008
    ..Additionally, given previous research linking dissociation and deontic reasoning in adults, we predicted that higher levels of dissociation would be associated with more errors in deontic problems...
  60. ncbi Dissociation and posttraumatic stress 1 year after the World Trade Center disaster: follow-up of a longitudinal survey
    Daphne Simeon
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:231-7. 2005
    ..We conducted a 1-year follow-up of an original mail survey of early reactions to the World Trade Center disaster...
  61. ncbi The role of peritraumatic dissociation and gender in the association between trauma and mental health in a Palestinian community sample
    Raija Leena Punamaki
    Department of Psychology, 33014 University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Am J Psychiatry 162:545-51. 2005
    ..It also examined the gender-specific role of peritraumatic dissociation in moderating the association between lifetime trauma and mental health...
  62. ncbi Childhood trauma and dissociation in female patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: an exploratory study
    Ingo Schafer
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:135-8. 2006
    ..Our results confirm the relevance of childhood trauma in schizophrenic patients but also demonstrate the need to develop appropriate methodologies for measuring dissociation in this population...
  63. ncbi Functional connectivity of dissociative responses in posttraumatic stress disorder: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation
    Ruth A Lanius
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Biol Psychiatry 57:873-84. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess interregional brain activity covariations during traumatic script-driven imagery in subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  64. ncbi Trauma and dissociation in conversion disorder and chronic pelvic pain
    Philip Spinhoven
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Int J Psychiatry Med 34:305-18. 2004
    ....
  65. ncbi Aggression and psychopathology in detained adolescent females
    Sannie M J J Hamerlynck
    VU University Medical Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, c o De Bascule, P O Box 303, 1115 ZG Duivendrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 159:77-85. 2008
    ..Since the current study was cross-sectional, the predictive effect of the investigated relationships should be the focus of further study...
  66. ncbi Posttraumatic stress symptoms mediate the relation between childhood sexual abuse and nonsuicidal self-injury
    Mariann R Weierich
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, MA, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:39-44. 2008
    ..Future research must test the temporal relation between childhood sexual abuse, PTSD symptoms, and NSSI and identify additional pathways to engagement in NSSI...
  67. ncbi Perceived safety in disaster workers following 9/11
    Carol S Fullerton
    Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:61-3. 2006
    ..Lowered perceptions of safety following terrorist events have implications for social and work-related behaviors that can affect long-term health, morale, and productivity in disaster workers and other first responders...
  68. ncbi Dissociative symptoms and trauma exposure: specificity, affect dysregulation, and posttraumatic stress
    John Briere
    Department of Psychiatry, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:78-82. 2006
    ..Additional risk factors, such as high posttraumatic stress and/or reduced affect regulation capacities, may determine whether trauma exposure results in clinically significant dissociation...
  69. ncbi Dissociation among Swedish adolescents and the connection to trauma: an evaluation of the Swedish version of Adolescent Dissociative Experience Scale
    Doris Nilsson
    BUP Elefanten, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:684-9. 2006
    ....
  70. ncbi Dissociation and serenity induction
    Lori A Zoellner
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:252-62. 2007
    ..State dissociation was related to trait dissociation, PTSD severity, and depression. The present results provide an initial demonstration of the viability for inducing state dissociation in the laboratory with a PTSD sample...
  71. ncbi Children's adjustment 15 years after daycare abuse
    Ann Wolbert Burgess
    William F Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
    J Forensic Nurs 1:73-7, 83. 2005
    ..Results showed after 15 years, 40% of the children had made a satisfactory adjustment, 40% had made a marginal adjustment, and 20% had made a problematic adjustment...
  72. ncbi Trauma and dissociation among prisoners
    Gamze Akyuz
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
    Nord J Psychiatry 61:167-72. 2007
    ..PTSD and childhood traumas occur at high rates in prisoners and this finding has implications for management and treatment...
  73. ncbi Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responses
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007
    ..The present findings illustrate how various types of dissociation (i.e., depersonalization/derealization, absorption) are differentially related to cortisol stress responses...
  74. ncbi The sensitivity and specificity of flashbacks and nightmares to trauma
    Lisa A Duke
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154 5030, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:319-27. 2008
    ..Results provided support for the construct and criterion validity of the FFQ, and demonstrated that flashbacks are more sensitive and specific indicators of the presence of trauma than are nightmares...
  75. ncbi The impact of social support: an analogue investigation of the aftermath of trauma exposure
    Larry D Pruitt
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:253-62. 2008
    ....
  76. ncbi Surviving unspeakable trauma: numbing the inner life
    Richard C Fritsch
    The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences and Teaching Analyst, USA
    Psychiatry 69:302-5. 2006
  77. ncbi The impact of personal threat on police officers' responses to critical incident stressors
    Shannon E McCaslin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:591-7. 2006
    ..Results suggest that greater personal threat during a CI may place an officer at greater risk for subsequent distress...
  78. ncbi Depression and ethnicity as intermediary variables among dissociation, trauma-related cognitions, and PTSD symptomatology in youths
    Amie Lemos-Miller
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154 5030, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:584-90. 2006
    ..These results are discussed within the context of contemporary integrative theories regarding the developmental psychopathology of PTSD in youths...
  79. ncbi [Assessment of complex PTSD - internal and external validity of a diagnostic interview]
    Katja Boroske-Leiner
    Klinikum rechts der Isar der TU Munchen, Klinik und Poliklinik fur Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 58:192-9. 2008
    ..The present study reports first data regarding the internal validity of the I-kPTBS as well as on the external validity of the diagnosis of complex PTSD...
  80. ncbi The prevalence and correlates of trauma-related symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorder
    Paul H Lysaker
    Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Day Hospital 116H, Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 49:330-4. 2008
    ..Results suggest that trauma symptoms may be commonly experienced in schizophrenia and linked with the phenomenology of the disorder...
  81. ncbi Core schemas and suicidality in a chronically traumatized population
    Lissa Dutra
    Cambridge Health Alliance, Victims of Violence Program, Somerville, Massachusetts 02143, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:71-4. 2008
    ..These results offer important implications for the assessment and treatment of high-risk traumatized patients...
  82. ncbi Dissociative disorders and suicidality in psychiatric outpatients
    Brad Foote
    Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:29-36. 2008
    Although it is common for patients with dissociative disorders to report a history of suicide attempts, there is very little data systematically comparing suicidality in patients with dissociative disorders versus patients without these ..
  83. ncbi Association between childhood trauma and dissociation among patients with borderline personality disorder
    Stuart Watson
    School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:478-81. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between childhood trauma and dissociative experience in adulthood in patients with borderline personality disorder...
  84. ncbi Positive schizotypy and trait dissociation as vulnerability factors for post-traumatic distress
    Craig Steel
    Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK
    Br J Clin Psychol 47:245-9. 2008
    ..This study investigated whether trait positive schizotypy or trait dissociation was associated with increased levels of data-driven processing and symptoms of post-traumatic distress following a road traffic accident...
  85. ncbi Pain experience related to self-injury in eating disorder patients
    Laurence Claes
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Eat Behav 7:204-13. 2006
    ..Ratings of dissociation and traumatic experiences were higher in patients who did not experience pain while injuring themselves. We discuss several biopsychosocial explanations for these findings with suggestions for future research...
  86. ncbi Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and estradiol measured over 24 hours in women with childhood sexual abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    Douglas Bremner
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Radiology, Emory Center for Positron Emission Tomography, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:919-27. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that a resting hypocortisolemia in the afternoon hours with increased cortisol pulsatility is associated with childhood abuse-related PTSD in women...
  87. ncbi Positive schizotypy and trauma-related intrusions
    Sarah L Marzillier
    University College London, and Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:60-4. 2007
    ..Results are discussed within a theoretical context, suggesting that certain information processing styles associated with high schizotype individuals may account for a vulnerability to trauma-related intrusions...
  88. ncbi Dissociative disorders and traumatic childhood experiences in transsexuals
    Anette Kersting
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Muenster, D 48129 Muenster, Germany
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:182-9. 2003
    ..transsexuals, 41 transsexuals and 115 psychiatric inpatients were compared by means of the Interview for Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D-R), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ)...
  89. ncbi The links between the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES), fantasy proneness, and anxiety symptoms
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:18-24. 2003
    ..e., generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) and fantasy proneness. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are briefly discussed...
  90. ncbi Childhood abuse and dissociative symptoms in adult schizophrenia
    Darren W Holowka
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Schizophr Res 60:87-90. 2003
    ..84, one-tailed p<0.001), and physical abuse (r=0.55, p<0.01). We suggest that emotional abuse may play an important role in the etiology of dissociation in schizophrenia...
  91. ncbi Risk factors for posttrauma reactions in police officers: a longitudinal study
    G A Hodgins
    Department of Psychology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:541-7. 2001
    ..The implications for differential intervention are discussed...
  92. ncbi Self-injurious behavior in women with eating disorders
    Thomas Paul
    Medizinisch Psychosomatische Klinik Bad Bramstedt, Germany
    Am J Psychiatry 159:408-11. 2002
    ..The authors assessed lifetime and 6-month occurrence and phenomenology of self-injurious behavior in patients with eating disorders...
  93. ncbi Trauma and dissociation in treatment-seeking alcoholics: towards a resolution of inconsistent findings
    Willie Langeland
    Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research and Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 43:195-203. 2002
    ..Additional research is needed to further evaluate the utility of the DES in alcoholic samples and to examine the notion of chemical dissociation...
  94. ncbi Assessing dissociation as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder: a study of adult offspring of holocaust survivors
    Sarah L Halligan
    The Division of Traumatic Stress Studies, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:429-36. 2002
    ..The results suggest that dissociative symptoms are related to current psychiatric symptomatology, including PTSD, rather than representing an enduring trait or preexisting risk factor for the development of PTSD...
  95. ncbi Peritraumatic reactions associated with the World Trade Center disaster
    Daphne Simeon
    Psychiatry Box 1229, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1702-5. 2003
    ..The World Trade Center disaster was of unprecedented magnitude and impact in U.S. history. The authors conducted a pilot survey investigating these effects...
  96. ncbi Memory and suggestibility in maltreated children: age, stress arousal, dissociation, and psychopathology
    Mitchell L Eisen
    Department of Psychology, California State University, King Hall, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 83:167-212. 2002
    ..Neither dissociation nor stress arousal significantly predicted children's memory. Implications for understanding maltreated children's eyewitness memory are discussed...
  97. ncbi Posttraumatic, dissociative and grief symptoms in Turkish children exposed to the 1999 earthquakes
    Nathaniel Laor
    Tel Aviv Community Mental Health Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 9 Hatzvi St, Tel Aviv 67197, Israel
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:824-32. 2002
    ..The results suggest that the assessment of psychopathology in children following a disaster requires the complementary evaluation of symptoms of posttrauma, dissociation, and grief...
  98. ncbi Evidence for associations among somatoform dissociation, psychological dissociation and reported trauma in patients with chronic pelvic pain
    E R Nijenhuis
    Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
    J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 24:87-98. 2003
    ..completed standardized self-report questionnaires and received a structured interview for DSM-IV dissociative disorders. The prevalence of dissociative disorders in the sample was very low...
  99. ncbi The predictive power of peritraumatic dissociation and acute stress symptoms for posttraumatic stress symptoms: a three-month prospective study
    Philippe Birmes
    Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie et Psychologie Médicale, Hôspital Casselardit la Grave, France
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1337-9. 2003
    ..The authors prospectively examined the power of peritraumatic dissociation and acute stress symptoms in predicting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
  100. ncbi Prevalence of dissociative disorders among psychiatric inpatients in a German university clinic
    U Gast
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:249-57. 2001
    The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of dissociative disorders among psychiatric inpatients in Germany and to investigate the relationship between childhood trauma and dissociation...
  101. ncbi Childhood sexual and physical abuse and adult vulnerability to PTSD: the mediating effects of attachment and dissociation
    James A Twaite
    Neurodynamics, Inc, Tenafly, New Jersey, USA
    J Child Sex Abus 13:17-38. 2004
    ..Adult attachment and dissociation were found to mediate the relationship between childhood abuse and severity of PTSD...

Research Grants63

  1. Characteristics of Persons At Risk for Trauma Exposure
    Amy Street; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Major depression, substance abuse, generalized anxiety disorder and a range of dissociative disorders have also been noted following disasters and trauma...
  2. STRUCTURED CLIN INTERVIEW FOR DSM-III-R DISSOC DISORDERS
    Marlene Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The dissociative disorders are comprised of five psychiatric disorders which include: psychogenic amnesia, psychogenic fugue, depersonalization disorders, multiple personality disorder, and atypical dissociative disorder...
  3. The role of activated long-term memory representations in working memory storage
    JARROD LEWIS PEACOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., schizophrenia, depression, dissociative disorders), and developmental (e.g., attention deficit disorder, dyslexia, specific language impairment) disorders...
  4. Dissociation: HPA Axis and Cognition
    Daphne Simeon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Along with posttraumatic stress disorder, dissociative disorders comprise the other major psychiatric nosology in whose pathogenesis trauma plays an undisputed role...
  5. Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic Memory
    Richard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
  6. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF PTSD & ADVERSE OUTCOMES OF CHILDBEARING
    Julia Seng; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings from this study will provide a strong basis for future clinical research and an evidence base for potentially modifying maternity care practice guidelines to include care for PTSD. ..
  7. Stress, the HPA and Health in Aging
    David Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Sleep, Circadian, Hormonal Dysregulation, and Breast Cancer Survival
    David Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will relate these measures to the subsequent course of breast cancer progression. Results of this study will provide specific evidence regarding how improved sleep management may affect the course of breast cancer. ..
  9. PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT EFFECTS ON CANCER SURVIVAL
    David Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The recruitment of this diverse sample of patients will also increase generalizability of findings regarding group psychotherapy outcome and its predictors. ..
  10. GROUP INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT HIV IN HIGH RISK WOMEN
    David Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will examine three mediators of treatment effectiveness, including: 1) trauma reactive and resilient beliefs about self and the world; 2) differentiation and integration of self; and 3) interpersonal relations. ..
  11. Structure and Assessment of Symptoms of Depression
    David Watson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., adolescents, pregnant and postpartum women, and older adults) and to modify the instrument as necessary for use with these populations. ..
  12. Antepartum Interpersonal Psychotherapy at 3 NYC Sites
    Margaret Spinelli; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Co-investigators are maternal fetal medicine faculty from respective sites who will be primary liaison to the respective departments of obstetrics and provide clinical obstetrical needs of the study. ..
  13. Development of the Trauma Appraisal Questionnaire
    ANNE DEPRINCE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  14. Culturally Congruent Program of MDD Care for Hispanics
    Roberto Lewis Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, CCP-MDD could then be tested against usual care in a larger randomized, controlled trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Psychopathology and Controlling Behavior in Adolescents.
    Karlen Lyons Ruth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  16. Improving Hispanic Retention in Antidepressant Therapy
    Roberto Lewis Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This pilot data will allow us to apply for an R01 to further study this intervention and model in a controlled clinical trial. ..
  17. Prevention of PTSD by Early Treatment
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Repeated telephone evaluations will assess treatment effectiveness. The study will generate vital knowledge about the feasibility and the effectiveness of secondary prevention of PTSD in large cohorts of survivors. ..
  18. Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-II
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Delving Intervention and Mindbody Integration
    Cynthia Price; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Its significance lies in exploration of integration processes to enhance understanding of dissociation in general and of bodily self awareness in mind-body healing and health. ..
  20. Benzodiazepine Receptor in PTSD
    JAMES BREMNER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Neurocognitive Consequences of Long-Term Ecstasy Use
    John Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this study will improve our understanding of the nature, extent, and correlates of ecstasy-associated residual cognitive deficits. ..
  22. Frontal function in Adolescent Cannabis Use Disorders
    MICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal has public health significance because we will comprehensively evaluate the effects of marijuana on adolescent brain and cognitive development, an understudied area. ..
  23. Dissociation-Pathway Towards Risk Behaviors in Women
    MELISSA SUTHERLAND; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The sample will be a convenience sample (n=207) of rural women 18 years and older seeking healthcare at a clinic setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Risk of Major Depression Among Breast Cancer Patients
    James Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. A Multimethod Approach to Understanding Risk Detection Following Trauma
    Ann Chu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, the proposed study addresses a serious and preventable public health problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will measure the change in children's symptoms, and change in parents' symptoms and distress levels, in addition to the adaptation and implementation measures from Phase 1. ..
  27. Neural Correlates of Methamphetamine Use in Schizophrenia: An MRS Study
    Ruth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These findings will have important implications for neurobiological models of comorbid substance abuse and treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Cannabinoid Receptor Function in Alcoholism: Effects of D-9-THC
    DEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These results may reflect indirect evidence of altered CB-1R function in FHP individuals. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Preschool Children
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Sex steroids and cognition in post-menopausal women
    Elliot Hirshman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed studies will provide extensive information on how varying levels of androgens and estrogens influence a range of cognitive processes in post-menopausal women [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Cognitive Functions Linked to Frontal Lobe
    Adele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Insights into the conditions under which children can succeed may yield procedures that might prove helpful to those afflicted with disorders affecting these critical functions. ..
  32. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological Gambling
    Jon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
  33. Early Combined Intervention After Traumatic Injury
    Douglas F Zatzick; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Cannabinoids, Neural Synchrony and Information Processing
    DEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Predicting Occurrence and Minimizing Negative Impacts of Survey Research
    Susan M Labott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. Cognitive and Emotional Mechanisms in Chronic Grief
    George Bonanno; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., attentional preoccupation with social-moral rejection);and an exacerbation of their deficits in emotion regulation when they are primed with the representation of the deceased spouse. ..
  37. Fragmentation and Disorganization in PTSD
    Michele Bedard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will inform the relationship of fragmentation to type of emotional narrative, PTSD diagnosis and PTSD recovery, and results may impact current treatment emphases. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. TRAUMATIZED YOUNG CHILDREN--RISK FOR MALADAPTATION
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..One- and 2-year follow-up assessments will be conducted. ..
  39. GLYCINE-KETAMINE INTERACTIONS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS
    DEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Pilot data (n=12) towards this proposal suggests that glycine reduces ketamine-induced perceptual alterations, negative symptoms and impairments on recall without worsening positive symptoms. ..
  40. Taxometric Methods in Mental Health Research
    DAVID GLEAVES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If results support the continued use of these methods, in subsequent research, we will examine numerous areas of psychopathology to help determine if there are underlying taxa present. ..
  41. EMOTIONAL CONTROL OF SEDATIVE SELF-MEDICATION IN PTSD
    JOHN CASADA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..More importantly, the data also will provide practical information for the clinical treatment of PTSD patients and others with anxiety who may be at risk for abusing prescription anxiolytics or alcohol. ..
  42. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  43. COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF SUBSTANCE USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    John Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Pope and other investigators at the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center. This program will enable Dr. Halpern to become an experienced investigator, capable of designing and performing future studies independently. ..
  44. Adolescent Alcohol Abuse, PTSD & Hippocampal Development
    MICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition to examining the differences among these groups, the effects of AUD age of onset, AUD severity, as well as alcohol consumption quantity, frequency, and duration, on adolescent hippocampal development will also be examined. ..
  45. DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS: FRONTAL LOBE
    Adele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Hypotheses will be considered that suggest that memory for space, and/or time, or for relational information in general is dissociable from memory for other information and dependent upon frontal cortex function. ..
  46. A Measure of Acute Stress Disorder for Children
    Nancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Principal Investigator is a newer investigator who is developing a program of research into child and parent post-traumatic stress in relation to injuries and medical emergencies. ..
  47. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Childhood Sexual Abuse: Psychobiology
    MICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We further hypothesize that certain risk factors at Time-01 (e.g. age of onset of abuse, adverse life events, and biological measures) will predict the persistence of PTSD at Time-02. ..
  48. Development of face processing
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments will break new ground in understanding the development of face recognition in children and will facilitate future research by non-invasive imaging in pediatric populations. ..
  49. Developing a Culturally Competent Trauma Therapy
    JANET OSTERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If this treatment is effective, we plan to apply for a Fogarty International Grant to conduct a randomized clinical trial in Eritrea. ..
  50. Dynamic Models of Reconditioning
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
  51. CHILD NEGLECT--PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES
    MICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. ATTACHMENT AND RISK IN EARLY ADOLESCENCE
    R Kobak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective Order
    David Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Cognitive Sequelae of Methamphetamine Abuse
    Ruth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. ADAPTATION TO SEXUAL ABUSE FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOOD
    Candice Feiring; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Liability Markers for Deficit Schizophrenia?
    L Hong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We plan to use the preliminary data collected from this grant support to guide our full-scale search for phenotypic markers specifically associated with the liability for deficit schizophrenia and subsequent molecular genetic studies. ..
  57. Tailoring an Intervention for African-American Caregiver
    James Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  58. Identifying molecular path of behavioural phenotype in schizophrenia
    L Hong; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..