Genomes and Genes
Summary: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
Publications250 found, 100 shown here
- Evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder among help-seeking childhood sexual abuse survivorsKarni Ginzburg
Bob Shappel School of Social Work, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
J Trauma Dissociation 7:7-27. 2006..These results provide support for a dissociative subtype of PTSD that may stem from more severe childhood experiences of neglect and abuse...
- Prevalence of trauma, PTSD, and dissociation in court-referred adolescentsBeverly A Brosky
Woodburn Center for Community Mental Health, Annandale, VA 22209, USA
J Interpers Violence 19:801-14. 2004..There was a low prevalence of dissociative symptoms across both genders...
- Amygdala and hippocampal volumes and cognition in adult survivors of childhood abuse with dissociative disordersG Weniger
Department of Social and General Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:281-90. 2008..However, studies on trauma-exposed individuals with dissociative amnesia (DA) or dissociative identity disorder (DID) are lacking...
- Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivorsJames Murray
Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Br J Psychiatry 180:363-8. 2002..Dissociative symptoms during trauma predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but they are often transient. It is controversial whether they predict chronic PTSD over and above what can be predicted from other post-trauma symptoms...
- Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorderB Kleim
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012..One possibility is that PTSD is characterized by a processing advantage for stimuli that resemble those that accompanied the trauma, which would lead to increased detection of such cues in the environment...
- The online disinhibition effectJohn Suler
Department of Psychology, Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648, USA
Cyberpsychol Behav 7:321-6. 2004....
- Dissociative disorders in DSM-5David Spiegel
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
Depress Anxiety 28:E17-45. 2011We present recommendations for revision of the diagnostic criteria for the Dissociative Disorders (DDs) for DSM-5...
- Experience of aversive tension and dissociation in female patients with borderline personality disorder -- a controlled studyC E Stiglmayr
Department of Clincal Psychology, Freie University of Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
J Psychiatr Res 35:111-8. 2001..The findings underline the clinical importance of states of aversive tension in BPD particularly with regard to stress-related induction of dissociative features...
- Pain, dissociation and subliminal self-representationsPetr Bob
Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress and Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 11, 12800 Prague, Czech Republic
Conscious Cogn 17:355-69. 2008..In conclusion, the neurophysiological aspects of consciousness and its integrative role in the therapy of painful traumatic memories are discussed...
- Polymorphisms in FKBP5 are associated with peritraumatic dissociation in medically injured childrenK C Koenen
Mol Psychiatry 10:1058-9. 2005
- Dissociation in trauma: a new definition and comparison with previous formulationsEllert R S Nijenhuis
Top Referent Trauma Center, Mental Health Care Drenthe, Assen, The Netherlands
J Trauma Dissociation 12:416-45. 2011..Next the new definition is compared with several other major definitions of the concept. The strengths of the new formulation are highlighted and discussed...
- Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli occurring in a traumatic context: two experimental investigationsT Michael
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK
Behav Res Ther 45:341-58. 2007..The results support the role of perceptual priming in intrusions after traumatic events...
- Depression, traumatic stress and interleukin-6Petr Bob
Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
J Affect Disord 120:231-4. 2010..These findings suggest that specific influences related to traumatic stress and dissociation could be found in close relationship to increased level of cytokine IL-6...
- Prospective study of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression following traumaA Y Shalev
Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Am J Psychiatry 155:630-7. 1998..The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the onset, overlap, and course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression following traumatic events...
- [Development and characteristics of Dissociation-Tension-Scale acute (DSS-Akute)]Christian E Stiglmayr
Freie Universitat Berlin, Arbeitsbereich für Psychotherapie und Beratung
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 53:287-94. 2003..The DSS-acute is a reliable and valid instrument to assess present-time dissociative experiences as well as aversive inner tension. Current studies should further proof the sensitivity for changing symptomatology...
- Elevated pain thresholds correlate with dissociation and aversive arousal in patients with borderline personality disorderPetra Ludäscher
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg Medical School, Germany
Psychiatry Res 149:291-6. 2007..Measuring electric pain thresholds is a valid and reasonable method for larger studies...
- Investigating the possible effects of trauma experiences and 5-HTT on the dissociative experiences of patients with OCD using path analysis and multiple regressionChristine Lochner
MRC Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa
Neuropsychobiology 56:6-13. 2007..Here, two different but related statistical techniques (multiple regression and partial least squares), confirmed that physical neglect and the 5-HTT genotype jointly play a role in predicting dissociation in OCD...
- Conceptual and perceptual priming and dissociation in chronic posttraumatic stress disorderNigel Lyttle
Department of Psychology, The Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, Northern Ireland
J Abnorm Psychol 119:777-90. 2010..The findings shed light on the importance of state dissociation in trauma-related information processing and posttraumatic symptoms...
- Meta-structure issues for the DSM-5: how do anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, post-traumatic disorders, and dissociative disorders fit together?Dan J Stein
University of Cape Town Department of Psychiatry, Groote Schuur Hospital J 2, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
Curr Psychiatry Rep 13:248-50. 2011..The DSM-5 Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, Posttraumatic, and Dissociative Disorders Workgroup has reviewed the nature of anxiety disorders, the possibility of including a new category of ..
- Subliminal processes, dissociation and the 'I'Petr Bob
Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 11, 12800 Prague 2
J Anal Psychol 48:307-16. 2003..Hilgard called this the hidden observer, and his findings represent empirical confirmation of Jung's term for the Self as mirror 'I', which leads to many important consequences for self-discovery and the meaning of life...
- Psychobiology of dissociation and relationship between epilepsy and mental illnessPetr Bob
Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
Acta Univ Carol Med Monogr 151:9-75. 2005
- Somatoform and psychoform dissociation among women with orgasmic and sexual pain disordersBenedetto Farina
School of Psychology, Università Europea di Roma, Rome, Italy
J Trauma Dissociation 12:526-34. 2011..83 (95% CI = 1.17-19.91). Our results are compatible with the idea that some forms of FSD could be regarded as somatoform dissociative disorders.
- Somatoform and psychoform dissociation among studentsBenedetto Farina
Università Europea di Roma, School of Psychology, Rome, Italy
J Clin Psychol 67:665-72. 2011..R.=7.0), but much stronger for individuals with high level of DES scores (O.R.=18.9)...
- Dissociative disordersJohn F Kihlstrom
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:227-53. 2005The dissociative disorders, including "psychogenic" or "functional" amnesia, fugue, dissociative identity disorder (DID, also known as multiple personality disorder), and depersonalization disorder, were once classified, along with ..
- Self-destructive behavior in patients with dissociative disordersGlenn N Saxe
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, USA
Suicide Life Threat Behav 32:313-20. 2002Highrates of self-injury have been reported in patients with dissociative disorders, yet no prior study has directly compared these patients with other psychiatric patients...
- Dissociative disorders in a psychiatric institute in India--a selected review and patterns over a decadeSantosh K Chaturvedi
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, NIMHANS, Bangalore, India
Int J Soc Psychiatry 56:533-9. 2010The prevalence--and type--of dissociative disorders is considered to vary across cultures and over time.
- Dissociation in hysteria and hypnosis: evidence from cognitive neuroscienceVaughan Bell
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Box P050, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:332-9. 2011..The aim of this review is to provide an agenda for future research...
- Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal studyThomas Ehring
Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008..In addition, the predictors derived from cognitive models of PTSD and depression were disorder-specific. The results support the role of cognitive factors in the maintenance of emotional disorders following trauma...
- Dissociative disorders in DSM-5David Spiegel
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
Depress Anxiety 28:824-52. 2011We present recommendations for revision of the diagnostic criteria for the Dissociative Disorders (DDs) for DSM-5...
- The validity of DSM-IV dissociative disorders categories in south-west UgandaMarjolein Van Duijl
Center for Mental Health, Winschoten, The Netherlands
Transcult Psychiatry 42:219-41. 2005There is little systematic research on the cross-cultural validity of the dissociative disorders, especially in non-western countries...
- Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptionsTimo Giesbrecht
Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Psychol Bull 134:617-47. 2008..The authors conclude with a discussion of research domains (e.g., sleep-related experiences, drug-related dissociation) that promise to advance our understanding of cognition and dissociation...
- Dissociative disorders among adults in the community, impaired functioning, and axis I and II comorbidityJeffrey G Johnson
Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Psychiatr Res 40:131-40. 2006..To investigate the association of dissociative disorder (DD) with impaired functioning and co-occurring Axis I and personality disorders among adults in the community...
- Dissociative and psychotic experiences in Brazilian spiritist mediumsAlexander Moreira-Almeida
Psychother Psychosom 76:57-8. 2007
- Comparison of brazilian spiritist mediumship and dissociative identity disorderAlexander Moreira-Almeida
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora School of Medicine, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:420-4. 2008..Thus, mediumship differed from DID in having better mental health and social adjustment, and a different clinical profile...
- Prediction of psychological outcomes one year after a motor vehicle accidentR Mayou
University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
Am J Psychiatry 158:1231-8. 2001....
- Somatization as a predictor of suicidal ideation in dissociative disordersErdinc Ozturk
Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:662-8. 2008This study was concerned with correlates of suicidal ideation among patients with chronic complex dissociative disorders.
- Intrusive memories in perpetrators of violent crime: emotions and cognitionsCeri Evans
Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, England
J Consult Clin Psychol 75:134-44. 2007..The results suggest that cognitive factors that predict reexperiencing symptoms in victims of crime generalize to perpetrators...
- Brain dysfunction behind functional symptoms: neuroimaging and somatoform, conversive, and dissociative disordersJavier Garcia-Campayo
Somatoform Disorders and Fibromyalgia Unit, Miguel Servet University Hospital, University of Zaragoza, Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain
Curr Opin Psychiatry 22:224-31. 2009..This article summarizes the findings of the most relevant research articles on the neuroimaging of somatoform, conversive, and dissociative disorders published from January 2007 through June 2008.
- The scope of dissociative disorders: an international perspectiveVedat Sar
Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, Istanbul University, 34390 Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
Psychiatr Clin North Am 29:227-44, xi. 2006
- Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in dissociative disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and healthy volunteersDaphne Simeon
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Biol Psychiatry 61:966-73. 2007This study investigated basal and stress-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis alterations in dissociative disorders (DDs).
- Culture-bound dissociation: a comparative analysisEli Somer
School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Mt Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
Psychiatr Clin North Am 29:213-26, x-xi. 2006
- Are there two qualitatively distinct forms of dissociation? A review and some clinical implicationsEmily A Holmes
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
Clin Psychol Rev 25:1-23. 2005..Examples are provided within Depersonalization Disorder, Conversion Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)...
- Psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder in SingaporeBeng Yeong Ng
Department of Behavioural Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 38:426-32. 2004..To study the psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder (DTD) and to identify predictors of DTD...
- The development of dissociation in maltreated preschool-aged childrenJ MacFie
Mt Hope Family Center, University of Rochester, USA
Dev Psychopathol 13:233-54. 2001..Results are discussed in terms of cascading effects of maltreatment throughout development, and the importance of developmentally sensitive interventions...
- A review of dissociative disorders treatment studiesBethany L Brand
Department of Psychology, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 197:646-54. 2009This review examines empirical reports of treatment for Dissociative Disorders (DD), including 16 DD treatment outcome studies and 4 case studies that used standardized measures...
- Dissociative disorders and other psychopathological groups: exploring the differences through the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20)Helena Maria Amaral do Espirito Santo
Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra, Portugal
Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:354-8. 2007..The objectives of this study were to validate the Portuguese version and to determine its capability to distinguish patients with dissociative disorders from others with psychopathological disorders.
- Dissociation: cognitive capacity or dysfunction?Michiel B de Ruiter
Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University, Van der Boechorstsfraat 1, Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Trauma Dissociation 7:115-34. 2006..In nonpathological conditions a person may benefit from these dissociative abilities, although after adverse (e.g., traumatic) events the disposition may develop into dissociative pathology...
- Prevalence of dissociative disorders in psychiatric outpatientsBrad Foote
Klau 1 Psychiatric Outpatient Department, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 E 210th St, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
Am J Psychiatry 163:623-9. 2006The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of DSM-IV dissociative disorders in an inner-city outpatient psychiatric population.
- Dissociative disorders in the psychiatric emergency wardVedat Sar
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychotherapy Unit and Dissociative Disorders Program, Medical Faculty of Istanbul, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 29:45-50. 2007The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dissociative disorders among emergency psychiatric admissions.
- Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidentsRichard Meiser-Stedman
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, U K
Am J Psychiatry 162:1381-3. 2005..The authors investigated acute stress disorder and later posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents who had been involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidents...
- Phenomenology and diagnostic stability of youths with atypical psychotic symptomsStefanie A Hlastala
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 15:497-509. 2005..This study aimed to better characterize the phenomenology and diagnostic stability of youths that report atypical psychotic symptoms...
- Beyond fear: the role of peritraumatic responses in posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among female crime victimsShireen L Rizvi
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Boston University School of Medicine
J Interpers Violence 23:853-68. 2008..These findings highlight the necessity of exploring the full range of possible reactions during a trauma...
- The roles of peritraumatic dissociation, child physical abuse, and child sexual abuse in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and adult victimizationMelanie D Hetzel
Northern Illinois University, Department of Psychology, DeKalb, IL 60115 2892, USA
Child Abuse Negl 29:915-30. 2005..The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of childhood physical and sexual abuse and PD on PTSD and adult victimization...
- Peritraumatic responses and their relationship to perceptions of threat in female crime victimsDebra Kaysen
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, USA
Violence Against Women 11:1515-35. 2005....
- Associations of anxiety-related symptoms with reported history of childhood sexual abuse in schizophrenia spectrum disordersPaul H Lysaker
Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 66:1279-84. 2005..It is unclear whether childhood sexual abuse is more closely linked to specific forms of anxiety including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- Pathways to PTSD, part II: Sexually abused childrenJulie B Kaplow
Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, P O Box 1709, Newark, NJ 07101 1709, USA
Am J Psychiatry 162:1305-10. 2005..The goal of this research was to develop and test a prospective model of posttraumatic stress symptoms in sexually abused children that includes pretrauma, trauma, and disclosure-related pathways...
- [Trauma and traumatic disorders in children and adolescents]Michael Simons
Klinik fur Kinder und Jugendpsychiatrie und psychotherapie, RWTH Aachen
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 36:151-61. 2008..Moreover, the "Complex Trauma Taskforce" of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network proposes a diagnosis called Developmental Trauma Disorder to better capture the problems of children suffering from early and complex traumata...
- Comparing dissociation and PTSD in sexually abused school-aged girlsDelphine Collin-Vézina
Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3C 3P8
J Nerv Ment Dis 193:47-52. 2005..The data indicate also that intrafamilial abuse and chronicity do not predict PTSD. However, abuse involving intrusive acts (penetration) does predict PTSD symptoms. Implications for intervention and further research are discussed...
- Trauma-related predictors of deontic reasoning: a pilot study in a community sample of childrenAnne P DePrince
Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 S Race Street, Denver, CO 80208, USA
Child Abuse Negl 32:732-7. 2008..Additionally, given previous research linking dissociation and deontic reasoning in adults, we predicted that higher levels of dissociation would be associated with more errors in deontic problems...
- Dissociation and posttraumatic stress 1 year after the World Trade Center disaster: follow-up of a longitudinal surveyDaphne Simeon
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New York, NY 10029, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 66:231-7. 2005..We conducted a 1-year follow-up of an original mail survey of early reactions to the World Trade Center disaster...
- The role of peritraumatic dissociation and gender in the association between trauma and mental health in a Palestinian community sampleRaija Leena Punamaki
Department of Psychology, 33014 University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Am J Psychiatry 162:545-51. 2005..It also examined the gender-specific role of peritraumatic dissociation in moderating the association between lifetime trauma and mental health...
- Childhood trauma and dissociation in female patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: an exploratory studyIngo Schafer
Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:135-8. 2006..Our results confirm the relevance of childhood trauma in schizophrenic patients but also demonstrate the need to develop appropriate methodologies for measuring dissociation in this population...
- Functional connectivity of dissociative responses in posttraumatic stress disorder: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigationRuth A Lanius
Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Biol Psychiatry 57:873-84. 2005..The purpose of this study was to assess interregional brain activity covariations during traumatic script-driven imagery in subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- Trauma and dissociation in conversion disorder and chronic pelvic painPhilip Spinhoven
Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Int J Psychiatry Med 34:305-18. 2004....
- Aggression and psychopathology in detained adolescent femalesSannie M J J Hamerlynck
VU University Medical Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, c o De Bascule, P O Box 303, 1115 ZG Duivendrecht, The Netherlands
Psychiatry Res 159:77-85. 2008..Since the current study was cross-sectional, the predictive effect of the investigated relationships should be the focus of further study...
- Posttraumatic stress symptoms mediate the relation between childhood sexual abuse and nonsuicidal self-injuryMariann R Weierich
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, MA, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:39-44. 2008..Future research must test the temporal relation between childhood sexual abuse, PTSD symptoms, and NSSI and identify additional pathways to engagement in NSSI...
- Perceived safety in disaster workers following 9/11Carol S Fullerton
Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:61-3. 2006..Lowered perceptions of safety following terrorist events have implications for social and work-related behaviors that can affect long-term health, morale, and productivity in disaster workers and other first responders...
- Dissociative symptoms and trauma exposure: specificity, affect dysregulation, and posttraumatic stressJohn Briere
Department of Psychiatry, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:78-82. 2006..Additional risk factors, such as high posttraumatic stress and/or reduced affect regulation capacities, may determine whether trauma exposure results in clinically significant dissociation...
- Dissociation among Swedish adolescents and the connection to trauma: an evaluation of the Swedish version of Adolescent Dissociative Experience ScaleDoris Nilsson
BUP Elefanten, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:684-9. 2006....
- Dissociation and serenity inductionLori A Zoellner
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:252-62. 2007..State dissociation was related to trait dissociation, PTSD severity, and depression. The present results provide an initial demonstration of the viability for inducing state dissociation in the laboratory with a PTSD sample...
- Children's adjustment 15 years after daycare abuseAnn Wolbert Burgess
William F Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
J Forensic Nurs 1:73-7, 83. 2005..Results showed after 15 years, 40% of the children had made a satisfactory adjustment, 40% had made a marginal adjustment, and 20% had made a problematic adjustment...
- Trauma and dissociation among prisonersGamze Akyuz
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
Nord J Psychiatry 61:167-72. 2007..PTSD and childhood traumas occur at high rates in prisoners and this finding has implications for management and treatment...
- Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responsesTimo Giesbrecht
Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007..The present findings illustrate how various types of dissociation (i.e., depersonalization/derealization, absorption) are differentially related to cortisol stress responses...
- The sensitivity and specificity of flashbacks and nightmares to traumaLisa A Duke
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154 5030, USA
J Anxiety Disord 22:319-27. 2008..Results provided support for the construct and criterion validity of the FFQ, and demonstrated that flashbacks are more sensitive and specific indicators of the presence of trauma than are nightmares...
- The impact of social support: an analogue investigation of the aftermath of trauma exposureLarry D Pruitt
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA
J Anxiety Disord 22:253-62. 2008....
- Surviving unspeakable trauma: numbing the inner lifeRichard C Fritsch
The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences and Teaching Analyst, USA
Psychiatry 69:302-5. 2006
- The impact of personal threat on police officers' responses to critical incident stressorsShannon E McCaslin
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:591-7. 2006..Results suggest that greater personal threat during a CI may place an officer at greater risk for subsequent distress...
- Depression and ethnicity as intermediary variables among dissociation, trauma-related cognitions, and PTSD symptomatology in youthsAmie Lemos-Miller
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154 5030, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:584-90. 2006..These results are discussed within the context of contemporary integrative theories regarding the developmental psychopathology of PTSD in youths...
- [Assessment of complex PTSD - internal and external validity of a diagnostic interview]Katja Boroske-Leiner
Klinikum rechts der Isar der TU Munchen, Klinik und Poliklinik fur Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 58:192-9. 2008..The present study reports first data regarding the internal validity of the I-kPTBS as well as on the external validity of the diagnosis of complex PTSD...
- The prevalence and correlates of trauma-related symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorderPaul H Lysaker
Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Day Hospital 116H, Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:330-4. 2008..Results suggest that trauma symptoms may be commonly experienced in schizophrenia and linked with the phenomenology of the disorder...
- Core schemas and suicidality in a chronically traumatized populationLissa Dutra
Cambridge Health Alliance, Victims of Violence Program, Somerville, Massachusetts 02143, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:71-4. 2008..These results offer important implications for the assessment and treatment of high-risk traumatized patients...
- Dissociative disorders and suicidality in psychiatric outpatientsBrad Foote
Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:29-36. 2008Although it is common for patients with dissociative disorders to report a history of suicide attempts, there is very little data systematically comparing suicidality in patients with dissociative disorders versus patients without these ..
- Association between childhood trauma and dissociation among patients with borderline personality disorderStuart Watson
School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:478-81. 2006..To examine the relationship between childhood trauma and dissociative experience in adulthood in patients with borderline personality disorder...
- Positive schizotypy and trait dissociation as vulnerability factors for post-traumatic distressCraig Steel
Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 47:245-9. 2008..This study investigated whether trait positive schizotypy or trait dissociation was associated with increased levels of data-driven processing and symptoms of post-traumatic distress following a road traffic accident...
- Pain experience related to self-injury in eating disorder patientsLaurence Claes
Department of Psychology, Catholic University Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Eat Behav 7:204-13. 2006..Ratings of dissociation and traumatic experiences were higher in patients who did not experience pain while injuring themselves. We discuss several biopsychosocial explanations for these findings with suggestions for future research...
- Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and estradiol measured over 24 hours in women with childhood sexual abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorderDouglas Bremner
Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Radiology, Emory Center for Positron Emission Tomography, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:919-27. 2007..These findings suggest that a resting hypocortisolemia in the afternoon hours with increased cortisol pulsatility is associated with childhood abuse-related PTSD in women...
- Positive schizotypy and trauma-related intrusionsSarah L Marzillier
University College London, and Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:60-4. 2007..Results are discussed within a theoretical context, suggesting that certain information processing styles associated with high schizotype individuals may account for a vulnerability to trauma-related intrusions...
- Dissociative disorders and traumatic childhood experiences in transsexualsAnette Kersting
Department of Psychiatry, University of Muenster, D 48129 Muenster, Germany
J Nerv Ment Dis 191:182-9. 2003..transsexuals, 41 transsexuals and 115 psychiatric inpatients were compared by means of the Interview for Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D-R), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ)...
- The links between the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES), fantasy proneness, and anxiety symptomsPeter Muris
Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Nerv Ment Dis 191:18-24. 2003..e., generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) and fantasy proneness. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are briefly discussed...
- Childhood abuse and dissociative symptoms in adult schizophreniaDarren W Holowka
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Schizophr Res 60:87-90. 2003..84, one-tailed p<0.001), and physical abuse (r=0.55, p<0.01). We suggest that emotional abuse may play an important role in the etiology of dissociation in schizophrenia...
- Risk factors for posttrauma reactions in police officers: a longitudinal studyG A Hodgins
Department of Psychology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
J Nerv Ment Dis 189:541-7. 2001..The implications for differential intervention are discussed...
- Self-injurious behavior in women with eating disordersThomas Paul
Medizinisch Psychosomatische Klinik Bad Bramstedt, Germany
Am J Psychiatry 159:408-11. 2002..The authors assessed lifetime and 6-month occurrence and phenomenology of self-injurious behavior in patients with eating disorders...
- Trauma and dissociation in treatment-seeking alcoholics: towards a resolution of inconsistent findingsWillie Langeland
Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research and Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 43:195-203. 2002..Additional research is needed to further evaluate the utility of the DES in alcoholic samples and to examine the notion of chemical dissociation...
- Assessing dissociation as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder: a study of adult offspring of holocaust survivorsSarah L Halligan
The Division of Traumatic Stress Studies, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 190:429-36. 2002..The results suggest that dissociative symptoms are related to current psychiatric symptomatology, including PTSD, rather than representing an enduring trait or preexisting risk factor for the development of PTSD...
- Peritraumatic reactions associated with the World Trade Center disasterDaphne Simeon
Psychiatry Box 1229, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
Am J Psychiatry 160:1702-5. 2003..The World Trade Center disaster was of unprecedented magnitude and impact in U.S. history. The authors conducted a pilot survey investigating these effects...
- Memory and suggestibility in maltreated children: age, stress arousal, dissociation, and psychopathologyMitchell L Eisen
Department of Psychology, California State University, King Hall, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA
J Exp Child Psychol 83:167-212. 2002..Neither dissociation nor stress arousal significantly predicted children's memory. Implications for understanding maltreated children's eyewitness memory are discussed...
- Posttraumatic, dissociative and grief symptoms in Turkish children exposed to the 1999 earthquakesNathaniel Laor
Tel Aviv Community Mental Health Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 9 Hatzvi St, Tel Aviv 67197, Israel
J Nerv Ment Dis 190:824-32. 2002..The results suggest that the assessment of psychopathology in children following a disaster requires the complementary evaluation of symptoms of posttrauma, dissociation, and grief...
- Evidence for associations among somatoform dissociation, psychological dissociation and reported trauma in patients with chronic pelvic painE R Nijenhuis
Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 24:87-98. 2003..completed standardized self-report questionnaires and received a structured interview for DSM-IV dissociative disorders. The prevalence of dissociative disorders in the sample was very low...
- The predictive power of peritraumatic dissociation and acute stress symptoms for posttraumatic stress symptoms: a three-month prospective studyPhilippe Birmes
Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie et Psychologie Médicale, Hôspital Casselardit la Grave, France
Am J Psychiatry 160:1337-9. 2003..The authors prospectively examined the power of peritraumatic dissociation and acute stress symptoms in predicting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
- Prevalence of dissociative disorders among psychiatric inpatients in a German university clinicU Gast
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany
J Nerv Ment Dis 189:249-57. 2001The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of dissociative disorders among psychiatric inpatients in Germany and to investigate the relationship between childhood trauma and dissociation...
- Childhood sexual and physical abuse and adult vulnerability to PTSD: the mediating effects of attachment and dissociationJames A Twaite
Neurodynamics, Inc, Tenafly, New Jersey, USA
J Child Sex Abus 13:17-38. 2004..Adult attachment and dissociation were found to mediate the relationship between childhood abuse and severity of PTSD...
- Characteristics of Persons At Risk for Trauma ExposureAmy Street; Fiscal Year: 2003..Major depression, substance abuse, generalized anxiety disorder and a range of dissociative disorders have also been noted following disasters and trauma...
- STRUCTURED CLIN INTERVIEW FOR DSM-III-R DISSOC DISORDERSMarlene Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 1991The dissociative disorders are comprised of five psychiatric disorders which include: psychogenic amnesia, psychogenic fugue, depersonalization disorders, multiple personality disorder, and atypical dissociative disorder...
- The role of activated long-term memory representations in working memory storageJARROD LEWIS PEACOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., schizophrenia, depression, dissociative disorders), and developmental (e.g., attention deficit disorder, dyslexia, specific language impairment) disorders...
- Dissociation: HPA Axis and CognitionDaphne Simeon; Fiscal Year: 2004..Along with posttraumatic stress disorder, dissociative disorders comprise the other major psychiatric nosology in whose pathogenesis trauma plays an undisputed role...
- Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic MemoryRichard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF PTSD & ADVERSE OUTCOMES OF CHILDBEARINGJulia Seng; Fiscal Year: 2008..Findings from this study will provide a strong basis for future clinical research and an evidence base for potentially modifying maternity care practice guidelines to include care for PTSD. ..
- Stress, the HPA and Health in AgingDavid Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Sleep, Circadian, Hormonal Dysregulation, and Breast Cancer SurvivalDavid Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will relate these measures to the subsequent course of breast cancer progression. Results of this study will provide specific evidence regarding how improved sleep management may affect the course of breast cancer. ..
- PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT EFFECTS ON CANCER SURVIVALDavid Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2004..The recruitment of this diverse sample of patients will also increase generalizability of findings regarding group psychotherapy outcome and its predictors. ..
- GROUP INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT HIV IN HIGH RISK WOMENDavid Spiegel; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will examine three mediators of treatment effectiveness, including: 1) trauma reactive and resilient beliefs about self and the world; 2) differentiation and integration of self; and 3) interpersonal relations. ..
- Structure and Assessment of Symptoms of DepressionDavid Watson; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., adolescents, pregnant and postpartum women, and older adults) and to modify the instrument as necessary for use with these populations. ..
- Antepartum Interpersonal Psychotherapy at 3 NYC SitesMargaret Spinelli; Fiscal Year: 2009..Co-investigators are maternal fetal medicine faculty from respective sites who will be primary liaison to the respective departments of obstetrics and provide clinical obstetrical needs of the study. ..
- Development of the Trauma Appraisal QuestionnaireANNE DEPRINCE; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Culturally Congruent Program of MDD Care for HispanicsRoberto Lewis Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, CCP-MDD could then be tested against usual care in a larger randomized, controlled trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Psychopathology and Controlling Behavior in Adolescents.Karlen Lyons Ruth; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Improving Hispanic Retention in Antidepressant TherapyRoberto Lewis Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2003..This pilot data will allow us to apply for an R01 to further study this intervention and model in a controlled clinical trial. ..
- Prevention of PTSD by Early TreatmentARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2008..Repeated telephone evaluations will assess treatment effectiveness. The study will generate vital knowledge about the feasibility and the effectiveness of secondary prevention of PTSD in large cohorts of survivors. ..
- Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-IIARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Delving Intervention and Mindbody IntegrationCynthia Price; Fiscal Year: 2003..Its significance lies in exploration of integration processes to enhance understanding of dissociation in general and of bodily self awareness in mind-body healing and health. ..
- Benzodiazepine Receptor in PTSDJAMES BREMNER; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurocognitive Consequences of Long-Term Ecstasy UseJohn Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of this study will improve our understanding of the nature, extent, and correlates of ecstasy-associated residual cognitive deficits. ..
- Frontal function in Adolescent Cannabis Use DisordersMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal has public health significance because we will comprehensively evaluate the effects of marijuana on adolescent brain and cognitive development, an understudied area. ..
- Dissociation-Pathway Towards Risk Behaviors in WomenMELISSA SUTHERLAND; Fiscal Year: 2007..The sample will be a convenience sample (n=207) of rural women 18 years and older seeking healthcare at a clinic setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Risk of Major Depression Among Breast Cancer PatientsJames Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- A Multimethod Approach to Understanding Risk Detection Following TraumaAnn Chu; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, the proposed study addresses a serious and preventable public health problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in ChildrenMichael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will measure the change in children's symptoms, and change in parents' symptoms and distress levels, in addition to the adaptation and implementation measures from Phase 1. ..
- Neural Correlates of Methamphetamine Use in Schizophrenia: An MRS StudyRuth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2007..These findings will have important implications for neurobiological models of comorbid substance abuse and treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cannabinoid Receptor Function in Alcoholism: Effects of D-9-THCDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..These results may reflect indirect evidence of altered CB-1R function in FHP individuals. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Preschool ChildrenMichael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sex steroids and cognition in post-menopausal womenElliot Hirshman; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed studies will provide extensive information on how varying levels of androgens and estrogens influence a range of cognitive processes in post-menopausal women [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive Functions Linked to Frontal LobeAdele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2009..Insights into the conditions under which children can succeed may yield procedures that might prove helpful to those afflicted with disorders affecting these critical functions. ..
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological GamblingJon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
- Early Combined Intervention After Traumatic InjuryDouglas F Zatzick; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Cannabinoids, Neural Synchrony and Information ProcessingDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Predicting Occurrence and Minimizing Negative Impacts of Survey ResearchSusan M Labott; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Cognitive and Emotional Mechanisms in Chronic GriefGeorge Bonanno; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., attentional preoccupation with social-moral rejection);and an exacerbation of their deficits in emotion regulation when they are primed with the representation of the deceased spouse. ..
- Fragmentation and Disorganization in PTSDMichele Bedard; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies will inform the relationship of fragmentation to type of emotional narrative, PTSD diagnosis and PTSD recovery, and results may impact current treatment emphases. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRAUMATIZED YOUNG CHILDREN--RISK FOR MALADAPTATIONMichael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2002..One- and 2-year follow-up assessments will be conducted. ..
- GLYCINE-KETAMINE INTERACTIONS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTSDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2002..Pilot data (n=12) towards this proposal suggests that glycine reduces ketamine-induced perceptual alterations, negative symptoms and impairments on recall without worsening positive symptoms. ..
- Taxometric Methods in Mental Health ResearchDAVID GLEAVES; Fiscal Year: 2003..If results support the continued use of these methods, in subsequent research, we will examine numerous areas of psychopathology to help determine if there are underlying taxa present. ..
- EMOTIONAL CONTROL OF SEDATIVE SELF-MEDICATION IN PTSDJOHN CASADA; Fiscal Year: 2003..More importantly, the data also will provide practical information for the clinical treatment of PTSD patients and others with anxiety who may be at risk for abusing prescription anxiolytics or alcohol. ..
- MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTUREDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF SUBSTANCE USE IN NATIVE AMERICANSJohn Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2003..Pope and other investigators at the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center. This program will enable Dr. Halpern to become an experienced investigator, capable of designing and performing future studies independently. ..
- Adolescent Alcohol Abuse, PTSD & Hippocampal DevelopmentMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition to examining the differences among these groups, the effects of AUD age of onset, AUD severity, as well as alcohol consumption quantity, frequency, and duration, on adolescent hippocampal development will also be examined. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS: FRONTAL LOBEAdele Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003..Hypotheses will be considered that suggest that memory for space, and/or time, or for relational information in general is dissociable from memory for other information and dependent upon frontal cortex function. ..
- A Measure of Acute Stress Disorder for ChildrenNancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2002..The Principal Investigator is a newer investigator who is developing a program of research into child and parent post-traumatic stress in relation to injuries and medical emergencies. ..
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Childhood Sexual Abuse: PsychobiologyMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2007..We further hypothesize that certain risk factors at Time-01 (e.g. age of onset of abuse, adverse life events, and biological measures) will predict the persistence of PTSD at Time-02. ..
- Development of face processingJohn Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2004..These experiments will break new ground in understanding the development of face recognition in children and will facilitate future research by non-invasive imaging in pediatric populations. ..
- Developing a Culturally Competent Trauma TherapyJANET OSTERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..If this treatment is effective, we plan to apply for a Fogarty International Grant to conduct a randomized clinical trial in Eritrea. ..
- Dynamic Models of ReconditioningPeter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2006..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
- CHILD NEGLECT--PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCESMICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- ATTACHMENT AND RISK IN EARLY ADOLESCENCER Kobak; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective OrderDavid Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive Sequelae of Methamphetamine AbuseRuth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ADAPTATION TO SEXUAL ABUSE FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOODCandice Feiring; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Liability Markers for Deficit Schizophrenia?L Hong; Fiscal Year: 2004..We plan to use the preliminary data collected from this grant support to guide our full-scale search for phenotypic markers specifically associated with the liability for deficit schizophrenia and subsequent molecular genetic studies. ..
- Tailoring an Intervention for African-American CaregiverJames Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Identifying molecular path of behavioural phenotype in schizophreniaL Hong; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Correlates of Autobiographical MemoryDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..