Genomes and Genes
Summary: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.
Publications200 found, 100 shown here
- Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in battle-injured soldiersThomas A Grieger
Department of Psychiatry, B 3074, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Am J Psychiatry 163:1777-83; quiz 1860. 2006..This study examined rates, predictors, and course of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among seriously injured soldiers during and following hospitalization...
- Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to careCharles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004....
- Validating the primary care posttraumatic stress disorder screen and the posttraumatic stress disorder checklist with soldiers returning from combatPaul D Bliese
US Army Medical Research Unit Europe, Heidelberg, Germany
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:272-81. 2008..Item analyses also identified that the most discriminate item in both scales pertained to symptoms of avoidance. Implications and limitations are discussed...
- Predictors of risk and resilience for posttraumatic stress disorder among ground combat Marines: methods of the Marine Resiliency StudyDewleen G Baker
VA Center for Stress and Mental Health 116A, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
Prev Chronic Dis 9:E97. 2012..Of enrolled Marines, approximately half (51.3%) had prior deployments. We found a moderate positive relationship between deployment history and PTSD prevalence in these baseline data...
- Evidence for acquired pregenual anterior cingulate gray matter loss from a twin study of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorderKiyoto Kasai
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Biol Psychiatry 63:550-6. 2008..We employed a case-control design in monozygotic twin pairs discordant for combat exposure to address the preexisting versus acquired origin of brain morphometric abnormalities in PTSD...
- Focus groups in psychological assessment: enhancing content validity by consulting members of the target populationDawne S Vogt
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Psychol Assess 16:231-43. 2004..The authors suggest that this method holds promise for enhancing the content validity of instruments and, ultimately, the validity of research findings...
- War neuroses and Arthur Hurst: a pioneering medical film about the treatment of psychiatric battle casualtiesEdgar Jones
King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Hist Med Allied Sci 67:345-73. 2012..Nevertheless, the message conveyed in the film that chronic cases could be treated in a single session had a powerful resonance for ambitious or charismatic doctors and was revived in World War II...
- Mental health of Special Forces personnel deployed in battleRaveen Hanwella
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, 08, Sri Lanka
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1343-51. 2012..To compare the mental health problems of Special Forces with regular forces engaged in combat in the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN)...
- Synthesis of the psychometric properties of the PTSD checklist (PCL) military, civilian, and specific versionsKendall C Wilkins
San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California, USA
Depress Anxiety 28:596-606. 2011..g., may overestimate PTSD prevalence) will help clinicians and researchers make educated decisions regarding the appropriate use of this measure in their particular setting...
- The neurological manifestations of trauma: lessons from World War IStefanie C Linden
King s Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 262:253-64. 2012..Our data contribute to the debate on the changing patterns of human responses to traumatic experience and their historical and social context...
- PTSD symptoms, life events, and unit cohesion in U.S. soldiers: baseline findings from the neurocognition deployment health studyKevin Brailey
Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:495-503. 2007..These symptoms may serve as vulnerabilities that could potentially be activated by subsequent war-zone deployment. Higher predeployment unit cohesion levels appear to ameliorate such symptoms, potentially lessening future vulnerability...
- The long-term consequences of war: the experience of World War IIN Hunt
Department of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Aging Ment Health 5:183-90. 2001..Other factors, such as prisoner of war (POW) status, type of service, rank, and illness were also considered. The findings indicate that the effects of a traumatic experience such as war can persist into later life...
- War syndromes: the impact of culture on medically unexplained symptomsEdgar Jones
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry and King s College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ
Med Hist 49:55-78. 2005
- Post-traumatic stress disorder: facts and fictionJoseph Zohar
Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Curr Opin Psychiatry 21:74-7. 2008..This disorder requires deeper understanding and consensus among professionals...
- The battle within: understanding the physiology of war-zone stress exposureVictoria E Bruner
Deployment Health Clinical Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue North West, Washington, DC, 20307 0003, USA
Soc Work Health Care 50:19-33. 2011..This article explores ways in which the body and brain adapt to war-zone stress, resulting challenges, and implications for clinical services and ongoing recovery...
- Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern UgandaBayard Roberts
Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
BMC Psychiatry 8:38. 2008..The purpose of the study was to measure rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression amongst these internally displaced persons (IDPs), and investigate associated demographic and trauma exposure risk factors...
- Prevalence of mental health problems and functional impairment among active component and National Guard soldiers 3 and 12 months following combat in IraqJeffrey L Thomas
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Department of Military Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:614-23. 2010....
- Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veteransCharles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied...
- Longitudinal assessment of mental health problems among active and reserve component soldiers returning from the Iraq warCharles S Milliken
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
JAMA 298:2141-8. 2007..A previous article focusing only on the initial screening is likely to have underestimated the mental health burden...
- Health of US veterans of 1991 Gulf War: a follow-up survey in 10 yearsHan K Kang
Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Epidemiology Service, Washington DC 20420, USA
J Occup Environ Med 51:401-10. 2009..To assess periodically the health status of a cohort of 1991 Gulf War veterans by comparing various health outcomes with those of their military peers who were not deployed to the Gulf...
- Post-combat invincibility: violent combat experiences are associated with increased risk-taking propensity following deploymentWilliam D S Killgore
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, United States
J Psychiatr Res 42:1112-21. 2008..Findings highlight the importance of education and counseling for returning service members to mitigate the public health consequences of elevated risk-propensity associated with combat exposure...
- Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deploymentIsabel G Jacobson
DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
JAMA 300:663-75. 2008..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder; combat exposure; and nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, and major depression in male twinsJeffrey F Scherrer
St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:297-304. 2008..These findings suggest comorbid PTSD may represent a genetically mediated vulnerability to psychopathology after trauma...
- Cigarette and alcohol use in the UK Armed Forces, and their association with combat exposures: a prospective studyRichard Hooper
National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London SW3 6LR, UK
Addict Behav 33:1067-71. 2008..010). The effects of these combat exposures were strongest in those most recently deployed. In contrast, cigarette smoking declined during the three years of the study...
- Explanations for the increase in mental health problems in UK reserve forces who have served in IraqTess Browne
King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, UK
Br J Psychiatry 190:484-9. 2007..Deployment to the 2003 Iraq War was associated with ill health in reserve armed forces personnel...
- Progress and controversy in the study of posttraumatic stress disorderRichard J McNally
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 54:229-52. 2003....
- Genetic and environmental influences on the relationship among combat exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and alcohol useD S McLeod
Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Trauma Stress 14:259-75. 2001..Further support is also found for the role of the unique environment in PTSD symptoms...
- Relationship of combat experiences to alcohol misuse among U.S. soldiers returning from the Iraq warJoshua E Wilk
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States
Drug Alcohol Depend 108:115-21. 2010..The current study examined the association of specific types of combat experiences with a positive screen for alcohol misuse...
- Quality-adjusted health status in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderMichael J Mancino
Department of Psychiatry, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, and the Division of Health Services Research, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:877-9. 2006..More importantly, the QWB-SA was designed for use in cost-effectiveness analyses and may be useful in assessing the relative value of PTSD interventions compared with other mental and physical health interventions...
- Baseline self reported functional health and vulnerability to post-traumatic stress disorder after combat deployment: prospective US military cohort studyCynthia A LeardMann
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
BMJ 338:b1273. 2009..To determine if baseline functional health status, as measured by SF-36 (veterans), predicts new onset symptoms or diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder among deployed US military personnel with combat exposure...
- External-cause mortality after psychologic trauma: the effects of stress exposure and predispositionJoseph A Boscarino
Center for Health Research, Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA 17822 3003, USA
Compr Psychiatry 47:503-14. 2006..In addition, theater veterans who volunteered for Vietnam and those with dishonorable discharges were at increased risk for external-cause mortality...
- Risk factors for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder following combat trauma: a semiprospective studyJoseph Zohar
Department of Psychiatry, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
J Clin Psychiatry 70:1629-35. 2009..This study aimed to explore risk factors for developing PTSD in order to improve the psychiatric screening process of new recruits...
- The validity of the PTSD checklist as a measure of symptomatic change in combat-related PTSDD Forbes
National Centre for War Related PTSD, Melbourne, Australia
Behav Res Ther 39:977-86. 2001..The results supported the use of an overall cut-off score of 50 on the PCL for a diagnosis, and an item score of 3 for symptom criterion, in this population...
- Risk factors for course of posttraumatic stress disorder among Vietnam veterans: a 14-year follow-up of American LegionnairesKarestan C Koenen
Women s Health Sciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 71:980-6. 2003..Combat exposure predicted PTSD course more strongly than any other risk factor. Findings suggest recovery from PTSD is significantly influenced by perceived social support...
- A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of augmentation topiramate for chronic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorderSteven E Lindley
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
J Clin Psychopharmacol 27:677-81. 2007..The present study was designed as a test of topiramate's efficacy as adjunctive therapy in a 7-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
- Exposure to war crimes and implications for peace building in northern UgandaPatrick Vinck
Payson Center for International Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
JAMA 298:543-54. 2007..In this context, it is important to examine population-based data on exposure to war crimes to understand how survivors perceive mechanisms aimed at achieving a lasting peace...
- Screening for psychological illness in military personnelRoberto J Rona
Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College, London, United Kingdom
JAMA 293:1257-60. 2005
- Lifetime sexual and physical victimization among male veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorderKathleen G Lapp
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Mil Med 170:787-90. 2005..Determining the lifetime history of trauma exposure may have implications for vulnerability to subsequent development of PTSD and the risk of future violence...
- An investigation of the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on physical healthA W Wagner
Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie 82071 3415, USA
J Trauma Stress 13:41-55. 2000..These findings provide further support for the theory that psychological response to stressors impacts health outcome...
- Influence of childhood adversity on health among male UK military personnelAmy C Iversen
Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
Br J Psychiatry 191:506-11. 2007..Exposure to childhood adversity may explain why only a minority of combatants exposed to trauma develop psychological problems...
- Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deploymentTyler C Smith
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
Epidemiology 19:505-12. 2008..The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relation between prior assault and new-onset PTSD symptoms in a large US military cohort deployed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
- Lifetime trauma exposure in veterans with military-related posttraumatic stress disorder: association with current symptomatologyCarolina P Clancy
Durham Veterans Affairs, Durham, NC 27705, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 67:1346-53. 2006..Further, we investigated whether trauma exposure before military service was mediated or moderated by military trauma in its effects on current PTSD and adjustment...
- New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: prospective population based US military cohort studyTyler C Smith
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
BMJ 336:366-71. 2008..To describe new onset and persistence of self reported post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in a large population based military cohort, many of whom were deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
- Elevated serum lipids in veterans with combat-related chronic posttraumatic stress disorderVlasta Solter
University Department of Psychiatry, Sisters of Mercy University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Croat Med J 43:685-9. 2002....
- Psychological injury in the two World Wars: changing concepts and terms in German psychiatryRuth Kloocke
Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
Hist Psychiatry 16:43-60. 2005..It may be concluded that psychiatrists developed theoretical models and practical treatment methods in a manner that met the social and military requirements of the time...
- Predicting high-risk behaviors in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderTamara L Hartl
Health Services Research and Development, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 193:464-72. 2005..Recent high-risk behaviors, rather than patients' history, appear to be more predictive of high-risk behaviors postdischarge...
- Historical approaches to post-combat disordersEdgar Jones
Institute of Psychiatry, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:533-42. 2006..a syndrome typified by medically unexplained symptoms, it is unlikely that we have seen the last of post-combat disorders as past experience suggests that they have the capacity to catch both military planners and doctors by ..
- Psychiatric diagnoses and punishment for misconduct: the effects of PTSD in combat-deployed MarinesRobyn M Highfill-McRoy
Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
BMC Psychiatry 10:88. 2010..The objective of this study was to investigate whether psychological problems were associated with three types of misconduct outcomes (demotions, drug-related discharges, and punitive discharges.)..
- Alcohol misuse and functional impairment in the UK Armed Forces: a population-based studyRoberto J Rona
King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ, UK
Drug Alcohol Depend 108:37-42. 2010..To assess whether alcohol misuse was associated with functional impairment in the military, and whether an association between any of the measures of alcohol misuse and impairment would be explained by psychiatric comorbidity...
- War pensions (1900-1945): changing models of psychological understandingEdgar Jones
Department of Psychological Medicine, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Medical School, London, UK
Br J Psychiatry 180:374-9. 2002..In 1939 official attitudes hardened and it is commonly stated that few pensions were awarded for post-combat syndromes...
- The latent structure of posttraumatic stress disorder: a taxometric investigation of reactions to extreme stressAyelet Meron Ruscio
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802 3104, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 111:290-301. 2002....
- "Forward psychiatry" in the military: its origins and effectivenessEdgar Jones
Department of Psychological Medicine, Guy s, Kings and St Thomas s School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom
J Trauma Stress 16:411-9. 2003..It remains uncertain who is being served by the intervention: whether it is the individual soldier or the needs of the military...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder and self-reported physical health status among U.S. Military personnel serving during the Gulf War period: a population-based studyDrue H Barrett
Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Psychosomatics 43:195-205. 2002..These health effects may manifest themselves in both psychological and physical outcomes. Health care providers must be attentive to recognize and evaluate both of these dimensions...
- The role of war-zone trauma and PTSD in the etiology of antisocial behaviorAlan Fontana
Northeast Program Evaluation Center, a division of the VA National Center for PTSD and Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 193:203-9. 2005....
- The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on impairment in the UK military at the time of the Iraq warRoberto J Rona
King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE1 9RJ, UK
J Psychiatr Res 43:649-55. 2009..Functional impairment is a serious problem for those with PTSD. The impairment is not confined to those with the highest PCL-score. Avoidance/numbing is the criterion which makes the greatest independent contribution to impairment...
- Resting metabolic activity in the cingulate cortex and vulnerability to posttraumatic stress disorderLisa M Shin
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Ave, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:1099-107. 2009..Recent neuroimaging research has revealed functional abnormalities in the anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- [A historical medical study of post-traumatic stress disorders in World War I soldiers]S Lemke
Klinik für Psychiatrie am Klinikum der F Schiller Universität, Philosophenweg 3, 07743 Jena
Nervenarzt 78:92-9. 2007..These results are in accord with historical but not current literature on PTSD. The author is of the opinion that psychiatric anamnesis is not given enough consideration in the concept of PTSD...
- Challenges associated with post-deployment screening for mild traumatic brain injury in military personnelGrant L Iverson
University of British Columbia and British Columbia Mental Health and Addiction Services, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Clin Neuropsychol 23:1299-314. 2009..Additional research is necessary to refine the sequential screening methodology, with the goal of minimizing false negatives during initial post-deployment screening and minimizing false positives during follow-up evaluations...
- Risk and resilience factors for posttraumatic stress symptomatology in Gulf War I veteransDawne S Vogt
Women s Health Sciences Division, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:27-38. 2007..The majority of hypothesized associations held, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying PTSS may be similar across veteran cohorts...
- Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in posttraumatic stress disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled studyHagit Cohen
Ministry of Health Mental Health Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Am J Psychiatry 161:515-24. 2004..The efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the right prefrontal cortex was studied in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) under double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions...
- Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder among UK Armed Forces personnelA C Iversen
King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, London, UK
Psychol Med 38:511-22. 2008....
- Adjunctive olanzapine for SSRI-resistant combat-related PTSD: a double-blind, placebo-controlled studyMurray B Stein
Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders Program, Psychiatry Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:1777-9. 2002..Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly in combat veterans with chronic illness, is often refractory to standard pharmacological interventions. There is a need to test adjunctive treatments to boost response...
- Comorbid alcohol addiction increases aggression level in soldiers with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorderZoran Zoricic
University Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Sestre Milosrdnice, Vinogradska cesta 29, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
Nord J Psychiatry 57:199-202. 2003..001), and physically manifest aggression (PMA), (F=43.22; P<0.001), vs. soldiers with combat-related PTSD without comorbid conditions. Alcohol addiction is a severe factor in increasing aggression levels in soldiers with PTSD...
- Examining the uniqueness of frequency and intensity symptom ratings in posttraumatic stress disorder assessmentJon D Elhai
Disaster Mental Health Institute, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 2390, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:940-4. 2006..Implications for future PTSD clinical and research assessment are discussed, including the potential to decrease administration time for these commonly used PTSD measures, given their time-consuming nature...
- Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon warZahava Solomon
Bob Shappell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:935-9. 2006..We conclude that CSR should be seen as a marker for long-term psychiatric distress and impairment. In addition, the implications of combat-related trauma are broad and varied, and go beyond the narrow scope of PTSD...
- Association of combatant status and sexual violence with health and mental health outcomes in postconflict LiberiaKirsten Johnson
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
JAMA 300:676-90. 2008..Liberia's wars since 1989 have cost tens of thousands of lives and left many people mentally and physically traumatized...
- Are male disaster workers with Vietnam military service at greater risk for ptsd than peers without combat history?Nimali Jayasinghe
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:859-63. 2006..It should be noted that veterans in this sample, unlike in many studies, were in the workforce. Research with different veteran groups is warranted to clarify further the relation of combat experience and symptoms in disaster workers...
- Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in NepalBrandon A Kohrt
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
JAMA 300:691-702. 2008..Former child soldiers are considered in need of special mental health interventions. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the mental health of child soldiers compared with civilian children in armed conflicts...
- Risk factors for long-term posttraumatic stress reactions in unarmed UN military observers: a four-year follow-up studyLars Mehlum
Suicide Research and Prevention Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:800-4. 2006..Multivariate analyses demonstrated stress exposure during the mission and problems with social adaptation after homecoming to predict posttraumatic stress symptoms at follow-up...
- Mechanisms of anger and treatment outcome in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderDavid Forbes
Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
J Trauma Stress 21:142-9. 2008..To improve treatment effectiveness, clinicians need to assess veterans' anger, aggression, and alcohol use, as well as their current fear of anger and elucidate the relationship between these factors...
- The Trauma Symptom Inventory: factors associated with invalid profiles in a sample of combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorderElla C Nye
Behavioral Health Care Line, New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Albuquerque 87108, USA
Mil Med 171:857-60. 2006..Implications for the interpretation of TSI validity scales in assessing combat-related PTSD are discussed...
- Prevalence of chronic pain after traumatic brain injury: a systematic reviewDevi E Nampiaparampil
Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs Central California Healthcare System, Fresno, CA 93703, USA
JAMA 300:711-9. 2008..Comorbid psychiatric disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may also mediate chronic pain symptoms...
- [Psychiatric disorders of the contemporary battlefield]Krzysztof Korzeniewski
Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny MON, Zakład Medycyny Morskiej i Tropikalnej w Gdyni
Pol Merkur Lekarski 24:572-6. 2008..The consequence of survived psychiatric trauma being a result of short-lived incident or prolonged event are often acute stress disorder (ASD) or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- Treatment-seeking veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan: comparison with veterans of previous warsAlan Fontana
New England Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:513-21. 2008..There is a window of opportunity, therefore, for developing and focusing on treatment interventions that emphasize the preservation of these social assets...
- Chronic stress and adaptationHarold Kudler
Am J Psychiatry 163:552-3; author reply 553. 2006
- A2 diagnostic criterion for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorderAmy B Adler
US Army Medical Research Unit Europe, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Heidelberg, Germany
J Trauma Stress 21:301-8. 2008..The A2 criterion for PTSD should be expanded so as not to underestimate the number of individuals trained for high-risk occupations who might benefit from treatment...
- Trauma among female veterans: a critical reviewHeidi M Zinzow
National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of South Carolina, SC, USA
Trauma Violence Abuse 8:384-400. 2007..Researchers also are encouraged to employ standardized definitions of trauma and to investigate new areas, such as treatment outcomes and mediators of trauma and health. Policy and practice implications are discussed...
- Gulf war syndrome: a reaction to psychiatry's invasion of the military?Susie Kilshaw
Department of Anthropology, University College London, 14 Taviton Street, London, UK
Cult Med Psychiatry 32:219-37. 2008..The paper argues that despite the increasing presence of psychiatry in military discourse, GWS reveals the way that people are able to transform, negotiate and even negate its power and assumptions...
- Elevated rates of current PTSD among Hispanic veterans in the NVVRS: true prevalence or methodological artifact?Roberto Lewis-Fernandez
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Trauma Stress 21:123-32. 2008..These tests suggest that greater Hispanic expressiveness does not account for the Hispanic elevation in current PTSD in the NVVRS SCID-diagnosed subsample...
- Severity of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder versus noncombat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: a community-based study in American Indian and Hispanic veteransMichael Brinker
Mental Health Services, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:655-61. 2007..A low rate of mental health treatment since military duty may have contributed to increased symptoms and a lower remission rate...
- A field test of group based exposure therapy with 102 veterans with war-related posttraumatic stress disorderDavid J Ready
Mental Health Service Line, VA Medical Center Atlanta, Decatur, GA 30033, USA
J Trauma Stress 21:150-7. 2008..22) and self-report measures with only three dropouts...
- Traumatic brain injury: unnatural causesCharles W Needham
Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Conn Med 72:171-2. 2008
- Post-traumatic stress disorder at the end of lifeJoy A Laramie
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Home Healthc Nurse 25:293-8. 2007
- Factorial invariance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms across three veteran samplesScott D McDonald
VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center MIRECC, Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
J Trauma Stress 21:309-17. 2008..Results supported factor invariance across the three veteran cohorts, suggesting that cross-group comparisons are interpretable. Implications and applications for DSM-IV nosology and the validity of symptom measures are discussed...
- The consistency of combat exposure reporting and course of PTSD in Vietnam War veteransK C Koenen
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:3-13. 2007..The effect size of the dose-response relation attributable to changes in reporting was smaller for continuous than categorical measures. Findings are discussed in relation to recent controversies over veterans' combat exposure reports...
- Pretrauma cognitive ability and risk for posttraumatic stress disorder: a twin studyWilliam S Kremen
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Behavioral Genomics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:361-8. 2007..Cognitive deficits are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but whether such deficits reflect sequelae or risk factors is not fully resolved...
- Reactivation of combat stress after a family member's enlistmentTali Nachshoni
Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center 70350, Israel
Mil Med 171:1211-4. 2006..This article explores the general meaning of enlistment for family members, and the reactivation that may accompany that enlistment, through the examination of two cases...
- Mental health. Widening the attack on combat-related mental health problemsGreg Miller
Science 313:908-9. 2006
- Mental health care needs among recent war veteransHan K Kang
War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA
N Engl J Med 352:1289. 2005
- Baclofen treatment for chronic posttraumatic stress disorderRoger G Drake
Clinical Pharmacy, Bryce Hospital, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
Ann Pharmacother 37:1177-81. 2003..We hypothesized that baclofen, a GABA(B) agonist, would be an effective treatment in the symptomatic management of veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- PTSD in the World War II combat veteranCharles Kaiman
Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Albuquerque, USA
Am J Nurs 103:32-41; quiz 42. 2003
- A twin registry study of the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and nicotine dependence in menKarestan C Koenen
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge 613, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1258-65. 2005..Recent studies indicate a strong association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and nicotine dependence (ND). However, the explanation for the association remains unclear...
- Clinical presentations and treatment outcomes of peacekeeper veterans with PTSD: preliminary findingsDavid Forbes
Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, P O Box 5444, West Heidelberg, Victoria 3081, Australia
Am J Psychiatry 162:2188-90. 2005..This study examined intake and treatment outcome data for a group of peacekeepers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- World assumptions and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorderRachel Dekel
Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel
J Soc Psychol 144:407-20. 2004..In addition, the authors found a linear association between self-worth perceptions and levels of mental status. The authors examined the results of the study considering the extraordinary characteristics and meaning of war...
- Long-term follow-up (32 Years) of PTSD in Israeli Yom Kippur War veteransArie Shlosberg
Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Beer Yaakov, Israel
J Nerv Ment Dis 193:693-6. 2005..Results from this long-term follow-up study indicate a low incidence of chronic symptomatology that may be accounted for by the nature of the initial care, follow-up, and subpopulation investigated...
- Change of diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder related to compensation-seekingDragica Kozaric-Kovacic
Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Psychotrauma, Dubrava University Hospital, Avenija Gojka Suska 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Croat Med J 45:427-33. 2004..To explore the change in the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to the implementation of the new national regulation on compensation-seeking by war veterans in Croatia...
- Trauma, change in strength of religious faith, and mental health service use among veterans treated for PTSDAlan Fontana
Northeast Program Evaluation Center, VA National Center for PTSD, New Haven, CT, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 192:579-84. 2004....
- Risperidone in psychotic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: an open trialDragica Kozaric-Kovacic
National Centre for Psychotrauma, Department of Psychiatry, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
J Clin Psychiatry 66:922-7. 2005..We hypothesized that war veterans with psychotic PTSD, resistant to prior antidepressant treatment, would respond well to 6 weeks of treatment with the atypical antipsychotic risperidone, given as a monotherapy...
- Psychiatric symptoms and health service utilization in rural and urban combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderJon D Elhai
Disaster Mental Health Institute, University of South Dakota, Vermillion 57069 2390, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 192:701-4. 2004..Rural combat PTSD patients therefore seem to have similar mental health needs compared with their urban counterparts, with important service delivery implications...
- Weight loss and PTSD symptom severity in former POWsMichael W Myers
Mental Health Service, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205 5484, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 193:278-80. 2005..Percentage of body weight lost during captivity was significantly higher in those subjects with PTSD and correlated with current PTSD symptom severity. Length of confinement was not associated with current PTSD symptoms...
- Documented combat exposure of US veterans seeking treatment for combat-related post-traumatic stress disorderB Christopher Frueh
Medical University of South Carolina, Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Br J Psychiatry 186:467-72; discussion 473-5. 2005..There are concerns regarding the validity of combat exposure reports of veterans seeking treatment for combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within US Veterans Affairs Medical Centers...
- SLEEP HOMEOSTASIS AND STIMULANT DRUGS OF ABUSEEmmanuel Mignot; Fiscal Year: 2002..The attraction to stimulant use may begin with individual desire to combat disorders of excessive sleepiness, and drug dependence may be reinforced, in part, by hypersomnolence on drug ..
- Mental Health Services in NY after WTC DisasterJoseph Boscarino; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Relationship between Bio and Psych Correlates of PTSDRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Biology of Risk of PTSD in Holocaust Survivor OffspringRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2006..The subjects will be further subdivided so that there are 40 in each group with and without PTSD; half of each subgroup will have a current depressive disorder. Thus, we will recruit a total of 20 subjects in each of 12 subgroups. ..
- Prazosin for Noncombat Trauma PTSDMurray Raskind; Fiscal Year: 2008..Number of study days completed and adverse events also will be compared between groups. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Behavior Therapy for Adults with Tourette SyndromeAlan Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2008..The Informatics group at Yale University will provide data management services. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Psychopathology of Alzheimer's: APOE and the HPA AxisMurray Raskind; Fiscal Year: 2005..Specific Aim 3. To determine the effect of CSF cortisol concentrations on cognitive decline and on incidence of mild cognitive impairment and probable AD among nondemented older persons with the APOE-E4 allele followed longitudinally. ..
- Genetics, Endocrinology and PTSD Risk in the PopulationRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2006..The development of models of prevention and treatment of PTSD can only occur following an understanding of individual risk factors and their interactions with event exposure. ..
- Psychobiology of PTSD: A Decade of ProgressRachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2005..We also expect the conference to be attractive to educated lay individuals such as consumers, family members, advocates, and members of the press who are interested in tracking the development of knowledge in this area. ..
- Telepsychiatry Service Delivery to Trauma VictimsB Frueh; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY TO TRAUMA VICTIMSB Frueh; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Trauma Within the Psychiatric SettingB Frueh; Fiscal Year: 2003..Measures will be designed to assess sanctuary trauma and harm, general trauma exposure, PTSD symptoms, and psychiatric diagnoses. The obtained data will be analyzed via quantitative and qualitative methods. ..
- Startle reflex amplitude and cortisol in PTSD.Mark Miller; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic MemoryRichard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
- Solvent Exposure: Functional Imaging and BehaviorNancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Disability Benefits and Service UseB Frueh; Fiscal Year: 2002..This proposal is responsive to Health People 2010 and the Bridging Science and Service report recommendation regarding rehabilitation and interventions (recommendation #9). ..
- Lead Exposure, HPA Axis Dysfunction, and Blood Pressure: Hypertension RiskNancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sexual Revictimization: Affect Regulation as a Mediator (AREA)HOLLY ORCUTT; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development Epidemiology of PTSDKarestan Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2008..This work will help the development of prevention and treatment interventions for traumatized individuals and will contribute to our understanding of the etiology of PTSD. ..
- MEASUREMENT OF MAJOR STRESSFUL EVENTS OVER LIFE COURSESBRUCE DOHRENWEND; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Prophylaxis of PTSD with Post-Trauma PropranololRoger Pitman; Fiscal Year: 2007..One and three months following the traumatic event, the patient will undergo psychophysiologic, psychodiagnostic, and psychometric testing for PTSD. ..
- SOCIAL STATUS AND PTSD IN U.S. VIETNAM VETERANSBRUCE DOHRENWEND; Fiscal Year: 2001..The long term goal is to increase knowledge of how humans adapt or fail to adapt to adversity and stress, and to contribute to the account of an historic event in the life of this nation. ..
- Genetic Determinants of PTSD in WomenKarestan C Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Coping with the Threat of TerrorBrett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our results will provide tools to study the way people cope with unprecedented worries about future terror, which will greatly enhance the public health response to terror. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treating Insomnia & Nightmares After Trauma: Impact on Symptoms & Quality of LifeSean P A Drummond; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will examine whether treatments specifically targeted at those sleep disorders can improve clinical outcomes and increase health- related quality of life in individuals recently exposed to war-related trauma. ..
- RCT Methylphenidate & Memory/Attention Training in Traumatic Brain InjuryThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further, it will help to clarify underlying neural mechanisms and suggest additional treatment possibilities. ..
- Translational Studies of Cycling in Bipolar DisorderMing Tsuang; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in StudentThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009..Impact parameters will be directly measured using helmet-based accelerometer units. ..
- Neural Mechanisms of Compulsive HoardingDavid Tolin; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will use cutting-edge data analytic procedures to examine patterns of interrelated neural activation as well as the time course of activation across the decision making process. ..
- Genetic Associations with Biased Processing of Emotion Cues in MDDCHRISTOPHER BEEVERS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Thus, the proposed study should advance our knowledge of the etiological and maintenance processes for MDD and provide specific direction for the design of treatment programs for this serious psychiatric problem. ..
- Youth Violence Exposure: A National Longitudinal StudyDean Kilpatrick; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction For High Blood PressureJoel Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007..Accrual rates, acceptance of randomization, treatment adherence, treatment fidelity, and patient satisfaction with treatment will be evaluated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dissemination of empirically-supported psychotherapiesJoan Cook; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Role of Candidate Alleles in Cognitive Outcome After TBIThomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sleep Deprivation and Brain Function in Older AdultsSEAN DRUMMOND; Fiscal Year: 2008..Additionally, this study will provide valuable information about the general plasticity and compensatory capabilities of the brain and may inform theories of brain aging. ..
- A Daily Process Examination of Alcohol Use and PTSD in Female College StudentsDebra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DYNAMIC TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSESANDREW LEON; Fiscal Year: 2008..In summary, this interdisciplinary project will inform methodologists about the proposed data analytic strategy and inform clinicians about effectiveness of treatments for PD, BDD, and bipolar depression. ..
- Cognitive Enhancer May Facilitate Behavioral ExposureBarbara O Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Virtual Reality Treatment of PTSD and Substance AbuseJoAnn Difede; Fiscal Year: 2006..This project will focus on the use of the configurable virtual reality environments in the treatment of chronic PTSD following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack of September 11, 2001. ..
- Emotional-Processing in Borderline Personality DisorderBrett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Virtuality Reality Cue Exposure for Crack CocaineBarbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003..The long-term objectives to be achieved in Phase II include the development and testing of the treatment of crack cocaine dependence using VR cue exposure therapy in a controlled design. ..
- EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTER-BASED TRAINING: CTRAINWYNDHAM ANGER; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, feedback will be elicited from content experts to evaluate the potential for adoption of the computer-based training program and the "screenbuilder" environment. ..
- Preventing Psychiatric Sequelae of Traumatic InjuryMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..Findings will provide justification for and information about optimal parameters (e.g., subject selection; sample size; dose and duration) for a future randomized controlled trial (RCT). ..
- IMPROVING CARE FOR PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CAREMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- ESTROGEN COMPOUNDS, COGNITION & DEMENTIA IN OLDER WOMENKristine Yaffe; Fiscal Year: 2002..This award will foster the applicant's development towards becoming an independent investigator in aging research. ..
- TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORSStefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
- GENETIC LINKAGE STUDY OF SCHIZOPHRENIAMing Tsuang; Fiscal Year: 2001..This, and Millennium's prior genotyping experience shows that the genotyping phase of the work is feasible. ..
- PREVENTION FOR FAMILIES WITH AFFECTIVE DISORDERWilliam Beardslee; Fiscal Year: 2001..The pilot families, who have been followed for three to four years, have reported sustained effects. Differences between groups were also sustained. ..
- TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD SOCIAL PHOBIADeborah Beidel; Fiscal Year: 2004..Similarly, critical data on the efficacy of fluoxetine will be available. ..
- FLUOXETINE & COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY IN SOCIAL PHOBIAEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Older Age Health and Longevity: A Long-Term ViewDORA COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive Processes, PTSD, and Alcohol UseDebra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Aim 4: Evaluate alcohol consumption, PTSD-specific alcohol expectancies, and PTSD severity 3 months post-trauma as predictors of alcohol use disorders 6 months post-trauma. ..
- Citalopram Augmentation in Older Schizophrenia PatientsSidney Zisook; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- PDE-5 Inhibition in HIV+ and HIV- MenRaymond Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2005..Key personnel for the project are Raymond C. Rosen, Ph.D., Professor of Psychiatry and Medicine at UMDNJ, who will serve as PI, and Joseph Catania, PhD, co-PI, from the AIDS Research Institute at UCSF. ..
- fMRI Localization of Psychotic Symptoms in SchizophreniaDavid Silbersweig; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIO. AND PSYCH. CORRELATES OF PTSDEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2005..The resolution of these questions has important implications for understanding the pathophysiology of PTSD, and may provide insight into the mechanisms associated with successful psychological treatment for this disorder. ..
- Translational Research on Extinction and PTSDBarbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005..Currently, no such interventions with proven efficacy exist. ..
- Web-Delivered PC-Based Low Literacy HAZMAT TrainingWYNDHAM ANGER; Fiscal Year: 2004..s. ..
- Long-term effects of war-related trauma in childrenMARIA LLABRE; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings from this unique study of the long-term effects of war-related trauma have implications for theory and practice. ..
- Cognitive-Behavior Treatment for Victims of Mass ViolencBrett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2003..Patients' compliance and symptoms will be monitored on the web. Patients will be followed 6 and 12 months post-treatment. ..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF HEROIN DEPENDENCEMing Tsuang; Fiscal Year: 2004..All genotypes will be available one year after they are generated, but no later than a year after the end of the funding period. We are submitting this proposal using the RO1 mechanism. ..