Genomes and Genes
Summary: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Publications265 found, 100 shown here
- Fears, phobias, and preparedness: toward an evolved module of fear and fear learningA Ohman
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Psychol Rev 108:483-522. 2001..The fear module is assumed to mediate an emotional level of fear learning that is relatively independent and dissociable from cognitive learning of stimulus relationships...
- The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: a comparison of the psychometric properties of self-report and clinician-administered formatsD M Fresco
Adult Anxiety Clinic of Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6085, USA
Psychol Med 31:1025-35. 2001..CONCLUSION: Results of this study suggest that the self-report version of the LSAS compares well to the clinician-administered version and may be validly employed in the assessment of social anxiety disorder...
- Attention training toward and away from threat in social phobia: effects on subjective, behavioral, and physiological measures of anxietyAlexandre Heeren
Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
Behav Res Ther 50:30-9. 2012....
- Therapist experience and knowledge acquisition in internet-delivered CBT for social anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled trialGerhard Andersson
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e37411. 2012..Second, to investigate if knowledge about SAD increased following treatment and third to compare the effects of inexperienced versus experienced therapists on patient outcomes...
- Guided and unguided self-help for social anxiety disorder: randomised controlled trialTomas Furmark
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, SE 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
Br J Psychiatry 195:440-7. 2009..Internet-delivered self-help programmes with added therapist guidance have shown efficacy in social anxiety disorder, but unguided self-help has been insufficiently studied...
- The liebowitz social anxiety scale as a self-report instrument: a preliminary psychometric analysisSandra L Baker
Department of Psychology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
Behav Res Ther 40:701-15. 2002..The construct validity of the LSAS-SR, however, remains to be further explored. These findings support the utility of the LSAS-SR, which has the advantage of saving valuable clinician time compared to the clinician-administered version...
- The effect of a single-session attention modification program on response to a public-speaking challenge in socially anxious individualsNader Amir
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 6386 Alvarado Court, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 117:860-8. 2008..Moreover, blind raters judged the speeches of those in the AMP group as better than those in the ACC group. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that attention plays a causal role in the maintenance of social anxiety...
- Affective primes suppress attention bias to threat in socially anxious individualsSarah M Helfinstein
Child Development Laboratory, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Behav Res Ther 46:799-810. 2008..ERP results suggested differential processing of the prime and faces displays by HSA and LSA individuals. However, no group by prime interaction was found for any of ERP components...
- Screening for depression and anxiety disorders in primary care patientsAdomas Bunevicius
Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
Depress Anxiety 24:455-60. 2007....
- Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy vs. cognitive behavioral group therapy for social anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled non-inferiority trialErik Hedman
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
PLoS ONE 6:e18001. 2011..Our aim was to investigate if ICBT is at least as effective as CBGT for SAD when treatments are delivered in a psychiatric setting...
- Cognitive therapy vs interpersonal psychotherapy in social anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled trialUlrich Stangier
Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt, Varrentrappstr 40 42, D 60054 Frankfurt, Germany
Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:692-700. 2011..Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) aims to change problematic interpersonal behavior patterns that may have an important role in the maintenance of SAD. No direct comparisons of the treatments for SAD in an outpatient setting exist...
- Fluoxetine, comprehensive cognitive behavioral therapy, and placebo in generalized social phobiaJonathan R T Davidson
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1005-13. 2004..Generalized social phobia is common, persistent, and disabling and is often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs or cognitive behavioral therapy...
- Mini-SPIN: A brief screening assessment for generalized social anxiety disorderK M Connor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Depress Anxiety 14:137-40. 2001..The Mini-SPIN demonstrates good efficiency, supporting its utility as a screening tool for generalized social anxiety disorder...
- Attention training for generalized social anxiety disorderNorman B Schmidt
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 118:5-14. 2009..Results support attention-based models of anxiety and suggest that attention training is a promising alternative or complementary intervention...
- An Internet-based self-help treatment for fear of public speaking: a controlled trialC Botella
Dpt Psicologia Basica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I, Avda Vicent Sos Baynat s n, Castellon, Spain
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 13:407-21. 2010..Internet-delivered CBT programs could also play a valuable role in the dissemination of CBT...
- Size and burden of social phobia in EuropeLydia Fehm
Department of Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 18, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 15:453-62. 2005..No data are available addressing met and unmet needs for intervention and costs, and data for vulnerability and risk factors of malignant course are scarce...
- Attention training in individuals with generalized social phobia: A randomized controlled trialNader Amir
SDSU UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120 4913, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 77:961-73. 2009..Symptom reduction in the AMP group was maintained during 4-month follow-up assessment. These results suggest that computerized attention training procedures may be beneficial for treating social phobia...
- Common changes in cerebral blood flow in patients with social phobia treated with citalopram or cognitive-behavioral therapyTomas Furmark
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, SE 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:425-33. 2002..Neurofunctional changes underlying effective antianxiety treatments are incompletely characterized. This study explored the effects of citalopram and cognitive-behavioral therapy on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in social phobia...
- Selective attention in social phobia and the moderating effect of a concurrent depressive disorderC Musa
Department de Psychiatrie, Lariboisière F Widal Hospital, Paris, France
Behav Res Ther 41:1043-54. 2003..Overall, the results emphasise the importance of assessing comorbidity when investigating attentional biases...
- Selective orienting of attention to masked threat faces in social anxietyKarin Mogg
Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Behav Res Ther 40:1403-14. 2002..It was also more apparent when threat faces were presented in the left visual field, suggestive of right hemisphere involvement...
- "Change the mind and you change the brain": effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the neural correlates of spider phobiaVincent Paquette
Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, 4565 Queen Mary Road, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3W 1W5
Neuroimage 18:401-9. 2003..They further indicate that the changes made at the mind level, within a psychotherapeutic context, are able to functionally "rewire" the brain...
- Social phobia in the general population: prevalence and sociodemographic profileT Furmark
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, SE 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 34:416-24. 1999..The present study examined the prevalence of social phobia in the Swedish general population and demographic characteristics associated with this anxiety disorder...
- Neural bases of social anxiety disorder: emotional reactivity and cognitive regulation during social and physical threatPhilippe R Goldin
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:170-80. 2009....
- Phobic anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death among womenChristine M Albert
Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 900 Commonwealth Ave East, Boston, MA 02215 1204, USA
Circulation 111:480-7. 2005..To the best of our knowledge, no studies have looked at this association among women. Anxiety may influence CHD mortality by increasing the risk of ventricular arrhythmia and SCD...
- The etiology of social phobia: empirical evidence and an initial modelRonald M Rapee
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia
Clin Psychol Rev 24:737-67. 2004..The paper concludes with an initial model that draws together some of the current findings and aims to provide a platform for future research directions...
- Neural mechanisms of automatic and direct processing of phobogenic stimuli in specific phobiaThomas Straube
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, D 07743 Jena, Germany
Biol Psychiatry 59:162-70. 2006..The study aimed to identify brain activation during direct and automatic processing of phobogenic stimuli in specific phobia...
- Treatment of social phobia through pure self-help and therapist-augmented self-helpRonald M Rapee
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Br J Psychiatry 191:246-52. 2007..Self-help for social phobia has not received controlled empirical evaluation...
- Continual training of attentional bias in social anxietySongwei Li
Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
Behav Res Ther 46:905-12. 2008....
- Visual attention during virtual social situations depends on social anxietyAndreas Mühlberger
Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Psychotherapy, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
Cyberpsychol Behav 11:425-30. 2008..The results indicate that virtual social situations are especially suitable to measure overt attention in an ecologically valid environment...
- Combining attention training with cognitive-behavior therapy in Internet-based self-help for social anxiety: study protocol for a randomized controlled trialJohanna Boettcher
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Trials 14:68. 2013..We hypothesize that the group receiving ICBT plus CBM will show superior treatment outcomes...
- Aberrant amygdala-frontal cortex connectivity during perception of fearful faces and at rest in generalized social anxiety disorderKatherine E Prater
Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Depress Anxiety 30:234-41. 2013..Here, we address this by studying amygdala-frontal cortex connectivity during viewing of fearful faces and at rest in gSAD patients...
- High-frequency heart rate variability and cortico-striatal activity in men and women with social phobiaFredrik Ahs
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, SE 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
Neuroimage 47:815-20. 2009..Moreover, caudate functions, possibly related to dopaminergic neurotransmission, have sexually dimorphic effects on vagal modulation of the heart...
- Brain dynamics in spider-phobic individuals exposed to phobia-relevant and other emotional stimuliJaroslaw M Michalowski
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald
Emotion 9:306-15. 2009..However, at the level of early stimulus processing, these effects of increased attention seem to be related to emotional relevance of the stimulus cues rather than reflecting a fear-specific response...
- Internet-based treatment for social phobia: a randomized controlled trialThomas Berger
University of Bern, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
J Clin Psychol 65:1021-35. 2009..The results from the present study lend further support to the hypothesis that Internet-delivered interventions with minimal therapist contact are a promising treatment approach to social phobia...
- Emotion regulation in spider phobia: role of the medial prefrontal cortexAndrea Hermann
Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, 35394 Giessen, Germany
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:257-67. 2009..These two forms of phobic emotion regulation deficits are associated with altered activity in different medial prefrontal cortex subregions...
- Electrophysiological evidence of attentional biases in social anxiety disorderE M Mueller
Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Psychol Med 39:1141-52. 2009..We used a dot-probe task in conjunction with high-density ERPs and source localization to investigate attentional biases in SAD...
- Psychological treatment of social anxiety disorder: a meta-analysisC Acarturk
Vrije Universiteit University Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Psychol Med 39:241-54. 2009..However, these earlier meta-analyses also included non-randomized studies, and there are many featured studies in this area which were published after the recent meta-analysis...
- Hypervigilance-avoidance pattern in spider phobiaTobias Pflugshaupt
Perception and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Neurology and Clinical Research, University of Berne, Inselspital, Freiburgstrasse 10, 3010 Berne, Switzerland
J Anxiety Disord 19:105-16. 2005....
- Predictors of response to an attention modification program in generalized social phobiaNader Amir
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 79:533-41. 2011..In this study we examined patient characteristics that predicted response to AMP in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with generalized social phobia...
- Exposure therapy triggers lasting reorganization of neural fear processingKatherina K Hauner
Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9203-8. 2012..These effects were linked to fear-extinction mechanisms identified in animal models, thus opening new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of debilitating anxiety disorders...
- Cognitive behavioral group therapy vs phenelzine therapy for social phobia: 12-week outcomeR G Heimberg
Center for Stress and Anxiety Disorders, State University of New York at Albany, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1133-41. 1998..This article presents results of the acute treatment phase of a 2-site study comparing cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) and treatment with the monoamine oxidase inhibitor phenelzine sulfate for social phobia...
- Heart rate and heart rate variability in panic, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and generalized anxiety disorders at baseline and in response to relaxation and hyperventilationAndre Pittig
Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
Int J Psychophysiol 87:19-27. 2013..Elevated HR responses to hyperventilation, however, are specific to PD and GAD...
- Neuroimaging in social anxiety disorder: a systematic review of the literatureMaria Cecília Freitas-Ferrari
Department of Neuroscience and Behavior of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, INCT Translational Medicine CNPq, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 34:565-80. 2010..Although there were several methodological differences among the studies, the global results have often been consistent, reinforcing the evidence of a specific cerebral circuit involved in SAD, formed by limbic and cortical areas...
- Pre-treatment patient variables as predictors of drop-out and treatment outcome in cognitive behavioural therapy for social phobia: A systematic reviewAnita Eskildsen
Institute of Psychology, Aarhus University, Nobelparken, Aarhus C, Denmark
Nord J Psychiatry 64:94-105. 2010..This fact is generally considered an argument for the importance of studies of predictor variables...
- Barriers to the treatment of social anxietyM Olfson
New York State Psychiatric Institute, Departemnt of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia, University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Psychiatry 157:521-7. 2000..This article evaluates barriers to treatment reported by adults with social anxiety who participated in the 1996 National Anxiety Disorders Screening Day...
- Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scaleK M Connor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Br J Psychiatry 176:379-86. 2000..Of available self-rated social phobia scales, none assesses the spectrum of fear, avoidance, and physiological symptoms, all of which are clinically important. Because of this limitation, we developed the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN)...
- How does attention training work in social phobia: disengagement from threat or re-engagement to non-threat?Alexandre Heeren
Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
J Anxiety Disord 25:1108-15. 2011..Engagement towards non-threat faces did not have effects in itself. These results support that the difficulty in disengaging attention from threat is a critical process in maintenance of the disorder...
- Neural response to self- and other referential praise and criticism in generalized social phobiaKarina Blair
Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1176-84. 2008..However, studies have not examined the neural response in GSP to another equally important class of social stimuli, the communication of praise or criticism...
- Combined cognitive bias modification treatment for social anxiety disorder: a pilot trialCourtney Beard
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Depress Anxiety 28:981-8. 2011..However, previous randomized trials have not systematically examined the combination of CBM for attention (CBM-A) and interpretation (CBM-I) or the credibility and acceptability of these protocols...
- Randomized controlled trial of Internet cognitive behavioural treatment for social phobia with and without motivational enhancement strategiesNickolai Titov
Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales at St Vincent s Hospital, Level 4, O Brien Centre, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 44:938-45. 2010....
- Cognitive bias modification for anxiety: current evidence and future directionsCourtney Beard
Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Box G BH, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Expert Rev Neurother 11:299-311. 2011..This article focuses on the theoretical rationale for CBM and the current evidence from analogue and clinical samples...
- Prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorder in the French elderly populationK Ritchie
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale INSERM, E 0361 Pathologies of the Nervous System, Montpellier, France
Br J Psychiatry 184:147-52. 2004..France has high rates of psychotropic drug consumption and suicide in the elderly population, but it has not yet been possible to determine whether this is due to exceptionally high morbidity rates...
- A contemporary learning theory perspective on the etiology of anxiety disorders: it's not what you thought it wasSusan Mineka
Department of PsychologyNorthwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
Am Psychol 61:10-26. 2006..This range of variables can lead to a rich and nuanced understanding of the etiology and course of anxiety disorders...
- Cognitive therapy for social phobia: individual versus group treatmentU Stangier
Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt Main, Frankfurt, Germany
Behav Res Ther 41:991-1007. 2003..The results suggest that individual cognitive therapy is a specific treatment for social phobia and that it's effectiveness may be diminished by delivery in a group format...
- Selective attention to angry faces in clinical social phobiaKarin Mogg
Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
J Abnorm Psychol 113:160-5. 2004..Results are consistent with a bias in initial orienting to threat cues in social anxiety. Findings are discussed in relation to recent cognitive models of anxiety disorders...
- Facilitating a benign interpretation bias in a high socially anxious populationRebecca Murphy
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Behav Res Ther 45:1517-29. 2007..Possible implications of the findings for therapeutic interventions in social phobia are discussed...
- Patients with generalized social phobia direct their attention away from facesY P Chen
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Behav Res Ther 40:677-87. 2002..In contrast, controls did not exhibit an attentional preference. The results are in line with recent theories of social phobia that emphasize the role of reduced processing of external social cues in maintaining social anxiety...
- Internet addiction or excessive internet useAviv Weinstein
Hadassah Medical Organization, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 36:277-83. 2010..It has, however, been proposed for inclusion in the next version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM)...
- Social fears and social phobia in the USA: results from the National Comorbidity Survey ReplicationA M Ruscio
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Psychol Med 38:15-28. 2008..New epidemiologic data on these topics are presented from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
- An event-related potential study on exposure therapy for patients suffering from spider phobiaVerena Leutgeb
University of Graz, Clinical Psychology, Universitätsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
Biol Psychol 82:293-300. 2009..The therapy effect consisted of a significant enhancement of late LPP amplitudes in response to spider pictures. Results are discussed in terms of reduced attentional avoidance...
- Examination of the utility of the Beck Anxiety Inventory and its factors as a screener for anxiety disordersOvsanna T Leyfer
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA
J Anxiety Disord 20:444-58. 2006..The present study also expands on this notion by establishing that the BAI can be used as an efficient screening tool for distinguishing between individuals with and without panic disorder...
- Incidence of social anxiety disorder and the consistent risk for secondary depression in the first three decades of lifeKatja Beesdo
Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universitat Dresden, Germany
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:903-12. 2007....
- Automatic activation and strategic avoidance of threat-relevant information in social phobiaN Amir
Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny University of the Health Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 107:285-90. 1998..These findings are consistent with a vigilance-avoidance model of information processing of threat-relevant information in social phobia...
- Treating university students with social phobia and public speaking fears: Internet delivered self-help with or without live group exposure sessionsMaria Tillfors
Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden
Depress Anxiety 25:708-17. 2008..The main objective was to test if the Internet-based self-help program would be more effective if five live group exposure sessions were added...
- Long-term outcome of Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy for social phobia: a 30-month follow-upPer Carlbring
Linkoping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linkoping, Sweden
Behav Res Ther 47:848-50. 2009..10-1.71), and a majority (68.4%; 26/38) reported improvements in the interview. The findings suggest that the long-term effects seen in previous live treatment CBT trials can occur in Internet-delivered treatment as well...
- Neural correlates of speech anticipatory anxiety in generalized social phobiaJeffrey P Lorberbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Advanced Imaging, Medical University of South Carolina Charleston MUSC, SC 29425, USA
Neuroreport 15:2701-5. 2004..Phobics may become so anxious, they cannot think clearly or vice versa...
- Influence of the fusiform gyrus on amygdala response to emotional faces in the non-clinical range of social anxietyJ Pujol
Institut d Alta Tecnologia PRBB, Department of Magnetic Resonance, CRC Corporació Sanitària, Barcelona, Spain
Psychol Med 39:1177-87. 2009..We assessed the influence of the fusiform gyrus activation on amygdala response to emotional faces in the non-clinical range of social anxiety...
- Electrophysiological correlates of threat processing in spider phobicsIris Tatjana Kolassa
Biological and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany
Psychophysiology 42:520-30. 2005....
- The psychophysiology of anxiety disorder: fear memory imageryBruce N Cuthbert
Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
Psychophysiology 40:407-22. 2003..Overall, physiological reactivity to sentence memory cues was greatest in patients with focal fear of specific objects or events, and reduced in patients characterized by generalized, high negative affect...
- Predictive values of psychiatric symptoms for internet addiction in adolescents: a 2-year prospective studyChih Hung Ko
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan 807
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:937-43. 2009..To evaluate the predictive values of psychiatric symptoms for the occurrence of Internet addiction and to determine the sex differences in the predictive value of psychiatric symptoms for the occurrence of Internet addiction in adolescents...
- Common and distinct brain activation to threat and safety signals in social phobiaThomas Straube
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, Am Steiger 3 1, DE 07743 Jena, Germany
Neuropsychobiology 52:163-8. 2005..Little is known about the functional neuroanatomy underlying the processing of emotional stimuli in social phobia...
- Cognitive therapy versus exposure and applied relaxation in social phobia: A randomized controlled trialDavid M Clark
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
J Consult Clin Psychol 74:568-78. 2006..In addition, patients in EXP = AR were more likely to have sought additional treatment. Therapist effects were small and nonsignificant. CT appears to be superior to EXP = AR in the treatment of social phobia...
- Internet-based treatment of social phobia: a randomized controlled trial comparing unguided with two types of guided self-helpThomas Berger
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 49, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Behav Res Ther 49:158-69. 2011..These findings indicate that Internet-delivered treatment for social phobia is a promising treatment option, whether no support is provided or with two different types of therapist guidance...
- Phylo- and ontogenetic fears and the expectation of danger: differences between spider- and flight-phobic subjects in cognitive and physiological responses to disorder-specific stimuliAndreas Mühlberger
Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Psychotherapy, University of Wurzburg, Germany
J Abnorm Psychol 115:580-9. 2006....
- Effects of positive interpretive bias modification in highly anxious individualsElske Salemink
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Anxiety Disord 23:676-83. 2009..No effects were observed on social anxiety and stress vulnerability. The mixed pattern of findings renders them rather inconclusive, leaving interpretations of the potential therapeutic merits of CBM-I open for future research...
- Increased activation of the anterior cingulate cortex during processing of disgust faces in individuals with social phobiaNader Amir
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens 30602 3013, USA
Biol Psychiatry 57:975-81. 2005..These studies have focused mostly on the activation of the amygdala. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) also has been implicated in processing emotional information, but its role in social phobia has not been examined...
- Imagery and interpretations in social phobia: support for the combined cognitive biases hypothesisColette R Hirsch
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, University of London, De Crespigny Park, UK
Behav Ther 37:223-36. 2006..Clinical implications and the potential utility of examining the combined influence of other cognitive biases are highlighted...
- Specificity of interpretation and judgemental biases in social phobia versus depressionM J Voncken
Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Psychol Psychother 80:443-53. 2007..This study hypothesized that, despite comorbid depression, patients with social phobia would suffer from contentspecific biases...
- Intensive group cognitive treatment and individual cognitive therapy vs. treatment as usual in social phobia: a randomized controlled trialE Mörtberg
Department of Clinical Neuroscience Section of Psychiatry, St Goran s Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Psychiatr Scand 115:142-54. 2007..To compare the effects of an intensive group cognitive treatment (IGCT) to individual cognitive therapy (ICT) and treatment as usual (TAU) in social phobia (DSM-IV)...
- Social anxiety, depression, and PTSD in Vietnam veteransStefan G Hofmann
Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Anxiety Disord 17:573-82. 2003..These findings suggest that social anxiety in Vietnam combat veterans with PTSD is closely associated with mood disturbance, social withdrawal, and isolation associated with depression...
- Interpretation and judgmental biases in social phobiaMarisol J Voncken
University of Maastricht, Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 41:1481-8. 2003..SPs demonstrated content-specific interpretation and judgmental biases that also occurred in positive and negative social events. In contrast with expectations, SPs were characterized by a judgmental bias in both costs and probability...
- Information processing in social phobia: a critical reviewN Heinrichs
Boston University, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 21:751-70. 2001..Furthermore, the relationship between the empirical evidence from information processing studies and the cognitive model of social phobia by Clark and Wells (1995) will be discussed...
- Outcome predictors in guided and unguided self-help for social anxiety disorderT Nordgreen
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway
Behav Res Ther 50:13-21. 2012..The findings suggest that guided and unguided self-help may increase access to SAD treatment in a population that is more heterogeneous than previously assumed...
- The structure of specific phobia symptoms among children and adolescentsP Muris
Department of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 37:863-8. 1999..and that these subtypes are either intercorrelated or the product of a single higher order factor. This structure appeared to be largely invariant across genders and age groups...
- Frequency, comorbidity, and psychosocial impairment of specific phobia in adolescentsC A Essau
Center for Rehabilitation Research, University of Bremen, Germany
J Clin Child Psychol 29:221-31. 2000..Despite the high level of psychosocial impairment experienced by individuals with specific phobia both during the worst episode of their disorder and in the last 4 weeks, only a small portion of them sought professional help...
- Social anxiety in high-functioning children and adolescents with Autism and Asperger syndromeSanna Kuusikko
Clinic of Child Psychiatric, University and University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1697-709. 2008..Data support that HFA/AS in adolescents may be associated with clinically relevant social anxiety symptoms...
- Examination of vigilance and disengagement of threat in social anxiety with a probe detection taskHeide Klumpp
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Anxiety Stress Coping 22:283-96. 2009..Our study is consistent with cognitive theories of anxiety that propose vigilance for threat may contribute to the maintenance of anxiety disorders...
- Waiting for spiders: brain activation during anticipatory anxiety in spider phobicsThomas Straube
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Neuroimage 37:1427-36. 2007..Thus, activation in different ACC regions and the medial prefrontal cortex seems to be specifically associated with the severity of experienced anticipatory anxiety in subjects with spider phobia...
- Childhood trauma and current psychological functioning in adults with social anxiety disorderJanice R Kuo
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
J Anxiety Disord 25:467-73. 2011..Within the SAD group, childhood emotional abuse and neglect, but not sexual abuse, physical abuse, or physical neglect, were associated with the severity of social anxiety, trait anxiety, depression, and self-esteem...
- The psychiatric sequelae of traumatic injuryRichard A Bryant
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
Am J Psychiatry 167:312-20. 2010..The authors sought to determine the range of new psychiatric disorders occurring after traumatic injury and the influence of mild TBI on psychiatric status...
- Striatal dopamine D(2) receptor availability in OCD with and without comorbid social anxiety disorder: preliminary findingsFranklin R Schneier
Anxiety Disorders Clinic, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
Depress Anxiety 25:1-7. 2008..Prior findings of decreased D(2) receptor availability in noncomorbid OCD were not confirmed. Decreased D(2) receptor availability was also associated with trait detachment, supporting prior findings in samples of healthy subjects...
- Symptom provocation and reduction in patients suffering from spider phobia: an fMRI study on exposure therapyAnne Schienle
Clinical Psychology, Karl Franzens Universitat Graz, Universitätsplatz 2 III, 8010 Graz, Austria
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:486-93. 2007..This brain region is crucial for the self-regulation of emotions and the relearning of stimulus-reinforcement associations...
- Confirmatory factor analysis of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia: invariant two-factor model across low back pain patients and fibromyalgia patientsLiesbet Goubert
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
Clin J Pain 20:103-10. 2004....
- Glucocorticoids reduce phobic fear in humansLeila M Soravia
Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Zurich, Zurichbergstrasse 43, CH 8044 Zurich, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5585-90. 2006..Cortisol treatment did not reduce general, phobia-unrelated anxiety. In conclusion, the present findings in two distinct types of phobias indicate that glucocorticoid administration reduces phobic fear...
- A placebo-controlled trial of phenelzine, cognitive behavioral group therapy, and their combination for social anxiety disorderCarlos Blanco
Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Dr, Box 69, New York, NY 10032, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:286-95. 2010..Medication and cognitive behavioral treatment are the best-established treatments for social anxiety disorder, yet many individuals remain symptomatic after treatment...
- The Claustrophobia QuestionnaireA S Radomsky
Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Anxiety Disord 15:287-97. 2001..The CLQ appears to be a reliable and sensitive measure of claustrophobia and its component fears. We encourage the use of the CLQ in a variety of clinical and research applications. The scale is provided in this paper for public use...
- MR imaging of claustrophobic patients in an open 1.0T scanner: motion artifacts and patient acceptability compared with closed bore magnetsChristopher Bangard
Department of Radiology, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
Eur J Radiol 64:152-7. 2007..To evaluate motion artifacts and patient acceptability of MR imaging of claustrophobic patients in an open 1.0T scanner...
- The extent of social anxiety in combination with mental disordersSiebke Melfsen
Dept of Psychiatry for Children and Adolescents, University of Wuerzburg, Fuechsleinstr 15, 97080, Wuerzburg, Germany
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 15:111-7. 2006..In none of these disorders, however, did the mean total score exceed the cut-off of 20...
- Social anxiety disorder: an unrecognized problem in primary careD J Katzelnick
Madison Institute of Medicine, Inc, and Healthcare Technology Systems, LLC, WI 53717, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 62:11-5; discussion 15-6. 2001..There is a need for further study and greater awareness among primary health care providers about the prevalence and treatment of social anxiety disorder...
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder: current status and future directionsRichard G Heimberg
Adult Anxiety Clinic, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall, 1701 North Thirteenth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122 6085, USA
Biol Psychiatry 51:101-8. 2002..Future directions in the application of combinations of CBT and pharmacotherapy to the treatment of social anxiety disorder are discussed...
- Social anxiety disorder: questions and answers for the DSM-VSusan M Bögels
Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, 1018VZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Depress Anxiety 27:168-89. 2010....
- PARENT/CHILD DYADIC THERAPY FOR ANXIOUS/PHOBIC CHILDRENWendy Silverman; Fiscal Year: 1999..the effectiveness of parent-child Dyadic Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (DCBT) for children with anxiety and phobic disorders. DCBT is designed to enhance effectiveness relative to "standard" individual child treatment in both ..
- Preventing Psychiatric Sequelae of Traumatic InjuryMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..Findings will provide justification for and information about optimal parameters (e.g., subject selection; sample size; dose and duration) for a future randomized controlled trial (RCT). ..
- Pharmacological fMRI to Identify New Anxiolytics: A Human BioassayMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..Enhancing the development of new treatments for anxiety is a public health priority. The projects proposed in this application have the potential to achieve this important aim. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMPROVING CARE FOR PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CAREMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Outcomes in Pharmacotherapy of Social PhobiaMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009..It thus directly addresses a critical public health issue that adversely affects a substantial proportion of the population. ..
- PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY IN BEHAVIORAL DENTISTRY AND MEDICINEDouglas Ramsay; Fiscal Year: 1999..He is actively involved in a 5-year project evaluating a possible role of the benzodiazepine, alprazolam, in the cognitive-behavioral treatment of phobic disorders.
- TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORSStefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
- D-Cycloserine Enhancement of Exposure in Social PhobiaStefan G Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study addresses an important public health issue by assessing an intervention that may lead to a more efficient and effective application of empirically based psychosocial interventions for the treatment of SAD. ..
- Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury PhobiaOlubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Improving Outcomes in Pharmacotherapy of Social PhobiaMichael Van Ameringen; Fiscal Year: 2009..It thus directly addresses a critical public health issue that adversely affects a substantial proportion of the population. ..
- Neural circuitry of submissive behavior and treatment response in social anxietyFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dopamine function in social phobia & related conditionsFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2006..Better understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with GSP holds promise for improving diagnosis and treatment strategies. ..
- Combination Treatment for PTSD After the WTC AttackFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008..Findings may enhance public health through the study of maximization of treatment response for this serious and common psychiatric disorder. ..
- Augmented Treatment of Specific Phobias in ChildrenThomas H Ollendick; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will provide valuable information about the disorder, its treatment, and the moderators of treatment outcome. This efficacy trial will lay the foundation for an effectiveness trial. ..
- ONE-SESSION TREATMENT FOR SPECIFIC PHOBIAS IN CHILDRENThomas Ollendick; Fiscal Year: 2004..One-Session Treatment has been found to be a rapid and effective treatment for adults with phobic disorders. Surprisingly, this treatment has not been evaluated in countries other than Sweden, and its utility in the ..
- TREATMENT REFRACTORY PANIC DISORDERNaomi Simon; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive Training for Social AnxietyJonathan Huppert; Fiscal Year: 2006..Based on these findings, a cognitive training program for social phobia will be developed and will be further evaluated in future research. ..
- Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic MemoryRichard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
- Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory GroupRonald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Substance Use Comorbidity Care: Evidence-Based Stepped Strategies for DepressionCarlos Blanco; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive Vulnerability to Changes in OC SymptomsMeredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007..Documentation of the feasibility of computer-based administration of study questionnaires would greatly facilitate future longitudinal research on OCD. ..
- Quantifying the Value of Value-Based PurchasingRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Botanical Treatments in Social Anxiety DisorderKathryn Connor; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- SMART: Improving Detection & Outcome of Psychiatric Comorbidity in Drug TreatmentCarlos Blanco; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH SurveysRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2009..Third, the level of detail in the description of data analysis plans has been substantially expanded in this revised submission in response to reviewer comments. ..
- Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor ForceRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005..This is an extremely important opportunity for rapid and widespread dissemination in an area of research where dissemination of positive results has traditionally been a serious problem. ..
- Screening for comorbidity in substance abuse clinicsCarlos Blanco; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERSRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT MEMORY FOR FACES IN SOCIAL PHOBIAMeredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2002..Findings from this study will be utilized to inform existing models of the psychopathology underlying SP and explore possible refinements in existing treatment interventions. ..
- Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthmaRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
- Treatment of Child Anxiety in Pediatric Medical SettingsCarrie Masia; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NALTREXONE AND CBT FOR PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOLISM AND PTSDEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2008..Therefore the findings from this study will be highly credible and should impact significantly on treatment recommendations for this impaired population. ..
- Course of psychopathology in female youth: Analysis with extant longitudinal dataJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemicRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
- INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR SOCIAL PHOBIAJoshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2002..In a third project, available narrative summaries from 120 panic disorder patients will be analyzed to explore the relevance of IPT for panic disorder. ..
- LONGITUDINAL FOLLOW UP OF ADHD GIRLS AND THEIR SIBLINGSJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Treating Adolescents with CSA-Related PTSDEdna B Foa; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- PREVENTION OF CIGARETTE SMOKING IN ADHD YOUTHJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Since there are estimated to be 3.5 million children with ADHD and 20% have been shown to be smokers, targeting this group could potentially impact 700,000 children and adolescents. ..
- FLUOXETINE & COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY IN SOCIAL PHOBIAEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Treatment of Early Age ManiaKaren Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008..The chief study statistician, Dr. Satish lyengar is subcontracted to the coordinating site at Washington U in St. Louis and Dr. Philip Lavori is a major consultant for statistical analyses. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIO. AND PSYCH. CORRELATES OF PTSDEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2005..The resolution of these questions has important implications for understanding the pathophysiology of PTSD, and may provide insight into the mechanisms associated with successful psychological treatment for this disorder. ..
- Therapy Specificity and Mediation in Family & Group CBTWendy Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., growth curve modeling) will be used. ..
- Noncardiac Chest Pain in Children and AdolescentsJoshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., cognitive behavior therapy) that may alleviate symptoms and distress in youngsters with chest pain. ..
- TREATMENT OF SSRI RESISTANT DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTSKaren Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2006..This site is based in Pittsburgh, which also serves as the Data Coordinating Center for the study [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adult Outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007..For these reasons, we expect the proposed work to clarify the course and outcome of ADHD. ..
- Collaborative Pediatric Bipolar Disorder ConferenceJoseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007..While the proposed conference does not intend to solve all outstanding problems associated with pediatric bipolar disorder, it will provide a forum to begin formulating a solution. ..
- D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderEric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ANXIETY & VAGAL CONTROL OF THE HEART IN CORONARY DISEASELana Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MAINTENANCE FLUOXETINE IN POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERJonathan Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2001..Health services and cost implications of such findings remain considerable, given the morbidity associated with PTSD. ..
- GENETICS OF COCAINE DEPENDENCEJoel Gelernter; Fiscal Year: 2010..The project will also contribute to a substantial increase in our understanding of the mechanisms of CD, and may lead to new approaches to the prevention and treatment of this pervasive societal problem. ..
- Depression and Autonomic Control in Post-MI PatientsLana Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD SOCIAL PHOBIADeborah Beidel; Fiscal Year: 2004..Similarly, critical data on the efficacy of fluoxetine will be available. ..
- Alcohol Dependence Genetics in a Large Chinese PedigreeJoel Gelernter; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study will improve understanding of the genes that influence risk for alcohol dependence, in Chinese populations, and in comparison with European-American populations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Personality, anxiety, and depression in community adultsO Bienvenu; Fiscal Year: 2007..He will be guided by exceptionally talented mentors, including Drs. Gerald Nestadt, Kenneth Kendler, William Eaton, Kung-Yee Liang, Paul Costa, Murray Stein, Patrick Sullivan, and Lindon Eaves. ..
- Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Treatment StudyPHILIP KENDALL; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- FLUOXETINE AND BEHAVIOR THERAPY IN SOCIAL PHOBIAJonathan Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2001..Effective treatments can be a long way towards reducing the societal burden associated with the disorder. ..
- ANXIETY, DISINHIBITION, AND RISK FOR DRUG ABUSEKimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003..phenotypic indices of vulnerability using combinations of clinical and psychophysiological measures. ..
- Psychosocial Res. to Improve Drug Treatment in PregnancyKimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological GamblingJon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
- Friendship and psychosocial adjustment in adolescenceKenneth Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural correlates of cognitive biases in social phobiaJason Moser; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic Determinants of Bipolar DisorderJordan Smoller; Fiscal Year: 2007..An important dividend of this large study will be the expansion of the repository to include DNA data on relatives and on an independent sample of controls, thus facilitating future genetic studies. ..